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TP T J7:f ,!.15 A P1I By.' J AtICS lilSlOI), VOLUME XXII1--N0. 9. Indetxjndont in all things, asTitais miOU NUMBER 115G. nmni op suisscimptiox t . ? ' Tro Dnllart pof lriniiin-mld strictly In flrtvsrcr.. 1 Clergymen will b supplied with tho paper for (I Jr. AOTGRTimn IIITII Twsrra lino or lews of Nmipnreil makn a square OTiaaanaro 1 woek.i Tt TwlmircaMifi. !1 Oil Oneqnrl wk.. 1 60 One ijuara A. mo. , S til) Oiieqnwe (mo. , 5 Oil Onfisqimrvt year. . 8 00 TWO Sqll'iro" It lliiM, N (III TwiM(tmre 1 year. 1') l'l Fimrfunnreii 1'veur lri fi;i Half Cdlniiin 1 year, in oiv ITtslnswOfrrrts not overflre l)nc ner vuht 13 IXI omtnanr Notice not or giiK-rat lntnivt half ratus Local Notice! Ten Cents a Mnc for cacti Insertion. ion iiiiTij f Try description ntronilcrt to on mil, and dono In t most tasteful manner. ' BUSINESS DIRECTORY. LIVERY STABLES. WILL, BO W1TI AN pfew Horses. Carrlases. Tiohes Ac. Horses kept by In day or week. Omnibus to and from nil train.. pronrieiiir 01 i.iverT ernme BUOle opposite risk House, Asataliula, O. 1103 PHYSICIANS. HICMRT P. PHICKFH, TO. D.. r sl.nee on Church Street. North of the Somh l'irlt. omn In Smith's New Block, opposltu thn Fiak llnii'c. 11M DR. R. I.. KlVn, I'hyslclan and Surgeon, ofllep over Ifomtrv A Kins' store, residence near St. Peter's Chnrch. Ashtabula.. O 1018 II. TOO), TO. D., nnrmpopntlilf T'bvslrtan find BlirifSOll. Slicressnr to 1)k. VN NORM . Officii aame as formerly No. lMainStr-et. Vlitntnila. dlilo. Office hnnra from 7 to n A. M : 1to S P. M., and even Ing. May bo found at tbeJifSeo at nlht. 1137 BR. KTOKS, would Inform hi friends, find the pub'le een 'rally that he may lie found nt his residence or Park Street, rendy to attend to nil professional call. OHee hours, rroui U W-l P. M. Ashtabula O. MaT1.1w km!) ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS. 1. H. HIIODliS, Attoniev rnd Comueilor Law. tl Superior Street, Cleveland, Ohio. A3 SHERMAN, 1IAI.Ii, 6c fllHII HI Af, Attor noysandConnsulors at Law, Ashtahitln, Ohio, will practice In the Court of Ashtabula. Lake and Ooauga. L&BAN S. SUBHMAN, TtlllonoHt! HAl.t.. J. II PiiKnMs. 10IS KDW.IRD II, PITCH, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Notary Public. Aslitabiiln. Ohio. Special at tention ttlven to theSi'ttlement of Rotates. and toCon vayanclnrand Collcctlns. Also to all mattcrsarlsing ader the Bankrupt Law. 1114.1 I. A, PI4HKR, .Tnstlre of the Peace and Acent for the Hartford. Sun. A Franklin Fire Insurance Cnmpa nles. Offlre In tho stnro of Coshy WetherwaT. on Main Stroet, Opposite the Flsk'llonse, Ashtabula. Ohio. nit MBVRV FASSKTT, A.,-eni Homo Insurance Com pany, of New York (Capital, S.oo 1.000V and of Charter Oak Lire Insurance Oompanv. of Hartford, Ct. Also, attends to writing of Deeds, Wills, Ac. lot!) J. R. COOK, Attoniev nnd Counsellor at Tj;v and Notary PnbHc, aln Real Estato Ant, Main street, oyer Morrison Jt Tlcknor's store, Ashtabula, O. 940 ritARI.F, HODTII, I,aw, Ashtabuln. Ohio. Artorney and Counsellor at KlltS HOTELS. PI)K HOUSK, Ashtabula. Ohio. A. Field. Propri etor. An Omnibus running to and from every train of ears. Also, a uootl liTery-stablc kept In connection with this ousc, to convey passengers to any point. 100.) ASHTABI I.A ItOI Si:-It. p. W-.riMtNOTON. Prop Main St. Ashtabula, Ohio. I.ia'n Public Hall, tfood Livery, and Omnibus to nnd from the depot. 10 W TtlOUPSOX' HOTEL J. C. TitoMfsoN, Propri tor, Jefferson. Ohio. 1ll!i5 MERCHANTS. CftORQR H AI.Ii. Dealer in Piano-Fortes, nnd Me- lodeons. Piano tools. Covers. Instruction Books, etc. Depot M Public Sqnaro, Clevciand. Ohio. 1018 TYLKR & f AlllilSI.H, Denier In Panev and aple Dry Goods, Family (Jrorerlcs, A Crockery, South oro, Clarendon Block, "Ashtabula, Ohio. 10115 IS. II, OILKRV. Dealer in Dry-floods. Groccrle. caries. Crockery nod Ulass-Wure, next door north of risk House, Main street, Ashtabula Ohio. 1043 J. n. PAULKiER Ac SON, dealers In Oro r les, Provisions. Flour, Feed, Furrlttn and Donn t 1c Frolts, Salt, Fish, Plaster. Wiitcr Lime, Seeds, .' c. Main Street, Ashtabula, Ohio. 1 1 W. RBDHRAD, Dealer In Flour, Pork, Hams, Lard, and all kinds of Fish. Also, nil kinds of Family Gro ceries, Fruits aud Confectionery, Ale and JJoi'nstic Wine. 1043 J. P. HOHKHTSON & Noil, Denier in even-dc crlptlon of Boots. Shoes, Hals a Caps. Also, on band a stock of Choice Pant'lv Uroee.les, Main stivet, tier of Centre. Ashtabula, O. PC!) O. W. HASKELL. Corner Spring; and Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealers in Dry-Goods, Gro ceries, Crockery, c, Ac 100 P. W. HASKELL. IVELLS dc HOO Til. Wholesale and U 'tall Dealers in Western Rjaervo B itter and Cheese, Dried Fruit, Flour, and (irocorios. Orders respectfully solicited, tilled at the lowest c f l cost. Ashtabula. Ohio. 1005 II. L. nOHIIISUSI, Deuler in Dry-ioods, Oroce ios. Boots, Shoes, JIa(s,C.ips, llar.lvvui-o, Crockurv, Books, Paints, Oils, ,tc, Asutibula. O. Kou DRUGGISTS. HARTIN NKkVHi:itllV, Diu'lst. and Auoiho carv, nnd general djileriu Driijrs, .Medicines, Wines ana Liquor for Mudieal parposes, Fancy and Toilet f'H AKLKM U. dWII'T-Asht ibulu. Ohio, Dealer in Drua; and Medicines, Gioe uies, I'oii'uuiery aud Fancy Articles, superior Teas, Co!l'ee, Spices, Flavor Ins fcxtntcts. Patent Medicines of every description. Paints, Dyus, Varnishes, Brushes, Fancy Soaps, Hair Restoratives, HnlrOils, Ac. nil or which will be sold at the lowest prices. Prescriptions prepared with'-uit-able care. . ii05 II. A. IIKNnilV, Main streets. Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealer ill Drugs, Medicines, chemicals. 1'aluts. Ols, Brushes, Varnishes, DyoStuil's, Ac, Choice Family Groceries, iucludilis,- Tens, Cotl'ees, Ac., Pulen't Medicines. Pure Wines and Liquors for Medicinal pur- . noses. Pliysklan'a presclrt Ion carefully and prompt IT attended to. una llEOaiili WILLllll), Dealer In Dry-Goods. Oro ceries. Hats, Caps, Boots, shoes, Crockurv, Glass-Ware. Also, wholesale aud Retail Dealer lu Hardware, Sad dlery, Nolls, Iron, Steel, Drugs, Medicines, inline. Oils, Dysstuff. Ac, Malu stroet. Ashiabiila. lob.l HARNESS MAKER. IT. If. WILLI AMSON, Saddler and llnriiess Ma ksr,opposito Fisk Block, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio, has oa hand, and makes to order, in the best manner, rarrtbinjr in bis line. Kiti5 P. C. FORD. Manufacturers aud Dealers In Sad Bridles. Collars. Trunks. Whin. dies, Harness, Ac, oppolte Flsk House, Ashtabula. Ohio. 1015 MANUFACTURERS. t),C. CULLKV, Manufacturer orLath.Sldlnir. Mould ings. Ohsese Boxes Ax. Planing, Mutcbiug.nndScrowl Bawlug, done on tbe shortest notiue. Shop on Main street, opposite the Upper Park, Ashtabula. Obfo. 410 KYIKUVH, inIN!4 CO., Mann fact ii rera of Doors, Sssb, HIIl Is, Buv.1 Siding, Flooring, Fenc ing. Moldings, Scroll Work; Turning, Ac. Also, Job bers and Builders, Dualeis iu Luiuujr. Lalb and Shin, glss, at th Planing Mill, eoruur of Miu street and ffnlon alley. Ashtabula, Ohio. WM. BStMOUU. A. C. OrDDINOS. . P.M. STRONG. , tfnu-tf S. XKILR V BUO., Manufieturcr and Dealers In all kinds of Leatlier in genersl deiuaud In this market, MIghostcash price paid for Hides and Skins. KITH V FHKNCIl7Maui,fl'uroTsiiUD.-alers la all kind of Lentber lu deuiaud in tills uiarkot, and Shoemaker's Findings. Ilu la also engaged iu the iHAnafssture of Harnesses, of the light and UMtulul.'fca well a the nvre subtai4tl kinds, ppulu phu-nlx ' Foundry, Aabubnla. 8;o yr.y:. hardwaue, &c, ' CKMRT4V WKTHKHtV AX. dealer In Stoves 'J'la wan. Hollow Ware, shelf lianiwanl, llns Ware, Laiap and Lamp-Triinnilng, Petroleum, e., c, oppcuitetha Flsk House Ashtabula. wn ' Alio, fuU tock of I'aUits, Oil, Varnl.be, Brushes, ; : L Ul l SROBBK V. HI HRIHD, Dealer 111 Hardware. Iron, Steel and Nails, Stoves, Till Plate Rhuut Irstu, ii)neaud Zlno, and Mannfacliirerof Tin, Sheet Iron and Cdpissr Wars, Fisk Block, Ashtabula. Ohio, lows 4e.ye.le.rs, . W. DICKINItOM, Jeweler. Repairing of all kinds of Watcbiia. Clocks, and Jewelry, St r In Aah Ubala flouSe Block. Ashtabula. Ohio. . ; J. B. ABBOTT. D.ealer In Clock. Watches, Jewel, ry. etc. Kngravidg, Mending and Repairing dose to rder. Shop on Main street, Couueaut. Ohio. K88 JAM KM K. rKRHINd, Dealer la W.to!w-s, Clocks, Jewelry. Hllw and Plated Ware. Ao. He. palrlni of all Itlnl dnnewoll, and hII order promntly tlwo(MtO. -r MaluSlreot,AbUl.,0. JUXjd . CABINET WARE. JIMIV IM !, Wiiiifartiircr of, ami UiMl. r In Furniture of the lies descriptions, and c-cry variety. Al-o Of-ncrat Undertaker, and Mmnirhetiirer of r 'oftl jiv t'Mir ter. Main trout. North ot Uoiilli 1'irlillc Square. Ahlnlmla. I'll J, R. tilt.lf, rnmilaernrsr and Renter fins KariiitMiu. Also, Gcmirftl I nilertnki r. Ill first . HM'l DENTISTS. P. H. II A 1. 1., Dentist. Aslitalmla. ). Ofnro Center street, between Main and Park. 1011) W. N FI.SOV. Denllrt. Aslitulail. (1 . visits Coinieaiit. Wednesday auS Tliitreflnv tr earn weea. now W. T. W AI.I. Afi:, . I. f. Klncsvllle. O ts pre. Ieired to attmid to all operat'on In bin profession. le makes n speeiallly of "Oral Sursery" and snvlua; the natural teeth. tin) cr( ti 1 1 ei sTI " l:lVAIinJ. IMHHCKIcnler In Clnthlnz. Huts, Cups, and dents' FiiriiUhinCoods, Ashtikbvla.U. vyi W A I T B S I I, I,, Wholesntc nnd IMnil l)lers in R-ady Made flotbiiiK, Furiiisliliig (ionds, Hat. Caps. Ac, Ashtabula. win FOUNDRIES. 8KYMOIIR, STRONG) A NflCIIIIV, Mnmifac lurersWloves. Plows and Colnrrnr, Window Cans Rftd Sills. Mill Castings. Netties. Sinks, Sleljjh Shoes. Ac. Phn'nlx Fonndrv, A-htnhnla. Ohio. Km.ii Will. . .IMSI P, Malleable nnd Drey Iron Found er, and manufacturer of Trunk Hrdvare. ".". 77. 7 end hi Central Avenue, (.Kwmeily Ncebtt Street.) Newark. N. nul rilOTOGRAI'lIERS. I-IIICH. V. KliAKKSI.KIC, I'liotofrrnidieran dealer in Pictures, Knirniviii!.'.. chri'nios. Ac. btivlti a Inrjre supply of Mntlldlnirs of vnrlous de-eripllons. Is prepared to Irnnic tiny ttiinu in the picture line, at short notice nnd in the het stvlr. Second floor of the Hull store. Sml door South of Dank Matin street, lotu MISCELLANEOUS. KltKAII II A 1. 1,, Flrenud Life Insurance and Real Kslate Aijent. Also. Notnrv Public and C onvevancer. Olllcc over Shunuau and Hull's Law OIHce, Alitabu ln, Ohio. n;!i U. TRA PPLIill, (From Paris.) No. S7& Slstli Ave. line. bet. nth and IKih St.. New York. All articles for Ladles' Toilet and in Hair, manufactured uftcrthe latest Paris patterns. peelslltloB in Ladles' Coif fures, fiytt(o (iKAM) HIVKH INSTITUTE, at Anstlnhnr, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. J. Tuckerniaii. A. M.. I'rlnci-p-il. Sprliur Term begins Tuesday lla.co avtli. Send for Catalogue. ll)3!f ERIE RAILWAY. Abstract of Time Table Adopted November 13, 71. VEW nnd improved Drawing -Room L nnd Sleeping Conches, combining all modern lm. provements. aru run thmuuli on all trains from Hufniln, Niagara Falls, CleM-laiid and Cincinnati to New Yolk,. muKiiur uireci connection witn un lines or f oretirn ann C.ia-twiso Steamers, and also with Suund Steumers and Railway lines lor Boston and New Eui-luml cities. No. 9. ; No. )i ; No. 4. j No. 8. Day ll.ii'iitn'if' Nlitht ('incin. STATIONS. ;:Express Kxpress .KNpress.jKxiiress L.ve. ' ! T i i ir'.M.';T7."rr. i uiM'i' .m i; 7(i a.m.u) ij' I jiai.'iA.ji "l44(i " j 140 " Tf 4tl vTijllKKI-"" Dunkirk. . SaltUllillMM Clinton Stisp.Ilildire Niairura K'ls ilullalo 4 4r, " H.i " .1 13 " 10(15 " 4 .Vi " I 1 54 " I f Sfi ' 1 1(1 14 " "uo . hr(lj" !IW 10115 (4 45 J5 N(!' "" It 4.1 " 10 45 " nri " 6 sii " (155 " 10 -13 " 1 1 40 " Attica Portaj ' Hornullsv'let 1 Addison ' Rochester .. ' A vc.n t ' Hath ' 3 55 5 04 15 7J4 4 (ill 4 48 (U5 7"a. 8 0 8 47 I ii:Ia Jl 4 15 " 8 30 " 4. 10 " I 11 05 715 IS III! 10 44 Coi ning .. Klmira ... Waverlv. . II i " 1304 P.M. jlVpil " " 14 40 A.M. 455 " 8 34 " em " b 15PM H44A.M 7 44 " 7 54 " H10 " 1100 " Arr. 12 55 " 1 37 n 6 IJ5 PJ. a"i5A.jT 8 00 " 1) US " 3.M " 4 80 " Philaiielp'la Owcu Itiuliaintun Great Bend. Susq'chan'a t Deposit .... Hancock . . . Lackaw'xen llonesdnle. . I'oit Jervis. M .ddleton u Goshen Turners t. .. Newhurgh.. Patleixni .. NewarkTT' J'-rsev t.'ity. New Vork . . Bui ton 735 A M 1 10 1M 217 , 114' P.M. ton I ! 4!!4 II -I la II 1I4S ;i b;i4 10 57 " 11 S " ilSOrtA.M. t 10 ....1140 " .... ai.r.v. e ).! ! 71,43 i 018 " . H40 " r inrr'"5- !l-"Ll- 4 54 3 53 ' 7 50 N45 out 14 05 " 14 53'' Z21 I 30 " 4 47 " "515 " 340 " 51111a M 14 101' 5 50 2 -, IK)" ii !W "" 700 flbSp.M" iifoo a.m! 111 art " " jl400 M .11 411PM. Arrangement of Urnwlnc-Rooin and Mci'itinsr. Cosrhi'S, No. S. Sleepinc Conches from Cinclnnstl to ITnrnelis ville. and Drawlug-Roolll Coaches from Suspen sion Bridge, Niagara Fulls and Butluio to New Y'ork. No. 19. Sleeping Coaches from Cincinnati, Suspension Bridge. Niagara Falls. Ilutlaloniid HorncllsviPc to New York ; ulsofiom lioriielsville to Albuny. No. 4. Sleeping Coaches from Suspension Bridge, Ni agara Fulls aud Bull'ilo to New York. No. 8. sleeping Coaches from Clcwlnnd. Suspenslnn Bridge. Niagara Fulls und Butrulo to SuMiueliauiia, ami Drawing Hooui Coaches from Suiriuciiunua to Naw York. Ask for Tickets Via Eric Piuihvny. Which can be obtained at all principal Ticket OtTlc' ou main and connecting lines. loll L. D . KtfCKKU (len. Hunt V. R. Baiiii. Gen. Pat. Aal LAKE SHORE & M. S. RAIL-ROAD. ERIE DIVISION—TIME TABLE. To take effect Sunday, Jan. 14, 1872. I Special Chicago Kx. Toledo Ex. US5 "5 if 5 '"iS" -e 9 Paclllc Ex. "Ps St. Bt. Ex, lj ao iV m Con. Act. L.'xxt-t-t-t.a:i5tstfico i I Acc'm.'sSSSSi-rSSSSiSSSi? JpJ-eHaoeas,s;c--- Con. Special !SS N. Y. Ex.lixS. 2 Atlantic Ex S 2 si DayExrcss3 t. i- S, - S. OIn Express'! !ii 8 !S !2g' ia."' Trains do not stop at stations where the time is omitted in tne nnovc tnnie. CHARLKS jr. HATCH, . Uenrral ftiiii, lfYrlait O. K. RALPH'S. NEW ASIIKTORE. T WOULD inont renDectfu.lv inform .ZorSiVuhor" .'. " DItV GOODS, BOOTS AND 8HOE8, . ij ,0ROCEniE8, Ac, which I proiioe lo tell at moderate prices and toady pay. Ono door South of FUk, Sllllmiii, A Co' Feed Store, Please (five met chance to show that I mean business. O. K. HALPII. P. 8.-WP1 take In erxrhang for tou4$t butter, egg. and farm produce generally. Aslitnhnla. Jan. lll . lhi . 4ntofi4 171 and 17. HrPFHKis) STfo.PT "VTA SELECT POETRY. Lifting the Veil. "IVtwwit Hie hero and the linrfsaflpr, lleiivun'a rrpofic anj vnrllily gtrifu, Ilnnu'tn nysilo BOfecn. liivl'liiiir. Suiil from soul nnd lif'u from lil'c. Soft hs tlio tlt-Mf fulls on llic wdltir. Or n mliti Vr ukiiukI and dale Noiseless tia a btut tin fold injr. Is lite lilting ot IU vtil. WlicB we Jiftifi with n slhisi longlnu, 8nmt lnnp; vnnlnlicrl form to view, Sonus lliia vt-ll a luminous ctlutr, Hninlly fiicog luiitiiiiiu- llirout;li, And we iilinnst cntcli llic wliii)iT, Sofl RS Sijfll lf SUIHID'TS'S !nlc Almost sec Hit: lieckon'njj ftnjjfr ' At tlic lU'lins of Ihu '.il. Yet wlon nH our soul Is wenry Of lile' turmoil, pain nnd Whirl, And we tjirivo to rend Hie curlnin, Lo t tve lwnil 'gainst walls of pearl j We hnvo misdod the crystal doorway, Or the keys celrstl.il fall, Vhili' we wait without Impatient Eur the lil'iing of the veil. When the faoo we love grows pulll Clearer, purer, day liy day. Till we see the spiri'l's "lustre bliinins ihrougli lis vase of ol iy j When the jewel leaves its casket, How we mourn nnd weep and wail, At the beckoning of the nnijels, At the liflius of the veil. To the Infinite Crealor, HisKrnrul univirsc is one, Eur oil' corridors uniting, Sea nnd sky and earth and sun Il is all our Ealhei's mansion. And the loved our hearts bewail. Have but reached an inner chamber, At t lie lilting of the veil. i Tboueli we cannot hear their footsteps, As ihey journey to and fro, In those hidden, shining chambers, No!sless n. the iHllinir know Though we cannot see the vestments, Silvery while ns moonbeams pain, We shall meet them as fnir angels, At Ihu liRin- of the. veil. With His present works so mlghtv, And his splendors spread abroad j What must bo the secret places Of the l'nlace of our God ? Not with sorrow, nor with nniruish, Hut wilh rupture should we hail Every beekonin; of the HtircU, Every lifting of the veil. Our Daily Bread. BY LUCY LARCOM. the daily bread, Father, we asli of Thee ; We, who must still be fed Out of Thy bounty free T Not nt the household bo-mi Is our deep want supplied ; Bins may be amply slored, And souls imsatislled. For not by bread alone, Cau we, Thy children, live ; Some heavenly food unknown. Thou unto us must give. We nsk not meat to nurso Ambition's vain desire, Nor creed of gain the curso CT iuwerd caukuring fire. Not the poor, tasteless husk. That swine have torn nnd trod And ground wilh beastly tusks : Let the clod feed the clod I Nurtured we all must bo By Thy sweet word alone j Asking this iMvad of Thee, Thou wilt not give a stone. Thv life, O God 1 Thy word Outspoken through Thy Son I In Him our prayer is heard j Our heart's tlueira is wou, . To sacrifice to share To e.ivc, even as He guvo ; For others' wants to care ; Not our own lives to savu j Wilh love to all around Our days and hours to fill j Thus he ft ever found Our meal to d Thy will I This is tho living bread Which comelh down from heaven, Wherewith our tjonls are fed ; The pure, immortal leuvcu. Tin- hidden manna this, Whereof w ho oalclli, ho Grows up in blessedness And Chrlst-llke symmetry. Who seeks this bread, shall bo Nor stinted, nor denied. Our hungry souls In Thee, O Goti, ore satisfied 1 National Aid to Education. SPEECH OF Hon. James A. Garfield, IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, FEBRUARY 6, 1872. The bouse having under consideration the bill to establish an educational fund, and to apply the proceeds of the public lands lo the education of the people, Mr. GAKFIELD said : Alii. Speaker: Jn tho few minutes given nie I shall address n.yself to two questions. I lie first is: what do we pro 1o8g by litis bill to give to lite cause ot education r and the second is: how do we proposa to give it? Js the gift tiseii wise, anil is me niotie in which wo propose to give it wise? This arrange' merit will include all I liave to say. .mia nrst, we propose, witnout any change in the present land policy, to give the pet proceeds of the public lauds to the cause ot education. During the last fifteen years these proceeds have amounted to a little more tlian thn tv three million dollars, or one per cent, of the entire revenues of the United States for that period. , .Tho gift is not great, but yet in one view ot the case, it is princely, lo dedicate for the luluro a fund which is now one per cent, of the revenues of tho .United States to the cause- of education, is ' to my mind a great thought, and I am glad to give it my endorsement. It seems to me that in this act of giving, we almost copy its prototpye in what God himself has done on tins great continent ot ours, in the center of its greatest breadth, where otherwise there niiirht be a desert forev er, lie has planted a chain of the great est lakes on earth, and the exhalations arising from their pure waters every day come j down in gracious' showers, and make thai a blooming garden ivhich oth erwise might be a tlesert waste. And fpAny; ohr great 'wHdeiness' lands it! is proposed that their proceeds, like the dew. shall fall forever, not unon the lands, hut unon the minds ot the chil- dicn of tbe nation, giving thorn for all lime to oomo all the Clcssinr and trrowth and greatness that education cuu afford. it That thought I say k rtfrain, i n great one. worthy of a great nation, and this country will m-meniher the man who loriniiia.itu' 11 11110 lauriingp, and will re- l.. l!f . . ... uipinber the Coiigrt'ss that made it law. The other point is ono of even grratcr practical va-lne and significance just now than this that I have' referred lo. It is this: How is t'nis great gilt to be dis tributed ? Wo propose to give It, Air. Sneaker, through onr American system of education ; und in giving it, we do not propose to mar in the least degree the harmony and beaut v of that system. It we did, I should b; compelled to give my voice ami vote against the mean ure ; and here and now, when we urn in augurating thin policy. I desire to state for myself, and, as I believe, tor many who sit around me, that we do here soh etnnly protest that this gift is not to de stroy or disturb, but it is rather to be through and ns a part of and to bo wholly subordinated to what I venture to call our great American system of ed ucation. On this quest imi I have been compelled heretofore to difi'er with many friends of education here aud elsewhere, many who have thought it might bo wise lor Congress, in certain contingen cies, to take charge of the system of ed ucation in the States. I w'ill not now discuss the constitutional aspect? of that question but, I desire to say Oiat all the philosophy of our educational system ioi-hids ttiat wo should take such a course. And in the few moments award ed to me, I wisli to make an appeal for onr system as a whole as against any other known to me. We look somelitnes with great admiration at a government like Germany, that can command the light of ils c lineal 1011 to sliinu every where, that can enforce its school laws everywhere throughout the empire. Un der our system we do not rejoice iu that, but we rather rejoice that hero two forces play with all their vast power up on our system ot education. The first Is that ot the local, municipal power un der our State governments. There is the center of responsibility. There is the chief educational power. There can bp enforced Lu'.her's great thought of placing rn magistrates the duty of edu cating children. Luther was the first to perceive that Christian schoo's were an absolute ne cessity. In a celebrated paper address ed to the municipal councilors of I he em pire in 1521, bo demanded tho establish ment t.f schools 111 all the villages of Germany. To tolerate ignorance was, in the energetic language of the reform er, to make common cause with the dev il. The father of a family who abandon ed his family to ignorance, was a con summate rascal. Addressing the Ger man authorities, he said : "Magistrates, remember that God fornnllv commands you lo instruct children. This di vine commandment parents have transgressed by indolence, by 1 ick of Intelligence and be cause of over-work. "The duly devolves upon you, magistrates, to call fathers to (heir duly, slid lo prevent the r.turn of ihesc evils which we suffer to-day. Give atleitlion to your children. JIany par ents are like ostriches, content to have laid an egg. but caring for it no longer. "Now, that which constitutes the prosperity of a cily is not lis treasures, its stront; walls, ils beautiful mansions nnd ils brilliant decora tions. The real weallh of n cily, ils safely and its fmccisan abundance of citizens, in structed, honest nnd cultivated. If in our days we rarely meet such citizens, whoso fault is 'it, if not yours, magistrates, who have allowed our youth to grow up like neglected shrub bery in Ihu lorest ? "Ignorance is more dangerous for a people than Hie armies of at) enemy." After quoting this passage from Lu ther, Lalioulaye, in his eloquent essay entitled, " Ebit ct ats Zimitts," pages 204 and 205, says : "This familiar and true eloquence wns not lost. There is not a Protestant country which has not placed in the Ironl rank of ils dttiies the establishment and maintenance of populur schools." The duties enjoined iu these great ut terances of L'Ulier are recognized to the fullest extent by the American system, lint they ure recognized us belonging to the authorities ot the State, the county, the township, the local communities. There, these obligations may bo urged with all ho strength of their Ijigh sanc tions. There, may be brought to bear all the patriotism, all tho morality, tll the philanthropy, all the philosophy of our people, and there it is brought to bear in its no'jlest and best forms. But there is another force even great er than that of tho State and the local governments. It is the force ot private voluntary cnterpri.se, that force which has built up the multitude ot private schools, academics and colleges through out the United States, not always wise ly, but always with enthusiasm and wonderful energy. I say,- therefore, that our local self-government, joined to and co-operating will) private enterprise, made the American system ot education wr.ai it is. Iu further illustration of its merit?. I beg leave to allude to a lew tacts of great significance. The governments ot Europe are now 'beginning to see, tliut our sys icin is oeiter aim more cmcient than theirs, Tho public mind of England is now, and has been for many years, pio foundly moved on the subject of educa tion, several commissioners have lute ly been se.nl by the British Government to examine the school systems of other countries, and lay before Parliament thq esuiiB oj intir investigations, mm as 10 enable that body to profit by the expe rience ot other nations. Kev. J. Frazier, one of the assistant commissioners appointed for this pur pose, visited this country iu 1865, and in the following year made his report to Pailiament. While he found much to criticise in our system of education, he did not withhold his expressions ot as tonishment at the important part which private enterprise played in ourysteiu. In. concluding his report,' be kpaks of the United States as "a nation of which is no rlatlery or exaggeration lo say that it is, if not the most hitrhly, vet cer tainly the most generally educated and intelligent people on the globe." ; But a more valuable report was deliv ered to Parliament in I808, by Mai hew Arnold, one of the most cultivated aud profound thinkers of Kuglaud, .. lie was Bent by Parliament to examine tho schools and universities cf the continent, and after vititii.4 nil ih k-s.lina States ! of Jvirou,. ntul makinrr. Iiim.-lf tl.e. 1 oivhly fam linr with th. lr sysiwo. of .. t ,v: !.i . 1 ' f . Ueatioii, ho delivered a loot. iear''J.iii' and utile report. In the c. including chap Irr. he discusses the wants of En il.unl on the subject of educaiioii. No one who reads that chapter cau fail to ail- the boldness ami power wilh wl.icli he pcinu out the ch'wt obstacles to pop- ular education iu England. He exhibits significant fact that while during the lal half century there ha hi en a gener al transformation in 1 he civil organiza tion of European Govirtiiucnts, Eng land, with nil her liberty and progress, is shackled with whl hr calls 1 civil or ganization, which is, from ihe lop to the bottom of it, not model 11. lie says:, 'Transfonn b!ic Miist mil ss she means t i come at lat lo the sune fntente us the church of Hardis : "Thou bust a liatua that thou livinl. Vuii art dead." However, on no part oj" 1I1U immense Issli of traiisfijruitttioti have 1 now to touch, except oil that part which relates to cdiic.tiun, but t ii is par-, no doubt, is ihc most important of fill, end it is the p irt whose happy nccompliih- meiit may render that of nil lite lesl, inalen I of bciii troubkU and difficult, gradual aud ! tavy. Obli- atory instruction Is talked of. But what is the capital difficulty in tlio wav of obligatory instruction, or indeed any national system of instruction in litis cfiimiry f ll is lliis, that the moment the working class of this country have this q tis'i iri ot iutruction really brought home to them, their self-.P-siiecl wiilmtiKe them demand liic the working clisvs on the continent, public schools, mid not schools which the ch Teyuian or !he squire or toe niiil-ov. ner cuiK "my school V And what is the capital ditlicitliy lu the way of giving them public schools It U tins, that t..e public school I'm the people must r-sl upon the municipal orga lizmiou ol tin; country. In France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, the public elementary school has, und exists by having, the commune and the muidcipnl gov ernment of the commune, ns Its foundations, nnd it could not exist without litem, litit wc in Knglaud have our municipal (irauiation still to get ; the country riiMricts, witti us, have nt present only the feudal and ecclesias tical organization of the middle sges, or of France before the Kevniulion." The real preliminary to an effective system of popular education is, in fact, to provide the country w ith an effective municipal organiz. lion ; and here, then, is tt the nul-,et an ilbis iistr.ilion ilf what I said, that modern societies need a civil organization which is modern. In the early part ol IS70 a repcrt was made' to the minister of public iustr.ictinn by Mr. C. llippcau, a man of great learning, and who in tlte previous year had been ordered by the French govern ment lo vist the United Slates and make a careful study ol" our system of public education. Iu summing up his conclu sions', at the end of his report, he ex presses opinions whicu are remarkable tor their boldness, when we remember the character of the French government at that time ; and his recommendations have a most significant application to the principle under consideration. I translate his concluding paragraph' : "What impresses me most strongly as tho result of this study ol public instruction in the United States is the admirable power of private enterprise in a country wliere the citi zens, curly adopted thu habit of foreseeing their ow n wants for themselves ; of meeting together and acting in concert ; of con' billing their means of action ; of determining the amount of pecuniary contribution which Ihey will impose upon themselves, and of regulat. ing ils use ; and finally of choosiag ndmiuis- irnlors who shall render them tin account of thu resources placed nt their disposal, nnd of thu use which they may make of their nu llioriiy. The marvelous progress made ia Ihe United Slates during the iust twenty years would have been impossible, if the national life, in stead of being mmiitcstcd on nil points of the surface, hnd been concentrated in a capita', und r Ihe pressure of a strongly organized ui' ministration, w hich, holding the people under constant tutelage, w holly relieved tliem from tin oil'.' of thinking and acting by themselves and lor. themselves. Will France enter upon thai pall) of decentralization which w ill in falildy result in giving 11 scope, now unknown lo nil her vital foices, and to the admirable re sources which she possesses In what especially concerns public Instructions, shall we see her multiplying, us in America, those free associations, tiios'j generous donations, which will eunbli us lo place public instruc tion ou Ihe broadest foundalion. and to revive in our provinces (hit old universities that will become more flourishing as the citizens shall iuierest themselves directly in their progress To accomplish this it will also he necessary that governments, .ipprlcialiug the wants i f their epoch, shall wilh good grace relinquish a part of tho duties now imposed upon tliem, and aid the peoplo in supporting (lie rigid regime of liberty , by enlarging tho powers of the municipal councils and of the councils of the departments, by favoring associations and public meetings, by opening the freest field lo tho examination and discussion of national in terests ; in short, by deserving tho eulogy ad dressed by a man ol genus lo a great ministet of France : 'Monscignciir, you have labored ten y ears to make yourself useless. I have made these citations to show how strongly the public thought of Eu rope is moving toward our system of public education ns better and freer than theirs. I do not now discuss the broader political question of Slate and municipal government as contrasted with centralize ed government. I am considering what is the best system ot organizing the edu cational work of n nation, not. from the political stand-point alone, but from the stand-point ot the school-house itself. This work of publio education partakes in a peculiar way of the spirit ot the Inv man mind in its ettorts lor culture. 1 lie mind must bo ns free from extraneous control as possible ; must work under tho inspiration of its own desires for knowledge ; and while' instructors nnd books are necessary helps, the fu 1 si and highest success must spring from the power of self-help.' 1 00 the best system ot education is that which draws its chief sniviort from the voluntary effort of the community, from the individual efforts ot citizens, aud front thoso burdens ot taxation which they voluntarily impose npon themselves. The assistance proposed in this bill is to be given through the chan nels ot this, our American system. The amount proposed is large enough to stimulate to greater effort and to gen eral emulation the different States and the ' local school authorities, but not large enough to carry the system on, mill tn urofilfOll nil flii-cm' f.trfno t,v mill. ing the liieuds of edtioat'iuti feel thalt,h.o work is dono tor thw wibo.it t lie'r ftwp. effort. Gover,te shall be only a help to then1, roller than, a coiutnaudci- iu )ie work of 'education. , , (- . . V-J" In'wiuclusiou, I say that in, the pend ing bjll ve clisvlii'iru, tny ' cojitrol over the isluoa,t,ioiial sjsiim of tlio Stupes., I j This puliey is in harmony will) t he act j of 18U7, creating the Bureau of Edtica niv ; lion, and whose fruits have already been j so. uuuinlam in, good results. I hope that t'.o House will wt its seal, of ap the pioval ou our American system of edu We only re'i-iine reports of what they do tvltt. ,Lr t . .i ii.. - , . . J. 1 ...... J brnnsht here nnd published for the in formation of the people wijl spread abroad ihe liht. ini't awaken tit on llnisi ism on, I .....,il .i i.. ,.r ......1.. cation, and will adopt tins mode of ad- Vanciiig and strengthening i:. Hours. J I I j ' ' Tripping ri-Ttiliy through the iunhtnet Creeping 'mid Ihe IihIo truy, Ev.-r swiliiy Hitting. Bitting, Speed tie; golden hour a a nr. I.nd'-n l!"-y w':,.!i 'oy ,tr sorrow", i'niu 01 ple.isnrin, smiles r tears, All :ir; under suiiiing orders po .vn the tbh;i:j li l yr yer.rv. IIo'iM r.re gollen censor, bearing Itiirenv-olfering 1 rennnr: boiiiing coil uti'l iu,' swiliiy, 'Till they reach the other shore. S"me niiio'ng Ihe links there may bt!, Itniiteu o'ei wilh bitttr tears; " Light and shade are deftly woven la Ihe canopy of year. Sheen nnd shadow lnte;tniiiglt!. And the hours so aw eel and fair, Change l'v,ll oil to weary ages, Through tliuMveijht of woe they bear. Y"t the cup ol cruel l.itti r. 21-iy be lo iw h.r he.iling given. And otr fain ral lanip.i !- watch tires Ou the oul'.r w all ol Heaven. II ippy hours ! oh, worls can never liaif 'their depth ot meaning give; How their benediction brightens All the w ono in w hicli we live I Golden hours; like shining hcadlanJ1, Jutting o'er the lidi: tif liuie j Itising o'er the wrecks of sorrow, Crowned w ith majesty sublime. The Woman Preacher. VIEWS OF REV. HENRY WARD BEECHER. There was a slir in Plymouth Church Sun day evening, as the Itey. lenry 'ard Beecher read for his text the S tilt and 35tti verses of Ihc fourteenth chapter of first Coriutlpaos ; Let your women keep silence iu the churches; fur il is not permitted them to speak ; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saitii the law. ' And if they will learn anything, let tliem ask their husbands at home"; for it is a shame far vyoiiK'u to spaak iu the church. Recent events, said Mr. Beccher, in a church iu this city, have interested the "hole cunt.ntinitj'. A woman a regu larly ordained preacher was asked to speak in a Presbyterian church, an 1 she was in every way qualified to do so. For permitting this woman to preach, an esteemed and honored pastor was brought before a special meeting of the Presbytery, and his conduct passed npou. He was directed not to do so any more. The simple question before us is whether in the .New Testament WOMKX ARB FOUBIDDE.V TO T'KEACII aud teach. . lie said he proposed to speak ot the particular command laid down by the word of God oil women pleaching and teaching publicly. There are those who regard iliis u'ueranoe a final and conclusive, and there are those who ad mil the binding obligation ot the Scrip ture, bul regard this command as loca1, national and transient. It was iu lorce only in a particular time and purpose. Thainoltin church is totally different from that of the first ages. The family does not stand as ii did two thousand years ego. Women weie far more equal lo men among tlio Hebrews than any other nucient nation. They weroMioi then excluded troui public function. lie spoke of the palrioliu glory ot women who had stood up iu those limes lo hold ihe sceptre, and eulogized their wise ad ministration. Women are forbidden lo teach in the synagogue. Technical education women were not admitted to, and consequently they could not know the work imposed by the church. Il was eminently proper that ihey sliouid speak out (at'ter'a pause) and in meeting, too. (Applause.) There is uothiag in the gospel ihal limits the i::giiis axi m-tieis op ivojiev iii tliis regard, excepting in Corinthians, Paul's letter lo Corinth, and wheu he wrote to Timothy, In both instances they were not directed to Jews, but to tho Greeks. Ho commented on the characteristics of the two nations the slavery and ignorance of the Greek wo men, and the freedom and cultivation of tlio Hebrews. A virtuous woman :n Greece was, he said, a domestic drudge, while a woman ot education was placed iu tho ealesorv ot courtesans. The Greek would have derided the spectacle ot a Woman will) uncovered fac Rnealr. ing in a public place. Therefore il was that Paul forbade them to teach in the church in Greece.-Mr. Beccher smiled as he added, "Would that he had put that in." U he had only knowu how stupid people are in our days, he would have done so. Laughter. Mr. Beenher spoke ot the tmblo pursuits ot the wo men of the present lime, aud asked if Hi")' SHOULD BE DEGRADED and placed iu the same catalogue with tho women of ancient Greece. '! do not say thai I scorn or contempt those w ho look at the subject differently from my view, but I marvel at the circum stances which would make a wise mail foolish. Laughter. I 'honor. Brother Cuyler because he had the courage to invito Aliss Smiley to his church. Speaking of the many commands laid dowu in the Now Testament, he said : "You are command to houor the King. Do you honor him ? a ? von have thrown htm overboard. laul I w ill, therefore, that men pray every wiiero, lilting up holy hands without wrath, aud doublinrr. In like, manner. also, that women adorn themselves in modest appeal, Laughter, in which Mr. . Beccher ioined.l shaiue-facedness au,d, &o,bri,ely ; rcontiiiucd laughter, not HUH ui oiuerea nair. or gold, or pearU., or costly array, . I Another buist of aughtcr, the nastor ejacnlaiins "Oh. oh. oh.) . Why are not these women who break . the,-e commands arraigned f Ob, bro'her Cuyler,, VIEWS OF REV. HENRY WARD BEECHER. LET THESE WOMEN BE TRIED. V. hap.pwm. v ja. rong tor wo- nu n to braid tkeir hair or wear jewcjryf I enveigli. ngainst cxtrat atpance, but alt . nn-alion could not keep an ordinary wo-, ram from following ihe fashion. YV o-. men baye risen from the dt gredation of the past ; we are not barbarians nowt ' As a mother, w ile, citizen, she has intil liplied functlons.and a noble wotk't'ct perforin. Are you going to pnt back the dial to turn the tide of civilientlftnl'. If women are called to the pulpit, ami show themselves Cited for the work ; they have a right to speak. Where can we iiud more uoble examples of woman', cultivation and (goodness than nin.oug the Society of Friend's ? Mrs. Smiley, ha extraordinary ability. Jle au.tlhemati4'd the rituals or doo, 1 triiiej that forbade women to speak in the church. Id Christ there is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is r.t ' her male nor female ; lor ye are all one. "When you ask me," Mr. lleechcr said, "if a woman shall -peak iu meeting, I answer no unless siie has something to say. We liavf. trumpet enough now, li us have thu flute. Women ; God w ill bless you, and angels love you, if you propel ly bring up the boys and gills God haiigix?n you. Many person', even in this day of progress, imagine that in the transplant ing of evergreens, it is much safer and more certain of successful results to connect with each tree a bill ot earthy and hence many novices yet continue to expend labor and tini", unn.'cosaarily, in u.id-wiuter, transplamiu.r evergreens with large halls of frozen earth attach ed. All tli belongs to old lime ignor ance, causing a great amount of useless labor without insuring any addilioua.) success. For years we have removed evergreen trees, varying in s;7.e from I wo to thirty fiet high, at any time from early April, to the ',a.st of June, aud then again from the first .if September to the last of October, and our practice has been topav little or no attention lo the ball, but in digging the tree save as many of the roots as txtssible, and, nevef to permit them to become dry. AH thai needs primarily to cusure successful transplanting of evergreens is to keep the roots all the time in jisf. One hour of lull exposure lo a drying wind is al most certain death, as all' the roots of ev-. ergreens have upon their surface a resin ous compound, readily dried by the ntr . tnospberc, and wheu onpe dried, insolur blu in water. Rcineuibcr, then, that the great secret ot success aside from thu. systematic process of labor belonging tq tin transplanting of any tree lies in never permitting the roots to becoma dry or exposed an hour lo drying wind, or sun. " Tes Acres Enough." The question is frequently asked, "How many acres ought a man to cultivate in ia.rm.in3 r"- We answer, -AU that ho has o tpitaj and brains to manage properly and profita bly, whether it be ten acres or ten thous and." There is no definite amount of land to which every man should he re- stricted. Capital and oanacitv to man. age are the ouly limits which can, with propriety, be assigned iu farming as in other business. One man will require all his faculties to sell a few slice-strings, while a Stewart employs thousands "otj men iu his business, and makes Ids movements felt all over the continent.. Some men are born diudges. and others to command. This is a law of natura and no human enactments can abrogate, it. It is utter fo!!y to talk about "ten acres" being "enough," or ten thousand. We say, "10 every man according to his several ability." A lady school teacher iu Omaha, hav ing an inordinate dread of small pox, sent homo a little girl because sho said, iicr mother was sick and had inula rn her face. The r.cxt day the girl presents ed herself at the sehoor-honse, with her finger in her mouth, and her little bon-. net swinging by the strings, and said to the teacher: '"Mns . we've got a, lectle baby at our house j but mother tol l me to tell you that it isn't catchinS Tiie teacher said she was very ijlad, and. told her pupil to take her seat. A down cast editor says that a girl was asked not long siuce to unite heis self iu the silken tie to a brisk lad, vt ho named May in his proposals. The lady tenderly hinted that May was an un. lucky month for niarryii g "Well, make it June, then," honcEtly rej lied the swain, anxious to please. The damsel paused a moment, cast down her eyes, and said with a blnsh, "Wouldn't April do just as well?" A cleygyman on exchange found a ' note iu the Bibb to ihu effect that Brother A. requested the prayers of the . church that the loss of his wife might be blessed to him, etc. 'Iht p-each. r prayed most fervently. To his amaze- : meut an I mottifi ation, he found that . the njte h id lain in the pulpit a year, . while tho bereaved cciitleiiian was on. ih s Sabbath silling wilh his new wife. ' iu the congregation. My son," baid a good mother, to her . young nopenu, "dnt vou wis!) your . teacher a happy' New Yearr"' "No,; ina'anu" "Well, why not?'' "Booauso t she isn't happy unless she' whipping 8oinool us boys, and I was afraid, if, I wished her happiuess, she'd go for me," An old bachelor recently gave ihe.fol. r lowing toast ; "Woman the morning , star of infancy, the day star of manhood, and the evening star of age.' Bless oar, ' stars, and may they always be kept a '' telescopic distance 1" ; "Doesn't this lovely scene an'm" your" asked Anna ot her lover. "No he said, "nothing but you can, ' nua-, ( mate inc." . . ; . , , . . t ' Who is the straighttsl man, tucnlioo-' ) ed iu the Bible I Jose pit, because Pha-, tdoh mado a roler off buu. Why is a husband like a Mississippi ; steamboat? R.tau e he t.ever knoiva' when no may get u blow ing u,n. It small boy ia a 1 y' ladder ? f Hare way (0 tarn good people's beads is to go 'late to church.