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': Independent in all things. S2 in Advance. ASHTABULA, OHIO,- SATURDAY, NOVEMBER. I I, 1868. :i--)' t. ":ooo A WHOLE, HTJMBER 985. aliiaM-y Jba ;; ::::: W :jm.lj JL JLliJLilil ,.. :.f"KB)f SVBSCRUPTIOJIt V l j-Tw Dollar pe anonm paid strictly in advance. 1 aWeKTISII G RA.a"ES I Twelve Hoe or less of Nooparctt make t square. fwo squares 8uis,$ -8 HO " One square's wks.. t 60 Ootqitamf iau.. ,,1.60 On square B m'os. 50V Two squares) o btos. 8 9) TwosaanreAlfcar. IS 90 Fbnrsaasres 1 year 15 00 1 Half column 1 year, 35 00 One square 1 tkij,., 8 80 nsinex Cards of not overlive lines per year. 3 00 vbunary Notices unless of general interest nau rates. Hrf erfay description attended to on can, ana done is Ihe most lasieiui manner. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. PHYSICIANS. --f'nver Hendry store, restoflceneaSt.Peter PTits dan ana 5K"m . V. lul ohin !amUto?k..:and-eveHin.. "' u km tiA the Wine', ready te-attend to professional tilli nr hoars, front 14tor. M. " Aahtabnta O. AUy Sl tsaa.-1. ' ' " citizens 01 AsnwDui.. im "-'""f i -,i foand at his omce. over nm. naiwn boars. Professional calls promptly attended to with out regard to time or weather. ' ' ATTORNEYS AX D AGENTS. iiMOBengtan omoeiormg pra"1"" nntflRDH. FITCM, Attoraer and Counsellor UwT Sotar? Pab" AsStahnla. Ohio. Spocwl -LVSS ivn to the SetJlement or Estates, and to C;u- wSoinSd Collectiaa. AUo to aU mauers arising af iSSKTT. Agent Uome Insnrance Com S"HSwvSU10nU ."d of Charter I,GUUB . P t7.-tl 1 IHcaXn. H4LL SIIEKMAN, Attorneys d SfflrTat Asntsbala. Ohio JLikJl. 8. fiBEBMAK, TnBpIlAI FBAXKlI. fillKBMAN. NoUrr:-ra1K... ."bola. O. SMO OTr Momsun a x ivu" : . . . ' i rvMinM1inr at CHABLKS HUUIH, . . . 4u UfJ AshtahnU-Ohlo.- - -. ' ' " av. ft FITCH. Life. Fire and Marine Insurance, and ilS'rlL A"ucTi Block, Ajhttfcnli, Oj0 .-hotels;' riAmfiMDO'V HOSB,-A. H. StnckwelU Pro- noor tor jenenwm WISK. HOirSE,-AshtabaU,OMo -n. Fieltl, Propri Fa7 IVoknSaa rnnnins to and from every train of S?a? Ate a good livery-stable kept in coun.tion thiaaaeftoconvey passeu-cre to any V9 THOMPSON'S HOTEL-J. C. Tuohpsos, Proprl tor; fferaon, Ohio. MERCHANTS. S3KOKGE HILL. Dealer In Piano-Fortes, and Mc M"ap"ot'.K Covers, Ia lepot- Pnblic Sqnare, Cleveland, Ohio. HW ITMvn tr ITf A.NNJ'VG, Dealers in Bitnmenons load, at Ashtabula station, or delivered in the V liwe, at the most favorable rates. ' wari i7 n a, r an.LJSV.CU Dealpra in Fancy anil STaraadQa kck, Xshtabuly Ohio. W (HITfll GILKEY, Dealers in Trv-Gooda, Gro "SriIffcfocklr,fcJnd GlaWare oppoafto dareudon Block Main airoet, Aahtobala. Ohio. w n ED H B A Dealer In Flonr, Pork, Uams.ljini, mid all k "ds of FUh. Also, all kinds of Family Gro " rie & and Conrccttonery, Ale and Domestjc yineej " COLLINS Sc BBOTHES, Dealers in Dry-Goods. htJht Amreriea. Boots and Shoes. Iron. Stone Chi f afJSwftart north of Fisk Honse, Ashta- OtLT?ra: r J-W COLLTSS: J. P. OBKKTSO!, DeUct In every diwcrlption . ftiXshoes.lIatsandCap. Also, on hand a stoek M Choice Famrfy Groceries, Main street, corner of Ccn- tre, Ashtahnla, O. HOKWi A- FA8SBTT,. Wholesale and Re-WlG"Gel-' in irm noe Pro vis ons. Flour, Corn, Fish, Salt, &f M.Mn street, Ash . C (L-j. d-iiranul free ofcharirc. Wifl Tni,u:, w. " HASEfitliACBSO- Comer Hprins and Jm . .?anbairoiuo?Dealera in Dry-Goods, Gro ceries, Crockery, &C. TTAOirr'tl n W,HAKKLL. J. W. HASKELL,. WRIU BOOTH. Wholesale and Retail Dealers to Usrsrw- Roseiwe Jattepand Cheese; -Brtel ;Fntr&' and Oiled at the lowest cash cot. Ashtahnla, Ohio. 8S7 H. I.. WOBKI90,DaaletInPryJOoods Grocer- lea, Boois, ouoes. i.o '.'i' V , I a,-. Books, PainU. Oils, Ac, Ashtabnla, O. K lWiTF.i. f)oalrW Dry-Gooda, Gracertt-s, HataCaps; Boots, -Shoes. HnrdwarB, Stoves -ami Tln to Strict attention paid to all kinda of Tinner-a Job Work. Corner of Center aud Park atrejls, ABhta bala, Ohio. . 5 DRUGGISTS. CHARLES WIFT-Aahtahnla Ohio, Dealer Dm" and Medicines, Groceries, Perfumery aud FanVArtioiw. aftperi.w Teas, Coffee, Spices, flayor iBTfotraPaTent Medicinoa of every rlpt.on Paints, Dyes! Varuishes, Brushes, Fancy boaps, Uair RestoJutives; Hair OilsT&c all of which will be sold at the loet paces, . nacripUon prepared with siiit ahlecaYe: ' i- HEIOBV A., KPC. Main streets, ; Ashtabula, ObioT Dealers' in Dm-, Medic nes, Ckemjcals Painta. Oiia, Varuishes. Brushes.Dye staffs, &c.. Choice Family Gsacariea. iBcludins Teas, Coffees, c.. Patent Medicines, Pure Wines aud Liquors for Medicinal pur poses. PhvsicUu s prescriptions carefully aud prompt Iy attended" Ufr-.l,-? :u -- - " - - " ' : '"- OEOBG8 WILL4BO, Dealer in Dry-Goods, Gro eKes, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Crockery, Glass-W are. Also, Wholesale and ReWil Dealer in Hardware, fead dlery. Nails. Iron, Sted, Drags, Mediciuea, Paints, OilsT Dyes tuffs, Ac Main street. Ashtahnla. HARNESS MAKER. W. H. WILLIAMSON, Saddler and Harness Ma ker, opposite Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio, has on hand, and makes to order, in the best manner. c. rOiHf atanuiiciirer ana teaicr in ouuuiw. Harness, Bridles, Collars, Trunks, Whips, &c, oppo site Fisk House, Ashtabnia, Ohio. 870 LUMBER-YARD. KYiMOCR tc GiOWXQS, M.mttfactnrers of Door. Sash and Bliuds, Bev,l Siding, Fluorin'', Feno in?iMoiss,8croU Work, Turni!:, Ac. Also deal ers in Ronjh aud Planed Lnmbcr, Lath. Shingles, and Uuildins MiteriaU (rouerally. ; Call and see oar varie ties of Pence at theif Planing Mill corner Mam Street and Union Alley, Ashtabula, Ohio. rInmv. WM. SEYMOUR. IW-Vtf A. C. GIDDING8. MANUFACTURERS. A. D. 8TBOM6. Manniacturerand Jobber in Herme ' aicaliy Sealed Goods, Jelly, Cider, aud Cider V iuejjer. Ashtahnla. Ohio. Nov. 10. 1SI6. & XRILK A BltO.. Manof icturers and Dealers in I allitnit af Leather ih. general de!Uind.ln thU inajkatJ uguoH-eass pnee paia ror nines anu okihs. : R. n,'LI.F.T. Manufacturer of Lath. Sidiil!!. Mould ings, Cheese Boxes, Ac. Plauing. Matching, aud Scrowl- fHroet. opposite the Upper Park, Ashtabula Ohio." -44) W. tr. SMITH, Manufacturer and Dealer in all tho different kinds of Leather in deuiaud in this market, and Shoemaker's Findings. He is also engaged in the manufacture of Harnesses; ofttle Tight and tasteful, as well aa the more sabstantial kinds, opposite fluent x Foundry, Ashtabula. 870 T. 8. LAY. Mannfactnrer and Dealer in Boota, Shoes, Ac., Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, O. 870 BOOK STORE. JH. G.'TJICKtealef- in Books, Stationery, Fancy ' Goods, Yankee Notions, Tovs, Wall Paper, Window Shades, Sheet Mnaie sad Miwic Books. - Aent for the Mason A Hamlin Cahinat Organs. SH7 CLOTHIERS. PIERCE A HALL, Dealers in Clothing, nats. PRCCE, AMITOV Si WAIT!;, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Realy Made Clothing, Furnishing Gooda, Hats, Caps, Acy Ashtabnia. - OK) BREWERS. H A tslOKJO, Vlreujv Ofllse'ahd Ifrcwre in il H.E. Church, Main stiC.-t, Ashtabula, tlhio. 870 ' 'HariWXre; Ac. GEORGE C. HN.UtV, Dealer in Hardware, Iron, 8lee. and Nails, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper and Zinc, and Mannfactnrer of Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware, Fiak Block, Ashlbnla. Ohi. CO "CABINET WARE. f, ,', :v,T cJ. -U.n DrOIlO A BROTHER, Manufacturers of, and Dealers In Fmitureof the best descriptions, and every variety. Also General Undertakers, and Manafitttevs of Coflins to order. Main street, North of South Putiffc Sonare, Ashtabula. 41 1. 1 ITS SAVAGE.' FnruitUTC Dealer and Manufac turer. Steam establishment, .North Main street, near the omce of Dr.-fcarnuirton, Asntannia, unio. 461 1. W. GARY, Dealer in all descriptions of Fm nitnre. oi mnn isiern ana wesiern niBKeana siyira , et nod?rc prices, Hulbert Clock, Main street. Ash-. tahula. otno. sui FOUNDRIES. . r MONTIGLK A,IlILA.Tlx Fonatlvcs and Mnn-nfactnrcrV-ind frcrs iS Troves "of varfons kinds. Plows and Plow Castings, Mill Castings, and most des crintoins of found rv work. SrrrlJW 8 Asbuhnla. 70 JEWELERS. GEO. E. TAYLOR A: CO., MarmracrorRrs oi Siirer Ware, Gilders and Silver rWW. 11 1 umupmi" St., between Seneca and Onlarid. Cleveland. Ohio. VM G. W. BICKINSON, Jew-fer. Kepainns oi an kinds of Watches, ClooKs. aaa ueweiry. tmop, Attn Kl.wt Ashtahnla. Ohio. -r J. S ABBOTT, Dealer in Clocks. Watches, Jewel- order. Shop on Main streetrmneagt. Ohio. e DENTISTS. I 9. . HO W ELLS, DE-vriM . .Jcttcrsou, Kino, ui- flce iu tliericimnei nnuciins. immt aim exinicimg done carefully. V'pjieror lower sets pf teeth inserted for from $10 to :20i Ai Work Warranted. 1 P. E. HALL, Dentist, Ashtabula, O. Office on the Hulbert Lot, nearly opposite the lwnk. Still G. W. NELSON -Dentist, Ashtabula, Ohio. Office in Fisk Ulock. era MISC1VEQUS. PROF. T. H. HOPKINS, Musk Teacher. Terms practice can do so at his residence. " ; l,,nl,iil-i Ohio. "37 , EnoBV LUCE, Proputfor and Dealer in Grape ,i a. i-.. it..,.4ivl will finH it In thoir i erivna"-tx tmmtxteflne on the elor.tioit f jitea for lilCVJimf, OUll", Jl."- " ; of IMautine. Exauiluo ifamplcfl of Growinjf mea, aud nrfena. - Ashtabula. Ohio. Pl'KE BRANDY made from Grape Wjne, Whltu - i. i Rin..ium for ni,'ilu-i nrti mirnoses. for sale on the North Ridge. JOHN THREW. Aahtabula,Jaa,ia6;' : y-8S9 BOOKBINDERS. ANOBEW'MILLERj . Book -binder, with J. A Howells Co., Music, jaj?izines, nnu i-cnocui-ais Ac. . bound iu .plain aud elegant styles, Jeffrmm, Ohio. LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD. I 4 THROUGH EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY. I Ou aud after Mondav. May 11. lfXSi. aud jutil further Notice, Passenger Traius run as follows : DayEs. S" S3 3 t "-i 2 .g ia Toledo Ex. S 'MtS n T- C CI O Mail Kigllt Ex. 2" f5 O IS L l Ni-dit Ex. Mai: 1 A ACC. "Cir.TCi'-KTCCirTC a. Cin Express jS 5 Day Ex. SJ vi3 et "'7. or ' . T. Ex. S S 8r. Trains do not stop at stntfnrts where the time Is emitted in me aoove tame. I3?8econd Class Cars run on all Through Trains. j3-"J and. with Trains for Toledo. Chica-m. Colnnilms. Ciuciu All tnroii-'h trains L'oinir Westward, connect at ( levc nati. Indianapolis, Ac. Stt-ambo.it Express leaves Buffnlo at 8.S0 P. M.'Fnn- lay Night, instead of Saturday Night. Trains arriving in Dunkirk at 5.41 P. M.. mnkimrilirect rotinW-tFnn with Trains of Erie Railway. Trains between Toledo and Brie run by Columbus time : between Erie and Buffalo bv-Bufr.ilo-time. and do not stop -where, time is omittnl . The Saturday TVhrht Express Train from Cleveland at '1.-10 P. M. runs to BuAaln. and Kavus Buffalo for the East on Snndav at . P. M. E ASTWARD N. Y. Express, Fa-tern mail and Night Express runs throngh to Buffalo withont change. WESTWARD Ni-.'ht Express. Toledo Express and Day Express rnn through to Toledo without change. N. Y. Express East, and Day Express West will run on Sundavs. IT. NOTTINGHAM, Bnpt. Supt'i OfBce. Cleveland A Erie Railroad, M ' ClevWitnd. 0 Mav 11. ti!8. f LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD. ERIE RAIL WAY. LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD. ERIE RAIL WAY. GREAT BROAD GAUGE, DOUBLE-TRACK-ROUTE TO York, Boston, and New England Cities. J.IIIS Rail Way"ExTcnls from Dunkirk to New York, 400 miles; Buffalo to New York, 423 tuileo: Salamanca to New York, 415 miles and is from 22 to 27 miles the skurtest nwie. AU Trains run iduwclly 4hroxh to Nrw i'ark, 460 miles, without change of Ootclirs. From and after MAY 11, 1868, trains will leave in connection with all Western lines, a Mlews: From Dunkirk, and Salamanca, by New York time, from Union Depots: 7.30 A. M. Express Mall from Dunkirk, (Sun- days excepUxl) stops at Salamanca 1(U)0 a. a. aud ' couuecta at UorueUsviUe aad Cwraing with the ! 1M a. a. Express Mail from Buffalo, aud arrives in New York at 7.40 a. a. 3 5'AV MU Llg;UUiIa(r Express from ' Sala manca (Sundays excepted) stops at Hornclls ville, 6.12 p. a. Super intersecting, with the 2.33 e. a. traiu from Buffalo, aud arrive. iaSw York at 7.40 a. if. 5.50 P. M. N. York NigrUt Express from Dnn- kirk tSimdays excepted) stops at Salamanca 7.45 r. a. ; Clean 8-20 r. a. supper Turner's 10.13 a, a. breakfast aud arrives in N. York at IS.) f : a. connecting with Aftcrnoou tnitnsaml steamers for Boston and New England cities. 9.50 P. M. Ciuclunati Exp rcs from Dunkirk (Sundays excepted ) Stops at Salamauka 11.55 T. a. aud connects at Horuellsville with the 11.20 V. a. traiu from Buffalo, arriving in New York 8.55 f. a. from BultMla by New Ywk Time, fam Depot Cur. xcuange4nd Michigan streets : 5.00 A.M.""N. York Day ExpremsfSiraday's excepted) stops at Uomellsvilie 8.IW a a (bkft ) Susquehanna Lii i;. a. (dine) Turner's" 7.05 r a (sui.) nnd strives lii New York 9.25 p. a Con nects at Great Rnml villi DpI.Mp. I JL We,Sern Railroad, and at Jersey eity with MioV , Kres i rain oi jxew .lerecy Kailroad for Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington. 730 A. M. Express Mall via Avon a Homells 1 villc-HSuudays excepted.) Arrives in N. York.at 1 2.35 P. M. Llgbtnlns Exprea(Sund8 ex- ceptedl-su.ps at Horuellsville 6.10 p. a. (supper) 1 and arrives in New York 7.40 a. a. Connects at t Elmira with Northern Central Railway for liar risbunr. Philadelphia, and nnint. ...... i. -I Jersey City with Maniiue Express Trajn ef New Jersey Railroad for Baltimore and Washington and at New York with Morning Express Train for 7S5 P. M. New York Nlarht Express (Sun davs excepted.) Stops at llorncllsville 11.0 p. m ; intersecunganniiBf kwti arrain rrom Daa kirk, and arrives fn New York a 14. 40 p. a. -T 11,20 P. M. Clnelanati Express (Sundays e , ,- ceodl-rtoiat casqnehaaoa 148 A. a.lrftx .Taraer:a 1.87 p. a. (dine) and arrives In New York at S.55 Pi a. Ooaaeets at -Blmfra wtrV Northern Central Railway for Harrisbur, PMIadelphia, Baltimore. Washington andi Minis mm.- at ., - (eat Band with Oektwast, LadtoMrabaa A W'csA- era Railroad for ranton, Trenton and Philadel phia, and at New York with Afternoon trains and steamers for Boston and New England citioa. -Only One Train East on Sunday, leaving Baffflio at 1.35 r. i. uu resuiing .-,-w tore A. a. . , Boston and New England Passengers, with their Bag gage, are transferred free of charge in New Yok,':. To plcasnre travelers the line of the Erie Railway per- sents many objects of Interest,' passing through tho beautiful vaMeya of to -Clwmatla. Ss-oe)ini, Dels. nature's beauties command's attention.'' " Tho beat ventilated and most hixurions sleeping emek. es in t-he would, accompany all night traina on this railway. Baggage Checked Thronghind Fare always as V)W as by any other route. Ask for Tickets Via Erie Railway. . -.-To be obtained at: all princtpai Ticket Offices in west ' "- " - or south-west. ' , Qfii U. RIDpt6. Gm. S Wx, R.. BARR Gen. ras. Jlq ware ana namapo rivers, an ,'v,'rj iont.iTi.r iunnM..r SELECT POETRY. From the Evening Post. Unity is Glory. Wriilcn tor the tniie of 'Lanriger,'" and dedicated to the the "Boyain Bine," .Upward frbfjii the nation's heart,. MiKhty clird are wemffr Onward rolls the clarion song, -.. j Thus its burdca tolling : THng tlic starry banner ont, : ' !!.:,'' ' . ' ' Vi3i i's blazoned story, -,; .. iet our loyal iratcb word be Vnny w Glory ! . -. . Ilvdra-Iieaded (reason flaunts lu our face .its warning ; Fortvard : .every patriot heart, -Days of peace As da wning. , Fling Uie starry banner out, &c. From the blue New England bills, True .to Fame and honor, Proudly now Columbia call, Victory waits upon her. Fling the starry banner out, &c. From the dais)- covered mounds, , Where ; our dead are sleeping, Heroes sternly bid her guard What they died in keeping ! . Fling the starry banner out, &c Shall ire bear 1 ,,ss spotless shield Than out brave defenders? bhaine upon the dastard hand Who their cause surrenders ? Fling the starry banner out, Ac. By-the blood so freely shed, By the flag Ave cherish, ' Comradstve will win the day G loriously or perish I ..j "-"!l,'l1riiti the starry banner out, . . , AV ilh its blazoned story, Let our royal watcliword bo . Uniti Uloi-jf !" "The Last Word." The following poem br Robert Browning, presents a touching interior of married life. There has been a quarrel, and, in th tearful calm that follows, the wife steals closer into .her hu .baud's bosom witlyi woman's 'last Word , and, if woman must have the proverbial last word they will seldom find one more apposite or beautiful under the circamstanees. The pocui should be read e!uwly,tko music beiag helper! ntwith thought ful aucs that are fi.lc.l np with meaulug: Ler's contend no more. Love; strive nor weep All be as before. Love wily sleep ! What so wild or words arer I and thou Hi debate, as birds are. hawk ou bough I See the creature stalking while we speak Iic&h, and hide the talking, cheek on eheek ! What so false as Truth Is. false to thee ? Wheitt tins amu-iut's tooth is, ahuu the tree, Wlrera Hie ffpplo raddens never pry Lest u e lose our EiL-a Eve aud 1. Be a god and hold me with a charm Be a man and hold me'with thiue a in. Teach me, only, teach. Love! -as I ongfit I'll speak tny speech, lovel lhii,k thy thought. Meet If Ihon require It 1-o.h demanls, laying flesh and spirii iu thy hancs. That shall b to-morrow not to-night, 1 must bury sorrow out of sight. ; ' Must a MttTe weep. Love foolish me ! And fall asleep, Love, loved by thee. Woman's Empire. REV. W. T. FINDLEY, D. "Tlic hand that rocks the cradle rule the world." This saying is literally true. The a-nipire of woman is mightior than thai of man. It is destitute, indeed, of tho ordinary vis ible iusigniu of domin ion, as cousislii)rct thrones, and crowns, and sceptres, and palaces, and written constitutions, and royal edicts1, aud ol executive' and constabulary forces a standing army and ships of war ; yet it is no less an cuiDire. 'Tho very.last man shall the very last woman :.:,i,obey." .:,-, - And man need not resent it. It is wo arbitrary yoke inflicted upon him against his will, galling and consuming him . by intolerable biii'deii and pains. It is the inspiration of his hopes; tho kinkier of his loves ; the sustaiuer of his energies ; the soolher of his son ows ; and the angel guardian and protector of all his interest. it is the empire' or a. mother oyer her childr soft,' tender, affectionate, kind, seli-denyiiig.charitable, benevolent, duti ful, and jialieHt. ' There is uo empire Vke Ihut of itrmother woman's emuire' 1 It is an impei iltabLr , empire. Time with its armies of devfislatioii,"niay sub-: merse iu inondscuous ruin, the stronsrest fol'tiricaiians ol imperial strength which have ever bien reared, and over vast and once densely populous cities, where mil lions have thronged, aud, whence have emanated the sway of resistless dominion for centuries, chaotic desulatkn may sit, brooding aud niel.iDcholy,amid the dilaii- idated relies of once puisaut thrones and gorgcons palaces, how lost forever. But time will only esta-MJsR tne lonneiaUoii of woman empire,-as assisting in her maternal relation more deeply ana brm ly, and widen until they ultimately cora- " , , . i 1.1. : ... . 1 1 : .. l prenelia uie wtioie t luteinyeui, nioiui world. Wli.at empires strew the vista of the past with' the broken' or interred .nionu- UieillS OI innr ouve uisiiiitnn; git.-ai.uco:-, now fallen to rise uo: more J What has become of the throncfT of.-Sardinapalus, and Sesostris, and, Cyrus.and Alexander, Angustus, and ' Justiniah,' and Charle liagrie, rarid '"Louis Thillippe ? They havieruu4bled to the dust. History 911 lt perpetuates their memory. : But wo tilan's empire was before -them all, and will survive through all the successive generations- oi our mortal race, and all tbe vicissitudes of ichauge and revolu tion Which are destined hereafter to tran fepire And, it is thus euduring tbus pei wetiiated, because it is an empire over the buaan heart in its earliest affections and 1 prime susceptibilities. ' ' And tvo-t ovrr the human heart merely, bp- more eminently within it; and in tn fact cOnlfjtsthe essense of its strength and of its imperishability it is an empire within the heart, r. lt does not rest on compulsion ; it is not enforced by vio lence. Love and trist" are the chief ele ments of its vitality, and protection and trauing are the out working of this vital ity. Woman is not exhibited as exempli fying the noblest, 6ublitnest, most godlike attributes, of her womanly nature, and fulfilling the most honorable and trlori- ous mission of ber being, wbcu she enters the arena of political strife, and competes with the pnysicaiiy ruaer sex tor the so called rights, which she ha no capacity in ber natnre to mamjtain, and which she cannot assume and seriously undertake to exercise, withont disastrous issues up on her own comfort, and upon the gen eral welfare 01 society. And we hope never, to 'see the day when the distinctive sphere of woman shall be merged in that of man, and when the dignity of her bcx shall be dragged in the mire of those car nal ambitions which so often convert, the happiest portions of our globe-into acel- danias, and wnen ner instinctive delica tey shall be swallowed up by aspirations which arc abnormal to her entire liliys- leal, - moral - ana intellectual, orcauiza tion. M-en thirst for empire over their fellow- men.1 Few men have grace to resist the assumption of dominion over others, it they arc conscious thoy have the power to exercise it. Tower for sake of empire, therefore, is craved. Where powers conflict, the strongest rules. "Alight gives right" according to the practical faith of the world a cruel, bloody max im, repulsive to every true priuciule of justice and humanity, aud the" chief cor ner stone ct every system ol oppression and wrong. But womau's empire is iiot the creature of the uuccrtain and ever varying will of popular masses, whether ascertained by the free choice of the ballot-box, or by the more precarious results of political revolution. She is neither elected to her throne, nor does she occu py it ly ossnrpatiou. The power by which she rules byl which- she: wields empire, is God-doriyed and wlf-iuherent. It.cousiats iu the formative and regula tive power with which, she, iu her ma ternal capacity is invested over tho char acter, sympathies, affections, dispositions, and intelligence of every succeeding gen eration of the children of menand how erer she may fail to appreciate this pow er, or abuse it to the injury of her sub jects, her empire sun remains. It is touiyJed in the eternal ordinance 01 heav en to be perpetuated till the last child shall have been born till the last wo man's descendant shall have ceased from the face of the earth. And it is founded in the nature of things.. Aud what a benevolent and benificont arrangement it is which has ordained this fact ! Where woman is true to herself and to her empire, as her peculiar endow- tneut of uod, how happy, how blessed are the results to the character aud con dition of mankind ! Whose melodious voice is the first to arrest the ear of new born humanity 1 It is the mother's. Whose eyes first beam the look of "fond and cherishing love npou it ? The moth er's. Whose songs are the first to fall soothingly upon the infant ears, aud wake the symphonies of music 111 the infant soul ? 1 hev are the songs of the inolher. Whose caresses are tho first to thrill the infant heart with emotions of tenderness, aud elicit the reciprocating afiuctiou? They are the mother's. And is there no power 111 all this to wed the heart 01 man to the heart of woman ? Is there no em pire here ? Why should childhood, and youth, or even manhood in its utmost maturity, eyer renounce the dominion of 1 mother's love, aud refuse" to reverence t mother's counsel ? '" It is not becanse there is no original, inherent potency in the maternal relation, to mould, and form, ind temper the soul in the susceptable period of its existence, so that, ever af terward, its passions, its desires, its will, its conscience, its judgment, its under standing, its purpose, its habits all shall tfe derived from its wm educator; but it is because that inherent . potency, it it ever losses its iuUitenco for good, has not been wielded as it should have been, un der the guidance of wisdom and truth, and iu accordance with the laws of God ind nature. Iu some wav or other duty has failed to be performed, follies have been perpetrated and tolerated, inconsist encies have been 1 alpable iu the mother's conduct, and the child, as a consequence, is induced to despise whero nought to iove, and to rebel where it ought to obey. It, therefore, grows up in insubordiua liou and heart-obduracy, not to bless, but to curse mankind. Aime Martin, a French author, savs, that '"out of sixty-uiue nionarchs who have woru the crown of France, only three have loved the people ; and remark able circumstance, all three were brought up by their mothers. .Najmleon is said to have observed to Madame Cam pan, ou a certaiu occasion ' "The old ' systems of education arc good for nothing; what is wanting iu order to train un vouner peonle iu France?" "Mothers," answered Madame Cam- pan. "Kight, inadanic, responded Napol eon, "uive us well educated - mothers, and France will be regenerated." And never did a sentiment drop from the lips of this extraordinary uiau more worthy ol his profound statesniaushii) than this. ; i And in this consists the empire of wo man. It it the empire of a mother over her child, and through this medium it is woman's empire over the destinies of our race. , The power behind and under ihe thrones of the world is the power that rocks the cradle. Will, it not, therefore, be our special care, looking forward to the world's progress aud the future ele vation of our race, not only to : educate our sous lor the sphere of life which they may be called to occupy, but also our daughters, whose sphere ef duty anal in fluence is more arduous, and grand, and glorious, and involves more terrible res ponsibilities than any sphere which Prov idence has allotted to our sons ? It is the seed of the woman that is bruising the serpent's head. If all evil vltimate ly destined to be overcome by the good, the victory is. to be sec wed through the medium of the maternal relation, aud the blessing of God upon it to that end. (-This Olive Logan thinks that any woman who can urotect herself in a horse car is qualified to vote, and exclaims, "Now, girls, be meu leather a difficult com mand t obey. Gormands and Gormandizing. The word the French use as a term, if noi 01 honor, certainly 01 ; approval, is with us changed into a term of reproach ; so much, even in small matters, do the two nations differ. The dictionary of the Academy defines a Gourmand, as Dr. Johnson also, does, as synonymous with a glutton. Iu the Encyclopedia gormaii diung is translated as "a demoralized love of good cheer;" but the Abbe Ko baud, 111 his synonyms, is more favorable to gonnands, describing them as "per sons who love to eat aud make good cheer." They must eat without selec tion. Below the judicious and self-restraining epicure, the sensible and toler ant abbe places four classes of . people. First, tho Friaud the person who likes all sorts of dainties, -especially, sweet meats and dessert. Tho Goinfre is a monster who has an appetite so brutal that he swallows with ravening mouth every thing he comes near ; . he tats and eats for the sake ot eating. Next ap pears the Goulu, (the shark), the wretch wlio snatches with avidity, swallows rather than eats, and gobbles rather than chews. Last of all comes, this very dis creditable creature, the Glutton," who eats with an audible and disagreeable noise, aud with such voracity" that one morsel scarcely waits for another, and all disappears before him absorbed as it were iu a bottomless abyss. Such are the sub tleties of the highly refilled language of our neighbors. For all these epithets of epicure, alderman, grey-hound, wolf. We tie ouiijruu, iwieeu, 10 uorrow iroui llie- French the two -words Gourmand and Gourmet.' By the first, bjeaniug those who eat largely, ' without much regard to quality; by tho .second, those who study aud appreciate the higher brauches of cooking. A friend of Driekopf 's has ascertained after tweuty years' experiments, that it takes thirty-two movements of.lhe upper and lower jaws to cut and grind a morsel of meat to allow it to be safely swal lowed. Tho age and strength of the per son, and the qualities of the motors and incisors, are also, of course to be taken into account, which drives one to algebra and vulgar fractious; but the rule is a good geueral one, and may be truslud to. is philosophy ' indeed ; and yet a man may use 111s teeth very well with out knowing a word of it. It would not have helped that notorious eater, the Abbe de Liongeac, who as tlic legend in Paris restaurants goes would often for a wager eat thirtv-six dozens of small pates. The abbe was, moreover, a little fragjle lookiug man, who looked as if a jelly would not nielt iu his mouth. One of tho most heartless things ever done was a trick ouce played on Pope, the epecurean actor. A wicked friend asked him to dine off a small turbot and a boiled aitchbone of beef apologizing for the humbli) fare with the usual feigned humility of frieuds. "Why, its the very thing I like," said Pope iu his reply, referring to the aitch- bone. "I will come, 111 y son. with all the pleasure in life." He came, he saw. ho ate : ate till lie grw nearer the table aud could eat 110 more, lie had just laid dowu his kuite and fork, like a soldier tired of. 'war's alarms, when a bell was. rung, , and iu camu a smoking haunch of. venison. Pope saw the trick at ouue ; .he cast a look ot bitter reproach upon his friend, trifled with a large slice, theu again dro ped his now utterly useless wcapousj aud burst into hysterical uurcstruiuuble tears. ' ' :".",,. "ATriend of twenty years 'standing," he sobbed, and to be deceived iu this manner A dinner was givoti to Lord Chester field, 011 his quilling the oilico of Master ot the Buckhouuds, -it the Clarendon. Thirty pcrsous sat dowu. It was order ed by Count d'Orsay, an epicure of the highest taste, aud the : price ' was six guineas a head. , A dinuer got up at the Albion, under the auspices of Sir W'itliam Curtis, cost the party between thirty aud lolly pounds apiece; but then spe cial messengers had beeu sent to West phalia to choose hams. Lord Southauip tou ouce gare a dinner at Urn Albiou at ten guineas a head. . .. , . ,: .... Of the modem epicures Cambaccrcs, Second Consul under the Empire, and afterward Napoleon's faithful Chancellor, was the most pre-eminent. - Tins excel lent miuislec was as loud of business as be was fond of good eating for with all his indolence aud epicureanism, he work ed hard enough to Mutisfy even. Boua parte. Ou one occasion (it is said when the fate ot the Uuke u rmghieu was. au cussiug Cambuceres was detained very late ; as the hour of dinuer approached, the miuisior betrayed unmistakable, and indeed irrepressible, symptoms of impa tience, anxiety and restlessness. At last, unable to control himself, he sat dowu at au escritoir iu the council-room and wrote a note, which he called a gentleman-usher to carry. Napoleon sinned, and nodded to an aid-do-caiup to intercept the im portant dispatch. Wlieu it was brought him Cambaceres turned red and . begged like a chidden school-bov', that his notes ou small domestic mailers might not be read aloud.:. N'apoleou, however, had a; will, ami he lau'sisted." It was . biilet- (loiix to tho cook, contaiuiiig only ; these impressive words.;; , ..: ". "a - '; i'reservo the ettreiuents ; the roasis are When Napoleon was pleased with, for eign embassadors, he used to aewt tUetu, for a treat, to " Go aud dine with: Cam baceres." The JMUperor wm.uuwi; hij ano-ry with the Cour des .Comptes for disallowing an item of three : hundred francs for trout, charged to 1 Cambaceres br the municipality of Geneva. : : ' 1 Brillat Savaiiu published his famous book, "The Physiology of , Taste,' iu 1825. It was wntteu 011 the principles of the Almanac 4es Goiu iuauds (eum mcuced iu 1803), aud was the first Irecog mzed attempt to treat gastronomy as au intellectual pursuit and a positive pro fession.' Brillat, born at Belley, iu 1155, wasajudge.of the Court of Cassation; and a member of one ot the Fwuch scien tific societies. He began We successfuly as an advocate, and iu, 1739 was. elected .a member, of the Constituent ' Aseinply. He joined the moderate party,: did bis best to aveit the cruelty aud pp4resskii, aud was appoiuted President of the. Civil Tribunal for tho department of L'Ain Pruseribed during the liein vf. terror Brillat fled to Switzerland, . wliere- be consoled himself witb science and, ek- ing. .. He llieu emigrated to this' country where a vast untrodden Mruivic- of ('as tronomy lay before kirn. , He lived here by teaching French and music. It is said that having been once out with Jef ferson, he slot a . wild turkey. . . Jeffer son, on their way home began relating interesting anecdotes" of Washington and the War of Independence Seeing M. Savarin quite absent and paying 110 at tention, Jefferson stopped, a little nettled, and was about to leave him. "My dear sir," said the epicure in exile, I beg ten thousand pardons, but I was just thinking how I should dress my wild turkey. A Touching Tribute to a Stricken and Bereft Soldier. George Alfred Townsend, whose mili tary campaigns well fit him for the task, pays, in tho ll.irtf.nl JW, thU tribute to the genius and character of General Josep h Hooker, the hero of Lookout Mountain, who has lately beeu " retired from the army: A graver topic conies to me and to you also, in the loss of the name of Joseph Hooper from the roll of the army. Few can take his place in talent, and who in beauty and 4ame? He was the Henry Clay of soldiers) generous, instinctive, reliable and electrical 1 lHo opened bat tle at the ni'itient, on order." WhenMc Clel lan Raid, at Ahtietam, ' "General Hooker willadranee 00 the right at o'clock," they woke at headqnartern to hoar the first can not, .break the- morning, as if the second han.l of bis watch had been the fuse to fire it. He was the promptest soldier known to either army. Sonic were loo proud, others too irreso lute, some lymphatic ; he was cheerful, yet remorseless at times, and as a lover not of carnage, but ojjfair battle few ages aflord his match. . ; He was tiie handsomest man in vital beauty I ever saw. Decatur must have looked like him. His nostrils and his eye were not tire, but light , never blaz ing with intense feeling, but shining like the dawn. His was the perfection ot manly American beauty, as we conceive it, when all our heterogeneous, tribes shall bo wolded into one patriotic homo geneity with the Euglish dew aud the bronze of your aiitimin most manifest. His walk, the turn -of his knee, the straigblness of his thigh aud leg, the ex quisiteuess ot his foat, what man can for-' get ? And likewise his waist and chest, almost a woman's ! They grow into ii pairot shoulders that the epaulettes nev er enhanced. ' The carriage of his head should have touched a nmi. Kaphael would have made- him a pose for St. Mi chael. The last time I saw him he was coming dowu the steps of the Astor House, aud turning to look after him, a stranger said to me : -.''" " "Who is that?" "Josoph Hooper." ' WII' beautiful, sine." .: When tho war began Hooper was liv ing in the State of California. His ap pearance had been a temptation to him, and he tilled no very high and dutiful iiso aiming mankind. He embarked at once, with only his sword, and when I saw liiiii first, ho c immanded a brigade in the Army of the Potomac, auj wa encamped behind McClellan's- line 0!' doom-bound entrenchments, in the corps of Keys, I think, among the very nearest troops of any to Richmond. Kearney was Ilia neighbor,' and these' two were the first to observe McClellan's boy ish and irresolute incompetency. Kearney was rich . enough to speak his mind, and Hooker indignant enough. It was at their camps that I first heard the distrust ol McClollan. The Litter, in the meantime, was as thick at persimmons with these inen Slocuni, Newton, Baldy Smith, Fitz John Porter, Andrew Por ter and Hancock. The latter of these was the only one that came to fortune, aud the former the only one that . c 11110 to desert. Newton has disappeared ; Baldy Smith was an envious man and is said t have written coarse criticisms ,'on Grant recently, which I should believe. Porter we know,nearIy reached the apotheosis ol Admiral Byng". 'Hancock is the best re warded man of the army according to his "heft." Slocum is a Seward Demo crat and I always bo-Iieved him to be both a soldier ami a gentleman. At last the romance of "Little Mack" was woil ed out of hiin by tho tremendous attack of Stonewall Jackson. Then the "ins" went out, and the "outs" went in. I was abroad when Hooker 'eommnnded the army, but officers told me ot his bearing there vitally, and in decision eqnal to ihe place, but in caliber of mind peilnps unequal to the mighty charge of n great arm v. lie did not think so. Certainly he iu ide the best of that place till Grant came to look after it, for the .battle of Geltvsbtirg was tfr combined victory of Lieutenants arid Marshals of .the army of the I'otomac, cnrisieneti iy Key nobis, god fathered by Meade, and by none better befriended than by John Sedg wick. '- ';'' ' When Hooker was removed Hallcck he rode out of camp indignantly, and re appeared to the country ill the brilliant tableau of Lookout Mountain. -; "' ' ; I doubt not that ha would nave- wen the battle of Gettysburg as well as Meade did, and been more thai personal hero of it, but possibly his quick teuierand fine self-esteem (which recall Henry Clay al- ways to me) would have maae mm ; ies useful to Giant. .afterward?; for Meade was Grant's willing and d'dligeut clerk. Sometiincs I believe that if Hooker had held the Army of ,1ib Potomao toGettys burjf he, and uot Grant would have been thnevo of tUe wan to receive the sword of General Leeaad that General Grant would never have Been called East,, ex cept iu charge of General Shcrmttva. ar- Vrta f-ljirwiru! irni'it-Ai -ii-itKmil II, M. v.. ... .... . ... . ..wnwi, ,IV great girth- of brain had more lifu than aly sojdier I ever saw. Hie contempt of geography was. like 'Sherman's He loved fighting aud going forward as much as Sheridan, and his eiUerprize was EkoPbarrur't.''. As an orator, ho wu among the finest among soldiers. Aa s candidate for President, Zacharay Taylor would have been Saucho Panza compar ed tolnn; for wilh victory and his mag iretrsrn he could have Water. Thomas Je tersou before the people. ' This it tall ing ot the irrevokabie, hot many soldiers, wilt agree with uhi in it," while all of them will admit that it was better for" the Re public that the common sense head of Grant shott. . carry those intoxicating laurels, rather thau this fair Alcibiade8 with his brUUauee, hiaaaabitkia and bis adventurousRoirit. , ... , As it was, Hooker, at the end of the war was a revived and satisfied man, perceiv ing himself that the good geuiua t the country had ordered welL - Iu Cincinnati he met iu the prune of life and intelligence one of tho most splendid ladies of the eowntry, the sister of Win. S. Groesbeck, (lately the Presi dent's counsel,) a lady whose pore and elevated character had 'been strong; enough to decline matrimony in tbe aero spring of life. He found her in the mid summer of her life, fair as a girl, compos ed as a wife, and the last of his conquests was the higliest testimonial ever given to his person and his character. Now the soldier began to feci what be had vaguely arpn-ciated betWe -that oi wl ich Nap Icon' died unconscious (he dignilv aud happiness of social, domestic iite. lie took command of the depart ment of New York; his friends rejoiced at his good fort urn) ; no such, presence walked Broadway;. .- ; Iu the Height of it all the blow came. He was poralizt-d. , ... . His wife carried him to Europe, redae ed as bo was from Adonis to a cripple, fn all soft lauds he sought for his health; the softest land was in her presence. Sb also became sick with care ami diligence. They returned together to New York not very long ago, aud Hooker, seeing; his old quartermaster, LeDuke.of Iowa. coming to see him, said: "This is all there is left of Joe Hooker ! They wept together like women. At Watertown, the other day, tho -mble wife of the General died.- Ho has i-csigned his commission. God's ways ire past finding out. ; About Figs. BY JAMES T. WORTHINGTON. The capabilities of our climate, owing .-hictty to the extremes of licat aud cold, tbout which so much complaint is msie, ire much greater than those ot the Euro pean countries, from which roost of as lerive our ancestry. .- The capabilities ire, as yet, very imjierfectly developed, because we naturally cling to theproduo r ions aud the modes of culture inherited by our fathers, however unsuited to our urroundings. But tho frequent failures f late years of some of the fruits on which we were wout to rely, notably. ippies and peaches, snouid make us turn . ;o others, though heretofore unknown' imong Us, if equally valuable, and now certain to bear regular crops in our cli mate. " - . Among these, after a trial of more han thirty years, the first of cxperi uients, and latterly of complete success, 1 believe that the old-fashioned Biblical iig is one of tho most promising. The fig-tree is hardy, healthy, a quick- grower, suns our summer climate sumir ibly, aud is easily protected without re moval through our severest winters : is a sure bearer and very prolific. It grows from the slip like tho currant bush, bear ing fruit in three or four years Irom ths slip, aud I have had trees three or four years old bvar a fair crop tbe year after they were transplanted. . After the trees are four or five years old they produce from the same area, wilh less labor, a larger aud more cer taiu crop in Southern Ohio than either potatoes or tomatoes. The large yellow rig begins to ripen about the same time as the earliest summer apples this year 1I868) on the 11th of July. The smallr purple fig begins to ripen about a month later, mid has a succession of crops until Octoboi- sjnietimes lata in October. . . I m'iition these two varieties because they have succeeded best With me. -I have this year, for the first time, dried a few of the large yellow figs (iheeommon of commerce) and find them at least as ood as those we imiiort. These can b produced iu our climate as cheaply as dried peaches, and much more regularly. I like them best fresh from the , tree, and often breakfast 011 them. The de- . ina:id by tho family has been so gieat that I have not thought of drying them until this season, when I have a cart load of ripe grapes from an area of loss than tour square rods. The fig is not likely to be grown m large orchards, but is eminently the fruit of the cottager and villager, and when its merits and adaptability to our climate become generally kuown, will be as reg ularly grown for family use, all over th Ohio Valley as the potato or toinatto. A great obstacle to the introduction of , new crops, is the suspicion by the nujeb abused public, thit anything new is high-. lv commended chiefly because of the pro fits t0 ao-crne to lira commeniier. . - '. 1 mUrnu tlifir. it 1 HO the ng-uee nan s-iwt.j -- -- c:uiily and surely propagatert ana muu-. . '1: .,1 !, ..UK. -. it will be verr rrfoit- iible to the cultivator, ii 1 not hkely t bo so to-uarsvrynien. I who. has boon travelling in .' - uru. savs: aa wo ane iioirMraa suu tmw ut. 1. .1 1. .... . ,1 coldest, the wettest aud tho dryest, th . . ' ,.i . .v 1 r 1 .u richest ana tne poorest, t&e oesfc suu mi moamiat. liaa thn lipatl - wnflien ty little teet, ami no-eaiYeaiosuifci sickness and less health, more- streams and less navigjiUo watewy more corm bread and less , com, more , nour and Te'sV biscuit, more eows and less milt and butter, more, hwjp- and les portt, more deer aud less venison, more chick-, .eiisaiid less eggs' mare gold aud less la bor, more Bureau and less furniture than any country in the United States--and where house ffies live aud musqiik ', toes never die l"- " '