Newspaper Page Text
.... : - - - -- : ' . -
THBlfflBMOCMTIC 1 PRESS; PUBLISHED EACH THURSDAY. & D. HAUalS, EDITOR AMD PROPEIETOE. Peryear, in advance, ". :" i. .?.."- $8 00 If not paid In advanoe, ';,-''. r" 80 Six months, la advance, --, u- 1 09 trS The Pkkss circulates free of postage within the limits of Portage county. . - aavertisements in Special Notice col umn, of leaded, or in double column, or rule and figure work, will be charged fifty per cent addi tional. :; -- NJ Each snbscquenfc ipsertion, . .... GO mm uuoinesma.iuliloTial Kotic, ex line, rCtoeilmnji, six luontbs, . ; 4 ' ' One column, three monlhs. '' - j -n-i j . . , . v. i u inn inc jcit, . "ail. umiii,4jx-moiith8, '- . HalfTcolnmB. three momths-. Oue-juarter column, one year, . RAVEOTAi O. THURSDAY, SEPT. 3, 18681 B" The jpaec occupied by ten lines 'of this typo (Xomptreii) snail eonstHnte a sqnare. " xo;i. r, . . -; tit. - ' :."r : : . ji-.i-jv'i"- o w i - t -. . i n ' b , ' 0 m a , . a- . - - -- ' ci i ' u . . a j . . bw ii i . m mbbbm j bb. vd - u . - . t M r 4-1 . SbS" The Inarannmnlul W .'li.o. r 1U. . - II. ' I -ft' J i "--in ):'".': ...' .1 I i '!.. - ... . ..777 ! -u ; f: , -,. . : ::-. I 1 Hi s riTnOEMOCRlTlKPBESS. SAMl'U D. HARRIS EP1TOB kX PCBLUBEK. T " Statu Tifltft. ' - ''IflJi - i - V i i .?V6R,i'EtifeTikT.''6F STARE,-''1 J TH05TAS nUBBARD,' of Logan FOR SUPREME JUDGE, 'fOR MEMOF BOARD. OF PUBLIC tTOBKS, J. h Will : i SAM'L J. KIIIKWOOD, of Seueca. A . . - FOB ..ObERJt .W: BLTMt. wti, V " ' ' ' is ' 'fjl'i ' T1 l-X" ; iremOCraulO.;?: Oia.U5;i Xiauiuiiu Vi'.Z.'i J K. IMS. Jlemived,' That the Democracy of OhioT'eoBf frratulate the country "Pn tlM! improved aspect S'.i' of political affairs as evidenced by the state jg'-'i'X eleciionsi at 1SSI, and that they lok forwanl with nope and confidence to the resultof that .;j I momentous struggle, -Jon which they "reabuut I to enter, and uimiu whichlepeniui, in so great a r". 1 degree, the future peace and prosperity of tile -SiJ;?. l-;i&?!;2.rt.f rtA'aitklviinosed to W IdoctriaeH which lead to ooasolkUtioa, we renew ' B twith unflagging seal and Increased -energv, our I.,i.nk,.,tin isai political creed which has lever been M staunchly ailliered to by our organ-- ization through day of trouble auil dUwter, as s, iwell as Kood &rtuue and prosperity,, which was ':'!:! fexuressieii bv Thomas Jeaernon: "txpial auI '- ixact Jurtice U- all uieu, of wliatever state or ' -I'j ,versnaion religions or political peaces com- r lueree aiui iiuutifc iih.ii . -i". " . 'vWreuulilican Wnilencies; the preservation of the itieneral tJoverwuent In Its wnoie conxiuuuoBai I i entangling alliances wiwi-none; me uiin.u. l.wiU tell inom rjjai iney in US I DC up- At i i ttwtaiveroiit.iillUielrrighU(,ath(v . oHmrd 6r that the neonle of f most eompetent administration of our domestic Oil Uieir guai U, 0 mat xne people OI i- m-Mncmiaanil . the surest bulwark gainst ami- Maine Will Snatch from their IihIhIS' ",: 1 vigor as tuesueet.ancnor m i 5;; "r.isAlety abroad; a Jealous care of the rights of f- ! elections by the people; and the supremacy or i r.v ti uiiiitHrv authority'."- ' Tv.l": ,wurpaUons,f Congress, and particularly the V -.fi n)r nvnKtruction. oaIIl. as vio- - , ItUive of the oonstitutioaal compact between tlw ;'-'-itates, anil utterly subversive of every princi i'lH pie of self-gotenimenltliatdisliiBguishes a tree- &i-l'-JUmlvta, That we are opposed to any measures '"l which recognise that the iutegrityot the I. l wax ever broken that any or its members were ;-;" ever out and tha we.detennineilly insist that ' .tiium no innfnr lieiiiir in insurree- the southern state, no ;i'f:l are 'entitled to the full 8Ute recognition and . 1 eoustitutioual Jrepresentauon in uingnan, an ue denial of it to theiu byuongress; and itsei- ts tolietatoby military iims goveruinent I t tuem, are jincoustiEutiuuai, retuiuiwij .id despotic. ! . f -! .-, Uimnirjd. That we are ODUosod. both in princi- . and ltolkiv. to nerro suB'rage; tlmt in the I . Mte of Ohio-having ly the emphatic majority u u.uugui iix S""""- ""l"! ' ,uvu,ra' " , . , J r co.ooo rejected for herseir-4s stemiy opposed- her flowing sails were all set-; her lofty gence of . men. 1 1 1 deal with their opin . iu CsbonI jmposition upon oUior states and I masta towered to the skv. ' She was a loss and their actions, and their party taierai uovernnient as a most base usurpation, ; jtMoired. That the practical e.th; "' J, fovtr tateTTthe0po mrroi of negroes, and to place the lives, iiber- V" trtSbTH,V,SS'i ' inidhiw-itabiyie either to war to" I - tUMmf-rm f ! L f,r,i. in iii. ..ntiii of Die nub- fci.llie Airicaiii!"" ." . - .Utolvti, Thai aotwithsUndinr tluS enormous &i I'raiuis in the creation of the uub- ulebti tho falthof thewuntry is-pledged to its I ment, principal .and -interest,) according to I terms bf the several acts of Congress under I - tich Mm? bomtA represcwuig. ine uw lint ii,,-. it.h.iii-iu and we are ouuosed IB Ay" plan- fo extending the -times or payaiei, jiiis increasing the amount of gold interest to I ' tiore than Uxt prineipali or to any declaratiou I BTresTThSriprin ..Li Ji,ii , vfrtnaiiv add more than a uMBdjaUitoBaao Hriif dM liZ2Jl$;" 'jmt- Jtetottta, That, neither forgetting nor denying ; flVSS, i -i i.tt'Mci.vMitv'liniHlssltonld beBaid in the same f XS?3aS& wfthSrTthe'mon: lm produced- a sympathy In. political ing glory, of our matchless -Constitu-pxiii'v oTnirted. the National Hanks, this result opinions between- us rof Maitie and. tion-rgreat applause a free people. 1 P ii. ...;,,..., .....Int. ir finn. s . - i. . , --. . i ' - i H i .. 1 l. a ii n. 1 l r dan- b KZrremrii .from the burthed' of-a debtt the tendency or oySS,rSi.'!: S MB Uoveruineni irom me repiuacu pj iuB ii voredebtss in gouu whii discurging its debts oldiers, lnBlnlei!OHrMncy. L ' o .Vj this nitn vinlntes no law. fm- pjrs ""S ,h7Stnecaiifc the onivsafe way of teaching that ena. - t ., t . i . . ; 1 . - Jftnitd, That all the property of the country, Including theUovenment bonds, which receives the caual protection of tlie Uovernment, should bear an equal share in its burthens. -i. Jtamfcta, , That .we indignantly jojcot the principle derived from the feudal system that . .. . . . . .' 1 . ..1.. I 1. .A . I... L.nwB. meiit Mulder which thev live, which in another ; form is contended for by the monarchies of Eu- irAviniid.aJlcs.iaiieft. and be admitted into all the J ..iwii kml'iwilitical rights of his new home that I -J naturalized oitiama are. entititled to all the I riiihts, as between us and foreign powers, which 1 -can dvcijmiucu uj win uif - ' x. : . i. .. .( nf iVii l'..il..i 1 i 1. . vii!-.i mi' lit. tn llltl Ji feWUKMUH ..... ..v. .-.. - 17 - - , tct aud maintain 'them Tiy every means within its pnwer.pv ;f;( .f; f.jt U'.-,- '".-.-' ' Jiewlved, That tlic people will sustain Andrew dobasony .President of the1 United States, in his ' struggle -with Congressional usurpation, and ; 'that we pledgir the Democracy of Ohio to sup : .rt him In all Constitutional Bieasures to re- leve xne wnice people oi me wwu v.. v r; "f..Hn.""'SnH.t SSHaSl (MiSdf'ana exhaustless mines and towerinff by it in its bounties. . rr ; jt,MU!, That te wmocracyei t niry. ave neituer us tue piiruose nor uesiro m rv-v- i Aiish-siaveiy,nortoBssunieanyportipnof thel debts of 'the States lately lOIIOfl Oiil X MOTREB. i f -J - 0ini-,..!tii. - I inereis Knueuuug . breaks down the pridclof-jsianhood .' faUfiWo lnA nhrf. ' arid -brings it i.wMi:KrirB trifiiiievri- Who . Z ... f , f , Va -f ll8t 'Has-'sunereu even- mynux . life in" sictnesS and despondency Wlip - ihaf has Iain'1 on a "wearv bod in ' the , neglect -j.'fitMt.Aarneu- fnmUm- .1,1.1 w iKmiht -of 4h motherl nu iuuuiuo " a ...j'u. , , j '"that lodKed en' his' childnood, that "'smobthed his pillow and administered to:mViieYpie9sne88?; '"Oh," there Wsyt '.jnj io.oo in tfiP laveiof -a endearing tenderness in tne iave.01 ,a ther r her son; that transcends all other- "affecfioBi "6T;the heart. It is -rfneftncr to "be" chilled, by" dailgi!r,t7nor er such as that ! : For myself,, geptle-ij: limitation imposed : by : the. Coustitu '' -,s , i.-ii.j 1 mnn T Vinw nn-aplf .11 .wTPiwnce he-1 tion. they ought to have the limitations SWWWW't f liir .liovatitude. She Wtll sacrifice ev-; ficrxftWfortr,tQ Ins. cppreuiencej she M.lHril surr-euder ipvery; pleasure tp jhis enjoyment, he will glory in his, fame, -i i , i ... ., .1 If ml. ana ejeuiii in jii umBpraiijfanu,! li yii;ycwiiy..varoKe. ; mm, , m iyrutiM. 11 lfy dearer to-. her by? inisfortuue; ai4 the t disgrace; settle upon. his name,hf will istiUiliQveaad .cherishJhiminan&if.Rll H; world cast; him; on: she wui 0 ! T -jTjHpr NEWSPAPER. ifaiewspaper vtaken ,'in 1 1 ''''' viseen . '- 1.H1C a family J ldeniBtosheaa,,gieaini:ini:oigeiit;v . n j , 1 vr . , around; (It gives, the. children; a taste for reading it communicates, all , the "fTdoT4ufictionfflfihat win. never i be ' exhaUstedTXftVP'T . ""uiy, . uuw- i 'ver poor if theyTfeh to hold a place j'lo in,, the! rankSi'tof WitolUgent, beings, i i j iStrfo iipwunn."imv - 2 impoi-tant events that are passing . in von woiuq scck.-- to wiw our rnrenu ihiubu uuuu u? uukiuw. - he busy world it isR never lailirig; Government, gd to the plain prervKiThes.Cpnstitution., has Vested" W the : i ; 4-5a. ..,,t anH fiiwi-ciioa ainna f . the : Constitution. . If .. vou President tlie powers of a department, ' AMttenpo'ofprop, crty sufficient to inaKi- "'for life, and surrounded' bj-Children ' til AiW.A.i'frw i1iaw1a.iVd infll50llM?a llY -oi.4h5TUe pirit of enpidityt nd ;i?eg. i I avJecta to subscribe fir-.ja newspaper,, Is . ri si-A nA t Aacirin& 'ensure from his intelligent neighbors. KUWU wu;u. auu, n uviDtii.B p n m a i a ii. HON. GEO. J. PENDLETON, Deliver as BaBgor, Maine, Acat30w Oa tiii 20th. ult, Hon. George H.f Pendleton received a magnificent ova tion in the city of Bangor, Maine. The" entire popnlafio'ri turned out en masse ' and the 'snrrounding-country for a radius'1' of fifty miles 'was repre sented ! by- thousands.' A procession of the stalwart Inmbermen of the Pe nobscot Valley, tastefully uniformed, and bearing suitable banners inscribed with the mottoes' and watchwords of the workingmen of the Union, escort' ed.. Mr, '.Pendleton. to the? place of meeting. This was a capacious square on. , Union- street,-. and was densely packed , with surging mass of hu manity. .. After an address of welcome' by Marcellus Emery,: Mr. PendleVn addressed the multitude as follows ; , r, Ladies and, Gektle'kek, Mr.FEi.- LOW-UITIZENS OF THE STATE OF 1 Low-CifizENS OF the State oFMaine : ; it u obviously impossible for me to make myself heard throughout this it L-t AQaomHlofrn rnnLtaa thovo ia. 1 1 m most jirofoumfsiTcnce. "I thought last' nignt tnat you naa exnaustea your en- naUsni and yonr hogpitalityi j-srmrfofhers. Confident in the purity of to-day that I was mistaken. -1 see to day that it is not only the jjemoeraxic party , of Maiuo, but the people of Maine who are moved in the. right di rection.' ' Applause. '-'1 ftm; rejoiced at this magnificent meeting, ' for it shows to me that the public- calamity sits heavily upon the public mind, and. that there is the beginning of hope.' I am rejoiced at this demonstration, and when l go duck; to my people m Uhio the laurels' which -we hoped f n ' the hour of victory to place upon the ma jestic- brow of our peerless.. State. Applause. 1 . w nen x recej veq. the m- vitation of vonr' committee1 to attend this meeting I accepted it without hes-; itatiou. 1 desired to see this part )of: my country ,r and then,:. my) eountr.y- men. X deeirert to breathe the. pure- air of yonr ocean, and to See that scen ery of whose Dcauty: 1 have 'read -so much. I desired to see your immense fore8tg and vour capacious harbors and j your unrivalled ship-vards. . I desired marine.5 Tweiity-three years agd', on t his .verv dav, I stood upon the pier of a most magnificent harbor almost up--; on the other ' side 'of the. world1. A, thing, of : beauty , and , of grace. ,. She contrasted wonderfully with; the tub- like crafts that were all around er.i-. The stars and stripes fleW'at her mast-, head, and tlieytoldmeebe wa.- built , I desired to see her build- erfc-..Jr'thert.vereppiiit8;of Rvmnathv berteAArt- thfc- 'tiprtfile hf th Northwest 1 'and- you iof Maine'; that power and have' contracted .to abate both, in our lines.were: necessary,-.to the i exercise .-.of othersndependent, each other. You build the ships; we. except in. sQ.far as they have bound raise the; corn and wheat and pork. .themselves together disunited, ! ex You are the carriers, we we ihej prp- ept'-in .so. far its . they - have united abroad.-and brins? back to us in return. I the fruits of the topics,, the cofl'ee of South America the veas of dun;a; tlie 0fl8 of Spain,"'the! ines :aM silk" f France and-the manufactures of Great TlHtoin.. TrlnHtvf mafi-iftl intAresta mtotthe Unioninl82(),iniorhidstof. the excitement that ;grew-out; of the: Missouri nomnromise. won Jiave not i -t - - ::-..., ' given birth upon your soil to any of t.hnBA- nmminpni; ftcrttjrrnwa ri' -tinlitifft I , r r j "V V X. r., I wlim under the. firnise. or rjnilanthronv 'and the pretence of being the apostles of a purer civilization have disturbed I the harmony of our:people" and per-1 verted the system of onr Governmental "When I received youp-.invitation, my I mind was full of rrecplleciaons ,of ,the.Mcypf each jb adapted to:me interests, I trip r I had made" to T"VVisconsm and I ,the .tastes,; the habits of, its people. Minnesota : and my neart exulted 'at the thought that as I had travelled one grat central basin;'' so I might travel fifteen hundred miles to the northeast) and yet be among- my own country- men, in. my, own country.,. Leaymg. mv home upon the banks ol the beau- tiful river, I stood fo'-day tihderneath the, ; arching ; elms isand-admired', the broad streets .of your.,attracp,ve -city. Make with me the iournev uothe val- rtr stf tm "M i t". . l ' T... 1 1. 1 n--iti (1 fiblia at home; pro- mountains 6f 'Pennsylvania, the Eng - , a of -jt merkst.' across the imperial . -- ? 7 , domain, of thermore imperial New York, through the length rof aUassa - chusetts, radiant with the ,. j-eturns ;of her Industry, with' Connecticut and In, "I v, -1 " - - . , -'"'Wie lsiana flipping 10 xne -sea 011 iu, -ii9.,,rl..-nrl .a Oroon Afoimi ; j tains- ot rennonl "and the !:W;hite I Mountains f bf ?Jew HamDshiie rising ' with snow-white'niajesty to the heav- ens on the other, through opulent and hospitable Boston, aloiuy the , shores I f fWooean. aloii the noble inden- tures of your own Coas throtigh j our ownxhriving vilrages to the verv een - r .. ,.,f j. y J otate. i WhOi can ue, astonisned. thai 1 1, t art f American citizen ex- nits that his pulse beats high; and that his tcingueiuses the language of pride,, and often Of exaggeratipnasrhislove, i.f: ' p f :-i vari ttiiM Mirriat.- and oil,: opulence of wealth and pow toTO'the'foTmf-wVermient which . a. - - -Puj o!..,,. v.nt Kr.iin1 ifiAea Wcrlifv. RrnAd ryfli I :el.y an(j which has reconciled their- dif- Jt ferenj; and, .discordant, mterestS iinta tun ngrtnruiv m rtnA nAnriie nun nnn government "''J Applause, 'The men of 1787 were self-denving men.' 1 Thev feared consolidation of powervu Theylamendmepthas been in derogation, of if put beldnd them Jhe. allurementsof J-.tlie substantial, important, . recognised imbenat' pomo.:'''TOeT''aenle4-eml'riK''bts df-theLStates; , By.,the fissfe of selves' r the ' fascinatiOhsj-oT a- strong yyernment -JChey contented hem-. selvesmthtoe simplicity of confedeT ration. ; They committed, to - the Fed erai government mi-ei-uuiic nu unci-, national affairs. All the rest' tliey'rer, ooi-oWf n tlw SUntAs t cmsclvps. With. in thii narriow sphere -they, made tli(j hFAtleml s Government sunreme. . . All, Lpeyond remained tp.Tthe uniinpaired f sovereignty pjt thc-sceral States' would desire to know what are the powers of the States, go to. that vast regerve of. power: which,' by. thei'laws Of enlightened civilization, isn lodged ia every sovereign conimuiy.,,.Ma8 ?Zr?Jix5Zs pic were safebt Jin: henihandaiiihatlof.jyoiir own-Senators that it did not .their; lives, liberty, and property were,, best, preserved nncjer :her guardianr kri fttAt: .t-theVriViTifltatitof hei aaoo- f I Vrf , T I n.& TiH mn I i-r of if ii tirkri ana proposed that ' amendment which de cided that alt the power not given by the Constitution to the United. States nor prohibited to the States, remained to the States' and the people respec tively. ' Unfortunately, in these latter days, 'Massachusetts has . ' -wandered from the faith, but she will return to it with renewed zeal when power shall have passed into another section, and she feels the doom of isolation. Wise men of 1781, purified in the tri als of the- Kevolntion,' -experienced in the lessons of the ; confederation, vir tuous themselves and upheld in the practice of virtue by the public senti ment of an extraordinary : people they laid so strong the foundations of the Government, which can alone ac complish this result, that neither force, nor time, nor the progress of the ages can shake them; They will endure until the degeneracy of Our race shall call from indignant Heaven a denial of such blessings-as punishment for our manifold sins. Gentlemen, the philosophy of our Government will dictate to me the subject upon - which I shall speak to yon. - I do not under stand; your - local politics ; I do -not propose to take part in them.- I shall confine myself to those matters which concern us all alike. i' I shall' speak with nonpartisan bitterness. Jfot ac-. eugiomea myseu io yieia sayuung to harsh words. I seek not to apply them my motives and the sincerity of my convietions. 1 am ready to aamit the same integrity of purpose in all my fellow-eitizens. I shall not disparage the ability or character of our opponents.- I would not, if I could, pluck one leaf from :the laurels of General Grant ; whatever may be his ability as a Soldier, be has stood the test of. suc cess and so fiir as I have ' "known he has - borne - himself with i moderation and magnanimity in his high office.. I have known Mr. Colfax well formally years, I have seen liim. in possession of great powers He is an amiable and estimable gentleman,- and would per form with dignity -the duties of the high office to' which i he aspires. I have i had : pleasant associations with the members i of . Congress from- your State, and I remember with sati'sfac- lion., that- we-' passed through many years of service in that body ; inter changing tlioee courtesies which soft en the asperities of political, excite-, ment. ! Indeed. 'gentlemen, mv obser vation of such has' led me to expect thoniAsr. . Arrmrp.onn ommon. conrtlcn destructive policy associated with the loftiest aspirations for the public good I do not, therefore, deal here or at any other time with the personal character, as ma organization. I have described to you ia the: briefest possible terms the philosophy of our system of gov- ernment,: It is a union and not a uni- ty. :. Itr is a union of States,, not of municipal : -;corporations-of States, sovereign except in so,; far: as: they hnv r1ilnmtr1 the. exercise of some stitution. ! This system of government has solved ! the great problem: !: It has eeconciled vastoess of territory-land strength of government with liberty. It has made it possible that we should hrt onft neonle. and this, is the crown- head, and health and vigor tothecon- stituent paxtSv? The States have grown in nnmherHJ i nonulation. in nower. 1 ' , 'i , r : . IThey have developed ivery ; local m- L uieHr t.hftv liAVS unran t.o t.hpii" mt.i- r rJ . ' ... , : I zens snch intentions and such meas- lures; of . liberty as: they desired for themselves. : The general featuies of the- State governments have, of course, a strikingsimilarity, but the diversity of.theirpolicyis-wonderful. Thepol- The manufacturing btates, the com- i .mercial States, the agiicultui-al States, I land cQRld not be passed, and if passed, could not.be enforced, in the West. Many .of the customs transplanted by I the; people -.who have !built up our thriving towns nd cultivated our ter- 1 tile. prairies would shock the feelings I of your people. .. Has, not this system I ofngoverdment. proven.; benehcial-to lusaU? ". Has it not proven beneficial to 1 vnn in Vf u 5 1 1 "i V . . TTott a rftit lint. mnAvpH Have you not directed your local af- 1 fairs i".., your, own way? Have, not vour relatiORSi with , your sister States t ' T1 . - . . been agreeable and uselulf Have you 1 not been represented with dignity and power and splendor in the great fam- ily of pations ? ,And yet, my fellow- I ."iT . A 1, ..l.i;., .. ... . I . ' uuztju,, .me. uepuuuwu uw ij umub to change this government and substi tute one of : their own creation. They hate this. system, 'lhey hate this di veiityrt-They . hate i. the doctrine, of f State's rights . They hate theConsti tution: as the: fathera. made it ; lhey. have deliberately., conspired for its 1 overthrow, , lhey prefer, a consolidate ld government i .They prefer a strong- I ' - i rri J- 1 n.- I uowb me ,uian-iurs.; wuicuiiue piaiei with their resei-ved rights can. inter pose, to. create a government so-sensi-r tiye-that.t will feel the least impulse of popular will and so strong :that it .ii".Tit --4W.wtn Tki,ii this will bea better, freer government - lThey believethat rather than have the imposed-pnifby the,unbridled-wm of 1 jot-.a,7o:;i n;-;,r rrm:t: - 1 an . uTesntiiisihlp. maiontv. .. . Twice since .the close.pf the war they, have all the. power which :tjie posses- siuu ui Lilts, ifuvuriiiiieiiLH.. uuui , outic fans! Fedesal, has given them tp amend 1 the. Constitution : and in each case the these' amendments the power, of the States over .slavery within its, limits was,. abolished.: ;.uy the .second, . ciu zenship in the States is to depend up on.tlie:-will,iiot .of the States,, but of Uongress ; ; and , the, , , exclusion pt . ne- I groes from the rule of sulh-age is pun ished,by the loss, of representation. JNot satisfied with this awacK.upon tne I StateBlhemselyes, wUi.the tinie spirit If of, reyplutionary leaders,, they - have and made f him , responsible , loir the management of, the, army and for the exocutipn of the laws. The Republi- can party has stripped him of his pat- - lronag,e,,,taKen away irom lum.the se KZiM-& tmjjuBe iiiiiLirDiu ouice ojiu lutiuivwn leader in his place. .'. ' ', 1 1 At this point General Roberts' pro posed three cheers for: 'the Honii wm. Pitt Fessenden, the Senator alluded to, and these were given with the great est enthusiasm, the audience rising.. The State governments were in lull vigor and operation before and during and after the war. During the war the State government of Virginia was called upon to give its assent to the creation of "West Virginia, and. mem bers of Congress were admitted from Louisiana so soon as Federal troops obtained foothold in that State. Af ter the war the States of the South were invited to ratify,- and did ratify, the fourteenth constitutional amend ment, and it derives its validity from their assent. The Republican party by the reconstruction acts abolished these governments, and created in their stead military "governments, which no man will pretend was within the con stitutional powers of Congress, uy the aid of the army they have built up other governments, not according to the will of the people, but according to the will of Congress, and they have founded them upon the - exclusion of the intelligence and wealth and virtue of the white race from the right of suf frage, and upon the admission of eve ry negro to that right; and they have made these negroes buy their exemp tion from the interference of the army and their recognition as Estates by rati fication of the l1 ojmeenth Constitu tional -amendment, and a pledge that thfy TOlll ncvr.i'-haiijrc tl)Q rule Of 6UI- fragc. Do not tlieir own acts convict them of the chaige I have made ? Are they not surely and rapidly, even though silently, sapping the founda tions of the Government and chang ing its-form and nature? Are they not accumulating power in the Feder al Government and taking it awayfrom the btates t JJo they not declare openly,-and make it the ; basis of their creed, that Congress has a power over the right of. suffrage in ten States which it lias not over the same subject in the other States. Why is it thev build up these governments upon the basis of the negro vote alone f - My friends, divest yourselves of passion ; look at this work steadily. Is not the stolid i ignorance of enfranchised slaves too narrow a basis for a pros perous State possessing equal powers with the State of Maine? Why is it insisted on ? The reason, the sole rea son is, that they, believe they can con trol the negro vote : that: by , this vote thev can secure the election of a Pres ident and- Senators and ..Members ;oi the House and Governors and Legis latures and Judges, and so wield long er the powers of the Government.- I know many of these men well. They are men of "intellect and daring. They are men of firm resolve andofty purpose.-They are not actuated, by low greed of gain, nor love of the emolu ments and - honors of office. They have the- true spirit of fanatical re formers, and they seek . power that they may overturn this system of gov ment and build up another system in ita stead. - My friends, we are engaged in no scramble for office. We are stimulated by no lust for power. .This struggle touches the lile ol our con federated system. . ' It touches the question of union or. unity. It : will decide, in the far ofl" future the destiny of . our country.,; If ; our opponents succeed, we will have first Unity ,; and then Despotism, and then Revolution, and then Separation, ancTthen what ever God in his wrath may inflict If they tail, we will have the Constitu tion obeyed, the .Union mained, liber ty enjoyed, prosperity abounding, peace everywhere, and all the glories ol our past will be but as the early bud compared with the blooming beauties of the full-blown flowers, In this supreme. hourj of our fate I beg you to pause and weigh well your duty to the country, as in the hour of death you would weigh, your duty to God.i. To experiment, -is. too, costly; we cannot afford it. -We might lose our liberty, for there is a limit to hu man endurance. , We cannot buy what we do not pay for, and we cannot pay more than what exaction can squeeze from our people. Freedmen's. Bu reau, military commissions, military governments, the support of ten State governments, : constitutional - amend meats, negro suffrage, carpet-baggers, are, in themselves expensive luxuries. When they bring with -them .stagna tion, ; of , business,.,: small crops, idle hands, no cotton, no rice, no sugar, no home market for Western breadstuffs and pork, and no exports for Eastern ships to carry, they are more expen sive stall: and -when they superadd high taxes, high tariffs, exemption . of capital from burdens, an increase m the hours of labor, an. increase of the prices of necessaries, and a decrease ot the wages ot labor, the expense gets to, , be intolerable. .The amount of, money collected . by taxation in three years of peace, from July, 1865, to July, 1868, reached 81,594,174,000. I have it from official ;sources. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue reports for 1866 8561,572,000, for 1868 471,300,000, and. Appleton's Encyclo pedia reports lor :1867, 561,302,000 : total $1,054,174,000. ; In each; case the gold collected at the Custom-house is estimated at 1.40., Of this amount the; revenue from the) tariff reached 724,584,000.. . The expenditure of the Government has been, scarcely less than this enormous, sum : for if you will look at the public debt on the 31st August, 18b5, you will find that it amounted to 2,757,690,571, and if you look at the last monthly report, made August 1,, 1868, you will find it is stat ed to be $2,633,588, showing a decrease of- 124,107,215. , The Commissioner of Internal Revenue tells us that the value , of all the real , and personal property in the United States in 1860 tlie lands, larms, houses, town lots, money, ... stocks, bonds, railroads. steamboats. , ships all amounted to only $14,2.82, 726,088. - If the producti of three years of peace have made up for the ravages of. four years of war then the taxation for three years has amounted, to very much more , than onertenth of all the property , in the country, while the, taxation of Great Britain has amounted to one-thirtieth part .....If the taxation .for these, year were . assessed upon ..each .individual equally, it would amount in tlie Unit ed States to. $34,25, while in France the taxation for the same time . would amount to $22, and in Austria to less than S16. ., '.,:.. ', The public debt of tlie United States if y assessed , upon each v individual would amount to $74 35. "the miblic debt of France to $53, and of Prussia to $12. I said to you .that I never made a statement that I could not cer uy, and i. noid in my nand this re port -from the ; Republican Commis sioner ot Internal Revenue, Mr; Wellsi It is., open to: the inspection of anv gentleman. On the 27th page of that book',' which your member of Congress can furnish you; for it is a public doc ument' you will find verified every word; I have said.; Our. Republican friends are, very much astonished at this exhibition, jjaughteri Did you ever know' a spendthrift when he was brought face to face with the condi tion of his affairs, that was not very much astonished indeed. They will turn upon us with' softie 'Statement, made by this same eomrrtlssioner;! ' In his letter to Mr. Allison, he Bays that during the three years of which I have been speaking the amount paid on account of the public debt is 250,000, 000, and that ought to, save $15,000, 000 annually in gold, by way of inter est .N ow, if you look into that report carefully, you will find that the actual reduction - of the public debt is but $134,000,000, and that the balance is made up ot an estimated surplus .in the Treasury which is not there, if at all, for the purpose of paying the pub lic debt, but for the purpose of being used for the ordinary expenses of the Government ; and if you look at this $134,000,000, you will find that of this amount $70,000,000 have been reduced by virtue of the "contraction of the currency and calling in greenbacks, which pay no interest at all : - and if vou will put side by side with these facts that iu three years the increase of the debt which navs interest, in Grain has amounted to $602,000,000, you will see how much . your burdens have been lightened." " Then this same Com missioner tells us that the estimated surplus in the Treasury on the 1st day of July, 1868,' is $34,000,000. Where are they ?ThcT have not been paid on the public debt ; that I have shown you. They are not in the Treasury; that I have shown you." I have, unfor tunately for our Republican brethren, A l : . . .1. i.;i.nM. i.m-ii-i,n,in,Y fIIIW ULlhyjH cita passed during Tlie last two or three weeks ot the last Congress, and the list that 1 have, imperfect as it -is, shows that they have appropriated out of this $34,000,000 the sum of$27,000,r 000 in that way. I hold in my hand this list I hate to trouble ' you so much with the details of figures, but as this is a fair specimen ol the. way in which our Republican fellow-citizens, when they get invested with power in Washington, seek to cover up their doings, you will excuse me if I ; call your attention to it for one moment The way- in which these gentlemen manage is this. They appropriate very much less each year,' than they know win oe expended, and, toward the end of the session of the year for which the appropriations have been made, they get up what they call "deficiency bills" to cover the excess. " Then they go on in the same session and appro priate for the next year a Tery much less amount, and whn that year comes round, they pass "deficiency bills" again ; but when they come to tell yon what the expenses-year by year are, they say, "That is all we have appror pnated." " These' are our appropfiar tions. - bee how we have curtailed upon last year ! They forget- to tell you about these " deficiency bills. Laughter. Listen to me one mo ment I : will not 'detain you long. Deficiency m expenses of reconstrue tiori, : $657,000 ; second appropriation for the same object, $287,000 ; a further deficiency in Third District, and $87,- 000 for destitute people (chiefly ne groes) m the District ot Columbia. Then we come to the War Depart ment, and we have a deficiency m the War Department of $1,900,000. Then comes the Postmaster-General's Office, and the Quartermaster-General's ' Of fice, and tlie postoffice Department; and we have deficiency bills in each ; and the : Treasury Department and ; we have a deficiency bill there : and com ing to the Collectors of customs, we have a deficiency there ; and coming to the construction branch of the Treas ury, and "we1 have two deficiencies there. ' Then comes the Interior De. partmcnt, and we have a deficiency there i and then the government of Territories, and "we have a deficiency there. Then comes the Legislative Depanment and we have a deficiency of $oUU,tXW in the benate,-and. Jsllo,- 000 in the House. ilhen we come tdt$200;orj0,000 a year, and that sum con- the second legislative deficiency; then the Pension Office, then two deficienr cies in Public-Buildings and Grounds, and, lastly, a deficiency on the miscel laneous bill.-' (ureat Jjaughter.j' When next your members of Congress : tell you how much money they have' ap propriated for the next year, ask them to read how much they appropriated in deficiency bills, ri will not weary you with this detail of figures any fur ther. 1 mightspeak to you an hour on this subiect " They would afford you a very instructive lesson.-' ; You would see a great many things that you don t see now. ; I don't know whether it is worth your while to see them. - It cer tainly is not unless you can correct them.' The conclusion of this whole matter is that we are more than $2, 600,000 in debt, and that year by year the Federal Government collects from your pockets more than $500,000,000. If you add. to that $500,000,000, - the amount collected by the various State Governments, it will run - up to $800,- 000,000, and that is more than six per cent ol the value ot all the- property in the United States,- and more than thirty, almost fifty, per cent, of all the earnings of labor and- capital in the country. Let me state to you in sharp contrast with this Republican extrava- gance, that the whole expense ot the four years of James Buchanan's adminT inistration amounted to only $256,000,- 000. ' ' Let me state that ihe-expenses of- the whole lour years lor the War De partment during the Mexican war; un der James K. Polk, amounted only to $256,000,000. Now while we have been pulling up. this gigantic line till it rises like & monument on the happi ness and liberties of our people, even unto heaven ; while we were piling it up, we were recklessly spending the currency. When pay-day now begins to make its approach, we are just as industriously occupied in contracting the currency. suppose a neighbor ot yours should act upon the same pnnci pie.. Suppose he should go into; the market in the spring and buy whatever he wanted,' and , : should ivoluhtarily have the price of whatever he wanted enhanced, and should promise to pay in the fall out of the proceeds of his summers labor, whether agricultural or otherwise ; and,"suppose when ;fall came, and his notes are coming due,. he should voluntarily run down the prices, of everything he had to sell,'SO that it consumed his whole crop 'to pay his debts and have halt his crops lor a sur plus. Would you not'sayiheiwas i fool?. Well,: that is exactly what the Republican party has been doing for the people of the United States. What was the result? iYou see itin.Mahio, and from what yon see in Maine vou may judge of what the results are in. the rest of tlie .countryi- ;: Are. .you prosperous?: Are-you .growing rich day by day, or are: you living off the proceeds of your past labors Tt .If you are not prosperous, .why not r,i . i our skies are bright, iyour ground is fer tile, your air is pure; your men are in dustrious, . your , women are t thrifty ' why is-it that the wail of distress goes up from all over this State of Maine, and .- that poverty ; and : wretchedness find their way into houses where be fore there was nothing but luxury and comfort ? Why is it that your agricul tural interests are so depressed?, .Why is it that your taxes consume, such an enormous amount of your yearly sup ply ? .Why is it that your harbors ar deserted, and your ship-yards a desert waste ? , Why, the answer lies before you, so that the wayfaring man or ..the fool may not 'err therein. You cani cannot build your ships because every article that enters into their construe tionis taxed so high that the British colonics undersell. you always. You, cannot employ , labor, because labor is compelled to1 pay these taxes, and the bones and sinew and blood of men cannot-work :and 'pay taxes and be neither fed nor clothed. . You cannot cany our western produce to other countries, because when we have paid onr labor and taxes and transportation there is nothing left to send abroad. You. cannot carry the southern pro duce because under Radical . recon struction farmers have been converted into politicians, and cotton, rice, sugar, have ceased to be the staples. A garden has been turned into a desert .-A lib eral system is the life of your com merce, as it is the hope of your indus try! yet the taxes must be kept high to pay the interest on our public debt, and the daily expenses incurred bv Republican policy and while it skims the rich alluvium of our fertile valleys to. make the sterile rocks and barren coasts of Massachusetts to smile,, it de stroys your shipping- and palsies your industry that her manufacturers may be protected...-1 ; have: stated to you that the last official report of, the Sec retary of the Treasury shows the debt to be $2,633,588,756 ; of this amount $1,583,110,000 are in five-twenty bonds. l maintain mat these bonds are paya ble in legal-tender .notes. - The law uhderrwhich they are issued exm-esslv declares that the legal-tenders are nav- able for every debt due from the Gov- emnient except interest on tiicprrbire-Uieyer aeot, xne Donds say they are payable in legal-tender notes. Senator Sher man says so. . Senator Morton says so: Thaddeus Stevens says so. The fund ing bill says so. The Democratic Con ventions of Pennsylvania, Ohio-Ih-diana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin;' Iowa, Minnesota and Michigan sav so. The Democratic Convention of Maine says so. Tlie great council of the Dem ocratic party at Hew York says so.-. A year ago, when I asserted this theory, nad opposition enough to justify an argument. - Now I have not. ' I do not know how it is with your Republicans in Maine, hut in Ohio and Indiana there the people are so anxious to get on that they threaten to jostle me off of my own platform. Great laughter and applause. A year ago the lead ing men' called us copperheads. , and traitors.,, -Now .they say the theory is true, but altogether impracticable. Not at all, my friends. . Pay the bonds as they -become due. - Save; the interest Save : the premium on gold. i How? The national banks have out a circula tion of $300,000,000, secured by bonds;" You understand ' this operation very well: Three men buy 'One- hundred thousand dollars worth; tof ibonda. They.' depost' them, in the; Treasury. They get their six per cent interest in gold. ..They get 90 per, . cent, in bank notes', and this they come home hereto loan at IU or lo or 20 per cent., as thev may be able to exact from the purse of the borrowers.. , j, he uovernment pays 6 per cent in gold to these gentlemen: for. the burden of lending money at 20. ' Break' up this say stem. Call in that circulation. Issne greenbacks, in its stead.' Take up $300,000,000 of bonds and save $18,000,000 in gold annually, by way ot interest This will reduce your debt, reduce your' interest," and enable you to reduce your taxes, or to increas your payment the next year. Your income is at least $500,000,000 a year. ;-iBe honest : Be economical. , Let the theits Joe stopped. t-,et robbery be punished. 1 Espend$150,000;000 a year, twice as much : as President Buchanan expended, far more than General Jaok- son xpended in any fou years of his administration. Add $150,000,000 for interest, and yet you have more than stantly increasing by a large amount with which, to pay off, the public debt In this way it can be . paid-r-every, dol lar in principal andr interest by the time it becomes due; without adding one cent "to: the tax or one cent to the circulation.: If it is thought advisable, the, taxes can be reduced, and the payr ment prolonged for ten years! . I hear it Butted inai, mis is unjust, iu uie mtu -1 . 1 . 1. . , ii. i . 1 . . A. A il. . . lie creditor. 1 Not at all. . You pay him back-all he gave, you pay him high in terest yon; pay him all you promised Show me a single bondholder who, if you. pay lum to-day. in, legal tenders, with gold at 40 per cent, will not re place his' outlay, I will show you fifty, who, in addition to 12 per 'cent inter est, have added, in five years; forty per cent to the principal, . The question is not whether you will, pay the bond holders what you owe them, but wheth er you will rob the people to pay the bondholder what you do not owe. Annlausc.l' I hear it . stated that this is unjust to Ithe people.: When this Legal Tender law was passed it conns. cated two-thirds of the indebtedness of the : country. : The .man who had a note for $1,000 in gold, was compelled to take $1,000 in paper. , The man who had leased a house for $500 in gold could pav his rent with $500 in paper. I knew an instance in New York City. A man sold-his neighbor a lot for $20,000. Thejurchas(aa-thTiltyl irauer, wuo couiu maKe more man six per cent from Ms money.' ' ' The seller was a thriftless trader,1 who could not. make so much. , They .agreed that the purchaser should pay when he, pleased, but in the meantime should "pay 6" per Cent, interest : 1 He waited till gold was 25ft He took his $20,000 in gold and bought .$50,000 . in legal-tender, paid $20,000 to the seller, invested S30.000 in five-twenty bonds,' has drawn $1,800 in gold a j-ear interest, and now is the most- loval- patriot and- the ; loudest clamorer for payment of bonds in gold, of all my acquaintances.,, Applause. He is a reasonably good man, they say. He' is' a ' Christian man; arid they say that every night as he goes to bed he prays God that he may do to other men as he would have other me do to him, and when he raises his hand in prayer, ii i ' r. .1 . '.1 . t - i- . ,, v uiat vxou may uciivci iiim iruiii an jus enemies, he prays' especially1 that 'he may. he . saved from that public enemy who want8,to pay the five-twenty bonds, 'in. greenbacks loud laughter and applause J-and I hear tt said this system' will: depreciate Uhei 'currency and .cheat, - labor ,pf its , just rewards. .Mot at all., .byery dollar pi the public debt,'.' which' is in this ' ;way paid will relieve the 'property of-' the country nom the mortgage! whlcrris' upon, it, and by making ; the- greenbacks: more .certain , of , redemption will increase it--' I l - -,-tL . -li; it men: -vaults,. (. o. geiiLieiueii, my mest; five-twenties m legal-tender notes the moment they become redeemable, and you) will, reduooj the jdebt,.your will save the interest, you will relieve labor from, i,ts burdens. Applause., Couple with this the taxation, of capital to the siime1 extent as you tax labor, stop the excessive contraction of currency, ex pend: it i if necessary to. recover . the business of the country t he prostration it now feels, and you will make capital profitable ; ' yon will make1 industry contented. ri Your' shipyards ' will ; be alive again. Our fertile fields will yield a bountiful harvest. . Labor will per-, form its accustomed wdrky and bowing its cheerful head to 'a burthen which is always heavy,, will push forward with hichor Ourge and ;- lotuer :8tep. i Cheers. ;Do not misundqrstand me. did not vote for the legal-tender, law. 1 opposed it I thought .it very wrongL I was then, I am now, a liard-jiuoney man. 1 foresaw the cvua ot an ex. panded and depreciated currency ; but the ,law was, passed., ,.The evils; were contracted.; they have -been endured by the people ; and I am now in favor of extracting from the system all the good which can .be gotten out of it Applause.) ; , I have no hostility to the bondholders. They are,, doubtless, worthy and estimable gentlemen. I would do them exact justice. "' Where promised gold I, ; would pay "gold -A wnere i promised paper, X would pay paper.1'' I beg of them how tcbe just and wise. 1 would not threaten,'but they may go farther- and fare worse. Labor is suffering ; it may become res tive. The Republican party upsets this whole policy. It insists on pay ing the debt in gold and exempting bonds from taxation. - The fundino bill expresses the whole idea. it passed both houses; it would have . become a law except for the adionrn- ment. It provided that the nresent bonds should be exchanged for other ponas oeai-ing i- per cent, interest payable in forty years principal and nterest, both to be paid iiL gold, and to be exempt from all State1 and Fed eral -taxation.. ' Gold stands: -to-day. at upwards, of 140. , ;Thia bill adds at once six hundred millions and morei to the debt. .-It abandons the right of taxation;-and thus gives up 'more than twelve millions of gold. ; It postpones indefinitely the payment If payment is postponed forty years the debt will be paid at all. It will become one of the permanenF instltuiTonsoT1 the country. If the debt should be $200,000,000, and should be funded, at, even 4 per cent the annual interest would reach $100,000,000 in gold, and this' must be raised, year by year, from the labor of the country "forty years. ! How many of you will live that long ? How many; of your children will live i that long ? And yet year bv year, as ; long as thev live, out. of their sweat; and blood, of their bOhes, of their breaking : hearts arid : dying bodies. . these one hundred millions . must, be raised. Applause. . Do you know what a national debt means ? It means hard 1 labor, scant ' ' clothing, brown bread and no meat ' It means that the rich shall be richer- and the poor shall be poorer. It means, that untaxed capital shall pamper.the idle with' lux uries,' while squalor shall preside in the cabin of the ' poor; ; and Suffering snail makei his lile like' a constant death., - f Renewed aDDlause.1. .1 see before mcmany young men. r Are. you willing to . peipetuate ' a policy' which. will forever prevent1 You" fronvrising above; your present "condition ?m,"You lOQkiorward to a few. years of, labor, and then hope to devote 3rourself to trading with' the capital which your" industry and irugaiity snail have saved. In -your dreams you -see a r snug cot-' tage,. lighted with tlie smile, ot . love, and sounding with the babble of inno cent tongues, over which plenty and contentment c&st their 'cheering tays. trreat applause. Are you willing to give up this; bright prospect i and- be. content forever to gay. the. tax-gatherer all your earnings beyond food and clothing ? tjhries' bf " No 1 " : " No I" Extend the debt and ieduce the inter est !.: NO, gentlemen, pay .the debt and save, the, interest., Iteduce; the. taxes; equalize, the burthens,.' and industry will .be' stimulated," business." will ' be restored, -enterprise will bef active,' and labor will reap : its i just ' and. adequate reward.,; An , essential. jStep iin-.this movement. , is the restoration of the prosperity of the Southern States. They constitute- an ligricurtui'ai -com munity,' V They ar& producers, i ;;Their interests, are identical . with. -yours Their staples will furnish business for your mercantile , navies., ' They will frntlisri wealth fnv na'oli: : - TliAy riiorVit to pay ) their-share of the tax. andfof the public debt They can do it Wlh lhey will do it easily if , order, is es-: tablished in their homes and security isJfelk., 'flc who soweth, shall, also reap." Every instinct of selfishness, as well as of patriotism, demands that the policy , of hatred and oppression shall cease, and that' those ; States5 be restored to their rights and the people to : their liberties. Applause;.!; :el-: low-Deniocrats I are you up and active arid well .organized for the struggle before you? , The eyes of the whole country are upon you 1 The hearts of the1 Democracy,.; of : the' conservative men everywhere, are with you. , , ,You will fight the first battle of this cam paign, if yon will it, even if you Im prove bri the last year; pbu'will give it the prestige' ol victory.; We will carry the. country. For, twenty., years the elections of Maine have foreshadowed the result in the West ; We look al ways' to "you;1 with - intense interest Our hearts and hopes are -with- you. Send us in September .newsrof -vour victory. Cries of We will!!' Ohio, inaiana, Illinois, will loilow; bey mour f will be'J elected M"Tremendous applause and the shouts of ourre- joicmg will, .be, answered to. uslrom Heaven, as when of old, the, angel choir announced, - "Peace on eartli, gooaTwill to men!" rTrcmendous applause.' " -:oi:u'.7iio: i!i At the 'conclusion ' of the: ' speech, Gieneral :Roberts called for 'nine cheers for" the chieftain who had so gallaritiy entertained them;':whitjh' Hvere' giveh with a willi'the'erithhsiasrii of the au dience continuing' for1 some' moments after Mr.; Pendleton 'tesuihed his seat 8" A NewjEngland paper, tells. the following, story;:;. .. ;,f,; ui . ;? ;. ,'. ." There is a man in .Vermont. ..who cannot .speak to his, fathoxt .Previous to his bra some ; idjffiqptty ; ai-ose be tween his mother and father, andfof a considerable, time she refused to speak wiUihim,; ; The, . difficulty .was; s.Rbse- qnenjtly healed, the child was borni and in due time began . to. italk, but when sitting: with hiBi fathor! was invariably' silent,. It ContiimedsojUnliltho; child was five -yesrs ld, when, the father having exliausted, his powers fc.pqr,- suasion, threatened at . with punish ment for its- stubbornness.. . WheiL - the punishment was inflicted it; clicoted nothing but ighs -and ; groans, - which told but too plainly that, the little suf ferer could not speaky though lie, i vaip- ly, endeavored to do so. All who were present united; in i tlie .opinion that it ivras impossible for the child to speak to its father. TiriiO proved, .this lOpiri. ion to be correct. At.a mature age his efforts to converse with his parcht could only produce tlie most bittei sighs and groans.' 11 'x1- ,! "J A siut was recently -broueht. jn Iowa against a man who executed' a morteagp on, certain propevty,.,andi few days afterwards spldit to another mail and gave a warranty deed. J The court decided Jhnt, as the mortgage was duly recorded, the purdiaseb had no Cause : of iaotion . against the swift ti ling seller. ui rl l- :). J-iil i Onk of the sins nge is Medicine. of an cnliglitenbd RKCORO OP THE JtKCKXKSS.. jk a speech made; duririg last 'felTs campaign, lion. tieo. M. Pendleton gave a very good resume of the career of theQKadical jiarty,: arid brought up some things which, in the whirl of the time, we are apt to-forget He said : When I ventured lately to condemn thd -whole : policyof the Republican party, an influential party newspaper exclaimed dm . wnat remedy does Mr. Pendleton propose ? He exhorts us to return to and stand by the Con stitution we do not exactly under stand what he means by that" Gentlemen, that is true ; that is the whole difficulty. The Republican par ty does not now, and never did. know what it is "to stand by the Conititu- uon.' xney nave never made it the rule of their conduct the guide of their action. They have never appre ciated its wisdom ; they have never cultivated respect for its binding obli gation, and so they have never studied its spirit or its letter. Whatever they desire to do,; whether from a sincere belief that the good of the country de manded it,' or that their party interest required it, -that-they-always---have done. . Their own will, not the Con stitution, has been their ruleJ -i- And to this standard, ; and none .other,, they have always been perfectly true. . jln 1820 they opposed the establish meat.'Of the . Missouri Compromise iane; In 1854 they opposed its abro gation. - In 1860 they opposed its re- enactment. In 18461 they refused the use of State jails and State magistrates to execute tne imgitive biave Law, on the ground that the return of fugitives was the duty of the Federal Government In lboO they refused to vote a more strin gent Federal law, on the ground that . T. A , , -, - iuc iBiuiu vx iiigiuves was tne duty oi the State Governments. In 1856 they passed personal , liberty bills, on the ground that the State should not as sist the x ederal Government : and in 1861 they re'pealed all laws on the sub ject on the ground that neither State nor a ederal Government should exe cute the Constitution.1 ' . In 1858 they had possession of the State gouernments ; - they magnified State rights,1 adopted the resolutions of 98-'99 at their conventions, exalted the idea of confederation against unity, and prepared to array the States in armed conflict with Federal authority. In 1862 they, had possession of the Federal Government ;,; they denounc ed States' rights, called the Kentucky resolutions treason, and have, as far as in their power, by mere brute force, as well as by -legislation, reduced and degraded the State governments. ; - In 1856 tbey declared thafc- no war could be right, and no peace could be wrong ;" that if the South desired to change theif political relations and form pf government, their Tight could not, be", denied. "In 1862 they declared that the trinity of our . salvation was " taxation, emancipation and war." ' ' -r. -in. .1 -i . ... ... . .,xn ioo4 tney aeciared that the inter ests of . jthe. country required the re striction of suffrage, and that the Ger mans , and , Irish, and English and French, ought to be disfranchised. In 1867 they declared that the interest of the country required its extension, and -that it -must be given even to the negroes.' ':i ::; i-i-.n, . Y" In 1859, Mr." Chasej then" Governor oi umo, asserted : " we have rights which the Fededral government must not invade ; ' rights superior to its power, on which pur sovereignty de pends; and. we mean to assert these rights against all tyrannical . assump- . tions of authority." . In 1867, General Hayes, who was their candidate for Governor of Ohio, . asserted that the States have no sovereignty whatever. h In 1864 they asserted that the Presi dent had the powery by proclamation, to emancipate four millions of slaves. in 18b i- they deny that he has power to remove member of his own cab inet" '--' ' - In ' 1862 ''partv "purD6ses'' reonirer1 them1 to consider 'TU nion unbroken. In Louisiana the Federal Governriient had possession of New Orleans alone. They, admitted Haun and .Flanders to their seats as ., Representatives from that State. , , In 1865 it. had nossession Of every foot of the State ; these same men . present themselves as Senators, and they are rejected because the State of Louisiana has ceased to exist In 1862 they desired to create West Virginia they must have the consent of the old State they elect Governor nerpont and a Legislature, and take their law as the solemn act of the State of Virginia assenting to its own dis memberment In 1866. they set up a military government over Pierpont and his Legislature on the ground that prior, to his election secession had de- " 8troyed the.State. rij .. i , ..-.;;( ., , , In 1861 and 1862 and . 1863 and 1864 and 1865 and 1866 during the war and after the war, they admitted Repre sentatives from Kentucky, and now they reject them xmtil a committee can inquire whether Kentucky has a v 1-1. . xvcpuuiican government. -' In 1863 they established military commissions in Ohio for the trial of citizens. and ' by , their judgment sent theiri to , death or exile. In 1867 the Supreme Court, by a unanimous de cision, declared these tribunals illegal. and their sentences void. In 1863 thev vexed us with many oaths, and in 1867 the Supreme Court refused to admin ister them. t.ry..:n l -J -m-.-:.. . - For tliis they have threatened to im peach the Judge, and they have actu ally reduced their numbers. ----- - 'j' In 1861 they appealed to the patriot ism of the people, and raised immense armies . to maintain .' the Constitution and the' Union. In 1865 they prefer red to continue 'the war rather , than make peace on the basis of maintain ing the Constitution and Union. . , And to-day, calling themselves, with ostentatious hvpocricy, the Union par ty, they would prefer to recognize the independence of theConfederate States rather than Testore the Union on the basis of the Constitution." ', ' ' ' '' -. They have held and abandoned every theory of government and every po litical opinion. : , .. ,.',".'',,,'.., 1 CHINTESK FARMING. ii '-. -ll -i i . - i A correspondent calls attention to a 'fact which illustrates the industry and Integrity ., of the Chinese. ... All along the coast the steep ! shores, and even mountain sides, are made tillable by a system of terraces. ,The front or slope Of these terraces is about six feet in height, and protected by sod. The level space thus obtained is devoted to raising .vegetables and general pro products of the soil. Only one kind of seed or grain, however, . is planted On the same space, and no two spaces produce the same vegetable or eereaU Thus the traveller lias presented a mountain side ringed with diversified vegetation. : Rows of peas, beans, tur nips, carrots, vines, etc., rise in regular series until the summit is attained. The fiat or bottom land immediately' on the coast is invariably devoted , to rice. u. Their system of irrigation, is complete,; and all the lands, devoted to tliis crop can be easily ovcrfi&wed. . 1 ! f I - f 3 1 v. -'V.. '