OCR Interpretation

Democratic standard. (Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio) 1837-1850, September 26, 1843, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035312/1843-09-26/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

f oX-""""" . .
OR ONI TSi, IN AOTABCI, -' ' - ... f 3 0
Witsin th ri, . ,: . ,. 2 50
,. fgJrPaymeeti will ba considered in advance,
lfm& la within three month! oner obvinbing.
rgyVa pprwill b discontinued, (unleuat
the option of th peblisher,) until oil arrearages
tie paid. : v -.. ,-. ; a .
I square (13 tinea) three ieiertions. , f I 00
. , For ooen subtequant lmortioii, 35
. .'"- For montht, -5 0ft
44 For twelve month,. v" : 10 01)
Laagar aJtertiserneetewUl be charged in tho
ioro proportion .
A rsisomble ,. deduction oil! bo bIo on
yeaily advertiiementt. "
AU'ordera for advertising or Job-work mur
bo accompanied by the cash, except from thoae
who hare open accounts with the office.
OSes in tho aouth end of the Market Building
BaItihork, May 1,1843.
Mr; Eastman: Among my fellow pas
sengers on the Ohio river, was Col. Lem.
anousky, formerly an officer under Na.
poleon, and now a minister of the Lu
theran church. He,' however, . rei
'members the scenes of olden times, and
describes them with wonderful interest.
Of hie lectures on the character and life
of Napoleon 1 had often heard, but never
before had it been my privilege to meet
with him. ' lie is indeed a remarkable
'man; although past three score and teu
- years old, he retains the erect pasture,
the firm step, and activity of an officer of
fifty. " His skin has all the softness and
delicacy of middle life while the vigor of
his gigantic frame, the. quickness of his
eye, and the power of his voice, all indi-
'cafe that it wnild be no, difficult thing
for lii'n, did circumstances render it
. nece- siiiy, to resume, his place upon the
war-hoi s" and an lead forth his troops
to the deadly . conflict. His lectures I
have always heard represented as intense
ly -interesting. Such I cart well con
ceive they are, for besides . possessing a
memory of remarkable tenacity, and an
unusually ready utterance, he has had
means such as perhaps no other living
man has had, certainly none in this coun
try, of knowing the man and ' things of
which he speaksv His acquaintance with
Bonaparte commenced on his first enur
ing the army,' when he found himself a
private soldier under, this distinguished
man as his , captain. For twenty three
years he served with him in stations of
trust, which rendered the most intimate
relations necessary, and it was only when
Napoleon was confined on the Island of
Elba, that Got. Lemanousky retired from
the service. 1 have dwelt thus long on
the character and circumstances of thus
vetern officer, for the purpose of intro
ducing to your readers one of the- many
. narratives with which he favored us while
passing up the Ohio. And it I could Im
part to it on paper, a tithe of the inter
st it possessed as it fell from his lipa,
andbaamed fmth from his eye, 1 should
have no doubt of ita being read by every
member of the family to whom your pa-
per goes. Of one thing- I am sure, ihat
I shall be rewarded for writing it, by the
pleasure it will afford at least to ' one of
those families.. give it, as - nearly
as my memory serves me; in his own lan
guage.' . ' -
, , In the yoar 1809,' said Col. ' Lcman
ousky( 'being at Madrid, my attention
was directed to the Inquisition in the
neighborhood of that city: Napoleon had
previously issued a decree for the " sap.
pression of this institution, wherever his
victorious troops should -extend their
arms. ' I reminded Marshal Soult, then
Governor of Madrid, of this decree, who
directed me to proceed to . destroy It.
- informed him that my regiment, the Oth
. of the Polish Lancers, were insufficient
' forsuch aaervice, but that if be would
give me two additional regiments, ' I
; wonM nndertake the work.' He accor
dingly gave me the two required regi
ments, one of -which, 117, was under
""the command of Col. De Lile. who is
' now like myself a minister of the goapel.
He is pastor or one or the evangelical
'churches " of Marseilles. With these
troops I proceeded forthwith to the In
" qij!"j;ion, which wks situated about fivt
miles from the citv. The Inquisition wa
nurrourjded with a wall of great strength,
find defended with about 400 soldiers.
When we arrived at the walls, address,
ed one of the sentinels, and summoned
the holy fathers to surrender to the im
perial array, and open the galea of the
Inquisition. The sentinel who was
standing on the waft appeared to enter
Into conversation for a few moments with
some within, at the close of which he
p' r,!nd his musket and shot one of ray
is.ii. This was a sisnal of attack, and I
or'red mv troops to fire on those who
f, 'ared pn the walls.
u ?is soon obvious that it was an un
1 v nfare. The walls of the InquU
s covered with soldiers of the
- t!, era wss alio a-breastwork
i. t v,u,:i, Uhiud. wliicli they
continually, only as they part ally exaoss
ed themselves as tbey discharged ' their
muskets.- Our troops were in the open
plain, and exposed to a destiuctive fire.
We had no cannon, nor could we scale
the walls, and they successfully resisted
all attempts at forcing them . I saw that it
was necessary to change the mode of at
tack, and directed some trees to be cut
down end trimmed and brought 1 on the
Ground, to be used as battering rams.-
Two of these were taken up by detach
ments of merJ as numerous as could work
to advantage, and brought to bear upon
the walla with all the power they could
exert, regardless of the fire which was
poured upon them from the walls. Prea
ently the walls began to tremblepnd under
the well directed. and persevering appli
cation of the ram, a breach was made ,
and the imperial troops rushed into the
Inquisition. Here we met with an inci
dent which nothing but Jesuitical effron
tery is equal to. The Inquisitor Gener
al, followed by the father Confessors, in
their priestly robes, all came out of (heir
rooms as we were making our' way into
the interior of the Ioqusilion, and with
long faces and their arms -crossed over
their breasts, their fingers resting on
(heir shouldiers, as (bough they had been
deaf to all the noise of the attack and
defence, and bad but just learned what
wsa going ou : they addressed themselves
in the lansnace of rebuko to their own
soldjers, saying, Wby do you, fight eur
mends, the French r
Their intention apparently was to
make us think' that this : defence was
wholl) unauthorized by them, hoping if.
they eould produce in our miods a . belief
that they were friendly, they should have
a letter opportunity in the confusion and
plunderer the Inquisition' to" escape.
Their artifice was too shallow, and did
not succeed. - I caused them to be plac
ed under guard, and all the soldiers of the
Inquisition to be secured as prisoners.
We then proceeded to examine this prisv
on house of hell. Wa passed through
room alter room, found altars and - cru
sifixes and wax candles in abundance,
but we could discovor no evidence of in.
iquity being practiced there, nothing of
those peculiar' features which we expect
ed to find in that Inquisition. ' Here was
beauty and splendor, and tho most per
fect order on which my eyes ev6r rested.
The architecture the proportions was
perfect.' The cielingand floors of wood
scoured and highly polished. The mar.
hie floors were arraigned with a strict re
gard to-order. There- was every thing to
pleasethe eye and gratifyaculi'vated tuts;
but where were those horrid instruments
of tort ure of which we had been told, and
where those dungeons in which human
beings ' we - said be burned a-livet-
We searched in vain. The Hoi
Fathers assured us that they had been be
i u we bad seen all. -V And, ! was
prep S to give up the search- ,' cbfivinc-
t 1 i'i ih'.s oquisition was differept from
oih-'i-i of which! bavo heard V -vsnt
; Lut Col .. De Lile was not so ready as
myself to" give up the search, and said
to me -'Colonel, you are commander to
day, and as you say, so it must be.bnt if
you will be advised by me, let this mar
ble floor be examined more: ' Let some
water be brought in and poured upon
it,' and we will watch and see if there
is anj place through " which it passes
more freely lharf others .' I replied to
him. 'do as you please, Colonel, and. or.
dered water to be brought . Accordingly.
The Blabs of tnarble were large and
beautifully polished. When -the. water
had been poured over the floor, ' much to
the dissatiifaction of "the Inquisitors, a
careful" examination was made of every
seam in the floor to see if the water
passed thiough.-, Presently . Col. De
Lile exclaimed that he found it. By the
side of one of these marble slabs the
water passed through ' fast, as though
there was an opening - beneath. .All
hands now were at work for further dis
covery, i ne otneers witn tneir swords,
and the soldiers with ' their, bayonets,
seeking to clear but the seam and pry up
the slob.
Others with tne butts of their
Irets striking the slab with- all their
infill o. break it, while (he priests re-
monsiralod against oar discrating-' their
holy and beautiful house. - VV;. thus
engaged, a soldier wbo was strikmg with
toe ouu ei ma mujket, struck a spring
ana tne marble alarflew up. " Then the
facea of the Inquisitors grew. , a, and as
BeUhazzar, when lbs band appeared
writing on the wall, so did these meir of
lletiai shaKe and quake in every bone
and joint and sinew. We. looked, ha
neath the marble slab, now partly up, and
aaw a staircase. ,; I stepped to the table.
auu iuuh. inin uuo oi ine candlesticks
j . i. r r .. . 7 '
candle Jour teeHn length, which was
i .u. r M:Mk i ,
uurmug, iu i ihijjuv vxpioro WOal , was
before us. - v-.-? t' . ... ;S
As 1 was doing this 1 wag arrested by
one of the Inquisitors, who laid his band
gently on my arm, and with a - very Has
mure and holy look, said, 'My son, you
must not take that with your prafane and
bloody'hand; rt is holy.S'Well, well.
said, 'I want something that is bttly.' to
see if it will not shed light upon iniqui
ty; I will bear the responsibility.' I took
the candle and proceeded down the
stair-case.. I now discovered why the
water revealed to us the passage. " Un
der the floor was a tight ceiling except at
the trap door, which eould not be ren
dered close hence the success of Col.
De Lile's experiment. , As we reached
the foot of the stairs, we entered a large
square loom, which was called the Hall
of Judgment. In the centre of it was a
large block, and a chain fastened to it.
On this they had been accustomed to
place the accused, chained to his seat -On
one side of the room was one ele
vated seat, called the Throne of Judg
ment. This the Inquisitor General oc
cupied, and on either side were seats
less elevated, for the holy fathers when
engaged in the solemn business of the
Holy Inquisition. ' From this room we
proceeded to the right,' snd obtained ac
cess to small cells, extending tbe entire
length of the edifice; and here, what a
sight met oor eyes! How has the . be
nevolent religion of Jesus been. a.
bused and slandered by iia professed
friends. . . - ,. -, . , . t -- .
The cells were places of solitary con
finement,, where the wretched objects of
inquisitorial hate were confined year af
ter year, till death released them of their
sufferings, and there t heir bodies were
suffered t0J3main until they were, en
tirely decayed, and the rooms had be
come fit for otbera to occupy. ' To pre
vent this practice being offensive to tboso
whV occupied the Inquisition, there were
flues or tubes extending to the open air
sufficiently capacious to carry off the
odour from those decaying boJies. In
these cells we round the remains of some
who had paid the debt of nature; some
of ihem had been dead apparently but a
abort time, while of others . nothing re
maioedbut their bones, still chained to
the floors of their dungeon. In others we
found the living sufferer of every age and
of both sexes, from the young man and
maiden to those of three score and ten
years, all as naked as when .they we.e
born into the world. Our soldiers" im
mediately applied themselves with great
alacrity to releasing these captives of
their chains; stripped themselves in part
of their own clothing to cover these
wretched beincs. and were exceedinclv
anxious to bring them, up to the light of
day. But aware of their danger, I insist
ed en their' wants being supplied, and be.
ing brought gradually to tba light, as
tbey eould bear it. ... . ... , A
Wben we had explored these cells and
opened the prison doors of those who yet
survived, we proceeded to explore anoth
er room upon the leu. , Here we found
the instruments of torture, of every kind
hicn the ingenuity ot men or devils
could invent. Al the sight of them the
furvof our soldiers refused anv- toncer
to be restrained, They .' declared that
every inqusitor, monk and soldier "ofnlie
establishment deserve to be put to the
torture. We did. not attempt any longer
to restrain tbem. ' Tbey commenced at
once the work of torture with the Holy
Fathers; 1 remained till ! saw four dif
ferent kinds of torture applied, and then
retired from the awful scene, which ter
minated net while one Individual remain
ed of the former guilty inmates of this
anti-chamber df hell, on whom they could
wreak revenge. As soon is tne poor
sufferers from the cells of the Inquisition
could with safety bo brought out of (he
prison to the light of day, (news having
been spread far and '' near that " numbers
had beeu rescued from .the inquisition,)
all who had been- deprived of (friends by
the holy officers, came to inquire if theirs
waramong the number. '
Oh, what a meeting was there ! About
a hundred, who ' had bean buried alive
for many years1 were : now. restored . to
the active, world, and many of tbem found
here a son and there a daughter, here a
sister and there a brother, and some,alas!
could recognize no friends.' "The scene
was such as no tongue can. describe.-
When, this work of recognition was over,
to complete tbe business in which I was
engaged, I went to Madrid and obtained
a large quantity of gunpowder, which we
placed underneath the edifice, and in its
vaults, and as we applied the slow match
there was a joyful sight to thousands of
admiring eyes.- Oh! it would have done
your heart good to see it; the walls and
massive turrents ' of thai proud edi
fice, were raised towards the heavens;
and the Inquisition pf Madrid ; was no
fcVThe New York Sun says: "If
some common salt be put into the water
when washing cabbages or greens, prepa
ratory to cooking them, the inaiU slugs,
worms, ous. will . come out and sink to
tbe bottom, . so that they need not be
boiled with the vegel&bles It is impos
sible to wash them out, except the cab
bages be taken to pieces, and people
generally like to have this vegetable aer
ved up whole,". f: .
-.i From thePituburgul'ost.
H. M. Backenbridge having, in some
ot bis recent letters, made an uncalled
far attack on Gen Jackson, a gentleman
of (uisicity called theold heroe'a attention
to tbo slanders of tbe candidate .Tbe Gen
eral promptly responded, and his letter,
which we publish below, places 11 M
Brackenridce in the light which he bas
long been viewed by every mn who de
tests the character ol a batrayir of pri
vate confidence. ' -GEN.
Hcbxitaab, Augest 22d, 1843.
Sir: Your Setter of the 11th inst. has
been received, and its contents duly con
sidered. Although ! am much debilita
ted, and write with much difficulty, I
fnet bound by the respectful terms in
which your communication is couched,
not to withofd tbe statement it 'requests,
respecting my acquaintance Willi
Mr. H. M. Brackenridge. and mv con
duct in regard to him. - '
From the following facts you may well
suppose that I place a low estimate up
on the character of that gentleman, and
I am sure tbe good citizens of Pennsyl
vania, when made acquainted wuii them,
ill think I do him no injustice. -In
the vear 1821, on mv way to Pen-
sacola as Commissioner of the United
S'ates, to receive Florida from Spain, at
New Orleans I was introduced to Mr.1
Backenridge. He was there without
pecuniary means, and in distress and
made known to me" his wish to go toFlori
da, .Supposing from his education and
general character thai he might bo made
useful, and being always willing to aid the
distressed, I took him into my family and
traated him as one of its members until
I received the country from the author
ized agents of Spain.' In organizing the
Government thus received, I appointed
Mr. Brackenridge ' Alcade (Justice of
the reace) for r ensacola, and Interpreter
and Translator of the Spanish language,
and keeper of the Archives transferred
under the Treat with that Government,
In the memorable trial of Gov.Jallava for
the attempt to secrete and carry away the
important papers of Videl, upon which
rested their whole etate, willed to tbem
by their father the former Governor of
by virtue of his office, the swornlnterpre
ter.Soon after the transaction, having ful
ly organized the , Government , I left tbe
Territory of Florida for my borne in Ten
nessee, parting with Mr. B. in the most
friendly manner, and having full faith
that he would properly the duties of the
important and luciative office I had con
ferred upon him.
Soon after my election to the Presi
dency Mr. Brakenbridge having, in the
meantime, become Judge of West FlorN
da, it became my duty to notice various
remonstrances against his cond ucf. '" To
wards the expiration of the four ' years
which he was appointed, objections to
his continuance in office became still
more frequent and serious." Cne of the
charges which I now recollect, was, that
in th? middle of an important' Jury
cau se, be left the bench without his hat
the Jury in the box, and the Lawyers in
the bar, and forgot to return to adjourn
the Court .' Being convinced from the
weight and character of such complaints
that he ought not to be continued in
this office, at the expiration of his term
he was not nominated . again. He was
not removed, as he ought to have been,
but "for my unwillingness lo wound his
feelings. All my action on the subject
consisted in a refusal to. re-nominate
hint, because he was evidently unaccep
table to the citizens of Florida, . on ac
count ofomisaion of duty, which, as Pres
ident of tbe United States I waa bound to
notice. yt.j . ,- . . "-.
Yet," notwithstanding all my kindness
and forbearance to him, be came out with
pamphlet a gainst me, filled with tbe
cosrest abuse of my character and tbe
most gross falsehoods. As kn evidence
of the temper under which he wroto that
pamphlet, it is enough to relet to the
fact, that in the case of . Calls va, he ad
mits be interpreted falsely, alledging for
the pretext of his basenes, his fear that
if he had interpreted truly, a fracas might
have arisen between iiallava and. my
self. Recollect that be was the Sworn
I iterpretor mat i was presiding as
Judge, and thai Callava was arraigned
before me for purloining and see e
ling important public papers papers
that effected the interests, oi ibe
Widow and the Orphan and he is base
enongh to say in such a Case that be vie
lated bis oatn, in order that be might
have a pretext to assail me. -
' After such a proof of recklessness and
follv. it is impossible for me to pay the
slighest respect to any statement emana
tins from Mr. Brackenridge, and am
confident that the good people of Peon
sylvania will judge correctly of tbe mo
tives wnicn iea mm teassaii me.
I am, very respectfully, '
.Yours, &c - .
FUL. What i the object of democracy! What
does it propose to the people t The ob
ject of democracy is tbe maintenance of
human rights; and It proposes tbe eleva
tion, cultivation, expulsion and freedom
of tho human mind. It further propose,
that this ennobling of humanity shall ex
lend throughout the ramifications of soci
ety, in every situation and on everv ob
ject, civil and religious, as well as polit.
ical. It, in short, proposes tbe emanci
pation of the human mind from all the
bonds with which it bas been shackled.
and its elevation to that high state for
which it was created.
Call us then levelers, if vou will, for
we declare uncompromising hostility to
everything that has for its object or its
erToct tbe depression of man. But ob
serve, our leveling system rather seeks
to draw sunken humanity up to a high
standard, than to depress the facilities of
any. Wealth is not the great object for
which man must live; neither does its
accidental possession place its possessor
above his fellows in tbe great elements
of humanity. We, therefore, oppose al
lowing it an undue influence, or permit
ting it lo crush, overwhelm, swallow up
and destroy or to tyranize oer, tbe less
favored and fortunate.
Democracy must and will triumph. The
world will one day own its sway. And
it is only surprising that at this day it bas
not ptogressed further, and is not of ten
er victorious, ts exertions are in favor
of the people; its principles ate to be
carried out by the people; and its advan
tages to fall on the people. It appeals
lo man to make himself happy!
. These are high ends we occupy high
grounds, and aim at great results. But
tbey are not in opposition to tbe intentions
of Providence. All men, however hum
ble, poor.and wretched.yet possess souls.
spirits, sensibilizes, bopes, fesrs, pas
sions, aspirations and intelligence like
ourselves, and the tyranny that would
prevent the exercise of these faculties is
what we oppose. ,,,ti
How much wretchedness, squalor, dis
tress and suffering do we find amnag
mankind How many persons are there
whose labor scarce suffices to procure tbe
necessaries of life, and these of tbe coar
sest and most meagre sort! How many
of our citizens are trammeled in mind and
forbidden to think for themselves, but
obliged to submit to the dogmas of a
tyranical master or employer, in order to
secure continuance of even the meagre
lare they new possess!
Legislation is too frequently directed
towards the property holders the. poor
are allowed to take care of themselves;
but legislation should be extended to all
alike. As the poor are weak and pow
erless, they require a careful and foster.
ing hand. Labor does no one any injury,
so that he is well clothed; but tAese
should be secured to him, without be
ing subject to tne caprice ot any
one. - ' :
Our cry is, dowo with oppression in ev
ery shape. Let tbe mind be free to act.-
We will give no support to monopolies,
privileged institutions, or particular in
terests. Favor, support, sustain, en
courage and protect all alike. Level the
whole human race-but level them to an
elevated point. The State can do this
chiefly. Let our legislature have this
tendency.. ,
I. to secure a comfortably existence
to the poorest individuals
2. To promote fhe interest of all class
es, without injuring any.
8. To unite the interests of the Gov
ernment and p ople.
4. To prevent the concr a ration of
great wealth, either" by corporations or
5. To diminish the burthens of tbe
6. Tobenefil all branches of trade and
labor equallf- to build up no one at the
expense oi me rest.
These are the principles of Democracy
Tbey promise much; and if carried out,
will assuredly better man's condition.
There is a higher state of felicity for man
on earth, and we seek to secure it.
' .' Lafayette Adv.
.v From the Vermont Age.
So sav the whig leaders now, just as
the people are about to seal a verdict of
condemnation against them for a VIOLA
TION of their plighted faith in 1840.
But the people well remember, that a-
raong theusandi of others.
in bis celebrated Virgina speech in 1840
that so, soon as it was known that there
would be a whig administration, .'
-CONFIDENCE would immediate
ly revive!
OJrCREDtT be restored!
-Oar ACTIVE BUSINESS will return
and KNO'.V that instead of their servant
being occupied in devising measures for
their ruin and destruction, tbey will be
assiduously employed in promoting their
This is the sum and substance of every
whig speech made fn 1840.
The whig 'did succeed, honestly or
dishonestly, in nearly every State, and
Let HENRY CLAY himself snswer.
After the whigs had been in power near
TWO YEARS, be retires from the place
where tbe promises were to be made good
and says:
"I retire from you, Mr. President,
MENT!" And soen after, in his famous "Virgin
Heifer" speech in Kentucky, be gave
the following true picture of the uPesti
lenee and Famine" which tbe country
bad suffered under the reign of wbig
gery sod bis dictatorship, up to that
"What is our condition! It is one of '
unexampled diatress and embarrassment,
as universal as it is intense, prevading
the whole community; property every
where falling in value; agricultural pro- -duce
of every description al the most re
duced prices; money unsound, at tbe
same lime scarce, and becoming more
scarce, by operations of doubtful and un-
certain issue, to increase its unsoundness,
all the departmenis of business inactive
and stagnant, exchanges extravagantly
high, and consequently fluctuating; cred
it, public and private, at the lowest ebb,
and confidence lost, and a feeling of
general discouragement and depress
ion." And so we continued on the Road lo
Ruin, up to thr time of what they call
Treason of John Tyler. He saw the
country was rushing to destruction with
the speed of a hurricane, under the in'
fluence of Clay Wbiggery and "he came
out from among the foul oartv" Since
that, things have been a litlle more dem
ocratic, and of course a lit tie better.
The question now to be settled is.ab.all
we still be cursed with Clavism and Conn
Skin Whigeery, or shall we go for DE
ALL HANDS? If we go for the latter,
we must
From the Lorain Republican.
0-Our whig friends are making auile
a racket about the amount or salary which
m ar - wr n . -J
iuanin van Jiuren baa received for ser
yices since the people first intrusted bim
with office. It is not pretended that his
salary bas been too high, or that he has
obtained money wrongfully from the peo
ple, jjui me aggregate amount which
he has received for a long life of public
service is put together tor tbe purpose of
uecomng tnoae not conversant with such
matters- They argue as if the 40 years
of his life, devoted to the service of tbe
people, was nothing at all, and that he
must look to tbe bare amount of salary
which he has received as a criterion from
which to judge of his claims upon the
party. Tbit view of the subject is pscu-
liar to the whig party. They cannot con
ceive that any roan should be actuated by
higher motives than sordid gain as if tbe
patriotism and statesmanship of such men
as Washington, Jefferson and Van Buren
were to ba weighed with gold! Such ar
guments may be very weighty with
tbe whigs, b-t uo democrat wifl ' regard
Even at their own game however, (hey
are foiled. They live io glass' houses,
and their missiles break their own win
dows. Henry Clay, tbe whig slaveholder
candidate for (be Presidency, has already ..
received about one third more salary than'
Van Buren; and J. Q. Adams more than'
twice as much! while Harrison and bis
heirs received over thirty one thousand
dollars for one month's service as Presi-'
dam ! . ,
Here is an exhibit showing tbe amount
drawn from the public treasury by J. Oj.
For outfit to tbe the Hague. ' ' ',
England, and Prusia, $4,- ' ;
Russia and Ghent, " 18.000
Salary as Minister 12 yra. $9,-.'
ww. 108,009
" 1 yr. State Senate. 100
. 12s yr. Prof- at Cambridge 3,00f
6 y rs. U . S. Senate, 70,000'
8 yrs. Secretary U. S. " 48,000
4 yrs. President V' S. 100,000
14 yrs. Rep in Congress, 19,600'
Willis says that the name F,of Maoists
tan, signifies "the place where we all got
drunk together,11 and the Indians- so
named the island after their first de
bauch with Henry Hudson in the vear

xml | txt