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Bf II A It T & SOMEBVltLE.
hnil tin In aaa be Free! i
Almost every Northern man, to whatever
party he may belong, desires tha spread of
free institutione. Toe genius of ihe age de-
manda it Commerce U free ; ecience i
free, and man, made in the Image ol bit
Maker, ahould be free. Chains, whip 'and
bondage illy become Ibe American Repub-
1 , ) i RAVENNA, OHIO X
Ttinrsday. November SO, IS56.
jH-meeraUc State t'onrentioo
'An article appeared in the Cleveland
Plain Dealer doy or two ainee, advocating
the postponement of the Democratic State
Convention until the month of June. The
reasons argued in favor of this, ara aound
and jadicjous. The old custom of meeting
on the 8ih of January, was a good one.
That is a day which ought to be observed
eat honored not only by the Democratic
party; bet by the whole American people
hot a political Convention ia a matter
business and ougbt to be held with especial
reference to the work to be done and the
, -uoiph be achieved. There sre in our
Judgment many reasons why it is better to
nu.be mr State nominations later in the
j ear. A short but spirited campaign is gen
eraWr more successful than one of long du
ration. - We have Just passed through one
of the moat exciting and important in our
history. . Editors and stumpers especially
need rest. The people need rest. They
have read nothing, heard nothing, aaen noth
ing but politics for the last aix months.
Again, as suggested by the Plain Dealer,
we have a Fusion Legislature which during
its extra session may enact or repeal laws,
with reference to which we may desire to
take action in Convention. We have a
Fusion House in Congress, which unless it
receive a new supply of sense, will make
some grevions blunders. Let our Legists
, tare'ar.d House of Congresa make their
l' record, and then we can be guided in our ac
tion accordingly. Not that Democratic
principles will be changed or affected by the
proceedings of the oppesitions. Our princi
ples are eternal and unchangeable. But our
opponents may assume new position and
raise new questions which it ia well to be
ready to meet.
"Our Republican friends are fond of talk
ing about who has and who lias not a major
ity or all the votce. Now, if we apply their
role of reckoning to Fremont, it will show
that he is no where in all the great States.
In the State of Pennsylvania he lacks about
84,000 of a majority of all the votes cast.
In Ohio, he wants about 10.000, of a major
ity' of all the votes. In Indiana, he has hbout
ZO.flOO less than a majority of all the votes.
In Illinois, he has nearly 40,000 less
than a rnnjority over all. In New York, he
lacks' over 75.000 of a majority of the popu
lar vote. In New Jersey, if we mistake
not, he is in the minority some 30,000.
Thus it will be seen that in the six great
Northern States named, Fremont's minori
ties foot up at just about 209.000.
We do nut wish to glory over the defeat
of Col. Fremont oh, no; not us! but
merely call the attention of our Republican
friends to the illustrious mixokitt . casdi-
II ATE J
f In looking over the tfficial vote of Illi
nois, we find a number of counties which de
serve to bear banners for the next four years
and we eannot resist the temptation ol sub
milting a few of them to our readers for gen-
Slavery ia a curse, and a cncer eating
out and poisoning the life blood of society.
Still, it exiata in filteen Statea of the Confed
eracy, and we in Ohio have an more power
over it, than over the. local institutions of
Great Britain. ft waa fastened upon us by
the Mother country. Washington, Jeffer
son end other of the Fathers, regretted its
existence; but they, for the sake of the hies
ainee which would flow from the formation
of the Union, were willing to form tree and
alar Slates into one Confederacy. They
framed the Federal Government upon the
principle that slavery is local, and that each
State ahould be at full liberty to form and
manage its sen domestic affairs, and be re
sponsible for the same.
The doctrine of popular sovereignty did
not bffin with the Nebraska bill. It began
with the Declaration of Independence, which
declarea that all power of government is de
rived from the consent of the people gov
erned. . The issue of the right of the people
of a State or Territory to mannge their own
affaire, was not first made and decided in the
Presidential contest of 1856; it was made
between the colonists and King George,
eighty years ago. It ia only revived r.ow.
By the election of Buchanan, the people
have decided that it ia inexpedient for Con
gresa to interfere with the question of slavery
in the Territories that it U the right of the
bona jU inhabitants to settle that question
according to their own good pleasure
This matter being decided, the question
comes up: Under this decision, what is the
fate of Kansas 1 Is she to be cursed by
slavery or blessed by the benign influence of
free institutions ! How will the people, u
left to manage affairs in their own way, and
if protected from all invasion from without,
decide! Our answer is unhesitatingly, that
THEY WILL HAKE KilSAS A FREE STATE.
According to the best authorities, a msj iri
ty of the people there now, are opposed to
slavery. The laws of emigration are such,
that a fertile country in the weet, if left to
the uninterrupted settlement of all classes,
will be occupied mainly by freemen and the
advocates of free labor. No Emigrant Aid
Societies are needed from either Massachu
setts or South Carolina. Both are out of
time and place, and can do only injury. Let
the freemen who "of their own free will and
accord" have made Kansas their home, on
the day of the election, without any parade,
bluster or taunt, go up to. the ballot box and
deposit their votes, and when the polls are
counted, Kansas will have a free constitution.
There is only one thing to feai and that
is the leaders of the Republican party.
Freedom in the Territories is death to their
hopes. They have falsely charged the De
mocracy with having a desire to extend the
institution of slavery, and now to moke good
their charge, they themselvoa will spare no
pains to rivet chains on the free and growing
Territories of the West. They attempted
this by the passage of Dunn's bill they ex
hibited their base intentions by refusing to
abolish the Kansas code, and now when
these things have failed, they seek to prevent
emigration to Kansas from the free Stales, by
the circulation of falsehoods and misrepresen
tations. By the publication of accounts ot
'Kansas outrages," which are generally
manufactured to order, the Republican press
is doing infinitely more to make a slave State
than any and all other agenciea combined.
It preventa the emigration of thousands of
free laborers, who would otherwise make
their homo in the west, and by their votes
and influence build up free institutions.
ob"Theyre taking flailing earda, where
upon, besides the name, the portrait of the
party ia engraved.; - - - -
rvy It ia estimated that there are at pre
aent 35,000 person in the United Statea
afflicted with insanity.
fttr No leas than 833.850 pounds of quick
silver were exported from California during
the aix months ending July 1st. .
fJCT The snow on Friday, was ao heavy
on tho Weatern (N. Y ) Railroads as to
brinff enow ploughs into use. Some of them
were delayed on time.
Oir Anne of Bohemia, consort of Rich
ard the Second, first introduced the faahion
of riding side-ways, before which time la
dies straddled the horses. ' "
(KrThe Springfield (Mo.) Advertiser men
tions the death of Col. Nathan Boone,
youngest eon of Daniel Boon, week before
last, aged seventy-two years.
03r A Congreas of Homcepathic medical
men ia toaaeet at Brussel.oa the 2M mat
ml th mitt homcaaathiats of Europe are
expected to take part in the proceedings
Vikgihu Silk. The Richmond Whig
haa been ahown several beautiful white silk
handkerchiefs, made by two young ladies
of Rappnnhannock county, Va., Misses
Willis, from the product of silk worm fed
The Late Senate Ctaytoiii
The New York Express, in noticing the
death of Hon. Jabn M. Clayton, of De le-
ware, gives the following sketch of his cha
racter and aetiona. which those who have
ArriVBl oi ia uceri a-aaw
XIOHT DATS LAtta 10t CAUfOHU. .
U. S. M. steamer, Georre Law, William
Lewis Hernden, U. 8. N., commanding,
i if . ii vr --l- L
. . . j . . . i v.., 'iiueo irQiBnipinwiii,""'. ,' "
been acquainted with him and have observ- ,.!. jers. mails and treaa-
ed his manners, must acknowledge to neiure for few York, brought down by ateam
truthful in the higheat degree: . . . jer Golden Age. She experienced sue-
ceaslun ol strong norin-easieriy winui, wun
i i ..t. m rii.ini. nnt vreit man..
......v.., - - . very heavy sea, during the entire passsge.
but very remarkable man. Wrthout a J (hre B0 hln a ,
high order of eloquence he yet wae elo- the p.a.en-
quent Without much learn ng he twa. , . 8B Ffinc J0
,w La bring. $1,636,607 23
waa raueuio. nmuiwui-ii -
The Snnday School Massvcvc.
We learn from cur Pennsylvania ex
changee that A. F. Hufiel, Conductor of the
excursion train, on the North Pennsylvania
Railroad, which came in collision, last July,
with another train, killing three or four
scores of human beings, is now on trial at
Norrietown. Sixty-seven indictments for
voluntary and involuntary manslaughter,
have been found against him, and sixty one
for misdemeanor. Able counsel are arrayed
on both aides. The firtt panel of two hun
dred jurors was exhausted, and only eight
men were found who had not expressed an
Buchanan. Fremont. Fillmore.
Effingham, 784 90 163
Franklin, 1051 5 251
Jackson, 1056 14 322
Jefferson, 1278 60 426
Johnson, 1144 2 74
Marsac, 630 5 251
Pope, 484 3 50
Saline, 1004 4 228
White, 1062 27 845
. Total, 7473 310 2610
Our opposition friends get quite eloquent
en ;,the subject of the intelligence of the
Northern Suckers and the ignorance of
fhose residing in the southern part of the
State, and by trying to under-volue the in
felligence of such counties as the above
la account for the miserable run their can
didata made on the prairies. They are wel
come to all the comfort they can get out of
each amusement. A prima facie evidence
of their intelligence and their fitness to
choose their own rulers, is the overwhelm
ing vote received by the two experienced
stat semen who were candidStes, while the
unknown political adventurer scarcely got
enough to show that he was running at all
J It is possible that the woolly horse party
'In Illinois have the most book knowledge,
'as claimed; but Knowledgo and Wisdom
" are far from being one. We are told by
the poet that
-'KoirledgB dwclli In mlods rcplota with othcr'i
.Wtadom lu tlioae attentive to their own."
Ssr Crop of the South.
It was a wise and prudent legislation in
Congress which brought about the appro
priation of some $75,000 to procure fresh
euppliea of sugar-cane for planting in the
sugar Statea next season; for, while our
demand for the article has increased with
the great increase of our population, the ex
tent of the sugar crop has been decreasing
for several years. It is not that less lands
are planted, or less care taken in the culti
vation, but the cane itself has deteriorated,
yielding less and less saccharine substance.
It is believed that new plants will increase
and improve our crop, and the belief is cer
tainly a most reasonable one.
Epidemic Among Fish.
A curious phenomenon has jut exhibited
itself among the finny tribe in same of the riv
ers in Michigan. It is announced that du
ring the past week, the shores of Grand river
have been strewed with dead and dying fish
of unusual size. The epidemic prevails in
the Shanaase. This is the second time du
ring the preseut season that the waters of
these streams have been thus Bcourged.
A few months ago every form of creeping
thing known to that country, was cast dead
upon the banks, in great numbers. Lizards
of enormous size and offensive appearance,
were piled in heaps where they were thrown
by the eddying current. Rats, snak es, and
almost every species of scaly and slimy
monsters shared a like fate. Now, however,
the disease, or whatever it maybe called,
in confined to the fish, and is necessarily
attracting much attention among men of
science and others, as to the causes of such
he had the reputation of being one. He knew
a little of almost erervttiins, wimow now-
inir anvthinr especially well. He attracted )
aenate and bewitched a moo. a no mini
social man almost in the world, he never
yet wai in society to any extent. He loved
man and avoided woman; aoa n wuuiui.m
all day and all night with hie own aex, but
alwaya dodge the other, if he Could. With
extraordinary habits, he ahortened life cre
ated to be long;
Nature gave him a powcrmi pnystque,
which ha crippled, or deprived of muscle, by
never developing it, or exerciaing any part
of bis frame if lie could help . it. His dsy
about twelve M.. and ended at two
br three, A. M. He would work in the Sen
ate aatidiiously alt day and read nearly an
night. Inspiring everybody with an im
pression of h's own aincerity, it ie very
doubtful if. as a nolilician, he waa sincere
at all; nevertheless, everybody liked him,
whether they accepted ail heeaidor not.
Without order in hia hubiU, he neverthe
less, could scbieve a great amount of work.
Whitn ha had a thinff to do he wont into it
with his whole heart and eoul, and would out
ait . nr nut talk, or out stand anybody and
evervhorfv connected with him in his work
Fickle, however, in hie mino, ne onen w r,
ml nt with dilficultv. misled Irom ma pur-
posca. Kir uenry uuiwer beauceu nun u
in the Central American Treaty, from the
true, straight forward track. During the
Taylor Administration, he halted, as a mem
ber ef the Cabinet, all the wane Between
wind and water. .
But, peace to hia remains! No wife mourns
him! Nn family nours a lament over his
death bed! He was a man to love and nev.
er to hute a jovial Companion -a most
agreeable tulker the delight ot the miny
social circles in which lie happened to be
proud of Delaware, his little native State,
and even ita protector and defender. Hie
speeches, at times, have exerted a large in
fluence over the public mind, and hia memo
ry will be fresh for years and years among
all political men. Peace to his manes."
SUMMABT OF rOlIHICBT't IIWI. (
Turn Stat. Nothing haa occurred du
ring the put two weeke calculated to" im
part any special intereat to the newe from
this State. Tue excitement consequent up
on the action of the Vigilance Commiiee
haa abated with the dissolution of that or
ganization. As a body the Committee ex
iata no longer, though, doubtless, the indi
vidual members held themteives in reaoi-
nee to act aa a unit, ahould any exigency
arise requiring their mutual co-operation.
It is to be hoped, however, that no auch con
tingency will nappen, aoa m prceui
disbanding will e final and complete.
Such Is the earnest purpoae ana oeitreoi me
Committee themselves, and nothing will
defeat this determination but some act on
the part of their opponents compelling the
memoere 10 reunite iur iuiv
In this city the Republicans and the Peo
ple's party have united upon a local ticket,
thereby rendering the election of the reform
Robberiea and murdere have been less
frenuent in the mountains for the last week
or two, since more stringent measures have
been adopted for their auppressioii
The proclamation of Governor Johnson,
declaring this city in a atate of insurrection,
has not yet been withdrawn.
John S. Robb. well known from his con
nection with the urese, both here and in the
East, died at Sacramento on the 5th of Octo
The Indians in Clinton Valley, Mendo
rino cotintv. having stolen a lot of cattle,
. . ' M 4 1
were oursued bv -a party or wnu.es ana aooui
fifty of their number killed, according to re-
Afialrs in Europe. ;
The London correspondent of the New
York Tribune takes bird's-eye view of
affaire in Europe aa followa:
"The Neapolitan queation la viewed differ
entlv bv Emrlsnd and France. Napoleon
requires nothing from King Bomba but ei
ther a comprehensive amnesty or a raiorm
of hia jodicWry, and the King may, oerhtpa,
ba Inclined to do ao much after the depart
ure of the esnbaaaadora. Lord Palmeraton,
ion the other hand, seem to rountenance
and to count upon rising in aieiiy; ot
course, not in order to support it, but to
get the-abdication of the King. It ia cer
tainly somewhat peculiar that the Italian
refuireea have suddenly disapyeared from
Switierland, and partially likewise from
Sardinia, and we tnav, therefore, soon hear
of an outbrake. ' Snfii, the late Roman Tri
umvir, hali been invited to deliver series
of lectures on Italy, in the different towna of
England, -and the l imes pecpraes ei once
friendly to"tne Italian cause. ,
Kossuth is to lecture early in November j
Froa to DatroH Frea IW v
f-J i Terrible Calamity I
rBEC OF tHl TUBES StirEIIOB Ol UXl
. , annttoB 1 1.
: ' By the arrival of the propeller Gen. Tay
lor at this port from Lake Superior this mor
ning, we hae the intelligence of the total
wreck of the Superior, of the Chicago St
Lake Superior line, off tbe Pictured Rocke.
and the lose of thirty-five I ires. Below ie
the statement, made by the mate of the Su
perior, of the terrble calamity: -
J f eTATEKIIT OF THE HATE. - ' , ' .
' The bteamcr Superior left the Sautt St. 1
Mary's Canal at 7 o'clock on the morning
of the 39th of October; wind from tbe
I annthward: weather bafntr favorable. Passed
White Fish Point at A. M. At 3 o'clock
P. M. wind canted round S. W. and blew
fresh. At 5 P. M., off Grand Marais, anotf '
squalls, and wind blowing very heavy from
the S. W. . I then told Capt. Jones ws
would have to run back. He made the re.
ply, "We will wait and aee how it is at aiat 'l
Wind atill blowing neavy iron. ,
on Italy, in theFree-ir.de Hall at M.nches-i the 8. ' W. At 10 o'clock wind hauled
. . ... ... . 1 aaoAsaMJ M W hlnn-inA SB Art hnBCT At 11
ter. invited by all try Principe mercn.nta -" " "T! J VJ :""
and manufacturers, skid to eXid bis visit " """u "
to the adjacent manufActuring Tdistricta.' In boat W. 8. W., distant about filteen milesi
December he goeaagati to Scotland, where! V V K
k. L. hrvnmm a nei'ulior favorite of thai una" ' ' jbibiiu.
neoole, who re"eneer i listen trj hie wo
There cannot be any further doubt about
the schemes of the Queen of Spain: She
openly avows her intentionlo return to the
absolutism of her father,; Fecdinaml VII,
..... . i i. - 1 i
and to unuo an mai nus unpnrneu sines
1832. She seems to forgot,Olnl she holds
her throne exclusively btfr Constitution,
At 11 o'clock we carried away our rud
der; sea heavy and making fast. She therf ;
fell Into the trough of the sea. We then'
ahipped our tiller, and tried our after wheel; '
but found it would not work. At 12 o'clock
her smoke pipes blew away. The deck
load, consisting of flour, merchandize, thirty-four
head cattle and hogs, eVifted to lee-
j Mr . i i.i r
ward. we uiun ruiniiiciirfcu iiiruwui utbi-
I .1... . .hTln... in Ik.
IHU mat WWII N. ouprmuiu. w ma (.-..-. ,...' :j .LI-
tices or her father, the aons of Don Carlos ?"a,,n8 fCK 'onu: "
have a better right to the crown than ahe difficulty, got part of the cattle and hogs
, ...... u. . i fast. Rizad the pumpa, but could not get
Ilrr DUIllllBk lUJMfrvtTi aic a etui biiuiihci.' '. . , n t.
1"P" ..a. B.i.r:.,.u i., .h. ih.ri- her free. Water saining fust. Engine kept
,,r.. u v. . ...,nrt ,h. ,.... Dntout
r right to the crown than ahe d.raculty, , eot par, ot me came ana nog.
he private life of the Queen and ! overboard through the gangway, and by cut'
hjs sufficiently shaken the pres- tin ll'e bu w"rk- .nd and serf
archical institutions in Spain; ! increasme. At 12j begun to make water
' Ihe fires
T llt'tirVCI IIIC UUiupruil i'l I-to s , , ,
will find the path of the R-publio cleared! Sea boarding her; Cleared away the an
e .ii ...,. ik.i chars, hove the lend, but found no eoundings.
..niir.pnt of KroDe. with the exceoiion of , Snovv.ng. Kept the lead agoing tint, wa
Turkey, Russia, and p. rhaps Sweden; and got seven fathoms of w ater.
alaiii, .1,1 mnu ImAl ail mionh fnc ti.o under our lee close aboard
A Iliglitcoiis Judge.
A voung man was sentenced in
burgh, last Saturday, to six months impris
onment in jail, for assaulting another with
"knucklers." His counsel, previous to the
passing of the sentence, solicited leniency
for his client on the score of good character
and gentlemanly conduct generolly. The though he bound her to him by the chains of
judge replied that it was fortunate for him Hymen, he iosi ner on nis way uunic
Greeley at Fault.
Fremont has a larger electoral vote, with
Colifornia, than any defeated candidate ever
had: and Mr. Buchanan has a smaller pro
portion of the whole popular vote than any
man who waa ever chosen President by the
people. N. Y. Tribune.
In the forecoins statement, the lribune
ie guilty of committing a gross error. Al
lowing California to Fremont, (which he
will not get, the State -being sure for Buch-
onan,) he has but one hundred and eighteen
olertnrnl votes. In 1843. Gen. Cass, the
Democratic candidate for President, receiv
ed one hundred and twenty seven votes to
Geu. Taylor's one hundred and sixty-three
Had Pennsylvania voted for Cass, he
would have been elected by the people. j 05" Lately, at Topaham, Maine, Mrs.
Fromtlw San FrancUoo Slato Journal, Oct. 17.
Letter from Mr. Buchannn on the
Pacific Iluilrpml Question.
Wheatland, (near Lancaster) Pa. ,)
September 17th, 1856. $
Tn 71. F. Washington. Era , Clinirman
of Democratic State Central Committee of
California Sir: I have received numerous
communications from sources in California
entitled tn high regard, in reference to the
proposed Pacific Railroad. As it would be
impossible for me to answer them all, I
deem it most proper and respectful to ad
dress you o general nnswer in your official
cipaeity. In performing this duty to the citi
zens of California, I act in perfect consist
ency with the self-imposed restriction con
tained in my letter accepting the nomina
tion for the Presidency, not to answer inter
rogations raising new and different issues
from those presented by the Cincinnati Con
vention, because that Convention has itself
adopted a resolution in favor of the great
I then desire to state, briefly, that con
curring with the Convention, I am decided
ly favorable to the construction of the Paci
fic Railroad; mid I derive the authority to
do this from the coustihitional power "to
declare war" and the constitutional duty "to
repel invasions." In my judgment, Con
gress possesses the same powor to make
appropriations for the construction of this
road, strictly for the purpose of national de
fence, that it has to erert rortihr.ations at
the mouth of the harbor of Sin Francisco.
Indeed, the necessity, with a view to repel
foreign invasion from California, is as great
n the one case as in the oilier. . neiiner
will there be danger from the precedent, for
it is almost impossible to conceive that any
case attended by such extraordinary and un
precedented circumstances can ever agmn
occur in our history. . ,
Yours, very respecttuiiy,
n .. I. I U.. .U.
A man named uoieoroon wnsiiung uy wc
mob at Ar.eePs Camp for killing Dr. Arm
strong, by stabbing him with s knife.
Two Americans goi lino a uimcuuy wun
a Mexican while playing monU, at Six-mile
Bar, when the latter shot one of them named
Steward, from the effects or which he died
a day cr two after.
Walter L. Chrysler commenced suit in
he Superior Court against Ex Mayor Gar
rison to recover 81,389 46, alleged to be
due him on account ol a flour speculation.
Judgo Shattjck, however, discovered that
i So on had been tried before, and that
Chrvsler. to bring it up again, had sworn di-
tvfiU contrary to hi former affidavit. Of
course, the case was immediately erased
from the record.
From the South Gadseb Purchase.
Mr. Peeten, representing the owners of the
rich silver mines atTubar, jn the Gadsen
Purchase, hud arrived at Tueaon, with a com
pany of men, designed for working these
mines on an extensive scale. Col. James
Douglass, long a resident of Mexico, hud
Iremlv commenced operations at another
mine in Ihe purchase
Sokora. Ex Governor Gand'ir i had at
tempted to get up a revolution in the State
nf Sonora. but being defeated by Governor
A?uillnr, he had fled tu a tribe of Indians
San Diego. A severe shock of on earth
quake had been felt at this place on the 20th
of September, causing much consternation,
especially among the Indians. The walls
pt many of the houses were cracked, and the
plastering shaken down. The shock was
accompanied with on oscillating movement
of the earth, and a sound like cars passing
Los Angelos. The grape crop in this
section has been abundant the present year,
beyond all precedent. Between five ond six
thousand boxes were shipped to this city on
the Senator on her lot trip.
One Indian recently killed another of his
roce in Los Angeloe, from no higher motive
than to possess himself of $2 and a new pair
of shoes, which he knew the,other had about
hia person. Murders-among these people
are frenuent in that aection, and often per
pctrnted u iih even less inducement than the
overthrow of sixty thrones,
Napolean has lotely become so impatient
of the mild strictures of the English press,
and especially of the communication of Ihe
Cayenne papers of Louis Blanc, that, forget
ting hh usual tact, he gave a solemn warn
ing to England ia an official article in the
AJoniieur,i.nd threitening a rupture of the
famous alliance in case the press should
continue its " calumnies.'' The English
press manfully replied to tho silly manifesto,
though not exclusively in the interest of the
freedom ol the press, but likewise because
the moneyed interest is neriously endanger
ed by the recklessness of Paris speculators,
abetted by the Emperor and his most inti
mate friends. The crash is not very dis
tant. Such is the impression in the city.
The Oriental controversies remain sta
tionary, and nosttps have as yet been taken
for bringing about an orrangomeni wun re
spect to the pending questions. The renew
al ot the Paris Uonterences, thougn distaste
ful to England, can scarcely be avoided, es
pecially as the Neulchalol squuuble be
tween Switzerland and Prussia, mu-t be
settled in the interest of the peace Of Cen
tral Europe. The Neopolitau 'question will
likewise there only receive its solution,
unless an Italian rising should precipitate
Frcmouter in Trouble Lost
The St. Louis Herald contains the follow
ing touching history ol how a Chicago Fre
monter visited the land of "border ruffians,"
and won a dark-complexioned maiden, and,
that he was not indicted for an attempt to
murder, and said when people with gentle
manly culture and good character perform
ed such deeds he should punish them as
rowdies and ruffians. "Tho first gentleman
of the land shall fare no better than the
Result In New York and
' Tho official returns from New York have
nnt hepn all received, but the N. Y. Tribune
says the following statement is correct:
Fremont, - 271,395
iBuefaanany 4 v . . ' v ' 191.096
Fillmore, .-.:,.. 122,199
' Total Vote ; " " s 68,690
Premont'e plurality oyer Buchanan, SO,
"00. 'In Pensylvania the rote stands thus?
Fremont,' Fusion," : H7-.40
Fillmore, Fusion, bbfltl
jljnwre, Straight,. 86,637
Hid Pennsylvania voted for Fremont, he
would vet have been elected by the people.
Buchanan has received tho largest popular
majority over his principal competitor that
any Presidantial candidate ever received.
It will amount to 400,000 majority over Fre
mont, while even in the sweep of 1852,
General Pierce only obtained 900,000 ma
jority over General Scott.
Senator Douglas and General
Shields at Cleveland.
On Tuesday evening the Democrats of
Cleveland had a jollification and general re
joicing over the reoults of the late election.
Senator Douglas and General bhields were
sccidentally present, being on their way to
Washington City. They were received
with great enthusiasm. In noticing the re
ception the Plain Dealer says:
"The tree on which the Black Republicans
hung and burnt the effigy of Senator Doug-
. r ..... l... f 1 : . . . . I
las, as a loaen ot uieir umer icciing iuwu.u
the Nebraska Bill two years ago, was illu
minated by the Democrats laet night with a
Senator Douglas and General ShieU'a
mads very neat speeches, and the wbole af
fair passed off to tbe unbounded satiafaction
of (be Democrats present.
V TiUl Vote- ( 460,088
u The plurality of Buchanan over Fremont
is 83,261; over the fusion of Fillmore and
, Fremopt, abont 37,000, and over everything.
about 700. -.- It will be seen that Buchanan's
plurality In Pennsylvania is probably great-
adhan- Fremont' in Ne York-
Susan Taroox, for a long time previous in
sane, destroyed herself by fire. She shut
herself up in a room, made it tight by stuff
ing pieces of carpet about the doors and
windows to prevent the escape of smoke,
and set her clothes on fire at the waist by
means of matches. The smoke, however
did escape, and so alarmed the people in
the house, that they soon found her, though
too late to save her life. She lingered till
the next day, and manifested at no time any
symptoms of pain or distress.
Thb Mahufactuke of Paper, and its
CoasuMPTioa. There are now 750 paper
mills in the United States, with 2,000 steam
engines constantly in operation. The mills
produced last year, 270,000,000 pounds of
paper, and as a pound and a quarter of rags
were required for each pound of paper, 4C0,-
000- pounds of raw material wera therefore
consumed in this way, supplied from the
United States and' the continent of Europe.
A Noble Gift.--At the Farmera' Assem-
' The Chicago Timet of Thursday baa the
official returns from eightjyfour eonnties snd
the reoorted majorities in the other sixteen
counties, tbe footing, up of which standa
thus:- :-'.' -! -" '' -
Buchanan . - i - ; ' lMr8
Fremont . 91,800
A Second Jnck Sheppard.
Georare W. Townsend, who was sen
tenced to two years in the Delaware State
Prison, at Newcastle, tor robbing mo post
office at Wilmington, Delaware, has sue'
ceeded, as already stated, in breaking jail
strain. This is the fourth time he has es
caned from this prison. The first time, while
in prison waiting his trial, he broke jiil and
let out three other prisoners; on the same
niirlit there were aome six or seven stores
broken into in Wilmington. Shortly after
this escape Townsend was recognized and
arrested in Philadelphia, and a portion of
the iroods taken from Ihe store was found on
his ncrson: he also had on his person five
Distold. heavily loaded, ond a large dirk
knife. In a few days after he was lodged
in the old quarters; he again escaped from
his cell, and had reached the top ol tliewail
and was in the act of jumping dowH on the
outside, when he was discovered by the
Sheriff, the Sheriff fired at him, and he was
Shortly after this second attempt to es
cane his trial rtime on. Uelore lie was sen
tenced he mode a strong appeal to the court
for clemency, that he was sorry for whot he
had done, would relorm, etc.
About a month after he was sentenced he
made his third escape from the prison; this
time he let out two other prisoners with him
and on this same night the post-othce at Wi
mington was robbed. This time he was re
cognized by the conductor while ia the cat
Here is the story :
"A few weeks ago, a white abolitionist
from Chicauu came to this city. He met
with a mulatto girl at a negro church, who
lived on Seventh street, and where ner par
ents owned spme property. The abolition
ist, after a brier courtship, wooed anu won
the colored gal. They were married by a
colored minister, and started for Galena on
a bridal tour. At Galena, Dinah met with a
steamboat cook, upon whose skin charcoal
would make a white mark, who was lormer-
Iv a beau of hers. The darkey upbraided
her for her faithlessness and infidelity. He
plead and frowned by turns, and then made
love in burning .or'd of fond devotion.
Dinuh eould Bui withstand his eloquence.
She fainted in his arms, exclaiming, "J am
dine.am only dine.'' We forgot to mention
that this interview took place on the boat,
while the husband was up in town looking
for a hotel. When he relurned, he learned
that his fair bride had sloped with the dar
key lor parts unknown,
IV.. ......s ... r!..nrnr Mai teann . if he
is not derelict n his duty, in allowing wife i between Wilmington and Chester. The
News ny Lightning
In noticing the triumphs ol Prof. Morse,
in girdling the earth with telegraphic wires,
tho Philadelphia Ledger thus prognosti
"There is now every reason to believe
that in less than two years, and probably
ss than one, the Ledger will each morn-
rig be able to furnish to its reader, at 6, A M
n account ol the .London and raria money
market up to its close the day before. In
London, tidinss Irom St. retersourgn in
ne direction, and Uooibuy in another wi
be hourly coining in; and from Wall street
to Calcutta, the records of stocks and prices
one day will be read in London papers of
the next, and a flood of new from all the
creat cities ol Europe. Steamships will
e looked for us they now ore, but, as slow
coaches, they will he valuable only as the
bringing in of files of old newspapers, and
lust as the spider silting on nis weo, toucn
os a few threads, anu uy ana ey, bucks an
the iuice out of a fly, and leave only the
wing9, legs and bones to be ptcKeu at leisure
so will the telegraph operators sit spider-like
in their web of wires, and suck and digest
all the juices cuch day from the world's
news, for the nourunent ot commerce, tot
anything we may now see, we may constant
ly obtain information from Calcutta to New
York in very few hours. 1 his is all tne
labor and ingenuity of one man-
"When the battle ol Wuterloowas tought.
it took from Sunday till Tuesday evening
for the news to reach Loudon. Rothschild
got the tidings six hours before the govern
ment, and inide millions by buying stocx
after which he sent his mlornvuion to the
King's ministers. No more such delajs in
luture. There will soon not be a battle
foti"ht on the broad enrth; but the results of
it will be known in New York and London
in a few hours."
stealers to infest the rivers and highways of
the West. Has it come to this, that a free
citizen of Chicsgo can't travel with his ne
conductor locked both ends of the car, and
when they reached Chester an officer was
procured and Townsend was again arrestee.
pro bride, without having her carried off Une ot the persons ne naa ie ouioi prison
bv other arms. This in Illinois I Is there named " Oyster Charley,' was wi n mm
a North! Ought not Pierce, ond Geary, and
Atchison to be hung lor this! Is not txover
nor Matteeon entally guilty 1 Chicago
05- The North American, a Republican
paper has the following remarks in regard
to Mr. Buchanan:-
"Mr. Buchanan will enter upon the Pre-
bly, Richmond, Gen. Philip St. G. Cooke, eidency with some unusual advantages.
on retiring from the office of President of
the Agricultural Society, gave to the Soci
ety hia check for twenty thousand dollars aa
a contribution to a fund for maintaining an
agricultural school in connection with the
University of Virginia.
Both Houses of Congress will have large
Democratic majorities responsive to tne meas
through which his election was achisved.-
He has had much experience in public affaire
at home and abroad, in the two branches of
the National Legislature, in the Cabinet,
and in the diplomatic misrionrof the largest
responsibility. In ell these positions he
acquitted himseii wun aignuy, uiiuj uu
integrity, acquiring toe enaraoier w a con
Death Fbom tee Bite or A Spidek.
Ita Cincinnati, on tha 80th ult., a young I tervative statesman, and inviting the respect
mm nmed William Houston wu oiwea any cunuwuiw
oy opiucr, . ""J'""" - On Wednesday last, in Morgan co.,
ter a few houra ot great suffering. The Go- 0enjamllI Seott was founsl dead, having
xetlittr that physicians of long practice . killed with a club. . Two brothers
tatathat it is ths onlv affkir of ths kind 1 named Fouts I were suspected. One was ar-
which baaevar eoma within their. knowledge. J ssjsd, and th otner "sa
the car. and he was also arrested. Town
send was taken back to the prison, and th
time, to make sure of him, lie was put in
double irons, which moons handcuffs, and
hobbles or leg irons.
He was locked in his cell and closely
watched. Notwithstanding all this precau
tion, he Bffain effected another and a fourth
escope on Friday night last This time he
had' filed or sawed oft his handcuns ana leg
irons, and cutting a hole through the oak
floor of his cell he descended into a room
below.from there he got into the prison-yard,
and then sealed the wall, which is about
twenty feet high. His feats will rival those
of Jack Sheppard or Sixteen String Jack.
He is certainly the most successful jail-
breaker this country has produced, ana.wni'e
he ia now at large, will no dodUtiesa im
prove on his past experience. Townsend
is a young man, about nineteen yaara of age,
about five feet aix inches high, well and
compactly built, light hair and complexion,
and blue eyes. .rua. utager,
Brutal murder and Itobbcry.
It becomes our painful duty to record the
commission of a second brutal murder with
in the limits of our county. Mr. John Whit
ney, cue ol the oldest und most respectable
citizens of Loudunville, while on his way
home after nightfall on Tuesd.iy night was
way-layed by some inhuman wretch, knocked
down and robbed of, it is supposed, about
$50, within forty rods of his own house.
Mr. Whitney finally recovered sumcientlj
to make his way to his dwelling, but Was
unable to utter a word after he reached
home. : His skull was fractured and his
mouth badly bruised. The blood flowed
freely from his wounds the cxict spot
where the murder was committed is thereby
pointed out. Mr. Whitney died about six
o'clock this (Wednesday) morning. Who
the fiend was, that committed the bloody
deed remains a profound mystery. No clue
has as yet been obtained as to tha wherea
bouts of tho murderer, nor does the slight
est suspicion attach to tiny one in the vicin
ity of Loudonville. - Mr. Whitney leaves a
wife ai d several children to mourn Ins un
happy end. We hope no effort will he spar
ed to ferret out the author of this deed The
fair If me of our county and the safety of all
is at stake. AsiUandUhio) Union.
Sao Affair. Mr. Adorn Loutzenbizer,
of Nimiskillen township, this county, went
to the polls on Tuesday, the 4th Inst., when
some Iriend commenced jesting with him,
which ended in a wrestle, and Air. L. get
Una injured in tho spine, oil his lower c X
tremities instantly became inserisible. He
was still living when last Hebrd from, but
slight hopes are entertained ot ms recovery
--Stark Co. uem. ?..
Murder is Massiloh Two men had
an altercation in Massilon on Friday of lant
week-, when one took out a large knife and
cut tha other 5n tha abdomen so that his
bowels protruded. The wounded man died
ik. hav, asm Uia r.m. ti a Jnannh Vnl
(Q-Ssreno rercivai, a cmren ot i roy,- ... Tha naiM of the guilt? man is
Geauga county, Ohio, committed suicide on j prejerick Welslogle. He it under arrests-
ths 10tb ult, by shooting himself.' Strk-V0. Vem.
Made the land
We then let.
go the small anchor; could not get the largo
anchor off her bows. The small anchor
would not hold her, when she immediately
struck forwark; her stern swung round, and
the next sea carried her broadside on the
rocks. After she struck, I left Ibe prome-'
nade deck and went on the upper deck.
Stood there a few minutes, aft of the pilot
house; then went down agin on the prom
enade deck, where I saw Capt. Jones for
the last time. Then went through the
cabin. Saw no passengers in the cabin.
. Went to on tbe hurricane deck again,
aft of the wheels; there found a numbejf ,
passengers and, crew. I then went down f -
on the main deck and stood in the gangway-".'
on the lee side; saw the large boat in the
water, with a number of persons in in it.
Cabin at this time cracking ond peiees fly
ing in every direction. I then jumped over
board and made for the boat, and then got
into it. The first engineer had hold of the
gunwule of the boat; hauled him in, and
also tho watchman. Told the people in
the boat to get out their oars and pull into
the lake, which they did. A sea struck her
ond slewed her bows in shore. Tbe next
sea upset her.
I found that my feet touched the rocks
After a good deal of exertion omong the
floating limbers, portions of the cabin,
freight, &.c, I succeeded in getting a foot
old on the rocks.
The place that myself and others gained
was formed by rucks that had fallen from
verhead, forming a sort. of barrier, behind
which I succeeded in petting. Foun-lsome
ve or six already ashore. Within about
fifteen minutes the remainder of the surve
yors ci' me ashore, making eighteen in alf.
It was very. The place where we reached
was more than 20 feet in length by 6 feet
width of from 150 to 200 feet in height, the
seas sweeping at the base of the rocks, on
either side of us, and the water dashing up
to the height of twenty feet. .
With a good deal of exertion he managed
to keep from freezing.- At daylight he
found that the boat was completely broken
up, with the exception of the wheels, wisich
were held together by the shafts and con
nections. They were distant from the rocks
about one hundred feet. About one-third
of-the wheels were ont of the water; on
which we saw eight persons, viz: Henry
Wright, steward; Jefferson Warner, saloon
keeper, Henry Barnes, second mate; Wm.
Robinson, second dark; John Billinghurst
passenger, of Ontonagon; George Davis,
deck hand; and two men, supposed to be
firemen, names not known. The sess
breaking over them, one after another they
dropped off, and by 9 o'clock they were all
washed away. We round the body of uapt.
Jones, and also the bodies of Mrs. Bennett
and one daughter, ofter daylight; theirs be
ing the only bodies washed ashore, All
attempts to make a hre failed; one look
satisfied us that an attempt to eecape waa
fruitless. We found the lajge boat thrown
ashore, stove in. ' We remained there from
the morning of the 30th till Ihe evening of
the 41st, when we succeeded in repairing?
the boat, subsisting in the meantime on'
ruw cabbage and rnisens, with now and then
a biscuit. ' 1 . ' "
We took a portion of the saved in the
boat and landed them on a sand beach about
a mile and a half to the westward; then re
turned and got the remainder, and started
for Grand Island. -
The party landed on the beach and start--ed
through the woods for Mr, Powell's
house, on the main land opposite the Island,.'
distant about twelve miles. '- .
Joseph Davis. '
LIST OF SAVED. " ; r -
Joseph Davis, 1st Mate, Stephen Coola-'
han, 1st Engineer, Augustus Kensee, car
penter, James Barney, watchman, Terranco'
Gunner, deck hand, Henry Glander, fireman,
John Dolan, deck hand, Andrew Palmer,
deck hand, David Corbit, deck hand, Charles
Ernst, porter, John Butcher, fireman, A. J.
Foster, Edwardsburgh, Cass co., passenger,'
Hugh Shelby, Detroit, passenger, S. Zim
merman, passenger, Geo. Piper, do., Jas
Dennis, Buffalo, do. ; .
LIST OF LOST. . ... .
Capt. Heram J. Jones, Master, of the Su
perior, Detroit, William Norris,' clerk, Chi
cago, Wm. Robinson, Second clerk, Indiana,'
Henry D. White, steward, Jeff Warner, sa
loon keeper, Chicago, Wm., salooir Keeper,
Detroit, Max, fecund Engineer, Buffalo,
James McGlatighlin, wheelsman, 'Thomas,'
wheelsman, Jumes Henneny, deck' hand,
Alexander, hrema-n, beo. Jjavis, deck hand,
Henry Barnes, second mate, Harriet, cham
bermaid, Barney Smith, fircman.Juhii Smith,
fireman, Patrick Curley, deck hand, Carey,'
deck hand, Alex. Weris, colored waiter,
Thomas Weris, colored waiter, Stephen
Winters and four sisters, passengers, Supe
rior, Mrs. Bennett and three daughters, pas
sengers, Ontonagon, Margaret Foster, pas
senger, EdWardsbOrgh,- Cass county, Wm.
Biison, Indianapolis, Ind.r Wmi. Kowe, pas
senger, Robert, colored cook, Burd, colored
sailor, John , colored fireman.
- fXrTTiere' litis been a severe earthquake
throughout the whole of Egypt. : At Cairo
two hundred houses were -thrown down."
Most of the inhabitants ware encamped ont-'
side the walls, and there , waa little toss of
life. ' Shocks had been felt at Smyrna and1
in the Archipelago. Rhodes to entirely iff