-a-....,., j 4 i
) 7. i i) .. ,
ibfL iL , Ji Jio
IiacleiDonclGiit in nil . tilings.
31 OO in. VcL-vct,xioo
TT -: A-
VOLUME XII. NO.' 4 1
ASHTABULA, 0., SATURDAY HOMING,
JANUARY 25, 1862.'
WHOLE NUMBER GDI.
VERHI OF BUBSCIUPTIOX.
Tw flollara pet annum. If ') I" advene el M.
On aqnar on week
One sniisr three weeks 1
One mM three " J
n VMn nil
On enuare one year. "
I Two rna a these mos. 1 IVi
two anna a nix mna. s rru
two ,(: n Tr
fner mth one yeer
half eolutn an year
Boalness Cards af t oret l Unes pr year
Twelve llnae or 1M of thti Kin latter nek a tqnar.
Oblteary Xotlee of more then r linen, nlm of fenerrd
lntarst,will Im Inserted at the same rat asvs
f rory description atUnded to on call, la the Biost tasteful
FARMEJIS' BAHK inTABttA.
f ru;u hoik
fnm A. M. to 1 M. aod From 1 to S P. H,
DR. J. G. HUBBARD, Ashtaboln, O.
DR. M. KINGSLEY.
tIIIo. O. Harlnc bad rl raar-i eiiwrionoa, M ren
fclmmilf aomri-lonl to ttn tUacti
4ion to all who nrty favor
him with a onll
OWca. klaia atmt. naarlv opimaito of
rwfrrn.a Homeopathic Wcnicnl McillTy
KnWo. Dnodr N. Y.I O. K. NnMo.
Pnn Van. N. r
n. b- !, rot do ijc, wt. '.fu7
O. P. M'lWNALD, rhTsician ml Kurjreon
Incatod oppo.Hn ioha lUnffitliTi Clethtilk Stora, Main
treat, Alitalnila, O. t'i
A. BARIU'71T, Mechniciil and Surgical Den
tlat, rnni anoriFtuk'a Blnek, Ahtabola, Ohio, - 48
O. W. rOSTKR, Eclcctlo rbyslclan and Sur.
(eon, Genara, Ohits 448
8IIERMAN FARMER ft HAM Attorneys
fnotiwllnrr at Law, inhtaoala CoitrtJ-, Ohio.
J.aiiax R. flnKRNaH, ............... . Ahttabola.
Jonx Q. Farkkr,
TnMUnaa HaU, ..... . ..flonar. -
CHARLES BOOTH, Attornej and
twHoT ftt I,tw, Apbtabnia, 0i!.
W. B. CHAPMAN, Attorney at Law
JaaUot of the Peace, CominlaaloneT of Peeda ar kkWIamji
ad Iowa. OfiVaa Uua dears aaet of Lb IraaaMt Boos.
M. B. OARY, AUoruey and Coaowlorat law
Oenera, O. All box. acne utraated Un win be pranrpth
COOiC ft PRATT, Attorneys and Counsellors
at Law, Main Street, over Moteoo'a Hlore, Aahtnh'ila, ).
-ileUautioae promptljr attended to. fatrouaga eoliclted. 004
ASHTABULA HOUSE T. 8. Foller,
I the Jeflenroej iloaaa, Proprietor, Aabtabala, O.
THE AMEK1UAN HOUiiK, at tlie Depot
haa hiat been nut tn order, and betnff conTpiiltntly an
p1eaian11r aititated, with good ncoonimodnilons for man and
beaat, la a good atopplng place fur trnTeiera, or thofle from
the interior barlnfr tearna to be eared for while during
temperarr ahetnee br the K tiUoad. 8. MOW11Y, Proprie
tor. Axhtalmla, .Inlr, lano. 6(3
FISK HOUSE Ashtnbnla, O. E. O. Gi.ba-
aoif, Proprietor. An Omnibua running to and from every
train of earn. Also, a good iirery-at&bie kept in oeunecthn
II0UBE John ThompBon
II ASKELL ft EON. Dealera In Dry Goods
Groceries. PravUfona. and Beadr Uaae Uothina. Alao
. JJeaierainall kioda of Whit Wood. Aab, Oak. Ilickor.
Lumber, and floor Banal iioopa, slain atreot, Aahlabula.
i. W. HAaai.k Ola 1)W U-wsll.
iSTEPHEN U ALL Dealer in Dry Goods.
Groceries. Hata and Can. Ijiataand Hhoe Boduuta. and (en-
cm aterenanmie, floors aoiun 01 ins nana.
A.' IIENDRY, Dealer ia Drags, Medicinos,
Chemtcala, Paints, Oila, Vamivhea, Broaliea, Dra Stnffa, fto.
Choice Famllr Groceries, ineluding Teas, Coileea, lev Par
tsnt sterlicina. Pure Wines and Liqoore for Metlieinsl par
Boeee. Pnriiciajn's arcserlp-ons carefully and promptly at
tended to. 014
PRENTICE & OSBORN, General Dealers
- fnoiMini Pinrhiri. and so forth, Ilala itreet, Aahtar
tula, Ohio. avt
TYLER A COLLINS, Dealers in Dry Good,
nur-. Onckerr. Bonta and Wiia, llata, Cai r.kc. at
tdooryortkyft uik llunse.AshUbuls, 0. i
J. r. ROBERTSON, Dealer in Dry Gooda,
Groeariea, Hardwar. Crockery, Proviaiona, Boots and
Hhoeaj, and every other elaae of Goods aaually looked
in a First Claoa "Country Store. Conrteey and fair donllng
are the indueementa offered for anare ol publir lavor
Main street, AahUbula Ohio.
II. L. MORRISON. Dealer in Dry Good
Groceries, Boote and Shoes, Hata and Caps, Hardware
Crockery, Boohs, I'aluta, Oila, tt; Aahtabula, O. 419
GEORGE W1LLARD, Dealer in Dry Goods
aroecrios, Hate, Capa, Boota and Bhoea, Crockery, Glanr
M ,n.....r.t1rr .,r pfuivmiLile Clothlnor. AImj. whole-
aah and nUUdrnlerin Hardware, Saddlery.hfalla, Iroa Steel,
Dm and Medicluea, Paints, Oils. Dreatulla, u
IVKIX8 ft FAULK.NER. Wholesale and
n-n lilr. in Weatern Re nerve Butter anil Cheeae,
Dried truit and Floor, AahUbauia, Ohio. Orders raapeet
tuily ealioited.aod niied at the Lowest c ihoont.
J. G. WRIGHT, Dealer in Millinery Goods
WarVad Cottars and Sleeves, and Fancy Goods. Next door
to the Flak Honae.
Wsttohss, Jewelry, ak.
n W mfTrTINSON. Jeweler. Renoiring
allklndaofWatchea,Ctocka,and eVwciry. Shop, oppsite
the Flak Hoaae, Aabtabula, O.
L. WOLFF ft CO. Dealer id Ready-made
Clothing aad Geofa Furnlahlng Gooda. AshUbnla, O.
BR1GHAM ft CO- Wholesale and retail
dealers in Reedy Mads Clothing, Fumianiog Goods, Bats,
lna. a Asntebata.
H. FASHETT. Aeent for the Pnrchaae.Sale,
rjt Kemtiatiur I ana.
taction of IH'bU. ie. 1'roperty aold S-r ComniUaion
tut sale bo charipk A sale, direct or indirect, cooati
tuUa a eommiaalon. klsin street. Ashtabula. Ol-io.
GEORGE WILLARD. Munnfoctnrcr of Sash
Blinds and Doors, en hand and made to order. Alao, Plan
tug, Uaichiog, etc, duua to enlur ia the beat possible
Bar, Aslitabui , u. 1
GEORGE O. HUBBARD, Dealer in Hard-
lm Rtael and Nails. Stoves. Tia Plate, Sheet
Opnsr suJ Zinc, and mauulacturer of Tlu, bboet Iroa
Copper ware, 1 us e uiocs, aiuiiu
T. M'GUIRE. Manufacturer of Tin, Copper
and Sheet Iron Ware. Strict attention paid to making,
ing up and pairing Stoves, Btovw-ltpe, Pampa and
l', t.r.uu i... Cooducuirs. ate. Old Iron, Ksga, Copiw.
l-ead, etc., ate- mkeaiu Kxslianre. Also Oola Agent
(he "Brilliant Ciw Mint," with the lataai itnproreun
H4orertoutb of the riek Haas AsHitswia, u.
IL TOWER ft BON. MachinlBts builders
lesions siid Portsbls Steam Engine. Saw, and
1HU Work, and Jobbing and Repairing dona to order,
abort notice, sad in workman -like manner, south stain
Aahtabula . . 6T
O. D. Cmi.V.Y. Mannfiutnrrnf LLh.BJui
Oheaa Boaea. Ata. l'tantna and Matehhil aad Sere
fawingdnne on the shiirtvat uetioa. Shop Souta side ot
Wetn.i..lrhurt-h. Aabtabula, Ohio.
A. b. ABBOTT, Lumber Dressor, and Mann
actarer at and Deal,, in shingles, Lath, Fenc Stuff, tic
Plaig,andcuuiu(iiraug duua to order. AUui
ear tha sun ies at c-otw sweet, Ashlabaia.
OLMSTED ft CliusBY, Iron Founder,
ananursctursT a Dealer t flaw s, Plow Csstlnrs, Vlll
ax. Uoel duatiptiona of h ouudiy W urk done to
BM ITU ft CARLISLE, Manufacturers
Male Upper and riaruea Leather, and Ivoalers in
iyStr, snu i-iiiiug eaius. i uafiviur lilLWa aad Hkina.
K. W. Cahi.isi a.
GEORGE HALL, Dealer in Piano Fortes,
Melodeons, Piano Stools, Covers, luatraetii'S Boats,
Depot Park street, Aabtabula. ose advertisement.
S. O. DICK. Booksellor. Stationer and News
Peeler. Alan, Dealer In Bbeot-Muale, Toys, and General
i ... Vau-ttUur.
LINCS8AV AGE, Furniture Dealer and Man-
urieuirar, stswa eslablisluiwut. Kotlk Uai street, aesr
idityiMi Dis. r'ai 'riuyto t 4sl. A.hUSuls, ,
DUCRO& BROTHERS, Manufacturers of a
Denlers In Fnrnlture of'hs ae ipiions, ana everr
rletv Alan wnl UixiertsKe ,ena manure nrw or i
Srn. to order, hlal street, rrorlh of Booth 1'ubllo it
II. P. & J. O. CULVER, have removed to the
Tnk Fionas Slum, where they oner w in currena or sen
i.k.i. the nee of the beat crinlnped Livery KluMa l Aeh
taliul Crtnnty, t prleea that range hot Ju.t ahov Uie Ur
ine; standard. C'l and se . Not. 1, laftO, HIT
. S. WILLIAMS, Who1nnle denier in Straw
Goods, Hate, Caps, Vnibretlaa, Parasnla, Are, 109 and 10T
Cbamlwra at- and 89 A 01 Keade at., New-York.
SAMUEL HUM PHRKY ie now offering Oood
BulbUn loll ctimnor Mian ever, ana t prices wlUilnth
tench of alrnoat avery one. Fro (Horllnif nt, a.10
TKLEGUAPII OFFICK Western Union la
Tr-moTcil to tbo Dm(f Rtnro cf FTpndrr k CftTlnn, onmor
Main an4 Onter Rtmtfl, three doora aoatb FUk IIoK
J. M. AI.I.EN, Manager.
. RAYMOND, Dealer In Fruit and Orna
mental Tre ea,ShrnMery,t, Penfield, Monro Coanty, N.
M0RY I.UCK, Dcnlrr In Sweet Potato, and
Othr Krl Ptantu and TeetWe.
Alio. Dealer In Tramma Frail. Tomtoe,o. umia
tahnla, Ohio. .
W. R. A LLKX, Book Binder Books and
Marnxltie. hound m anT atria dealred. Blank book! mane
andrnledta order. Jefferaon, O. T0
WlfiLARl) ft REEVK8, Dealers in Itnlian
and Katland Marble, Grar ttsoea, Moanaienta, Table Tope,
LIME. I "hall sell Lime at the Ilnrbor for
Seta p,r bTiahel; 4M J. w. hii.i..
TIME TABLE OF THE
CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD.
' Paaeeninr Trataie win ran at follow! t '
OOII.4I AST .
j ; Xi N Ex statioxs Nti Acm maii-
r.n. r. a. sr. a. k r. u.
1 .xi De lsd, T.1S 9.S6 T.I
4 4.42 10.07 Patneavill 6.10 . 10 0.07
2 (1.13 Madteen, T.41 t.S8
a. . CniannHs, 7. 851
f, r.3l Geneva, 7.VJ t.2T
IS. 44 " Pnvbrook, T.HI
o.6H U.08 Aaiitaonla, 6.00 ft.firi 1.04
a ' fl.14 Klniravtlle, 0.41 4.49
O.S Connrant, 4.33 8.211 4 .81
s ' 13.43 Krie. S-2Ua.ii. S.aJ
rrainedonotitopatStfctlona where the time la omitted
the above tahlea.
All tliroorh Trmtna (rolne Weatward, connect at Cleveland,
Itu Trainafor Toltdo, Luicago, CWmi, Ciactaaoli,
And all tbrooch Traina rolnr ICaatward, connect at Donkirk
Ith tbeTrnlnaof N. Y.k E. It R and at BnlTnln, with those
of N. V.Ceotral.and Bnir.lofcN. Y.Cit Rallroaala, for Ma
York, AHavy, i'valva, ttiagara falli, 4r., 4c.
A. li. ncdniMi, oiaitua pu
I.ETlttAUP, Xov. 4.1"1.
Moro New Goods!
THE UndersigruMl bas just returned from
New Turk with a
Fresh Stock of Merchandize,
Pmhradi v all the renal Varieties kont In kia
Dopai uneuta, which ha otters or "Cash for Ready IV." as low
as any other dealer, here or elsewhere.
Remember . br CASH or READY Pi 7. nntil after the
War ia over. io. iliard.
Asbtutmls, Not. 14. 1961.
Indict Di ets Good Plain SDd figured Mc
rino plain aod figured Coburgs, plain and Bg-
DeLaines, embroidered and printed Reps, Pop
litis, DoBtiges, Valenctas, black and colored
Sillut, in great variety.
Print and Gingham large assortment.
, Wlii Good of every description.
Flannel, s great variety all wool
Shawl A splendid lot of all wool Long
Shawl-'AlBO Brorha, long and stjn are cheap.
loop Skirt, all styles and prices.
Glove aid lloticryA. large stock, and very
' . . a. II
Hheeltng. Ulesctiea ana orown u iuii as
sortment heavy and fine. 1
Coo Yarn A fino assortment of all num
bers - Cheap for the times.
Cotton Butts, Wadding, Wicking and Twine.
Cloth A full stock of Beavor and heavy
Coatings, Broad Cloths, Ladies' Cloths, Cassi-
meres, Sutinetts, Kentucky Jeans, 1 weeds,
Yeetings, 4c. A'c.
Clothing. Fall Suits got up on short notice.
All kinds of work made to order. Cutting at
all times. A full assortment of Tailors Trim
Boot and Shoe a choice lot of the very
best work made, oot only good but cheap.
Hat and Cap a general stock of both
Men's aod Boys.
Crockery a fresh new stock, just opened.
Gluts Wart a fine assortment, including
large stock of Coal Oil Lamps, which will com
pete with any thing In tho market, in beauty or
2100 other kinds of Dry Goods and Yankee
Notions not cnumcratod in the foregoing, to be
found at the old popular stand of
tieo. v ILL AM.
Groctrics. In Family Groceries we have
large aod very choice supply.
Drug and Medicine A fresh supply of
the leading and desirable articles of Drugs.
Hardware and Sadlery. Tbo Best and
most Extensive assortment of Shelf and Heavy
Hardware in the county.
Paint, Oil, tj-e White Lead, Zine and
Mineral Points, Rtd Lead, Yellow Ochre, Ve
netian Red, Taris Greco, Cbrcmo Green, and
every description of artist Points. Also Lin
seed Oil, Turpentine, Varnishes, &o. cheap.
Iron, Steel, tyc. full and complete assort
yail 200 kegs, assorted sizes cheap.
Glas and Pvtty The largest and most
general assortment of Window Glass ever be
fore brought into Aahtabula. Also, Tatty
Whiting, io. very cheap.
Remember, if you have the Money to pay
goods and cant get the value of it, call at
Finally, if you have any kind of Produce
sell for Cash, or Eicbange for Goods, bring
to the old and well tried stand of .
Ashtabula, Nov. 14, '61. O. WiiXARn.
T A DIES' CLOTH for Cloaks-Block
A-J Drab, Gray and Browo double sad eiugl width, said
be tne eiieepra in town, ai
Oclulr, latii. sfrmRmOcPa
TJKST BROAD SIDE Pork at
pjr pound, ran be fcund at
BOOTS 4; SnOKS. 1500 pairs Boots
aud Hbeaa, jest received, which I atfar 84 per
ehaaiier than has bseal sold to this town for ivs years.
kua oa aud.aea.
J HO. V. HoUkKioUM'i
ATS ! OATS !-
f(r m Im,
-1000 bushels of Oats
Juue lit, irHii.
CAYUGA BLACK LUCKS.
H.K buweriber wUUea to ay that ka suilMawra
three Large Black Catui.'a u Us hr aals, which sa b
ti lltd iui sooa. It. ttlEi'lUNtf iubuM
"ON TO FREEDOM."
BY A. J. H. DUGANNE.
There haa heen Wis err, On fn Ttlchmondf and sttlll n,
other err, 'On to Rnitlandl' Ketter Uian either la the sry
fa to Freednmr" Ciiasn.ra Sraxaa.
On to Freedom! On to FrcedomI
Tl8 the CTertasting cry
Of flood that strive with Ocean,
Of the storms that smite the sky,
Of the atoms of tho whirlwind,
Of the seed bencoth tho ground,
Ofeach living1 thing of Nature
That is bonndl
Twag tho cry that led from Egypt,
Tbroagh lbs desert wilds of Edom:
Oat of Darkness -Out of Bondage
"On to Frdcdoml On to Freedom I"
0 I thou stony-hearted Pharaoh,
Vainly warrest tbou with Godl
Moveless, at thy palace-portals,
Moses waits, with lifted rod!
01 thou poor barbarian, Xerxes,
Vainly o'er the Pontic main
Fllngost thou, to curb its utterance,
Scourge or chuinl
For every cry that led from Egypt,
Over desert wilds of Edom,
Speaks ntilie through Crock and Hebrew;
"Oo to FreedomI On to Freedom!"
In the Rom itn streets, from Gracchus,
Hark! I hear that cry outswcll;
In the German woods, from Herrmann,
And on Swiizer hills, from Tell t
, Up from Spartacus, the Bondman,
When his tyrants' yoke ho clave;
And from stalwart Wat the Tyler,
Saxon slave! . .
Still the old, old cry of Egypt,
' Struggling oot from wilds of Edom,
Sounding down through all the ages:
"Ou to Freedom! On to FreedomI"
Go'I's own mandate i 0a to FreedomI"
Gospel-cry of laboring Time!
Uttering still, through seers and heroes,
Words of Uope and Fa:th sublime!
From our Sydneyg, and our Hanipdens,
And our Washingions, they come;
Aud we cannot, aud wo dure not,
Muko them dumb!
. Out of all tho shames of Egypt,
' Out of all the snares of Edom,
Out of Darkness, out of Bondage
"Oo to FreedomI On to Freedom!"
War and its Delays.
BY HORACE GREEIRY.
"The heart sick ness of hope deferred" is
a common experience not of individuals on
ly, but cf uations. Even in War, whit":
would seem a straightforward and decisive
business, dcluy ufter delay occur? to para
lyze the energies and stiUe tho enthnisui of
people. The young patriot grasp lus
musket aud hurries to the rendezvous of his
regimeut, expecting that iustaut murches,
rcconnoissuiices, skirniishes, assaults, battles
will decide the Issue of the contest, and
leave bim, should he survive, free to return
to his borne and family wiihiii a tow months
at futberest. But such is uot tho actual
experience of war, save in the rare instances
wucreiu a Nupoleon directs its operations.
On the contrary, preparation is tbo never-
ending, still-beginning trial of the patriot
soldier' energies sdu delay the curso of bis
existence. Ho bas volunteered to light
for his country; but to fight cilcctively he
must Lave arms uot anything that cau
be cairicd over the shoulder, but effective
and cxpeusive weapons. These cost, heavi
ly ; bat money will uot buy them when
wanted ic largo quantities : they must be
mado : and that is a work of time. Cun-
uoo, knapsacks, blankets, clothing, shoes,
cartridges, provisions, forage, medicines,
and au iufiuile vurioty of convenience
the niarcn.the camp,aud the battle field.arc
required ; and when everything else is pro
vided, the number of wagons and horses re
quired to move tho baggage aud artillery
of a great army is absolutely appalling.
xet me army cannot move witnout iu bag
gage, us guus : and so, even when the
uieaus of purchasing are otnplo aod the
wor.-suoas at nana, it is the labor
months to fit an army of a hundred thousand
meu to take the field and move torward in
to a hostile country.
But was it always thus ? a novice will
naturally ask ; if so, how have hostile coun
tries been rapidly traversed and empires
overthrown by military force aloue 7
ISo.it hasttol always beeu thus. The
impedimente of an ancient army were noth
ing to that of its modern successor. The
discovery of gunpowder haa enormously in
creased the weight per man that mast
borne along with an army expecting to fight
The Roman soldier, indeed, marched with
weight on his back which no modern army
could be induced to shoulder ; but
weapons were not heavy, and his missile's
were low and of email account. Modern
warfare delights in heavy rifled cannon,
costly and weighty projectiles, in shells,
round-8bot,end grope, all costly and tedious
iu preparation aud enormous in aggregate
weight. Tbo difference tells immensely
the proper opening and conduct of a cam
paign. The wondrous conquests of Alexander,
Hannibal, Julius Cuisar, and othor great
warriors of antiquity were tho fruits of yeors
of previous study and preparation. Each
wielded the resources of a powerful military
state, which bad armies trained to efficien
cy In former conflicts, and arsenals bursting
with weapons aod stores prepared for
exigencies of war. The overthrow of
Persian empire by Greek valor had been
the passionate dream of multitudes siuce
tha days of Xenopuon ana or. iuemisiocics.
So the carrvioir of war into the heart
Ituly.amoug tho ovcrbone allies and myriad
slavoa of the Romans, was the obvious aic
tate of CarthncemaB policy aud hate :
genius of Ltaoibal but gave direction
force to tbe National inspiration. ,
Crusades were disastrona failures, because
it was mistakenly supposed that nunibors,
enthusiasm, and valor, could be relied
for suoces in tbe absence of vast
complete provision of what Is justly termed
a a wary-:.!. ..
tne material 01 war. tvtiuou wtiii
organized and well provided commis
sariat, a .treat aod valiant army most
speedily bo .dispersed by famine, proving
terror not to tnnco to it foei as to
countrymen. . . '
Theso rnggestions are made to explain,
not to excuse, the delays which bave so
taxed the pnblic patience. Other nations,
surprised by the sudden outbreak of war,
have had to create armies and monitions ;
it hs fallen to our lot to create genorals
as well. Beside Gen. Scott, whose advoncd
age and physical infirmities rendered it im
possible that ho should take tbe Geld, we
tiud absolutely do soldier who had ever
been proved cable of leading an army ; aud
of our few officers who had had any consid
erable cxperiooce in subordiuato positions,
ucarly all forswore themselves and went
over to the enemy. Twiggs, Lee, Beaure
gard, ihi two Johnstons, Magrudur, Rug
gles in short, all who have thus fur achiev
ed any sort of distinction in the Confeder
ate armies were in the service and pay of
the Union until they saw it fit to leave it
for thot of tho rebellion. Bishop Polk,
Gen. Pillow, Gen. G. W. Smith, and near
ly all the lesser lights df treason, learned
whatever tbey kuow of the art of war at
the cost of ihe U. S. Ou the, other baud,
Gens. Mi'Clclluu, Burundi), aud others of
our present Military chiefs, were running
railroads when Fo;t Sumter was cannonad
ed ; Gcu. Fremont was attending to his
Mining operation ; nnd so with most of
our cliieltuins Practically, not only our
rank mid file but our Gviibrusl,our Colonels,
our Engineers, have been culled from tliu
pursuits of pcucelul industry to make heud
iu the tented field against the gigantic lev
ies and matured picpuru'ious of SUvthold
Of course, grave mistaken hove been
committed nnd wn.Htefnl expenditure
incurred. Had our Government correcily
measured at the outset the force it was
culled to encounter, it would never have
culled oui la Thousand Militia for a service
of 3 mouths only diostnissiug them to their
homes just when, at nu enormous cost, they
hud bceu qualified for effective service.
Nor would it have allowed Norfolk to be
seized, and its immense stores of cannon
and munitions appropriated to the uses cf
the rebellion, while ns faithful officers were
compelled to burn tho Armory at Harper's
Ferry iu order to uu mage it uot destroy
tho efficiency of the small arms thure de
posited. Had it been deemed proper to
station a regiment of regulars at Manassas
Junction the clay after Mr. Lincoln's inau
guration, it is quite possible that the
Luiou might have been restored and its au
thority viudicatcd before tho first of last
September. There have been grave mis
takes and sad blunders committed on the
side of the Union aud its defenders ; let us
thank God aud take courage in view of tho
fuct that, iu spite of them alt, no acre of
the thoroughly loyal States has ever yet
been held by the rebels, while the revolters
aro threatened on every side ly the armies
and Heels of the Union. - If we are not on
the eve of straight aud strong blows at the
heart of tbo rebelliou, then appearances aro
uncommonly, siguully deceptive. Let
Eurohc rcfuuiu from iutermeddling with us,
and the triumphs of trerson must be rear
their appointed conclusion.
A NEW FARCE NOW BEING PERFORMED WITH GREAT
APPLAUSE IN TWO HEMISPHERES.
Mr. Jobx Doll A puffy, quarrelsome old
Mrs. Coi.umhia A rcspectublo school-teacher,
recently much ofllicted by domestic griefs.
Master Wilkes One of her favorito schol
ars, a very spunky little boy ; aad others.
ScssiE A Schoolroom, tcilh Mr. Columbia
seated, and surrounded by her scholars.
Euter Mr. John Bull (very abruptly and
in tremendous excitement.)
John Bull Odds! Zouuds and butter
enps 1 Ma'am, bnt I will av satisfaction for
this ere biusult. I've been pestered ioug
henough by your boys, and I arnt a going
to stand it no longer. Blow rao tight hif
I don't hif I don't .
Mrs. C. Bo calm, Mr. Bull prey be seat
ed ; what is tho mutter, sir ?
Joho Bull tho matter ? Zounds ! Why,
this morning, as one of my young 'uns was
a coming 'ome, hop comes one o' your
saucy hiuips, Vilks I think you call 'im.
Mrs. C. Mastar Wilkes, come bore,
(Master Wilkes advances.)
John Bull Hup comes this ere Vilkes,
shakes his fist in my yoouker's face,
takes oat of his pocket two crab happlcs as
the boy 'ad picked up somewhere, and
sends 'im 'ome, a bellowing like a young
Master Wilkes Please, Ma'am, I knew
ho stole them out of yon r garden, and was
hiding them to shy at our wiudows.
John Bull l aon t care 'oose tney are.
or where they come from ; I demand aod
win, av 'em I
Mrs. C Well, Mr. Ball, but if
John Bull O, none o' your hif to mo,
Ma'am ; I don t como ere to hargue, I comes
ere for reparation. 1 will av tiiesi happlbs,
or by . . .
Mrs. C Step i iur. liuii : really air, i
am shocked at this indecent behavior, aud
despise tho brutality that can take advan
tage of my weakness .ou Know my Jon
athan Is away fighting the savages, or you
would never dsro to iusult ma so. If Mas
ter Wilkes had struck your boy, for ia
stonco John Bull Ah I that s just were it is.
Hif mv younkcr ad been brought to you
along with thehspples, and you ad warmed
his jacket well for im, or sent im huff with
a flue la bis hear, I would'ut avo ad a word
to say. ' -
. Mrs. C. Well then, Sir, bow easily can
your gricvence be settled 1 Here take tha
annlcs (presenting them) which I am
sure are not worthy of becoming "apples of
discord" between as. Tbey are two yery
miserable specimens, and J am now gather.
iug so many millions of thorn oa my South
ern property, that I can well afford you
those two poor, rotten, blighted things.
Aro you aaiibfied f ,
Joho Bull.fgrufily,) Xos I arnt.
waut to make a bexample o' that Vilks, am
make ma a uamnte napoiogy besides.
Mrs. C Well, Sir, I ucvor told Master,
Wilkes to assault your boy ; although I am
sorry to say that your family hove behaved
very strangely to me lately, even sheltering
thieves that you know were going to rob
me. I wish to live oo good terms with all
my neighbors, and therefore regret tbia lit-
tie occurrence t bnt be asnrcd, Sir, my
Jontthtin will $omt day call yam to an ac
count for these insults. Yon may depend
upon my making an example of Master
Wilkes. Will that do? '
John Bull, (Very sulkily.) I suppose
so I Exit. I
Mrs. C. Now boys listen. I have mnny
very distressing things to occupy me just
now, ana therefore as yon love me uo
nothing whnteves to bring me In contact
with thnt rnde end overbearing man. lie
ia a dangerous and sanctimonious old hypo-
crit, who would set my house on fire for the
vnluo of a spool of cotton if it served Ins
pnrpoe. Master tv ilkes, 1 am inaeca very
prond of yon, and only regret that yon ditl
not bring that wicked boy to me for pun
ishment. But, I have promised Mr. Bull
to mnke nn exomplo of yon, end therefore I
promote you to tho head of your class:
ISow, my denr boy, you may all have a
DRAMATIS PERSONÆ. 1812 and 1862.
The magnitude of the scale npon which
tho war is raging in this country, ns con
ducted, isnppnlling. The Revolution, com
pared with it, was relatively a mere sac
cession of skirmishes. The war of 1812,
measured both as regards numbers and the
field of operation, fhrinks into contemptible
insiguificauee beside the gigantic operations
that are going on at Ibe present hour. If
we look back at the history, more especially
of the last war with England and compare
its lending incidents wiih those of the con
flict now raging, we shsll find that it hard
ly rises to the dignity of modern reconnois
snco. Tho "battles" dwindle down Into
the veriest martial mutes; the causalities
are few, and iho number of prisoners taken
iu victorious engagements counted rather
by hundreds than thousands.
We cite a few incidents from tho war of
1812 to show what petty affairs relatively
were some of the most brilliant victories
achieved by our arm".
The first battle of ony Importance was
that of Brownstown, near Detroit, fought
August Stli, 1812 Our force was only
COO, that of the British and Indians corn-
bined, 750. Our loss wns
13 killed and
of the enemy
tixty-thrce wounded; that
Gen. Hull's "array," which disgrocefully
surrendered at Detroit six weeks later, only
numbered twenty Jice hundred men; while
that of the enemy consisted of only TOO
Engli-h and COO Indians. No wonder Gen.
Brock, who commanded tho latter, wrote
to Sir George Provost: "When I detail
my good fortune, your Excellency will bo
At the battle of Qncenstown, two col
umns of 600 men each, did about all the
fighting on our side. Gen Van Renselear,
in bis report, says; "One-third part of the
men idlo might have saved all.'' As
was, some looked on, while "many fled
the woods," leaving their bretbern to their
At the seiea of Fort Erio, the English
threw 5,000 red hot shot without hurting
a man. Our loss was only I killed and
wounded. ... .. -
Brigadier General Smith abandoned hi
favorite project of iuvading Cauuda West
because, although he had been preparing
tho greater part of tho smnraer, and had
energetically drummed op volunteers,
had succeeded iu collecting only 1,500 men
and he did not think the expedition would
bo successful unless he had 1,500 more.
At the battle of .York our force wos I,
700; that of the enemy, 700 Engli-h and
100 Indian-'. Our loss was 300 in killed
and wounded; thnt of the enemy 100 killed,
300 woonded, 200 taken prisoners. Thin
was one of the most brilliant of our victo
ries, yet it is not to bo compared with the
battle of Belmout or thnt of Ball's Bluff,
either as regards numbers tngnged or losses
At the battle of Snckctt's Harbor, the
enemy's force was 1000; ours 500. Their
lots iu killed and wounded wus 150, ours
1 54. Among I hs trophies token by
tjoops were the British standard and
mace. Over the latter hung a human stclp.
Commodore Perry 'a victory oa Lake
Erie was esteemed a "big thing" in its day
yet his whole fleet consisted of only 51 guns
and two swivels; that of the enemy C2 guns'
and two swivels. Our loss In killed and
wounded was 123; that of the eucmy has
never beea definitely knowu.
At the battle of Baltimore, the enemy's
forces numbered from 7,000 to 8,000; ours
was probably less than hnlf that number.
Our loss was about 270; that of the enemy
some 700 in killed, wounded aod missing.
Even the battle of New Oileaus looks
insignificant to eyes that have witnessed
reconnoisance on the Potomac lo.UUU sttong
and a review of 70,000 troops. Tho British
forco, including sailors aud marines, was
about 11,000: tbut of Geo. Jacksou,
200 ou the left bank of tha river and about
800 distributed in positions hurd by. Our
loss was seven killed and six wonndod;
that of the euemy 700 killed, and 1,400
It is safe to say, that notwithstanding
tho torpor of a large share of our army,
and taunts that we have thus far "been
playiug at war," a greater number of lives
have been lost wilhiu the past five mouths
than during tho entire "war of 1812."
Co!. Samuel Colt, who died at Hartford
Ct., recently, was born Iu that city,
July 19, 1814. Entering a factory belong-
ing to his father wuco ten years oia,
worked faithfully four years, aud thcu was
sent away to school at Amherst, Mass.
mano ced to run away from this establish
ment, and slipped as a boy before tho mast
OO a kUip DOUOti lO ins. Auuica.
his return Irom this voyage, he served
short apprenticeship at a factory at Ware,
M&ss., but getting weary of this wanner
life, assumed tbe same ol Ut. Oouii,
travelled through tb . United Statea
Britibb Provinces, lecturiog oa Chemistry.
The money thus earned enabled hia to per
rft liia famous revolver, of which he
iconcelved tha idea when on the way to Cal
cults, aud in Ib3D, wbeo but twen:y-ooe
years of age, he took qnt his rt patent
for revolving lire-arms. A company wa
formed In 1835, with a capital of $300,000
to manufacture these arms, but there was
in littla duraand for tbeui that it was obliged
(o suspend In I8t2, and then tbo MfAaoJ
war broke out they had gone so . antweiv
out of u.o that Col. Colt found It necessary
to make a new model before he could fill
gov't, order. Since that time the bosinea
has increased so rapidly that the manufac
tory in Hartford, which has cost altogether
over $1,000,000, has been found insufficient
to fully supply the demand, although the
nrrm are also made both In England and
in Rairsia, at establishments erected audor
Col. Colt's supervision. Col. Col t'a Inge
nuitj was not confined to tha perfection of
fire arms. He has invented a submarine
buttery of groat power and efficiency, and
M early ns 1843 laid and operated a
submarine Coble from Coney Island and
fire Island to this citv, and frora he
mouth of the harbor to the Merchants' Ex
change. Although overwhelmed with bnsl
ness cares, Col. Colt hs elmnys manifested
the greatest Interest In the welfare of bis
employees, having erected for ihem remark
ably tasteful and convenient places of resi
dence, and established a publ.0 hn, where
they have the privilege of attending courses
of lectures and concerts.
N. Y. Times.
In the humbler walks of literature, which
Indicate most nearly and accurately the ten
dencies of our people when their thonsrhts
aspire to artistic expression, this affecta
tion, or reality, of dumps aod desolation,
is copiously, and sometimes rather comi
cnlly manifested. Let the reader, when an
opport unity occurs, look over a morning's
mail of cdstor's exchange papers from dif
ferent parts of the country. There will be
found, among the origiuul poetry in the
collection, more merit than is generally sup
posed to iopire snch Jyrlc, nnd with the
merit there will be an overwhelming pro
portion of misery. I have found in euch
searches that sometimes four fiths of the
whole were devoted to wailing over long
ost but evidently imngiaary loves; to sor
rows awakened by blue skies aud fresh
breezes out of vauity-fed antogouism to the
bustling "world," which is vulgar enough
o like such things nnd be it observed,
reader, that the flattest snobbishness of art
nd poetry consists in the affectation of
feeling apart from those of the world, In-
lead of boldly claiming community with
them and striving to elevate them bat it
is needless to say of what monodies con
sist. " Dead Loros, ruined hopes, "hst
Edens. buried Lenores," little graves. No
joy save in heaVen; all ending iu one mourn
ful monotony: "Let ns all be unhappy to
gether 1" One thing deserves remark in
examining such a collection. Few of the
bards of this broken-hearted aud uope-bereaved
coropanie could glauee over tbe aa-
semblcd and contrasted lyrics without
laughing. For doleful poems, which are not
by themselves remarkable in poet's coraors
become genially absurd and msanely bizarre
when placed one ny the other; for instance,
when, a creditable Imitation of some popu
lar poet lies aide by aide with somo illiter
ate bungler'a effort to show the world that
he, too, "feels fine," and ia too gifted
require hearty common sense, and has his
own miseries and his own little private
weeping closet as well as his betters. It Is,
iodced, exquisitely absurd that great os
tbe proportion of "mock misery and spirt
tual vanity among good poets and writers,
it greatly Increases as we descend to the
bunglers and tyros.
When the literary effort of one of these
latter is not a love poem "To " or
"religious", gush, we may generally assume
that it will be a soaring sorrow from one
those ill-bodied, squealing, Mother Carey
chicken's, which attempt to fly before they
con walk, or write poetry before they ere
familiar with plain prose. But the
simile ie a bad oue, after all, for it is nat
ural for a Mother Carey' chickens to fly,
while these wretched howlers bare seldom
anything natural about them.
"Inner Life" at Washington-Interesting
From correspondence of the N. H. Statesman.
I visited the residence of Senator Doug
las the day previously to tbe auction, in
order to see what was to be seen, and ran
assure yon that to me it was altogether a
sad entortainment. As I wandered through
the lofty and gorgeous balls and rooms.
and saw the rich aud elegant furniture
tumbled about promiscuously , a feeling of
desolation took possession of me, and I was
informed by persons present at tho auction,
that the articles sold at high prices. !
Many of the choicest articles were not put
up for'sale. Mrs. Donglas, I am Informed,
contemplates taking the plaee which Judge
Donglas owned, aud in which he resided al
tbe lime Minnesota Row was erected. It
is a very beautiful situation, near the 'Row.'
Judge Douglas purchased it as a fancy
place, paid a fabulons sum for it, and
expended more money in adorning it, than
tbe whole establishment would, even in fav
orable times, bring in tbe market. None
of bis books of which, especially Con
gressional books, there are immense quan
tities have been yet otlerej tor sale.
U'lt the auction sale pertaining to the
effects of great men, which wns oil "the
whole invested whli as much curiosity as
any of the seaon, was that of tbe rebel
Jew, Seuator Benjamin. It is well known
that Benjamin married a music teacher in
Charleston, where ho resided in early life,
beforo taking up his residence In New Or
leans, and that after living with ber a
short time, she eloped with aa Italian by
tbo name of Celiui, and for some twenty
years lived with him in Paris, lVojuojio in
the meanwhile making periodical visits to
his early love iu ber new abode, uutil she
was induced, some thrco years since, to re
emigrate, "bag and baggage," and resume
domestic relations in this city with vhr
first love. "
To earry this arrangement luto effect,
the distioguished Senator took the elegant
residence which was erected by Commodore
Decatur short time before his death. It
Is one of the first private reeidences in the
city, erected under the direction of Latrobe,
the 'architect of the Capitol, at a east of
some $30,000 or $.0,000. He paid $3,000
auuual rent for the premises, and the es
tablishment was furnished at en expense
fully equat to tbe original eost of the build-iusr.-
The whole furniture, of everykiod.
was brought from Paris. Jt was undor
such ausoicus that Ssuator Benjitcuia aud
b. '.'ruaul Fpoua, set ui LoJstaCi j'ip on
their, "reunion" iu thi city. The course if
true love, however, iicver did run amii'ttb,.
and the Scontor had only got we!! ou!t
in dotnesiio felicity eguiu wbcn hi rtnui
mate, fickle a the wind, took It iu'.o be
bead or heart, as you may pIcHSO, to tyann-
ftir her domestio arrongsmen'.s back ajrain,
to her long tried companion iu Paris. Thirl
Inst movement ocenrea somo two yearr, t
ago, and short! afterward much of tha
most valualfj household furniture sold at'
anction. The remainder of the rffcers have"
now been sold to pay the hoaserent
Among the articles sold was nisrble
basi of Retijmin himself, a full length por-
trait of his musical fpouse, and aioo o'ia of,
like description of his wife's rather, Tlieru
was also sold au excellent full length por
trait of his wife's daughter, a beautiful girl,
somo 114 years of ago, who was born sooiii
after the mother took up her residence with, ,
Celiui. Tills last portrait, end one of tb
French Einprc, aro in the highest style
of the art ; oil paimlngs, allofihem. They
sold irom $10 to $2'J a piece, aod were bio) .
in, it is said, by the auctioneer, who hart,
made a fortune ia his buo!ues within a foiv
years ond who has one of the bett gallcrlei
of nuintinei In the city. A French divan.1
purchased iu Paris at a cost of $300, was
truck off to Secretary Wi'Jcs fur $70.
Old fuunly silver plate, of French patterns
and of tbe richest quality, was told in ini
ment qrtautiite", turd fur a wg. -
Senator Beijiin'o is a uoud gambler,
aud wasted ia tiiia way the vast iucutan
which al oue period he derived fioiQ bistro
fessiouol practice. O'l one occasion, after
obtaiuing $70,000 In a grai' case sgaiuai
the celebrated John Uaudjl;U Grimes, he;
sat down for three days to a gambling table,
and Slitlell in that time won evety dollar
of thnt sum from him. Slidell Is celebrated
for his skill in that bnsiues, and has occu
mulated tnaenofbis fort on?, it I waid, fi
this way. - ' - " ' "'
It the history of these men who are lead
ing this assault upon the liberuea of thi
country, conld be spread out to iho world,
it would make it evident that they have
been pe sons who "neither feared God nor
regarded man." Jeff. Davis is well kuown
to bo no pattern of morality, as those still
iu the city, who have been with him iu
gambling debaucheries, with wine aud wom
en, not a biscuit's thow from B-own's ho
lei, can well testify. It was ouly tin ordi
nary matter to see Floyd, while Secretary,
go into his oQcc of a morniug, trembliug
n every muscle wnn iuo premonitions ui
delirium from the last night's revel ; ant
so opeo and intolerable where the vmits cf
Secretary Thompson to a hotel haunt oa
Peuusylvaui Avenue, lUai ins wue wa
repeatedly ii3tifid, through the ma!, of
Iter.tiusbauir aisgvaceitil companionsuip.
The'se are facts, not to be tor a moment
railed in question by too who are .at all
acquainted wiih the life, in Washington, of
tbe men to whom they appertain. It la'
uot pleasant to contemplate them ; and yet '
it seems to me that when these men bare
taken the position they have before the.
world, it is an impeiiauve duly of the press
to hold them up in their true character.
Are such the proper meu to found States ?
When I commenced this communxation '
I intended to devote paragraph to the
manners ana custom oi iureigu sauusivrs.
resident at this goverumeut, I iuvpo83 the
BriiUh Minister U properly considered as
at the head of this peculiar element of
Washington life. Lord Lyons is cot mar
ried, and is about 45 years of age. . ilia
resideuce is on J. street in the vicinity of
tho President's mansion, In the section of
the city where most of the Foreign Embas-1
.ies residu. His suit occupies the residence t
lately occupied and still oad by Ex-Sea-ator
Hamiltou Fish- It is a brick maosiou
plaiu and unattractive in Its exterior, and
not very extravagant to its dimensions.
His manner of conducting his establishment
however, ia after tbo style of the lordly
Englishmen, Ilia retinue , of .erracts U
complete, aud after the most approved an-;
cient customs of the realm. If is steward is
a sort of petty lord, having his effiee, ser i
vants to his bidding, aud hi horse and car.
riage like any other lord. There are iomi la ,
sei vautl iu all connected with the esttbliat.,
ment. . . w ., . ... ... ,
Ilia horse?, five in number, aro all choice
blooded animal. There is one pcir of
matched bays . fof his ech. r The other !
are saddle horses, which la the style of tha
true Euglishmau, the ..distiuguinhed. Lord
and attaches are ia the habit of 'using.
His cellars aro stored with the cboicost.
wines and brandies, and nothing la want-'
in to tbe mansion due to the time honored
custom of aa EngliiU lord, ihe really an
zliug sploudors of tha cstaUiaUment, how
ever, are the most striklng'y seen on tho
ocension of some "splendid dluner. Tbo
plate of the entire ebtabluhmeut Is exclu
sively of cold and silver On occasion of a.
dinuer, the table 1 alwoya laid wan puie
of tho richest eusmeled gold, most of which,
has been handed down from generation to
Feneration ia the family, and Is probaUy-
. i . . - i i
ihe richest aud most complete io o iuunu
iu the conutry. . .That at tho presidential
maiuioa ia not to be compared with it. Ills,
carriages are of English manufacture, en'l
when he rides he is always aiteiiUea oy ooia
footman aod eoachman la livery. " 1 '-'
Thb Bibls. Dr. 11U, in hi Journal tf(
Health, speaking of the importance of In
habiting houses in the! structure end situs
tion favorable to bealih, refers as I,!!'
to the Bible :
'There la more sonnd, practical hyjlen,
on tbe stbjpet f healthy -, l the Utli
chapter of L-viiicus, fiooi vr 34, than
all the skull of llie health cotninisr.ii.u
ers and common couueils of all the cities cf
Christendom.' Pity it is that we cot
read oar Bible more, that great book which,
oootaius the lediug priacipleg ol what ut
iudirpuiably good, aud uatful ; on l true,
iu all that really perialus to tiutnaj happi
ness ; and what a pity it ie that the Sua
day uewspuper, aud tranhy weekly, and this
eutkiug story book, lor childhood aud boa,.
ry ge, oa sul jct pei taiiiiog to tho world
aud parly preaching, and Infidel pt-r '?- a'
lectures, wlia their new-fang ci crcd.tej'
for buw&a amelioratioti, aad iitif i,,, .,(,
for elevating the masse ; pity it u 4 uj,
that all those ihlus so attract a'tt. liu.i.
The Bible the best of all, Ihe w se t So till
its theories, and la all it prauiom ufe ha
beoome a sealed book- to the Oudj ; aud
any oiip-.r volume uu tho renter or s, ! U,
Mil vo4l4 or-i'ici sac-cr ttid U." . -
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