.O l !.!,)
ii 'i ') f ,.i'pa
In? j i .
. i At
. I k ; ?
By -JAMES IU3ED.
' jct f, . r . Indopentlent in all thingM.
$2. iii A.d vance
VOLUME XXII NO. 7.
ASHTABULA, OHIO. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 18 1871.
nil .l , ti . :.i .
J J' ft'
II I II 11 II -w I -
U r III! T
fJI1 OF SI'KCHIPTIO t '
Two Dollars per annnm-pald itrlcUy In advance.
r ADVKHTInTnIJ ,tATItl
. Twalva Una or Ism of Nonnaroll make a annara.
-onaiquar 1 (,! Tl 'l womuro))m. 8 00
OnaaiguaraS wk.. I St) Twoaqnarr S mo. no
Onquare n not,, HO?) i Twniiiri t yr, 1 no
On aiinare S mo. . 6 00 Fonr iiiaraa 1 rrar IS no
On square 1 roar,, a no Half column 1 rear, DA no
BaalnaaaCard notoyerflralln por jrnar, . . .'. S 00
ixiinanr nntica ant or general intarinair rate
Local Notice Ten Cents a line for each Insertion.
Of rar description attended tn on call, and done In the
molt lamcim manner.
H. n. VA IKOHltAIV, M. I., 15. V. VAX
WOttrrf A.N, m. !., Ilummopuhlc 1'liyelriana and
8urfn. Office aamn aa formerly No. 1. Main Strfeit
Anhuhula. Ohio. (Mice honra frn'iu 7 to 0 A. M , 1 to
I P. M., and erenln;.
H. B. Va Nobpi, Park Street, nearly nupoelt tha
Kethndlet Church. ' vv
E. V. Van NnnA. flret floor aonth of on. on
Vain 8trt Hi Shrpard biiuu. 10&5
OH. K. t,. KI(J, fhralclan and Surgeon, office
orer Hendry . King a atore, residence near St.Peter'a
Ohurch. Ashtahnla.. O 1048
BR. KASIK', would Inform tin friend", and the
Sub Ic ireairally thai lie mar Ix found at lila place or
aeluee, llaakella Dlock, Main Street, ready toatlend
to all professional calls, Office houra, from 12 to 3
P. M. Anhtalnila O. May 11. 1wiS 104:1
' ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS.
3. II. IIIIODKS Attorney r.nd Counsellor at
Law, tin Superior Street. Cleveland. Ohio. S
IHBRIIItN, HI11IIIAWI) k HAM., Altor
neye and Connaelora at L aw, Axhlalmla, Ohio, will
practice in the Conrta of Ashtabula, Lake and Ouauxa.
a.asN a, ouaRMAif, d. d. bukiiow.
C. D. KOrKWIILL-Attorney at Law, Klngavilm,
Ohio, C. D. and H. J. Kockwrll. Generul Inpiiranco
A(acy, King arille, O. Losaat adjusted and prompt
EDWARD II. FITCH, Attorney and Connsollnr
at Law, notary Public, Ashtabula. Ohio. Special at
tention lren to the Settlement of Estates. and to Con
veyancing and Collecting. Also to all matteraarlslng
mndar the Bankrupt Law. 1011
ffADI WATKINS-Attorneye at Law, Jcffer
aon, Ohio. Olnce in the Court Ilouao, for the present.
D.-8. Warn. 1043 A. B. Watkins.
HRNRr aTASSKTT, Agent Home Insurance Com
paay, or new lors (ijnpnai, v,ihsi.iriot. am
Oak Life Insurance Company, of Hartford,
Uaoas to wrltlni; of Deeds, Wills, c.
I, R. COOK. Attorney and Counsellor at Law and
Jf otarr Public, also Real Estate Ajrent, Main atraet.
yr Morrison Tlcknor's store, Ashtabula, O. (MO
CHAHI.KS BOOTH, Attorney and Counsellor at
Law, Ashtabula, Obla. 1041
?I.K IIOIJSK. Ashtabula. Ohio. A. Field. Proorl-
ot. An Omnibus rnninng to and from eyery train of
cars. Also, a good lirery-stanie Kept in connection
with thia ouae, -to convey pasaengcra to any
ABHTARITL4 IIOIIRK TIssnT Ft.n, Proprie
torMain Street, Ashtabula, Ohio. Lai-ire Public Hall.
. god LWery. and Omnibus to and from the depot. 1011
THOnPSON'S HOTEL J. C. Thompson, Proprl
tor, Jefferson, Ohio. 10 IS
KKOKOE HALL, Dealor in Piano-Fortes, and Me
lodeona, Piano tools, Covore, Instruction Books, etc.
Depot W Public Square, Cleveland, Ohio.. 1018
TVLKR A flAKMKI.K, Dealers In Fancy and
Staple Dry Goods. Family Orocerlea, & Crockery, South
6 tor, Clarendon Block, Ashtabula, Ohio. 1043
S.fllTIIaV tilLKKV, Dealerain Dry-Goods. Oro
cerlea, Crockery and Glass-Ware, opposite Clarendon
Block, Main street, Ashtabula Ohio. 1043
W. IIBDII BAD, dealer In Flour, Pork, Hams, Lard,
and all kinds of Fish. - Also, all kinds of Family Oro
cerlea, Frulta and Confectionery, Ale and Domestic
Wlnci. - 1048
r. P. ROBERTSON, Dealer in every description
of Hoots, Shoes, Hats and Caps. Also, on hand a stuck
of Choice Family Groceries, Main atreet, corner of Cen
tre, Asktabnla, P. . .. ' mill
D. Wi HAsKElL. Corner Spring and Main
streets, Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealera In Dry-Goods, tiro
caries, Crockery, 4c, Ac.
D. W. ITASKEI.L.
irELl-S ft BOOTH. Wholesnlo and Retail Dealers
In Western Iteservo Batter and Cheese, Dried Fruit,
Flour, and Orocerlea. Orders respectfully solicited,
and filled at the lowest cash cost. Ashtabula. Ohio. 1043
H. I.. IttOHKISON, Dealera In Dry-Goods. Orocer
lea, Boote, Shoes. Hata, ap a. Hardware, Crockery,
Booka, Painta, Olla, Ac., Ashtabula, o. 800
iriARTIN MB WUICKIl Drnvlst. and Anothe
cary, and general deiilor In Drugs, Medicines, Wines
and Liquors for Medical purposes. Fancy and Toilet
Goods, Main Street, corner of Centre, Asntnbula.
riltULliS B. SWIFT Ashtabnla, Ohio, Dealer
ia.Uraga aud Medicine, Groceries, Porfuinerv and
Fancy Articles, superior Teas, CotTee, Spices, Flavor
ing Extracts, Patent Medicines af every description,
Painta, Dyes, Varnishes, Brusliea, Faucy Soaps, Hair
Restoratives, Hair Oils, Ac all of which will be sold
at the loweat prices, prescriptions prepared with suit
able care. S
HIIBRT cV KINO, Main streets, Ashtabula,
Onto, Dealera in Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals.
Paiuta, Oil, Varnishes, Brubhcs,DyeSJtnffe, Ac, Choice
Family Groceries, including Teas, Coffees, Ac., Patent
Medicines. Pure Wines and Liquors for Medicinal pur
poses. Fhytictan'sproscrlptiouscarefullyaiid prompt
ly attended to. 10t3
GEORGE WILL AltO, Dealer In Ory-loods, c.ro
eeries, Hata, Caps, Boots, sfioes, Crockery, Glass-ware.
Also, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Itardware, Sad
dlery, Nails, Iron, Steed, Drags, Medicines, Painta, Oils,
Dyastuffa, Ac. Main sirret., Aaiitabula.
W. II. WILLI Saddler and liaruess Ma
ker, opposite Fisk Bloclc, Mujustrect, Ashtalntta, Ohio,
ataa on hand, and make to order, In the best manner,
vervthllix in his Hue. 8ffi
P. C. FORD, Manufacturers and Itaulera in Sad
dles, . Harness, Bridles. CoRur, Trunks, Whips,
Ac, opposite Flak House, Ashtahula. Ohio. 1015
BBViriOUH, UIDDINUS & CO., Manufacturers
of Doora. Sash, tillu is, Bevtl Siding, Flooring, Fenc
ing, Moldings. Scroll Work; Turning. Ac. Also, Job
bers and Builders. Dealeis ill Lumber, Lath aad Shin-
glee, at tna Planing Mill, corner ol Mala atreet aud
union aney. asniaouia,
A. C. QIDDING8.
O. A. TBRADWF.LL.
A. D. STRONG, Maumactureraud Jobber in ITurui
tically Sealed Mooiis, Jelly. Cider, ana Cider Vlnegur.
Aaktabnht. tki, llov. 10, lUtKV . SX)
4U. IE1LK A II IIO., Manufacturers and Dealers in
all kinds of Leather In gouerul demand In this market.
Ulghestcash price paid for Hides and Skins.
t. C. CCLLK V, Manufacturer of Lath, Siding, Mould
ings. Cheese Boxes. Ac. Planing, Matching, and Scroni
Hawing, done on the shortest notice. Shop on Main
atraet. opposite the Upper Park, Ashtabula. Ohio. 440
W. W. H.TIITH, Mnuutaeturer-aud Dealer in all the
4itTrKt kJudauf Leaf tier I demaiul In thia murket,
b4 Skuaataker'a Findings, He is also engaged in the
auanufaauira of Harnesses, of the light aud tasteful, as
well aa the more substantial kiuds, opposite Phoenix
Foundry, Ashtabula. 810
eiCOROB C HUBBARD, Dealer in Hardware,
Iron, But, and Hails, Stoves, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron,
Copper and Zinc, aud Manufacturer of Tin, Kneet iron
as j Copper Ware. Fjlsk a BlockvAshtabula. Ohio. j!70
CBOSBVdc WKTlIKUWAxIdMlerThi Wov.s
Tia ware. Hollow Ware, shelf Hardwaro, Glass wr
Lamps and inp-Triinmlnga, Petroleum, Ac, Ae,
oppoaiuthe Fiak House Ashtabula. Ml
I OHM DIlflHU, Maaufactaref of, and Dealer tn
Furoituroof Ike best descriptions, and avary variety.
Also Goueral Undertaker, aud Manufacturer of Colnna
to order. Mala atreet, North ot South Public Square,
Ashtabula. , , .! ., ;, .' 4M
P. K. II ALL, Dentist, Ashtahula, O.
at nr. , au.ioruiru a.
W, NELSON, Dentist, Ashubnla, Ohio.
Olflee In Fisk Block.
ti. W. DIOKINMON, J.waler. Kepalring of all
klasta of Waiclesa. Clocks, aud Jewelry. Mhop.Claren
4m Blank, Ashtabula, Olilo.
. . AUHOTT, lkiler In Clocks, Watehaa, Jewel
ry, ate. Engraving, Muadiuf aud Repalriim doue to
Mdr, Shop H Maiu street, Conneaiit. Ohio. 8MB
IAHBH K. ITKHUIMIi' Dealer In Watches,
Wocka. Jewelry, puver ana riatea ware, sc. its
pairing of all kinds donewell, and all orders promptly
Mala Utreel, Asbtabnla. O.
CLOTmEUS. , ,
Kn Wi n ). KH4K PcalersTn'ci.iMiIng Haw
aps. piraUauta' FurnUhloK Woods, Aslitaliula.O, tai'
AninOfV WAITK. WlnHisale and tt.l.M
Dealers In Itaady Made (.lothlnc. Kamislilim fiooil..
flats, Caps, Ac, Ashtabula.
Sr.VTIOI H, NTHOIVM A ttFKIIHV, Msnufac
i'!.r,u"JI!.'!v""' l'low, Coluirnr, Window Caps and
Sills. Ml Castings, Kettles, Sinks, Hlelch Shoes. Ac,
rhnnlx Koundry, Ashtabula, Ohio. 10V1
1MIOTOG 1 1 A VHEKST '.:'
I'llMD. W. IILAKI KI.I.l:, Photographer an I
dealer In Pictures, Kimravlugs, chromns. Ac. hsrlng
a large supply of Moulding of various descriptions. Is
prepared lo frame eny Hung In the picture line, at
short notice nod In the best stvie. Second floor of the
Hall store, xud door South of Dank Mauu street. KH4
KTIOUY LI'CB, Propagator and Dealer in Grape
v ines, ,reeii-iionse iMMniiiig nnu ekraTnoie riants.
Persons about to plAiit 'ini'yai-ds, n ill rind It to their
advantage to consult inu on the selection of sites for
Vineyards, Soils, h'luih of tlraptii, best mode and time
of Planting. Examine samples of Growing Vines, and
compare prices. Aslitnbula. Ohio.
HIS Qunrry, situated fit Thompson.
Geauga County. Is the nearest and moM convenient for
thecitieusef Ashtabula and virinity. of any other, and
the qnallty of Its stone is superior for finnneseof texture
and durjiblllty. Stone cut to any dimensions, and for
any purpose, dressed fn the most workmanlike manner
and at short notice. Orders solivitateil. for Flawing
Wteps, Well-Stones, rmlnerplnnlnp. Window and Doo
Caps and Sills. Coping s nil water Tables. When the
trBvelltiir Is good, imrliu uiav do tbelrown hsttlingata
censlderablesavlnM. B. KDGKItTON.
Thompson, Dec. SO. I WIT. IMO
DISSOLUTION OF CO-PAKTNEUSHIP.
I3y Mtitnnl Consont, w liavp this dnv
dissolved partnership. All persons li.dobted lolbeflrm
or Hendry ec King will please cell st once and settle
Thirty days after dute all accounts unsettled will be left
with a Justice of the Peace for collection.
ii. a. nnxDKY.
Ashtabula, Jan. 18, 18T1. K. L. KINO,
N. B. The business will he carried on as heretofore
by H. A. Hendry, who will be ready at all times to wait
upon you. Soliciting a share of your pmronage,
1 remain, yours Ucipectftilly.
tf II. A. HENDRY.
A SITUATION, vTth a reliable work-
man to learn the Blacksmith's trade. Some town adjoi
ning Ashtabula ptefcrsd. Adilrebs . L. WAIT,
3tll Bex 75R,'Aslitabula. O,
LAKE SHORE & M. S. RAIL-ROAD.
ERIE DIVISION—TIME TABLE
TAKING EFFECT SUNDAY, DECEMBER. 4, 1870.
Toledo Ex. W 3
. O t" I- X X X
r f f . r- g. w
i e 5
St. Bt. Ex.'
Con. Acc. ,1.
a x qo x x t-1-1-1- ic t c ic
icon. Accm.'S5':' "S?5S
N. Y. ExJp;
2! Atlantic Ex'S'S
Day Exross 3
Cln Express's? 1
Trains do not stop at stations where tho time Is omitted
111 the above lable.
CIIAIXLBS V. HATCH,
Ieneratl Sup't, Cleveland.
i J9 en.':, j"..-s. x
1400 Mile nndor 8G0Mllc wltliout
ouo .llttllueiuent. Ckaiige or I oat lica
BROAD GAUGE. DOUBLETRACK-ROUTE.
BROAD GAUGE. DOUBLETRACK-ROUTE. TO
NEW YORK BOSTON ALBANY PRINCIPAL
POINTS IN NEW YORK AND NEW YORK
AND THE OIL REGIONS OF PENN.
Rail Way Extends from
Rochester to Now York o85 Milutu
Buffalo to New. York 433 Mlc8.
Dunkirk to New York 400- Slurs.
Cluvclund to New York 02," Miles.
Cluciiimui Ut New York 800 .Miles,
aud la from 'i to 8 7 mile the shortest route.
All Trains run directly through to Now York, SCO
milea, without change of Coaches. : ?
From and after Itcr 5tli, 1870, train will
leave in couuuctiou with all. Western lit?, as fujlows:
New York Day l:xprea, leaves Cleveland from
Atlantic and Ureal Wesleni llegiot, by Ci lunibiis.Olilo
time daily Saiuadays excepted t U 40 e. M.- Ilnttu.
10 from J.)upot cor. Exchnuge aud Mlchlgun streets
byNew York time dully Suudvs Exceplcd at 7 a.
M. Arrives at lloruellsvlile U DO A. M Sunttiieali-
11 il i B0 V, M dine I'liinnel's 7 44 p. H. slipper a
arrives In New York I) VU r. V. C'ouuects at lllng
liHinpton for Cooiierstown, Albiiny, and, thc'celebm
ted Suuiuiur resort. Sliarou Springs, and with Dela
ware, Lackawanna and Wetern Railroad, andnt Jer
sey Cily with Mldulgkt Exnrses Train ol New Jer
sey Railroad for Philadelphia.
Sleeping Coaches are attacked to Uil train at Cleve
land, miming through to Hornelisville (Breakfast) ; and
new and Improved Drawing Room Couches are attached
at Buffalo running through to New York.
Kxpreaa lllnll. loavc Dunkirk from Union Depot
aud Buffalo, via Avon and via Hornrllsville, daily,
(SaiKlays excepted.) at 710 A. M., arriving in Kew
York at 7 (II) a. u.
Llelitnlniz Kxpress, (Dally), leaves Cincinnati 9.
4ft P. AT. ; arrives at West Salem ut .i A. M.,
(Broakfust): Uoves Cleveland 78 A. M. -, Leav
Ittsburg U.10 A. M. (Uroaklaet ): Mearivllle
111 A. M. (Dine); Dunkirk 1 .aft P. M,
Buffalo 1.45 P. M. Arrives at Hornelisville tl.OA r.
H. (supper), Albany 8.40. M.aud arrives in N. York
7.00 . M. Connects at Eliuira uiih Nonheiu Cen
tral Railway for Willlsmsoort, liarrlsbuig a the
South, at Jersey City wlLh Moraing Express Train
or New lerscy Railroad for Philadelphia, Baltimore
and Washington, a at N. York with morning traitis
for Boatou and all the New England cities.
Stooping Coaches are attached to this train at Leavltts
burg aud at Buffalo, ruuuing threugh to New York with
Sleeping Coaches ara also attached at HorucJlaville
running through without charge, lo Albany. ...
Night Kxpreaa, dally, (Sundays excepted); leaves
Hiitlaln at U.4A p. m , arrives at Turner's at u 60 a. m,
(Breakfasl), New York at 1, M. Connects at New
York with steamera and afternoon trains for Boston
aud New England cities.
Cincinnati Kxprena, dally. (8nndaya excapt
ed). Leave ciuciiinatl at 7 00 A. M.; aril res at
"West Sulem at S.fO.P. M. ; (Dine); Leuves
Cleveland at 8.35 P. M., Meadvilie a 00 P M
(Supper); Dunkirk O.fHl P.M.; BuDaln nap p m
StopsatSusquekaouaS.lOA. ., (Bkfst.l; Tamer's
I. Hoe. .. (Dinner), ind arrives In New York al H.nS
r, at. Couuecta at Eluilra for WllllaniHirt, Harris
barg and the South ; at Owego for llluiea ; at King.
; bumplon for Cooperatown, Albany and tho celebra
ted summer resort, Sharon Springs: at Greycourt for
Mewburgh aud Warwick, aud at New ork Hill,
avenlug trains and aWajuera . lor Boatou and -New
England at Ilea. . ' ' '.
Sleeplug Coaches ara attached to this train at Buffalo,
running through to Susquehanna, and at Leavlttahurgi
running through to New York.
- Only Ouo Train East on Sunday, leavlngCInc nnati at
M6 A. M. t Cleveland at 7,U A. M.; Buffalo. 4ft p.
and Dunkirk l.xo p.m., reaching New York tl 7.00
' Boston and New England Passengers, with their Bag
aage.aretranarerredrMocAoiyslu New York.
Tho bust ventilated and most luxurious sleeping coach
cam run wotou, aaoompany all night tralua oa this
ffTha Erie Railway Company has opened a new
Ferry from their Jersey Cily Depot to Uu foot of 2nd
St.. New York, thus enabling passengers to reach the
npper portion of the city without the expense aud an
uoyaaoa of a street oar or oniulbu transfer,
rr"Tb scenery along the entire routs af the Erlt
Railway la of the most plcUiresque and beaotllul charac
ter. Admirer of Nalure'a heaullea. in a daylight loom,
over thl Lin, will And in Its ever changing landsnanes
aubjucta of continual admiration and interest.
' Baggage Checked Throogh and Far always a law aa
i ash tor jionew via Urte HaiiwarJ U 1 1
; for Ticket Via Erie Hallwavi O I
Wbiekeanb obtained at all principal Ticket- (Beat
I on main and aoniiaetlna' IIimm. . .. . ... n.ia .
f 9,omff 6, Ahf Wa. PAakj ffra. ft,.
BY HENRY W. LONGFELLOW.
Tlirre i no flock, howevar watched and tcndcJ,
But one (lend la tlicro I
There I no flrealde, howsoe'er delcndcd, -
But haa ono Tacaut chair I i
The air li full of fnrcwelli to Hie dylnf,
And mourning for Hie (lend ;
The heart of Ituthncl for lur children crylne
Will not bo comforted I
Let ti be pntlctil I thesu severe afnictluna
Not from tho ground ariae.
But ot'tcniiiiici eelesitiil benedictions
Assume thii dark diguie.
Wo see but dimly through the inlaid and vapor;
Amid these eurthly dumpi
What seem lu iih, but dim, funeral lupera
jMay be heaven's ttislunt lainpg.
There Is Death ! whnt seems so is transition i
This liie of mortal breath
Is but a suburb of ilia lite elyslun,
Whoso portnl we call Death.
She is not (lend the child of our nlTeoliun
But gone unlo Hint school,
Where alio no longer net? (Is our poor protection,
And Christ himself (.loth rule.
In thttt gient cloister's silliness and seclusion
By tiimrdian mikcIs led,
Stile from tenipliiiion.salo from sin's pollution,
She, lives, whom we call dead.
Day nflcr dny we think what sho is doing
In those bright realms of nir j
Year after year, her lender steps pursuing,
Behold her grown more liilr.
Thus do wc wnlk wllh hor.and keep unbroken
The bond which nature gives,
Thinking Hint our remembrance, theuh un
spoken, Jlny reach her where she lives.
Not ns a child shall wc asnin behold her ;
For when w ith rupture wild
In our cmbrncrs wo uynlii enfold her,
She will not be a child j
But a fair maiden in her Father's mansion,
Clothed with celestinl grace ;
And beautiful with all the soul's expansion
Shall we behold her Ince.
And though at times, impetuous w-ith emotion
And anguish long-surpressed,
The swelling heart heuves moaning like the
That cannot be at rest j
Wc will be patient ! and assunjie the feeling
We eminot wholly stay ;
By silence Btinclilying, not concealing
The grief that must lint e way.
United Germany and its New Emperor.
King 'VYilliam of Trussiu, so the cubic
informs tis, complies with the invitation
of the sovereigns of the petty German
States, and assumes tlio tule of "Emper
or of Get many." He is the first YV'illiuin,
we believe, who has rcceivi-tl that title.
So is gathered the fust fruit of the jucs
ent war, and so steps IVttssia to the mi
piemacy to which she has been so long
on tho way, and which Austria has so
stoutly contest! d for many it year.
Not quite a thousand years ago, Oiho
I. received from the l'ojie his crown as
flic first Emperor of the Irtte Germany
of history. Six centuries later, and
Prussia, then a dukedom merely, declared
its independence of Poland, while at
very nearly the same itne a permanent
German Diet assembled at Uaiislion.
Half a century more, and Fiidciio HI.,
Elector of ISrandenbnry, crowned him
self "Frederic I., King ol Pi ussin." J
another hundred years the disintegration
ot the German Empire was well under
way. In 1780 the lirabaut provinces
declined their independence, and in 1S05
and ti the shrewd hand of 2s'apoleon 111.
erected Havana, Wurienibni o? and Wes -
plialia, into indepecdeiit kingdoms. Then
followed the l.oiitcfleration of the uhin
tributary to Fruiter, and the praetic; 1
dissolution of the German Empire, after
it cliec-Keretl existence ol more than 800
years. "Willi the overthrow of Napol
eon, came l lie new Uermanic Confedera
tion, on a broader and firmer basis than
the old one of the Khfue, aud this, sub
stantially is that of which the 'Emperor'
William becomes the head to-day. Tho
history of Germany during nil thte
rears is the history of a large number of
principalities ; some as small as cities,
others as htrge as kingdoms ; now asso
ciated, and then nt swords points ; rent
by dissensions al one time, banded to
gether for mutual defense against a com
mon foo at another ; the majority ex
posed to the contention of the, tew for a
controlling power; a history of jealous
ies, and bickerings, and wars. United
Germany ? It has hitherto been but a
The federal constitution now practi
cal accepted by the Southern Slates,
Havana, Wurtemburtr, liaden, Hesse,
Darmstadt, (South) and Litchlensiein,
whoso total population is 8,01 1,532, is
that of the North German Confederation,
Prussia, Saxony, aud twenty smaller
States, whoso population is 29,010,377,
was drawn up aud satitied bv a
popular vote in 1867. The uew German
Empire of William I., which is more
truly a confederation, takes its place on
tho map of Europe with an area of 204,
770 square miles, . which is about tour
fifths that of Texas, and a population
closely approximating that of the- Unit
ed States. '.
To hava effected this result, even,
L russia, will icel is not to have fought in
vain, while for the full measure of her
prize alio still waits al the gales of Paris.
Inside Cuixa. Admiral Uodgers,wlio
attended Mr. Seward to Pekin, has stmt
to the Secralary of the Navy a commu
nication in regard to China, iu which he
predicts the collapse of the 'country.
The governing class are hostile to in
novations, and they see in foreign im
provements only dangers to themselves
and to the repose f the Empire. The
actual government is thus between two
fires, between tho uncertainty of moving
on created by treaties and contact with
Western .nations, and the danger of
progress as tending to revolution, The
Admiral points to the marks of decay in
Chine.' The canals are filled vrith" toiud.
The once perfect highways are impass!.
ble, having bad mo repair for - ceuturies.
The persou ot the future Emperor is too
sacred for audience with toroign Em
bassadors. , He is brought up in a palace,
secluded, surrounded by wouieu'and
slaves, and while knowing nothing of
the world outside the wall of bis in
eloeure, baa yet the duty ot regulating
all the affairs of Chiua, On the other
Land while the .qovernroeDt is without
ifiprience, and while neglect, decay or
ruin marks every public work, the peo
ple are still indtistrioue. vigorous, and,
m the main, well clad ana fed, according
to their own ideas, and seemingly con
tented. In all this Admiral Kodgers
sees the signs and causes that precede a
change in the government. He has no
doubt that China is in great dread of t lie
Western Powers, and that all occasion
for war will be avoided.
The Prairie Dog.
than that of calling the little animal
found burrowing in tho prairies a "Prai
rie Dog." It has nothing canine about
it, and its true relationship arc ntnonr
the sipiitrels, marmots and woodchut ks!
It is so much like our common wood
chunk in general appearance that it is
well enough deneribed hy frilling it a
woodchuck iu miniature. lis leiigih
varies from ten to thirteen inches, and
its weight from one to two-and-a-half
pounds. The ear are very short, and
the tail about one third as long as the
body. The general color is reddish
biown j the shadu varies with the season,
and is lighter upon the lower part ol tin
body than elsewhere. The tail for one
third or one-half from the tip is black,
the icst being of the color of the body.
The Prairie Dogs arc social animals, and
live in large communities known as 'dog
towns.' 'J he animal burrows, and wkh
the full h from tho excavation forms a
dome-shaped hillock which contains as
much as two cart-loads ot earlh. These
mounds are often seen upon the prairie
as far as the eye can roach. The writer
once, in Western Texas, was three duvs
in passing through one of these dog
towns, and as the distance made by the
train was estimated at twenty miles a
kday, the colony was at least sixty miles
in length Mid extended on each side of
tho toad us far as we could see.
Iu each mound is an opening, some
times two, extending downward at an
ang.e of 46 degrees. How deep the
animals burrow wc cannot state, but
some assert that they go down until
water is reached. Where these animals
abound in such numbers the herbage is
very scanty, and we have frequently
seen 'towns' where the surface iu every
direction was so barren that it was diffi
cult lo linaginu how such a multitude
It a traveller approaches a town cau
tiously, he will see the animals in con
slant motion and chirping to one another
in the liveliest manner. As soon as he
is seen some animal gives the alarm nnd
away they all go, each for his own hole,
where it stands with its head projecting
and uttering its shrill bark.
The Prairie Dogs are very difficult to
shoot, as they dodge with great rapidity,
or if shot they tumble into their holes
out of reach. Those who have eaten
the flesh of the animal pronounce it ex
cellent. The young are easily tamed,
but make rather uninteresting pets, as
they sleep a great portion of the. lime,
iu the dog towns one meets with rabbits,
numerous rattle-snakes, and a small bur
rowing ovtl. The prairie men assert
that these live in common with the
prairiu dogs, but it is more probable that
thuy li iid it convenient to occupy the
vacated dwellings of tho prairie dogs.
The Milk Question.
dairy business aud in tho Uiuungemcnt of
cheese fsclories, etc. A bill has been intro
duced into the Assembly to amend the present
law enacted to prevent aud punish the adul'
teruliun of milk and cheese. The amendments
proposed are embraced in parenthesis in the
copy of the bill which we append, as follows:
Sectiox 1. That whoever shall know
ingly sell to any person or persons, or
sell, deliver, or bring to bo manufactur
ed, to. any cheese or butter manufactory
iu this State, any milk diluted with
water or in any way adulterated, or milk
from which any cream has been taken,
or milk commonly 1 known as "skimmed
milk," or shall keep back any part of
milk known as "stripping," with intent
to defraud, or shall knowingly sell milk,
(the product of a diseased cow or cows,
or shall knowingly furnish or deliver
such milk,) the product of a diseased
animal or animals, (lo any cheese manu
factory to be manufactured into cheese,)
or shall knowingly (syll cheese or butter
manufactured from milk,) the product of
a diseased animal or animals, or shall
knowingly use any poisonous or delete
rious materials in tho manufacture of
cheese or butter, (or shall knowingly
Keep una render any luiso account ot the
weight or quantity "of milk furnished at
any cheese ot butter manufactory to be
manufactured into cheese or butter with
intent to defraud the owner ot said milk
so furnished,) shall, upon conviction
thereof, be fined iu any sum not less than
twenty-live dollars and be imprisoned in
the county jail not less than ten nor more
than twenty days for each oUVuse.
Apropos to the recent elections, the
following is capital, aud will be especial
ly relished by gentlemen who have been
unsuccessful in their aspirations for of
fice. In one of the towns of Pennsylvania,
the freemen hud for many years deposit
ed their votes solidly for the Democratic
candidates. Such a thing as a Whig or
Kepublic.au was unknown, and prior to
tilt Grant and Seymour campaign, no
local Kepublicati ticket had ever been
run. At that time, however, the politi
cians of an adjacent township thought
it an opportune occasion to attempt tho
establishment iu that town, of a Hepub
lican organisation. To this end, they
persuaded a certain Mr. Green, who had
recently settled there, to become their
candidate: for some minor office, hoping
to procure for him few votes under the
popularity of the great name of Grant,
and thus get an entering- wedge iu the
local affairs of the township. , i
' The day of 'election arrived, but Mr.
Mr. Green was unable to get to the polls
by reason of sickness."' In due time the
returns were ' 'published, and Mr. . Green
bad just; om vote Chagrined at this,
and annoyed by the accusation that be
had voted for himself, he announced that
if the person who had voted for hiin
would come foi ward snd make affidavit
to the fact, he wouM reward hi.u - j.i.
n goon stm ci ck.inca. A ft
A lew rnorninor
afterward, a burly, stuiiid-Iookini: IVmi-
nvivaillB JJIUCMIiail tJlUlfl III, oil Jlr.
G recti, and abruptly n tnaiked,"I vanls
dat suit of does."
"Ah," said Mr. Green, "ih.;ii w,u arc
tht man wlo rotid for tne ?"
"Yah, I'm dat num."
"Are you willing to make nn affidavit
"Yah, I swear to Vnt."
Mr. Green, accompanied by the intel
ligetit voter, went to I lie oflVe of the
justice of the peace and the required nf
lidavit was made; after Which the clothes
were purchased and given to the depo
nent. So delighted was Mr. Green lo be re
leivcd from tho ui.pleasantiiess of his
silumioii, and so glad to learn thai there
was another righteous man in the town
ship, that he had taken the Dutchman's
liepublicanism as a matter ol course.
However, at parting, he said : "Now,
my friend, you have your suit of clothes.
just answer me one question How came
yon to vote lor me?"
"You Mints to know dat V"
"Ami voti von't go back on do Hoes?"'
"Yell," said he, slowly, and with a slv
twinkle, iu his eye, ".Un I toleyou;"
make a m intake in th ticket "
Wash'l thai consolatory! Mr. Green
avows his unalterable 'determination
never again to appeal to popular suf
frage for public position.
This, the second nionlli of the year, is
less genial to the human race, and would
be unbearable were it not the immediate
"precurser of Spring." An old Scotch
distich runs thus :
"A' the months a' the year
Curse a tnir Kcbrueer,"
Hence, we patiently endure its inclement
season, looking to tho future for its re
sults, rather than the immediate incou
venieneies which now surround us.
There are so many incidents of interest
which cluster in and about this month,
that wo believe that our readers will be
interested, as we find ourselves, iu look
ing ever what is part true, part tradition,
part mythology uud part superstition.
Tho mouth of February wa iustituted
by one Nuttia, the second nnte-historical
king of Home, during whose reign of 39
years, there were no wars, famine or
plagues ; and at whose death the
nymph Egerie, who had been his guide
aud counsellor through lile, melted away
in tears, and was changed into a foun
tain. Many sacred books were written
by Xuma, aud said to have beeu buried
near him, aud discovered 500 years after
ward, (181 it c.) In instituting the
month of Feb., Xuma gave to it twenty
uine days only, and in order to make the
year correct thirty days once in erery
lour years. llie Lmperor Augustus,
however, wishing the month of August,
which was named after him, to have as
many days as the longest of the months,
ruthlessly took another day from the al
ready short month of February, and
added il to August, muking that month
31 days. For many centuries, the 2nd
of February, known as the Feast of tho
Purification or Candlemas Day, was one
of thu most important in the Christian
world. On Candlemas Eve, all the feast
ing, dancing aud carousing of Christmas
ceased, as il was the termination ot the
festive season of Chritma,theevergreeu
decorations iu thu houses a churches were
scrupulously removed before evening; the
Snowdrop being the only flower allowed
to be used on Candlemas day, its pure
white color, und lowly growth having
earned for it the appellation of the
"Flower of the Purification." Shrove
Tuesday, the day imuicdiaiely preceed
ing Ash Wednesday, up to the berinuing
of the present century, was a great holi
day in England. All sorts of games and
sports of a low order, with cocks as the
predominant feature, were in vogue, cs
especially the iiiiitutitou of the crowing
of a cock, lhc outward appreciable cause
of the repentance of St. Peter. The cus
tom of crowing three times like a cock,
iu the private closei of the king, by one
of the court officials, was to remind his
majestythat tho hour of repentance had
This custom was observed as late as
the time of George the II, who was by
birth a Hanoverian, and not well ac
quainted with the English language, or
ils customs, aud on the occasion of this
act being repeated in his hearing, he re
garded ii as a deliberate insult, and or
dered the practice discontinued, not
however, without causing the official to
tremble for bis fate.
Ash Wednesday occurs iu February,
and is the first day in Lent so called
from the. Roman .Cutholio ceremony of
strewing ashes on the bead as sign of
penitence. This custom probably, intro
duced by Gregery the Great,' (590-004)
was sanctioned by Pope Cclestin III. in
1191, and afterward generally prevailed.
The ashes were- said to be - those of the
palms, consecrated on the preceeding
Palm Sunday before Mass, they were
again consostated on the altar, spiiukled
with holrwat- -'
-- aignea ..rei(i,i
with the cross, white the Priual recited
the words "Kemembcr that lUw art
dust and mnst return to dust." Ash
Wednesday oh rrd in this manner
by the stricter members of tae Unglish
Church, but without any of the ctreu:
ay from which it derivts its name.
St. Valentine's Day Feb. 14th is
another instance of Pugan customs, in
troduced iuto the festivities of Chris
tians. Among the ceiemonics at the
fcafct of Jiiuo, Mas a kind of lottery,
which was so arranged that the names
of a number of young women were
placed in a box and drawn for by the
young men. Love and nwiiage often
resulted from tbi simple practice. A
century ago, all letters weie polite nnd
amorous; ot a more modem dale, the
practice of forwarding i idi.-ulous caiica-
turcs or insulting squib aj valentines,
i i : n. .
nan ueen ill t iigtie. in coljie down 19 a
i... i -.. r t . . ....
..... ,iW,.,,7 .,, special:;
teresting feature, for a.l American patri-
ols, as on the 12nd of this n.on'.h, 17J!,
own immortal George Washington :
first saw the lWht ; and last. thou. r-1
haps nit, l'-uM, of personage
birth and labors we would ehroi.Me
me p-eseni t-ni!"r ci t lie Jtfiffrapnt
born Feb. 5 ft,! lli! and for tho last sir-
teen years, the earnest woik.-r and sup- !
porter of the RcmiLliraii car.se Uuoul'!.
- . I
its column". AV e make the sugges
tion to those who hail his advent at that
time, that no more fitting appreciation
td his labors among you can be given
him, than by the protajit, sulntanlial rc
neteat of your snl.crijtioitgi and to greet
him too, with words ol cheer, which we
know, arc ever grateful to one who bears
many burdens, vntoLf, while aiming to
make yours the most readable journal
published in the county.
For the Telegraph.
.Vy Dear Alvlphi ; 1 have been thinking
for home time of wi lling' you, and having leis
ure this evening, I w ill "take Time by the
forelock." A9 you uru just starting out in the
world lo make your fortune, i.nd as I am so
much oldsr thnn you, I have thought that it
mLjlit not be amiss, or a lharikk-3 tank, should
I give you the benefit of my experience tell
you some of the things I have observed some
lo be desired and sought aflef, others to be
despised and shunned. And in this,' my first
letter, 1 have IhoojU it best to say a few
thinus about Money ils uses aud abuses.
Now do not think for one moment, because I
have chosen litis tu!yt Cf-t of all, that I re
gard money or mvney making, as otfrtt im?
portanee, or the "chief end of man" though
I am sorry to say, for poor humanity's sake,
that I have scco u good many ptople who liv
ed and acted dnily, as if it were; many whose
motto seemed to be "Get mone, get riches
and with nil your Bettings get money." They
bowed, most bumble suppliants, at mnmoth's
shrine six days out of every severs, aud gruJg
Ingly gave to God the one tbe Sabbath. And
what An lien we see daily rejicuted. To so
cure wealth, we see men rising early nnd sit
ting up late. No laboi is too hard; n d:f
C lilies ere too r;rcat; no trials are too severe.
Nothing retards them iu the eager pur.-uii of
their golden object. Need I tell you hotv la
ny I have seen thus pursuing it for y tsrs, and
iu the end, find it like chasing a shadow up
the mountain side to ils top, where it sudden
ly was lost to view, or like prasping a bubble
which "quickly vanished into thia air?" Or,
if the coveted object u finally secured, how
many aro the ways iu which il is snatched
from their grasp ! How often do "riches take
lo themselves wings nnd fly awayf How
many of Fortune's favored ones, as they proud
ly survey their broad acres, ornamented
grounds, palatial residences and kiiuipluously
fumished parlors, think and exclaim, in lau-
gutige almost the same its did thai foolish old
King in Babylon "Have not got all these
things by the might of my poic(r(r my own
plcasura and honor y". All such like him
ought "to go to grass," until seven times pass
over them ; or until they learn -Ihut it is God
who sctteth up one and puttcth down another;
that it is lie who givelh prosperity or sendeih
adversity; that He hath said "Tin- silver and
tlicjruld are mine, and tho emtio upon a thou
sand bills"; aud that whatever I'.ity po.-sess is
a gilt, a loan, for the rijjht use of w hich they
w ill be finally held to a strict account.
Bui do not misunderstand me. I uta not de
crying weullh or hionry mukin' cr a. Not
al all. Money "is a good thing to have la the
house," and I would advise you !o el il ifit
cau be obtained by honorable men us and l ra-
sonablu efforts.. In all, look w Ii to the nic-
tivesw hjcU influence your actions. If they
be pure, then w ill your ell'orls be riht , But
do not make wealth your chief end and aim.
"May nut a golden lading, too protoiaid,. ' . ,
lOsk'lbe e!ur& bulk lu slurry uavuu bound
Do not think, ns many people ' doj that a'
man's life hns been a success tjnly so far as he
bus succeeded in accumnlutiug this world's
goods, und if he fails to dt. thin, his lifts in a
failure. ... .
"Cud hath created n!l:t
As well a day to Ueck the vuriod kniv: :.i i
(race com a uti cniU in die. duky rutiu
Of di?ol4iaiK aa la while ulr. '
Theirs is the kneett ideal of lifo of its tine
films, objects aud purjrasus, for ,lhey look at
only from a money stand-point. They take
uot that higher, truer, nobler view of life.
They think not that hit life Is the greatest suc
cess wiiich answers best God's purpose lu pla-,
cing him here who best fulfills life's great
mission, by cherishing la his heart supreme
lovs to God, love to uiau, aud manifesto it dai
ly by deeds of love, mercy and charily. "He
most lives, who thin'. s most, feels the noblest,
acts the best." '
"Man'allfc la a book of hltory ;
Tne leave thereof art; days ;
1 he liMisr. uiurcle aluavljr Julnud j j. .
Tho Ulla is (imr praiea."
I know we eften hear people who bare in
IttriUd all that they posses, speak "sneeringly
of those who have less 'worldly goods than
they because the latter have had to rely upon
their own exertions r Whereas, If (he former
had been obliged to rely upon their own brains
and band's their relative positions might have
been reversed thejis';iu1gbt Tiave beea'tue
:' ',Ll' ::J ' -.v -
jmmvsquautjtjt .. , ., ;:. .s. .
in.U.sn wavi.e. F-r hy Us ships, agent," sad
inessen-,-M. all ,r the then knowo wotld .
fro orient t cMent was laid under con
our "-"""'""s for Hi3'j things that could minister'
l?U' fn,rrt 9'"' P're. Thus', with'un-
man's life cousisthalh not In lbs abundanca of
the Ihlnjj that ho poasesseth.
Waalth rnru mj n', th mUrr erica, i ,
Ha not drlrl tha mner lie i . .. I i' '
Ona nt h l.ar. wllh all al jtnra,
1 bat ri of wanta tha want if mora
Si. Paul, you know, says, aTlis lov of moS .
cy hi tl.q rot of all v." And tbe wise man'
"), "He that lihstelh to be rich halk aa evil-'
tye." Arfra.tilt IssaM-'Tbey at wfll
he rich shall pierce Ihmisulve through wltfc'
many sorrow a." And "how hardly shall Ucy
that have riches enief Into the Klnfdjrm eft
nenven." Alsa! How many have beeo Ua-i I
able to wiihtnnd the temptation Incident to
wealth to a lift ,r ensc and pleasure connect- ,
td therew lib ! Ii 1, u,o ru rock upon whlcb
thousands have plit ! -Vltnms the sad wrecks
alrmff the short of Time-warnings to future
j rrejairerx t
I ' If thou srt rlrh. thoo rt purr:
I Imoan a. wlnne bac with Inj'it, Sow
1 t.'.u hMre-t iny heavy riclia. I,ut lournuy.'
And uvih suJcaJi tna." .
!el Kin;' Solomon, you know, says "money-
answerclh all Uim-js." ' A broad sod sweeping
d .hirnii'ifi,f.-truiiiiy ; but no man aa man
ever lire.!, uho wits betl-r able to affirm this
imincu ncire nmf oouadless wealth at bis
command, h h 't no iiit unratified, no
vt a;:t iinsaiinfie
1. It diti!iiliss itniwrrcd sll
i'nng to In in, reiiHiiii-rc-d In a worldly aenae,
"r ' tuid minister to his bodily
"1,!is.nn-1 ois'.w lit, li.a a splendij success
c.:ii :. j: i . . . . - . - '
r . , D"1 8M'I,y ,U' l0Uff-
Milt ll rl 1 1 1 iw.l
ini's ot lil? sinr.lur.l nature
nor win u erer
salisfy the yearnings ol a living and immortal
soul for he finally sums up all in this one .
terse jent-.ncc, " Vanity of vanities, all is faul
ty." In some other h.-tl, r, I mnygive you e,
brief history of money and coins, as used
smoua- the Jens, Greeks, Itomans and Other
nations, in tbe earlier period of their existence,
Hut in thi-.., I (lull confine myaeif tq some of
its uses, etc. "Money u t,L. medium of com
morce; it is the ropresentttive of all the com
modities, of lauds and all things that can be
transferred." By it we establish the ralatn
snd abrjiuU value of articles, such ss cjde
and milk, provided they have not been mil
watered ; also buckwheat flour and ground
spices, if they are uot too much mixtd with
something of au inferior value : or a load of
wood, if ij is not all piled 4rt down. It de- -termiues
the value of labor of all kinds. It
carries forward all the great works and enter
prises of the sge. It is the regulater-r-the
main-spring that controls and energizes all
civil an.l r; Ih-lous, political and governmental
machinery. .Money marshals armies, equips
navies, subdues nations. Money is the great
motive power the Archimedean lever that
moves the world that lifts uations from one '
plane or civilization, refiuemeut and power to
another. Money utilizes every art snd iaven.
tioa of man. Money builds and mans our
merchant marine Hint carries and exchanges
the products of all climes and natiens. Hon
ey levels, or tunnels mountains, exalts valleys,
and thus casts np highways across the broad
continunts iron bands unitin? States and na
tions rer whicb thun:!ers the ponderous en
gine, swiftly bearing valuable merchandise or
precious living fr-iiht, to their destination.
Money construes and manipulates our tele
graphsthose electric nerves whlob ramify
sens, oceans and continents, and bind in closer
union and sympathy, the great brotherhood
of mir.i. It delves deep into the bowels of
the earth sad brings up from ils hidden re
cesses, th j varied and rich treasures rormed in
this iuioionse labratory or Nature when the
fiat of Creation went forth. It points the Tel
escope to the heavens and enables fiuite man
to count the stany hosts to measure and
weigh the plauels, even though "hung far out
on utmost verge of space." Money runs thu
Priuliiig I'ress that great power for good or
evil which settlers light and knowledgo
and carries comfort and happiness to millions
f homes. It scuttirs broadcast the leaves ef
the Tree of Life, which shall be for the heal-,
ing of the nations. Or it may convey mora
biight and error destroy the brightest hopes
and fairest prospects, for time aud for eternity,
of conutlis tlio'.isauds. .
Yea t Aud money perverts God's good gifts
to man.. It brews from Ihcin that accursed
portion tlit sends ils lens of thousands to
early craves, Mini brings distress and mourn
inj to millions of hearts. U builds and gor '
geouaiy fumislu-s the house of the gambler;
anil all along life's pathway it hangs outuia
U'jhU lo iii coy, to deceive, to destroy. Who'
cau estimate its power for good or evil 1 It is
iutiuUe, iiinneasurablu 1
Did you never lhiuk what a power it is in
polities und legislation '1 Now-a-days, in ma
ny section, ihu wouid-bc-suocesslul politieiaa
must, scaiitr hU tuouoy wiib. a lavish band,
both to secure his nomiiiHiioa and gain the
cU'ctiou to olUi s. Aud the longest purse of.
times wins ihe day. How much of the most
imperiaut legislation in, Uiiferent Slates is In
rluuncud ami, carried through by the lobby.br
means of bribery snd corruption, lo various
was. Hon uiiiclt, is successfully accomplish
ed, those ouly "it, t'liu liu?," fully know dt
jtonent sailh not.
-. Then aiaiu, look at thu vast moneyed pow.
er wielded by tJulUtt ajrpvra'toin by whicb
the selfishness and greed ef the feit over-ride
uud conliul ihu iuteresis of the many, Jbn
cy, like charity, "covereih a multitude of
bins." It enables I lie rich t commit, with fin- ,
punity, crimes agaiusl society snd the law,
far which ihe yuor would be held'ameoable,
both to law and society. Money is the htulina
balm iu the former case, aud all is hushed and
ssun forgotten. Or his "money buys out the
Wlile-watliif punt ! that rage nnconllned,
And urowu m mi prime the record or mankind,
jjul I, h: . orrt tho hireling-ruihau Urawa :
Vor nukl. the hireling )uib-e matron the lair-
W'l-aun urnpd on kmiiu, nor truth our afty Says.
ltt dani-uri leather a tbe treaaiirt rie."
Cnp jttxtiee be obtained by tbe poor from
the rich in such corrupt courts ss are some la
New York? In some of these, a trial Is a
mere form a fare. But there are courts, net
only in this but iu. other countries,' la which"
equnl, exact and inflexible Justice is meted out
to the offender -whether be be rieh or poor,
lcbsiuu or patriciau, peer or peasant born.
And thore cometh a lime when - all will be
peered at death sad at the Judgment, ' "For
Ged is no respecter of persona" '- - --
Money is also tbe - standard of wortyi sad)
excellence, in the estimation of many. It Is a
kind of social baremeter; people's noslthja
society U dcrmJnM hS tU (J
kni sve t.Wrilwr tfeal Grd hsfrf Sslf)-"!
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