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1 11 , t v. Ji o - A TV TV flf , A W E I . TilPf.POS) A in,"':. m m am & ar mm mm w a a a a maam bt a a? a - ....... ' . . at a. w i . at at ..m & at 4 mm mm vaw m w m m m mmw . m. t 3 m mm mm m mm mm mjm mm m mm mm m m m m 1 ma m m mm m m w, w m mm m m u. . a ei 1 ar t I'm! . mmmmmm-- , m IBy James HFLeecl. VOLUME 1007487 ASHTABULA, 0., SATURDAY HOMING. NOVEMBER 30, 1861.: V independent m all tniners. 21 SO in. j.t3.-rixTiDcym ' -' 1 1 1-lJJ 1 liA! itearrrr-a ' WJI0LE NUMBER 023. TERMS OF atTBSCRIPTIOX. tiro DolUra par annum. If paid tilctl) in adtanc (1 10, ADVERTISING. One aqnare one week An Twe aquanr three noe. t 8n. V)n mptare three weeka 1 00 two equarea six moa. 8 00 On eiruare thre mm, fl AO two ittr one year It 00 One anuar alt mo. 4 00 font- an.ure Ana year 13 00 On equare ona year.. 0 00 half ftolumn on year HA 00 Bn.lnnaa Cgrda of not orar alt llnaa pet year t 00 Twelve llnaa or la of till aiaa letter make a iqiiare. ' Obituary Notice of mora than fir Una, noleatef general latereat,wll ba inaerted at tlia kmc rat aara JOB PRISTIKO, ef evary deaarlptlon attended to on call, In lb moat taatefut BUSINESS DIRECTORY. f? ARHXB81 BATIK OF ASHTABULA. OKHrJK HOI' Km From 9 A. M. to U M. and Krn I to I P. M. PR J. T. HUBBARD, ABht.ihiila.Q. 61 bit. M. KINOSI.KY. ifo.nrnpntliiM. Kinv Till, O. Ffarfna: had arral yoar'a einrlnp, h leclr h hn.lf cmptnt to gi aatlalactlnn to all who may faror him with eall. Offlce. Mln atraat. naarlr oppoJlto of XT '."i"""" '"i?-"nnio,aii,lc Mrllil Fan.lty rirland: Bra. On. 7,. Nohl, riiinder, N. Y.! t. K. Nnhl lann Yan, N. T.j II. B' Dule, Fond du Uc, Wl. 537 v. . , imfhai,ii. r nrsio " nnrt nripnn i"caiwj oppo.no John UanaDald-a Clothlna; Store, Main afreet, AhUbula, O. a 1 A. BARRKTT. Merhnnicnl nnd Pnrgicsl Dt-n Mat, aaannd flonr.Flak'a ninek, Aahtahnla, Ohio. 48 O. W. FOSTKR, Kcleclii7phrBioiBn nnd Sup- ajeon; Oenara, Ohio. " 4a Attorney a. SnKRMAN FARMF.R HALT,. Att opiifrs oiirwnnra at l.ar. Aahlahula Cnuntr. "hlo Laaiir P. Plivav.. Johk Q F.fmkr, , TuomB Hail ,' , .Aalitalm'l H if) T II .- A I tornpy and Oonn- Iloratl.aw AaVtabnla. Ohtii 4ip W B. CIIAPMAV, Attorney ui Lw Jnrtire of the Pc, Cnmmlwlnner of Deed for Michigan ail Iowa, imo thr doora eaat of the Tremoot llnuaa. On, ennt, n. M. It. lUKY, Altiirnt-y mul (.'omiKt-lur i law ' alhaumi to. ,..t . A naa.nma i.trukted liim will ba nioini 11 COOK. & PUA'IT, Ailoriifyti Hurt (liiiilsellrM at l.aar. Main Street, ni-er Morriaon" Store, Aahtahnla, . ciMiectioiua promptly aitemifd to. frtvunaga aolicliod. oud Hotel. ASHTABULA 1HLMS I'. B. Fuller, luie si the Je.lernon Huue, Proprietor, Aahtakuia, . SIU Tlili AM kitli AN li(iL'K, i in- i-i-p.n bna juat bien put In oilier, ai d 1 eh e. 1 .1 i,i, mi, an pleaxtnil.t lralei, ithtwil ncu.ii.iiimMloi.: fur maiiKiid bwl, a a ruu4 atnppiug plnce lor traveiera, or thimo I10111 the iuterW baviiiij ta.ma to tn, caml Inr while diirii.e a temporary abwuo by tue ltaiuoad. t. WiiWliV, Prouiie tor A'littmila on, ihttu 5;.y Fljili. lljUe)rC Anilliibuui, O. 10. (a . U I.K A ao, Prupriator. An Olnlllbu running to nnd from every traiu of sara. Alko, a good livery-atuhl kept in oonnection witn tliip uiiua. Ut rnuvey pahaeuireri- to nn ,uiut. 4a AMKU10AN JaffermMl, Ohio. IlUUtSli John Tbuuipsoii Jllrrchanta. HAr-KFIL 4 JCh. l'Miltre in Ij (Jond. flroiailea, I'mvlahna, ai,d llfady Made Clcthinjr. lrn, hi an kiiiuk ui nulla niMHI, Ann, I 'aa, IIICKOry l.umbrr, and Ftvur tlanel llonpa, llain trct. Avhlabula. J. W. IUkkill. 1) W H.iiiu. Si'KPIIKN HALL Dt-ult-r in Dry timid., hrnceriea. Hat and Capa. Laataanil Khoe Bndiuga, and gen eml Maiehalntin, 2 dora Mnulli ot the Hauk. 143 A. II kSTlTliY, Dinler in D I'npH, Meilicin s. Chemicala, Palnta, dla, Vamihea, Hruat ea, Dye Stuff,,, Choice Family liroreriea including Teaa. Coffee, &o. !'- tcut Medtcii.6. Pure Wlnea mid Liquor forIedicinaI pur p,,e. Phyaiclan'a prricriptiiinacaitffully and promptly at tabled u , 81, I'lihMX F & (rCKN.Get.prHl Deulers in l'roTllm., Produce, and ao forth. Halo atieet, Arlita buia, itlilo 47' n j J-H A ((II IN P. Dwilerp in Dry Go..d fJiiifnt-K 'incr.fr). Ili'otr dud Pl.t -c. Jlat8, i n., 4c.t &c. twotlooT N'frili nf FUk llnniit, AnhtiibulK, (. 41 J. P.' KUliKKTlSON, Dealer in Dry Goodh. ttroosrieN, HKrdwie. Crock fry, Providinnn, Rontu mid -?, od rrery othrr cltf nf Unnct UKtiaDv locked ft it in n Klrnt VAhh Country store. Cfnirt-tij and fn!r lalliv nrt- thr tndiicetuentfi o IF red fhrm bar nf public faror Malil -'l-!. AaahNlltl.M 0a, H. L MORRISON. Dealer in Dry Gondt fiinfrri-!, Bont and Bitrvra, 1 lata and Capn, llatdwar,. Cr.iekfry. Ronka, I'aintn. Oil, fcc JJogt lfflc RulMln' ar-Ml.U 4) GKUUUK WILLAKJ),Dealerin Dry (jooi.s GrooiieH, Hat, Capn. tioota and Shoe, Crckiy, (?Iam War, maaufacturftr of ready-mad Clnthinfr A1m, wlio attle and rUtUlAlrin IIardwarr,SadtllfrY,N'a11ii, Iron Ste!, )ruif and Mfldtclnen, I'siotd. Min. OvimtufTR. ke t Wuln Utrt?!, Ahtfib:ila W'KLLS 4 FAULK NKR. VInlnle and Katail Dealer in Wtem Reaerr nutter and Cheaae. dried Fruit and Flour, Aalitaltaula, Ohio. Ordera reapect tully Mtliciled.and tilled at the Loweal enahcoat. 470 j7G7VRIGIIT. Deaitr in Millinery Goode Worked Coitara and Sleerea, and Fauey (looda. Keitdooi to the Fiak Houaa 47' Watcbca, Jewelry, Vo. O. W. DICKINSON, Jeweler. Repairing ol alt kind of Watchea, Clorka, and Jewelry. Bhop, nppatte tlx Fik Uou.e, Ahtabula, O. S ClotUing. L.' "WOLFF & CO. Deuler in Reody-niiidf ClotbiDg and Gent'a FurnUMng (looda. Aahtabula. O. 644 BR1UIIAM & CO., Wholesale and retail dealer in Ready Mad Clothing, Furnishing Gooda, llaU, Capa, Ae. Aahtaliula. 410 Agents. H. FASSKTT. Aftciit for the Purchase. Stile. Rentiug of Real Krttiite, Inaura ee, Negotiating Loan. Col lection of Debta. Ae. Projierty eold tor Conimiaaion only, and nt aale no cliarge. A aale, direct or indirect, conatl tutaa a eouiuiiaiUon. alain atreat, Aaiitabula, nhio, Alao. Notary Public. 470 Manufacturer!. GEORGE WILLARD. MHmirMCturcr or Snsh. blind aud Doora, on hand and made to order. Alao, Plan ing. Matching, etc., done to order In the beat poaaible man ner, Aahtabula. . AOS GEORGE C. HUBBARD. Dealer in Hard ware, Iron, Steel and Naila, Btu.aa, Tin Plata, Mheet Irou, Copper and Zine, and manufacturer of Tin, zjbeet Iron and Copper Ware, Fiak'a Block, A.liUhula.UUo. 4;u T. M'GUIRK. Manulucturer of Tin, Copper and nbeat Iron Ware. Strict atmoiiiiti paid to makiugett Ing up aiii repairing Stovea, Siov-rip, Puni and iao Pie,Kve-rniuaba,Conduetora, eta. Oldlron, Kaga, Cofifar, Lead, etc., ale. take In Esuhang. Alao Si, la Agent for the"in-itml 6'iwft iwea," with the lataat iniprorenient. S doora Auutb ol the Fin Muuae Aahtabula, l. 4h R. TOWER &. SON, Machinists builders o HUtiou.ir aud Portable Steam Eufclnea. Saw, aud oUir Mill Work, and Jobbiug and Hatiairtiig don to order, abort notice, aad in a workman-like uauuer, aoutb Main at Aahtabula. 67Q Q U. C'ULLKY, Miaoufacturer of Lath, Siding Cheeae Bniea, Ac Planing and Matching and Scrowl Kawiug doue on the ahortaat natic. elbop boutb aid ot the Methudieiijhureh, Aabtahula.Ohlo. 4441 A. 8. ABBOTT, Lumber DitHsor, and Mauu acturar of and Dealer in Shingle. Lath, Fane Stuff, Ac. Ac Ptauiug, aud Circular Sawing done to ordar. Elm atreot near th eoroar of Canter atraat, AidilAbule. 4t JLMSTED & CROSBY, Iron Founder, and eaaauliusturar 4 Dealer tn Plowa, Plow Caatinga, Mill Caat iuga, (jo. Moat'WaLlpVi"tut of Foundry Work doue tonrdei Auatauura.iihto. ay SMITH t CARLISLE. Maiiulacinrers of Bala Up,er and llarnaaa Leather, and liealeretn Franeb Calf, and l.iuing Hktn. Cah paid for Hide and Sklne. a. W. Smith, Mg f, w. CAMi.iai.a. GEORGE HALL, Dealer in Piauo Kotus.and Mi lodeona, Piano stoola, Corera, Inati uton Bnoka,ete, bepotoBPerk etreet. Aabtabala. "a,i.arti.i,."i,l. 41 Books. M. G. DICK, Booksuller, tSutionsr and New Iealer. Alao, Dealer in Sbeet-Mualo, Toye. and CeneraJ Variety aooda, Uaiulit,Aabtanula,Obui, ai Furaltitre. LINUS SAVAGE, Furniture Dealur And Maa. 'ITrl ",m laJUi,..nl, ,wrlb ttale atmH, ae the atoeo rtr. ranioa A bail. aabfalmJa, it, . 4j DUCROft BROTflRRB, Manufacturers of Daalara In Pnrnltura of ha boat deaerlpttona, and every a riety. Ala general Undertaken, and manufacturer of Cnf Ona to ordar, Main atreet. North of Bouth Public Square Aahtabtla. I Liver Rlablcs H. P. k J. U. CULVKIt. have removed to the n Houae Stable, where thy orrr to th cltiiena of Ah tahula th u of tire) t qulpid l.lrart rlhl. In Aab tabula County, at prle that rang hut Jut abm-e titer IIt- lag rtannam. t ail ana itirWl MlaatlUMtoua. D. R. WILLIAMS. Whnlefnle dealer In .Strnw Onoda, Hal, Car". I'mbrellaa, Paraanla, lnj and 10? unwmnera ai., ano nv nr.- i ora. 8AM UKL II U M I II W ICY is now nflVrinp- Good nuUdlnf l,nl ehoapar than rr, and at prlra within lh raach or almnat arery one, na arartlamnt. t;u THLKGRAPI1 OFFIOKWpatern Union I rmord to the Prui Store of Handr? h Copaland, enrnar Main and (Vntar Sttwta, throe doora anuth of Flak Hnn J. M. AI.I.EN', Manaiar. 4(17 A. RAYMOND. Henlpr in Frnit and Orn. mntlTra,?hnihhry,fcc, PanAeld. llonroe County, tf, York. Ordar.aolleiK-d. KMORY LUCK. Dealer in Sweet Potato, and other FarV Planta and 7rUhla. AlacDaalarin Proaerred Fralta. Tomatoa.Ao. Eaat A tahnla, Ohio. W. R. ALLF.N. Book Binder Bonkn and Magailne bonnd In an? .tyl dralred. Blank book mad and rulad to ordr. JIYer.on, O. 470 WILLARD A RKKVEB. Dealer in Italian and Rutland Marble. Orat Ptonea. Monnnanta. Table Top, Ac, A.htabula. LIMK. I aliall gell Lime at the nnrhor tor ts ct perhujnel, 4K0 J. W. H!M TIME TABLE OF THE CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD raaraoger Tralna will run a fbllnwt : i. m kakt nnrivn waar AII AO N Ex aTATIONM N I- ACP. MAIL. a. at i.m. r. ai - - a at. A.ur. m. V.t 3. K.Oii fMereland, 7. " 10. AX 4.4J 10.07 Palne.rllle 0.10 ".10 0."T 11.12 6. IS . Madinen, , 7.41 A.W 5. 0 tlninnvilla, 7.2 11.84 A.Jt Genera. ' 22 -6 A. 44 . Xavbrook, '.I" 12 01 4, AN 11.08 Aahtaoula, 8 06 l.lVi 5.04 12. 1 n.ld Klniraelll, . 4.4li W. 33 8.il Conojpaut, 4.3'2 1.20 4 81 l.JH 18.43 Brie. g.aoa m. g.gu mt ' Train do not ttop atStatlona where the time la omitted I 1 the atnv taMea All through Tniini, rnlnr Weatward. connect at Cleveland, Hith Trains for TWaaX C'Aicao, Colttmliu, raaaitlt, And all throuirh Tialna aroint Kaatwatd, eonnectat Dunkirk with the Tr ill, of K. Y A K K K andat BntTilo, with thne of .V. Y Central, and ftuff.iln k N. Y.City Raliroada. fur Aa ror. MibtiHif, Hollo, Mapara t-attf, a-r., e. A. C. HUHHAKP, Station Agent. Ct.KrFi.Ajrn, Nne. 4 lust. More New Goods! 1'IIE U'lib r-itied has jut, returned from New Yirk with a Fiesli tWirk of MiTplniiidizn, Btnlii-acliiflT all tho Csual Yaiictiea kei-t tu hi aevoral Peitattuienta. which be oderl or 'CaKb for Keudy Pay" aa low iis any oilier dealer, here ore sewhere. Remember, for CASH or READY PAY. until after the War la over. Geo. WHiarit. Aahtabula, Nor. 14, 1801. Ludiit' Dirts Goods I'luin and figured Me rinos, plain and figured Coburgs, plain and Gg Di'Laines, etobroiJurad and printHd Reps, Pop . I ins . DeBuges, Vuluneiuii, black aud colored Silks, in grent variety. Prints and Gingham a large assortment, very cheap. W hite Goods of every drscription. . flannels, u great vuriety all wool. ShiiuUX splendid lot of all wool Long Shuwla. Also Brncha, long nnd fqnure cheap. floop Skirts, all styles and prices. Gloves and Hosiery A large stock, and very cheap. Sheetings Bleached and brown a full as sort ineiit heavy and fine. Cotton YurnA fine assortment ofall nam 'irrs Cheap for tho times. Cotton Balls, Wadding, Wicking and Twine. Cloths A full stock of Beaver and heavy Coatings. Broad Cloths, Ladies' Cloths, Cjissi neres, Sutinctis, Kentucky Jeans, Tweeds, Yeetings. ic. tc Clothing FbII Suits got up on sliort not'ee. All kindii of work mado to order, ('utting at all times. A full assortment of Tailor's Trim mings. 4c. Zfociff uno? iS'iofi a choice lot of the very best work made, not only good but cheap. Hats and Caps a general stock of both Men's and Boys. Crockery a fresh new stoek, just opened. G(i M'arta fine assortment, including a large slock of Coal Oil Lumps, which will com pule with any thing in the mm bet, in beauty or price. 2 000 other kinds of Dry Goods and Yankee Notions not enumerated in the foregoing, lobe found at the old popular stand of ed of gl Geo. Wll.LARD. Groceries. la Family Groceries we huve a large and very choice supply. Drugs and MedicinrsA. fresh supply ofall ihe leading and desirable articles of Drugs. Hardware and ISadlery.Tie Best and most Extensive assortment of Shelf and Heavy Hardware in the enmity. Paints, Oils, tj-e White Lead, Zino and Mineral Piiims, Kt-d Lend, Yelfbw Ochre, Ve netian Red, Paris Greeu, Chrome Green, and every description of artist Paints. Also Lin seed Oil, Turpeutine, Varnishes, &e. cheap. Iron, &tZ, ij-c a full aud complete assort ment. Nois 200 keps, assorted siges (.heap. Glass and Pvlfy The largest and must ueTierul assortment of .Window Glusa ever be fore brought into Ashtabula. Also, Putty Whiting. 4c. very cheup. Remember, if you have the Monev to pay for goods aud cant get the value of It, call av or or i to by ' . ,Gko. Willsbd's. Finally, if you have any kind of Produce to sell for Caah, or - Exchange for Goods, bring it to the old aud well tried stand of Ashtabula. Nor. 14. '61. . Q. Willard. WHO WILL BUY? The most desirable Iluusu an1 T.nt r,r tale in llii town. 1 will teU aheap. A,htabul.,F.b.87,t)l. - LEANDKa 8a uu HAL,.. I he- Uoin,.tead .if the aubacriber, eligibly aituated on rark street. In I'na nf tl.a L.....A ...i 1 To anr OnrwtVfcJ ABl "K'T"'1'1 !. ollared lotaal. dancefir brC'?,?u,W "i t.r.d r-i- proaiwroua drurchaa and win' , good aooiaty, lh. Seal of achoola tin acniivenient diaiaiie of toe Ur eowoaMog U,, nrou, ul': '"r. living oa toe LoawaiT Lt hl..4 ?' aub-u-ibar hibnle,.iulT 18 , . WAJUlUll.Lal. 50,000 oh.;LvLv, w-w-wu mm waee, ay fW S0( 1SJ. 6E0,.'wTr,4ip. very train uiakea a etoTi.i .V " Ko". " -ith.il rruud Tby aPoa. t?, V and rarlad producUve ? A','11!ir' S bU Ten,,, of navinant "i blth, Uiia. la Ui a not. I vae. ann wui ,(,.. , . of to The Countiesign. BY FRANE. G. WILLIAMS. Alus I tho wtary bourn ps slow, The night is rery dark and st ill. And in the marshes far below, I beup the bearded whip poor-will j I scarce con teu yard a!:ead. My cars are strained to catch each sound I hear the leares about me shed, A"d the springs babbling thro' the ground. Aloiijf the beaten paih I pace, Wl.. I.!.- . 1. . 1 uv.iv VTllllo IBCH IDHru JIT 81.111 I T S IrUvH In formless shrubs I seeein to trace . " " 1'tie foe man's form, with bendinj back j I think I see biro cronching low I stop and list I sloop and peer, Uutil the neighboring hillocks grow To groups of soldiers f,ir and near. With ready piece I wait ord watel), Until my eye, familiar grown, Detect each harmless earthen notch, And turn gncrillas into stone : And then amid the lonely gloom, Beneath the tall old chestnut trees, My silent marches I resume, And think of Other times than these. "Halt I Who goes there T My challenge cry, It rings along the watchful line ; "Rslief !" I hear a Toicc reply '"Advance, and give the countersign With bayonet at the charge I wait The corporal gives the mystic word ; With arms aport I charge my mate, Then onward pass, nnd all is well. But in the teat that night, awake, ' I ask, if in the frsy I fall, Can I the mystic answer mako When the angelic sentries call f ' ' Ar.d prny that Ileaveu may soordaio, Where'er I go, what fate be mire, Whether in pleasure or in pain, , t I sti ' m y hnvn the Countersign. ! ' ! 1 South Carolina Past and Present. BY HORACE GREELEY. The month of November, 18GI, is dis tilled l lie tDcmoi side in the h vo'y of the reut rebellion. The bntilc o' Belmoiri, M01 gioiious to the national cau-e. in its inhibition of the signal valor and ifliciciicy nftvcn its least experienced defoudurs the replrtcemcnt of Frcmoiii by Hunter and ill Minutely by llullcck, in the depurtmcn' nf tho West the triumph ol Nelson in Eastern . Kentucky tho capture of the confederate plenipotentiaries Slidoll nndMn son, on their wny to Europe, after they bad fancied all danger of it happily pushed have severally contributed to intensify the u i crest with which each day's budget of war news is awaited and devoured. Un iloubteoly, the generul impression made on the public miuit by the current of onr advi ces eince the opening of this month has been fiivotahlc to an early and decisire suppres sion oi i ne siaveiioiuing treason. Uut no ihei occurrence since the coaiiuenciueitt of the struggle has diffu-cd such solid ond hearty saii.-fuction throughout the loyal states us the reduction of the rebel batte ries at ibe entrance of Port 11 yul and the unopposed debarkation of 15.000 loyal troops on the ground thus triumphantly clouted Or i cutis, with their firm establish ment on i he soil of South Carolina. Even the traitors di-cem nnd confess tho fitness the movement thus hipnily inutiirurutcd ..I i. n .,..i i .. . .. . ' u.i ,. u, i, yrjjiu tin; ir, says tue Charleston Mercury, "and it is fit that she should end it," .Yes, she d)'d begiu it, by uoujuuiuuig aereuiy isouiea Unionists In a lorn-ess built at great expense by ihecoun try for Lt r protection so lotiur as she remain loyal ; and H was eminently fit, tuut a onfiiuurumeiit or ner stronir ho ds bv a an ion fleet should be the next incident she wus called to. witness of the wur she hud so itiklessly innugurated. The concentric fiie devoted Sumter, of the many batteries which iiiki, prior io too outbieuk of hosiil- hits, been advunced almost to is wull maiined by at loa.st one hundred times the force by whieb it wus deleudcd. was foirlv and fiily avenged by the grand proces-imi national vessels which swept majestically punt F"i t Beauregard and Walker in liei v splen ior, vomiting shells into thoae nests of itbellioii until the surviving inmates ware id toeeek safety in precipitate flijjut. In this fact is no finpeachmeut of their couruge ci-ndnci. Tlio rebela fought gullamly and braved deuUt unflinchiiiily until they became satisfied that they could not sue teed that they wero squandering their lives to uo puipose when they broke for the woods, ana the boats that were to speed, them to safety, at Charleston Savannah. Tbore wa leave them to luiuiiiate on the chances of war and devise he ways and means of exterminating the Yankee "mud-sills," who have d,red not only to meet them by their own hearths, but to vsnquisb them there, while we strive rend the luture of the Palmetto domiuion the light of bcr past. South Caroliua bus for generations been the makeweight of a sluveholding oligarchy. She wss about iqually divided in the Ilev ulution betweeu whigs aud torics, and ren dered oo effective aid to the Americuu cbum). ller authorities ond leading citi zens offered, in 'times that tried men's souls,' that their slate should maintain a strict neutrality during the residua of the coutest, but the British .commander would not con sent. It is doubted whether such neutral ity would huto more relieved or embarrass ed the hard pressed cause of American lib erty. Her patriots frankly confessed that her slavery fettered anderippled her so that she could render no efficient support to Ibe Continental cause. Probably the noblest them all was. Ueury Laurens, who re turned from England at the close ot in 4 take part iu.tha struggle, was linmedi utt ly chosen to and made president of her council of safety, cleuUd to congress in ',8, aud chosen its president, appointed minis.' er lo Holland in '79, but captured on the passage by Ilia British .and closely impris. oued ui the Tower of . Loudon, thence re leased near the close of ibe struggle and at once sent . by , congress to Paris, whra he was associated with fraoklm sui Jay in negotiating tba preliminaries of peace.. The great and good mm, wntiug just after tba declaration of independence, to b! son then, remaining Io .England, racqgoiiiej elearlj tbtV tb troia rbnj (noartetJ i ..-.l or the 'o less is the of it of tbu as by ber of Col iu the da bad for it?, oljncl and only justification. 'iIih right of human nature,' and with, wise and noble eonvUtcncy, 8nld : 1 "Yon inow my dear son. I abhor Sid re ry. I wt,g bord in a country where it had twn esianiuhen by Urjiisb kinjr4 and por liaments, a will as by the laws of that coun try ages 'before my existence. I found Hie Christian religion ami slavery growing iinder the snme authority and cnltiTitfon I neTcrtleless disliked It. In former days, there was no combating the prejudices of men snpjorted by iinere-a ; the day I hopn I.. , . ' i' 'ioii"iiina: wnen. irom rri,.,.; r ....... nuue as well as justice, every man will strive lo be foiumost in showing his readiness to comply with the golden lule. Not lesi than twenty-thonsaiul pounds sterling would all my negroes produce if sold at public, 0UQ. I t a L ....I 1 " .. tion to-morrow. I am not the man who ensluved them tbey are Indebted to En glishmen for that favor : nevertheless. I am devising means for manumit ting many of oi tut m, ana for cnttingoffihe entail of slave ty. ret powers oppose me the laws and customs or my country, my own and the ava ein rt . . af, .., "j countrymen. WJial win my ceildren say if 1 deprive them of so much estate f lhese are difficulties, but not in superable. 1 will J0 as much as J can in my time and leave the rest to a better nana. " I am not one of those who arrogate the peculiar care of Provideuco in each fortun nate event, nor one of those who dure trust in Providence for defense ami anoueiiw r of their own liberty while they enslave, and nisn to L-ouiinuo in slavery thousands who urc as Will entll ed to freedom a tho.. elves. I perceive the work bnf.irr. mo u grcnt. 1 shall appear to many as a promo ter not only or tMmuge but dangerous doc trines t it will lbcrefore.be necessarv to i'""-lvu cuunon. Xou are apparent-' deeply Interested in this 8tT,.ir, but as 1 hive no tloulits d approbation, I most sinccrelv wish for your advice nnd assistance, and hone in ra. C;ive both in good time Such sentiments were mmnnl. ,i r.... t'Xprcsd by the wbiBs even of S. Caro lina in thosn heroic days alas that tbo should jiave finally censed to be very soon thereafter Had they been cherished and dilTiised, and their amte thus led to follow ha example of Pennsylvania. New York, e.te. in abolishing slavery utterly nnd forev er, this ennntry would have been immensely more populous and powerful, more virtuous, more intelligent, more wealthy, more Imp- I.i. O L t-l, .... py inuii ii is ; douhi uaroiinn mignl nave Imd ere this a population of t le;jst 1,000, 000,' whereof fully 100,000 would have made her comraerci .1 cup'ial the rival aud counterpoise of Boston, diffusing literature, science aud the useful arts or their products throughout nn extensive region southward and westward. " Bat' South Carolina, hav ing emerged from the perils of the revolu tion, forgot "the rights of human nature," and gave her whole soul to slavery, Publics and the growing of rice and cotton. As a tesiilt, she bus ua ognrccate population ol some COO 000 half of them sluves and, though half her soil has never yet been o peued to cultivation, she has been steadily sinking in relative importance for sixty year-. Charleston which formerly import ed good for New York has now less pop ulation, nua lur less business than Albany Buffalo, and hns rather fullen off in num bers since 1850. Lack of enterprise, un thrift, itu Jieicricy, systematic migration to Iresher soil, the pressure of debt end the prevalenca of bankruptcy, were manifest ihroughout her borders before she intctsifi ed every woe by plunging the country into this atrocious civil war. It is not too much (o say that, hud there been no South Carolina, there would have been no secession. She Ims been a malcon te it and a disturber for a generation. How ever come to adopt the Federal Con stitution, would be a hopeless puzzle, if we did not bear in mind ber modern dnjrma of iutrin-io Tightness and benficience of faluvery tvas unknown to her ciiiZ'.-us prior the indention of the Cot ton-Gin. Hor Revolutionary patriots, ibough few, were, aierliin ; und their influence, combined with that exerted by the nune of tho yet living Washington, carried her safxly through ibe struggle, for "a more perfect Uuion" with d.ffieuliy than was experienced in Vir- gliita, in ISew Xoik or even in Massachu setts. Patrick, father of John C Calhoun. remembered mainly as having opposed Federal Constitution with all bitterness misguided zeal ; but the current ot Revo lutionary patriotism was not then to-bo re sisted. For more than thirty years, or even since became mor-illy certain that the greatest her pei verse statesman could never be choseu President of the whole President of Uuion, South Carolina bus been always at heart aud often in act d sloyal. For a lime, White of her Mountain region, where, iu Western Maryland, comparatively few slaves are held, stood cp and breusted the cinreot; but at length they grew weary of exclusion from office at the hands of tbe oligxrehes of the most powerful low country, gave way. -In 1828, public meetings audUiflicial manifestoes threatened Disunion unless the Tariff were adjusted more to ber mind,. In 1833 though the Tariff bad uieugiiiue been rendered ranch lass objec tionable to her She attempted to nulify, cqusiiiutionul ordinance, an act of Con gress, and thus brought herself into direct collision wiih the Federal Government. The fjrmiiess and. energy of Presideut Jack sou deleaicd that effort, and she subsided into Comparative quiet till 1813-4, when whole soul was thrown into tbe con spiracy which in due time accomplished tbe annexation jf Texas. Had she been balked ber aim, she wpuld probably have tuade that defeat au excuse for a new tffort at dismembering the Uuion, such as she dtd make ii 1850, because of the admiseion of C.liforaia as a Freo State, when she was again biiffldd by tbe refusel of the other loo (Siatei to embark with ber jo the despeiaia , veuiure. .In 1858, she stood ready to secede and resist had Fremont been chosen President , Iu 1860, tbe di vided and broke op tba JVmocraiio party order to obtain a pretext for rabelliuu iu eleouoa of Lincoln. .Having so , far eucoeedud, she dura not aaii the co-opera,-tiop even of ber sister Slave StaMsa, .but rmied out of tba Uuiou, so far. as she could so, tjalcolatiug (to 8urely .that .tha oth er Cottai) States . coild no taoH nee ber thus exposed and Inmeriled for slavery sake, but must riisb to ber assistance an rescue. Hence we are as wo are. Rboul tbe humbling of her oligarchy and the lib era lion, of her cultivators from a bitter bon. dago be among the results of this conflict lew win hesitate taste in that issue a fresh proof that tbe crimes of Man are made It; suoscrve tnc Justice oud beneficence, ol lion. . BY HORACE GREELEY. VALLEY FORGE. A LEGEND OF THE REVOLUTION Hidden awnj there in it deep glen, not tunny nines rrotn alley Forge, quaint old farm-house rose darkly over a wide waste of snow. It was: a cold,'du,rk winter, night and tbe er.uw uegan to tan, truile from the broad re place of the old farm-bouse the cheerful ot massive logs flashed round n wide a SllUcioila rrw,. ... vuur and child The father, who sits yonder with a sold er's belt thrown over his farmer' dress Is a man of some fifty years, bis eyes bloodshot, bis face wrinkled and bolloV care Car?' b7 distiPatio,, "ore than If mDV!k da2hter. "ft' n (he full light Of the blaze, onnoaita ho r...i, . slender formed girl of some seventeen rears clad in a coarse linser akin .n.t t....i..- . . . . -j ""u Avieniei, wnictj mnda up the customo of . t durighrerln the dsysof tho Revolutfou. ouo was not oeuQiirul ah, no 1 i - Care perhaos that d iaease.conanmnit.Mi which makes iab heart irrow cold to has been busy with that young face, sharp ened its oui lines, and 'stamped it with a deathly paleness. -: ' .'--u i n-i. . there is no bloom oo , that yoaajr wo- mau. ihe browo hair is luid-nUinlv -ilu i.ie.paie orow, ilien lell.tng what It is you see' when roti gaje iutoher face. -i : , Yoo look at that young girl, nnd see nothing but the gloom of two large eyes, j thai Ourn into your soul. " j ics, those eyes are unnatnrully largf, and dark uud bright ; perhaps consumption is' feeding them. ' - - . . I .i . ' . . .... And nov then, as the father sits there so moody and sullen, or the daughter sits tbere so sad. amt s,ielll Ulld pule lul r j the story of their lives; V ' ! Thai man. JjenW M,..ut ! (ul , ' suuoim, was a peace- boppy man before the Revo .ui,,., Since t lie war has be12un.hai.au !......' drunken nud idle j drivim? his wife, broken-1 hearted . to tho grave : and worse than all joinca a gang of tory icforrces. who scour . I. I 1 ' . . . . - o ' ,uuo Bt tueuead of night, burmnre and ruurucruig os tney go..;. ,., j ,: To night at the hour of two, this . tory baud will lie io wait at a neighboring pass, to uttuck and murder Washington, whose starving soldiers are yonder in their haunts, at Valley Forge.' Washington, in his lonely Journeying, is wont to pass this farm-house ; tbe cut. throats are in tha next, chamber, drinking and feasting as they wail for two o'clock at night.'' - ...! . s And the daughter, Mary for her name was Mary they foved tout name in tbe good old times what is the story of ber life? ,.. , , She bad been roared by the raotlior now dead, and taught to revere this man Wash ington, wbo will to-night be attacked and murdered to revere bim next to God. Nay, more, that mother, ou her death bed joined ber daughter's hand to a partisan leader, Harry William., who now shares tbe ci nst and cold at Valley Forgo. - Well might the maiden's eye flisb with unnatural br ghtness weir may her pale face gather a single burning flash Id the center or et.cu cheek. ' - '; For, yesterday afternoon, she went four mi'ev over ice and snow, to teU Cpt. Williams of Ihe plot of the refugees. She did not reach Valley Forgo until Wash ington bad left on one of bis journeys ; so iliis night at 12 o'clock, the partisan com pany occupied the rocks above the neighboring pass to trap the followers of Utf.Hgo Washington. : Yes, that pale and slender girl, remeoi nering tho words of her dying mother, had broken through ber obedience to her fath er, after a long and bitter struggle in laithful daughter' ' heart t ' fetio - had betrayed bis plot to tho euemics, stipulat ing first for tbo life aud safety of her father. ... Aud now, as the father and child are filling there, the shouts of the tory refu gees echo from the next chamber, as tliw hands of the old clock is on tho hour of 11. Hark ! there is n sound of horse's hoofs vritbiu the farm-yard, there is a pause ; the door opens and a tall figure wrapped iu a thick clout, white with snow, enters, ad vances to the fire, and in brief words solicits some refreshmouts aud au hour's repose. ' Why does tbe tory M tubeim start aghast at tbe sight of tbe stranger's blue aud gold uuiform. Then mumbling to his daughter about getting some food for ibe traveler, be rush ed wildly into the next room where his brother torics were feas'ing. Tell me, why docs that young girl staud trembling before the tall stranger, veiling ber eyes from thai calm face, with Us bluos eyes aud: kind smile ? , , , ' . . . . , , Ah ! if we may believe the legends of that lime, few men, few warriors, wbo dared the terrors of battle with a -smile, could stand unabashed before tbo solemn presence of Washington. For it was Wash ington, exhausted with a Jung journey, his limbs sliffeued and his face benumbed with cold, who returning to the camp Sooner than bis usual -hour, was fotced by tba storm to las ratiigs iu tbe farmer a, boose, anq claim a jiUle, food and an bout's re pose at his bauds, In a few momeuts, be hold this stranger, with his cloak thrown off, sittiug at that oaken table, eating tbe food spruad out there by tbe girl, wbostauds trembling by bis aide, . ' And look 1 her hand is extended f to warn him of his danger, but she makes no sound. , Why ail this silent agony for the man woo bus bo mun; there T j ; :. '.'- - ; ' One moraoiit ago, as tbe girl lo preparing the haBty supper, opened yonder closet d joiuing next room. sue beard the low wbis per of her father ' and -the toriea.' She beard tba diss-box raitls as they werf eaai. lug lots wbo bould ib .Washington Ja bl sleep- ' V. - ' 1 -o..,6 a k i , a iu . , ry, a And now th- words, -JJewaro Ton ! night yoii dia l' tremMtno. h.it t. pnn her lip, when ber father comes basti- iook ftnd lusk" her w,,h a f hn!l0W ihi K8nnn"K his room, IMsry, , tf Tly polite -bnrdfnr can ba M hat chainlK-, at the head of tbe stairs oa Ihe lelt.you i V Jr.lkK, lbt "!,t 'ambling and pale. She leads the soldir. ... t.i J 1 1 stnlra. Iliey stand at ti.i.. t: . .L. .i 11..V . "uuiuir, in tue ring of tbe farm hous il room, divided by thick w.ll. fr0(n the main body of the mau.ion. Ou one side the right, is the doorofMarv' chamber! on toe other, the left, was it. of tbe soldier, to him tha .!,. - - .uuia.i J I eath. . - . . . For a moment Mary stands there, tremb- ing and confused. ...... u.-,cU,. ii neuiiiirijon KnZPI lin. tvashington gnzes.up. ou that pale irirl with a look of mmZ Look I she is about to warn bim of his flan..,. (M.h,... m.. .1 . a L m .. uauci, aircu mere j ner iatners rongn race appears alwve the head of the stairs. ; : Mary, show the gentleman into that room on tue left. Aud look re srirl. its getting late, and you hud better go into uur loom ana go to sleeo. ttM.-r -i . . a . iuie me lory watcUes Trora b bead the stairs. Washington onrra th of chamber ou the left ; Mary the one on the g"K ' - An hour p asses. Still tbe'slorm heats on the roof still the snow drifts in the hills. ielore the fire, in tbe dim old bnll of tbe farm house, are seven drunken men, with thai t . . .oi. wry, oaeoo Mauheim, sitting in betr midst the murderer's luife in his hand j fof ,ho lot baa (alien on him.- ne is io go up aud Rtob tbe aleeping man ; cvoii t ne i oair arnnkeo murderer tnrns pale at the tboujrht j how tha tnif blesin his guilty baud trembles agaiust the pistol baud ; the jeers of his comrades arouse bim to tbe work ; the light is in one hand, the knife in the other ; he goes up starirs he listens, first at the door tif his daughter's room ou the right, and then at ihe door of the aoldiurs's on the left.. All is still. Then he places the light or the floor ; he enters the chamber on the left ; be is gone a moment. Sileuce I there is a faint groau. He comet forth again rushes dowu stairs, and sinds before the fire with the bloody kuii'e in his huud. 'Look I' he ftluieks, as he scatters the red drops over his comrads. aud over the .",iu!? lLe fire- -l is tbe trai- Bsn,"Kl. .. "'mi' g.-hcr around .hira with yells of joy ; already, in fancy, they count ill be thei.. for this deed; ir door opens, and there and. George Washington. uc yiu nurcii win when It I. tb stair " " "uru, siioiji Ueorire ..Linn n. i. . I. .- , . uill,..l .. 1 . ' niMnir ir oia uoraa l . t What I' shrieked tbe lory Manheim, can neither steel nor bullets harm you ? Are you living man ? Is there no wound io . your uuiform ? . The apparation drives him mod. He starts forward ; be places his hand tremblingly opon tbe arms nnd breast of Washington. He then looks at the bloody knife, clasped in his right band, stands there quivering in tbe death spasm. While Washington looks oo in silent won der, the door is thrown open the bold troopers from -Valley Forge throng the room with the gallant and bror-zed visae Cipt. Williams in their midst. " At jhis momeut the old clock iu the room struck )2 Then a honid thought rui&hed throtrga ihe brain of the tory, Manheim. He seizes the light rushes to the roouTof hi daught- t "u oe rigui. ooiue one bad just risen from the Led Ihe chamber was racoat theu towards the chamber on tbe left, with steps of leaden ' heaviness. Lo 1 now the mis quivers iu bis " oaud.v He pauses at tha door-ho Ji-tjus-his,bJood curdles ia bis veius.i; Gathering couruge, he paghesopen ho door went towards tho bed, through whose curtains lie had struck so blindly a moment ago. ' Again he pauses not a ound ; s, illness more terrible than tbe grave. He fl ngs aside the curtains. , There, in the full .light ol the lamp, her form but half covered, -bathed iu her own blood there lay his daughter Mjry. And do not look opon the face of ber father, as he starts Silently back, frozi'ii stone; but In his pause of boiror, listen ro the mystery of tho deed. ; ; After ibe father bad gone down stairs an hour, ago, Mary .siliyrtly stole from the chamber on the right, her soul shaken from thousand fears. . She opened the do.' on left, and beheld Washington sitting t table. She thought her existence waa the act, she asked him, In a tone of calm politeness, jto enter ibe room oa the right. Mary entered the chamlver on the left. ; Cau yon imagine the agony of - th it girl's soul as Ijing on the bed intended as the death couch of Washington, she silent ly awaited the knife, although that knife might be clenched in a father's hand ! And now that father frozen to atone. s'ooo mere noidintr tue intnt tn one baud, the other 61 ill - clenching tbe ted knire. ' . -. - There lay his child, the blood straaaiing from that wound ia her arm, ber eyes cov ered with a glassy film. ' "Mary Pehriekcd the gatlrr father for robber and tory as he was, be called lo her, but thut was all be eoofd say.' ! 1 Suddenly sbeseemed to wake from that stupor. She sal up. The strong band of dtstuh was nion ber. As she sat there erect, the roota was tkronged with soldiers. Her lover rashed for aid, and called ber by riome.,,No answer. Called , again r spoke o ler In that familiar voico of olden time ; still do answer. , She , knew bim no'.. Yes, it waa true tbe strong band of death was upon bor. , He has escaped f she sail with a husky voice, i.i "Yc J" shrieked the father. Live. Ma only live, aud to morrow I will joia tha camp at Valley forge Tueu that girl ibe hero womatv -dying tbe was, not so avtch .fronj the wound. iajaVy her arm aa from tbe agoay which bad b0- ( ken Ur last chord of life, epead forth i I arms aa il she beheld, a form .floating above : the bad, btokouing ber away "Mother V she whimpered, while 4hero grouped the soldiersinure, witbspeaohlesa aaetnv am but brow, stood toe lover in ora. feldloj 111 face, with one: band, ,wtul tie al ' otoer graipca tn .Igor, crouchd the fain, er tbe light flashing orer ber dark je4 with ihe form In tbe center. "Mother thank God ? For with my life I have sat' ed him t ' - ' ':' - - '. i. Look I even as ttartino; oa that bfootfy couch there,, sbe speaks .that, half-formed word, her arms stiffen, her eyes wida open set In death, glare la her fatbei'a f8Ca.' "- . ... j- . . ' .. t. Sire Is dead. ' From tbe room her nfrit has gout. , - v' .. : ,? , j That bau-formed word, still onlverlno' ra the white lips of the heroie women that word ottered In a husky whiper, choked by tbetieetb-rattto; that word was Wa!-h Port Royal—Its Early History. The regioo around Port Royal Entrance I 7 . . . . Bna sl'nd "as a strange, eventful and to- mntlc history. It was the first settled hui o" me coasi of iNortn America. How interesting, In view of our expedition to read the story of another expedition te Ihe' same locality jnst 300 yesrsago. Tbe first colony was sent out by Admiral Coligni, a, zealous Protestant, and then one of tbe Ministers, of the Crovfn. who at the" 'timV of the war between the Frtnh Protestants' and Catholics obtained permission of Charira IX to jilant a colooly , of Prates aats la Florida a name then epplied also to a great part of tbe Southern coast. Com mand of two vessels was accordingly given to Jeon Ribault, "a man . expert-In tea' causes," and io tbe spring of 1562 be laorVt ed on the Florida coast. Sailine north-1 ward, he discovered several .' rivers.. one of which, "from tbe fairness and' largeness ' .of Us. " - harbor," he called lha Port "Rovel ". River. -Thi. ,i oMs chronicler Laodouiere, who accompenined . the expedition, describes ihe scene in glow ing colors. Splendid forests, shores festoon" ed with rich t-rape clusters, birds of brilliant' plumage, stags and deer in tbe luxuriant' savannahs. - As tbe camnlaoder cast Ijiat eyes across tbe water of -tbe beautiful river, before bim, says Luadoniere, and measured thn breadth of its month end the depth of its sounding, he persuaded himself that iLe orgosis of Venice could ride opon its bosom. Accordingly upon tbe island it few miles up Port Royal River he erected. It is said. on the vetyspot where the town of Bean-' fort now stands, a piller with the arms of t rsnce, and a rew days after built a fort, which in honor, of his kiner. Charles IX. be called Charles Fort Arx Cu,rolia--trom' which circumstances the couutry took the' ' tm 1 . e. . . nameoi uarouna. luoauit reminded toat K''8! 8 lh,lhe,7e,re n.f ccnp.oU of, cnntry. filled -tb every , good! r ".V' V w"o be bouored.not for his birth or fortune but on account of his own personal achievements".: leoann by the -way. adlr netrlected bv the aftar. eettlers cf Carolina. Tbns it wss on that very same spot that, for tbe first, time. 800" years -ago, on the North' American coae,1 tbe flag of a civilized colony might be seen ; by tbe approaching mariner, i Bat this first French colonly did not flourish, and after sending off another to tbe same locality, tba' French in 1867, gave np all idea of making? settlements. It at almost a cent cry af- ter this before the English betraa to colon. ize around Port Royal. iV. Y, Times. " Masox amd Sudeu. These ex senators and emissaries of secession, are personally so obnoxious to all loyal people, that the neugiM at metr capture is tutense. Slidell is doubtless one of tbe worst mea connect ed with tbe rebellion. He is not oolv a deeo schemer, but is totally devoid of bonestv. s a uiju nnu a, politician, iiis personal, character for thirty years has been sncb as' would not boar an Inve tgatioui, and To.' political affair, he is well known ia Louts-' iaoa as a manager of frwd. , Hi co edju ter Mason, is a haughty, aud in many r spects a disugrecab'e man, and has been rrom the very outset," strongly in ' favor of the rebellion 4 using aH the Infttience ia: Virginia to carry its people into the ioinr reetiou against tbe ggvernment. -, Of coarse, when he has the bnmrr, he can beqnito. gentlemanly, Slidell has been in the plot;1 to break down the .government, fur year, and nsed-Mr. Buchanan as bis tool while' he wss presideut ." though It Is but fair to ! Mr; Buchanan to say that be may have' Ireen unaware of the designs of the knaves'' who made the presidential mansion, their' shelter and borne while tbey were planning1 mo rcoeuion. ' - - Port Royal—Its Early History. A Dog-ged Editor. . The Local of the Des Moina (Iowa) Rtqisltr thqs delivers himself in regard to "that Dog"; -' We are not io the baibit of using strong terms. ' In fact we are celobrated for tbo general moderation of our language ; but hore in this hallowed place, with our let hand clutching at our whiskers and our right haud guiding this steel pen over the rough surface of ..this paper, we aolerjiij de clare by memory of past terrors and by tbo! bones of dead ancestors, that a certain dog which emerges from a log boose On '.be East side, and which has twice threatened ee with sharp daws and sharper teeth, will be deader than Julias Cscsar in less than a week uuless his master has sense enough to have the brute confined. If tbe City JJarshal ould study his official duty as thoroughly be does politic, be lives of a fw infernV curs might be abridged. If in the exer cise of this duty, be should happen to kill lha master of a mean dog instead of .tho dog himself, the mourning would be cocfla, ed . to the family of the deceased. Wa wouldui whimper a minute; . ;' ) ; 1 jf tJufofL,, tm .. . j ,f j, - i - r" " r- '"'; j ' u ; -. s ,-tarlf the t'Confeds'' wni l wk, Of shout fiy-thoasaus live . rbbmaa in . the. KA-Soina men who kaow that tbty era great, are so very haughty withal, end bsufa ferable, that their acquaintances diseove tbalr greatness only by toe tax or Duminiy, which thy are oougaa io pay as toa prion of their friendship. Such characters are a tiertome aad dismasting 0 l journey or Life, a 'ngg'd roada, are to the weary trata, ler. wb'ab Jbe. discover to be , turop'Ui, North, every mail .of wbow in ill bo baa ro worthy of the tllant. alxty-eintb, lea them bang OoL Coruoran. It will ba il Si eostliast basfinf the (COttQlrtils j?ec edia. til icJ .