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The Democratic press. [volume] (Ravenna, O. [Ohio]) 1868-1901, September 10, 1868, Image 1

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Vl?' D' HABM8 Edttob in Fvmuana.
1 ):- .YJLiaXviS
MM, lb IMC
Democratic Stat Ticket.
William e. fink, of Peny.
fi hex. or boakd or rmuc wokxs,
V THUB HUGHES, of Cuyahoga.
VL J. KIBKWOOD, of Seneok.
jrOHN M. WEBB, of Mahoning.
MES McEWEN,, of ilabmdag.
3mocratic Stata Phtibrci
nlmoulr atialit at Cataaafeaia, Jmm-
aary S, lMa,
eintlred. That th Dtnaoeraey of Okio eoa
tuLate the country aaoa the h proved aiaeet
.ftioM of 18m, and that they look Award
h hope and eoaadeaee to the leniUef that
nentoua strurgle, upon which they are attest
nter, and apoa which depeada, iai ao great a
ree, the future penes and prosperity of the
Motfurf, That, wnalternbly opposed to the
trine whioh lead to eonsolidatioa, we renew
nnasggingseat and latiessea eneryy, our
t been so stanaehly adhered to by our ergaa.
Jon thronsrb dava of trouble and disaster, mt
usnment to huh poiiucat isnea wsuca nae
1 as good fortune and prosperity, which was
iressed by Thomas Jefferson : "Kqual and
x justice to all Ben, or wnaterer state or
nuaaion . religious or poiiwcat peace, eosn
rce and honest friendshiD with all aaUoas.
ingling alliances with none; the support of
state uovemmenis in ail taeir ngats, as tns
it competent administratioB of our dosnestie
cerns, and the surest bulwark against anu-
jibiican tendencies; the preservation of the
tersi uovernmen m lis wnoie eoasutuuoauu
ita& the sheet anchor of peace at hosae and
Jy".i., . woad; a Jealoua eare of the tighbs of
ILtiona by the people; and the supremacy of
(civil oyer the military authority' -
lootreo, 'ins we eonaema toe Mgisiatrre
j-patious of Congress, and particularly the
eral acts of recoss traction, so-called, as sto.
ve of the constitutional compact between the
es, and utterly subversive of every prinei
of Bell-government that distinguishes a free
temolvta. That we are onnosed to any
, Jch recogn ixe that toe integrity of the Union
s ever broken that any of its members were
jr out and that we determinedly insist that
. Southern mates no longer being la Insurree
n. or at war. with the Federal Government
t entitled to the full Mate recognition and
astitutionai represeniauoa in uongress, ana
electoral college given to all the Mates, and
; denial of it to them bv Censress. and ltaef.
in to dictate by military force a government
' tnem, are uneonsuwtionai, revoHitioaary
A despotic.
iKesofoed, That we are opposed, both in princl
f and policy, to aegro susTrage; that in the
iite of Ohio having by the emphatie majority
5U,0U0 rejected for herself is sternly opposed
'ts forced imposition upon other States, and
we stigmatise such an imposition by the
jrai uovernment as a most base utsurpauoa.
iffed. That the practical effect of the se-
leftrkecons traction acts of Congress is to de
l er over ten mates to the political and social
Jntrol of negroes, and to place the lives, liber -
i the hands of a barbarous people, and that it
on Id inevitably lead either to a war of races or
i the Airicanuatton of the South.
Resolved, That notwithstanding the enormous
id conceded frauds in the creation of Use pub
e debt, the faith of the country is pledged to its
ayment, principal and interest, according to
le terms of the several acts of Congress under
thich the bonds representing the debt were is.
led, but not otherwise, and we are spooned to
by plan for extending the times of payment,
sius increasing the amount of gold Interest to
ore than the principal, or to any declaration
y Congress that the principal It payable ia
aid, which would virtually add more than a
lousand millions to the burthen of the debt, and
t the whole Insane nnancial policy of wUeh
'roe measures are a part.
.Stuolved, That, neither forgetting nor denying
ir annient faith, that gold and silver coin form
."! ency of the Constitution, we declare that
e live-twenty bonds should be paid in the same
rrency received by the Government for their
Mie, ana tnat oy toe witnarawat or tne monop.
V granted to the National Banks, this result
tn be accomplished without an undue or dan
fro us increase of paper money, now the only
rculating medium, thus relieving our people
m the uurtnea or a debt, the tendency or
tich is always to corrupt and enslave, and our
tvernment from the reproach of paving a ta
red class in gold, while discharging its debts
all others.
Including pensions to w
idows and
fliers, in an inferior currency.
Isnolned. That this clan violal
lan violates no law, hn
irs no contract, Dreaas no laito, ana instran or
urding a return to specie payment. Is the
rtest because the only safe way of reaching
jt end.
leiotfnd. That all the property of the country,
Iodine- the Government bonds, which receives
equal protection of the Government, should
r an equal share in its burthens,
tMiolned. That we indisrnantlv
reject the
Hintwple derived from the feudal system that
rnn tnsi
1 l masses or the ueoole belonr to the
nt under which they live, which ia
m is contended for by the monarchies of Ku
w, including Great Britain once a subject
yays a subject that we, on the contrary,
in tain that an individual jcaa, by emigration
i residence in another country, forswear his
svious allegiance, and be admitted into all the
.11 and political rights of his new home that
turalized citisens are en ti titled to all the
lita, as between us and foreign powers, which
1 . p s the duty of the Federal Government to pro.
I t". t and maintain them by every means within
Pi f power.
-: tesolvtd, That the people will sustain Andrew
! I j--' inson, President of the United States, in his
"' t uggle with Congressional usurpation, and
' it we pledge the Democracy of Ohio to sup-
I I H him in all Constitutional measures tore.
II .ye the white people of the South from the ae
i-1 rnivernment now beine imnosed noon them.
tetolved, That the fortitude and gallantry of
sol-tiers in tne recent civil war uaeienae of
sjbn, entitle them to the gratitude of the
ontry, and. they should ever be rememheted
it in its bounties.
tenoleed, That the Democracy of the country
.ve neither the the purpose nor desire to re-es-
.illsn slavery, nor to vssurae any poruou w tne
bts of the States lately in rebel!
euion. . -
.The kind word is easier, better ipo
; "en, than the harsh, unkind expres
' . on. Act kindly. Actions speak
: udly. The angry gesture injures na,
" jid hurts the, perhaps, innocent cause
f if it If one differs with us upon
pme subject, it may be honestly we
1 fiust reason kindly, anger blinds our
I wn perceptions and makes, not aeon
ert, but, mayhap an enemy.: ; jund-
v!-y '.ess 18 true poiitencBB. - 11 w 1001
'f-'Jbi.y, we act courteously, politely,
jnd win true friends by our urbanity,
ff in our intercourse with the- world
Ve show coldness, a rough, overbear
'ng, mulish disposition, friends will
r ,k e few, we make others unhappy, and
ire miserable ourselves. Speak gent-
rSv to the erring. They are oftener
? ttoft sinned against than sinning---
I kind word may show them their er
I , for, and stem, severe and cruel treat-
A;ient, drive them onward to deetruc-
gga V "Oh gently scan your brother maa;
. Still gentler sister i
Tho' they may gang a kenning wrong
- To stop aside is human.
One point most still be greatly dark,
The motive why they do it; .. .; -,
And just as lamely can ye mark,
yiow far perhaps they rue It."
Bed Clothes. The perfection of
dress for day and night, where warmth
ha the desideratum, is that which con
fines around the jbody sufficient of its
own warmth, while it allows escape to
the exhalations of the skin. Where
the body is allowed to bathe protract
edly in its own vapors, we must ex
pect an unhealthy effect upon the skin.
Where there is too little ventillatio;
escape, insensible perspiration , is
checked, and something analagous to
feven supervenes Foul tongue, ill
taste? and lack of morning appetite
betray the result
Got. Smciirti War EecodL
Who Saved WvAlatat vara
Gemj. Isee iBVavded Peaui-
Offltslal BaeuMsst fruven the War
., BastartmeMt.
f I'VWOi&tWmtt XAsVaMslsu flMMf eV-M-fW
The following record shows that
Governor Seymour saved Pennsylva-
nia and the National Capitol in 1863.
The official documents tpeak for them-
elves: ." !";
;.-ayWuiit.l '
Wambxhqtox, Jane 15, 1865.
To Hit Excellency Bow. Seymour;
The movement of .the rebel forces
ia Virginia are now sufficiently devel
oped to show that General Lee
with his whole army ia moving for
ward to invade the States f Mary
land and PeiuutylTanJa : and other
The President to repel this invasion
promptly lias called upon Ohio, Pean
sylvania, Maryland and West Viri
giaia for om hnadred thonsaod (100,
000) militia for six (8) months,1 unless
sooner discharged. ,: It is important to
have the largest possible force la the
least time, and if other States would
furnish militia for a short term, to be
ordered on the draft, it would greatly
advance the object, : Will yoa please
inform me, immediately, if, in answer
to a special eall of the President, you
can raise and forward twenty thousand
(20,000) militia, as volunteers without
bounty, to be credited om the draft of
yoar state ; or what number you can
probably raise.' ; '
.. Xdwix M. Btantos.
eov. BTitora to SBcaxTa.aT staxtow.
L-,-i'--: ; AiMAwt, Jane 15, 1863.
Bon. X.'XJJtanton, Beentaryof War,
Washington: , .,
I will spare, ao efforts to send yoa
troops at once. I have sent orders to
the militia officers of the State. :,
I will order the Hew ; York and
-Brooklyn troops to Philadelphia at
once. ; Where eaa they ret arms, if
they are needed? . .".-"'!'" ." '' '
We have two thousand enlisted vol
unteers ia this State. . I will have
them conaolidated into companies and
regiments and sent at once. You must
provide them with arms.
Hon. Xdirin If. Stanton, Secretary of
war, Washington: ;, v i ;.'
By request of Govenior vSeymour,
who has called me here, I write to say
that the New York city regiments can
go withfull ranks for any time hot
over three months say from eight to
ten thousand men. The shorter the
period the larger will be the force.
For what time will they be required ?
Please answer immediately.: ::;
s U W. Sasfobd, Maj. Gen. :
By telegraph from Washington.
. JUKB 16.
To Governor Seymour:
A strong movement of your city reg
iments to Philadelphia would be very
encouraging movement and do great
good in giving strength to the State.
The call had to be for six months.'nn-
less sooner discharged, in order to
comply with the law. It is not likely
that more than thirty days' service
perhaps not so long would be re
quired. Can yoa forward your city
regiments ' speedily t Please reply
early, .; Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
eov. seyboub's awctast to sbcbe-
Albant, June 1& 1S63.
Hon. E. Si. Stanton: Secretary of
War, Washington :
Four returned volunteer regiments
can be put in the Held at eace for
three months' service; : Can arms and
accoutrements' be supplied in New
York I : Old arms not fit for the field.
' . i J. T. Spbagub,
i Adjutant General. -
, OF rXNKSTLVANIA. ,!,.' ..,; -
Albajty, June 1&' 1863.
Governor Curtin, Harritburg:
I am pushing forward troops as fast
as possible ; regiments will not leave
New York to-night. All will be or
dered to report to General Coach. " ,
: (By uuearaph from Waahlngtou. .
June 16, 1863.
To Major General Sanford :
The Government will be glad to
have your city regiments hasten to
Pennsylvania for any term of service ;
it is not possible to say how long they
may be detained more than three (3)
months, possibly not more than twen
ty (20) or thirty (30) days.
They would be accepted for three
(3) months, and discharged as soon as
the present exigency is over. If aided
at the present by your troops, the peo
ple of that State might' soon be able
to rait a sufEdeat force to relieve
yoor city regiments.) i fi-
, Secretary of War-
- - AlbabT, June 18, 1863. '
To Hon. E. X. Stantoni Secretary of
War, Washington, IK V:
About twelve thousand (12,000) men
are now on the move for Harrisburg,
in good spirits and well equipped. ,
: The Governor says : "Shall troops
continue to be forwarded ? " Please
answer. " ', joHM T. Sfbaoux,
i Adjutant General, V
Ov. sbtkoub's amutajtt tothc oov-
."C AbBAHT, June 18, 1868.
Governor Curtin, Harrisburg, Pa.: :
About twelve thousand men are
now moving, : and are under orders
for HarrLjburg, in good spirits and
well equipped. " 1 1 i; :
Governor Seymour desires to know
if he he shall eontinno to send men.
He is ignorant of yoor real condition.
;! , . JohxT. Spbaoue,
- Adjutant General.
Washington, June 19, 1863.
To Adjutant General Sprague :
ACTION. Whether any further force
ia likely to be required will be com
municated to - yon to-morrow, by
which time it Is expected the move
meats of the enemy will be more fully
developed. Edwin M. Stanton, ;
Secretary of War.
Hon. JS. M. Stanton, Secretary of
' War, Washington ;
The Governor desires to be informed
if he shall continue sending on the
militia regiments from 'this State. If
so, to what' extent, and to what point ?
J. B. Stonbhousx,
' Act'g Ass't Adj't Gen.
i -'
By telegraph.. : ...
Washington, June 21, 1863. . ,
To Acting Assistant Adjutant Gen
eral Stonehouse :.
The President, desires Governor
Seymour to forward to Baltimore , all
the militia regiments that he can raise.
, j-XpwiJT M, Stanton, t ..
" ": '.'.' .' ' Secretary of War
. ByTulegraplL . , ,
Habbisbubo, July 2, 1863.
To His Excellency Governor Seymour:
Send forward more troops as rap
idly as possible. Every hour increases
the necessity for large forces to pro
tect Pennsylvania. The battles of
yesterday were hot decisive, and if
Meade should be defeated, unless we
have a large army, this State will joe
overrun by the rebels '
, . ,' , A. G. Cubtin, ..
Governor of Pennsylvania.
Nbw Yobk, July 2, 1863.
To Gov. Curtin, Harrisburg, Pa : .
Your telegram is received. Troops
will continue to be sent. 1 One regi
ment leaves to-day, another' to-morrow,
all in good pluck.
: John T. Sfbagub,
Adjutant General.
; Wab Dbpabtmxnt.' ' '
Washington, June 27, 1863.$ :
Dkab Sib : I 'cannot ' forbear ex
pressing to you the deep obligation
feel for the PROMPT AND CAN
without arrogating any personal claims
on my part to suck service, or to" any
service whatever.
I shall be happy always to be es
teemed your friend. '
Edwin M. Stanton.
To His Excellency, Horatio Seymour.
If, In view of this record, 'and this
meed of praise to Governor Seymour
from Abraham Lincoln and Edwin M.
Stanton, there be' those who give heed
to hisSlanderers, it were useless to
reason with them. To the candid,
fair-minded citizen, however, these
documents must be conclusive that the
nation owes much to Governor Sey
mour as one of its chief saviors in the
hour of its greatest peril. , V
-. ' IjATUBB.
The New York Republican Legisla
ture, April 16, 1861, passed, unani
mously, the following resolntions : ,
Resolved, , That the thanks of this
Bouse be and are hereby tendered to
His Excellency, Governor Seymour,
for calling the attention of the General
Government to the errors in the ap
portionment of the quota of the State
under the enrollment act of March 3,
1863. and for his prompt and efficient
efforts in procuring a correction of
the same.
Resolved, That the Clerk of this
House transmit to the Governor a
copy of this report and resolution, t
The " errors in the apportionment of
the quota " of New York (for calling
the attention of the General Govern
ment to which, Horatio Seymour was
given this vote of thanks by the Re
publican Legislature of that State,"
after the ifewTork riots had occur
red not having been corrected by
Provost Marshal General Fry, caused
."' THB ITBW TOBK BIOTS. ' ' . . . ' " t ''
On the occasion of the riots, Gover
nor Seymour was called to the city of
New York to quell them, and he did
so. ' All must remember his two proc
lamations on that occasion:
To the People of the City of New
New York:
' A riotous demonstration in your
city, originating in opposition to the
conscription of soldiers for the mili
tary service of the United States, has
swelled into vast proportions, direct
ing its fury against the property and
Jiyes of peaceful citisens. I know
that many of those who have partici
pated in these proceedings would not
have allowed themselves to be carried
to- such extremes of violence and of
wrong, except under an apprehension
of injustice ; but such, persons are re
minded that, the only opposition to
the conscription which can be allowed
is aa appeal to the spurts.
The right of everyweiito-jnake
such an appeal will be maintained, and.
the decision of the courts must be re
spected and obeyed by rulers and peo
ple alike. No other course is consist
ent with the maintainance of the laws,
the peace and order of the city, and
safety of its inhabitants.
Riotous proceedings must and shall
be put down. The laws of the State
must be enforced, its peace and order
maintained, and the lives and property
of all citizens, protected at any and
every hazard. The rights of .every
citizen will be properly guarded and
defended by the Chief Magistrate of
the State.' ,
I do, therefore, call upon all persons
engaged in these riotous-proceedings
to retire to their homes" and employ
ment8, declaring that unless they do so
at once, I shall use all the poweruecesr
sary to restore the peace and .order. of
the city. I also call upon all well-disr
posed persons mot enrolled ufor.the
piervatioa iUrdv I9 jujrue .their
ordinary avocations. ; '" . ! : . ;
Let all citizens stand firmly by the
constitutional authorities, sustaining
law and order in the city, ready to. an
swer any such demand as circum
stances may render necessary for me
to make upon their servicesy and they
may rely upon a rigid enforcement . of
the laws of the State against all who
violate them. :- 1 :
. Hokatio Seymoub, Govenior. .'
' ' SEYMOUR. ' 1
"' Waebeas: It is manifest that com
binations for forcible resistance to.' the
laws of the State of New York, aiidi
the execution of civil and criminal
process, exist jii the city and county
of New York, whereby the peace and
safety of the city, and the lives and
property of its inhabitants are endani
gered: and - -' '; i s
Whereas : The power of the said
city and county has been exerted, and
is not sufficient to enable , the officers
of the city and county to maintain the
law of the State, and execute the legal
process of its officers ; and
Whereas: Application has been
made to me by the Sheriff of the city
and county of New York to declare
the said city-and county to be-in a
state of insurrection ; now, therefore,'
I, Horatio Seymour, Governor of
the city of New York and Commander-in-Chief
of the forces of the' same;
do, in its name, 'and by its authority,
issue this proclamation, in accordance
with the statute in such cases made
and provided, and do hereby declare
the city and county of -New York to
be in a state of insurrection, and give
notice to all persons that the means
provided by the laws of this State for
the maintainance of law and order
will be employed to whatever degree
may be necessary, and that all persons
who shall, after the publication of this.
proclamation, resist, or aid, ' or assist
in resisting, any force ordered out by
the.Govemor tO-queU.xrsuppresss;
insurrection, will render themselves
liable to the penalties prescribed by
law. Horatio Seymour.
During the New York riots of 1863,
Hon.George Opdyke, one of the most
eminent of the Republican leaders in
New York, was Mayor of the city
In the late Constitutional Convention
in the State he was a member, elected
at large by the ; Republican party.
During the discussion upon the
questions pertaining' to the govern
ment Of the city of New York, the
matter of the riots was lugged in. "Ve
quote the official proceedings : ' ' '
Mr. Opdyke. Governor Seymour
arrived on Thursday morning, and
came to my rooms at the St. Nicholas
Hotel, where he remained with me
during the entire riots, except that
soon after his arrival he accompanied
me to the City Hall, where it was not
possible for us to accomplish any
good, as the riots were going on in the
upper part of the city, and most of all
the murders and devastations of prop
erty were'va that part'of the city. But
many evil disposed persons had gath
ered aboutjthe City Hall, and the news
paper offices were , threatened, My
friend from Kings (Mr. Schumaker),
could not have extended his views
very far from the steps of tiieCity
HalLor he would not haye stated thats
the mob was so peaceably disposed..
He might have seen by extending ,
his vision many scenes like.tliis : peace
able colored men crossing the park or
walking along the streets attacked by
crowds of assailats, and fleeing- for.
their lives. ' . ,
Mr. Shumaker. I only spoke of the
time when Governor Seymour was-
there. ''."
Mr. Opdyke. Perhaps at that very
moment there might not have been
any thing of that kind. But immediate
ly after he was there those scenes did
transpires, and on the sairtc day., a
newspaper pmce fronting tne City.
Hall was attacked. I now come to the
point of my advising the Governor to
address the crowd. I shook my head
when my friend from Kings . Mr.
Schumaker made the remark. And,
on reflection, wliile I have not the
slightest doubt that I concurred in
recommending ty, I am quite sure that
others suggested that he should, ad-.
dress the crowd. My colleague Mr.
Hutchins. who was prescntiiow in
formes me that my memory was cor
rect. But 'the terms in which .he
should address them, or what words
of endearment he should use. laugh
ter, I certainly had nothing to do
in suggesting; nor had I any share in
framing the speech he made to them.
He left very soon after, in a carriage
with some friends," to go where the
riotswerc taking place, and then re
turned to tho St. Nicohlas Hotel,
where he remained during the; riots.
It was not until the military.' under
General Brown, who . was second in
command to General "Wool, was united
to the police force, that they succeed
ed m withstanding and repelling the
rioters, who outember4, tea ,&
oncy the organized iorrx &gatast (Jbenv:
I also urged tlw Police Oonua&sisMtera
to arm their force; Jf They said, they
would not do so without the sanction
of the Governor. I offered to take file
responsibility of making the requM'
tion for the . arms . and, furnish jhvr,-
Bnt they declined. , r,-
JFhen Governor Seymour arrived he
very cheerfully and promptly acqwus
ced in the suggestion, and gave, reque.
sitionsfor arms, which were taken to
the Police Headquarters ; but aa the
millitary strength was increasing It
turned out there was no oceatien for
the police to use , them,, though they
lhight have been used very effectively
at ,an earlier stage Of the not; , , I nteai
to be entirely just , to Governor , jsey.
mour in regard to his conduct daring
the contuiuance of the riots, though he
lias not been just tame Prior to the
riot he -made a. , serious jnisrepreaaa
tataon of my official conduct In a mea
saggo tferi8ktnr9 of which Ik
cd a pumic retraction. ;.H,TBTTjraiie
iy anu promptly gave a Tvn , retrac
tion, with a promise of giving one for
publication. After patiently waiting
week', after, week, and month alter
month during which, time , that prom
ise was more than once' renewed out
never performed.': , I abandoned . the
effort.. It had never been performed.
But I have this ' to eav, of ( Governor
beymour :,...ile was , surrounded , da
ring the riot b many ad adyiseih
scores of them-n some 05CIojo .
think, there were one hundred )m ' bit
ropm-j-most of them urging hina .to..
ert his influence to withdraw; the mill
tary resistance tp the rioters, and to eai
deavpr to quiet them by mora) suasioor
In opposition to them, ntarly every
city official all of whom, jexcept jnyef
were Democrats, earnestly:- eounpeud
otherwise, and indignently condemned
the, advice )ie was receiving jfrpir, hia
more numerous .mends. (, Ana w,
I thought, spmeUme he a ttaeiUa-.
ting, ana aisposea. to. tnurrert ,m
a manner , which , in my judgement,
would be disastrous to thntertt'.'of
tne city, u turneaout, .Mar my . appre
hensions were unfounded, .-he never
yielded to these bad. counselsl but TO
All) IN the SLPRESSlk or THB
RIOTS. , At my instance he gave req
uisition for arms to scores, and even to
hundeds of private citijens, , whose
warehouses or dwellings were threat
ened. Me did not hesitate tn m tingle
instance, wnenever x voucnea zor vne
respectability of the applicant for anas
On one occasion t think it was . Wed
nesday afternoon, a conference was to
be held among, the officials , at
headquarters to determine on the, line
of action and defence during the after-
noon and evening. .. My. friend, Mr.
Hutchins, was there at the time, , and
will confirm the truth of what I say.
Governor mnnr wms t yl s
least twenty pt his political andpereon-
ist twenty othis Douucal and person-1
al friends, and , among them several
gentlemen who were very much exci
ted, because, as , they, declared, , the
troops under, General Brown, In, the
Twentieth - ward, were, shooting down
innocent and , peaceable , citizens . who
had congregated frpm t mere curiosity,
under the excitement that was exist
ing, and that they were not rioters at
all. , General Brown asked if they had
not been firing building, sand barrica
ding the streets. - They answered! B the
affirmative, but said It wag , in self-dew
fence., The General : replied ,that. if
this was not rioting, he did not know
what was. ; These .. gentlemen urged
that Governor Seymour should recaU
the troops and they , pledged them
selves that they would disperse the
crowd by peaceable means and moral
suasion. The friends of .Governor
Seymour were urgent that he ehoald
exercise ' his millitary authority . as
Governor of this State and comman
der in chief, to make General Brown
withdraw his troops.: . The Govenior
very properly felt, I have no doabt,
that he had. no authority to interfere,
at all events, he did not interfered . '" v.
The Police Commissi onerwalto join
ed in urging General Brown to. with
his troops. - I was the only one to turn
a deaf ear to an"Buch advice, be
cause all' history' proves' hat the
oilly way td'ut down a; riot !'a8',fr
m'idable in its proportions as Udsj Was
to 'shoot it! d6wh.il'He'repiied' with
several expletives,' whicn ' I ' "will' Bot
repeat, that I ' heed toot give myself
any uneasiness; that 'whatever' the
Governor, or any friend of his or any,
one else might say, no troops under Ms
command should ever 'retire1 before a
mob unless driveiiback. : That spirit
and deterniinatiod of General Broivn
had much to dp Ito insipiriting alt la
authority to aid in resisting the force
of the rioters ' and In ; putting ' theni
kdown. ' Though on - many occasions
Governor Sepmour was advised to . .
terfere, he never, did interfere, AND
VAL. ' ; " ' . "
. - -.. i .ii; 'il... , t
What if you have' a patch on yoor
knee ? It is nothing to be ashamed of.
It lays easier on the mind than the in
terview with a creditor who feels
that you have wronged hinu 1 ratter
wear an old hat, an unfashionable coat
or a pair of cowhide shoes, Quia to
live extravagantly runK in deb and
have everybody, feel that yoa. are a
villain. .There is Nothing like pru
dence and economy, especially if yoa
are striving to keep your credit. Who
will trust you if you are poor and
lazy, dress in fine broadcloth, display
gold chains, rings and breastpins f No
one. , But with a rustip coat, a browa
face, hard hands, and industrious hab
its, yoii are sure to he. Javored ; your
appearance indicates that yoa are fro
gal, and will be a safe customer. ! -
! To pkksbvkrb in one's duty aad to
be silent, is the beat ansWar to-cal
TssirkMX lol TV
4a Sana sisaia a high baek'd chair
a opea door.' "
auu eT a Soasmsr afternoon .' ) . !
o aerosa the ,-, , ...,:u.hu,;.
dsnrsy click of aa anoient clock
UTOsDUr.' ';
A sdrtM bkrwa'ta aad breese biovfs'out'i:J:
'-1 "smmrr sir. -'- ': '.''
aVasl W.gsmwraaow oa his wrinkled brow, ,
Aad aow U lifts his hair;,, ; ,
Aad the tosdsa lid of his eye drops' down.' ''
Aad he sleeps in his aighack'd chair. ' i
Turn eU mau fleeps. and the old man dreams.
His as4 drops on Ws breast, '
HheU tbsJrtabfehold!., .
Ad fall to his lap la rest,
TM old man sleapa, and la sleep he dreams,
nuu ursssss again l MesC '
Tau iara uVron their fearful terolti ' " ": !iU
'BsbtsUHajsis, '.vii.'-. i,..,i
A mnthsfs to are hm his ear,: ;..-,) .,..
Aad drift across his brain 1
He chases gaudy butterSios ' '-"""'H
9memimmmg-pimln; ' il ! :- ')
aW'piwik. tawFsUajssrta tawlwoda,'lli !"
l.iftsMlsmtsuwaasrUuslae.'. if.iin :M,.mi ii ..ft
stssssash his ststor-s chin: ..
IWsulaaWBtoswbrook'' : l'" ''-
f l.arrusmhsml aul hauud pin, - .! ,1, i ,.
rnirrhw aruu Wm jiasej Taiiiti. ttii'i t I -
Md.Mr ty jhtswimlu poai J,,,,." : it-tUT!
Mgh escs hi parted lips , ,
AShesarSthebsfffcr school-''' '''' "",
Aa ha wis It Bwyef war uiae okukk, f '
A moshsrw turn, ss msassd on'his aead.l tmi:
,BSt Ai .!, hfsrowrr:; -;" -j-:-nf I l
(v Stirsmsf Irs ass blow In at the door
'WM aWoralbefy boughV"" ' " 101
AasT the hoy to sjpfeltotarr mau' agW 'Hr.
' -iTOW''jBjr.'
The rigia of Shakespear's idea, for
H$ Axt 'tiVDg of a 'Srew
i ,'to,' be' ippad j jl4 'Spanis
chronicie, a translation of wnieh is'preV
fanitwgaeiowg..., , , ,.
In a certain town Hiere was aMooi1
of great respectability, who had!a'soh',!
the beet yoon 'mah' lh the worlfl, full
had ihevrlQ btrt aotthe theaiis' 'to exe
eote tteni'Iatnel!um'e placl'tliere was
another Moor, very rich','' and 'he1 had
an only daughter but she' was a' dey-
n, and nobody itwad marryh'eri'1 The
youBi'mU'came one darto nSs fatSitir
and aald,' fVW, f ink Sveary of the
pa'wJretchei'tirei lead:'1 'I'wfsh
to rnarry. 'rhe fathereaide1 should
be deHghtefl lfhis son conld find apar
ty Oat sri!ti blm; 'upKin 1 Vhieh' the
young tnan" named "Us heighbor's
daughter. On hearing this, the father
was much surprised, but ' the' sdri per
sisted la desiring Us ' father to Jpeak
to"iU fob'wKo'l:was nls' Intimate
ftiead,' and ask' him' for his daughter.
The Moor Wd'Wherr he' was applied
toi'lMi hehad ad' objection ; .but' that
hoaoever bad his daughter would be'
better aea'thaa'a11vel','ijli;i '-'''
' ' Tbm wedding-day.'however" w'as'flx-!
ed, and the bride Was led1 away to the
husband'i 1ioseVind,' 'according to
the Moorish etutoin a supped was re-
pared and the Uble was laid, and the
fatlter. aidVridther. leAfhe bride and
bridegroom' together, till 'the1' Hext day,
not without geat te&i and' suspfcloh
that thev should find' the' 'bridesrrPom
in themonurigdeAdZQrjiQtfftrfyo
as soon as mey were gone, the new-
married couple eaf "down at the table ;
ana oerore sue could speak, he, look
ing abeot him; saw one of the house-
dogs, aad calling to h'tdth a loud
voice, ! aidered tlm io bring water' to
wuh his handai which the doar nnt drU
ihg, he t an In a ragi and drew his
word. This the dot seeinar. ran awav
ana ae arte nun, un .he caught him,
and cat of1 head and legs,,. an4 his
body In pieceAy', and dashed the blood
over the table and 'all over the' room.'
Then he came and' seated himself at fhe
table! Ie. looked round again,' 'and
paw si Maltose, beagle, ancl' gave' him
Mie aame prder ;' but on bis not com
plying, he flrs threatenedto serve him
as he had done the mastiff jen spring
ing from his chair,' he caught him by
the legs, and cut him into a hundred
piece ; he then returned ' a second
time to the table, inaking' h6rrid, faces
and furious gestures, and stared wild
y around. .,
; The bride, 'who Was an eye-witness
of all this, was blttiTfTe hersplf with
fear and stupid, without being able" tol
Dtter syUable. He.then,. 8W9re, he
woald, serye eTery living creature, in
the aame manner, ; not. , excepting ,his.
horse, which; was the only one he had
fvmabsinf ,him thea, haying kiilecj.
hit Jrorse,hcame bacE .to; the table
wth hia terrligub)
WWi jrVff. nPl MlL;turne4
bit eye on his wife, and cried, with, a
.nP: nd bring, rflei
1 ill III s nil ! II Ii II ill I T Clin imma-T
Thea. he aaid -Jf -jon, had, not doit it,
I ro'11. !tv t'WTT? ; yo? as I served
hsLdOn ani horse. ,H then order-,
bat (wit.ttrid an, accent tha she
still expected to have her, head fu off.
Ia this manner they passed the night
together, aad aha,. never spoke ; and
when they had said to hi wife, "I have,
not beenable to rest for rage to-night
see that nobody disturbs me to-morr
row molrnb3g,and tae carothatlhaye
abreaWis, f):,, ,,. ,, ..,.
Early in the moradng the parents of
the bride ,and bridegroom knocked' at
the door, and .as no .one answered,
the jcoodsid,, that . the bridegroom
, either killed ,or wounded;. and,
twha they ;; ei.tlie bride, copae to-tiie
ei.wlihoaher husband, they wore
nflrmed ia, their anapiclons. As soon
af.she.saw titem, she began to call them
traitors, aadaskedthem how they dar-.
edeeme to the door without speaking.
Make no aolse, or yoa are all dead
meal- This astonished them still
metwiaad when they knew how the
rdgbt bad beea spent,' they thought
vary nigniy ox me young man ior ius
skiU ia governing his wife and arrang
iAg hit heaasheld ; and from that day
forward she waa so well managed that
he lived perfectly welt with her ; and'
the fkthsnNiB-law took hint from his
sonAad UDed a horse to keep his
Wife te order J t r ,oi.i .. !i:u.i
j,r, i ll n !Sia.i ii. .... ..'A ..ii
Wut to thedifteranca between per
severance' and obstinacy 7 The one. is
a Vtroa will, the tothst Is a strong
,The jGdllowmg .off-hand Wows,at;ar
Istocracy .-were dealt by the ' gifted N".
Rogers',; ;wbile '.biisjiw paper
several years ago. We give a few of
the best "licks:" - -
... "Hateful and heartless. Aristocracy,
I detest it.above all thiiisrs. ' I was sni.
jecfed 'io:its floated"' frown "when ,T
.". "i . i nave a very . early if
uoorn.aoiiorrence of,. it.
It has no lea' tlia'you'bav any rights
F ahy(3reeHngs, Youidon'ot ; belong
to the same race' with your jsaltm up-P'ff-tocrat..
. He ijloes 'not",associ
ate, ; With you) wn you"are'witt him
Hemakes use of youl He doesiiot rec
ogiize yoii 'as a party' (in. .interest.' in
Wl8,"g6ing oil.','" You are Wo wipre
a -teoiripanipn; to hini tlmu hihorser
a 'dog-l-aud "yb'u'are no more than a
Wise or 'a.'d6 if ou condescend ' to
be of his association, ' '
"Anstocracvhas noneof the Lipn
?llWM$m whole
uen oi Adons. xpu jnustbe aware of
1 IttegaroseveWtfe
s aiipwed vou.
as an allowanc&T-a.avor."'. Wu have
no .rjffb'i Ift yoUj:roceiva.;8Aiythtug
)SW:Wi4!l homaqifer it,,,.,,, .IT
v PPffiJ ?Jf e- refinemeuti and dislike
coarseness ;apd gSpssflesr(!Bu; Jaboan-ififf6-
WBiPessi . 1. ; , jlikft, washed
Cleauliness and eleganqe te aBy, extent.
m fM&.t ejpgantn.taqte,-
WWPi V;ifb ..freedom op.supevcfti,
pusness.and. elf-worshii, and.-I , -love
them. ,, But tlus Ariltocracyil will not
borate, ot,endnrHbye,!,jnJqt,
diertttvxespectfflrft. .iwiliipttreat..
itpowfepusly.fiyen. .L wjlljiUPit , fr-eati
it:at.aH. tJ (will,jnpt,jhare; i,i about,
Ou,t,o tts way iW?'th it.wd.out.of ttia
world., It i$i the yr.geniu3 ofi this
accursed slave-, mastprym -You, havD
got.to.be.a.slaye.toit.i.i,;,, j .,.kl.,, ,
It comes by-Wrth;; it comes by moum
eytltoqmes by idleness j.itieengejn
dei-ed. .bjf. tradet and;by;iffice. t-Old
wealth,. howeyeiV' bveeds-.'most and
offensively i generation nix two.iof
homage paid dy poverty to bloated
opulence, wiU bi-ed-U,the worst kind.4S?vded is plam..lf she is prettyy
It will tnmTjp-flie trosef theiJiird or
fourth.. genei-ationi along, , so that it
can. hardly smell tonimon, ftlfs as. they
go. on , the i gBoud ; You , can tell , its
nose and upper.lip asfacasyoucan&ee
themi -i in rimi; . :!, Ri -r-r.'ifl
ii'iJ goes .fliTtoci.acv is facfc.of sene, Ije
as much-: as,, ahything.'.1,SeBej1 ,of..ja,
certain, sort, May . aoeoinpany ,it ov . ,bei
in i -the, t same, creature; , i .jjilut . it as. A
senseless ii jcoiioern,! . and moreover,Su-!
perlatively hateful.'i-.f.f;-n t.i '! i.i
-i'tiii i-l i ! 'in r n- ti- ; . i nil liniiiiii
:1 liriMfTJEBESTUve-. FACTS. h-.u: '
' The most 'iaifrcieht manuscripts art
wntte without acfceiifs', stopsj or sep-
aration between the words' noi':was it
until after the ninth centuryfiat cop
yists began'to'leaVe sp'acirbetreeritihe
words. ' '' ' " 't-'tt r.-irun
:st. piece ot nrt.ii'iery-waa-irt-
vented by a Obripan, soon after the in
vention of gunpowder, 'and artiliery
nrno" 4t 1 - 1. A'H ii-.i' .' J- fc ,
new , miov uecu uy uic luui. U.L iigu-
siras!, 'in Spain,' in 'tiie'sjeige of t542:'
..The, fii-st banks were established in.
Italy in the year, 808, by the Jjombard
Jews, of whom gome: settled .m lxHU-r
bard street, Lpndon,., where ,many
bankers have ever since resided.
. -- i' I' l l.: ,H,:i i. f t jf-m rt..: l
, The.pldestjVersiouof tj)if:01dand
iNew-.Testanient,,, belonging ., to theJ
Christians,,.4s (that, intijyatican,
which wa?i.WVitten; in. the,, fourth or
fiflth; century, and, .published. in, the
yeario. -u.i-n- i... :
; - Ancient books Were originally board
or - the inner! bark . of trees j and bark
is ' still : used by some .nations,.- - as are
skins, fof which latter parchment "was
generally substitutedi ' -nil ii ii..
Bowling is an Old 'English game.'and
was Very common' as early as tlie thir
teenth century. ; ! Charles'1 1: 'played at
it, arid it' was a daily sport of Cliarles'
IL, at Tunbridge." .lfi-i;ii'-.-n: .u ..
Stones ! were first used for Vullefs i
h-on-ones art first mentiohed ih 550:
Leaden bullets were made before th
close-of the' sixteenth century.'' Stond:
cannon balls' are stil tis'ed iri the East'.
The mbstl,stupendous -canal in the
wbriTs pne in China, which 'passes .
A(iiif' WrA 1, a iA TOn, ,. j i
VT lin M bUUUOUUU UllCQp U11U LU ttvt Jl"
if brie 'cities' it' ' was f cbmiieuced ' 'in
trie" tenth eeri'fury? ' Ai!morister,!woi-'k'!
of man. " '-'' "lJ : -"-'
- ' t) II; it -1 ll-t't Sli 1 11 li'!.'t ild'i ,! I M: ,
i Save Your. SoaiSitds. yb.ere is.
scarey tt planthat.iB, not jbjiefitte
by, watering witlijSQap-sud f ( JLt. fui'-j,
nishes antri.tiye.mtter as-(.well,, ,83.
moistureri-kepps,, ,pff insects anclpvo-,
motes a rauid o-i-owth. ...
- i! -J11V .."iTTTlJiillltwHM Ml IT
I iTHBeaiisnatjvpiOCei-aiajaiid
wasi introduced: intp; EuxqrfTM.
Persian t applo;Mduring , tiiq . .crusades
Accprduig; to.linyj.iiChereieA.iWei'e:
carried intOj .England when U.tWfte a,
Roman; cohJiiy. The. history , of tho.
propagation ,pf .yegetabies,, fruiteand
flowers, frommcpuntry-nto qountry,
would make i a vory.ieutcrtnining. ,vol-
ttnifivitii tilt I.. tii:lii- -it in
I-A cheerful i temper; uJ 'kindly
heart, and a'oourteousl tmgueyaimot
be too carftilly or too. sodulouUy l(i
vated.' tOi the other Uandy a'-tlispbsl-tioh
to be gloomy and : eaptixius, to b e
bitter and. ill-natured, to bo cynical
and slanderous, cannot ibo too Icarfully
oided. The one habit, tooy is-apt to
grow and become powerful as tho oth-
eri" 'If we permit' Ourstlves to': look
constantly on the dark sido and ' to
view every thing! ; with distrust and
jealousy, .We shall seldom be-. able to
realize and' enjoy '-any thing'- that' w
bright, beautiful, kindlyor igonororis
There is moreover, nothing so calbuW'
ted to impair health,, deface 'beauty)
and take away from' the htiman coun
tenanco all 'those' rosy arid i-shining
lights which ai-e so admirably. I ewlteil
to brighten and ndornjBs a dimition
to fret vex, ' and "be: - miserable;' i The1
soul 'iB"thus 'reflected through -''the
huniair eonnenaTico'1 just an thought
is often niiiTored in Hie eye.
" 1 Tul most buaggfttl BoWefS &f& tRgse
pmks, double roses, and double dahl
ias. What aft. argument Is the chillino
.4Wtfisvigle bdMds 0 li
Lost Yesterday .somewhere be
tween sunrise and sunset, two golden
hours, each ' set , wiisixiy diamond
m&Ates.': 'rNo; reward 6rotfei-edfoV
they are gone forever. ! ' '
"Bat, Bill," said an urchin,-" dad
dy's feiriyead.7;;Tr,et.w-cllJ P"m
darned' sbiTy ; but hell, ever lick us
agin for lathering the old cat and shav
ing her wiaitfsajr'. '
BAFTY ,bas. but;iiettc ib do withjBn
gagnig the love pf womej. Tlip W,
the maimer, the tone, ''the-conyersk-tioh,'
thelsbmethiiig ihatiiiUerests, and
the something tb.be prpnd 'of; these
are ...J'WAn bojjd
to. be: lovedj jtV.;.!.-. - ii 1. ntii
The"' Gardeners'' i Chr'onicle states
thAh'.'ha'3bfeeu. a 'greaailHre iu
tlu .fiaTihao-R ftiitl f-itillflwo c.i.l:
generally, .t-hoser watered witl:
suds have'pr'pdircedpiniits of th'
qnaHty, -arid entirely escaped the ijfh.
:.uwj(iyuu.tse a young aady.iooJdng
at Vou; do mot deride that she -haff fall-'
en yoe tbypUj.'P
covers a rum blossom on youraioseand-thinks-'tha't
yotfotiirht' toi"sntt,"tn'rt
pledge!"'"" "' ",,-;"'',"J
Lord s Brougham1 says?'- "Associa
tions for the assurance of lives are'.'ld:
lie! ranked among, fte . very nbblefit in
stitutions of - civilized society 1 1 nd
their usefulness , can be '.attested' by
tiiojusinds. ,of ibappy and.)Uidependnt
families rescued by their means from
the bitterness; of poverty and thd; "d.e'o--radatipniiaiEK
"( It isnt nceessary'for'a lady'to Karjf
looking,;. It will be reflected fr era the'
tongueis ' of halfh'inale jacu'aiht J
aiiie'esi,'; ' Ijtea nayB.'potlveVkasA
fou telling .'these; tilings at headquaiu
ters.:i A lady iwavbave'airthd'vii-tneii'
4nuW$rig ' andeye&beaf ..of I'ip
thouglTshaiiow as an'
fog down's tongue. :
i m1.... .i
-a-Mjix-Uiat. JiaveresUl about every-.
tmng are .thought te understand eVery-;
tning,' ;too.t ;ReadS; pulyuiTustesI
mind with the materials of kno wl-
lt tiuubjtn that makes what'
we.rt Vify We are, of. the rumin-.
ating kindHMd" it is mot enough-' to
es:; with ' a " great ! Iriad'of
cbllections wejniiit chew tbm overl
againifrCAcWWiiwj'-if milium; i., a-i.i.l
j ";KaEP ' Tirir Hear :J'Arv.Th'Pi
H$8&, i. .'fiyej" the" more,'; , expedien4.lt!
findlt to .endeavor, more and moi-e to
extend my sympathies And afRicfldns:'
The ' natural. . tendency, ,'pif adyaftcingf -years
la ta narrow and contract these
I do not mean that I wish to' fprriiTa;
nfeW arid sworn' friehdsjiiip .'syrydayii
tojacxease -my circle .of intimates;
these are very different affars.;I, But I '
find t "conduces ,tp iriy mental 'li'ealfli'!
and happiness to And out all I can,
which is amiable and loveable in .'those'
I cPme in contact with, and make the"!
most of it Bernard Barton. .;..,'. .-.
' GETTtTG ABOVE Ose's ' BugraESSv .
Almost every one is successful in bus-
iness for the first few' years, while be'
hasiittcapttal, for then he is cpnstaiil
ly (dtgnt, aiid attentive ; but. when io
has made a little money, and become
aman of Some note, with an' extensive''
circle . pS-, . acquaintances, he is , .often. t
tempted ' to neglect "his business fbr
politics, ! gambling, :' drinking or ;some
other pursuit ; ' and whatever, the pur-..
suit may be,, whether lawful or unlaw-1
ful in itself, which tempts"' Mm' to re-(
sign the charge of his business. tbvPthri.
ersy the consequences are almost inva-
riably disastrous. ' "' ,' '-"-'
jlo. jot, jijbex.-tA irettul, .peevishsii
complaining, fault-finding person iii a 6
family is like the continual :. jbAflngjf1
an, inflamed soreJ! W4, to' the inankd
woman or child who is exposed to the"
influence of such a temper in another.
Nmete'nths of all' .domestio trials and -unhappines-pring
from this 'carrse.1'
Mrs. ! D ' ''';t8' 'of this' 'teinperameiitd
Shp. wonders that, her husband is not.,
more fond of her company.' That her"1
children' give her so much trouble.
That'-domestics ,db not like to-work .
her;' Tlmt Bhe'cannbt secure the good"
will of tile y'oii'iig' peopld.; ' .The trutli'J
is,!'slie is fretful andrpeevish. ... Chil-,
dren fear her and do not love-her.-1
She never yet' 'gained the affection fef
a young person, nor ever will till she, .
leaves off .fretting. - - . ... .u-it-riu.
i-nr ' ' m r ' .i..'it.J.Lt .
Vst Mirv.iilTVv -rfpirtiia rJ7 'n.vlv'
, " ,. 7 uUi-S .". r7,: r :J
Wb shadows or tumble like,,.,
wrecks and ruins into the grave of
ten while' quite yburife, ' almost always
,befoT,.,fpriy,v,;tThe, wicked-, "liveth. lX
not half their tdays. The world at
Lonfee' ratifies tlic ti'utli '' arid' a'ssigiis( thg
l-eason py descnbuigi. ihO dissolute as
,",fast meh;". that- is, they live'lbst;
tiidy spend their twelve hbtirs fij' is't
getting through the whole befo"etiieJ..
meridian, and dropping-out of sigh
and into darkness while othei's are'ltf ,
the glow, and glory, of life. Their
sun goes down' while it is yet' day.''
And . they might have helped it 'Many
aii one dies long before he need.' Your..
men of genius, like Bums and Byron, '
to whpiri Whbri 'dissipated and piofti-' v.
gate,.uiirty-80ven is so fatal, and yonr i -Obscure
and "nameless ' "wandering '
stars,"' who waste' thcir'youth ia libr'"',
ertino-.. indulgence they - cannot live -ti
long."1 They must dip early.-; They'"
pat on the. steaiu' till Qicj-bloy"up the'
bpileiC . . -.They run at such a . l-ato, that
tlio fire goes out for want of fuel. Tb'
nchlu9ry is desti-oycd by reov
speed and rapid wear- Not' u.iid
sitve' theni. Their phy - f 1 "f
cannot sumo, uip strair
wjulo the state of V , $'sr&ttoti,
such, :that' the v '- '. - 'ey'puKji'jS
WtancVof t- ., , , Jleir minds is oW
niafco fo' '''''' xvouId eat the sub--' "
--. 5
; l
g can.
V .1

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