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The Ohio star. [volume] (Ravenna, Ohio) 1830-1854, September 01, 1852, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035044/1852-09-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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States utws bad beeo passed, that if a slave
la resisting bis master, killed' him, be should
hwg4-:-X "' .;:
-' An application had beeojnade to him
' wh'ila he was at Washington, la behalf of a
- young colored woman, who while defending
f what, was dearer to ber tnan lite liseu, irom
the brutal assaults of a whit, man, killed him.
She waa tried, found guity, and sentenced to
' be hong.jDtereet having been made in her
' taverhowevef. she was pardoned on coodi
i tion of gouig''to Canada, where I believe she
jg. , Loud applause. I mention this toshow
that such laws exist. Would it have been
" any consolation to her if she had gone to the
. - gallows, to tell her 'tbat her death was not
" ' uoi M. friend reallv means to say. that
the crhneof slavery Is not diminished by these
laws, and that ho who holds slaves is just as
. Anilty as though it were not legalized.
Mr biddings called upon ibe Secretary to
'. read the 14 th resolution of the report, which
"was done.. . r ; '
Slow, the only difference between, my
. friend and myself is that we shall distinctly
." specify that' slavery is not legal. And here
Jet me say one thing in all good conscience,
v-and it is this: Do not embarrass your public
V men hv niacins them in a position tbat ren
.1 ders them liable to be assailed. No, in the
jVoame of humanity, if yon send me back to
, ; Washington and I suppose you will cries
if yes, yes, we wilf, and loud cheers. do not
I , place me in such a position that I have to de-
! '. fend our platform, instead of attacking slavery
" , "with ky coat eff and my sleeves rolled op.
My brother says that the plttform must bo
' wid as the interests of our government,
-: i . r.. .irt T intend to Droeree. I Wish
vu mm "J !' " i " .
r. - ., than I do this. Our
: ' progress must be onward and upward, until
-. we have eradicated sla'ory of all kinds from
mant: mankind- We at Buffalo felt that
our platform was imperfect, but we went on,
and intend to bring it always up to the day
:-. in which we live. Cheers.
A member asked, suppose that the Legis
lature of Ob w would pass a law statiDg tbat
- the inhabitonts'of the Western Reserve were
- slaves, would Mr. Giddings petition for its
repeal ) .' ';.:..;'-,'.
Mr. O., most unquestionably I would, I
would have it stricken from the statute book.
Let me answer you one question by asking
another; would - you vote for its repeal in lbe
4 legislature if you had a vote I ..
Ans. I would treat it as a nullity. ;
Que. Yes ; but would you vote for its re
. peal. 'V . ' -
Ans. Yes. '.
So would I, I assure you.
After some further remarks, in which Mr.
- "G. coutended that the proper method was to
endeavor to' procure the repeal of the Fugi
, live Slave Law ; He sat down amidst loud
applause. -
The Gas Brow-beating;.
The Southerners are resolved to carry out
the platforms, if they can, and to fetter fiee
speech.: ., What has occulted in the Senate,
all know." Mr. Summer was not allowed to
speak pn the Bubject of the Fugitive Act.
The other day" a bold' effort was made by
Polk, of Tennessee, and Meade, of Virginia,
' to silence Horace Mann, by brute force.
. The Telegraphic account reports the case as
? follows i v : " - .
.-- ' Mr. Mann, after alluding to Cass, Buch-
aman, and Dehglas, and their splendid bidB to
the South for the Presidency, proceeded to
speak of the Whig and Democratic National
Convention's, and to condemn their action on
; the slavery question, which, he said, was an
. attempt to silence the voice of mankind on a
subject most important to human hearts.
They .might as well have tried to force the
. -oak back into the acorn, or drive the spirit of
The 16ih eBtnry back into the dark ages; as
- to silence discussion cm this subject. -, He
then proceeded to condemn slavery in the
. strongest termi, depicting the degrading evils
and enormous crimes attached to it.
i Mr. Polk asked him to paint a picture of
the negroes in the Northern States. . "
. Mr. Mann I will at another time. 2 . .. '
Mr. Polk I insist upon it now ; the re-marks"
are' unworthy of a member on this
floor, and therefore I ask that he give it now.
(Sensation, and cries of order, order.)
Mr. Mann The gentleman must not for
bid our discussing slavery. . -
Mr. Polk I brand as a slander, that which
. -o were guilty of uttering.
il"n ' not or others, when a
i!!8 floor to dictate the
this pmo--!..
. lil ihp dunparaLlisHiaifc- '
"- posure shnll have been removed.0 !
Resolved, That each person here
,en, will, ana every goou
.i'.lafrn mid its environs, ought to
.... i . h..n.ni
himself a special committee to carry out the
provisions of the foregoing resolutions.
CHARLES GREEN,. Chairman r
. C O. Arnold, Secretary.
The Committee appointed to procure a
Hearse for the village of Ravenns, would re
port that they have purchased of N. D. Clara
(c Co., of this village, a neat and substantial
TT-r.. and the same irpaid for, and now is
in the hands of Wm. Ward, who holds him
self in readiness to furnish the Hearse in good
order,' with horse and driver, on all funeral
occasions when desired, for the sum of one
dollar, to be paid by those for whom it is used,
if thev are able : if not, the amount to be rais
ed by some other means, so that all
tV,a t,arwftr nf if. . ' ' '
Th rnmmittee would take this
nity to express, in behalf of the
'Rjumsma. their thanks to Mrs..
teTCH, forher untiring efforte to
os to procure said Hearse.
v J, T. GREEN,
- A. B. GRIFFIN,
Ravenna, Aug. 21, 1852.
(J.Tho account which aeorresponden' r weBtern Pennsylvania. We
gives of the Roolsiown meeting it crowded joi,.,, to welcome to rh. field of-moraJpolW-ovil.
"-';.;V V. ' . ica! conflict, so able and vrorthy a worker.
- sf "'wti. t ' ;
... wnn 4hu onoes, iteadv Made Clotbthir. :
wtaa
'
' The Chairman said if his decision was not
satisfactory, an appeal could be taken from it.
Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, said some gentle
men who bad talked about everything, could
appeal.' -: - ';'
Mr. Polk I take toe responsibility, .and
appeal faom the decision of the Chair, and I
hold the gentleman from Ohio in the same
contempt as 1 do the geoUeman from Massa
chusetts. '. I say to the gentleman from Ohio,
I hold him . The remaining part of the sen
tence was drowned in loud cries of "order,
order!" ' . -,, "j'v1
' The question having been takentSe Chair
man was sustained in deciding the gentleman
from Massachusetts in order. . Comparative
quiet ensued. .
Mr. Mann concluded his remarks, showing,
among other things, how badly Messrs. Fill
more, Cass, Buchanan, Webster and other
distinguished men, had been treated by the
South, notwithstanding their submission to
the slave power. . He also expressed his sur
prise to see an attempt to drag him down, be
cause he spoke the words of truth.. . '. ',,
' Thus are these Southerners insulting as
they can be, and and rudely attempting to gag
a Northern member - And for what I Be
cause he has dared to speak out his thoughts
as a freeman. See thus to what degradation
the . Slave-Power would drag us ; how it
would force upon ns a tyranny as galling as
ever man felt, and to uphold the institution.
Who's fur submission? Who will say
yield? . -- - " :'"',"... . V 'V ' " ,
THE OHIO STAR.
RAVE IV N A.
Wednesday, September I, 185.
Free Democratic Ticket.
. FOR PRESIDENT,
JOHN P. HALE,
ot Bew Hampshire.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT, ,
GEORGE W. JULIAN,
- ' -., of Indiana. '
: County 1 leket.
. '- Commissioner,
: WILLIS STRICKLAND.
T Auditor, V
ORLO W. STRONG.
Sheriff. -.
SYLVESTER TAYLOR, Jr. '
' - ' . Coroner,
samuel Hastings;
Recorder,
THOMAS W. BROWNING. ;
' ' " Director of County Infirmary, V
FREDERICK .WILLIAMS.
rrceDrmocrnifc RlasslTIeetiBgrat
-n. :. eerneia.:;
Judge Spalding and others will speak at
Deerfield on Friday Sept. lO.h. Meeting
loorginize at 10 o'cloek A. M. Circu
late the notice.' ; . '' ' " ' " ' v
- 017 Gen, Houston will apeak at Cleve
land next Saturday at 2 o'clock P. M. " .
Democratic mass Meeting. . "
The Mass Meeting of the Compromise
Democracy,' held, in this place last week.
presented a fair turn out, in point of num
bersprobably not varying much from the
number in attendance nt the Mass Meeting
of the. Free. Democracy, - - -
No resolutions, we believe, weee passed
Judge Bliss of Akron, and the Hon.
David Tod, of Younp,t,)wn. spoke we
beard only, the speech of the latter. We
took notes of the speech, and could give a
very full and fair report of it but we r
Train from so doing, because be refrained
from discussing the living, exciting ques
tions of principle, of the present day. . ,V.
He claimed that the Whig party is the
successor, in spirit and. principle, of the
Federal Party of Alien and Sedition Law
memory, discussed the U. S. Bank, Tariff,
Specie Circular, and Gen: Scott, largely
disparaging that gentleman, and but briefly
alluded, and with but small praise, to Gen.
Pierce. ' : " - -- "-; ; ..
Ha made no distinctive allusion whatev
er to the three National Platforms now be
fore the geople neither vindicated his own
nor attacked the others. '" - "
Ha . simply,' briefly-; and incidentally
claimed that the Fugitive Law was required
by the Constitution, and is therefore Con
stitutional claimed tbat. Gen.' Scott "was
pf-T3- and ou, in favor
TT -I
consider I
.inis t - -- --- . .
der and ValuidUeJg Wbi8
the American press. i-XSoPi'?"
in
without bestowing upon it the-f
miuros. Though but just publii
already widely attracting the attentii
. .-
awakening the. interest of
and Agricultural Societies and many So
cieties are making arrangements to
conies of this work a mopg their lis!
- -
prizes. - -. :'
It is commended to the attention
Farmers of Portage County.
The Publishers have left a copy
Star Office, which can be examine!
can have
" "
who wish to see it. . :
opportu
It is also for sale at Hall's Book
Ravenna. - '""V; - v- ' -i -
citizens of
CtJRTiss
Mas. Swisshelm This patriotic
raising me
ric-sDirited lady, has, sineer the
rniums to be bestowed upon competitors tor
Convention, given her paper, the Saturday
Yisiier, political position. She has placed
at mast-bead the names of Hale and Julian,
.A i,.. nam m now the orean of the Free
to iecure them; toutt liwe apulicauon oon, lo
- "-" tl KN KY A . SV I KT, or
y ;.' . Resolutions - -
Passed at the Free Democratic Mass Meet
ing held at Ravenna August 1 9th, and omit
ted from the ojScial proceedings as published
in the Star last week.
"The Committee on resolutions, Messrs.
Henry A. Swift, S. A. Gillett, Thomas
Earl, L. W. Hall and Ferris Conch, through
their chairman Henry A. Swift, reported I
the fallowing preamble and resolutions which
were unanimously adopted : " ; .
' - " ' Preaaable. -The
history of the Federal Government
of the United States presents tons t series
of repeated and continued invasions of a
small, but reckless and determined, sectional
power upon me ngms oi me (rwmea u.
whole conntry, and is, to use the words of a
Father of American Democracy "a history of
justice in conflict with avarice and oppres
sion." Ourglorious Constitution, "the Magna
Charts of American Liberty," ordained "to
estab'ish justice, and to secure the blessings
of liberty to ourselves and to posterity " has
been often, and deliberately wrested from its
purpose and the intention of its framers to sub
serve the infamous ends of a horde of " petty
tyrants," who impudently demand that we
shall become partakers in the guilt of robbing
our fellow men of the fruits of their
hard toil, for their benefit, because they
are too lazy and too proud to work,
Under., threats of - dissolving the Un
ion," our representative in Congress have
been bullied into the betrayal of the interests
of freedom, by giving their assent to the pas
sage of bills, under the specious and deceitful
names of "compromises" and "peace meas
ures," that have extended the accursed insti
tution of human slavery over vast territories
nnder our control, made every foot of land in
the free states and territories- the legitimate
hunting ground ofthe man-thief, every son of
the pilgrims a blood-hound to go where he
shall say "seek," stop whatever human be-
inghe shall say -seize," and carry him or
her, to any miserable den of piracy and lust
. - ' ..II L ! a, f 1 I
mat ne may can ..mown. . oy p.rx .u
1 . I1T...L; . I .L- . 1 I
wouhi vt suiugLuu uDwr iub nunor Ul I1W
stripes and stars, no matter bow distant; and
holds ss security our property, our lands, our
"inalienable homesteads" and even our sa
cred personal liberty that he will not let the
natural instincts of humanity lead ns to re
fuse to do with alacrity the hateful work.
Such are the Compromise Measures and
r..:,;.. Ci n il -r noen TT .1.
4 6.... wt"'"'"
of theirpassage on. universal outburst of in-
d.gnatK,n w heard through all the north
Throughout the County of Portage but one
. , . .. f. I
expression cam. from the hps ot her ont-
raged citizens, without distinction of paity,
speaking the stern resolution of their hearts
Resistance and Repeal !" ' " . ' ' ' .
Paris declared in her meeting of freemen,
that the fugitive act ia "a national disgrace.
a libel on the legislation of the nation, a black
spot in our national history, and that obedi
ence to its commands would be disobedience
to God." "
Randolph affirmed that "the American
Congress in the passage of the fugitive bill,
had shown themselves the avowed enemies
of liberty, false to Gud and man, and had
brought upon the nation the contempt of the
world." - - - ;
Palmyra asserted that' "it imposes upon
freemen, obligations that no freeman can per
form, and such as no patriot ttitt perfoim,
and demands resistance at all and every haz?
ard" - v . -" : ' r"i:y
Carretlsmlle said, "We denounce it, and
turn away from it with loathing, as violating
the constitution, the lawk of God, and the
laws of our nature ; we call upon Congress to
repeal it without delay, and we consider it
our moral duty to resist it while in exutence.
L. V. Bieree, Esq., wrote a letter to that .
.. . - . . i
meeting, "I Will net her support the law nor
support a man for office who will. I not only
go fur the repeal of it, but for open and man
ly resistance to it while "unrepealed."'
. Biimfield said, " we welcome the fugitives
from .Southern , American tyranny to . our
homes, and our votes shall nerer be given to
any man for office who voted for this bill or
who neglected to vote against it."' -" vT
' Franklin proclaimed that law nnjuat,
uncalled for, and inhuman," and resolved to
protect the fugitive. ; : - " v
Edinburgh declared it ' in conflict with
the whole spirit of the people, and directly
in conflict with the spirit and letter of the Di
vine Laws ; and that when human laws so
come in conflict with Divine Laws it is our
duty to obey God rather than man."
Ravenna called upon "all good citizens of
the county who will indignantly condemn and '
frown upon the fugitive slave law, and all
who united in its enactment, or approval, to
assemble in mass meeting at the Court House
on the 20th of October, 1850. The people
responded to the call, and that meeting pre
sided over by an able and prominent Demo-
t, with the three editors of the three party
i8 in the county for secretaries, vnani-
flaerant
lded tyranny, and plainly un-
include
of Pre-
iihI a AO tnat tms blot upon our
throoghoiKmM t an(i tJtaUU speedi
''VrfurtneVbeyGodratherthan ber on the premises, romptings of hu-
.
of the
Manrua, Aug. 30, 1852(ckred
NEW Bn slave dri
Life in the South A co-receive
at the
by all
Tom's Cabin. ." bj
Aunt Phillis' Cabin : Or, So-
:. k 1M Mara Tt. Knutmill'
,
TcLJLth in New Eneland. S
Store,
Campaign of Gen. Scott in the !
Mexico.
Bartlett'a Life of Gen. e8;
in paper covers, with steel plate
,; tm.nr diiinn. ,
and pnb-
Fittsburgh
Lawsof Life.by Elizabeth Blaokwell,M.D.ble property; it meBns that the
- Thoughts for a xoung xuan, ny
Mann.
Slavery Letters and speeches ot Horace
Mann ; and numerous other new and valua
ble works, just ree'd and for sale at ' .
HALL'S BOOR STORE.
Ravenns, Aug. 24, 1852', S :
of over 70,000, and died again.
' ft T 1 I ,.
vtoii. j-muiii now ciaiins to no. nar err' tennis
ten we hear the xraven voice of exultation.
Yes, Northern throats are hoarse with re
joicings at the victory obtained by slavery
ever freedom! Oh, that some avenging an
gel would blot out the disgraceful record,
that our posterity might be spared the morti
fication of bluahing at the degeneracy of their
fathers!" "V ' '
Senator Wmit in his speech m the Court
House averred that the fugitive law was
"unconstitutional the most infamous enact
ment known to the statute books of this coun
try, and one that even the corrupt govern
ments of the Old World could not pass with
out driving their people to revolution;" that
for himself under his oath of Office and in his
t iur uiiiimi Bauer ms i
high -jaiicM capacity as the President of our
- j . . , , - r.ard.
Jess of noes and imprisonments.
Less than two years have passed away
since all these things were said and done,
and during that time the practical applications
of the law, have only nerved fully to develop
its devilish cruelty, and its insulting require
ments.,' Yet now, in the year 1852, the two
great National Parties of the country have
by the solemn decision of their deliberative
convention Jn&eribed upon their banners,
" The Union for tit take of Shivery! The
FUalilg of thef Com,romiMe Mcaturct and
the Fugitive Latel y Down with all tcko would
speak or pvllitk theit enormitiet, or taunt us
with our skome!"
The representatives of the freemen of the
free North were there,' but they were as
useless as wooden blocks to resist the insolent
demands of representatives of property, the
slavedrivers and their overseers, who gather
ed there with plantation whips to overawe
and strike down every expression of northern
feeling. ' la almost the language of the pre
tended Disunion Conventions of tha annth
Umon Mm . of Whl Md Domo.
jn New york me88w rf
Fillmore to Congress, these conventions
have spoken si the spirit of slavery gave them
utterance. And from the candidates whom
.,
. h BomiDBtioI1 fiave Dack the
"
ready respousand the hearty pledge that
even to discountenancing nod resisting agita
tion, the strong arm of executive' and milita
ry power in this free land shall carry out and
enforce the intent and meaning of the dis
graceful resolutions.
We, therefore, the Free Democracy of
Pmvn. rnmilv in Taam mmniiwum 1.1 I
""-G" -"""'J - """"""t. liu
.olemnly resolve; . .
l Tb,tweecorn th. madeby the
CoBTentioo, f DemooratB Bnd
w.. . , . ..r
Whigs to force us to Vote for the detestable
Compromise Me.sures.ndtb. Fugitive Slav,
gB uei fc ,- tr;-i. to
dorsement by men who have M indignantly
frowned upon and condemned them. .
2. That - in the language of Governor
Wood's Inaugural in 1850, the Fugi ive Slav.
Law "can never reoeive the voluntary co
operation of our people ; " and we view with
eqnal contempt and defiance the ridiculous
assumption of these Conventions to "resist "
and "discountenance" our meeting on' all
suitable cessions in all proper places, now
and hereafter, here or elsewhere, to express
our utter loathing of th. law and the men
who passed it, as well as our -firm intention
and stern determination " to agitate " the sub
ject of its enormity and unconstitutionality
and th. question of repeal until th. usurped
rights of th. Free Suites shall be restored,
and it shall be deemed constitutional to legis
late againstSIavery wherever theFederalGov-
eremenl may extend and enforce its control
- 3. Tout governments are instituted among
men to secure to them the enjoyment of their
inalienable rights to. liberty, and the pursuit
of happiness, and, that they derive all their
just powers from the. governed. That no
r - . . .
national sin can equal in enormity the main
tainence, by legal enactment, of a system
wh ch deprives a portion of the subjects of its
govercment of these rights, takes from them,
so far as human power can do it, every attri
bute of manhood, and makes of God's image
a thing to boy and sell for money in the mar
ket. That such a horrible system, nnder
the soft name of the " Peculiar Institution,"
exists in our land boasting of its attachment
to freedom won by revolutionary blood on
many a battle field where the ancestors of this
oppressed class fought side by side with ours,
against aggressive power, and aided in ach
ieving the victory. -.' - , . --
4. That by every sacred obligation which
can act upon us as freemen, as christian men,
and as patriots, it is our duty to resist every
.encroachment of this inhuman system upon
r constitutional and national rights, and in
the desperate struggle for its final overthrow
which has already commenced, to put forth
all the political and moral power which we
can rightfully command. ' "' ' " . i
5. Tbat we cannot be deceived, nor attept 1
to cover up the real character of American
Slavery by the use of smooth names, for we
know that it means th. degradation of labor
as unfit for men, and of the laboring classes as
not entitled to th. rights of men ; it means
the sacrifice of these rights to build up an idle
and brutal Aristocracy in the practical denial
of every truly Democratic or Whig principle,
whose maintainanoe against the encroach
ments of tyranny and the oppressions of des
potic rulers, makes up the world's history of
heroes and martyrs ; it means yokes, fetters,
branding-irons, drivers and blood-hounds; it
means cruelty aod murder, concubinage and
adultery ; it means the refusal of all chances
of intellectual and moral culture, gross men
tat darkness, and utter moral depravation'; it
Seans the transformation of those who in the
i. of creation are but little lower than the
engir
: . to the condition of brutes and the fate
iiorace . p,pe torn irom nis wite, tnat tne
deoeld at public vendue, that the
-sted from th. arms of its
. -&rMik. a domestic fowl, by the
sentence it means the denial
common father of ns all, and of
iVoommon Savior and Redeemer.
fk in its blackest aspect, its most
jse, its most direful excess."
iwe are organised permanently for
j political hostility in every oonsti-
A
n
asdif-
; t7v. '.
munngorn- " i
tutional '"manner, to this system of terrible
atrocity and we warn the two hundred and
fifty-thousand southern slaveholders and their
northern tools, by the seven thousand free
votes in 1840) the sixty thousand in 1844,and
our three hundred thousand in 1848, tbat our
"manifest destiny" and theirs, are written
upon the sky, in th. " finality" of a " higher
law" enternal and nnchangabl. as God, which
decrees that Right shall triumph over Wrong;
and that tb. promise draws nigh its fulfill
ment ia th. day when the sound of our feet
shall be beard upon the stops of th. Capitol,
and from the halls of National Legislation
shall be announced our terms of " final set
tlement," and last " compromise," " no more
slave States, no more slave territory, no na
tionalized slavery, and no national legislation
for the extradition of slaves.
7. We respectfully call the attention of ev-
erp Democrat who reveres the name of
Thomas Jefferson, to the following expression
of his sentiments npon th. subject of slavery
and its legislative protectors. " Northward
of the Chespeak. you may find here and
there an opponent to your doctrine (of eman
cipation) as yon may find here and there a
robber and a murderer, but in no greater
number."
" With what execration should the states
man b. loaded, who, permitting one half of
the citizens thus to trample npon the rights of
the other, transforms these into despots and
these into enemies, destroys the morals of the
one part and the love of country of the other !
For if a slave can have a country in this world,
it must be any other in preference to that in
Which he is born to live and labor for another."
" What an incomprehensible machine is
man ! Who can en lure toil, famine, stripes,
imprisonment, aod death itself, in vindication
of his own liberty, and the next moment be
deaf to all those motives whose power sup
ported him through his trial, and inflict on his
fellow-men a bondage, one.honr of which is
fraught with more misery than ages of that
which he rose in rebellion to oppose !
When the measure of their tears shall be full,
when their groans shall have involved heaven
itself in darkness, doubtless a God of Justice
will awaken to their distress, and by diffusing
light and liberty among their oppressors, or at
length 4y His exterminating thunder manifest
His attention to the things of this world, and
that they are not left to the guidance of a blind
fatality." " - . :
8. That upon all national questions, equal
ly as upon that of slavery, we are in favor of a
truly Democratio administration of the .gener
al government. To us the people are indebted
for th. establishment of the cheap postage
system, in spite of southern opposition, and
we were the earliest advocates of the free
dom of the public lands, a measure on the
very eve of its accomplishment but for tbe
Opposition of the slave power, and th. crin
ging servility of northern senators. "We are
in favor of the establishment of an Agricultu
ral Bureau, so ably advocated by our Repres
entative in Congress, Hon. Eben Newton, for
the advancement of tbe farming interests of
th. eountry, and would urge the subject upon
the attention of the present Congress, did we
not know that it is hopeless to ask from it,
any legislation except that which will be sup
posed to make some new improvement in the
grand man trap int which our Union is turn
ed, and that for every' such truly National
benefit yielded to the people, the greedy
slaveholder will proudly dictate the terms up
on which that glorious Union may again be
saved I We are in favor of strict economy in
the administration of the Federal Govern
ment, of such amendments of the Constitu
tion as shall provide for the election of itsoffi
cers as far as practicable by the people; for
voting fur candidates for President and Vice
President directly, without the intervention
of electors ; for the election of Senators by
the people of the several states; and for
Changing the plan f our apportionment for
Representatives so that no portion of our po
pulation, deprived of their natural rights, and
made . property by state laws, shall be
forced to put power into the hands of their
oppressors to be used in perpetuating their
bondage. '';'. V -: ''' " - ";
. 9. That in our State Policy we are in fa
vor of leaving to the people the largest liberty
consistent with the good of the whole, of strict
equality and the smallest justifiable rates of
taxation, of guarding the interests of labor
against the encroachment of capital incorpora
ted or individual, of the elevation and educa
tion of the poor, and of all measures cumula
ted to promote the cause of true democracy
and the progress of humanity : ; .
10. 1 hat we heartily accept the nominations
made by our National Convention at Pitts
burgh "with the resolutions annexed," "not
because it is expected of us' as party men.but
because' our heroic leaders John P. Hale
and George W. Julian, are the men of our
first choice, worthy to lead the forlorn hop.
of liberty against the train-bands of Slavery
allied with a sham Democracy and degener
ate Whiggery.and because the platform adop
ted "commands the approbation ot our judg
ment" as fairly and truly setting forth so far
as it goes, our sentiments, and purposes, as a
PERMANENT NATIONAL PARTY.
11 That we cordially invite all good citi
zens of our County to unite with us upon our
National and State platforms of justice and
equal rights to all men, and aid us to accom
plish their practical application for tbe regen
eration of our nation, and the preservation of
pur. republicanism in our land.
12. Tbat we earnestly recommend to our
friends the organization of Hale Clubs in their
respective townships and school districts, and
that regular meetings be kept np until after
the Presidential Election and documents pro
cured aod distributed for the purpose of ma
king our principles more widely known and
the reasons that impel us to dissolve all polit
ical bands which have tied us to parties whose
corrupt leaders have sold our Constitution,
he birthright of freemen from a gallant an
cestry, and given legislative and popular sanc
tion to th. mandate of Slavery ,for th. privil
ege of being paid out, of our common treasury
for executing them by oflSoial authority.
Note. It has been suggested to the Com-
! mitte. that injustice has been done the Dem-
ocraticParty in not making sufficient mention
of the views of its organ, published at this
place aa given two years ago. The following
extract from an editorial of the Sentinel giv
ing its account of the " County Indignation
Meeting," referred to in the Preamble, is
therefore appended.
" Every one seemed anxious to give utter
ance to his detestation of the bloody act, and
to his fixed determination to disregard its pro
visions. There was but one sentiment, one
feeling expressed in regard to this law, and
tbat of utter detestation. ; It was not a mee
ting of a few partizans for the purpose of pro
moting party triumph and success. No, it
was a gathering of th. people of all parties
tp remind . ooe another that tbe fire of 76
was not yet entirely extinguished, that they
despise and detest tyranny, that they still
hold to the self-evident truths of the Declara
tion 'f Independence." all men are treated
equal that they are endowed by their Creator
with certain inalienable rights, that among
these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of hap
piness " and that in beleving in these self- evi
dent truths, they will not be made the instru
ments of the tyrant slave power in fastening
the galling fetters vpm the limbs of the hap'
less victims of its cruelty. The expression of
this meeting we doubt not, speaks the feel
ings of ninety-nine hundreths of the people
of the county. . This is not the tramping
ground for the blood-hounds of slavery."
Portage Sentinel October 28 1850.
The same number of the Sentinel charges
Fillmore with violation of duty in not vetoing
tbe Bill, because it is " unconstitutional, "and
"odious, and tyranical, ia its provisions,
and clearly in violation uf the people's rights,"
and attributes its paternity toWEB9TER,CLAT
and Fillmore,' leaders aod oracles of the
Whig parry. "
Gen. Scott's Position Defined. '
It is alledged tbat a declaration made in a
speech at Ravenna, claiming, on the authority
of Senator Wade, a strong anti-sl ivery pro
clivity for Gen. Scott, wben it reached Wash
ington made considerable fluttering among tbe
slaveholders.' The Mississippi members of
Congress called on Gen . Scott for an expla
nation. . ;.'. . . . ' -The
interview is described by a person who
accompanied the delegation, in a letter to the
Herald and Correspondent, an ardent Scott
and Graham newspaper, published at Port
Gibbon, Miss. - We give the letter, with tbe
editor's comments :
"Ges. Scott's Position. After the
nomination ot the Whig candidate at Balti
more, and the closing af the convention, tbe
delegation from this State visited Gen. Scott,
to satisfy themselves whether the slanders
circulated against him were true or false.
They met him, and the result must prove sat
isfactory to all. ' A correspondent writing us
says, under date of - y. '
' Washington, June 23, 1852-
' " Mr. Broker : I went to-day in compa
ny with the Mississippi delegation, to call on
Gen. Winfield Scott. While the conversa
tion is still fresh im my memory, I jot it down
for your information. The f .Mowing contains
the substance: '.-.-:
He said, " I was in point of time, the fourth
or fifth man who declared for tbe Omnibus
Bill. , C!ay and Foote the only men I bow
remember who preceded me. I afterwards,
and during the progress of the various com
promise bilk, sanctioned and sustained each,
as it came np, in all its length and breadth. I
hxve, on an average, ever since, at least five
times a dny, declared the same sentiment.. I
declared for these measures as early as 1st
February, 1850. ... V
Mr. Clay visited me on the day or the next
after their passage by Congress, and I may !
say . embraced me as a brother and partner
in their success.- I am surprx edat, and can
not account fo the contrary rum tr that has
gone abroad, especially among my friends at
the south. I am glad to have this opportuni
ty of setting myself right in presence of the
accredited men of Mississippi. My opinions
have not been concealed from Mr. Seward on
this subject. ,- ' .. ' - '
. About April, 1850, 1 met With him on the
boat between Elizabethtown (where I was
going to superintend and direct about my gar
den.) and new York. . It was the first time
I had met him for eight years. He renewed
tbe acquaintance and alluded to these meas
ures. ' I promptly toll him, was dead for the
Union, dead for the Constitution, dead for the
cempromises of. the Constitution, and dead
against every man opposed to them. I did not
meet him again until last December when he
opened the interview by an allusion t, and
waiver of my rudeness to him on he boat.
have declared these sentiments everywhere
and before all persons, without reservation or
fear of committal. . .
" I will now, ever have, Bnd shall in future
express my sentiments on all subjects of pub
lic importance, whenever properly called on
I am willing, and ever desire, if any man of
good character will state that he ever heard
me ssy otherwise than I have said to you.that
the word "infamous" should be written both
before and after my name."
Homestead Bill Defeated.
The Homestead Bill has been voted down in
the U. S. Senate. We ask the laboring poor,
th. landless, what they have to hope or ex
pect from the old parties ? . Why not unite,
at once, with the party of Free Democracy,
the true party of progress, and strike home
for their own rights.
The ayes and noes are as follows : "
Yeas Messrs. Bright, Cass, Cbase,Clark,
Cooper, Dodge, (Wis.,) Dodge, (Iowa,)
Douglas. Downs, Hale, James. Jones, (Iowa)
seward, snmner, waae, wamer, id.
Nats Messrs. Adams, Atchinson, Bad
ger, Bayard, Bell, Borland, Bradbury, Brod
bead. Brooke, Butler, Charlton, Davis, Daw
son., DeSaussiere, Feloh, Fish, Grier. Ham
lin, Hunter, Jones, (Tenu,,) King, Mallory,
Mangum, Mason, Merri wether, Morton, Mor
ris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields,
Smith, Soule, Spruance, Yancey, Touoey,
Underwood, Upham, 38.
Eight Democrats, five Whigs, three Free
Democrats voting in favor, and soma twenty
Democrats and some seventeen or eighteen
Whigs against it. ' Ponder these things. . .
For the Ohio Star,
That Information.
Mr.- Editor: "The Portage County
Whig" answers my inquiry as to its author
ity for saying that John P. Hale, if elected
President, would swear to support the Fugi
tive "Law," by saying that be won Id have -to
take an oath to " preserve, protect and de -fend
the constitution, and faithfully execute "
the office of President j that the Fugitive
Law is on the statute book, and, of coufse.he
must see that it is executed, or commit per
jury. 1 must say, I am not satisfi sd with the
answer. The President's oath of office, as
General Jackson said, makes him peculiarly
the protector of the Constitution, which is
the highest law of the land. Hale, if elected .
will find npon the statute book an enactment
which th. Constitution gives Congress no
right to make ; and, what is more, expressly
forbids. He will swear to " preserve, pro
tect and defend tbe constitution," and will be
elected for the very purpose of "protecting"
it against the encroachments of that very " law"
There is an old rule, sanctioned by scripture
and common sense, that a man cannot serve
God and the Devil ; and when he swears that
be (Pierce, Scott or Hale,) will do it, he com
mits perjury. - There is no claim on the part
of the " Whig" that the Fugitive "Law" tsr
not atr ciously unconstitutional, for that paper'
has declared it so. What will Halo do then,
if elected ? Why, he will protect " our'
oonslitufional rights against gross outrage un
der such a "hw " for he can fulfil his oath
i i no-other way. Andrew Jackson once pro- -tected
the constitution against an act of Con
gress in the same manner, and he was sua- -tained
in it by the people. Thomas Jefferson,
who perhaps understood his duty under his
oath as well as any modern statesman, did the
same thing in the case of a law not half as
atrocious as the Fugitive Act, which he found
upon the statute book at the time of his elec
tion ; aod he did it, to use his own language,
because he had determined that the act was a
nullity under the Constitution, and he exercised
his regular power of prohibiting ilsexecu.
tion."
Now I will submit to the people of Por
tage County whether Thomas Jefferson is not
as good an expounder of the Constitution as
the author of that editorial in tbe " Whig ! "
I am so confident that John P. Hale would
consult the opinion and follow the example of
Jefferson, that I think I shall vote for him.
He is not a man to " strain at a gnat and swat
low acine! ;" to have a tender conscience
about violating a barbarous enactment, passed
by a setof purchased andperitrerf traitois to
the consti'ution, and yet trample that consti
tution under, his feet by the violation of his
own oath ! He does not understand that the
President is an irresponsible executive ma
chine to be worked by slave catchers, and that
hia oath to "protect". us from their liirless
tyranny, is a mockery !
' But this is ." revolutionary doctriae," sny
the Whig." Well, what of that 7 We are
the descendants of revolutionary ir.en, who
got. us our liberties by revolution, and, if it is
necessary, I am for defending them by revo
lutionary means. But Thomas Jefferson says
the doctrine is not revolutionary, that tbe
course which II lie will pursue, is a legitimate '
" exercise of the regular power of the execu
tive," and that " f.om these different con
structions of the same act, by different branch
es, less mischief arises than from giving any
one of them (the Legislative, for example) a
control over the others."
Thomas Jefferson .may have been' mieln-
ken, but I hope the ? Whig " will not say hn
" committed perjury " by violating his oath of
office. " -
I need not tell the " Whig" how Mr. Halt
will pr- ceed to follow Jeffdrson's ex-imple.and
prevent the execution of this unconstitutional
Fugitive "Law," but. l ean assure that paper,
that, if we can' elect him, he will find the
proper " ways and means." He will certain
ly not appoint the writer of any of its late ed- -itorials,
or any other " conscience Whig," ei
ther as Marshall or Commissioner. He will
not have any man who thinks that the Balti
more Conventions had power to' repeal not
only the C .institution of tbe United
States, but the ' laws of God ! And it
is my opinion that he will be able to
find men to fill all the offices contemplated by
the law,, who will be " honest, capable, and
faithful to the Constitution,'' with " co-sciences
void of offence towards man and towards
God" Now if I had .determined to go fjr
Scott or Pierce, right or wrong, and was com
pelled to defend myself, .! confess that my
conscience might have become so trained by
this time, that I coull have helped to enslave
a human being, and then try to throw all the)
blame on Congress. But as it is, I hold, with
Hosea - Bigelow, llist whenever I commit
murder, or send back a brother or i8tor to
"slavery's hateful hell, -
"Government wonrt hove to answer for it.
God witf tend the bUl t- met "
And .though I may not be so good nTawyer
as the writer of the article in tbe "Whig," I
would rather err on the side of Humanity
and the Constitution with Jefferson andHalei
than have the Jgal knowledge that enables
him to see no law, human or divine, but one
for slavery, and no issue now before the peo
ple except one which is purely the offspring
of his own brain, having no reference to thf
eternity of an iofamous act bearing the form of
law, nor to the trap which is so set by both -the
hunker parties, that a direct vote of tbe '
people is to be inevitably caught in favor of .
that act, and also in favor of the passage of
another act which will cut out the tongue and -"
look up the lips of every freeman who dares '-r
to agitate" either, against the mhman ha'' ;
barities of the slave system ! 5
FREE SOJLER.
(LT3 Senator Summer has contrived to
deliver' his speeeh agninf the Fugitive , '
Law in the Senate. A'gfeat speech pro- 4
ducing a great sessalion. More of it f
hereafter. ' -
The Harpook. Friend Addison's new i
paper is at hand. It is a real reformer, full -of
pith and power, and Is after Rum-aellera .
and Slaveholders, with sharf sticks. .3
jet as a great national con
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