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The Democratic press. [volume] (Ravenna, O. [Ohio]) 1868-1901, September 03, 1868, Image 1

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THBlfflBMOCMTIC 1 PRESS;
PUBLISHED EACH THURSDAY.
& D. HAUalS, EDITOR AMD PROPEIETOE.
Peryear, in advance, ". :" i. .?.."- $8 00
If not paid In advanoe, ';,-''. r" 80
Six months, la advance, --, u- 1 09
trS The Pkkss circulates free of postage
within the limits of Portage county. . -
aavertisements in Special Notice col
umn, of leaded, or in double column, or rule and
figure work, will be charged fifty per cent addi
tional. :; --
NJ Each snbscquenfc ipsertion, . .... GO
mm uuoinesma.iuliloTial Kotic, ex line,
rCtoeilmnji, six luontbs, . ;
4 ' ' One column, three monlhs. ''
- j -n-i j . . , .
v. i u inn inc jcit, .
"ail. umiii,4jx-moiith8, '-
. HalfTcolnmB. three momths-.
Oue-juarter column, one year, .
RAVEOTAi O. THURSDAY, SEPT. 3, 18681
B" The jpaec occupied by ten lines 'of this
typo (Xomptreii) snail eonstHnte a sqnare. "
xo;i.
r, . . -; tit. - ' :."r : : . ji-.i-jv'i"-
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M
r 4-1 . SbS" The Inarannmnlul W .'li.o. r 1U. . - II. ' I -ft' J i "--in ):'".': ...' .1
I i '!.. - ... . ..777 ! -u ; f: , -,. . : ::-.
I 1 Hi
s
riTnOEMOCRlTlKPBESS.
SAMl'U D. HARRIS EP1TOB kX PCBLUBEK.
T " Statu Tifltft. ' -
''IflJi - i - V i i
.?V6R,i'EtifeTikT.''6F STARE,-''1
J TH05TAS nUBBARD,' of Logan
FOR SUPREME JUDGE,
'fOR MEMOF BOARD. OF PUBLIC tTOBKS,
J. h Will :
i SAM'L J. KIIIKWOOD, of Seueca.
A . .
- FOB ..ObERJt .W: BLTMt. wti,
V " ' ' ' is ' 'fjl'i ' T1 l-X"
; iremOCraulO.;?: Oia.U5;i Xiauiuiiu
Vi'.Z.'i J K. IMS.
Jlemived,' That the Democracy of OhioT'eoBf
frratulate the country "Pn tlM! improved aspect
S'.i' of political affairs as evidenced by the state
jg'-'i'X eleciionsi at 1SSI, and that they lok forwanl
with nope and confidence to the resultof that
.;j I momentous struggle, -Jon which they "reabuut
I to enter, and uimiu whichlepeniui, in so great a
r". 1 degree, the future peace and prosperity of tile
-SiJ;?. l-;i&?!;2.rt.f rtA'aitklviinosed to W
IdoctriaeH which lead to ooasolkUtioa, we renew '
B twith unflagging seal and Increased -energv, our
I.,i.nk,.,tin isai political creed which has
lever been M staunchly ailliered to by our organ--
ization through day of trouble auil dUwter, as
s, iwell as Kood &rtuue and prosperity,, which was
':'!:! fexuressieii bv Thomas Jeaernon: "txpial auI
'- ixact Jurtice U- all uieu, of wliatever state or
' -I'j ,versnaion religions or political peaces com-
r lueree aiui iiuutifc iih.ii . -i". " .
'vWreuulilican Wnilencies; the preservation of the
itieneral tJoverwuent In Its wnoie conxiuuuoBai
I i entangling alliances wiwi-none; me uiin.u. l.wiU tell inom rjjai iney in US I DC up-
At i i ttwtaiveroiit.iillUielrrighU(,ath(v . oHmrd 6r that the neonle of
f most eompetent administration of our domestic Oil Uieir guai U, 0 mat xne people OI
i- m-Mncmiaanil . the surest bulwark gainst ami- Maine Will Snatch from their IihIhIS'
",: 1 vigor as tuesueet.ancnor m i
5;; "r.isAlety abroad; a Jealous care of the rights of
f- ! elections by the people; and the supremacy or
i r.v ti uiiiitHrv authority'."- '
Tv.l": ,wurpaUons,f Congress, and particularly the
V -.fi n)r nvnKtruction. oaIIl. as vio-
- , ItUive of the oonstitutioaal compact between tlw
;'-'-itates, anil utterly subversive of every princi
i'lH pie of self-gotenimenltliatdisliiBguishes a tree-
&i-l'-JUmlvta, That we are opposed to any measures
'"l which recognise that the iutegrityot the I. l
wax ever broken that any or its members were
;-;" ever out and tha we.detennineilly insist that
' .tiium no innfnr lieiiiir in insurree-
the southern state, no ;i'f:l
are 'entitled to the full 8Ute recognition and
. 1 eoustitutioual Jrepresentauon in uingnan, an
ue denial of it to theiu byuongress; and itsei-
ts tolietatoby military iims goveruinent I
t tuem, are jincoustiEutiuuai, retuiuiwij
.id despotic. ! . f -! .-,
Uimnirjd. That we are ODUosod. both in princi-
. and ltolkiv. to nerro suB'rage; tlmt in the I
. Mte of Ohio-having ly the emphatic majority u u.uugui iix S""""- ""l"! ' ,uvu,ra' " , . ,
J r co.ooo rejected for herseir-4s stemiy opposed- her flowing sails were all set-; her lofty gence of . men. 1 1 1 deal with their opin
. iu CsbonI jmposition upon oUior states and I masta towered to the skv. ' She was a loss and their actions, and their party
taierai uovernnient as a most base usurpation,
; jtMoired. That the practical e.th; "'
J, fovtr tateTTthe0po
mrroi of negroes, and to place the lives, iiber-
V" trtSbTH,V,SS'i
' inidhiw-itabiyie either to war to"
I - tUMmf-rm
f ! L f,r,i. in iii. ..ntiii of Die nub-
fci.llie Airicaiii!"" ." . -
.Utolvti, Thai aotwithsUndinr tluS enormous
&i I'raiuis in the creation of the uub-
ulebti tho falthof thewuntry is-pledged to its I
ment, principal .and -interest,) according to I
terms bf the several acts of Congress under I
- tich Mm? bomtA represcwuig. ine uw
lint ii,,-. it.h.iii-iu and we are ouuosed IB
Ay" plan- fo extending the -times or payaiei,
jiiis increasing the amount of gold interest to I
' tiore than Uxt prineipali or to any declaratiou I
BTresTThSriprin
..Li Ji,ii , vfrtnaiiv add more than a
uMBdjaUitoBaao Hriif dM
liZ2Jl$;"
'jmt- Jtetottta, That, neither forgetting nor denying
; flVSS,
i -i i.tt'Mci.vMitv'liniHlssltonld beBaid in the same
f XS?3aS& wfthSrTthe'mon: lm produced- a sympathy In. political ing glory, of our matchless -Constitu-pxiii'v
oTnirted. the National Hanks, this result opinions between- us rof Maitie and. tion-rgreat applause a free people.
1 P ii. ...;,,..., .....Int. ir finn. s . - i. . , --. . i ' - i H i .. 1 l. a ii n. 1 l
r dan-
b KZrremrii
.from the burthed' of-a debtt the tendency or
oySS,rSi.'!:
S MB Uoveruineni irom me repiuacu pj iuB
ii voredebtss in gouu whii discurging its debts
oldiers, lnBlnlei!OHrMncy. L '
o .Vj this nitn vinlntes no law. fm-
pjrs ""S
,h7Stnecaiifc the onivsafe way of teaching
that ena. - t ., t . i . . ; 1 . -
Jftnitd, That all the property of the country,
Including theUovenment bonds, which receives
the caual protection of tlie Uovernment, should
bear an equal share in its burthens. -i.
Jtamfcta, , That .we indignantly jojcot the
principle derived from the feudal system that
. .. . . . . .' 1 . ..1.. I 1. .A . I... L.nwB.
meiit Mulder which thev live, which in another
; form is contended for by the monarchies of Eu-
irAviniid.aJlcs.iaiieft. and be admitted into all the
J ..iwii kml'iwilitical rights of his new home that I
-J naturalized oitiama are. entititled to all the I
riiihts, as between us and foreign powers, which 1
-can dvcijmiucu uj win uif - '
x. : . i. .. .( nf iVii l'..il..i 1 i 1. . vii!-.i mi' lit. tn llltl
Ji feWUKMUH ..... ..v. .-.. - 17 - - ,
tct aud maintain 'them Tiy every means within
its pnwer.pv ;f;( .f; f.jt U'.-,- '".-.-' '
Jiewlved, That tlic people will sustain Andrew
dobasony .President of the1 United States, in his
' struggle -with Congressional usurpation, and
; 'that we pledgir the Democracy of Ohio to sup
: .rt him In all Constitutional Bieasures to re-
leve xne wnice people oi me wwu v..
v
r; "f..Hn.""'SnH.t SSHaSl (MiSdf'ana exhaustless mines and towerinff
by it in its bounties. . rr ;
jt,MU!, That te wmocracyei t niry.
ave neituer us tue piiruose nor uesiro m rv-v- i
Aiish-siaveiy,nortoBssunieanyportipnof thel
debts of 'the States lately
lOIIOfl Oiil X MOTREB.
i f -J - 0ini-,..!tii.
- I
inereis Knueuuug .
breaks down the pridclof-jsianhood
.' faUfiWo lnA nhrf. ' arid -brings it
i.wMi:KrirB trifiiiievri- Who
. Z ... f , f , Va
-f ll8t 'Has-'sunereu even- mynux
. life in" sictnesS and despondency Wlip
- ihaf has Iain'1 on a "wearv bod in ' the
, neglect
-j.'fitMt.Aarneu- fnmUm-
.1,1.1 w iKmiht -of 4h motherl
nu iuuuiuo " a
...j'u. , ,
j '"that lodKed en' his' childnood, that
"'smobthed his pillow and administered
to:mViieYpie9sne88?; '"Oh," there Wsyt
'.jnj io.oo in tfiP laveiof -a
endearing tenderness in tne iave.01 ,a
ther r her son; that transcends all
other- "affecfioBi "6T;the heart. It is
-rfneftncr to "be" chilled, by" dailgi!r,t7nor er such as that ! : For myself,, geptle-ij: limitation imposed : by : the. Coustitu
'' -,s , i.-ii.j 1 mnn T Vinw nn-aplf .11 .wTPiwnce he-1 tion. they ought to have the limitations
SWWWW't
f liir .liovatitude. She Wtll sacrifice ev-;
ficrxftWfortr,tQ Ins. cppreuiencej she
M.lHril surr-euder ipvery; pleasure tp jhis
enjoyment, he will glory in his, fame,
-i i , i ... ., .1 If ml.
ana ejeuiii in jii umBpraiijfanu,! li
yii;ycwiiy..varoKe. ; mm, , m iyrutiM. 11
lfy dearer to-. her by? inisfortuue; ai4
the
t disgrace; settle upon. his name,hf will
istiUiliQveaad .cherishJhiminan&if.Rll
H; world cast; him; on: she wui
0 ! T -jTjHpr NEWSPAPER.
ifaiewspaper vtaken ,'in
1
1 '''''
viseen
. '- 1.H1C
a family
J ldeniBtosheaa,,gieaini:ini:oigeiit;v
. n j , 1 vr
. , around; (It gives, the. children; a taste
for reading it communicates, all , the
"fTdoT4ufictionfflfihat win. never
i be ' exhaUstedTXftVP'T . ""uiy, . uuw-
i 'ver poor if theyTfeh to hold a place
j'lo in,, the! rankSi'tof WitolUgent, beings,
i i j iStrfo iipwunn."imv
- 2 impoi-tant events that are passing . in von woiuq scck.-- to wiw our rnrenu ihiubu uuuu u? uukiuw.
- he busy world it isR never lailirig; Government, gd to the plain prervKiThes.Cpnstitution., has Vested" W the
: i ; 4-5a. ..,,t anH fiiwi-ciioa ainna f . the : Constitution. . If .. vou President tlie powers of a department,
' AMttenpo'ofprop,
crty sufficient to inaKi-
"'for life, and surrounded' bj-Children
' til AiW.A.i'frw i1iaw1a.iVd infll50llM?a llY
-oi.4h5TUe pirit of enpidityt nd ;i?eg.
i I avJecta to subscribe fir-.ja newspaper,, Is
. ri si-A nA t Aacirin&
'ensure from his intelligent neighbors.
KUWU wu;u. auu, n uviDtii.B
p n m a i a ii.
HON. GEO. J. PENDLETON,
Deliver as BaBgor, Maine, Acat30w
Oa tiii 20th. ult, Hon. George H.f
Pendleton received a magnificent ova
tion in the city of Bangor, Maine.
The" entire popnlafio'ri turned out en
masse ' and the 'snrrounding-country
for a radius'1' of fifty miles 'was repre
sented ! by- thousands.' A procession
of the stalwart Inmbermen of the Pe
nobscot Valley, tastefully uniformed,
and bearing suitable banners inscribed
with the mottoes' and watchwords of
the workingmen of the Union, escort'
ed.. Mr, '.Pendleton. to the? place of
meeting. This was a capacious square
on. , Union- street,-. and was densely
packed , with surging mass of hu
manity. .. After an address of welcome'
by Marcellus Emery,: Mr. PendleVn
addressed the multitude as follows ; ,
r, Ladies and, Gektle'kek, Mr.FEi.-
LOW-UITIZENS OF THE STATE OF 1
Low-CifizENS OF the State oFMaine : ;
it u obviously impossible for me to
make myself heard throughout this
it L-t AQaomHlofrn rnnLtaa thovo ia. 1 1 m
most jirofoumfsiTcnce. "I thought last'
nignt tnat you naa exnaustea your en-
naUsni and yonr hogpitalityi j-srmrfofhers. Confident in the purity of
to-day that I was mistaken. -1 see to
day that it is not only the jjemoeraxic
party , of Maiuo, but the people of
Maine who are moved in the. right di
rection.' ' Applause. '-'1 ftm; rejoiced
at this magnificent meeting, ' for it
shows to me that the public- calamity
sits heavily upon the public mind, and.
that there is the beginning of hope.' I
am rejoiced at this demonstration, and
when l go duck; to my people m Uhio
the laurels' which -we hoped f n ' the
hour of victory to place upon the ma
jestic- brow of our peerless.. State.
Applause. 1 . w nen x recej veq. the m-
vitation of vonr' committee1 to attend
this meeting I accepted it without hes-;
itatiou. 1 desired to see this part )of:
my country ,r and then,:. my) eountr.y-
men. X deeirert to breathe the. pure-
air of yonr ocean, and to See that scen
ery of whose Dcauty: 1 have 'read -so
much. I desired to see your immense
fore8tg and vour capacious harbors and
j your unrivalled ship-vards. . I desired
marine.5 Tweiity-three years agd', on
t his .verv dav, I stood upon the pier of
a most magnificent harbor almost up--;
on the other ' side 'of the. world1. A,
thing, of : beauty , and , of grace. ,. She
contrasted wonderfully with; the tub-
like crafts that were all around er.i-.
The stars and stripes fleW'at her mast-,
head, and tlieytoldmeebe wa.- built
, I desired to see her build-
erfc-..Jr'thert.vereppiiit8;of
Rvmnathv berteAArt- thfc- 'tiprtfile hf th
Northwest 1 'and- you iof Maine'; that power and have' contracted .to abate
both, in our lines.were: necessary,-.to the i exercise .-.of othersndependent,
each other. You build the ships; we. except in. sQ.far as they have bound
raise the; corn and wheat and pork. .themselves together disunited, ! ex
You are the carriers, we we ihej prp- ept'-in .so. far its . they - have united
abroad.-and brins? back to us in return. I
the fruits of the topics,, the cofl'ee of
South America the veas of dun;a; tlie
0fl8 of Spain,"'the! ines :aM silk" f
France and-the manufactures of Great
TlHtoin.. TrlnHtvf mafi-iftl intAresta
mtotthe Unioninl82(),iniorhidstof.
the excitement that ;grew-out; of the:
Missouri nomnromise. won Jiave not
i -t - - ::-..., '
given birth upon your soil to any of
t.hnBA- nmminpni; ftcrttjrrnwa ri' -tinlitifft
I , r r j "V V X. r.,
I wlim under the. firnise. or rjnilanthronv
'and the pretence of being the apostles
of a purer civilization have disturbed I
the harmony of our:people" and per-1
verted the system of onr Governmental
"When I received youp-.invitation, my I
mind was full of rrecplleciaons ,of ,the.Mcypf each jb adapted to:me interests,
I trip r I had made" to T"VVisconsm and I ,the .tastes,; the habits of, its people.
Minnesota : and my neart exulted 'at
the thought that as I had travelled one
grat central basin;'' so I might travel
fifteen hundred miles to the northeast)
and yet be among- my own country-
men, in. my, own country.,. Leaymg.
mv home upon the banks ol the beau-
tiful river, I stood fo'-day tihderneath
the, ; arching ; elms isand-admired', the
broad streets .of your.,attracp,ve -city.
Make with me the iournev uothe val-
rtr stf tm "M i t". . l ' T... 1 1. 1 n--iti (1 fiblia
at home; pro-
mountains 6f 'Pennsylvania, the Eng -
, a of -jt merkst.' across the imperial
. -- ? 7 ,
domain, of thermore imperial New
York, through the length rof aUassa -
chusetts, radiant with the ,. j-eturns ;of
her Industry, with' Connecticut and
In, "I v, -1 " - - . ,
-'"'Wie lsiana flipping 10 xne -sea 011
iu, -ii9.,,rl..-nrl .a Oroon Afoimi
; j tains- ot rennonl "and the !:W;hite
I Mountains f bf ?Jew HamDshiie rising
' with snow-white'niajesty to the heav-
ens on the other, through opulent and
hospitable Boston, aloiuy the , shores
I f fWooean. aloii the noble inden-
tures of your own Coas throtigh j our
ownxhriving vilrages to the verv een -
r .. ,.,f j.
y
J otate. i WhOi can ue, astonisned. thai
1 1, t art f American citizen ex-
nits that his pulse beats high; and that
his tcingueiuses the language of pride,,
and often Of exaggeratipnasrhislove,
i.f: ' p
f :-i vari ttiiM Mirriat.-
and oil,: opulence of wealth and pow
toTO'the'foTmf-wVermient which
. a. - - -Puj o!..,,.
v.nt Kr.iin1 ifiAea Wcrlifv. RrnAd ryfli
I :el.y an(j which has reconciled their- dif-
Jt ferenj; and, .discordant, mterestS iinta
tun ngrtnruiv m rtnA nAnriie nun nnn
government "''J Applause, 'The men
of 1787 were self-denving men.' 1 Thev
feared consolidation of powervu Theylamendmepthas been in derogation, of
if
put beldnd them Jhe. allurementsof J-.tlie substantial, important, . recognised
imbenat' pomo.:'''TOeT''aenle4-eml'riK''bts df-theLStates; , By.,the fissfe of
selves' r the ' fascinatiOhsj-oT a- strong
yyernment -JChey contented hem-.
selvesmthtoe simplicity of confedeT
ration. ; They committed, to - the Fed
erai government mi-ei-uuiic nu unci-,
national affairs. All the rest' tliey'rer,
ooi-oWf n tlw SUntAs t cmsclvps. With.
in thii narriow sphere -they, made tli(j
hFAtleml s Government sunreme. . . All,
Lpeyond remained tp.Tthe uniinpaired
f sovereignty pjt thc-sceral States'
would desire to know what are the
powers of the States, go to. that vast
regerve of. power: which,' by. thei'laws
Of enlightened civilization, isn lodged
ia every sovereign conimuiy.,,.Ma8
?Zr?Jix5Zs
pic were safebt Jin: henihandaiiihatlof.jyoiir own-Senators that it did not
.their; lives, liberty, and property were,,
best, preserved nncjer :her guardianr
kri fttAt: .t-theVriViTifltatitof hei aaoo-
f I Vrf , T
I n.& TiH mn I i-r of if ii tirkri ana
proposed that ' amendment which de
cided that alt the power not given by
the Constitution to the United. States
nor prohibited to the States, remained
to the States' and the people respec
tively. ' Unfortunately, in these latter
days, 'Massachusetts has . ' -wandered
from the faith, but she will return to
it with renewed zeal when power
shall have passed into another section,
and she feels the doom of isolation.
Wise men of 1781, purified in the tri
als of the- Kevolntion,' -experienced in
the lessons of the ; confederation, vir
tuous themselves and upheld in the
practice of virtue by the public senti
ment of an extraordinary : people
they laid so strong the foundations of
the Government, which can alone ac
complish this result, that neither force,
nor time, nor the progress of the ages
can shake them; They will endure
until the degeneracy of Our race shall
call from indignant Heaven a denial
of such blessings-as punishment for
our manifold sins. Gentlemen, the
philosophy of our Government will
dictate to me the subject upon - which
I shall speak to yon. - I do not under
stand; your - local politics ; I do -not
propose to take part in them.- I shall
confine myself to those matters which
concern us all alike. i' I shall' speak
with nonpartisan bitterness. Jfot ac-.
eugiomea myseu io yieia sayuung to
harsh words. I seek not to apply them
my motives and the sincerity of my
convietions. 1 am ready to aamit the
same integrity of purpose in all my
fellow-eitizens. I shall not disparage
the ability or character of our opponents.-
I would not, if I could, pluck
one leaf from :the laurels of General
Grant ; whatever may be his ability as
a Soldier, be has stood the test of. suc
cess and so fiir as I have ' "known he
has - borne - himself with i moderation
and magnanimity in his high office.. I
have known Mr. Colfax well formally
years, I have seen liim. in possession
of great powers He is an amiable and
estimable gentleman,- and would per
form with dignity -the duties of the
high office to' which i he aspires. I
have i had : pleasant associations with
the members i of . Congress from- your
State, and I remember with sati'sfac-
lion., that- we-' passed through many
years of service in that body ; inter
changing tlioee courtesies which soft
en the asperities of political, excite-,
ment. ! Indeed. 'gentlemen, mv obser
vation of such has' led me to expect
thoniAsr. . Arrmrp.onn ommon. conrtlcn
destructive policy associated with the
loftiest aspirations for the public good
I do not, therefore, deal here or at any
other time with the personal character,
as ma organization. I have described
to you ia the: briefest possible terms
the philosophy of our system of gov-
ernment,: It is a union and not a uni-
ty. :. Itr is a union of States,, not of
municipal : -;corporations-of States,
sovereign except in so,; far: as: they
hnv r1ilnmtr1 the. exercise of some
stitution. ! This system of government
has solved ! the great problem: !: It has
eeconciled vastoess of territory-land
strength of government with liberty.
It has made it possible that we should
hrt onft neonle. and this, is the crown-
head, and health and vigor tothecon-
stituent paxtSv? The States have grown
in nnmherHJ i nonulation. in nower.
1 ' , 'i , r : .
IThey have developed ivery ; local m-
L uieHr t.hftv liAVS unran t.o t.hpii" mt.i-
r rJ . ' ... , :
I zens snch intentions and such meas-
lures; of . liberty as: they desired for
themselves. : The general featuies of
the- State governments have, of course,
a strikingsimilarity, but the diversity
of.theirpolicyis-wonderful. Thepol-
The manufacturing btates, the com-
i .mercial States, the agiicultui-al States,
I land cQRld not be passed, and if passed,
could not.be enforced, in the West.
Many .of the customs transplanted by
I the; people -.who have !built up our
thriving towns nd cultivated our ter-
1 tile. prairies would shock the feelings
I of your people. .. Has, not this system
I ofngoverdment. proven.; benehcial-to
lusaU? ". Has it not proven beneficial to
1 vnn in Vf u 5 1 1 "i V . . TTott a rftit lint. mnAvpH
Have you not directed your local af-
1 fairs i".., your, own way? Have, not
vour relatiORSi with , your sister States
t ' T1 . - . .
been agreeable and uselulf Have you
1 not been represented with dignity and
power and splendor in the great fam-
ily of pations ? ,And yet, my fellow-
I ."iT . A 1, ..l.i;., .. ... . I . '
uuztju,, .me. uepuuuwu uw ij umub
to change this government and substi
tute one of : their own creation. They
hate this. system, 'lhey hate this di
veiityrt-They . hate i. the doctrine, of
f State's rights . They hate theConsti
tution: as the: fathera. made it ; lhey.
have deliberately., conspired for its
1 overthrow, , lhey prefer, a consolidate
ld government i .They prefer a strong-
I ' - i rri J- 1 n.-
I uowb me ,uian-iurs.; wuicuiiue piaiei
with their resei-ved rights can. inter
pose, to. create a government so-sensi-r
tiye-that.t will feel the least impulse
of popular will and so strong :that it
.ii".Tit --4W.wtn Tki,ii
this will bea better, freer government
- lThey believethat rather than have the
imposed-pnifby the,unbridled-wm of
1 jot-.a,7o:;i n;-;,r rrm:t:
- 1 an . uTesntiiisihlp. maiontv. .. . Twice
since .the close.pf the war they, have
all the. power which :tjie posses-
siuu ui Lilts, ifuvuriiiiieiiLH.. uuui , outic
fans! Fedesal, has given them tp amend
1 the. Constitution : and in each case the
these' amendments the power, of the
States over .slavery within its, limits
was,. abolished.: ;.uy the .second, . ciu
zenship in the States is to depend up
on.tlie:-will,iiot .of the States,, but of
Uongress ; ; and , the, , , exclusion pt . ne-
I groes from the rule of sulh-age is pun
ished,by the loss, of representation.
JNot satisfied with this awacK.upon tne
I StateBlhemselyes, wUi.the tinie spirit
If of, reyplutionary leaders,, they - have
and made f him , responsible , loir the
management of, the, army and for the
exocutipn of the laws. The Republi-
can party has stripped him of his pat-
- lronag,e,,,taKen away irom lum.the se
KZiM-&
tmjjuBe iiiiiLirDiu ouice ojiu lutiuivwn
leader in his place. .'. ' ',
1 1 At this point General Roberts' pro
posed three cheers for: 'the Honii wm.
Pitt Fessenden, the Senator alluded
to, and these were given with the great
est enthusiasm, the audience rising..
The State governments were in lull
vigor and operation before and during
and after the war. During the war
the State government of Virginia was
called upon to give its assent to the
creation of "West Virginia, and. mem
bers of Congress were admitted from
Louisiana so soon as Federal troops
obtained foothold in that State. Af
ter the war the States of the South
were invited to ratify,- and did ratify,
the fourteenth constitutional amend
ment, and it derives its validity from
their assent. The Republican party
by the reconstruction acts abolished
these governments, and created in their
stead military "governments, which no
man will pretend was within the con
stitutional powers of Congress, uy
the aid of the army they have built up
other governments, not according to
the will of the people, but according
to the will of Congress, and they have
founded them upon the - exclusion of
the intelligence and wealth and virtue
of the white race from the right of suf
frage, and upon the admission of eve
ry negro to that right; and they have
made these negroes buy their exemp
tion from the interference of the army
and their recognition as Estates by rati
fication of the l1 ojmeenth Constitu
tional -amendment, and a pledge that
thfy TOlll ncvr.i'-haiijrc tl)Q rule Of 6UI-
fragc. Do not tlieir own acts convict
them of the chaige I have made ? Are
they not surely and rapidly, even
though silently, sapping the founda
tions of the Government and chang
ing its-form and nature? Are they
not accumulating power in the Feder
al Government and taking it awayfrom
the btates t JJo they not declare openly,-and
make it the ; basis of their
creed, that Congress has a power over
the right of. suffrage in ten States
which it lias not over the same subject
in the other States. Why is it thev
build up these governments upon the
basis of the negro vote alone f - My
friends, divest yourselves of passion ;
look at this work steadily. Is not the
stolid i ignorance of enfranchised
slaves too narrow a basis for a pros
perous State possessing equal powers
with the State of Maine? Why is it
insisted on ? The reason, the sole rea
son is, that they, believe they can con
trol the negro vote : that: by , this vote
thev can secure the election of a Pres
ident and- Senators and ..Members ;oi
the House and Governors and Legis
latures and Judges, and so wield long
er the powers of the Government.- I
know many of these men well. They
are men of "intellect and daring. They
are men of firm resolve andofty purpose.-They
are not actuated, by low
greed of gain, nor love of the emolu
ments and - honors of office. They
have the- true spirit of fanatical re
formers, and they seek . power that
they may overturn this system of gov
ment and build up another system in
ita stead. - My friends, we are engaged
in no scramble for office. We are
stimulated by no lust for power. .This
struggle touches the lile ol our con
federated system. . ' It touches the
question of union or. unity. It : will
decide, in the far ofl" future the destiny
of . our country.,; If ; our opponents
succeed, we will have first Unity ,; and
then Despotism, and then Revolution,
and then Separation, ancTthen what
ever God in his wrath may inflict If
they tail, we will have the Constitu
tion obeyed, the .Union mained, liber
ty enjoyed, prosperity abounding,
peace everywhere, and all the glories
ol our past will be but as the early
bud compared with the blooming
beauties of the full-blown flowers,
In this supreme. hourj of our fate I
beg you to pause and weigh well your
duty to the country, as in the hour of
death you would weigh, your duty to
God.i. To experiment, -is. too, costly;
we cannot afford it. -We might lose
our liberty, for there is a limit to hu
man endurance. , We cannot buy what
we do not pay for, and we cannot pay
more than what exaction can squeeze
from our people. Freedmen's. Bu
reau, military commissions, military
governments, the support of ten State
governments, : constitutional - amend
meats, negro suffrage, carpet-baggers,
are, in themselves expensive luxuries.
When they bring with -them .stagna
tion, ; of , business,.,: small crops, idle
hands, no cotton, no rice, no sugar, no
home market for Western breadstuffs
and pork, and no exports for Eastern
ships to carry, they are more expen
sive stall: and -when they superadd
high taxes, high tariffs, exemption . of
capital from burdens, an increase m
the hours of labor, an. increase of the
prices of necessaries, and a decrease
ot the wages ot labor, the expense
gets to, , be intolerable. .The amount
of, money collected . by taxation in
three years of peace, from July, 1865,
to July, 1868, reached 81,594,174,000.
I have it from official ;sources. The
Commissioner of Internal Revenue
reports for 1866 8561,572,000, for 1868
471,300,000, and. Appleton's Encyclo
pedia reports lor :1867, 561,302,000 :
total $1,054,174,000. ; In each; case the
gold collected at the Custom-house is
estimated at 1.40., Of this amount
the; revenue from the) tariff reached
724,584,000.. . The expenditure of the
Government has been, scarcely less
than this enormous, sum : for if you
will look at the public debt on the 31st
August, 18b5, you will find that it
amounted to 2,757,690,571, and if you
look at the last monthly report, made
August 1,, 1868, you will find it is stat
ed to be $2,633,588, showing a decrease
of- 124,107,215. , The Commissioner
of Internal Revenue tells us that the
value , of all the real , and personal
property in the United States in 1860
tlie lands, larms, houses, town lots,
money, ... stocks, bonds, railroads.
steamboats. , ships all amounted to
only $14,2.82, 726,088. - If the producti
of three years of peace have made up
for the ravages of. four years of war
then the taxation for three years has
amounted, to very much more , than
onertenth of all the property , in the
country, while the, taxation of Great
Britain has amounted to one-thirtieth
part .....If the taxation .for these, year
were . assessed upon ..each .individual
equally, it would amount in tlie Unit
ed States to. $34,25, while in France
the taxation for the same time . would
amount to $22, and in Austria to less
than S16. ., '.,:..
', The public debt of tlie United States
if y assessed , upon each v individual
would amount to $74 35. "the miblic
debt of France to $53, and of Prussia
to $12. I said to you .that I never
made a statement that I could not cer
uy, and i. noid in my nand this re
port -from the ; Republican Commis
sioner ot Internal Revenue, Mr; Wellsi
It is., open to: the inspection of anv
gentleman. On the 27th page of that
book',' which your member of Congress
can furnish you; for it is a public doc
ument' you will find verified every
word; I have said.; Our. Republican
friends are, very much astonished at
this exhibition, jjaughteri Did you
ever know' a spendthrift when he was
brought face to face with the condi
tion of his affairs, that was not very
much astonished indeed. They will
turn upon us with' softie 'Statement,
made by this same eomrrtlssioner;! ' In
his letter to Mr. Allison, he Bays that
during the three years of which I have
been speaking the amount paid on
account of the public debt is 250,000,
000, and that ought to, save $15,000,
000 annually in gold, by way of inter
est .N ow, if you look into that report
carefully, you will find that the actual
reduction - of the public debt is but
$134,000,000, and that the balance is
made up ot an estimated surplus .in
the Treasury which is not there, if at
all, for the purpose of paying the pub
lic debt, but for the purpose of being
used for the ordinary expenses of the
Government ; and if you look at this
$134,000,000, you will find that of this
amount $70,000,000 have been reduced
by virtue of the "contraction of the
currency and calling in greenbacks,
which pay no interest at all : - and if
vou will put side by side with these
facts that iu three years the increase of
the debt which navs interest, in Grain
has amounted to $602,000,000, you will
see how much . your burdens have
been lightened." " Then this same Com
missioner tells us that the estimated
surplus in the Treasury on the 1st day
of July, 1868,' is $34,000,000. Where
are they ?ThcT have not been paid on
the public debt ; that I have shown
you. They are not in the Treasury;
that I have shown you." I have, unfor
tunately for our Republican brethren,
A l : . . .1. i.;i.nM.
i.m-ii-i,n,in,Y fIIIW ULlhyjH cita
passed during Tlie last two or three
weeks ot the last Congress, and the
list that 1 have, imperfect as it -is,
shows that they have appropriated out
of this $34,000,000 the sum of$27,000,r
000 in that way. I hold in my hand
this list I hate to trouble ' you so
much with the details of figures, but
as this is a fair specimen ol the. way in
which our Republican fellow-citizens,
when they get invested with power
in Washington, seek to cover up their
doings, you will excuse me if I ; call
your attention to it for one moment
The way- in which these gentlemen
manage is this. They appropriate very
much less each year,' than they know
win oe expended, and, toward the end
of the session of the year for which
the appropriations have been made,
they get up what they call "deficiency
bills" to cover the excess. " Then they
go on in the same session and appro
priate for the next year a Tery much
less amount, and whn that year comes
round, they pass "deficiency bills"
again ; but when they come to tell yon
what the expenses-year by year are,
they say, "That is all we have appror
pnated." " These' are our appropfiar
tions. - bee how we have curtailed
upon last year ! They forget- to tell
you about these " deficiency bills.
Laughter. Listen to me one mo
ment I : will not 'detain you long.
Deficiency m expenses of reconstrue
tiori, : $657,000 ; second appropriation
for the same object, $287,000 ; a further
deficiency in Third District, and $87,-
000 for destitute people (chiefly ne
groes) m the District ot Columbia.
Then we come to the War Depart
ment, and we have a deficiency m the
War Department of $1,900,000. Then
comes the Postmaster-General's Office,
and the Quartermaster-General's ' Of
fice, and tlie postoffice Department; and
we have deficiency bills in each ; and
the : Treasury Department and ; we
have a deficiency bill there : and com
ing to the Collectors of customs, we
have a deficiency there ; and coming to
the construction branch of the Treas
ury, and "we1 have two deficiencies
there. ' Then comes the Interior De.
partmcnt, and we have a deficiency
there i and then the government of
Territories, and "we have a deficiency
there. Then comes the Legislative
Depanment and we have a deficiency
of $oUU,tXW in the benate,-and. Jsllo,-
000 in the House. ilhen we come tdt$200;orj0,000 a year, and that sum con-
the second legislative deficiency; then
the Pension Office, then two deficienr
cies in Public-Buildings and Grounds,
and, lastly, a deficiency on the miscel
laneous bill.-' (ureat Jjaughter.j' When
next your members of Congress : tell
you how much money they have' ap
propriated for the next year, ask them
to read how much they appropriated
in deficiency bills, ri will not weary
you with this detail of figures any fur
ther. 1 mightspeak to you an hour on
this subiect " They would afford you
a very instructive lesson.-' ; You would
see a great many things that you don t
see now. ; I don't know whether it is
worth your while to see them. - It cer
tainly is not unless you can correct
them.' The conclusion of this whole
matter is that we are more than $2,
600,000 in debt, and that year by year
the Federal Government collects from
your pockets more than $500,000,000.
If you add. to that $500,000,000, - the
amount collected by the various State
Governments, it will run - up to $800,-
000,000, and that is more than six per
cent ol the value ot all the- property
in the United States,- and more than
thirty, almost fifty, per cent, of all the
earnings of labor and- capital in the
country. Let me state to you in sharp
contrast with this Republican extrava-
gance, that the whole expense ot the
four years of James Buchanan's adminT
inistration amounted to only $256,000,-
000. ' ' Let me state that ihe-expenses of-
the whole lour years lor the War De
partment during the Mexican war; un
der James K. Polk, amounted only to
$256,000,000. Now while we have
been pulling up. this gigantic line till
it rises like & monument on the happi
ness and liberties of our people, even
unto heaven ; while we were piling it
up, we were recklessly spending the
currency. When pay-day now begins
to make its approach, we are just as
industriously occupied in contracting
the currency. suppose a neighbor ot
yours should act upon the same pnnci
pie.. Suppose he should go into; the
market in the spring and buy whatever
he wanted,' and , : should ivoluhtarily
have the price of whatever he wanted
enhanced, and should promise to pay
in the fall out of the proceeds of his
summers labor, whether agricultural
or otherwise ; and,"suppose when ;fall
came, and his notes are coming due,. he
should voluntarily run down the prices,
of everything he had to sell,'SO that it
consumed his whole crop 'to pay his
debts and have halt his crops lor a sur
plus. Would you not'sayiheiwas i
fool?. Well,: that is exactly what the
Republican party has been doing for
the people of the United States. What
was the result? iYou see itin.Mahio,
and from what yon see in Maine vou
may judge of what the results are in.
the rest of tlie .countryi- ;: Are. .you
prosperous?: Are-you .growing rich
day by day, or are: you living off the
proceeds of your past labors Tt .If you
are not prosperous, .why not r,i . i our
skies are bright, iyour ground is fer
tile, your air is pure; your men are in
dustrious, . your , women are t thrifty '
why is-it that the wail of distress goes
up from all over this State of Maine,
and .- that poverty ; and : wretchedness
find their way into houses where be
fore there was nothing but luxury and
comfort ? Why is it that your agricul
tural interests are so depressed?, .Why
is it that your taxes consume, such an
enormous amount of your yearly sup
ply ? .Why is it that your harbors ar
deserted, and your ship-yards a desert
waste ? , Why, the answer lies before
you, so that the wayfaring man or ..the
fool may not 'err therein. You cani
cannot build your ships because every
article that enters into their construe
tionis taxed so high that the British
colonics undersell. you always. You,
cannot employ , labor, because labor is
compelled to1 pay these taxes, and the
bones and sinew and blood of men
cannot-work :and 'pay taxes and be
neither fed nor clothed. . You cannot
cany our western produce to other
countries, because when we have paid
onr labor and taxes and transportation
there is nothing left to send abroad.
You. cannot carry the southern pro
duce because under Radical . recon
struction farmers have been converted
into politicians, and cotton, rice, sugar,
have ceased to be the staples. A garden
has been turned into a desert .-A lib
eral system is the life of your com
merce, as it is the hope of your indus
try! yet the taxes must be kept high
to pay the interest on our public debt,
and the daily expenses incurred bv
Republican policy and while it skims
the rich alluvium of our fertile valleys
to. make the sterile rocks and barren
coasts of Massachusetts to smile,, it de
stroys your shipping- and palsies your
industry that her manufacturers may
be protected...-1 ; have: stated to you
that the last official report of, the Sec
retary of the Treasury shows the debt
to be $2,633,588,756 ; of this amount
$1,583,110,000 are in five-twenty bonds.
l maintain mat these bonds are paya
ble in legal-tender .notes. - The law
uhderrwhich they are issued exm-esslv
declares that the legal-tenders are nav-
able for every debt due from the Gov-
emnient except interest on tiicprrbire-Uieyer
aeot, xne Donds say they are payable
in legal-tender notes. Senator Sher
man says so. . Senator Morton says so:
Thaddeus Stevens says so. The fund
ing bill says so. The Democratic Con
ventions of Pennsylvania, Ohio-Ih-diana,
Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin;'
Iowa, Minnesota and Michigan sav so.
The Democratic Convention of Maine
says so. Tlie great council of the Dem
ocratic party at Hew York says so.-. A
year ago, when I asserted this theory,
nad opposition enough to justify an
argument. - Now I have not. ' I do not
know how it is with your Republicans
in Maine, hut in Ohio and Indiana
there the people are so anxious to get
on that they threaten to jostle me off
of my own platform. Great laughter
and applause. A year ago the lead
ing men' called us copperheads. , and
traitors.,, -Now .they say the theory is
true, but altogether impracticable. Not
at all, my friends. . Pay the bonds as
they -become due. - Save; the interest
Save : the premium on gold. i How?
The national banks have out a circula
tion of $300,000,000, secured by bonds;"
You understand ' this operation very
well: Three men buy 'One- hundred
thousand dollars worth; tof ibonda.
They.' depost' them, in the; Treasury.
They get their six per cent interest in
gold. ..They get 90 per, . cent, in bank
notes', and this they come home hereto
loan at IU or lo or 20 per cent., as thev
may be able to exact from the purse of
the borrowers.. , j, he uovernment pays
6 per cent in gold to these gentlemen:
for. the burden of lending money at
20. ' Break' up this say stem. Call in
that circulation. Issne greenbacks, in
its stead.' Take up $300,000,000 of bonds
and save $18,000,000 in gold annually,
by way ot interest This will reduce
your debt, reduce your' interest," and
enable you to reduce your taxes, or to
increas your payment the next year.
Your income is at least $500,000,000 a
year. ;-iBe honest : Be economical. , Let
the theits Joe stopped. t-,et robbery be
punished. 1 Espend$150,000;000 a year,
twice as much : as President Buchanan
expended, far more than General Jaok-
son xpended in any fou years of his
administration. Add $150,000,000 for
interest, and yet you have more than
stantly increasing by a large amount
with which, to pay off, the public debt
In this way it can be . paid-r-every, dol
lar in principal andr interest by the
time it becomes due; without adding
one cent "to: the tax or one cent to the
circulation.: If it is thought advisable,
the, taxes can be reduced, and the payr
ment prolonged for ten years! . I hear
it Butted inai, mis is unjust, iu uie mtu
-1 . 1 . 1. . , ii. i . 1 . . A. A il. . .
lie creditor. 1 Not at all. . You pay him
back-all he gave, you pay him high in
terest yon; pay him all you promised
Show me a single bondholder who, if
you. pay lum to-day. in, legal tenders,
with gold at 40 per cent, will not re
place his' outlay, I will show you fifty,
who, in addition to 12 per 'cent inter
est, have added, in five years; forty per
cent to the principal, . The question is
not whether you will, pay the bond
holders what you owe them, but wheth
er you will rob the people to pay the
bondholder what you do not owe.
Annlausc.l' I hear it . stated that this
is unjust to Ithe people.: When this
Legal Tender law was passed it conns.
cated two-thirds of the indebtedness
of the : country. : The .man who had a
note for $1,000 in gold, was compelled
to take $1,000 in paper. , The man who
had leased a house for $500 in gold
could pav his rent with $500 in paper.
I knew an instance in New York City.
A man sold-his neighbor a lot for
$20,000. Thejurchas(aa-thTiltyl
irauer, wuo couiu maKe more man six
per cent from Ms money.' ' ' The seller
was a thriftless trader,1 who could not.
make so much. , They .agreed that the
purchaser should pay when he, pleased,
but in the meantime should "pay 6" per
Cent, interest : 1 He waited till gold was
25ft He took his $20,000 in gold and
bought .$50,000 . in legal-tender, paid
$20,000 to the seller, invested S30.000
in five-twenty bonds,' has drawn $1,800
in gold a j-ear interest, and now is the
most- loval- patriot and- the ; loudest
clamorer for payment of bonds in gold,
of all my acquaintances.,, Applause.
He is a reasonably good man, they say.
He' is' a ' Christian man; arid they say
that every night as he goes to bed he
prays God that he may do to other men
as he would have other me do to him,
and when he raises his hand in prayer,
ii i ' r. .1 . '.1 . t - i- . ,, v
uiat vxou may uciivci iiim iruiii an jus
enemies, he prays' especially1 that 'he
may. he . saved from that public enemy
who want8,to pay the five-twenty
bonds, 'in. greenbacks loud laughter
and applause J-and I hear tt said this
system' will: depreciate Uhei 'currency
and .cheat, - labor ,pf its , just rewards.
.Mot at all., .byery dollar pi the public
debt,'.' which' is in this ' ;way paid will
relieve the 'property of-' the country
nom the mortgage! whlcrris' upon, it,
and by making ; the- greenbacks: more
.certain , of , redemption will increase
it--' I l - -,-tL . -li; it
men: -vaults,. (. o. geiiLieiueii, my mest;
five-twenties m legal-tender notes the
moment they become redeemable, and
you) will, reduooj the jdebt,.your will
save the interest, you will relieve labor
from, i,ts burdens. Applause., Couple
with this the taxation, of capital to the
siime1 extent as you tax labor, stop the
excessive contraction of currency, ex
pend: it i if necessary to. recover . the
business of the country t he prostration
it now feels, and you will make capital
profitable ; ' yon will make1 industry
contented. ri Your' shipyards ' will ; be
alive again. Our fertile fields will yield
a bountiful harvest. . Labor will per-,
form its accustomed wdrky and bowing
its cheerful head to 'a burthen which is
always heavy,, will push forward with
hichor Ourge and ;- lotuer :8tep.
i Cheers. ;Do not misundqrstand me.
did not vote for the legal-tender, law.
1 opposed it I thought .it very wrongL
I was then, I am now, a liard-jiuoney
man. 1 foresaw the cvua ot an ex.
panded and depreciated currency ; but
the ,law was, passed., ,.The evils; were
contracted.; they have -been endured
by the people ; and I am now in favor
of extracting from the system all the
good which can .be gotten out of it
Applause.) ; , I have no hostility to the
bondholders. They are,, doubtless,
worthy and estimable gentlemen. I
would do them exact justice. "' Where
promised gold I, ; would pay "gold -A
wnere i promised paper, X would pay
paper.1'' I beg of them how tcbe just
and wise. 1 would not threaten,'but
they may go farther- and fare worse.
Labor is suffering ; it may become res
tive. The Republican party upsets
this whole policy. It insists on pay
ing the debt in gold and exempting
bonds from taxation. - The fundino
bill expresses the whole idea. it
passed both houses; it would have
. become a law except for the adionrn-
ment. It provided that the nresent
bonds should be exchanged for other
ponas oeai-ing i- per cent, interest
payable in forty years principal and
nterest, both to be paid iiL gold, and
to be exempt from all State1 and Fed
eral -taxation.. ' Gold stands: -to-day. at
upwards, of 140. , ;Thia bill adds at
once six hundred millions and morei
to the debt. .-It abandons the right of
taxation;-and thus gives up 'more than
twelve millions of gold. ; It postpones
indefinitely the payment If payment
is postponed forty years the debt will
be paid at all. It will become
one of the permanenF instltuiTonsoT1
the country. If the debt should be
$200,000,000, and should be funded,
at, even 4 per cent the annual interest
would reach $100,000,000 in gold, and
this' must be raised, year by year, from
the labor of the country "forty years. !
How many of you will live that long ?
How many; of your children will live i
that long ? And yet year bv year, as ;
long as thev live, out. of their sweat;
and blood, of their bOhes, of their
breaking : hearts arid : dying bodies. .
these one hundred millions . must, be
raised. Applause. . Do you know
what a national debt means ? It means
hard 1 labor, scant ' ' clothing, brown
bread and no meat ' It means that the
rich shall be richer- and the poor shall
be poorer. It means, that untaxed
capital shall pamper.the idle with' lux
uries,' while squalor shall preside in
the cabin of the ' poor; ; and Suffering
snail makei his lile like' a constant
death., - f Renewed aDDlause.1. .1 see
before mcmany young men. r Are. you
willing to . peipetuate ' a policy' which.
will forever prevent1 You" fronvrising
above; your present "condition ?m,"You
lOQkiorward to a few. years of, labor,
and then hope to devote 3rourself to
trading with' the capital which your"
industry and irugaiity snail have saved.
In -your dreams you -see a r snug cot-'
tage,. lighted with tlie smile, ot . love,
and sounding with the babble of inno
cent tongues, over which plenty and
contentment c&st their 'cheering tays.
trreat applause. Are you willing to
give up this; bright prospect i and- be.
content forever to gay. the. tax-gatherer
all your earnings beyond food and
clothing ? tjhries' bf " No 1 " : " No I"
Extend the debt and ieduce the inter
est !.: NO, gentlemen, pay .the debt and
save, the, interest., Iteduce; the. taxes;
equalize, the burthens,.' and industry
will .be' stimulated," business." will ' be
restored, -enterprise will bef active,' and
labor will reap : its i just ' and. adequate
reward.,; An , essential. jStep iin-.this
movement. , is the restoration of the
prosperity of the Southern States.
They constitute- an ligricurtui'ai -com
munity,' V They ar& producers, i ;;Their
interests, are identical . with. -yours
Their staples will furnish business for
your mercantile , navies., ' They will
frntlisri wealth fnv na'oli: : - TliAy riiorVit
to pay ) their-share of the tax. andfof
the public debt They can do it Wlh
lhey will do it easily if , order, is es-:
tablished in their homes and security
isJfelk., 'flc who soweth, shall, also
reap." Every instinct of selfishness,
as well as of patriotism, demands that
the policy , of hatred and oppression
shall cease, and that' those ; States5 be
restored to their rights and the people
to : their liberties. Applause;.!; :el-:
low-Deniocrats I are you up and active
arid well .organized for the struggle
before you? , The eyes of the whole
country are upon you 1 The hearts of
the1 Democracy,.; of : the' conservative
men everywhere, are with you. , , ,You
will fight the first battle of this cam
paign, if yon will it, even if you Im
prove bri the last year; pbu'will give it
the prestige' ol victory.; We will carry
the. country. For, twenty., years the
elections of Maine have foreshadowed
the result in the West ; We look al
ways' to "you;1 with - intense interest
Our hearts and hopes are -with- you.
Send us in September .newsrof -vour
victory. Cries of We will!!' Ohio,
inaiana, Illinois, will loilow; bey
mour f will be'J elected M"Tremendous
applause and the shouts of ourre-
joicmg will, .be, answered to. uslrom
Heaven, as when of old, the, angel
choir announced, - "Peace on eartli,
gooaTwill to men!" rTrcmendous
applause.' " -:oi:u'.7iio: i!i
At the 'conclusion ' of the: ' speech,
Gieneral :Roberts called for 'nine cheers
for" the chieftain who had so gallaritiy
entertained them;':whitjh' Hvere' giveh
with a willi'the'erithhsiasrii of the au
dience continuing' for1 some' moments
after Mr.; Pendleton 'tesuihed his seat
8" A NewjEngland paper, tells. the
following, story;:;. .. ;,f,; ui . ;? ;. ,'.
." There is a man in .Vermont. ..who
cannot .speak to his, fathoxt .Previous
to his bra some ; idjffiqptty ; ai-ose be
tween his mother and father, andfof a
considerable, time she refused to speak
wiUihim,; ; The, . difficulty .was; s.Rbse-
qnenjtly healed, the child was borni and
in due time began . to. italk, but when
sitting: with hiBi fathor! was invariably'
silent,. It ContiimedsojUnliltho; child
was five -yesrs ld, when, the father
having exliausted, his powers fc.pqr,-
suasion, threatened at . with punish
ment for its- stubbornness.. . WheiL - the
punishment was inflicted it; clicoted
nothing but ighs -and ; groans, - which
told but too plainly that, the little suf
ferer could not speaky though lie, i vaip-
ly, endeavored to do so. All who were
present united; in i tlie .opinion that it
ivras impossible for the child to speak
to its father. TiriiO proved, .this lOpiri.
ion to be correct. At.a mature age his
efforts to converse with his parcht
could only produce tlie most bittei
sighs and groans.' 11 'x1- ,! "J
A siut was recently -broueht. jn
Iowa against a man who executed' a
morteagp on, certain propevty,.,andi
few days afterwards spldit to another
mail and gave a warranty deed. J The
court decided Jhnt, as the mortgage
was duly recorded, the purdiaseb had
no Cause : of iaotion . against the swift ti
ling seller. ui rl l- :). J-iil i
Onk of the sins
nge is Medicine.
of an cnliglitenbd
RKCORO OP THE JtKCKXKSS..
jk a speech made; duririg last 'felTs
campaign, lion. tieo. M. Pendleton
gave a very good resume of the career
of theQKadical jiarty,: arid brought up
some things which, in the whirl of the
time, we are apt to-forget He said :
When I ventured lately to condemn
thd -whole : policyof the Republican
party, an influential party newspaper
exclaimed dm . wnat remedy does
Mr. Pendleton propose ? He exhorts
us to return to and stand by the Con
stitution we do not exactly under
stand what he means by that"
Gentlemen, that is true ; that is the
whole difficulty. The Republican par
ty does not now, and never did. know
what it is "to stand by the Conititu-
uon.' xney nave never made it the
rule of their conduct the guide of
their action. They have never appre
ciated its wisdom ; they have never
cultivated respect for its binding obli
gation, and so they have never studied
its spirit or its letter. Whatever they
desire to do,; whether from a sincere
belief that the good of the country de
manded it,' or that their party interest
required it, -that-they-always---have
done. . Their own will, not the Con
stitution, has been their ruleJ -i- And to
this standard, ; and none .other,, they
have always been perfectly true. .
jln 1820 they opposed the establish
meat.'Of the . Missouri Compromise
iane; In 1854 they opposed its abro
gation. - In 1860 they opposed its re-
enactment.
In 18461 they refused the use of State
jails and State magistrates to execute
tne imgitive biave Law, on the ground
that the return of fugitives was the
duty of the Federal Government In
lboO they refused to vote a more strin
gent Federal law, on the ground that
. T. A , , -, -
iuc iBiuiu vx iiigiuves was tne duty oi
the State Governments. In 1856 they
passed personal , liberty bills, on the
ground that the State should not as
sist the x ederal Government : and in
1861 they re'pealed all laws on the sub
ject on the ground that neither State
nor a ederal Government should exe
cute the Constitution.1 ' .
In 1858 they had possession of the
State gouernments ; - they magnified
State rights,1 adopted the resolutions
of 98-'99 at their conventions, exalted
the idea of confederation against unity,
and prepared to array the States in
armed conflict with Federal authority.
In 1862 they, had possession of the
Federal Government ;,; they denounc
ed States' rights, called the Kentucky
resolutions treason, and have, as far
as in their power, by mere brute force,
as well as by -legislation, reduced and
degraded the State governments.
; - In 1856 tbey declared thafc- no war
could be right, and no peace could be
wrong ;" that if the South desired to
change theif political relations and
form pf government, their Tight could
not, be", denied. "In 1862 they declared
that the trinity of our . salvation was
" taxation, emancipation and war."
' ' -r. -in. .1 -i . ... ...
. .,xn ioo4 tney aeciared that the inter
ests of . jthe. country required the re
striction of suffrage, and that the Ger
mans , and , Irish, and English and
French, ought to be disfranchised.
In 1867 they declared that the interest
of the country required its extension,
and -that it -must be given even to the
negroes.' ':i ::; i-i-.n, .
Y" In 1859, Mr." Chasej then" Governor
oi umo, asserted : " we have rights
which the Fededral government must
not invade ; ' rights superior to its
power, on which pur sovereignty de
pends; and. we mean to assert these
rights against all tyrannical . assump- .
tions of authority." . In 1867, General
Hayes, who was their candidate for
Governor of Ohio, . asserted that the
States have no sovereignty whatever.
h In 1864 they asserted that the Presi
dent had the powery by proclamation,
to emancipate four millions of slaves.
in 18b i- they deny that he has power
to remove member of his own cab
inet" '--' ' -
In ' 1862 ''partv "purD6ses'' reonirer1
them1 to consider 'TU nion unbroken.
In Louisiana the Federal Governriient
had possession of New Orleans alone.
They, admitted Haun and .Flanders to
their seats as ., Representatives from
that State. , , In 1865 it. had nossession
Of every foot of the State ; these same
men . present themselves as Senators,
and they are rejected because the State
of Louisiana has ceased to exist
In 1862 they desired to create West
Virginia they must have the consent
of the old State they elect Governor
nerpont and a Legislature, and take
their law as the solemn act of the State
of Virginia assenting to its own dis
memberment In 1866. they set up a
military government over Pierpont
and his Legislature on the ground that
prior, to his election secession had de- "
8troyed the.State. rij .. i , ..-.;;( ., ,
, In 1861 and 1862 and . 1863 and 1864
and 1865 and 1866 during the war and
after the war, they admitted Repre
sentatives from Kentucky, and now
they reject them xmtil a committee
can inquire whether Kentucky has a
v 1-1. .
xvcpuuiican government. -'
In 1863 they established military
commissions in Ohio for the trial of
citizens. and ' by , their judgment sent
theiri to , death or exile. In 1867 the
Supreme Court, by a unanimous de
cision, declared these tribunals illegal.
and their sentences void. In 1863 thev
vexed us with many oaths, and in 1867
the Supreme Court refused to admin
ister them. t.ry..:n l -J -m-.-:.. .
- For tliis they have threatened to im
peach the Judge, and they have actu
ally reduced their numbers. ----- -
'j' In 1861 they appealed to the patriot
ism of the people, and raised immense
armies . to maintain .' the Constitution
and the' Union. In 1865 they prefer
red to continue 'the war rather , than
make peace on the basis of maintain
ing the Constitution and Union. . ,
And to-day, calling themselves, with
ostentatious hvpocricy, the Union par
ty, they would prefer to recognize the
independence of theConfederate States
rather than Testore the Union on the
basis of the Constitution." ', ' ' '
'' -. They have held and abandoned every
theory of government and every po
litical opinion. : , .. ,.',".'',,,'..,
1 CHINTESK FARMING.
ii '-. -ll -i i .
- i A correspondent calls attention to a
'fact which illustrates the industry and
Integrity ., of the Chinese. ... All along
the coast the steep ! shores, and even
mountain sides, are made tillable by a
system of terraces. ,The front or slope
Of these terraces is about six feet in
height, and protected by sod. The
level space thus obtained is devoted to
raising .vegetables and general pro
products of the soil. Only one kind
of seed or grain, however, . is planted
On the same space, and no two spaces
produce the same vegetable or eereaU
Thus the traveller lias presented a
mountain side ringed with diversified
vegetation. : Rows of peas, beans, tur
nips, carrots, vines, etc., rise in regular
series until the summit is attained.
The fiat or bottom land immediately'
on the coast is invariably devoted , to
rice. u. Their system of irrigation, is
complete,; and all the lands, devoted
to tliis crop can be easily ovcrfi&wed. .
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