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;-.. -"WO. -. mm T' TT u VT 1 - HIT urn 1 1 IT 7 ri w 1 1111 l 23-y James.B.eect. VOLUME III wJi.7 ' ASHTABULA, 0., SATUJ1DAY MOENING. NOVEMBER -1 1862. Incleioeiadexit in ctll tiling's. SI SO Ha d-v-ctncel I WHOLE, NUMBER G7J. TERMS OP tVBBCRIPTIOjr. tirw Dollars ptr annum. If paid strictly ! advance 1H ADVKHTIHRO. Ot sonars an ink I 0 IitiiimthiHnoi, t An Ituquimiti ni, loo nntuqamiiirHirHu a vw VfMlqtlinthrMBH. 10 One square six mat. 4 00 ne square an year. 00 two squares one year 00 four ennarea on year IS 00 half eolmn one tw 86 00 liriHH Card ef sot onrili lines per year a to Twelve lines or less of thla slie latter maka a aqnara. Ohlta ery Notlees ef more than Sve lines, anlaaa aff eneral a tenet, will bat Inserted at tbe same rate save IOD PRINTINO. efaverw description attended tn on call, la tha moat tasteful BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Phratclaase. DR. J. 0. HUBBARD, AshUbnla, O. C42 O. P. M'DONALD, Physician ami Surgeon ' located opposite John Mansfield's Clothing Store, Main etret, Ashtabula, Q. H G. W. FOSTKR, Eclectic Physician and Sur geon, fleneva, Ohio. 4flB DR. M. KINGSLKY, Homcopathist, Kinpa. villa, O. Having had several year's experience, ha feela himself competent to give satisfaction to all who may faTor him with aoall. Raferences HomeopathlomelieaiVacul'y Cl.r.ln(i; Brs.Oeo. Z. Noble, Dundee, N. Y.; U. E. Noble, renn Yan. N. Y.i H. B- Dale, fond do I.c. Wis. 637 . Attorneys. STTERMAN & FARMER, Attorneys end Counsellors at Law, Ashtabnla, Ahsta'nli Count., Ohle. 1.ABAW 8. SHaneA, Jong Q. Fabmbt, O. H. A K. IT. FITCn, Attorneys end Conn- eollore at Law, Fitk's Block, Ashtabula, Ohio. S35 J. R. COOK, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Justice of the Peace, Main Street, ovei Morrison's Siora, Ashtabula, O. 6o2 THEODORE IT ALL. Attorney at Law, Office with Henry Ka.lt, Main St. Ashtabula, Ohio, 670 CHARLES BOOTH, Attorney and sailor at Iaw. A ah tabula, Ohio. Coun- 419 wTb. CHAPMAN, Attorney at Law Justice of the Peace, Commissioner of Deeds for Michigan and Iowa. Office three doora tut of 1114 Tremont House Ooonet, O. Hotels. ASHTABULA HOUSE T. S. Fuller, late ol Uw J euereoa Houie, Proprietor, Ashtabula, O. 619 THE AMERICAN HOUSE, at tbe Depot liu jyit bf90 put in order, and bring cnmeniiuilj an plvauuuiiljr Hituated. with good accommodutionB for man aud bajit, is a guod Btupping place (or traveler", or thotse 1'ioui tbe interiur Uaviug leatuta to be eared tor while during a temporary abaeuce by tbe liailroad. &. AiOWKY, 1'rojnie tor. AwbUbula, July. ISOO. 6ft3 FISK JIOUrfK Abhtabula, O. K. U. Glea- SOV, Proprietor- AP Omnibus running to and from every train of cra. Aiw. a good livery - table kept in connection with tbi bouMe, to convey paaaeugerit Ut any point. 48 AMERICAN JeiJijrMin, Oliio. iI0L's?K John Thompson Mcrckanli, MEADV1LLE CARBON OIL CO. Mend- villa. Pa. R;fliiera and Dealer, tn Choice Illuminating Oils. Order, for the beat gradea of Keroaene, Hock or Petr.ilemn oil. anpplied at ahurt notice, and ivRnectlully aolicited. JOHN CASTLE, Agent, Aahtaliula, Ohio. 0,i2 II ASKELL & SON. Dealers iu Dry Goods tiroeeriea, Provi.loiu, and Beady Made Clothing. Alao, latal.ra in all kind, of White Wood, Aah, Oak, Hickory Lumber, and Flour Barrel Hoops, Maiu atroet, A-hUl.ula. J. W. ItAeKKLL. OlO UW llanKKLL. il'EPIIKN HALL Deuler in Dry Goods Groceries, Hat. and Cap., Iataand Shoe findings, and gen eral Merehandbe, 2 doors South of the Bank. 643 A, HENDRY, Dealer in Drugs, Medicines,, Chemieala, Painta, Oils, Varnlahes, Bruahe., Dye StnlTs, &C. Choice Fauiily Groeerios. Including Teaa, ColTeea, &c. Pa tent Medicines. Pure Wine, and Liquors for Medicinal pur poses. Physician's prcacrlptionscarefully and promptly at tended to. 614 PRENTICE & OSBORN, General Dealers in Provisions, Produce, and ao forth. Main street, Ashta bula, Ohlo 471 TYLER & COLLINS, Dealer? in Dry Good Groceries, Crockery, Boots and Shoes, llata,Cnpa,Ac, &c. two door North of Fisk House, Ashtabula, O. 416 II. L. MORRISON, Deuler in Dry Goods Groceriea, Boota and Shoes, Hata and Caps, Hardwar Crockery, Books, Paiuts, Oil.. Vc , Ashtabula, O. 416 GlRGwTLLARDT--Deulerin Dry Goods Groceries, Hata, Caps, Boots and Shoes, Crockery, Glass wave, manufacturer of readv-made Clothing. Alao, whnle aale and retail dealerln Hardware, rtaddlerv.Nails, Iron Steel, Drags and Medicines, Painta, Oils, Dyestuua, 4c, Main street, Ashtabula. WELLS at FAULKNER, Wholesale and Retail Dealer. In Western Reserve Butter and Ch.ose, Dried Fruit and Flour, Ashtabaula, Ohio. Orders respect fully solicited, and Bllad at tha Lowest cash cost. 470 To. WRIGHT, Dealer in Millinery Goods Worked Collars and Sleeves, and Fancy Goods. Next door te tbe risk House. 410 Watchee, Jewelry, efce. O. W. DICKINSON, Jeweler. Repairing or all kinds of Watches, Clocks, sod Jewelry. Shop, oppslte tha Fl.kHonee, Ashtabula, O. W. P UNGUES, Dealer in Clocks, Watches Jewelry, and Silver Spoons. Clocks, Watches ana jewe iry i-rL shtabul O. Four doora north of I a 1'o.t- OOlee. ClatlB. MANSFIELD & BRUCE, Wholesale retail Dealers la Ready Mad Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Data, Capa, fcc. Aahtabula. J L. WOLFF & O. Dealer in Ready-made Clothing and Cut's Farnlahlng Goods. Ashtabula, O. 644 Blamafaeturera. GEORGE WILLARD, Manufacturer of Sasht Blinda and Doora, oa band and made to order. Also, Plan log, Matching, ate dona to order In the beat posaibleman ar. A.bam if. RANSOM & COBB, Manufacturers and Itealeratn Planed Lumber, Window Saah, Blinds, Door MnuldimrL Fence Pickels. Peeking Boxes, tc A:c Fa- tory and Lumber Yard, corner Columbus and Centre Ste Utoreiana, uuio. 64 GEORGE C. HUBBARD, Dealer in Hard ware, Iron, Stoel and Nalla, Stovea, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper and line, and manufacturer of Tin, Sheet Iron and Jopper w are, runt s muw, uuu,, 470 T. M'GUIRE, Manufacturer of Tin, Copper and Sheet Iroa Ware. Strict attention paid to maktng.aatt- i. n .nd renalrlne Stores. Store-Piue, PumiM and Lead Pipe, Eve-Troughs, ConduaUira, ate. Old ItflP, JVgs, Copper, Lead, etc., etc, taken in Exchange. Alao Sola Agent for tha "iJriist CenA with the laUst impmveiueuti i doora South of the Fisk House Aahtabula. u. R. TOWER. Machinist builder of Station-i arv and Portahl. 8t Knainea. Saw, and other Mil Work, and Jobbing and Repairing dona to order, abort notice, and In a workman-like mannea, south Main Asntabuia. oi Q. C CULLEY, Manufacturer of Lath, Siding Cheese Boaea. Plauiue and Matching and Scrawl- Sawing done on tha aborteot nalioa. bbup SuuUiaida ot Uic HethoaietChnrcb,AahUbula,Uhto. 440 J. B CROSBY, Iron Founder, and manu facturer a Dealer la Plows, Plow Castings, Mill Caat (ugs, ate. Most descriptions of Foundry Work done to order AUI hata bele. Ohio. 62fc W. W. BMlTU.-vManufacturerg of Sole Uppar and Harness Leather, and Deaera to French Lalf, and Lining Skins. Ca.u paid for Hide, and Skins. W . W . Sulfa, 64S F. W. Camlimlm. REEVES & MURRY, Dealers in Italian aad Rutland Marble, Orate Stones, Moauni enU.Tabla Tops, A.C., Ash tabu. GEORGE HALL, Dealer in Pianp Fortes, and Melodeons, Piano Stoola, Covers, Ipstruetipn Rooks, Depot oa Park atreet, Ashtabula, see advei Ua.m.ut. Fwrnlture, DUCRO k BROTHERS, Mauufucturers of Dealeraln Farniture of 'be beat descriptions, aud every va riety. Alao general Uadertaker.,aud mauutacturai fcofCof ftiu to ord.r, Maia street, North of South Public Kuuure AehUhula,! " 4U1 ClNUS 8AVAGK. Furniture Dealer and Man utturer, steam eala Mlalun'nt, North Mslo street, near the paiee of pr. Feriiugloq. Aahubula, O. 461. LUsry attaltlea H. F. k 3- 0. CULVER, have removed to the , lk llouae Stable, wkere tbey ettev te the eltisane of Ash ' tabula tbe use of the beat eo,uiped Livery blab, tn A ah tabula County, at pilcea that range but iuat above tbe lir ustaadaid. Call and ire. f pr.l,ieoo. 6f Bowk. M. O. DICK, Bookseller, Stationer and News Dealer. Alao, Dealer In Hheet-elusie, Toys, ana UMi.ro I variety Womls, wain .uvea, innwnii.,ipniiil Miscellaneous. D. S. "WILLIAMS, Wholesale dealer in Straw Goods, Hate, Caps, Umbrellas, Parasols, Ac, 101 aad 10T Chamber, at., and 80 a Bl Ra.de at.. New-York. TELEGRAPH OFFICE Western Union is removed to tha Drug Store of Hendry k Copelend, corner Main and Center Streets, three doora South ef flak House J. M. ALI.KN, Manajrer. 47 G. S. NEWCOMBA Co., General Dealers In all kind, of Blank, tor tawrara, Ju.tlcea, Kotarlee and Country Olnc.; Conntinr Houaa StaMonary. Printer". Stock, o., aie., 1 Hunerlor.lreet, (jleverand, UBIa. All kind.af Blank Book. Mannlkctnred to Older. 6B7 EMORY LUCE, Dealer in Sweet Potato, and other Enrlv Phint. and V.rrtablea. Aito, iieaierin 1'resarvea Ji rulta, Tomaioa, o. EaatA tabula, Ohio. a-vJWw- TIME TABLE OF THE CLEVELAND & ERIE RAIL ROAD Paaaenzer Tralni will run ai follow. : at. tld OOIKQ afT. I OOIWQ WKPT. - iTiTTo.Kx Ac N Ex aTTu.. N Ex Ami i7ail.Ii. F a. . r. p. m. r. 11 a. . a. m p. n r. 10.00 4.00 4. ST. .20 Cleveland, 6.30 9.10 8.0616.20 11.06 4.67 ft. 62 10.!i4 raineavtlle 4.317.6.1 . 04 4.11 11.29 0.21 Madi.en, 7.23 1.S8 e.27 Uninnvilla, 7.16' 11.40 fl.llrt ti.neva, 7.04 1.26 P. M 0.47 Savbrook, a. 6' 12 0:i 6.44 7.00 11.10 Aahtaoula, 3.34 6.3 1.04 3.13 12.10 7.17 Klng.vllle, A.M2.40 12.32 7.35 11.47 Connr.ut, 6.0 12.32.43 1.30 7.00 12.47 Erla. 1.68 a.i . 11.10 1.4o rrain. do not ttop at Station! where the timila omitted I j the above tabl... All throupli Trntnn going Westward, connect tt Cleveland, with Train, for Teltdo, Ckicmgt, CMaatta., (i naaati, -dimmrtpatii, tft. And all throughTrtln.gnlnrEaatward, connect at Dunkirk with theTraln.afN. Y. K. R. R., and at HuiTa o,withtho.a of N. Y. Central. and Buffalo Je N. V. City Ralli ad,for A.ie rer, Albany, Bull an, Kiapara Fnlh, i,c, ft. A. C. HUBBARD, Station Agcntt Ci.Kvai.Axn, Nov. 4.186L PERMANENT FIXTURE. A. A. Thayer haa opened a splendid so!te of rooms over J. P. Robartann's tore, with the Intention of staying forty ytr, to give the people of Ashtabula and County all around, some of those NICK PICTURES he is so wont to take. Yes, 1 iuteud.t keep a FIRST CLASS ROOM, and do all kinds of work, from the lowest price up to hun dreds of dollars. That new and splendid style of pictures THE PHOTOGRAPH, taken liere, a permanent find beautiful one Old r-tctnrep pho tographed, enlnrged to life -iie, and colored In oil il dnnlred. I nhi.ll make it my study to pleium my cu.toment, and keep up with the timex. I invite the attention of my many friend-and acquaintanceB throughout Ihe county to TiiAYEit'a Koons, to get The Beautiful Picture you waot 1 and to all I nay (Cotne and See." March. 1V A. A. THAYER. NEW England Fire and Marine Insu rance Company Hartford, Connecticut. Caiifa Capital, $1K),000 Caxb AMM-tff. January 1. I860, $236,617 02. Although this compauy ta young.lt prewnta a record for ou nd news promptneaa and litrality, for an opening nucce which in CMiiated by few. It la entire. relinble and ltd tcrma of Irmurance fair and liberal. JAEES KKED, Ag'r. AdhUbuIa, Keb.lhOU N EV SHOE SHOP. -Harry Redhead wishing to hare a chance in among tha up. and downs I downs Store, of life, has Uken the new slion next ui m. u. iuar where helnteuds to till orders for work, From a Bubv o Cuck 9 01 to a Gents Fine Boot which will he made under Ma on eye, and with an Lone, fe rence to durability and taste. J" gf" A share of public patrenage Is solicited. Aahtabulu Juno 12, 1W2. 607 II. RKD1IF.AD. PAINTS. OILS, Ac 300 Kl. Linked Oll100 gallons Sperm Oil 100 gallons Tanner's Oil 60 gallons jtrd Oil 60 gallons Lnnar OiU-600 gallon. al Oil 100 gallon. Spirit. Turpentine 00 gallons Burning Fluid 40 gallons Alcohol, 98 per cent. 3000 lb White I.d in Oil 2000 lbs Miner! Paint 600 lb Yellow Ochre 500 lha jet Red 300 th Putty in Madders 60 lbs Furniture Varnish 40 rba Coach Varulsh 00 lbs Jap pan Varnish 26 lbs Demar Varnish. Also, Llirom Gre.n. Paris Groan, nampfen Oraen, Chrome Yellow, Red Lead.niark l ead, Llthrige, Indian Red, Chinese Vermillion, Ivory Hlack, Whiting, and a large assortment of Artists Colors, for sale by GEO. W1DLARD. Geneva Clothinff Establishment! WII. CR0WELL, e IHULKR IN Heady Made Clothing, Genl Furnishing Goods, Hats and Caps, Boots and Hhocs, Trunks, Carpel Bags, Valises, Satcchels, etc., etc. No. 6, Pearl r'treet opposite tha Union House. Greiiovit, Olilo. Wa hare just received a treah supply of tha above articles which we are offering (for Cash or Ready Pay) at prleea to suit the times. We believe In the old adage, that "a nimble six. pence la better than a slow shilling," and fix our prices ac cordingly. Thankful for the patronage which has been ax1 ended since wa "run out our shingle," we hope by strict attention to business, honest and upright dealing wth out fellow-men to merit and receive a ooutinuanne of tbe same. CU In an examine our stock whether you wish to buy not. We are always ready and willing to show our Goods. Don't forget the place, No. 6. Pearl Street, Geneva, O. 619 Kingville Mills. THIS Mill, Situated Half a Mile East the villsge, has jnst been put Into new and complete or der, aud being supplied with a competeut and experienced Miller, otters to do cuatoro work In tbe nianufactuie of best quality of dour, and keen on hand for sale at all tiwpa, supply of flour and Feed. A share of public patronage la solicited, and every reasons able expectation wil oe met in lue accoinouatlons aud aril- cia ode led. Kugtiile, July 12, 1863. M ii. BENJAMIN. pftj, J9 RS I. K. STQ'ITARD, is now recei?- lug a large (lot of Fall and Winter Goods, pf the latest aad moat pproved styles, Ribbons, Silks, Vel yept, Flvuck and American Flowers. Alao a great variety ladles rltraw and Silk Uounots, Miaaes Straw, Felt, and lteitver Hata. All wishing neat aud tuaty Hata, please call and exaluuip ni,v stock la-fore puruhaaing eUa'Wbeie. iiaia n-paireu aud made as goeuaa new, hi bule. beul. 2 U2. 60S TEM0VAL.Tlie OITloc of the Mafrnet- V Telegraph t. Henioved Oypoaile the AahUbula House at theurug btoreof W. r. Cowland, with whom 1 have made an eugtigeuiMiL I shall ba bappy to adminlatrr to the wanU ' " oapecny ol uruggist, lawn Ulera, or let egraph Operator J.M.ALLEN. Januray 2T, 102 . . fl Dutter and Produoe Wantod. 1 A Tons of Good Duller. 1.000 ron X V of Egs, for whlcb the hlgbaet ioa.,ket price will Kodsath TricV iu uaitppw U; Li jioioufaOff. "Girls, Don't Get Married until we Come Back." RESPONSE OF THE ABOVE. Soldier, yoo are ery pretsinp;. Still we yield to your request) With the slightest gift of ueshi(r, You might know we'd think it Lett. Didn't you see a bint of waiting, As with sod, but hopeful fuce, We said good bye, while eyes were stating, None at homo could fill your place! If we've not committed treason, Or some wicked action done, Could there be tbe slightest reason, For our sudden lack of fuu? Why should we ho sad and tearful? But a soldier's luat "good bye" Is a circumstance so fearful, That the tears will dim the rye. We cnu't love we only pity 'Home gnnrds" undrr forty-five, For it doesn't need this ditty To prove thty'm onCy just alive! Some are sickly, many lame; Over half despair of lift); la fact they're all so very tame, We're sure they'll never need a wife. Soldier, be the best and bravest In the oamp and iu the fight Then for you will wait the fuirest; She'll bo yours by choico and right. From the N. Y. Independent. The Condition of our Country. BY HORACE GREELEY. Bl or of a of be Two or three months ngo, the Rebel hosts, flutlitd ttilh victory and reelinj' in the del'ghts of a season which enabled ibi in to dispense with muguziues of forage and almost of food, and to innrch and figlil rsgged nnd fihoek'ss, were advancing upon or ruenni'ing tie Union lorcis in every quirtcr. They hud worsted Gen. McCltl Inn ou tlio Peiiiiisiilii ; they t In euUncd Washington nnd Daltiniore, which were notorioiifly exposed to a successful rid by their Urund Army; they were prtssing buck the oiitiiiiuibcrcd Unionists in We.-t-cni Virginiftj they had paralyzed Ruell on the upper Teiincsce, nnd eic capturing his posts and menacing his cammuniciilioiis; their guerrillas ovci ran two lhiids-of Mis souri, uud ventured within a few miles of Louisville; they hud un Indian diversion just ready to be launched in the Northwest, while Mriniihis and New Orleaus seemed to lie at their mercy, and our forces on the Sen Islands to be parulz'd by their disas trous failure m an assault on the fori ob structing their npproach to Charleston. Iu short, our cause seemed palpably doom ed, uud the despotic pi ess of Europe shout ed over our downhill us already aeconi plishcd. They were cutirely too fust, as events huve ulrcady proved. Since that time, the loyal States, in Ad dition to the heavy drufts previously made upon them, have raised by volunteering iiloiie more tliati Four Hundred Thousand Men, forming the noblest freewill offering ever yet laid on the altar of Freedom nnd I'uiriotistn. Composed mainly of young farmers nnd mechanics, the graduates of our Northern Common Schools, these vol unteers may will challenge couijiai i.-on, in intelligence, morality, nnd patriotism, with any force of equal numbers ever yet sent into the field. The presumption is strong, moreover, that their efficiency iu combat has seldom or never been exceeded, man for man, by that of any other force. Although these new levies hnve not yet been completed, while a large portion of the men composing tin in are still awaiting weapons, camp tquipnge, or orrus, tliey have already made themselves felt. The Rebel Grand Army has been worsted in its turn and ruu out of Maryland by (Jen. McClcllan. It now stands on the defensive. driven back somo miles from the Potomac. Their army of Mississippi, nutnboring 30, 000 men, hus been thoroughly defeated with great slaughter by Geo. Rosocraos at Cor inth. Their armies tinder Rragg and Kirby Smith, which so lately clutched ut Cincin nati and Louisville, nre uow niuking their way out of Kentucky to escape the annihi lation which should hare bceu their portion at Perryvillc, and should be allowed to reach Tennessee only as fugitives and strag glers. West Virginia is reported evheuot ed by the Rebel force which so lately chased the Unionists down the Kanawha. In Southwestern Missour', they recede before the advances pf SchoOeld, while in Arkan sas they tremble at the prospect of u move mcnt ou Little Uock by Gen. Curtis. Memphis is assured against recapture; while New Orleans is held as firmly by Gen Butler as though it were a Gibraltar. In short, the Rebels, outnumbered on every side, are now recoiling at every point where confronted, and iu most quarters are in (till retreat. Qur iron-claqs, now ueaily ready for service, will soou begin to repeat the achievements which irave us Port Royal, Albemarle Sound, aud New Orleaus. For the frosts and cold rains of October are already telling upQq the gaunt and weary frames of the rugged, tent less, shoeless masses composing the Rebel armies, especially in Virginia and Kentucky. A l(ii rd march over stony or miry roads, ter minating in a Ma ui ei less bivouac at night, disables ten times as many of them as did two or three months ago. Food aud fortige grow scarce iu tbe regions hitherto subject to Uie:r ravages, and retreating through regions they have devastated very different from advaucing through dis tricts covered with corn and cattle. Throw ing them back on the already scanty re sources of their iutcrior is exposing ibein uukedness and starvation. lie il remembered that Rebeldom was ell but severed last Spring by our flotillas on the Mississippi, Yicksburg ulono remain ing an obstacle to tbe opening of that river from St. Louis to its mouth. Tbe heat and the malaria which compelled the abandon ment of tho siege of Yicksburgh have now passed away. Tho rivers of the West and Southwest will soou be full banked and nav igable to their utmost extent. 'o kball have ten times the Naval forco adapted operations iu the. .heart of the Rebellion that we had last Wiuter. May we not reasonably hope iba, Jts t fUpiencT wl proportioned, to its strength ? - The glorious Proclamation- of Frr6d, though not takiug fall effoct til! tJaQQary, is nlreoflj; bearing good fruits. "Don't call the enemy Unionists or Yankees," writes in substance Rcfliiregard lo Bragg; "always call thera Abolitionists." Very good, the slaves begin to nnderstsnd that this new term of opprobrium has a meaning, and that it is one that bodes them no evil. The trnitors begin to recoil from it as a "work of fear." They are not half so anx ious to make us all , "fanatic" and "Abo litionists" as they were a little while ago. As Drowning gnys: "It's like those eerie atorimnurrni toll, Of how some actor played Death on a stage, , With pnvtobosid down, sham oi b, and tinseled dart, And called himself tho monarch of Ibe world : Then going in the tire room afterward. Pecans, tbe play wa. done, to hlft himrclf, Got touched npon the sleeve f.miliar.y, 1 be moment he had shut the cloiul door, Py Death himself ! " . But thouiih the Rebels take care to vitu perate the Unionists as "Abolitionists" less than formerly, the word hus I cin spoken thut cannot bo recalled. Wherever the Proclamation of Freedom hns reached tho ears of captured Unionists languishing in Sou1 hern prisons, they, without distinction of party, have received it with spontaneous, irrepressible clieeis. How it is received iu i lie cu bins mid secret midnight gatherings of the slaves, may readily be conceived. A few days since, ihe body Bervaut of o Rebel officer who had read it in Richmond, rode his nius'ei'K horse boldly into our lines near Harper's Ferry, and claimed tho pro tection it promised, which was heartily ac corded. Ho brought valuable iuformaliou of ibe positions nnd strength of tho Rebel Grand Army, which he hud just left. L-t the Proclamation tuke full effect, nnd such transfers of services will be reckoned by thousands. Great Ratification Meeting in New York. One of tre most enthusiastic meetings ever assembled in New York, took pines in the Cooper Institute last week, for ihe purpose of ratifying the nominations of tbe Uuion War Ticket and responding to the Emancipation Proclamation of ihe President. Win. Curtis Noycs, was President of the Meeting. Upon taking the chair the President made on excellent spoech, iu the course of which lie saidi "I bfg you nil to remember that this is not n party mteting in the sense of its be ing n meeting of the Democratic porty, the Union party, or of the Republican p'irty. It is a meeting of genuine, earnest, positive mends of the country of men earnestly and honestly loyal, men who know no hy pocrisy in the expression of their loyalty to their country, who do not srty one llilng and mean another thine; who will not be, ns a very (tistiiirruislied mnn saia to me to day, honest hefore the election and traitors afterward. When tho Democratic party wns broken in fragments at Charleston by a bnnd of traitors and conspirators, it orys talized into three classes, which I would describe ns pond, worse, nnd worst. And I will reverse the order of the comparison. Ihe "worst" nro the iroltors and conspira- tors composing the cntrc Democratic par'y ... ' .J at the Sonth, ns a general thing now in the army ngainst tbe country, bended by their candidate for President, who is engaged in slaughtering some of Ihe men who voted for him, nnd denouncing many nnd ninny thou sands who voted for him. That is the first class the worst. The ntxt class the "worse" are those who, ever since the bombardment of Fort Snmter, ever since that beleaguered garrison wns ossuiled ond attempted to be murdered, have been cold, indifferent, doubting our success, Inking no share in the patriotic excitement which pre vailed a year ago last April, toking no pains to stimulate the energies of the coun try to great activity in tho struggle which was upon us, nud recently crystallizing in a party opposed to the Aclmitiietrntion, op posed to the war in substance, nnd ready to submit, or do anything to aret favor with the Rebels and the party with which they are affiliated: not, indeed, that they are traitors I do not. charge any such thing as that, but I say that they are in sympathy with traitors, ond ore willing to submit to their demands, and that some of them their leaders would gire them a blank sheet of paper upon which to write such terms ns they might see fit to prescribe. J will furnish you a single evidence. The leader of that party in the city of New Yoik is ho who, in the Winter of 1861. desired to send orms to the South with which the Rebels could fight their North ern neighbors. Many of those who affili ate with the class of which I have spoken, do so in the integrity nf their hearts, no doubt; but they are mistaken, the designs of the leaders nre base and disloyal; ond they wish no'hing more than tho prostra tion of tho North and tho triumph of the South. And now I come with (treat pleas ure to the "good" class. Their represen tatives nre here. Their representatives ore oil over tho country in those good and loy al Democrats who, os early ns the 24th of April, allied themselves with the Union men of the North, nnd have know n no fal tering from that day to this. (Loud ap planse. My wcrd for it they will never falter." Emancipation in St. Augustine. il is A New-Hampshire Volunteer writes homo from St. Augustine, Florida, to The Independent Democrat that there are now but 500 negroes in that oncicnt city gen erally superior specimens of their race and thus proceeds : Before the rebellion, there were, am told, over 1,000 slaves, representing about $1,000,000. About one half of them were before our troops came, tuken into tho in terior and lo Savannah and Charleston. Tho remaining 600 hove been tho princi pal means of eupport to about ono forth as many famlics, who rent them out, at from six to tcu dollars per mouth. They con tinued in this relation until about threo wc;ks ago, when a state of thing was brought ii bout that is highly suggestive. The day after my arrivul, Gen. $axton, with bis stuff and a missionary to tbe con trabands, a Methodist clergyman, rame to the city, aud called a uieeliug of the blacks, telling them that by an out of Con gress they were free, and must serve their protended owners do longer. This made them wild with joy, aud settled iu my mind (hat ghost of u argument that tbe slaves dq not desire their freedom. saw tbat they longed, tote free. There of Libert" had burned in their bearla at well ai in those of prouder and more boastful races No extraordinary attachment to tbelr ht rues could induce them to remain in Slavery. ' As I mingled in I hat lea of black and yellow faces, it seemed ibe Day of Jubilee to them. They bod not onder stood what had so long been taught tbem, that Slavery was their only hope in this world, and their' salvation in tho next Tl.ey resolved to break the chain and take care of themselves. Scores of them left I their former homes, and by their own ef forts, amid the most bitter opposition and persecution, they now get their own living. After three weeks huve passed, our worthy Commissary, Lieut. Cole, assoros mo that not a colored person receives gi at nitons rations from the Government. They labor cook, wusb, fish for a living and get With the owners of the slures, Him announcement of Freedom created the greatest excitement, for they felt its con sequences. They hud subsisted upon the earnings of the sUves, and il was a serious matter to them that their riches should tuke legs nud run away. The few white men leu hardly mechanical genius enough to open u juk knife, and ihey were too hzr to turn a grindstone ; and ihe women, what could they do ? Nothing was left to them but to apply for assis tance, which ihey did. On ouo duy lust wetk, there was on increase of eighteen fiinilies, ho culled for free rations ut tbe Commissary's Department, most of them giving as a icnson for their necessity that their servant hnd left ihem. Who then is it that c.'iil't take care of themselves ? Imagine the tcene 1 These aristocratic ladies ot the South, accustomed lo sy to one boi vant go nnd he goeth, and to anolh cr come and comelh, taking iu their deli cate fingers the earnings of others, turning np their noses nt the working wives uud daughters of the Northeru mudsills, now brought to cotitemplate the awful lime w hen ihey mut leant to cook a few rations begged from a Government their husbands and brothers are fighting to destroy. iSVf Irasil sloria. Mavcdurn. Prolonging the War. ! Daniel S. Dickson of New Yoik, was u Breckuiridgc Democrat iu 1SG0. lie has been a life long Democrat. lie is still a true Democrat. He i, therefore a power ful und inteligent witness ogniust the rpu li ons Democrats, who have stolen the uume of ihe party and are trying lo elect a set of cowardly, sneaking hypocritical tories, of the Vulliiudighum Fchool, to power. As Ihe etTet of this orgnnixutitin upon the war, Mr. TJiekinson, in bis speech al New York on Wednesday, said : A life-long Democrat, I do not hesitate to declare responsibly that the organized uction of any knot of politicians, as a spuri ous Democratic party, has done and is now doing more to encourage the endurance and preset vcranco of this lebtllion than all the sympathies of huglaud und France combin ed 0,1(1 such is 1,10 VlUo judgment more il,.,,i nil tl,o t. .t,.l. , , l.! I, I, ..en , I I... ihun u'l the vcsssels vliicli huve ruu (he blockade together. The South knew the ola Democratic pBrty of this State as n party of power und influence. They hope aud believe this faction is its successor, and possesses some of its elements and influ ence uud uwaits its triumph. Could the murueruos tultcideuiulious of rebellion, who ato described as reeking with a rank compound of villuiuous smells, shaggy w iih shreds of what was clothing, nud creeping with vermin, attend our polls, they would give this tikct it unauiuious vole. Could it succeed. Jeff. Davis would proclaim another day of thanksgiving, though it might have lobe kept iu fasung j uud iliu uiiuute Richmond ; and well he might, for its succcess would be moio hurtful to the cause of the Uuion Ihun the loss of the Army of Potomac nud the capture uud ihe sucking of Washington. l is a ticket upon which all ihe opponents of the war will combine, at home aud ibroad, and to which they looked for relief from their position, Could thut illustrious, historic patriot of a neighboring State who recently etarted n.poq the Wicousin route lo shift himself into Canada in woman's clothes to avoid a draft, be permitted, as he hhoulu be to stump New York for this ticket, he would doubilcs raise a hoop that would silenco the most distinguisbeil brave ever produced by Tutntnauy. Great laugh tcr. B. The Times uecuscs ns of being Abo litionists. This term was formerly used with effect to denote nil thut wns extreme iu opinion und visionary in politics. Bui the cannon at Fort Sumter, the continued persistence of i he South iu rebellion, the hundreds of thonsauds of our bravo coun trymen lying iu their graves, the millions of treasure spent, the grief of wk'ows and the desolation of homes, have changed all that. That wand has lost its power; that chin p can now lie spelled bnckwards. Abraham Lincoln, Gen. McClcllan, Gen. Hooker, Gen. Johu Cochrane, Gen. Mo demand, Gen. Burusidp, Gov, Tod, Gov. Sprague, Gov. Pierpnnt, Gen. Bustt'od, Andrew Johnson, a large majority ot ihe Uuion at my, are ubolitionists because they believe that every mouus should be employ ed to prcseivo the nut ion, then we art) abo litionists. If being unytbiug but a puper that denounced the first proclamation call, iug for meu to resist tbe traitors that were seeking our lives, that has been ou opeu advocute of the right of the South to secede, that came very near being mobbed for such sentiments, that finally ceused its virulence onlv because its editors feared the dungeaus of Fort LaFoyette, if being anything, short, but purliully concealed disunioiiisls makes us guilty of abolitionism, then we accept the name with all the stipjma thut such a puper as the Hartford Tints can affix upon deceut meu. U&rtfvrd Dem ocratic) Post. There are human tempers, bland, glow ing and genial, within whose i flueuce is good for the poor i'ti spirit to live, as is for the feeble iu fiuine lo bask kjjibo glow of the uoou. Sinui'I.ar. A few days since a letter was received in Erie, Pa., from some person unkuown, in J'uris, France, containing $1000, with direction ; "To be 'used bnpporilng the families of volunteers. The Bjouey is accortlinglf to be distributed by committee f ladies, for the object meotiou- Words for Wives. I believe the influence of a wife to be 1 wejs for good or bad Very decided. -There Is not a woman living-, utiles, she hns for-, felled all claim to her husband's respect, bat is making her matk day by day upon his character. We men are foolishly proud, and do not like to let women see how they influence o, bnt wo know tbat, outside of our business and sometimes even la it, all onr finings are mora "or less controlled by our wives, and ho is a kuave who will uot honestly acknowledge ft. Is it a disgrace to a mnn that be is kept at home, away from bad conipnny, away from doubtful pleasure and foolish expense through his wile's influence? Some poor, cowardly souls think so, aud niter senseless criefl against her who as gurdian nrgcl, stands between these aud their viutini- I think the wife was given to supply him with certain things wanted In his own na ture, and in yielding to her judgment, her opinion her desire, where these nre ou the side of truth and justice ho only follows out ihe leadings of n divino will. B it though the husband hide or denv tt, let tbe good wife be in good cheer. Qnc thing however let her understand worrying, fret ting, fault finding, direct nnd frequent harangues, ill tempered slurs, anything that looks like suspicion or jeakusy, will do no good.' These are things a man cnonot bear, ond huve driven muny into the things they were intended to prevent. She lacks prudence and judgment who shall ever indulge in these Let her know thai the strongest influences are those which are silent and in direct, that it is impossible for her to be in ihe right, gently, patiently, consistently, without its being felt. It may not be ac knowledged to-day, or lo-raorrow, or ever; it runy not do all that she hoped it would do. Contracting influences may be too strong fur that, but it is fell among the deepest uud Inst things of life, even vt hen he jeers, and soffs, aud sti ikcs.--JIo?iMy Magazine. Origin of Oil Springs. The source of theso vast supplies of oil has been much discussed, and there nre still some points in their history which remain obsoure. Wo trace their origin to ihe great forosts of antiquity, whose shrubs were trees, ani whose trees were giants we know their great noss by the cast of their huge leaves, which we find iu our coal mines. Stigmerged and suHj-jcted to cer tain strange agencies, the vast rank forests turned slowly into coal Such a change involves a separation of carbon and hydro- gen, sometimes as oil or both combined. Gravity would force the fluid to seek; tho lowest level it could Hod, through every crack nnd fissure, which accounts for its being found uot only below but often re mole from the coal deposits. Under other circumstances the pressure of water from beneath or the volatile, nuture of gas w hich accompanies the di, forces, it uu into he hirhest attainable level, thus brinrrif.'r il in i o strata above Hie coul mousures or the floor of the coal beds. Just how, oi when, or why, these wondetful ttausitious took place may never bo definitely known for in the vast crucible beneath our feet, fierce fires are always ruging, such change is directed by ihe hand of tho Almighty chemist, with faukless wisdom, aud. in ways past Uuding out. If iu it it iu a A Significant Incident. We have been shown a private letter written at Hillsborn, Highland county, in which it is staled that a few days ngo a ladv from Kentucky, with several children and four servants, pussed through to Greene county. . Her husband was expected to join her there. Ihey were friends of ibe Uuion, tipd had bceu driven from their homo by the rebels. Several years ago they had liberated a number of sluves, and purchased a latin near Aetna. Xow, exiled from their home by rebels who were fighting for slavery, they were seeking refuge iu a free State, under lho protection of sluves to whom ihey hud given freedom. The lady said they had bceu kind to their negroes, aud hud no doubt they would be kindly cared for qutil they could return lo Keutueky. This is fairly to be regarded as one of the significant incidents qf ihe times. Springfield Ohio) Rcpullicin. Farm Hedges Honey Locusts We have, among other varieties, sugses'td the honey locust as a plant worthy of a pretty general tiial for a farm hede. It is strong grc wing pluut, funning, in its nul- urul condition, a tree ol good size, auu therefore, will require severe pruuing to form a bedtre. fcomo have tried il and fail jd, perhaps from loo close planting. ifuuites considerable room, aud if grown close as the hawthorn or of ago orange will become cl.oked. Dr. Warder recommends it n ili most moiuisinir hedije ulaut we have; and Wm. Reid, Elizdbethiown, New Jersey, who hus many fiuo hedges, is satis fied, after twenty Uve years tt iu I, that il moie easily kepi aud belter adapted for foiiii feuco thau any thut has beeu used. Those, however, who expect to ruuke good hedge iu a few years of this or any other plant that we are acquainted wiih will be sorely disapoiuicd. Rural Jt'w Yorker. . No Murk Dancixu for Him A soldier whoso legs had been carried away above the kuees by a canuan bull, and who had been long a" patient iu tho hospital, one day wbilo eiuiu., up cd, asked the uurso i When will thoso tract distributor bo around again 7 To day, said she. Vheu they come, J would like soniothing to reud, he added. A colporteur came in the afternoon, and made busty distribution of tracts, givinre oue to each bed, wiinoui slopping t.x roa.l the titles or seo the fitness ol Co..i..,..L,ri The poor fellow who had lost his legs received a little four-page message and began lo read wiih gtcat eagerness. The umse noticing the interest, stole lir-hind to seo the subject of the tract, when to hor aBtoniohrueot, she reud "The effects of modem dauoiog." Repressing her luugter, she said to tbe man That tract is hardly suited to your con- ditiou? ...... Well, madam, be replied, to tell the truth J ihiuk, tpy dancing dajsare about over, JEFFERSON, Oct. 13th, 1862. Profit of Bees. Mr. Mitor , ' , Having roar! Ir, an agricultural pspr,' ah article wlierefn the writer ssys ho has a stock of bees from which he has cleared in ono season iulncicose of stock. and inrplo of honey, nineteen dollars end thirty seven cents, reckoning his stock a t four dollars each, and honey at fourteen cents per pound, after deducting weight of boxes, and considers this n littlo more than extra. I wish to lay btfore your readers the fol losing, ea tha pre fits of ono swarm, for a season. I have one old stock, from which I have received this season -four swarms. The lust two were put in one hive j thus making throe new swarms. These at the above price, wouUl.be worth twelve dollars. From the old stock, end the tare tew swarra, I have received one hundred and, ' thirteen pounds of surplus box honey. Deduct from this twelve pounds for weight of boxes, and I have one hundred and one pounds of honey, which ot font teen cents per pound, amounts to fourtocn dollars and fourteen cents. Add lo this the vulue of ihe threo new swarms, and we have tbe snug sura of twenty-six dullurs and fourteen cents. I will further stale that I consider tbese four stocks, aud iu good condition to wiuter. Yours Respectfully, ; Profit of Bees. THOMAS DUREY. .Let, then, every patriot abide tn hope. We huve ihe forco already raised, the guiiv boats neurly built, the instrumentalities soon to be sel in motion, which are suffieicut 10 crush the life out of the Rebellion in sixty days fioin ihe hour that tbey are put in operation. Wo have an abundance of food and of every necessary of life, while tho Rebels luck nearly everything. We have the good wishes and prayers of en lightened lovers of Liberty and Progress 011 over tho world. We have, above all, the fervatit prayer of God's sablo poor, who huve too long groaned in the prison house of Southern bondage, wondering if He who feedcth the ravens would ever hear their cry, nud oft times, ready to faint with 'the heitri-sickiie-s of hope deferred.' In view of all the facts, let us tbauk God and lake, courng-! i i a is a a the I up evil Well Said. Said nn iufidel lady onqe to Lord Chesterfield, "The British Parlia ment consists of five or six hundred of tbe best informed men in the kingdom. What, then, can be the reasoti tbey tolerate such uu ubsurdity as tbe Christian religion?" "I suppose," replied his lordship, "it is because they have not been able to substi tute anything better in its stead; when they can, I do not doubt that, in their wisdom, they will readily adopt il." And Lord Chesterfield, with ull his say ing'', never said a better ibinff. The Proclamation By a careful peru sal of the Boston Post, Courier aud Ihrali, and ihe New lork L.xvress. Journal of Commerce aud Herald, we are struck with the following rerauikable peculiarities of Mr. Lincoln's Proclttrjia,tion; 1. It is brutum fulmen. 2 It will forever destroy the Union. 3. It is harmless and impotent.- 4. Immeasurable eyil will Cow from it. It can only show the weskuess of those who urge it. C. It w ill opeu issues too tremendous, &o. 7. The South will laugh al it. 8. The South will be roused to frenzy by it. St. Paul Press. Oiders huve been issued. direoting the occupancy lor Uovernmeut puposes of property iu V ashington of persons known to lie in the service of tho rebels, includ i'g five houses belonging to Com. Forrrst, two to Dr. Cornelius Doyle, one to Dr. Garnett, son in law lo Henry A. Wise, one to Wm. R. Smith, member of the rebel con gress, one to Mr. Phillip., ex. Sixth AntJU tor of the Treu-ury, one lo Cap'. Duuniug ion, ex Chief of the Capital Police, aud several others. Laughter, bliep, aud hope, are the three, boutitics wiih which kind Mother Nature compensates us for the troubles of lifo, which few, perhaps would accept if lhy were asked beforehand. An Irishman at New Haven having had nine children iu eight years wedlock.upplied for au exemptiou certificate, "hecause hj could seive bis country belter ut home." Teaching Children Da ull in your power to leach your chidren self govern ment. If a child ia pa-siomtle, teach htm by gentle and patient moans, to curb his temper. If he is greedy, culiivato libctoliy iu bun. If he is sulky, charm, him out of it by encouraging good humor. If he i 'u- , doleiit, ueciistom him to exertion. If piide makes his obedierce reluctaut, subduo him by ccunsel or disciple. Iu short, give your children a habit of overcoming their i-cseU ing siu. . ' X "t-iickeiV idea -or soundness is aptly illustrated in the remark of an old bee huu ter ia one of the Egyptian counties. The' "times were the topic of conversation and, the souudne.-s of the various Illinois banks wus under discussion. Among these U tho Gas urn uu owned by Smiib, a popular oiau among the ''copperas-breeches theiet abouts. "Is Smith souud enquired oue of the pur ty- - ' Uncle Milt an old pioneer, taking his, pipe from a hole iu bis faue like a slit hi tv side of sole-leather, broke out : "Sound ! Smith sound I Well be u. He, never wur sick in hi life, weighs tuorethiii 180, voted for Diigli, aud Uhsves lu inv toereiuu sun ! I call that sound soou I . Tiwo teas, is past j thou, caost not it recull , pime is, thoa bast employ the portion sirmil j Time fulurs is nut aud may never ba i . -Time prtse4 is the ouly tiuia fur Hue. Feeliug is a truer oracle lhaa thought t. Uence women are ofieuer r'bt ihua meu. . Ao army, like water, itajuates by rej, od is kept fie.h by motion.