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mm VOJL IX Xo. 44--TI IIOM; No. 4flS THS CARROLL FREE PRESS Edited by I'HARCE, AND PirR),SITffl Every Friday IWttmiiig by T W COLLIER, At $2 00 per annum panable half year h in advance, or tf'i.r.O if not mud'vulil the end of the ye-tr. A'o paper dhcon Untied until all arrearage are paid up terms of AnvERTis,. Viree insertion, one square, $1.00 Every subsequent insertion, 25 Larger ones m proporton. Alitieral atscaunt. win be givento those teko advertise by the near. PACT) E0 3C Til t; PEOi'LE BY OLIVEli H SMITH. (Continued.) censures ol the writer of the The nam n h lei on ihe subieci of the TurifT of ! 1842. have q uto as frequenilv lallen Upon hu Irieniis as his supposed ene mifts. for whom they are intended The wriier says: "In vain do we look into ihis hill (oi protection to ihe fanner ol Indiana. VVe beg pardon, to preserve appearances of impartiality, it is most graciously provided in Ihis bill, that any heel, pork, wheal, flour, oa's and corn imported from abroad shall pay a fluty as il we were afraid that ihe half starv ed of foreign countries could spare these articles, send them here and un dersell us. This is nothing but the mockery of proteciion to the farmer " This is certainly a happy hit at the Ta riff of 1H42, even if it should not be ao complimentary to ihe candor of tho wriier, for he well knew at the time he penned the article, that Ihe Tarill" of 1824, as well as that o( 1S2S, conlained the very same provisions, and that they were merely copied into the Tariff ol 1842. Let us place this mailer in a pn aition from which tho writer cannot es cape. We copy from ihe Tariff of 1824: 'On wheal 25 cenis per bushel, wheat flour 50 cents per cwt., potatoes 10 cts per bushel." A motion was made to strike these items from tho hill, and up on the yeas and nays it wns decided in the negative. Andrew Jatkson. John U. Eaton, Richard M. Johnson, and Martin Van Buren voiing against striking out. (See Senate Journal. 1824 ) Was "this the mockery of protection lo the farm er?" Again, iho wriier says: ' Mark the deception; il is provided in another part of the same bill thai all notion cloth which is not worth more than 20 cents a square vnrd shall be valued up to 20 cents; now there is n great deal of lhat article thai costs mil y I root 8 in 10 cents to make it at the factory, Bnd this is what ia generally used, especially by ihe laboring part of ihn people, and vet by ihis unjust law ihis it. valued as high as the superior article, lhat is at 20 cents a yard." This statement is made by the wriier as if these minimums on im ported goods were first introduced by iho Tariff of 1842. Why did ho not inform the people lhat ihev were intro duced bv Mr. Calhoun in 1810. lo pre vent fraud on the revenue? Why did he not infcnn his renders lhat in every tariff since Ihe same principle had been maintained? Why not givn the follow ing extract from ihe tariff of 1 842 ? "Thnl nil unhlpBchcd and uncnlnred col ton iwist, yarn or thread, the original coal of which shall be Ipss than fit) cents per lb,, and shall he charged with duly accordingly" Thn same, princtp e was adopted as to woolen aod cntlnn goods; and yet strange lo tell, these hioh Pro tective lariffs, containing all these odinis provisions, in ihe eves of the writer of the pamphlet, wero pass"il by ihe voles of Andrew Jackson, John II. Baton, Thomas II Benton RichBrd M. John son, and Marlin Van Buren. The same principle is enacted in iho high lanfl'ol t-28. the hill of ahnminatinns,' spoken of bv the writer ol lha pamphlet all ihis he unfortunately foroels ns well as hp does the verv nnimnorlan t fuels lhat Iho Tariff of 1828, ihe highest lariffi if the docirines nf the wriier of the that ever was enacted in Ihis country, pamphlet and his school ol politicians be containing ihn SBmo odious principle jirue 'TfAn consumer pays the duty " was nassed hv the voles () Martin Van Buren, Richard M Johnson. John II. Raton. Thomas H Denton. Silas Wright, Jr., James Buchanan, and H'ji Hen dricks So much lor ihese important discoveries in ihe tariff of 142 But tho writer has made another equally candid charge against Ihe aclioh nl ihp Senate pending the progress ol the bill. He says 'On thn 2d day of August, 1N42, Mr. Tnppan.one ol ihe Senators from Ohio, moved to amend ihe bill by providing lhal, whenever our corn, flour and sailed provisions shall be received fres ol doty imo any nation of Europe, that the President shall make proclama lion of the fact lo the people of ihe Unl led Slates, and thai three months nlier wards ihe anie'es made in that nation should b admitted into lha United States at only 20 per cent, lax on ihe value. F.ery whig Senator vnled a ria'nst the Bmendmeot. including the Senators Irnm Indiana. Smith jt White, every Democratic Senator voted lor it," Mere again the memory nl ihe wriier, or raiher his industry failed him he (Ore he got through wnh the slory. Wp will finish il for his edificalion. The vO'O he speaks of was (liven in ih Sen -ate as in coiniiiuise ol the whulM the amendment was re offend in the Sena'e when Mr p.vansol "VIbiop r"1 'hp irpa lv of IRI5, between the tfHIMd Rtfllee andGnai Britain, showing 'hni if iho most inconsiderable nation of Bnrnpe should Ipi our articles en'lfhratd rn J iho amendment of Mr Tnppnn. inio their ports du'V lre, that vptv Hrl, ty tnP operation of th treaty, would Ipi lnB whole of iho British imports into hi" country at iho 20 per coot ad.eln- ram. So soon as tbp point was mnd Mr Wri-h, r(.qi.pd Mr Tp,nn to withdraw his amondmp.it. and hp did so wilh lnP ,ppfohtion of thp wholp Son- R1P. much for that discovery, whirh, however, wns long since published in the Slate Sentinel, and exposed in ihe Indiana Journal. TUB SALT DUTY. The wriier of the pamphlet ha so leclcd rhe duiv levied on Sail bv bi Tariff of IN42, as especially objections ble. Ho is welcome lo all the capiiul he can make out of ihe suit auction - But hear him. He says: "Salt, lhat prime necessary of life, which the wealthy inhabitant of the city noi only uses on his table, but whih 'he west ern farmer uses so txtensvely to save his pork and beef, bacon, and to salt his ; stockthis article even in tax oppressed t England is admitted lax free, il i there I rewarded like Ihe air we breathe as an 1 absolute necessary. Hut in this Und ni " liberty, whether we hnve so many stump professions (or the poor, the poor man's sail is severely laxd; aye, taxed by this boasted Tariff, this poor man's Iriend." Wou'd not the reader be led to believe from ihe above lhal ihe Ta riffof 1842 was ihe first act that levied a duly on imported Salt? Such certain' iy was iho imprpssion the wriier iniend ed lo create. How ihen stands ihe case? Under 'he Tarill of 1816, a duty ol 20cenlsper buthel wip collected on imparled salt; by lha Tariff of 1824, the same duly was continued, and this act passed by ihe voles of Andrew Jack son. Martin Van Buren, Richard M Johnson, John H Eauin, and Thomas H Benton. When ihe tariff of 1828. wns under consideration, an attempt was made to modily this duty, Mr. (.'handler of Maine, in the Senate, moved on ihe Oih ol May, to amend ihe bill aa follows "Thai in lieuot the duties now im po led by taw on imported sail, 20 cenis per bushel) Irom and alicr the 80lh day ol June, 1829, the duties on imported sail shall be fifteen cents per- bushel . weighing filty six pounds." Upon Ihis Amendment sinking off one fourh of ihe duty on salt al once and one hall after the 30th of June. ISJiWj ihe loilowmg Senators voted in the negative. Martin Van Buren, Richard M Johnitin, Mah Ion Oickerion, and Williatn Hmdricki and the sail duty was lull at 20 cents the bushel, and from thai until it lell under ihe operation of the compromise act, it stood at 20 cents Such was the lax levied and collected upon ibis arti cle during ihe whole ol the ndmmistra lion ol General Juekson. while the dem ocrats held 'h" Government, except as il was modified by ihe compromise act. Had the writer of the pamphlet forgot inn all this? lhal is the most charitable view of the subject, or he surely would nol have omiited so important a pari ol the history ol thn salt duiv. A word as to the act of 1842, at which ihe writer of the nainnlilel looks wilh such ho'y horror. Thai act levies a duly ol eighl : and voted In lavor 01 issuing mem win u cents on the article, less than one ball ; 1 was in the last Congress. 1 Bm yel ol as much ns General Jackson. Mr. Van ihe opinion thai they furnished, and Buren. Cnlonei Johnson, and Wm. Hen j wnuld eontintia In lumi'h a rtoet vaUil drickshad decided was jusl and proper; b.e cur rencv. nnd with one mndilicaiion and ihe Indinna Senators. Smith and j would enler Ihe general circulation and While, voled to strike lhat out and be a valuable medium in Ihe imnsnc make salt Iree, while Mr. Wright, the ion of aocioty. I refer in thei' deno immediate representative of the Suite mlnai'ion; the) should he reduced so far wi.La.nf Mr Van Buren. voled lo ' as to en'er in'o i he fimal le r deal Ings retain it in the hill. W by did not the writer ol 'lacta' state ihese facts, if he desired io give all ihe lacts to ihe pen pie ol Indiana? The wriier complains thnt we have in pay a high duly en lor eign salt in salt our bed' nnd pork to sen.l abroad, as Iho domestic sail will I nol answer: surely we nay no dip y til all ; This is his oosn ion ; let inm see how H cuts up by the roots his salt tax. sn lar as it applies to salted provisions nol cm sumed in Indiana, or ihe hinte or the country whpre ihey are packed, A "HIGH TARIFF DEFEATS ITS OBJECT." Says tho nuthor of the pamphlet Its object is revenue, he says, and thai oh ieel is defeated by high dunes lie ad- mlis thai the Tariff of lf.2S win 1 he highest that ha ever been passed in the United Siates, and hn tells us lhal ti. enmnrnmise act w as missed lo h r in n down Ihe rBie of duties to the revenue standard. Was il b-catisp we collected loo much, or 100 'inle revenue? f't him answer. Mr Calhoun contends lhal 11 was hi,.h innlTnl INCH thai not on y paid off ihe nalional debt hut was ine cause of an overflowing treasury. The fact is beyond controversy, lhat wo had money enough in the treasury and lo spare, under this high tariff; while tin dur Ihe low pressure advalorain 20 per cent dune of iho compromise act, which is ihe (nvoriie of ihe wriier of ihe pamphlet, our treasury wa-empiy, the government hankrupl. our indusirv pa- raiysiod, and our ieoiio wnhoui a mar aei. for .he people" objection 10 prole, hot. Thesp r bo much lor the ti"n DEMOIMTIC POLICY AS TO A TARIFF. ' In the first n'aee il is 10 reduce Ihe national expenses," aavs lha writer. Precisely so. wp ssy. That isOPriBitilV ihp duciine ihev preach, bin ii is not the p ilinf ihpy practice. Uoloitunaie ly (of 'bp writer and his natiy. we have some evidence on lhat pwit also, nod we are prepared I. .compare notes H w stands ihis mailer? We prpsomo it will scarcely be queshoned ihBi ihe nd'i.inM ' lion ol Van Huren wbs a 'dem. pratic Bfl- . . ' minittraiion , io ihe modern accept anon of lhat term; and we are prppsred free ; ly lo admit lhal Ihe administration of Mr Adams was purely s whijt admims- . . . , ' iration. We will ihereiorH lalie inese ariihinistrs'ions bv which to leal ihis preaching v practice. This wii course be entirely satisfactory lo of the writer ol ihe pamphlet. NATIONAL F.XPRNDITURBS. Four years o1 the administration of Mr. Adams, 95,08,44fl Four years ol the B'lminisiraii.m ol Mr. Van Buren, $142,571,041. 8n that the democrats in lour years reduced the expenditures , of a Whig adflltoWlrafiofl, from 1 95 Hub 4 lb, and all i "inc urmwrmt p"i' m . . tm . . -L j m a I ,. Cy as lo a rtrill II in me nrar piarw io. n-duce Ihe ns norm I expenses.' These j are 'lacis for tne people!' The admin-i is:raiion ol Mr. Tyler is spoken o' hv ihe wriier as being a whig administra tion, this is doing us over much kind-ne-s Mr. Tyler isoneol the 'modem Democratic' candidate lor the Presiden ey ; diseiaimini, all connecuon balever wilh the Whig pariv, and standing in direct opposition lo their measures. We claim nosbare or lot in his ndminis rn lioo, so far as the executive departmen' is concerned; but we do caun for a whig ''otigress, however, a very grea' redu-tion ol the nalional expenses' from those ol Mr. Van Bttren'e tdminli iraiinn as ihe officiiil reports will finaiU prove. TREASURY NOTE S AND PUBLIC DEBT. The author of the pamphlet is ex ceedmgly anxious lo charge upon thl Whigs Ihe issue o' Treasury notes to viisiain the coverntneni. He seems to hhve forgotten aliogelher lhal I h Pre rirted to bf 'he adrnTnlairatlon ni Mr. Van Burefl io keep it sinking forninps afl 'Bt until its close; nolwiih sianding Mr. Van Buren Inund a nation al debt olonly f 1. 879.3 13, and cash in the lreaurv, when he came into power, 18.G0li.7P2 dollars, and received in ihe course of his term the dues from ihe hank ol the United Slatps; and troin 'he merchant's suspended bonds ol N Vnk amounting together, over and above ihe whole national di hi, In about ,C,2""2ki 430. besides all ihe ordinary receipt from customs al a hijb raie of du'V. and JiO ICo nvr frefll "'lip reoda, fl"d vet he expended all l hat Bnd leli a debt, as officially reported, of J6.4tS.748, bm which did not ino'ude 'he annuities pav able bt Ihn government, or the nulitand mg appropriation! Gen. Howard, in his Z on letter is conclusive as to Hie issue of thesp Treasury nnms, and thai Ihey are the Democracy currency. He snvs: "I was in favor nl Treasury roles, ! The w nier of the pamphlet in his zenl j to charge ihe whigs wnh greeting " I uonal uehl, says: "U lesj lhaniwo ! years the national debt has been tncrens j ed hv ibem mahout six'er n millions of I dollars." Now, il io happen lhal ihia j statement requires proof, The t ihora was a national debi io Ihe specnn n a - moiint. msv he admired Without 1weh j ing ihe question between dalhfl charge ; I is. lhat ii was created by the whgs Thiej wo deny. VVe sav Unit llr v an nun u expended over Ifi.OOO (ICO dollar, IB hi" lour veins, mure ihan Ihe ordinary re- ,.f ,h oPm,..enf lha- he left an officially reported debt ol fo 4S8, " s h 718, lor his successor to pay, besides leaving a consioeraior n,oi .,. - j . 1 ( o,..,, lies lo pal y 10 Indian tribes, as well a a Urge amount Of outstanding appropriaj lions in provide lor; lhat he lell the inilii w . ....... 'rr ai ihe minimum ol iho compromise act, producing much less revenue 1 nan was rt'doivod from impoBieduring bia admin isiraiinn : and. whai wns worse than all, ! he lefl the currency deranged Btid de- 1 preciflled. Bnd the industry of the peop'e paraKz-d, so thnl 'hoy were una we 'o j cnniribu'e lo Ihe nalional trersury as ; Ihey had done helnre. The whlgshave rrealer) no national new; tney mtiioi on- which wns rapid I V increasing under ihe admioiai ration of Kr Vn Huron which Ihey done all in iheir power lo arresi, but have heen prevented by ohsincles and circumstances, over which ihey have had no conirol, and for which ihev are in no wise responsible. This aili, p p like olher. we arp compelled lo close without going so much into detail in ihta ' mstier ns we cou'd deire ; hm we have said enough lo now tnai tnero are iwoj side. 10 lni matter of a ..atonal def end Irflaiur) noiCs. buuDUdOD i n n ft m'Mi i- T(lltHhfl man'iHtP vnt forh in th I .K. ...VU ll..,.,..,!,. and financial svi'in u' the United o .. : . t,i. J otui- i hp nri pjsirrninewi ,r 1 in ihp loordiemti mu 'l p ication ui irre. . .ponuba banks, and '" """' - qu-oi excess of .heir psppr led to .h. issue ol moat nt ihe stocks of ihe ws lern and south westprn S hips and lo ihe creaiion of the (jrea'esi portion ol their present hpavy indehiedness For we I ranr.nl he ton often reminded id what I .1 i.i l. .. r. ......... A. ! nwuiu nrim ur ,f 1 i Ihe ten years from I biO to 18 while a National Bank i xnled. nn'y iwentv two S ate hanks were chartered erith dt.M (w.i. hi... -1 ....I u.i...Ba t U 1 ju'"1""" 'ini, w.ii-.r... I nun I to l-4.0, during the period ol State hank system, the authors ol which now call themselves the supporters of aj specie currency, and charge all the mis fortune! and emlnrrasinenis ol the: I coun'ry lo ihe policy ol their opponents , three hundred and forty eight new hanka : were created, with 26S,6fJO,000 of can ; jtaal and during ihe year of r35. ItStf and n pari of 1M7. while iheayaiem was at lis night, more than one h alf o lha whole amount Ol exunng Sta't omroi waa oreaiao, comprising, nwanj me wnme oi ine siockboi in autn whose lilllllkffl is becoming too eriljcal." Ail this was done under Ihe reign of our opponent!, nd now Ihey desire lo make the people belive lhat Ihe condition m the country is chargeable lo lhfl Whigs. IS IT TRUEt The writer ol the pamphlet pu's ihe lol owing inquiry in ihe pi oplfl: f-vj bat would have been Mr Web-ler s course on ihe 'I ar ff bill passed al ihe last ses sion of Congress, in 1812. if he had been there as a member Irom Indiana? He would have lound wire u tingle urlit le raised or ma le in o.ir S.ale w bich is prolecled by ihni bill " Thil was no di uhl iiilnidcd as a censure of ihe vole given in favor ia) the bill by the representatives (mm Indiana So lar as ihev ate conct im d n is nol very im. porlaol 10 aiieinpt a jiisnfi. anon o( the vole, nor is It ol very deep m'erest In ihe people of Indiana lo know how Mr vVebSler would havs voled as one of I he representatives of Indiana; bin as ihe principles ma niainel by us are invol ved in he interrogstorv, i-. may be pn per I" inquire w net ner il is true in p int of fact, ihat "teareely a single ariie'e rinsed or made in our S ale is protected b, lhal hill " SttCh laternenls should not lie i ig I' l n made, vV shod Id ai least be subliaiitlall true As this is in issue, as laeis beiwe.en us and ihe wrner of Ihe pamptlll t. lo be decided by ihe pen p, w" give ia following exTraCia from ifle 'lerff o( 1842. and then leave ihe reader to decide whether "a sing'e arti cle rais d "r made in our Stale ia pru- I.P'ed h ibai bill " FXrUCTS FROM TUB TARIFF OF 11342. 'On manufactured hemp . 940 per ton; on ready ma le cloihing. Vc an advalo rem duly nt 50 per c U' ; on tanned sole nr hand leather 6 cents per pound; on M U.pcr leather, ml otherwise speci- r,,l R,.,m, .r oninid: on vessels ol cast iron lj cents per pound; on calf skins 95 per dozen; on men's bonis or bnoieps nf leather wholly 01 partially manufactured $1 23 per pair; men's shoes and pumps 8(1 cent' pf r pair; WO men', shoes of s ippers 2.1 Cell! f per pair; on rifled W each; on ax-s. adzes, hatchett, iic , 30 per ceni , adva lorem. for hit?, an I caps. Ate 35 per cent advalorem; ha's il wool, fiC cenis each; on hank, folio qunrlo. pogi ol aM kinrls nnd letier end hank note pa per. 17 cents per pound, ($-c.; on fdO'ecfi imperial, medium, iVe. writing paper I e ..... ,.,,,l a, ,u" I-- - . . The list mighl be greatly excn-'efl .. . . ti:i .v.. i hDr ma are content to aubmit ihe issue upon these Item, Is scarcely a siog'e , n (1fthern ' raided or made, in our Stale?" If not , I hen the w r ner ol ihe p..hlpt is correr.i in lhal Halemeni gul uppnp il teer I0 that ihn biH rlld : , protect ' scarcely B single nriic'e lhal , rRj,pH or made in this Slate.' Would ; a . , . p. , u r u,v,nn, () tl,e censure ' t ,u ii.,Q , ,.m itr,.ci in I'" ' S'e'o i )roi,.(tiing ih manufaoiuret ol othe gRP Have we not material, wa lpr 1 , ... . e. 1-- power, anu mner .or ma...... - ,1)nn nr rw materials lhai they have , BIIV olher g , ,, ,he ac, mere- v n (,,rrtiP on nisnn'acinries in ex , ,,,nf.r , i,,, i,..,,. ti,p hill ni'sed? I it n)t r(11 hrr 0 Pnrnurage repliant make invaitmenli in ihat business, and bv ,(, dominie compentinn in bring the article ol domestic use lo the lowcsl j 0 ln (.jlimpr? It j iruc that ni)iana is niosi ess nnnlly an agnciit'ii rn I Siate, capable of producing almost any given quantity "f agricultural pro. dncis; still she almonds in the material ol 'manufacturing Siates else. Rut sup pose shn was never lo menofiUlura a single a.ticlo, is il not a desirable object to give 10 the farmer, a ready, safe, and gooil home niaikei for the surplus pro iluce nf his farm? Give him a market for hi produce and he wid prosper. VVe deny lhal wo go for protection for 01 eel lo 11 I O r I , benefit of ihe ; man.i'aclurer alone. j Bn, roni,,nd lhal (he farmer ' I, . wn0 raist.g ln8 Uw material i pun whicl - he mnu'.c.urer operates, and who fur n.eh . I hp ror, be,f, pork, fl ...r. aod : Kihur neAmuM nWAfl which 'other oroo-icp i.("'0 whiPh h- suhis's. ind arhich he I- prepared lo reeeise in lor rnsnu Bfiurerl ar'i-le m slea ! o mnnev ! qoiie as nuch bene- filled l. P' eci.on a. the pjaotfactu. rer ?M of ihe writer of iho """!0 mf'"eV "1 l, r r i , ... f is Bub- paoilMiiri, li muii '-' hi " . ..... (, ,k. !.uh - ,' u w(,n on soother occasion thai "Thpre i not country : at some litlie disappointment, and lourid on the. face of thp globe wtwp the dil ihat hp also hod come into lhfl hnuio I'prpnt in preats arp o ripp'-ndni upon, and ihat he was wpt. and covprpd wild and uspfol to each othnr a thev arp in duck muH I taxed him with d.tohedi ihp Unned S'B'ps i rpal'v aoem lhal ; ence. and spo'ded hi.n feer-lv mnro Nature's Ood had defined this grst j so than ' ha ) epr ha I donp before; and nation to remain loreter one in inlerest. ! then ord' rpd him to his h(l He open one in principto. and one in giorv the I ed bis hps for an pxcnlpalory reply aa t rlimaip. the aoil.ihe product!, in a w rd supposprl. hut I s'erniy rhpeked him, ,hp imprests of the whole, and ihe in - : when with a mu'e, aorrowful counlo- rest ol ihp parts, all point to the same grea' vital principle, Usio. nov. and torever. The souih and south west from eltms'e and soil, are especially a-' dapl' d io the cnHura oi rice, coi'on, to- ! hacco and indigo and the manu'ai :ure of sugar an J molasses frO' lh Cane; j these pri lucis will bIv.bvs he demanded ' for the consumption of o'her apclins oi , Ihe I nion The midd e States abound in mineral wealth, which ihey ire pre pared io manu BC'.ure in suffi 'ient quan tities in supply the consumption ol ihe whole Union The easi an I nor h havp ihp power, ihe capos and mnua-'uring skill lo prepare the raw iinpieofthe souih, as Well as the wool of the mher sections, lor ihe ute of the whole ; while the west, ihe fertile wesl, cbo furnnh a supply of flour, corn, beef and pork, lo eed all iho opera'ives of the eas'prn. nolhern and middle S'a'ps. as well a. ail the planters ol ihe south and south wen The east may bar ihe same re 'alion to the Boii'h in ni'eresl that the island ol Eng and does in Ihe Fast In dies, in the manufacture of their great staple, while the home market will be lurnished for the products of each sec lion of ihe Union." Shall thee great national Bnd individual unereen be left 10 the lender mercies of loreign legisln lion? We say not. What say the peo ply ol Indiana? WIUG PROMISES. TherP are Ipw luhjeetl connected wit h the recent political events lo which the leaders of the modern democracy so fre iinenilv adverias io whai :hev are pies spd lo call vto'aled . hig promises. Ihe wri'erof Ihe pamphlet seems lo have caught the eooiagion lor ihis kind of pnl itical argument as he has defused n II.. C '.. nAlllinal tnwl (looniy poriioii o. u in n ui i. mi, book. They tell the peop'e thai nol ieg.e promise made by ,he whig, when ihev came into power in 1811 llflfl 60004 nerformed. and still thpv pretend lot hold Ihe whig party responsible or the cmdition of lha country. Is this lair? If Ihe wftigt have carried ou' none ol their measures, and have performed none nf promises, as they tell the peo pie, then mot assuredly III ea'ion has bpen running dnwn under the mess urps and policy of the administration of Mr. Van Buren, and ihe whtgsare in no otherwise responsible than thrjt 'he did ; not arrest the aeiMeriou, pn, cy u, ,, ! de.nocra'ic administration. If ihe.r po Billon 0e irue. anu iney own nienures, Ihev ought lo rejoice thai the whigs had fu'liHed none of their promise. Bnd ihey should holdlhem selves responsible (or (he present Condi linn of the country. But suppose the mhiiTi had noi carried ou' all iheir mea sures as ihev hoped to do. does it lie in ; harshly repulsed him. Then my heart the mnnih of our opponents who joined bleeds alrnh. Oh! how careful ihou'd in wilh Preitdent Tyler in opposing our ; we all be, lhat in our daily conducl.to potiey m upbraid ns with our failure and wsrd those liille beingi sent ua b? a . i I At L.nri l r r u id a n OA IV ft ft TP mil Isvinff IIH for s 'hen no il us rpspnn'io e i n nwj wi-w io state lacis, why not tell the people lhal in a short momh after the inaugu rBlion ol our beloved Harrison, nnd tie lore an v ol our measures were adopted, he was taken Irom us bv death; ihat i, .'. , , ,l. ...i i:. me anmm siranon w. ...nv.r, i.riimenl was no longer in accordance eminent was no longer with iho views of ihe whig pariv President Tvier. listening in an I hat evil hour lo the suggestions ol the eneoi es of Ihs party thai had elected him Vice President, lurm d ngaimt the wings and iheir measures, and D the exercise ol lha vein, a- eBeCtUflHl 0" pri.ea .oi m us ""' !'" '" " " . Ihey had heen m a mrornv in nmn k.J .M , nouses in i.uuiiit-", ",r iwn-ihirds io carry a bill over bis veio. How Ihencnn lOO BiDUta OB i.a.u irs. ., 1 , . t. L.1J ," . . P"""".'' 1 m ....sw,.,..... , a ,00 w ,g ,1 re.oen, no -in . . I .11 cneer'iiny uuiu mii,pi,fi for lha success of our measures and ihe ,n I prosper 1 1 y of 'ho nation, if the wings will do Iheir duly and come up io the polls, they have nothing to fear; but ihey must vote, to insure niccess. (ioncluded next week ) THE HSTY .V"RD The following louching slory we copy from the Knieke.bocke. I "A few month" ago I buried my eldest son a fine manly bnv of eight years ol age who hud never had a day'i illness until that which took him hence in be no mora. His death occurred under circum stances particularly pain ul to me A younger brother, 'he next in age to him, r e lj "llc' 'ICK i0ritituht wnh I.ni,irlpmin iavur. In coDseuuonce oi i Ol the nature of the d.sea,.. J used every B"r" n""'"-'" aeamsl n Hm ol this one, mv eldest. I i J u... It,. I.. UK .a r.nnn i WB" ' am a . e. n-r .v n,,. o n..-. ever I kept a vigilant eve upon him. and espeeiai v forba te his gomg to pools and d'V'as nr his school, wnicn n wat nr-n- in viso. ..On pver mg I came home wearied wnh I, nir day's bsrd I. bor. and vexed nanc, i"d a swpl'ine breast , he lurne'd awav and went slowly to his chamber, My henrl smoie me even al Ihe moment, thnugh I fell coos'ious of doing but a fai her's dmy But how much keenf i i leal ihe pnng when I was informed in the course of (he evening by a neigb. hor. that my boy had gone lo the docii at the earnest solicitation of a young. ? and favorite plsyma'e. and by the espa- rial permission of his schoolmaster, in order to recover a cap belonging lo lha former, which had blown over the whBrf. Thus I learned that what I had treated wnh unwnnied severity aa a fault, was hut ihe impulse of a gpneroui natu" which, forg' iful ol self, had hsxarded pprhaps Ire for another It but tha quick prompting of that manly spirit which I had Btways endcavorpd lo en graft up n his susceptible mind, and which, vi ung as he was, had alreadv manifested itaelf on more than one oc casion How hifprly now did I regret mv harvhness. and resolved lo make amends to his grieved spirit in the morning! Alas! lhat mornining never Came to him in health. Before retiring for the night however. I cienl lo his low cot, and bent of'f him. A 'ear had ato'en down upon hu cheek and rested ihere. I kissed it off; but he slept snsweeily and socalm lv, thai I did not vpn'urp lo disturb him! The next day he awoke with a raging (ever in his brain, end in forty-eight hours was no more! He did nol know me when! was first called to his bed. -i!e, nor at any moment alierward, though in 8i!ent agonv I benl over him until des'h and darkness closed the scene. I would have given worlds to havp whispered one kind word in his ear and have been answered; but ll was not , . I peiiiioiru. Willi murtu n - I e i- i. j !.:- - , r "' e" 'J '"'7 jr .: quickly a wa v. a d wa. succeeded by the cold unmeaning glare, and the wild ma ting of the fevered limbs, that lasted till death came to his relief. "Every thing I now see that belonged In him reminds me of the 'ot one. Yea terddy 1 tuuad soma rude pencil sketch es, which it wai his delight to make for tho amusement of hit younger brother; to day , in rumaging an old chest, I cams acmts his boots, ai ill covered wilh dock mud as he last wore ihem; and every morning Bnd every evening 1 pais th ground here his voice rang ihe mer tiesi among his playmates. All these things speak io me vividly of hia active lite, but 1 cannnt, though I often trv, recall any other expression ol his.lat . than lhat mule mournful one with which he turned Irom me on the night I io , ,iuu . -r ... : ou'se ves sources oi insnjr miuro j bit U' r lear. How cautious. that by neither incnniid ers'e word or look we unjuitly grievo iheir generous feeling! And how guard rdlv ought we to weigh every action a gainst its motives, Inst in a moment of exciipmpnl we bp led to mete out lo iho venial errors of the hpart the punish- ; n(n) ,UP nny , Wilru! crimes! Alail ; p,rh,pa few parents suspect how often hp surfHen b'ow, ihe fierce rebuke, ia j ansWft,e in ;heir children by ihe teara. , 0, p,J(,ion, no, 0, physical or menial pain, nm m . ....iuB uu, B. raged nature. i::o:: Chiiistianity - The Edinburg Re w .'loses a lengthened and scorching ,.ihened and scorch, n 7 "...b 'u. . ,l. rx.f.A : f ,.n..A,i,am r. r Ihp I 1 V I A Pff JZ , beautiful figure and truthful hiatory of Christianity : "Let u never forget thnt Christianity was planted, and has grown up in storms. Diajmsion isa'wav favorable to it, and has ever been so Lot the wintry blait come. It will but seatier the sere leaves, nnd snap off the wiihered bran ches; the giant tree will only strike ita roois deeper into ihe oil, and in the coming spring lime put forth a richer lolliage and extend a more grateful shade." In Wilev and Pu'nnm's LiterBry New Letier lor the month ol July we notice) in iho list ol woiks published in London ' f-- ,kai ,,,nih ' The Chrislinn System"' ' by Alex. Campbell, of Bethany, Brooke couniv , Va. Puts. Lkron.