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WSIlSHEn BY TKAHCE it CMIKTV. TlVfiN'I Y h'QUll TH CONGRESS 'FiltT SESSION. JN SENATE. TllTJBSDAY, April 14, PUBLIC LANDS. The Sonate proceeded to consider the '4ill to provide for the di9trubution of the preceedsof the public lands, and giving 'hinds to certain Stales. Mr, BENTON moved tostriksout the words granting lands to Missouri Mr. WALKER moved to strike out the words grahriuij lauds to Mississippi. These propositions were dweussed by "Mr. BENTON, Mr. WALKER, Mr. PORTIift, Mr. CLAY, Mr. BLACK; when the question being varied in its "torn to as first to take tha question on Ihoamondments proposed by the commit tee on Public Lmds, the first of which is -to strike outlhe words "on education," in the part specif) ing the objects of grants ho mo new aiaies. Mr. EWING, of Ohio, bri-fly ex plained the reasons which influenced the committee lo propose this amend ment; and the amendment was con curred in. The second amendment of the com mi Ilea was lo strike out several lines in Ihe second section, specifying edu -cation, internal improvements, Stc. as the objects to which the surplus reven me, we apportioned among the seve ral States, ahull be. applied; which a tneridincnt was agreed to. The fourth amendment was to strike -out '1837," ( he limit of duration of the bill,) and insert "1811;" which "was coucumd in yeas 19, nays 91 The fifth anendment was to strike out the. fifth section, which provides tforen annual expenditure of SSO, 000 dor completing the surveys of the pub (lie lands Mr. EW4NG, of Ohio, explained he lessons which induced the commit 'tee to propose this amendment, and ex tpresed his own willingness now to concur-in it. After a few words from Mr KING of Alabama, Mr. HENDRICKS, Mr. CLAY, and Mr. BENTON, "this amendment was not concurred tin. The sixth amendment wns to strike out thesix'h section, which refers to -a contingent re-arrangement of the land districts in ease of the existing districts not yielding sufficient by sales to pay the salaries of the land ol fieri therein. The reasons which led to this amend mem were suied by Mr K WING, of Ohio. Mr. WALKER resisted the discon 4intiar.ee of laud offices, as proposed by this amendment. The amendmi nt cos then concured in. Mr. EWING, of Chin, moved an amend menl in Ihe third section to fliakc ihe dale correspond wilh the olh r part of the bill; which ami ndmeiil ova agreed to. The next q inslion being on the mo tion to amend by striking nut the -wards .Missouri'" and ".Mississippi" from those of the new States lo whirh 800.000 acres of laud each are to be grao led. A fler same remai k fi om Mr MEN TON, the bill was laid on ihe table un til to BlOKo W, The Senate proceeded to consider ItiH message frq n lltu Mouse erf R. JMiiliHttltf' lwittiu on their amend anrnl lo Pht hill to establish a ti rnto rlnoveriinieHt in the Territory of Wisconsin. Mr. BUCHANAN mn-vod to ap point a romfiviiHH of conference. Mr. KNIGHT wish' d to be first as srorffl wheih r there wus not a majori ty of the &oile who would be willing o .recede, and called the yeas and nytf ihe oiotjan, and Ihey were or .i H'd. Ttrfiqiiesiion was tltTi taken on the notion of Air, Ltk II AN Nvand de cided as follows: YEAS -Messrs. , Hlaek, Hinwn, fluchtnan. Calhoun, Critten len, Cwhburt, B ving, of Illinois, Sok,boroHgh, Grundy, Hubbard, K'ig, of Alabama, King, of Georgia, Jinn, Purer, Rives, Robbins, Hob aTson Ruggle Walker, Wall, Web ber, Mnghl W3. JSAYS-Mesars Clay, Davis, Kw in, nf Ohio, Hendricks. Hill, Kent, Ko'g1i(. Mangum, Munis, Naudain, Nicholas, Nil. Prentiss, Shepley, tivBtbard, Swift, I'omlintion, White i. Jt was then ordered that the eom tniiisM of couftreae consist of three tralOTf; and. On motion of Mr. POUTER, ihey were appointed by the Chair, nod or leretl m consist of Mr. Buchanan, lr, Wnn iT.K, and Mr. Siikplky. The Senile then took up a resolu tion to correct mistake in any Iocs tionaofthe n-sei vaiions among the f 'ottawalamie Indians, which was oi dated to be engrossed. Oo motion of Mr. KING, of Alaba ma, the Senate took up the bill for Ihe relief of Arthur Bronson; which was discussed at considerable length tf ws rejected yeas 0, nays 19. The Senate then adjourned. From the Washington Globe SURPLUS REVENUE RAI L RO A DS MR. GBUNDY'S BILL. Among the projects for disposing of parts ol the surplus revenue, there is nono which promises more public utilitv than the proposition to contract for the freedom of the rail roadsforall Govern ment purposes. In a practicnl point of view, thefollowing ud vantages are to be anticipated; 1. It will give conveyance to the mails without charge, on the routes where it is heaviest and most expensive, enabling the Government to reduce the rates ot postage, or largely to increase mail fa cilities to the interior of the country. 2. The mails on these routes will be conveyed more frequently, more rapidly, and more sulci y . 3. It will incalculably diminish he expenses attendtog the means of defunct,1 io peace and in war. By enabling the Government rapidly to concentrate the public farce, it is unne cessury to keep up so gieat a standing ar my as might otherwise bo required. VVnh roil roads at the service of Ihe Govern -merit along the whole sea board, and ou (he principal mules of the interior com municationthe defective power of our present army ould be more than dou bled. By affording on those routes frco trans portation for officers, men, stores, and oth er public property, it would lesson the ex nouses of Ihe Government in timo of peace, and obviate one u, the heaviest items of charge in tune of war, thereby distinguishing the necessity of luxation or loaus, in n degree proportioned to the perils and efforts ol the country. It will incalculably increase the power ol ih a country lo detend iiseli m jases of sum or insurrection. City can rush invasion to the defence ol city in a few hours, mid Stales to the defence of States in u low du-ys. before a hostile fleet could np uruach and land its forces near onu of our great maritime cities, the whole power of several of hur sisters would be at hand to defend her. Union; ait attack could lie planned and txecuttd, the interior country would send down its thousands and Ions of .thousand by every rail mad. Porta are useful in certain positions, but the surest defence ol the country is an in vincible array "I tirmoJ men. To uvioil invasion, we Have nut lu ll ivo tno means ol coiiceii'r.iliu!' at ever', ininnrtanl noiul ..eu'riiliutf at ever', ininnrtanl nouil lor defence, u more formidable iorco than oar enemy can bring to the us sault. As nuxilinvv to the public defence, there tore., this project deserves the most favor able consideration. 5, A'l the benefit of free roa ls will be secured lo ihe Government, al ihe cheap est possible r ile, and without touching any oi tb'ise constitutional questions, in volved in a system ol internal improve moms by the genera! Government, li well bo a mere miitt 'r of contract The original powei of making contracts lor the General (i ivermeiit is vested in Con rii.i I'bis boly ha delegated lo the heads of departments, the power to make contract lor limited period, and has gen (.-a 1 1 v prohibited advances of money un nl the articles be delivered., or lira service performed But that body tan make, or authorise to be made, unlimited contracts and pnv tha whole consideration in ml vaiieo. Whether Ihey wjII do so, is u question ol expediency only, li is not proposed lo advance money lu any company for the purpn-u ol en ibtillg ihein to make arnad Theurmev b 10 be paid only when the road is eoinpleleil, and ihe public, service has commenced Hpttnii. 8eetious ol a mad, however, may be can raciod for, and the consideru lion f)aid separately. Thua, Ihe road from Washington lo Bullimnre, is a pari or branch of ihe Baltimore and Ohio Tail road. The use id' that section may hu immediately contracted lor and the con sitleration aiil ; so of tint section (roin B diiinnre to Frederick, ike. Nor does it aflool the principle if ihe company a vow that their purpose is j finish other sections of the ro d with the louds so p o cured. 11m Government doe not pay tlioin ir liirf (ivMJC, but lo obtain the Iron use of the suction already made. It mutters not whether the compati) make other sections or other road with those funds. Tbu Government will pay the considerations fur the use of those oth er suctions or oth.r roads, only when they may be completed. Finally. This project, if adopted, will put to rest forever, nil questions ue lo 'he power of C ngress to make roads within (hu States, by receiving all the ueuutits of ihe (Kwer without exercising or usurp iug it. Ihe Government will have throughout the country, fur its own pur posus, f cc rail rom Is, at an expense im measurably short ol tbe cost ot making them, without assuming any jurisdiction over the soil, without affecting any Slate riht without exerci"iiig a power in the least doubtful. Jivon in caso the owners of the mad lail 4o perform tho contract service, it is not proposed to give to tho Govurmuoni any power to keep tho road in operation, or to ixercisoauy aulliority over it, other than to sell it as ihev now do private properly, for the payment of lie tits lo ihe pulaliu. It is, we think, no small recommenda lion of this project, that it promises to put Biicnd forever, and that speedily, to tho districting question uslu the power of i ho Government to make roads and canals wiihin the States How delighted is the prospect present ed in another respect! Oiher Govern meuts are saddling posterity with debts which generations will bo unable toextin guish. We propose so to apply our ore sent abundance us to lessen the legili main demands on prosperity. We pro pose to pay in advance tor the convey ance ol thetr mails, the transportation ol their public property, and their armies some of the heaviest items of expense in all their wars, and considerable charges upon them it) times ol peace. How beau tiful tho contrast with all oilier Govern inente of the world, ancient or modern"! ll will be the first example we hope it will not be the last. Why then should not a liberal por lion of tho surplus revenue be devoted to ihis object? Give enough to the nvy enough lo forts enough to the pre paration of the munitions of war- and we shall have enough loft for this great purpose. LATEST FROM FLORID. Washington, April '8, 1836. Despatches from ivJaj. General Scott's head quarters ih Florida, da ted Fort Dranc March the20h,have been received by the last mail at the Adjutant General's office, of which the followinjis an extract: For the information of the Secret ry of War, and General in Chief, I addressed you a hasty note of the 14 h. Nothing material has since occurred. This wing is wailing'to give timeifor Brigadier General Euslis and Colonel Lindsay to gain their respective posi tions, Pelaklekaha and ('hichnckaiy, for the arrival of the wagons tr-nt hence to Gray's Ferry for subsistence the last of whirh may be expected hy the 24 h, wilh (it is hoped) some adili tional teams fiom Savannah, and for the troops from New Oilcans to ie- rruit their strenffin All ihesa ob- ,c,8 J have noA rflasf,n , h wj f. J. mi;jl,.i i ., ,u oct. oi.k nr. a t i ti i ji i i .t t n. i uv hi1; un vji iii iust.. although 1 havrf not hstl a line from 'Col Lindsay later thvi his feller dated at Mobile, the 13 h u't. In the mean tim, it is confiJuntly be lieved thai the reat body if ihe ene my remains in the swamp or c ve of the Wyihlacooehee, about the junc tion of its ihree branches say twen (y-five miles from ihi place. I send a topographical skeich of ihat vicinity made by my aid, Lieut Johnston. lioii inlormaiion received i u.. i , ;ii,', (.,. ; ' ,.i I ,, .. n .... .... n . ..i ,r iiin, uie rii un tuairr viiineiiti ui Florida, Whom I have taken into Ihe service of the United S'a'es, as my staff, with that rank His minute knowledge of the country and thehos tile Indians, together with his general military intelligence, rendt r him a valuable acquisition. ! also expect lo derive much valuable asms auc ; from t'.ol. Fi zpai'ic'k, t li p President of ihe Territorial L gislative Council, pari ic ularly if the war should be carried in to ihe Peninsula, with which he is, perhaps, better acq tinted than any other individual in the Territory. He is with me, and is well disposed to ren tier himself generally useful." THKLVND BILt A member of Congress from Ohio (says Ihe Spfintrfield Pioneer!) writes home ihst Mr Clays land bill will cer taittly pass both house of "congress. This news is most gratifying. It will be a pron l day to our country, when thirty orfpr'y niillious of the .peoplt '. money lying uselessly in the vaults of Ihe pe; banks, shall be relumed lolhe puhlic as t'his bill provides, spreading abroad all over the face of ihe Union ihe bletsings of education, and Ihe boundless wealth and comfn'l that in tcrnal imjirovements so certainly be stow. Il is said that the turn of twen'y fire thousand dollars has been charg ed hy Mr. Livingston, for the man aicinent of the great case between the Uwiied States and the city of New Or leans, hy which the latter gained one Mtillion of dollars At a late term of he court of Com mon Pleas in Butler co., John Spons lerwas found guilly of murder in Ihe first degree! The murder was perpe dated on Ihe 1st of last August; and the victim, (Allen McLaughlin) was the murderer's son in law. Adv. The Convenlion to aller the Consii tution of Pennsylvania, is to consist of 133 delegates, who are (o be elec ted at the presidential election next fall, and to meet in May, 1837. ii i The Bucyrua Intelligencer of Ihe 5th instant, says that a tract of land situate at the fool of the rapids of the Ma'imee river, snd has Water privile ges of great value, was on tho 4ih in slant, sold at public sale at the Land Offier, fur one hundred and four dol lars and sixteen cents per acre. From tho New Orleans True American. LA IL ANB IMPORTANT FROM TBXAS. Wo learn by n passenger of t!i9 achoon crCamanche, eight days from Texas, Jut the wui has assumed a senousch.tr ' -wtni- Hit tliA 'Villi P.t.rtn.tr tli A To., i n n .... W . tlivu.i. a UVIUUJJ IU. ( bAIHII garrison in Bexar, ol 150 men, commau ded by Ll Colonel B. Travis, was aiurck ed by the advance division ol Gun. San ta Ann, consisting of 2.000 men, who were repulsed with the loss of many kill ed. between 500 to 800 men. without the I loss of one man ol the lexians. About the some time, Col. Johnson, with a par- ty of-70 nion, while reconnoitering the ; westward ol in ratrieto, was surround ed in the night by a large body of Mexi can troops. In the morning tho demand ol'a surrender was made by the Mexican commander unconditionally, which was refused, but an offer of surrender was j made as prisoners of war, which was uc ceded lo by Hie Mexicans; but no soon er had ihe Texians marched out of their quarters and stacked their arms, than a general fire was opened upon thorn by the whole Mexican force. The Texians attempted to escape, but only three of lliem succeeded., one of whom vta Col. Johnson. Between Ihe 25lh of February and 2J March, the Mexicans were employed in forming entrenchments around tho Ala mo, and bombarding the place; on the 2d March col. Travis wrote lhat 200 shell had been thrown into the Alamo without injuring a man. On the 1st of March the Garrison of Alamo received a reinforcement of 32 Texiuns from G n zales, having forced their way through ;be enemy's lines, making the number in Ihe Alamo consist of 180 men. On ihe 6ih March about midnight, the Alamo was assaulted by Ihe whole Mex icon army, eemmanded by Sinta Aim in person. The -battle was desperate until daylight, when only soven men belong ing to the Texian garrison were found alive, who cried for quarters, but were told ihu there was nono for them. Thay then continu al lighting until the whole were butchered. Q.w woman (Mrs. Dick inson) und a negro of col. Travis1, were the only person whose lives were spared. We regret to say that Colonel David Cbockktt, hi companion, Jesse Boutoii ind col. Bmharn, of South Carolina, wore among tho number slain. Col. Bow ie was murdered in his bed, tick und helpless. Gon. Cos, ou entering the fiu-i ordered theservant of col. Travis to point out the body of his master, he did so, when Cos drew hm 'ord, and mangled i he face and limbs wilh the malignant feelings ol a Camaiiche savage. Tne jodies of ihe slain were thrown -into u heap in ihe centre of the Alamo nnd burnt. Tne loss of ihe Mexicans in stor .mug the placu was not lees th n one thousand killed and m irtaliy wouodeil, and as nnny wounded; making, wnh their loss, in tho tbsl assault, between two and three thousand men. The flig used by tbu Mexicans was a blood reil one, in the dare of. tho constitutional Hag. Immediately after the capture, iieu. Siuta Ana sent Mrs. Dickinson &, servant to Gen. Mansion1 camp, accom pained by a Mexican with a dag, who Wat the bearer ol'a nolo from G n. Cjantn Ana o tiering tho Tex i una peace and a gen eral amnesty tl Ihey would lay down their arms and submit to bis government. Gen. I!outi)n 'a iuply was: "True, sir, vou have suueeeded in killing some ol our brave men, but the Texiaus .are not yet conquered." The effect of the fall of Bexar throughout Tc'Xas was -electrical'; ev ery man who could use a rift' , ad was in a condition to take the fi Id, inarched forthwith le theseat of war-. It is believed that not Jess 'than 4,000 tin men were on their way to the ar my when the Camanche sailed, d Her mined lu wreak their vengeance on the Mexicans. Geo. Houston had bBTnt Gonzales and fallen back on the Colorado, with shout 1,000 men; Col, Fanning was in the fort at Goliad, a very strong position, we-ll supplied with muni lion and provisions, with from 400 !o 5t)0 men. The general determination of the people of Texas is tj abandon ail their occupilions and pursuits of peace, & to continue in arms until evry Mexi can east of the Rio del Norte shall be exterminated. Wbstkrn Indians. We have for some lime past hail painful forbodings ihat the war spirit and ihe conflicts tviih the Indians, in Flurida, would have a contagious influence on the In dians West of the Mississippi; & that the people of tha' frontier might, soon er or later we hope the day is far distant be severely tried by the re-ac Hon produced by tho removal of Ihe reluctant Indians from east of ihe Mis sissippi. From ihe West wo received yesterday the subjoined intelligence of hostilities between the aboriginals of the prairies and tho traders and emi gram Indians, which cannot, indeed, be traced to Ihe Florida excitement, but which, by reviving and giving em ployment for the wsrrior fueling of the Indians, may prepare their minds and nerve (heir arms for ether encounters hereafter. We hope the Kxecative will think well befure determining lo send out troops into the prairies aain lo look after roving Indians, whom they may never find, and, if found, had perhaps better let alone; for in such wars few laurels can be won, by civilized man. AW. Int. 'NfiAit Four Giujjon, A. T Mauch 14, 1830. 'Things in this quarter look as if we were lo have (rouble ere long with the Indian on the Grimd I'raire. ''An Express arrived at head quir 1 lers a few dajM since, anno'inc-iug lo Gen. Arbuckle that the Camanehea and Pawnees ha I murdered all th" Traders at Coffee's Trading House. on Red river, in Ihe Fawnae country. One man only escaped; he has arrived here, and described the massacre as dreadful; 50 or 80 American 4" some Creeks and Osagee were buichered. "It was near Coffee's trading house that the treaty last year was made with the Camanchesand Pawnees, but owini to Col. D idge not being there agreeably lo promise, the treaty was torn up, and Tab.(mna, a fierce aod Savage Camanche wirrior, warned Gen. CoffE.& his men to leave their country-: his not complying has b-en fatal to them all Our men who saw the Camanches ia-al summer describe them as a fierce, warlike race of men, well-mounted, nnd armed with a lance and shield. They are a wandering tribe, and we may look for them all next su nmer without cro sing their trail. There is no doubt ihat the Um ted Stales willresenl these murd rs, and we will march from here as s ) n as the grass will admit of our hor.es hvinif on it. I he whole remment ol Dragjons will concentrate tlj b j lined by the 7th. Infantry, now at Furl Gib son. Cmu McIntosh, the Creek warrior, swears vengeance against Ihe Pawnees and Camanches, and he will no doubt add six or eeven hundred warriors lo our -command. We are making every preparation, and we shall set of, 1 suppose, by the 1st of May, or sooner. 'Gen. AmtttcKLG has put Fort G b son in good rep ir, and mourned held pieces in the biock houses." li ill tatri'ti. THE DUTY (). WJNm By the bi!! reported by the -Commit tee on Commerce, and fitch has pas sed the Sena'e by a unanimous, vote, ihe duty on Wines, alter the-30;h Jur next, will be substantially as follows! Red Wines of France, in casks, 1 cent a gallon. While do do 2 cents a gallon. French Wines, in hot ties, 1 cent a bottle Wines of Germany. Spain & the Med j ilerranean, unless (f J cent a battle. otherwise special ly enumerated, J R'd wines of Spain, in casks, 2 cents a gallon. Wines of all countries ) in boilltjsuule.-sspe 3 cents n boKle. cially enumeia ed , ) Sherry and Madeira ines, 10 cents a gall en The shove duties will be gradually slill foiiher reduced at the rate -of 10 par cent, a year, irirder Ihecompinjm ise act. This summary view of ihe e-fl'-cl of the hill is but a foretaste ol the com mst tee's racort 'u,i6n the sub- jiecty, which we shall have the pleasure 9 7 1 - . . to pUMfe 4rt n ierly "day.-JVY. 5EJrhe,s'e'vei'elan'd almost unprece deured storm of Saturday evening last has 'been productive of extensive inju ries. From all whom we have heard speak of it the expression ii that the streams were never known lo he so high. Walnut creek, we understand, overfljwed its bank-', sweeping off fen ces, corn wherever ungathered and a great many sheep and iios. Clear creek was also very high, doing great damage to the nulls, budges, &c and entirely sweeping off a grea' quantity of fence, produce &e. Hocking, at this place, hum an inconsiderable stream, was spread out to a broad sheet of tur bid waier, and serious apprehensions were entertained for the Lateral Canal which, however, has sustained nu material injury. We anticipate exten sive damages along the whole extent of the Hocking bottoms. The Chili cothe ilGazelte" says "Karly on Sunday muruing, the bank of the Ohio canal, between Main and Fourth sts. gave way, and the south east part of the town was presently flooded. By spirited exertions, however, the breach was repaired, before essential damage had bben done, except to gardens and fences. Paint creek on Sunday morn in; showed an exemplification of the Egyptian figure of "bread cast upon the waters. Hundreds of shocks of corn were floating on its foaming tide the sight of which awoko apprehen sions of the serious losses farmers a bove must have sustained. We have heard of bul few particulars of the ef fects of this freshet though the 'oss occasioned by il must have bee;i great. 28,000 bushels of corn, l ho property of a gentleman near Waverly in Pike county, were entirely destroyed, and a merchant of ihis place hasjusi inform ed us ot a large quantity of (he same art;,,:ie belongii g to him, which was stored in a warehouse, several mile3 above this pla:e, which is ruined by the fl mil. The bridge over the Scio to, on the Lancaster road, is impassa ble for horses and wagons, so that the mails to and from tho north and east arc conveyed in boats," In addition, we are informed by gentleman dired from Chilirothe, that the above i a mere ti ill i compared with the aaiual loss of corn ami oilier (.roduce on ihe Canal an I River. It is supposed :haj Duties' than 150,001) uiidieis of corn in shoc k, crib, and ware houses, have been either dama ged or eniire.ly swept avay. The los of hogs, caltie, sheep, 4'c, is also very great. The Zinesville Gaz-tte sta'es that the Muskingum river rose higher, in consequence ol the rain, than it had beeu known at that place since tho fivm iiu.i vi ......... There are seVt ral breaches in ila O i o Canal one above and one belaw Circleville one at Waverly, 4c we are informed, which il will reqHiro. some three or four weeks o repair. Ohio Eagle. Of the hspjy nf.-ets of temperance in loud and drink upon the health and upon the bodily f. eitngs. any one can nave p isonal experience, who will, pu hi i s If upon a s slem of diet and exorcise -iuiilar to that prescribed (.it j the fc2 iglish boxers and fjol-racers. c. lebr.led trainer, du JaeKson, a sceibes one of its eff cis to be lo ten der ihe .ikiu -clf ar, smooth, well colo red und elas icy snowing that tempo ranee and X;rcise are ihe heat of cos ureties. But a Mr. Walker of Lon don has 'an ly discovered that tliey have a still higher virtue, and Ihat 'hey will keep ihe skin cban without the aid of wad r. lu a wrk just pub lishud he thusdeseiibs the effect of an abstrnioin deu Haiti More Jimer. 'Indeed 1 fell a dill rent bein:, liht and vigorom, with all my senses sharpened, I enjoy an absolute glow i gixis'ence. 1 c mnoi help mention nig two or three instances in proof of my staie, though I daresay Ihey will appear almost ridiculous, hut ihey are nevertheless Irue. It seems ihat from tne surface of an animal in p ifecl health there is an active exhalation going on which repels impurity; for when I walked on Ihe dus lest roads, noi only my feet, bul even my stock tngs, remained free from dust, lly way of experiment 1 did not wash my lace fur a week, nor did any oi.-e ste, nor 1 feel ihe -difference." "LOCO FOCO." Some controversy bus U'eu noticed hi the New York Wli g ptipertt, imi Uv con -flicting claims al two or tbiee of them to i ho meril of Un v i ..y, originated the naino ol "iOC.o loco" putty, which lias been so generally adopted, vnd wild an iuidied iidmidsioNol iie-appliciiliiliiy, 'Ihe New Vor!; Courier i'id Kiiquiri.r and D,ilv Advertiser, each claim the honor ol lirst applying the appellative; iind il we tuo net wistaketi, inu livening Ptan, through iis acting editor or soau ol us correspou dents, has expressed great 8 itisfaciiuii, ttl the name, and udopicd it w ith a sluing sense ol us proptieiy. lint we believe all untnontiea gr.:o tlial ihe denv nion "f the'nomeu, wa ihcu- o!'t-lie)tk .,i ! , . I. - 1. - 1 J.. ...I. . ,1 et liiihls, known us "loeo-loco matches." ou one occasion in Tammany Uall, wuh out reference Ha ihe philological or liier itl signification ol the t-irnu As some at tention has lately been dirt-cled loth.; do finiUoM of -the word which has eeu de clared to be ss happily des ;ripliv td'lho principles el this "new WgbtT1 oarty, it may nut bo inappropriate to present the following generic wigih of the phrase "lo co foco," taken by a coirespeudenl from Newman and Barrett's Spanish and Eug lish Dictionary: 'Lico, c , 1. Mad, cTack hraiirad. 2 Fool, A' tontas y a loaas, Inconsiderate ly, without fi fleciion. ' "Foco, 1 Focus,-the poiut sf con vertjeoce in n g'aEsWc. 'faking the firs' and or course the most generally received d.finiiions of Ihe two words, the phrase would ba literally trans lated ihus: "The point of Convergence for mad or crack bruited persons;" or briefly 'Ihe focus of folly." 'I have lived,' said Dr. Adam Clark to know that the great secret of human happiness is thisi Never suff r your energies lo s'agnate. The old adage of'too many irons in th file," con veys an abominable lie. You cannot have lo many poker, torgs, and all: keep litem all a going. ' Six Slim Suck Saflins." lijs gravely asserted by soma folks ihat there is no Vankee in the land Ihat can upon the first trial, 'of a cold froa y morning," pronounce these words in quick succession without making a mistake. Tiy it. A lady by the name of Caroline H. sheepshanks has applied lo tha Legis lature of Pennsylvania lo have her name changed. There is an easier way for ladies to get iheir names changed than an application to the le gislature. IV. Va. Timet. New Ouleans and Nashvillk Rail Road. In consequence of a dis agreement between ihe Iwo Houses, ihe bill lo incorporate this road, has been lost in the Legislature of Missis sippi. It seems the House wished the road to pass east of Pearl river, and the Senate were bent on locating it nearer the Mississippi river.