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THE TRI-WEEKLY LEADER.
PUBLISHED BY E. COWLES & CO., No. 1 11 America BalMlaa. Saoorior St. TERM3-43.00 A YEAR ; 6c.' A' WEEK. r. ntwiKsUji.,. PATCRDAY MORNING, AUG. 3, lSBl. The Rebel Army in Virginia. A mysterious thing li (ht Rebel Arm; la th " Old Dominion," if the telegraph li to be credited. ' That veracious authority . stated its trngih, before the Bull Sua battle, it fifty or sixty thousand. After the battle it u reported t ninety thoc and. Since that, they tell ut forty thou ' sand hav. advanced iuto Maryland, though sadly whore they ar. .Latiooed does not appear. The latest figure are two hun dred and forty thousand, quite a respecta ble body of men, se far as numbers are concerned. Whence these troops have been o suddenly procured is not so clear, ner do we opine it will be soon, for the whole tale may be set down as a pleasant notion. v General George B. McClellan. An exchange furniahei the following sketch of General MoClellan, upon whom all eyes are now turned ae the military chieftain who is to lead the Grand Army to victory : General George B. McClellan is the son of Dr. George MoClellan, late of Philadel phia, who was a man of rare talents in hi profession one of the boldest and most ucoeesful eurgicsl operators of hi day. The present General George B. McClel lan, was bis second son, bora in Philadel phia, in December, 18:'6, and is now less lhan;thirty-nve years of age. Atjibe pres ent time, his elder brother is a phyaioian, in large practice, in Philadelphia Dr. H. B. MoClellan. George tu educated at the University of Pennsylvania, and, having a taste for military mutters, was, at an early age, piaeed at Went noint School, and, hav ing made great proficiency, was, on the breaking out of the war with Mexico, ap pointed a Lieutenant in the army, at twen ty tw years of age, and was attached to the corps of Sappers and Miner, on their inarch from Vera Crux to the City ef Mex ico, and shared in all the battles of the veteran Lieutenant General Scott. During the Crimean war, he wa dispatched by the Government, as cue of its most trasty and talented officers, to visit Peb&stopol, and learn more of tae tactics of European war; and his report to the Government i a mas terpiece a his lata official war despatches are of how much information can be con veyed in a fiw words. General V oClellau is a man of great scientific military attainments, and was in the Engineer Corps of the army. He wa selected by the Government to accompany Governor Stevens on his Survey of the Northern Pacifio Railroad route asross the Rocky Mountains, some three years ago. He is indeed the young flower of the American army quick in perception, of indomitable perseverance and energy, possessed nf a veteran's judgment in war tr-tters, and as brave as Canar, and exe cutes his plan;, when formed, with the rapidity of lightning as witnessed in Western Virginia, where he has swept the armed rebels oat of existence, with the swiftness of a Bedouin of the desert Be has many of the wr qualities which characterized the young Napoleon, who, at twenty-six years of age in 17 at the head cf seventy thousand men, ascended and descended the Alps, and, on the plains of Lombard y, defeated the veterans of Aus tria, at a single blow. When tbe rebel war broke out, George B. MoClellan (having resigned from the army) was the Vice fresident of the Illi nois Central Railroad, and its Superinten dent of passenger and transportation called to this important station on account of his admirable administrative qualities. In person he is robust and healthy about 5 feet 9 iu height- and ever restless " w m9 something. His habits are goo J; he nemwr in im H ij M - tobacoo. Mr. McClellau' fam'ly are of Scotch ancestry, of martial spirit, with great ha tred of oppression. One of Gen. McClel lan's ancestors was in the battle of Cullo den, and his great-grandfather was Gen. Samuel McClellan, of the American Revo lution, j : . i " . J ' ' J: i1 Tbe promise of young McClellan' youth has teen more than confirmed in tbe suc cessful career of his yet early manhood, and if he is placed at the head of the Grand Army by Gen. Scott, he will either .carry his legion to victory or himself to Abe grave. - ' When McClellan is ready, then the coun try may look forward with entire confidence that he and bis gallant men will sweep the rebels out of the whole of Virginia, as be has already effectually done from a prt of it, in a brief campaign of about two weeks from the day he put lost on the " sacred Oil" . . . : I . -oa-o Gxa, Fbsmost's Awa -The Hon. John P. C Sharks of Indiana is to be one of Gen. Fremont's volunteer aids. Tbe cool ness sad intrepidity which he displayed at j-(-JrfI Run the ulher day, where he was four hours under fire, assisting the wounded, and during (h retreat rallying the fugi tive, evince military qualities which fit av him for the post tendered him. The Eon, John A. Gurley of Ohio is another volun teer aid to Gen. Fremont. Items. The excess of females over males in Great Britain is S 14,04 1, by the last census. India-rubber bas been put to a new use in making carls which cannot be defaced easily and are almost louestructible. A careful investigation shows that during the flag fever not less than 17,000 flags wer mule by the .principal dealers, in aew f ora City. On the 4ib ot Jul', more than 30,000 flags were flying tn that city alone.' ; 1 Noth withstanding the American troubles, the .Glasgow, lli-rald says -there never has Deed so many United States ships loading and unloading In the Clyde as at liie preset time. - ' Kossuth has established bimsslf definite ly in Lombard ; he baa leased Villa Serbel- loni. on Lake Camo, where be has carried twelve hand printing presses, and engaged printers to print bank notes. Thi Illikob Stats Faie. Extensive prep arations are being made in Chicago for tbe aDDroachine State Fair. ?22,OO0 in casn nremium are offerreii. Over three thousand miles of railway pnsscnger trains will be run - at half fare during its continuance. . 3. 3. Herrick, Eq , of Jtavenna, bos been added to the editorial itaff ef tbe Cleveland Daily Leader; and hi busy labors, and ener getic seal in gathering up "the latest news," local and general, are clearly discernabie the araennt. variety and importance of news nailvand nromDtlv furnished by that wide awake and excellent paper. We congra-n late the Leader upon the accession to its tff of so much newspaper experience, and onr friend upon his attainment of so desirable postUOQ- Ecwertna jJenoerat. FROM CAIRO. CHICAGO, Aug. 1. Scouts, just arrived in, report Jeff. Thomp son with 6000 rebe!s,encamuea ou miiessuuiu of Bird S Point. There are three thousand between Charleston and New Madrid, and seven thousand at the latter place. - FROM WASHINGTON. WASHINGTON, August 1. It is said that the New Brigadier Generals will be sekeud by the President as tir serics may be requiied.'-' 1 ' 1 ; J .Nt," Vv-"r-!o..,; E. Cowlcs & Co,, Publishers. VOL. XV. Office No. 142 ; CLEVELAND, SATURDAY , I :l .V .' s - - - - - Superior ' Street. MORNING, AUG SUT $3,00 3, 18 61. a Year 6c, a Week. NO. 91. Soldier's Letters. The following order has been made by the Poet Offioe Department for the execu tion of the new taw respecting soldier', etten: Postmasters at or near any camp or poiut occupied by the United State forces will mail without prepayment of postage any letter written by a soldier in the ser vice of the U uited States and certified to betuohby the Major or Acting Major of the regiment to which the writer is attach ed. The envelope should have plainly stamped or written on its face the certifi cate "soldier Letter, signed in writing by the Major or Aoting Major of the Regi ment, describing his regiment by it num ber and its State. Tbe postage due on uoh letter will be colleoted at the office of de livery. Commissioned offioers will prepay their postage as heretofore. JOHN A. KASSON, First Asst. P. M. General. The Post Office Department has issued the following: Postmasters will take notice that all pre paid letter to soldiers, in any regiment in Ue servioe, and directed to them at points here they have been stationed, ri oe forwarded whenever practicable, to any other point to whioh they may have been ordered, without further charge thereon for (Signed) J. A. Assistant Postmaster General. Rebels at Aquia Creek. Commodore Craven, of the Potomao Flo tilla, mads a reoonnoisanoe in the vicinity of Aquia Creek on the 80th ultimo, a'--4 thus reports to the Navy Department: "At about 10 o'olock, as 1 was passing Potomao Creek, I discovered an encamp ment of the rebels upon Marlborough Point, and at the same time a battery of ubout five heavy gnns on tbe southern bank of the creek. With a view of ascertaining if the rebels were there in force, accompanied by the steamer Reliance I opened fire npon the encampment, which was promptly returned by a conoealed battery oa Marlborough Point, tbe first shot from a rifled cannon taking effect upon our port wheel-house, but not doing any material damage. The little Reliance gallantly tried her best to reach the rebels, Havingaccompushed the objeot of my visit, and found out that our guns had not sufficient range to be effect ive, I pursued toy course. At Marlborough Point at least one regiment of men is en camped. They have mounted at least five rined cannon, addition to the five on tbe south side of the creek. Several officer of my vessel and of tho Reliance thought that tbey saw signs of the rebels having bees at work throwing up batteries of earthworks." A Zouave in the Enemy's Camp. When the Fire Zouaves stormed the masked battery at Hull Run, and were forced to fall back by the grapesbot and cavalry charge, one of them was stunned by a blow from a sabre, and fell almost nnder one of the enemy's gun. Tbe Seces sionist swarmed around him like bees, but feigning death, in the excitement he was unnoticed, and when a sally was made managed to ciawl back into the thicket in side the Confederate lines. Here he wait ed some time for an opportunity to eecape, bnt finding none, concluded he would make the best of a bad bargain, and if he wa lost, would have a little revenge before hand. . Hstily stripping the body of a Confederate near by, be donned his uni form, and seizing a riile made his way to tbe entrenchments, where he joined the se cessionists, and, watohing his opportuni ties, succeeded in picking off several of They advance! out a poa i e-t vootxw iieee be remained some time, until, thinking it best to leave before his disguise should be discovered, joined a party who were about to charge upon our forces, and was, to his gratification, again captured, but thia time by his own men. Uur ore proved very ae itructive to the enemy, and cut down their men by hundreds, in the battery where Ibe Zauave fell, he afterwatd counted thirty five dead bodies lying close together, and the bushes were lull of the wounded ho had crawled off to get ont of the way. Prince Napoleon. We copy from the New York Herald the following interesting items in regard to Prince Napoleon and the Princess Clotilde, recently arrived at New fork. " Prince Napoleon, irst cousin of the Frenth Emperor, and the Princess Clotilde, danghter of tbe OaUmf nomt Victor Emanuel, King of Italy those are such arrivals as it does not fall tooorlot to chronicle every day; and the event bas no 'political significance' being mainly for the benefit of the Princess heal) h it is yet one that in ordinary times weuid have made a great sensation in the city. . "Prince Napoleon, flon flon,' ) a everybody knows, i a son of Jerome Na poleon by his second wire, and stands, next after the Prince Imperial, heir to the throne ef the Napoleons. He is about forty years of age glouiisb, about five feet eight, not particularly Napoleonic in physiognomy and as we saw him yesterday afternoon on Broadway in a summer suit ot linen and straw hat, looked like any ordinary bourgeoi gaitilhomme. "His Princess Ulotnae inane Theresa Louise Clotilde, to write the name in fall,) a danghter of Victor bmanuel, and it wnl be remembered that tbe union, a couple of years ago, was looked upon as a ' political marriaze.' The alliance was determined npon by an intimate understanding between the two Sovereigns, and the reciprocal in terests of Fraace and fiedmont, md tbe negotiations to brisg it about were delayed more than a year. She wst born in 1843, and is consequently at present in. ber nine teenth year, and is pttite, of Italian eompiex ten and features, and very prepossessing and unassuming in manners. With tbe Princess, as ber first maid of honor, is the Duchess d'Abiantei, also quite young and very pretty. ' Among tbe suite ot tbe Prince are two 4 Colonels of the Empire, M. Rarjon and ferri Pisani, both of them Aids-de-Camp, tbe former Governor of tbe Island of Guadn lpupe,now a Commander in the French Navy, M. Bonfils. and Maurire San, eon of Madame fipnrtre Sand, the iliusirioin T&ove'iist, and himself an anhjr of mark.;' V---i m Anns roi iss Gotebshehi. The Prov idence (B. L) Post, say: "The .Providence Tool Company have SAad ft- contract to manufacture 25,000 muskets of the Springfield pattern for Government. They will begin their prep aration at ones at their large workshop this oity. : They will proceed immediately to construct the requisite machines, and rill as soon a possible begin the manufac ture of the muskets. They have able and experienced men to supervise the work, j Col. Colt, of Hartford, ha contracted make 25,000 mnskets also. Two ether par ties, vrfco' e names we have not learned, have con t-act to furnish the government with 60,0i0. . Thus these four contracts tor 100.000 niUBKets. ;i I Fuiiii Cavalbt Compaiy. A cavalry company, composed of young ladies, has cently been formed atPiusfield, Mass., under the name of "Di. Vernon Phalanx." pinkie Pomeroy is the Ctptain and Anna K!pp I the Lieutenant. . Prince Napoleon. Close of the Campaign in Western Virginia. Our special dispatches of last night an nounce that General Cox ha driven Gen. Wise and his rebel band from Western Vir ginia, uur troop holding Gaulcy Bridge. This bridge is within five miles ot Staunton, which is connected with Richmond by th Virginia Central Railroad, tbe di.tance being about ObA hundred and twenty-five miles. This end the campaign In Western Virginia, unless Wise should return with - reinforce-, ment from Richmond, in which event lis would n.eet a warm reception, as Gen. Cox will, of course, fortify his position, which is known to be a very strong one. It is barely possible that Wise i trying to en trap our force by leading them beyond Gao lcy, where they will be in the enemy' conn try, when Wise will fall npon tbem with a recruited army. There is little danger, how ever, of Gen. Cox going "forward to Rich mond," or so nigh to it a to be overpowered. Nor does the precipitate retreat of tbe rebels, lavinffhfc,d tbem one thousrnd muskets and other accoutrements, look very much like a strategical move, but rather a flight for safety. Thus have ths oppressors been forced from the truly "sacred soil" of loyal Western Virginia. But a few week have elapsed since their armed host marched forth for the avowed purpose of inflicting penalties upon their brethren because they remained true to their country and to themselves, and now ibe last miserable remnant of their defeated and demoralized army barely escapes our brave troops, who have killed their great leader, captured hundreds of their number, and secured a great portion of their arms and munitions of war. All this has been accomplished nnder tbe skillful direction of the j oung hero of the Weflt, Gen. Geo. B. McClellan, aided by the brave troops of Ohio and Indiana. What other State, can show such a record ot the c tmpaign ? Let those who have mocked at the misfortune and embarrassments of Ohio such as are naturally incident to the sudden organization of a large military fores in a peacelul community ask themselves this question. Soldier's Trip from: Washington. COLUMBUS, July 30th 1861. Editor Leadib : We are out of Virginia, and once more within the border of tbe Old Buckeye State. We left Washington, last Friday morning at eight o'clock.' Nothing worthy ef note transpired until we reached Baltimore. There we found the streets lined on either side by the citizens, who received ua with cheers, waving of hankerchiefs and flags yes, and the glorious old Stars and Stripes. At one window I saw a lady hold ing a little child, whom the was teaching to wave the flag that has floated over us so long in triumph. If mothers everywhere had taught their children to reverence that ban ner, we should not have had to leave our nomes to defend and uphold it within our own borders aye, on our own hearth stone?, as it were. As we advanced, . the throng became more intense, cheering ns onward, nor did we receive a single insult while in the city of PlugUgliea. v ' ' AU through Maryland met with a tiwvty ww'eonie tnl no inanlt. PlaRS were WTiagatiii8tljfriitnry poraa, and fair women welcomed us, not.only by the waving of hankercbiet and smiles, but by kindly greetings where we stopped. If we were to judge of the Union sentiment in tbe portion through which we passed, by what we saw, we should say they wers all for tbe Union, but appearances are sometimes very deceiving. When we got to Harrisburgh we had to wait a longtime before we could get cirsto bring us to Pittsburgh, owing to there being so many regiments ahead of r.s. At H irris burgh we lay in an open field, beneath a scorching sun, with nothing to eat except what little we cnld by of two or three cake peddlers that come along, which amounted to about as much, as the story has it, as his Satanic majesty-' s shaving the bog, a great cry and little wool, for there was a great deal of hard talking and very little eating done that day. ; We left Harrisburgh about 9p.nL, stowed away as before in a lot of freight cars, but not quite as many in a car as before, yet we managed to get a pretty good night's rest, in fact, the first we had bad for a number of nights. ; In the morning we bad a splendid break fast on what some of the boy call "Gov ernment pies," and cold water for coffee. These Government pies are very hard, round crackers. How eld tbey are I can't tell; tbey are so old they can't teil their own age. , Arrived at AJtoona about noon ; got a pretty good meal; found ladies very kind gave us bread, meat, cheese and coffee, now quite a VAriety after fasting so long, i Six o'clock found us in the city of Pitts burgh. It commenced raining just before we got there; const qnently we had to stick Close to the cars, so that we did not have an opportunity to go after much to eat. Not , withstanding the raining, quite a number of ladies managed to get provision to us, which were very acceptable, -and for which w-j all felt duly thankJul. Had. it not rained as it did, we should have expected to rxeive something from the hands ot the ever hospi table citisens ef Pittsburgh, but as it was we expected little or nothing, and therefore were very agreeably disappointed. - j But the Steubenville ladle, capped the cli max. On our arrival there we were aroused from oar drowsy slumber by tbe cry V Steobenville," " masked batteries," " the Udiea," Ac There we received compliments I a more substantial nature than mere, wa-: Ting of hankerchiefft, or smiling faces, pleasant words, to wel-xnne hungry soldiers to their home. We bad fresh warm bis cuits and batter, coffee with milk and sngar, and other (to as) rarities. Tbe hospitality f that nlirht will not b forgotten soon, assure vou. We jrave three cheers with tiger for the Swilbenvllle ladies, and then the iron horsa moved forward. Morning found us still on tbe road. ! We arrived in this city between two and three o'clock, and found a dinner awaiting S3, after which we marched up to the Capi tol, and hen were quartered for the night. H. in to are to. WsaT is as Ajtbulaxci? An smbalacoe a light carriage, the body being mounted pon two wheels and supported by very ?ght elastic springs. ' It is a little over eet in length. There are cots for two with, teds, head pillow,, Ac, The i covered with black oil cloth, but the body and running gear ar. painted red. The am bulance 1 intended for one horse, with seat for the driver in front, and being very jght, though Strong! built, can be driven along very rapidly without injury to wounded. - : - Miss Miss I Taking'the latest account, of the rebel fcemselves, in relation to their loss, it ot be sawn Jea. than 3,000. . , ' FROM FORT MONROE. Old Point Comfort—Fort Monroe—Rip Raps —Sewall's Point— Newport News— Floyd and Union Guns. [From Our Special Correspondent.] FORTRESS MONROE, July 29, 1861. Old Point Comfort ia familiar as a house hold word, but we think the name it misno mer, fur we never felt the rays of the un more scvorely than here, without a breexe to modify them. Of the shape and position of Fort Motroe, the lithographs give a good idfa Its walls of stoae are 25 fret high, with, in addition, a turf embankment of ten feet, on top of which the gun are mounted, en barbette, to the number of 100. The distance around the ramparts is one mile and a quarter, which may give you a tolerable idea of the area of the Fortress. A moat, or ditch, 50 feet wide and 10 feet In depth, surround the Fort, which is commanded by It gun. Outside of the ditch, near tbe beach, is the water bat teiy ol 40 gun of large calibre. The cele brated Union Gun is to be mounted on the beach within a stone's throw of this battery. The Rip Raps arc about three n. . frem the Fort and four from Sewall's Point The work on tbe Rip Raps was commenced in 1816, and the foundation for the fortifications was formed by transporting su enormous quantity of stone, and creating an artificial island, which is now 900 feet long and 300 feet in width. The original work progressed for twenty-five years, and was then stopped by order of lha Government. Upon exami nation, some four or five years since, it was found the work had settled five feet, when It was decided io demolish it and commence anew, building tbe new fortification of gran ite, and on a more scientific and approved plan. The present work is under the super intendence ot Col. De Ruse, of the U. S. To pographical Engineers, and when completed will be one of the strongest fortifications in the world. The walls are eight feet thick, and will be sixty feet in height, and mount 300 guns. A breakwater will be construct ed connecting with the shore opposite, 21 miles in length, closing navigation on that side. Tbe walls are do ten feet high, and four columbiads are mounted, commanding the channel on the north-east side, and or the pier on the same side is the Sawyer gun. To the courtesy of Capt Leech, of Mas? , who has charge here, we are indebted for infor mation in reference to the works. - There are fifteen Secession prisons 8 con fined here, and they invariably bear testimo ny to tbe kind treatment received since their arrival. None of these are from the rebel army. Tbe rebel batteries on Sewell' Point are not visible, being concealed in the bushes or masked. Newport News, ten miles from Fort Mon roe, is situated at the month of James River, which leads to Richmond. Between three and four hundred Federal troops are en trenched there, under command of Colonel Phelps. Tbe 7th New York, CoL Bendix. Col. Allen' Regiment from Troy and Alba ny, and a Zouave Regiment, comprise the force within the entrenchments. Two men of-war blockade tbe river at Newport New, ar.d five or six at Fort Monroe. Tbe Floyd gun was dismounted last week to make w7 for tbe Union gun, which wUI be mounted in its place the last of this or first of next week-1 To give yon an Idea of the immense porportions of the moos' Union enn, I give you its dimensions: It is ftwelv. teet, or Uurty ico ii uiuict- ence; ana two leei in aiameur at tue muz zle, or six feet in circumference. The bore of tbe gun is one foot in diameter, and has twenty-one grooves. Its weight is 52,000 lbs , and it is calculated to carry a ball or shell seven miles. . Tbe FIoy is IS feet in length, and weighs 48,000 lbs. Both ot them are constructed after the ' Dahlgreen pattern. The Floyd is the larger bore of the two, and is not rifled. . "J The blockading forces are on tbe loo!: out for a couple of steel clad steamers from Rich mond, who are hourly Expected with the intention of running tbe blockade. A warm reception awaits them if they attempt it. The Federal troops are in good spirits and ready for the rebels, and anxious to treat JUNIUS. Nobly Said. , The Louisville Journal ia doing a noble Work for tbe Union cause in Kentucky.; .Th. following closing paragraph of an article in Monday's issue indicates the hue spirit of resistance: , , " ; Our Union men are for peace. AU of tbem are for peace. They vill, for the sake pt peace, bear all and do all that can be borne and done consistently with safety and hon or. But they believe that there is a deep, ex tensive, acd most atrocious conspiracy lor the subversion of the loyalty of Kentucky; and tb'-y bavo made up their minds, if such a conspiracy shall be developed, to resist the coofpirators with all the might of their souls and bodies. Before they will permit Ken tucky to.be forced into disunion, they will make ber soil wear a deeper and a darker red than it ever wore in the days ot the sav ages. - ' ' ' '- J '- of or I a ' Ths Ogttos Supplt i Esstasn. We learn by a late number of the New York Economist that the stock of cotton in Liverpool at last accounts was 1,120,000 bales, with 160,000 bales in transitu, so that, it remarks, "if the . blockade were r&'aed in Febrnarv next we are informed that no national inconvenience would be felt"; This is an important iact and mu3t needs have considerable bearing npon matters In this country as connected with the Cotton States. W bether the Government is disposed to make the best use of the margin thus ac corded to it will only be known by the renewed efforts it may make within the next few week to make quick work with the war. Tbe fact is apparent, however, that the fVttnn Statra cannot suddenly "move the lever that move the world," with Hsgtana so well prepared to supply her mills; and onlv aeven ner cent ot her people are en gaged in the manufacture of cotton, it is quite aueationable whether she would not do better to help them past a single season rather, than enter on a war with this country in attempt to break the blockade. Tz. six in side, top a the - A Patmotic School DisTaicr. Seven soldier have entered the U. 8. Army, from School District No. 4, in the township Champion, in this county, and there main in that district, of able bodied men between the ages of 18 and 45, subject military duty, only four men. The seven are in Capt. Asper's company. One resi dent, Mr. Jacob Shafer, a mm of over years of age, served in the U. 8. Army ring the whole of the last war with Eng land; fought nnder Gen. Soott at Luody Lane, and now has four granuaoni serving their country a did their graadsire before them. That' in the Western Reserve. Worrell Chronicle. can The Richmond papers say a negro up a Colt's Rifle at Bull's Run, and X)ld for 1 100. Arm are in demand South. h Who Caused the Advance? This is a question which, amid the con flicting itatements of newspaper and letter write., it ha been didioult to an wer satisfactorily. Some have asserted that th. President dictated to General Soott, others that the Cabinet influenced the President, and still another olaas that the military authorities were alone respon sible. This latter view has seemed to us tho most plausible one, so far as direct in terfereuee wa concerned, but we have been, and are still, disposed to hold certain influential journals and an impatient pub lic accountable for whatever wa done that was premature. W. have never been wil ling to believe that the Administration had interfered with the Lieutenant General in any manner, exoept so far as to perform a duty whioh legitimately devolved upon it, vii : th. general direction a to what was to be accomplished, leav'ng th. military department to perform its part in its own manner and at its own time. This view we find .u.talned by th. Washington Re publican, a paper whioh sustain mere Inti mate relations with th. Administration than any other in the nation. Upon thi subject, that paper makes tbe following statement: .. : "The confusion of statements on this point, has resulted from confounding two thing entirely distinot, vix. : the advanoe npon Richmond, and the fighting of this particular battle of July 21st. General Soott wa notoriously opposed to ths advanoe upon Richmond, and in that particular be had been overruled by the President. Butthe advanoe being ordered, itt conduct too minuted to thi management of General Scott, and ht vat not ret trained by tujterior authority, either at to attacking Bull Run at mil, or at to the time of attacking it. - " It is thus by separating things improp erly confounded, that the country will ar rive at a correct idea of the history of events, and of the proper responsibility of offioial person. "That for the intended advance npon Richmond, rests npon the President and the politioal Administration. "That for tbe battle of July 21st, rests upnu the military authorities, who took their own time and manner, and were not interfered with, in any way or degree what ever, either by restraint, or precipitation." uss ell on American Slavery. Russell, the correspondent of the London Times, whose apparent partiality for South ern institutions, was the subject of such severe comment on tbe part of the Northern press soon after his arrival in this country, dons not, after all, die play any fondness for the "peculiar institution," as the following ex tract from his letters will show. The first Is written FROM MONTGOMERY. I have seen within tbe Bhort time I have been here in this part of the world, several dreadful accounts of the murder and violence which masters suffered at the hands of their slaves.. There is something suspicious in this constant, never-nd'iDg statement that 'We are not afraid of our s ares.' The cur few and the night parol in the streets, the prisons and the watch houses, and the police regulations, prove that strict super vision, at all events, is needed and necessary." A SLAVE AUCTION. : -u I confess the sight caused a strange thrill through my heart I tried in vain to make mvself familiar with the fact that I could, for tbe sum of $975, become as abso- horse tbafBlooa oy my s;ac. -Tnrre-vnw -ma sophistry which could persuade me the man was not a man be was, indeed, by no means my brother, but assuredly he was a fellow- creature.- ' I have seen slave-markets ln tbe East, bnt somehow or other the Orientalism of the scene east a coloring over the nature ot the sales there which deprived them of the disagreeable harshness and matter-of-fact character of the. transaction before me. For Turk, or Smyrniote, or Egyptian to buy and sell slaves seemed rather suited to the eternal fitness of things than otherwise. The turbaned, shawled, loose-trowsered, pipr- smoking merchants, speaking an unknown tongue, looked as if they were engaged in a legitimate business. One knew that their slaves would not be condemn ed to any very hard labor, and that they w.mld be in some sort tbe inmates of the fkmJy and members of . Here it grated on my ear to listen to the familiar tones of the English tongue as the medium by which the transfer was effect ed, and it was painful to see decent-looking men in European garb engaged in tbe work: before me.". . v , . 1 FROM NEW ORLEANS. as an of re4 to 70 du, In this citv there is a terrible substratum of crime and vice, violence, misery and mur der, over which the wheels of the Cotton King l chariot rumble gratingly, ana on which rest iu dangerous security the feet ot histhron.." - " "At the house of a planter the other day bne of the slaves asked my friend, 'Will we be made to work, massa, when ole English come ?' An old domestic in the house of a irentleman in this citv said, 1 There are few r . . - . . . . . . white in this place wno ougm not to ue killed for their cruelty to us.' another said, Oh,' just wait till they attact ttcKens These little hints are significant enough, coupled with the notices of runaways and toe- oapments in me puuuc jaus, buuw that all is not auiet below the surface." "There is one stereotyped phrase wnicn i am tired oUii.Our negroes, Sir, are tbe hap piest, the most contented, and the best off c . any people in the world.' The violence an I reiterancy ol mis lormuia came one u eo auire whether anything whioh de-nands sue insiitince U really ju the condition predica ted: and for myaelf I always say. - It may be so, but as yet I do not eee the proof of it The negroes do not look to be what you say thevare."' ' ' . i " There is an excellent gentlemen over there.' said a friend t e, 'who gives his overseers a premium of $10 at the birth of every child on bis plantation. wny sor Oh, in order that the overseers may not work the women in the family way too much.' There is little use in this part of the world, in making use of , inferences ; bat where overseers do not get the premium, it may be supposed they do work the pregnant women too much. . . w . "It is resorted that the patrols are trenzthened. and I could not help hearing charming young lady say to another the other evenine that sbe would not ba afraid to go ba.k to the plantation, though. Mrs. Brown Jones said she was afraid her negroes were after miflchietV . . ..,-! " " It struck me more and more, as I exam' ined the faces of the slaves all over the South, that deep dejection is! the prevailing, if not the universal characteristic of the race. " "I perceived that there are regular patrols and watchmen at nights who look after levees and the negroes;-a number of dog are also loosed, and I am assured by a gen tleman who has written me a long letter on the subject from Montgomery, that these dogs do not tear the negroes; they are taught merely to catch and mumble them, to treat them as a retriever, weil broken, use a wild duck." r , THE RIGHT OF SLAVERY. it "On those points there are Ingenious by- J potheses and subtle argumentation, in print 1 down South ' which do much to comfort the conscience of tbe antbroproprietors. Tbe negro skull won't bold as many ounces ot shot a the white man'. Can there be a more potent proof that the white man has a right to sell and to own a creature who car- ries a smaller charge of inipe dust in bis bead? He is pantigrade and curved as to i tbe tibia. Cogent demonstration that he was made expressly to work for the arch-too ted, traight tibia' d Caucasian. He ha a rets muicotum, and a colored pigment. Surely, be cannot have a soul of tbe same color as that of sn Italian or Spaniard, far less of a fltien-haired Saxon? See these peculiari ties ia tbe frotal sinu in sinciput or occi put! Can you doubt that tbe being with a bead of that nature wa made only to till, hoe and dig for another race? Besides, the Bible says be is a ton of Ham, and proph ecy must be carried out la th. rice i amps, sugar-canes and maize-fields of the South ern Confederation. It' flat blasphemy to let yourself against it Our Saviour sane -tions slavery because he doe not say a word against it, and it' very likely that SL Paul was a slave-owner. Had cotton and sugar been known, be might have been a planter 1 B sides, tbe negro is civilized by being car ried away from Africa and set to work, in stead of idling in native inutility. What hope is there of Christianizing the African races except by the agenoy of the apostles from New Orleans, Mobile, o Charleston, who sing the sweet songs of Ziou with such vehemence, and clamor so fervently iuz bap tism in the waters of tbe 1 Jawdam?' If these high physical, or metaphysical, moral, and religious reasoning do not satisfy you, and you venture to be unconvinced and to say 80, then I advise yon not to come with in reach of a mas meeting ot our citizens, who may be able to find a rope and a tree in the neigborhood." A COMPARISON. Mr. Russell arrive in Chicago, in tbe great and free West, and thus he describe his sen sations: "How pleasant it was to see white face in the fields, to gaze on tbe waving corn, and on the martial rows of wheat shea's; to be hold the villages and the Christian spires rising in the distance; to observe, as it were, nnder oni's eyes the growth of civilized comJ muni Lies; the village swelling into the town, and the town grasping the dimension of a city. And how wonderful has been the work of the rail; in a night it bas spanned the in terval between war and peace, between swamp and harvest field, between sedition and contentment Last night we traveled through line of outposts, over danger haunted bridges, by camp? where tbe soldiers watched eagerly for their Bupply of bread, and cheered lustily as it was delivered to them from tbe train, for without its aid tbey could get none. This morning Union flags floated from the little stations. Corn is abundant The vast plains are rich with crops, or are ready to yield to the tilth. A city worthy of such a name rises above the waters of the sea-like lake whose waves roll from the boundless horizon in crisping foam on the smooth sandy beach. The pure clear air invigorates the frame weakened by the warm, clammj breath of the South. The notes of the mocking bird are beard no more, but tbe prairie hen gets up with a sharp whirl from tbe roadside, and drop with her brood into tbe deep, flowering clover; the partridge calls from the stubble, and instead of the foul turkey buzaard and his lazy wheel swoops the gray falcon over tbe broad meadow in rapid curves." The Late Mrs. Longfellow. A correspondent of tbe Albany States man thus beautifully alludes to the -death of the wife of Henry W. Longfellow. . How touchingly he intertwines with th. melan choly event the sad. story .of ths. .two. most perfect characters of the groat poet's crea- ftion. Mary Atherton ana m xienung; . ior ghouia ffovTviuly portray the sadness . m Mmself ;B after Mrs. How terribly sad was the death of Mrs. Henry W. Longfellow.. A letter now be fore me, from one who knew her well, says : " Was ever death so tragic and dreadful as Mrs. Longfellow . ,1 cannot make it real that her calm, majesti life ha ended in suffering and horror. - Through a dreadful passage her lofty and tranquil spirit en tered into lire." Mrs. Longfellow was the Mary Atherton of her husband's "Hyperion," first pub lished some 22 years ago. , Well may he now say, as he doe in the opening pages of that book of beautiful thoughts, when he wrote of hi first wife : " The brightness of our life is gone.. Shadows of evening fall around us, and the world seems bat a dim reflection, itself a broader shadow m . m "His household gods wer broken. He had no home. His sympathies cried aloud for his desolate soul, and there came no answer from the busy, turbulent world around him. "He went abroad that the sea might be between him and the grave. : Alas I be tween him and his sorrow there could be no sea but that of time." . Then Longfellow was in early manhood ; now, in his great sorrow, he is in " life's evening." We have read him so much have passed so many pleasant hours over hi pages, that we can but feel a personal interest in him, and for him, now in his lone affliction. In his Hyperion, he thus de scribe Mrs. Longfellow, who was then in her twentieth year : . "Th. lady' figure wa striking. .Every step, every attitude, wa graceful, and yet lofty, a if inspired by the soul within. Angel in the old poetlo philosophy have toch form; it was the soul itself imprint ed om the aii - There wa not one discordant thing in her but a perfect harmony of figure and 'ace. and soul in a word, ol the wnoie De- in&.'' ; - . . , Alas, l'aul ( leminr can never again react Uhland'. poems to Mary Atherton. Never again talk with her of Art or Nature of Mountains and or Herman song. Ana sne, the lovely, gifted woman the fond wife tbe devoted mother the valued friend, will weep no more as when he read to her "The Song of th. Silent Land," for sh. ha passed into that "8ilent Land." and "her form, alone, will hereafter rise, like a tremulous evening star, in the firmament of hlssouL" The Table of Distances. W find th. following table of distance in Leslie'. Illustrated Newspaper: W.h. Blch Fort'M Hr'i Lvch-Bltt nigtoa. mona mooroe. jrwrf. wur or. Alexandria, 41 1.1. St 168 IU M Ji 1HJ M 91 OS lit" 130 141 1(4 Pvtonhnrc.lM Mana.Janc. 29 RichnTn'i.134 For i Mon...l20 Harp Far. U Lvnt.bburg.lrt Mn ia CulMporr... Aijira Cre-a 45 HhllMlota'a.lS Baltimore.. 3i hew YorkJJ Trenton IM Tori town WO Be wall Pt.U0 WMOingl u lir vn fu 17o M M 143 l'JO 87 Us ae iu . 71 135 HO li ... 179 10 1SS ., ITS : li IK lfiO 1M . BO M) 1 148 (t llfl . M . KB to no 70 it III) W) 145 7 130 16 M IM Sort M 91 2 xo r - its sre 70 J7 wi im M . . 190 . lO )J4 " 13S M0 FROM ST. LOUIS. ST. LOUIS, Aug 2. Col. Solomon' regiment and part of CoL Rierel' arrived from the South-west yester. day and the balance of Sieger and two Iowa regiments will probably a.-nve to-day. These troop will b. disbanded here, their time having expired ; bnt nearly all the two former regiments will re-enlist tor the war Encrt are being mad. to continue the or- ganization ot tbe reserve corps, or St Louis Home Guard, beyond the tune ot their regu lar enlistment. SPECIAL DISPATCHES. [Special Dispatch to the Cleveland Leader.] j The War Department has received an offi cial dispatch from Western Virginia of tbe flight ot the rebels under Wise from the Kanawha on tbe 29th ultimo, thus ridding that section of tbe invaders. The retreat was (o rapid before Gen. Cox' advancing forces that one thousand musket and a laigc quantity of powder fell into the bands of tbe Federal troops. Gen. Cox pursued to tke headwaters of the Kanawha, at the juncture of the Gurley and New rivers, where the rebels hadjdestroyed the Ganley bridge,wbich fact alone saved than from destruction. Gen. Wise' unnecessary destruction of prop erty has lost him the support of many of bis former friends, who now espouse the cause of th. Union. Large number of Wise' troops deserted him on the march, and hi army is completely broken np. Over trn thousand horses have been pur chased by Quarter Master General Meiga sipce be assumed the duties of hi position. Of tbe artillery lost in the Bull Run dis aster, six belonged to Arnold's battary, four to Griffin's, five to the Rhode Island, six to Rickett'a (one a 30-pounder), and four to Carlisle's, making a total loss of twenty five gun. A man employed by Gen. Scott ns a coach man has disappeared, having in his possession a horse and pistol belonging to Captain DeKay, and a pistol ef the Lieutenant Gen eral. It is surmised that he may have joined ihe rebels for the purpose of conveying to them information of affairs within onr lines. It is thought by many that Gen. McClel lan is preparing for a speedy infliction o somethicg severe upon the -rebels. Large quantities of cannon are being speedily man ufactured for the Government, and are turn ed out at the rate of sixty a week, and one foundry bas orders (or three hundred. The utmost confidence is repored in the new leader by the troops and the public He wa called to the command by the President him self, contrary to the wishes of tbe majority of the Cabinet Their opposition availed noth ing, as the President was determined that a new order of things should be initiated. Tbe many rerorma already introduced show the wisdom of his choice. Among the most important reforms is tbe brigading of regi ments, which is being done as rapidly as possible. Gen. McClellan has recommended the ap pointment of Lieut Col. Buell, of the Adjo twt General's Office, and Col. Win. F. Sher man and Col. David Hunter as Brigadier Generals in the regular army. It is thought the recommendation will be carried out CoL Miles, under arrest for drunkenness at Centreville, bas come out with a card in re ply to the charges made again 3t him by Richardson of Illinois. He does not make a formal denial of the charge, but states that he has called for a Court of Inquiry ; also, that the order which Richardson objected to and chtrged to hun was Gen. McDowell's, and that his plans were interfered with by 1Mb ittirtii i ' 1 ' tii, Thomas A. Scott has received iuo appoint ment of Assistant Secretary of War, and Capt GnsUrua A. Fox ' Assistant Secretary ot the Navy. William Faxon of Connecti cut has been promoted to the Chief Clerkship In the Navy Department, lately htld by Capt Fox. The Second Auditor of the Treasury, Thomas J. D. Fuller, has resigned. ' In order to supply troops with water, wells have been sunk insu'.e of the vari.us fortifi cations across the river, i It is confidently asserted that all tb repre sentat'.es of foreign Governments now here entertain the most friendly leeiiogs to the United .states and are strongly in favor of the Union. An unexpected and exciting scene occurred in the Senate to-day. Biker of Oregon bad the floor, and delivered a most terrible re buke to Breckinridge, reviewing and answer ing his late traitorous speech. When he had given the traitor a complete castigation, and drawn the attention of all within reach of his voice, be tnddenly turned upon him (Breckinridge) and, in a defiant tone, put to Lim this question : " What would have been said of a Roman Senator wbo, in th. midst of one of the great national crises when the existence of the Republic was im perilled when Hannibal was but a day's march from the gates of the capital, should have uttered such doctrines ?" Instantly Fessenden, in a juppressed but clear voice, exclaimed, "He would have been hurled from the Tarpean rock" when Baker caught ihe words and thundered forth, "Yes, sir, au indignant and an outraged people would have hurled him from the Tarpean ropk." The Kentucky traitor quailed, and did not es- ay to open his lips, or even to meet the gaze which Baker had riveted upon him. ' The Senate referred a long list of appoint ments for the army, which it is expected they will confirm to-morrow. S. A Hosas Tnixr. An honest appearing chap came down and stopped before the ea tahli&hment of Mooari. Wilder on Wedneo- it.T at loot week, and enquire tor Mr. X. Wilder. eTDresaina a wian to buv a wsiron. After looking about among the wtgonn of the establishment he said mat ne waa a eardener from Cleveland, and wished to ? . .. .. 1 V. I 1 - 1 '. I V. kin. traae tne top-ouggj no uau aivug Hi offers were such as to excite suspicion that he wa a thief, but the story of tbe man and his assurance, rendered those Handing ahnnt dnnblv lure that he wa no' : and finallT o trade was made bv the Messrs. W Iriar. tri-nrse Sou to dps. iui abrauKBr returned to w illoughby, and left his horse and wagon, giving directions about them, and savin? that he would return next morn ing for them on the 10 o'clock train. He returned on the t o'clock train. Meantime, Information reached here that the horse and buggy had been stolen on Tuesday evening in front of the City Hall, Cleveland, and waa the property of W. Babin, a member of the Council. The thief wa arrested aad takn to Cleveland, and lie in -Cleveland jail. His name is Peter Fisher.' What could have Induced him to take such a course, beats th. wits of all to determine- Painetvillt iVesa. f ' 6raccLaiiso is W bust, The proposition in Congress to place an excise duty npon domestic liquors has led the holders of whis ky in this city to withdraw thair stock from market To-day there is not a barrel sale. The nominal price is St cents per gallon, butthe nolderi are sar,-uine of getting Ji centK In Cincinnati tk.- price is at St Louis, 14c ; at Chicago, York, 17o ; aad in Baltimore, l This itat of things hero affords a good opportu nity for a profitable operation in Uus '"Sta ple" articla Prut. The Nineteenth Homeward Bound. CAMP Columbus, Ohio, July 19, 1861. Th. 19th Ohio left Beverly, Vs., hut Tuos day morning, July ftcf, at four 'clocl After a forced march of twenty-six xnil ws encamped for til. night. Being much fit tigued w retired early, so a to bo ready to proceed early in th. morning. Eer.ffl. wis beat at four o'clock, A. M-, toots struck, Ac, snd w marched ont of camp at six o'clock. W. reached Laurel HOI at eight There were no troops there. Th. entrenchment of the enemy wer all filled np. We rested here for twenty minutes, during which time Msj.-Gen. McClellan and body guard pissed us. The former was oa his way to Washing ton. We arrived at Webstsr at three o'clock in the afternoon and piaeed our trap aboard the ears, and started for Farkenburg at nine P. M , where w. arrived the next morning at ten o'clock. Having takes rote to ascertain bow many would Toiostoe to go np th. Kanawha on thirty-d cruise, th. result was " No Go." We we: then transferred over the river to the Ob bores on flat boats, spread onr bl inkets o the land and laid down to rest intil U train should eome. Tr ears irriv d at fotr o'clock in the morning, bat we d.4 not got awuy till aoven. On reaching Atbin we found that the patriotic citixes bad pre pared a lunch for ns, consisting of bread add butter, crackers, cheese and Ice water. It being the first bread we had eaten for soma time, it iu a great luxury, and was highly appreciated. After giving them a hearty "three cheers," and many a "God bless ynu," the train moved on. At Chilicoth. there was a tremendous crowd at the depot and plenty to eat We reached Loreland at eleven o'clock, where we chsngeS car, which caused delay of three hours. W reached Columbus at 7 A. M., stacked arms and took breakfast at the Depot. VI arched out to Camp Chase, a distance of four miles, where we have been pro' ;.'! with comfort able quarters. Btetaon and myself are busy making ont the pay roll, and present appearance indi cate that w will leave for horn about Thurs day. Capt Konkle, Co. E, left at 11:15 Satur day for Cleveland, and will rejoin us to morrow. Jack Leiand is preparing a new and ap propriate piece of music, which th. band will perform when we enter Cleveland. The 19th will go home via Cleveland, and about two-thirds of th. men will re-anlist E. T. P. Court Mastial. The following order has been issued by direction of th. Com mander in-Chief in regard to Lieut Sirat ton and others of th. 19tb Regiment : HEAD QUARTERS OHIO MILITIA. ADJOTAST GalllAl' OlTICl CotCMir, O, July 27, 1861. SPECIAL ORDER NO. 556. A General Court Martial ia hereby ap pointed to meet at Columbus, on th. fifth day of August, or a. soon thereatur as practicable, for th. trial of Lieutenant Stratton of th. 19th Regiment O. V. M , and such other prisoners as may be brought before it DETAIL FOR THE COURT. 1. Lt Col. E. W. Hollingsworth, 19th Rg t 2. Captain Urbin Beans, " " 3. " L J. .Buckley, 4. " Andrew J. Konkle, lain 6. " Wm. I. Wilson, 6. Peter A. Tyler, " " 7. Asher Cook, 21st Major Mania Welker, Jadge AdroeaU. That portion of Adjutant General' Or der No. 29, o far as it inflict, punishment oa th accused, is hereby rescinded. A Bo it Rise. There are great differences in travelers. Some go leisurely to their journey's end, pausing now and then as th. fancy inita them, and gathering what plea sures they may by the road side. Others are forever in a hurry, grumbling at th. slowness of rail cars, grumbling at every fco iooW pilar from Portland 4 Kow Orleans. Bucb. aro ne-rftr eatUfted xinloaft . fastened to the tail of a great six-toot driver tf trying to nee from T.me. Upon all this kind of people the pleasures and the lesson of traveling are lost, and it would be merely a waste of words to advise them on their Fastern or Western tour to pass ae-osa the Lake in those magnificent steamers, the Western Metropolis or City of Buffalo ; but to all other let us say that one of the pleav an test of all summer ridea, especia'ly during th heat of August, is this same trip on' theso same boats. In this connection it may be mcxtiuaec' that the Western Metropolis on her passag) yesterday to thi port brought bet-ween 7' and 80 passengers, and the number whict they carry increase dailr. A Jcvikiu "Jar. Davr." is ths 23d. An exchange says, "one morning, some waeka ago, a part of tho 33d, then in c imp at Cleveland, discovered ayoucg:ter aileep in one of ths tents. Ia reply to questions, he gave no other account of him self than tiat his name was " Jen. Davis." E wa a bright, intelligent lad, and soon 1 became the pet of tho volunteers, and wa finally adopted by oneof the companies, and furnished with a full Zouave costume. In- tutive, almost, ne cam. lam mar wiin in most intricate manual of arms, and com menced a drill of his tod-fathore. What wo at first regarded as a bit of amusement soon shaped itself into downright earnest. "Jeff. Davis," the youngster-foundling of thirteen, soon proved a most efficient and useful drill-master. Few men in the regi ment can com pare with him, and old soldier look on with astonishment at his proficiency.' Brtra- During the progress of th. recent fire at Pittsburgh which consumed th do pj', a large number of kegs which wore supposed to contain sp kes, and which wer directed to parties in th South, were discov ered to hold bullets instead. Most ot tnem were destroyed by the fire. ; Fob Lax. Srrrsaioa. The fine steamer Illinois is billed to leave the dock of Hanna, Garretson A Co. this (Friday) evening at 8 o'clock on a pleasure excursion to Lake Su perior. A trip at thi particular season of th year will be moat desirable to those who are making calculation to visit the upper country this fall. The Illinois will visit Su perior City, which makes the opportunity offered, one that may not occur again thia season. j A Wocnmo Soidiib. An Orderly Ser geant of th. Second Michigan Rogiment, named Warner, passed through here josler 4ay on hi way kotneward. H. was engag ed in the first fight at BuH Bun, and was there wounded by a musket ball, which. Uving entered at th. back of his hand, bassed through, tearing ont th. palm and cutting ofi" three m "go I jja WM discharged, from ths service, and wis informed that h. probably eould not bo Sgain received, from being tOsablad by th. wound. FROM WASHINGTON. NEW YORK, Aug. 1. Special to Post: - Abetter from .resident of Washington, now in Richmond, say. recruits are smuggled down the Maryland shore of the Fotomac from hero, and then taken across the river by vessels in th. nplofof ta" tMSD7'