Newspaper Page Text
t Ciin r ik linn 4 tit t s i i t 1 1 r n (.
VOL A -NFIBEB 14. miscellaneous ttca&inn. J TM, IIHII I O.. -!. vaa. li ii l. "j j Probably a will be conceded that not so many ditunguwhed as-.; tay their last of earth.' in 184. as m tome previous periodt.yet iha past year has bean noied for the gieat aad sweeping calamite on land and sea, which hai c.rried OiU victims, who had their own circle of see tulne, to which they were the centre, and where their loaa wa felt aa .irongly as when a T a a.i r i . (n the 4th of January, the death of Lord Plunket -a announced. He had bem Chan- ctllor of Ireland and was the last of that con- atellation ol Irish orators (bat made the bar of Ireland so m fiftJ Jtm as- H was 80 veaiof bats Viscount Beresford. a noted EngUsu Derh'' died on the 19tb of J,nusry. He served in Egypt. Ireland, the Cape of Good Hope, and Buenos Ayre. He waa in the peninsular war unaer Wellington, commending the united for-. 1 itf Is ....... ngton commanding the united for- ces of the Portuguese and English in Portugal, j where, as Marshal Beresford. he gained the! battle of Albuera over Bouli. . Thomas H. Perkins, a distinguished mer- chant, of Boston, died on the 10th of January, aged 89. On the 16th, Captain Alden Partridge, aged 70, at Norwich, Vt , long and favorably known as a military instructor. Judah Touro, a distinguished member of the Hebrew nation, at New Orleans. January 18th, aged 79. He was especially distinguished for his benevolence, and the proper use to which he applied his great wealth. Some time dufJhg the month, the Marquis of Lionaonoerry, wbo was distinguished in the ar my of Wellington, and subsequently a a ata teaman. January 7th, Count Thibadeau, at Paris, the last sui vivor of the Convention that voted death to Louis XVI. January ISth, Thomas Noon Talfourd, one of the Judges of England. Selah B. Hobbie, Assistant Postmaster Oen eral of the U. S., January 21st. January 2gd. M. de Bodisco, Russian Am fcaesadoi to the United States, aged 70. March 17th. the reigning Duke of Parma was stabbed in hit capita). April 3d. Professor J. Wilson, a distinguish ed Scotch writer, aged 66 -known as the Chris -topher North of Blackwood His best, poeti cal productions were the "Isle of Palms" and the 'City of the Plague ' He wrote the 'Lights and Shades of Scottish Life.' April 29th, Marquis of Anglesea, aged 86 He was much distinguished as a military offi cer, and probably ranked in England next to Wellington He lout a leg at the battle of Wa terloo. April Suth, James Montgomery, aged 82. He was well known at an English poet, and his works were universally read. They are noted for piety and purity of thought, beauty of dictation, and sweetness of numbers. May 23d John Smith, Patriarch of the Church of Li'tr Day Saint at Salt Lake City. M 'v 24th. Admiral Hyde Parker, a well known English Nr. -I Commander. On the lat of June, Mrs. Emily Judson, (Em ily Chubbuck) widow of Dr. Judson, the mis sionary. whose writing under the name of . 7anny Forrester' are well known. I'boma Rif.be, long known a the editor of the Richmond Enquirer, and as the most pow erfui political writer of the Southern State. died on the 3rd of July, aged 76 Count Cassimir Bmthyany, a distinguished Hungarian exile, died at Paris, Jul t 12th. mueic to raanoeuvering with fleets and armies, On the 14th of July, Abbas Pasha, Viceroy and attending to state affair. This rumor, of Egypt. He waa the grandson of Mahomet which i but a rumor, and may have no foun Ali. and the nephew of Ibraham Pasha, whom dation, is omewhat significant as an indication he succeeded that Constantine has been regarded as the man July 16th, N. B. Blunt, a well known Law- mom fit to nucceeti his father. It is quite cer yer of New York city, aged 52. taJn that if the fire-eating Constantine and his In New Yoik, August 4th, Don Joe Bar- followers were so disposed, they could readily rundia. Minister of Honduras to the United find mean to place the timid Alexander ont of State, age 70. the way. The Empress of Russia has all the August 10th, the King of Saxony waa killed while been f.renously opposed to the war, and by a fall from hi carriage j (he is caid to have great influence over Alex Near Men, ugust 19th, General Paixhan, ander, which may operate aa an additional rea aged 72, known for the invention of a piece of son on the war parly in favor of throwing him artillery that bear hi name. ! aside. It it idle to speculate, however, on -unh Reverend Leonard Woods, D. D., an able unsubstantial bases as we now have. Anoth theologian, died at Andover, August 24th, a er arrival may put ua in possession of facts ged 80. sufficient to indicate something more of the fu September Slat, Right Reverend Jonathan ture than is now vouchsafed to us. Pitts Wamwright, 1). u., Bishop ol flew- xom, aged 99. He was a man highly reapeeted and be loved. September 26th, Marshall St. Arnand, com mander of the French army in the Crimea, died (here. He had been noted in the French wars in Algiers October 1st, Mrs. Annie Royal, well known st Wathington some years ago. November 9th, at Washington, Mrs. Eliza beth Hamilton, widow of Alexander Hamilton, aged 97 November 11th, Charles Kemblt, a diatin. guished English actor, aged 79. On the 25th of October. John Gibion Lock hart, aged 63. He was an illustrious English Writer, editor of the Quarterly, and son-in-law of Sir Walter Scott, whose biography is one of the ablest of his works. December 10th, Mrs. Anne Bayard, widow l9f James A. Bayard, aged 77, whose father, hnsh'tnd and two sons nave been United States -Senators Damtnbor 27th. T. W. Dorr, of Rhode Is-' - . , , i v j ... ,l. I.. authorities of that State in 1841. J December 28th, Ex-Governor Morebead, of JKent4ky. ged 58. Tfc Emperor Nicholas. . , m r -II v TMna:nna .n?he deceased Emperor of all the Russians j. . V r n li I WW M8 top son 01 ram toe rir. xauiuau - -- four tons, Ajsxander, Constantine, Nicholas and variance. Michael. At his death Alexander ascended the fews of the Emperor's death was received etined to wcent it, and Nicholas, at next in 'before the curtain and announoed the fact, Ucceion, became Emperor. Michael, his which was received in most instance with younger brother, is since dead. tumultuous chsering, and some of the people mojpa.sras born on th7tb of July 1796, appointed that the authorities did not in the Castle of Gatachin, near St. Petersburg, . V". ... With his youagsat brother Michael, he was.nngtbe church bells educated under the immediate auspices of hiv At Berlin the Court placed itaelf in mourn- i Man, deuirhler ol llnL.. I .... -i it, . . . - -"j' Vou'h he deV'lLml or.. I A.l - ... I . Ft ' " . wwm. Lrftoi ipuorr . in hn 'military BtBdM.: V. w by n.uTrXr grave and reserved, which secured him against the influence of a luxurious Court and pro tecied hit phvekal coottitution and moral char seter. During the reign of bia elder brother Alt-Sander, be held himself sjoof from all the political buuoe and event of the Empire - After the Congreta of Vienna he in-vel-d through different eeeuonn of Europe vi.ited England in 1816. in.pecu-d all the provinces of RuM"' Md 00 lhe ,Slb of ,ul7- 18,7 h' m" ried Charlotte, the sliest daughter of Fred- erick William the Third, King of Pruesia, who waa two years hit junior. She is sister to the reigning King of Pi uaaia. The Ciar was 29 WDen ,,,unlcd me reins of government, and h" ej7e . rein of nrlT tn"y 7". He r-IKed' alT hi BCCe"in P is? ""expecteu :d U,r"Un'n? PP",,on fron a portion oi it: army, - 'CD broe oul ,n PD ! rebellion on the 26th of DeoC0""'' "82.6 "' . .... K inunu St. f etersbur?. the eader heiao r. :.iu. St. Petersburg, the leaders beintr r. .''u at heart, bnt pretending to favor the acceas.''0 of Constantine. to whom the army was attach-1 ed. The inaurirenl troon. were i..inil h large masses of the people, and the outbrea! threatened to take a very serious turn The Governor of the capital, General Miloradow- itach. who opposed the conspirator, wa killed. The young Ciai, Nicholas, followed by a de tachment of Cossacks, rode up to the rank of the tebeli, posted in one of the squares of the city, and, by dint of his cool, collected courage and determination, succeeded in quelling the insurrection. The leader were condemned to death, except eighty-three, who were aent to Siberia. The diviaion of the Guards which had been seduced, were tint to Persia, to fight against the .mountaineers in the Cauca aua, where they suffered the penalty of their treaaon. Since then the Emperor haa not been troubled with domestic outbreaks. Nicholas haa had born to him seven children four ion and three daughter One, if not two, of '.he daughters is deed. The sons are namt d Alexander, Constantine, Nicholas and Michael. Alexander, the eldest, was born on the 29th of April, 1818, before hi father be came Emperor, and was married in 1841 to Maria Alexandiowna, daughter of the Grand D ike Louis II. of Hesse, by whom he has four children. He ia generally regarded as the heir to the throne, and is a tall, handsome, in ellectuitK accomplished, amiable young man. with a disposition like that of bis mother. He is a man of peac or rather bis character, so far as it has yet been developed, is regarded as mild and peaceable. He is understood to sym pathize with the moderate party in Russia and to be somewhat under the influence of Nessel rode. Constantine, the aecoud son, was born in 1827, after bia father became Emperor He is a thick-set, burly, Russian featured, fire-eater the embodiment of -young Russia' a man of great energy and talen', and immensely pop ular with the 'ultra Russian!.' who are other wise known aa the 'war party ' Both of these princea are said to have been present at Balak lava and during a part of the Beige A Si-basto-pol. The younger brothers, icholas and Mich ael, are now in the Crimea, learning the art of war Irom the bellicose Menschikoff. Following the example of Constantine, who resigned hia claim to the throne in favor of Nicholas in 182. it has been freqenily repon ed. of late, that Alexander, the eldest sun of Nicholas, has resigned his claims in favor of his naxt brother, Constantine, and one reason giv en for this arrangement is. that Alexander, the man ot peace, tears his ambitious and warlike brother, and prefer siu'vinar literature and Gas. FROM EUROPE, ARRIVAL OF THE tTLANTI . Nxw York, March 27. The steamship Atlantic left Liverpool :at 2 P. M., on the 10th, arrived off the lightship about midnight, but did not come in till day light. She experienced unateady galea the en tire passage. She brings 74 passenger, among them Arch Bishop Hughes, Bishop Newman, dec. The Atlantic arrived out at Liverpool on the forenoon of the 4th. rhe death of the Czar Nicholas is confirmed. He died shortly after noin on Friday, March Hia Aaatln s.t fpnm at rnnhv of the lunt'S " - " r-v - o to the Empree were, tell Frederick, the Kjng 0I Prussia, to continue attached to Russia, aa he has hitherto been, and never forget his fath er's words. It is said that a few days before his death the Czar succeeded in effecting a uumuiekc icuuuviiiatiuii ueiwccu ui. rV anna A lexanii er ant Constantine. who Were at C RROLLON, CARROLL COUNTY, OHIO. J j " roi( du oraer were for the whole Prat iaa army to wear the symbol of mourning for four weeks. At Vienna, the new canted much agitation. An order of the day by the Emperor of Austria direct that in acknowledgment for service rendered with noble eagenes by the Emperor Nichols, daring a time of unfortunate (rial, the Nicholas regiment ot Cuiraaaier should al ways preserve that name as a aouvenir in the Austrian army. At Pari the Police arretted the ballad sing ers for chaunting verses diareapeciful to the dead Caar. A u legraph from Berlin, of the 6lh, stale that the Emperor Alexander II.. wbo baa auc ceeded quietly to the throne, haa iaaued a man ifesto in which he promise to adhere to the policy of hi father The Grand Duke Con I ktauiior au.i Kbw oflttatt, had tor mailt taken ,. n,i. ,.i - I , i4 W a, Ulltll ni L U .IIIV,' 0 Al.i inicr, and the arrison was . do so on the 3d Am- J L. . J I I . TT I baasaao."' hau ueju4iciieu to v icnna ana Berlin to annou: New EP' : i ii j ion to the throne. A ;."fw m m n fetto it received at Kooig.r8"- He e claret the welfare of hit empire to be 7 object; that he will endeavor to maintain Ru tiaintbe highest standard of power and glory, and will aim io accomplish the incessant wishes and views of his predecessor, and hoe the seal of hia subjects will assist him therein. For several.days the rumor wa prevalent that the Grand Duke Michael bar1 been severe ly wounded in an engagement on the 2'operua za, and had died in Sevastopol of his wound, This requires confirmation, The deceased Emperor had already recalled Menschikoff from the Crimea and given the chief command there to Prince Gortzchakoff, and the second to Gen. Ostensaoken. It i also stated that Gen. Rudign has been summoned from the high position he held in the arm of Poland to lake ibe direction of the ministry of war in the place of Prince Bele ronko, and it was surmised that Gen. Bibikoff, the minister of the empire, would be removed. These appointments, if authenticated, are of much importance. Immediately on the death of Nicholas being known in Paris, orders were sent to Canrobert to push the siege of Sevastopol with the utmost vigor. Of the departure of Napoleon for the Crimea, nothing additional was know. Preparations continued to be made. The first meeting of the Plenipotentiaries at Vienna was on the 6th, Their debates had for an object the fixing of the precise meaning of the 3d of the guaranteed points. The Russian representative was not present. Further Con ference were to be held without delay. Gen; Wedell had left Paris on hi return to Berlin, and was said to be the bearer of instruc tions which would insure the conclution be tween Prussia and the Western Powers. The Chamberh of Deputies at Stuttgard had voted the 9300,000 demanded by the Minister of War, but inserted formally in the bill a re commendation to follow closely the policy of Austria. The ratification of the treaty with Sardinia had been exchanged. A despatch Irom Sevastopol of March 5th. reached Paris on the 7th, slating that 60,000 Russians were threatening ihe English force at Kalaklava Gen. Borquet was endeavoring to get his corps in the rear of the enemy with a view of cutting off from reinforcements, and become the attacking party. The weather was very variable, but at latest date it was fine. A convey of 200 wagons succeeded in enter ing Sevastopol. Firing continued to be kept on both srdes wi h more or less steadines. During the night of the 21st Feb., threw up and armed a redoubt on flank f the fortifica tion of Sevastopol, and in the night of the 24i.h it was atormed by the French. Accounts of this event are directly contradictory. Menschi koff eay the French were repulsed with a loss of 600 men, while the French accounts claim the victory with 100 kil ed. The French likewise destroyed the works around tbe Malakah iff tower, but with great loss to themselves. On the 25th of Feb. nothing new had occur ed at Eupatoria. A special correapondent of the London Daily New, under date of Balaklara, Feb. 23d, ay it waa rumored that Gen. Can robert bad ordered a court martial to try an officer of high command in the French army, who has been accused of holding treasonable correspondence wilh the enemy. Bronser had been nearly destroyed by an earthquake and a large number of the inhabitants lost their live. The blockade of the Danube haa been raised since Feb. 18. At the attack upon Eupatoria Feb. 19, the Ruaaians numbered 22,000. The eali mated loaa on both aidea ia 35 Ruaaians kil led. 700 wounded. Turks. 80 killed, 200 wounded. It was rumored that the Allies in tend to attack Gen. Liprandi.and then fully in vest Sevastopol. It is also rumored the Scha- myl, in conjunction with the famous Khail Ma homed, will invade the Crimea by way of Ana pas and the sea of Azsf. The speculation still exists in regard to the Emperor's visit to the Crimea. It is said that Earl Clarendon has pursuaded Louis Napoleon rom his project. THURSDAY. AP IL 5. 1865. Aesrau A daughter wa bora to ike Kan peror sad Zmprsss aa the ih. fiwiTtzSLaao. Disturbances had broken out jo the canton of Siciaa- The difficulty is be tween the federal commission and the citizen of the canton. jfiMi, The political criais continue, and the country ia atill without a ministry. Damns. The Kind of Denmark was dan geroutly ill. 7be London Morning Herald says: 'We have most excellent authorities for slating that the French Emperor ha remonstrated agaiatt the committee of inquiry into the conduct ot the war, and that he had said in the event o' the committee contiuning to sit tbe armies of the two countries cannot act together, although they may act for the tame obieci ' In order. therefore, to lalisly Luai Napoleon without affecting the Ei.glub pejple a diMolation will, il i dated on the nn u horyu we bave alia- ded to, take place immediately It i not known whether the recent vi.it .f;"'"iiM' sirenjtn Earl Clarendon tn th. Emperor of the French eDOOh m lbe Hoa" 10 oT di,"0 had reference to the above mailer or not. Lord Lnoan ha. beei denied a court martial, anil ia tn nil annnraneea an ill naed man - ri . The Roebuck Committee is proceeding wilh their vertigions. A number testifv. of witnesses :isic ltjcu r Aparebenaiona are wi j felt tha: another KaBr war i about to take place, and the government i taking meaturet to avert it if possible. Changes of Climate. The following, from the Scientific American, contains some interesting facts, and treat of a very feeling subject, worthy oi a careiui inves tigation. History inform u that many of the counti ies of. Europe which now poe very mild win ters, at one lime experienced revere cold du ring this season of th. year. The Tiber, at Rome, was often frozen over, snow at one time time lay forty day t in that city. The Eaxine Sea was frozen over every winter during the lime of Ovid, and the rivera Rhine and Rhone used to be frozen so deep that the ice sustained loaded wagons. The waters of the Tiber, rai I j li s1A a nvnrw sarin MM ana nnon., no --- i ;a ia unknown in Home, and the waves oi the Euxine dash their wintry foam uncrystali wan nnnn inn rocks. Some have ascribed these climate change to agriculture the cut. ting down of dense foret. tbe exposure oi me pil 0DCe Mark the ,jark ime, from eacn cor. upturned soil to the summer's sun, and the nef nf mouth, and the noisome ataina on draining of great marshes. We do not believe ni. j1jr( b0SQjn. Rare accomplishment! in that auch gieat cbangea could have been pro- et for a gentleman. duced on the climate of any country by agri- Qria Champagne ? Ha ! ha ! Dear air, culture, and we are certain that no auch theory lhe wnole ian(i ls fu 0f jusl such suckers. crfh account for the contrary change of climate The raggedest, wiry-haired, red-nose, blear- from warm to cold winters which history eye(j 0ld bloat in Christendom, can get as rich tells ua ha taken place in our own countries an(j fgQjjgb and a drunk as you can. And than those named. Greenland received its wnat', the differance ? From ths actions, a name from the emerald herbage which once 0, on couj nol determine what liquor th. clothed its valleys and mountain ; and its east coast, which ia now inacceasible, on ac count of perpetual ice heaped upon its ahorea, waa in the eleventh century, the Beat of flour iahing Scandinavian coloniea all trace of which ia now lost, Lold Labrador waa named Vin lanH hs the Northmen, who viaited it A. D., 1000, and were charmed with u men muacn mate. aaa .1 -U .1! The cause of theae changes is an important iuquiry. A pamphlet, by John Murray, cm1 engineer, has recently been published in Lon don , in which he ensavors to attribute theae changea of climate to the changeable poaitioo of the magnetic poles. The magnetic varia tion or declination of the needle ia well known. At the present time it amount in London to 23 degrees west north, while in 1658, the line of variations passed through England, and then removed gradually west until 1816. In thai year a great removal of ice took place on lhe coast of Gre-nland, hence, it is inferred, that the cold meridian, which now passe through Canada and Siberia, may at one 'ime have pas sed through Italy, and that if the magnetic meridian return, a it is now doing to it old lines in Europe, Rome may once more see ber Tiber frozen over, and the Rhinelander dr ve his team on the ice of hia classic river Whether the change of climate mentioned have been caused by the change of the mag netic meridian or not, we have too few fact before u at present to decide conclusively ; but the idea, once spread abroad, will soon lead to such investigations as will no doubt re move every obscurity, and settle the ques tion. 0 Post " Bo as. The elections in eighteen States for member of the 34th Congress have renlted in the choic of 151 Representative. which may be classed as follows ; Anti-Ne-bratka and oppoted to the Adminittration, 123: Adminittration tlave Democrat! who go for Nebraska and the extension of slavery, 28 ; The 123 anti-administra:ion men are varioutly classed in their everal State, as Whige, Know Nothinat. Republioaua and fution Demooratt. On one point they are supposed to harmonize, namely, in opposing the policy of the adminis tration in regard to harbor and rivsr improve ments and commerce generally. And we may add, in the free States at least, in opposing the farther extension of Slavery. The present appr rtionment gives the House of Representatives 1S4 members, leaving 13 to bo elected by the Siata yet to vote. In Vir- giaia, Keutweky, Ti ism, Louisiana, Osot- gis aad North Carolina, tbe Know Nothing vi- rat has taken strong hold, and will lesvs the sdmisiatisuoo proper but small pickings. Bat the mas Hers elected from these State will not. on many points harmonise with th Bepreiea- tativet from the free States Io the formation of a great party it will be hard to class them, farther than to call them aoti administration and in favor of an essential modification or the ... . .. . repeal of th naiaralisatioa law. On one other oint tbey will probably agree, to wit, in the desire that the other Stales shall '1st the South alone' saul Slavery gets the upper hand in lb o , . , Representative -ranch ot th. Government. However, of tbe 8i.t yet to elect, sons 30 it ' ,uPPd Wl" s administration men, whieh added to the 28 alr.adv secured, wil! o-ir a total ol 58 in the Hone ; and as it one fourth of the whole number elected to call lb. aye. sad nay, it may properly be cone- I J.J . L -. . L. j .: -ii i ,.,,, , ! "'f'1 BOt 10 Uemed 11 lhu free eoan'ry .WtA.lkil nnualiM, I .,.ki . ik.i 11'' 00rDK Gsstlimanlt AcooMrunMzT. Swear ! n, nri,,n .,.w rfirtlm,m ,iim.n t s Hn the lowest and meanest thai swrm in the sink. v-- - - "iia - v iiu of Tice wd drunkennew. l here is not a IIZTZZ Z '1. 'Zl. "i l ZTS oi vice ana arunsenness. inereisnoi a run fiM wbo cannot bosit lbe ame accomplish meet. Every reeking Jen of develtrj ha id proficients Tbe mot: degraded of humanity eaii swear a roundly ss you. Hark ! You hear it To the h'bway. In every spot where tipplers congregate ibe oath ia part of every breatJj At night it come with fcarlets dis tinctness from too dram shop. And yet you are a proud of your foul muothed wickedneas, ss though the vilest of tbe earth could nt boas'. ; of the aame. Chew tobacco ! A toathtom apitting ma chine, eh ! Beautiful and interettmg appara. i Ui truly ! A aelf-acting tqatrt-gun to eject th filthiest compound in creation ! A Lima on two leg bespattering all wiihin your reach without provocation even ? And becaui you eat tobacco and spit oul tbe juice with mock dignity, you are a gentleman ! Ho ! ho ! tbe f foo k eX,tiact y,)U m1 . ......... make vour mbuth fouler than the old vagabond who spends the shilling he haa begged fur rum mnA a n .nnd of nlnv He can act at fillhv aa you caQ Can't yoa believe it? See' him two had got drunk on. The one spews in the gutter, ibe other in bis room. There is a dif ference in the quality of th coal, bat none in that of drunkenness. 7"he common i i ot can get . V, joucan on w.tUAfsrila a cowly' on common whisky as pure champagne. 1 ou drink with repectable 8J1 Circulation, 6.079.91 1. Duedeposi tipplers and drunkards ; he with thoie urn. 83.665,118. Notes and billi discounted, wbo are irraduated in fhe common whitkv eel- lar You are a gentleman are you? Why are . " , ' ,.j you ? Go well dressed, do you ? And to tha; makes a gentleman. Your whole aim of life is to adorn your person in a fashionable suit of clothe., practice a most unnatural gait and whirl before the gla. A fine u,t of clothes, ir, cannot give a mn a heart. You wear a moustache or imperial 1 and so doe a iroat. A race may oe covered wnn nair ana . no brains in the head. Bear's grease snd a . , ,, , nrlareall your dependesce. Fanny Fern. 0 i Miller's Steau Baasa A steam car- j ,u . brake dsSHrnd lo supersede the one now op- ulnar, i toig.u ... r r crated by hand on our railroads, has been in" vented by Henry Miller, Esq., of Detroit, and t appears to be a very decided improvement. It was tried noon the Pontiac Railroad leat fall, and since that time has been put to some pretty severe tests upon the Michigan Central Rail- road. On the 7th inst. it was applied to a tram of five cars, viz: one baggage, one second-class j and three passenger cars, drawn by a locomo-! live weighing twenty -eight tone, with aix feet . . :v inj two inch drivers wnoie weigu m uiu ivi toua and brakea were applied to twenty pairs nf wheel, under the car onlv. The result was as follow: on the first trial, with the train moving st the velocity of thirty milea per hour, the train waa brought to a peifect top in aev en hundred feet, taking twenty seconds of time On the second trial, with train moving forty miles per hour, it was brought to a stand-still in nine hundred and forty-five feel, and twenty-six seconds of time. On the thiid trial the train was backed down two miles, snd coming the last mile in one minute and twenty- ud. ran five eeconds. It waa brought to a full atop in one thouaand and aix feet, taking twenty .eight aeconda of time, the train not running over three miles per hour for the last three hundred feet. The invention, if what it seems to be, ia a very important one on a number of accounts: I. A train can be stopped in one-third of the distance and ons-third of the time uaually re nuired at stations. . 7ne stoppage or co' '.rol WHOLE NUMBER 1 lift of the train ia given (o tbe engineer, the only person who can know the necessity of (topping sad the danger to be avoided. 3. Tks sUsm operating simultsseoetly upoa tack brake of each car at the sens instant, holds every car in it pioper place, and ttesdies th sngius and train. The Basla af 1st- Atlantic Ocean. Ths Basin of the Atlantic Ooesa i s loos- la' T " , , . 7 New.and extending probsbly from pel to pole. Tbji0cesa furrow ws probably tcor.a into th solid crust of our planet by tbe Almighty bsnd, that there ths water which hs called ess "'a-"1 glbered together eo as to let the dry land appear aid fit the earth for the habitation Lr m.n "From the top of Chimborszo to th. 0f the Atlsntic. at the deepen elect yet 1 -- - . t L - fl J II' II . , reached by the plummet in the NoTtb.ro At- !ntC tnsOiStanos in s vertical Una is nice 'mile. Could tie waters of the Atlantis Le Hraarn off an aa to itiviM tn viaar thia ..( aaa gan, which separate comment, and extend from tbe Arctic to tbe Antarctic, it wonld pre. L -- - - A J ...i I g.-uu sari sav i A. o( a. .Mi saaea, 4. J , " , fofJBdalion, of lbe KtL wmld b h. light, and we hould bavs presentad to as, st one view, in tbe empty cradle o( the ocean 'a thousand wrecks,' with that dreadfal array of -. . . . -- , dead men skull, great anchor, beapa of pearl snd inestimable (tone, which in tbe ooet'iev.. ' .MUn. in.lhe of the ... asking it ... ... ... , , , , hideout with siphia of otrlv death. ....... of . h. North,rn Atlantic i. nrnh.h . .omewhere between tbe BurmuJat and ths ! Grand Bank. Tbe waters of th. Gulf of Mex ico ars held ia a basin about a mile deep in th. deepest part. There ia at tbe bottom of the tea, between Cape tace in New Feundland and Cape Clear in Ireland, n remarkable itepps, which i already known ss the telegraphic platen- A company is now engaged with tha project of a submarine telegraph across the At Lr0M u piaUtu from the eastern shorts of lantic. It is proposed to carry tbe wires s- New Foundiand to the weatern shores of Ire- land. The great circle distance between theae two shore lines is 1 ,600 miles, and ths sea a ,'ong '.his route it probably nowhere more than 10,000 feet deep. Prof. Maury. 0 1 Bin It Of Ohlo-Fb. Statement. Tbe following is an abstract exhibiting the i condition of the aeveral incorporated Banking institution of the State on the first Monday of Feb. 1855, as shown by their return mads under oath to ths Auditor of State : IIOKPKIDIXT BABES. There are seven doing business ; their State securities amounting to 762,729 Specie, 160,802 Eastern Deposits. 247.707 H ith Real Estate and other secu rities amounting to 2,725,636 Notes and bills discounted, 1,263,352 Circulation, 621,898 Due Depositors, 618,348 nix Bans. There are 11 with Stats securities, t754,752 Specie. 1.000 Ftern deposite. 249,65 Real estate and other securities, total. Notes and bill discounted. Circulation , 2,716,064 1,126,363 646.657 838,806 Due Depositor Branches of ihe State Bank of Ohio, nowdo- ing business are 34. Safety Tund, amounts to 8766,000. 8pecie, 81 '483,907. Eastern de- 1,400,844. Total re.ouroe,8l3,665,- . ata al a TN . S i 87,962,533. .0:- Wouas'a Lacoh.A woman hw no natural grace more bewitching than a sweet lsngh. jg ,jke mni nf flotM on the Wlter It eaps from her heart in a clear tparkling rill, and the heart that hears it feels as if bathed in the cool exhileraung spring. Have you im ' T a . , now loit. w he An(j we are purttt;Dg lnnl wandering voice to thia day. Sometimes it comes ton in toe miusv oi wc, ur i",vi . , 1 I . 1 . L - I I mn A raaome ouines , rum ,u.u " - listen ana near n naumti luiuuku um iwm jjTet keii w i '. h power to scare away the ill spirits of the mind. How much we owe to that ' swset laugh I It turnt the prose ol our 111 into poetry, it flings showers of enashins ove r me aarasome woou m wuitu w are unci n, - v ,-.i,.- ,,K liorht evan mil .iMn wnlch la no more im of death bn, if consume(l witb dreams that are shadows of immorislfty. :f" aSsT The beat defence ot lying tne: we ever read, is the remark of Charles Lamb, related by Lehigh Hunt, that 'truth was precious and noi to os wsstea on everyoouj . 0 W Go without your dinner, wd tee if you don t iei nappy wnen n. i .upper mw, 1 :C' ff A few ounces of soda will soften a hogs head of the hardest water It is greatly snp rior to either pot or pearlash, giving a delicate whiteneaa to the linen, without the alightest in jury, and it never, unleaa excess ia used, in ths lat ancts the nana. AW 'Never b. critical to the ladies.' was tbe maxim of an old Iritb pear, remarkable for his homage to lhe sex: 'the only way a true g.n- tleman ever will attempt to loos at me i.biu ui a pretty woman is, to shut his eyes'. J-rA new town, called Superior City, was ltid out on Lake Superior in May latt, and now containa a population of three hundred psople, with a fair prospect of trebling the number next year. A valuable copper vein has been dis covsred recently in the vicinity of tbe town. 0 gSP-The whole amount actually received by Gardiner for three-fourths of his fraudulent Mexican claim waa about 8320,000. Of this the Government has recovered about 8230,- 000.