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The Ashland union. (Ashland, Ashland County, Ohio) 1854-1868, June 14, 1854, Image 2

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J; s:;r.:tm MT,. .Editor.
.jISHLASB, 'WIDXISDAY, 'JUXB 14, 1854. -
.Jibr, fcidge of tke Supreme Court,
JW Member of Board of Pablic Works,
. , . Jfr-' ' Road Receipts, for Supervi
ort, for -sale at this Office. '
'We call attention to the letter
of oar Minnesota correspondent, on first
" P an to our Washington correspon-
dent's in another column. ' They have
""bar" thanks. -
- ' We call the ecial attention of Super
visors to the laws prescribing their du-"'-"tiesj
which we publish in another col
i 'nnrn of to-day's paper. It will be seen
-that they are required to give receipts to
,; persons Working on the public highway.
- We have a large supply of blank Re
t eeipts printed for this purpose, and every
X Supervisor should have them, as they
will save both- time and paper, and look
- Yery neaC1
t-i- The new fee bill for Justices of ' the
V. Peace,1 will' also be found on fourth page.
tit.- --"! , ,
'cThe'time has almost arrived when, if
Ju "citizens intend to celebrate the glo
3i'rious fourth' that they were up and do
" ; We would be glad to have a rcgu
4 Iar old-fashioned celebration, barring the
oh be joyful " part j-one tLat will re
b'vive ithe memories of ' good old colony
times ,'r and keep us brim full' of patri
",ofisin'': for "a 'least six'-months to come.'
r Our business men are the persons most
'interested in the matter. We hope they
will take the matter into consideration.
Then," again, we have a number of litera
lly 'gentlemen among us who are equally
' interested, as it would afford a fine op-
portanity - to " go ' through " with the
'' Declaration of Independence, and to de
ilTiver an Oration',' amid the firing of the
the" cannon and the exploding of fire
crackers.' ' " Lives there a man with soul
' so dead ,n in this community, who does'nt
? o in for it ? Who will take the lead ?
T,'."P.".S.' Since writing the above, we
.?Tjkave been informed that the Matrons of
' "Londonvffle intend to celebrate the 4th."
f .
We hope the ladies, will have a good
time of it, and that there Will be a good
We intended to notice this meeting
' last week, but had not room. We visi
i -ted - the meeting on the Sabbath, and
V. found between fifteen and eighteen thou-
sand people present. -The meeting was
. -- held, on the farm of Mr. Dick et, about
" four-' miles - south-east of this place, j
- Taere was preaching at live ainerent,
' - 1 " a I. 1 i . I
.-places uu iuo grouuu a.i uircc, ouu ucvh
1 :nare we seen such' good order in so large
"a crowd, as wis there on tnis occasion.
-'No rowdyism, drunkenness, or any thing
! of an immoral nature, was seen or heard
n of during the whole meeting, which last
' ed four or' five days.
V-' We made it our business to converse
T irith several of their leading men, to learn
something : of their creed. There has
iWn hut Ultto written in reirard to them !
perhaps but one book has ever been f
published, that does any thing like jus
f tice to the denomination. " - All others sre
r sadly at variance with the facts. We
'-witnessed " their form' and mode of bap
" - tism. It is called Trine Immersion. The
-andidates for paptism go into the wa
er with the' Minister, kneel down and
"iiover ; their faces with their hands.
They -are then -immersed,' first in- the i
time of the Father, then of the Son, and
3 lastly of the Holy Ghost. ; They claim
" Ala to have been the onjy mode known
previous to'-the) Sth'Tcentury'and bc
rlieve it to be the only correct mode, j If
-meir nvode is not right, which,: among
Ktto.eonftNstingmodes of. baptism is
f .are honest in .
tWbeIie,bai borne ofl them .must ,be
it'rrong.; ThdTunkard Creed .isvery sun-
4 UH as WonndersUnd itmainly consist- r
ofeg-of a public professionof religion, lot-1
iJ'loireaiby'TnnetBaptisml:..:- .,
tnA Thy hold these meetings.' once a year, i
nnd ; are ' called Jubilees. Delegates
i-from-all parts' of the Union attend.
JU-'rnvmi nnm m'a t mvi - fKV nrftAfiflt SJI fine
r- an appearance' as any class of men we
have ever neen, Their countenances m
Cialicajte them to be a mild and peaceful
Teople. 'They; always greet each other
'with.--a; shako -of the hand and a kiss.
. 1- Their ' dress is nearly .' uniform and very
1 plain. ') There are so fops or aristocrats
.-in appearance, belonging ta their church.
Io 'Nearly all the members preach more or
'"les!"1" i ' " '
"lo lt-raiour intention to have gathered
r'i tnore ooneerning this denomination, but
theerawd ajras so large that it was with
'' considerable difficulty we could get the
attention1 V,eir. Ministers, even for a
fc , AiorrtUne.' The ' fatigue ' incident to
it preaching to such a large number of peo-
" pie in the open air, -completely wore mem
' :J. jCST Don't forget to attend the Rail
JLoad lie ting to-morrow evening. See
The political movements of the Ger
mans of the United States, are just now
attracting no little attention. All class
es of citizens of this Union, have the un
doubted right to organise themselves in
to a party for the accomplishment of any
laudable object; but that any good ean
come from .the present movement, smack,
ing, as. it does, of European Socialism;
is, to say the least, doubtful. If the foreign-born
citixens of this country are de
prived of any of their just rights, their
' remedy is with . one or the other of the
great political parties of the day ; for it
cannot be denied that their vote, cast in
favor of either, turns the scale. If, as
they claim, the Democratic party Will
not afford them the protection they de
sire, as an American we would far rather
see them go over, body and soul, to el
ther of the other parties. The Demo
cratic party has always been their
friend ; it has protected them " through
evil as well as good report;" and. now
to desert that party whose whole weight,
as a party, has been thrown against the
Native American organisation, which,
at one time, needed but little encourage
ment to have become almost formidable,
is in bad taste, to say the least of it.
The defeat of the Native American par
ty, whose principles are so entirely op
posed to, and subversive of, the rights of
foreigners, was mainly attributable to
the Democratic party ; and yet our Ger
man friends charge upon us " corrupt re
lations, and open violations of right, ex
isting in the religious, political and so
cial life, of the North American Repub
lic." To the end that they may get rid
of these alledged evils, they have formed
State associations in Wisconsin, Indiana
and Ohio, and have adopted a platform
for the reforms they demand. The fol
lowing are some of the reforms asked for :
" 1. Slavery is to be prohibited in all
the new Territories, by Congress. '
" 2. Entire religious freedom, and as
a means of promoting it' the abolish
ment of the Sabbath and thanksgiving
days, prayers in Congress and State
Legislatures, the oath upon the iiible,
the introduction of Bibles into' schools,
and the exclusion of Atheists as wit
nesses in courts of justice, all of which
are' called 'open violations of human
rights and of the Constitution of the
United States.' '
" 3 The right of every man to a free
farm upon the public lands who will go
there and settle.
" 4. To ' facilitate the right of becom
ing a citisen as much as possible. . .
" 5. Free schools, with laws compell
ing children to attend that are within
certain ages.
" 6. The administration of jus tic gra
tuitously. "7. The following amendments are
demanded to the Constitution of the
United States:
" All civil officers to be elected direct-
ly by the people.
" Anv elegible citizen of one State
. may be elected to represent in Congress
the citizens of a district in another
Sute nd B"e"
I aa.v,w maw Ha aloMH mAmrAt f Ih.
State Legislature by the citizens of
legislature Dy
another country of the same State. .
" Any member of any legislative body
may at any time be recalled by a ma
jority of the citizens of the district or
county, which he may represent, and an
officer may be removed from office, if a
majority of the citizens desire bis re
moval. " 8. Free trade, when it is reciprocated
by other Governments.
"9. The National Government should
make river and harbor improvements,
and construct a railroad to the Pacific
an article in our political creed whenev
er it is averse to the interests of the
United States.'
" 1 1. A system of progressive taxation
is declared to be the only just and equit
able one. - The modus operandi of this
progressive taxation is thus defined :
" A progressive income tax increases
with the increase of property, so that if,
for instance, $800 pay 1 percent., $600
pay 3 per cent.
' N o property to be exempt, except,
what belODgs to the State and schools.
r :: i v li j jj
' hmArtiA dollarB from the total
amount of his taxable property.
; " 12. All laws peculiar to the military
are to be abolished.
.." 13. Hostility to all temperance laws
as an infringement of individual rights
is the last article in the . creed of the
' progressive German party.? "
It is astonishing that any set of intel
ligent men, should thus place themselves
before the American people in a coun
try in which they have hardly gained
their citizenships. What do the majori
ty of them know about our government ?
If we are wrong in our " political and so
cial life," what has produced such an in
I fl . if immlrrrofinn V Tf illtr luvnmH
foot n QUr
and liticaI life Bhalbe,
R a principie
of the AmericM pple, and more partic-
. j. rt
nlarly with the Democratic party, that
every- native and foreign-born citizen
should enjoy the same rights and privi
leges. . No. more no less. ' They talk
of effecting an entire change in our Gen
eral Government 1 If it does not suit
them, why do they seek its protection ?
The practical effect of this organization
will be to strengthen the Native Ameri
can party, which, should it become pow
erful enough, will deprive them of many
of the rights they now possess and are
justly entitled to. The great folly of
this movement, will only be apparent to
its originators, when too late to avert the
blow. It will never do, in this country,
for one class of people, merely because
they formerly belonged to certain Euro
pean countries, to band themselves to
gether and endeavor to change the beau
tiful and simple structure of the Ameri
can Government. - The movement has
undoubtedly been gotten np by theoreti
cal and visionary Socialists of Europe,
whose sole aim is to array the foreign
born citizens of this country against the
native, in political strife. The sturdy
emigrants of the agricultural districts,
seek no changes except those which the
Democratic party can effect Through
our party thej have gained everything
through their own party, if they carry
out their platform, they will gain nothing.
We see by an exchange that a Baby
Show was recently held at Bayton, Can
ada. ' The prises were $60 each, to the
three largest, handsomest and fattest
babies in the town. But two were pre
sented, each of whom received a prise.
The judges made a few speeches, by way
of encouraging the ' trade,' when one of
the mothers, (a Woman's Rights wo
man,) announced that " she should have
another baby to show at the same time
next year, if there was a premium to be
" These are the times that try men's
souls." Talk of your Ashland County
Cattle Fairs 1 They don't offer half
the inducements a Baby Fair would.
On the question, whether we have a
Fair of this description, we vote in the
affirmative. Look out for the Locomo
tive !
' Loss or Property on the Mississippi.
From a communication recently sub
mitted to the House by Secretary Davis,
the Washington Star says it appears that
the annual loss from steamboat disasters,
on the Mississippi is fearfully large.
During the year ending October 1, '53,
no less than twenty-five steamboats were
snagged, which occasioned a destruction
of property to the amount of $ 1 ,250,000.
During the same time, $250,000 worth of
property was destroyed by the sinking of
fiat-boats. No estimate is given of the
value of the steamboats sunk, but the
loss will not fall much short of $400,
000. It is safe to assume that the an
ual loss of property from steamboat
disasters on the Mississippi and its tribu
taries exceeds rather than falls short of
three millions. : In the same communica
tion, the Secretary furnishes the esti
mates for improving the navigation of
several western rivers.
Seneca Advertiser. Mr. Flacguer
has retired from the editorial charge of
this paper, and is succeeded by Mr. Arm
strong, who publishes a very neat paper,
and edits it with considerable ability.
Mr. A. is all right, saving and excepting
that he does not support the Baltimore
Platform. But now-a-days this is not
regarded as essential to the orthodoxy
of any Democrat. It is a mere matter
of choice. Success to the Advertiser.
For :he Athlmnd Uaioa.
Fellow Citizens : The Wool-Grow
era of the Countv of Ashland, believin? I
that there has been a combination en-
tered into by the wool buyers and man-
- . , , - , . . .
11 1 III rf ft! Bfl Th- tnA Wl TOABA At 41 TT. SalT! t fl flr
our wool at ruinously low prices, and
for the purpose of getting up a panic
among the wool-growers, have filled our
mails with Circulars addressed to mer
chants and grocerymen, all over the
country, tobe shown to wool-growers,
quoting the price of wool at from 20 to !
35 cents per pound; and stating that
there would be no money forwarded to
purchase wool this season, and that we
must depend upon our merchants at
home for a market; and thus effectually
shutting down on the wool growing in
terests of our . country. We would,
therefore, respectfully invite all those
that are interested in wool growing, in
Ashland and adjoining counties, to meet
us in the town of Ashland, on Saturday,
the 17th inst., to consult together and
unite on some plan, whereby we may ob-.
tain a reasonable price for our wool.
'' For tha Aahland Unioa.
Mr. Editor : Can you inform your
readers when the next election for Direc
tors of the Franklin and -Warren Rail
Road Company takes place ? Why have
not the Stockholders of Ashland county
been notified through the columns of our
county papers? 'Would it not be well
for the stockholders of this county to
hold a meeting, and appoint a suitable
person or persons to attend the next elec
tion and cast their votes, and, at the
same time, to ascertain, if possible,
whether or not the Road is to be built,
and what amount of money has been paid
in, how expended, and generally to ob
tain information as to the management
and prospects of the road ? f
- Any information you ean give, or any
suggestions yon may make, will be as
thankfully received by the public as by
For the Aa'ilaad Uaioa.)
A meeting of the Board of the Ashland
County agricultural Society was held at i
Ashland, on the 8th inst. : .' ': " ' I
The President, .E Ingmuno, having re- -signed
his membership of the Board, . Mr. j
S. G. Woodruf was elected President of j
the Board. j
On motion, Mr. A. ' McLain Fulton !
was elected secretary. :
On Motion. .
RtrJvrA That tliA nnt Pnnntv Fair I
....... ... :;. t
ui iiue auciety -do neia aw me piace wau n
offers the greatest inducements to tho
.Society, and that proposition for tho Fair
be made known to the Board at their
next meeting, on the first day cf Jnly.
On motion, the Society adjourned
until the first day of July. -
S. G. WOODRUF, Treat.
Connecticut Senators. The
Legislature of Connecticut elected Fran
cis Gillett ( Free soil) for the unex
pired term of Truman Smith, , who re
signed a short time since. . Lafatette
S. Foster (Whig) for therfu'll term. Mr.
Gillett is a Free Soil Democrat at
'present. ' ' ; ' j -
Cormpoadaac or tha Aahlaad Uaioa.
Washington, D. C, Juno 6, 1854. -
Editor Ashland Union Yester
terday was an exciting day in this City.
The good people here, deprived of the
ordinary incidents of suffrage, have noth
ing of that nature to fall back upon but
their municipal elections, and there are
doubly exciting, not so much. from the
value of the offices, as from the rareness
of elections here. . The Whigs elected
their candidate for Mayor,, by 436. ma
jority, over Macrt, Democrat, who sucr'
ceeded two years .ago by over 800 ma
jority. This result is not owing to Whig
votes, but has been produced by a mul
titude' of causes.'- In the first place,
Maurt belongs to - the aristocracy, 1
sort of select diletanti, made up of the
principal office-holders, bankers nd ar
my officers, and has none of the sympa
thy of the masses. In the second place,
military superintendency, ' directly em
ployed by the Piesident over ' the me-
I J -
chanlcs on the Public Wcus, dfsgusted
that large and reputable body of voters,
and they voted against MAURT,-who was
a favorite of the President's, to con
demn the military system; and 3dly,
the " Know Nothings," that growing
organization based upon Native Ameri
can principles, went for Towers, the
Whig candidate. Added to this, reli
gious tests were dragged in, and alto
gether, I do not see how any other re
sult could be produced.
The Cuban question, is yet an open
question. The " Star," a sort of Cabi
net scullion, anounces its full adjustment,
on authority, but the Union, the or
gan, preserves a silence as to any settle
ment, and still teems with two column
articles about Spanish aggressions.
Perliaps the Black Warrior difficulty
has been settled, but the Union says
the " casus belli," was long since made
out without that last act of aggression,
and that a revolution is in progress, in
Cuba, which it behooves our Govern
ment to notice. This is understood
here to mean, that our Government
must interfere to prevent the Africani
zation of Cuba, and that in no case
must she be allowed to emancipate her
slavea Let me state a point here. We
have just passed the Nebraska Bill. We
passed it because the President and the
Union said, a repeal of the Missouri
' Compromise was necessary, to return to
the government of the . Constitution,
that the Government had no rigid to in
terfere in the domestic regulations of a
State or Territory, and hence the Mis
souri restriction was unconstitutional.
Yet the organ of the President, in the
j face of all this, which it has solemnly
ni-flfAil fnr mnnt ha nAV pnnfpnn' f n n
our Government, not possessing any
' ttch rint of terfence, has thepover
I of tntertng as to the local cancem of
a. foreign government, and that it is our
i right . and our duty to prevent Spain
from abolishing slavery in her dominions,
if she deems it best for humanity and
her own interests to do so.
Now, sir, I submit to you,'.' whether
that isn't cooL
But I gave yon the true state of this
Cuban question in my last, and I say
again, that the settled policy of the new
southern party formed on the Nebraska.
I - x 7 f 1 1 T ll
q"w, w acquire vuua nouesuy
li we can, ana to mis x nave nooojecuons;
but if that won't do, to get it any. how,
and to this last alternative, permit me to
say, I have serious objections. '
The Sentinel of this City, which by
the way, is the Douglass organ, is out
with an appeal to the Southern Whigs
to fall into line, with the Nebraska men,
and Bays that they must do so, as they
sympathize more nearly with the Ne
j braska Democrats, than the Nebraska
Democrats do with those ot their own
party who voted against the Bill' This
is virtually saying that the National
Democratic party is at an end, -that the
new Douglass party is to be made up of
Southern men, and not Northern men on
ly such as go for Nebraska and Douglass.
In fact, when closing the debate, on that
question, Richardson, distinctly stated
this as the alternative.
I think there is
' f na fniniv ffk 1a o n O f n T 1 fl fO
6 -w r
Douglass and his test on one side, and
the honest voters of the country on the
other, and this will be done, rest as
sured of it, for Douglass, though made
use of in this Nebraska swindle, will
find the fate of Judas, Haman, and all
the illustrious men, who have been his
peculiar types. - '."''-
Congress sat but three days last week,
and nothing was done, but to get the de
ficiency bill through. ' Some of the
plunder got through with it, among
other items,'- -. ne to pay twice for the
printing of Congress. .. This was4 done
for the benefit of the Sentinel . office.
Some speeches were made on the Pacific
Rail Road Bill. Yesterday there was
no quorum. Yours,
I Cholera n New York. One- hun
! dred cases at the Quarantine Hispital 1
The N. Y. Times of Friday morning
- It is understood that the packet ship
North America, now' lying at Quaran
tine, had cholera on board on her arrival.
Not less than 100 cases were said to be
under treatment At the Quarantine Hos
pital. Rumor, still better and less wel
come authority, adds that in Orange
street there are some eight cases known
to exist. As no deaths from it are yet
reported, it is probable that it is of an
unusually mild type.
JCS" Dr Lkndrick, formerly of Cin-!
cinnati, has resigned his office of Super-:
intendent of the Lunatic Asylum at Co-.
lumbus. The Board met on the 5th of
June, but we have not yet learned who
they have appointed. .
The Very Last of Walker's Expedition
His Surrender to the United States
Troops. ;
; Among the passengers by the South
erner , which arrived at San Francisco
on the 15th ult, were Capt. Wm. Wali
br, the redoubtable expeditionist, and
the few friends who through thick and
thin have clung to his fortunes. They
were in the custody of United States au
thorities. The closing scenes of the exhibition
and arrest of the band are thus narrated
by the San Francisco Commercial Ad
vertiser:; .-,
" With thirty-three men, the whole of
his force, he was on his march for San
Diego, and had arrived near the bounda
ry line on the 7th inst., beiDg continu
ally harrassed by a considerable force of
mounted Mexicans under Melendrei,
who, "however, had not the 'courage' to
make an attack upon the command. On
the 8th, Walker advanced to within
three miles of the boundary line, and
encamped on a hacienda called ' La Tia
jnana.' The Mexicans were on the sur
rounding hills. Major McKinstry of the
I J - 7
-view of arranging matters, and shortly
U. o. Army went out to see him, with a
afterwards despatched a meosenger for
Captain BentOD, who was in command
of - the U. S. forces on the line. Capt.
Benton obtained the permission of Me-,
landres to eross the line, and also went
to Walker's camp. - By him Melendrez
sent a demand to surrender, granting
them permission to cross our territory if
he and his men would deliver up their
arms. To this Walker paid no atten
tion, simply saying that the Mexican
General could have their arms 1 if he
could take them.
very warlike and
informed the Mexican General that they
were not the least concerned in the mat
ter, and if he wanted to fight, they should ;
not interfere, being there merely . as
American citizens.
Walker then took up his line of march
along the main Road to San Diego, and
the Mexicans began to manoevre, hang
ing upon the filibuster line, until within
one mile of the boundary line, when the
Mexicans took post on an eminence, di -
rectly opposite where a large number of on this subject, has laid down the doc
spectators from San Diego were posted trine, that under no pretence whatever
to see the fight, and made a display as if , shall property or persons, whilo under
' spectators from San Diego were posted
determined to prevent Walker's further
progress. As the latter neared the Mex
icans, he ordered an advanced . guard of
nine men with rifles, to charge upon the
enemy, which they did with a cheer. -The
Mexicans, without firing a shot, put
spurrs to their horses aud galloped away,
leaving Walker and his party to pursue
their way unmolested."
Arriving at the boundary, the -party
halted before crossing, and Walker had
a parley with Waior, Mcfvinstry and
Capt. Benton, (U. ST Officers sent to ar-
rest his force.) . The conferrence result-
ed in' Walker and friends surrendering
themselves, on parole of honor. .
An Elephant at Large.
The large elephant attached to the
Broadway menagerie got loose from his
keeper on the way from Pawtucket to
Fall River, early yesterday morning.
Before starting, his .keeper made nim
lift the hind part of a wagon loaed with
3500 pounds, for the purpose of getting
it into line. It is supposed that this, al
though not unpsuaj, jnight hve surges-
J ted to him the mode of attack which he
adopted afterwards. When about seven
miles from Pawtucket, he got free from
iuo control oi ins iteeper, aiiu meeting
aunwuuwguu, ueiuugiiig wj lur. o war
ford Short, he thrust his tusk into the
horse and lifted horse, wagon and rider
into the air. He maDgled the horss ter
ribly and carried him about fifty feet,
and . threw the dead body into a pond.
The wagon was broken to atoms, and
Mr. Short considerably hurt. The ele
phant broke one of his enormous tusks
ih this encounter. A mile fnrther the
elephant, now grown more furious, at
tacked in the same manner a horse and
wagon, with Mr. Thomson W. Peck and
his son. - He ; broke the wagon, and
wounded the horse which ran away.
Mr. Peck was pretty badly hurt in the
While the - keepers were engaged in
securing the smaller elephant, who how
ever, manifested no signs of insubor
dination, the larger one got off from them,
and went on through Barneyville; when
Mr. Mason Barney and another man
mounted their horses and kept on his
track as . near to him as was prudent,
giving warning of the danger to the
1 I 1 1 - L ft t - i
passengers whom they met on the way.
The elephant would occasinaly turn to
iook at mem. dui aia not attempt 10
molest them.
The next man in the path was Mr.
Pearce, who was riding with his little
son in a one horse wagon. He was com
ing towards the elephant and being warn
ed by Mr. Barney, turned around and
put the horse to his speed, but the ele
phant overtook him, and seizing the wag
on, threw it into the air, dashing it to
pieces, and breaking the collar bone and
arm of Mr. Pearce. The horse, disen
gaged from the wagon, escaped with the
fore wheels, and the elephant gave chase
for eight miles, but did not catch him.
The elephant came back from his un
successful pursuit and took up his march
again on the main road, where he next
encountered Mr Jabes Ebby, with a
horse and wagoiu ' He thew up the whole
establishment in the same way as before,
. smashed the wagon, killed the horse and
wounded Mr. Ebby. He threw the
horse twenty feet over a fence, went over
and picked up the dead horse and depos
ited him in the road, were he had first
met him...
He killed one other horse and pursued
another, who fled to a barn. : The ele
phant followed, but at the door was met
by a fierce bull dog, which bit his leg
and drove him off. i
Once on the rout, the keeper being
ahead of him, saw him plunge over a
wall and make for a house. The keeper
got into the house first, hurried the fright
ened people within to the upper story,
and providing himself with axe, succeed
ed in drivieg off the furious deast. - : -
. The elephant finally exhausted his
strength, and laid ! himself down in the
bushes, about two miles from Slade's
Ferry. Here he was secured with chains
and carried over the ferry to Fall River.
A part of the time he ran at the rate of
a mile in three minutes. Providence
JottrnaL. . . '
JJX " Mother, what is a hush ?' "
" A hush,' child ? I - do not know,
what makes you ask ?" " Cause the oth-
er day I asked Jane what made her
back stick out so, and she said ' hush.' "
' ' ' - "
' A firm faith is the best divinity ;
good life . is the best philosophy :
clear conscience the best law; honesty
the best policy, and temperance the best
physie.-- -
From tha North China Harald, (Eafllaa FaparJ
Sbacghaa, March 11, 1&54.
Outrago on the American Flag.
' Attack on an American Pilotboat.
On Monday evening about dusk, as
Mr. Ayer's pilotboat, flying the American
flag, was coming up the beach, one of the
Taoutae's vessels, the Clown, fired a shot
at her. The boat, in which were Mr.
Linklater and six Chinese, was soon haul
ed round - under the Compton, and the
officer on board ordered the Chinese sail
ors up on deck and had them tied up to
the mainmast, but allowed Mr. Linklater
to go away after having overhauled the
boat. As soon as Mr. Ayer was inform
ed of this proceeding, he laid his com
plaint before the United States Consul,
who referred him to Captain Kelly, and
he, accordingly, went on board the United
States storeship PyroourA, and Captain
Kelly, upon hearing of the assault, very
promptly manned a boat, which was pla
edd under command of Leiut. Guest, who
proceeded immediatley to the Sir Herbert
Compton, and asked for the Captain,
who was not to be found ; at last, a Por
tuguese on board the Compton, said he
was in command, and Mr. Guest at once
aemanaea now ne aared to maJce pns-
oners of men under the American flag ?"
uiu uemanaea meir release., ine ror-
tuguese replied he did not do it, aud that i
he tiJ-n ontVini-ltp tn cat tli am froo I
Wherupon .Lieut. Guest ordered his
men to board, which was done with the
greatest alacrity, and cut the prisoners
from the mainmast, where they had been
tied by the hair
It was observed, at the moment, that
some men on the poop of the vessel were
leveling their muskets at the American
officers and Mr. Linklater, who accom
pained him. Mr. Guest very energet-
Things then became ! iciy leveled his revolver at the Fortu
the American officers , eruese. tellin? him that on the first shot
being fired he would blow his brains out.
Ane Portuguese, in great alarm, im
mediately ordered his men to desist- the
crew and boat were then taken off with
out further hindrance.: There is no plea
offered for this gross insult to the Anier- .
ican nag, except that the boat bad some
shot on board, which it is in the habit of
carrying for ballast. , .. .. ,
3Ir. Murphy, the United States Con-
! sol, in correspondence with'the Taoutae
j the protection of the Unil
protection of the United States flag,
be molested by the Chinese authorities
with impunity. But if any claim is sup
posed by them to exist against persons
or property under the United States flag,
the complaint must be made to him, the
only person known in the treaty to have
the power of settlement,
The promptitude with which the
United States Coasuland Captain Kel
ly attended to this complaint, and the
energy with which Mr. Guest carried
j out his instructions, which were of a very
j delicate and digcult nature, are very
praiseworthy, and we hope will check
the insolent bearing of those in command
of the ex-Taoutae's ships, who are fre-
Anantlv fiin An o n f.ivnlAiia v-tfAAmAA
upon boats passing up and down the Riv
er. Grand Battle between the Irish Cath
olics and the Irish Protestants in
Philadelphia A number of Persons
Joseph Hughes, Patrick Tagert, John
Barnett and Edward Sherry, were ar
rested yesterday afternoon, and taken
before Aid. Clouds, on the charge of ri-
.. v. - jj t :
' oting in the vicinity of Jefferson and Se-
eond streets. They were each ordered
I . .... .
to give bail in the sum of $1,000 to an
swer at court. The parties are adhe
rents of rival fire companies one being
ing Irish Catholics and the other Irish
Protestants. They commenced rioting
about 6 o'clock, aud word was sent to
the station house. Lieut. McNally pro
ceeded at once to the scene of distur
bance, and found at least a hundred per
sons engaged in the riot.
The word was given to shoot him, and
whilst many were pelting him with stones
and other missiles, a man stepped out at
the corner of Jefferson and Washington
streets, and fired three times at him,
but missed his aim. The Lieutenant
drew his revolver and discharged five
loads into the crowd, but with what ef
fect was not ascertained. Two of" the
rioters were dragged away, supposed to
have been wounded in the legs. One
arrest was made and the Lieutenant then
proceeded to the house from whence the
pistol was discharged. He arrested 6
men, one being the man who had shot at
L- mi - j 1
him. The prisoner was rescued by a
j large gang of the rioters. Two of the
; party aiding to the rescue, were arrest-
i ed an(i locked un. '
The Lieutenant was struck on the
arm as he was in the act of firing the last
load from his revolver. The weapon
was knocked out of his hand, but he
quickly recovered it.
A number of officers arrived on 'the
ground in a few minutes and the mob
dispersed. About 12 o'clock last night
Lieut. McNally and several men were
walking around the infected district to
prevent any further disturbance. . Pres
ently they were startled by the report
of a pistol. The man who fired it ran
away, but after a chase of two squares
was headed off by officer Adams. : He
proved to be James Gorman. -
This fellow was sneaking upon a pile
of paving stones beTiind the officers, and
as he was getting ready to shoot at them,
his pistol was discharged because it
would not stand cocked, and one of his J
little nngers -was Diown on. ne was .
taken Detore Aid. uiouds tnis morning,
who bound him over to answer at Court.
There was considerable excitement in
the infected section this morning. Loud
threats were made as to what parties
would do under certain circumstances.
Five or six were arrested and locked up
for a hearing. Phil. Bulletin, 6th.
Washington, June 3.
A telegraphic dispatch has been sent
to Mr. Morse U. S. Dist. Att'y of New
Orleans, to employ all the power vested
in him to bring the Filibusters to jus
tice. The fishing treaty between the U. S.
and England is nearly completed. . .
All the points are essentially agreed
Lord Elgin will not leave Washington
till the treaty is signed, which will re
quire not only the ratification of the
Senate but the House.
Murder. On the 22d of March in
El Dorado county, California, a fight oc-j
curred between a Mr. Baldwin, late irom
Indiana, and a Mr. Whitney, in which,
the former was instantly - killed. They
are gamblers, and quarreled at the gam
ing table concerning money,' Baldwin
drew a knife, and Whitney drew a pistol
and shot his opponent five times, killed
him at the first fire, Whitney was pur
sued and taken.
California Items.
The Minks and Miners. Our full
files of papers are . quite prolific of favor
able accounts from the coining regions.:
We will giv a sample: S -.-:;: ;
r Sierua-Mines. J-At Morrison's Ra
vine, 150 .men arr' at .work, some of
whom are taking ont 1 1-2 to 2 ounces
per day. At Eureka Flat there are
about 500 men at work. A party of three
men took out $2,000 in oac week. At
Goodyear's Bar business -is . becoming
brisk. One company has averaged $15
per day to the hand since November.
Mining in the North A copy of the
Grass Valley Telegraph' lately, gives a
most flattering account of mining in that
vicinity. Water is abundant, and in
many instances, as high as $40 per day tin no gentle manner. They .'went te
are reported as the wages of a single their boat and rallied a pary, of twenty
hand. or more, and took wagons and cans tf
-' ' " r . "7,-to Ottawa to lie in waih for theboaAnod
Dimo.vd Springs. We saw one claim take, vengeance A messenger- waadia.
on Gold Hill, where the owners had cut patched from Ottawa by a friend, to
through the vein, rigged a pair of cars, meet, the boat and warn Captain B. of
one to go down as the other went up, and : his danger. He loaded two Colts' revol-
so contrived mat me airt, as dug upon
the claim slid right into the cars. They
were washing from the surface down; four
oi mem couia wasn o,uuu Duckets in a
day, of dirt which averaged from one to
f. .1 l 1 A AAA ...
one and a half cents to the bucket, giv
ing inem aoout $iuu per day. They
had worked for two years in their claims. I on the assailants, and then fled, leaving
. ' j the Captain alone to fight the battle.?
-- jtX'Me&srs Judah, Edwards. & Co. : - He commenced retreating to the boat
took out of their claim, in the vicinity ! and as the men jumped on him-J he dis
of Mud Springe, one day last week, some 1 charged his weapon with fatal precision.
rich specimens of quartz; the largest one
weighiug21 pounds and 10 ounces, and
being estimated to be worth $ 1,000.
"' JsST Two men who had but just ar
rived in the country, recently bought
two "worn out" claims at Woodpecker
Flat, went to work with energy, and ber
fore night took out $1,700. The claim
cost $20. - "
Sacramento MiNES.-Messrs. Meserve.
and Elmer brought into Sacramento on
Wednesday last, from Prairie City, 600
ounces of gold dust, which is about half
the amount purchased in that town every
Saturday and Sunday.
Rich Quartz. The Calaveras Chron-.
icle states that a ledge of quartz of ex
traordinary richness, was discovered a
few days since, near the American House
on the Placerville . road. One piece
about six inches square, was estimated
to contain four hundred dollars value of
gold. ... . J-
Another Nugget.- The . editor of
the Sonora TTuraJi has bean ahnwn a. I
l,.rv. rt nA pu ! jni At
lump of gold of the value of $50 1 ,43,
which was picked up on Friday last by
Mr. George W. Farrar, a worthy and
industrious man from among a heap of
BtuucB, u u wao n.n.ugiUUgu:i8ure-
Another On the 1 4th inst., a nug
get of gold was found at Mud Springs,
I PI T 1 I. T 1 1 1 1 rr. 11
' mi n -r .6 , ...
Ane can oaquin is suii aneaa 01 tne
Sacramcnto' district. The Columbia
nugget weighed 27 lbs. "
A Good Business. We learn from'
the Placerville Democrat that on Sunday j
last the enormous amount of 7,568 ounces I
of gold' dust were puchased in that town '
by the different banking-houses and mer' 4
. me list snail oe inree muiions 01 aouara,
The Harvest Prospect. All over the tax shall not -'be less than onevtenth
the State the crops look promising and.: of one mill, nor more thin one "mtll en
abundant. AH the papers in the State "the dollar; and when it is less than two-
are making speculations in reference to
the wheat crop of California to be bar-
; vested the present year. It is agreed on
all hands that the supply will more than
satisfy the demand for the home market,
and that in the course of a few months
grain will be actually exported from
California. This indeed, would be a
revolution in commercial affairs. That
the revolution will have a beneficial in-
I fluence in some respects, says the San
Joaquin Republican, there can .be no
doubt, but we fear that the farmers will
in some instances, suffer for the general
good. Breadstuffs will, henceforward,
be cheap, and the - money now sent to
Chili and the East to buy flour will be
retained in the country; thus, while the
price of provisions will be low, money
will be plentiful
Tall Barley. A number of stalks
of barley, measuring six feet in hight,
and in full head, were brought to our
: office, says the San Joaquin Republican,
w:i & wj.
from Wiley & Woods' rancho, some six
miles distant from Stockton. There are
some three hundred acres of the same
kind. . ' -
j"J""' Fresh butter is now selling in
Sonora valley at from 25o. to 37 l-2c.
per. lb. cheaper than at any period
since the discovery of gold in California.
J5" Stage fare at the present time,
; from Sacramento City to Mud Springs,
43 miles, is $8; to Diamond Springs, 45
' a Ak 1 . Whl 11 arv -1
miles, $10; and to Placerville, 50 miles,
The Late Murder or Corbett. -The
Mariposa Chronicle gives the follow
ing as the only correct version of this
affair: "Mr. Dorbett was murdered at
his residence, at the foot of the Big Bill
on the Stockton road, by a man named
Cooper, commonly known as "Kentuck."
The latter had stopped over night at the
house of Mr. Corbett. and was -seen in
the morning to-examine his revolver very
carefully. After breakfast, and the com-
pany had left, he ordered his horse, and
told Mr. Corbett to charge his bill as
there was a balance due .him (Cooper)
for hay. Mr. Corbett replied that he
had never seen him before.- Cooper said
he was a partner of Mr. Farns. Corbett
explained that he did not owe any bal-
ance to Mr. Farns, and that, if Cooper
would walk into the house, he would show
him receipts from (Farns speaking in a be charged against such person Iti i the
mild, gentlemanly manner. At . this district where such labor was' perform
time Mrs. Corbett requested her hus- ed. . And the. County .Treasurer:: shall
band to leave the man and nut have any receive all snob certificates as money in
words with him. When Mi Corbett , the discharge of such road tax.-1
entered the bar-room and while looking Sec. 2. That it shall be the duty of
for the receipts, Cooper drew his pistol
. . - i . ?
and shot Corbett killing him almost in
stantly, in the presence of his wife and
: California Prices. On the 23d of
March, as given in the Starr prices in
Los Angelos ranged as follows:
' American work' oxen $150 to $175
per yoke; American cows from $60 to
$S0; Amercan sheep $10: ' California
oxen $75 to $100 per yoke; California
cows $35 to $45: California cattle for
beef, of two years old, $26 to $28; do of
three years old $28 to $45; New Mexi-
can and Chihuahum Bheep from $5 to
$5 50; Hogs, none for sale; lumber, red
wood $90 to $100 per M; California do,
pine si uu; Atlantic 00. pine 9112 ou; ,
Valley butter. 50
a 62 cents; Eggs
62 l-2esnta
Another Filgttfol Riot- Srraa lu
'i -The Chicago Democratic Press of th
7th brings the follows; tattling news:
' One of the erew "of the eanal boa,
Plying Cloud, owned by Sheptoari fc.
Hoaghtalling of this city, arrrrid in Uu
city yesterday and brought intelligence
of a terrible encoun ter between Capt.
Henry Brown, and a party composed
principally of the crew of the repairint;
scow, at Ottawa, in which seven of tha
latter were shot down. Theiroams4aa
ces as related are as follows :
At Lassalle, while the "Flying CUwd.
was com ing through the locks; on or
two-of the scow,: crew came on boarLaod
wantonly threw a favbite dog of Captain
Brown's wife into the4 lock: the captain
thereupon put the men off the boat, and
vers and a shot gun, and on amvtnr at
Ottawa, gave one of the pistols toon of
his men, and taking him with him, star
ted for the collector's office to settle his
business there. . He had not ' proceeded
; far from the boat, when the party fell on
1 him with axes and clubs. H ta anam mT
each shot dropping a man.1 - With this
loss the party vanished, and the .Captain
regained his boat, somewhat truised
from the blows he 'received, bat not se
riously wounded. : . . . ..- -i i
He subsequently went up to the town,
surrendered . himself to the authorities,
was held to bail, gave security and' was
discharged. . Captain Brown is, a small
. man,- but of determined character and
-' indomitable courage.- He is highly es
i teemed by Messrs. Sheppard & Hough
! telling, who represent him to be a quiet,
' peaeable man, and one in:'whoni they
; have great confidence. . ' We ' have .Ere
jquently heard complaints of. the men. on
I the State scow of conduct most aggra
vating to Captains and "crews.. 'f 1 .'i'
i The : Cicago Democrat of the same
date concludes an account of this' fearful
tragedy as follows : r' " f
This is truly a melancholy affair, and
we are sorry to say, but one of a number
of deadly riots which -have taken place
throughout the country within a few
months. Where this destruction -of life
is to end God only knows. I. . .
' AN ACT To aaaeatf the. act eatitted a act
; prew!ribi.f th. doiUe, of Soperrior.. mmi
: relating to Road.aad H ghwmja. - -
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by tke General
f Assembly tf the State of Ohio, That the
twenty-seventh section of the actntiU-
"an act prescribing the duties of super
visors, and relating to roads and ' higl
ways," passed February 13, 1853,, be ao
amended as to read as folio ws T Bee. 27.
lne county commissioners of any connty
.... St .. nnl w in- an 7 o
year, a greater amount of road. tax. than
is herein specified, via: When the ag
gregate amount of taxable property en
tered upon the list shall be fifty nikUions
of dollars, the tax shall not be -less than
one twenty fifth of ne .mill,. .noc more
than one mill jand , when "the aggcegaWf'
amount of taxable property entered upon
' tenths-of a. mill, nor more than one and
a half mills on. the dollar; Provided,
that nothing in this section shall. b
construed as to prohibit the countyco to
rn issiooers in any county id this State,
. when the aggregate amount of taxable
, property entered upon the list shall be
' less than eight millions;' from levying
an aditional tax for road purposes riot x-
ceeding eight mills on the dollar, when-
- ever they may deem it necessary which
shall be collected in the -same manner,
and at the same time that State and
county. taxes are collected and paid into-'
: the county treasuries of each county,
1 which tax shall be applied to the opening
and- repairing roads, and constructing
bridges m the respective county or coun
ties, where such tax may be levied as
aforesaid. . '
- - Sec. 2. That the twenty-seventh sec
tion of the act to which this is an amend-
. ment, be, and is hereby repealed. . . ,
Speaker of the House of Rep A
President of the Senate!
- . (68) (
AN ACT To amend the act entitled aa act pra
reribing the dutiea of Snperviaora, and rela
ting to H,oada ami fiighwaya, passed Febraary
13 1863. i t ' r .
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General
t Assembly of the State of Ohio, That see
; tion thirty-three of said act,- be so amen
1 ded as to read as follows: That any per
' son charged with a road tax on the grand
vy, ss proviaea ror in me. wy-u
and twenty-seventh sections of said act,
may, cither personally, or by an agent,
discharged t'ae same by labor, to be per
formed on the road, the road, within the
proper district within that township
where such tax may be charge, . by an
able-bodied man, at the' rate . of one
dollar per day, for. each day's work, -and
a ratable proportion - per day - for
any team, wagon, cart,': plow,'' or - scra
per, that the supervisor may deem - pro
per to employ; which labor shall be per
formed under the direction of the "enper
visor, to giv to any person for whose
benefit such labor was performed,, m cer
tificate of the amount of tax . so paid in
labor, and the district and township
wherein such labor was performed; also,
that said work was done between the first
day of April and the first day of Octo-
ber ; which certificate shall m no case be
available for any greater sum than shall
the - County Treasurer; vie" ieouect all
a f j At - -Al
taxes, for road purposes, tke same aa oth
er taxes except as nerein proviaea in
section one of this act; and the taxes so
collected, shall be paidover to (he prop-,
er township treasurer, which shalL be
expended on the public roads within the,
district from which the same has . been
collected.' 5 fr
Sec. 3 This act shall take effect from
and after its passage. v'
Sec. 4. That section thirty-three of
the act prescribing the duties of supervU
sors, and relating to roads and highways,
passed February 13th, A. D. ' 1853 U
hereby repealed. - - ; .
Pro tern. Speaker of the House of JSmBfi.
; snxtui&a,
Fresident of the j
!AprQ7, 1834.
1 .!!Ll

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