Newspaper Page Text
CARROLL FREE PRESS. I v - VOL. II REPORT On the Sandy and Beaver Canal, by H. Uill, Engineer. To the President and Directors of the Sandy and Beaver Canal Company: Gentlemen- In compliance with vour re quest, I have the honor to luy before you the following Report of the present stale of the work under my direction; During the past summer the wholeline has been minutely traced, with a view to a permanent location by this survey the the total extent of canal has been dimin ished three miles; or the distance from the Ohio River, at the mouth of Little Beaver creek, to the western termination at the Ohio Canal, by the recent cxami nation and location will not exceed 734 miles. The eastern t'ivisiou of the canal, extending from the Ohio River to a point two miles west of New Lisbon, embraces a distance of about 27 miles, of which 17 miles are 'slack water for this descrip tion of improvement, the stream is exceed mgly well adapted; the valley being nar row, and the banks bold and prominent, affording numerous and eligible sites for the locks and dams, and an abundance of good materials for their formation. The summit or middle division is about Hi miles in extent; and the western di vision, terminating at the Ohio Canal, about 3i miles. The latter division ex tends through a country affording the greatest facilities for constructing a cheap and permanent improvement. The valley of the creek is broad, urid has near ly a uniform declivity. from its source to its confluence with the Tuscarawas. On the Eastern division (he lockage is 4(51 feet and on tho western 205, constituting in all 0(51) feet. In locating the western division, the level has been kept up Irom William's Mill Dam to debouch intothe Ohio Canal at the flourishing town of llulivar, by which arrangement an excellent .vater power is secured to the Company, afford ing a head and lull of 26 feet: the owners of the property at the site selected for u sing the water have liberally ceded to the Company 10 acres ol very valuable laud for that purpose. Sandy creek, at that. point, will yield a sufficiency of wat er independent of the requisite supply for the canal, at all limes to work twenty, and for eight months in the year fifty pair of mil stones. This power may reason ably be estimated as worth $6,000 per unniitr,, Maay other valuuole sites for hydraulic purposes have been created or ' purchased along the route, which in con junction with the one above mentioned, will probably afford the Compuny a reve oue of $7,000 per year. On tho eastern division of the lino 40 sections or 24i miles of the canal, 13 dams and 46 locks aro now under con tract; on the middle division, 21 sections or 11 miles, including the tunnels and reservoir mounds on the west fork of Little Braver creek and Cold Run; and on the western division 28 1 ,trons or 14 miles 11 locks one dam, and the aque duct ovor the Tuscarawas river, constitu ting in all 481 miles of Canal, 14 d ims, 57 locks, one aqueduct and two reser voir mounds, now under contract. The work has been prosecuted in most cases with energy, and is now in a great er state of I irwarduess than could mason Hbly have been anticipated, considering that the season was f ir advanced vhen it , was commenced. About 31 sections or 17 miles of canal are now completed and likewise the mason work of two locks & 144,000 cubic yards of excavaiion remov ed from the summit deep cuts: dam No 2 on the western division will probably be completed next week. The foundation of five other locks and two dam are laid, and 1,500 perches cf wall built, and if large quantity of stones, nnd other mate . rials fur the consiruciion of locks nnd dams, are prepared and on the ground, and 1 have no doubt al! the work now un lor contra-'! excepting the tunnels and MHdiw ';'!!! ' ftUjWW ill 'he approach ing year. The work placed under contract is in most instances in the hands cf responsi ble ami efficient men, and h is been la ken on terms ciCixJingly favorable to the company. There is at the present period on the line a force equivalent to 2,100 men; the cost t)f the locks which are built in the most durable manner of cut sand stone, will DAI exceed $700 per foot lift, being about 30 ait cert below ihe ordinary cost elsewhere; tho cost of ihe dams, which are in most instances 14 feet high, will average about 23 dollars per foot linear across the stream, and the canal exclu- , give of locks and dams, generally Irom $3,000 to $5,000 per mile. A contract has been entered into for furnishing the remainder of the hydraulic cement: it is found in abundance coutig nous to the line; the quality is equal to any I have seen, aud the cost extremely moderate. The contract (or excavating the tunnel approaches, has been taken by energetic and persevering contractors on reasona ble terms, the former not exceeding the estimates this work it to be completed iy May 1837. As muph has been sta led in relation to the adequacy of the sup p) of water on the summit, it may be 1 proper to remsrk. that during the past season I commenced. and have continued mm of rotaulO eatubatioM of the most prominent streams relied on fur a supply. Those examination have thus lar fully corroborated tho truth of the statements and calculations embraced in the report made you last autumn by Mr Hage and myself. I feel fully satisfied that with the aid of the reservoirs that can be constructed on the summit at a moderate cost compaied with their utili ty, a much larger quantity of water may he introduced into ihe summit and its de pendent levels, than will be requisite for the transit of the immer se trade that is destined to seek a market through its channel. The reservoirs now under contract will contain as follows: West fork reser voir 130,000.000 ot cubic feet, are i 350 acres; Cold Run Reservoir 88,000,000 of cubic feet, area 250 acres; in addition to which it is proposed to elevate the banks of the canal so us to obtain one toot in depth of avail water, and flood several pieces of low ground on its northern or upper side amounting in all to about 150 acres, which when full will lurnish about 6,500,000 af cubic feet, making in, the aggregate from these sources alone an available supply of 224,500,000 cubic feet ol water, a demand on which may be requisite in a dry serson for a period of 100 d ays. By calculation it will be per ceived these reservoirs will afford for thut period 2,245,000 cubic (eet o( water per day, equivalent to a discharge of 1550 cubic feet per minute: if to this sum is ad ded the minimum natural flow of water on the summit as reported to you last autumn, (558 cubic feet per minute.) it wil! be observed that the flow of availa ble water in a dry period will amount to 21 17 cubic feet perminute, orsuflicient alter deducting all that the nature of the soil and climate will require for leakage, hliratmn and evaporation, lor the pas sage of 185 boats per day. The West Fork ar:d Cold Run reser voirs are about one mile apart: when All ed, the surface of the water in each will occupy the same plane, or be elevated to ihe same height : it is designed to have a feeder extending from oue to the other, so that the suiplus water in one can be ad muted into the other, if required. A large waste weir is to be constructed on this feeder for the purpose of discharging ihe waste water when both reservoirs are full. This water when thus discharged, is conducted into the reservoir on the summit level. The two first mentioned r-'ervoirs will receive the drainage of i square miles of country ; the summit, the drainage of 60 square mdes. The u sual depth of rain that falls in this sec lion of country can, 1 am informed, with safety be premised at 30 inches per an num, or equal to a column of that height being 83,635,000 eueic feet on a square mile, and on 24 square miles 2, 107 ,244,- 800 cubic feet annually. Irom expert metits mudo on a large scale elsewhere for practical purposes, it has been ascer tained conclusively, thi',1 75 per cent, of the rain that falls can be laid up in reser voirs. From this data it will be observ ed, lhat (he three reservoirs above allu ded to may be filled seven times per year This exhibit will probably satisfy the most sceptical as to the adequacy ol the supply ol water. As to the immensity of the trade that will wend its way through the Sandy and Beaver canal to an eastern market 1 be lieve there has never been surmised a doubt; a glance at the map will prove conclusively that a very large portion of the produce of Michigan, Illinois, Indiana Kentucky and Ohio; which aro rapidly increasing in population and wealth, must bo wafied through it. Thebusi moss of that section of country is now to a great extent accommodated by the New York impiovements, but the completion of the Sandy and Beaver canal will se cure to it n safer trr isit to nnd from the seaboard, much shorter, and navigable six weeks earlier in the spring and three later in the fall than tho one now traver sed, being sufficient inducements to so cure it. What the extent of that trade yvill be lime alone on,n develope. On the Erie and Champlain canals, a very large portion of the business done on the first of which is derived from the country a bove mentioned, there have been roceiy ed in tolls in 1829 $759,055, 1830 gl, 032.470, 1831 $1,194,610, 1832 $1, 196,008, 1833 $1,324,421, 1834 $1,292, 955; ami there is no doubt that the busi ness of this year will very greatly exceed the last. On the Ohio canal there was collected in 1832 $82,867. 1833 $130, 920, 1834 $151,287, and the amount of tolls received Ihe present year at some of the collectors offices exhibits an increase of forty-five per cent over the last, When the canal or rail road authorized by enact from the legislature of this State at their last session, to be constructed from the western termination of the San dy and Beaver canal to the Miami canal near the mouth of the Auglaise river shall have been completed, it must add immense revenue to vour work, a it, in connexion with the Wabash and Erie ca nal through Indiana, and the contempla ted rail road through Illinois to the Mis sissippi river will constitute a continuous chain of internal improvement, extend ing westerly Irom the Sandy and Boaver cana! 500 miles, and from Philadelphia 1000 into the rich and fertile regions of the west The following svnoposis of the distance the trade of the country situated west At south west of the Sandv and Bovr ca CARROLLTON, FRIDAY, nal would have to travel from (he western termination of that work, in order to reach a market by the various routes now atiorueu it, or about to be, will fully justi fy the conclusion that it must seek a oaa sage through it; Distance by the Ohio Canal, Lalee Erie iveir xow i anal ana Hudson Hater to New York. From the Sandy and Beaver canal to sit i , vyieveiano, su mifes. From Cleveland to Buffalo. 200 From Buffalo to Now Yotk, 515 " Total 795 44 Distance ly the Ohio and Mahtning Ca nals ana rennsyieama Lanal and Had Road to Philadelphia. From Bolivar to Akron, 42 miles From Akron to Beaver'own. 114 " From Beavertown to Puts burgh, 28 " From Pittsburgh to Philadal- phia, 394 " Total, 578 Distance by the Sandy and Beaver Canal and Pennsylvania improvements to Phil adelphia. From Bolivar to Beavertown, 87 miles. From Beovertown to Pitta burgh, 28 " From Pittsburgh to Philadel phia, 394 " Total, 509i From Ihe rapid increase iu business on the New York and Ohio Canals it is to be presumed (bat when the Sandy and Beav er canal shall have been finished, the tolls on the Ohio canal will at least a mount to $400000 per annum; aud from the foregoing facts and statements it is to be inferred, that two thirds of that trade will pass through the Sandy and Beaver canal, which would ueat the holders of stock in that work, at the rate charged on the Ohio canal, an income ofut least $60, 000 the first season, If to this sum is added ttie amount '.hat may beantici pated from the liberal grant contained in tho amended charter, t which cannot fall short uf$150,000, the company will re ceive, in the first year af'er the work is finished, $210,000 iu tolls independent of (he large business Mat may bo expect ed from the country west and north west of the termination of their work presen ling the novel result of a canal yielding seventeen per cent, on its entire coal the first year after its completion. All which is respectfully submitted. E. H. GILL, Chief Engineer. Sandy an I Bcate Canal Co. New Liaoou, O. Nuv. 11, 1835. This estimate may set m large, but it must be kept in mind that the Sandy and Beaver canal will constitute a connecting link between two large and important works, (the Ohio canal and Pennsylvania improvements) now completed; conse quently it has not, like other canals, to wail (he growth of business. t The amended charier secures to the Sandy and Boaver canal company all the tolls collected on the Ohio can tl from boats that have pasted through ihe San dy and Beaver canal for seven yeaisuf ter its completion. From the Puighkeepnie Eagle. THE SLANG KLIP. In the good old times when Derick Vandeburgh, a Dutch burgher, arriv ed from Holland; and landed with his sturdy family at the Apukeepsing, his togeiher with one or two friendly families, were the sole residents and owners of the new populous town then a wild wood, save a fevv acres which were gradually cloned, and some small spots of low land or swales where the provender was obtained for the cattle to preserve them during the long aud inclement winter. Derick, by tradi tion, was the very picture of the geni us of his nation, he was short and thick, with a short neck, and a large round head, covered from view, till sleeping, with his hat, in the band of which was twisted the stem of one pipe, while in his mouth rested the tube of another, which after due per f'omance, was exchanged for the first and assumed its place in the said hat band until called for. The pipe that was filled and lighted before Derick was dressed (for this was the first thine after rising) was not laid aside but for the meals, for the remainder of the day. It was the common prac tice of many families to procure a couch, which was used to call the men to meals, but in Derick's this had been a useless appendage for at least three centuries, and although they' retained one which had descended is an heir loom to the family, yet it was elevated on a pole some twenty feet high be fore the door, in which a little twit tering wren had reared her annual progeny fur several years. The place where Derick was at work could never be mistaken! for whether it was in clearing or in forest there rose above the grass, or the trees ss the case might be, the graceful curl which ever floated like a pearly cloud over the head of Derick. He was tracked by the smoke of his pipe.' JANUARY 1, 1836, But this is neither here nor there to Ihe sfory Derick's wife, Katreenche wss a stout and substantial house-wife. Instead of wasting her lime in trilling the piano and mincing along like a Turk's wife, veiled from the sun, she rose with the lark, rolled-her sleeves to her elbows, did un her work by three o'clock, and was then ready to take one ol the younger boys snd start to the woods, or river shore, fur black berries, &i. It go happened one beauti ful afternoon when these fruits were in season, tint after putting every thing in order, Ktreenche called her son Hans lo pilch the basket and follow to the wood, to see what they could find. Afier wandering for some time and not meeting with the success they expected, they came in sight of the river. They had been following down a ravine which ran south east to th river, and now turned an angle to the left and gained higher ground in an open spsce, where a full sight of the Hudson burs-, at once upon them. There was not a clould in the sky, nor s breath of air to ruffls the sleep ing waves of the lordly river. There it lay, a Smooth emeisld mirror throw ing back on the eye the dazzling re flection of the burning sun, which yet stood high in the wes'ern heaven. Rude and unpollished as they were, both mother and son wars charmed with the sigh'. Every thing around was in repose; and they lingered long to gazj on the beauty of all be fore them. They insensibly gained a rock on tho immediate shore now, the insect began lo stretch its tiny It transparent wing in the silver light and now, the declining sun began to pencil a back ground of gold and ver million, to relieve to tops of the forest on the western shore. "Oh! mom!" shrieked Hans, in an agony of affright, for the shriek cme startling upon her esr, 'i am kilt! I am kill!" She turn-id and saw one limb of her child in the folds of a huge black snake he hsd trodden upon it and it coiled itself around his limb like the strands of a cable. The boy re tained his foot upon iis head, though without shot s; but Ihe serpent Was now wound so tightly around his limb thai the ex'ricauou of its head was mo meotarily lo b? apprehendsd. 'Y mr knife, Hans," said the moiher-lhe boy pointed to his pocket, for (he tug was neivy with the serpent, and could not procure It. Qiickr than thought, the mother plunged ihe knife through ihe folds of Ihe reptile; and it fellseve red and bleeding lo the ground. Now we are safe, she exclaimed, relieved from her apprehensions for the mo ment. "Safe" shouted Hans, look ye dare, mom, and ha pointed his finger to a rock not many yards before them and there in one shining, black, and living mass, crept, curled and hist'd a thousand like reptiles, their scaly folds glistening in the sun; they cov ered ihe face of Ihe rock they hung knotted in folds amid the surround ing shrubbery ihey twineJ in the bushesihey rattled ihe loose stone. tir first impu'se was to fly, but ? t hey were surrojodea by a liv mas, glancing their bright eyes in the sun, and darling out their fork ed snd fiery tongues. A modern lady wojld have fainted, but not so with the mother of Hans. They maintain ed a point of a rock, rather apart from the repnle, and they stood their ground They were not, however, doomed to a lung imprisonment; with ihe setting sun the snakes disappeared whistling and drawing Iheir long folds into the clefts of the rocks. They were about to depart from so uninvi ting a neighbourhood when their at lention was arrested by the sound of oars, and as they looked through the twilight, they discovered a steady red light, moving from the west, im mediately across tho wsters towards them. On it came quick, quick, quicker 'till it literally shot over the unruffled face of the river, it approach ed the shore and paused and then by lhat red and glaring light they saw a boat, dark yet transparent, for the waves shone through it, and there sat in its stern a dark figure, and It mov ed no:; but over it fell the red snd sickly glare of the unesrthly light , and they saw a body and arms, but it was without a head, and while they gazed the light flared high snd fierce, the figure raised irom between its knees, a head, snd us fingers were in us mat ted locks; a livid paleness was on (he bloody cheek, the mouth was foam ing with contortions, and the eyes gland like balls of fire, and protruded from their sockets, and there rose from its blanched lips on the evening air, howl, long, loud, and appalling, and the whole vanished in a flash of fire. Hans' hair shot up so quickly, (hat his cap was thrown some ten feet in tho air, and was never seen more, and they sprang from the rock for their dwelling to which thev ran, Hans crying, "Mom; I am kilt! 1 am kilt!" That rock which witnessed the ad venture of ihe snakes snd the demon, wss then called the Slasge Km in plain English Snake Rock. ARKANSAS. The opinion of the At lorney General in the case of Arkansas, i published in the National Intelligencer of December 7. The subjoined extract is all that we have room for, it contams the conclusion of the Attorney General on the question submitted for his considers tion and it will be perceived it bears with equal force upon Michigan : Genius of Liberty, 'No law has yet been pas.ed by Con Kress which, cither exprtss-jdly ar impli edly, give the people of Arkansas the au thority to lorm a statu Government. For the reasons above stated, I am, therefore, of opinion that tbe inhabitants of that Ter ritory have not at present, and that Ibey cannot acquire, otherwise tban by an act of Congress, the right to form such a G jv ern maul. But I am not prepared to say that all the proceedings on this subject, on tbe part of the citizens of Arkansas, will be illegal. They undoubtedly possess the ordinary privileges and immunities of cilisena of the United Slates. Among these is the right of ihe people "peacea bly to assemble and petition theUoverr. ment for the redress of grievances." In the exercise of this right, the inhabitants of Arkansas may peaceably meet logeih er iu primary assemblies, for the purpose of p tiM'umig Congress to abrogate the Territorial Government, and to admit them mio the Union as an independant State, The particular form wfaicii ihey may give to their petition cannot be ma tenal so long as they confine themselves to the mere right of petitioning, and coo duct all their proceedings in a peaceable manner. And as (he power of Congiess over the whole subject is plenary & in limited ihey may accept any constitution however franvd, which in loeii judgment meets the sense of the people to Ois aff c ld by it. If, therefore, the ci'ilansof Arkansas think proper to accompany iheir petition by a written coustituion formed snd agreed on by their primir assemblies, or by a Convention ofdAe- gates chosen by such assemblies, 1 per ceive un legal objection to ihe'r power lo do so, nor to any measures which n be taken to collect the sense of Ihe peo ple jo respect to it ; provided, always thai such measures tie commenced and prose cuted in a peaceable manner, in stru t subordination to the exisiing territorial Government, and in entire subserviency to the power of Congress to adopt, reject or disregard them, at pleasure. It is, however, very obvious lhat all measures commenced and proseculeu with a design to subvert the Territorial Government, and to establish and put in force, in its pi ice, a new Government, without the consent of Congress will be unlawful. The laws establishing the Ter ritorial Government must continue in force until abiogaied by Congress, and, in:he rneantime.it will be the duty of ihe Governor, and all tho other territorial officers, as well as ol the President, to take care that they are faithfully execu ted" Jin Honorable Pledge During the consular sway of Napoleon, in France, snd when the conspirations were in full force, there lived in one of the provinces of thi souths very aged man, who eiercised the profession of a tailor, and had twelve sons, sll of whom served in the srmies of Napo leon. They hsving one day obtsined leave of absence from their regiments made use of ihe opportunity to go and visit their g"d parent, but on their arrival were shocked to find that he wss so reduced in cireumslsnces as to be in want of food. Nobresd!' Exclaimed one of them 'ihe man who has given twelve conscripta to his country! we must procure him suste nance yet how? We are ourselves destitute.' 'Is there no pawnbroker in the neighborhood?' exclsimed the youngest, who placed great confidence in ihe compsssion of human beings as well as reliance of his Creator. Pawnbroker! what good would that do? we have nothing to pledge?' You shall see brother. Our father is known to be sn honest citizen, who has exer cised his Irsde Ion enough, snd be ing destitute of bread, that is sufficient proof of his integrity. We alsa have ell served during several years, and no one can east the slightest imputa tion on our honor. Let us pswn this 'honor' certainly there will be some who will willingly lend us fifty louis on such a pledge!' This idea wss im mediately spproved of; and the twelve brothers wrote and signed on the spot life following billet Twelve Frenchmen (sonsofatai lor. who at the age of near 90 years, is fallen into the deepest poverty,) all zealous in the service of their country requests from the pawnbroking estab lishment the loan of 50 louis d'ors, to assist an unfortunate father. As secu NO- 16.-WHOLK NO. C. rity for the payment we plfdg our 'honor,' snd promise to repsy the (aid sum within Ihe spsce of one year.' The billet wss brought to the mon ey office where tbe benevolent direc tors immediately counted out the 69 louis asked for, snd tore the obliga tion in pieces. Fledging themselves st the same lime to provide for tbe old man so loog as he lived, From the New England Galaxy. FIRE SIDE SKETCHES. I sy tell me, Sarah, isn't it the general opinion sbrosd, you have not an opportunity of knowing, and her he tipped the wink to Sarah: that my wife there: his wife was selling a lit tle behind him, so that she could not see his face, noi he her: sod I insist on your telling the tru'h: I want her to be satisfied:, another wink, unper ceived by the wife: is it, or is it not thegenersl opinion: with imperturba ble solemnly: lhat I am under petti coat government. Sarah brgao to smile: but continued silent, That is, now do be plain with her: that the gray mare is the belter horse The smile became a smothered laugh. Or, at any rate: if you would'ntlike to hurt her feelings: that she manages her poor dear husband mast glorious ly? The smothered Isuh could be smoihmd no longer. Out it burst ae companit d by an hysterical yes! snd a most affirmative nod, hear.ier by far than the poor dsar man expected or wished. 1 felt rather pnzz'ed fora moment; but on seeing a look of intelligence ptss between the wif and Sarah, I understood it all. Tf e husband snd wife had both been winking to the witness, and both at the same lim. What a seme for ihe s'sge. How like thst can which happened to S l ly the elder, who was employed at the same time in painting the portraits of the husband and w.lV, each un kwn to the olstr and each for a birth day preseat to the other. From the OM i Fairaer TUB HOUSE. Mr, Mmubx There are few. ifanv animal" which deserve our care and ai tention o much as ihe noble and usotul HOUSE ) el there i- none so subject to abuse and neglect. Perhaps iheir naurd and uses naturally Subjvct '.hem to much of this, but much 1 kuow depends upt n the owner. As the following receipts may b of some service to thosa who wish tn treat these poor and paiieut animals with hu manity, as weli as preserve them fit tor . roper usage, I send them lo you for pub lication in the 1 .inner. To cure a sore back. Diswlve half a pint of bluevitrol in a pint of water, and apply it in the injured parts four or fivo limes a day. For blows, bruise or sprain. Tako of spirits of wine eight ounce ; dissolve one ounce of camphor first in thespima of wine, ihenaddone ounce of oUoftSK pentine, one ounce of spirit of salt ammo niac; oil of origanum, halt an ounce, and 1 large table spoonful of liquid laudanum. It must be well rubbed in with the hand for a full quarter of an hour, every tuna it is used, which must be four times each day. Its efficacy is nstonishi ng, - Every family should bo provided with a bottle of this medicine, as it is equally good for all kinds of flesh not excepting human. Staggers.-- Do not let your horse stand too long without exercise, it fills his belly too full of meat, and his veins too full of blood. From hence the naggers and ma ny other distempers. Cure. Tbe cure is lo bleed and purge. To ttop violent purging. If upon purg ing a horse it works too long or too strong give him an ounce of Venice treacle in a piat of warm ale, and repeal it if need ful. Purgative ball for ft ver Aloea, 7 drachms, caslile soap, 4 drachms, oil of carraway, 6 diops, with mucitlage suffi cent to form the ball for one dnse. HVJLMITV3, Pure Yankee. What ire you doin of? There's no jump to her no kind a' sprawl had a terrible sight o' rain your way? Why! have you? had a good deal o' hay out last Sabberday but the belt on't we got in afore meetin. When did you eome down? Why tother day; when'd you come up? Ever so long ago! You belong to poland? No. Mioot? No. You aint acquainted with a men by the name o' Togg Jededtah Tog. , hey? Can't say'i I am. Take an care that up stairs an empl it. Ha took and hit me, then I took and sot down, and then he took an got up, H &c. They are putty thick together hey? Well don't kuow but they are? I saw tbem together last !h inksgiv in' day, and coulu'nl tell which r which.