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Carroll free press. [volume] (Carrollton [Ohio]) 1834-1861, April 22, 1836, Image 2

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WSIlSHEn BY TKAHCE it CMIKTV.
TlVfiN'I Y h'QUll TH CONGRESS
'FiltT SESSION.
JN SENATE.
TllTJBSDAY, April 14,
PUBLIC LANDS.
The Sonate proceeded to consider the
'4ill to provide for the di9trubution of the
preceedsof the public lands, and giving
'hinds to certain Stales.
Mr, BENTON moved tostriksout the
words granting lands to Missouri
Mr. WALKER moved to strike out the
words grahriuij lauds to Mississippi.
These propositions were dweussed by
"Mr. BENTON, Mr. WALKER, Mr.
PORTIift, Mr. CLAY, Mr. BLACK;
when the question being varied in its
"torn to as first to take tha question on
Ihoamondments proposed by the commit
tee on Public Lmds, the first of which is
-to strike outlhe words "on education," in
the part specif) ing the objects of grants
ho mo new aiaies.
Mr. EWING, of Ohio, bri-fly ex
plained the reasons which influenced
the committee lo propose this amend
ment; and the amendment was con
curred in.
The second amendment of the com
mi Ilea was lo strike out several lines
in Ihe second section, specifying edu
-cation, internal improvements, Stc. as
the objects to which the surplus reven
me, we apportioned among the seve
ral States, ahull be. applied; which a
tneridincnt was agreed to.
The fourth amendment was to strike
-out '1837," ( he limit of duration of
the bill,) and insert "1811;" which
"was coucumd in yeas 19, nays
91
The fifth anendment was to strike
out the. fifth section, which provides
tforen annual expenditure of SSO, 000
dor completing the surveys of the pub
(lie lands
Mr. EW4NG, of Ohio, explained
he lessons which induced the commit
'tee to propose this amendment, and ex
tpresed his own willingness now to
concur-in it.
After a few words from Mr KING
of Alabama, Mr. HENDRICKS,
Mr. CLAY, and Mr. BENTON,
"this amendment was not concurred
tin.
The sixth amendment wns to strike
out thesix'h section, which refers to
-a contingent re-arrangement of the
land districts in ease of the existing
districts not yielding sufficient by
sales to pay the salaries of the land ol
fieri therein.
The reasons which led to this amend
mem were suied by Mr K WING, of
Ohio.
Mr. WALKER resisted the discon
4intiar.ee of laud offices, as proposed
by this amendment.
The amendmi nt cos then concured
in.
Mr. EWING, of Chin, moved an
amend menl in Ihe third section to
fliakc ihe dale correspond wilh the olh
r part of the bill; which ami ndmeiil
ova agreed to.
The next q inslion being on the mo
tion to amend by striking nut the
-wards .Missouri'" and ".Mississippi"
from those of the new States lo whirh
800.000 acres of laud each are to be
grao led.
A fler same remai k fi om Mr MEN
TON, the bill was laid on ihe table un
til to BlOKo W,
The Senate proceeded to consider
ItiH message frq n lltu Mouse erf R.
JMiiliHttltf' lwittiu on their amend
anrnl lo Pht hill to establish a ti rnto
rlnoveriinieHt in the Territory of
Wisconsin.
Mr. BUCHANAN mn-vod to ap
point a romfiviiHH of conference.
Mr. KNIGHT wish' d to be first as
srorffl wheih r there wus not a majori
ty of the &oile who would be willing
o .recede, and called the yeas and
nytf ihe oiotjan, and Ihey were or
.i H'd.
Ttrfiqiiesiion was tltTi taken on the
notion of Air, Ltk II AN Nvand de
cided as follows:
YEAS -Messrs. , Hlaek,
Hinwn, fluchtnan. Calhoun, Critten
len, Cwhburt, B ving, of Illinois,
Sok,boroHgh, Grundy, Hubbard,
K'ig, of Alabama, King, of Georgia,
Jinn, Purer, Rives, Robbins, Hob
aTson Ruggle Walker, Wall, Web
ber, Mnghl W3.
JSAYS-Mesars Clay, Davis, Kw
in, nf Ohio, Hendricks. Hill, Kent,
Ko'g1i(. Mangum, Munis, Naudain,
Nicholas, Nil. Prentiss, Shepley,
tivBtbard, Swift, I'omlintion, White
i.
Jt was then ordered that the eom
tniiisM of couftreae consist of three
tralOTf; and.
On motion of Mr. POUTER, ihey
were appointed by the Chair, nod or
leretl m consist of Mr. Buchanan,
lr, Wnn iT.K, and Mr. Siikplky.
The Senile then took up a resolu
tion to correct mistake in any Iocs
tionaofthe n-sei vaiions among the
f 'ottawalamie Indians, which was oi
dated to be engrossed.
Oo motion of Mr. KING, of Alaba
ma, the Senate took up the bill for
Ihe relief of Arthur Bronson; which
was discussed at considerable length tf
ws rejected yeas 0, nays 19.
The Senate then adjourned.
From the Washington Globe
SURPLUS REVENUE RAI L RO A DS
MR. GBUNDY'S BILL.
Among the projects for disposing of
parts ol the surplus revenue, there is
nono which promises more public utilitv
than the proposition to contract for the
freedom of the rail roadsforall Govern
ment purposes. In a practicnl point of
view, thefollowing ud vantages are to be
anticipated;
1. It will give conveyance to the mails
without charge, on the routes where it is
heaviest and most expensive, enabling
the Government to reduce the rates ot
postage, or largely to increase mail fa
cilities to the interior of the country.
2. The mails on these routes will be
conveyed more frequently, more rapidly,
and more sulci y .
3. It will incalculably diminish he
expenses attendtog the means of defunct,1
io peace and in war.
By enabling the Government rapidly
to concentrate the public farce, it is unne
cessury to keep up so gieat a standing ar
my as might otherwise bo required. VVnh
roil roads at the service of Ihe Govern -merit
along the whole sea board, and ou
(he principal mules of the interior com
municationthe defective power of our
present army ould be more than dou
bled. By affording on those routes frco trans
portation for officers, men, stores, and oth
er public property, it would lesson the ex
nouses of Ihe Government in timo of
peace, and obviate one u, the heaviest
items of charge in tune of war, thereby
distinguishing the necessity of luxation
or loaus, in n degree proportioned to the
perils and efforts ol the country.
It will incalculably increase the power
ol ih
a country lo detend iiseli m jases of
sum or insurrection. City can rush
invasion
to the defence ol city in a few hours, mid
Stales to the defence of States in u low
du-ys. before a hostile fleet could np
uruach and land its forces near onu of our
great maritime cities, the whole power
of several of hur sisters would be at hand
to defend her. Union; ait attack could
lie planned and txecuttd, the interior
country would send down its thousands
and Ions of .thousand by every rail mad.
Porta are useful in certain positions, but
the surest defence ol the country is an in
vincible array "I tirmoJ men. To uvioil
invasion, we Have nut lu ll ivo tno means
ol coiiceii'r.iliu!' at ever', ininnrtanl noiul
..eu'riiliutf at ever', ininnrtanl nouil
lor defence, u more formidable iorco
than oar enemy can bring to the us
sault.
As nuxilinvv to the public defence, there
tore., this project deserves the most favor
able consideration.
5, A'l the benefit of free roa ls will be
secured lo ihe Government, al ihe cheap
est possible r ile, and without touching
any oi tb'ise constitutional questions, in
volved in a system ol internal improve
moms by the genera! Government, li
well bo a mere miitt 'r of contract The
original powei of making contracts lor
the General (i ivermeiit is vested in Con
rii.i I'bis boly ha delegated lo the
heads of departments, the power to make
contract lor limited period, and has gen
(.-a 1 1 v prohibited advances of money un
nl the articles be delivered., or lira service
performed But that body tan make, or
authorise to be made, unlimited contracts
and pnv tha whole consideration in ml
vaiieo. Whether Ihey wjII do so, is u
question ol expediency only,
li is not proposed lo advance money lu
any company for the purpn-u ol en ibtillg
ihein to make arnad Theurmev b 10 be
paid only when the road is eoinpleleil,
and ihe public, service has commenced
Hpttnii. 8eetious ol a mad, however,
may be can raciod for, and the consideru
lion f)aid separately. Thua, Ihe road
from Washington lo Bullimnre, is a pari
or branch of ihe Baltimore and Ohio Tail
road. The use id' that section may hu
immediately contracted lor and the con
sitleration aiil ; so of tint section (roin
B diiinnre to Frederick, ike. Nor does
it aflool the principle if ihe company a
vow that their purpose is j finish other
sections of the ro d with the louds so p o
cured. 11m Government doe not pay
tlioin ir liirf (ivMJC, but lo obtain the
Iron use of the suction already made.
It mutters not whether the compati)
make other sections or other road with
those funds. Tbu Government will pay
the considerations fur the use of those oth
er suctions or oth.r roads, only when they
may be completed.
Finally. This project, if adopted, will
put to rest forever, nil questions ue lo 'he
power of C ngress to make roads within
(hu States, by receiving all the ueuutits
of ihe (Kwer without exercising or usurp
iug it. Ihe Government will have
throughout the country, fur its own pur
posus, f cc rail rom Is, at an expense im
measurably short ol tbe cost ot making
them, without assuming any jurisdiction
over the soil, without affecting any Slate
riht without exerci"iiig a power in the
least doubtful. Jivon in caso the owners
of the mad lail 4o perform tho contract
service, it is not proposed to give to tho
Govurmuoni any power to keep tho road
in operation, or to ixercisoauy aulliority
over it, other than to sell it as ihev now
do private properly, for the payment of
lie tits lo ihe pulaliu.
It is, we think, no small recommenda
lion of this project, that it promises to put
Biicnd forever, and that speedily, to tho
districting question uslu the power of i ho
Government to make roads and canals
wiihin the States
How delighted is the prospect present
ed in another respect! Oiher Govern
meuts are saddling posterity with debts
which generations will bo unable toextin
guish. We propose so to apply our ore
sent abundance us to lessen the legili
main demands on prosperity. We pro
pose to pay in advance tor the convey
ance ol thetr mails, the transportation ol
their public property, and their armies
some of the heaviest items of expense in
all their wars, and considerable charges
upon them it) times ol peace. How beau
tiful tho contrast with all oilier Govern
inente of the world, ancient or modern"!
ll will be the first example we hope it
will not be the last.
Why then should not a liberal por
lion of tho surplus revenue be devoted to
ihis object? Give enough to the nvy
enough lo forts enough to the pre
paration of the munitions of war- and
we shall have enough loft for this great
purpose.
LATEST FROM FLORID.
Washington, April '8, 1836.
Despatches from ivJaj. General
Scott's head quarters ih Florida, da
ted Fort Dranc March the20h,have
been received by the last mail at the
Adjutant General's office, of which
the followinjis an extract:
For the information of the Secret
ry of War, and General in Chief, I
addressed you a hasty note of the 14 h.
Nothing material has since occurred.
This wing is wailing'to give timeifor
Brigadier General Euslis and Colonel
Lindsay to gain their respective posi
tions, Pelaklekaha and ('hichnckaiy,
for the arrival of the wagons tr-nt
hence to Gray's Ferry for subsistence
the last of whirh may be expected hy
the 24 h, wilh (it is hoped) some adili
tional teams fiom Savannah, and for
the troops from New Oilcans to ie-
rruit their strenffin All ihesa ob-
,c,8 J have noA rflasf,n , h wj f.
J. mi;jl,.i i ., ,u oct. oi.k
nr. a t i ti i ji i i .t t n. i uv hi1; un vji iii
iust.. although 1 havrf not hstl a line
from 'Col Lindsay later thvi his feller
dated at Mobile, the 13 h u't. In
the mean tim, it is confiJuntly be
lieved thai the reat body if ihe ene
my remains in the swamp or c ve of
the Wyihlacooehee, about the junc
tion of its ihree branches say twen
(y-five miles from ihi place.
I send a topographical skeich of
ihat vicinity made by my aid, Lieut
Johnston. lioii inlormaiion received
i u.. i , ;ii,', (.,. ; ' ,.i
I ,, .. n .... .... n . ..i ,r
iiin, uie rii un tuairr viiineiiti ui
Florida, Whom I have taken into Ihe
service of the United S'a'es, as my
staff, with that rank His minute
knowledge of the country and thehos
tile Indians, together with his general
military intelligence, rendt r him a
valuable acquisition. ! also expect lo
derive much valuable asms auc ; from
t'.ol. Fi zpai'ic'k, t li p President of ihe
Territorial L gislative Council, pari ic
ularly if the war should be carried in
to ihe Peninsula, with which he is,
perhaps, better acq tinted than any
other individual in the Territory. He
is with me, and is well disposed to ren
tier himself generally useful."
THKLVND BILt
A member of Congress from Ohio
(says Ihe Spfintrfield Pioneer!) writes
home ihst Mr Clays land bill will cer
taittly pass both house of "congress.
This news is most gratifying. It will
be a pron l day to our country, when
thirty orfpr'y niillious of the .peoplt '.
money lying uselessly in the vaults of
Ihe pe; banks, shall be relumed lolhe
puhlic as t'his bill provides, spreading
abroad all over the face of ihe Union
ihe bletsings of education, and Ihe
boundless wealth and comfn'l that in
tcrnal imjirovements so certainly be
stow.
Il is said that the turn of twen'y
fire thousand dollars has been charg
ed hy Mr. Livingston, for the man
aicinent of the great case between the
Uwiied States and the city of New Or
leans, hy which the latter gained one
Mtillion of dollars
At a late term of he court of Com
mon Pleas in Butler co., John Spons
lerwas found guilly of murder in Ihe
first degree! The murder was perpe
dated on Ihe 1st of last August; and
the victim, (Allen McLaughlin) was
the murderer's son in law. Adv.
The Convenlion to aller the Consii
tution of Pennsylvania, is to consist
of 133 delegates, who are (o be elec
ted at the presidential election next
fall, and to meet in May, 1837.
ii i
The Bucyrua Intelligencer of Ihe
5th instant, says that a tract of land
situate at the fool of the rapids of the
Ma'imee river, snd has Water privile
ges of great value, was on tho 4ih in
slant, sold at public sale at the Land
Offier, fur one hundred and four dol
lars and sixteen cents per acre.
From tho New Orleans True American.
LA IL ANB IMPORTANT FROM
TBXAS.
Wo learn by n passenger of t!i9 achoon
crCamanche, eight days from Texas,
Jut the wui has assumed a senousch.tr
' -wtni- Hit tliA 'Villi P.t.rtn.tr tli A To., i n n
.... W . tlivu.i. a UVIUUJJ IU. ( bAIHII
garrison in Bexar, ol 150 men, commau
ded by Ll Colonel B. Travis, was aiurck
ed by the advance division ol Gun. San
ta Ann, consisting of 2.000 men, who
were repulsed with the loss of many kill
ed. between 500 to 800 men. without the
I loss of one man ol the lexians. About
the some time, Col. Johnson, with a par-
ty of-70 nion, while reconnoitering the
; westward ol in ratrieto, was surround
ed in the night by a large body of Mexi
can troops. In the morning tho demand
ol'a surrender was made by the Mexican
commander unconditionally, which was
refused, but an offer of surrender was
j made as prisoners of war, which was uc
ceded lo by Hie Mexicans; but no soon
er had ihe Texians marched out of their
quarters and stacked their arms, than a
general fire was opened upon thorn by
the whole Mexican force. The Texians
attempted to escape, but only three of
lliem succeeded., one of whom vta Col.
Johnson.
Between Ihe 25lh of February and 2J
March, the Mexicans were employed in
forming entrenchments around tho Ala
mo, and bombarding the place; on the
2d March col. Travis wrote lhat 200
shell had been thrown into the Alamo
without injuring a man. On the 1st of
March the Garrison of Alamo received a
reinforcement of 32 Texiuns from G n
zales, having forced their way through
;be enemy's lines, making the number in
Ihe Alamo consist of 180 men.
On ihe 6ih March about midnight, the
Alamo was assaulted by Ihe whole Mex
icon army, eemmanded by Sinta Aim in
person. The -battle was desperate until
daylight, when only soven men belong
ing to the Texian garrison were found
alive, who cried for quarters, but were
told ihu there was nono for them. Thay
then continu al lighting until the whole
were butchered. Q.w woman (Mrs. Dick
inson) und a negro of col. Travis1, were
the only person whose lives were spared.
We regret to say that Colonel David
Cbockktt, hi companion, Jesse Boutoii
ind col. Bmharn, of South Carolina,
wore among tho number slain. Col. Bow
ie was murdered in his bed, tick und
helpless. Gon. Cos, ou entering the fiu-i
ordered theservant of col. Travis to point
out the body of his master, he did so,
when Cos drew hm 'ord, and mangled
i he face and limbs wilh the malignant
feelings ol a Camaiiche savage. Tne
jodies of ihe slain were thrown -into u
heap in ihe centre of the Alamo nnd
burnt. Tne loss of ihe Mexicans in stor
.mug the placu was not lees th n one
thousand killed and m irtaliy wouodeil,
and as nnny wounded; making, wnh
their loss, in tho tbsl assault, between
two and three thousand men. The flig
used by tbu Mexicans was a blood reil
one, in the dare of. tho constitutional
Hag. Immediately after the capture,
iieu. Siuta Ana sent Mrs. Dickinson &,
servant to Gen. Mansion1 camp, accom
pained by a Mexican with a dag, who
Wat the bearer ol'a nolo from G n. Cjantn
Ana o tiering tho Tex i una peace and a gen
eral amnesty tl Ihey would lay down
their arms and submit to bis government.
Gen. I!outi)n 'a iuply was: "True, sir,
vou have suueeeded in killing some ol
our brave men, but the Texiaus .are not
yet conquered."
The effect of the fall of Bexar
throughout Tc'Xas was -electrical'; ev
ery man who could use a rift' , ad
was in a condition to take the fi Id,
inarched forthwith le theseat of war-.
It is believed that not Jess 'than 4,000
tin men were on their way to the ar
my when the Camanche sailed, d Her
mined lu wreak their vengeance on
the Mexicans.
Geo. Houston had bBTnt Gonzales
and fallen back on the Colorado, with
shout 1,000 men; Col, Fanning was
in the fort at Goliad, a very strong
position, we-ll supplied with muni
lion and provisions, with from 400
!o 5t)0 men.
The general determination of the
people of Texas is tj abandon ail their
occupilions and pursuits of peace, &
to continue in arms until evry Mexi
can east of the Rio del Norte shall be
exterminated.
Wbstkrn Indians. We have for
some lime past hail painful forbodings
ihat the war spirit and ihe conflicts
tviih the Indians, in Flurida, would
have a contagious influence on the In
dians West of the Mississippi; & that
the people of tha' frontier might, soon
er or later we hope the day is far
distant be severely tried by the re-ac
Hon produced by tho removal of Ihe
reluctant Indians from east of ihe Mis
sissippi. From ihe West wo received
yesterday the subjoined intelligence of
hostilities between the aboriginals of
the prairies and tho traders and emi
gram Indians, which cannot, indeed,
be traced to Ihe Florida excitement,
but which, by reviving and giving em
ployment for the wsrrior fueling of the
Indians, may prepare their minds and
nerve (heir arms for ether encounters
hereafter. We hope the Kxecative
will think well befure determining lo
send out troops into the prairies aain
lo look after roving Indians, whom
they may never find, and, if found,
had perhaps better let alone; for in
such wars few laurels can be won, by
civilized man. AW. Int.
'NfiAit Four Giujjon, A. T
Mauch 14, 1830.
'Things in this quarter look as if we
were lo have (rouble ere long with the
Indian on the Grimd I'raire.
''An Express arrived at head quir 1
lers a few dajM since, anno'inc-iug lo
Gen. Arbuckle that the Camanehea
and Pawnees ha I murdered all th"
Traders at Coffee's Trading House.
on Red river, in Ihe Fawnae country.
One man only escaped; he has arrived
here, and described the massacre as
dreadful; 50 or 80 American 4" some
Creeks and Osagee were buichered.
"It was near Coffee's trading house
that the treaty last year was made
with the Camanchesand Pawnees, but
owini to Col. D idge not being there
agreeably lo promise, the treaty was
torn up, and Tab.(mna, a fierce aod
Savage Camanche wirrior, warned
Gen. CoffE.& his men to leave their
country-: his not complying has b-en
fatal to them all Our men who saw
the Camanches ia-al summer describe
them as a fierce, warlike race of men,
well-mounted, nnd armed with a lance
and shield. They are a wandering
tribe, and we may look for them all
next su nmer without cro sing their
trail. There is no doubt ihat the Um
ted Stales willresenl these murd rs,
and we will march from here as s ) n
as the grass will admit of our hor.es
hvinif on it. I he whole remment ol
Dragjons will concentrate tlj b j lined
by the 7th. Infantry, now at Furl Gib
son. Cmu McIntosh, the Creek
warrior, swears vengeance against Ihe
Pawnees and Camanches, and he will
no doubt add six or eeven hundred
warriors lo our -command. We are
making every preparation, and we
shall set of, 1 suppose, by the 1st of
May, or sooner.
'Gen. AmtttcKLG has put Fort G b
son in good rep ir, and mourned held
pieces in the biock houses." li ill
tatri'ti.
THE DUTY (). WJNm
By the bi!! reported by the -Commit
tee on Commerce, and fitch has pas
sed the Sena'e by a unanimous, vote,
ihe duty on Wines, alter the-30;h Jur
next, will be substantially as follows!
Red Wines of France,
in casks, 1 cent a gallon.
While do do 2 cents a gallon.
French Wines, in hot
ties, 1 cent a bottle
Wines of Germany.
Spain & the Med j
ilerranean, unless (f J cent a battle.
otherwise special
ly enumerated, J
R'd wines of Spain, in
casks, 2 cents a gallon.
Wines of all countries )
in boilltjsuule.-sspe 3 cents n boKle.
cially enumeia ed , )
Sherry and Madeira
ines, 10 cents a gall en
The shove duties will be gradually
slill foiiher reduced at the rate -of 10
par cent, a year, irirder Ihecompinjm
ise act. This summary view of ihe
e-fl'-cl of the hill is but a foretaste ol
the com mst tee's racort 'u,i6n the sub-
jiecty, which we shall have the pleasure
9 7 1 - . .
to pUMfe 4rt n
ierly "day.-JVY.
5EJrhe,s'e'vei'elan'd almost unprece
deured storm of Saturday evening last
has 'been productive of extensive inju
ries. From all whom we have heard
speak of it the expression ii that the
streams were never known lo he so
high. Walnut creek, we understand,
overfljwed its bank-', sweeping off fen
ces, corn wherever ungathered and
a great many sheep and iios. Clear
creek was also very high, doing great
damage to the nulls, budges, &c and
entirely sweeping off a grea' quantity
of fence, produce &e. Hocking, at this
place, hum an inconsiderable stream,
was spread out to a broad sheet of tur
bid waier, and serious apprehensions
were entertained for the Lateral Canal
which, however, has sustained nu
material injury. We anticipate exten
sive damages along the whole extent
of the Hocking bottoms. The Chili
cothe ilGazelte" says "Karly on
Sunday muruing, the bank of the Ohio
canal, between Main and Fourth sts.
gave way, and the south east part of
the town was presently flooded. By
spirited exertions, however, the breach
was repaired, before essential damage
had bben done, except to gardens and
fences. Paint creek on Sunday morn
in; showed an exemplification of the
Egyptian figure of "bread cast upon
the waters. Hundreds of shocks of
corn were floating on its foaming tide
the sight of which awoko apprehen
sions of the serious losses farmers a
bove must have sustained. We have
heard of bul few particulars of the ef
fects of this freshet though the 'oss
occasioned by il must have bee;i great.
28,000 bushels of corn, l ho property
of a gentleman near Waverly in Pike
county, were entirely destroyed, and
a merchant of ihis place hasjusi inform
ed us ot a large quantity of (he same
art;,,:ie belongii g to him, which was
stored in a warehouse, several mile3
above this pla:e, which is ruined by
the fl mil. The bridge over the Scio
to, on the Lancaster road, is impassa
ble for horses and wagons, so that the
mails to and from tho north and east
arc conveyed in boats,"
In addition, we are informed by
gentleman dired from Chilirothe, that
the above i a mere ti ill i compared
with the aaiual loss of corn ami oilier
(.roduce on ihe Canal an I River. It
is supposed :haj Duties' than 150,001)
uiidieis of corn in shoc k, crib, and
ware houses, have been either dama
ged or eniire.ly swept avay. The los
of hogs, caltie, sheep, 4'c, is also very
great.
The Zinesville Gaz-tte sta'es that
the Muskingum river rose higher, in
consequence ol the rain, than it had
beeu known at that place since tho
fivm iiu.i vi .........
There are seVt ral breaches in ila
O i o Canal one above and one belaw
Circleville one at Waverly, 4c
we are informed, which il will reqHiro.
some three or four weeks o repair.
Ohio Eagle.
Of the hspjy nf.-ets of temperance
in loud and drink upon the health and
upon the bodily f. eitngs. any one can
nave p isonal experience, who will,
pu hi i s If upon a s slem of diet and
exorcise -iuiilar to that prescribed (.it
j the fc2 iglish
boxers and fjol-racers.
c. lebr.led trainer, du
JaeKson, a
sceibes one of its eff cis to be lo ten
der ihe .ikiu -clf ar, smooth, well colo
red und elas
icy snowing that tempo
ranee and X;rcise are ihe heat of cos
ureties. But a Mr. Walker of Lon
don has 'an ly discovered that tliey
have a still higher virtue, and Ihat
'hey will keep ihe skin cban without
the aid of wad r. lu a wrk just pub
lishud he thusdeseiibs the effect of an
abstrnioin deu Haiti More Jimer.
'Indeed 1 fell a dill rent bein:,
liht and vigorom, with all my senses
sharpened, I enjoy an absolute glow
i gixis'ence. 1 c mnoi help mention
nig two or three instances in proof of
my staie, though I daresay Ihey will
appear almost ridiculous, hut ihey are
nevertheless Irue. It seems ihat from
tne surface of an animal in p ifecl
health there is an active exhalation
going on which repels impurity; for
when I walked on Ihe dus lest roads,
noi only my feet, bul even my stock
tngs, remained free from dust, lly
way of experiment 1 did not wash my
lace fur a week, nor did any oi.-e ste,
nor 1 feel ihe -difference."
"LOCO FOCO."
Some controversy bus U'eu noticed hi
the New York Wli g ptipertt, imi Uv con -flicting
claims al two or tbiee of them to
i ho meril of Un v i ..y, originated the naino
ol "iOC.o loco" putty, which lias been so
generally adopted, vnd wild an iuidied
iidmidsioNol iie-appliciiliiliiy, 'Ihe New
Vor!; Courier i'id Kiiquiri.r and D,ilv
Advertiser, each claim the honor ol lirst
applying the appellative; iind il we tuo
net wistaketi, inu livening Ptan, through
iis acting editor or soau ol us correspou
dents, has expressed great 8 itisfaciiuii,
ttl the name, and udopicd it w ith a sluing
sense ol us proptieiy. lint we believe
all untnontiea gr.:o tlial ihe denv nion
"f the'nomeu, wa ihcu- o!'t-lie)tk
.,i ! , . I. - 1. - 1 J.. ...I. . ,1
et liiihls, known us "loeo-loco matches."
ou one occasion in Tammany Uall, wuh
out reference Ha ihe philological or liier
itl signification ol the t-irnu As some at
tention has lately been dirt-cled loth.; do
finiUoM of -the word which has eeu de
clared to be ss happily des ;ripliv td'lho
principles el this "new WgbtT1 oarty, it
may nut bo inappropriate to present the
following generic wigih of the phrase "lo
co foco," taken by a coirespeudenl from
Newman and Barrett's Spanish and Eug
lish Dictionary:
'Lico, c , 1. Mad, cTack hraiirad. 2
Fool, A' tontas y a loaas, Inconsiderate
ly, without fi fleciion. '
"Foco, 1 Focus,-the poiut sf con
vertjeoce in n g'aEsWc.
'faking the firs' and or course the most
generally received d.finiiions of Ihe two
words, the phrase would ba literally trans
lated ihus: "The point of Convergence for
mad or crack bruited persons;" or briefly
'Ihe focus of folly."
'I have lived,' said Dr. Adam Clark
to know that the great secret of human
happiness is thisi Never suff r your
energies lo s'agnate. The old adage
of'too many irons in th file," con
veys an abominable lie. You cannot
have lo many poker, torgs, and all:
keep litem all a going.
' Six Slim Suck Saflins." lijs
gravely asserted by soma folks ihat
there is no Vankee in the land Ihat
can upon the first trial, 'of a cold froa
y morning," pronounce these words
in quick succession without making a
mistake. Tiy it.
A lady by the name of Caroline H.
sheepshanks has applied lo tha Legis
lature of Pennsylvania lo have her
name changed. There is an easier
way for ladies to get iheir names
changed than an application to the le
gislature. IV. Va. Timet.
New Ouleans and Nashvillk
Rail Road. In consequence of a dis
agreement between ihe Iwo Houses,
ihe bill lo incorporate this road, has
been lost in the Legislature of Missis
sippi. It seems the House wished
the road to pass east of Pearl river,
and the Senate were bent on locating
it nearer the Mississippi river.

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