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Western courier. (Ravenna, Ohio) 1837-1838, October 05, 1837, Image 1

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"Iiced and jhe search had already commenced.
She he-tr the tame sound which ' woke her
' f .' - -.'.-I. , .. ..... ; ,' - . VI' . mrm-W mmm: rnrnm 'uiium 11
-'iJAM'L D. HARRIS, Jr. $ 1 PB"ns:
Two Doliahs per milium, "in mlvnr.ee.
Two, Dom.aks & 1'iitT Cknts in tlx months.
Turek Ucllams at tti end of il,e jr. ,
..AnvMTit.i.nj : (M ajreedon Ay lliepuhlisl.es
.rft'iepapC'S iA Hit Cnunty nf Portage, Ju- uury
i lit. last. ' ! ;
. r'or ttie first three insertions, one cq.mra
one do'tyr ea h additional insertion Iw.ufy.
Jirtcenti For nne tquure, per miniim, fin
dollars." For one-fotirlh of column, -em
dollars. For liaif colnmn fifthly doUurt
For one co'umn, fuVty dollars .'
Prom lie Saturday Nes.'!ml GuitsOe.
. t iari fact pretty ganrally known that
the Indian appellations by winch many
of the Lakes, Rivers, Ac. of our country
are distinguished, nro significant of some
. -thing peculiar to thrii character or abori
ginal history. Onfi instance only, the
writor will mentio, as that will suffice
his present purpose. The small river
tlsnown as the Oktibbehah, or (as it is
more commonly styled) the Oktibbc. and
failKrilmo the Tombicbec; not far from
, Columbus, Mt, once formed the hnunda-
' ry lino botwien the Chickasaw ami Choc
' ta'.y tribes. . From time immemorial these
'two natioas were leagued together in wa
ging a perpetual warfare with the neigh.
. Louring Creeks; arid the immediate vicin
ity of tho Oktibbohah almost invariably
,, ' ibecnmfd .he meeting-ground for the war
riors of the three contending parties. Be
tween the nbovo mentioned nations, it is
stated, on the shores of this little stream
oftoli occurred some pf the bloodiest con.
fliots ever handed down by sober history
or'traditionary song. From this ci)-cum-
stincc it received from tho Chocuyws the
nitme of Okltbbehah a woj-d ,ih their
linguugs -feignifiying " the tide or wat.
is of strife." Associated with the name
4f this stream, there is an Indian Legend,
lb which allusion is made in the subjoined
Stanzas.' It vras-rclatcd to the writer in
f fiubstanco as follows.' Duringahaltle b6
, tweon the tribes just named, a Choctaw
7 Chief wss overpowered and made prison
" r by tho Creeks., On retiring from the
conflict, a council was held ior tho pur.
noso of detcrminie what disposition should
be made of the captive . warrior. It was
lecided that ho should die by firo. The
' -i Chief heard his sentence . with perfect
composure and stoic firmness, and having
.upbraided his enemies as dastards, and
.. reminded theni of his own prowess on the
f banks of tho Oktibbehal) and elsewhere,
- Jeaped into tho fatal flame, now ready lo
.receive him, and expired amidst tho shouts
of his oxulting foes. . Tho warTior's name
was Ochlow. ,
JLoud as the ocean's troub'lous roar,
,:: When high its wrvcs the tempest swell,
3By forest deep and craggy shore,
. ; Rolls a uild shout tho chieftain's knoll!
And fiercely gleams tho wrathful.fiamo ,
Fromthut dread pile -the blazing pyre,
"Tet quails he not of warrior fame,
Nor foars to bravs its kindled ire.
With cheek unblanch'd and fearless eye,
Proud Ochlow stands, of lordly mien,
:;Nor sheds a tear, nor vents a sigh,
"v But calmly views the deathful sconce;
. And round him crowd a fiendish throng,
Eager their denmon thirst to sate
"Whilo widely swells their savage song,
In triumph of tho captive's fate.
Cut hark! a voice 'tis Ochlow speaks,
f" Breathing defiance proud and stern;
"Aye, fan yourflames,yc dastard Creeks,
And let the faggots fiercely burn
But dream ye, that my soul will quail, "
' ,Tho'-furnace liko your fire3 may glow?
;"Say, dream ye, foolsj that I will wail, .
, ; Tho' keenest pangs may pierce mo
,. through?"
. " My soul disdains it I shrink not
. : - From death by murd'rous fire or knife,
. My deadly arm, have ye forgot?
Have yo forgot yon tide of strife?
Twas there we met say, dastard foe,'
If quail'd I mid (hat horrid fight?
Ask yo your chief my spear laid low,
t If palsied was my arm of might."
'Dauntless, ns then, I'll brave the fla ne,
A chieftain still of lofty pride
Nor tarnish now my warrior name,
- Illustrious as Oktibbn's tide,"
Uo said and mid the flames he leaps,
' While shouts tumultous onward roll
In echoes loud, long woods and s'o p --
Dread requium of the warrior's soul!
" Meridian Springs, Mi.
MENT for. too much." This sentence,
in the Message of the President, is at
tempted by tho whigs, to be wrested from
:jts true meaning to orio totally difterent
"from that intended by its nuthor. The
true democratic doctrine on this point is,
.'that tho government is noi lustmueu ior
. the benefit of any particular class more
than another in community, and hence
that it should interfere ns little ns possi
ble, with the business or pursuits of indi
viduals, except to prevent -injury to the
i")body politic. ,
On the contrary the opposition princi
ple is, that tho General Government
' should take an active part in tho 'rogula-
.. .it.- ..1.'n V.ntt!nneo fTinf it alimllH
W - encourage here, check there; that it
should watcn ana coniroi.uieoperuiiiiiiaui
commerce, with an eye to the interests of
v- : : -
I. , i . - -.
Vol. XIII. No 23.
particular indviduals. Afil one effect of
tli s principled one branch of Jtlio system'
was the rstnblishment of a national bank
to regulate the monetary a (lairs of the
country. The Bank, in this sVstcm would
be virtually ns much the Gnvpriimnnt. ns
the President and Congress, elected by
the people, and exercising a far creator
power. - .!
Ibis, tiion. is the diflLrencn! whilst
the democrats maintain that every man
hould be left free as possible, lo follow
his own inclinations and direct his onrr.
gics unfettered by government restriction;
that he should enjoy tho full measure of
liberty compatible with tho welfare of
community; whilst the would invest tho
general government with no more powers
man are ausoiutely necessary lor tlio ex
istence, good order and security of the
Oiition, lenvinjf to the neoDle and to the
Slates all powers not expressly given in
the Constitution tho opposition, on tho
contrary, am aiminjr at a consolidation of
nil the power in the national government.
They would have the government tako the
management of the people's business into
his own bands. Thev look to the Gov
ernment for too much.''
Democracy suppose that each man is
able to manage his own affairs; that if
he docs not succeed in his business, ho
should have no right to blamo govorment
for it.
Aristocracy would have tho govern
ment shoulder every man's business, and
become responsible for its success. CtV
Daily Adv.
From the AUunta'neer
Now then All Tsgstber.
Air ' All the Slue Bonnets at e over the
borders J"
Rngs uRagst-We enn't endure tliem,
Seo how they multiply all our disasters!
Bankers are mad and the people must
cure them.
Look at the lawless and cursed shin plas
(ere! ,
Where are the farmer's joys,
'Mint drops" and 'yellow boys?'
Long live brave JACKSON immortal in
Long may our 'little VAN'
Act like an honest man,
Firmly maintaining our national glory!
Kags, Rugs! &c.
Banksl-BanksJ-Thcy have suspended,
We can't get a dollar for friend or for
Now let the system be mended or end
ed, We must be paid for our (oil and our la
v hour,
Bankers so fond of giin, ,
O'er freemen shall never reign,
Nor their great Paper Kite, Nicholas Bid
die, The great 'financier,'
Would act wisely to steer
To bis white marble palace, and hang up
his fiddle !
Joe! Joe! Thick headed Josey!
A beautiful sample of shin plaster bull
ton Home! Home! Home must 'mosey.'
Old Nick may reward his executive scull
ion, The 8HIN PL ASSTER" AT10N
Of his ministration,
The people have felt it, and feel it severe
ly. They'd weather the storm
In the word of Reform;
For thoy are united united sincerely!
Sweet! Swrt Swoet are the mansions,
Where liberty smiles on our wives and
Tho' piper 'contractions' cud paper ex
Would plunder us all of our dear inde
pendence. The sordid may gabble,
And call us 'the rabble,'
Or jacobin radicals, fond of disorder,
Our votes will declare,
, I hat wo l.ternlly are,
The true friends of justice of law and of
order! .
Toil! Toil! Toil is our pleasure.
Hard csh for hard labar, we surely de
mand it: ,
The whole paper system of nominal treas
ute We can't and we don't, and we won't un
dirsUnd it.
The amies and whigs
" , May go pn.with their jigs
The people are vigilant, quiet and sober:
The fair land of Perm
. Is still Peopled by men,
As the Rug fidks wil learn the socond of
October 1 ! !
We the people
How ridiculous it is tohearibe 'whigs,'
'Conservatives,' 'or whatever else they
may please to call themselves, say that
'the recommendation . in the President's
Message are net at all calculated for the
relieCof the people; but, on the contrary,
the whole tenor of the document is mere'
ly for : the benefit of Jhe Government.'
What a singulni conclusion to arrive at.
We wculd recommend these very wise
persons fo study the difference bun-pen
governed and governing. For, if tbey
admit that the propositions in the Message
are beneficial lo the Government, it is all
that ran be denired.' '"if Government is
benefited, then every individual under
Government is equally so for Govern
ment is nothing more nor less than tho
people .represented. We consider it the
duty of the representatives of the people
to advocate measures for the benefit of
the whole people and not f rthe proping
up of ofew individuals Watjne Sentinel.
From tie Experiment.
"Out of thine own mouth will "I'condrmn
''I cannot tell what ynu nnd otl.er men
Think of this life, but for my single self,
I'd rather cliniy t th' dust, than live to be
in awe of such a thing as a bank!
It has always been an invariable max
im to judge men, and parties of men, by
their works. "By their fruits shall ye
know them." This is the rule the Crea
tor hath seen fit to impose upon men, by
which they shall judge tho conduct of
their fcllnw-mcn. If the people of tho
present day should follow this old but not
less valuable maxim, what would they
think of that party, who already possess
the ascendency, and also of the one stri
ving to obtain it? The path of the form
er is marked with frankness in all their
dealings-candor in avowing their prin
ciples, and strict integrity iu-supporting
them; while that of the other is marked
with stratagem in their political warfare
deception and falsehood in devising
their plans, and moral dishonesty in exe
cuting them. Whilo tho one is willing
that every step in the administration of
the government shou'd be cximined by
the people or their representatives, and
the misdemeanors of thnirofiicers, if any,
searched out and brought to light: the
other is not only unwilling to be examin
ed by the people, but refuse to comply
with tho just demands of their officers, &
with closed doors and barred windows,
continue their illegal operations. Whilo
prosperity hath attended every unclnrta
king, and success crowned every effort of
the one; defeat, accompanied by disclo
sure of their baseness, hath followed eve
ry strattlgom nnd moral ambuscade of the
other. While every cflbrt is made with
a view to promote the good of the poople,
and every power exercised to preserve the
pristine strength of the government and
tho original purity of tho constitution by
one party; the other strains every sinew,
exerts every force and strives by every
manner of means to satisfy their selfish
and avaricious desires at the expense of
the people to subvert the government
to overturn tho constitution to establish
one peculiar to themselves, and after
their own im:ige. Whilo the one hold
themselves accountable to their constitu
ents for every thought, word and action,
and in readiness to obey their summons
to the people's chancery; the other is not
only unaccounlnbl) for their misdemcan
ors,but actually refuse to obey the laws
shrinking with fear from their tribunal,
lest their plans be disclosed, their guilt
found out, and their condemnation scaled.
While one is doing all in their power for
their country's good; tho other is strug.1
gling after power and in the height of
their ambition, to grasp the reins of gov
ernment, to guide the council and rule the
state. Such has been the course of con
duct of present parties in ourgovernmcnt
for yenrs past and judging those parties
by the aforesaid standard, what can you
think of them? What of tho party who
are "in spirit and in truth." Democrats
what of the party misnamed whigs? Re
view their past conduct yourselves, nnd
in your mental tribunal, render them that
verdict whch they deserve. Just view
for a moment tho consistency of the
whigs. What was the result they fore
told? They said that the officers of gov
ernment would leave with their thousands
in pocket which they had extorted from
the poople, and before their first asser
tion was fairly out, they circulated a re
port that Andrew Jackson was bankrupt,
unable to pay his travelling fees, and that
his own doings were tho cause. This
looks like leaving the government with
pockets filled with the extorted earnings
of the people. Very near a flat contra
diction. Again, they ascribo Jackson's
re-election to the fact that he was of Irish
descent, consequently all tho low bred
Irish voted for him; whilo they hndclaims
upon "all the deceacy." Now "all tho
decency" are in trouble and it is "turn
about fair play." Ask them now who
owns tho banks? Jacksonians. Who
broke them? Jackson. Do low bred I
rish own the banks? No. Who does?
Jacksonians. .Who aro Jacksonians? '
The low. bred Irish. What a "chango
has come over tho spiritof thcirdreams."
A few years agoj'all the decency" lived
in palaces, but now they have become
honest workies, are not ashamed of
homespun, a tanned complexion, a caliced
skin, or a humble cottage. while the for
mer occupants of cottages have become
monopolizing aristocrats, moneyed men
and dwellers in palaces. " 'Tis strange,
'tis passing strange." One would believe
mat the olden theory
o( transmigration
had been revived in raality if they did not
know how this transmogrificatfon hap
pened. It was a whig trick.
When JccKson was elected they pro
phesied ruin, solitudo and deserts, and
immediately set themselves nfcout its ac
complishment. Through their soulless
corporations, thoy have in part effected
it, and now thoy wish to shufilo the blame
from their own shoulders upon those of
Jackson. Knowing the banks are the
main cause thoy publish on tho wings of
the wind, that a Jarea number of the
banks wcro chartered during Jackson's
administration, from -which they would
have the people infer that he is responsi
ble for the -effects, consequently he and
his asnocintc,s aro totally unfit to govern.
But "Hawk eye" has drove them from
this subterfuge, for to their utter conster
nation, he hath asserted and proved that
the Whigs were I lie originators and aro
now the managers and directors of nearly
every bank in this State, and if tho truth
was known, such would probnbly bo the
fact throughout the Union. "Oh! consis
tency thou art indeed a jowe'!" I won
der what they will do next, since "Hawk
eye" na routed tliem frooi tho strong,
hold. We must keep our eyes "tight
open" or they will soon be after deceiv
ing us with another. They aro like the
Fox in the fable. They have got a thou
sand tricks, and nn sooner are thoy rout
ed from one than they resort to another.
Again they talk about what a fine
thing it Would be to have a national bank
to regulate the currency. To cloak their
designs, and throw the people off from
their guard, they in the first place, public
ly disavow any wish or intention to press
the charter of a National Bank, and in the
mean time, have circulated amongst them
selves a pamphlet or circular, which cir
cular is; ns I take it, "a stirring up of
tho animals with a long pole," or in oth
er words musing them to stronger efforts
in obtaining their, hearts desire a Na
tional Bank. It is like the last effort of
a drowning man. It is a "long pull, a
strong pull and a pull altogether." Here
tho question arises, why this caro to keep
it secret? Is not a national question wor
thy a nation's consideration, or do ye
deem the peoplo incapable of deciding
what is for their own good? Is there
any thlag. criminal going on that yobeed
be so' secret? If not, why not come out
boldly with the question Bank or no
Bank and let the peoplo decide it once
and for all. The Democracy of the coun
try will not shrink from the issue in any
shape and think not, ye "bank nobili
ty," yo "all decency" party, that ye can
deceive the peoplo, nnd under the cloak
of hypocrisy, rob them of that jewel
which the spirit '76 began and tho spirit
of 'i?6 continued that jewel which is the
brightest ornament of Columbia that
jewel which was purchased by tho best
blood of Columbia'..) heroes which sheds
its rays upon the sea and upon tho land
which stands ascendant in tho American
horizon, and which is tho standard of A
merican freedom - that jewel which de
clares to the world that Columbia is free
that hero exists liberty of thought,
speech and action.
j Woukl ye- rob them of this and have
Americans become slaves slaves in body
and slaves 'in mind? Would ye barter
thisfor a gilded toy? ' Can ye expect that
they would bow in submission to the cor
rupting influencs of mammon, while all
their bosoms hold dear is attempted to be
arrested from them? Do you suppose
Americans so regardless of consequences
as to assist you to creato a moneyed mo
nopoly, with powers co-extensive with
the Union, and cnpable nt any timo of
exerting those powers to despoil them of
their dearest rights? Ye well know that
this has been the case nnd must still be,
or why do you Wish to keep it secret?
It .is not common for men, when they
wish to perfect any great good, to cloak
their designs of concen them from the
public. Ye well know that a National.
Bank created as ye would have it, would
usurp their natural, civil and political
rights, and render them slaves ti a more
tyranizing power than the will of a des
pot. This is tho reason yo dare not o
penly advocate what ye are secretly stri
ving for. With fear and trembling would
yo approach the people's tribunal, and
with silenced audacity would ye receive
their verdict.. A few words to the peo
plo and I have done.
As I before remarked, whatever you
may think of the present contending po
litical parties, judging them by tho afore-,
said standard,an appeal to facts is nil that
is nocssary. Will not every honest man,
who has jiewed the conduct of these par
ties for years past, be convinced and say,
that one is marked with every species of
moral turpitude and political dishonesty,
tho other designated by moral candor and
political integrity. And which will ye
support?",. I .Jo not wish to deceiver
Think for. yourselves judge for your
fiolves and act accordingly. I only de
sire to urge the importance of consider.
sire to urge tine importance oi conquer-
ing both parties in question with candor,
and having found out your roal friends,
Whole No. 640.
s'o'o with them, maintain the cause, and
I support their staridard. Have not the
whigs deceived you? Do they not know
that n National Bank, unlimited in its
charter, is your utter abhorrence? And
hav e they not declared that they would not
sinve ior m let no longer ago than
jcbieroay week, were tbeir plans exposed,
ana Deltoid every nerve was strained to
procure a new charter of the "monger."
Have they not made false assertions and
will you not condemn them accordingly?
Will you support (hem when you know
1 what the conseouprce will he the ciph
lion of u centtal moneyed power over and
aonve voul What then will become o!
your repubhenn government? Fortign
powers arrcwatching every movement.
With cag-r eye nnd gapping mouths do
they wail tho rer.ut, for they would gloty
in the donnnll of the eaIe and our boas
ted republic, Full well they know the
result if they succeed in prornring this
"ei gine of prodigious political influence.
Be not deceived. Swallow not the guil
ded pill lie whigs deem fit to adm nister.
''Shut net your eyes In the panful trnth,''
but when you rally lo the p(h, show your
selves the enemy of irresponsible money
ed monopolies!, and incorporations w th
"vested righ'!-'." for these are the bane of
fiofdc.m. and the only aniiJote is a fiee
mun's vn;e. If ye would support a na.
tional Bank, such a one as they would
give you, then farewell freedom, and your
boasted institutions of liberty! Farewell
the stars and stripes which have floated
in every bieeze, upon every sea, and on
every land! Farewell to tl at only re
maining symbol of Freedom which declar
ed to all nations and procl.iir.ed to the
world, that there was a land that d.ired be
frre,tbat there was a "home for the brave "
Farewell Columbia where the throne hon
ored is tho people's choice, where
the laws they reverence are their
brave father' Ie1;acy--and the faith they
f bowed, laught them to live in bond of
Union with nil ninnkind! Farewell, a
long farewell lo nil your dreams of future
Sicalneas!" CATO.
We hope to be excused for dwelling at
length on these exciting and deeply inter
esting subjects. They involve more or
loss every other question they affect
every man's purse every man's com
merce evey man's honor and freedom.
Many of the Banks in this slate are in
a sound condition, and could commence
specie payment nt a very early day
some at a moment's notice. There are
others, however, ns bankrupt and worth
less a3 profligacy can make them; they
exist merely at the sufferance of o'.h
ers better conditioned. In such a state
of the ensi what is to bo done?
Shall the whole continuo to be jumbled up
in one mass, as they now are, until bank
ruptcy and ruin overwhelms the whole
state? Or shall the good be separated
from the bad, and the threatened calamity
We are opposed to any rash act; Wo
are opposed to any unnecessary infliction
of Legislative power on those institutions
that can present even a plausible account
of their stewardship. But those which on
examination prove to be rotten worth-less-bankrupt,some
effective netnsshauld
be taken to prevent their flooding the
state with their paper, and their closing
doors altogether and leaving the peoplo to
pocket their promises, ond whistle for
their gains! ns in 1816. Some of the
very men who legalized the frauds of that
day, and left the peoplo with an irre
deemable and irredeemed paper currency,
are at this very moment candidates on the
Whig ticket for a seat again with in the
Legislature, to practice once more their
tricks upon community. Let the people
every where look to it speedily prompt
ly and effectually. 0wo Statesman.
The sub-treasury project is now among
the several important bills reported to the
two houses by Messrs. Wright nndCam
breleng. It constitutes the Treasurer of
the United States, tho Treasurer of the
mint and its branches, and collectors of
the customs and surveyors acting in that
capacity, receivers of tho public moneys,
and postmasters, and depositories, for the
safe keeping, without loaning or using,
"of ail public money collected by them, or
otherwise placed in their possession, till
it shall bo ordered by the proper depart
ment to be transferred er paid out: and it
prohibits (after the necessary provisions
for enforcing fideltiy on the part of the
agents, and among other things declaring
it to be embezzelment and a high misde
meanor to convert to his own use.
without interest, or to invest in any kind
of property or merchandize, any portion
of such public moneys,) any of tho ofli
cers named from receiving any thing but
gold and silver, treasury notes, in pay
ment of public dues. The last prohibi
tion, tho concluding section of Mr. Cam
breleng's bill, is not mentioned in the bill
reported by Mr. Wright.
The bill withholding the fourth instal
ment of the surplus deposite. was finally
b the gonatet on Fxldzy, by a
r of 28 ,0 17ii;jaB Argus.
Refiort tfth Secretary tfthe Trewi
rf""7The whole imouni of available mo
ney in the Treasuy, on ihe 1st of Janua
ry, 1837", applicable, to public purposes
as $42,468,859 87. From that sura,
wer o ikat inj "read ved $J,000
000; and the balance, heinn 437 4fiA R19
. a y7.,.wv ww,
. was, under the provisions of the -act
of June 3, 1836, to be p'aced in depo
Site With Ihe Slatca. Il U aorlnmart
'hat ft27.063.430 80 of it h VA einrA hnan
actually received by them.
"e amount ot that portion of the first
bree instalments, thn mumcni nr u,l,,vt.
, i j
nas not yet been -acknowledged, though
transfers were seasonably iatuaH fnr it.
81J65.575 8. The remainder is g9,t
36r,J4 99,aD(l is the sum which -waa
designed for the fourth imtialment t,( dy
posites with Ihe states on the 1st of Ocfo
ber next.' Tbe amount reserved in the
Treasury on the 1st of Januarv has ainca.
been increased, by returns subsequently
received from banks, fo the atvn of$6,
670,197 52; and which, of course, could
not then be ascertained or taken into cum-
putation.-C7fv. Daily jtdv. . i
From the Elyris Itcriub icin.
We have repeatedly inatiired. lo knosr
bat are the principles of the federal
wh:gs what they propose to do if they
had the power what reforms the? would
bring abrut? As yet we get no answer. ,
trenaa noped some of tbe clamorous
ian would before Ibis time answer tbe oft
repraled request. ,, Are they bent on aa
exclusive paper currency? Are they for
a resumption of specie payments? if so,
when ,nd how is it to be brought aboutt
uo tney propose to abolish slavery and
ncoursge an tndisciiminate intercourse
etween the blacks snd the white neoolel
Do tbey propose lo abolish, and make pe
nal, extra-judicial oaths? Do they pro
pose lo contract another national debt
Do they propose a high tariff? Do they
propose to sell the public domain for abra
plasters? Ho they propose to have poav
tages and customs paid in irredeemable '
bank papei? Do they propose broken
banks as receiving and disbursing agenla
for ihe general government? Do ihey ,
propose any ref irm in the present bank-
ing system? and if eo, wbat is il? Wo
liould be bappy to have some of them'
stale definitely what they propose to do
it would be a great favor. So far we get
nothing from them but cUmor and com
plaint against Ihe administration, wilbput .
a single specific proposition (a national
bank excepted) of what they would do if
they had the power. There is nothing so 1
much talked about and et so little known, .
as the federal whig principles of the pres
ent day. They appear to be 'every thing ..
by turns, and nothing long.' We, howev
er, have been M to get "somefigm an -
mis suDjeci, irom a resolution adopted to
a late federal whig convention in Perry
county. It isas'follows:
"Resolved, That it is a principle of
the whigs lo watch and guard against the
first approach of arbitrary power, and to
That the federal whigs in convention
assembled should openly avow tbur pre
ference fur tyranny over republicanism, ,
was hardly expected, though many of
them have long been suspected of enter
taining such feelings.
special 8es8i0n.
Senate, ' '
Wednesday, Sept. 20.
Several memorials were presented re
monst rating against the annexion of Tex- -as
to the U. S., by Mr. Swift, Mr. Niles '
and Mr. Wall, all of which were laid on
the table.
Mr. Wright, from the committee on fi
nance, to whom the subject was referred,
reported a bill to remit the duties on cer
tain goods destroyed by the fire in New
York, which was read and ordered to a
second reading. ' -
The resolution offered yesterday by Mr.
Clay, of Ala. calling for information on
the subject of public lands, was taken up
and agreed to.
Sub-treasury system. The bill irnpo
sing additional duties as depositories of
the public money on certain ofiicers, was
taken up and read a second time- ,
Mr. Calhoun then . moved to amend
the bill by introducing a new section."
Mr. Wright suggested a modification,
which was accepted by Mr. Calhoun, ahd
the amendment was offered in the follow. .
ing form: ' '
Sec And he it further enacted, that
from nnd after the 1st day of Jan. 1338
three-fourths of tho amount due to gov
ernment, for duties, taxes, sales of pnbllo
lands, or other debts may be received in
the notes of specie paying banks; and
that from and after the first dny of Janu
nr)" 1840, 1 fourth; and from and after ,
the 1st day of Jan. 1841, all rums due for
duties, sales of public land?, or other debts
o."the government, and all payments to
the General Post Office, ehali bo pa-id in
gold and silver coin only, or in such notes,
bills or paper, issued under the authority .
of tho United States, as may be directed
to bo received by law. And from and af
ter tho first of January, 1811, all ofricers
or disbursing agents engaged in making
disbursements, on account of the United
States or General Post Oflico, shall make .
alt the paymeots in gold and silver only, .
or in such notesj bills or paper as shall t '

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