- p r -
VOLUME XL NO. 23.
' ' .' l3d.oreideiit iii cull tliirLg-s.
TsnTABrjuTo.;; Saturday "6mir Juji alicL
SO Ixl cLviicbtf
'I-'! iL-i.-L.li A.'
Whole nuhbeivso?,:: t
.('.. .tlttllS OP CBgCFUPTIO!f.
Two Dollar par annum. If paid .tilctlj In advance $1 6a
On qaaiw on wek I SO I Two .nuare. three mot. s W
One Bauer three week 1 00 1 if0iiirn tlx mo.. i nu
tn (quar thr mo., t 10 I two nnaree on yea .' S 00
On nqvi.r .tx not, 4 00 I lour nora on year 12 00
On ar n year. 00 I bait aoluroo on year 2A ot
lnM Oar et wr) e-ver li line -per year S M
Twelr Urn r tu of Mil alt tetter make t aqaar.
Ohitoarr Notlo of mor than flr Itn, unle. of genera
otrt,will b Ineertad at th mid rate ae.advrti.tng matter
f every deeertpttoo attended to oa call, In the moat tasteful
FARM-SUB' BANK UP A8HTABUL.A.
' ' OKKIOS HOCK
From a A. M, to M. end From 1 to I P. M.
DR. J. C. HUBBARD, Ashtabula, O. 61
DR. M. KINUSLEY, Homeopathist, Klnes
Till. 0. Having had aereral mi'i .Jr-ri.
lilinMlf comprint to tiro mllafactlon to all who 'roar favor
bimwitha call. Office, Main .treat, nearly oppo.il of
r,-i. wni, neierence. -nnnienpathtc Medical Faculty
Cleveland) Bra. Oeo. Z. Noble, Pumice, N. y.: O. t. Noble,
Fonn Van, N. Y.j H. B- Dale, fond dn Up, Win. 037
O. P. M'DONALD, Physician and Burgeon
located oppo.it Joha MaarOeld Clothing Store, Main
etrct, A.htabula, 0. -a
A. BARRETT, Mechanical and SnrgictA Den'
tint, acaond noor Fl.k'i 1 Block, A.htabnU, Ohio. 408
O. VV. FOSTER, EcictiTpliTsician and Sur-
t. Qooeva, Ohio. nr
- - -- -
BITERMAN & FARMER, Attorneys and
Oonneotlore at Law, A.htabnU. Ohio. . 471
CHARLE& BOOTIT, Attorney and Conn-
ellerat Iw, A.htabnla, Otrl. !
W. Bi CHAPMAN, Attorney at Law-.
ateitle of the (Vara, Commlaetoner of Deed, for Michigan
aad lowat omen thra door wurt of th Traagont Honao.
eaneeatj . w
' 11 ' . ' ' 11 ' ' ' v
If. B. O ART, Attorney and Coon elor at law
a, O. Ail ku.tw utnitd him will be promptly
attended U. r
11 11 I I i. 1 1 1 ... ,
THE AMERICAN' HOUSE, at the Depot
kaajuat bran put In order, nod being contcnimilj an
kteauoiljr aitualed, with good aooommodattone lor man and
kaaat, la god .topping placa Tor trareiera, or tkoae from
the interior having team, to b oared for while during a
tenpormry abaenc by the Railroad. S. MUWHV, Froprie
tar. A.htabuia, July, I860. 63
FISK. HOUSE Ashtabula, O. K G. Glba-
SO!fr Proprietor. An Omntbua running to and from orery
train f eara. AIm, a good liTory-atabie kept in ounneetiuq
with thia honaa, to convey paeeengere to any point, 4H4
AMERICAN nOUSEJohn Thompson
AtTbULA HOUSE, Robert C. Warm-
tngtaw, AahUbula, O.
JEFFERSON, HOUSE S. Mc'Inttrkv Pro-
orletov, J.ff.-on, Ohio. 488
STEPHEN HALL Dealer in Dry Goods,
Oroerisa, Hati and Capi, tMt and Shoe flndinga, and gen
eral MTehanliM, 1 dora &ooth of tha Hank, 643
A. -FIENDRY, Doulcr io Drngs. Medicines,
Cttemleala, Paints, 01 la, Varnlnhea, Brnrt rf, Dra StniTii. kc.
Cbolo Kaoilly limcariM, li-cludipft Tas, CoBern, fre. Ps
teat Medlclnea. Pur Win and Llqtiora for Mdiclnal par
pom. Pojrtielan's pKMriiitloos earcfully and promptly at-
I W. Oil
PRENTICE So 0SB0RN, General Dealers io
' Provision., Produce, and .0 forth, Main atreet, A.hU
bla, Ohio. ; 471
KDWARD II ROBERTS, Dealer in Fancy
and Staple Dry Oooda, Iadioa' Cloaka, Fora, 8klrta, Coraeta,
Cknie Orooeriea, Shelf Uardwaro , crockery, kc,a;e.,Fiik'a
Block, AahUbula, O. 41
TYLER COLLINS, Dealers in Dry Goods
. Sroeerieo, Crockery, Boot, and Shoaa, Ilata, Capa, e are.
aoxt door Booth of AabUboU lloon, AahUbula, O. 14
J. P. ROBERTSON, Dealer in Dry Goods,
' Orooeriea, Hardware, Crockery, Prorlaione, BooU and
Shoea, and .very other elaaa of Gooda nanally looked for
In a Firat Claaa Country Store. Courteay and fair dealing
arw tbo IndooamenU oSerod rbra aharo of publte raror.
Main atroet, AahUbula Ohio. ,
ROOT & MORRISON, Dealers in Dry Goods
Oroeeriea, BooU and 8boea, HaU and Caps Hardware
Crockery, Bookj. l'ainU, Gila, o Poat Office Building
GEORGE VV1LLARD, Dealer in Dry Goods.
Orooeriea, Hat, Capa, BooU and Shoe., Crockery, Olaw
ware, aaantu cturor of ready-made Clothing. AUo, wholo
aal and reUil dealer io Hardware, Saddlery, Nalla, Iron 3tel,
Dnige and Medieinea, PainU, Oila, DreatuBa, tf. Main
WELLS & FAULKNER, Wholesale and
HeUil Dealer, in We.Urn Keoerre ButUr and Chea,
Dried Fruit and Flour, A.htabaula, Ohio. Order reapect
fully licHd. and Bll.d at the Loweat cah cot. 470
Walchit, Jewelry. tc.
O. W. DICKINSON, Jeweler. Repairing; of
ail kind of Watch, Clock, and In lry. 8nop, oppu.it
the Fl.k Hon, AahUbula, O. 416 .
;... Clatklnc;. i
L. WOLFF & CO. Dealer in Ready-mode
Clothing and Cent'. Farnlahlng Good. AahUbula, O. M4
BRIGHAM. & CO, Wholesale and retail
. Ztaalar U Raady Mad Clothlug, Furniahlng Good, HaU,
Cap. Ate. AahUbula- 41V
H. FASSETT, Agent for the Purchase, Sale, A
Banting of Real EaUU, Ineura , Nagotiatlng Loan, Col
lection of DcbU, Ac Property old for CommUaion only,
and a al -no share. A aal, dlroet or indirect, conati
tuta a oonmlHioo. Main trot, AahUbula, Ohio. Alao,
WoUry Public. , ?'
GEORGE WILLARD, Manufactorer or Sash
Blind and Door, on band and mad to order, Alao, Plan
rug, Matching, etc, don to crder In th beat poaublo man
Bar, AahUbula, O. 0
PU(EN1X FOUNDRY. J. W. Waqhkb
fearing purahaaad th. Foundry of Jou B. Galpik, wil
kp on band at favorable prioaa, atovea. Plow, Plow and
- ntlli tiaaUogaad iuk, A attend to repairing, andaattiog
ap itom and Piowa. Ordera Cor Caatiug. auu aioat kintia
' of loandry work executed withpromptnu. Kai Ui tiaab
raotory.AahUboia, Ohio. , 4W
GEORGE G. HUBBARD, Dealer in Hard-
war., Iron, Rtoel and Nail, Htoeoa, Tia PUU, Bbt iron
rare, iron, nioei ano riatia, Biovoa, i in ruw, nui
Loppar a4 Una, and awnusaaturer oi Tin, khet Iron and
Capper Ware, Flak' Week, AabUbala, Ohio.
T. M'UUIRE, Mannfactarer of Tin, Copper
and Sheet Iron War.' Strict atunttoo paid to making, aett
lag an and repairing Stovea, Btove-PIpe, Pump, and Lead
Pipe. Kva-Trougha, Conductora, etc Old Iron, Rag., Copper,
Load, etc, eic taken la Cichanr.- Abe-Sol Agent for
ItufUrtlltmt Ctok i'lm," with the laUat Unprovementa
S deia aoatb i the FUk Heuae AabUbuU. ( - 4
R. TOWER & HON, Machinietiv-.buiUer at
aaHnnary aa4 PorUbU SUam Kngln 8aw, and other
Mill Work, aad JobUug and Bepairiug don to order, oa
hart aotiee, and la a workmaa-ua manner, oath Main t.
A'SUWa. , . . . . . . . 74
Q. C. CULLEY, Manoractnrer of Lath, Siding
Cheat Boxea, Ac. PUniug and Matching and 8crowi
'. Sawmg dou oa th aliorteat aUc. Shop South aloe ol the
MethodiatGhnroh, AahUbula, Ohio. 440
A. 8. ABBOTT, Lumber Dressor, and Mann
actaru of aad Dalar in Hhioglea, Lath, Fane Stuff, etc A
Planing, and Cireuuur Hawing don to order. . im atreet
ear to ontr( CoaUr meet, AabUbuU. 416
OLMSTED k CROSB Y, Iron Founder, and
aaaaoraeturar A Daaler In Plow, Plow Caatinga, Mill Caat
Inga, fee Mn.t deaLrlpUon of Foundry Work dun to order
PMJTU & CARLISLE, Mapufacturers of
I. Upper and Ham Leather, and Dralan la French
If, and Lining aktM. aah paid lor Hide, and Kkhia,
W. W.IH. MS K. WjCaatioia.
aarar t ; r - i Ji- : ' .
. . i .- .., Maateaa. "
GEORGE HALL, Dealer in Piano Fortes, and
Mefeuiauae, PUne htottla. Conn, lnatraotioa Bonk, t
llape, e) Ta Ut, AahUbaia. eo ad.atUBoiit. 4ij
J. E, CHAPMAN, Dealer in Musical Merchan
die. Book, Fin 8Utionry, Toy, andpaney Artielea,
eue aad I erujetrv aaara, neat
ojooe aorth of th 'i'k
J.O. WIUQHT. De-let in Millinery Gooda
. a Ut Flea ii(Maa 470
ar-?.,-lci-T j T - ,,- j, .,, ,, i .i, ,n .
II. G. DICE, Bookseller, BUUoosr and tfcwi
. Daatae.. Alee, Doataw k abeeMuau, Tuva, aod tieuofal
DITCRO k BROTH KRH, Manufacturers of a
nntl.ru In Fnrnltore of b beet deeeriprlona, and evwry v
rlety. Aim general Itnnwrtokev. and marnifartoror. of Cof.
An. to order. Main (treel, Worth of Booth PM Square,
LINUS SAVAGK, FnmHnre Dealer and Man
faetorer, (team eaUWI.bvnent. Ninth Main .treat, near th
office of Dr. Farrlngtnn k Hall. AahUbula, O. 41
II. F. k J. 0. CULVER, have removed to the
Flk Houm atable, wbeva they offer to the citlmu of A.h
tabula the n.e of the beet equipped Livery Ht.hle In A.h
Uhula County, at prlee that range but iii.t abov th liv
ing .Undard. Call and nee. Wot. 1, IHfiO. 7
CHARLEY HARRIS, THE BARBER, is
located under the Fl.k Honne. where he I. gathering gold. n
opinion, lor the unequalled eaae and comfort of hi. .hare.,
the lumry of hi. ehamponnlng, and the unmrpaiwed ta.te
and faahlon of hla hair coiling. If yon doubt It, give him
a ealL A.hUbnla, Nov. 1,1mm. ' "
D. 8. WILLIAMS, Wholesale dealer in Straw
Ooodis Hat., Cap., I'mbreltaa, P.ra.ol., ftc, log and 107
Chambera at., and S9 a 91 Reade .t., New-York.
STMU ElTTiU M P H R E Y is now offering Good
Building Lota cheaper than ever, and at price, within th
reach of almo.t every one. See advertlnement. 630
TELEGRAPH OFFICE Western Union is
removed to th Drug Store of Hendry A Copeland, corner
Main and Center Street, thre door euutb ef Fiak Houm
J. M. ALLBN,Manager. 47
aTrAYMOND, Dealer in Fruit and Orna
mental Tree, Shrubbery, Ac- P.nO.ld, Monro County, N
EMORY LUCE, Dealer in Sweet Potato, and
other Early Plant, and Vegetable..
Almv, Dealer la Preeerred Frnlta, Tomato, Ac Eaat A.h
tabula, Ohio. 4
W. R. ALLEN, Book Binder- Books and
Magazine hnnnd In any atyl denlred. Blank book made
and ruled to order. JefTeraou, 0. 470
WILLARD k REEVES. Dealers in Italian
and Rutland Marble, Grave SUnea, Monument, Table Top,
LIME. I hall sell Lime at the Harbor for
S U per bnehel. 4 SO J. W. HILL.
TIME TABLE OF THE
CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD.
Pangr Train will run a follow, t
OOI WO KAT. I OOIHO WMHT.
aaiL. U E. Ann N E. aT.Tioiia N Ex Aon mail. b.K
a. at. r.m. r.u. r. a. - a. a. a. a r. a. p.m.
B. 26 4.0.') 4. 6 B.oo Cleveland, 4.3M .I0 1.46 4.20
10.20 6.64 10.01 Paineavill 3. 3B 7. S3 12.44 3.20
10.48 H.fz Madiun, 7.23 12.10
6.28 UnionvilU, 7. IS
10.60 6.37 Geneva, 7.04 12.06
P. A.4H Savbrook, 8.61
11.21 5.49 7.01 10.63 Aabtaoula, 1.46 6.3' 11.47 2.24
11.83 7.17 Klngaviile, 6.22 11.33
11. an 7.85 11.17 Conneaut, 0.00 II. v 1.4
12.44 T.6 12.10 Erie. 1.1S 10.00 12.60
Train, do not atop at SUtlon where th tlm I omitted
to tbe bove table..
All through Train, going We.tward, connect at Cleveland,
with Train, for laUia, Chicug; Ceraa.6, CWnnaft,
And all through Train, gnlne Eaatward, connect at Dunkirk
with the Train. of N. Y.ft K. R. R, and at Buffalo, with thoe
of N. Y. Central, and Buffalo 4 N. Y. City Railroad, for A.a
York, Jlky, ifeetea, Aiaora FtlU, 4c .
A. C. HUBBARD, SUtlon Agent.
Care for them Tenderly.
Care for them tenderly,'
Send back our dead,
Who for their country's cauja
Nobly have bled.
Send as our loved ones,
Who in Spring's bloom
First 00 the battle field,
First found their tomb.
'Care for them tenderly,'
Smooth from each brow,
Fair, o'er which loving hearts
Cannot pass now.
Straighten each manly form,
Close the dark eyes,
Clothe them in robes of white,
, - Fit for the skies.
Care for them tenderly,'
And as tbey cone
Lower their much loved flag,
Muffie their drum.
Siad ap your prayers for thera,
Let tear drops fall,
Scatter freau laurel leaves
Meet for their pall.
'Care for tbem tenderly,'
Then shall be given
Mute thanks from broken hearts,
Blewing from Heaven.
Shall rest on tbe head.
Of those who shall tenderly
Care for the dead.
From the New York Independent
"The Old Dominion."
BY HORACE GREELEY.
Virginia is tbe oldest of tbe still surviv
iog British colonies in North America the
only one that dates back to the lifetime of
Shakespeare. It was by far the largest
and most populous of the thirteen that uni
tedly threw off the domination of the moth
er county aod achieved their independence
by the Revolutionary War ; and though
it contributed far less to the success of that
struggle, whether io men or means, than
Massachusetts loss io proportion to its re
sources than any of its northern confeder
ates the world will not forgot nor tbe pub
lic cea.e to bo grateful to the state which
gave to tbe cause of Independence the
tongue of Patrick Henry, the pea of Jef
ferson, and the sword of Washington. And
though, at a later period, Virginia herself
turned her back on .' Washington, opposed
bis Administration, and rejected her chival
rous Gen. Alorgair-as a candidate for Con
grsssUcau.e he still trusted la 'tbj old
Chief,' (ld kor$e I beliere wasMorgan's
mora familiar but less dceoroua expression,)
the country will hwg'. bold, ia grateful re
membranee lb philosophy of her Madison
aud the judicial ability and purity of her
Marshall. , . . ..
The genius of her patriotic statesmen,
combined with her material greatness aud
her ceutral position, long secured to Vir
ginia a leadership b the Union. 'I'he
name aud influence ot ber Wabhingtoo wore
probably more powerful than those of any
other in cementing that Uuioo by means
of the Federal Constitution. That Consti
tution was not adopted by her without a
struggle was less vehemeut aod in issue at
all times lesi doubtful than In the kindred
case of New Y,k, or evea ia that of Ma
saohusett. And Virginia, whit to gul
laDlly aldeu 10 launching the bark which
bore and still bears the fortunes of the Re
public, was not ungenerously requited by
ber sisters. Of the Cm if e Presidents,
four were her honored sons ; auotiief of
tbem gave consistency and dignity to gor
institutions by bis long, illuawrlans career
as Chief Jnsiice 5 and a Virgruiar, has held
a fil.ee la oearW every Cabinet . prior to
the present. Alat that a line which begna
with Thomas Jefferson should end, with
John II. Floyd !
If power, and office, and political pres
tige, were the main elements of greatness
in a commonwealth, Virginia should have
remained to this day the foremost State in
the Union. That they are not, her decline
and fall attest. New York, which rauked
Gfih in 17 'JO, bag now more than double
her population and treble her wealth ; Ohio,
which had not a civilized inhabitant when
Great Britain acknowledged our indepen
dence, is now far ahead of ber in every ele
meut of power ; Illinois, which dates back
burely forty years, has outstripped ber in
the race to greatness. Massachusetts, a
mere fpeek beside her, surpasses Virginia
to-day in wealth, in industry, in production,
in freemen, and is only outnumbered by ber
through the process of counting as men for
one purpose those whom she insists on re
garding (and having us regard as chattels
for another. The state whereof Washing
ton and Jeffersou were proud remains where
tbey left it, its sceucry as varied and ro
mantic os ever, its aiea as magnificent, its
nndcvelopcd resources as vast, its climate
as genial, its rivers as bounteous and bene
Gcient ; but its glory has departed, jts em
pire has passed away.
What 's the cause of its decay ? Why
is it that, when every year sees new pilgrims
wending reverently to tbe Rock ol Ply
mouth, and proud hearts annually gathered
io almost every American city to do honor
to 'Forefathers' Day,' no society commemo
rates the Landing at Jamestown, and hard
ly a footstep prints the grass which covers
the site of that extinct village 7 Why is it
that bounteous Nature refuses to harvest to
the soil which was so fertile under Wash
ingtou's enlightened culture, and that ruio
ed houses and abandoned fields so thickly
greet the traveler from Washingtou to
Carlyle, in his Letter on International
Copyright, suggests that Rob Roy's capital
mistake was a supposition that he could ob
tain his beef cheaper by 'harrying' the Low
lands for cattle than by buying them for
honest coin in tbe Gras.smarket. A grave
mistake, doubtless but is there, in essence,
any other 7 Is not every road to wealth
or comfort but thot of honest industry
prnctically one with Rob Roy's 7
To one who luxuriates in laziness and has
no idea tout the moral government of Qod
extends to every act and thought, the de
vice of iluman Slaveiy naturally seems
one of the happiest and most convenient
which the wil of man ever contrived. To
sit idly in the shade and watch another
plow and hoe in the fierce snnshine digg
ing and striving not for his own profit but
for that of the well pleased denizen of the
shade to be nursed at the breast a sable
'mammy' whose own child is foredoomed
by law to wait on his foster-brother through
life, delving to support him in idleness aud
fairing coarsely to maintaiu him in luxury
what could be more agreeable than this,
it life had no moral purpose and the um
verse no God 7 Theu might iniquity be as
profitable as it oftcu seems couveuienl, aud
irginia still first among states as pros
perous and powerful as in the days of hor
A careful statistician computes that 'the
Mother of Stales' has, within the last half
century, rtcewta more for her own flesh um
blood man the Juuprtseut value of her citi
zens' properly, land and slaves included. In
other words, all tho products of ber past
industry have been eaien up by her people,
leaving ouly the proceeds of the autnul
sales of her childreu as the uet result
of her two hundred and fifty years' ex
istence as a commonwealth. Instead
of fitting out her emigrating progeuy,
like New England, with uu education, and
a religion, and some humble share of this
world's goods, she has taken them to the
auction block aud sold them, puttintr tbe
proceeds coolly into her pocket, and pre
puring to renew tbe process next year, or
so fast, at least, as her human stock
shall have become marketable.. If the Fa
ther of Lies were not the poorest sort of
paymaster, bow rich she must have become
long ago I
But be has served her as (ia tbo lone
run) be serves all his devotees, and 1861
finds ber poor, declinirg, heavily in debt,
with an exhausted soil, an uneducated popu
lation, a disbeartend industry, and a con
stantly declining weight ia the councils of
the Kepubhc. secession Rebellion a
forcible disruption of the ties that bind ber
to tbe Union ao appeal from tbe away of
constitutional majorities to the law of the
strongest from Congresses and Supreme
Courts to tbe red right arm such is the
desperate resort whereby Virginia seeks to
retrieve her bankrupt fortunes. May He
who is rich ia mercy lead her by a way she
lias not known out Irom tbe luud of dark
uefes aud boudage into the glorious light of
perfect liberty, overruling horsuicidul mad
ness to ber ntter deliverance from all
chronic oppression and injustice, causing:
her waste places to break forth into tiuirinir.
and ber wildernesses to blossom as tbe rose
The Prospect of a Fight.
Tbe farther we get along in tbis war tbe
more it becomes apparent that if our troops
engage the rebels at all, it will be because
tbey can run fastest and when tbey have
overtaken the foe after a sharp race. . A
detucliuH'Ut of our force advanced upon
Grafton, one of the points iu Virginia held
by tho secessionists, a as tbey approached,
lusteud of resisting them, the rebels fled
without firing a gun. Brave fellows, these
scions of the F. l V's I but, with ail their
boasted prowess and superiority, tbey ex
hibit, iu an extremity, more fleetness than
pluck. We fear thai Gen, Scott bas made
a mistake in not enlisting more cavalry ia
this campaign, if be hopes to engage tbe
enemy. Troops oa horse back may over
lake the southern braves, but men oa foot,
loaded with the accoutrements of war, will
slaud a poor cbanue ia tbe race that is set
before tbem. It will be a sad diiappoiot
tueut, if tbe Nortbera boys are deprived of
a good opportunity to show the 'chivalry'
what kiud of stuff tbey are made of, and a
bitter day for tbe rebels when they meet
tbe soldiers of tbe government face to face
ia bostde array. No better army ever en
tered tbe Geld ia bebalt of auy cause, aud
noae aver fought with a better will than o
spires the defendcri of the stars and stripes
ia Ibis contest.
From the Michigan Farmer.
BY MRS. P. A. CROZIER.
. ,'It'g nobody's business whether I send my
boys to school or not I They are my owi,
and I have a right to do with them as I
m The spenker was a rough, uncouth-look-ing
person, long, anbrushed hair, and uu
cnt beard, with a countcnanace that showed
plainly how appropriate was the name he
'No man has a right if be can avoid it,
Mr. llardinan, to thrust upon society a fami
ly of uneducated children. They are a curse
to any enlightened community.'
'Mr. Noble, not oue of my father's child
ren attended school mom thiin air mnnrtia
and, if I my it, there are no men in town
who pay more taxes than Benjamin, JoLn
and Julius Hardman. Curse to the com
mnnity I I wonder how these same schools
that you tulk nbout would be supported if
their bartkanied dollars didn't pay half tho
teachers wages every year. Thot grand
school house too, that you prido yourself so
much on, was half built out of our
'But, Mr. Hardman, do yoa think the
property of a nation should educate tbe peo
ple of a naiion V
No, sir 1 Ii'd nmast, its outrageously
unjust, to muke folks pv for educating
oilier people's children. Let them as waut
a school eupport it.'
'But your family need it, as much u any
other. You certainly must give those boys
of yours a chance for learning. You will
he held responsible if yu dou't
'Who will hold me responsible ? I ask
to know. As I suid before, its uobody's
'Neighbor,' said Mr. Noble, 'what was
your farm worth when you camo here 7'
'I paid twenty dollars au acre fyr it, all
down ia sold gold 1'
'How long ago was that ?'
What would you ask for it now ?'
'Why, as farms are selling, I suppose it
would be worth about fifty dollars. 1
should not like to take less.'
'You hiue made no great improvements
on it aiuce jou purcuaseuv
'Ni but the price of real estate has ad
vanced Viouudeifully here since then.
There's Jones who bought about the same
time I did for $1,000, aud he has just 6uld
ins iarm ior spz.uuu
'What has caused tbis increased value in
real estate V
Well, you know tbe land around hero
wasn't thought to be worth anything a few
years ago. It had been run awful hard,
and folks thought a good crop of wheat
could'nt be raised on it. When Mr. Harris
bought that old furm of Lee's, nobody sup
posed he could rnnko n living on it. But
when begot in and turned under clover aud
brought up his land a little, and succeeded
ia raising twenty bushels of wheat to the
acre, tbe rest of us began to think our farms
might be made to raise better crops. So
we followed up bis plan and did as well as
he did. Of course when we found wo could
raise some.hing we set a high price on our
'Harris is on intelligent man why did be
purchase tliis light wuru laud, in preference
to that rich louui down tbe river where he
talked of buying at first. Surely ho could
get rich faster there.'
'Yes, but ho said the people down there
had no euterpriso ; there wan't no schools
there, and he wanted to live where bo could
send his children to school.'
'So the school facility of this neighbor
hood led him to settle here I
'Yes, and Messrs. Brown, Wells, Solimon,
and a dozen others have come iu here on the
same account, aud those who have sold see
ing how things were going, have asked a
great price for their farms, and got it too,
and the rest of us, of course won't sell auy
lower than they have. Wilson offered me
$40 an acre last week, but I told hi 111 there
is uo use talking ; 1 shouldn't sell under
Then it seems that the advance in the
value of laud may be referred primarily to
the building of that new school bouse on
that comer. Ao enierpisiiig and intelligent
class of farmers has been attracted here by
it, aod these same men understand the prin
ciples of agriculture, and restoring this bar
ren soil to fertility. 1 hey are also buildiug
op a society which is rendering the neigh
borhood a still more desirable place of resi
dence, and hence real estate is likely to ad
vance in value more.
'I tbiuk so ; catch me selling for forty
dollars. It's all the land is really worth
for farming, but farmers around me are
selling for btty, and I may as well have the
benefit of the rise as any one.'
'You paid one hundred dollars tax to
wards building the school house I'
'One hundred dollars. It come aard tho'
I tell you, ueighbor Noble, to take a clear
huudred out of my pile of wheat money. I
paid it, but I II never semi a cbick or a child
'You're ouly wronging yourself, friend
'Wrongine: myself or not, I'll not submit
to such injustice without a protest.
'But the building of the school house and
tbe consequent incoming of a better class
of people, bas doubled tho value of your
farm withiu four years, i don't tbiuk it was
a very bad thing for you uol very unjust
Mr. ilardmau was a little confused, but
reassuring himself by the affirmuliou that
he had helped to build tbe school bouce,
and 1 bat was enough ; that those who want
ed tbe school house should support it ; that
rich meu ought not to be obliged to educate
other people's children.
'Butsaid Mr. Noble 'suppose tbe school
should be giveu npfor lack of means to sus
tain it, would not real estate ia the vicinity
again decrease in value 7 People would re
ply, when interrogated with regard to the
matter, that there were uo schools there,
that tbe neighborhood was gradually runu
ing down. The more iutelligeut if uuable
to effect a change, would sell out aud leave,
and those who remained would very likely
find themselves iu a few years, poor meu
'But come, Mr. Hajdmao,' he added 'g
along to school with me I was going to
visit it ibis afternoon ; perhaps you will feel
more interest iu It after you have spout a
few hours mere.-
'Spent a few hours there 1 Ao, sir I
can t wants my time in that way. I ve got
to go down to the village this afternoon
Rather expect a chance to trade off Billy.
onldn't lo.e a good chance any how, can't
tninK orwintenu' on him again.'
'Can't yon spare your hoys to go this
afternoon 7 There are to be some exercisr
in which I think they would be very much
'Got to dig potatoes ; 110, I don't want'
era to get auy school notions iu their
'I am sorry you feel so, Mr. Ilardmm.
onr buys have capacities which if proper
ly developed, would render them eminently
successful In life. As they are going on, I
see little that is plensent in their future.'
ir. JNoble, as I have snid before, Iv'e
oeen successlul, an' my brothers has been
successful; I reckon my boys will do oh well.
Tiro oan drive as sharp a bargain now as I
can, and Joe wont be far behind. They'll
moke th sir way in life without any of your
book larnin' I'll tnko care o'thnt ; mid I
don't nsk of my neighbors to interfere with
me in my plans. As I have said it's none of
their business whnt I do with.my own child
ren. They're old enough to work now, and
they've got to em their'own living'."
"I fear, neigbor, that you will sometime
have reason to regret your preseut course of
action," said Mr. Noble, turning sorowfully
Mr. Hartmnn was obstinate; and he hod
no further hope of influencing him to edu
cate his children.
"Jim and Joe ITardmnn both in State
Prison! How does it happen?" -
"Jim was committed ns a burglar three
years ego, and Joe was only sent there last
week for horse stealing. He has been a
hard case a long lime though, aud John is
uot much better."
'How are the other boys coming 011?'
Bill ran awoy to sea a year ago, and hits
not been heard from, and I have just heard
that Mr. Hardman has been obliged to
settle op a large bill which Jack made at
the tavern last winter. Prospect is that
tho old mau will be obliged to disinherit
the boy soon, or loose nil his property. In
fuct I presume it will go soon any way,
and he has token to drinking himself, ntid
some say to gambling also. He feels rather
downhearted since his boys have turned out
so badly, and I suspect ho is trying to
drown Ins troubles. I feel sorry for the
old man, he always mcent well.' 'Meant
well, but certainly failed to do well. Had
bis children received the education which
they should have had, his old ago might
nave been blessed in their reepcctability and
usefulness. As it is, his grey rrairs will go
don-n with sorrow to the grave.
A Quaker's Retaliation.
In a certain English parish a Quaker
barber received some time ago a note for
church rate, five shilling and sixpence, ne
called upon the clergyman of the pirish
"Pray, friend, what dost thou moan by
Mean I Why, it is for tho church rate,
don't you see? ,
"les, rriend: but what is that rot'7"
"Whv, for the repair of the church, and
for the maintainance of public worship, to
"Well, friend, bnt what hare I to do
with that? I don't attend thy church?"
"Oh, that don t signify; the church is
always open, and 11 is your own lauit it yon
don't come? Besides, it's tbe law, and you
'Friend, I take leave to tell tlice that 1
think that a very unjust law. that obliges
mo to pay a minister and a religion which
I do not attend, bare thee well.'
A few days afterward", the barber, by
way of straightening accounts wit n tiie
parson, sent his.reverence a note. 'Debtor
to Timothy Salters, for shaving and hair
cutting, five shillings and sixpence.' lue
receipt of this uote by the parson very
quickly brought him to the shop, in no
good humor either.
H hat do voa mean ry sending me 1111
bill? You never cat my hair, nor shaved me
in your life
'Nay, friend, but thou knowest my siiop
is always open, and it is thine own fault if
thou dost not como to be shaved.'
The President and Gen. Scott. A
Washingtou letter says the President looks
better than he did two months ago. 1 tie
horrors of civil war are not so bad as the
horrors of office seeking, and he stands Jeff
Davis better thun he did the army of ap
plicants for custom houses and post-offices.
Gen. Scott bus recovered from his indispo
sition, and ult hough suffering from a slight
paralysis of tho back, which makes it diffi
cult for him to walk, his mind is as vigorous
as ever, and he performs an amount of la
bor that might break down a younger man.
There are constantly before bis quarters
about twenty borses, all saddled and ready
for a start, and every few minutes couriers
are going and coming with orders and re
ports. He docs Dot seem to agree with
those Southern men who, Unsuccessful in
bribing biro, have turned round and de
clared be has lost bis faculties. He said
tho o'her day to some friends 'this Is my
last campaign, geuttemen, and It shall be
The Riling Passion ts war ! Editors
are not expected to publish much else than
the progress of military preparntioB-r-ihe
reports of conflicts and the marches and
marshaling of .armies. Farmers, Merchants,
Mechanics, Professional Men. all are ab
sorbed in the progress of the contest now
raging between North aod South. Lvery
man, woman , and child seems to feel
the long Impending crisis is now iu a fear
ful mauuer testing tbe stability of tbe gov
ernment, the strength of the Constitution,
and, more importaut than all the patriot'
ism of the peoplo. The great North pow
erful ia wealth, population, k ihb
rosources of graia and provisions, comes up
to the defense of the inheritance bequeath
ed by their fathers, in solid phalanx, aud
lay upou tbe alter or ibelr couutry in al
most prodical superabundance, millions ol
dollars for defence, backed b 'the -stoat
hearts, the strong arms' and ludomitablo
wills of twenty multous of freemea. -
Speech of Gen. Butler at Washington.
Msj. General Butler, whilo stopping at
the National, received a complimentary
serenade, at t.ight. from his MHaHschnsetts
friends then in Washington. The mnsio
was uy uic Marino Band who never
formed in better taste and spirit.
ji Having brtomc known about town that
Butler was at the National, crowds throng,
cd there to see him, and his room wos be
sieged by Visitors until late in the night.
Although much exhausted, he received them
kindly and heartily. Some two thousand
people collected iu and about iho hotpl
In responae to the serenade and cheers of
the crowd. (Jen. Uutler spoke as follows :
b eixow Citizens ; lour cheers for th
uiu vuininuiiwuuiiu hi iuassncnnseitg are
-t l t ' 1 . L . r 1 1 .
rightly bestowed Foremost in the rank of
those who fought for the liberty of the
country in the Revolution, were the men of
Massachusetts. It is nn historical fact to
which I take pride iu now referring, that in
tne Kevomiion, iUissntliusetts sent more
men south of Mason and Dixon's Line to
light for tho cnuso of the conn try, than all
the Southern Colones pnt together ; and in
this second war, if war must come, to pro
claim the Declaration of Independence
anew, and nsa necessary consequence eslub
lish the Union and the Constitution, Massa
chusetts will give, if necessary every maa
in her bo ders-iiye, and women I Cheers.
trust I may bo excused for upeuking thus
of Massachusetts ; but I nm confident there
arc many wiihin the sound of my voice
whoso heart beats with proud memories of
the old Commonwealth There is this dif
ference, I will say, between our southern
brother ond oumelvcs, that while wo love
our State with the true love of a son, we
love the Union and the country with an
equal devotion. Loud and prolonged ap
plause. We place not "State's right" be
fore, about, abovo or bejonnd the Union.
Cheers. To ns onr country is first be
cause it is our country, ("three cheers! and
onr State is next and second, beause she is
part of our country aod our State, f Re
newed applause. Our oath of allegiance
to our country, and our oath of allegiance
to our State, aro iuterwreathed harmoni
ously, and never come iu conflict or clash.
He who docs his duty to tho Union docs
his duty to tbe State, and he who does his
duty to th State does his duty the Union,
"one and inseparable, now aod forever."
A9 I look upon Ibis demonstration of
yours, I believe it to be promoted by a love
of ihe common cause, aud our common coun
try a country bo great and good ; a Gov
ernment so kiud, so beneflcient, that the
hand from which wc have ouly felt kindness
is now lor tbe first time raised for chastise
ment. Applause Mnny things iu t
ranii's life may be worse than deaths So to
Government there may be many thinirs
I. -1 : . 1 .j-i:; .- . . O
um uiMioiiur iincj disintegration, worse
than the shedding ot blood. Cheers.
Our fathers purchased our liberty and our
country utoa immense cost of treasure and
blood, aud by tbe bright heavens above us,
we will not part with them without first
paying the original debt and interest to this
iiiitc I Loud cheers We have in our
veins the sumo blood as thev shed : wc
have tho same power of indnrenee. the same
love of liberty and law. Wc will hold os a
brother him who stands by tbe Union ; we
will hold as an enemy him who would strike
from its constellation a single star. Ap
plause. But I hear some one say, "Shall
we carry on this fi atricidul war ? Shall wc
sucu our uroiucr s uiooa and meet in arms
our brothers of ihe South ?" I would say,
as our luiners aid not hesitate to
strike tbo mother country in the defense of
our rights, so we should uot hesitate to
meet the brother as they did the mother."
Sensation. If tbis unholy, this fratricid
al war is forced npon us, I say, "Woe,
woe to them who ''ore mAde this necessity,
Our hands aro clean, our hearts are
pure. ; but the tmou must be
Gen. Butler was Interrupted here by an
intense cheering. When silence wns again
restored, he continued s
K all hazard of money, and, if need be,
every life this sido the Artie regions,
Cheers. If the 25,000 Northern soldiers
who are here are cut off, iu six weeks 50,
000 will take your place ; and if they die
by fever, pestilence, or sword, u quarter of
million will take their place, till onr armv
of the reserve will be women with their
broomsticks to diive every enemy into the
Gulf. Cheers and laughter. I have
neither tear nor doubt of the issue. I feel
ouly horror and dismay for those who made
the war. God help them I we are here for
our lights, for our country, for our flag.
Our faces are set South, uuii there shall be
no lootstcp baeK wards. immense ap
plause. He is mistaken who supposes we
can be intimidated by threats or cajoled by
compromises. Ihe day of compromise is
The Uoverumenl must be sustained,
cheers, and when it is sustained we shall
give everybody in tho Union their rights
under the Constitution, as we always have,
and everybody outside tho Uuion, the steel
of the Union, till they shall come under the
Union. Cheers, and cries of "Good, go
on." 1 1 is Impossible for me to go 00
speech-making ; but If you will go booe to
your bed, and tbe Government will let me,
I will go eouih ngutitig for iho Uuioo, eoa
yoa "Jill follow mo. ,
Gciu Butler closed amid loud cheers ; the
baud played some uaiioual airs, aud "Rome,
Sweet Home," aud after more cheers the
crowd dispersed. Geo. Butler, on retiring
to bis room, was warmly congratulated by
numerous friends. Y- Times.
Slavery and the Laws of war.
Since some of our army
up the rule that the right of property in men
is so much more sacred than any other
right of property . that our loyal soldiers
from Ihe .North must iuterfere to restore
fugitives to rebels again, the Govern
ment, even to those who have ia their
bands millions of proporty robbed from
tbe government, ' the following extract
from a speech made In the House of Repre
sentatives by John Qulucy 'Adams; April
14th,' 1812, on apprehended war with Mexi
co, will bo found pertinent and interesting,
aud at tbis time wbeu nev questions, ia tbe
peculiarity . of tbe times, ate cctctiij op
from day to day, bearing npon tbis aubjeei
will corornand attention 51 -'-:" i?i ,,-,
I said that,' as far a T Cou noderstanif
tho resolution proposed fey the gentleman -from
Ohio, (Mr. Gidding,) there' weret
some of thera which I w a -ready , to. vote
and some which I must vote against ; and,
I will now tell this House, my constituent
and the world of mankind, that the resolu-'.
tion ngainst which I would have voted was'
that in which bo declares that ' what 'arq
called slave states have the exclusive right
of consultation r.n the solject of slater.'
For that resolution I never would vote 4
becnne I believe that it is not just, ami
does not contain constitutional doctrine,!, J:
believe so long ns the alavo states are able
to sustuiu their institution without going,
abroad, or call upon other parts of the.
Union to aid them or to act on the subject,!
so long I will consent never to interfere.
But if they come to the Frcfl States" and
say to them yon must help us to keep down'
our slaves, you must aid 03 in an insurrec
tion and tuid civil war, then, I say,' that?
with the call comes a full and plenary povr-i
er to this House and to the Senate over tbo
whole subject. It is a war power. : I say
it m a war power ; and when your country
is usually in war, whether it bo a war o
invasion or 'a war of insurrection,. Con
gress has power to carry on the war, and
must carry it on according to the laws of
war, aud by the laws of war an invaded
country has all its laws and municipal insti
tutions swept by tbe board, and martial law
takes tbe place of them.
This power iu Congress has perhsps nerer"
been called into exercise' under the present'
Constitution of the United State. But:
when the laws of war are io force, what, I
ask, is one of those laws 7 It is this, that
when a country is Invaded, and two hostile'
armies are set in Martial array, (As" com
manders of both armies hate power tt totewt
cipati all the slaves in th invaded territory,
Nor. is this a mere theoretic statement. The
history of South America shows that the1
doctrine has been carried into practical exe-i
cut ion within tbe last thirty years. Slavery,
was abolished ia Colombia, first by th
Spanish General Morillo, aud secondly by.
the American General Bolivar: It wa
abolished by virtue of a military command
given at tbo bend of the army, anditsabo--lition
continues to be law onto this day.
It was abolished by tbe lews of war, aud
not by municipal enactments. ,
The power was exercised by "military
commanders, under instructions, of coarse
from their respective governments. Con-t
gress is now about passiug a grant to refund, .
to Gen. Jackscn the amount of a certain
fine imposed upon him by a Judge,' under'
tbe laws of the State of Louisiana. Ton
are going to refund him tbe money with
interest ; and tbis you are going to do be
cause the imposition of tbe fine was unja9t,
Aud why unjust 7 Because Gen. Jackson
was acting under tbe laws of war, and be
cause the moment yoa place a military com-
mander in a district which-is the theater of
war, the laws of war epply to that district.
I have a correspondence , between Oca,
Jackson aud tbe Governor of Georgia, dar
ing the Seminole campaign, in which Gen.',
Jackson asserts that the principle that he
as governor of a state within his (General
Jacksoa's) military division had ho right
to give n military order, while he (General
Jackson) was in the field. The Governor1
contested the power of Gen. Jackson, and
said all bo could for state rights; but Qen,
Jackson had given an order, and that or
tier was carried intoeffect, while the order
of the Governor was suppressed. General
Jackson had (ho right of th question,
I might furnish a thousand proofs to show
that the pretensions of gentlemen' to tho
sanctity of their municipal institutions, un
der a state of actual invasion and of actual
war, whether servile, civil or foreign, are
wholly unfounded, and that the laws of wae
do, in all such cases, take the precedence.
I lay tbis down as the law of nations. . - L
say that the military authority takes, far-
the lime, the place of all municipal lot
stitnttocs. Slavery among the rest t Ub
der that state of things, so far from its bo
ing true that the states where slavery ax-'
ists have the exclusive management? th
sul jcet, not only the President of tbe U.;
States, but the commander of the array has
power to order tbe universal emancipation
of the slaves. 1
I havo given more in detail a principle
I have asserted ou tbis floor before now,
and of which I have no more doubt than
that you, sir, occupy that chair. I give it
in its development, in order that any gan
tleman, from any part of tbe Union, nay
deny the truth ol tbis position, it be Hunks
proper, and may maiulaia bis denial, not
by indignation, not by passion ana lary,
but by eonnd and sobor reasoning from tba
laws of nations and tbe laws of war. If
my position can be answered and refuted,
I shall receive the refutation with pleasure.
I shall be glad to listen to reason, aside, aa
I say, from indignation aud passion. If,
by the force of reasoning, my ondcrstand
ing can be convinced, I here pledge myself
to recant what I have asserted. ! '
Let my position be answered 5 let me La
told let my constituents be told, let tbj
people of my state be told, (a state whose
soil toleratos not the foot of a slave,
that they are bound by the Constitution t
a lonir and toilsome march, under burning
summer sons aod a deadly aoathern dimfti
for tbe suppression of a servile was 5 that
ibey are boond to leave, their, bodies
to rot anon the sands of Carolina, to leave
their wives widows, and their children or
pbans ; that those who cannot march art)
bound to pour ont their treasures, ! whiU
their sons or brothers are peuiing (rat tbei
blood, to suppress a servile war, combined
with a civil or a foreign war; aud yet tnat
there exists no power (beyoud the limits of
the slave state, where sue Q war i raging,)
to emancipate the slaves. Let this be
proved, 1 say, I am open to conviction ,
bat till tbat conviction comes, 1 pat inctfin.
not as a dictate of feeling, but a a Milled
maxim of tbe laws of nations, thai ia suca
a case tbe military power supercedes .the.
civil power. - - - t '
Tba expedition into Virginia was admira
bly plauned and carried out.' The troops
moved at the vers hour Indicated by G?rf
Scott, aod took tba rebels cooip'e'v'y bI
surprise. ' Tb Invasion ocenred e such an,
early hour, Ibat several rebel officers tl
not jet riseuj aud were crtureJ. !.b ;r
.?,1,:i;i . v .1 . . 1
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