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-t? 0 MV0TKD TO tBM IUFPOKT Of Ml CONSTITTmOIl AND IAWS TBI DIFFUSION OF 9I3KIAI IlSTIIXIOKKCB-i-AWD THE BBFOBM Of A 11 FOLITICAli ABTMT BY D. P; PALMER. TERMS 0F,( THE STANDARD. ' OR ONI TSi, IN AOTABCI, -' ' - ... f 3 0 Witsin th ri, . ,: . ,. 2 50 I At THt IZPIKATION OS THC Till, 3 00 ,. fgJrPaymeeti will ba considered in advance, lfm& la within three month! oner obvinbing. rgyVa pprwill b discontinued, (unleuat the option of th peblisher,) until oil arrearages tie paid. : v -.. ,-. ; a . PR I CESOF ADVERTISING. I square (13 tinea) three ieiertions. , f I 00 . , For ooen subtequant lmortioii, 35 . .'"- For montht, -5 0ft 44 For twelve month,. v" : 10 01) Laagar aJtertiserneetewUl be charged in tho ioro proportion . A rsisomble ,. deduction oil! bo bIo on yeaily advertiiementt. " AU'ordera for advertising or Job-work mur bo accompanied by the cash, except from thoae who hare open accounts with the office. OSes in tho aouth end of the Market Building DESTRUCTION OF THKINQUISI , "i TION AT MADRID. BaItihork, May 1,1843. Mr; Eastman: Among my fellow pas sengers on the Ohio river, was Col. Lem. anousky, formerly an officer under Na. poleon, and now a minister of the Lu theran church. He,' however, . rei 'members the scenes of olden times, and describes them with wonderful interest. Of hie lectures on the character and life of Napoleon 1 had often heard, but never before had it been my privilege to meet with him. ' lie is indeed a remarkable 'man; although past three score and teu - years old, he retains the erect pasture, the firm step, and activity of an officer of fifty. " His skin has all the softness and delicacy of middle life while the vigor of his gigantic frame, the. quickness of his eye, and the power of his voice, all indi- 'cafe that it wnild be no, difficult thing for lii'n, did circumstances render it . nece- siiiy, to resume, his place upon the war-hoi s" and an lead forth his troops to the deadly . conflict. His lectures I have always heard represented as intense ly -interesting. Such I cart well con ceive they are, for besides . possessing a memory of remarkable tenacity, and an unusually ready utterance, he has had means such as perhaps no other living man has had, certainly none in this coun try, of knowing the man and ' things of which he speaksv His acquaintance with Bonaparte commenced on his first enur ing the army,' when he found himself a private soldier under, this distinguished man as his , captain. For twenty three years he served with him in stations of trust, which rendered the most intimate relations necessary, and it was only when Napoleon was confined on the Island of Elba, that Got. Lemanousky retired from the service. 1 have dwelt thus long on the character and circumstances of thus vetern officer, for the purpose of intro ducing to your readers one of the- many . narratives with which he favored us while passing up the Ohio. And it I could Im part to it on paper, a tithe of the inter st it possessed as it fell from his lipa, andbaamed fmth from his eye, 1 should have no doubt of ita being read by every member of the family to whom your pa- per goes. Of one thing- I am sure, ihat I shall be rewarded for writing it, by the pleasure it will afford at least to ' one of those families.. give it, as - nearly as my memory serves me; in his own lan guage.' . ' - , , In the yoar 1809,' said Col. ' Lcman ousky( 'being at Madrid, my attention was directed to the Inquisition in the neighborhood of that city: Napoleon had previously issued a decree for the " sap. pression of this institution, wherever his victorious troops should -extend their arms. ' I reminded Marshal Soult, then Governor of Madrid, of this decree, who directed me to proceed to . destroy It. - informed him that my regiment, the Oth . of the Polish Lancers, were insufficient ' forsuch aaervice, but that if be would give me two additional regiments, ' I ; wonM nndertake the work.' He accor dingly gave me the two required regi ments, one of -which, 117, was under ""the command of Col. De Lile. who is ' now like myself a minister of the goapel. He is pastor or one or the evangelical 'churches " of Marseilles. With these troops I proceeded forthwith to the In " qij!"j;ion, which wks situated about fivt miles from the citv. The Inquisition wa nurrourjded with a wall of great strength, find defended with about 400 soldiers. When we arrived at the walls, address, ed one of the sentinels, and summoned the holy fathers to surrender to the im perial array, and open the galea of the Inquisition. The sentinel who was standing on the waft appeared to enter Into conversation for a few moments with some within, at the close of which he p' r,!nd his musket and shot one of ray is.ii. This was a sisnal of attack, and I or'red mv troops to fire on those who f, 'ared pn the walls. u ?is soon obvious that it was an un 1 v nfare. The walls of the InquU s covered with soldiers of the - t!, era wss alio a-breastwork i. t v,u,:i, Uhiud. wliicli they continually, only as they part ally exaoss ed themselves as tbey discharged ' their muskets.- Our troops were in the open plain, and exposed to a destiuctive fire. We had no cannon, nor could we scale the walls, and they successfully resisted all attempts at forcing them . I saw that it was necessary to change the mode of at tack, and directed some trees to be cut down end trimmed and brought 1 on the Ground, to be used as battering rams.- Two of these were taken up by detach ments of merJ as numerous as could work to advantage, and brought to bear upon the walla with all the power they could exert, regardless of the fire which was poured upon them from the walls. Prea ently the walls began to tremblepnd under the well directed. and persevering appli cation of the ram, a breach was made , and the imperial troops rushed into the Inquisition. Here we met with an inci dent which nothing but Jesuitical effron tery is equal to. The Inquisitor Gener al, followed by the father Confessors, in their priestly robes, all came out of (heir rooms as we were making our' way into the interior of the Ioqusilion, and with long faces and their arms -crossed over their breasts, their fingers resting on (heir shouldiers, as (bough they had been deaf to all the noise of the attack and defence, and bad but just learned what wsa going ou : they addressed themselves in the lansnace of rebuko to their own soldjers, saying, Wby do you, fight eur mends, the French r Their intention apparently was to make us think' that this : defence was wholl) unauthorized by them, hoping if. they eould produce in our miods a . belief that they were friendly, they should have a letter opportunity in the confusion and plunderer the Inquisition' to" escape. Their artifice was too shallow, and did not succeed. - I caused them to be plac ed under guard, and all the soldiers of the Inquisition to be secured as prisoners. We then proceeded to examine this prisv on house of hell. Wa passed through room alter room, found altars and - cru sifixes and wax candles in abundance, but we could discovor no evidence of in. iquity being practiced there, nothing of those peculiar' features which we expect ed to find in that Inquisition. ' Here was beauty and splendor, and tho most per fect order on which my eyes ev6r rested. The architecture the proportions was perfect.' The cielingand floors of wood scoured and highly polished. The mar. hie floors were arraigned with a strict re gard to-order. There- was every thing to pleasethe eye and gratifyaculi'vated tuts; but where were those horrid instruments of tort ure of which we had been told, and where those dungeons in which human beings ' we - said be burned a-livet- We searched in vain. The Hoi Fathers assured us that they had been be i u we bad seen all. -V And, ! was prep S to give up the search- ,' cbfivinc- t 1 i'i ih'.s oquisition was differept from oih-'i-i of which! bavo heard V -vsnt ; Lut Col .. De Lile was not so ready as myself to" give up the search, and said to me -'Colonel, you are commander to day, and as you say, so it must be.bnt if you will be advised by me, let this mar ble floor be examined more: ' Let some water be brought in and poured upon it,' and we will watch and see if there is anj place through " which it passes more freely lharf others .' I replied to him. 'do as you please, Colonel, and. or. dered water to be brought . Accordingly. The Blabs of tnarble were large and beautifully polished. When -the. water had been poured over the floor, ' much to the dissatiifaction of "the Inquisitors, a careful" examination was made of every seam in the floor to see if the water passed thiough.-, Presently . Col. De Lile exclaimed that he found it. By the side of one of these marble slabs the water passed through ' fast, as though there was an opening - beneath. .All hands now were at work for further dis covery, i ne otneers witn tneir swords, and the soldiers with ' their, bayonets, seeking to clear but the seam and pry up the slob. Others with tne butts of their Irets striking the slab with- all their infill o. break it, while (he priests re- monsiralod against oar discrating-' their holy and beautiful house. - VV;. thus engaged, a soldier wbo was strikmg with toe ouu ei ma mujket, struck a spring ana tne marble alarflew up. " Then the facea of the Inquisitors grew. , a, and as BeUhazzar, when lbs band appeared writing on the wall, so did these meir of lletiai shaKe and quake in every bone and joint and sinew. We. looked, ha neath the marble slab, now partly up, and aaw a staircase. ,; I stepped to the table. auu iuuh. inin uuo oi ine candlesticks j . i. r r .. . 7 ' candle Jour teeHn length, which was i .u. r M:Mk i , uurmug, iu i ihijjuv vxpioro WOal , was before us. - v-.-? t' . ... ;S As 1 was doing this 1 wag arrested by one of the Inquisitors, who laid his band gently on my arm, and with a - very Has mure and holy look, said, 'My son, you must not take that with your prafane and bloody'hand; rt is holy.S'Well, well. GEORGETOWN. O , TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER, 26, 1843. said, 'I want something that is bttly.' to see if it will not shed light upon iniqui ty; I will bear the responsibility.' I took the candle and proceeded down the stair-case.. I now discovered why the water revealed to us the passage. " Un der the floor was a tight ceiling except at the trap door, which eould not be ren dered close hence the success of Col. De Lile's experiment. , As we reached the foot of the stairs, we entered a large square loom, which was called the Hall of Judgment. In the centre of it was a large block, and a chain fastened to it. On this they had been accustomed to place the accused, chained to his seat -On one side of the room was one ele vated seat, called the Throne of Judg ment. This the Inquisitor General oc cupied, and on either side were seats less elevated, for the holy fathers when engaged in the solemn business of the Holy Inquisition. ' From this room we proceeded to the right,' snd obtained ac cess to small cells, extending tbe entire length of the edifice; and here, what a sight met oor eyes! How has the . be nevolent religion of Jesus been. a. bused and slandered by iia professed friends. . . - ,. -, . , . t -- . The cells were places of solitary con finement,, where the wretched objects of inquisitorial hate were confined year af ter year, till death released them of their sufferings, and there t heir bodies were suffered t0J3main until they were, en tirely decayed, and the rooms had be come fit for otbera to occupy. ' To pre vent this practice being offensive to tboso whV occupied the Inquisition, there were flues or tubes extending to the open air sufficiently capacious to carry off the odour from those decaying boJies. In these cells we round the remains of some who had paid the debt of nature; some of ihem had been dead apparently but a abort time, while of others . nothing re maioedbut their bones, still chained to the floors of their dungeon. In others we found the living sufferer of every age and of both sexes, from the young man and maiden to those of three score and ten years, all as naked as when .they we.e born into the world. Our soldiers" im mediately applied themselves with great alacrity to releasing these captives of their chains; stripped themselves in part of their own clothing to cover these wretched beincs. and were exceedinclv anxious to bring them, up to the light of day. But aware of their danger, I insist ed en their' wants being supplied, and be. ing brought gradually to tba light, as tbey eould bear it. ... . ... , A Wben we had explored these cells and opened the prison doors of those who yet survived, we proceeded to explore anoth er room upon the leu. , Here we found the instruments of torture, of every kind hicn the ingenuity ot men or devils could invent. Al the sight of them the furvof our soldiers refused anv- toncer to be restrained, They .' declared that every inqusitor, monk and soldier "ofnlie establishment deserve to be put to the torture. We did. not attempt any longer to restrain tbem. ' Tbey commenced at once the work of torture with the Holy Fathers; 1 remained till ! saw four dif ferent kinds of torture applied, and then retired from the awful scene, which ter minated net while one Individual remain ed of the former guilty inmates of this anti-chamber df hell, on whom they could wreak revenge. As soon is tne poor sufferers from the cells of the Inquisition could with safety bo brought out of (he prison to the light of day, (news having been spread far and '' near that " numbers had beeu rescued from .the inquisition,) all who had been- deprived of (friends by the holy officers, came to inquire if theirs waramong the number. ' Oh, what a meeting was there ! About a hundred, who ' had bean buried alive for many years1 were : now. restored . to the active, world, and many of tbem found here a son and there a daughter, here a sister and there a brother, and some,alas! could recognize no friends.' "The scene was such as no tongue can. describe.- When, this work of recognition was over, to complete tbe business in which I was engaged, I went to Madrid and obtained a large quantity of gunpowder, which we placed underneath the edifice, and in its vaults, and as we applied the slow match there was a joyful sight to thousands of admiring eyes.- Oh! it would have done your heart good to see it; the walls and massive turrents ' of thai proud edi fice, were raised towards the heavens; and the Inquisition pf Madrid ; was no moie.' fcVThe New York Sun says: "If some common salt be put into the water when washing cabbages or greens, prepa ratory to cooking them, the inaiU slugs, worms, ous. will . come out and sink to tbe bottom, . so that they need not be boiled with the vegel&bles It is impos sible to wash them out, except the cab bages be taken to pieces, and people generally like to have this vegetable aer ved up whole,". f: . -.i From thePituburgul'ost. GEN. JACKSON'S LETTER. r H. M. Backenbridge having, in some ot bis recent letters, made an uncalled far attack on Gen Jackson, a gentleman of (uisicity called theold heroe'a attention to tbo slanders of tbe candidate .Tbe Gen eral promptly responded, and his letter, which we publish below, places 11 M Brackenridce in the light which he bas long been viewed by every mn who de tests the character ol a batrayir of pri vate confidence. ' -GEN. JACKSON LETTER. Hcbxitaab, Augest 22d, 1843. Sir: Your Setter of the 11th inst. has been received, and its contents duly con sidered. Although ! am much debilita ted, and write with much difficulty, I fnet bound by the respectful terms in which your communication is couched, not to withofd tbe statement it 'requests, respecting my acquaintance Willi Mr. H. M. Brackenridge. and mv con duct in regard to him. - ' From the following facts you may well suppose that I place a low estimate up on the character of that gentleman, and I am sure tbe good citizens of Pennsyl vania, when made acquainted wuii them, ill think I do him no injustice. -In the vear 1821, on mv way to Pen- sacola as Commissioner of the United S'ates, to receive Florida from Spain, at New Orleans I was introduced to Mr.1 Backenridge. He was there without pecuniary means, and in distress and made known to me" his wish to go toFlori da, .Supposing from his education and general character thai he might bo made useful, and being always willing to aid the distressed, I took him into my family and traated him as one of its members until I received the country from the author ized agents of Spain.' In organizing the Government thus received, I appointed Mr. Brackenridge ' Alcade (Justice of the reace) for r ensacola, and Interpreter and Translator of the Spanish language, and keeper of the Archives transferred under the Treat with that Government, In the memorable trial of Gov.Jallava for the attempt to secrete and carry away the important papers of Videl, upon which rested their whole etate, willed to tbem by their father the former Governor of Pensacola.Mr.Brackenrtdgewas.ofcourse, by virtue of his office, the swornlnterpre ter.Soon after the transaction, having ful ly organized the , Government , I left tbe Territory of Florida for my borne in Ten nessee, parting with Mr. B. in the most friendly manner, and having full faith that he would properly the duties of the important and luciative office I had con ferred upon him. Soon after my election to the Presi dency Mr. Brakenbridge having, in the meantime, become Judge of West FlorN da, it became my duty to notice various remonstrances against his cond ucf. '" To wards the expiration of the four ' years which he was appointed, objections to his continuance in office became still more frequent and serious." Cne of the charges which I now recollect, was, that in th? middle of an important' Jury cau se, be left the bench without his hat the Jury in the box, and the Lawyers in the bar, and forgot to return to adjourn the Court .' Being convinced from the weight and character of such complaints that he ought not to be continued in this office, at the expiration of his term he was not nominated . again. He was not removed, as he ought to have been, but "for my unwillingness lo wound his feelings. All my action on the subject consisted in a refusal to. re-nominate hint, because he was evidently unaccep table to the citizens of Florida, . on ac count ofomisaion of duty, which, as Pres ident of tbe United States I waa bound to notice. yt.j . ,- . . "-. Yet," notwithstanding all my kindness and forbearance to him, be came out with pamphlet a gainst me, filled with tbe cosrest abuse of my character and tbe most gross falsehoods. As kn evidence of the temper under which he wroto that pamphlet, it is enough to relet to the fact, that in the case of . Calls va, he ad mits be interpreted falsely, alledging for the pretext of his basenes, his fear that if he had interpreted truly, a fracas might have arisen between iiallava and. my self. Recollect that be was the Sworn I iterpretor mat i was presiding as Judge, and thai Callava was arraigned before me for purloining and see e ling important public papers papers that effected the interests, oi ibe Widow and the Orphan and he is base enongh to say in such a Case that be vie lated bis oatn, in order that be might have a pretext to assail me. - ' After such a proof of recklessness and follv. it is impossible for me to pay the slighest respect to any statement emana tins from Mr. Brackenridge, and am confident that the good people of Peon sylvania will judge correctly of tbe mo tives wnicn iea mm teassaii me. I am, very respectfully, ' .Yours, &c - . ANDREW JACKSON.. D.?HACY-,TS OBJECT AND WHY IT SHOULD BE SUCCESS FUL. What i the object of democracy! What does it propose to the people t The ob ject of democracy is tbe maintenance of human rights; and It proposes tbe eleva tion, cultivation, expulsion and freedom of tho human mind. It further propose, that this ennobling of humanity shall ex lend throughout the ramifications of soci ety, in every situation and on everv ob ject, civil and religious, as well as polit. ical. It, in short, proposes tbe emanci pation of the human mind from all the bonds with which it bas been shackled. and its elevation to that high state for which it was created. Call us then levelers, if vou will, for we declare uncompromising hostility to everything that has for its object or its erToct tbe depression of man. But ob serve, our leveling system rather seeks to draw sunken humanity up to a high standard, than to depress the facilities of any. Wealth is not the great object for which man must live; neither does its accidental possession place its possessor above his fellows in tbe great elements of humanity. We, therefore, oppose al lowing it an undue influence, or permit ting it lo crush, overwhelm, swallow up and destroy or to tyranize oer, tbe less favored and fortunate. Democracy must and will triumph. The world will one day own its sway. And it is only surprising that at this day it bas not ptogressed further, and is not of ten er victorious, ts exertions are in favor of the people; its principles ate to be carried out by the people; and its advan tages to fall on the people. It appeals lo man to make himself happy! . These are high ends we occupy high grounds, and aim at great results. But tbey are not in opposition to tbe intentions of Providence. All men, however hum ble, poor.and wretched.yet possess souls. spirits, sensibilizes, bopes, fesrs, pas sions, aspirations and intelligence like ourselves, and the tyranny that would prevent the exercise of these faculties is what we oppose. ,,,ti How much wretchedness, squalor, dis tress and suffering do we find amnag mankind How many persons are there whose labor scarce suffices to procure tbe necessaries of life, and these of tbe coar sest and most meagre sort! How many of our citizens are trammeled in mind and forbidden to think for themselves, but obliged to submit to the dogmas of a tyranical master or employer, in order to secure continuance of even the meagre lare they new possess! Legislation is too frequently directed towards the property holders the. poor are allowed to take care of themselves; but legislation should be extended to all alike. As the poor are weak and pow erless, they require a careful and foster. ing hand. Labor does no one any injury, so that he is well clothed; but tAese should be secured to him, without be ing subject to tne caprice ot any one. - ' : Our cry is, dowo with oppression in ev ery shape. Let tbe mind be free to act.- We will give no support to monopolies, privileged institutions, or particular in terests. Favor, support, sustain, en courage and protect all alike. Level the whole human race-but level them to an elevated point. The State can do this chiefly. Let our legislature have this tendency.. , I. to secure a comfortably existence to the poorest individuals 2. To promote fhe interest of all class es, without injuring any. 8. To unite the interests of the Gov ernment and p ople. 4. To prevent the concr a ration of great wealth, either" by corporations or otherwise. 5. To diminish the burthens of tbe Government. 6. Tobenefil all branches of trade and labor equallf- to build up no one at the expense oi me rest. These are the principles of Democracy Tbey promise much; and if carried out, will assuredly better man's condition. There is a higher state of felicity for man on earth, and we seek to secure it. ' .' Lafayette Adv. .v From the Vermont Age. THEY MADE NO PROMISES. So sav the whig leaders now, just as the people are about to seal a verdict of condemnation against them for a VIOLA TION of their plighted faith in 1840. But the people well remember, that a- raong theusandi of others. HENRY CLAY PROMISED, in bis celebrated Virgina speech in 1840 that so, soon as it was known that there would be a whig administration, .' -CONFIDENCE would immediate ly revive! OJrCREDtT be restored! -Oar ACTIVE BUSINESS will return OS-PRICES OF PRODUCTS will NEW SERIES. VOL. IV NO. 9. (GrAND tbe PEOPLE will FEEL and KNO'.V that instead of their servant being occupied in devising measures for their ruin and destruction, tbey will be assiduously employed in promoting their WELFARE and PROSPERITY! This is the sum and substance of every whig speech made fn 1840. The whig 'did succeed, honestly or dishonestly, in nearly every State, and HOW WERE THER PROMISES FULFILLEDt Let HENRY CLAY himself snswer. After the whigs had been in power near TWO YEARS, be retires from the place where tbe promises were to be made good and says: "I retire from you, Mr. President, know, AT A PERIOD OF INFINITE DISTRESS AND EMBARRASS MENT!" And soen after, in his famous "Virgin Heifer" speech in Kentucky, be gave the following true picture of the uPesti lenee and Famine" which tbe country bad suffered under the reign of wbig gery sod bis dictatorship, up to that time: "What is our condition! It is one of ' unexampled diatress and embarrassment, as universal as it is intense, prevading the whole community; property every where falling in value; agricultural pro- -duce of every description al the most re duced prices; money unsound, at tbe same lime scarce, and becoming more scarce, by operations of doubtful and un- certain issue, to increase its unsoundness, all the departmenis of business inactive and stagnant, exchanges extravagantly high, and consequently fluctuating; cred it, public and private, at the lowest ebb, and confidence lost, and a feeling of general discouragement and depress ion." And so we continued on the Road lo Ruin, up to thr time of what they call Treason of John Tyler. He saw the country was rushing to destruction with the speed of a hurricane, under the in' fluence of Clay Wbiggery and "he came out from among the foul oartv" Since that, things have been a litlle more dem ocratic, and of course a lit tie better. The question now to be settled is.ab.all we still be cursed with Clavism and Conn Skin Whigeery, or shall we go for DE MOCRACY and FAIR PLAY FOR ALL HANDS? If we go for the latter, we must SKIN THE COONS IN SEPTEMBER! From the Lorain Republican. 0-Our whig friends are making auile a racket about the amount or salary which m ar - wr n . -J iuanin van Jiuren baa received for ser yices since the people first intrusted bim with office. It is not pretended that his salary bas been too high, or that he has obtained money wrongfully from the peo ple, jjui me aggregate amount which he has received for a long life of public service is put together tor tbe purpose of uecomng tnoae not conversant with such matters- They argue as if the 40 years of his life, devoted to the service of tbe people, was nothing at all, and that he must look to tbe bare amount of salary which he has received as a criterion from which to judge of his claims upon the party. Tbit view of the subject is pscu- liar to the whig party. They cannot con ceive that any roan should be actuated by higher motives than sordid gain as if tbe patriotism and statesmanship of such men as Washington, Jefferson and Van Buren were to ba weighed with gold! Such ar guments may be very weighty with tbe whigs, b-t uo democrat wifl ' regard them. Even at their own game however, (hey are foiled. They live io glass' houses, and their missiles break their own win dows. Henry Clay, tbe whig slaveholder candidate for (be Presidency, has already .. received about one third more salary than' Van Buren; and J. Q. Adams more than' twice as much! while Harrison and bis heirs received over thirty one thousand dollars for one month's service as Presi-' dam ! . , Here is an exhibit showing tbe amount drawn from the public treasury by J. Oj. Adams. For outfit to tbe the Hague. ' ' ', England, and Prusia, $4,- ' ; Russia and Ghent, " 18.000 Salary as Minister 12 yra. $9,-.' ww. 108,009 " 1 yr. State Senate. 100 , . 12s yr. Prof- at Cambridge 3,00f 6 y rs. U . S. Senate, 70,000' 8 yrs. Secretary U. S. " 48,000 4 yrs. President V' S. 100,000 14 yrs. Rep in Congress, 19,600' $317)0 Willis says that the name F,of Maoists tan, signifies "the place where we all got drunk together,11 and the Indians- so named the island after their first de bauch with Henry Hudson in the vear