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- m. vowl. -B'o. TAB altera. IK. won oat aiuaM. feb. i, two. Speech of Mr. Van Wyek, We publish this morning in full the rpeech doiirertd ia the House of Bepreeenta tiree, on Friday last, by Mr. Van Wyck, ef New Toii, Chalnun of the Contract Inves tigating CommUtes, It U a startling expose of the transections of tie harpies who bars fed and fattened upon the body politic of their "eonnirr In this Urns of Its trial and dangers. It shows a sickening state of af tain truly, every eatenceebowing some new dareJenmant rtf villalnv and rascality. From r , , . the very commencement of the war, when Waihingtca we beleegured and our troop wars shot down in Baltimore, down to this hour, frands and swindling have been tbs order of the day. In the purchase of armt, of horses of .provisions, oi every article need by our armies, there have been most as tounding fraud aud most damnable corrup tion. VTa give the. sperch as uetiverea ry Mr. Van Wyck, with the testimony be quoU I, that the public may lee the groans of any future action which may be taken upon It Tbs course of Mr. Geo. D. Morgan, of New York, in realising $90, COO in three months la purchasing vessels for the Government, Is very severely commented upon, and Sec retary Welles is repremar-ded for having ap pointed Mr. Morgan. We do not charge Mr. Welles with any complicity with the (lander; only give the speech, and pre sume the Secretary can show good reasons lor hli course. it The Speech of Mr. Riddle. We gaTe In full, a tew days ago, the speech delivered in the House on the 27th nit, fey Hon. A. G- Riddle oi this Distil Oar readers have had opportunity to read and discuss it, and we have received many commendatory comments upon its logic and conclusion. Said an old line Breckinridge Democrat, "It Is the best speech of the sta tion," and Democrats and Republicans unite in praising its argument. In our opinion the argument by which he proves the condi tion cf the negro slave to be a legitimate subject of Congress, is uninsweratte. It is not only an original view of a very old sub ject, bet .s as logical and conclusive as it is ingenious. But while we most heartily commend this portion cf Mr. Riddle's speech, we cannot join with him in his slurp criticisms of Pres ident Lincoln and his conduct of the war. Ws believe Mr. Lincoln to be thoroughly In earnest m the war and to be devoting hi strongest efforts to the unconditional surren der of the rebels, and we would urge upon our readers the necessity of fhe most impli cit confidence in the Executive head of the Government Distrust is no less a formida ble enemy than disaffection, and we can hope for but litJe from this war it the peo ple do not fearlessly and faithfully rally to the tnpport of the Administration. We be lieve so nonfat and upright man can desire to protect any institution whatever at the expense of the weUfare of the country or at the expense oi two million dollars per day and we. believe Abraham Lincoln to be both honest and upright Mr. Riddle does not make war upon the President h dis tinctly disavows that but he says that, while the people expected of him a prophet and a leader, they see he is no proph et, and fear he is no leader." He says also that the President "coldly and timidly seats himself npon the narrowest letter of the con stitution" with regard to slavery. Now we sauehed with the course of some of the Gen erals npon the slavery question as practi cally presented to them, but we bellave this to be a sin of omission in not giving them specific instructions, rather than of commis sion. Mr. Riddle plainly says that be speaks for himself alone and not for his party, but baring approved ot his 'speech a a whole, It is but right that we should say that cer tain things In it, Including what we have specified above, we do not approve ot The BeraM'e aneanlt aaaa Feet-3Iauster The Herald, editorially, comments upon the arrest of the forger Piper as follow : "la oar local colnmaVill be foand a very brief announcement of the arrest of a forger. The Eerald was not allowed further detail relative to the matter because our Poet-Master Cowles sett lues, as Post-Master, were re quired in detecting the forger, and he ren dered Sheriff Craw such services, asking in return therefor that his Cowles' paper, the Leader, should have the first publication Ot the details of the affair. This is a pretty state of affairs ; that a Federal officer shall take advantage of his official position to compel the sheriff of this county to wllhold criminal news that It may first be given to the public through the Post Master's paper.". The above Is erroneous ia every particular, not saving the shadow of fact for a basis. Poet-Kar'er Cowles never exchanged a word with 8heriff Craw ia regard to monopoly - of the newsf before the above wa published in the Herald, and never made the slightest claim for any service that may have been rendered by the Post-Master or'Postoffice employees of this city. ' Oar reporter ob tained the particular of the arrest from the officers, and whatever restriction the latter mayfhave made for the other paper, were en tirely and wholly voluntary on their part, without one word of previous eonaultation with the Post Master. No credit whatever is claimed by the latter for any services ren dered, because they were strictly and only what his official duty required. . The officers offered of their own free will and accord, to give the Ludm the chief use of the item, bat t soon as the Post Master was informed of this, he called upon Sheriff draw and dis tinctly disavowed any claim for privilege for any services rendered, and advised that the items be furnished to all the papers alike. Sheriff Craw, without hesitation, acceded to this proposal of Mr. Cowles, and In accord - see therewith the fact were furnished to the Eerald reporter at the same time, and in the same language, has to the r porter of the Lienis." Cal. Garfield Ordered Forward. Letter were received at Columbus on Sat urday from CoL Garfield, in which he Joy fully announced that he had just received rder from. Gen, Bnell to push forward, and clean out all the rebels In Eastern Kentucky. The gallant Colonel had been fearing that he was, doomed te winter quarters, but he is to be gratified by more active service, if he can find an j rebels, which Is doubtful. ':. ..'', THE FRAUDS ON GOVERNMENT. Speech of Mr. Van. Wick--Rascality and Corruption. Exposed! Th Hoaee having under consideration thi report from ttat Beleot Committee on Government contracts - - I Mr. VAN WTCK,of New York, Chair man of the Committee, aid: Me. Brttui: Om the 19th day of April, 1801, the world we lartled with the re currence of on of those great event whioh nark an era to the hidory of man, brand erime with a deeper infamy, and exalte the virtue of a generous manhood to a nobill almost dlvin. of whioh heroee hate boasted -aid poet sung. The parallel of April 19, 1776, wai complete; the day, months, yean, and eyelee of a peaceful and happy nationality hea corns me ma eehueettt eoldier from the field of Lexlng ton to ii streets of Baltimore. For i time the great. Amerloan heart ceased to beat, ! A netstnal paralysis Tor a moment, and thee the people realised the horror and cruelties of this unnatural war. The merchant left his counter, the farmer the anlet of home, the manufacturer's shut tie paused in ia half finished round, the anvil rang not out the hammer's beat; the lawyer's unfinished brier lost its interests; the clergyman folded up hts oerdotel rofcec mothers, with the devotion of Spar- tarns, bade their tons go forth; the wife preeeed more oloaely her new-born babe, a she gave a parting, and with blessings and prayer the husband went forth, probably uxor ta retnrn. The nation offered up its life and emptied Its treasure into tbs Up or thi great cat amitv: the rioh bestowed of his abundanoe; the widow rave Der mite, an oniy eon, or a tear sanctified with prayer. Not one of us oan forget 1L History, in after times, will record this the noblest moral exhibi tion of true courage the world has ever witnessed. Scarce s whisper of treason or murmur ef discontent in all the North, yet many of those who made the welkin ring for truth and liberty, who professed to worship the true God, were ready to cry out, "Greet is Diana of the Ephesianal" hoping to oruoify the spirit of freedom. There were other, meaner, baser still, only waUhlng the opportunity to make merchandise of their country's misfor tunes, coin the grief of the nation into our. reney, and peril her institutions, if it could minister to their base cupidity. One olass commenced secretly sending intelligence to the rebels: the other rendered to them no less valuable assistance by oonapiring to defraud the people and the Government. Almost the same instant harpies besieged the treasury here, and the vultures in the North snuffed the spoils rr on. While the bridres destroyed by the reb els were yet smoking in ruins, before the regiments impeded by their destruction niald reach the capital, the sappers and miners, who knew the trembling necessi ties of the nation, commenoed the assault. It baa been said that In the pnlo of those tinML watchfulness on the part of public officers should not be required, and the larcenies of plundering hordes should d overlooked. th ot to CATTLE CONTRACT. About ths time the New York Seventh, th pride of the Empire State, composed of the best of her citixen soldiery, of men of wealth, high family position, eduoation, enjoying the confidence of the community In ell the relations of life, with the MaBsa- ehnsette Sixth, a regiment representing the intelligence and business occupations of that wonderful State, side by side were fording streams, building bridges, laying railroad track, sleeping on the untented a.td and when hunger was pressing upon them the Seventh divided their la3t store of bacon and hard buscuit with tbe gaiiant men of the Bixth a contract was made in this city by the Department with Dwyer, Lmrbmu. Siblev & Tyler, for cittle, from two to ton thousand, at eight dollars per hundred live weight, delivered here, and five and three quarters In Pennsylvania. What facilities had Dwyer & Co. for trans portation whioh the Government did not noises. iiovernmeni could lav its strong arms upon railroads and use them; oould plant its ratherinr armies to guard the bridge and track. At that very time an agent SJVtt? LveSS'aehington efsTx and a half per hundred live weight. Be sides, direct navigation with New York was not obstructed by the Potomac. Still more, if the danger cf transportation through Maryland was an exeuse for this contract big with profits, why a provision that a portion should bs delivered in Penn sylvania if the Department desired, and why were nearly 1,600 received in Harris burg, while scarcely 800 were delivered in Washington? Notwithstanding the lions in ths way, Dwyer & Co. immediately sub let the contract to New Tork men, so that without any haiard or perils they realised over $31,000 on about 2,000 head. Tbey had no difficulty during the panic of those times in making this contract; why should the Government have found any? There is no pretence that either of these men had any ipeoisl courage in overcoming dangers, or remarkable skill in purchasing cattle; two were railroad contractors, on particularly near to the Secretary, one lawyer, end one the winter before had been in consultation and negotation with rebels for the sale of arms. Thus treason and corruption were continued at the capital- AGENCY OF ALEX. CUMMINGS, ESQ.—PURCHASE OF ARMY SUPPLIES. Nearly simultaneous with this occurred another transaction. On the 21st day of April, the Secretary of War, although he well knew the great ability and experience of CoL Tompkins, Quartermaster, and Maj Eaton, Commissary in New York oity, wrote two letters to Alexander Cummings, i.q In one he "wants nun to aid the uommissa ry in purchasing supplies, to assist the vlaartermaster in pushing them forward. Ihe other letter states that "Tha Department needs at this moment an In telligent, experienced, and eaergetie man, ia Ktfumt u can my. 10 asnjt in pnaaing lorwara troops, nuuuuai wa suuuiics, No man knew better than the Seoretary that these qualifications were already pos sessed py the army cmoers in New York, on whom tt hm raft to rely. The Secretary then gracefully compliments air. Com mings: "You are acquainted with the Internal tnange ments and eenneettons of tbe railroads In Penn sylvania, over which, for the present, they will. oare hi pass." Can there be so much Intrioacy about the railroad connexions in Pennsylvania that the United States Quartermaster in New York or Philadelphia was not conver sant with them? The Seoretary thea add the touobing appeal to his patriotism: "I am aware that your private affairs may de mand your time. I am sure your patriotuun will Indue yon to aid me, even at some loss to your- air." EV. tl- ..i- r . , - - W -t - pn the 234 of April the Beoretaryegain WroU: .-JJOilC wf:ri ' J "In consideration of the extraordinary emer gencies which demand immediate and decisive measures, I hereby authorize Edwin D. Morgan and Alexander Cummings to make all necessary arrangements for the transportation of troepe, ia aid and aautanoe of the ffloers of the army of tne United States." Either was authorised ie aot in absence of the other. On the 4th day of Kay, Gov ernor Morgan delegated his portion of the power to George D. Morgan. On the 21th the Secretary wrote: I sent you yesterday, an official paper to set in connexion with Governor Morgan by land, through Maryland and Fennsylranta; it ts impor tant you should aot promptly ia sending sun. pit. . - o. CAMBSON." Da. Ctrxtxisos. Thi is the first time he recognised his friend ae Doctor. Time-armed, the Doctor seemed supreme In his orbit; instead of rendering aid mad attiitance, be effectually superseded the amy officers. Mojor Eaton duttnctly informed Arm that hit tervicet vert not needed a A jncrchau aftuppliet. Still, the Doctor commenced buying over f 21,000 werth of straw hats and linen pantaloons, were worthless to the army, and not by the regulation. He employed clerk of whom be knew nothing nea seen before. In his evidence at first did not know vh recommended him; he thought hs was recommended by Thurlow weed nueuy said, "i remem ber now that Mr. Weed told me he knew all about him, and upon his recommendation took him." This clerk the Doctor suf fered to do all the business and mtke ell purchases, except what were made by George D. Morgan. CHARTER OF CATALINK. The Dootor next appoints Captain Com- Lock to oharter or purchase vessel. Th Cantata, with a friend, toes to Brooklyn, inspect the Gataltne, and learn that her nrloe la from sia.UUU to sw.uuu. msieaa purchasing or chartering, or reoommend- the Dootor to ao so, nis mena suggests Mr. ievelln wet mere "is a nioe oppor tunity to make something by good wmttg wa(." This was the 231 div of April, the very the propeller Daylight left New York with supplies for the 7 lb Kegiment ana JW recruits of the brave and generous young; men of that city. The Daylight left without convoy, passed up the Potomac without con voy, and reached Washington safely. I ne ver can forget that 23d day of April and the trip ot the Davltght, orot that gallant band who were leaving all the endearments of homes and associations ot friends to en counter the perils oi disease and battle. I never can forget the universal disquietude In treat city of the continent ' Ao mails.- telegraph. A dreadful, solemn luspensa. Brave men, good men, fearing, doubting, yet hoping. Actuated by one impulse, ready give all, even life, for the defense of the cipital Washington founded, and the flag tbe patriots of the revolution baptised in blood. No one oould have believed that at such a moment men could find leisure or Inclina tion to ascertain how something oould bs made out ot the griefs of Ibe people by good atsarooamt. Yet that very day, when sympathy for a bleeding country and the ob ligations of duty to hts employers, should have received from Capt Comstock all his skill and energy, his mission was used to benefit friends. He knew Dr. Oummtngs was agent tor the War department; still be counsels freely with Mr. Develin about the value of tbe Catallne, and gives an opinion what will be paid for her charter. Had she been cheap at $18,000, his government was entitled to tbe purchase. After yielding to r. Develin all the time he required for tbe negotiation, on the 25 th the boat was char tered by CoU Tompkins, he relriag upon Capt Comstock, tbe authorised agent of Dr. Cummings, the agent of the War Depart ment, paying for her use $10,000 per month for three months, and If leu by war risks, then Government to pay $50,000. Col. Tompkins would not sign until Capt. Corn- stock assured him tkat tin ms vorik $59,- 000, and' thtt it woj all right.. The Captain kuew the value of the boat and what she cost ; Mr. Freeman, having an Interest In her profits, swears they did not pretend she wa worth $50,000. Capt. Comstock. how ever, denies that he alleged (he wa worth that amount. The testimony of Capt. Comstock shows the vast number and almost unlimited pow er of persons at that time, assuming to act a agent for the Uovernment. lie say i "I was sent for by Mr. Weed to come to the As ter House about the time of the commence' ment of these troubles. Be stated that he was an agent of tkt Government, and had troops and munitions of war to send to Washington by way of the Chesapeake, and that he wished to charter vessels for that purpose. Afterwards Cummings called upon me and showed me tbe amt authority that Weed had tktncn. It had been transfered to him to perform the same service. I should think that Weed had chartered from six to ten vessels." This testimony was given an the 28th day of December, and up to that time the Com mittee had no evidence or information that Mr. Weed had been an agent for the Govern ment, or acting as such. The Department was liberal in bestowing confidence and grants of power, but that confidence seems to have been abased by tbe transfer ot au thority, one to the other. Mr. Weed s ab sence from home prevents an examination sence rrcrm nome prevent an examination at present into the nature and extent of hi asrency. The fV enrtr wal loaded. It has been intimated she was loaded by private parties, to os run, however, at tbe risk and expense of the Government. And when she could not obtain a clearance, her cargo was in whole or part sold to Government It thi bs so, it will account lor the Doctor's purchase of straw hats, linen pantaloons, London porter, Scotch ale, Datch herring, '-batter, cheese, and all." Collector Barney (wear that on the 27th or April Mr. otatson, in whose name tbe title had been taken, called on him, demand ing a clearance to Annapolis. When asked bow she wa loaded, and te whom the cargo osiongea, he replied she was loaded with Hour and provision, and belonired to several of bis friends, sir. Barney ret used to clear ner. stetson men said the provisions were tor ue army. Barney replied a the prop erty wa not Government property, but property ot individuals, that he could not clear hear her except by a request of some uivernment omcer, it is tut just to say here that Mr. Develin was evidently Induced to purchase the vessel at the suggestion of uose woo were acting lor Uovernment, and that sic Stetson, in every thing; he did. was frank, candid, and made no concealment, When Mr. Hteteon again called on the Col lector "he Drought a note from Mr. Weed. stating that the cargo consisted of supplies lor troop?, ana requesting a clearance." Mr. Barney declined, but saw Mr. Weed, and ex plained why a clearance could not be granted. Mr. Weed said "it was all right, and would oe arrange te tome other way." . He con cluded not to give a clearance nnlee re quested to do o by General Wool. He saw the General, and requested him to be careful before he gave orders for a clearance. A pass, however, was obtained from the Gen eral, which he regretted; for Monday morn ing he sent an order to the Collector revoking it, bnt the fugitive had escaped, with the con demnation of the Collector and General Wool upon her. Her voyage was an unfortunate one ; after two month' service the was de stroyed by fire. Tbe question recurs, who wore the friend referred to by Mr. Stetson as the owners of the cargo T It is necessary to see who had any interest or connection with the trans action. Mr. Freeman, who had a one-tenth interest in the profits, swears, after first de clining to do so, that he received, as part se curity lot the puRhase-nuMiey of tbe Cata llne, four notes, of $4,600 each. As fol lows: One note by John B. Delevin, indorsed G. 0. Davidson. One note by Thurlow Weed, indorsed John . Delevin. One note by G. 0. Davidson, indorsed O. B. Mstteson. One note by O. B. Matteson, indorsed Thur low Weed. These parties must all have been in Kew York Oity at the time. The eniy other per son besides the Captain and crew was James Lvkin, wbo went on the boat, be says, as purser, altbongh he finally conduied hh dc. ty was to act as ebeck npon tbe Oaptiin. Toii man was appointed by Mr. Djvelin up on the recommendation of Mr. Davidson. Ho odo seemed to take any interest in load ing the vessel ncept Mr. Develin. Colonel Tompkins knew nothing of her owco. i Tha Dslsn Defense Committee knew nothing of her cargo; ana woen ur. vnmming was asked if he knew anything of her cargo, said, "Aot a parade, ' He relied entirely upon and trusted to the clerk, Mr. Hum phreys, appointed npon (he recommendation of Mr. Weed. It must be left to surround ing facts, wbo were tbe friends referred to by Mr. Stetson, sad whether the boat wa first loaded for private speaeUtion; and when no clearance oould be obtained, Mr. Camming, through bis clerk, purchased tbe cargo lor Government, so that a pais could be procured- - General Wool's hentaccy in giving a pass to the Catiline probably Indoc ed a representation to Gen, Scott that the oon- dition ef his (Wool') health required re pose from arduous duties. .... L.ll. The uocior was certainty a remaraauie agent. The Secretary wants am tnetfttie, t UiUgentl ana txptrvnett man, ot course one more so tban tbe Union Defense Committee or tbe army officers in New York; one on whom k em rely; yet the Doctor apparently takes no Interest but to draw and pay tue money. When he was called on especially to aid in purchase, he trusts it all ta Mr. Humphreys, his clerk. wun vessels are to be chartered, he doesn't deen It worth while to examine lham. He good-naturedly says be took it for granted that wbat the owner said wa true. He was certainly a confi dence man. Tbe Secretary says, notwith standing the pressure en hi) private busi ness, he is sure he will am mm. lei me Doctor repays thi generouB and unbounded confidence by knowing nothing, absolutely nothing, ot tbe purchasing oi articles or ljadine of vessel. Two million dollars, by tne Decretary oi the Treasury, were placed in the bauds of a committee ot high-toned, honorable men, to be paid out on tbe order or requisition of Mr. Cummings, without his producing to them anr voucher btraoge as it may appear, wtile this money wal there to respond to his requisition, he draws $160,000, and de posit it in his name, with hij private account, in one of the city banks. Btran- rer still, lour montrjs after ni agency naa ceased, he leaves no vouchers with the War Department The war Department, in its generous confidence, seeks no settlement .... n . ; .; v l: tin the tractor, nor an inspection ui m voucher. Such were the prominent transactions oc earring eta time when a man's generous in stincts (noma treeiy nave ouarea everyimug to bi country. This was the cloud no larger tban a man s hand which increasd and spread nntu tbe whole sky has been wrapped in gloom, and men go about the streets wondering where this thing will end. Tbe mania for stealing Asms to have run through all tbe relations of Government. Almost from the General to the drummer-boy; from those nearest the throne of power to the merest tide-waiter. Knrl Terv man who deal with the Gov- ernment seems to feel or desire that it would not lonir survive, and each had a common right to plunder while it lived. Even in the matter ot the purchase ct two sailing tosbcw, two men of New York, to the crime of lat ceny, added the in of perjury, that thy mlirht rob from the Treasury S8 000 In the ease of the Stars and Stripes' the President of the New Haven Propeller Company, after taking from the Government $19,ouo more than she cost, took of that amount nearly $8, 000 to line hi own pockets, and la excuse to bis company pretended thai he bvl to bribe an ex-member ot Congress to gain an aud ience to the head of the bereaa ; and from that Insinuation an honorble, high-toned ex-member of Congress, in Connecticut, had been subjected to calumny. That rresiaent, before tbe committee, testified that alter tak log $19,000 la profits from his country, he was so anxiorj to serve her in this, the hour of her extremity, that be appropriated near ly 3.000 of his colleagues money to his pri vate use. so he could devise some machine to take all the Southern cities, and no one nt hurt Colonels, entrusted witn toe power oi rau ing regiments colluding with contractors, bartering away and dividing contracts for horses, and other supplies, to enrica personal favorites; purchasing articles, and compell ing false invoices to be given. While it is no justification, the example ha been set in the very departments of the Government. As a general thing, none but favorites cai gain access there, and none otn er can obtain contracts which bear enormous profits. They violate the plain provisions the law requiring bids and proposals, on the false and shallow pretext that the puDiic ex igency requires it. Should this last as long as the Pelopenessian war, tbe same excuse would be used. The Department which has allowed conspiracies after the bidding had been closed, to defraud the Government the lowest bid, and by allowing tbe guuty rean the fruits of their crime, has become Itself vartieevt erimmt. Who pretends any public exigency for giv ing out by private contract, without bids, over one million muskets, at fabulous prices? Who pretends a public exigency to mase r" - y - V ' . .. Pate contract, tor rifled cannon, to the I 4 aT O A A Ann - - - amount oi tauYj-yjv ai noRSia. Kentucky is proverbial tor her splendid horses. Her loyal citixens would have been benefitted by sales to the Government. Who will pretend that the public exigency requir ed that when cavalry regiments were to forwarded from the State of Pennsylvania the land of the dark and bloody ground, wa necessary to transport, at great expense, the remaining disabled, diseased horses left In the Keystone State? My colleague on the committee Mr. Dawes) a few day sines spoke of the peace offerings to Pennsylvania politicians, and referred to the horses of CoL William s regiment. There is yet another case. A contract, not made upon the responsibility ot the Bureau, a the late Secretary said, but by hit ezprett order, and refused to be made until so order ed. I refer to the contract to purchase one thousand horses, to be delivered at Hunting don, Pennsylvania. Such a horse market the world never saw. Tne first i us pec tor an honest man of th first hundred rejected throe in five. The next day owners refused to present themselves, and by some legerde main ha was removed and other inbstituted; then horses of all ages, from two to thirty ot all diseases and defeats, secret and open, were from day to day received The whole neighborhood were in arms. The people re monstrated. Lawyers end clergymen were present at the inspection, and sought to deter tbe buccaneering crew by open condemnation; tne inspectors needed not this clamor, but or- dered tbe horse to be ridden upon the crowd, to drive them away if possible. Horses with running sores, which were seen by tbe inspectors, and Dranded ; ana if one outrag ed common decency he would be rejected. and an oportunity sought the same day pas and brand him. Immediately tbe horses were su Data tea Dy private coatra:ts to faorr ilea, at thirty-nine cents per day, and they sub-let to farmers, from twenty- four to twenty-six. -Over four hundred these horses were sent with Colonel Wyn- Koop regiment, and the papers at ritisburg report some actually so worthless they were let! on the uocks. The remaining bre hnn derd were left at Huntingdon tor the benefit of contractors. In that tingle transaction, over fitfy thousand dollars were stolen from the Government. Such fiend iu human shape care not for exposure ; a felon' doom through life should be theirs; and the labors of your committee will be of little practical value unless Uongrees snail by law punish witiusevere penalties suoh enormities. CONTRACT BROKERAGE. At one time it would seem there was an intention te establish a hugh contract brok erage system. The testimony of Mr. John Smith,of Kingston, N. Y,, powder manu facturer, shows that in the month of May he proposed to give Mr. Weed a per cent age for a powder contraot. That he went to the Astor House, met Mr. Davidson, whom he had never seen before) inquired of him for Mr. Thurlow Weed. During the conversation he asked what Mr. Smith wanted of Mr. Weed; on being told, he in quired of Mr. Smith what he could afford to pay; he replied 5 per eent; Mr. Smith also says that Mr. Weed asked him what h could afford to pay. - That afterwards at Washington, he handed his propositions for powder to Mr. Weed, who took them to Mr. Cameron. The result was, that Mr. Weed was authorised to write a letter to Gen. Ripley, the head ef the Ordnance Department, to divide the contracts for powder between the States manufacturing. .' It is somewhat strange that ths Seoretary should appoint Mr. Weed as his messenger to carry hie wishes to the different bureaus. Mr. Smith un derstood that he was te pay Mr. Weed five ft cent Mr. Laflln also testified that bis powder firm demurred to paying Mr. Weed 6 ver eent; that Mr. Weed gave them authority to make 1,000 barrels of powder, but they preferred having fhe authority direo'ly of of to be to it from the uovernment, tie also states mat the patriot Dwyer, who figured In the cat tle oo tit met in May or Juce, St Washing- ton, told him If be would give five percent he would sell all th powder he could make; but Laflln declined.. . - Favorites obtain contraols when fre quently tbey have not th pecuniary re sources to fulfil them, and sol manufactur ers of ths ai tides to be delivered. Tbe pro fessional politician or the retired ex Mem ber of Congress, who has a large contract whioh requires a.uch maoliinery and great meoheoloal ingenuity, 'd'!7 asespeoulalioa; take. i .to ..snob himself, Or extort iron mo uuv&via ui uuucm iu- i dustrv; take it to tub let to skillful menu facturers at reduoed price. In Depart ments whioh give so a tracts to men know ing that they have not in and of themselves the facilities lor executing them, are rep rehensibl and deserve sever e oensure. Whatexouse is there for an honest depart' ment to pension this gang of middle-men. All t-.e iu-gotten game found in their pockets ie so much stolen front the Treas ury. Even in tbe Treasury Department pure and upright as I believe the Becretary to be what business man could justify, or who. ia his ewa transactions, would allow that a contract of over half a million ex penditure ehould be competed for by only two arms, who could comDine ana untie r It is no answer to say that the work is done ae oheaply as before; the spirit of the law has been violated ead the millionaire enrisbed; besides, th product of all de partments of labor are cheapened by the statnation of business.. In this matter of the bank-note contraot, as ta some otners, underlings control the affairs of ths De partment; they say who shall approacn within the oharmed" circle, tney say wnoee papers eball be put on file and whose shall bs eladdened by the eyes of the Secretary. The soldier who, borne down by disease and overcome with fatigue, is found sleep ing; at his post, you punish with death; while the miscreant who holds his festival at this carnival of blood, rides in his car riage, drinks champagne, an J dines with Cabinet ministers, you treat with deferen tial respect.- Do you say Government can not baaieh treason and punish orimef On the 4ih day of July, lbot), atuooquan, Va, Mr. Underwood raised a pole, unfurled the American flg, and a banner with the names of Linoolo. and Hamlin. Jackson, the alttver of Ellsworth, with about forty men. cut it down, tore up the stars and slriceB. and carried the banner as a trophy. One of the ringleaders of that mob Is this diy in tho employ of the Government ia this city. The laboring mea Who testify against oi- fiolals are removed, while the wretch who has been robbing the Government is wor thy a better place, is it possible that this monstrous system of wrong, extending from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, from the Potomac to the Lakes, cannot be stopped, or even cheeked? If that be so, better disband our armies, and let the oli garch of the South rule and reign over U9. This committee has been in session for months: Government offioiila mast be aware of its power of examination; still, at the commencement of this session, inspectors of horses were colluding with contractors; superintendents, rejoicing in the title of captain, were selling uovernment norsee to private citixen s, taking diseased and worthless horses from the oommons, brand in them in the service of the United States, . . . , . .i . , i, . Damfl. BO mey migui rati., V'i Oity butchers buying meal irom uoveru- ment supplies. Your Uovernment retains in this oapiiai, in seats of honor and profit, and around our council boards, men whose hearts are filled with treason, and minds with reoei lion. Your departments are disinolined to hear charges of treason or corruption: tney would rather ostracise those wio luraun the truth than remove the treasonable and ffuiltv offenders, t am not narao, l oniy eDeak what standing in the mighty and r . 4 august presence oi surruig vim-a, plating a bleeding, suffering country, t feel it my duty. I have a nehl thus to speax in terms oi warning and admonition to an Administra- tion whioh I aided to dect, to whose prinoi- I , T .,:, k wh wa mnat pies I committed, by which we must I It ft V JiTi rTF K a na vr-i aA m a, tal w Ihennwh tha g&T minrbe 'carried safely through the wilderness beyond. But I have a right to ask and beseech, in the name of aeon- merce orippled, labor paralysed, finances disturbed, and treasury empty, in the name of that gallant army of 600,000, whioh this day on the tented field are waiting to res- oue a country loved through bre and blood, to lay down and die that a nation mr.y live in the tame of 600,000 hearth-stones made dreary by the loved ones away of tbe vacant chairs around the evening fires of the thrice 600,000 friends, anxiously looking, fearfully expeoting, tremblingly hoping, that this Administration snail re move treason from the capital, and corrup Uoa from the land. Five hundred thousand men are in arms against the rebels, but 20,000,000 are in arms against tbe erew or plundering leech est that 20,000,000 will be in arms against us and this Administration, nnless their t oiluting presence is driven es the money changers of old from the temple MR. MORGAN'S AGENCY IN PURCHASING VESSELS. est. ; of Since this report has been submitted to the House, Mr. George D. Morgan has pre pared an elaborate paper, showing the ben efits of his agency, and relies upon the fact, that in nearly every instance he paid a less price than the owners asked. We can test the strength of his position by the Btars and Btripes. To buud her, ooet $36,. 000; by her charter the owners realised $16,000 from Government; they then asked $60,000. Mr. Morgan paid $55,000, $5,000 less than they asked, but $19,000 more than she cost While with the Potomska and Wamsutta the owners realised $53,000, the Uovernment paid $00,000, although Mr. Morgan s papers allege he was asked $80, 000. - This seems the reverse of the propo sition. The Onward was offered to private parties for $28,000; Mr. Morgan was asked $30,000, and paid $27,000.' These are not the only instances, as the committee will show by a further examination, to whl they are invited by the Secretary", and di rected by a resolution of this House. Secretary Welles, a man estimable in all the relations of private life, honest himself. would not take a farthing from the Treas ury, seeks to Justify Mr. Morgan by show ing that the Government in times past were imposed npon by impositions on the regular officers; and he employs an agent with no salary, yet putting him in the position of antagonism to his Government. making his Interest against itfor the great est nnmoer or vessels bought, and the highest price paid netts him the most mon ey.. For the credit of the Government such praotioes should oeaee. We have not only a neni to sr. morgan s sxiiL experience. and shrewdness, but we have a right to the benefit of that ruling feeling with many business aen that of interest for their employers. II 1 n answer to s&y that Mr. Morgan Is honest. Grant it; Mr. Morgan is fond of money, or he would not, he could not, consent to take nearly $90,000 of the money which has been made to him in about five months. A man who is thus greedy of gain, evidently is more xealons of bis own than his country's interests. Betides, u th Beoretary needs the native ingenuity and business capacity, which I admit is of high order, why not employ and give him a fair remunerative salary as other men are employed. He say this $30,000 was taken from the pockets of the sellers. Sot so; Mr. Morgan always noti fied them that they must pay him two and a half per cent on the purchase; that they must name the lowest cash prioe, and add two and m half per cent, thereto. . If Mr. Morgan posseseee the business ability which the Secretary claims, and which I do not doubt, he certainly oould have ob tained all the vessels at the price he did, less the two sad e naif per eent. Who doubts ltT ' : .: ; .,.. . . , ( 3 i Why should not the sellers as readily have riven the two and a half per eent to Uovernment as te Mr. Morgan? do, sir that fallacy may suit tbe Secretary, bat it nil not deoetve the peoiie. . In (September last, when air. Morgan had made ever $50,000, representation to the Cabinet was made in regard to this matter; and the attention ef the Secretary direoted to it. Had be ohanged the pol icy, no censure oould have been charged upon him; but he persistently refused, and in December Mr. Morgan bad increased his fortune to the enormous sum of about 1 MO.OOO - e - at the rate of quarter of a wil- Iiao , per annum. Mr. Morgn eservmes ouuiu nave uecu seourcu at fo,wv auuu ally, and this enormous sum saved to the Treasury; but if this be not so, and men owning vessels have been compelled er in duced to sell them at small prises, what right has th Secretary te allow his broth er-in-law to put his hands ia the pocXt of each seller, and realise the immense sum of $90,000 in a few months. That money really belonged to the Government. A an agent, be take It; and it it be an anoonscionable amount it belongs to his employers. The Secretary should know that tbe rules of the Chamber or Commerce In New York as to commissions do not ap ply whea the value of tbe vessel exoeeas $30,000; beyond that sum the per oentage is left to bargain between seller and broker. Can the . Becretary find a solitary oase where merchants have allowed percent on a vessel worth $100,000? The rule in Boston is 1 per cent, when the value ie over $20,000. DEFENCE OF SECRETARY WELLES. The Secretary in his last message, claim that the vessels have been cheaply pur chased. Assume it, if you please. . Does he not know that our oommeroe is paral vied; that sail and steam vessels have been orowded on the market, end must be sold at any prioe or rot at the docks. As well justify the purchase of th Potomska and YVamsutta, which were charged to tbe Government for $7,000 more than the own ere received, on the ground that they were cheap. The Secretary must have known this transaction was liable to the eritieia it has received, er he would not, as he says he did, in advanoe, feel he might receive some censure because this great bounty was bestowed on a brother-in-law. Tbe Secretary, in his labored defence of Mr. Morgan, has done great injustice to Commodore Breese in the purchase of the Roman and Badger. There was an early disposition on the part of the Secrerery to take the purohaae ot vessels from the nary officers, lor the Commodore swears that 'he had direction lrom the Nary Department, by letter, April 21, 1861, to consult with persons capable or giving Information and advice.'' A letter written April 23, by H. Bridge, chief it tbe bureau ot ciotuing, says: ' Mr. William H. Aspinwau has of fered his servioes to the secretary of the Nary, who wishes you to call on him of you need assistance in ths matter of the steam ers, as well as to acknowledge his courtesy." Oa the same day the becretary also wrote, "advising him to consult with Governor Morgan, G. D. Morgan, with Messrs. William Ererntts, Blatchtord, U.-innell, also commit tee of citizens, who are empowered to act tor this Department" In a letter of April 29th, the Secretary say: "In my letter of the 23d ingt, I referred to certain pentlemrrn as an advising committee with whom you might consult. One of the gen I tlemen alluded to, lieorge D. Morgan. Eeq., bat I tne sprc:aj commence or tue ieuartment , ana you will advUe with him in behalf of the De I partment, ind as its friend, in this emergency, in the purchases you aaar make, and the extraordi narr measures you are compelled to take. It has been gratifying to the Department to witness trie promptitude ana alacrity mat nas oeen ex hibited, and the service rendered, not only by ths gentleman referred to, but by Jfr. Aipinwll ana athert." On tbe 30th April, 1361, the Secretary says: "In order to relieve yourself of Ineonre nience. and sundry gentlemen who were specified as advisers in the late emerrencr. I I hare proposed that Mr. G. D Morgan and Jfr. I y. H. A.ioiniaiU be substituted in their nle The9e tw5 Kenliemtn h,ve be ,fficienrin aid I ing and annnting you, and arerigiiant for tbe I country ana its interests, iney win, it is oeiier- ;,.' T7 "7. ."'7. - "7. r.fi .r I Botk 0 tn, Kentvemen have been written to. by I this mail, oa the subject, and you will eonjuji w iiu triiucf, ur uu- In a letter of May 18, (peaking of purchas ing several vessels, among them ships, he says : ' Please advise with Mr. G. D. Morgan in re gard to tt is matter, and make purchases with his annmTlt" Thu?, it clearly appear that Commodore Breese was induced to place confidence in Mr. Aspinwall ; and when the whale ships wro uiucnu, m me aosenoe oi Mr. Morgan, he called on Mr. AspinwalL and wa eov erned by bis advice and action, and May 19th wrote w me Decretary: " I hare commissioned an agent, Indicated by Mr. Aspinwali, to proceed to Kew Bedford lo negotiate for tha purchase of three whale ships, which the Department directed me to obtain for coaling uses ; none can be purchased in this Dlaee.'1 Alter the Secretary had frequently advis- ea mm to consult a number of pertont, in ev ery letter reducing tbe nnmoer, until ha de clares his warm attachment to Mr. Morgan nun mr. Aspiuwui, aitnougn the letter or dering the whale ships requested him to pur chase them with the approval ot Mr. Mor gan ; still, in his absence, and the pressing unzanun ui ine porcnase, ana considering the high enlogiums pronounced by the Sec retary on Mr. AspinwalL the followinz statement ia the letter of the Secretarv is remarkable, and unsustained by the evi- aence " Had the naval officer followed the instme. tions that were given him. these frauds would not have been perpetrated. But Commodore Breese employed Air. Aspinwall's broker and not air. aiorgun, ana tne results were gross fraud and the uurehase of inferior vessels, which mnM not have oeen tbe case had the policy which the isepanmem was men insulating prevailed, and i;s orders been obeyed." , The attempt to sacrifice Mr. Aspinwall and Commodore Breese in Mr. Morgan's defence requires no comment. Still more remarkable is the charge of the Secretary, when it is remembered that the person referred ta as Mr. Aspin wall's broker was ttirbuck, the very man employed by Mr. Morgan as broker, even subsequent to the purchase of the Roman and Badger, a appears vj me iouo wing letter: Diaa CoatMOEoas: I have not directed the Mediator to ira to the Navy Yard, and until I hear from you I soaii.ao noming in ue matter. 1 have re qvttlea Mr. etwouca, wna pwheuad her, to call and tee you. Very truly yonr - OO't Serv't, DEFENCE OF SECRETARY WELLES. GEO. D. MGRGAN. 3. L. Bains, Esq , iiagUmoer. Washington, June 1. 1861." It ia due to Commodore Breese, to say that, when tbe ships were brought to the nary yard, he discovered tbe fraud, inform ed the Becretary, and dtsired to have them consider Mr. Aspin wall' purchase: which be understood was done, ae an order was is sued for leading them. Tbe Secretary further says : " In a single transaction oriflnallv made -itH large ship owner by Commoaora Breese. far nve vjuwKUie Buuwn, i icil tail ue trvsrn ment was unfortunately Involved, and Mr. Mor gan wae employed to relieve the Department c noer mmuy aim gnaiwucKDCKs, ne succeeded In saving to the Gorernment, by his aettoa in that transaction, above 12i,000 '' The explanation, as I understand it. is this: the Commodore, in chartering the five vessels, required tha owner to insert a price at which they would sell to Govern ment. It was a mere proposition on their part. It was not accepted ; neither was the Government bound to pay it the ateoretary also refers to the Perjsrain and Albetrotss, . bought by Commodore Breeee for $75,000 each, alleging that they were of no greater tonnage than the Stars and Stripes. The Secretary, however, omits to state that the Penguin and Albatross were built lor tea going tetetlt with double entrinea. and cost probably in construction one-third more than the Stars and Stripe. - :. ina oecreiary also ado.; - r. 'Yet I bear from tha ownere andaelUra no complaint that they, by the' operation oi tit i L system of purchase, have been eppresttd er tg- nera." s n Let os examine tbe ccrectnes o." thi statement by one transact; n.fln the t ith Of May last, i.SLaa j pa tita and Jam U. Jewett at Co,, of Hew Yot city, were own ers oi tne steamer Merceuita. uansg that month a man by the name of Burriil, claim- In? to be an agent and adviser of the Kavy Department, proposed a purchase. Jewett k Co., to prevent the extortions of govern meet egeeuy oa the lm Jay or Jane wrote a letter to t-ie Secretary or the Navy, offer- ia j to charter or sell that vessel at a value- h w b the to Prrti(jent ,he UniteaSliaei TheSecretary retaru- ed an answer rerosing to eaarter er pure baas, a she wa uniuited tor an armed hip. our rill shortly after appears, saying that he can aell tbe rejected steamer; that he had re turned trem Washington, and asked author ity lrom them to seii to Government, which was given him on the 31 day of July. Oa the 31st of July, Burriil came again and made an offer frotd the Secretary of tne Navy for the rejected steamer, oa the coodluoa that tbe owners should pay $5,000 to him, besides a fair brokerage; which '$5,000 Burriil said was to be given to Government officials for their ass is lance in selling the vessel. Jewett k Co. refused, proclaiming that they would nrst see their vessel rot at the wharf, and themselves wanting for bread, before one penny should go to bribe Government offi cials ; requesting Barrill to say to thoee Wbo seat hi as, if tne Uovernment wanted $5,000, they would give that urn toward raising another regiment to fill the place of the New York eato. Burriil left, and af.er IbeUpse of a few hours returned, saying be had heard trout w athington, and that be would with draw tbe condition, and they need only pv wbat they saw at to alUw bio for hi ser vices. They accepted; and oa the same day gave Burriil a bill of sale for the Depart ment; and he presented a list of alterations required in the hand-writing of 8. M. Pook, tbe .naval uonstroctor, and one ot the board to examine vessels. On the 2 Tib of S ptem- ber tbey delivered up the vessel to Govern ment through Burriil, Much to tbe surprise of the owners, the Secretary sent a requisition to pay Barrill the $100,060 for the Mereedite, although the names to the bill ot sale were that of 8ie, owner of seven-tenths, and Jewett . Co. three-tenths. They succeeded in arranging so that tbe money should be drawn by a third party. Some twenty day alter the date of tbe requisition, an order was had en tbe sub-1 reasury tor the money. . Mr . George D. Morgan did not appear in the negotiation until after the requisition for the money ; he then came and demanded $2,500 tor hi share, admitting that he did not sell or pur chase, yet tbe owners could not get their money until he was paid ; and if they would consent to pay, be would write to Washing ton and urge the immediate remittance ef tbe money. The above facis must have been known to the Secretary. They were written to Com. Hudson Oct 31, with a request that they be filed in the Navy Department, which doubt less was done. Since the letter of toe Sec retary, the committee have not had time to examine the owner of the Mercedita ; bnt the foregoing and lubaequent fact ia con nection with the purchase are soetained by affidavits of J. Rudolph Sieg and Jamee U. Jewett They testify that that theo did not see or know anything of Gorge D Morgan until after the purchase and delivery of ihe bill of sale to the Department through Bar rill: that on the 19th day ofjiorember they called on Mr. Morgan demanding repayment of $2,600, and he said he bad credited it to the Nary Department; that he had only ta ken this sum, so the Department might have at much back in case the Department elected to keep tbe same, on the ground that he un derstood the Mercedita cost only $54,000 yet Mr. Morgan, when be took tbe $'2,500, gave a receipt for the same "for commission on sale of the Mercedita. ' The owner de ny that they ever asked $130,000 for the steamer, although Mr. Morgan claims in his statement that each amount was demanded of him. The Department fixed the value, and negotiated through the medium above stated. . On the 17th of January, Jewett Je Co. wrote another let er to the Secretary, in which tbey recite tha .r-- - '- -.wyxuinia, showing that they have been op pretied or aggna d, la which they say : "Do you think it right to tndeavar to carry the public.atter such an offer oa oar part, the idea that we sought to obtain aao.ouw aaar tbaa tarn vessel s value ; and, to foster this falsehood on tne punuc, to give an idea or yonr brother in. law's fitness for purchasing vessels fur the Gov ernment PURCHASE OF HALL'S CARBINES. Anolher remarkable transaction was the sale by ihe Oadnanoe bereaa, to Mr. Eastman, oi o.uuu nan s caroines, an arm which need ed some alteration to be mrefat, for $3,50 each. This private sale was made at a time when tbe Department wai baying 'arms which had been condemned, and seat from the arse nal to Europe. - After an expenditure of from 75 cents to $1,25, they were sold to Simon Stevens for $12,50; then to General Fremont for $23. No wonder our expanse are $2. 000,000 per day Government sell at $3,50, and in a short time buys back at $22. Dr, Cumming'i bought 700 of the same carbines tor $15 The evidence of Major Hsgner shows that Mr. Steven was an acrent or aid of General Fremont This Mr. Stevens denies. How ever, the relation was one of a warm per sonal character. He had probably just left him with instructions to purchase.- His dis patch to Fremont was just such as an sgent would send, or one wbo had the assurance of the neceetittes of the West, end that tbe arm would be taken. At all events, the bargain was an unconscionable eae, whereby Steven was to make $50,000 in one day, without in curring any risk or investing any capital. DEPARTMENT OF THE WEST. There seem to be n green spot in the Be- public The gross frands upon the sea-board. by the Potomac, found a counterpart oa the bank ot th Mississippi. - The contagion spread and fastened itself npon the depart ment ef tbe Wett. . A bevy of cormorant gathered around Fremont, wh were feasting on the blood they were drawing from tbe na tion more imprudent in their claim, more unblushing in their extortion ' There as here, no sales could be made with- the Gov ernment except through the medium of heart less contractors. liers, as kert, none oat special favorites could share tbe public boun ty. Those willing to famish cheaply and well were cast aside, while a hardware Ira, Child, Pratt, sc. Fox, were allowed to famish $1,000,000 without tbe formality of fixing tbe prices in advance, they procuring from the very men wbo oaerre) to supply the Government, and at the offered prices, while they charged an advance of 25 to 50 per cent " Men in league with Quartermaster McEinstry and his inspectors would first ex tort from the,bonest farmer, and then Bnhluah iagly rob frbm the Treasury. ;.In building the forts at St. Louis, more than 1100,000 were squandered upon profligate, unprinci pled favorites, t ... These plunderer, some imported from Cali fornia, and soma for a long while In the em ploy and receiving food and raiment from the Government, gathered around the person of Fremont, and salared none ta approach him too nearly. , Quartermaster McKinitry was tha bich priest at this festival of robbery and crime ; a man who had for many years been in the regular service of the United States; a man famished by tbe Admlqistratiga to. the de partment of the West, which was snpoosed to ue a guaranty lot bis ituthruiness and in tegrity; trusting, rcon8dida!y, . Fremont watched him not closely. I do aot d re tend to say that Fremont sh.-tred tha sooiis with Child, Pratt, Fox, or JtcSiastry, aey more tban t, for a mdmsat, believe that Secretary Welles shared the enormous nroat of his brother-in-law. It I no excuse to say that the magnitude of thi rebellion, huge in pro. portion, the impending danger .casus. dar shadows over our . national pathway and threatening the nation's Ufa, was a justi3ee cation fQi allowing the exercise oi uulieeascd cupidity. Without doubt generals and Cab inet minister have bow-nd down beneath th weight of Increasing responsibility: but this rerjktaM' horde Vett ta3rthLftlnj tile tt J'J greund on which they trod.- ARMY TRANSPORTATION. ; Another item of reckless expendeture was'. ; I the order of the War Department allowing two cents per mile for tbe transportation of troops, anl liberal prices for bag age and horses. CO soormou were tbe picflis taat. , railroad companies in the West bid from $ i.- i 600 to $2,600 to nearly every regiaent fcr,7 the privilege of transportation. It U remark able that the late Secretary, who was him- .T elf, by long ei per Lance and observation a - cob reran I with tbe management ot rau- . 4 roads; who rejoiced ia the conhdenee of a -friend; who wa intimate with railroad eon- T Bex iorxt, -.especially ia Pennsylvania, shoaidr nave allowed railroads such large amount . ., that they could lavish thousand tor the taf- 4 portation of a single regiment - Train not running as swiftly, and some time with- ne better cars, charged nearly doable mar than emigrant rates. Did he- - not kaow that each passenger was entitled to eighty pounds of baggage? yet as extra -charge wae allowed for ail transported wi:i IjuiUy taken froei the Treasury, not only by the "troops ; thus taoueands hare been un the assent of the Department, bat by its et prese sanction and order. -. The pirate who invest ue oceecLunder com mission of tne rebel Thief, are not more de--( serving the execration ot mankind than tbe gaog who, on land, are suffered to feast upon the sweat ot th poor end the blood of the '- brave., -. . L-.. While the nation is straining at every . serve, and bleeding at every pore, theee hearties creature tor gala, to grauly un holy passions wretches,'"" t Who shrine their lost In heaven, -X - And make a pander of their God," have a firmer 'grasp upon the thrort of the ' nation, than this armed rebellion. : Like panthers, at set of sun, across the nation's., darkened path, they , "Bound upon their startled prey." And while this mighty nation, this giant of th West, is trembling beneath it great'"' weight, lis arms growing weary, all iu nerve , and sinews quivering, almost, while lile ia. ebbing from iu veins, if gold could be ex- traded from the quarts they woold pick, by . -1 piece-meal the rock on which he stands; or .'; tt tbey could make merchandise of his locks . . disBbereled by tbe rough tempest would shear him of bis strength. They follow ..... i With what keen second scent of death, - By which toe vulture snails the laud. ' . . ; If we cannot orercim the open enemy in front, let ne at least baabh the masked trai-- ' tor in our midst. Dy this, and yoa - -' strengthen anew the arms and add to the eosrage ef the nation ; inspire hope, and en- " sure the conviction that all will be well. i -' Traitor spies have been walking your street, ". ) feasting at year saloons, promenading at yonr levees, and sleeping in yonr capital. ' They hare been engaged ia your Depart- " ' menta, making drawings ot your Joruhce- -s tions ; aggregation of yonr armies, all your - - consultations, your plans of battle and or der of marches hare been eommenieated to the enemy. Your generals have been para- - i.rei ,An.lrmiM ttetMtwt nv inn vaw mala . who are leeding npon the bounty of your . Government, betraying your confidence and the land which holds the grave ef their -fathers. : "Oh. for a tonsme to cam tbe slave. ' Whose treason, like a de idly blight, Comes e'er the counsel of tbe brave, Sir, I am not one of those disposed to -question or distrust tbe ability or correct- . nessef our leaders. I have always believed1 the people, was far better than a Napoleont -i or Hannibal, with muttarinzs of complaint and half uttered distrust. We cannot afford another defeat They who control our armies will lily discharge their duty if they are ; guided by ought else than tteir own ma- tnT-cul in.tTfflntl. Rnt I hi a ri ht tn in. fist that we shall use ail the means which a ' God of Providence has placed ia oar reach. ' No war has been more eaaseiees; no reb-1- -'- lion, wita so utuo ot cjmDutiat. since uia m angels fell ; no treason whioh threatened so much destruction, and imperilled so much ot happiness lor tne present, or nope tor tn Inhtw nnna inmlviniT OA miuh Mima lalnl . hum&nitv. or Sin ae&wst Hum who guides the t. Men in arms were formerly our brethren ; hiv wui.a iu ym'.ts we woutu treat wem as mends, in wax let tut treat thorn aa They are seeking to wrap in flames the tea- i- pies which their fathers built, and in which- they worshipped. They are trampling no-. der foot the Constitution and laws which 3 their, lather ordained, and of which tii-y- ' boasted; above all, thsy have dispised andt rent In twain the flowery banner which their - , fathers and our planted in victory on Sara- toga asd York town's plains that banner . i,;il, An-tu u r-v : . . uibu uvn.u ' uiuuiuu ! LU1DUVNS I ,1 PiHV llrlpftna tttlHA. rh..h n n ,k- ' .. - - 1 ' ' , - - .S,u..u uu ULI V- e 5 leers from the EmpireState fought side by side, where the gaiiant Butler lei I. They cannot divorce tne -American people from' . Mpfip.v turn HAlmattr MjHm.nt,.J t V. 1 that noble ensign ; each stripe on its starry folds o-cea hark and antwinpa iioAlf imnnit the battle-fields of the Revolution. Every Cl' star stands a a sentinel over the grave where the patriot sleeps: how dceo the erime of 1ia- b)ia I.-- V. ... 4 : r power, now to tramp:e and despise it I Arei - not such men the basest of enemies, who) ahonltl fee? one naniiilintAnU nnA nn,...' ' geence, too ? Will yoa talk of the cocitita- . tieaal rishta of men who ara atMtnut , iv,- gall or such damning mlamy 7 In this war itmattrl ant what mit lhAi lno.; .. . - No mattAr thnntrh thAV Kj tha Koa u if We can harm them sr. hi .1 than v ..... daring their institutions, it 1 our duty to do- . so. '. A rebel sells too a hor?a far nm Knn. dred dollars, which you agree to pay him by - solema contract, in writing; he comes, steal ; the horse, and then demands that v.-tn h-tl. pay him the price agreed. . , , . It will not do fir ihia adjiinistration nor ; for as, with a half million of men aleeiiinir nsl thAtr arms ta imlnm,!.. :k. . menons, wnica are aanseieao nay. criminal- that we should be dancing like harlots in the ante-cnem Der or this srupeoJoas criminal , though armed to destroy and surroiind4 -. with the minions of an en!aved;riatioo.lirv Te tbe incendiiry wbo pats the torch to your . , -dwelling, and ia despoiling you oi family ", family and properly, would you sUnd eronck. ed en one knee begging like a dog that yoa i did not mean to burn his u welling er destroy -your property? So, air; let es stand in the ,: dlenity of our national manhood. And he who violates our Constitution, tramslea an. our flag, or perils oar commerce, is an eae- ' my, whom we should strike whether it ha in tne destruction of or property. Already hasjudgment bee 1 pronounced: it bee beea du creed t hey should suffer death; and are now or . should beondergoing tee penalty. As, well might they cry outforcocsututional righae ' f for the malefactor in the penitentiary or " the murderer under the gallows, to chum '!! the right of life, liberty and the pursuits of i tta nrti nuts happiness. urn not eenerais he Usn nnfora l. degrade the manhood of our troop by res cuing or retarnin fugitire siares-g Let them not be exercising their talents to de termine how they shall hunt stave, rwih- er than capture re'oeli. . Let them not treat, a loyal black man worse than a traitor mas-, See. just before the battle of Manamas a General occupies part of hi lime in writing orders that no fugitive davee should lowed within th line.. Had slaves .,. f fered to bring intelligence and warninr many of our brave soldier r.fu. ... be keeping ia death oa tb't dreadful field. - . ao mwn nav. rena history of his own country to but IiaJ-. purpose, or he would . . , have known this twe oi the meet disasW ,j roes 1 defeats sustained iB the South during . k wm because t we slaves guid ed the enemy to the oeap of our father. . T5 slaves whe periled their lives to ferry OR? maimed soldiers over the Potomac at Bail's BiuS you would return to chains and ., stripes, while you claim to protect the ear, stitutioeai right of the traitors whe had r wounded them. , ,,r j - Some men emog as tails of compromise and peace : none desire neaee mare than si Let these men sot importune as ; we bavte- w i "