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,WEEILI; nnim ii 'i ') f ,.i'pa In? j i . . i At i-l,-r , i. 2 ii.iL . I k ; ? ' It By -JAMES IU3ED. ' jct f, . r . Indopentlent in all thingM. $2. iii A.d vance VOLUME XXII NO. 7. ASHTABULA, OHIO. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18 1871. nil .l , ti . :.i . J J' ft' n ;:J7iPiin) II I II 11 II -w I - U r III! T WJI0LE JUMBEn.:ii03.. fJI1 OF SI'KCHIPTIO t ' Two Dollars per annnm-pald itrlcUy In advance. r ADVKHTInTnIJ ,tATItl . Twalva Una or Ism of Nonnaroll make a annara. -onaiquar 1 (,! Tl 'l womuro))m. 8 00 OnaaiguaraS wk.. I St) Twoaqnarr S mo. no Onquare n not,, HO?) i Twniiiri t yr, 1 no On aiinare S mo. . 6 00 Fonr iiiaraa 1 rrar IS no On square 1 roar,, a no Half column 1 rear, DA no BaalnaaaCard notoyerflralln por jrnar, . . .'. S 00 ixiinanr nntica ant or general intarinair rate Local Notice Ten Cents a line for each Insertion. JOD PK1NTINO Of rar description attended tn on call, and done In the molt lamcim manner. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. PHYSICIANS. H. n. VA IKOHltAIV, M. I., 15. V. VAX WOttrrf A.N, m. !., Ilummopuhlc 1'liyelriana and 8urfn. Office aamn aa formerly No. 1. Main Strfeit Anhuhula. Ohio. (Mice honra frn'iu 7 to 0 A. M , 1 to I P. M., and erenln;. H. B. Va Nobpi, Park Street, nearly nupoelt tha Kethndlet Church. ' vv E. V. Van NnnA. flret floor aonth of on. on Vain 8trt Hi Shrpard biiuu. 10&5 OH. K. t,. KI(J, fhralclan and Surgeon, office orer Hendry . King a atore, residence near St.Peter'a Ohurch. Ashtahnla.. O 1048 BR. KASIK', would Inform tin friend", and the Sub Ic ireairally thai lie mar Ix found at lila place or aeluee, llaakella Dlock, Main Street, ready toatlend to all professional calls, Office houra, from 12 to 3 P. M. Anhtalnila O. May 11. 1wiS 104:1 ' ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS. 3. II. IIIIODKS Attorney r.nd Counsellor at Law, tin Superior Street. Cleveland. Ohio. S IHBRIIItN, HI11IIIAWI) k HAM., Altor neye and Connaelora at L aw, Axhlalmla, Ohio, will practice in the Conrta of Ashtabula, Lake and Ouauxa. a.asN a, ouaRMAif, d. d. bukiiow. Tnaonom Ham. 1018 C. D. KOrKWIILL-Attorney at Law, Klngavilm, Ohio, C. D. and H. J. Kockwrll. Generul Inpiiranco A(acy, King arille, O. Losaat adjusted and prompt Ij paid 1013. EDWARD II. FITCH, Attorney and Connsollnr at Law, notary Public, Ashtabula. Ohio. Special at tention lren to the Settlement of Estates. and to Con veyancing and Collecting. Also to all matteraarlslng mndar the Bankrupt Law. 1011 ffADI WATKINS-Attorneye at Law, Jcffer aon, Ohio. Olnce in the Court Ilouao, for the present. D.-8. Warn. 1043 A. B. Watkins. HRNRr aTASSKTT, Agent Home Insurance Com paay, or new lors (ijnpnai, v,ihsi.iriot. am Oak Life Insurance Company, of Hartford, Uaoas to wrltlni; of Deeds, Wills, c. Also. 104.1 I, R. COOK. Attorney and Counsellor at Law and Jf otarr Public, also Real Estate Ajrent, Main atraet. yr Morrison Tlcknor's store, Ashtabula, O. (MO CHAHI.KS BOOTH, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Ashtabula, Obla. 1041 HOTELS. ?I.K IIOIJSK. Ashtabula. Ohio. A. Field. Proorl- ot. An Omnibus rnninng to and from eyery train of cars. Also, a good lirery-stanie Kept in connection with thia ouae, -to convey pasaengcra to any point. 1"41 ABHTARITL4 IIOIIRK TIssnT Ft.n, Proprie torMain Street, Ashtabula, Ohio. Lai-ire Public Hall. . god LWery. and Omnibus to and from the depot. 1011 THOnPSON'S HOTEL J. C. Thompson, Proprl tor, Jefferson, Ohio. 10 IS MERCHANTS. KKOKOE HALL, Dealor in Piano-Fortes, and Me lodeona, Piano tools, Covore, Instruction Books, etc. Depot W Public Square, Cleveland, Ohio.. 1018 TVLKR A flAKMKI.K, Dealers In Fancy and Staple Dry Goods. Family Orocerlea, & Crockery, South 6 tor, Clarendon Block, Ashtabula, Ohio. 1043 S.fllTIIaV tilLKKV, Dealerain Dry-Goods. Oro cerlea, Crockery and Glass-Ware, opposite Clarendon Block, Main street, Ashtabula Ohio. 1043 W. IIBDII BAD, dealer In Flour, Pork, Hams, Lard, and all kinds of Fish. - Also, all kinds of Family Oro cerlea, Frulta and Confectionery, Ale and Domestic Wlnci. - 1048 r. P. ROBERTSON, Dealer in every description of Hoots, Shoes, Hats and Caps. Also, on hand a stuck of Choice Family Groceries, Main atreet, corner of Cen tre, Asktabnla, P. . .. ' mill D. Wi HAsKElL. Corner Spring and Main streets, Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealera In Dry-Goods, tiro caries, Crockery, 4c, Ac. two D. W. ITASKEI.L. irELl-S ft BOOTH. Wholesnlo and Retail Dealers In Western Iteservo Batter and Cheese, Dried Fruit, Flour, and Orocerlea. Orders respectfully solicited, and filled at the lowest cash cost. Ashtabula. Ohio. 1043 H. I.. IttOHKISON, Dealera In Dry-Goods. Orocer lea, Boote, Shoes. Hata, ap a. Hardware, Crockery, Booka, Painta, Olla, Ac., Ashtabula, o. 800 DRUGGISTS. iriARTIN MB WUICKIl Drnvlst. and Anothe cary, and general deiilor In Drugs, Medicines, Wines and Liquors for Medical purposes. Fancy and Toilet Goods, Main Street, corner of Centre, Asntnbula. riltULliS B. SWIFT Ashtabnla, Ohio, Dealer ia.Uraga aud Medicine, Groceries, Porfuinerv and Fancy Articles, superior Teas, CotTee, Spices, Flavor ing Extracts, Patent Medicines af every description, Painta, Dyes, Varnishes, Brusliea, Faucy Soaps, Hair Restoratives, Hair Oils, Ac all of which will be sold at the loweat prices, prescriptions prepared with suit able care. S HIIBRT cV KINO, Main streets, Ashtabula, Onto, Dealera in Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals. Paiuta, Oil, Varnishes, Brubhcs,DyeSJtnffe, Ac, Choice Family Groceries, including Teas, Coffees, Ac., Patent Medicines. Pure Wines and Liquors for Medicinal pur poses. Fhytictan'sproscrlptiouscarefullyaiid prompt ly attended to. 10t3 GEORGE WILL AltO, Dealer In Ory-loods, c.ro eeries, Hata, Caps, Boots, sfioes, Crockery, Glass-ware. Also, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Itardware, Sad dlery, Nails, Iron, Steed, Drags, Medicines, Painta, Oils, Dyastuffa, Ac. Main sirret., Aaiitabula. HARNESS MAKER. W. II. WILLI Saddler and liaruess Ma ker, opposite Fisk Bloclc, Mujustrect, Ashtalntta, Ohio, ataa on hand, and make to order, In the best manner, vervthllix in his Hue. 8ffi P. C. FORD, Manufacturers and Itaulera in Sad dles, . Harness, Bridles. CoRur, Trunks, Whips, Ac, opposite Flak House, Ashtahula. Ohio. 1015 MANUFACTURERS. BBViriOUH, UIDDINUS & CO., Manufacturers of Doora. Sash, tillu is, Bevtl Siding, Flooring, Fenc ing, Moldings. Scroll Work; Turning. Ac. Also, Job bers and Builders. Dealeis ill Lumber, Lath aad Shin- glee, at tna Planing Mill, corner ol Mala atreet aud union aney. asniaouia, Ohio. WM. BBVMOUU. A. C. QIDDING8. O. A. TBRADWF.LL. Irwi-tf A. D. STRONG, Maumactureraud Jobber in ITurui tically Sealed Mooiis, Jelly. Cider, ana Cider Vlnegur. Aaktabnht. tki, llov. 10, lUtKV . SX) 4U. IE1LK A II IIO., Manufacturers and Dealers in all kinds of Leather In gouerul demand In this market. Ulghestcash price paid for Hides and Skins. t. C. CCLLK V, Manufacturer of Lath, Siding, Mould ings. Cheese Boxes. Ac. Planing, Matching, and Scroni Hawing, done on the shortest notice. Shop on Main atraet. opposite the Upper Park, Ashtabula. Ohio. 440 W. W. H.TIITH, Mnuutaeturer-aud Dealer in all the 4itTrKt kJudauf Leaf tier I demaiul In thia murket, b4 Skuaataker'a Findings, He is also engaged in the auanufaauira of Harnesses, of the light aud tasteful, as well aa the more substantial kiuds, opposite Phoenix Foundry, Ashtabula. 810 'HARDWARE, &c. eiCOROB C HUBBARD, Dealer in Hardware, Iron, But, and Hails, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper and Zinc, aud Manufacturer of Tin, Kneet iron as j Copper Ware. Fjlsk a BlockvAshtabula. Ohio. j!70 CBOSBVdc WKTlIKUWAxIdMlerThi Wov.s Tia ware. Hollow Ware, shelf Hardwaro, Glass wr Lamps and inp-Triinmlnga, Petroleum, Ac, Ae, oppoaiuthe Fiak House Ashtabula. Ml CABINET WARE. I OHM DIlflHU, Maaufactaref of, and Dealer tn Furoituroof Ike best descriptions, and avary variety. Also Goueral Undertaker, aud Manufacturer of Colnna to order. Mala atreet, North ot South Public Square, Ashtabula. , , .! ., ;, .' 4M DENTISTS. , P. K. II ALL, Dentist, Ashtahula, O. Office m, at nr. , au.ioruiru a. W, NELSON, Dentist, Ashubnla, Ohio. Olflee In Fisk Block. .JEWELERS. ti. W. DIOKINMON, J.waler. Kepalring of all klasta of Waiclesa. Clocks, aud Jewelry. Mhop.Claren 4m Blank, Ashtabula, Olilo. . . AUHOTT, lkiler In Clocks, Watehaa, Jewel ry, ate. Engraving, Muadiuf aud Repalriim doue to Mdr, Shop H Maiu street, Conneaiit. Ohio. 8MB IAHBH K. ITKHUIMIi' Dealer In Watches, Wocka. Jewelry, puver ana riatea ware, sc. its pairing of all kinds donewell, and all orders promptly awaauasj to. Mala Utreel, Asbtabnla. O. 10W CLOTmEUS. , , Kn Wi n ). KH4K PcalersTn'ci.iMiIng Haw aps. piraUauta' FurnUhloK Woods, Aslitaliula.O, tai' AninOfV WAITK. WlnHisale and tt.l.M Dealers In Itaady Made (.lothlnc. Kamislilim fiooil.. flats, Caps, Ac, Ashtabula. FOUNDRIES. Sr.VTIOI H, NTHOIVM A ttFKIIHV, Msnufac i'!.r,u"JI!.'!v""' l'low, Coluirnr, Window Caps and Sills. Ml Castings, Kettles, Sinks, Hlelch Shoes. Ac, rhnnlx Koundry, Ashtabula, Ohio. 10V1 1MIOTOG 1 1 A VHEKST '.:' I'llMD. W. IILAKI KI.I.l:, Photographer an I dealer In Pictures, Kimravlugs, chromns. Ac. hsrlng a large supply of Moulding of various descriptions. Is prepared lo frame eny Hung In the picture line, at short notice nod In the best stvie. Second floor of the Hall store, xud door South of Dank Mauu street. KH4 MISCELLANEOUS. KTIOUY LI'CB, Propagator and Dealer in Grape v ines, ,reeii-iionse iMMniiiig nnu ekraTnoie riants. Persons about to plAiit 'ini'yai-ds, n ill rind It to their advantage to consult inu on the selection of sites for Vineyards, Soils, h'luih of tlraptii, best mode and time of Planting. Examine samples of Growing Vines, and compare prices. Aslitnbula. Ohio. Thompson Quarrv, Ti HIS Qunrry, situated fit Thompson. Geauga County. Is the nearest and moM convenient for thecitieusef Ashtabula and virinity. of any other, and the qnallty of Its stone is superior for finnneseof texture and durjiblllty. Stone cut to any dimensions, and for any purpose, dressed fn the most workmanlike manner and at short notice. Orders solivitateil. for Flawing Wteps, Well-Stones, rmlnerplnnlnp. Window and Doo Caps and Sills. Coping s nil water Tables. When the trBvelltiir Is good, imrliu uiav do tbelrown hsttlingata censlderablesavlnM. B. KDGKItTON. Thompson, Dec. SO. I WIT. IMO DISSOLUTION OF CO-PAKTNEUSHIP. I3y Mtitnnl Consont, w liavp this dnv dissolved partnership. All persons li.dobted lolbeflrm or Hendry ec King will please cell st once and settle Thirty days after dute all accounts unsettled will be left with a Justice of the Peace for collection. ii. a. nnxDKY. Ashtabula, Jan. 18, 18T1. K. L. KINO, N. B. The business will he carried on as heretofore by H. A. Hendry, who will be ready at all times to wait upon you. Soliciting a share of your pmronage, 1 remain, yours Ucipectftilly. tf II. A. HENDRY. WANTKO! A SITUATION, vTth a reliable work- man to learn the Blacksmith's trade. Some town adjoi ning Ashtabula ptefcrsd. Adilrebs . L. WAIT, 3tll Bex 75R,'Aslitabula. O, LAKE SHORE & M. S. RAIL-ROAD. ERIE DIVISION—TIME TABLE TAKING EFFECT SUNDAY, DECEMBER. 4, 1870. Snecial Chicago Ex.' Toledo Ex. W 3 3 w CI .r. . . O t" I- X X X r f f . r- g. w i e 5 sr racincEx.lS St. Bt. Ex.' 18 Con. Acc. ,1. a x qo x x t-1-1-1- ic t c ic 'A O P l ii icon. Accm.'S5':' "S?5S a;sr-rioowscttt-t- Speclnl 3 N. Y. ExJp; 2! Atlantic Ex'S'S Day Exross 3 St. Cln Express's? 1 id.'" Trains do not stop at stations where tho time Is omitted 111 the above lable. CIIAIXLBS V. HATCH, Ieneratl Sup't, Cleveland. i J9 en.':, j"..-s. x - -? ERIE RAILWAY. 1400 Mile nndor 8G0Mllc wltliout ouo .llttllueiuent. Ckaiige or I oat lica BROAD GAUGE. DOUBLETRACK-ROUTE. BROAD GAUGE. DOUBLETRACK-ROUTE. TO NEW YORK BOSTON ALBANY PRINCIPAL POINTS IN NEW YORK AND NEW YORK AND THE OIL REGIONS OF PENN. Rail Way Extends from Rochester to Now York o85 Milutu Buffalo to New. York 433 Mlc8. Dunkirk to New York 400- Slurs. Cluvclund to New York 02," Miles. Cluciiimui Ut New York 800 .Miles, aud la from 'i to 8 7 mile the shortest route. All Trains run directly through to Now York, SCO milea, without change of Coaches. : ? From and after Itcr 5tli, 1870, train will leave in couuuctiou with all. Western lit?, as fujlows: New York Day l:xprea, leaves Cleveland from Atlantic and Ureal Wesleni llegiot, by Ci lunibiis.Olilo time daily Saiuadays excepted t U 40 e. M.- Ilnttu. 10 from J.)upot cor. Exchnuge aud Mlchlgun streets byNew York time dully Suudvs Exceplcd at 7 a. M. Arrives at lloruellsvlile U DO A. M Sunttiieali- 11 il i B0 V, M dine I'liinnel's 7 44 p. H. slipper a arrives In New York I) VU r. V. C'ouuects at lllng liHinpton for Cooiierstown, Albiiny, and, thc'celebm ted Suuiuiur resort. Sliarou Springs, and with Dela ware, Lackawanna and Wetern Railroad, andnt Jer sey Cily with Mldulgkt Exnrses Train ol New Jer sey Railroad for Philadelphia. Sleeping Coaches are attacked to Uil train at Cleve land, miming through to Hornelisville (Breakfast) ; and new and Improved Drawing Room Couches are attached at Buffalo running through to New York. Kxpreaa lllnll. loavc Dunkirk from Union Depot aud Buffalo, via Avon and via Hornrllsville, daily, (SaiKlays excepted.) at 710 A. M., arriving in Kew York at 7 (II) a. u. Llelitnlniz Kxpress, (Dally), leaves Cincinnati 9. 4ft P. AT. ; arrives at West Salem ut .i A. M., (Broakfust): Uoves Cleveland 78 A. M. -, Leav Ittsburg U.10 A. M. (Uroaklaet ): Mearivllle 111 A. M. (Dine); Dunkirk 1 .aft P. M, Buffalo 1.45 P. M. Arrives at Hornelisville tl.OA r. H. (supper), Albany 8.40. M.aud arrives in N. York 7.00 . M. Connects at Eliuira uiih Nonheiu Cen tral Railway for Willlsmsoort, liarrlsbuig a the South, at Jersey City wlLh Moraing Express Train or New lerscy Railroad for Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, a at N. York with morning traitis for Boatou and all the New England cities. Stooping Coaches are attached to this train at Leavltts burg aud at Buffalo, ruuuing threugh to New York with out change. Sleeping Coaches ara also attached at HorucJlaville running through without charge, lo Albany. ... Night Kxpreaa, dally, (Sundays excepted); leaves Hiitlaln at U.4A p. m , arrives at Turner's at u 60 a. m, (Breakfasl), New York at 1, M. Connects at New York with steamera and afternoon trains for Boston aud New England cities. Cincinnati Kxprena, dally. (8nndaya excapt ed). Leave ciuciiinatl at 7 00 A. M.; aril res at "West Sulem at S.fO.P. M. ; (Dine); Leuves Cleveland at 8.35 P. M., Meadvilie a 00 P M (Supper); Dunkirk O.fHl P.M.; BuDaln nap p m StopsatSusquekaouaS.lOA. ., (Bkfst.l; Tamer's I. Hoe. .. (Dinner), ind arrives In New York al H.nS r, at. Couuecta at Eluilra for WllllaniHirt, Harris barg and the South ; at Owego for llluiea ; at King. ; bumplon for Cooperatown, Albany and tho celebra ted summer resort, Sharon Springs: at Greycourt for Mewburgh aud Warwick, aud at New ork Hill, avenlug trains and aWajuera . lor Boatou and -New England at Ilea. . ' ' '. Sleeplug Coaches ara attached to this train at Buffalo, running through to Susquehanna, and at Leavlttahurgi running through to New York. - Only Ouo Train East on Sunday, leavlngCInc nnati at M6 A. M. t Cleveland at 7,U A. M.; Buffalo. 4ft p. and Dunkirk l.xo p.m., reaching New York tl 7.00 a. m. ' Boston and New England Passengers, with their Bag aage.aretranarerredrMocAoiyslu New York. Tho bust ventilated and most luxurious sleeping coach cam run wotou, aaoompany all night tralua oa this railway. ffTha Erie Railway Company has opened a new Ferry from their Jersey Cily Depot to Uu foot of 2nd St.. New York, thus enabling passengers to reach the npper portion of the city without the expense aud an uoyaaoa of a street oar or oniulbu transfer, rr"Tb scenery along the entire routs af the Erlt Railway la of the most plcUiresque and beaotllul charac ter. Admirer of Nalure'a heaullea. in a daylight loom, over thl Lin, will And in Its ever changing landsnanes aubjucta of continual admiration and interest. ' Baggage Checked Throogh and Far always a law aa byanrothorroute. i ash tor jionew via Urte HaiiwarJ U 1 1 ; for Ticket Via Erie Hallwavi O I Wbiekeanb obtained at all principal Ticket- (Beat I on main and aoniiaetlna' IIimm. . .. . ... n.ia . . . f 9,omff 6, Ahf Wa. PAakj ffra. ft,. Resignation. BY HENRY W. LONGFELLOW. Tlirre i no flock, howevar watched and tcndcJ, But one (lend la tlicro I There I no flrealde, howsoe'er delcndcd, - But haa ono Tacaut chair I i The air li full of fnrcwelli to Hie dylnf, And mourning for Hie (lend ; The heart of Ituthncl for lur children crylne Will not bo comforted I Let ti be pntlctil I thesu severe afnictluna Not from tho ground ariae. But ot'tcniiiiici eelesitiil benedictions Assume thii dark diguie. Wo see but dimly through the inlaid and vapor; Amid these eurthly dumpi What seem lu iih, but dim, funeral lupera jMay be heaven's ttislunt lainpg. There Is Death ! whnt seems so is transition i This liie of mortal breath Is but a suburb of ilia lite elyslun, Whoso portnl we call Death. She is not (lend the child of our nlTeoliun But gone unlo Hint school, Where alio no longer net? (Is our poor protection, And Christ himself (.loth rule. In thttt gient cloister's silliness and seclusion By tiimrdian mikcIs led, Stile from tenipliiiion.salo from sin's pollution, She, lives, whom we call dead. Day nflcr dny we think what sho is doing In those bright realms of nir j Year after year, her lender steps pursuing, Behold her grown more liilr. Thus do wc wnlk wllh hor.and keep unbroken The bond which nature gives, Thinking Hint our remembrance, theuh un spoken, Jlny reach her where she lives. Not ns a child shall wc asnin behold her ; For when w ith rupture wild In our cmbrncrs wo uynlii enfold her, She will not be a child j But a fair maiden in her Father's mansion, Clothed with celestinl grace ; And beautiful with all the soul's expansion Shall we behold her Ince. And though at times, impetuous w-ith emotion And anguish long-surpressed, The swelling heart heuves moaning like the occun That cannot be at rest j Wc will be patient ! and assunjie the feeling We eminot wholly stay ; By silence Btinclilying, not concealing The grief that must lint e way. United Germany and its New Emperor. King 'VYilliam of Trussiu, so the cubic informs tis, complies with the invitation of the sovereigns of the petty German States, and assumes tlio tule of "Emper or of Get many." He is the first YV'illiuin, we believe, who has rcceivi-tl that title. So is gathered the fust fruit of the jucs ent war, and so steps IVttssia to the mi piemacy to which she has been so long on tho way, and which Austria has so stoutly contest! d for many it year. Not quite a thousand years ago, Oiho I. received from the l'ojie his crown as flic first Emperor of the Irtte Germany of history. Six centuries later, and Prussia, then a dukedom merely, declared its independence of Poland, while at very nearly the same itne a permanent German Diet assembled at Uaiislion. Half a century more, and Fiidciio HI., Elector of ISrandenbnry, crowned him self "Frederic I., King ol Pi ussin." J another hundred years the disintegration ot the German Empire was well under way. In 1780 the lirabaut provinces declined their independence, and in 1S05 and ti the shrewd hand of 2s'apoleon 111. erected Havana, Wurienibni o? and Wes - plialia, into indepecdeiit kingdoms. Then followed the l.oiitcfleration of the uhin tributary to Fruiter, and the praetic; 1 dissolution of the German Empire, after it cliec-Keretl existence ol more than 800 years. "Willi the overthrow of Napol eon, came l lie new Uermanic Confedera tion, on a broader and firmer basis than the old one of the Khfue, aud this, sub stantially is that of which the 'Emperor' William becomes the head to-day. Tho history of Germany during nil thte rears is the history of a large number of principalities ; some as small as cities, others as htrge as kingdoms ; now asso ciated, and then nt swords points ; rent by dissensions al one time, banded to gether for mutual defense against a com mon foo at another ; the majority ex posed to the contention of the, tew for a controlling power; a history of jealous ies, and bickerings, and wars. United Germany ? It has hitherto been but a dream ! The federal constitution now practi cal accepted by the Southern Slates, Havana, Wurtemburtr, liaden, Hesse, Darmstadt, (South) and Litchlensiein, whoso total population is 8,01 1,532, is that of the North German Confederation, Prussia, Saxony, aud twenty smaller States, whoso population is 29,010,377, was drawn up aud satitied bv a popular vote in 1867. The uew German Empire of William I., which is more truly a confederation, takes its place on tho map of Europe with an area of 204, 770 square miles, . which is about tour fifths that of Texas, and a population closely approximating that of the- Unit ed States. '. To hava effected this result, even, L russia, will icel is not to have fought in vain, while for the full measure of her prize alio still waits al the gales of Paris. , r Inside Cuixa. Admiral Uodgers,wlio attended Mr. Seward to Pekin, has stmt to the Secralary of the Navy a commu nication in regard to China, iu which he predicts the collapse of the 'country. The governing class are hostile to in novations, and they see in foreign im provements only dangers to themselves and to the repose f the Empire. The actual government is thus between two fires, between tho uncertainty of moving on created by treaties and contact with Western .nations, and the danger of progress as tending to revolution, The Admiral points to the marks of decay in Chine.' The canals are filled vrith" toiud. The once perfect highways are impass!. ble, having bad mo repair for - ceuturies. The persou ot the future Emperor is too sacred for audience with toroign Em bassadors. , He is brought up in a palace, secluded, surrounded by wouieu'and slaves, and while knowing nothing of the world outside the wall of bis in eloeure, baa yet the duty ot regulating all the affairs of Chiua, On the other Land while the .qovernroeDt is without I : ifiprience, and while neglect, decay or ruin marks every public work, the peo ple are still indtistrioue. vigorous, and, m the main, well clad ana fed, according to their own ideas, and seemingly con tented. In all this Admiral Kodgers sees the signs and causes that precede a change in the government. He has no doubt that China is in great dread of t lie Western Powers, and that all occasion for war will be avoided. The Prairie Dog. than that of calling the little animal found burrowing in tho prairies a "Prai rie Dog." It has nothing canine about it, and its true relationship arc ntnonr the sipiitrels, marmots and woodchut ks! It is so much like our common wood chunk in general appearance that it is well enough deneribed hy frilling it a woodchuck iu miniature. lis leiigih varies from ten to thirteen inches, and its weight from one to two-and-a-half pounds. The ear are very short, and the tail about one third as long as the body. The general color is reddish biown j the shadu varies with the season, and is lighter upon the lower part ol tin body than elsewhere. The tail for one third or one-half from the tip is black, the icst being of the color of the body. The Prairie Dogs arc social animals, and live in large communities known as 'dog towns.' 'J he animal burrows, and wkh the full h from tho excavation forms a dome-shaped hillock which contains as much as two cart-loads ot earlh. These mounds are often seen upon the prairie as far as the eye can roach. The writer once, in Western Texas, was three duvs in passing through one of these dog towns, and as the distance made by the train was estimated at twenty miles a kday, the colony was at least sixty miles in length Mid extended on each side of tho toad us far as we could see. Iu each mound is an opening, some times two, extending downward at an ang.e of 46 degrees. How deep the animals burrow wc cannot state, but some assert that they go down until water is reached. Where these animals abound in such numbers the herbage is very scanty, and we have frequently seen 'towns' where the surface iu every direction was so barren that it was diffi cult lo linaginu how such a multitude could subsist. It a traveller approaches a town cau tiously, he will see the animals in con slant motion and chirping to one another in the liveliest manner. As soon as he is seen some animal gives the alarm nnd away they all go, each for his own hole, where it stands with its head projecting and uttering its shrill bark. The Prairie Dogs are very difficult to shoot, as they dodge with great rapidity, or if shot they tumble into their holes out of reach. Those who have eaten the flesh of the animal pronounce it ex cellent. The young are easily tamed, but make rather uninteresting pets, as they sleep a great portion of the. lime, iu the dog towns one meets with rabbits, numerous rattle-snakes, and a small bur rowing ovtl. The prairie men assert that these live in common with the prairiu dogs, but it is more probable that thuy li iid it convenient to occupy the vacated dwellings of tho prairie dogs. The Milk Question. dairy business aud in tho Uiuungemcnt of cheese fsclories, etc. A bill has been intro duced into the Assembly to amend the present law enacted to prevent aud punish the adul' teruliun of milk and cheese. The amendments proposed are embraced in parenthesis in the copy of the bill which we append, as follows: Sectiox 1. That whoever shall know ingly sell to any person or persons, or sell, deliver, or bring to bo manufactur ed, to. any cheese or butter manufactory iu this State, any milk diluted with water or in any way adulterated, or milk from which any cream has been taken, or milk commonly 1 known as "skimmed milk," or shall keep back any part of milk known as "stripping," with intent to defraud, or shall knowingly sell milk, (the product of a diseased cow or cows, or shall knowingly furnish or deliver such milk,) the product of a diseased animal or animals, (lo any cheese manu factory to be manufactured into cheese,) or shall knowingly (syll cheese or butter manufactured from milk,) the product of a diseased animal or animals, or shall knowingly use any poisonous or delete rious materials in tho manufacture of cheese or butter, (or shall knowingly Keep una render any luiso account ot the weight or quantity "of milk furnished at any cheese ot butter manufactory to be manufactured into cheese or butter with intent to defraud the owner ot said milk so furnished,) shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined iu any sum not less than twenty-live dollars and be imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten nor more than twenty days for each oUVuse. Not Complimentary. Apropos to the recent elections, the following is capital, aud will be especial ly relished by gentlemen who have been unsuccessful in their aspirations for of fice. In one of the towns of Pennsylvania, the freemen hud for many years deposit ed their votes solidly for the Democratic candidates. Such a thing as a Whig or Kepublic.au was unknown, and prior to tilt Grant and Seymour campaign, no local Kepublicati ticket had ever been run. At that time, however, the politi cians of an adjacent township thought it an opportune occasion to attempt tho establishment iu that town, of a Hepub lican organisation. To this end, they persuaded a certain Mr. Green, who had recently settled there, to become their candidate: for some minor office, hoping to procure for him few votes under the popularity of the great name of Grant, and thus get an entering- wedge iu the local affairs of the township. , i ' The day of 'election arrived, but Mr. Mr. Green was unable to get to the polls by reason of sickness."' In due time the returns were ' 'published, and Mr. . Green bad just; om vote Chagrined at this, and annoyed by the accusation that be had voted for himself, he announced that if the person who had voted for hiin would come foi ward snd make affidavit to the fact, he wouM reward hi.u - j.i. n goon stm ci ck.inca. A ft A lew rnorninor afterward, a burly, stuiiid-Iookini: IVmi- nvivaillB JJIUCMIiail tJlUlfl III, oil Jlr. G recti, and abruptly n tnaiked,"I vanls dat suit of does." "Ah," said Mr. Green, "ih.;ii w,u arc tht man wlo rotid for tne ?" "Yah, I'm dat num." "Are you willing to make nn affidavit of it?" "Yah, I swear to Vnt." Mr. Green, accompanied by the intel ligetit voter, went to I lie oflVe of the justice of the peace and the required nf lidavit was made; after Which the clothes were purchased and given to the depo nent. So delighted was Mr. Green lo be re leivcd from tho ui.pleasantiiess of his silumioii, and so glad to learn thai there was another righteous man in the town ship, that he had taken the Dutchman's liepublicanism as a matter ol course. However, at parting, he said : "Now, my friend, you have your suit of clothes. just answer me one question How came yon to vote lor me?" "You Mints to know dat V" "Yes." "Ami voti von't go back on do Hoes?"' "Xo." "Yell," said he, slowly, and with a slv twinkle, iu his eye, ".Un I toleyou;" make a m intake in th ticket " Wash'l thai consolatory! Mr. Green avows his unalterable 'determination never again to appeal to popular suf frage for public position. ; Harper's Magazine. Contributor's Column. February. This, the second nionlli of the year, is less genial to the human race, and would be unbearable were it not the immediate "precurser of Spring." An old Scotch distich runs thus : "A' the months a' the year Curse a tnir Kcbrueer," Hence, we patiently endure its inclement season, looking to tho future for its re sults, rather than the immediate incou venieneies which now surround us. There are so many incidents of interest which cluster in and about this month, that wo believe that our readers will be interested, as we find ourselves, iu look ing ever what is part true, part tradition, part mythology uud part superstition. Tho mouth of February wa iustituted by one Nuttia, the second nnte-historical king of Home, during whose reign of 39 years, there were no wars, famine or plagues ; and at whose death the nymph Egerie, who had been his guide aud counsellor through lile, melted away in tears, and was changed into a foun tain. Many sacred books were written by Xuma, aud said to have beeu buried near him, aud discovered 500 years after ward, (181 it c.) In instituting the month of Feb., Xuma gave to it twenty uine days only, and in order to make the year correct thirty days once in erery lour years. llie Lmperor Augustus, however, wishing the month of August, which was named after him, to have as many days as the longest of the months, ruthlessly took another day from the al ready short month of February, and added il to August, muking that month 31 days. For many centuries, the 2nd of February, known as the Feast of tho Purification or Candlemas Day, was one of thu most important in the Christian world. On Candlemas Eve, all the feast ing, dancing aud carousing of Christmas ceased, as il was the termination ot the festive season of Chritma,theevergreeu decorations iu thu houses a churches were scrupulously removed before evening; the Snowdrop being the only flower allowed to be used on Candlemas day, its pure white color, und lowly growth having earned for it the appellation of the "Flower of the Purification." Shrove Tuesday, the day imuicdiaiely preceed ing Ash Wednesday, up to the berinuing of the present century, was a great holi day in England. All sorts of games and sports of a low order, with cocks as the predominant feature, were in vogue, cs especially the iiiiitutitou of the crowing of a cock, lhc outward appreciable cause of the repentance of St. Peter. The cus tom of crowing three times like a cock, iu the private closei of the king, by one of the court officials, was to remind his majestythat tho hour of repentance had come. This custom was observed as late as the time of George the II, who was by birth a Hanoverian, and not well ac quainted with the English language, or ils customs, aud on the occasion of this act being repeated in his hearing, he re garded ii as a deliberate insult, and or dered the practice discontinued, not however, without causing the official to tremble for bis fate. Ash Wednesday occurs iu February, and is the first day in Lent so called from the. Roman .Cutholio ceremony of strewing ashes on the bead as sign of penitence. This custom probably, intro duced by Gregery the Great,' (590-004) was sanctioned by Pope Cclestin III. in 1191, and afterward generally prevailed. The ashes were- said to be - those of the palms, consecrated on the preceeding Palm Sunday before Mass, they were again consostated on the altar, spiiukled with holrwat- -' -- aignea ..rei(i,i It ' with the cross, white the Priual recited the words "Kemembcr that lUw art dust and mnst return to dust." Ash Wednesday oh rrd in this manner by the stricter members of tae Unglish Church, but without any of the ctreu: ay from which it derivts its name. St. Valentine's Day Feb. 14th is another instance of Pugan customs, in troduced iuto the festivities of Chris tians. Among the ceiemonics at the fcafct of Jiiuo, Mas a kind of lottery, which was so arranged that the names of a number of young women were placed in a box and drawn for by the young men. Love and nwiiage often resulted from tbi simple practice. A century ago, all letters weie polite nnd amorous; ot a more modem dale, the practice of forwarding i idi.-ulous caiica- turcs or insulting squib aj valentines, i i : n. . nan ueen ill t iigtie. in coljie down 19 a i... i -.. r t . . .... ..... ,iW,.,,7 .,, special:; teresting feature, for a.l American patri- ols, as on the 12nd of this n.on'.h, 17J!, own immortal George Washington : first saw the lWht ; and last. thou. r-1 bh p..-r- 1 Lo.i'; haps nit, l'-uM, of personage birth and labors we would ehroi.Me 1" me p-eseni t-ni!"r ci t lie Jtfiffrapnt born Feb. 5 ft,! lli! and for tho last sir- teen years, the earnest woik.-r and sup- ! porter of the RcmiLliraii car.se Uuoul'!. - . I its column". AV e make the sugges tion to those who hail his advent at that time, that no more fitting appreciation td his labors among you can be given him, than by the protajit, sulntanlial rc neteat of your snl.crijtioitgi and to greet him too, with words ol cheer, which we know, arc ever grateful to one who bears many burdens, vntoLf, while aiming to make yours the most readable journal published in the county. : : ! I For the Telegraph. Admonition. .Vy Dear Alvlphi ; 1 have been thinking for home time of wi lling' you, and having leis ure this evening, I w ill "take Time by the forelock." A9 you uru just starting out in the world lo make your fortune, i.nd as I am so much oldsr thnn you, I have thought that it mLjlit not be amiss, or a lharikk-3 tank, should I give you the benefit of my experience tell you some of the things I have observed some lo be desired and sought aflef, others to be despised and shunned. And in this,' my first letter, 1 have IhoojU it best to say a few thinus about Money ils uses aud abuses. Now do not think for one moment, because I have chosen litis tu!yt Cf-t of all, that I re gard money or mvney making, as otfrtt im? portanee, or the "chief end of man" though I am sorry to say, for poor humanity's sake, that I have scco u good many ptople who liv ed and acted dnily, as if it were; many whose motto seemed to be "Get mone, get riches and with nil your Bettings get money." They bowed, most bumble suppliants, at mnmoth's shrine six days out of every severs, aud gruJg Ingly gave to God the one tbe Sabbath. And what An lien we see daily rejicuted. To so cure wealth, we see men rising early nnd sit ting up late. No laboi is too hard; n d:f C lilies ere too r;rcat; no trials are too severe. Nothing retards them iu the eager pur.-uii of their golden object. Need I tell you hotv la ny I have seen thus pursuing it for y tsrs, and iu the end, find it like chasing a shadow up the mountain side to ils top, where it sudden ly was lost to view, or like prasping a bubble which "quickly vanished into thia air?" Or, if the coveted object u finally secured, how many aro the ways iu which il is snatched from their grasp ! How often do "riches take lo themselves wings nnd fly awayf How many of Fortune's favored ones, as they proud ly survey their broad acres, ornamented grounds, palatial residences and kiiuipluously fumished parlors, think and exclaim, in lau- gutige almost the same its did thai foolish old King in Babylon "Have not got all these things by the might of my poic(r(r my own plcasura and honor y". All such like him ought "to go to grass," until seven times pass over them ; or until they learn -Ihut it is God who sctteth up one and puttcth down another; that it is lie who givelh prosperity or sendeih adversity; that He hath said "Tin- silver and tlicjruld are mine, and tho emtio upon a thou sand bills"; aud that whatever I'.ity po.-sess is a gilt, a loan, for the rijjht use of w hich they w ill be finally held to a strict account. Bui do not misunderstand me. I uta not de crying weullh or hionry mukin' cr a. Not al all. Money "is a good thing to have la the house," and I would advise you !o el il ifit cau be obtained by honorable men us and l ra- sonablu efforts.. In all, look w Ii to the nic- tivesw hjcU influence your actions. If they be pure, then w ill your ell'orls be riht , But do not make wealth your chief end and aim. "May nut a golden lading, too protoiaid,. ' . , lOsk'lbe e!ur& bulk lu slurry uavuu bound Do not think, ns many people ' doj that a' man's life hns been a success tjnly so far as he bus succeeded in accumnlutiug this world's goods, und if he fails to dt. thin, his lifts in a failure. ... . "Cud hath created n!l:t As well a day to Ueck the vuriod kniv: :.i i (race com a uti cniU in die. duky rutiu Of di?ol4iaiK aa la while ulr. ' Theirs is the kneett ideal of lifo of its tine films, objects aud purjrasus, for ,lhey look at only from a money stand-point. They take uot that higher, truer, nobler view of life. They think not that hit life Is the greatest suc cess wiiich answers best God's purpose lu pla-, cing him here who best fulfills life's great mission, by cherishing la his heart supreme lovs to God, love to uiau, aud manifesto it dai ly by deeds of love, mercy and charily. "He most lives, who thin'. s most, feels the noblest, acts the best." ' "Man'allfc la a book of hltory ; Tne leave thereof art; days ; 1 he liMisr. uiurcle aluavljr Julnud j j. . Tho Ulla is (imr praiea." I know we eften hear people who bare in IttriUd all that they posses, speak "sneeringly of those who have less 'worldly goods than they because the latter have had to rely upon their own exertions r Whereas, If (he former had been obliged to rely upon their own brains and band's their relative positions might have been reversed thejis';iu1gbt Tiave beea'tue :' ',Ll' ::J ' -.v - jmmvsquautjtjt .. , ., ;:. .s. . in.U.sn wavi.e. F-r hy Us ships, agent," sad inessen-,-M. all ,r the then knowo wotld . fro orient t cMent was laid under con our "-"""'""s for Hi3'j things that could minister' l?U' fn,rrt 9'"' P're. Thus', with'un- f man's life cousisthalh not In lbs abundanca of the Ihlnjj that ho poasesseth. Waalth rnru mj n', th mUrr erica, i , Ha not drlrl tha mner lie i . .. I i' ' Ona nt h l.ar. wllh all al jtnra, 1 bat ri of wanta tha want if mora Si. Paul, you know, says, aTlis lov of moS . cy hi tl.q rot of all v." And tbe wise man' "), "He that lihstelh to be rich halk aa evil-' tye." Arfra.tilt IssaM-'Tbey at wfll he rich shall pierce Ihmisulve through wltfc' many sorrow a." And "how hardly shall Ucy that have riches enief Into the Klnfdjrm eft nenven." Alsa! How many have beeo Ua-i I able to wiihtnnd the temptation Incident to wealth to a lift ,r ensc and pleasure connect- , td therew lib ! Ii 1, u,o ru rock upon whlcb thousands have plit ! -Vltnms the sad wrecks alrmff the short of Time-warnings to future j rrejairerx t I ' If thou srt rlrh. thoo rt purr: I Imoan a. wlnne bac with Inj'it, Sow 1 t.'.u hMre-t iny heavy riclia. I,ut lournuy.' And uvih suJcaJi tna." . !el Kin;' Solomon, you know, says "money- answerclh all Uim-js." ' A broad sod sweeping d .hirnii'ifi,f.-truiiiiy ; but no man aa man ever lire.!, uho wits betl-r able to affirm this imincu ncire nmf oouadless wealth at bis command, h h 't no iiit unratified, no vt a;:t iinsaiinfie 1. It diti!iiliss itniwrrcd sll i'nng to In in, reiiHiiii-rc-d In a worldly aenae, "r ' tuid minister to his bodily "1,!is.nn-1 ois'.w lit, li.a a splendij success c.:ii :. j: i . . . . - . - ' r . , D"1 8M'I,y ,U' l0Uff- Milt ll rl 1 1 1 iw.l ini's ot lil? sinr.lur.l nature nor win u erer salisfy the yearnings ol a living and immortal soul for he finally sums up all in this one . terse jent-.ncc, " Vanity of vanities, all is faul ty." In some other h.-tl, r, I mnygive you e, brief history of money and coins, as used smoua- the Jens, Greeks, Itomans and Other nations, in tbe earlier period of their existence, Hut in thi-.., I (lull confine myaeif tq some of its uses, etc. "Money u t,L. medium of com morce; it is the ropresentttive of all the com modities, of lauds and all things that can be transferred." By it we establish the ralatn snd abrjiuU value of articles, such ss cjde and milk, provided they have not been mil watered ; also buckwheat flour and ground spices, if they are uot too much mixtd with something of au inferior value : or a load of wood, if ij is not all piled 4rt down. It de- -termiues the value of labor of all kinds. It carries forward all the great works and enter prises of the sge. It is the regulater-r-the main-spring that controls and energizes all civil an.l r; Ih-lous, political and governmental machinery. .Money marshals armies, equips navies, subdues nations. Money is the great motive power the Archimedean lever that moves the world that lifts uations from one ' plane or civilization, refiuemeut and power to another. Money utilizes every art snd iaven. tioa of man. Money builds and mans our merchant marine Hint carries and exchanges the products of all climes and natiens. Hon ey levels, or tunnels mountains, exalts valleys, and thus casts np highways across the broad continunts iron bands unitin? States and na tions rer whicb thun:!ers the ponderous en gine, swiftly bearing valuable merchandise or precious living fr-iiht, to their destination. Money construes and manipulates our tele graphsthose electric nerves whlob ramify sens, oceans and continents, and bind in closer union and sympathy, the great brotherhood of mir.i. It delves deep into the bowels of the earth sad brings up from ils hidden re cesses, th j varied and rich treasures rormed in this iuioionse labratory or Nature when the fiat of Creation went forth. It points the Tel escope to the heavens and enables fiuite man to count the stany hosts to measure and weigh the plauels, even though "hung far out on utmost verge of space." Money runs thu Priuliiig I'ress that great power for good or evil which settlers light and knowledgo and carries comfort and happiness to millions f homes. It scuttirs broadcast the leaves ef the Tree of Life, which shall be for the heal-, ing of the nations. Or it may convey mora biight and error destroy the brightest hopes and fairest prospects, for time aud for eternity, of conutlis tlio'.isauds. . Yea t Aud money perverts God's good gifts to man.. It brews from Ihcin that accursed portion tlit sends ils lens of thousands to early craves, Mini brings distress and mourn inj to millions of hearts. U builds and gor ' geouaiy fumislu-s the house of the gambler; anil all along life's pathway it hangs outuia U'jhU lo iii coy, to deceive, to destroy. Who' cau estimate its power for good or evil 1 It is iutiuUe, iiinneasurablu 1 Did you never lhiuk what a power it is in polities und legislation '1 Now-a-days, in ma ny section, ihu wouid-bc-suocesslul politieiaa must, scaiitr hU tuouoy wiib. a lavish band, both to secure his nomiiiHiioa and gain the cU'ctiou to olUi s. Aud the longest purse of. times wins ihe day. How much of the most imperiaut legislation in, Uiiferent Slates is In rluuncud ami, carried through by the lobby.br means of bribery snd corruption, lo various was. Hon uiiiclt, is successfully accomplish ed, those ouly "it, t'liu liu?," fully know dt jtonent sailh not. -. Then aiaiu, look at thu vast moneyed pow. er wielded by tJulUtt ajrpvra'toin by whicb the selfishness and greed ef the feit over-ride uud conliul ihu iuteresis of the many, Jbn cy, like charity, "covereih a multitude of bins." It enables I lie rich t commit, with fin- , punity, crimes agaiusl society snd the law, far which ihe yuor would be held'ameoable, both to law and society. Money is the htulina balm iu the former case, aud all is hushed and ssun forgotten. Or his "money buys out the law" Wlile-watliif punt ! that rage nnconllned, And urowu m mi prime the record or mankind, jjul I, h: . orrt tho hireling-ruihau Urawa : Vor nukl. the hireling )uib-e matron the lair- W'l-aun urnpd on kmiiu, nor truth our afty Says. ltt dani-uri leather a tbe treaaiirt rie." Cnp jttxtiee be obtained by tbe poor from the rich in such corrupt courts ss are some la New York? In some of these, a trial Is a mere form a fare. But there are courts, net only in this but iu. other countries,' la which" equnl, exact and inflexible Justice is meted out to the offender -whether be be rieh or poor, lcbsiuu or patriciau, peer or peasant born. And thore cometh a lime when - all will be peered at death sad at the Judgment, ' "For Ged is no respecter of persona" '- - -- Money is also tbe - standard of wortyi sad) excellence, in the estimation of many. It Is a kind of social baremeter; people's noslthja society U dcrmJnM hS tU (J kni sve t.Wrilwr tfeal Grd hsfrf Sslf)-"!