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A WEEKLY D),TU u SI SO IIST 'XD"V-A-1ST OIDi VOLUME X. NO. XXXV. ASHTABULA, 0., SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 27, 1859. WHOLE NUMBER 503.-: TP F OTT A . : j j vmv. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. Two Dollar! per annum. If paid strictly In advance 11 80. ADVKRTJ WO. flna aqnar one wee k I fto One .quare three weeks 1 00 one square three mo, B Ml ne Inatrt nix lm - 4 00 Two suuares throe tnos. 2 M two snuarcs six mo.. A 00 two uurea one year 8 00 four squares one year 12 00 half column one rear 2S 00 one .quart one year. 00 Bn.lnos Carde of not over .It Hues per year 8 00 Twelve line, or lee. of till. Ue letter make a sonar. Obituary Notice, of more tlmn'flve lines, nnles. of irenerel Interest, will be Inserted at the :,ame rate as advertising matter job printing! ot erery description attended to on call, In the moat tasteful manner. St. Peter's Church, Ashtabula. - TIMES OF DIVINE SERTjE7tc, DIPJ.VQ NEXT WEEK Sunday, belni 10th Scxdat aftfr Trinity. Morning Scnlce at 10, a. u. Evening Service at 2 r u, JAMES UON.NAIl. It. D., Hector. I BUSINESS DIRECTORY. FARMERS' BANK OF ASI1TADIXA. OFUCE ilOLUS , From A. M. to U M. and From 1 to 8 P. M. Ph)lctann. SALISBUUY & IJLMl'HKKY.- KcUctio ... , , . ,. ... . , i . , -- . . FAllltilSUTON & 11 ALL, siciuuH and SurgfouH Uilice t the old Bland ol lr Fi'trttiRton. .-1. II. KAKKI.N(iTO., M. D. D. S. UALL.U. D. A-htiiiM.la. Jun. 1, lKAfi, At(omf)H. D. G. HCIiOCiGS Attorney find Counselor at Law, Anhulmla, Ohio. OtIic iu Telcgrnph liuilfling, a few itoorii South of H k Houre. 3 KELLOGG & WADE," Attorneys at Law, Jntfemnfi, Anhtabula County, Ohio. AHNKK KKIXOun. 491 DKCIL'S WADB, SUEU.MAN & FAHMKU. Attoroejs and Councilors t Lnw, AfihtmbnU, Ohio. 410 CHAULK8 BOOTH, Attorney aud Coun- .ellnrat liw. Aphtiihnla, Ohio. 410 rvTli. CIIAI'MAM,- Attorney al Law -"ufttce of the lncp, UominlHuiotier of Ieei") fur Michigan mid Inwu. Mlico three doom eaut of the Tremont Houho. Conneant, O. 'HI AFFKK, & WOODBURY, A ttorneya, JclTereon, Axhtabnla county, Ohio. 410 K. R. Woonat-KT. . n. i.. i ;h A. rKK Hotels. JF.FFKRSOX HOUSE S. Mc'I.nttbe, Fro- prif lor, .Icr.oiHin, Ohio 48 FISK I Um-SK A7l.tnlm1aTT). ErorOuBA- box, Pro,i ietor. Au OinnibiiR runnliift In mid from every t r-t-i 1 1 of cir. A!m, ii pood livery-stuM- kojit in connection : with thiM 1ihiih to convey panM-njrere U miy point. 48 A M Kit I CAN 1 1 Ol TSE John Thompson A.vil I'AIH LA MOL.-E, Unhnrl C. Warin- illeruhan.a. O. iJILLKTT, Dealer in Fancy and Siu.le Dry (oode, I .fi.liea' Clonk., skirls Cot."!", &c, &c, at Chf man. Varietv Store, a lew door. South of the Bank, A.b- tabula, olitoC . . 603 .tKKNTIUK, SMITH & CaMPTNY,Gen- eral Oealera in 1'rovihioDB, l'roduce, aud uo forUi, Main Btreet, Ashtttbula, Ohio. 471 S. U EN 1 1 A M, J r Deuler in Dry G oods, Groce ries, Crockery andOloss Ware, and all tiione articles ueaally found in a complete aud well supplied country Stores. New Building, dour south of the A ittk Mouse, Ashtabula, 0, 470 EDWARD II. ROBERTS, Dealer in Fancj . and Staple Dry Goods, I adies' Cloaks, Kurs, P'cirts, Corseta Choice Groceries, Shelf Hardware, crockery, &C-, &c, Flxk Clock, AshUbula, (K 410 IT'lErT&IJoLLINS, Defers irTbry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Boots and shoe, Hats, Caps, kc.t kc, next door South of Ashtabula House. Ashtabula, O. 10 J. P. ROBERTSON, Denier in DryGoods, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery, Provisions, Hoots and Shoe, and every other class of Cowls usually looked for tn a First Class Country Store. Courtesy and fair dealing are the Inducements otfered for share of public favor. Main street, Ashtabula Ohio. ' IWOTTMORRISON, Deulers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boot and Shoes, Hata and Caps, Hardware. Croekeiy, Books, 1'aliita, Oils, &c, Fost OUice building, AsUtnhula. iiU GEORGE WILLARD, Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, Crockery, (i lass ware, manufacturer of ready-made Clothing. AIko, whole sale and retail dealer In Hardware, Sadtlery,NnlU,lrop,Steel, i'l'tigs and Medicines, l'aiuts. Oils, Dvestutfa, kc Main street, Ashtabula. 41fl j.aTWRIGilT, Dealer in Millinery Goods, forked Collars and Sleeves, and Fancy Goods. Next door to th i'rmt Office. 470 "WELLS & FAULKNER. Wholesale and Ketall Dealer In Wentern Ileaerre Butter aud Cheese, Oried Kruit and Flour, Atthtaliaula, Ohio. Ordeia respect fully solicited, and 111 led at the Lowest cash cost. 470 DcutUtr). A- BARRETT. Mechanical and Surgical Den tist, wennd door Flfk'a Block, Ashtabula, Ohio. 4S6 O. V. FOS'l'Elt. Eclectic l'hysician and Sur- genu, Oeneva, Ohio. 4o8 S. It. BECK. WITH, Snrgicul and Mechanical Deutl.t. Colbrook. Ohio. 347 lVatcht., Jenrlrr, c, O. W. DICKINSON. Jeweler. Itepairinj? of all kind, of Watches, Clocks, aud Jewelry. Bhop, opposite the Kltk House, A.libula.O. 416 4d A. W. STEELE, Watch and CUrdTMakerrand Jaler in Jewelr, Silver, and Flated Ware, fce. Mecuanloa' aVw, Ashtabula. Clothing. BRIG II AM & CO., Wholesale and retail balers In Heady Made Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps, c AAlitiibula. Agents. 41U 11. FASSETT, Agent for the Purchase, Sale, Kentiug of Keal Estate, Iiimira ce, Negotiating Loans, ( ol lectlou of Debt, eio. i'rouerty sold t'ur Commission oiily, and Di sule no charge. A sale, direct or iudirect, consti tute, a couiuiiasiou. Coruer Main aud Ceuter aUeeta, Abhta- bula, Ohio. Also, Notary I'ublte. 470 ALEXANDER (JARRET'I Laud Agent No .50 Water street, Cleveland, O. I.auds for sale iu Iowa, 111 i nols, Wiecousiu, aud Miunesota, at (2 60 per ace, and ip wanls itutf M.nufacturera. CEOROK WILLARD, Manufacturer of Sash, Blinds and Door., on hand and made to order, Al., JMan lug, Matching, etc., done toerder in the best pouibi man ner, Ashlabma, O. ' tua P1KEN1X FOUNDRY. J. W. Wagner, having purchased the Foundry of Jon B. Galpik, will keep on baud at hvorable prices, stoves, I'lo., I'iow and a.u. Lasuugs, anq ftiuas, a aiwuu . " up ut ea aud liowa. Ordcis for Castings and most kinds of foundry work executed with promptu csa. Near the t-ah racinrv, Ahlilalmla, tl.l.O. 4in E01tOE C. I1UU13ARD, 'Dealer in Hard ware, Inn, steel and Nails, Stow, Titi Plate, Sheet Iro, Copper and iiuo, and aunufaoturer of Tin, sheet lrna and Copper Ware, Fik . BIouk, A.htabula, Ohio. 470 'T. M'GL'litE. MaiiuluorerTr Tin, Copper aau naon iruu ix are oiricl attention paid to making, sett- ing up and repairing Stoves, CJlov-HKf, Pumps and Lead Pl,.a, Gve-Trotiglis, Conductor., elo. Old Iron, Kag., Copr, Lead. elc i etc., taken iu Exchange. Aotiol. Ageut lot tlieBrii,i Cook Utiwe," wllh the latent Improretnents. HurHiert's Block, opposite the Hank, Asblubtila, O. 488 . TOWER & SON, MacliiuigtoHbtiilden'of fltailouaiy and Portable Ktearu Eneinee. Baw, aiid other Mill Work, aud Jobbing aud llepairing done to orrler oo abort notice, and in a workman-like manner, aouth Main at. Ashtabula aig C. CULLKY, Manufacturer of Lath, Hidma . Cberso Hotea, e Plaulnf aud Matching aud "rscrowl ftsUik' done ou tub shoriva. Lu.tre. Khou aiouth side pi tlie Melliodltt Church, Ashtabula, nhio. 44U A. 8. AJ5HOTT, Lumber Di-ettsor, and Mgna- acturtr of and Oculer In Hhlngles, Ijith, fence ri.utr, ce. 4.C. l'uuiing, and Cii.tuUi Waalug duu to utdar, iu ktreefj near tha ourner of Center street, Ashtabula. . 4 .OLMSTJ-:!) k ( KOHBY, Irou Founder, and manufatturer . TiMtt In Plow.poj raatings, JUU tat Uivaa. Mu.l4ieii,iioat eJ ruunuiy Wockdou, to eider A.lltabula. Ohio. ' V. W. BMITH, Manufacturer of Bole, Up per and Harness Leather, and Doaltr In Freuch Calf, iini.ik .'-klu. f arh pod fur HHduuaekliU. 4.8 ' Mn.lcal. GEORGE UALIi, Denier in Tinno Fortes, and Melodeons, Plnno Ktoola, Cover., InstriiTtlon Root., etc. l.epot comer Main and Centre Btreete, ret of II. t'aasett'e Office, Ashtabula. See advertisements. 419 J. K. CHAPMAN, Dealer in Musical Merchan dise, Book., Kino Stationery, Toy., and Fancy Article., at hi. Bazaar and Curiosity .tore, 3d door aouth of the Bank, Main .treat, Ashtabula. 470 Fnrnltnre, DUCIIO & BROTH KRS, Manufacturers of Irnler. in Fnmlture of lie best description., and every va riety. Al.o jr neral 1'ndertnkers. and nianufseturer. of Cof fin, to order. Alain .treet. Nor.h of louth l'ubl e Kuuare. Achtalmla. 41B LINUS SAVAUK. 1'nrnitiiie I)fHler uiid Man- ufctnrfr, .team e.tHbHshni"tit, North Main .tn.et, near the ollioeorilr.. Karrli rt'in ft Hall. A.lil.hiila, I . 419 Engineering A Land Survey ing. i. I. lit l.il(ilK, rnu iuiti K:u-t A.litabulu, (lino Uoota A, IShoca, -tirtt'Mrr 4 N. 1 lllLLll O, LOOl Ullli btiuu bluie, tlppU .lie Fink Ulock, Higa of tin- Dig Uoot, AMitanula, If. 47U Book. M," l liuokt4.-hw. atatioi.er "nJNe. lHi;r. Alw, Ueuier in lieet-Music, lojn.ana uencrRl V Hi H-y liuoUb, Muill rUOei, anulttljUiB, Viltlo. tO( MlkCCllnOU8. ST AM TOM & BUO'l 'HLU.LTvery and Sale Stable, In connection with the I- Uk Ilouve, Aeutabula, Ohio An OmitlbuR Hunnlng to and from every 'Jraln ot tan. Ho rue ud Carrlugt-s to convey paraougeni to any part of the Country, t hmigen IteanoDahle. liUItiCOE & PENDLETON, llue, Carriage tign and Enmnel I'dlnters, iirainerp, (illdem, &c.. fco. "vtr J Smith l-ockwood'B store. 43'i BUILDERS LEWIS A CASTLE, Carpen- tem and Joiners, execute every inscription of work In the best style ol t .e piotclon. h( in WiUaid's Illlud Fac tory, Arilitbnla, where they have the aid of Machinery, In faciliating their orders, with a Woodworth Plaiuer for tru ing up aim u ringing vneir wora 10 a inicHness. NOHTil'S Photograph and Fine Art Gullery, No. 79 Superior Street, Cleveland, Ohio. Life and CnMnet iixe I'hotograpl.LS direct on Canvahs colored by Alonzo I'Tate, l'Uiu i'hottigiaph, Aiubiotyjres. and MeluiiiotypeH, all tak en iu u -tle not tu be sui-puKsed, first IVeuiium awarded at the Ohio and N. Y. t-tate Kuiin, for the bent pictures. N. B. J'ictuiea takeaequully well iu ciwdg an citar wea ther. 407 TELEGRAPH OFFICE Western Union is removed to the Drug Store of A. ft. btockwell, corner Main and Center Street three doors south ef 1-isk Moure. J. U. Al.LKX, Manager. A. RAYMOND. Dealer in Fruit and Ornu- mental Trees, hrnbhery, kc I'enfield, Monroe County, N. Y ork. Orders solicited. W. It. ALLEN, Book Binder Books und JlityuziiH hound iu anv .tyle dexhed. Blank books mnde and ruled to order. Jelleison, O. 470 II. A. MARSH. Suecesfor to E. Howell,; Ihigiierreoiyjre and Ainbiotype Artiht. A. so, E. HowetlV nt-w 1'iii eri v.e, recently I'atenteit. Locke U and Mineature l itis liiled t reii'inuthle ratt-s. I'lrtures taken on patent b ail er, it deniie'i. Jj,' iiooms, that builuing south f the Hank, Mj.Ih street, Ahhiabuia, ' hio. WILLARD & REEVES, Dealers in Italian and Rutland Marble, Grave Stones, Monurueuta. Table Tops, Ac, Ashtabula. A L. THURSTON, Curtman, has taken the EstnMlsliment of David Camp, and will (rive hi. attention to liniving to and from the l.epot, and about the village An.lTA.irLA, Arril l'iiit. IS KMOItY LUCE, Dealer in Sweet Potato, aud other Early riant, and Vegetable.. Also, Denier in Preserved Fruita, Tomatoa, tc. East A.h tabula, Ohio. 3S LIME. I hall sell Lime at the Harbor for 2i ct per huabel. 4S0 J. W. HIM.. Aelitabula P. Ol losing of Mail. POST OFFICE NOTICE. Tlie Mail irolng East will close at 11 o'clock, A M, golnu West 8am Southern Mail closer at 12 , aud tlie mail to Jefferson at 6 r m. Kellofrirsville mail via I'lymouth, Fridays, at 80, a. t. Office open daily from 7 A. a. to 8 r. M. on week days, and on Sundavs.frnm 12 M. to 1 r. . until further notice. Ashtabula, April 4th. 1869. E. C. ROOT, P. M. On and after Monday, June 13, '59. CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD. Leaving Ashtabula—Going East. Day Freight leaves at 1.12 P s Mail 12.01 P C incinnati Express " 6.17 p X Stock Express " 12.45 A it Night Express " 11.112 p Mail trnin will stop at all stations except WicklilTe. Mentor Perrv, Uuionvillo, aud Savbrook. Cincinnati Express alii stop at ralnesvllle, Madison, Ash tabula. Conneaut and Olrard nnlv. Mght Express will stop at Faiuesvllle, Ashtabula and Glr rad only. Stork Express will stop to leave pissengers at Euclid, Wick llire, Wlllnughliy, Mentor, Perry, Madison, Lnionville, Geue va, Savbrook and Kiiiirsville. Dsy Freight Train, Eart and Wkst. will hare Taisengcr Car attached, aud will stop at alt Stations. Leaving Ashtabula—Going West. NiffM Express leaves at 1.40 a v Day Freight . . . " 10.25 A M Mall " 8-6S A H Day Express " 8.17 P Express Freight a Emigrant. . . 11. 4d P M MAIL train will stou at all stutlnne except Swnnvllle, Saybrook, t'nionville, Perry, Mentor and Vi'lcklirfe; will stop on signal tn take passengers for Cleveland eny, at Saybrook, Unlumilie, I'erry, Mentor, and WicklilTe. Day Expresa West will stop at Girard, Conneaut, Ashtabula, and PainesvU'e onlv. Night Express will stop at Gira.d, Conneaut, Ashtabula and Psinesville only. Expiess Freight and Emigrant will stop to leave passenger, at Swanville, Fairultw, Girard, Hprinitfleld. Conneaut aud Kingsvlll. . A. C. HUBBARD, Station Ageut CLKVtLAXn, June, lbov. A Modern Serenade. I in cd Come to tl.e casetnei.t, my fairy; Como to tlio window, my dove; The uiglit is rcmurkably airy, And very propitious to love! Flint? round your sl.ourder.s a nhawl, For I'eur of thu dew and the damp, While we walk in your fulher's old hall, By the light of your eyes aud a lamp. ' Above, all is brightness and bloom; liolow, all is perfume and light; There U not a ehudow of gloom To mar your suit beauty to-night ; Stars in their splendor are shining, O'er mouulaiu, treo, toner, and rill; The moonlight is gently declining, Id graudeur behind the fur hill. I've dwelt mid the beauties of Spain, And sigh'd 'neath the bloom ol their bowers; With the bky for a shelter have lain, Aud stole the soft breath of their flowers! I've roved o'er the cities of France; I've studied Il.diun at Rome; I've laugh'd at their eyes, brightest glauco, From the faiiebt of women at borne. What was glory aud brigtnessto met What was beauty, when you were not by! The tlowrs, the blossom, the bee, Were oarTght to the b rati lb of your sigh I Visious of beauty I ye throng O'er my spirit iu forms of delight; I have written you ii.auy a song, I have play'd to you muuy a night. I have fought for you many a duel. I ouce wore my arm iu a sling; I'm sur that you canuot be cruel, ' When you think of myself aud my ring! 0, come to the window, my syren, Or, if you won't come to the door, And I'll sing you a luy ont of Hymn, Or would you prefer it, from Mooref ' The moon, like a crescent of gold, Is shining o'er mouulaiu aud flower, A nd I aw txveediiigly cold, With wailing best purl of an hour! Bluu.ber lin soft ou tliine eye; ' " In tlty dreams, wilt toon thiuk of my suit? Aud light be the sound of thy sigh, ' While I play thee ft tuue ou my flute. Cat, come to the window, my fairy; ', Como to the casement, my dove; ' The night U remarkably uiry, Aud very propiiioue t-j lover Put on your boa aud shawl, ' For fear of the dtw aud the dump; And we'll walk in your father' old hall, By the light of yoor eyes and the lamp. From the Springfield Republican. Preachings upon Popular Proverbs. BY TIMOTHY TITCOMB.—NUMBER TWENTY-THREE. "The Are barn. brightest on one. own hearth "A tree often transplanted neither grow, nor thrives." "lie who la far from borne 1. near to barra." "He who I. every where Is nowhere." Wind and wntrr wnifder round t ho world and fresher fur the journey. The lost diii mond knows no diflVrence between the dust where il lies und the bosom from which it fell ; lut every tiling ili.it Inu vitulity re qiincN a Inline. Everything Unit lives hi cks to eMiilli!li p.'i n.iinei.l relations wit I i tlnil iiiii hich il must depend for supplies. Every pUnt nnil cveiy iii.iini.l hus its tnniii tiy. nii.t iu .lint country n f.ivorile lorn. ion. wli.ieitfiii.lsll.nl ul. it'll will five ii the liiolilneM di'Vi lopmi'iil, i.ntl tlie hum, I u X ti I'li. ul life. MaiZc Will not frrovt in Enl .in. I, and or;. nrs are not gjtlit'l'e.i in L..lnd. The white bear pines uml dies under 1 lie ctpu.toi', mid the lion it l'ues to live in po lar tut it ii'iics. The t In. of n t t ntiii .v may not be trunspluiited with :ife.y, nnl.'ss h large portion of its lioin be taken with il. In jungles und dens, in mot-beds ntid pnra itic footholds, in rivers nnd brooks nud buys, in lakes and seas, in ci.l.ius nnd tent aud piilui-cx. everyihing ih.it lives, from the lowest animal and plant to tin- loi'ilbesl mil, has a home n place, or u region, with whose resources us vitality has estab lished relations. I have no doubt, with un ulogy only for the basis of my belief, that God, the fountain of lile, has u home, and that there is somewhere in space u .luce w hich we cull heaven. . What is true of all organic material life is equally true of u 11 mental and 8piiitu.il life. It is not because the soul is a tenant of a body which must have a home that it, too, is subjected to a like necessity. The soul 's ulive, and must feed that it may con tinue to live, and that it m..y thrive. It lakes root in material things, oriu the spir itual fuels that invest, und permeate them, uo less than in society, through multiplied filaments of relation ; and its roots may never be violently dislocuted without seri ous damage to its life. Let a man be re moved from his accustomed place in the world, and from the society of wife and children and friends and neighbors, and iweuty four hours will suffice to make him u weukei man, and li instil tile ii. him either a general 01 ,-pecial process of demoraliza tion. Thu liou.L-.sicknes.-. of the Swiss sol dier is u geuuiue diseuse, with a natural cause which operates independently of his will and beyond his control. I he soul that lias ouce adjusted itself to its conditions, und has found the food necessary to nour uh its growth and augment its vital wealth, is iieuitst to its good ; and the moment it leaves these conditions foi those which are strange, it approaches its evil. Let the ac customed influences wnich hold it to virtue, and strengthen its power to resist tempta tion, und nourish its religious life, be es caped from, and it will more readily become thu prey of iis owu evil propensities, and of the tlcmorulizii. iuflueuces that assail it from without. These facts dud confirmation in familiar popular experience. The influence of va cation and summer travel has been felt by multitudes. Some of our most exemplary men, who have never been known to kick over the truce of propriety at home, break in the dasher aud run away with the vehi cle, at a sea-side hotel The glass of wine which never meets their lips at home is in dulged in without alarm among strangers. Bow ling alleys and whist tables and billiard rooms which ure considered very bud things when among acquaintances, are transforiu iuto excellent institutions in more distant locations. Dignified gentlemen oflicursof the church aud officers of the state be come boyish and hilarious not uufiequent ly uproarious in an unfamiliar presence. The cords of a moral nature, kept taut iu the preseuce of familiar associates, adapt themselves witL marvelous readiness to the firevalent feebleuess of tension found in the iiimid atmospheres of watering places. Fixedness of location becomes, then, a condition vitally necessary to the growth of u true churacter und preservation of ihe health and harmony of the functions of the soul. The soul, like the body, lives by w hat it feeds ou. It must increase, or it must diminish. Truvel has its benefits, but tiny are indirect They come from rest not from growth. The direct influ ence of travel is dissipation. No man ever comes buck from travel with his powers un impaired. The power to concentrate the mind, and to perforin labor in the accus tomed w ay, i, iu u measure, lost, and must be re-acquired. Now, if this condition of fixedness bd uecessary to those whoalreidy possess character uud Christiau principle, how much more necessary is it to thosu who ure mainly held to propriety and virtue by outward influences. The young men who leave Christian homes in the country, go to the city, and, finding the restraints of home removed, plunge into various forms of sin The young women who uther in boarding houses which are bo far without a home character that they are regarded only as places to eat and sleep in, rarely fail ot re ceiving serious moral injury. A coustaut traveler who is constantly devout m.y pos sibly exist, but-1 Lave never seen him. The itiueruut profess'10113 have uever, I believe, been noted for exhibitions of intellectual growth, or profouud piety. Gold-hunter in California and Australia become in a few mouths semi-savages. ' No genuine ob server can decide otherwise than that the homns of a nation ure the bulwarks of per- soual and uatiouul safety thrift. A curse npou all thobe fantastic methods of living, dreamed of by socialism and coiumuuisiu, which would sacrifice homo to tlio meager ecoiumies of great establishments, whero humanity is fed in stalls like cattle t 1 may legitimately quulify or adapt what I have said so far as to admit that a poor home witb a poor location may bo exchang ed for a better one. A plaui may be Uis- louated from au old, and removed to a new bed, not uiilrcqucully with advautage. It may exhaust the soil where it slauds, and demand mure room for its roots. I have seen muuy men greatly improved by trans plantation, but the process of adaptation aud acclimaliou through which they were obliged to puss, before they could establish louuiuie relations witu .tie new soil, was pi'oot of the difficulty and danger of the process. This irausplauling process is con stantly going on, however, witb good re sults. The wife in the new home is more than tho duughtcr in tho old otic. New food, new influences, more roomfresh func tions are always b.tkoning u to better lo cation ; but tho lives are comparatively few that exhaitst a home of medium advan tages. The acquisition of a pood homo is one of the first objects of life a home where the soul ha exclu-iive rights a limnc where il may grow undisturbed, rn liu out its roots into 11 er socieiy, ami lift ing up its branches into the sunlight of heaven a hume 0 ,1 Iruui which tl.e soul may go on its errantis nnd enterprises, ami to which it may return for its rewards a home which, along ;h conduits t.r memory, may bear pure nourishment to children and children's children while il stands, und even after il has fallen. I recall a hume like this, King since lefi behind 111 the journey of lil'j ; and its mem ory tl 11 is back over tue with a shower of pinoi ions anil t hiitiirlits toward whose pre cious fall my heart opens itself greedily like thirsty flower. It is a home among the mountains humble nnd homely hut priceless iu its wealth of associations the waterfall sings again in my cars, as it used to sing through the dreamy, mysterious nights. The rose at l he gate, the patch of tansy under the window, the neighbor ing orchard, the old elm, the grand machin ery of storm uud showers, the little smithy under the hill that flamed with strange light through the dull winter evenings, the woodpile at' the door, the ghostly white birches on the hill, and the dim blue haze upon the retiring mouuluiim all these 1 come buck to me with un appeal which touches my heart uud moistens my eyes. 1 sit uguiu in the doorway at summer nightfall, eating my bread and milk, look ing off upon the darkening landscape, and listening to tho shouts of boys upon the hillside, culling or driving homo the reluc tuut herds. I wutch again tbc devious way of the dusky iiighthuwk along the twilight sky, and listened to his measured note, uud the bre.-zy boom that accompa nies his headlong plunge toward the earth. Even the old burn, crazy iu every tim ber and gaping ut every joint, has charms for me. I fry again the breathless leap from tho great beams into the bay. I sit uguin on the threshold of the widely open ed doors opeu to tho soft south wind of spring and watch the cattle whose faces look half human to me, as they sun them selves, and peacefully ruminate, while, drop by drop, the dissolving snow upou the roof drills holes through the wasting drif s be neath the eaves, down into the oozing ofTal of the yard. The first little lambs of the season toddle by the side of their dams, k utter their feeble bleating, while the flock nibble at the hay rick, or a pair of rival wethers try the strength of. their skulls iu an eiicouuir, half iu earnest and half in pluy. The proud old rooster crows upou his dunghill throne, and some delighted member of his silly family leaves her nest, and tells to her mates aud to me that there is another egg in the world. The old horse whinnies iu his stall, and calls to me for food. I look up to the roof, and thiuk of last year's swallows soon to return agaiu and hear the tui tions of their musical morocco, as it wraps their youug, aud catch a glimpse of angular sky through the diamond-shaped opening that gave them ingress and egress. How I kuow not, and care not, but that old buru is a part of myself it ha3 entered into my life, and given mo growth and wealth. But I look iuto thi house aain, where the life abides which has appropriated these things, and finds among them its home. The hour of evening has come,- the lamps ure lighted, aud a good man in middle lite though very old he sueuis to me tukes dowu ihe well worn Bible, and reads a chapter from its hallowed pages. A Sweet woman sits at his side with my sleepy head npon her knee, and brothers and sisters ure grouped revereutly around. I do not un derstand the word, but I have been told that they are the wolds of God and I ut lieve il. The loug chapter ends, and theu we all kneel dowu, aud die good mau prays. I fall asleep with my head in the chair, aud thu next morning remember nothing of the way in which I went to bed. After breaklust the Biole is taken down, and the good mau prays again ; uud again aud a gain is the worship repeated through all tlie days of many golden years. The pleas Nanl converse of the fire-side, the simple songs of home, the words of encourage ment us I bum! ovur my school-tasks, the kiss us I lie dowu to rest, the patient bear ing with ihe freak of my restless uature, the gentle counsels mingled with reproofs and approvals, the sympathy that meets and assuages every sorrow and sweetens every little suecevt all these return to mo amid tho responsibilities which press npon me now. I feel a if 1 had once lived in heaven, and, straying, lost my way. Well, the good man grew old aud weary, imd fell asleep at last, with blessing on his lips for me. Some of those who called him father lie side by side with him in the same calm sleep. The others are all scattered, and dwelt in new homes, and tho old house and barn nnd orchard have passed into the possession of strangers, who have learned, or are learning, to look buck upon them as I do now. .Lost, ruined, forever left be hiuj, that borne is mi 110 to-day as truly as it ever wus, for have I not brought it away with me, and sbowu it to you f It was a home of my boyhood. Ia it I found my first mental foo l, aud by it was my young soul fashioned. To me, through weary years and many dangers and sorrows, it has been perennial fountain of delight ana purifyiug influences, simply because U was in? home, and was and la a part or mo. The rose at tho gate blooms for mo now. The landscapo comes wheu I call it, and I hear the voices that call to me from lips which memory makes immortal. Thus the memory of the past joins hands with the experiouce aud observation of to day, to illustrate aud enforce the philoso phy which I have propounded. A home less man, or a man hopeless of home, is a ruiuud man. A man who in struggles of life, has no home to retire to, iu fact or in memory, is without life's best rewards and life's best defenses. Away from home, sbat off frrm the rtrootne of those iudueu ces which feed hia life from those relations along which the life of God is accustomed to How to him a man stands exactly where evil will the most readily get the mastery of hint. A man Is alwiy nearest to His good whoa at home, and furthest from it when nway. One of the very first duties of life I say ngain, is the establishment of a home which shall be to us and to ourchildreji the foun tain nnd reservoir of our bet life ; and this home should lie a permanent one if possible. Home i the center of every true dfe, the place where nil sweet affections are bi'oiiirht forth and nurtured, the Rpot to which memory cling the most fondly, a to w inch ihu wanderer returns the most gladly Ii is worth a life of care and labor to win for ourselves and tho dear children whom we love as ourseivesa home whose influence shall enrich u-. nnd them while life lasts. God pity the poor child who can not asso ciate his youth with some dear spot, whore he drank in life's freshness, aud shaped the character he bear I The choosing of a homo is oue of the most momentous steps a man is ever culled upon to make. If we plant a tree with the hope to sit some time beneath its shad ow, and eat of its fruit, we do not plant it in the sand, or in a stream of running wa ter. It is astonishing to see the multitudes that thoughtlessly plant their homes in moral and intellectual deserts to see them building houses where there is no society, or only that which is bad, where the church bell is never heard, und where a fertile and fruitful home-life is absolutely impossible. For money men will rush from the iealth ful t pleasant country village to the fever ish and stony city, or forsake a thousand pririlesres that are valuable bevond all nriee. and settle in a wilderness where the degeu- eration of their homo is certain. Circnm stances may force one into locations like these, but they can only be regarded as ca lamitous. Communion is the law of growth, and homes only thrive where they sustain relations with each other. The sweetest type of heaven is home nay, heaven itself is the home for whose acquisition we are to strive tha most strong ly. Llome, in one form and another, is the great object of life. It stands at the cud of every day's labor, and beckons us to its bosom ; and life would be cheerless and meaningless did ve not discern across the river that divides it from the life beyond, glimpses of the pleasant mansions prepared for us. GREELEY'S LETTERS—XIX. AN OVERLAND JOURNEY. FROM BRIDGER TO SALT LAKE. SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, July 11, '59. Fort Bridger, whence my last was sent, may be regarded as the teruiiuus in this di rection of the Great American Desert. Xot that the intervening country is fertile or productive, for it is neither; Lnt nt Bridger its character visibly changes. The hills we bore approach are thinly covered with a struggling growth of low, scraggy Cedar; the Sagebush continues even into this valley, but it is no longer universal t: almost alone; Grass is more frequeut and far more abundant; Black's Fork, which, a few miles below, runs whitish with the clay wash of the desert, is here a clear, spark ling mountain torrent, divided into half a dozen streams by the flat, pebbly islets on which the little village or rather post is located; wnile, twelve miles up its course, an improvement of 500 acres, begun some years since by the Mormons, has this sea son been put undei cultivation, with flatter ing prospects. Oats, Barley, Potatoes, Peas, &c., are tho crops sought; aud the enterprising growers have contracts for the supply of Fort Bridger at prices which will insure them a liberal return in case they realize even a moderato yield. This may seem a small matter; but I doubt that there are, iu all, 500 acre more under cul tivaiion in the 250,000 rquare miles or more lying between tho forks of the Platte ou the east, tho Salt Lake Basin on the west, the settlements of New-Mexico on the south, nnd the Yellow Stone on the north. Yet in this radius are included sev eral military posts at which every bushel of gruiu consumed costs an average of $j, while Potatoes and other edible Riots would command uearly as good prices, could they be had. There ure herdsmen al intervals throughout all this region who have eaeh their hundreds of heads of Cat tlo, but who hardly know the taste of a potato or turuip, who have never planted nor sowed an acre, and uever contemplated tho possibility of growing an apple or cher ry, though they expect to live and die in this region. I trust, therefore, that tho Fort Bridger entespriso will succeed, and that it will incite to like experiments iu the vicinity of each wilderuess post. The pre sent enormous cost of our Military service in this immense desert may thus be slightly compensated by proving the great desert not absolutely worthless, and creatiug a basis of civilization for its rude, nomadic, lawless, but hardy, bold, and energetic pio neers. From Fort Bridger (.named after an In diau trader who first settled here; then settled as an outpost aud relief station by the Mormons when they begaii to people tliia valley, but abandoned by them oa thu approach, late in '57, of the Army, by which it has since beeu nei.t) tne ban u tice trail rises over a high, broad ridge, then descend a very steep, rocky, difficult liil I to Big Muddy, a brauch of Black's Fork, where 12 miles from Bridger is tho Mail Company's station, at which wo had ex pected to spend tho night. But the next drive Is 60 miles, and our new conductor wisely decided tocuia piece off of it that evening, as the road at the other eud was hazardous in a dark night. So we moved on a little after sundown, risiug over anoth er broad ridge, audafier narrowly escap ing an upset in a gaily dug in the trail by that day's violent shower, camped 15 miles on, a little after II p. n. The sky was densely clouded; the moon nearly down, it was raining a little aud blowing more, as we lay dowu to rest; most of us under tlie sullen sky, An hour or more thereafter, our mules (which were simply , tied iu pairs by long ropes ami thus turued out to gr&ae) were somehow disturbed, 4s our 'stage-men challenged aud stood ready to repel tho sunnoKed depredator. He proved, how ever, to be a friend, traveliug ou mule-back from Bridger to this place, who had wau dered off the trail iu the deep darkness, perhaps been carried among our auimals by the fondness of his own for congenial socie ty ; so all was Be-on right, and the new coov er unsaddled, pulled off his blankets, nnd was soon couched among us. At daylight, we were all astir, ami drovo down to Bear River, only throe or four miles distant, for breakfast. , .:.. We halted before crossing, beside what is here called a grocery, the only other structure oil that side of tho river being a blacksmith's shop f consisting, I believe, of a bellows and anvil nmier the ppen sky), to which so mo part of our rigging was scut for repair, while we prepared and ate break fast. There were two or three men sleep ing in wet blankets on the grass, who rose and made a fire on oar appearance. The grocery was irregularly constructed of box es which had once contained goods, but, having fulfilled that end, were thus made useful afresh. I suppose it was six feet high, and Gve by eight in diameter, though 110 two of its sides were of the same bight. An old tent cloth for covering completed the edifice, from which we obtained sar dines, canned lobster, and prepared coffee which was said to contain sugar and cream, but which was voted by our drinkers a swindling humbug. I believe these articles exhausted the capabilities of the conceru; but, as we had bread, we needed no more. Some of our party thought otherwise, how ever; they called tor wbiskr or some kindred beverage, aud were iudiguunily disgusted at its non-production. Tney had boeome inured to groceries containing nothing that could by possibility be eaten, but a grocery devoid of some kind of "rot,". as the fiery beverage was currently desiguated. was to them a novel and most distasteful exper ience. - However, a man was at once dis patched across the creek to a similar estab lishment, ' bnt more happily furnished, whence he soon returned wiUi the indispens able fluid (price $3 for a flask containing perhaps a pint and a half of some diabolic alcoholic concoction, wherein the small mo dicum of genuine whiskey had taken to it self seven other devii3 worse than the first), and our breakfast was finished to general satisfaction. ' ' ' A word here on tho Liquor traffic thro' 011 1 this region. A mercantile firm iu this city, in order to close out promptly its ex tra stock of liquors, offers to sell whisky at tho extraordinarily low price of $3 50 per gallon. 1 believe the common price from Laramie westward to the Sierra Ne vada is $8 per gallon; but it is usually sold to consumers by the bottle, holding less than a quart, for which the-charge is $2 op to $3 50, but seldom below $2 50. And such liquoi I True, I have not tasted it; but the smell I could not escape, and I am sure a more wholesome potable might be compounded of spirits of turpentine, aqua fortis, and steeped tobacco. . Its look alone would condemn it soapy, ropy, turbid, it is within bounds to say that every pint of it contains as much deadly poison as a gal lon or pure whisky. And yet fully half the earning of the working men (not in cluding Mormons, of whom I have yet seen little) of this whole region are fooled away on this abominable witebbroth and its foster-brother tobacco, for which they pay $1 to $2 1 per pound 1 The trader at Weber, of whom our mail boys ' bought their next supply of "rot," apologetically observed, "There a' n't uothing bad about this whisky; the only fault is, it isn't good." I back that last assertion with my whole heart. Fording Baar River here a swift, rocky bottomed creek, now perhaps forty yards wide, but hardly three feet deep we rose gradually through a grassy valley, partially inclosed by high, perpendicular stone Buttes especially ou the right. The stone (evi dently ouce clay) ouposts of one of the Buiies are knowu as "Tlie Needles." We thence descended a loug, s.eep hill into the valley of "Lost CreeK," why "lost," I could not 'divine as the creek is plainly there a fair trout-brook, running through a grassy meadow, between high hills, over which we made our way into the head of "Echo Canon," down which we jogged some twenty miles to Weber River. This Canton reminded me afresh that evil and good' are strougly luierwoven in our earthly lot. Throughout the desolate reu-iou which stretches from the Sweetwa- ter nearly or quite to unuger, we uau in the main the best natural road I ever trav eled dusty, indeed, in places abrupt and rough, but equal iu the average to the care fully made uud annually repaired roads of New-England. But in this fairly grassed ravine, hemmed in by 6teep, picturesque bluffs, with springs issuiug from their bases and u-ruduullv ifaihering into a trout-brook as we ueured iho Weber, we found the J "goiug" decidedly bud, and realized that in the dark it could not but be dangerous. For the brook, with its growing fringe of willow choke-cherry, service-berry, and oth er shrubs, continually sigzagged from side to side of the Cauou, compelling us to de sceud aud asceud it precipitous banks and cross its sometimes miry bed, oftcu with a smart chance of breaking an axle or up setting. We stopped to feed and dine at the siie of "Gen. "Well's Camp during the Mormon war in 185 "I 8, und passed, 10 miles below, tho fortifications constructed under his orders, iu that famous campaign. They seem childish affairs, more suited to tha o-eaiiii rf Clii.iMn than of civilized war fare. I cannot believe that they would have stopped the Federal troops, 11 e.eu tolerably led, lor more than au hour. We reached our uext station on the W e ber a little after 5 r. u., aud did uot leave till after an curly breakfast, next (yester day) morning. The Weber is, perhaps a little lurger than the Bear, fc runs, through a deep, ' narrow, rugged valley, with no cultivation so far as we saw it. Two "gro ceries," a blacksmith-ehop, and the uiail ain.ti.in am all the habitations w passed in following dowu it some four or five miles to the shaky pole-bridge ou wuicu wc 1,1 cd, though it ia usually . fordable. . We soon after struck ofT up a rather steep, grassy watercourse, which we followed to its head, aud tucuee toos om u..in. iv the head or another such, on which our road wound down to "East Canon Creek," a fair rapid trout-brook, rnnnitig through . rWi narrow raviue, up which we twist ed, crossing, a recrossing the swift stream, uutil we left it, greatly diuauished to vol ume, after tracking it through a mild or so, of lo, swampy timber and frequeut mud holes, and turued np a little runuel that fpeblv brawling down the eido of a mountain. Tk trail rao for considerable distance exactly in the bed of this 'petty brooklet said bed consisting wholly of round, water worn granite bowlders of all sizes from that of a pigeon's f-g up t' that of a potash kettle ; when the ravina widened a little, nud the ti'oi.' wound from side to side of the watercour.e as chances for a foothold were proffered by ono or the oiner. me bottom or this ravin wai poorly timbered with Quaking Ap, BaNam' Fir, with some Service-Berry, Choke Cher ry, Mountain Currat, and other bushes j the whole ascent is four miles, not very steep except for the last half mile : but the truil is so bad that it is a pood two hours' work to reach the ' summit. But, that summit gained, wo stand in a bromJ, open, level pp:vce on the top of the Wah satch range, with theWiutah and Bear jMountaius ou either hand, forming a per. feet chuos of wild, barren peaks, . some f them snowy, between which we hare A glance at a part of the Rait Lake Ve-Hey. some thirty miles distant, though the City, ranch nearer, is hidden by intervening bights, and the Lake is likewise concealed further to the right. The descent toward the Val ley is steeper and shorter than the ascent from the side of Bear River the first half mile so fearfully steep that I jucVe few passengers ever rode down it, though car riage wheels are uniformily chained here. But, though the southern face of these mountains is covered by a far more luxuri ant shrubbery than Iho northern, among which Oaks uud Maples soon make their appearance for the first time in many a weary hundred miles, none of these seen' ever to grow into trees ; in fact, I sa none over six feet high. Some Quaking Asps, from ten to tweuty five feet high, the largest hardly more than six inches through' cover patches of t hese precipitous mountain-' , sides, down which and over the low. inter vening mountain they are toilsomely drag ged fifteen or tweuty miles to serve as fuel iu ibis city, whero even such poor trash sells for $15 to $20 per cord. The scarci ty end wrctchcducss of the timber (I have not seen the raw material for a de cent ax-helve growing in all my last thou sand miles of travel) is the great discour agement and drawback with regard to all this region. The parebed saudy clay or clay ey sand of the Plains disappeared many miles back ; there has beeu rich, black soil, at least in the valleys, ever since wo crossed Weber River ; but the timber U still scarce, small, and poor, in ihe ravines, while ninety-nine hundredths of the Ear face of the mountains is utterly bare of it. in tlie absence of Uoal, how can a region so nublest be ever thickly .set tied and prof itably cultivated ? The descent of the monntain on this side is but two miles iu length, with the Mail Company's station at the bottom. Hero (12 miles from the city, 27 from Bear Riv er) we had expected to stop for the night, but our new conductor, seeing that there was still two or three hours of good day light, resolved to come 011. So, with fresh, teams, we soon crossed the "little mountain" steep, but hardly a mile in ascent and but half a mile in immediate descent and ran rapidly down some ten miles through the narrow ravine known "as "Emigration Canon," w here the road, though much tra versed by Mormons as well as emigrant and merchant trains, is utterly abominable; aud, passing over but two or three miles of intervening plaiu, were in this city just feS twilight wus deepening into night. Salt Lake City wears a pleasant aspect. to the emigraut or traveler, weary, -dusty. and browned with a thousand miles of jolt ing, fording, camping1, through the scorca- ed and naked American Desert. It is lo cated maiiilv on the bench of bard gravel that slopes southward from the foot of the mountains toward the lake valley ; the . houses generally small and of one story- are all built of adobe (sun-hardened brick), and have a neat and quiet - look; wbilo tha uniform breadttiof the streets (eight rods) and the "magnificent distances" Usually preserved by the buildings (each block con taming tell ucres, divided iuto eight lota, giving a quarter of an acre for buildings a an acre for garden, fruit, &o., to each house holder,) make op an ensemble seldom' equal ed. Then tho rills of bright, sparkling, leaping water," which diverted from the streams issuing from' several adjacent monn tain canons, flow through each street and are conducted at will into every . garden, diffuse an air of freshness coolness which none can fail to enjoy, . bnt which buly a traveler in Snmmer across the Plains can fully appreciate. On a single business street, the Fost-Omce, priucipal stores, &c., are set pretty near each other, though not . sovlose as in other cities; everywhere else, I believe, the original plan 01 the city has been wisely and happily preserved. South ward from the city, the soil is softer and richer, aud there are farms, of I Judge 10 to 40 or 60 acres, but I am told that the lowest portion of the valley, nearly on a level with the lake, is so impregnated with salt, soda, etc., ns to yield bnt a, grudging return for the husbaudman's la bor. J believe, however, that even this meton is available as a stock-range thou sands on thousands of cattle, mainly own ed in the city, being pastured here in Win ter as well as in Summer, aud said to do well In all seasdns. For, though snow is never absent from the nibiintaln-cbaina which iihut in this valley, it seldom lies lonj in the valley itsolf. i The pass over the Wahsatch is, if I mis take not, 8,300 feet above the seia-level; this valley about 4,900. The atmosphere Is o pare .that the mouuta'un across th volley to the south scetu but ten or fifteen miles off; they are really from twenty to thirty. The lake is some twemy miles west ward j but we sea only the rnxgel moun tain knowu as "Antelope 'Island' which, rises iu Its center, aud seems to bound tha valley in that direction. But both the Lake and Valley wind away to tho north west for a distance of some niuty nil.-. the Luke receiving the waters of -v nwr and Dear rviers behind the roouut.v.u la that direction. Aud then there arc otner valleva like this, uested amonc tus moun tains south and west to the very l i of ''"4 i A' the Sierra Nevada. : So U,ei s w ') 1 enough her for all thij itr iu;;-! 1 many years. But cf the Mormous aJ l I propose tosped: only after ttu to which eud J remiia litre .-- H. G.