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Carroll free press. [volume] (Carrollton [Ohio]) 1834-1861, March 11, 1836, Image 2

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Carroll JFree Fre
vTHE BUSINESS BEFORE COSi
CHESS. -There we in the Holla of ConsTcssoe
rtween two and throe henirred individuals
Ho mo Of whom habit has rendered rJio
wa of the en natural to ony t tueos
nlmosinoceasary. How little euipltiy
et they have f.ir the faculty of cutn
jwfla,Hhir daily vocation of legist.
o, our renders cau imagine, if ihey ft
m moment compare ibe resalls of the la
tum ol'CongreMwiih the great aggrega
te effcuoltsd;;e und talent in the two
Housc'sV It is not surprising, lh refine,
thai ibe raerohera of tooarcss coiomuta-
ctrto freely and tudy with their irienits at j
homr, nor thai, in such letters of theirs I
as find ihtir way to the pre, we find fre
quenily views of public affairs quite as at
tractive, us those which are taken within
the walla ofthv Capitol.
There are, braidcs, a number ofgenlle
men, ol viirioiiit talent, some visitors, olh
era resident, at Washington, whose cxclu
sivo occupation ii is to communicate by
letter with the leading public journals all
over lha country; a duly which appears
to be discharged with much industry rnd
general ability. A telgrapbiojntercoure
is thus established along Ihe whole line
of cities and towns from Bangor to New
Orleans, and across tae country from the
Chesapeake llay to the wuters of the Up
per Mississippi. The number of jour
nnls hiving regular correspondents at
Washington scurco falls short of a hun
dred. It will he obvious, upon reflection, that
the co operation of so many minds and
hands in the samo labor, must put forth n
flood of intelligence such as to throw into
the shade the light that can be omitted by
any single press in the city ol Washing
ton, which labors under the disadvantage
moreover, in competition with letter wn
tors, of being obliged io put into printed
form alt its contents before thoy can en
ter into the mail in company with the
missives from correspondents at Wash
ington, Tho reporters fur the Washing
ton pvpurs lio under another disadvan
tago,ula", which, not desiring here to be
drawn into a dissertation on reporting,
ve will barely nllinh to: they aro known
and to a certain extent, at least, responsi
tile and eceuiitab'io'forwhat they report;
Whilst letter-writers, if they make mis
ekes, or, what would be perhaps quite as
alfunsivn. if thav reiiort too exactly, are
7 I
in a situation to hour with composure ex
hibitions of wounded pridoor irritated sen
sibility.'exettud by their deliBCallonitin.il
narrations.
It hence happens that the Lett 'rs from
Washington furnish, III fact , l!!U( h more
sprightly representations ol scenes nt the
Capitol than can be supplied by those
whose duty obliges them to airr lather at
nn accurate phroniole ol facts ihnn ot'pic
uesquo views ol thing.
There uro leciisioiiu'ly, however, orti
psfurrWid by the Washington cofres
ondents of distant pipers, which are the
f, uit of more laborioiiihoughl or iudus
trioua resvnreh ihnn I be daily iports;aud
from the perusal of Which we draw as
ani-eh iitetr tuition as wo duol amussir.eni
from others Ol ill 'i description wo have
yiaf mei with lhu following in the Uostoii
Diily AdveriiMf, containing acendented
lew ol the business before Congress, It
appears to I be-in ilia main accurate
lirit Statement, and reasonable in its
opinion We copy it, because we believe
ji will bf seoeplable, and may be useful,
to uurlreder!';
Nat lint.
nt j4 tiic itr.rrt.vn lcoNP'XsWf tr
rue u r n oaii.v advuutiskii.
U'arhla jioii, I'ull 'i'd, !680,
Now th it' all apprthenviiiti of a war
with Frmee is at an end, and no disturb
inj en id ( t l'i III our foreign ruiaMuns
so aff.'et t.i itevi illy tin d'1iiiern'ene of
Congress, it m iy seem a lit litni lo giv.
you a vie of the naasurei w hich have
been or w ill be agitated in this body du
I ill" pie enl Session,
I Foremost Bii.ong lliem, mid on the
ry sarfHcc of thing", is the abolition
quMllon. This comes up in thfee shapes:
First, in lha ptvseiiialiuii of petitions re
p 'cling slavery and the slave trade in the
Dietfiat; secondly, in bills, reported or to
tie reported, fr the regulation oflhomail
jiuii the exclusion from it of iocei.diary
publication, o Culledl mid lastly, nn
the report lo bo made by the committee
suited under Mr. I'uitkncy's resuluiion.
8, Next is the lost fortification bill.dis
cussed in 'he Senate an Mr. Denton1! res
nlltliolMI,tsndin lha Houso upon that of
Mr. Adams. The debute in the Senate
Ksmnend, but that ill the Honsu is not.
ii waits iu turn, to be renewed when olh
r business shall give it p'are.
Roth of theSM subjects are political and
partisan, mure or less, in their healings,
end in the views taken of ihem by many
4f those who have engaged in the debate.
8. Thirdlr , the appropn ition bills,
w hi eh open to discussi ins all the policy
l -the Government, and all the interest
of the country, foreign and dimestic. Vu
ty large apprepnation, lor the can tin
gent possiUliily of war, were contempla
te I bv the Administration alow week
go; but ellemeh ideas are now abandon -and
Congress will be divided upon
his tu'.iject into two sections, not distribu
lod precisely nccortling lo party lines, one
(iiS fleelHng liberal ience appropriations
1 ir the Navy and for fortifications, and
the i other advueating a rigorous and jeal
tiu rtirlailmom ol all such expenditure.
4 I'ho Patronage hill. This has pass
J lha Senate, and it now in the House,
Vsju ig to be teanitled. Ths Undeuc
of this bill is to diminish the power exer
ted by the Execulive through the means
of appointments to offices of profit under
the Government of the United Stales, lit
will draw into di.cuisiuu all the measures
and principles of the present Adauautra
lion.
5. The Post Office bill, already report
sd in the i louse, winch provides lore com
III eta re organisation of the Post Office
Department, and is uicasuro of great
politic importance.
6. Mr.'CWf bill for distributing the
proceeds of the public lands ratably among
the Stalea which hs heretofore passed
both Houses, and been ve-toee" by the
President, and is now once ngvin under
consideration in the Senate.
7. The Ohio and Michigan Boundary,
which is a subject upon which the. S atea
of Ohio. Indiana, and Illinois, as well as
lhu i(txry 0I Michigan, ore extremely
81)11B1,ve unoa which theie will he
prolonged mid very earoest debate.
8 and V. The admission ol Mitnig in
and Arkansas into the Union. How
much question these two subjects will oc
casion, 1 know not. 1 hey ore, it is evi
dent, things of great consequence to the
whote country . If hoik enter the Union
together, they will maintain, as it ia, lhu
equal balance oflho slnveholding and ma
sluvehol ling States in the Senate.
10. Various pluusare in cantempla ion
for extending the Pension ysiem, especi
ally one to embrace withlu it the widows
ol officers of the Ruvolutiounry Army,
and another to give pensions lo 6o!diers
n the West who served in the Indian
wars consequent on the Revolution.
11. The Cutom Housu Regulation
bill. This subject is now in lhu hands
of tho Committee on Commerce of the
House, Thoy contemplate a thorough re
vision of the whole system of compensa
tion lo the officers of the customs, provid
ing fixed salaries in the pluco of fees and
perquisite).
Vi. The Judiciary bill, hich has pass
ed ihe Senate now for the second time,
bul has not been acted upon in Ihe lluuso
lb". Claims for French Spoliations pri
or to 1800. Between two und three huu
died memorials on this subject havu been
lelerred in the H'jiisu to the committee
on Foreign Affairs, whobavo the subjuei
under consideration. What the issue will
be 1 cannot say.
14 and 15. i'ho Land Office, and Pa
lent Office. These 'brandies of the piib
lie service reoiiro lo bo revised and ex
tended, nnd will receive more or less at
lenlion from iho present Congress, with a
view to improvements iu ihvii orgauiza
lion.
Hut enough. 1 miAht augmenl
ihis lis! by ihe specification of msny
oilier thine of local or tein
teresl, or of minor imports
are in the hands of comrni
tho course of discmioii, Ho'ne or th
other branch of Coiigren." Jlut I
ihinkyou willhesaiis'tied ihs,mwbl
I have now suggested to you, there is
ample matter for s session of six or
sven mouths, which Will roll away, I
doubt not, leaving many things un
done and many overdone. And if to
ihe suhjcis already mentioned, pub
lic or private, national or local, you
add tlio ever present q'lenion of the
.Presidency, coloring sll the proceed
ings of Congress ihe cm fl -i i n; in
ter s'sand passions of the members,
and the stirring tlebate in ihe Senate
and the House, you will have some
idea of the multiplicily of objecis of
thought and business which ro con
cenirated in ihe pfeeiotl of ill) Capi
tal, Gxt. William ICatom Among
ihe bills oideied to be engros"d for a
thiid reading in the Senate few days
ago, was a hill for tho henefn of tho
heiress of ihe Isle (ieneral William
Ka.on. In looking into the bill, we
perceive that it make allowance to
General Ellon's heirs, for his great
and nlmosl romantic services on ihe
Ihiibiiy cons', by paying hint accor
ding to his real rank, and compensa
ting him for his actual losses. Thus
after a lape of many yesrs, ihn He
public is showing itself grateful lo a
chivalrous and meritorious officer,
who was supposed, at ihe lime to have
received hard Ireaimenl from his own
Governmert. We understsnd Ihai
(he vote was unanimous in the Senate
and we subjoin the brief report from
ihe Committee on Military Affairs, by
Col. Uenton, which presents a rapid
view of Con K lion's merits and er
vices. Ghbe.
Mr. UENTON made the following
repor':
The Committee on Mdilsry affairs, (o
whom wss referred ihn petition of
Ihe heirs of General William haiou,
report:
Thst,hvingrarefully examined the
contents of the petition, and compared
it statements with Ihe official corres.
pondence and public documents of ihe
period lo which it relates, they find
the history of Gan. Katon's services
on the Barbary coitt correctly aet
forth, and refer to that petition forth
principal fcts n3cesary to be known
to the Senate. From these facts, ii
anncars that General Kt'on had the
n.eril of planning, orginizing, and
Icadinglhe expedition lo Derne, which
had the immediate effect of compelling
a peace, by which the future degrada
tion of ttibuie was avoided, a deman
ded rtuioffi of two hundred thousand
purarjytl j
KM
dollar reduced It) sixty thousand! dol
Ists, the four hundred csatives, iofJo-
din the erew of the PhilaJelfhi, im
mediately set at liberty, and regula
tion agreed upon, fey which i'mure
American prisoner were to be ex
changed as prisoners ol war 'and noi
ransomed as captives.- These were
the positive advantages immediately
accruing to the United Stales from the
heroic enterprise and success of Gen
eral Eaton, and probably would have
been far greater, if the peace with the
reigning bashaw of Tripoli had not
been precipitated by (he eoeiator
without communicating with General
Eaton. But there was soother ad-
vantage which did result, and the vsl-
ue of which i above calculation; it
was to show io the Uarbary powers
that there wss another way, besides
ransom, to relieve Americans from
Tripolitan dungeons it was to go and
cut ihem out with (he sword.
At the moment when the success of
Oerne produced these great result,
and promised still greater, in the im
medite march upon Tripoli, ihe over
throw of the reigning bashaw, and the
establishment of solid paace upon our
own lerms. General Etlon was re
quired lo abandon his expedition, and
io come on board the United Stales
frigate Constitution. The er.ibarka
lion of his Chi istian followers, of Ha
met Caramalli and his principal friends
had to ba t ffecled by stratagem, at
midnight, and with the loss of every
thing lo escape ihe rage and vengemce
of the deserted Arab iroops, and of
the inhabitants who had been induced
io revolt against the reigning ba
shaw t
For all these services and losses
Gefieral Kiton received lha pay of
consul, or navy agent, at the rale of
one hundred dollars a mouth, and six'
o n ra'ions per day. The committee
are of opinion that he ought lo be paid
as a general commanding, and com
pensated for his losses, and teport a
bill accordingly.
Amurican State paper, Mid, vol.
ii, p. 715.
tAmericin Slate papers, folio, vol.
ii, p. 7 IS
PENNSYLVANIA I.UGISL TUltE.
IN SENATE Feb, 13, IS'JJ.
Mr. Maker, this morning, from Ihe
committee appointed by ihe Senate,
in puisuunce of a resolution in it q lire
into & report the lacis connected with
d allempl lo corrupt ihe in
ce the vo e I Ji
cob Kr
oneiU
Th
ftcharge of the duiie-
is.-ignep irtm, l lie v nave examined
under oath, Jacob Krebs, E q liuril
Patierson, Em, and Jediah Irish, M q
and received voluntary staiemen s
Iron Henrv W. Conrad, E q and
L Dunn, lvq ihe re-ult of wuich is
a perlect eouvietion Ml their minds,
Ibal neither the Hank of Ihe United
States, nor any azeni for it IN Til E
U EMU TEST DEGREE, are
imp! i-
eaied in the chaig made by Jacob
Krebs, E q. before ihe Senaie on Ihe
10 h 1 1. si.. a ml that so tar as Ihe txim
inalion of testimony lias gone, the
committee are salisfi'd that neither
the Uink or any peison connecled
with it, have improperly Intern sed lo
promote the passage of ihe bill now
before iho Senate. The commiiiee
will close their labors in a few days,
when a full report of the evidence will
be submi ted.
A FUNERAL AT SEA.
Ii i'Ii ii ,i feadul Ihtug, come in
what form it may; fearful, when tho
vilal cords arc so gradually relaxed
that life passes away softly as music
from the slumbering harp siring
fearful when in his own quiet chim
her, the departing one is sorrsunded
by those who swee'ly follow him with
their prayers, when the assiduities of
friendship bih! affection can gi no fur
Iher, and who discourse of heaven and
fuuire blessedness till ihe clnsi g ear
can no longer catch the tones nfilie
long familiar voice; and who, linger
ing near still feel for the hushed pulse
and trace in the placid slumber which
pervades each feature a quiet emblem
of Ihe spirit's sereno repose. What
then must Ihis dread event he lo one
who meets it comparatively alone far
away from ihe henrt of his home,
upon a troubled sea, between thenar
row decks of a resiles ship and st Ihe
dread hour of night, when even the
sympa'hios oflhs woild seem suspen
ded. Such Ins been ihe end of many
who traverse the ocean, and such was
ihe hurried end of him whose re
mains we hid just consigned io wat
ery grave.
lie was a tailor, but henetlh his
rude exterior he carritd a heart
touched with refinement, pride and
greatness. There was something
about him which spoke of baiter dr ys
and higher destiny ; but by whaler
rors o: misfortunes he was reduced to
his hnmble condition, wns a secret
which he would reveal lo nono. Si
lent, reserved snd thoughtful he stood
a slf anger among his free companions
tad never wti hit voice heard in
ind infijeu
I s ighter or in jest. He had undoubt-'!
edly left behind many who wiil Jong
look for hisTettrrn, and hitterry weep
when they are told they shall see his
face no more.
As the remains of poor Pretner were
brought op on deck, wound in that,
hammock which through many a
stormy night had swung to Ihe wind,
one eould not but observe the big tear
that stole nnconeiotisfy down ihe rough
cheeks of his hardy companions.
When the funeral service was read to
that most affecting passage we commit
this body to ihe deep and the plank
was heaved, which precipitated to the
momentary eddy of the wave and
quickly diuppearing form, a hoavp
aigh from those around told that the
strong heart .of the sailor can be touch
ed with grief and a truly unaffected
sorrow may accompany virtue, in iis
most unpretending form, lo the extin
guishing night of tho grave. Vet
how soon is such a scene forgotten.
As from the wind the sky no scar re
tains,
The parted ware no furrow from
the keel,
So dies in humia heart the thought of
death:
There is something peculiarly mel
ancholy and impressive in a burial at
sea, there is here no coffin or hearse
procension or lolling bell nothing
that gradually prepares us tor the final
separation. 1 lie body is woundup
in the drapery of us couch, much as il
the deceased were only in a quiet and
temporary sleep. In these habile
ineuis of slumber, il is dropped int
ihe wave, the walers close over it, Ihe
vested quickly passes en, and not a
solitary uace is left to tell where sunk
from light and lif , one lhat loved to
look at ihe sky and breathe this vilal
air. There is nothing hal ktor one
moment can point to the deep, un.vts
ited resting place ol the departed il
is a grave in the midst of the ocean
in the midst of a vast untrodden soli
tude; affection cannot approach it with
its tears, the dews of heaven cannot
reach it, and there is around it no vi
olet, or shiub, or murmuring stream.
It may be superstition, but no ad
vantages oh wealth or honor, or pow
or, through life, would reconcile me
at its close to such a burial. I would
rather share the coarse and scanty
provisions ol the simplest cabin, and
droop away unknown and unhonored
liy the eWorld, so lhat my final resting
plarte is beneath some green tree, by
Ihe side of a murmoring stream or iu
wme family gpo, where the friends
u'f my life might visit me in death,
Mormonism in New England.
The Mormons have congregated in
some force at a place called St. Johns,
borgh, iu Vermont. Their house ol
worship is an old barn, which they
have titled up. The elect from the
laud offaith and promise in Ihe West
have despatched twelve apostles to the
Eisi fur the purpose of making prosa
lyies. An eastern paper furnishes sn
account of their mode of worship and
ihe ariielo of their faith. A brother
of ,loe Smith, Ihe chief prophet of ihe
Western tribe of Mormon baints, is
ihe principal apostle now on a pilgri
mage offaith to th? East. He claims
as do bis brethren the gift of
tongues. and ihe gift of healing and
he recommends very justly, lhu
ihese eills be not abused. I lie saints
to whom Ihey have been vouchsafed,
have trill 'd with both these gifts.
Their gift of tongues has introduced
them to talk a great deal of nonsense,
snd their gift of healing has failed in
its efficacy, probably liecaese those on
whom it was exercised, were deficient
in faith. Hy the book of Mormon it
appears, thai a large tract of coutilry
has been sal out by IVovidenca with
proper mete and saints, to which, all
though ihey have a right, yet ihey
consider il prudent to obtain an earth
ly title by p irchase. The object of
i he Mormon iu the East lo dispose of
their properly, and proceed lo ihe
West. Toere is every reason to be
lieve.saysan Eistern paper lhatihey
will succeed in making proselytes in
Vermont. N. Y Times.
OHIO AND MICHIGAN BOUNDARY
Wo shall lay before the public, in a
fow days, the report made on 'Tuesday, in
iho Simula, by Mr. Clayton, from ihe com
nutlet; on the Judiciary, on Iho interest
ing subject of iho Northern Boundary of
Ohio Is is a document wliich discusses
nil the qncsuons connected wuh the Mich
igau and Ohm controversy, and fully sus
lams lha principle of the bill lo es
Hbiish the boundary by tho tine from ihe
sou'hern extreme el'Like Michigan t the
most northerly cape of tho Miimi Bay.
The coiumiitoe unanimously agreed that
Congress has lha power thus to settle the
boundary, mid lhat it is expedient so to
soltlo it. 'The results of the investiga
tion by ihis committee, at the present sos
sion, are the euiAu wuh those at which
Ihe same cuinirritteo of ihe Semite, though
differently Constituted, has twico before
unanimously arrived. 'The reading of
iho report occupied more than an hour,
nnd five thousand extra copies of il were
then ordered to be printed, Since this
AMWt1w,ni.ae In IbvSoniU, waunHor
atiid lhat theJudiciwyCominitteeOf ihe
Haas a hawreporled on'thn same subject.
Their report, made yesterda-y, i, Wednes
day) art ives.iit'i sid nhough wo have
not seen H or heard it-read, t the same
general res oils, and was made with near
ly equal unanimity . Nat. lint.
4'irrcriltcm:
FHIDAV. .
..M.VKC'll 11, ISoU
Legislative. Boih branches of ll
Legislature have resolved to adjourn,
vithoutday,on mnwduy next. There is
but litlla business of generil interest now
hefoio that body. lr Crouse'rf bill i
prohibit the circulation ol the bills of the
U. Slates Bank, has passed the Senate.
A bili has passed both branches, to mi
thorize the Commissionen of ibis county
lo borrow money. Wo o'isene also thai
a bill to incorporate a School Association
in UiHonTp. in Ihis county, has passed
the Senate.
Q-We intoiide I togive the boundarie ,
Stc. of the new Township, which were
formed at the lale session of the county
Commissioners; bat our correspondents
have not left us sufficient room.
03-The Rail Road Report will be pub
lishvd in our next paper.
QSrThe Hon. John Tylor,of Virginia,
has resigned his seat in the Senaio of ihe
U. Slates. Mr Tyler's resignation was
brought about by the paasage of certain
resoluiins in the General Assembly ol
Virginia, instructing her Senators to vote
for Senator iBsirton's uEtMtaaS) ruo!u
tiens.'1
Johison't Escape, The gentlemen
who havo beau occupyin ; ur columns,
for some time past, with a controversy
concerning Jolinron's escape, wM now
see iho necessity of abstaining from lur.
thcr indulgence in personalities. We have
been compelled lo fUeduwn the asperities
of two or three passages in Mr. Davati's
communication, which appears in Ihis
week's papor. There is but ono topic
properly before Iho writers mat is, the
escape; and to ihis ihe controversy must
be confined.
Wa owo an apology to our readers for
permitting the columns ofilu Free Press
to be occupid by communication, so pal
pub'y scurriloujus tho:olat inthiscon
troveray. As the writers were unknown
to each other, ibeir personal allusions, ol
course, were founded upon conjecture, t
consequently, entitled to bul little consid
eralion. In futire, ihey will ap
pear in their proper .persons; and each,
knowing hie adversary , will onifio flit
remarks lo the subject, without attesnpt
mgtodraw inlo lha controversy pirsons
whu aro in no wuy connected with il.
Northern It,mnJary. We on-eeiwhltd,
at leng h, lo say, there seems to be a prob
ability thai lhu Boundary question will
be settled durinsi the iresel session of
Congress. The committee in the Senate,
to which lhi question was referred, havo
havu Hitdo a report sustaining iho cluims
of Ohio; and a hill has been introduced
in the House of lieprcsentalives, to estab
lish ihe boundary between Ohio, Indiana
Illinois and Michigan. We have not learn
ed what the provisions ol Ihis bill urc;
but we have ihe utmost confidence in the
opinion, thai Ohio will secure the dispu
ted icrrilwy.
COMMUNICATIONS.
Among the many topics that ore now
exciting the public, perhaps, none may
Ol lim more attention, than the sunjeci ui
constructing n roil road from the Town of
Zoar.on the Ohio Canal, through Carroll
ion to iho inou'.b of Yellow Creek, oa ihe
Ohio River.
In the winter of 1834, on act of mcor
poration was granted by tho Legislature
of Ohio, authorizing tho eonstruciion of
a rail road from ihe points as above sta
led. Under the provisions or the act of in
corporation, the company was organized;
and u survev und estimates have been
made bv an Engineer in whose copabil
ity the Baard of Directors have entire
confidence.) From the report of the F.n
' l ......I ... I. a
gineer, Ihe estimates uro iuuhu iu
much lower than that of any other road
(ol iho same mngnitudo nnd importance)
conslmcted in the United States.
To those who aro not acquainted wtih
ihe location or the road, or the geography
r.r il entmiru through which it i intend
ed lo piss, il would be well to say, that
1 ... I u.minnliid
!the western end ol Ihe roau '""
in or iibovolhe Town or Zaar, on lha O.
Canal, (at a point where the Great Wes
tern lUil It" ad, authorized by an act ol
i.. r ..;.i. ...,nf the last session, a Bur-
Hl ,T.tim.iio or which aro now making
under tho superintendence of the Canal
Commissioners, is intended to commence
thence throuah the Towns or Wooster,
Mansfield nnd Bucirus, until it intersect
the Miami or Wabash, or Erie Canal.)
The town orZiar is delightfully situated
on th Ohio Canal, atid populated by an
industrious wealthy 'German community
wlio earry on iho'Faniiiiitf anil Mttuu
factoring to n coirSiderablu exinul.
'lie wholo t'Att lit ol Iho mud passe
through Jno of the hhosI fertile -rhou
growing countries iu the ninth purl ol (he
Slate. Taking a iraot ol'"Couirtr -of eight
or ten miles, north iwd south ol Hie 'road,
it affords ns great's siirplussitge of pro'
duce, us any other iif'flie sunie extern in
the S ulo; ha 'ides the syricnltuwl .advun
tegcs, the country through sv.lweh t4,ees
tern section i the road ptrescn aebowuds
smith own era I cool, it ion o.rr, aiNl alit, jtf
ihe'laWer, thousands of barrels aoe wifrnw
facsasreal aiwsaally in rhe valley mf 'the
c.-cek. Toe water rivilegosim lirreea
em or Vellow-ci'tck eird u' ihero.id,
nufovrews, besjdts iho wlssaWiflis-alseai y
occopiesl with !n.'inc vstoti Ii arMN u1
i here aro otln rs s hsx-h od'oftl a Mtmitg in
ducmMaii ler a prufiiaUo investwivsi W
capital.
On the completion of the grtnt u sum
.horouablaro lo tire Olirs) tii, iho io
Ciptic.t! cannot cntt rleiox lsmbt s I,
the immense trade (hat will bi thrown in
to Pennsylvania by the coiisiicimi wf
this connecting link wiih the Ohio River;
or ith the I'eunsy Ivarini cun il at Pilta
burgh t whii h we iioticipat its not fur dis
tant Wiien we t.ke mlo CCDtitrerettoe
the fact thai in the season uf the year in
which our farmer hvo ihe surplusnige of
their Ikrms lo dispose of, the Ohio Ct.nal
is obstructed wuh id , which tends to do
press and muses Ihe prno of the produce
of the couniry lo Hictuale, while by
moans of R-il llimd this surplussiigo
could uc lianspnrled to the cast, bofuM;
ihe removal ol ihe ice on iho Lake wi.l
permit as t.ai s,o lalien o the N. Veik
canal.
When we take into considera' ion also,
the rapid increaise of the population f
Ii u c,uiitry, nnd wiih il the necessary iu .
cr . use ol business, it is In be prt stmit il
ih ii, w Ji -n iho load ci,nloiiipluled shall
have been finished, ihe tolls arising there
from will utliud a much bttier cr tent
uge on il i ost than Buy other improve
ment of the Kind in the Suite.
When the groat western tboreughfsre-
shall havo boon roinploleil, uud ao 'iinee ,
t on with the Wubush nod Erie Canal,
lhr.uh the State of iudmna, und iho con
lomplaled rail road ihrough tho Stale of
Illinois lo the Musissippi ltivsr, il wi.l
constitute a connected cliHi.i ol improve
mom, from (bo city ol Thiladelphia of
more llian 10(X) miles.
The qieslion is, how far would lhu
ciliz ns of Philudelplria, by fostering Una
object, advance thtir own personal inter
ests, and the now elevated standing of
that commercial city !
In reply we would say, n lare propor
tion of the produce ol 4 ihio thai now finds
Us way to the cily of New York, after
Iravoisirtg almost seven hundred miles sif
canal, lake and river tiavigatiuo, would
betrnnsporled to PhHudelphi by a much
shorter channel and secure to lhat city
Iho entire control of ihe produco of lbs
fertile valleys of ihe Fxu We t,
it may be advanced here by ihe ene
mies of till measure, that there are otbftf
works of improvement, running parallel
with lire ono in contemplation, which will
rupersede tiro necetsity of its construc
tion but certainly xK-ricnce has shown
lhat of all Ihe modes of eommutiicnlion,
rail roods ore at once iho cheapest, the
easiest iff construction arc less liable to
inteription from the changes ol the sea
sons and eather, are more easily lepuir
ed, und iifl'ord by moans ol locoim-iive
engines, the quickest and most certain
communication.
AGR1COLA.
THE OBSERVER NO. 9,
Messrs. Editors.
Another subject that has often deeply
impressod my mind; is thu eondort of
young men, with resptct lo their manner
of spending their ItuW.
The present statoof society affords am
ple encnurgemeiit to diligence in busi
ness; but there is scarcely any calling so
pressing iu its demands as lo leave no
leisure hours. An ! we need them, sure
ly we were formed for other purposes than
merely lo grovel in loads of kindred muck.
But what moans do wo tflus to erjuy
the hours of relaxation from business? I
fear that many, very many, young men
are grossly inistuketi in the pursuit of
happiness. It is a most prevailing evil
among the young to stek pleasure in cum
pony; after their daily lak is done, or
whenever opportunity serves lo assemble.
in places ol umusenieul in the society ol
the gay and lha liifling. These much
mislaken votaries of happiuess, 1 would
ask to puaso and considar, whether any
lasting benefit can nccruo from their pres
enl course, your enjoyment re bui lor
the moment, you can .ol look back on
them with any degree of salisfaclioti,
you are hastening on to fill important
stations in society, totally unprepared.
However, thoughtless of lo morrow, or
however bright your pruspecis may ho,
you may bo assured, ihero aro trials for
you to pass through, there nre hours of
sadness awaiting you, yes, dark and
lonely may yet be your wuy through life;
und then you will wish lor the solace of
J II 1 1 t.lk .ujtll l.ln..u n.il
a inina won Bioreu wuu menu uuo, an
prepared by extensive information for any
duly devolving on you.
On ihe other hand you havo the exam
pie of all the most illustrious ol ourcoun
trymen lo stimulate you to exertion in
the improvement of your mind. We ncr
only lo be acquainted with the hilQ.j 0f.
our own nation; to be furmJnBC with (bo
most glowing instance o, ii,e , ,s0 pf hum
bio individuals, by i'.ia exertion of (heir
own mind. Wh.;, among us is so void qf
principle as not to admire the character
I of Frapklin, Sherrnftri, and pur owq die

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