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VOL. II THE cilLK CULTURE. From i In- Gannestee Farmer. The culture and manufacture of silk in this country is assuming a deep inter cat But it has atta'iiod in a very small degree the importance it is yet destined to acquire: aud years must elapse, and the subject receive fur greater attention, before the deinnnd lor silk goods in our own country alone, can be nearly sup plied from domestic manufacture. But (he fact that there is a gradual and con stantly increasing attention to the sub ject, shows that it is advancing towards its place as an extensive and important branch of the American industry. The history of the silk culture in this country, shows that the better it is under loud, the more it is appreciated; and is full of encouragement to those who are engaging in the business. The first at tempt in America was made in Virginia so early as the year 1023, but it was not carried on to any extent until i Iter the middle of the lust century. About that lime, and for several years subsequent ly, it received considerable attention in the Southern States; the quantity man ufaclured, however continued small. Early attention was paid to its culture in Pennsylvania; in 1770, Susanna Wright, of Lancaster county, made a piece of muutua of sixty yards in length of her own cocoons; in the same year, a filature was established at Philadelphia, and in 1771, 2306 lbs. was brought there to reel. The business declined during the Revolutionary war In Con necticut the business was early commeu cod on a firm basis, and has since been constantly increasing. The white mul berry and the silk worm wore first intro duced into the town of Mansfield in Wind ham county, by Nathaniel Aapiowall in the year 1700. immediately alter which an extensive nursery of the trees was planted by him in New Haven, and after wards disseminated throughout the state In 178!) two hundred pounds of raw hilk were made in the single town of Minis field alone. In 1810, the va'ue o! the sew ing si!k, and the raw silk, made in the 3 counties of New London, Windham, and 'Poland, was estimated by the United States Marshal at $23,303; but. the val ue of the domestic fabrics uiauufaclnred from the refuse silk , which may fairly be estimated at lulf that sum, was not taken into consideration, In 1825, the value of the silk and of the domestic fabrics manufactured in thocountv of Windham bad doubled. During all this time, the only hi amines lor 'uniting ui tuuiK silk, were the common domestic Urge unci sin. .11 wheels; with better machine ry sewing silk ol a superior quality would have been undo, and at less expense, Three luur, lis of the families in Mans field were engaged in raising silk, aud made annually from 5 to 10, 20, and 1)0 pounds in a family, and one or two, each 100 lbs. in a season In 1832, four or five tons of raw silk were grown there worth $35,000; when manufactured in to sewing iik tins wouiu ne worm aooui $00,000. Four or live ol the adjacent towns, each produced about us much as that town. About the same tj ne, the Quantity of silk raised in Windham and Tolaud counties, w is sufficient to give constant employment to 50 looms weav ing live yards each per day, or in all a hout 75,000 yards per year. In our own stale, the subject h is not until recently, received much attention; during iho late war however, one individual, the late ' B.iiiiii'-I Oliidrey, ol Cayuga county, sold setting ilk of his own manufacture, to the uinonnl of 000 dollars a year, raised from trees of the while mulberry mtrodu Ctd by himself at Ihe firt settlement of thf'connlry, A few years ego, at one establishment in .Pennsylvania, (Kcnno ni) ,) one hundred silk handkerchiefs, V mi equal number of vest patterns, of su perior quality to foreign articles, were . made annually. In Massachusetts, Jon atlmn 11 Cobb, of D. d'nam, commenced the culture yT siik in ls.'J, and has since mat time extended Ins operations so much as to be in the habit of bringing in lo the Boston market, American silk man ulactured to ihe amount of one hundred dollars per week, the year round. His spuming machine, propelled by water power, is capable of preparing annually, 1000 lbs. of silk lor the loom. In the same town there are a number of silk looms, as well as 111 several neighboring towns which are worked by hand, and in most instances by person! in their own abodes. tVu have deemed it proper to exhibit Ibis view of what has been done already, in older thai those who are deterred Irom entering the business on account of sup post? d difficulties, may perceive that these difficulties have been surmounted by niliers with esse. The subject has io- ' deed been supposed to be involved in much mystery, and a great deal has been written upon it. Many persons reading the elaborate articles which have been published, describing so minutely every process, are led to suppose the bus mess intricate and difficult. To the In experienced it must indeed be new, be cause it is different liom most other pur- suits, and has none similar to it to serve as a guide: but when once understood, it bocomes quite simple, and is as easy us raising pigs and poultry. It is only ne cessary, during the short period of the existence of the worms, to supply iheir waat aud protect them from injury, lo sholter them from the storms, cold, end wind, and to feed them with proper food when hungry, and there can be little danger of success. Many indeed have been entirely successful who have never had (he advantage of seeing a sin gle silk establishment and nearly all in this country have been mostly guided by their own experience. Yet in many re spects, American articles thus produced have been founefully equal, and often superior, to foreign ones. In Economy, Pa. it has been several years since large quantities of silk have been manufactu red into vesting, handkerchiefs, and oth er broad articles; which have beon reel ed, dyed, spun, woven and finished at that olace:and in Davton, Ohio, domes tic silk handkerchiefs have been made of most excellent quality the product of the native mulberry, where the process of winding, reeling, doubling, twisting, drc. were performed by machinery, princi pally of the invention of the proprietor of the establishment Be" ig sun oi an colors, is a very common article of man ufacture in all parts of the country. The following calculation of the labour attending and connected with the culture of silk, in Connecticut, is by John Filch, Esq. of Mansfield, in lhat Stale. rinn nrm nf full crroyvn trees, set one and a half rods apart, will produce forty pounds ol silk. The labour may be estimated as fol low: For the three first weeks after the worms are hatched one woman who is acquainted with the business, or chil dren who would be equal to such per son . For the next twelve or fourteen days, five hands, or what would be equal to five, if performed by children. This period finishes the worms. Pur picking off the balls, and reeling the silk, it will require about the same mount nl'lnhnr. for ihe same length of time, as ihe last mentioned period, which muv be nerformed by women und chil dren. The aforesaid labor and board may be estimated at eighty dollirs, spinning the silk tit thirty four dollars; 40 pounds .(' silk, at Iho lowest cash price, is now worth two hundred dollars; which makes the following result.- 40 lbs. silk, at $5 per pound, $"200 00 Labor and hoard, 80 00 Spinning, 31 00 114 00 Nett profit per acre, $80 00 The principal part of the labor may be performed by women and children. But where the business is earned on loa con siderable extent, it is considered more profitable to employ some men for tin last period of the worms. It is now bolievcd by many, that if in stead of transplanting the trees in the or chard form, as in the, above estimate, they are placed in rows about eight leet rt and two or three I- et in llie row, CARROLLTON, FRIDAY, APRIL I, f830, economy may again bring me into cir speakers, buy bodies, Sr tale bearers, NO- 29.-WHOLE NO. 81. cumstances of ease and affluence, snd the smiles of gratitude may yet play upon the cheeks of my offspring, as they receive the small tokens oi paren tal love. The man who comes at the mid night hour snd fires my dwelling, does me an injury. He burns my roof, my pillow, my raiment, my eve ry shelter from the storm and the tern pest But he does me an injury that can be repaired. The storm may in deed beat upon me, and the chilling blasts assail me, but charity will re ceive me into her dwelling, will give me "food to eat and raiment to put on," will kindly assist me in raisings and are considered there, and every where else, at the disturbers and pests of society were conducted across the Delaware, and some of them appeared very much deject ed. One young ensign, 1 observed weep ing as he went. On being asked what waj lli.miliof ka .ant t aH 'Tllft ff.9Q.pmn n What mischief may not be occasion j mrrh in th m,i , Hav. to-morrow ham, ed by the tongue of slander? Whatup-- On being assured lhat he should characterisproofagainst poison? How i not be injured, he appeared overjoyed, are individuals, families, and neighbor j and exclaimed 'Gojd good, officer.1 Sev hoods, affected by its malignity? Bet era! Americans were killed and wounded ter dwell amid the infections of a hos I in the attack, and of the enemy, pital, than move in an atmosphere con I When we returned through the village taminated by the breath of slander? ftf'er lhe battle, 1 saw a Hessian soldier Better meet sn enemy on the field of wbo bad been wound"", hanging in a sol k...l , fall imn ihh.nH. nf ,h. i mer nop, ny iue sleeves oi nis suin, ruthless savage, than to be overtaken and dead. Rather than of his fall alive into our hands be had put an end to bis exis V,r tkio " nn.l i lpni0 tvhiph wallrpth in "J "" IV....MVV ........ .............. darkness. ' unnnir man of mv acnntiintsnra was 6 " t ; an Dy proper care and culture, nve limes ihe amount may be raised from an acre. Hut even on the supposition in the above estimate, (which experiment has proved lo be very moderate,! how can an aereol l iud be made to yield a gieater profit! It the rockiest towns in Connecticut pro duce annually seventy or eighty thous and Hollars- whv niav not the more fertile regions further west do us much CM! dreH may make mure from an acre ol mulberry trees, than a man can make from an acre of wheat or coi n. Peisoveranco aud judgment are requi red for success in this, us well as in every branch of business; ai,d those who en gage in the work must be piepated for some disappointments at the commence ment, tor experience is always neecBun ry in every undertaking But difficul ties will soon be overcome by practice Competition cannot effect it, except for the belter; for the greater the lumber of cocoons produced, the greater will be the inducement for the erection of silk filatures and manufactories of the best construction, which will not only cheap- on the labor, bul increase materially me value bv imnrovinn (he quality of the ar ticles. Nor can there be any danger of the market becoming soon overstocked, while ten or twelve millions of dollars worth are annually consumed in the I), States: besides which millions of dollars worth of raw silk are yearly imported in to France & England to supply the man ufactories. SLANDERER. Against slander there is no defence Hell cannot boast so foul a fiend, nor man deplore so fell a foe. It stabs with a word with a nod with a shrug with a look with a smile. It ia ihe pestilence walking in darkness spreading contagion far and wide, which ihe moat wary traveller cannot avoid; it ia the heart searching dsgger of the assassin; it i the poisoned ar row, whose wound is incurable, it ia the mortal sting of the deadly adder murder its employment, innocence its prey, and ruin its sport. The man who breaks into mydwel line or meets me on the public road, and robs me of my property doea me an injury. He atopa me on the way to wealth, strips me of my hard earn ed savine. involves me into difficulty, and brings my family to penury and want. Hut he does me which cati be repaired, new roof over the ashes of the old, and I shall again sit by my fireside, and taste the sweets of friendship and of home. But the man who circulates false re ports concerning my character who exposes every act of my life which can be represented tomy disadvantage who goes first to this, then lo lhat neighbor, tell them he is very tender of my reputation, enjoins the strictest secrecy and then tills their ears with beresays and rumors, & what is worse leaves them to dwell upon the hints & suggestions of (heir own busy imagi nation the man who in this way "fil ches from me my good name," does me an injury which neither industry, nor charity, nor time itself can repair He has lold his tale ot slander to an uncharitable world. Some receive it as truth; others suspect that the half was not told them; and others dress what they have heard in the highest coloring, add to it the foul calumny of their own invention, and proclaims it in the corners of the streets, and upon the housetops. Should I prove my self innocent, and attempt to meet the scandal by contradiction, the story of my disgrace outstrips me, or my solic itudo to contradict it, excites suspicion of guilt. Should the slandeier confess his crime, the blot is made, and his tears of repentance cannot wash it out. I might as well recall the winds, or quench theslars, as recall Ihe tale of infamy, or wipe this foul stain from my character. I attach a high value to the esteem and confidence of my fellow men. I cannot bul wish, lhat wi ile I live a mong them I may hold a place in their affections, and be treated with the re spect which is due to my station. "A iood name is rather to be chosen lhan great riches, or lhan precious oint-mom." "' l is the immediate jewel of the soul. The purest treasure mortal times at ford." Give me this, and I can face the frowns of fortune can be pointed at as Ihe child of poverty -& still know what it is to be happy. Take this a way, and you strike a dagger tomy gou;you render life itself a burden. The frowns of a world, the nnger oi scorn, and ihe hiss of contempt, are more than man can endure. Yet, dear as reputation is, "and in my soul's just estimation prized above all price," it is not too dear, it is not too sacicd for the slanderer lo tarnish and deatroy. He can take from me the confidence of my employers, the respect ol my friends can blast my reputation with his pestilential breath and feel not a pang of remorse. He .rlnriM in nothing so much as in the slaughter of character. He would blinht the fairest flower in the garden ol innocence, demolish the loftiest tern jo nrtinrnm nunir. and Dlace nts IO J ....... I "J 7 broad stamp of infamy on tha holiest servant of the living God. The slanderer has not a single pre text or excuse to palliate his offence. A desire of gain may urge some to the commission of crime. The incendia ry and assassin may be excttea oy this base passion to perpetrate their deeds of darkness and of death. Bul the man that attacks me with sianaer has no hope of personal good; and if he robs me of my character he "Robs me of that which not enrich es him, Wot makes me noor indeed." He gratifies the malice of heart, adds one more to the family of wretched ness and woe, and enjoys a secret pleasure yea, even triumphs, as he reflects on the infamous achievement. Hnw baae. how contemptible is the character of the slanderer ! However various their motives, diversified the means which they take to accomplish their object, they are all the enemies of man. "Some may perpetrate this iniquity with designs directly malicious; aome from a busy, meddling disposition, always unsatisfied unless when interfe ring wilh the concers of others, and some from a wish to be thought exten sivelv acauainted with private history. n iniurv But they are all characterized in Scrip Industry and 1 ture by the significant Mines of evil What does Ihe Slanderer think o( . WOljndedin the action with a bul himself? Does he hope to be respec ie, ,n(4 m6(j lwo dva afterwards. Five ted by men or approved of God? Let j 0r six of us who knew him, dug a grave him ask his conacience, and if that is ! on the banks of the Delaware, laid a rough not already 'Beared as with a hot iron,' I board on the bottom, and one each side it will tell him that ihe smiles, the then placed the body between them laid flatterv. and the Dolitenesi which he another board above, and covered him puts on when in the presence of those j with the earth and left him. This was a mourmui lunorai io me, uui lis iiupics he slanders, are thinner than gauze. His real character is discerned by men and hiswhole heart is naked lo the eye of Omniscience. Does he think that his is a small crime, and lhat he shall go unpunished? If there is a Gui in Heaven if he has said "speak not evil one of another," "thou shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor," most assuredly the Slanderer will not go unpunished verily he will have his rewarr1. If there is a God in Hea ven if he has said, that "for every idle word that man shall speak they shall give account thereof in ihe day of judgment," may I, and you dear reader, be saved from the sentence which awaits lhat man whose tongue ia the tongue of a Slanderer. sion w s soon forgotten amid the more e vers trial which followed livffalo l'ai riot, RE OLLECTIONS OF THE REVO LUTION. When the British army under Lord Coruwallis entered New Jersey, I was with a dotatebmen' of" Col. Burkeu's Re gimenl and some riflemen at H.iverstraw, on tho banks of the Hudson, watching tin movements of two 74 gun ships lying at Tappin Bay. On one occasion, several Uruish boats were seen to take possession of some vessels near the western shore. containing flouV As they were approach ing, sure of their prey, we paraded on the bank, and gave them such a warm recep lion, ihatjtbey were glad to return. Soon after Fort Lee waa abandoned, we were ordered lojoin the main body ol the arm v. This waa in November; and we were two or three weeks on our march being obliged to take a circuitous route to avoid the enemy, through the whole breadth of the state. Much of the way we were employed in guarding stoies, &e among which were a quantity of leden weights, lor bullets, Irom windows in IN w York. We had trequent'y little t-kirmisn es with British light-horsemen, and also suffered greatly on our march from co d and hunger, as we had neither blankets nor provisions, our quartermaster having been taken prisoner, and our stores fallen Into the enemy's hands At night we were exposed to the snows and the open ... I ,1 J I '! I air, with nres xinuieu oi runs, anu weir, constantly harrasscd by tho scouts of the enemy. 1 he inhabitants also, who were many of them lories, w Mild often accost us on our retreat, crying, 'Skainper you Yaulteo dogs, redcoats will have you! This, from my own country men, was in deed,cruel lo boar. We however joined the army, to share with them slill greater nrivations and dangers. On the night of the 20th of December, 1770, the American army crossed the Delaware river in order to attack a bod of Hessians, under Colonel Rawle quar teredat Trenton. At daylight, on the morning of the 27lh we entered the vil luge. The hail ana rain wiucn was men lul ling, rendered our expoditon somewhui uncomfortable, but probably led the ene my to consider themselves more secure, as wewere among tnem oetore mej were scarcely aware of our approach. General Mercer commanded the divis ion to which 1 belonged, being Ihe ad vance guard. General Washington was engaged in directing the mauosuvres of the whole. The striking of a musket ball in a post near me, while on the march, gave the first indication lhat we were discovered. This was immediately aucceeded by the firing of the Hessians' cannon. To a void these, we fled off from the main road to the right, attacked and immediately silenced them. Several of the enemy were led dead, and tha remainder saved themselves by flight, leavjpg four brass field nicos inlour.hands. Those we left, . . . . . . i . and hastened the pursuit, me nessiaiin having ent Christmas night in revelling were wholly unprepared lor mis euoDv. ted attack, and made but little resistance. Thev were driven out of the road into an open field, and were endeavoring to re treat to a wood not far off; but Washing ton anticipating the attempt, had placed a body of troops an ambush to intercept them who suddenly arose, and the Hessi ana seeing no hope of escape surrendered on the spot. It was said thev had been taught, that if they were taken priaonera by ibe rebels they would bojulled end eaten, They COFF&& An interesting analysis of coffee was made by Mons Cadet, apothecary io ordi nary lo the household ol Napolean, when Emporor; from which it appears, that the berries contain mucilage in abundace, much gallic acid, a reain, a concrete es sentail, some albumen, and a volatile aro malic principle, with a portion of lime, potish, charcoal, and iron. Rjasting de velopes the soluble principles. Mocha coffee; is, of aii kinds, the most aromatic and resinous. M Cadet ad vises that col- fee be neither roasted nor infused till the dav it be drunk, and lhat the roasting be moderate. Mosely, in his learned and ingenious treatise, states that 'the chemi cal analysis of coRee evinces that it pos sessca a great portion of mildly bitter, and tightly astringent gummous and resinous extract, a considerable quantity of oil, a fixed salt, and a volatile salt. These are it medicinal constituent principles. The intention ol torrefaclion is noi only to make it deliver those principles, and make them soulble in water, bul to give it a property il d es not posses in the natural state of the berry. By the action of tire, fi.iriiiiiiniiiis laste. and aqueous part ot ... . - p. - ... its mucilage, are destroyed: Us saline pro perties are creuted, and disengaged; and its oil is rendered empy rerun ideal, r roui thence arises the pungent smell and ex hileraling fLvot nul found in its natural state. 'The roasting of the berry to a proper dezree, requires great nicety. If it be un dune, its virtues will not be imparled, aud which is supposed lobe an oil, in extreme !y volatile, and excapes hit the air with great facility, as is observed by infilling the room with its fragrance, if suffered hi remain uncovered, and at ihe asme time losing much of its flavor Philip Hi lory of V'getabk. LIFE AN ALLEGORY. It is now morning. Still and gUi sy liea the lake, wuh its green and dew-sprent shores Light mists hange around like a skiey view, aud only ro veals the uncertain outlines of woods and hills The warm vernal air is just stirring in the valleys, but has not yet rufflad the water's mirror. Turn the eye upward the misty vault opena into the calm, clear heavens, over which there seems suffused ge nial spirit' breath Far distant, on tho horrtzon flish out the gilded and red dening peaks, and from yonder crown of snow, a sudden radiance announ ces the rising aun. Now in the east stream the golden rays through tha ! soft blue vapour. The breeze fresh ens, and comes loaded with fragrance from the wood. A faint dark curl swepps over the waier; ihe mist rolls up, lifts itself above meadow an;l hill; end in gathering folds hangs light bout the mountains. Away on the level lake, till it meets the sky, stlveiy gleams the sheeted wave, sprinkled with the changeful stars, as ihe ever rising breez? breaks it in ripples. Now the pennon, that hung loose around the mast, rises Sf fitfully floats. We spread the sail, and casting off ! from the shore, glide out with cheer ... u r - ... lul hearts on our voyage, n-ium widens the lake, rock after rock rece ding back on either hand, and openttig between, still bays, hung round with sparkling woods, or leading through green meadow vis'as to the blue sunny hill. It it now noon. In the middle of the lake speeds the bark over the light glancing waves. Dai k opens down The clear path while loss the crests of foam and as the ail stoops to the steady wind, awifl 1 es the parted wat er ro i.d the prow, and rushing, pours in behind the stern. Thedis ant shores glow bright in the sun, thai alone io the heaven looks unveiled with vivify ing goodness ov -r the earth. How hi"h & how broad swells thesky! Tho igitated lake tosses like a w de held ol snowy flowers sweep of the long ro tiring shores hill gleaming overfill up lo tho shadowy mountains -irad over these Alpine needles, shootins; -L . I ,l..mm it trim v while in'o me uuuiumcm .n ! ii ui ,,,! am oonress tile stomach : 1 nc-n if it be overdone, wil yield a rial, burnt j a lie s'tll and happy uuder the ev I i .,i. , ,r -... - u 1 hp i t'liirnv UUU Ulliei laoic, no . ii iuo -...i --j ed, and in use it will heat the body, and acl as an astringent. The closer it is confined at the time of roasting, and till used, ihe better will us volatile pungen cy , flavor and virtues be preserved. 'The influence which coffee, judicious ly prepared, imparts to the stomach, from its invigorating qualities, is strongly ex emplified by the immediate effect produ ced on taking it when tho stomach is o-verlond.-d or nauseated wilh surfeit, or de jilitated by intemperance, or languid from inanition. 'In vertigo leihargy, catarrh, and all ais orders of the head, from obstructions in the capillaries, long experience has pro ved it lo be a powerlul meaicine; aim in , certain cases of apoplexy, it has been I found serviceable even when given Ifj clysters, where it has not been convenient te convey effects to the stomach. Mons Malebranche restored a person irom upo plexy bv repeated clystersof coff;e. 'l)u ruur rotates an mnwn.i y -stance of the effect of coffee in the gout; he says, Mons. Deverau was atucseu wilh ihe gout ot twenty Ikb years ol age, and had it sevorolv until he was upwards of fifty, wilh chalk slones in the joints ot his hands and feel; he was recommended the use of coffee, which he adopted, and had no return of the gout. A small cup or iwo of coffee, immedi alely after dinner, promotes digestion. With a draught of water previously drunk according lo ihe eastern custom, coffee is serviceable to those who are ot a costive habit. I'hogenerality of the Kngusa wranm make their coffee too eak, and use too much sugar, which often causes U to turn ..rid on the stomach. Almost every K...lroAnr has a neculiar method of ma king coffee; but it never can be excellent . . A f il.a horrtl un'essttDe maoe strung "i " i any more than our English wines can be good, so long aa we continue to form the principal of them on sugar and water. Count Rumford says, "coffee may be too biltor but it is impossible that it should ever be too fragrant. The very smell of it is riviving, and has often been found to be useful lo sick persons, and to those whoareafheted w.tn ine neau u..e In short, everv thing proves that the vol atile, aro-natic matier, whatever it may be that gives flavor to coffee, is what M most valuable in it, and should be preser a nuih the lrreatesl care, and that, in es limating the strength or richness of lhat beverage, its fragrance shuuld be much more attended, lhan either its bitterness or aatringeucy. This aromatic suMiance er smiling suu. Now it is evening. The ano ie sinking behind the dark mountains, snd clouds scattered far in the east float soft in rosy light. The sun is now hidden, snd strong & widi sweeps up its golden dime like the holy blaze of a funeral pile. The bre zj slack ens the waves subside in slumber; and slowly the bark steers in its shel tering bsy. Lone shadows which stretch from hill to valey UH He dark curtains on Ihe take and a sol emn subdued serenity breods like a protecting spirit over the hushed and quiet earth. Only ihe far summits yet retain their brightness. Faint blush es stain the eternal snows, recalling the first dawning rose, like memory of early joys, in the tranquil moments of departing age. These, loo, fade; but the evening star looks brighi from the blue infinite, and like the herald of a better world, lead us safely to our haven. Natural Curiosity .While two sawyers in Messrs Gar Sr Horburgh's ghip building yard, Dundee, were em ployed in cutting up an oak log into planks, they discovered a neatly built wren's nest, with an fgg in it, firmly embedded in the heart of the wood, which situation, considering the age of the iree.it may have been occupy ing for a period of mom than half a century. Irisli PaPer' ' LUCKY EDITOR By a letter from Wheeling, Va. we learn Diet tho -Jtmr nf ihe Lawrenceburgh Paladi- um, drew a prise of one thoutand dot iars. on the 14th inst. in tho Peters- burah, Vs. Lottery. Surely, Uama Fortune, snd are de termined to buy up all the editora. Indiana American. STEAMBOAT EXPLOSIONS. We see in a Scotch paper the proceed ings of a criminal court, before which the engineer ofasteamer which had exploded was tried for "culpable homicide." Such investigations are much wanted in this country. There has very seldom happen ed a steamboat explosion which was not the coneequence of very culpable ueg led on the port of eomebody- -V. It Jour. Com.