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LA IT "v 7 W in im n IliTiir in 1 i U Jill M. JLi 1 1 n . n . n .-i TV L " ILJ JU iiii HJi Jl ll M FT" A ASHTABULA, Indoponaent in evil tlilng:3. 0. SATURDAY MQMiiGt JULY 2il8J8. viiWiiiKir.!Rr Teititm or i'ucniPTiO!. HMctlr tn H ie-wt the tafl ef U Benin, fl to U lb end u too , . ADTEKTIMNO. 0t iar on week K Two oitr three mot. I SO en oiinare llueewecka 1 ) 1 two moire sit not, 6 00 v..i,inr three man, 1 M one W!"r en ;w I 00 en .r W nto. . 4 00 I four nuimi on yer 12 00 en ii'ir on ymr OS I hit If eolnmn en year I" 00 ifUJlno Otirda 01 Mot over l lliico-voi year I 00 Twoh Hum or lc of tbl Mto melt Binar. of every detcilptlon attended to en et'J, la the ttoat tneteful BUSINESS DIRECTORY. lAU.ntltV HAMS, or iSHTABtU, OFFICE HOCUS Trom 0 A. M. tfl li M. end From 1 to 8 P. H. I'ltyaiclnna. FARItlNOTON & HALL. riirlc?ns and Hurireon-ifflc at tin eld ataad of Dr Fa.rWtoo. . n. tahmisoton, m. b b, a. a. n. Anhtalmlh, Jim. 1, Ik;.. O. I'UKN'ITSS, M. D., MoDroev'illo, Huron eonnty, u. Attoruevt II ALL. KELLOGG, & WADR. Attorneys at Law, Jtvferno, AaliL-lbul Countr. Ohio. Particular atro tivO paid to i'enalon, ltanty-iAu4, and Patent Application). .... Aukut 3. Hall, Prosecuting Attorney. Antra Kitu.oao, 41' prmcw Wane. SHERMAN & FARMKR, Counsellor at Iav, A-htabula. Ohio. Attorney and 410 CHARLES BOOTH, Attorney end rlior frt Law. AehtribMta. Ohio. Coun- 419 W. B, CIIAPMAM, Attorney at Law Jurtie ef the I'mm, CoinmlMtaner or for Michigan and Iowa. 'ifflc three doors eat ef tlie Trement Ueuee. Conneant, O. CUAFFEK. VVOOUBURY, Attorneva. Jofrcrnon, AUUtrul eoaoljr, Ohio. t 419 a. h. CiiArrKs, . . B. WooDcaT. Hotel. FISK ItOUSE, Ashtabula, Ohio. K. L. Kolrraok, Proprietor. A Omnibun runulnj to end fior evert train at rare. Alto, ood lirorr-atable kept in eon motina with thie beue, to eonre Dettfeugpre to euv oaltl rit. ; ; 4ia , -AMERICAN JenVrM, Ohiu. HOnSKJoho niompson ASHTABULA HOUSE, Robert C. Warm- logton, Allitahuli, O, nervbatita. EDWARD II. ROBERTS, Dealer la Fancy rtt Staple Drjr Goot! l.adicY Clnakis l ow, Httlrtn. Cowt, Ctioic Oructfrtsu, HttctlX Uaniwn. e rocket -f to, itx, Fik ' Hlock, Anutaimifi, O. ' 410 TVLKR & COLLINS, Deuleri in Dry Ooodn, Crrtca.-i(- Cmckf,r, llitoti snd hno. Hut, Cspn, kc-t kr.. next t!or South ot Ahlubula Hoas, A-1ua . 10 JlliOBERTSON, Denier In Di7Goods. Gnarioe, llaj-da-are, Crockcty, Provbloua, Itoote eifd boe., eu rverr outer clues of Oooda upnally looked for . In Viral Cliiea CowittT Kbir. Coorteey end fair deallnr ate tlto tndiofnieiite oiTfrcd rdr e ebore of publir fttvor. Main atreet, Aelitabul Ohio R00 1' & MOItiaSON'. Dealers in Dry Go nit, 13rofarla, Bwte en4 Shoo, ilata and C'e!, Hardware, Crw-lcTf, linoka, 1 alula, Oila, Ac, I'oat Cfiio liulldirp. AKbtahula. 4ltt GEORGE WILLAUD, Dealer in Dry Goods, Oroccri, ItaU, 0v, ISnota and She, Croelierf, niaac trar, emnnftcturer of reariverote Clotbinfr. Alan, ehole ue ayd retiiil dealer ta Hardware, rtaddlery, KHtla,lron,.Stel, Crniri ad Medicine J 'inula, Ula, Itmtuifa, t, Hi trpt, Aebtiibula. 4J j . G. WRIGHT, Deulur in Millinery Goods. ortjed Collar and Sleevfa and feuey Coodaw Naxt door to tlio l'oet Ulllr. 9 KULLIVAN k HYATT, No. 5 IMait atreet; Ktw York City, ao'.ifit ettoutioa to their tock Of America 31ardrar. W E & FAUIKKKU. Wholcsaio and iifiii latra In Weatem raerve Dntter end Cbee", 4'rswt pnilt aod rNonr, A.iliubaula, Obio. Onto, rerpeet fnilr o!icllel. aixl IllU-d at tlie iweet eah eot. 419 BEN II AM & JOHNSON. Dealers in Dry fiooda, f!rorie, Kraga and MetlliSisc, froeloerr, Boot. eThoea. H:ita end Cape, and every nttier article usually foel'd m eouiilry utore, oppoeite the Fi,k Houee, Arhtatmla. Id FREXTK't. & BMTI'llTOenorul Grocera and Dealer Id Pn-laioBe, Produce, and as forth, ilala atreet. Aabtabula, Obiot 416 lteutlatr. S. R. BEC K WITH, Surgictd and Mechanical llenilrt. Oikmuk, Oliln. 97 Da. T. McCUNK. Dentiat, ' Office aud teDC on Main atreet, Aabtabula, 0. llesi. 442 Vatchc, Jewelry, He. b. A. AMSDEV, Jeaeler. Kepairin.x of nil kind nl ITatchea, Cocka, and Jewelry, airtp, ppit tbe . lak liouae, AabLOuK-t;; j A. "W. STEELE, Watch and Clock MuUer, and Healer b Jewelry, Silver, end Plated Ware, 4e. nnio' Uw, Aahtln.t ' '-BRIO HAM & CO.. Wholesale and reiail ' Unler In Healy Made Clolbiug, Furultbiog Ooode, Bat, '--OapaiJUe, Aehtubula. , . . ' 3. A. TALCOTT. Dealer in Ready-Made Cloth tug, Hate, Cap, and FimrUbiri; (eoeda, of all kin da. Ojipo ' tt tit ranuer1 Ueo. Aabtabula. jlgcuta. "U. FASSE IT. Apcnt for the Pnrchase. Sain, a - Benltug of lenl Cattle, Ineura e. Nreotlating 1 .nana, Col- Vr-ttrtQ of Debt, etc- SWperty oid tut Comntiartoe eu!y, aod ate on obarK. A ante, direct ar tttdiract, enneft ttrtee a cotnioMon. Comer Mate aud C cuter aUeeta, Acltta- '' prtla, lo. Aliw, lSotary Public. 41 C. 0. DIBBLE, Oriftral Collector, and Loan, and Real Eatote Aaviit, Eaat Aebtabnle. Oblevj ' ALEXAN DE X Ci A RliBrr. Ud Apent No. M Wator itroet. Cleveland, O, Landa fr.r aale is love, llll nola, It iouaut, end tlnincaoU, at 68 ear acre, aod eu avaade. Mauulseturers. GIX'TtCli t. HUBBARD. MatitifecNjw f Tio, fheet h-on nd Cort"-r Ware, and D-aler ta taWra Cookln;, Parlor, Boa and Self HeTilatlnf, aueet-lroa etoe. Iroa I'uiuie, 'oio punpa, lead pl.e, hfat lieu, bet Irad, feeU lna, hot eopprr, alicet brae, llu plate poroeUin keto ie, eUii y W ule, KeWru piowa. eultivaluni and BtOKt otb er kin. In of tur uuur uta.ila. 'lao, aolsuAL'l iit for tbe tale i tJlewait Celebrated Air Ticht riuenorf and W inter Cnuk tDtr Stove, fur ttieCoqote of AelrtKimia, AutiUbula, Ohio. 419 It. TOWKH & SON. Machioiats bnildere of stationary and Portable btvam Knirine. fiaw. aod ether tiill WorK, aud Jobl'inK and lte(KiiitK done to order, oa abort uollca, and ia a workaiau-lik fuauuor, eouth Alain at. Avbtabnl. - 41 Q. C. CULLEY, Manufacturer of Lath, Sidino; rueoa Boxea, kc Planing nd Uatcbing aud 8eroMl ftawiue dona ou the ahortuit eotioe. boop bouUi aid et the, tialliMiAt t:liui ch. Anbubjla, Ohio. 440 A. y. ABBOTT, Lumbif DK-aaor, and Maou- bcturer of and Dealer iu Kbtot'lea, Lath, r'rno Stuff, Ae. Ac Plautnr. and Ctrouia aawtiitf dooe I ardor. Abua elreet. -Bear lowcr'a Maoiiiue abnu; .Ububula. 414 J. "B CItOSBY. Ii-on Founder, end munn rftclitrrr end PmWr la Plowa, Plow Canttnra, IliU Caab (.', Ad. MoatdcMriutiooeef foaudry Itotaaoue teardor .Aebtabula Obio. 64 W. W. SMITH, Manufacturer of Bole, Up- ser aud Hameae Leather, aud feeler In French Calf, ed avium, fcatua, Caab pud for Uldae aud Bkloa 41 JlneleMl. CE0RGE HA LI, Dealer iu Plane Fortes, and kfelortenaa, Plane Mieoln, t'twvn, Inatrvetlea took. iwuut eurner Maut aud Cei.tre Kueala, rau f M. FakacU'a t)mce, ABhUtt.ula. r-we aOrarttweineuta. 14 J. E. CUAPMAN, Dealer in Musical Merchan dise, Book, l iue Kuatoewy, Tore, aod f aury Article, at bta Baiaar aud Curiueily atoia, it 4uut euulB of bae ituk, atata atreet, Aabtabula. ,iA i uruitura. "rmraaa i)CCR0 & BROTHERS, M w'ufactqrera of a Itealu ia Furniture of h beat AeaeiipiBat, and everr va riety. Alee KvoaraJ Uedort', atid iu'nitttUm-crv t,i Ctf bn te M, AUia atraat, bmiii W IwuUi ubi t bHua.r, A.bUbala. LlNUS SAVAGE. Farniture Denier and Man- afv.ot.irer. atatm aatatill.bo-ent, orth Main itrvel, Boar Ui uite at iiie. t aiiti.tWu i liali, Atittat'". te. KPluA-al'h; ate tauA 8ttnraylnt. CARLISLE & HALE, Civil Engineer,, and tau4 b JJ teaywi. Aau'-abjja, Ohio. m O. B. ITOLBROOK, rreotical Eurreyor, taet AkIiUou'a, Okie . 40 Hooto ntit Kbona. D. PITILLIP3, Boot and Fhoo Store, VWt Block, 81an of the BiK Boot, Ailitabule, O. 41 JtllwcvllHiieotia. BPENCEIUAN WRITING-A new ahcDt roral lre ot vp-e rorreet end Splendid IiorciM' lll.d,t-al-(le, fit.m rwl pUte, and ont br emit ftrM enle, ITIre of the V hole I oi l'.r Sv.lpm te one ad diempoat aM, 1 M. Mora ileahr (iood Vrltrr emiiraeinf et)in umlnmi end Udler Hlrlee tuel mi nv orijioeteu la Uila Sjrauie tbu In all olhem. A-tdreee p. R. SS'KNrrR, . " Onm, Ahtnr..la f Hilo, A. RAYMOND, Dfaltr Jti Fruit and Onia- mental Tree, SlitiiDbery, fce, Poufitld, Uosro Countr, K lora, tirnereioneitca. V. 11. ALLEM-Uook Binder Book , and MnptTinr bmmd la try rtrJ 4""lre4. 9!tnk brio a nadf and rnKd to otdrr. .lp(rersu, ). H. A. MARSH, Eucwwor to li. Howell.) pt)titrttyni in4 Amtm1rM Art(i. J5. HfwM' rt'W !tHrtypy, rwptiHy rntntJ. Lockt-M find W.nmtur I'inf fiit'd at fiwowtebiw ratf. rictnrt t.hn on patMit lrthwt If wirM. fy KoArrm, flrai buUUiug touthul VVILLARD & REEVES, Dealers In Italian end Ki Maud Siartjle, Orat Stone, UoBttneate, Tab) Tope, nr., ji"wiyw A L. TMUKSTOX, Cartman, has ttxVpn tli K-tubtlsbmrnt of pvl4 Cmp and will plvt hU ftttent.6n toiimving lond fnv il Depot, aq4 iout Uie Uljf. AHTAHl'LA, April Jrn7. la EMORY LUCE. Dealer in Sweet Potato, and olJior t,Krif rtontaftiHl ptrrtiifcitrt, Al, l-r-i.Ur ia l'irrii i'ruiu, Toouttoff, Ac Eflit 4th tabula, OhWe , STANTON k BROTHER.-Livery and Sale in fniiTwfifnn with the Ftsfc lTotuw, A-htalMJln, Ohio. An OmuHMifl Hann.nn ta ftn-J from tvry Trftin Af Ctra Horwn and Carrln-ffs to eonvoy pruiseiigeni. ( aujr part of tlm t'ovntrr. Churg-Pt pptvonti-lo. LIME. Wo shall ae! Lime at the Hnr bor lh rear of 1K9. at 2S eenta per reielol. and at tlx DepotatSO. 4M Hl'MPHHT k. HIM- Cotsitntaatou ?lrrcbslit. HALL k SEYMOUR, Forwnrdinif and Com- m?fxica WerfbuuU, and d-paleratn Suit, Flour, Flub, nntr. Wat?r Lim Ae. Aln, Coi.inllon tVoolert ij Lw&r nJ Stavpg. A-ahtttlxtla Harhvpj Ohio. JW5 ORIS WOLD A finOR3.Frocnc. Commla- 9lA9 vwrrhnMn, and whtlwil dealor iaCtteeM ami Fruit, lbT Bouth Watnr Htrcet, Chicago, 111, ' -A. H. OniawoL. W. Snosca. Sn?rERaUICE8 1 FLAwmn, VcKikblky 4 Co , -. Chleift. C, H. BrtnifiTii, - 8 ATTltRLFF, CooK It CO - - . - W C. BARTi.rrf (k OoComoilstrfo-i Werchant Clerelantl J. Mti.Nr.a, AUomrt at law, Indianapolis. pKiKvpiWD. BoHBOva C BankanV - IrtCMtur, Hi. 8n9Rr, awbm Ji t'o., Mercliwnta, Atlania, 111. V-KLiiifc t'AULKNKit, Phuuc UeirttairtfV AabtHhula . Straioiit, J'EMfKa Jr Cft., Cincinnati, Hawi.ft i low --).-- Nrw Yrk. Ashtabula P- O Closing ot ZTIalls. POST OFFICE NOTICE. The Mail A pii'(; aat nl'l dote at 10 o'clock and lit eilnutea, a. and mftil UVtit trill cloeat 11 o'cioek and 30 minute, A. nr., t)M Southern Mall closes at 6 a. B , and the me.il to JetTcraon at 12 M. Flk Crr ek Malt, via Plymouth, Tneidav. t 4 HO, e. at. Office epea daily from T a.'m. to 6 r. w . ou week day, aud oa aundavs, front 12 H. to 1 r. a, nntil further notice. Aabtabula, May 10th, '.KM. B. C. HOOT, P. It. a is in in On end after Monday May. 10, 1853. CLEVELAND AND ERIE It. ROAD, It leaving Ashla hvla ,oiso iast. Day Prclglito. 1.... , . , ..leave at. ...... . lOSra Ftail .....31 Ham Corroeant AceaiBJodatioB. . , KiKht Fitctht. bight tKfiea.... ......... . , . . . 1 31 a If .....12 if a a Ztarin Athlalla coixa west. N'brH Exprera . . . . Outre. ut AocowBiouatioB., Uay Freight BSall . . ..., v . Iy Exnreea.. ,..,.. MglitkriliV.- 9 4T A U I tU ...10 47 A . . . , 12 eo r a M H ' J A - Clileeir Fvprera, Eaat, and Mall lTeat, atop at all atatloc axeent faybreok, Camnviile, Perry, illentnc, end Vt'icklitle. Ciuctbuau e xpreaa, aaat, aiop at i alueevuia aoa a-taga-ille only. - Par Fxnr TTeet will tot) at Ginurt. Cosnent.Aabta aula and Paineavllle only. Mfrbt tzpree Kart, aud Wt, top at PuiunlUe, Ash tabula, Conncuut and Ulrard Only. Coaneaut Arcomodation Et Bnrl tee, will atop at all the etatlnna. A.C. HLDUAJtO. Btatioa Aireot. Aabtabula, atulye, 1857. 41 The Two Villages. Orer tho rier on the hilt, Lituh a villagie white and etill; All aronnd it the forest ticca Shiver aud whisper in the breeze; Over it aailinjr ihadowa go Of roartnf hawk and act-earning crov. And uiohntuin frragaes low aud avreet . Grow in the middle of every atreet. Over tho rircr under the hill, Another villafra lieth aiill; There I see in tbe cloudy nlpht Twiukliiifr atara of household light, , ' Firea that gleam from the emithy'a door, - Mists thai earl ou tba mer xnorc; And in tbe roads no crransea crow ' For tbe wlic-ela that haatco to and fro. In that villajra on the hill, - Never is sound of smithy or mill; ' .' Tbe bouaee are thatched with grass and flowers, Itevcr a clock to toll the boura; The murble door are alwaya ghat, - You cannot enter in hall or hut; All the villagers lie asleep, - -Never grain to sow or reap; Never iu dream to moan or aich. -v Silent, wsd idle, aad low they lie. - In that village tndef the hill, ,1,1 .1. 1 . I I nen tne uignt laatarry anu suu, Many weary soul ia prayer Looks lo the other village there, And weeping aud sighing, longs to go Up lo that borne from this below; Lotrjra to sleep by the forcf t wild, t nutter Dave vauished wile od hilt. And hearelh, praviiiff, this answer full ' Patience 1 that village ahull hold y all. Is the LI- the but for in and fails Iu tbe Salt Lake Citt. Ilarper'a Week ly gives an account of Salt Lake City, from which we learn that it is four miles in length l y three in breadth, covering 11 square miles of ground. Tbe streets are laid out at riht angles, and are each 123 feet wide. The sidewalks are 23 feet iu width. A city ordinance requires that each bouse shall be set 20 feet from the street, and that shade trees shall be planted in front. Each block from street to afreet la $0 rods Bquare, and eight building lota are allowed to each block. Tho dwellings are montly long one story buildings. Tbe city haa a pleasaut appearance. Tho river Jordan, uniting Great Salt and Utah lakes, la west of the city. To the South, for the dibtanco of 25 miles, is a plain. On the Eust $i Korth era tbe slopes of the Hiouotain range. There Is a hot prlng near the city, a stream from which the Mormons have turned into their bathing houses, A stream of water running thrugb the site where the city stand baa been turned by various branches into each atreet, supply in $ every family wifh frwh water ; aud these streams enable the iiihabit&ata to ruise trees and Uoweri which could not ba grown iu that clim&te without irrigation. The citj was founded in tbe Fall tf 18 J 3. So at us, in is has is to the the the oy Quills are things that are sometimes ta ken from the piuloca of cue goose to spread tlie op'mioua of another " Work is the wetipou ff houor, aud te who Jack tfce weapon wj!) peter triiunpb,. all a er Potato Rot—Its Cause and Cure. From the Buffalo Commercial. June 23. since the disease known 89 potato rot first eppenred, hypotheses have been offered as to its cao.80 nnd enre. A malady at tacking an esculent o Important and form tiijj to large e portion of our daily food. wea at once recojrnlzed as a notional disas ter, and researches of sclcntiflc tocti were A . J . .. a, . . directed to us study. TJp to the present time no satisfactory theory has been pro mulgated. In giving tmblicitr to that which we are now about to notue, we shall confine ourselves mojlly to what has been done by actual experiment, and to tho lo gitinmte conclusions which indnctive reason. ing from these experiments affords. Our personal knowlcdgo is confined to tho fol lowing fucts On tho mortittifr. of the 2th of Jem- Mr. Alexauder Henderson of this citv. loft at our office a glass jar, containing a sound ana benllhy potato plant, covered in by a perforated paper so qs to afford nir. He bad placed it there at 1 a. u.. and with it were confined somo six or eight inscctst, wbica Air. II. believes to be the source of tho potato rot. Tbe insect itself we can not describe scicntificallr. It Is ebout half the size of tho common housu-flv ' of a brownish color, has six legs, two bairs of iiifin ampnanons wwrs, iwo autciinaB. nnd long, strong probocis. Mr. II. thinks it the Phytocoiifi, but Is not positive as to that. At the end of twctity-four hours the piaui was evidently diseased. Tho insect was actively engaged upon its various por tions, which becamo brown and moldv in the leaf, while the stalks, in the course of two or three days, suffered a cutrescent change, until, on the 28ih, some of them over by their own -eight, the etalk being swollen and softened, ia gome places qnito to a jelly of a sickly green color. ltiis process, Mr. Henderson informs ns, tBtcs place uniformly, but moat rapidly when the plant is freely watered and e- posed to sun and air. as the suecimen cx - posed was not. To ell ej ternal appearance, (OA rlicanca a a i.lnnfmnl ,,l . V. v.jw u.ovwow n n iui.iiti.u( v i ii ants uiuiu&ry putaio rot as is ouaciis tne vines, cjoiue pieces of carljr (this year'ti) potatoes, placed the jar, were also plainly attacked by the rot during the four days of exposure. Mr. Henderson states that he has been cugoged in this research since 1845; that 1S50 he discovered the bug on the vines, but thought it was confined to them. During the last year be has found it on the tubers, and watched its effects upon them. appears ou the vines in from two and a half to three months after planting, accord ing to soil and manure, a richly manured soil producing the perfect insect sooner.. . The natural history of the insect begins with the development of the egg. Thia is Invisible to the naked eye, but caa be seen with the aid f a lens, agglutinated to the skin of the potato. It is of an oblong form and is" planted with the seed potato. The egg may be hutched in a warm, moist place. Tue entire period of development is not settled. Mr. II. exposed a plant to the insect, tmder proper precautions, and from time of the exposure to the time the young wxect or tue acet generation ob tained Ins wings wag three months. . The process of reproduction has been ingeniously watched by Mr. Ileuderson. The etsr pat?a witu tne scea potato le hatched, the young insect stays in the ground nntil he gets wings. In the meantime he engaged tn stinging the tubers, each per foration poisoning the root aud begetting rot While yet in the gronnd, and as early as tbe tenth day of existence, the young tusccts cohabit, and from the great rapidity witn which they propagate, Mr. argues that tbe egg ia deposited before lirst emergence from the gronnd, although iu case of cold, wet weather, the Insect sometimes leaves the vines and re turns to the tuber. Only a few days are required for the entire destrnction of the vine, ibe insect is remarkably industrious, tho destrnction of tlie vines does not affect the tuber except to stop its growth. Mr. Ilenderson finds a ready explanation the greater bealthfulness of tba potato sandy soil. lie fiuds that tbe grains of greatly annoy and cripple the insect. as the light soil is heaved np by the growtn or the root, the sand Imparts or down, preventirig the access of tbe 2y. a stiff soil the insect readily leaves tlie ground through the cracks opened by the growth of the tuber, and having stang it, comes to the surface aod attacks the vine, ; especially after ben-y showers. During part Winter Mr.. Henderson has had thousands of the young iusects hatched nnder glass, and to try their power of mis chief, has experimented with bugs only a quarter grown. Tbe plants exposed show ed unmistakable- signs of disease on the fourth day. These statemcuts wc regard as important. much is evident. Mr. Henderson, by means of this itisecC, produces potato rot will. When a healthy plant is shown the insect applied, and the rot follows four days wita unerring certainty, there good re-won to suppose that the problem been solved. As to cure, Mr. ITeudcrsou thinks there no serious difficulty. If we put a stop the planting of the egg ita the seed potato, we stop the propagation at the iur sect. Tho erg being luvisibje, any means applied should be thorough, aud reach tie whole surface of the root. Mr. Ileuder son states thut by sprinkling quicklime over potato as it is cut for planting, th moisture will dissolve the lime and bathe tubers ia a caustic alkali which will de stroy tb egg. At this timo f the year ravages of the insect muy be preveutcd pacuing me earth around the tuber firm ly with tlm foot, which will smother tho in sect. We may add that it is nrobablv tbe gama Insect which has recitlj attacked the grape rititf. Since writlc the alove. wa have found one of the Iusects la our jar, which had de sert a jae now rotton flues, at work dcrground opoa a sound young potato. of 1 to I so Is or the a of to not as its al and ly wa time left tbe cy of of tor 4r An old bachelor, after his matrimo nial failures exclaims i "When I remumber the gliU 1 have met toRiuher, I feel like rooster in the ull, exposed to every weath j I feel like one aloue who treads some barn yerd dcoerted, whose oats are fld. wbcas bees era dead, aod otX to the outket tfarterj." From the New York Independent. Independence-Day for Women. Oo the morning of tho regent Fifth o July, whilo the incessant cracklinir of c . ,... . " cracaera wng rrncttinng the sunny air on evpry sine, ana ambitions pistols, with wads In tbe middle and boys at the end of tliera, were testifying thejuvenilo delight In a hol iday, and orators wero doing the joyful or aL .1 1 A". I at. -XT . . . J ma uoKiut over me nation, to tbe custom ary extent, anu witn tbe usual intcnHity, we pnseu an nour or two in watching at Hume, more leisnreiy innn octore, tbe mo tion and operation of that little mechanism which is to nsher in the ers of re inde pendence for Women, if they wisely and faithfully arnil themselves of if, the Sew- Ino Wacuike. Its siIrer-r.tr.tedBiirfaca was pleasauter to look at than brass-buttoned uniforms, to say nothing of the welcomlnar eyes above it. Its flyiog lever and whirr ing wheel delivered a music not certainly so inspiring, or so brilliant with Variations, as that of the instruments off in tho square, bat whose cheery strain kept caroling on with a tireless steadiness that was full of suggestions. It was better than to hear tbe well-adjcctived sentences, and to see the practised oratorical limbs put through thoir neat motionR, to watch the threatcuinsr oiles of "work" drawn swiftly lower, and palpa- oiy uihupptai ing. ,a.nu tue outlook over the Future was brighter, from that so mod est 'colrrneof vantage,' than if we had sate by the most exalted and far-visioned sneak er, who saw the American Eagle that day soaring whole leagocs above the zenith, and shadowing; the world with tba flan of hit pinions. , io take fiora the labor of the needle its drudgery, and make mechanism execute the graceful conceptions of planning brain and shaping ere, which heretofore must be toil somely wrought out by the unresting fing ers ; to diseutangle woman from tho mesh the filaments, fine lut innumerable, nnd strong in combination as chains or cordage, that hare fastened her to the level of un ending "sewing," and so to leave an ampler leLmr. for etn.ii ,itnn, ,i .!. change into' an inaenioua nnoaratus' I ' ' whose very use becomes a pleasure, that thin-eyed, polished, sharpened weapon, the wielding of which day after day has let out the whole electric force from so many brainn, and almost even the faith nnd fervor from many hearts, and has seemed to prick sensibility and faculty more sharply than tho fabric which it was designed ; to make mornings do the mechanical labor of previ ous weeks, and a tread of the foot roil out clothing at tho top as if a goodwillod help ful Spirit wrought between ; what is ail this but to make like sweeter, more copious. more precious, to the sex whoso elevation a trophy and a measure of the power of Christianity, ana on whose culture, progress inauence, Ujs best interests of the Race most intimately depend f A higher level of oblicratioa and Drivi- lege, a larger range of occupation and pleasure, are effectively opened to all true women by this invention. Of course many will uso it for idleness and vanity; to gain more time for frivolous pleasures; to put more elaborate ornamentation on dress aud flounce, a more burdensomo and bewilder ing battalion of "tucks" on baby-cloths and child-clothes. But to those who nse it wise ly and well, and do not abuse ft, it opens the real era of independence and advance, more surely than arguments, conventions, colleges. The time for remoter and more difficult studies, fur the fitting and beauti ful philanthropic eudeavors, for a more comprehensive and quickening ministry to moral and spiritual cultnre of tho house hold; the unfatigned, unanxious leisure, which heretofore has beeu almost unattain able except to the few of largest means and least numerous claims, yet which, is not only means of progress, but a very condition true Inward health; these are secured the sex by this mechanism as they could be before. Aud we doubt net tbe ef fect of them will more and more be seen, the coming years make the uso of it gen eral, and as practice makes those who pos sess it so familiar with its working that all capabilities are fully brought out by them. We think the ladies owe to Messrs. "Wheeler & Wilson," and to their sever competitors in the matter of making, in different forms, these useful, musical and prophetic little mechanisms, a debt of true lasting gratitude which should faithful be recognized. Aud we are sure that owe to tbe first-mentioned firon wbosol apparatus was particularly before ns at the when these thoughts were suggested, some of tbe pleasantest impressions of con trast between these times and tbe formor ones, and some of the brightest expecta tions of tbe Future, that we ever have had. When the taloot of Woman, unharnessed from incessant and nerve-wasting toll, Is free to express Itself with more easy movement in more various forms; when her very work is transformed . to a quiet and quickening stimulant, aod she shall have perfect sense or mastery aud suprema over the clamorous aud exacting condi tions that hitherto have so strictly and sharply iuvested her life it will be a day gladness and of promise which no era proclamations ever yet paralleled, and which a million of Woman's Rights Con ventions, rolled into one great yearlong con clave, could do nothing bnt parody i io always tho doors to a uobler progress swing open at last on smallest hinges; and the little discovery that the eye of the needle can be put near its poiut, like the little dis covery that tbe upguetio needle ttros al ways to the polo, guides out the race to other coutincuts of wealth aud rest 1 oi his of are aa a of on its of Tui LiTTUt ajjA-M 8 OfUUON OP t US COUJBED Racc In meeting the position of his competi Mr. Lincolk, Mr. Docglas suld "he diJu't believe thoy were ever Intended to be citizens of our Government, which was founded en a white basis, created by white men, to benefit wbibt men. True, humanity required tl at uearroes sad Inferior races bo penult ted to enjoy such right ana privileges as tney were capuum ot exet-cir uig, coooioUtuiiy wiiti tne good ot society. DorsTPtit. Cotipuxsst Mr. Cuoata wo arguing a cue before a full beuah of tbe Su preme Court of Massachusetts, wboa be, wish' lug to compUuMrut Judge Sba, exclaimed t " When I look upon tbe vetierable Chief Justice, I a -a like a Hindoo beiort) his idol I know that be ia very ng!y, but I foel tbat ha Is very jrettt r Independence-Day for Women. From the Springfield Republican. Independence-Day for Women. From the Springfield Republican. The Blessings of Discontent. t , , Some or the greatest mistakes made la.' this world spring from a misapprehension of the meaning and scoe of words and terms. Many people have got the idea that to be contented is a Christian duty. Because St. Tan! had learued to be conieut with whatever allotment of Providence people think they ought to follow his ex ample ; yet It wus this Same apostle who was for forgetting those things whioh Were behind, and pressing toward those wh'ch were before. lis thus showed that he was contented with the inhere in which Provi- dence hud given bim the privilege of exer cising his discontent, aud that was nu en tirely rational view of the subject. We ere to be content to take things as thev come, and better ourselves as soon as possible. Discontent ia. In our opinion, thn stimu lus to all true progress t and as nrjorpus unu oeveiopmen. are int law or the race ... i , . . r o and the destiny, discontent Is necessarily tho very condition and root of the promised millenuiul glory. It is from a seue of on- satisfied desire, unattained ambition, uiv achieved excellence, aud unpossessed trood. mat nil mose movements spring which make this world the theater of enterprise, activi ty nnd achievement. The bachelor, discon tented, pars court to the maid, and tbo maid, discontented, gives her hand to tho bachelor, and out of tbo discontent of each grows their mutual happiness.. The scholar, disconteuted with the -poverty of his acqui sitions, spends his years in study, and builds secure fituie upon the basis of his dk'eon- ttut. Ibe poor man, yeaiulujr for wealth deVOtCS himself tO its L-cmmilntinn nntil from his discontent, he wrests the blessings he covets. Discontent, wo1 king among the siuggisu lorces oi tne soul, la tba great agi tator for improvement aud reform in i lie moral uuiverse, aud it is perfectly safe to preaici mat mere win be no improvement beyond that period of earthly history when men cease to be discontented. A coutent ed people never yet aelakved great deeds. Coutenlment, iu the popularly accepted meaning of the word, is the very grave of national prosperity. Discontent ia the great leveler of humani ty. As men look around, they see what appears to be great partiulity iu the allot ments of Providence. Oue man bits a roble form and face, and health flows iu all his veins ; another is stunted in frame, aud ugly iu faceaud weak iu all his vital forces. Oue woman is beautiful, wearing the face ana tbe grace of an angd ; another is clumsy, unattractive perhaps repulsive. uoe man is ncn, and anothar is poor ; oue man lives in a palace, and dresses in purple and fiue linen, and farts sumptuously every day another begs bread at bis gate, and ia thankfal to his dogs for an operation ia natural surgery. . With ooe, everything goes prosperously ; with another, adverse fortune is the rule. Thus everything looks uneven. The platform of God's nrovidencn docs not appeur to be a smooth and equable affair at all. Yet. into the heurt of each man and woman God has put the sentiment aicontent, so that tbe band&ome man is no happier than the homly, the beautiful wotnau is often more unhappy than the plain and more humble woman, the rich man knows that riches bare no power to satisfy, and the poor man wishes he had a chance to find out the same thing experi mentally. We entered a princely house recently, and congratulated tbe owner ou possession. "Dou't long for a large house," said ho, " it will kill yoowith ser vants, onu uo a trouuie to yon always, . The happiest year I ever spent in my life was in a house so small that wo lived out doors half of the time." " Thus the real enjoyment of lifo is more evenly distributed than we have been accustomed to believe, and these diversities in human lifo aud lot allowed to exist in order to keep the spirit of discontent well stirred up, and stimulate iu every direction to tbe attain ment of higher good, and the development incidental to the process which leads to it. But discontent may be niisued and abused, well as any other of the blessiugs of Providence. The individual who is not stimulated to action by this spor, bnt aits still, aud lets it gall his aides, while he whines over tbo pain and the loss of blood, doesn't know how to take the thing at all. Discontent, iu such a case as this, becomes curse , A slave who lies npon the ground, and refuses to obey the boot and the thong tho overseer, may be acting upon his in dividual right, but he cannot expect to es cape without a flayed back and a brace of broken ribs. If he will get up, and go to work, he will escape his troubles. If dis content is received by any maa as an essen tial curse, it will be an essential enrsa to bim ; but if it bo received as aa indication the part of his nature Of uneasiness in presence or prospect of nitattalned good, and he be stimulated to effort for its attain mcnt, it becomes a blessing. Qod and good before, and discontent behind, is the contrivance for loading: tho human race to rjilt home. Ibis is the way the ehep- bcrd brings bis sheep to tbe fold. He gnes beiote, with a peck of beans nnder bis arm, and two or three dorrs behind to oiu at tbe becls of tee Jagzard animals, and thus by calling and driving, tbe flock is folded at last. Therefore, blessed bo discontent I It Is burr uoduf tLe tail of progress, a thong the back of laziness, a fire of shavings under the belly of luxury, a spur io the side improvement, a dog at the heels of re form, a road in the rump of enterprise, a Stomach-ache, to be relisted by action. A man without discontent in his heart ia very much worse off tban a man without music, for while tho latter may bo fit for treasons. Stratagems aod fpoila, tha former is not fit fur those things at all. 11-j hu np lo them. Out of our discontent bprins the fairest blo&oins Of Our hone t aod forth from these blossoms goats the ftagrance of our lives. - it may seem an unkind! soil, but it baa its analogies ia nature. The trailiurr arbutae crow ereea from the cre vice cf a rock, and blossoms by tbe itido of tha bQow, aud bathes Us petals in Ice-water; but lortti Ironi its fritgraut bean uoat tua promise and tbe prophecy of June's roses. itnd autumu's golden harvests, aud tbe g'ad flowering and fruition of a year, . John Sherman, of Ohio, M. C, ia a gr.ndfcoa of old Roger Eberujaa holla ancestry, well presorTed "Good Night, " Good Night, Papa!" ! j . ! ! Thesoarethe words ho,,e music has not left our ears since the gloaming, and now !t is miduight. "Good night, darling I oc '',,, J00 j J01 "ttV8 pleasant droams, though I l08 in fever, haunted by the demons of cdre that harraes me through tho day. Oood n!ght I" The clock on tbe mantle struck twelve, and no sound save the regular and easy breathing of those little lungs in the next room, heard through tne door ajar. We dropped our pen, folded Our ami", and sot gazing on tho lazy fir, while the whole panorama of a life pawed before ns, with its many "good nijfhU." it is a great ihins to fco rich, but it is a rifill thill!? to hav a tram mcmrirv rrrovL. ocii mat memory bears no unpleasant fruit, j . ... T o . ' bitter to the taste ; and our memory car ries iu lack to many a pleasant eecou lo the little arm chair by the fireside ; to the trundle bed at the foot of tkt bed ; lo the lawn in front of the house : to the batter cups, and tha new clover, and tha chickens and the swallows, and the birds' nests, aud the strawberries, and the many things that attract the wondering eyes of childhood, to say nothing of the mysteries of ti!o starry skies, and the wicrd ftldoul of the moaoiug forest. Bnt, then, there were tlto ' good nights," and the little prayer, and tho dow ny bed, on which slumber fell as lightly as a snow flake, only warmer, and such dreams as only visit perfect Innocence 1 The household "Good night 1" Somebody, in whose brain its rich music Mill lingers, has written this f - "Oood night A lout! Hear VdSbe from the stairs said that it was Tommy. " Dood night I" murmurs a little something from tho trundle bed a little something that we call Jenny, that filled a large place j In the ceutro of two pretty littla hearts. ! " Good night I lisps a little fellow In a plaid dress, who was named Willie about six years ago. Now I tar me down to sleep, . I pray the Lord my soul to keep"; ii i snouiu me before X wake and the small bundle in the trundle bed has dropped off to sleep, but the broken pray er may go up sooner than many long peti tions mat set out a great while before it. And so it was " good night " all around the homestead; and very sweet music It made, too, in the twilight, aud very plea sant melody it makes uow, as we think of it; for it was not yesterday nor the day be fore, but a long time ago so long that Tommy is Thomas Somebody, Esq., end has forgotten that be ever was a boy, and wore what the bravest and richest of ns can never wear but once, if we try the tirst pair or boots. Aud so it was "trood night " all aronnd tha house; and the children had gone thro tbe irory gate, always left a little ajar for mew tnrongn into the land of dreams. And then the lover's M Good night" and the parting kiss I They are as prodigal of the hours as the spendthrift of his coin, and the mjnntes depart in golden shoo-era. anu rail iu dyn.'r sparks at their feet Good night." JV. V. Altai, Discomforts of Greatness. "Seetest thon high things for thyself? Seek them not," is tbe urgent counsel of the Divine Word, and the history f rnonarcbs and statesmen euforces the advice, by teach ing that greatness does not bring happi ness aud contentment. One of our exchang es has gathered a few illustra.ioa of the troth, which we copy i priuce of dramatists said two centu ries and a half ago. "Uneasy lies the head that wears It crown. So wrote tho prince of Dramatists, two centuries and a half ago; and the sen' .-rent was true then- was true before t'let, and is true now. David when E eg of Israel and Judah, exclaimed, "0 that I had wingg like a dovo for then would I fly away aud ba at rest." - Dionyslus, tbe monarch of Scicily, de scribed bis situation as that of a person with a drawn sword suspended above bis head by a single hair, and In continual hor ror lest its keen edge scdald be buried in his brain. . When the late Emperor of Russia trav eled In Italy, he was in constant trepidation, lest some incensed Pole should avenge his country's wroBgs by tending a bullet to his heart; aai never retired to rest, without previously striking on the walls of his thanv Ifm with a hammer to see that all was solid, ft3d that User vaa no concealed pauntd through which an outraged foe conld eittef. Louis Philippe at one period of biK reign allowed no log to be brought into his pal ace outil it was at first examine 1 for tear lest some infernal machine was hidden ia It. And ft Dictator of Paragnay was careful never id smoke a cigar until he bad satisfied himself by unrolling and examining its leaves, that the weed contained no poison. Knpoleon the Great, writing to Joseph, says : "To prevent being poisoned or assasina- tcd. keep ouly French Cooks, and have Frenchmen alone for your body-guard. Be careful, tod, that no one enters your Bleep ing apartmcat except your aldele-camp. lie should sleep in tue room openinir to yours. Lock your door on tue Inside, and nfver opea it even to your aide-do-camp, without ciakiug him first speak, that you may recognize his voicet and without bid ding liiui lock the door of bis owa room, to make sure that no person will folldvy him." Who can wish for a crown, that presses so heavily on the brow f Regal station is forced to pay costly tribute ; aud if that aUtioo ia reached or retained by wrour. the throne is on tho crator of a deeping volcano. 3 bis usurper toeii, and tremulca. Saspicion always haaati the guilty miuj ( The this doih tear each bubh aud tiliioer." noiix. Care much, for book aud pic tures, uou t keep a solemn parlor into which you go but ence a mouth with a par son or sewmg circle. Hang around your walls pictures which 1;M tell atones of mercy, hope, coureg, faith and charity. Mitko your living room thn byest and most cheerful in tho house. Lot lie place be such teat when your boy haw gouu to distant laud, or eva when, perhaps, ha clings to a single platik in tha widj owan, the thought of tlie etill Louicbttitd ahull come across the dtaohttion, btluj-iug ! sys light, hop aud love. Havo no iiuiioou aiwut your house uo room you never cpea tliuda that are ai- ays M'uw Discomforts of Greatness. Effect of Old Persons Sleeping With Young. A IiaUit which Is t'on5iI.'rr.,L! rrovntcrii. Ill almost every family, of allowing cliil.lrrrj to sleep with older persons, lins ruined tha nervous mne.ity and finical twrf 5f many a promising child. Those bat in- Jour old friends, whose lives they would l,ko td perpetuate at tbo suerif.ce of Uiri- inuacrt't offspring, nloile (should et)Courar tl.is tvil: but every parent who lores bu'chi!-!, And wishes to 'reserve to Lim a sounl rvrvntu system, with which to buffet nuccci.-f'iHy the cares, sorrows, and inborn i,f Jii'.t, liin.'.fc see to it, that Lis neryctis viiuiity is i t ab sorbed by some diwasod or afcd rdul.'v-:?. Children, compared with a-Jiilf, r.re elec trically in a positive rendition. Tho rnpid changes which are gdinr on in their little botlics, abnndantly generate and us exten sively work tip Vital nervo-electric fiaids. But wben, by contact for lonjr visits, with older and negative persons, the vi!ai;;;;n electricitv of thoir tender orirnniziitionn is absorbed, they codd pine, grow f ;;'o, Jao gnid end dull, while their Led comrmnion foci ft corresponding . fovijjoralnn. Kit; UaVid, the i'salmist, knew tho effocf cf this practice, and wlieii he became old, got certain young persons to sleep with l.irrl, that his days might ba .IchgUiehcd, . Dr. Ilnfulaiid, the Uermetl t'uvsioiogist, attri butes the groat longevity of schoolmasters to their daily association with jou:: per sons. Invalid mothers often prolong their ex. htence by daily contact with their ckilJreit. I once knew a woman who, by weak lungs and tn;i;ertJ doctors, had bet4!! i,-Oott mrd with Incurable consumption. Iter iufur. occupied the same bed with Ler almost con stantly, day and night. The mother lia gered for months on the verge of the grave; her demise being hourly expected. Still she lingered on, daily disproving tiie pre diction of her medical attendants. Thecinld, meanwhile, pined without any apparent 'disease. Its once f ;ii little cheeks fell away with singular r'apiciitr; till every bone in it. face was risible Finally it had imparted to its mother fta List spark of vitality, and simultaneously both died. I saw it recent ly stated in a newspaper, that a. hiaa In Massachusetts had lived forty-one tliiVs with out eating euytlnilg, during which.' period he ttad been nourished altogether By a lit tle cold water, arid "by the InflueiiceS fcbi sorbed by him while daily hiding tbe band of his wife." Dr. E. P. I'ocU. The Dickens Family Quarrel. The London correspondent of the Spring', field (Mass.) Republican, says: Ia the literary world very little la. stir ring, except the gossip on the domestic af fairs of Charles Dickens. Probably lii3 ex planatory letter, published a mouth &gd and full of mysterious allusions, has excite as much curiosity ia America aa here. Tbi facta dimly alluded to are these: Af"-, twenty-two years ago, Mr. Dickens, ta&i 4 clerk, married ft very pretty and amiable young girl (whose pareuta opposed tha match as far beneath her) and took Imp home to obscure lodirins in Furfural 's inik For some years they jired Very liar-Oily to gether; but Mr. Dickens having bucoaie great man, flattered and courted; finds theft nis domestic iciieity is not as great ii toUlJi be desired. Two or three years fluro- ha gave dinner to his literary friends on tbo anniversary of .his wedding day, and In pro posing bis wife's health, stated thut lie bed never seen a shade of ill-temper over her in his life. This equability of disposition doe not satisfy him. She ia not intellectual. He reads his works to her, and she. absorb ed ia needlework, iuaaires abstracted! r what ha moans by some of bU most bril liant passages, la short, she is not a com panion to bim, so tbe brilliant ntM-list and actor separates ou the grcdc'ii of "iccom patioitity" trom ner whom be vowed before Uod to lore and elieHsh, and from hence forth tbeir lives havtf scpafala ends. ' Tins eldest child, a youth of 21, has chesea to follow the fortunes of his mother, while tha daughters remain with their father. To Make the affair stilt more notorious, a voun tr iad y, Mrs. Dickens' sister, has uudcrtaken to "keep house" for Mr. Dickens and his daughters. The whole affair is very repug nant to our ideas of matrimonial constanr-r, ftnd has not enlarged the circle of Mr. Dicteus' admirers. True Courage. Whadamt We put the Question LoMlv ' who dare 1 There are plenty who dura rush np to the cannon's mouth for patriot ism or pay; plenty who dare do auy daed of peril or shkme even to blisphcruinj Uod but who, that cun avoid it, dire ap pear In our streets with ft patch ou tu knee of his pantaloons 1 Who dare hare '.eedily' dressed friend, and fully own Lira as such 1 Who darj bo civil tn tha hnia blcbt woman, and show her ia the omniLus, " the car, and on the street, that deference which he hastens to shower u fine -gloved and feathered 'ladies f Who dare hurt- ia Bndtirutood amonf faihiouablc' actjuuiut ance, that he works hard aud d '.igiuiiy for a living, aod rauet be prudent aud econom ical to support Limaeli', if single, vr his family if he bae one. f Thus far wo have put Uic q tips! loo ti men. Whero lathe Miss or Miuj.iui, iu these days, who will cot pauao ia tue of almost any hottest labor, let nii !' :.:a for tho 'fix' sua tUS Lees cuu-U is, ir- Where tha woman who will promenade our streets ia aurht but silks, Wca and leath ers If stia cau get them t Wht:c t!.s wo man pretending to Da 're j'.eliiJ.,!.,-' t aIoo fashionable who has tot a t i r.i i.! wsy of turning up her r..,o nt, V i : t domes tio toil who is tot st . :.. ; . i that any oiki bhoul.1 f-taoy t. .i , . j her kitchen, or orirssj her ovi La! Y -Where the woman hd .;i l' -- i r i biuut, honest, euiootb -faced A u aotte clalut to eIul ihitract'.r, f ; x ' lover or hatband, rt!.er t.'.ha n ! '. fuge from tx-na Luri ea, t: . gullery f The-!' are tome stic! fc. c.n c WO Lav bi'iu-i-tid a!:-:.lt nud ; tbeid I 'i'licl-f) is '..;t fcu.a xl , ; . hmaauiiy a ad the :',.!; U-.-s of 1 ', . tbe wora t-.c.-s uud cow.uuJiU ' v-v-tivuve iu tiJ llifj. II, j : ; f rc:vcCuLV luta tct br-.'y t,. atico,' aud tt,r .l it c lea tUa i :, s patchea.