Independent in all things.
S2 in Advance.
ASHTABULA, OHIO,- SATURDAY, NOVEMBER. I I, 1868.
:i--)' t. ":ooo A
WHOLE, HTJMBER 985.
aliiaM-y Jba ;; ::::: W :jm.lj JL
,.. :.f"KB)f SVBSCRUPTIOJIt V
l j-Tw Dollar pe anonm paid strictly in advance.
1 aWeKTISII G RA.a"ES I
Twelve Hoe or less of Nooparctt make t square.
fwo squares 8uis,$ -8 HO
" One square's wks.. t 60
Ootqitamf iau.. ,,1.60
On square B m'os. 50V
Two squares) o btos.
TwosaanreAlfcar. IS 90
Fbnrsaasres 1 year 15 00
1 Half column 1 year, 35 00
One square 1 tkij,., 8 80
nsinex Cards of not overlive lines per year. 3 00
vbunary Notices unless of general interest nau rates.
Hrf erfay description attended to on can, ana done is Ihe
most lasieiui manner.
--f'nver Hendry store, restoflceneaSt.Peter
PTits dan ana 5K"m . V. lul ohin
"' u km tiA the
Wine', ready te-attend to professional tilli
nr hoars, front 14tor. M. "
Aahtabnta O. AUy Sl tsaa.-1. ' ' "
citizens 01 AsnwDui.. im "-'""f i -,i
foand at his omce. over nm. naiwn
boars. Professional calls promptly attended to with
out regard to time or weather. ' '
ATTORNEYS AX D AGENTS.
iiMOBengtan omoeiormg pra"1""
nntflRDH. FITCM, Attoraer and Counsellor
UwT Sotar? Pab" AsStahnla. Ohio. Spocwl -LVSS
ivn to the SetJlement or Estates, and to C;u-
wSoinSd Collectiaa. AUo to aU mauers arising
af iSSKTT. Agent Uome Insnrance Com
S"HSwvSU10nU ."d of Charter
I,GUUB . P t7.-tl 1
IHcaXn. H4LL SIIEKMAN, Attorneys
d SfflrTat Asntsbala. Ohio
JLikJl. 8. fiBEBMAK, TnBpIlAI FBAXKlI. fillKBMAN.
NoUrr:-ra1K... ."bola. O. SMO
OTr Momsun a x ivu" :
. . . ' i rvMinM1inr at
CHABLKS HUUIH, . . . 4u
UfJ AshtahnU-Ohlo.- - -. ' ' "
av. ft FITCH. Life. Fire and Marine Insurance, and
ilS'rlL A"ucTi Block, Ajhttfcnli, Oj0
riAmfiMDO'V HOSB,-A. H. StnckwelU Pro-
noor tor jenenwm
WISK. HOirSE,-AshtabaU,OMo -n. Fieltl, Propri
Fa7 IVoknSaa rnnnins to and from every train of
S?a? Ate a good livery-stable kept in coun.tion
thiaaaeftoconvey passeu-cre to any V9
THOMPSON'S HOTEL-J. C. Tuohpsos, Proprl
tor; fferaon, Ohio.
S3KOKGE HILL. Dealer In Piano-Fortes, and Mc
M"ap"ot'.K Covers, Ia
lepot- Pnblic Sqnare, Cleveland, Ohio. HW
ITMvn tr ITf A.NNJ'VG, Dealers in Bitnmenons
load, at Ashtabula station, or delivered in the V liwe,
at the most favorable rates. '
wari i7 n a, r an.LJSV.CU Dealpra in Fancy anil
STaraadQa kck, Xshtabuly Ohio. W
(HITfll GILKEY, Dealers in Trv-Gooda, Gro
"SriIffcfocklr,fcJnd GlaWare oppoafto dareudon
Block Main airoet, Aahtobala. Ohio.
w n ED H B A Dealer In Flonr, Pork, Uams.ljini,
mid all k "ds of FUh. Also, all kinds of Family Gro
" rie & and Conrccttonery, Ale and Domestjc
COLLINS Sc BBOTHES, Dealers in Dry-Goods.
htJht Amreriea. Boots and Shoes. Iron. Stone Chi
f afJSwftart north of Fisk Honse, Ashta-
OtLT?ra: r J-W COLLTSS:
J. P. OBKKTSO!, DeUct In every diwcrlption
. ftiXshoes.lIatsandCap. Also, on hand a stoek
M Choice Famrfy Groceries, Main street, corner of Ccn-
tre, Ashtahnla, O.
HOKWi A- FA8SBTT,. Wholesale and Re-WlG"Gel-'
in irm noe Pro
vis ons. Flour, Corn, Fish, Salt, &f M.Mn street, Ash
. C (L-j. d-iiranul free ofcharirc. Wifl
Tni,u:, w. "
HASEfitliACBSO- Comer Hprins and Jm
. .?anbairoiuo?Dealera in Dry-Goods, Gro
ceries, Crockery, &C. TTAOirr'tl
n W,HAKKLL. J. W. HASKELL,.
WRIU BOOTH. Wholesale and Retail Dealers
to Usrsrw- Roseiwe Jattepand Cheese; -Brtel ;Fntr&'
and Oiled at the lowest cash cot. Ashtahnla, Ohio. 8S7
H. I.. WOBKI90,DaaletInPryJOoods Grocer-
lea, Boois, ouoes. i.o '.'i' V , I a,-.
Books, PainU. Oils, Ac, Ashtabnla, O. K
lWiTF.i. f)oalrW Dry-Gooda, Gracertt-s,
HataCaps; Boots, -Shoes. HnrdwarB, Stoves -ami Tln
to Strict attention paid to all kinda of Tinner-a
Job Work. Corner of Center aud Park atrejls, ABhta
bala, Ohio. . 5
CHARLES WIFT-Aahtahnla Ohio, Dealer
Dm" and Medicines, Groceries, Perfumery aud
FanVArtioiw. aftperi.w Teas, Coffee, Spices, flayor
iBTfotraPaTent Medicinoa of every rlpt.on
Paints, Dyes! Varuishes, Brushes, Fancy boaps, Uair
RestoJutives; Hair OilsT&c all of which will be sold
at the loet paces, . nacripUon prepared with siiit
ahlecaYe: ' i-
HEIOBV A., KPC. Main streets, ; Ashtabula,
ObioT Dealers' in Dm-, Medic nes, Ckemjcals
Painta. Oiia, Varuishes. Brushes.Dye staffs, &c.. Choice
Family Gsacariea. iBcludins Teas, Coffees, c.. Patent
Medicines, Pure Wines aud Liquors for Medicinal pur
poses. PhvsicUu s prescriptions carefully aud prompt
Iy attended" Ufr-.l,-? :u -- - " - - " ' : '"-
OEOBG8 WILL4BO, Dealer in Dry-Goods, Gro
eKes, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Crockery, Glass-W are.
Also, Wholesale and ReWil Dealer in Hardware, fead
dlery. Nails. Iron, Sted, Drags, Mediciuea, Paints, OilsT
Dyes tuffs, Ac Main street. Ashtahnla.
W. H. WILLIAMSON, Saddler and Harness Ma
ker, opposite Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio,
has on hand, and makes to order, in the best manner.
c. rOiHf atanuiiciirer ana teaicr in ouuuiw.
Harness, Bridles, Collars, Trunks, Whips, &c, oppo
site Fisk House, Ashtabnia, Ohio. 870
KYiMOCR tc GiOWXQS, M.mttfactnrers of
Door. Sash and Bliuds, Bev,l Siding, Fluorin'', Feno
in?iMoiss,8croU Work, Turni!:, Ac. Also deal
ers in Ronjh aud Planed Lnmbcr, Lath. Shingles, and
Uuildins MiteriaU (rouerally. ; Call and see oar varie
ties of Pence at theif Planing Mill corner Mam Street
and Union Alley, Ashtabula, Ohio. rInmv.
WM. SEYMOUR. IW-Vtf A. C. GIDDING8.
A. D. 8TBOM6. Manniacturerand Jobber in Herme
' aicaliy Sealed Goods, Jelly, Cider, aud Cider V iuejjer.
Ashtahnla. Ohio. Nov. 10. 1SI6. &
XRILK A BltO.. Manof icturers and Dealers in I
allitnit af Leather ih. general de!Uind.ln thU inajkatJ
uguoH-eass pnee paia ror nines anu okihs.
: R. n,'LI.F.T. Manufacturer of Lath. Sidiil!!. Mould
ings, Cheese Boxes, Ac. Plauing. Matching, aud Scrowl-
fHroet. opposite the Upper Park, Ashtabula Ohio." -44)
W. tr. SMITH, Manufacturer and Dealer in all tho
different kinds of Leather in deuiaud in this market,
and Shoemaker's Findings. He is also engaged in the
manufacture of Harnesses; ofttle Tight and tasteful, as
well aa the more sabstantial kinds, opposite fluent x
Foundry, Ashtabula. 870
T. 8. LAY. Mannfactnrer and Dealer in Boota, Shoes,
Ac., Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, O. 870
JH. G.'TJICKtealef- in Books, Stationery, Fancy
' Goods, Yankee Notions, Tovs, Wall Paper, Window
Shades, Sheet Mnaie sad Miwic Books. - Aent for the
Mason A Hamlin Cahinat Organs. SH7
PIERCE A HALL, Dealers in Clothing, nats.
PRCCE, AMITOV Si WAIT!;, Wholesale and
Retail Dealers in Realy Made Clothing, Furnishing
Gooda, Hats, Caps, Acy Ashtabnia. - OK)
H A tslOKJO, Vlreujv Ofllse'ahd Ifrcwre in
il H.E. Church, Main stiC.-t, Ashtabula, tlhio. 870
' 'HariWXre; Ac.
GEORGE C. HN.UtV, Dealer in Hardware,
Iron, 8lee. and Nails, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron,
Copper and Zinc, and Mannfactnrer of Tin, Sheet Iron
and Copper Ware, Fiak Block, Ashlbnla. Ohi. CO
f, ,', :v,T cJ. -U.n
DrOIlO A BROTHER, Manufacturers of, and
Dealers In Fmitureof the best descriptions, and every
variety. Also General Undertakers, and Manafitttevs
of Coflins to order. Main street, North of South Putiffc
Sonare, Ashtabula. 41
1. 1 ITS SAVAGE.' FnruitUTC Dealer and Manufac
turer. Steam establishment, .North Main street, near
the omce of Dr.-fcarnuirton, Asntannia, unio. 461
1. W. GARY, Dealer in all descriptions of Fm
nitnre. oi mnn isiern ana wesiern niBKeana siyira
, et nod?rc prices, Hulbert Clock, Main street. Ash-.
tahula. otno. sui
MONTIGLK A,IlILA.Tlx Fonatlvcs and Mnn-nfactnrcrV-ind
frcrs iS Troves "of varfons kinds.
Plows and Plow Castings, Mill Castings, and most des
crintoins of found rv work. SrrrlJW 8 Asbuhnla. 70
GEO. E. TAYLOR A: CO., MarmracrorRrs oi
Siirer Ware, Gilders and Silver rWW. 11 1 umupmi"
St., between Seneca and Onlarid. Cleveland. Ohio. VM
G. W. BICKINSON, Jew-fer. Kepainns oi an
kinds of Watches, ClooKs. aaa ueweiry. tmop,
Attn Kl.wt Ashtahnla. Ohio. -r
J. S ABBOTT, Dealer in Clocks. Watches, Jewel-
order. Shop on Main streetrmneagt. Ohio. e
9. . HO W ELLS, DE-vriM . .Jcttcrsou, Kino, ui-
flce iu tliericimnei nnuciins. immt aim exinicimg
done carefully. V'pjieror lower sets pf teeth inserted for
from $10 to :20i Ai Work Warranted. 1
P. E. HALL, Dentist, Ashtabula, O. Office
on the Hulbert Lot, nearly opposite the lwnk. Still
G. W. NELSON -Dentist, Ashtabula, Ohio.
Office in Fisk Ulock. era
PROF. T. H. HOPKINS, Musk Teacher. Terms
practice can do so at his residence. " ;
l,,nl,iil-i Ohio. "37 ,
EnoBV LUCE, Proputfor and Dealer in Grape
,i a. i-.. it..,.4ivl will finH it In thoir
i erivna"-tx tmmtxteflne on the elor.tioit f jitea for
lilCVJimf, OUll", Jl."- " ;
of IMautine. Exauiluo ifamplcfl of Growinjf mea, aud
nrfena. - Ashtabula. Ohio.
Pl'KE BRANDY made from Grape Wjne, Whltu
- i. i Rin..ium for ni,'ilu-i nrti mirnoses.
for sale on the North Ridge. JOHN THREW.
Aahtabula,Jaa,ia6;' : y-8S9
ANOBEW'MILLERj . Book -binder, with J. A
Howells Co., Music, jaj?izines, nnu i-cnocui-ais
Ac. . bound iu .plain aud elegant styles, Jeffrmm,
LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD.
I 4 THROUGH EXPRESS TRAINS DAILY.
I Ou aud after Mondav. May 11. lfXSi. aud
jutil further Notice, Passenger Traius run as follows :
S3 3 t "-i 2 .g
Toledo Ex. S
'MtS n T- C CI O
1 A ACC. "Cir.TCi'-KTCCirTC
Cin Express jS 5
Day Ex. SJ
. T. Ex.
S S 8r.
Trains do not stop at stntfnrts where the time Is emitted
in me aoove tame.
I3?8econd Class Cars run on all Through Trains. j3-"J
and. with Trains for Toledo. Chica-m. Colnnilms. Ciuciu
All tnroii-'h trains L'oinir Westward, connect at ( levc
nati. Indianapolis, Ac.
Stt-ambo.it Express leaves Buffnlo at 8.S0 P. M.'Fnn-
lay Night, instead of Saturday Night. Trains arriving
in Dunkirk at 5.41 P. M.. mnkimrilirect rotinW-tFnn with
Trains of Erie Railway. Trains between Toledo and
Brie run by Columbus time : between Erie and Buffalo
bv-Bufr.ilo-time. and do not stop -where, time is omittnl .
The Saturday TVhrht Express Train from Cleveland at
'1.-10 P. M. runs to BuAaln. and Kavus Buffalo for the
East on Snndav at . P. M.
E ASTWARD N. Y. Express, Fa-tern mail and Night
Express runs throngh to Buffalo withont change.
WESTWARD Ni-.'ht Express. Toledo Express and
Day Express rnn through to Toledo without change.
N. Y. Express East, and Day Express West will run
IT. NOTTINGHAM, Bnpt.
Supt'i OfBce. Cleveland A Erie Railroad, M
' ClevWitnd. 0 Mav 11. ti!8. f
LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD. ERIE RAIL WAY.
LAKE SHORT RAIL-ROAD. ERIE RAIL WAY. GREAT BROAD GAUGE, DOUBLE-TRACK-ROUTE
York, Boston, and New England
J.IIIS Rail Way"ExTcnls from
Dunkirk to New York, 400 miles;
Buffalo to New York, 423 tuileo:
Salamanca to New York, 415 miles
and is from 22 to 27 miles the skurtest nwie.
AU Trains run iduwclly 4hroxh to Nrw i'ark, 460
miles, without change of Ootclirs.
From and after MAY 11, 1868, trains will
leave in connection with all Western lines, a Mlews:
From Dunkirk, and Salamanca,
by New York time, from Union Depots:
7.30 A. M. Express Mall from Dunkirk, (Sun-
days excepUxl) stops at Salamanca 1(U)0 a. a. aud
' couuecta at UorueUsviUe aad Cwraing with the
! 1M a. a. Express Mail from Buffalo, aud arrives
in New York at 7.40 a. a.
3 5'AV MU Llg;UUiIa(r Express from ' Sala
manca (Sundays excepted) stops at Hornclls
ville, 6.12 p. a. Super intersecting, with the
2.33 e. a. traiu from Buffalo, aud arrive. iaSw
York at 7.40 a. if.
5.50 P. M. N. York NigrUt Express from Dnn-
kirk tSimdays excepted) stops at Salamanca 7.45
r. a. ; Clean 8-20 r. a. supper Turner's 10.13 a,
a. breakfast aud arrives in N. York at IS.) f :
a. connecting with Aftcrnoou tnitnsaml steamers
for Boston and New England cities.
9.50 P. M. Ciuclunati Exp rcs from Dunkirk
(Sundays excepted ) Stops at Salamauka 11.55
T. a. aud connects at Horuellsville with the 11.20
V. a. traiu from Buffalo, arriving in New York
8.55 f. a.
from BultMla by New Ywk Time, fam Depot
Cur. xcuange4nd Michigan streets :
5.00 A.M.""N. York Day ExpremsfSiraday's
excepted) stops at Uomellsvilie 8.IW a a (bkft )
Susquehanna Lii i;. a. (dine) Turner's" 7.05 r a
(sui.) nnd strives lii New York 9.25 p. a Con
nects at Great Rnml villi DpI.Mp. I JL
We,Sern Railroad, and at Jersey eity with MioV
, Kres i rain oi jxew .lerecy Kailroad for
Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington.
730 A. M. Express Mall via Avon a Homells
1 villc-HSuudays excepted.) Arrives in N. York.at 1
2.35 P. M. Llgbtnlns Exprea(Sund8 ex-
ceptedl-su.ps at Horuellsville 6.10 p. a. (supper)
1 and arrives in New York 7.40 a. a. Connects at
t Elmira with Northern Central Railway for liar
risbunr. Philadelphia, and nnint. ...... i. -I
Jersey City with Maniiue Express Trajn ef New
Jersey Railroad for Baltimore and Washington
and at New York with Morning Express Train for
P. M. New York Nlarht Express (Sun
davs excepted.) Stops at llorncllsville 11.0 p. m
; intersecunganniiBf kwti arrain rrom Daa
kirk, and arrives fn New York a 14. 40 p. a. -T
11,20 P. M. Clnelanati Express (Sundays e
, ,- ceodl-rtoiat casqnehaaoa 148 A. a.lrftx
.Taraer:a 1.87 p. a. (dine) and arrives In New York
at S.55 Pi a. Ooaaeets at -Blmfra wtrV Northern
Central Railway for Harrisbur, PMIadelphia,
Baltimore. Washington andi Minis mm.- at
., - (eat Band with Oektwast, LadtoMrabaa A W'csA-
era Railroad for ranton, Trenton and Philadel
phia, and at New York with Afternoon trains and
steamers for Boston and New England citioa. -Only
One Train East on Sunday, leaving Baffflio at 1.35
r. i. uu resuiing .-,-w tore A. a. . ,
Boston and New England Passengers, with their Bag
gage, are transferred free of charge in New Yok,':.
To plcasnre travelers the line of the Erie Railway per-
sents many objects of Interest,' passing through tho
beautiful vaMeya of to -Clwmatla. Ss-oe)ini, Dels.
nature's beauties command's attention.'' "
Tho beat ventilated and most hixurions sleeping emek.
es in t-he would, accompany all night traina on this
Baggage Checked Thronghind Fare always as V)W as
by any other route.
Ask for Tickets Via Erie Railway. . -.-To
be obtained at: all princtpai Ticket Offices in west
' "- " - or south-west. ' , Qfii
U. RIDpt6. Gm. S Wx, R.. BARR Gen. ras. Jlq
ware ana namapo rivers, an ,'v,'rj iont.iTi.r iunnM..r
From the Evening Post.
Unity is Glory.
Wriilcn tor the tniie of 'Lanriger,'" and dedicated
to the the "Boyain Bine,"
.Upward frbfjii the nation's heart,.
MiKhty clird are wemffr
Onward rolls the clarion song,
-.. j Thus its burdca tolling :
THng tlic starry banner ont, :
' !!.:,'' ' . ' ' Vi3i i's blazoned story, -,;
.. iet our loyal iratcb word be
Vnny w Glory ! . -. .
Ilvdra-Iieaded (reason flaunts
lu our face .its warning ;
Fortvard : .every patriot heart, -Days
of peace As da wning.
, Fling Uie starry banner out, &c.
From the blue New England bills,
True .to Fame and honor,
Proudly now Columbia call,
Victory waits upon her.
Fling the starry banner out, &c.
From the dais)- covered mounds, ,
Where ; our dead are sleeping,
Heroes sternly bid her guard
What they died in keeping !
. Fling the starry banner out, &c
Shall ire bear 1 ,,ss spotless shield
Than out brave defenders?
bhaine upon the dastard hand
Who their cause surrenders ?
Fling the starry banner out, Ac.
By-the blood so freely shed,
By the flag Ave cherish, '
Comradstve will win the day
G loriously or perish I ..j
"-"!l,'l1riiti the starry banner out, .
. , AV ilh its blazoned story,
Let our royal watcliword bo
. Uniti Uloi-jf !"
"The Last Word."
The following poem br Robert Browning, presents a
touching interior of married life. There has been a
quarrel, and, in th tearful calm that follows, the wife
steals closer into .her hu .baud's bosom witlyi woman's
'last Word , and, if woman must have the proverbial
last word they will seldom find one more apposite or
beautiful under the circamstanees. The pocui should
be read e!uwly,tko music beiag helper! ntwith thought
ful aucs that are fi.lc.l np with meaulug:
Ler's contend no more. Love; strive nor weep
All be as before. Love wily sleep !
What so wild or words arer I and thou
Hi debate, as birds are. hawk ou bough I
See the creature stalking while we speak
Iic&h, and hide the talking, cheek on eheek !
What so false as Truth Is. false to thee ?
Wheitt tins amu-iut's tooth is, ahuu the tree,
Wlrera Hie ffpplo raddens never pry
Lest u e lose our EiL-a Eve aud 1.
Be a god and hold me with a charm
Be a man and hold me'with thiue a in.
Teach me, only, teach. Love! -as I ongfit
I'll speak tny speech, lovel lhii,k thy thought.
Meet If Ihon require It 1-o.h demanls,
laying flesh and spirii iu thy hancs.
That shall b to-morrow not to-night,
1 must bury sorrow out of sight.
; ' Must a MttTe weep. Love foolish me !
And fall asleep, Love, loved by thee.
REV. W. T. FINDLEY, D.
"Tlic hand that rocks the cradle rule
the world." This saying is literally
true. The a-nipire of woman is mightior
than thai of man. It is destitute, indeed,
of tho ordinary vis ible iusigniu of domin
ion, as cousislii)rct thrones, and crowns,
and sceptres, and palaces, and written
constitutions, and royal edicts1, aud ol
executive' and constabulary forces a
standing army and ships of war ; yet it
is no less an cuiDire.
'Tho very.last man shall the very last woman
:.:,i,obey." .:,-, -
And man need not resent it. It is wo
arbitrary yoke inflicted upon him against
his will, galling and consuming him . by
intolerable biii'deii and pains. It is the
inspiration of his hopes; tho kinkier of
his loves ; the sustaiuer of his energies ;
the soolher of his son ows ; and the angel
guardian and protector of all his interest.
it is the empire' or a. mother oyer her
childr soft,' tender, affectionate, kind,
seli-denyiiig.charitable, benevolent, duti
ful, and jialieHt. ' There is uo empire
Vke Ihut of itrmother woman's emuire'
1 It is an impei iltabLr , empire. Time
with its armies of devfislatioii,"niay sub-:
merse iu inondscuous ruin, the stronsrest
fol'tiricaiians ol imperial strength which
have ever bien reared, and over vast and
once densely populous cities, where mil
lions have thronged, aud, whence have
emanated the sway of resistless dominion
for centuries, chaotic desulatkn may sit,
brooding aud niel.iDcholy,amid the dilaii-
idated relies of once puisaut thrones and
gorgcons palaces, how lost forever. But
time will only esta-MJsR tne lonneiaUoii
of woman empire,-as assisting in her
maternal relation more deeply ana brm
ly, and widen until they ultimately cora-
" , , . i 1.1. : ... . 1 1 : .. l
prenelia uie wtioie t luteinyeui, nioiui
Wli.at empires strew the vista of the
past with' the broken' or interred .nionu-
UieillS OI innr ouve uisiiiitnn; git.-ai.uco:-,
now fallen to rise uo: more J What has
become of the throncfT of.-Sardinapalus,
and Sesostris, and, Cyrus.and Alexander,
Angustus, and ' Justiniah,' and Charle
liagrie, rarid '"Louis Thillippe ? They
havieruu4bled to the dust. History 911
lt perpetuates their memory. : But wo
tilan's empire was before -them all, and
will survive through all the successive
generations- oi our mortal race, and
all tbe vicissitudes of ichauge and revolu
tion Which are destined hereafter to tran
fepire And, it is thus euduring tbus
pei wetiiated, because it is an empire over
the buaan heart in its earliest affections
and 1 prime susceptibilities. ' ' And tvo-t
ovrr the human heart merely, bp- more
eminently within it; and in tn fact
cOnlfjtsthe essense of its strength and
of its imperishability it is an empire
within the heart, r. lt does not rest on
compulsion ; it is not enforced by vio
lence. Love and trist" are the chief ele
ments of its vitality, and protection and
trauing are the out working of this vital
ity. Woman is not exhibited as exempli
fying the noblest, 6ublitnest, most godlike
attributes, of her womanly nature, and
fulfilling the most honorable and trlori-
ous mission of ber being, wbcu she enters
the arena of political strife, and competes
with the pnysicaiiy ruaer sex tor the so
called rights, which she ha no capacity
in ber natnre to mamjtain, and which she
cannot assume and seriously undertake
to exercise, withont disastrous issues up
on her own comfort, and upon the gen
eral welfare 01 society. And we hope
never, to 'see the day when the distinctive
sphere of woman shall be merged in that
of man, and when the dignity of her bcx
shall be dragged in the mire of those car
nal ambitions which so often convert, the
happiest portions of our globe-into acel-
danias, and wnen ner instinctive delica
tey shall be swallowed up by aspirations
which arc abnormal to her entire liliys-
leal, - moral - ana intellectual, orcauiza
tion. M-en thirst for empire over their fellow-
men.1 Few men have grace to resist the
assumption of dominion over others, it
they arc conscious thoy have the power
to exercise it. Tower for sake of empire,
therefore, is craved. Where powers
conflict, the strongest rules. "Alight
gives right" according to the practical
faith of the world a cruel, bloody max
im, repulsive to every true priuciule of
justice and humanity, aud the" chief cor
ner stone ct every system ol oppression
and wrong. But womau's empire is iiot
the creature of the uuccrtain and ever
varying will of popular masses, whether
ascertained by the free choice of the ballot-box,
or by the more precarious results
of political revolution. She is neither
elected to her throne, nor does she occu
py it ly ossnrpatiou. The power by
which she rules byl which- she: wields
empire, is God-doriyed and wlf-iuherent.
It.cousiats iu the formative and regula
tive power with which, she, iu her ma
ternal capacity is invested over tho char
acter, sympathies, affections, dispositions,
and intelligence of every succeeding gen
eration of the children of menand how
erer she may fail to appreciate this pow
er, or abuse it to the injury of her sub
jects, her empire sun remains. It is
touiyJed in the eternal ordinance 01 heav
en to be perpetuated till the last child
shall have been born till the last wo
man's descendant shall have ceased from
the face of the earth. And it is founded
in the nature of things..
Aud what a benevolent and benificont
arrangement it is which has ordained this
fact ! Where woman is true to herself
and to her empire, as her peculiar endow-
tneut of uod, how happy, how blessed
are the results to the character aud con
dition of mankind ! Whose melodious
voice is the first to arrest the ear of new
born humanity 1 It is the mother's.
Whose eyes first beam the look of "fond
and cherishing love npou it ? The moth
er's. Whose songs are the first to fall
soothingly upon the infant ears, aud wake
the symphonies of music 111 the infant
soul ? 1 hev are the songs of the inolher.
Whose caresses are tho first to thrill the
infant heart with emotions of tenderness,
aud elicit the reciprocating afiuctiou?
They are the mother's. And is there no
power 111 all this to wed the heart 01 man
to the heart of woman ? Is there no em
pire here ? Why should childhood, and
youth, or even manhood in its utmost
maturity, eyer renounce the dominion of
1 mother's love, aud refuse" to reverence
t mother's counsel ? '" It is not becanse
there is no original, inherent potency in
the maternal relation, to mould, and form,
ind temper the soul in the susceptable
period of its existence, so that, ever af
terward, its passions, its desires, its will,
its conscience, its judgment, its under
standing, its purpose, its habits all shall
tfe derived from its wm educator; but it
is because that inherent . potency, it it
ever losses its iuUitenco for good, has not
been wielded as it should have been, un
der the guidance of wisdom and truth,
and iu accordance with the laws of God
ind nature. Iu some wav or other duty
has failed to be performed, follies have
been perpetrated and tolerated, inconsist
encies have been 1 alpable iu the mother's
conduct, and the child, as a consequence,
is induced to despise whero nought to
iove, and to rebel where it ought to obey.
It, therefore, grows up in insubordiua
liou and heart-obduracy, not to bless, but
to curse mankind.
Aime Martin, a French author, savs,
that '"out of sixty-uiue nionarchs who
have woru the crown of France, only
three have loved the people ; and remark
able circumstance, all three were brought
up by their mothers. .Najmleon is said
to have observed to Madame Cam pan, ou
a certaiu occasion '
"The old ' systems of education arc
good for nothing; what is wanting iu
order to train un vouner peonle iu
"Mothers," answered Madame Cam-
"Kight, inadanic, responded Napol
eon, "uive us well educated - mothers,
and France will be regenerated."
And never did a sentiment drop from
the lips of this extraordinary uiau more
worthy ol his profound statesniaushii)
; i And in this consists the empire of wo
man. It it the empire of a mother over
her child, and through this medium it is
woman's empire over the destinies of our
race. , The power behind and under ihe
thrones of the world is the power that
rocks the cradle. Will, it not, therefore,
be our special care, looking forward to
the world's progress aud the future ele
vation of our race, not only to : educate
our sous lor the sphere of life which they
may be called to occupy, but also our
daughters, whose sphere ef duty anal in
fluence is more arduous, and grand, and
glorious, and involves more terrible res
ponsibilities than any sphere which Prov
idence has allotted to our sons ? It is
the seed of the woman that is bruising
the serpent's head. If all evil vltimate
ly destined to be overcome by the good,
the victory is. to be sec wed through the
medium of the maternal relation, aud the
blessing of God upon it to that end.
Olive Logan thinks that any woman
who can urotect herself in a horse car is
qualified to vote, and exclaims, "Now,
girls, be meu leather a difficult com
mand t obey.
Gormands and Gormandizing.
The word the French use as a term, if
noi 01 honor, certainly 01 ; approval, is
with us changed into a term of reproach ;
so much, even in small matters, do the
two nations differ. The dictionary of
the Academy defines a Gourmand, as Dr.
Johnson also, does, as synonymous with
a glutton. Iu the Encyclopedia gormaii
diung is translated as "a demoralized
love of good cheer;" but the Abbe Ko
baud, 111 his synonyms, is more favorable
to gonnands, describing them as "per
sons who love to eat aud make good
cheer." They must eat without selec
tion. Below the judicious and self-restraining
epicure, the sensible and toler
ant abbe places four classes of . people.
First, tho Friaud the person who likes
all sorts of dainties, -especially, sweet
meats and dessert. Tho Goinfre is a
monster who has an appetite so brutal
that he swallows with ravening mouth
every thing he comes near ; . he tats and
eats for the sake ot eating. Next ap
pears the Goulu, (the shark), the wretch
wlio snatches with avidity, swallows
rather than eats, and gobbles rather than
chews. Last of all comes, this very dis
creditable creature, the Glutton," who
eats with an audible and disagreeable
noise, aud with such voracity" that one
morsel scarcely waits for another, and all
disappears before him absorbed as it were
iu a bottomless abyss. Such are the sub
tleties of the highly refilled language of
our neighbors. For all these epithets of
epicure, alderman, grey-hound, wolf. We
tie ouiijruu, iwieeu, 10 uorrow iroui llie-
French the two -words Gourmand and
Gourmet.' By the first, bjeaniug those
who eat largely, ' without much regard
to quality; by tho .second, those who
study aud appreciate the higher brauches
A friend of Driekopf 's has ascertained
after tweuty years' experiments, that it
takes thirty-two movements of.lhe upper
and lower jaws to cut and grind a morsel
of meat to allow it to be safely swal
lowed. Tho age and strength of the per
son, and the qualities of the motors and
incisors, are also, of course to be taken
into account, which drives one to algebra
and vulgar fractious; but the rule is a
good geueral one, and may be truslud to.
is philosophy ' indeed ; and yet a
man may use 111s teeth very well with
out knowing a word of it. It would not
have helped that notorious eater, the
Abbe de Liongeac, who as tlic legend in
Paris restaurants goes would often for a
wager eat thirtv-six dozens of small pates.
The abbe was, moreover, a little fragjle
lookiug man, who looked as if a jelly
would not nielt iu his mouth.
One of tho most heartless things ever
done was a trick ouce played on Pope,
the epecurean actor. A wicked friend
asked him to dine off a small turbot and
a boiled aitchbone of beef apologizing for
the humbli) fare with the usual feigned
humility of frieuds.
"Why, its the very thing I like," said
Pope iu his reply, referring to the aitch-
bone. "I will come, 111 y son. with all the
pleasure in life."
He came, he saw. ho ate : ate till lie
grw nearer the table aud could eat 110
more, lie had just laid dowu his kuite
and fork, like a soldier tired of. 'war's
alarms, when a bell was. rung, , and iu
camu a smoking haunch of. venison.
Pope saw the trick at ouue ; .he cast a
look ot bitter reproach upon his friend,
trifled with a large slice, theu again dro
ped his now utterly useless wcapousj
aud burst into hysterical uurcstruiuuble
tears. ' ' :".",,.
"ATriend of twenty years 'standing,"
he sobbed, and to be deceived iu this
A dinner was givoti to Lord Chester
field, 011 his quilling the oilico of Master
ot the Buckhouuds, -it the Clarendon.
Thirty pcrsous sat dowu. It was order
ed by Count d'Orsay, an epicure of the
highest taste, aud the : price ' was six
guineas a head. , A dinuer got up at the
Albion, under the auspices of Sir W'itliam
Curtis, cost the party between thirty
aud lolly pounds apiece; but then spe
cial messengers had beeu sent to West
phalia to choose hams. Lord Southauip
tou ouce gare a dinner at Urn Albiou at
ten guineas a head. . .. , . ,: ....
Of the modem epicures Cambaccrcs,
Second Consul under the Empire, and
afterward Napoleon's faithful Chancellor,
was the most pre-eminent. - Tins excel
lent miuislec was as loud of business as
be was fond of good eating for with all
his indolence aud epicureanism, he work
ed hard enough to Mutisfy even. Boua
parte. Ou one occasion (it is said when
the fate ot the Uuke u rmghieu was. au
cussiug Cambuceres was detained very
late ; as the hour of dinuer approached,
the miuisior betrayed unmistakable, and
indeed irrepressible, symptoms of impa
tience, anxiety and restlessness. At last,
unable to control himself, he sat dowu at
au escritoir iu the council-room and wrote
a note, which he called a gentleman-usher
to carry. Napoleon sinned, and nodded
to an aid-do-caiup to intercept the im
portant dispatch. Wlieu it was brought
him Cambaceres turned red and . begged
like a chidden school-bov', that his notes
ou small domestic mailers might not be
read aloud.:. N'apoleou, however, had a;
will, ami he lau'sisted." It was . biilet-
(loiix to tho cook, contaiuiiig only ; these
impressive words.;; , ..: ". "a - ';
i'reservo the ettreiuents ; the roasis are
When Napoleon was pleased with, for
eign embassadors, he used to aewt tUetu,
for a treat, to " Go aud dine with: Cam
baceres." The JMUperor wm.uuwi; hij
ano-ry with the Cour des .Comptes for
disallowing an item of three : hundred
francs for trout, charged to 1 Cambaceres
br the municipality of Geneva. : : ' 1
Brillat Savaiiu published his famous
book, "The Physiology of , Taste,' iu
1825. It was wntteu 011 the principles
of the Almanac 4es Goiu iuauds (eum
mcuced iu 1803), aud was the first Irecog
mzed attempt to treat gastronomy as au
intellectual pursuit and a positive pro
fession.' Brillat, born at Belley, iu 1155,
wasajudge.of the Court of Cassation;
and a member of one ot the Fwuch scien
tific societies. He began We successfuly
as an advocate, and iu, 1739 was. elected
.a member, of the Constituent ' Aseinply.
He joined the moderate party,: did bis
best to aveit the cruelty aud pp4resskii,
aud was appoiuted President of the. Civil
Tribunal for tho department of L'Ain
Pruseribed during the liein vf. terror
Brillat fled to Switzerland, . wliere- be
consoled himself witb science and, ek-
ing. .. He llieu emigrated to this'
where a vast untrodden Mruivic- of ('as
tronomy lay before kirn. , He lived here
by teaching French and music. It is
said that having been once out with Jef
ferson, he slot a . wild turkey. . . Jeffer
son, on their way home began relating
interesting anecdotes" of Washington and
the War of Independence Seeing M.
Savarin quite absent and paying 110 at
tention, Jefferson stopped, a little nettled,
and was about to leave him.
"My dear sir," said the epicure in exile,
I beg ten thousand pardons, but I was
just thinking how I should dress my wild
A Touching Tribute to a Stricken and
George Alfred Townsend, whose mili
tary campaigns well fit him for the task,
pays, in tho ll.irtf.nl JW, thU tribute
to the genius and character of General
Josep h Hooker, the hero of Lookout
Mountain, who has lately beeu " retired
from the army:
A graver topic conies to me and to you
also, in the loss of the name of Joseph
Hooper from the roll of the army. Few
can take his place in talent, and who in
beauty and 4ame? He was the Henry
Clay of soldiers) generous, instinctive,
reliable and electrical 1 lHo opened bat
tle at the ni'itient, on order." WhenMc
Clel lan Raid, at Ahtietam, ' "General
Hooker willadranee 00 the right at
o'clock," they woke at headqnartern to
hoar the first can not, .break the- morning,
as if the second han.l of bis watch had
been the fuse to fire it. He was the
promptest soldier known to either army.
Sonic were loo proud, others too irreso
lute, some lymphatic ; he was cheerful,
yet remorseless at times, and as a lover
not of carnage, but ojjfair battle few
ages aflord his match. . ;
He was tiie handsomest man in vital
beauty I ever saw. Decatur must have
looked like him. His nostrils and his
eye were not tire, but light , never blaz
ing with intense feeling, but shining
like the dawn. His was the perfection ot
manly American beauty, as we conceive
it, when all our heterogeneous, tribes
shall bo wolded into one patriotic homo
geneity with the Euglish dew aud the
bronze of your aiitimin most manifest.
His walk, the turn -of his knee, the
straigblness of his thigh aud leg, the ex
quisiteuess ot his foat, what man can for-'
get ? And likewise his waist and chest,
almost a woman's ! They grow into ii
pairot shoulders that the epaulettes nev
er enhanced. ' The carriage of his head
should have touched a nmi. Kaphael
would have made- him a pose for St. Mi
chael. The last time I saw him he was
coming dowu the steps of the Astor
House, aud turning to look after him, a
stranger said to me : -.''" "
"Who is that?"
"Josoph Hooper." '
WII' beautiful, sine." .:
When tho war began Hooper was liv
ing in the State of California. His ap
pearance had been a temptation to him,
and he tilled no very high and dutiful
iiso aiming mankind. He embarked at
once, with only his sword, and when I
saw liiiii first, ho c immanded a brigade
in the Army of the Potomac, auj wa
encamped behind McClellan's- line 0!'
doom-bound entrenchments, in the corps
of Keys, I think, among the very nearest
troops of any to Richmond. Kearney
was Ilia neighbor,' and these' two were
the first to observe McClellan's boy
ish and irresolute incompetency.
Kearney was rich . enough to speak his
mind, and Hooker indignant enough. It
was at their camps that I first heard the
distrust ol McClollan. The Litter, in the
meantime, was as thick at persimmons
with these inen Slocuni, Newton, Baldy
Smith, Fitz John Porter, Andrew Por
ter and Hancock. The latter of these was
the only one that came to fortune, aud
the former the only one that . c 11110 to
desert. Newton has disappeared ; Baldy
Smith was an envious man and is said t
have written coarse criticisms ,'on Grant
recently, which I should believe. Porter
we know,nearIy reached the apotheosis ol
Admiral Byng". 'Hancock is the best re
warded man of the army according to
his "heft." Slocum is a Seward Demo
crat and I always bo-Iieved him to be
both a soldier ami a gentleman. At last
the romance of "Little Mack" was woil
ed out of hiin by tho tremendous attack
of Stonewall Jackson. Then the "ins"
went out, and the "outs" went in. I was
abroad when Hooker 'eommnnded the
army, but officers told me ot his bearing
there vitally, and in decision eqnal to
ihe place, but in caliber of mind peilnps
unequal to the mighty charge of n great
arm v. lie did not think so. Certainly
he iu ide the best of that place till Grant
came to look after it, for the .battle of
Geltvsbtirg was tfr combined victory of
Lieutenants arid Marshals of .the army of
the I'otomac, cnrisieneti iy Key nobis,
god fathered by Meade, and by none
better befriended than by John Sedg
wick. '- ';'' '
When Hooker was removed Hallcck
he rode out of camp indignantly, and re
appeared to the country ill the brilliant
tableau of Lookout Mountain. -; "' ' ;
I doubt not that ha would nave- wen
the battle of Gettysburg as well as Meade
did, and been more thai personal hero of
it, but possibly his quick teuierand fine
self-esteem (which recall Henry Clay al-
ways to me) would have maae mm ; ies
useful to Giant. .afterward?; for Meade
was Grant's willing and d'dligeut clerk.
Sometiincs I believe that if Hooker had
held the Army of ,1ib Potomao toGettys
burjf he, and uot Grant would have been
thnevo of tUe wan to receive the sword
of General Leeaad that General Grant
would never have Been called East,, ex
cept iu charge of General Shcrmttva. ar-
Vrta f-ljirwiru! irni'it-Ai -ii-itKmil
II, M. v.. ... .... . ... . ..wnwi, ,IV
great girth- of brain had more lifu than
aly sojdier I ever saw. Hie contempt
of geography was. like 'Sherman's He
loved fighting aud going forward as
much as Sheridan, and his eiUerprize was
EkoPbarrur't.''. As an orator, ho wu
among the finest among soldiers. Aa s
candidate for President, Zacharay Taylor
would have been Saucho Panza compar
ed tolnn; for wilh victory and his mag
iretrsrn he could have Water. Thomas Je
tersou before the people. ' This it tall ing
ot the irrevokabie, hot many soldiers,
wilt agree with uhi in it," while all of them
will admit that it was better for" the Re
public that the common sense head of
Grant shott. . carry those intoxicating
laurels, rather thau this fair Alcibiade8
with his brUUauee, hiaaaabitkia and bis
adventurousRoirit. , ...
, As it was, Hooker, at the end of the war
was a revived and satisfied man, perceiv
ing himself that the good geuiua t the
country had ordered welL -
Iu Cincinnati he met iu the prune of
life and intelligence one of tho most
splendid ladies of the eowntry, the sister
of Win. S. Groesbeck, (lately the Presi
dent's counsel,) a lady whose pore and
elevated character had 'been strong;
enough to decline matrimony in tbe aero
spring of life. He found her in the mid
summer of her life, fair as a girl, compos
ed as a wife, and the last of his conquests
was the higliest testimonial ever given
to his person and his character.
Now the soldier began to feci what be
had vaguely arpn-ciated betWe -that oi
wl ich Nap Icon' died unconscious (he
dignilv aud happiness of social, domestic
iite. lie took command of the depart
ment of New York; his friends rejoiced
at his good fort urn) ; no such, presence
walked Broadway;. .- ;
Iu the Height of it all the blow came.
He was poralizt-d. , ...
. His wife carried him to Europe, redae
ed as bo was from Adonis to a cripple,
fn all soft lauds he sought for his health;
the softest land was in her presence. Sb
also became sick with care ami diligence.
They returned together to New York
not very long ago, aud Hooker, seeing;
his old quartermaster, LeDuke.of Iowa.
coming to see him, said:
"This is all there is left of Joe Hooker !
They wept together like women.
At Watertown, the other day, tho
-mble wife of the General died.- Ho has
i-csigned his commission. God's ways
ire past finding out. ;
BY JAMES T. WORTHINGTON.
The capabilities of our climate, owing
.-hictty to the extremes of licat aud cold,
tbout which so much complaint is msie,
ire much greater than those ot the Euro
pean countries, from which roost of as
lerive our ancestry. .- The capabilities
ire, as yet, very imjierfectly developed,
because we naturally cling to theproduo
r ions aud the modes of culture inherited
by our fathers, however unsuited to our
urroundings. But tho frequent failures
f late years of some of the fruits on
which we were wout to rely, notably.
ippies and peaches, snouid make us turn .
;o others, though heretofore unknown'
imong Us, if equally valuable, and now
certain to bear regular crops in our cli
mate. " - .
Among these, after a trial of more
han thirty years, the first of cxperi
uients, and latterly of complete success,
1 believe that the old-fashioned Biblical
iig is one of tho most promising.
The fig-tree is hardy, healthy, a quick-
grower, suns our summer climate sumir
ibly, aud is easily protected without re
moval through our severest winters : is a
sure bearer and very prolific. It grows
from the slip like tho currant bush, bear
ing fruit in three or four years Irom ths
slip, aud I have had trees three or four
years old bvar a fair crop tbe year after
they were transplanted. .
After the trees are four or five years
old they produce from the same area,
wilh less labor, a larger aud more cer
taiu crop in Southern Ohio than either
potatoes or tomatoes. The large yellow
rig begins to ripen about the same time
as the earliest summer apples this year
1I868) on the 11th of July.
The smallr purple fig begins to ripen
about a month later, mid has a succession
of crops until Octoboi- sjnietimes lata
in October. . .
I m'iition these two varieties because
they have succeeded best With me. -I
have this year, for the first time, dried a
few of the large yellow figs (iheeommon
of commerce) and find them at least as
ood as those we imiiort. These can b
produced iu our climate as cheaply as
dried peaches, and much more regularly.
I like them best fresh from the , tree,
and often breakfast 011 them. The de- .
ina:id by tho family has been so gieat
that I have not thought of drying them
until this season, when I have a cart
load of ripe grapes from an area of loss
than tour square rods.
The fig is not likely to be grown m
large orchards, but is eminently the fruit
of the cottager and villager, and when
its merits and adaptability to our climate
become generally kuown, will be as reg
ularly grown for family use, all over th
Ohio Valley as the potato or toinatto.
A great obstacle to the introduction of ,
new crops, is the suspicion by the nujeb
abused public, thit anything new is high-.
lv commended chiefly because of the pro
fits t0 ao-crne to lira commeniier.
. - '. 1 mUrnu tlifir. it 1 HO
the ng-uee nan s-iwt.j -- --
c:uiily and surely propagatert ana muu-.
. '1: .,1 !, ..UK. -. it will be verr rrfoit-
iible to the cultivator, ii 1 not hkely t
bo so to-uarsvrynien.
who. has boon travelling in .'
- uru. savs: aa wo ane iioirMraa suu tmw
ut. 1. .1 1. .... . ,1
coldest, the wettest aud tho dryest, th
. . ' ,.i . .v 1 r 1 .u
richest ana tne poorest, t&e oesfc suu mi
moamiat. liaa thn lipatl - wnflien
ty little teet, ami no-eaiYeaiosuifci
sickness and less health, more- streams
and less navigjiUo watewy more corm
bread and less , com, more , nour
and Te'sV biscuit, more eows and less milt
and butter, more, hwjp- and les portt,
more deer aud less venison, more chick-,
.eiisaiid less eggs' mare gold aud less la
bor, more Bureau and less furniture
than any country in the United States--and
where house ffies live aud musqiik
', toes never die l"- " '
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