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"By JAMES REED. Independent in all tilings. S3 in Advance ASHTABULA, OHIO, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1867. ; VOLUME" XVIII XO. 29. WHOLE NUMBER 916. TEBJtS OF SUBSCRIPTION : Two Dollar per annum paid strictly In advance. ADVERTISING BATES Twelve Hnee or less of Nonpareil make a square. One square 1 week,$ 75 ; ' One square S wks.. 1 GO ' One square S mos.. S 00 One square 6 mos.. SOD Two squares 8 moe.$ 5 00 Twosqaares 6 mos. 8 00 Two squares 1 year, 12 00 Four squares 1 year 15 00 Half column 1 year, 85 00 One square 1 year,. 8 00 Basin ess Cards of not over fire lines per year, $8 00 Obituary Notices unless of general interest half rates, JOB PKIJTTING Of every description attended to on call, and done in the v most (asieiui tuwum BUSINESS DIRECTORY. PHYSICIANS. TB. E. IV. KING, Physician and Surgeon, office over Williard'a store, residence near it.Petor a unnrcn. Ashtabula. ...... n . vaw w.kmvr a. r wr. n. Homeceopathic . Physician and Surgeon. Office nearly opposite the res idence bf H. Fassett, Main rwt Ariula, OMo. Residence nearly-opposite the m. v.. muron. y -HouBS-From 7 to 9 a. 1 to P. and evenmg.8.5 DENTISTS. G. W. KELSOS, Dentist, AshUbnla, Ohio Office in Fisk Block- 22 P. K. HALL, Dentist, Asbtaouia, unio. . T" . 777 . rt see over Horton, Fellows ana m. b owu. ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS. WADE WATKrSS-Attorneys at Law, Jcffer : son. Ohio. Office in the Court House, for the present. D. S. Waw. tW . A. B. W atkins. 'P.-A. PETTI BOM E, Attorney at Law, Collector Conveyancer and Notary Public ' Oeneva, Ohio, Dec. 8.1KR6. "r1 II V FASSETT. Agent Homo Insurance Com - Mk -Life-Insurance Company, of Hartford, IX Alo ItOUUD w r . liiu, i ay-m 1 II ALL & GARY, Attorneys at Law, and War Claim Agents, Ashubulaconnty. Ohio. Theodore H all will Wat Geneva on Mondav and Tuesday of each week TI1EODOI1K WAI l Ashtabula. M. B. GAK1, Genera. F, II. SHEKMAN, Notary Public, Justice of the Peace, and Conveyancer, office over Haskell a Store, Ashtabula. ' . 782 tHGKX AT & FITCH, Attorneys at Law, First i.- DoorSoatli of Fisk House, Ashtabula. Ohio. LABAN 8. SHERMAN. fi.-0 EDWARD H. FITCH. THEODORE HALL, Attorney at Law, and War ' Claim Agent, Fisk Block. Ashtabula, Ohio.' 7S8 " J. II. COOK, Attornev and Counsellor at Law and Notarv Public, also Real Estate Agent, Main street, vm- Mnrrinon A Ticknor's store. Ashtabula. O. 833 CHARLES BOOTH, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Ashtabula, Ohio. 9 i O. H. PITCH, LifeFire and Marine Insurance, and " Real EsUte Agency, Fisk Block, Ashtabnla, O. 6SQ 1 SAJICEL W. HCTIPHBEI, Real Estate Deal er, continues to supply the market with Building Lots from his place at the Depot, , Lots eligible and prices moderate. : l?!?1? . . - HOTELS. CL REWDON HOUSE, A. H. Stockwcll, Pro prietor. Omnibuses run regularly from this house to - and from every train, and a line of stages leaves its door for Jefferson and other interior points. 8SU PISK HOUSE, Ashtabula, Ohio, H. Field, Propri- etor. -An Omnibus mnning to and from every train of care. Also, a good livery-stable kept in connection - with tliis house, to convey passengers to any point. t . : 689 THOMPSON'S HOTEL-J. C.TuoJirsoJt, Propri etor, JeffersonObiOi ,- FRENCH'S HOTEL, On the European Plan, op posite the City Hall-and Park. (Cor. Frankfort St.) New York. Spacious Refectory, Bath Room and Barber Shop. Sen-ants not allowed to receive Perpuisites. Do ot believe Emmere or Hackiaen who say we arc full. 1 year-W3 MERCHANTS. ' GEORGE HALL. Dealer in Piano-Fortes, and Me lodeons, P iano tools. Covers, Instruction Books, etc. Depot 2? Public Square, Cleveland, Ohio. 416 STRONG & MANNING, Dealers in Bitnmenons Anthracite and Blacksmith's Coals, by the ton or car load, at Ashtabula station, or delivered in the Village, at the most favorable rates. t&O TYLER & CARLISLE, Dealers in Groceries, Domestic Dry Goods, ic just opening at the old store . of Stephen Hall, Main Street, which has been rebuilt ' and put in neat and tasteful order. H73 HERRI CK & BROTHER,Dealers in Dry-Goods, Groceries, Crockcrv, Cutlery, Notions, &c, &c.. Main, two doors North of Centre street, Athtahula, O. B7U SMITH & GILKEY, Dealers In Dry-Ooods, Gro ceries, Crockery and Glass-Ware, opposite Clarendon Block, Main street, Ashtabula. Ohio. , . 87U W. REDHEAD, Dealer in Flour, Pork, Hams, Lard, and all kinds of Fish. Also, all kinds of Family Gro ceries, Fruits and Confectionery, Ale and Domestic Wines. ...... . COL HNS & BROTHER, Dealers in Dry-Goods, . 'Stations, Groceries, Boot and Shoes, Iron, Stone Chi na, &c, Ax. Two doors north of Fisk House, Ashta bnla, Ohio. . ..t p.coLLnra; '- bos j. w. cqllins. J. p. ROBERTSON, Dealer in every description ,iioa" Bootss Shoes, Hats and Caps. Also, on hand a stoek of Choice Familv Groceries, Main street, corner of Cen tre, Ashtabnla, 6. " W'9 HORTON, FELLOWS & CO., WTiolesale and Retail Grocers, and General Dealer in Produce, Pro visions', Flour, Corn, Fish, Salt, &c.. Main street, Ash tabnla. O. Goods delivered free of charge. 8K9 1. w. HASKELL Sc CO.. Corner Spring and Main , etreets, Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealers jn Dry-Goods, Gro ceries, Crockery, &a, Ae. ' ir . T D. W. iiASK.BlJL1. t5 j. w. a.iaa.cuu. WELLS ic BOOTH, Wholesale and RetaU Dealers in Western Keserve uuiierana cneese, lneu xf" Vlnn, mnA nnifprimL .Dnlers .riTMirifllllv Solicited. and filled at the lowest cash cost. Ashtabnla, Ohip. 8S7 MORRISON &TICKNOR, Dealers in Dry-Goods, i Riwitn Shoes, Hats. Cans. Hardware. Crock Ri Paints. Oils. Stc. Ashtabula, O. 800 JH a,unf 6c NOTES, Dealers in Dry-Goods, Groceries, Hats, Cai, Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Stoves and Tin ware. Strict attention paid to all kinds of Tinner's Job Work. Corner of Center and Park streets, Ashta tiolA' Ohio. ' - - - mt li.'iTr: i druggists: ; CHARLES E. SWIFT Ahtabula, Ohio, Dealer in Drags and Medicines. Groceries, Perfumery and Fancv Articles, superior Teas, Coffee; Spices, Flavor ing Ifxtracte, Patent Medicines of every description. Paints Dyes, Varnishes, Brushes. Fancy Soaps, Hair XteSlOrauves, lamr vsue, on v. " ... t" - at the lowest prices, - Prescriptions prepared with smt- HU16 UUC II Ashtabula, u., ueuier m .iui;-, Faints Oils Varnishes, Bruahes,D.v.e bluffs, Ac, Choice i-!w nrliiiliiip- Teas. Coffees. tc. Patent J&edicines. Pure Wines and Liquors for Medicinal purposes. Physician's prescriptions carefully and pronipt 1- ........ trt 758 GEORGE WILLARD. Dealer in Dryloods Gro ceries, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Crockery, &lass-V are. A1SO, Vi noiesaio mm n. " ... . 7 dlerv Nails, Iron, Steel, Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Dyestnffs, &t.. Main street. Ashtabula. HARNESS MAIvER. W H WILLIAMSON, Saddler and Harness Ma ker opposite Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio, . .. . ' ' , . . .. . tA nnin. in thi best manner. - nas on nana, ona uiairco ' "-i .v.i ; n; iinA - w-1 P C. FORD Mannfactnrer ana ueaier m uu.w, Harness, Bridles, Collars, Trunks, Whips, Ac, oppo site Fisk House. Ashtabnla, Ohio. ' . T. . . i-.. .j ... .... LUMBER-YARD. SEYMOUR GIDDINGS, Doale in Pine and f"TmKr. Dressed or otherwise. Lath. Pine Shingtes, -!"J!!!toT. 'n& ' 8EYMOCH. ' HSS-flm ' ' A. C. QIDDINw ; , MANUFACTURERS. " A D STRONG, Manufacturer snd Jobber in Henne A3tti -SaJtad Goo'ds. Jelly. Cider, and Cutor A tajgor. Ashtabula, Ohio. Nov. 10. 1S66. 55 . i. JCEILE Sc BBO., MMnfactnrer. and Dealers in all kinds of Leather in general demand in this inarkLt. " Highest cash price paid for Hides and bnis. al.C. CULLEY. Manufacturer of Lath.fding. Mould- ttfiS. Chetse S,iJs, Ac. Planing, Matchine, and Scrowl Sawing, done on the shortest notice. Shop m KM ' street, opposite the Upper Park. Ashtabnla, Ohio. 440 w. W. SMITH, Manufacturer and Dealer in all the . . different kinds of Leather in demand in tins martlet, and Shoemaker's Findings. He is. also engaged in tlie mannihetnre of Harnesses, of the light and tasteful, as 'well as the more substantial kinds, opposite" Phosnix ... Foundry, Ashtabnla. 870 T. S. LAY, Manufacturer and Dealer in Boots, Shoes, . Ac., Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabnla, O. K70 , -. BOOKSTORE. M. G. DICK, Dealer in Books. Stationery. Fancy Goods, Yankee Notions. Toys, Wall Paper. Window - Shades", Sheet Music and Music Books. Agent for the flyou A; Hamlin Cabinet Organs. SS7 CLOTHIERS. PIERCE Sc HALL, Dealers in Clothing, Hats, BRUCE, AMIDON & WAITE, Wholesale and Retail Dialers in Ready Made Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps, Ac, AshUbnla. 0 J. p. GIFFORD & CO., Merchant Tailors and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Ready Made Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Ac, Ac., Ashtabula. tu CABINET WARE. DtTKO & BROTHER, Manufacturers of, and TtMir- in Fnniitnre of the best descriptions, and every variety. Also General Undertakers, and Manufact urers of Coffins to order. Main street, North of South Public Square, Ashtabula. 4111 i nr s VACI!. Pnmltnre Dealer and Manntac turer. Steam establishment. North Main street, near thf nffirp nf Tir. l-'jirrlnwton Ashtabnla. Ohio. 4.-U D. W. GARY & Co. Dealers in all descriptions of Furniture, of both Eastern and Western make and stjles at moderate prices, Clarendon Clock, Mam street, Ashtabula. Ohio. 901 FOUNDRIES. CROSBY 6c MONTIGLE, Iron Founders and Man ulacturers and Dealers in Moves of various kinds. Plows and Plow Castings, Mill Castings, and most des criptoins of foundry work. Spring St, Ashtabnla. 700 P. J. RICE, Plwenix Fonndrv. Manufacturer of Stores and Plows, and General Founder. Sugar Kettles, Mill and Plow Castings, Hollow Ware, and all other Cast ings made to order. Office Phoenix Foundry, Slain street, Ashtabnla, Ohio. . 870 JEWELERS. GEO. E. TAYLOR Ac CO., Manufacturers of Silver Ware, Gildersaud Silver Platers, 136 Champlain ' St., between Seneca and Ontario, Cleveland. Ohio. iHU G. wT1ICTkTnSON, Jeweler. Repairing or all kinds of Watches. Clocks, and Jewelry. Shop, Claren don Block. Asnfahula, Ohio. JT. S. ABBOTT, Dealer in Clock's Watches, Jewel ry, etc. Engraving, Mending and Repairing done to order, onop on Main street, uonneaiu, suiw. HARDWARE, Ac. GEORGE C. HUBBARD, Dealer in Hardware, Iron, Steel and Nails, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper and Zinc, and Manufacturer of Tin, Mieet Iron and Copper Ware, Fisk't Block, Ashtabula, Ohio- 4T0 MILLINERY. MISS WRIGHT & DUO., Dealers in Silks. Rib bons, Laces, Plumes, Flowers, Velvets. Straw and Silk Bonnets Hats, Ladies' Caps, Furs, Hoop Skirts, Corsets A Millinery goods generally. Ashtabnla, O ST1 BREWERS. ROBERT FrLLEK,-AIalula Brew ery, Office and Brewery, on Bank Alley, (near r. arni- ers' NatioiiaBank.Mshtabula, Ohio. 870 RADFORb Sz KAIN, Brewers. Office and Brew ery in old M. E. Church, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio. 870 - ; MISCELLANEOUS. PROF. T. H. HOPKINS, Music Teacher and Pi ano t uner, Asntaouia, uniov- - EMORY LUCE, Propagator and Dealer in Grape Vines, Grecn-iiouse ueumug ana vegsisme riauis. Persons about to plant Vineyards, will find it to their advantage to consult me on the selection of sites for Vineyards, Soils, Kinds of drapes, best mode and time of Planting. Ssamiue samples ef Growing Vines, and compare prices. Ashtabula, Ohio. PURE BRANDY made from Grajie Wine, White Catawba and Blackberry mes, tor medicinal pnrposes, for sale on the North Ridge. JOHN PEltiiW. Ashtabula, Jan.-ISHO. y-839 ERIE RAIL WAY. ERIE RAIL WAY. GREAT BROAD GAUGE, DOUBLE-TRACK-ROUTE TO York, Boston, and New England Cities. ' TlIIS Rail Wiy Extends from Dunkirk to New York, 4U0 miles; Buffalo to .New lorfe,1 miles; Salamanca to New York, 415 miles' and is from 22 to 2T miles the shortest route. All Trains rnn directly through to Aew lorfc, 460 miles, without change of Coaches. From and after April 29. 1S67, trains will leave in connection with all Western lines, as follows : From DuukirK ana Salamanca, by New York time, from Union Depots : 7.30 A. M. ExnrcM Mail from Dunkirk, (Sun - days excepted) stops at Sakutjpca 10.00 A. H. and connects at Hnrnellsville and' Coming with the 8.00 a. m. Express Mail from Buffalo, and arrives in New York at 7.00 a. m. 2 35. P. M. -Lightning Express from Sala manca (Sunuays excepted) stops at Hornells villeS.25 p. M. Supper intersecting with the 2. '.11 v. x. train from Buffalo, and arrives in New York at 7.00 a. w. 4.15 P. M. N. York Nleht Express from Dun kirk (Sundays excepted; stops arSalamanca 6.55 p. m. ; Olean 7.35 p. . supper Turner's 9.50 a. jt. breakfast and arrives in N. York at 12.30 p. u. connecting with Afternoon troiusaud steamers for Boston and New England cities. From Buffalo-by New York Time, from Depot cor. Exchange and Michigan streets : 5.45 A. M. N. York Day Express Sunday's , excepted) stops at Uomellsvilie 9.03 A. M. (bkil.) Susquelianna 2.17 p. m. (dine) Turner s 7.55 r. . (sup.) and arrives in New York 10.30 p. u. Con nects at Great Bend with Delaware, Lackawanna A Western Railroad, and at Jersey City with Mid night Express Train of New Jersey Raiiroad for Philadelphia, Baltimore aud Washington. 8.00 A.JTI. Express Mall via Avon a Uomells vilie (Sundays excepted.) Arrives in N. York at 7 A. M. Connects at Elinira with Northern Central ' Railway for Harrisburg. Philadelphia, Baltimore Washington and points south. 2.20 P. M. Lightning Express (Sundays ex cept ed)--sUps at Uomellsvilie 5.45 p. x. (supper) aud arrives in New York 7.00 a. x. Connects at Jersey City with Morning Express Train of New Jersey Railroad for Baltimore 'and Washington, and at New York with Morning Express Train for Boston and New England Cities. 6.10 P. M. New York Mg;bt Express Daily stops at Portage H.55P.X. supper intersecting at Uomellsvilie with the 4.15 p. x. train from Dun kirk, and arrives in New York at 12.30 p. x. 11.20 P. M. Cincinnati Express (Sundays ex cepted) stops at Susquehiiuna 7.22 a. x.bkft) ; Turner's 1.10 P. x. (dine) and arrives in New York at 8.25 p. x. - Connects at Elmira with Northern Central Railway for Harrisburg, Philadelphia, . Baltimore, Washington and points south: at Jreat Bend with Delaware, Lackawanna A West era Railroad for Scranlon. Trenton aud Philadel phia, and at New Y'ork with Afternoon trains and steamers for Boston and New England Cities. - Only One Train East on Snndayleaving Buffalo at 6.10 P. x. aud rcachingNew Y'ork at 12.30 p. x. Boston and New England Passengers, with thir Bag gage, are transferred free ofcttatje in New Y'ork. To pleasure travels the line of tfce Erie Railway pre sents many objects of interest, passing throug'h the beautiful valleys of the Chemung. Susquehanna, Dela ware and Ramapo rivers, an ever-changing panorama of nature's beauties commauds attention. The best ventilated and most luxurions sleeping coach es in tub would, accompany all night trains on this railway. Baggage Checked Through and Fare always as low as by any other route. Ask for Tickets by Erie Railway. To be obtained at all principal Ticket Offices in west - - or south-west. 906 H. RIDDLE, Gen. Sut. Wx. R. BARR, Gen. Pan. Agt. CLEVELAND AND ERIE RAIL-ROAD. 4 THROUGH EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY. a3 On and after Monday, April 89, 1MI7, aud until further Notice, Passenger Trains rnn as follows : j Day Ex. Toledo Ex. i T J2 CI , .-v. . Mail Ace. . -T T X WH- iightEx k55 CO St. Bt.Ex.;S 3 8 CO 2 lalitiiSiS1ifefl'c to P c , - - - NishtEx. J35 8 - . . .-' f 5 mmiaAcc s'-SES2li?SSS5SisSSS53Sg CSpTe7sjgS "E - ! I Eg 00 CO o Trains do not stop at stations where the time is omitted in the above table. . ... .. .11 rhmnoli Trains V1 ti?occona cinss cars run - . ,r' All thron-.-h trains going estward, connect at Cleve land, with Trains tor roieoo, uiiusv, nati, Indianapolis, Ac. : . ,, . , . . . ir..ifl mnnprt at Iran Ana nil inrougu i raws iMnmninin-,-,.- kirk with the trains or Erie Eailway. and at Buffalo with those of JN. I. central, ana """"J". ' New . York, Albany, ton Niagara J-ail s c and at. Erie wim immn ..u iuiimii-iu " ... , - "or Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Baltimonj, Washington, New York Express East connects at Girard with trains on the Erie A Pittsburgh R. R.or Linesville, Mcadville, -- H. NOTTINGHAM, Supt. Cleveland, & Erie Railroad, Cleveland, O., April 29, 1867. SELECT POETRY. My Auld Wife. Oh ! dina say Uer bonny Is altered by the touch o' Time; Nor say her form has lost the rrace The matchless grace that marked its prime, To me she's fairer lovlier now Than crowned wi' bloom o' early days j For changfu' years have only made More winsome all her looks and ways. List to her voice! Was ere a tone Sae fu' o'. tender love and truth? Match me its music if ye can Wi' a' the gleesome air o' youth ! And then her e'e her eehtle e'e ! What though its laughing light has fled, If in its calm blue depths I see A heaven of peace and joy instead ! Her sunny locks yes they are changed ; Yet stilH bow to Time's behest. For though the rogue has stolen the gold, I love I love the silver best. What could become that fair meek brow, Like those smooth lustrous bands of white? I touch them reverently, as one Might touch an angel's crown of light. -. For life's inevitable storms Its waves of grief its clouds of care, lis many trials bravely borne, . Have made these tresses what they are'. But praise to Him who rules the world ! Good smiles besides each frowning ill The storms, dear wife, that bleached thy locks Have made thy spirit whiter still. If thou didst seem a flower before, . For sportive day of sunshine given, Thou sniilest.on my pathway now, The star that lights a clouded heaven. What though the lengthening shadows fall, That show me near my day's decline, I fear no doom I dread no change, While thy dear hand is clasped in mine. Ah! they who narue the woman tvea k; Know not what thou hast beeu to me ! One Being only One can know The hoiy strength I've learned from thec. All cares were sweet all burdens light, All crosses crowns while thou wert nigh ! Thy love hath taught me how to live, Thv smile shall teach me how to die. From the New York Tribune. The Mormons SALT LAKE CITY, June 18, 1867. . I have seen gar ments only. Its dignitaries have made me welcome. Its hospitality encompass ed me. Its fruits and flowers, its light spots and pleasant recreations, were all before me. ltu its liumule followers, ,nd its shadowed household circles, I must repeat the experience of all other gentile visitors, and go as I came, a stran ger. JJut on every hand, on the streets, in the home where crime wears its rich est gilding, in the tabernacle, and even in the very fountain ot the polluted stream, are plainly visible the melancholy evi dence of mingled fraud and infatuation, of cunning wrong-doers and deluded wrong-suflerers. The world elsewhere may be sought in vain for a despotism so relentless and pitiless as is Mormomsm. . Kings and Emperors rnle millions of -willing or un willing subjects, but there is no people. in utter, abject servility to their m -inarch. There are churches wherein lntaiioiuty is accorded to the head, or limited power of an absolute character conceded, but in none could any spiritual potentate rise up, as did Brigham Young on Sunday last, before 2,500 people, and prescribe their worldly actions, ordinary daily deal ings, with the penalty of eternul damna tion proclaimed for disobedience. At first glance the arrogant exercise of pow er by the Mormon loaders, and the wil ling submission of their followers, bewil ders the observer, but when the whole theory of this stupendous fraud is un raveled, the character of its subjects stud ied, the thousand channels through which absolute power reaches out and ramifies into most every household, it ceases to be incomprehensible. A very large ma jority ot the juomion people are tne serfs ot the old world not so, pernaps 111 name in - most cases, but so in fact. They are ignorant, superstitious, fanatical, and ready victims for a new doctrine that, promises to bring them in to immediate communion with God. When ohec brought to the home of the s tints, often by the generous aid of the Emigration Society, their temporal con dition is readily bettered, their social sta tus is elevated to recognition by even tne inspired teachers, and they never learn ano-ht else but submission to tne dogmas of the church and the mandates of its a postles. They, as a rule, remain aliens to the Government, and no claim upon the citizen is tolerated that in any degree antagonizes the claims or doctrines ol the Church. I regard Brigham young as a greatly under estimated man by most persons in the east. They all judge him mainly by his ribald and often blasphemous har angues from the pulpit, do not appreci ate him as a great administrator and a leader of surpassing attainments. I first saw him in his own business room. He was nearly or perhaps quite afone when I entered,"but instantly several side-doors opened, and half a dozen brothers, sons, secretaries, &c. were seated around the little ofiioe. I learn that ho never sees any person alone, unless he knows per fectly the character of the visitor, and when strangers call on him his person is guarded from possible assaissinatiou by the apparently casual but cvdently sys tematic appearance ot his immediate friends, lie greets the visitor witli se rene dignity but : faultless courtesy, and converses freely and quite intelligently on all agreeable topics. He was evident ly in no mood for a talk about the inside workings of Mormonism, aud an inquiry as to the number ot his wives and chil dren, and their health, M ould doubtless have terminated tne interview most no- ruptly. He is a well preserved man of 66 years, of medium height, rather cor pulent, with an abundant growth of light auburn hair, ana a neavy crop oi sanuy whiskers, excepting on his upper and lower lips. His eyes arc very light, dull bln and wantinrf in expression, his nose sharp and prominent, his lips thick and firmlv set. and tho whole give him t nnnearance ofaiuanof obstinate will, and cold, calculating purpose. His head is of unusual shape. The face is quite broad just across the centre, and gradu-ally-narrows to the fop of the forehead, and point of the chin, while his neck is of uncpmmon' thickness and describes a semi-oval iine from the base of the head to the- top, tapering gradually to the crown, giving it a sugar-loaf finish. He is evidently a man of the keenest percep tion, of great self reliance and will, of the subtlest cunning, and possesses a physi cal organization capable of the highest measure of endurance. In his manners and movements he is quite graceful, in dicating considerable culture, but really the fruits of his varied experience and intercourse with all classes of men. No man could acquire any needed quality more readily than Brigham Young. He is eminent as a mimic, and often resorts to mimicing as his most powerful weap on in hurling his anthemas against the gentiles or apostates in his sermons. In short, I 'would put him down, after meet ing him in his office and leaving him in the pulpit, as a most seienced impostor,'' singularly able, versatile, and unscrupu lous, and as one who seeks to hide his re volting, beastly licentiousness, by delib erate blasphemy. ' . . - I do not pretend to know the .number of wives and children Brigham Young can boast. I believe that no two writers have estimated them alike, and I have ft und no Mormon, in the' scores with whom I have conversed on the subject, who professed to know. It is conceded, however, that he has some 15 or 20 who are members of his household, and prob ably n. score of others who arc simply sealed to him as spiritual wives, so as to share his high crown in the future world. Even the dead have been wedded to him by proxy, to satisfy the anxiety of delud ed paients, who wished their departed daughters to wear starry robes around the prophet in heaven. Of liis living wives,' who are subject to his domestic laws, the first, who was his lawful wife before polygamy was thought of as part of the Mormon faith, now lives in a pleas ant, spacious cottage by herself, some distance from the harem, that is peopled with the fairer nd more tender acquisi tions to his family circle. She is said to be a firm believer in the faith, and accepts her situation as across imposed upon her to enhance her reward hereafter. I saw her in the Theatre, along with five junior wives, who in turn succeeded each other in the favor of the prophet, and gave way in time to younger and fresher charms. Of all the so-called Mrs. Youngs I have seen, the lawful wife seems much the most intelligent and refined. The last one, and ot course for the present, the favorite, had a private box in the theater, sported gay ribbons and furbelows, and seemed to look down upon het faded predecessors with the contempr they deserved. She is a niece of the first wife, and defies even Brigham's boasted domestic government.- She was tried in the harem, but her rebellions spirit threat ened subversion ot : all law and order there, aud she is now quartered in a house of her own, beyond range of the others. I do not, of course,' credit all the revolt ing scenes detailed as .occurring in the extensive family of the Prophet, but it is well known that the last addition to the wives hectors her annoiuted fraction of a hnsband in the most irreverent style, and storms the holy inner circle of inspired power with profane speech and violent pugilistic gestures. ' Although each one alter the first has usurped the place of another, not one has been discarded for a successor without the keenest sorrow, and often only after frenzied, but fruit less resistance. Polygamy was not a part of. the Mor mon creed as promulgated by Smith. On the contrary, he. expressly denounced it, and his widow and sons have discared the Salt Lake Mormons because of the adul terous practices commiteed in the name of the church. Brisham Young is the founder of' the polygamic feature of the faith of the Latter "Day Saints. While I doubt not that lust had much to do with its adoption, yet as a means of attaining despotic power, it has served an import ant purpose. Mr. Young has four broth ers, all adhering to the church in this cit y and all with a plurality of wives. Bis sons imitate his example with filial fideli ty ; and his daughters are married only into "harems of the. more intelligent and influential members of the chinch. By this system he is directly related to every family of importance in Zion, and his power perpetuated. By thus binding the more intelligent to his cause by mar riage ties, he is enabled to command the complete submission of the unlearned, by 1 . 1 1 A. A A. 1 . . declaring polygamy to ne tne ttuty vi mu faithful, and promising the heart-broken wives that their crosses are but creating for them lighter crowns above. I had much anxiety to see polygamy in the household, but have failed. Not on ly arc strangers practically denied ac quaintance with plural wives, but the subject is never a welcome one in conver sation. -1 have talked witn many mor mons who are polygamists, and in every instance when I have asked respecting their wives, they responded as if I had introduced to them some painful and del icate scandal about their families. 1 found one who claimed, aud I learn just ly to have two wives in one house, and all happy but.only one. Inmost instan ces each wife must have a separate house to hide himself from mutual humiliation and shame. To all who introduced the subiect to me I asked the question "Did your first wife cheerfully consent to your marriage to another ana in not a &iu-p-ln instance could an affirmative answer be given. Mormon or Gentile, with one accord they revolt against it. They must. rsnsA t.n be women and descend into the scale of brutes, or even lower still, before the wives of Salt Lake can voluntarily consent to such appalling de gradation. One-third of the entire adult male population of Utah is now practic ing polygamy, and in Salt Lake City the proportion is larger. It hangs like a ter rible pall upon the mothers, wives and daughters ot the saints. Not only those who have been enfolded in its slimy em brace mourn from day to day their hard lot, but those who have thus far escaped its polutipn, know not how soon the spoil er may enter their firtsides, and harrow ing anxiety dims the lustre of their eyes and traces its shadows upon their faces. Not only is licentiousness ever plead ing the cause of polygamy, -but the church demands it of all men who can afford more than one wife and women are taught to consent to it on pain of eternal damn ation. I heard four Mormon sermons on Sunday two by fools and two by knaves. The one, for instance, who de clared that he had seen Joseph Smith perfectly personated in Brigham Young, when he thrust Itigdon out and assumed the Presidency himself, even to a broken front tooth w as simply a lunatic. In the course of his. sermon he gave the partic ulars of his conversion. He prayed to the Lord that if he would appear hi per son to him he would believe, aud the Lord appeared to him, and he thenceforth became a saint. He was followed by one of the shrewdest of the Elders, who ar gued with some plausibility that the ori ginal Church of Christ had strayed and broken into descendant branches, and that it had been founded again by Smith and Young, and was separate from the world and united in its great work. -In the afternoon we had an incoherent and senseless harangue from a Cockney, but Brigham Young pulled hint down by the coat tail in a short, time, and took the. pulpit himself. His speech would read away in the east like the foolish ebulli tion of a conceited blackguard, but nev er were remarks more timely or' better adapted to the people he addressed. He argued for twenty minutes that not one person in forty knew how to take care of himself in citiier temporal or spiritual matters; that all must have leaders ex perienced .in 'spiritual and temporal af fairs ; that they must live submissively to those who are competent to lead them or be cut off with tho wicked. He com plained of the selfishness of some of - the saints. Said he : "People I brought here from serfdom, who couldn't own a chick en before they ' came, and who were glad to take a spade from me to get a crust ot bread, now have lands, and houses, and cattle, and greenbacks, and carriages, and they want to dictate to me ; they want to sap the foundations of zion ; but 1 will not be dictated to. I am called of the Lord, and it is mine to teach and yours to obey. I say what I please ; I put up this pulpit with the crimson cov ing, anil 1 paid lor it inyselt, expressly to go into it and -say" what I please.- I will take it away it 1 like and stand on a table pr chair, for the Lord's will can be declared in one way as well as another." And thus lie rambled, but always with evident method. After pleading for uni ty, he told the young ladies of the church that they had no capacity for taking care of themselves and their honor, and that the church, with its ceremonies aud cov enants, was their enly safety. lie closed by demanding that gentiles and apostates be shunned in all dealings, even although it costs more to purchase of a saint. "You may answer," said he, "that is none ot mv d d business." 1'erhaps it is not just now, but the timo will sooii come when it will be my business to testify respecting this people, and I pledge yon that those who disobey this command shall not enter into the straight gate. I will not speak hard of you it you do not stop wasting your dollars with gentiles and apostates, nor will 4 thing hard ot you, but I will say in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, let the righteous be saved, and the wicked go their way' ' to everlasting punishment." I saw poor infatuated Mormons shudder at this ter rible anathema from what they supposed ' to be an inspired oracle of God, and the fear of his malediction is one of the strong est elements of cohesiveness with the de luded masses of his followers. In the foregoing quotations I have given ' his language almost literally, and preserved the sentiments faithfully, without the least embellishment. - Brigham Young is the supreme tempo ral as well as spiritual head of the church and he is no more responsible to his fel lows in temporal than m spiritual mat ters, lhe church property is all in his name in, fee, the title3 are received by him, and he accounts to no one, nor will he tolerate inquiry as to his expenditures. A prominent Mormon merchant here, whose titles amounted to a very large sum of money, demanded a statement of the receipts aud disbursements, arid he was cut off from the'saints here and the saints in Heaven. When it is considered that all Mormons are required to give to the church one-tenth of all they raise in kind, and one-tenth of all they make in any business, the magnitude of the fund intrusted to Young without a "ques tion or check of any sort is startling. First of all he supplies his harem and nu merous progeny; then he builds the tabernacle and temple ; then mills, thea tres, factories, &c, all in his own name, receives the proceeds ostensibly for the church, and no one dares to question his judgment or demand a balance sheet. His annual income now cannot be less than half a million dollars. The hum ble, deluded followers believe that it is wisely and faithfully expended; but do not the licentious leaders know better? There arc palpable signs of dissolution in the Mormon church. The Josephites (the followers of Smith) pronounce .po lygamy a sin, aud they claim to be the true Mormon church and entitled to the church property. When Brigham was South this Spring he had to cut off sev eral hundred members for heresy because they adhered to Smith, and over 100 wa gons of emigrants are now in the moun tains on their way cast to escape his fear ful vengeance. The Morrisites are an other class of dissenters, and have no fel lowship with the Salt Lake church. They denounce polygamy and are .constantly receivinc acquisitions to their numbers. They have a strong settlement in Utah, at Soda Springs, under the very shadow of the Prophet. Every sermon I heard from the Mormons betrayed nervous tear as to divisions, soma appealed, some un folded the duty of submission, and Brig ham thundered his fierce anathemas -gainst the faithless. Gentile dealings and associations arc forbidden, because Mormonism cannot bear contact with virtue and truth, nor can its crowning crime of polygamy bear contact even with vice! Soon the Pacific Bailroad will pour thousands of population into an the fruitful valleys of the west, andin but a few years the distinctiveness of this i 3 wav One gentilo people must lade away. family in a community ot polygamists is a I ' better than a thousand sermons against this colossal crime. One happy, cheerful wife, confident ot the undivided affection of her husband is like an angel of light in the reigion'of despair, and even the deepest seated su perstition gradually yields as they see gentle wife worship with her husband and household gods, read from their com mon bible, plead the atonement of the same Savior, and supplicate the same God. Secret discontent, positive dissat isfaction or open rebellion, have their place around every fireside, and each year developes in bolder tones and more defiant actions the restless cancer that is preying upon tho vitals of this mon strous vice. It mnst soon die. Its-own! enormity must give it the grave of a sui cide if no other great causes were tend ing to its destruction ; but it is a blister ing shame that in this noOn-tide of the nineteenth century, just laws forbidding this wholesale prostitution, practiced in appalling mockery and blasphemy of all that is pure and holy, stand as dead let ters upon our national statute books With the strong arm of the Government firmly maintaining virtue, order, and law ever careful to encroach upon no rights of conscience or freedom of worshijr-this wrong would hide itself from the scorn of society, and linger out its future exist ence in shame. As an institution it would at once cease to have a habitation or a name, and .this twin sister ot human bondage, equally fruitful of trea son ami crime, would perish from the fair land of freedom and justice. Brigadier General Vallandigham. la a recent speech Dunn Fiatt thus draws sketch of Yullandigham as a valiant Brigadier General : Why, do you remember, my fellow, citizens, that previous to the late war this Clemcut L. Yallandighain M as a Brig. General ? I remember, for I saw him. happened to be in Dayton when the Governor of Ohio, on special invitation, came here to inspect and review the na val and military forces of Montgomery county. You need not langh, it was a big thing ! It was immense. An inde pendent company of 30 men, frizzed up like wood-cocks prepared for the spit, and Brigadier Clement L. Yallandighain and staff. Why, it struck me the style and name should have been Brigadier Clement L. Yallandigtudendanhammer and staff. This was the military ; as for the naval force, I cannot say ; I suppose your ragin canaWl had gunboats upon it of a spiucwhat imposing character on a scale commensurate with the brigadier himself. I was standing on the balcony of the Phillips House whcii tho General came sweeping round I saw him but a moment : Mefhinks I sec him wow, With bomb-shells werkoJ npon Li3 tail, And war upon his 6t6t. He was on a tremendous charger, and his bi'east Was like that of a wet nurse, and his behind like a bunty-tailed rooster. liis epaulets' dazzled the eye, his leariul sword banged to and fro, and .wide as your streets are, they were too straight for hint. Ho came on cantering, caroloc- ing and cavorting. He scared a woman with a child in her arms on one corner, he upset an apple stand on the other, and so he swept on out of the present, I behcye, n.t) a glorious future. JIow se cure our country, thought I, with such defenders. Great Clem! valient Clem! I cried, rideon to glory ! Irish Bulls. The Irish breed of bulls is celebrated the world over, but they are much more sensible animals than is generally sup posed. The sayings which bear this title usually have their origin in some distinc tion or reason which is not always 'ap parent, aud sometimes they contain the very soul ot wit. A lady friend of ours, living in the country, whose Irish laborer bad tied the horse by the reins without taking them out of the turrets, in which the horse pulled himself back until ho had broken the harness and upset the carriage, re monstrated with him rather warmly fyr the blunder, and said, "Did'nt you know any better than to tie the horse in that way?" "And sure," said Patrick, "do ye think I supposed he was going to start?" "Well then," said the lady, "it-lint inolo vrm tin hi in fir .it all. if VOU didnt think he would start?" "Faith," said Patrick arrain. "and wouldu t he have started if I had'nt tied him." This was apparent stupidity on his nart. but his meaning was, that the horse, knowing he was tied, would; course stand, and that he was altogether at lault for not making such use of his knowledge. Perhaps I mat Perhaps not." On our way from Wem to Hawkstone wo passed a house, respecting which Mr. Lee told me an amusing story. A young lady the daughter of the owner of the 1J U , " -j J tlrouo-h agreeable to her, was disliked by .P.i T "ir t. 11 . .. u-o miiiressea uv a niau w o. ner lamer, tuuisu uu muuiu uui tun scat to their union, and she determined to elope. The night was fixed, the hour omr. ha tho lfi.lilor- t.n thfi will- dow and in a few minutes she was in his anus. They mounted a horSe and. were soon at some distance from the house. After a while the lady broke silence by saying, "well, you see what proof I have given you of my affection; I hope you win make me a goou uusuauu. -- a snrley fellow, and gruffly answered, "Perhaps I may, and perhaps not. She made him no reply, but after a silence of some ninutes, she suddeuly exclaimed, Oh what shall I do? I have left my money behind me in my room." "Then" said he, "we must go back and fetch it." They were soon again at the house, the ladder was again placed, the lady re mounted, while the ill-natured lover wait ed below. But she delayed to come, aritl so he gently called, "Are you coming ?" when she looked out of the window and said, "Perhaps I may, and perhaps not;" then shut down the window, and left him to return on his horte alone. Dr. Raffles. Vanity. The sun comes up an., the sun goes down. And day and night are the same as one ; The year grows green and the year grows brown, Aod what is it all when all is done ? Grains of somber or shining sand, Sliding into and out of the hand. And men go, down in ships to the seas, Ami a hundred ships arethe same a3 one; And backward and forware blows the breeze, And what is it all when all is done ? A tide with never a shore in sight Setting steadily on to the night. The fisher droppeth his net in the stream. And a hundred streams are the same as one And the maiden dreameth her love-lit dream. And what is it all, when all is done ? . The net of the fisher the burden breaks, And always the dreaming the dreamer wakes 1 a A worthless bonl a vagabond, Keal Woman's Bights The marriage riles. " The geographical character cf the rock on which drunkards split is said to be the quartz. Promissory notes tuning the fiddles before the performance begins. - A business that will suit every body Chimney sweeping. What is it we all frequently say we will do, and no one has ever yet done ? Stop a minute. When may a man be said to breakfast " before he gets up? When he takes a roll in bed. Let no one overload you with favors, you will find it an insufferable barded. When minds are Dot in unison, tho words of love itself are-but the rattling of the chain that teKs the victim it lj bound. , . . " ''Who's there?" said Robison, one.cold winter night, disturbed in his repose by some one knocking at the street door. 'A "friend," was. the. answer, "What do you want?" "Want to stay here all night." "Queer taste, to be sure stay thereby all means." When a landlord raises tho rent it makes it more difficult for his tenants to raise the rent. This sounds paradoxi cal but is true. When Kabclias was on his death-bed. a consulation of physicians was called. "Dear gentleman, said the wit to the doctors, raising his languid head, let mo die a natural death. - - A letter from Scotland repeats an anec dote told by a physician, who having or dered a plaster to be put on a patient's cher-t, called to inquire what had been the effect. Oh, replied the brother of the invalid, . we have na kist to put the blis ter on, but we put it on a bandbox, and George is weel enough. Well, well, an swered the doctor with a grin, that's all right if he's better. There was four good habits a wise man earnestly recommended in his coun sels, and which he considered to be essen tially necessary for the management . of temporal concerns ; and these are punct uality, accuracy, steadiness and dispatcli. Without the first of these, time' is wast ed ; without the second, mistakes the most hurtful to our own credit and in terest and that of others may be com mitted; without the third nothing can be well done and without the fourth, opportunities of great advantage are lost which it is impossible to recall. "Mr.- -is still living." " "O, yes; one ot the best men in the. parish ; not very liberal, but a good man and very rich." 'What does he pay for your support ?" "Well, not much, but he pays his pew rent." VDoes he sell vinegar now ?" . .. "O, yes; he has some of the largest or7 chards in the parish, and is so conscien tious that his cider, is all made into vine gar?" . ; . "Does he give you any of his vinegar? "Not he." . So it was it my day. His vinegar was made to selL When his daughter died I went there almost every day, about five miles off. When she died Bhe had a great funeral, and I sat up most of tho night to write a funeral serhion. I called the next day. Then a few days after I went, and I thought I would carry my vinegar jug, which just then happened to be'empty. Tho jug was filled. I did not like to take it away without offering to pay, and so I said as meekly as possi ble, "What shall I pay you ?" ., "Well, said my good parishoner, "I generally charge 25 cents a gallon, but seeing as .you have been so kind to me in trouble etc., I won't cha'go you but 20 cents." At this time I had eleven children and was living on a salery of $000 per an num." f A Beautiful City. I Batavia, the capital city of the island of Java, is a brilliant speciman of Orien tal splendor. The houses, which are as white as snow, are piacea 100 leoi, uack from the 6treet, the intervening space be ing filled with trees literally alive with birds, aud every variety of plants and flowers, Every house has a piazza in front,' and U decorated with beautiful pictures, elegant lamps, cages, fcc, whi.o rocking chairs and ottomans of the nicest description, furnish luxurious ac commodations for the family, who sit here mornings and evenings. At night the city is one blaze of light from the lamps. The hotels have grounJs of eight and ten acres in extent around them, cov ered with fine shade trees with fountains flower gardens fec Indeed, eo numer ous are the trees, the city almost resem bles a forest. The rooms are very high and spacious, without carpets, aud but fuw fiirtaina At davhVht COfleC and tta are taken to the the guests' room, and aain at 8 o'clock light reiresnments. At twelve o'clock breakfast is sirved, at seven dinner. Coffee and tea are always ready, day and night.' No business is done in the streets'in the middle of the nn account of the heat. The ther- .momcter stands at about eighty-two de grees throughout the year, lhe island of Java contains a pojiulat'o of 100,000. The island abouuds with tigers, leopards, anacondas, and poisonous in sects of all kinds. The finest fruits in tho world are produced in. gieat profu sion. : . . i