Newspaper Page Text
Carroll Free Press:
ITBLISIIED BY PEAKCE & fUBISTY. SUPPLEMENTARY TKEATY WITH MEXICO. BY THE TRESIDENr OF THE UNI'-fED STATES OF AMERICA. A PROCLAMATION", Whereas, a convention for a second additional article to the treaty of lim its between the United States of Amer ica, and the United Mexican States, the ratifications of which were ex changed in this city on the fifth day of April, 1832, was concluded and sign ed by their plenipotentiaries in the city of Mexico, on the third day of April, 1835, which convention is word lor word as follows: A treaty having been concluded and signed in the city of Mexico on the 12lh day of January, 1828. between the United States of America and the M exican United States, for the our pose of establishing the true dividing tine and boundary between the two nations, the third article of which trea ly is as follows: "To fix this line with more. precision, and to place the landmarks which shall designate exact ly the limits of both nations, each of the contracting parties ehall appoint a commissioner and a surveyor, who shall meet'belore the termination of one year from the date of the ratifica tion of this treaty, at Natchitoches, on the Red river, and proceed to run atfd mark said line, from the mouth of the Sabine to the Red river, and from the Red river to the river Arkansas, and to ascertain the latitude of the source of said river Arkansas, in con formity to what is agreed upon and stipulated, and the line of latitude 42 degrees to the South sea. They shall make out plans, and keep journals of 'heir proceedings, the result agreed upon by them shall be considered as part of this treaty, and shall have the same force as If it were inserted there in. The two Governments will arnica bly agree respecting the necessary ar tides to be furnished to those persons and also as to their respective escorts, should such be deemed necessary." And the ratifications of said treaty hav ing been exchanged in tho city of Washington, on the' fifth day of April in the year 1832, but from various cau ses the contracting parties have been unable to perform the stipulations con tained in tho nbovo-menlioned third urlicle, and tho period within which (hi siid stipulations could have been executed has elapsed; and both Rcpnb lies being desirous that the said treaty should be crrried into effect with all due solemnity, the President of the United Slates of America has fur that purposo fully empowered on his part Anthony lluilrr, a ciiizen thereof and Charge d'A Jure dl said States in Mex icO; and the acting President of the United Mexican States having in like inannor fully empowered on his part their excellencies J oso Maria On tier nzde Estrada, Secretary of State for Home and Foreign Affairs, and Jose Mariano Masco, Secretary of the Trea Miry, ami the said plenipotentiaries, after hnving mutually exchanged their full powers, found to be ample and in form, they have agreed and do here by agree to the following second add tional article to the said treaty. Within the space of one year, tob estimated from ihe dateofthe exchange ol Hie ratifications of this said Hilitition al article, there shall be nmn ed bv the Government of the United Stale ol A men'ca and of the Mexican United Niticearhacommi-vnnncr and survey or, for the purpose of fixing with more pfceilioa the dividing line, nod lor es (bUshing dts landmarks uf boundary ad limits between the two nations, wnh the exactness stipulated by the third article of the treaty of limits, con rludedvd and signed in Mexico on the 1'2'h day of January, 1828, and raiifi cations of which wire exchanged in Washington city on ihe 5di day of April, I8J2. And tho present iddl tional article shall have the same force and effect s if it had been inserted word for word in Ihe above-mentioned treatyoflhe 18th of January, 1828, d shall be approved and ratified in the manner .prescribed by the Consti tutions ol n. respective Slates. In filth of which, thessid plenipo lentiarirs hive hereunto set their tiands and alii xeel their respective seals. Done in Ihe city of Mexico on tho third day of April, in tho year of our Lord 13.15, in the fifty ninth year ef the independence of the United Slates of America, and of the fifteenth of thai of ihe United Mexican Stales. A. HUTLEH, rL. ,. J. M. GUTIERREZ DE ES TRADA, L. , JOSE Mariano blas- ci U s J And whoress tho said convention has been duly ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications of ihe same were exchanged at Washington, the t wwnlielh dav of A mil I Q44I I... John roKsvTii, .Secretary of Si.nn -t the United Sfjlts of Ainci icn, and J. M. de Castillo y Lanzas, Charge d 'Affaires of the Mexican Republic, on the part of their respective Govern menis: Now, Iherefore, be it known, that L Andrew Jackson, President of Ihe United States of America, have caused tho said convention to be made pub lie, to the end that the same; and eve ry clause thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the-citizens thereof. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and have caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, the 21st day of April in the year of our Lord 1836, and of rheindepen deuce of the United Steles the sixti eth. ANDREW JACKSON. By the President: John Forsyth, Secretary of State. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS, New Orleans, April It. Mr. Kimbyte, Secretary to the Con vent ion of Texas, has just arrived, and states that on the 23th the Convention received e despatch from General Houston, stating that he had received an official letter from Col. Fannin, sta ting that he was still in the fort of Goliad, and that the Mexican army, 500 strong, were within five miles of him. Gen. Houston stated that Santa Ana had thrown 1,0(0 men between him and the fort just across the Colo rado, and that he intented to despatch 300 mounted riflemen, the next day. to give them battle. Gen. 11. stater! his force to be 4,000 men, in high spirits, burning to rovenge their mas sacred brethren of the Alamo; his ar my is hourly increasing. The Texian army confidently hopes for assistance from the United States. STILL LATER. We have the following reports by the Gen. De Kill), from Brazoria, that sailed on the 3d instant. Gene ral Houston had retreated twenty miles from the Colorado on the SiGth of March, the enemy having advanced to the opposite shore. San tulipe had been burnt by the inhabitants. Intel ligence had been received at the mould of the river, that Col. Fannin had cap itulated on condition not again to serve against the Mexicans, but that the next morning the whole garrison was put to the sword. No official informa tion, however, had bean received, and it was not generally believed. Tho Mexicans were advancing in two columns, one upon Houston, the oth. it upon the mouth ol the Rrasos. The De ICalb is full uf women and chil dren, and alio ninny other vessels. The inhabitants are destroying every thing, and laying waste the country, lest it should fall into Mexican hands LATENT FROM TBX V8. Extract of a letter dated Peach Point, March 28. Mr Sharpe has arrived from Hous ton's camp. He left there on Ihe 84'h in the evening; states that there were 800 Mexicans encamped in the praire, and Sharpe thinks there has been an engagement. Houston had resolved io anacK incut; anil so sanguine was lie ol success, that tic was about to take measures, when Sharno left, lo prevent their escaping, by sending 300 men beyond the enemy. Prison ers taken by our men stale that th enemy s lorce did not exceed 5.000 men after leaving Bexar. Canby, March 22. To the committee oj Brazoria: I have just arrived from Cox's point left about 30 armed men, and some 25 unarmed, in charge of the public stores at that place, hut fear, from th general panic, that that place would ba deserted, afier bringing offas much as the lighters could bring, hut if Col. AMiarton had arrived with tho force nnid to bo with him, the point could have been protected against ten times (ho number. I repaired cast, in order to rally the disposable forco of retreat ing families, but found every man shif ling for himself and helpless family, all ol which were crossing the Colora no, anu on ineir way cast, and this morning Capt. Sharp brings the news nom the advance ol tannin's armv who made their escape) that Fannin was surrounded, and fighting in ihe praire, six miles east of Goliad, for tile, when (ho Bilvance euartl made their retreat, which was under lha command of Col. Wharton, and I fear I'.innm and his brave associates are slaughtered. Tho news is that all mericans in Guadalouue were huieh cred by Ihe citizens. Yours respectfully BKNJ. J. WHITE. fellow c.lizens in Texas general ly. -News of the most disastrous na. lure arrived here from th Sn..,h. c'l vision of our army hy the lieutenant and twenty men who formed the ad vance of Fannin's army, whit tr;.. to make their retreat from Fort l)Pfi ance, they were attacked by twenty. wvu uunurau mcxicaus in tin big prairie. They aro now advancing to- wards (he Colorado. Help we want and that speedily. FRANCIS WELLS. Mobile, April 11. From Ma tagorda. The brig Ten saw, Capt. Aver ill, arrived last eve ning from Matagorda in 8 days. Capt. Averill, mainly confirms the melan choly intelligence copied from the Register of last evening. She brings fifty passengers, mostly women and children, who have fled. It was re ported that but four men were left in Matagorda, who were provided with boats to quit the place (al ter having blown it up..) The Tensaw saw a Mexican cruiser twelve hours after she left Matagorda. Register. The annexed article from the Lou isville Journal, puts the Texian sirup glejin a new light. If the facts stated shall turn out to be true, Gen. Hous ton will not be long without an effi cient ally. From the Louisville Journal. Col. Lewis, a Commissioner from Texas, has stated to us a fact, which, when known, will shew the people of the United States, that a portion of them, even now, are not secure from the machinations of Santa Anne, the Mexican butcher. A few weeks ago, Colonel Manny, commander of the United States garrison of Fort Jessup situated about 20 miles from the Sa bine, accidentally learned that an in fluential Mexican living 9 or 10 miles from that place, had received from Santa Anna an important communica tion. Col. M., suspecting mischief and resolved to exercise the utmost vigilance, immediately sent out some three or four men under his command who had the good fortune to obtain possession of the original letter in San (a Anna's own hand writing; which they placed in the hands of their com mander. The letter urged the Mexi can to arouse the Indians in hfs vicini ty against the Texians, and to promise them, if necessary, the full possession of all tho Texian lands after the exter initiation of the inhabitant. Another injunction was, that he should, by hi.n self, or through emissaries, excite the slaves of Louisiana to rise up and cut the throats of their masters, and then under the promise of unlimited re wards, to join the Indians in laying waste the Texian country. Col. M., having read the letter, instantly de spatched it to the Government of the U. Slates al Washington. There can bo no mistake as lo these facts. Col. M. slated them in person to Geo. C. Childress, the Minister from the Tex ian Convention to Washington city, and Mr Childress -stated them to our informant, Col. Lewis. THE CAPTURE OP ATuAMO, iiiN T'KxVk-O') Farther imrtkUlum. The Mem phis-(Tennessee) Eotiuirer, 'Extra, of April rub, furnishes some additional particulars df this'bloody illair. They were stnted'to 'the etlitor by Col. George C Childress, t lale editor of the Nbshville Banner,) 'Who had just returned from Washington, in Texas, and hud derived them -from theintelli gent negro, the servant of the brave Travis, who, with Mrs. Dickinson, were the only persons, it will be re mcmbored, whose lives were spared to tell the dreadful tale, & from whom alone authentic information ran ever be obtained. The negro states thai the attack was suddenly made at o'clock in the morning, after 14 days' siege. It was unexpected, as no alarm, rxcepta single voice crying out "Col Travis, Ihe Mexicans are coming!" was heard from the guard on tho wall the picket guard, from whom nothing was heard, having pro bahly been killed Col. Travis sprang Irani his blanket with hi; sword and gun, mounted Ihe rampart, and seeinf the enemy under the mouths of the cannon with scaling ladders, dis charged his double-barrelled gun down upon them; he was immediately shot. his gun falling down upon the enemy and himself wilhin the fort. The Mex ican General leading the charge moun ted tho walls by means of a ladder, and seeing the bleeding Travis, at tempted to behoad him, the dying colonel raised his sword and killed him! I ho negro then hid tn ono of the apartments of tho fort, uniil the spirit of bravery was entirely quench en, wnen ne nearu a voice inquiring l there "wero no negroes here Tho negro replied, "yes, here's one," and came out, a Mexican discharged a gun at him, but did him no injury; another ran his bayonet at him, inju ring him slightly, when the Mexican officer, speaking English, interposed and saved him. Tho officer conver scd freely with the negro, as also did Santa Ana, this General was there, and made the negro, point out Col. Trav is; by which conversation he knew his master had killed the General leading ihe siege, as lhir blood then congeal ed together. The body of Col Travis. and his little yet great band were burnt by order of Santa Ana. The lady of Lieut Dickinson was within (he fort, and begged to share the hon orable fate of her husband, Santa Ana, honor to his name thrice honor to his name here proved himself a sol dier; and protected her; he replied, "I am not warring against women." He sent her away with the servant who carried this news, and who left her safely near Washington. He has raised the blood red flag of extermina tion. and no quaiters, and swears he will not stop until he has planted his banner upon the Capitol of our Wash ington, if he understands our Govern men t in the least abets the Texians. If his bones bleach upon any other fiald than that of Texas, our prophecy fails. From the Jacksonville Courier, April 7. THE FLORIDA WAR. Nothing definite haj been heard from Gen. Scott, since the report of his cannon announced his arrival at tho Withlaeooche, on the 29ih ult Shortly after the troops left Fort Di ane, the Indians burnt the place of Mr Brooks, about four milesfrom the Fort. From the last accounts, would annear that the Indians are scattering. Trash have been discov ered leading in different directions from the nation. They recentlytole four or five horses from Col. l. Hum phreys, near Micanopy, and have driv en off several cattle. Should the In dians seperate into straggling parties it will be impossible to remove them this spring, and we shall be the prey ol a roving enemy, driven 'to desper tion by the prospect before them, by hunger and starvation, or death. To tal ruin must await the citizens of Alachua, unless Government comes to their relief. Mr. Lowe, who arrived from Alachua lust evening 'brings (he news that Colonel Lindsay met the Indians few miles the other side of Ihe With lacooche, before he had joined General Scott. Col. Lindsay fired upon the Indians, who, afier returning the fire, fled to the hammock. Thirty Indians were found dead. One while man was killed. Further particulars and the consequences of this engagement wo nre unable to learn. '1 he steamer Santee reached this place last night she left Volusia on Sunday morning. Nothing had been heard from General Eustis since the day alter he left Volusia. 1 he three divisions ot the army have met ere this. The consequences we are anxious to learn. Some invalids, who arrived a few days since from Volusia, report that of 700 men belonging to (.ol. Ilnsbane Regiment, 800 were unable lo pro ceed on the march, through sickness, occasioned by the hardships to which the 'men were unaccustomed, and 'the prevalence of the measles among them. They will doubtless find that'fighting the Indians is not "what is cracked uj to be." Brigadier Gen. Pope has been hon orihly discharged from the service of the United States, by Major Gen. M. comb, there being no need of so large a force from Georgia as a Hrtgadu. THE FLORIDA WAR. Tho Richmond Compiler has been fur nisucd, py a gentleman ol that city, with the subjoined exiraot ol a loiter. It ex cites titrong apprehensions in our mind, and will cause us to look for further ad vices with 'intense anxiety. Extract of a letter dated MOKriCKLLO, (FLORIDA A April Oth, 1 830. The Indian news wilhin the last two days, has astonished us. I am really a frit id that they huvo treated (ion. Scott as they had bol'oro treated Gen. Gainea, They whipped Gaines, and llicre is good reason lo believe tliuy have cut oil' all communication between Geu. Scott and tho otlior linens. I saw on yesterday a gentleman imnic diately from E ist Florida, who assured me that this was the fact. 1 think the in formation may be relied on. Osoola has taught the white man before this, that he ia n general, and a savage not to ho treat ed with contempt. Ho now gays, that ho was not at the lirst battle of tho Wyth Incoocha, (6u 'lit on tho 31st of December and that if he had been there, not ono while man should have re-crossed the riv er. lie acknowledges that ho is now nearly out of ammunition but in the last week ho has cutoff general Scott's bag gage waggons on tlheir way from Fort Diane to tho Wyihlacoochee, and it is very much lo lie apprehended that ho has gained cnongh ammunition to supply him lor some tune. Gov Gass, in a report to the U. S. So uate dated March N, estiinatos the Indian force west of the Mississippi us able to furnish 15,000 armed warrior, or even double this in case of any crisis which should induce thum to unite. This fact, and our experience in Florida, speaks loudly in favor of such an increase of (he nrmyas may in some degreo render it adequate to tho protection of our frontier, Tho plan submitted for this purpose in the report goes to fix tho rank and filo of the army al 10,000 mon. Even with this number not inoro than 7,000 could be do ponded on for nclivo sorvico. Tho wholo additional cxponso required by the propo sod plan in tho nay mont of commissioned officers, will be but $5,573. The ex pense of the pay and maintenance of the privates and nun commissioned officers will of course benugmented about 50 per cent. There seems to be no reason why an alteration S) evidently needed should not he made without delay, and we hope Ihe secretary ot War will have suiiicicnt influence at Washington, to carry this measure into etlect. Com. Herald. EXAMINATION OF ROBINSON The N. Y. daily Advertiser gives the following account of the examination of young Robinson charged wiih the imir.hr of Ellen Jewet. The appearance of Robinson, says the Daily Advertiser, was almost too touch ing tor those present to wi'ness. llo is an uncommonly fine looking young nmn between 19 and 20 yours of age, in the bloom of youth, approaching to manhood about five feet seven, well Ibrmed, light complexion, high forehead, pleasing countenance, with light brown hair, dres sed io a frock coat, dark mixed panta loons and bluecap. He came into court accompanied by two officers. He walk ed up to the bar with a solemn and grave countenance, well fitting the interesting occasion, he cast hiseye on thejudgonnd the jurors, and when the recorder announ scd that a bill was found, he raised his eye and hvs countenance seemed to speak "Is it possible?" He however, spake not but left his counsel to say and do all that was necessary. His appearance of sad ness and submissivenese seemed lo bo so becoming that all present were touched. He stood and heard the recorder address the grand jurors al considerable length, in which his honor thanked them for the painful and laborious investigation which they had gone through. Robinson took his seat during tho clo. of the proceed ings, appeared lo be deeply interested in the parsing scone, but neither .hid his head, nor covered his fin e, but Ins eye seemed to rest on Mr. flo linan his coun sel, and to say, I leave all io you. The sceno lasted about a quarter ot an hour. We cannot, however, bu1. remark, that many ot the accounts ipubltshcd have boen the grcs-sest inventions to excite the wonder of the pull c; fabrications alike injurious to the person accused, and the ends of public justice. MAXIMS. From fiulwer's Art of Cheating. 1. '"The mild, i i resolute, good matured and indolent mon. Theso qualities are accompamod with good feelings, but no principles. 1 he want of firmness evinces also the want of any peculiar or deeply, rooted system of thought. A man con ning a single and favorite subject of medi itiou grows wedded to one or ihe other of the opinions which ho revolves. A man universally irresolute hasgenerallv led a desultory life, and never given his at tention long together to one thing: this is a man most easy to cheat, my beloved friends; you cheat him even with his eyes open; indolence is dearer to him than ell things, and if you get him alone and nut a question to him point blank he cannot answer, JNo 2. "Ihetimic, suspicious, selfish and cold man Generally, a character of this description is an excellent man of business, and would, at first sight, seem to baffle the most ingeniousswin dler. Rut you have one hone J have rarely found it deceive me-', this man is usually ostentatious. A cold, fear ful, yet a worldly persoD, has ever an eye upon others; he notes the ffect cer tain things produce on them; he is anx ions to learn their opinions, that he may not transgress; he likes lo know what the world say of him, nay his timidity makes him anxious to repose his selfishness on their good report Hence he grows ostentatious; likes that effect which is favorably talked of, and that show which wins conside ration. At him on this point, my pu nils! 3, "Ihe melancholy, retired, sensi live, intellectual character. A very good subject this for your knaveries my young friends, though it requires great discrimination and delicacy. I'his character ha3 considerable portion of morbid suspicion and irritability be longing to it against these you must guard at the same time, its prevalent feature is a powerful, but unacknowl edged vanity. It is generally a good opinion of himself, and a feeling that he is not appreciated by othors, that makes a man reserved; he deems him self unfit for the world because of the delicacy of his temperament, and the want of a correspondent sensibility in those he sees! This is your handle lo woik on. He is peculiarly flattered. too, on the scored devotion and atiec tion; he exacts in love, as from the world too much. He is a Lata, whose females must be Medoras; and even his male friends should be ex tremely like Kaleds! Poor man! you see how easily he can be duped! Mem. Among persons of the character are usually found those oddities, humors, and peculiarities, which aro each a han die. No man lives out of the world with impunity to the solidity of his own character. Every new outlet to the humor is a new inlet to the heart! 4 "The bold, generous, frank, and affedinate man. Usually a person of robust health. His constitution keeps him in spirits, and his spirits in cour age and benevolence, lie is obvious ly not a hard character, my good young friends, for you to deceive; for he wants suspicion, and all his good qualities lay him open to you. Rut beware hi, anger when he finds you out! he is a terrible Othello when his nature is once slung. Mem. A good sort ot character lo seduce into illegal prac:ices: makes a tolerable traitor, or a capital smuggler: you yourself must never commit any illegal offence: arn't there cats' paws lor the chestnuts? As all laws are oppression, (only necessa ry and often sacred oppressions; which you need not explain to him,) and his character is especially hostile to op pression, you easily seduce the person we describe into braving the laws uf his country. Yes ! the bold , generous frank, and tffeciionate man has only to be born in humble life to be sure of a holler ! 5 "The bold, selfish, close, grasp ing man. Will in all probability dual you, my dear friends: for such a character makes Ihe masier rogue. the sluti from which nature forms a Kichard the Third. You had better leave such a man quite alone. He is bad even to serve, tie breaks up his tools when he is done with ihem. No you can do nothing with him, my good young men. 6. " I he eating di inking, unthoueht ful, sensual, mechanical man the or dinary animal. Such a creature has cunning, and either cowardly or fero cious; seldom in these qualities he pre serves a medium. He is not bv anu- means easy to dupe. Nature defends her mental brutes by the thickness of their hide. Win his mistress if possi ble, she is (he best person to manage him. Such creatures are the natural prey of artfu! women; their very solid ty covers all but sexuality. To the Sampson the Delilah. MYSTERIOUS. INFORMATION WANTED. From the Catskill Messenger, of April 21st , we learn tint a box containing ihe remains of a human being, wus finely lound in the Shiny lek ill Cne'i, near the village I Cairo. The body which was much decayed, had been severe J in the middle, and its head, bauds and (del cut off, us also dio legs and urms, Jt appears that on lhc$0lil of Sept. last, Mr Samui I Everolt, keeper of loll gale on ihe Susquu hanna turnpike two miles above Cairo found standing ut ihegaie in the morn m;;, when lie arose, on ihe Cairo sidR uf Hie gale, a one borso wagon and horso tlicroto harnessed. No owner appearing, und alter waiting some lime, ilio horso appearmg much exhausted, and badly r;vl led, Mr Everett unharnessed him and put him up, supposing, to he sure, that an owner would sooner or later appear a-nti claim his properly. This not lomg ibo ease, he was advertised in this paper llr several weeks, bul no owner has over ap peared lromthatday to Ibis. He is u stir wiccablo., though not elegant horso Hun ish bay will) white spots on the kick ami rump, similar to many Arabian horse. Tho wagon is a squ irt box, pas'rttej black with good spring seuu winch we believe, Mr Everett told us was -cushioned bul of this wo are not positive, as ri is some time wince. There was also4n the bottom of Ihe wagon a mat. The harness was good corresponding with the style and condition of MM wagon. Who the owner of iIms horso and wagon is, and why, and by whom it should have been left at that place, are matters equally mysterious. We trust the above will bo generally copied, as tho circumstances related of the wagon, seem necessarily lo be connec ted with the discovery of the remains, which probably, are those of some unfor tunate traveller who has been waylaid and murdered. N- Y. Star. Tho following quotation from an arti clc in tho Pcnnsy Ivanian, will apply as well to this meridian as it does lo I'hil.t dclphia It is unquestionably true that show of business always has a tendency to create business: 1 no Iew York men of business arc an advertising race of mor tuls. 1 hoy crowd tho columns of their journals to a degreo almost incredible to a sober minded resident ol other cities; and an inventory of their stock may bo said to be in tho hands of every ono who takes the trouble to read a paper. It is not ihcre necessary to wander atwiit a large metropolis to ascortain who have tho article for sale which it is desired io purchase That can be best done while selling at tho broamnst taoie, anu too newspaper, in addition to us oiner vaiua bc qualities, is thus metamorphosed into that desideratum in pouucp.i economy a labor saving machine. The seller and (he purchaser arc both materially benefit lod. An immense waste of time is pro vented, and business goes on with the forco and precision of u steam engine. In uddition, however, to home influence, newspapers have a distant operation of less importance. The penetrate every where, and carry their information into evory section of the Union. They act as travelling agents to tho mercantile com munity, and if thoy do not collec. debts, (hey at least largely 'bring custom to them. These advantages aro thoroughly understood by the New Yorkers. They do not live in the newspapers for nothing anu tncir conduct in tnis respect is doubtless ono among the many contribu ting much to their rapid prosperity; a pros peiity that will eventuate in making that city the greatest commercial mart in tha world.