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kirikBAt MIUKIW. FEB 6, 1X4.
War in Europe. There is a logio of events by which na tion Art let drifting towid result whioh they scarcely anticipate. Cabinets and Parllamentr, Congresses and Secretaries, assume high moral ground, and being an- able to retreat from their positions without aoie w .-v.. r------- dishonor to tkemseltethemeHuUeeonse. qnenoe is they are precipitated into a fear- ful struggle, This moral drifting or logio of events is ' tllnatraud in ear own times bf the suc cessive grounds thai h" occupied by the President and his advisers. It is ereoisely this slow but morally ce- I . ..... 1 . tai. purees wh.ch is ur.gg.ng tinent of Europe into wna j 13 I of fearful portent and as fundamental in ;t. nttin.ia consequences as will beour . cwarevolu on.. The small spark cf diculty, whicn a few months ago was not visible in t,fc fflare of te Polish revelation, has alriay tl-W lbs proportions of an immense oonfUr-atlon .jji t ' r--- - . - ' tion on the surfioe of Earopean affairs, it baa rapidly gained the whirlpool swiftnef s of that fiarca mael-storm whioh engulphs the unwary marirer into its gurgling depths It may almost be impossible for Ameri cans to und?reUnd the wild enthusiasm which characterise both the Banish and - German reople. Undoubtedly, & the basis of it. is that intarss love of liberty and butrrd of oppression rbih haTe for eo many years agi'a'.cd the erman heart. It is eao-jgh fjr the m&eaes of the Ger mans to koow that their brothers in BcV.eswig and Koietsin ar refueed their rights by King GhrictUn, of Denmark. But with the leaders of the German Con federations, the poteeBsion of a sea port neon the German cce;n, is at the founda tion of this wild tumultuous enthusiasm of the Gm-it.mh fcr the two Duchies atd against Denmark. The most Jntsrested parties, however, are not those most directly concerned, but the Great Power', vhsso C3is!aut ct it is to sd-sace taetnje'.ves and miict&in the balance of pwer. England is comraitted to the defence cf Denmark. Eord p ,ail lias for some time been endeavor- in l.y diplomatic jcaneuvering to avert ing t.ya.p ora r-icrland the impending appeal to arms, fcag'and u tint ao morally sensible to the evns war as to be un-iiiinjr, to engage in a g'eat Fnmnaan Btrapc'.fl. but she has SODStltnt eye to fcer materiiil advancement Eng'acd tdvised Denmark to give Holstein. Ehc did so. Even jieldirg, without a shot, the great fortress of Rende- The latest foreien advloei repre- sent her as demanding a Cjngress to ad- tn;at lbs nneation. and atthesame time - ' . .. . , unmlnHha Diet aeainst too naru pressure npon Denmark. The whole qnes-1 i-m la narrowed down to tne prooiem wiethcr Eriglsnd will go to war with Germans. For ber, certainly this would prove a great calamity. Though with fleets and armies she might support Ben- mrk for a while, she would ultimately suffer all the disastrous results of her own psauliar polioy toward Ibis country. Eng- llsh neutrality would be paralelled American neutrality. The sea would soon be covered with fast tailing privateers, armed and equipped by German sailors, but seoretly setting from American ports, A continental war in whioh the great powers, EscUnd aad France, snould A Mtlve part, although ea'arrittns themseive, would not necessarily be to us. On the contrary, it might oompel them to withdraw belliperent rignts rrom it South. It might afford the to ntlon the French intervention in Mexico, liging Louis Napoleon to withdraw forces from that quarter. A European war must largely interfere wi'h the traffic in breadstuff drawn from the continent, eo that she would be required to loox this country for her supplies. The i:. fVnm anntharn RllS hv th. wav of the Black tea would cut off, and hence her dependence upon markets of the New World. It teems to be a general opinion war may yet be averted, and that will open with the whale question ed. For the interest, of humanity trust it may be so; bat still wa cannot cherish such confidence. wr i... V n AKn.tt(Vtn. 1a 1 He can feast in a Earopean war. French neenle. already tired of his irictlons and drifting rapidly to Liberal ism, with military glory advanoe boundaries to the Rhine, punish England fT snubbing his prnprcsd Congress, withdraw ffracefuUy from Mexico sa ke more secure his own uncertain We bone to be disappointed, but isareoiy seems possible now for the amity of Earopean war to be averted. The nation, are all eilently drifting ward tho dreaded result Our Letter from Brownville, Texas. We lay before our reader, this morning very able and entertaining letter Brownsviiie, Texts'. Ine writer is a of fine education and rare powers of Tation. The letter will, if read oarefuHy, and wilh a map cf Mesic: before you, such aa insight into the bloody distrac tions that prevail in Mexico as many onr renders may not piseess. It how completely even the Mexican are demoralited, and also what deference is paid to America soldiers on the can side of t' R:o Grande. The will abncdmtly pay crcful reading. Coal Oil. fiU f I TtfinFd ecal oi! is now as colorless rtr and unite as free from smell. burned in lampa in ters of thousands thousands of families, and fortune, been iraliiel by ti-.e inventors of and the manufaclurera of shades cbimnies. The consumption for natinc nurooses is only just beeun. the pleasantest and cheapest light next gas, it is destined to supercede all but latter. Like iron, gold and coal, no can fix the limit of consumption. It nnlT be arrested by failure of the wclis yield. Of this geologists assert that i. little probability. The petroleum of BarrnEh have yielded uninterrupted stppHes for thousands cf years. long our coal mines may lest has frequently calculated, but no calculotor baa ventured to predict that they likely to giTe out. The iron and gold give op as insxhanstible. If they patroieurn to the same extended it may justly claim to take rank them as as equally enduring staple. Our Fifty Thousand Rebel Prisoners. Times, In answer to the -question what shall be done with them make some Important snggeetions. We alone or na tions, keep, Jtti and clothe Un$ oj thou tandt cf pruontri of tear i idltnu: In Europe they are made to earn their bread. " Where the accumulation or prisoners has been great, and their retention prof-toted, it has been customary to employ ' . vl! 1 T 1L! them on BTent puniio wor.a. id uiio luau- - Bo, - built the Canal Bt Quentin 'g,ro..Un pri,0Bei9 of w. d our own day Napoleon ijx sent the Austrian prisoners of hiB Italian campaign to A'gieria, and hired them out to colo nists. Why should we not do the like with the fifty thousand rebel prisoners now rustinc and fattening inidleness? We have here an industrial force capable of of executing the most colossal national enter ' n;BcflL.nAnk in ttiA Illinois and j.- -.-j' . lMt. ; K.. f .,; .-d df.m nlnns- our Borlhern frontier in a few months' time. I The maiatenance of the maasof rebel pris- oners we now hate on our hands is. we believe, eosUng the country something oroloee on twenty mil- Iion doiisrs y.ftr. Why should we not have the value of this outlay t The rersonal well being of prisoners "ul3 undoubtedly be greatly enhanced If I tiev could bs emclojed. Labor would proper. eome to them as a blessing rather than curse. The practice is just both in law and in the practioe of other nations. The richt is recognixed by our laws " In the oode of ' Instructions for the Government af Armies rf the United States in the Field,' issued last year by the War Depart ment. Section 76 of this oode states that prisoners of war 1 may be required to work for the benefit of the oaptor's Uovernmeni, acDcrdiie t0 their r"ek condition.' Si long indeed as the cartel was in opera tion there was perheps no objeot in putting this right in foroe ; but now that all ex- change has ceased by the bad faith of the Richmond rulers, and we have the prospect of having forty or fifty thousand prisoners on our hands for an indefinite period, the inauguration cf such a policy is highly We see no reason why, in pursuit of a mistaken sentimentality, and contrary to all custom, we should go on expending twenty millions a year to keep a pack of oriiuiuals to fatten in idleness, and ttie oi gout and inanition." The Unkindest Cut of All. A spcoial to the New York says : 'Tn a daaiocratic Congressional caucus recently held a resolution wa adopted to ignore the whole question of slavery in the address to be issued, and also to tender Presidential nomina- or up tion. The only oppcsuinn onereu was ujr a few of tho p?aoe Democrats." It is certainly amusing to watch the wrigglings of the Democratic leaders in their efforts to get upon ground which will make their prospects for the Preeidency J , iittie n,ore hopofaL After all their pra bnr flB-. bout Peace, and their pharisaical abhorrence of blcod, they would not soruple to nominate, if tney couia get Bnyuwjjr I , w n.i. v. I accent, a Diooay .on oi vuV otner the rebel organ in New Tork, wo;cb i8 always prating aooui recr, u the ,pMmodic editorial called Copperhead, to armft her But (his new democratio dodge is very uuk;nlj toward General Grant. After the 0& gtanio ha. done its best to murder nm (be dernooraoy propose to oonfer upon nim the leadership of the Fernando Wood by I pe4C. party. O umpora I Omorttl Affairs in East Tennesee. take to eo to ob his to im be material change, since Longstreet halted the The opinions exproseed yesterday morn ing, are confirmed by what the Nashville Press of Monday says in regard to East Tennessee. We quote: " Rumors of all kinds in regard to movements of the hostile armies in East Tennessee have been rife, for the last few days. Whatever official intelligence may reasb. headquarters doe. not transpire, and those addioted to gueaa- ing are allowed free scope. If anything of all we hear should turn out to be true, our readers shall have it very shortly after we ourselves get it. We deem useless, perhaps worae than useless give currency to idle rumors. Bo far we are reliably Informed, affairs at Knox- vllle and thereabouts have undergone at Bristol. Knoxville may have been been evacuated by the Federal forces, but we neither know it, nor believe it." that Pledging the Public Lands. we train I -l t : ,u .M. ..I amnnwarinv the nuuiuna, w" r o Under this head the Cincinnati Gaxette has an able article in opposition to pledging of publio lands as security the proposed new loan of five hundred re- his and sea'. it cal to frra preoption of its own faith. bond-holders, in default of payment take possession of a traot of land. Gasette argues that the plan is unneces sary ; that it i. contrary to the Home stead law, by whioh the publio lands already pledged to those who shall settle upon them: that it will not advance market price cf the publio faith a farthing. but will naturally deprecate the previous loans; that the sustained demand for last loan proves that special pledges nt needed ; that Government loans morU s-iee the entire property of the whole poo pie; and that the offer of special security by the Government would be an act in aiajcr obser : give of stows force Mexi letter General Grant's Great t-pecch at Bt, Louie. General Grant arose amid a perfect storm of spplause; but true to hisresoln tion never to make a speech, he simply eiid: ' Gf btlemih In response, it will impossible for me to do more than to thank you." The third toast wss read" The Army and Navy of the United States." Music Rally Rsund the Flag." Letter from Brownville, Texas. as It is cf have lamps and iliumi- As to the one can to there wells How been were they aban don terra, beside BaowHvniS, Txs, Jan. 18, 1861. Ma. Editor : Hiving promised that would advise the Leadeb. when anythin of interest should tranEpire along this I find myself necessitated to you to-night as I wculd fain keep promise intact. Recent event, have across the Rio Grande which bs taken as instructive commentary our own affair, at home. The city Matamorcs elyled, in the courtly of Mexican ofnoials, " Heroie Mata- mores" is tts c&pitol of the State of manlipas; while Tampioo is its prinoipal aaanort. Now. while the forees of French despot hold the city of Tampioo, distant only one hundred and ten mile.. we have witnessed, within the past days, an event of common occurrence Mexico, a revolution; murder running riot is the streets, and pillage, and robbery, high carnival where a few hours before nothing nnusual was to be seen or heard, save the ordinary bustle and noisy activity of a commercial city. Your readers are already aware that Mexico Is enmed in a life and death etroKle. Her TerT ezistoace as a separ. ..j .mW of the family -w- I nations depends on the struggle whish her patriots are making, and the blows they are striking, to free her from the grasp of the French Emperor. If they fail, she goes down to rise no more. Ehe will be like Algiers, a mere dependency of the empire. Next to the success of the eauseof the Union nothing ought to inlei est a true American more profoundly than the cause of " liberty and Union' in tne neighboring republic, which once really attained wculd result in the regeneration of Mexico. This br way of introduction. Rnmelhinff lees than two Tears ago Don Jesus de La Serna, who was educated at the University of Kentucky, was cnosen Governor or ine state oi lamuuiipas, Ahnnt the time he took his seat as uovern or the Frenoh forces laid seiee to Tampi co and the oity surrendered. The state invaded, rresiaem hainv thus actnallv Ju.x issued a proclamation declaring th. state to D3 in a conaiiion ,., r.,Ko, establishing tne law martial. checkmate tne purposes or me r l"- ty which, though vastly in tne stiU does exist, as those noisy patriots the vaianaignamB, --", wards, and Medarys did exist in. tne In th. VMAHL ttlUnlinllH. I IOPT Tfl UCB'J 7 k i" Vhnrt.rt!rp.Ufnt Jnarex now albei: unburled!) Vteoiitnl jmwil appointed a military Governor , WhM our forces arrived at Drairntiiu- fnnnd that a revolution had ocourred m Matamsras. The ooeasion was that the then military Governor was about to raise the French flag, thus betraying tne uot- J0""1, and Havrnz Wed his purpose to General Cortina, who was - . f , i r 1 n .. K a th. nnipniknAf OT m lQrCBB lUUlt .v Rio Grande, the latter had him at once led nnl and fthat 1 HTinir tbna summarily dealt with the narfiiions Governor. (Cabos,) Cortina at once called on the civil Gjvf-rnor, Serna, , .rga hi functions, the Frenoh hav- .wannalad Tamnico on account of the yellow fever, and the state being no longer in a " state of seige." 8erna was there fore duly installed, and has exercised the r.nti.-na of bis cfEse until within a few davs. Meantime the Juarcx Government Uile sanauoning tne .uouuucc - sisted on the msintenanoa ci tne i . . ... n i r , n : ; I : martial, appointed uon aiwuei nm This appointment deeply offended Cortina, and only afcer a long negotiation would to as the the for to are the the are de be ! only afcer a long negotiation mtt Run with , hw force to ent r in. oity. It was finally agreed that Cortina ahmild receive a rouna sum ui nutj rumor says twenty thousand dollars gold and should leave tne cuy m-i his forces against those of the Frenoh Tampico. No sooner had Ruix been in stalled than the bad blood of Cortica be gan to manifest itself ; he refused to march to Tampico unless a certain eum of money were paid him. ui tne ita muiuu was peremptorily ordered to leave the city witn ms command ; mis uv Meantime, one of his principal officers, Colonel Cordinas having gone to headquarters of Ruis, and having grossly insulted the governor, was apprehended, and on making resistance, was at once saoi by the guard. A oonflict of arms at once began. Uortina ccsupiea iu ra, i. the principal market; whiie Ruis held the Cathedral naxa. A furious canonading ensued; while rat tling volleys of musketry, the braying bugles sounding the charge, and the shouts of oombattant. filled the interlude. ooner had the battle begun than General fT.ron received a note from Mr. fierce, Amerioan Consul at Matamoras, asking protection for himself and the American niiiaana there resident This was all mora necessary, as the foreign citixens generally deposited tneir money witn Consul: He had in his possession one million in specie. General Herronwa. not slow to act ; in fifteen minutes he nn hrijide under arms. We at crossed a detachment of the Twentieth Wisconsin, a detachment or tne xsineiy fonrth Illinois, and one seotion of Weifiey First Missouri Battery. This, at o'olock in the evening, promptly formed the Mexican side of the river, and into the town. We threw forward skir mishers, and to the merry musicoi lanaee Doodle, marched to the Consulate. fighting ceased in our vioinity ; we naasession of the square in whioh Consulate i. situated, and though the shot, of the enemy fell among ns frequently, fortunately no Amerioan hurt The battle raged all night. Atdy light we escorted the Consul and his family, wilh the principal vaiuames oi me auwi- can citixens, to Brownsville, ine closed about nine on the morning of 18th. Cortina having obtained vne maste ry and having driven the Governor's from the field, the latter hastened to the river into Texf s. uovernor ttui z into town yesterday with hi. body-guard, and nearly all hi. adherents are now Brownsville. Cortina is master ot tne About fifty men were killed one hundred wounded. A la.r-e number of rebel, who had Into Mexico on our taking possession Brownsville, and are now in Matamoras, had food for refleotion while the fight going on; many of them nad money considerable sums This was the stron reason to both parties to rob tnem. had abjured their country, and could ask the protection of iu flag ; while honest American naa out to piace .nimseii beneath our consular flag, to insure a deferential reBpeot for himself and these fellows, in mortal fear of and robbery, not daring to into the street, burrowed in oellars dark oloseta, melancholy examples or fate that await, the authors and t he and abettor, of this rebellion. Never I prouder of the flag cf my ocuntry ; did I appreciate the value of American eitixinship so highly as when I saw defferenos paid to American rights by the ignorant esldiery of Mexico in midst of furious oombat When marching out of Matamoras it became necessary pass through a street in which the was raging hot The regimental struck up Yankee Doodle and with tread the regiment marched forward, not a shot was fired, until we were out range, by either Bide. Waat will be the result of the last no one oan tell. But God our country from ever being brought such a pass, as that discontented or military leaders will thus sport the lives of innocent men. " From all bliody riots, end rtbellions, Good Lord deliver ns," if the prayer A. H. P. Coal in Rhode Island. bor der, the oc curred may on lan Ta the three There is considerable excitement Rhode Island over the anthracite coal known to exist near Portsmouth. Provldenoe Journal says: It is well settled that this coal can profitably fhincd fcr furnace, where quantities of a similar arlicle consumed. The coal now bears the prioe of 57 per ton, which must large profit 4o the miners. It i. that lot far from 75 tons per day are by rail to Taunton, and that is a market for much more. There probably be an enlargement of the before many months are passed. say. also that extensive arrangement, to be made for smelting oopper and under the auspice, of the Mount Mining Company, who are disposed push forward operation, with a xeal can scarcely fail to ensure enecesa. The Rebel Plans—Important If true. A Washington correspondent of the St. Lonis Republican, upon the authority of a gentleman direct from Richmond, wno nea been employed in the rebel departments, gives the following statements, wnion omj needs confirmation to be of peculiar inter- est After snowing now me reoein pro K , , T 1L. o: :iU a pose to enter in nem .n ".p-r - by in . force of 225,000, he gives the two plans of Davis and Lee. They are natural if not correct. i , l0wing plan, were developed. Jeff. Davis was in favor of employing two hundred thousand trcops, as follows : An army of seventy-five thousand under Johnson to hold Grant in ohsck ; another column of fifty tnousand to oppose tne army of the PotoTiao. protect Kicamond, noia Virginia; while a grand army of one hun dred thousand vetarans should be eonoen- traud in Southwestern V lrnnia, or wnion Longstreet s present force should ce tne in or destrovine all the railroads, to sep- irom tne nest, m aumn- '"8 .. . b . without encoun. " -r.at difficultie-, and perhaps fight. r - " . b.ttle ,t tu. ,omewhere "ft Ohio River. Butiaid he to Gen. on tne nan .nrmnunt: the enemy cannot oonoen- --- -- - - one hunld nucleus, ana i tne ( wnoie, unaer w march to toOWritong u u o " IU wjouj-; .w.-p, - - handle" to Lake Erie, thus dissecting the territory of the loyal Slates, and, oy noia. I thousind veterans before you ny our nag subjects on the M a and I believe Lse, "all ordinary difficulties I know yoa itiat circumstance will insure our imme diate recognition by the powers of Europe. I am not fearful of tne result or Datties, which I know must be fonght to accom plish this, for something tells me that be- for. I die I .hall exult t, .the glad tidings : he of a Rreat and overwhelming victory by voo. over our oppressors upon their own -1 J f Italia. tHa n.vt timAi you meet the enemy on free soil my hope, will beresiixeu." nan If had many obicC'lons to the rebel President's plan. He admitted the argument abent recognition ; but insisted there were oimcuiue. in mo way oi buu- re. a which could not be surmounted. In the firs: place he presented the faot that a i-ahal tru of one hundred thousand men would have to carry it. .applies some two hundred miles over the worst mouo- ..in t.ana in the coantrv. and the trans-1 noriaiinn nniwiorT was not to be had : Knc!,ia had thev the means at command the crcffree. of the army would be delayed by the immense trains, it would bo impos-1 sible to succeed. Scoondiy, it wculd take tweal dav0 u2der any o-rcumstances, to t0"w heeling, and in that Ume the in i at the saoi 4f No me the had uur over had once 's nine Feiierals could confront him with an equal number of troop9; and thirdly, he n , . , . . . . .: I. P ,V. niitrht succeed in penetiating north of the Ohio, ard establishing his Use as far a. Luke Erie, but ne wouia ce menacca ou bo:h flinks at the same time, while his rear and lines of communication would be the most invitingly expused to attack and occupation by the enemy. In oono!u9.on, the rebel General present td his own plans, which was as follows : To give Johnston seventy-nve tnousana troops, and Longstreet the same number; the former to keep urani empieyea in ironi, while the latter would retake Knoxville and East Tennessee. Longstreet'. success would turn Grant's fUnk, and, if the latter did not then fall beck from Chattanooga to NafJiville. he oould advance toward Middle Tennessee, and, menacing his rear and line of supply and communicaticn, force him to retreat under the most unfavorable circumstances. Grant once on the move, Johnstone would follow him closely, and uniting with Longstreet, the two could drive him to the Ohio River. " Then, Ken- tnnkv in onre." said General Lee; Johnston and Longstreet this many troops; let them start Wranl out oi maitanooga, and then unite their forces befjre he could fail on eisber separately, and 1 am certain we will regain Tenneesee forever, carry the war ino Kentucky, where, haiipvB. it will end." Which of these plans were finally adopted, mv informant cannot certainly tell; be believes that the execution of one the two is now being arranged, and it very likly, General Lee s programme. Appropriations for the War. All took the ran dom quite was cgnt the forces cross came in sit uation. and fled of ws in gest iney not every most prop erty as sassination go The New York Journal of Commerce publishes a detailed statement of the ap propriations made by Congree. for war. fsotinz ud in the se-reirate as fol lows: Appropriation) 1st aeBion 37tn Conxret!i...Hm. Appropriation d uehsicn -7th Congretd - Appropriation? W session 7th Congresa -. Total.... S279.0T1,S) 78,iw,eoo 971,123,000 S-,U8,XO,2l)0 This figure exceeds one eighth of the tal amount of the true value of the estate and personal property of all states and territories, which according the late census is S16.159.616.0G8. ficiency bills to m;et the inadequacy many oi the appropriations are now order of the day in Congress, and if what is asked is voted,and we take into account the pensions and war claims yet to r,ai together with state and local bureements, the expenditures on behalf the war up to September last will be nearer Si.OCO.UOO.OOO one quarter the amount of the value of the country than $2,000, OOOOOO. The Journal of Commerce forcibly says "No mere eloauenoe of word, can add the foroe of this summary. It tells of devotion of the people, and the freedom with whioh they have lavished their treas ure for the maintenance of the life." The Real Feeling in England in Regard to the Birth of a Prince. aiders was never the even the to fight band firm and of rev olution, spare to political with in surrections, cf The Lsndon carrospondent of the Y .'k Tribune speaks on this wise of baby, the mother, the Prince of Wales his fighting brother Alfred, "the Sailor Prince": I don't think that the great bulk cf English people were much adected by eircumetsnce to which the example of good Queen has perfectly aooustomed The Princess is popular, being really ty, gooa ?".7"Z?jrX?" is not just now), but in a minor degreo the "tailor fricce Aiired, wno nas some how obtained the reputation of being some thing of a dare-devil, addieted in his to " lickin g " his elder brother, where fore, it ia said, they were generally apart Accordingly the birth of a Prince made no great stir, escpt among editor's pens, church bells, telegraph wires ladies' tongues. The sex bless them! were interested enough, as they will in be is The be im mense are to be cn such occasions until the of time, everybody wiBhedthe young moth er well, and that is all ahcut it tionalism apart, there is generally a decidedly good feeling toward the preseat family of Britain on the part of the which hardly extends to the aristoora cy, which was absolutely created by and wnouy oepauuou. w of the family in question CRIME IN LONDON. stated re moved there will works Rumor are xino Hope to that -nv .n nn.n.i .van nr,r,ali inorease of orimes against ths person now in England, some of them being of peculiarly atrocioa. character, ir w not abated, by some means no woman be able to walk alone, in wnat vaar.e. Lamb once eulogited as " The .west rity of London streets," after dark. we have got to flogging garroters wilh eat-o'-nine tails at last, and that may efficacious. I know peaceable cockney, who turn out of evening, revolver as if they lived in New Orleans, before the advent of General Butler. TBI BIBEL PKIVATI QUISTIOH I LOIDOI. A good deal is talked here, privately, about the responsibility incurred by him, those who are behind the scenes, who know EnglandT-anl the United States. I have before me a pamphlet on "The Da struction of the Amerioaa Carrying Trade" the form of a letter to Earl Russell, by r- F Milnaa T.ira. which cuts th9 natter n a striking light, andpreeentfl an array of faots absolutely starling. Not a Briton or Amesioan with whom I . ... -Kii ., .,, v1Dh,;rS eoaroely be aooused of any desire of over stating. The wisest eni shrewdest publio men here are fully aware of the importance of the question, and looktoseeittnorougn ly ventilated in due time. 1 believe Earl Hue-el! didn t reoognise tne oiaim in mo oor.-eepondence with Mr. Adams ; but he knew it will be made, and the prooable al ternative of " war or compensation ne submitted to Mr. Bull, who knows his own interesta ,ery well, and when to "back wji M g0 on the ramplge.'' (ihao. th.t airdv. under tne aporeneu' ions of continental troubles, our meTCin tile barometer the funds are gradually and surely falling. Address to the People of Arkansas. The delegation sent to Washington from Arkansas having effeoted an arrangement for the re-oraaniiition of their State gor- ernment) iesaE(i a address to the people of Arkansas from whioh we ertraot the fallowine We have been through much of the North and observe closely. The long and bttter agination of the slavery question, and this ornel and bloody war, have not been able to crush out of the heart, of the Northern people their love for their Southern broth- .., . i ; i i i. n r era ne will not do receicu wwk buucu- ,y d bitterly, but by rejoicing. .nd It I laminations all over a happy land. They 1 avrcDathiie over our sufferines and sor- ,1 an kanJa .nil Trillin j hearts are ready to do thoir utmost to al- l leviate tnem waen wo return, i i-ucjr I am riatonnined. They are wealthy, r 3 it- I eIfQi in number, and reonroes, and full of I the war spirit Tney will never give up 1 tne government ioey mtjr v.- I maintain and save it and they mean to do j it even if the last of us should go down te I bloody craves. Xo our brothers and friend, who are yet tn rebellion we desire to .ay that sn op nnrlnnUv is offered to iay down your arms, I an the remnant of vour property, and I -ame to the support of the government, I not humiliating. Your names are blai. 0Qed upon history as gallant soldiers. Th j North, and tht portion of the Soul! 8?alnst whioh you have fought, will ccn- cede your heroism, how muoh soever thy I may condemn your course. Taen be men, I Be eubiimer heroes than when you flrravi 1 - , .... .1 i i. J .U- .11 .nl in battle. Com back, and the world and good men will love and applaud you. Trust not to demagogues ami rumea poli ticians. They are wreekel and ncpeieBS, and would destroy the last one of jon in the mad attempt to save themselves. Eve ery day your numbers diminish, and ycur hopes' depart, and your future darkens. Xouowo it to sunenng wives anaimpoTtr iehed children, to mined communities and destroyed sooiety, to your country and hu manity, to abandon a struggle that is wrong and hopeless. To the refugoos from cur Btate, wno are scattered all over the land, we urge you to come home and neip us. lour prin ciple, have been tested in a crucible of are. Your patriotism l. noble ana euoiimc. Many of your former abusers are now your mist ardent admiaers, and would urje you to return and give them your aid. To one and all, with united hearts and hands, let us make a noble effort to rescue our disiressed and bleeding State from the "civeraan of her oppressors and with tne I Bjmpitby of all good men, and the aid i th national government, we wm agam JOSIAH SNOW, JOHN KIRKWOOD, SAM' L D. BELAUTE, ISAAC C MILLS, EDWARD W. GNATT. Rebel Agents in Chicago. of is the to real the to De of me be dis. of : to the A contract surgeon, named W. D. Lee, in attendance upon the rebel prisoners Cimp Douglas, Chiosgo, has been arrested on suspioion of oonspiring to release those prisoners. One Messick, a rebel heuten tut, who has a brother In confinement, hta been arrested in the same city. The Triaune says: "The brother, John Burton Messick, now in olose confinement, has confessed the whole plan, and sayB that Dr. tee had fully arranged to assist in his escape. The project was to procure Barton a disguise of citizen's closing and pass him out of gate as an assistant, a plan eminently practicable from his official relation to prisoners. Dr. Lee has been seen in company of the rebel lieutenant on several occasions, once at tne varieties and again at the oircus, where he introduced him self as an acquaintance he had known from boyhood. Some of the prisoners be is a rebel surgeon belonging to the ten federate army, and that he has obtained this position in the federal army to assist in the escape of prisoners, and to oonvey information to nis masters. At an events his own a'ory confirms tn the fullest ex tent the suspicions entertained concerning him. Dr. Lee is a middle-aged man, sharp featured, with coal-black hair, and darx niercinc eves, and looks like, what he idently is, a man who would not scruple to make use of any means to accomplish desired end. He is now safely in the hands of the military authorities. Miss Anna Dickinson's Address in the Cooper Institute. On Tuesday evening last this hall was crowded to hear this lady. New the and the the their them. pret- i Liberty. She then defined the fc.ue. Miss Dickinson did not want her speech reported we present a saramary from Tribune After a very short Introduction, ibe a stirring outline of the possible recollect ions of the hero of the war the private soldier. She then traced in vigorous picturing the slow and painful procees threugh wnion tne nation rose up to tma conception of the war, and learned and resolved that it was to be a war the contest: showed how falsa were pretenses of ihe self-styled " Constitution alists" of tbe Democratio stripe; summar ixed the services of the colored people, asserted their just claims, arguing that terms of the President's Amnesty f rooli motion prove that he does not believe Emancipation Proclamation really any Slaves J and enumerating me oomm rations of rieht and expediency which mand Emancipation as indemnity for past, and Abolition as security for future. to boy hood kept and con tinue end A Possible Explanation of Late Rebel Movements in the West. The New York Times says: A i from the Richmond correspondent of the London Times, written peo ple is TWamfc., 14. famishes a strikine I y " ,i v. , corroboration of the purpose we, in in ? ' mom with aU careful students of the jun itary situation, have imputed to the a ' jn regard to East Tennessee. ue UoM of GenerBl Longstreet against will v - .ecu- the moment, will inevitably lead nereaf- But tr materiol results, anp It is my the . . p j lg wlH not be left in nndi- prove Tannewa. turbed possession of East Tennessee in the winter month.. The Neeeaalty for SI Hilary Coneearratlaa. We have repeatedly insisted of late upon the necessity of .till further fight ing. The despondency of the rebel, is I only valuable if their armlet art .till harder pressed. They are by no mean, so exausted but that they ean Tally again with fierce, tremendous energy. The rebel oonscriplioa bill has passed and it 1. now definitely settled that all white male, be tween 18 and 66 are to be pat into the army. While, tnereiore, mere are man; indication, of paralysis, the rebellion may manifest a dying energy greater than it. living power. Our people are constantly misappre hending the military problem. Having rested from the enemy an immense ter ritory, this doe. not necessarily argue ruin. We must remember what territory they still possess. Were we engaged in a war with Europe, it would not be sufficent to havt taken France, Spain, Belgium, Holland and the Western portion, of Ger many, if th. combined military power of the Continent were yet entrenched in the central and eastern parts of Europe. So with this erased rebellion. It yet Uve.,an angry, infuriated giant ; and it must re- oeive yet oilier terrible blow, before it destroyed. Two hundred and fifty thous and veteran, have room for operations even within the relatively narrow limit of Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama. What we need then !. a large addition to our active foroe. We ean not endorse the policy of frittering away our strength in detached expedition, hither and thither, Give General Grant at least 200,000 men. Give General Butler in North Carolina half as many more; Meade an army of 200,000 to operate by the best routes againet Riohmond. Let the Mississippi be kept open, bnt let all other minor matter. be sacrificed to the great work or over whelming the great rebel armies of Lee, Johnston and Longstreet No good reason tan be offered for a continuance of these scattered expeditions. They may draw off troops from the large rebel armies, I nt what is wanted i. concentration on both sides, concentration of rebels that thty may bs broken and dashed asunder, coc esntratlen of our foroe. that this may It accomplished. We hear rumors again of more coast ex editions. Let us have no more disslpS' tions of our strength In this way. We need Mobile, and will no doubt soon possess it But we cin sacrifice other point, if need be, to fill up our two or three great armies for the SDrinz oampaign. Time hastens. Let us not indulge in an ignoble oona denoe. L?t us remember that notwitb .t.n,t;nr the infatuation of the rebel leaders and their distress on every hand. they may.by concentrating their shattered columns, deal ponderous and frightful blow, upon the fair fabrio of the Republic, Aa Milton's rebellious angels were driven through the "mural breaoh" into the eon. fines of ohaos and night by hurling npon them mountains with all their weight of rocl. and shaggy pineSjJeff. Davis" hosts of darkness must bs overwhelmed by the flash of swords and tit avalanche of mighty armies rushing with fierce impetuosity upon the foe. the of to as Emancipation and Extermination. at to the the say ev a Uner this caption the New York World om in a trnlv hsroio manner over the prospect, of the black race In America. It virtually says, a. it contemplate, the long line of age. to come, " if you have tear, to shed, prepare to shed them now, The negro, by some insorutabl. dispensa tion of Providence, assisted by the fanati cal xeal of the Abolitionists, is to be ex terminated. Hi. essential inferiority drawing him toward that fatality. The World thinks if the negro race could have been kept within the restraint, of slavery, there would be some hope them as a race. Bat Abolition philanthro py is working their ruin as speedily possible. We have no doubt that muoh hardship and demoralisation attend the transition of the negro race from bondagt to free dom. The Impossibility of immediately converting a hundred thousand ignorant men, women and ohildren of a servile pop ulation into a state of civilisation is so ap parent, that no on. but a bitter partisan and an unsound logician would condemn their emancipation. The evil consequences referred to by the World, are incident the inevitable changes war Is producing in their condition. If necessary, let negro have a oentury or two centuries be civilixed. It is new onr duty to provide mens to avoid all the bad results essen tially necessary in so sudden and so over whelming a transition from a state of j?ot vassalage to a condition of chaotio Out of ehaos will come Large Cities and their Growth. the gave uis for of the and the h: freed d the the Were a stranger to judge of the city New York by the self-complacent lauda tions of the press of that city, he would induced to believe that London, the largest and richest, tho greatest city in the world, has been completely outstripped by metropolis of the New World." The lowing statement, derived from official sources, namely, the eensus of the United States for 1860, and that of London 1861, the full reports of neither of which have yet been published, leave the reader to draw hi. own conclusions: In March. 1851, London oontained population of 2,862,238 inhabitants, 805,995 houses. In 1861, the populotioa had increased to 2,803 989 inhabitant, 369,421 housea, showing an inorease in years of 431,703 Inhabitants, ana oi oo.izi hc.s. The number of houses erected he city of London in 10 year, was, there. fore, only 600 loss than the total number of housos in ew I orx in ioou i In 1850 New York contained a tion of 515,517 inhabitant, and S7,2W In 1360 the number of inhabi. letter under w oom- mil. rebels "Ihe belief dnr- dur- tanta is set down at 805,751. and the num ber of houses at 63 971, showing an inorease of 290,104 inhabitant, and lo.osu nouses, Philadelphia oontained in 1850 a popu lation of 840 045 inhabitants and 64,974 houses. In 1860 the number of inhahi. t ints was 662 6t9. and the number of 83,328 kouses showing an increase in 10 years 28 354 houses, and TVii innaoitania. Thus we find that Lindon, in 10 years, had increased in population 461,758 ; York. 290.104 souls, or 67.73 percent Philadelphia 222 484 inhabitant, or per eent. The average number of houses Jn.in. invears in London was 6,849 ; New York, 1,668; aid in Philadelphia, 862. London has been wttled 2,000 years, New York 249 years, and Philadelphia SOLDIERS' AID SOCIETY, 28 BANK STREET, CLEVELAND, Jan. 30, 1854. THE GREAT NORTHERN OHIO SANITARY FAIR. for as to the to ab- of be the fol for and and 10 in of New and 66.43 in 2,- 178. The preparation, for the approaching Sanitary Fair are in active progress, and building wiU very toon bt ready for decoration, and reception of gifts. We cannot yet girt tht full prcgrammt attraction, and tvenini entertainment. be presented daring tht two week, of the Fair. We ean, however, lay that tht Lecture Committee art in etrrespondenee with General Butler, General Garfield, and tht Arkansas patriot, Gantt, with good prospect of securing these eminent men .n akers noon the occtiion. Alio that Miss Anna E. Dickinson's leoturt is posi lively fixed for Friday evening, Maroh 4th. The Ancient and Honorable Son. of Malta art pledged to give two tveting exhibit tion. in the Audience Hall of the ratr buildings, when the mysterious rite, of their order will be for tho first time re vealed to the carious multitude. An Old Folks Conoert, given by two hundred of the be.t musicians ia this part of tbeooun try will ccoupy another evening of Fair week. The rich and elaborate costumes of day. gone by will bt donned for this occasion, and the good old glee and songs of ancient time, will be given with a x;st worthy of our forefatheis. The 29th militia, our gallant home reg iment, are vigorously driUing ia prepara tion for a grand review and exhibition in aid of the Sanitary Fair. The publio school ohildren are practicing their sweetest song, and most graceful evolutions in or der to give us aa evening', enjoyment Several fine concert, and dramatie enter tainments are in rehearsal. The tableaux oommittees areburily perfecting arrange, ments for bringing oat a series of careful- selected subject, and the latest new. from the enterprising and ever suc cessful ladies of Palnesville assure, us that we are not to be disappointed of the unique and charming continental tea-par- whloh they havt been so heartily de sired to give for the benefit of the Fair, The detail of all these half-formed plans for amusement duricg Fair week" will soon be made known. But these word, of mert mention will convince everyone that there will be varied and at tractive entertainment, enough to crowd our oity with .tranger. and to render the Fair a grand success. The railroad companies have arranged very liberal terms of transportation for persons designing to visit the xatr, ana a full exposition of term, will be circula ted far and wide in a day or two. Those who are to furnish provision, for tht din ing tables will please note the following arrangements, which will bt issued more definitely in a day or two. The table will b furnished with .up- plie. from the city and vicinity daring Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, Feb ruary 22d, 23d and 24th. Towns on line of Cleveland and Toledo, and Cleve land and Mahoning Railroad, will please deliver provisions on Thursday, Friday and Salnrday, February 25th, 26th and 27th. On Lake Shore Railroad, Monday and Tuesday, February 29th, and March let Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati, and Cleveland and Painesville oa Wed nesday and Thursday, March 2nd and Sd. The city and vicinity will bt txpeoted return to tht work of furnishing oa Fri day and Saturday, March 4th and 6th. Town, lying off tht line, of railroad will please send in provision, wherever most convenient The uncertain state roads makes it impossible to prescribe their receipt, in the way laid dowrl points on railroads. Cuyahcga county I. desired to contri bute chiefly on the first three and last three day. of the Fair. It is desirable that boxes of provision. be carefully marked .0 that they will delivered without loss of time, and we hope they will so far a. possible tome up charge of some ont who will look after their safe transit and prompt receipt Our friend, will oblige a. by sending word whether any quantity of milk cream may be expected, and whether supply will be regular. If any families in this county, or near it, art ablt to fur nish a stated quantity daily daring Fair, they will do us a great terviot by portiag it immediately. Good butler i. especially requested will somebody send us in kegs or jars extrt table butter f It cannot be possible that too abundant provision, will be made forth dining The plan adopted above ia dividing the time for tending in provision, is intended to prevent the supplies from direction coming at any or all times, to give the different seotion. jof the State notice that the responsibility of furnish ing edible will fall in a eortaia way, order to equalise donation, and to guard against a laok of supplies toward, the of the Fair. We hope as many as possible will send in daily. W have heard of of our sister townships that intends making a morning shipment to us every day of Fair. This I indeed generous, and with few more such offer, wt should feel secure of having enough, and to .pare but a Fair is a hungry place, and wt all housewives to help us keep np the name of the Reserve which ha. ever justly oalled a land of plenty. Next week a full programme of arrange ments will be set fcrth, and many que. tion. answered that will relieve the iety of contributor, who art ytt at a how and when to send forward their Let the present week be one of earnest preparation, that when the word of march comes, all may bt ready to regard It We republish the refreshment circular a it enumerates acme of the most desired be contribution. The Committee on Refreshment for Sanitary Fair to be inaugurated ia Cleve land oa ihe '11 of february, 1864, here with present their Circular to all men and women, to whom aa opportunity is afforded of contributing to the same. That all may understand the articles particularly needed for their tablet, Committee specify the following list, n . ... a a-la-moda. Pork. fSTs'tmiPi,!.. torn, rf every variety, Mutton, Turkeya, Chickens, Ducks, H.m, Tonauea, Plum and other Cakes, Cream, Tarts. PuddinB, Pickled Fiah, Beans, Oyawrs, Tea. Coffee, Sugar, Preserved Fruits, Jellies, Marmalades, Honey, Pickles" of all kinds when sent from adtitaaen, without vinegar, ... Condiments, suoh ss Mustard, foreign Sinses and Pep par, Apple, Canard, asut Pumpkin Pi as rf tnuuportea rrom tne coQiiirj,cxeiuiij fa lia m rai-ka. ta'mem snd provision dealers Celery, uaooaa;' lnea rrutis, fats, ins, i aa. Sugar, Cracktra, Apples and Oranges. The importance of liberality ia furnish. this department cannot be too strongly t urged, as the Fair is to continue two weeks, and the .ale of refreshment, it it , anticipated will prove one of th gross sources of revenue to the enterprise. AU oontrication to this Committee tarn sent free of oharee, if directed to Sol diers' Aid 8ociety, 95 Bank street, Cleve land, wntre tne smallest donation will ot registered, -with the name of the donor. i I Mim Ash WatiwomTa, Seo'y. Tht attention of til farmer, ia urgently ailed to the Product Circular which cannot bt too widely offered throughout this tea tion. We beg every farmer t read it-; npoa it to tht extent of his means, aad e hand it over to hi. neighbor, that ha may I go and do likewise : f NORTHERN OHIO SANITARY FAIR, TO BB HELD AT CLEVELAND, OHIO, FEBRTJ ART Si, 186L ' ciicrjLAa or tbi coismn oa paoDucn. The Soldiers' Aid Society of Northers . Ohio will hold a Fair in this oity, to bt I February 22d. 1364. the proceed. 6 which are to be expended in relieving, as far as possible, tbe sutterings or onr orav Soldiers in Camps and Hospitals. i It is presumed, from the deep and wldt- spread interest manifested among the pet. pie ia this enterprise, that aa appeal to their patriotism for contributions to so ex- 1. alted an objeot as relief for the suffering f one who, with an unparalleled devotion t their country, have sacrificed everything for its defense, will be largely and prompt- i ly responded to. AU Kinds or noar, grain, provision! horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, (alive r dressed,) trails, (green ar dnea,; vegoia- j bles, poultry, and every species of farm.: products, will be tnantiully reeeivea ana aitntuiiy applied to mil ooject. s It is hoped that each person receiving this circular will contribute freely ; and it has been suggested that each one taht ; upon nimwu .no navy oi rojsiviua; aaa . forwarding any contributions from h" locality ; also, that he solicit aid from aU with whom he is acquainted. J Ia oonsequenoe of the uncertainty at our appeal reaching all whom we wish fc- addreas, particularly tne tarmmg interests, it is desired that every newspaper of tic State be requested to publish thi. ciroular, i that all friendly to the eause may partioi-f -pate in adding to the success of this enter- prise. h Farmer, oan deliver their eontributiou to the nearest merchant, warehouse er railroad station, where they will be prof. erly forwarded. i Everything contributed shonld be plain-1 ly marked, with the name and address of J ' . . 1 . I, nt 1 - - the donor, ana oonsignea to n. m.. ynapw, , Seoretary of the Executive iOmmiitee ox j the Northern Ohio Sanitary Fair, Cleye- j land, Ohio. . Railroads ot express companies win sarrr all contributions free of expense to i the donor. All heavy articles should he forwarded by railroad, and light package. by express. A liberal response to thl. oaU will .up. J ply aid and comfort to thousand, that eaa- not be reacted otnerwise. iMuiiuj; short, prompt action should immediately: commence. COMMITTEE. to of for for be in In and the the re- of ta bles not O. M. Oriatt. J. G. Huswt, of Hasey A McBn-le. F. Raymond, of F-ioB, Ksmonii Co. H. 8. Darts, ot Davis A Voree. J. H. Clark, of J. U. Clark A Co. R. T. Lyon. J. G. Simmon. ' . A. V. Cannon, oi Cannon Freeman. W. H. Sholl. : H. M. Ba'l. A. i. Wen nam. W. Melhinch. C. J. Comstoclc. P. H. Bnbcock, nf Ratwock A Hurd. M. B. Clark, orClark A Rockfelier. George Sptsku. J. H. Graham, N. Heiael. B. U. tnr, of B. 9tsiT 9on. C. Prenttsa, of Koe A Pranuas. A. C. Hubbell. i L. A. Pierce. T. W. Erana. i Georfte Sinclair, of Badges A Sinclair. j I M. a Scott. Wm. Rockefeller, of Hughes Rockefeller., V. Murray, of Murray A Stewart. i t. WalK-n. i R. Hanna, of R. Eanaa A Co. P. Chamberlain. H. Harr, of H. Harvey A Co. A. Burgeft, cf Spranltlo A Bnrgert Addison Htilj. . 8. F. Les-.ar, cf S. F. Letr A Co. C. Bradbnro, of UnHbo.ro, Williams A Co. Geor Corning, of Corning A Co. T. Buraham. R. S. waver, of Wesver, Fiiess A Oo. B. Brownell, of Oj A Brownell. H. A. Fo-ter A Co., M'nerva, Qisio. Hall A Ba's, Oneida, O-.lo. L. 5. A '1. 3. Crim, G&lioa.O. L. K. Wiroer, Newark, Ohio. J. Bash, Toledo, Ohio. Iaaac Bteeae, Maasillon. Ohio. John Dicksca. Bolirar, Ohio. E. Burnet, Cacfll DoT-r, Unjo. G. D. Bate?, Aaron, Ohio. Abi WooJaard, Bslievue. Ohio. George Thcrntos, baixiu-kjr, Ohio. 11. b. Local, ninnoo, uruo. i c 4 D. T. Hames. Mande, Indiana. Andy Wallace, in-nanapoha, Indiana. J M. Jnhnnnn. Oberlin. Ohio. Bamuel Bartlatt, Canal Winchester, Ohio. Hiiia A Co.. rielaware, Ohio. D.J. Manly, laioo City. Indiana. Morrison D'.nnmors, Erie, Pennsylvania, j R. M. '. Tarlor, MeadviHe, P-nntvlrania. J. G. HUsfET, Chairrnav; Gso. W. GAamisn, Secretary. Circulars, blank invoices and all nt sary paper, are at the rooms of this I ciety ready for distribution to all whs 4 sire. Sab-committees throughout t country are requested to send for thef 1 only freely. SOLDIERS' AID SOClETT.I James B- Clar an. his Slave. 1 in end one the a quite beg good beea anx loss gift. th loyal thi. The late James B. Clay, like sw wealthy slaveholders, wa. very fond I boastinc of the attachment and devotioaj his boadmea to himself. Not only wet hi. slave, well fed and housed, but thj were far happiar than free people, knew and appreciated the inestimable vantages of their position. They did f want freedom, and wouldn't take iton terms. All they asked was to live oa old plantation and to end their days un the easy yoke of "Massa" Clay. f Once npon a time some two or thj years ago Mr. wiay naa a vfua,a.M from the North visiting him, and to wa he expressed his usual confidence ia J atta-h mant of his slave. The Quaker 1 incredulou. and so Clay vauntinglyj termiced to put the matter to the test. An old house-slave one wno eoj his confidence, wno naa oeen niwnyi t.a.t.d and who seemed to entertai real Affection for his master wa ealS and entered the room. "Ton," said Mr. Clay, "here' agent man from the North who say. yon audi; other boys are miserable here and waa be free. Ton may ge away home with h. it you like." " Yon are fret, Tom, and leave me If r want to," agaia said the master. f The negro trembled with emotion, j last, all excitement, he oried: " Art yor earnest Massa T eaa I go North aa. -free?" . I - Yes, if you want to leave me and old home, yon oan go." jr." "I'll go, massa. I'll go anywhere t free." And the old fellow was beside . .elf with joy and gratitude at hi. expet liberation. ' This wa not, however, what tbe si. , holder wanted or expected. He bec very angry, ordered the poor, eredo. slave away, and soon made bis nort . friend aware that his room was better hi. company. Of course Tom was r: freed, but it ia probable that Mr. Clay thenceforth less assured of the affeetio, his negroee for their slave-life. j j a-eas-s Pzssoa At C W. Conldoek, tat ami tragedian, was la town yesterday. t