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nk Press. I "THE UNIOH OF THE STATES AND THE CONSTITUTIOH OP THE UHIOH." I VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7. Mother -Wife - Sister -Daughter BT ANSON O. CniSTER. Kothcr! where the nod ii brown, with the leave thai fluttered down When the lateet Autumn ca-ne, o'ttuid a (tone that bears thy name! ft". II me if thy spirit cotnei Ever to its earthly hornet? Tell me il thou e er lust amilrd Since thy flight, upim thy child? Tcllineif, when Sleop'a sweet stremi. Waft him to the Land of ream., Thou dost ever meet him there, With a blessing and a prayer ? Tell me, docs an angel yesra For the rapture of return To the sct'ne. the friends it knew Are its pilgrimage was thiough? Will the crown the Mother won, 'Be the heir loom ol the son? Shall bis wayward fa a ing feet Eu r pres the Uolden Street? Shall we wander, hand in hand, Through thobroud Uclettial fond, Plucking fruit from Ternal bough ; While we breathe immortal von. 4; tanking from the Living river Blest together, ble-t forever! Mod is merciful and ji1.1t, He will guard thy hallowed dust Till the Awful Throne is set, ' Till the tribes of earth are met; And the lioil who care for thee, He will walvh and succor me. II. Wifk! three years have rollel away Sure our welcome wedding day; Tell me, if, a then, thy heart Finds in mine its counterpart? If the bwU of Hop.-, taut grew On thy way when Lnve was new, Bought the rose tiat they pledged If thy he t-t ai i home are hedged (Kith thej iys that seemed to be Linked with our lntn.it ? Tell mo, have I ever erred In a look, a deed, a word? If I erred, then love MM err Am I not its worshipped In thy happy prni'e I see All that tiirru would'st nv to me; ifeep thy secret it is best (laraerod ii thy loyal liraael; While I count my treou tres o'er Shall it he with open doo.f 'Tie enough for me to know That my darling loves me so. in. 5tTlR! and my only one When the b at d IJ II done, Do thv 'ove thiu;'lits fly to me O'er ti e meadow, o'er the sea? Does the fain of childhood gleam S'oftly on thy twilight dream, An 1 thy heart renponsivc move To the call of childhood's love? Though the walls of absence hitlo, Though the murk' waves divide, Though to Heaven abends its h ll, Dost thou cherish, bless me still? For the love of other da' a For thy warnings ami t'ty rai?o, Tor thy guidance and thy -are, F r thy kiss, thy smile, thy prayer, For the faith, which struggles on, Take a brothei'beniaou, IV. Distant but a few sho rt miles F om the city's din and wiles, Underneath a mournful tree, Is an altar dear to me ; It is holy as thep'are Where the L ml unveils his fuce For beneath that 'acred shrine, Mjeps the daughter that was mine! DjinoHTSRl on thy lowly bed Sunbeams, dews and showers are shed; But the sunbeams wake not thee Thine are eyes which cannot seel And the dews can never ehill Her whose bands and heart are still ; Nor the music of the rain Please her quiet ear again 1 Take, Oh Zeath ! the ripened fheaves ; Take the stalks and binder leaves ; Ttke the clusters, rich with wine, Prom the overladen vine ; Take the fruit, in Autumn's hours, Jake them all, but spare the flowers ! V. (glinted Mother ! che.-ub Daughter I Ye have crossed the Silent Water ; Ys are clothed in new attire, Ye have won a en wn and lyre ; Ye are bathed in light supernal, Yo are b'et with joys eternal Darling Sister ! darling Wife ! 8till we wear the bloom of life I gnll we suflVr, still we smile JVe must wait and watch a while. Be it ours to watch and wait, At the threshold, at the gate; Struggling on, by fcith and prayer, Till we fly to meet them there t jfocellamoug fteoMng, Slaves Arrested at Cincinnati. The following taken from the Cincinnati Ga zette of the 29h. ult., shows the practical workings of the Fugitive Slave law. Such Bcenes enacted in a Free State, are too diaboli cal in their tendencies, to be long tolerated in a civilized community. Arrbst of Fcgitivb Slaves A Slave Moth er Murdirs hkb Child rather than see it Returned to Slavery. Great excitement existed throughout the city t ie whole of yesterday, in consequence of the ..-r . r..rtw of slaves, and the murder of, her child by a slave mother, while the officers were in the act of making the arrest. A patty of seventeen slaves escaped from Boone and Kenton counties, in Kentucky, (abont sixteen mile from the Ohio. ) 0 1 Sunday night last, an J taking with them two horses and sled, drove mat nignt to toe unto river, opposite Western! Row. in this city, Leaving the horeei and aleffl standing there, they crossed the river on fool on the ice. Five of them were (he slaves of Archibald K Oaines, three of John Marshall, both liv ing in Boone county, a short distance beyond Florence, and six of Levi F. Daugherty of Kenton county. B'e have not learned who claims the other three. About 7 o'clock this morning the masters and their agents arrived in pursuit of their property. They swore oul'a warrant before J L. Pendery, Esq. United Rtates Commissioner, which was put into the hands of deputy U. S. Marshal. Geo. S. Bennet, who obtained infor mation that they were in a house belonging to a son of Jo Kite, the third house beyond Mil! creek. The son was formerly owned in the neighborhood from which they had escaped and was bought from slavery by his father. About ten o'clock the deputy U. S. Marshal proceeded there with his posse, including the slave owners and theii agent and Major Mur phy, a Kentuckian, 'and a large slaveholder. Kite was called out and agreed to open the door, but afterwards refused; when two Ken tucky officers, assisted by some of the Deputy Marshals, forced it, whereupon the young man Simon, the father of the children, fired a re volver three times before he was overpowered. B) one of these shots special Jiirshall John P on, who reached his arm to catch the pistol, had two of the fingers of his right hand shot off, the bal! afterwards strikin ; his lip. In the house went found four allies, viz: old Simon and his wife, and young Si in on and his wife and four children of the latter, the ol dest near six years and the youngest a babe of about nine months. One of these, however, was lying on the floor dying, its head cut al most entirely off. There was also a gash about four inches long in the throat of the eldest, and a wound on the head of the other boy. The officers state ihtrt when they questioned the boys about their wounds they said the folks threw them down and tried to kill them. T)s young worai.n, Peggy, and her four children belonged to Marshall, and her bus band and the old man Simon and the old wo man Mary to Gaines. Old Simon ad M irv are the parents of young S'raon. The other nine of the parly, we were in formed, where put upon the cars yesterday, by a director of the underground railway, and fur nisbed with through tickets. Those arrested in Kite's house, were taken to the United States Court Rooms about twelve o'clock, when Commissioner Pendcry opened his Court. Gaines appeared to claim his negroes. Mar shall was represented by his son, but as he had no power of attorney from his father, the case was posponed until 9 o'clock this morn ing, in order to give him lime to supply this omission. The fugitives were taken to the Hammond street station house to be kept over night. The Marshal attempted to gel a hack lo carry them there, but the crowd frightened all the hack men that were called so that they declined. They were afraid their carriages would be broken by the mob. About an hour after they were taken there, Mr. Gaines cume along with the dead body of the murdered child. He was taking it to Cov ington for interment that it might rest in ground consecrated to slavery. About three o'clock's habeas corpus was it sued by Judge Burgoyne, and put into the hands of Deputy Sheriff Jeff. Buckingham. He went down to the Hammond Street Station House, accompanied by a posse, and took pos session of the fugitives. Deputy Marshall Bennet refused at first to give them up, but at length, after consulting with Mayor Farran, came and agreed to compromise by permitting them to be lodged for safe keeping in the coun ty jail. During this debate, Lieut Hazen.who has charge of the Hammond street Station House, refused to admit the gentleman who swore out ihe habeas corpus. When Gaines, the master, came along he was freely admitted, and this gentleman walked in behind him, but was seized by Lieut. Hazen and put out. Deputy Sheriff Buckingham having put the fugitives in a 'bus, got in himself, and direct ed it to be driven to the jail, but Mr. Bennet jumped on the box and ordered the driver to drive to the U. S. Court Rooms. Here an other fussed ensued, aud Bennet. by the assis tance of special Marshals, run Ihe fugitives up into his office. But Buckingham sent for Sheriff Brathears and a large force, and by these they were re-taken and finally loged in the county jail about 8 o'clock last evening. They are now in the custody of the Sheriff, and it is said will not be forthcoming to at- tend Commission Pendery's Court this morn ing. Judge Burgoyne. after issuing the writ, sta ted to Columbus. It is presumed he will be at 11 oclocl lnls morning, me nour at which Ihe writ is returnable. the inquest on the dead child Coroner Menzies held an inquest yesterday afternoon on the body of iho murdered slave CARROMTON, CARROLL COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1858. aMftj It" throat appeared to have been eat by a single stroke of a knife, and it died a few minute 1 after Ihe arrest. Mr. Sutton, who lives next door lo Kile's. testified that after the other slaves were arrested by the officers, Mr. Gaines, the master, took his child and was in the act of carrying it off. when objections were made to remove it before an inquest was held. He at length surrendered it to Mr. Sutton, in whore arms it died. The inquest was not concluded, but will be resumed at 9 o'clock this morning, at the Cor oner's office. TBI OBJECT or THE HABEAS CORPUS. It is st id that it can be proven that these slaves have frequently been in Ohio In compa ny with their masteis and the question will be rised before Judge Burgoyne on the trial of the habeas corpus, whether such bringing them into a free Stale has not rendered them free. Mr. Campbell and the Plurality Rale. Hovse or Representatives, ) Washington. Jan. 25, 1856 j To ihe Editors of the Intelligencer : Gentlemen; The struggle to elect a Fpeak er has been surrounded with much embarrass ment, and Ihe peculiar relation which it has been ray misfortune, pursuing the advice of friends, to occupy with regard 10 it, renders i' indelicate for me now to give any opinion as ihe cause of the existing difficulties. I prefer, therefore, to submit quietly to the virulent as saults which many of the Anti-Administration papers are making, until a plain statement of facts may be given without the danger of pro ducing further delay in the transaction of the public business. I am called upon, however, by numerous private letters, as well as by a portion of the press entitled to a respectful re ply, for my remouj for voting ag tinst an elec tion of Speaker by a plurality vote. I came into Congress inexperienced in Leg tslative duties in 1849, when there was a simi lar contest, the candida'ea being Messrs. Win throp and Cobb. The Free Soil parly was re presented by Messrs. Giddings, Wilmot, Root, and some six others, who held the balance of power. After a protracted struggle, many ef forts were made to adopt a plurality rule. Al though a supporter of Mr. Winlhrop, I united with the F.-ee Soil men on thi question, and uniformly voted against it, agreeing with Ibem in the arguments which they presented that il was of doubtful constitutionality, and a depar ture from the uniform usage since the organi zation of the Government, ot hazardous ten dency. It was finally adopted, and the result was that a House, a majority of which was elected as advocates ol the H'tlinot Proviso, refused to apply the restriction to the Territo ries acquired from Mexico, which by the laws of that Government, had been previously ded icated to free institutions, and closed its legisla tion on the slavery question by the enactment of the Fugitive Slave Law, without securing trial by jury, as recommended by Mr. Clay and the Compromise Committee of the Sen ate. On one occasion during the contest referred to, when the plurality resolution was before the House, Mr. Giddings proposed the follow ing substitute, in the propriety of which I ful ly concutred : Whereas, the election of a Speaker of this body is one the highest and most important duties incumbent upon its members ; and Whereas, also, by common consent of every House of Representatives since the adoption of the constitution, a majority of all the votes has been regarded as necessary to a choice of that officer ; and Whereas, the freedom of de bate has ever been regarded as one of the safeguards of American liberty : Therefore. 'Resolved, That a change in such election so as to elect a Speaker by a plurality of votes, while the minority are not admitted to discuss the propriety or constitutionality of such change, will be oppressive in operation, of dan gerous tendency, and ought not to be adopt ed.' During the first week of this session, when it was suggested to me by the friends who kindly supported me for the Speaker's chair that a plurality resolution would ensure suc cess, I again avowed my opposition to it. Without elaborating on the subject, my reasons for voting against it now I will state; 1. That I am not fully satisfied that it is not an infraction of the spirit of the Consti tution. 2. That it is an abandonment of an uni form usage, which did not in 1849, and I fear would not now, promote ihe success of the principles which I advocate. 3. Because I have reason to apprehend that its adoption at this time will result in giving the organization of the house to the friends of the Nebraska Act. 4. Because, aside from principle, I am not disposed to stultify my past record until I am satisfied it is entirely wrong ; certainly not un til the public interest demands such a sacrifice, and a change of my position would settle the 'vexed question.' I srive these reasons briefly now from a re gard to those who have requested them in res pectful term3. To the outsiders who have 'jobs' in view, and to the editors elsewhere who have denounced me as a 'traitor' to the principle I have always advocated aid sti'l adhere to, I mo oiruan ! I am neither to be lis as the puppet of the former nor to be diivei under the lash of the latter. Very truly yours. 4 LKWI8 D. CAMPBELL. Prom the (levettad Herald. The Fugitive Infatloide All that could be said in one hundred vol uvea agrinat slavery would be of no effect aa compare with the deed of blood witeaaed last week in Cincinnati,- and it would seem, too. if the blood dyed argument was not lo ad mit of a word of refutation, for over the gas ping victim of the curae of hum-.n bondage didihe master assert that his slaves w r all well provided for, and had no cause for complaint. Thus it stands confessed, that slavery at best is worse than death, and that Ihe cold grave is a more welcome shelter than the most hu mane roof of the master. We know that sla very exists in Kentucky in its mildest form, and particularly along the margin of the state of Ohio, and yet, rather then see her chil dren go back to Kentucky bondage, the moth er kills her babe, and attempts the lives of all her chfldrenl Actions speak louder than words and there is no mistaking the despair which drives a mother to such measures. Kentucky must, through necessity, become a free Slate, intelligence will won its way among the slave populat on, and friends ni l be found even within ner borders ready and will ing to aid the blacks towards the Queen's do minions. Beside, the slave population are be coming more and more desperate. The cour age which could draw a Knife across the throal of a child, would aim a dagger at the heart of tbe master, and the lives of the slave owners are bscoming daily more and more in peril. Bidden deaths among the whites are alarming ly frpqueut in slave Slates, and added lo this the insecurity of slave property near the bor ders of the Free States, will force the gradual extinction of slavery in such a state as Ken tucky. The moral influence of woman, too than to whom no one is more shamefully wrong ed through the demoralization of society inci dent to slavery will be more and acknowl edged, and through fear, through pecuniary in terest, and though purer motives of the heart, the curse of slavery must be dnven from Ken tucky soil. This tragedy tings across the Ohio, and since its enactment thousands' of dollars in slaves have been taken fiom the border counties of Kentucky the Lexington slave market, to be sold South, and other thousands have taken to themselves wings and flown away. In commenting upon this fear, da deed of blood, the Columhus Journal says: Is not this most horrible I What a fearful record it makes against the institution of Slave ry! A . mother, rather than see her c! ii dren slaves for life, with a more than Roman heroism, destroys her offspring before the face of her master I It was not cruelty, for her mother's love had braved the elements, and ventured every thing for them. What an aw ful scene, and what a terrible condemnation does it pronounce upon the system of human bondage ! When, in the annals of the world, has so thrilling so startling a tragedy been reg istered ? But we forbear. People of Ohio, of the free States, look at these fact I They are the legit imate fruits of slavery. They flow from ihe system. Disguise it as you may, it is a most foul and wicked and abominable system, This terrible drama speaks trumpet-tongued to the world, and' to prosperity. It cannot be silenc ed it cannot be evaded. Here stands the na ked, startling and damning fact that a slave mother, well treated, well ted, with nothing but the fearful life of a slave before her, has slain her own daughter rather than permit her to live tbe life ol a slave 1 Ahd yet we have men, even in the free States, who are not only not opposed to Slave ry, but who are desirous of it3 extension into the heretofore free territories of our Union We confess our Constitutional obligations. We have no right to interfere with this institu tion as :t exists in toe States, we nave no right to pass laws to prevent the master from retaking an escaping slave if he can find him We prefer our Constitution and our Union lo the anarchy and the ten thousand evils that would ensue from its disruption. But we may, and God giving us strength we will, continue lo fight against the extension of Ibis giant evil, this nation's curse, into territoiics now free. Opinion of the Attorney General, on the Constitutionality of the Tenth Section Of the Tax Law. To the Speaker of the House ofRepresen'.a tives of the State of Ohio. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a copy of a resolution of the House requiring 'me to communicate to it. my opin ion as to the constitutionality of the tenth sec tion of the tax law, passed April l3tb, 1852. I can but feel great reluctance in complying with this resolution, for the reason that this question ha been passed upon by the Supreme t'ourt of the State, and 1 am luUy aware oi the, at least seeming, presumption of attempt ing lo elucidate a question that has been adju dicated by that tribunal. But I have no choice in view of the provisions of the law prescrib ing my duties, but to comply with the require ment of the House. I, however, feel less embarrassment upon the subject, from the fact that in the case re ported, in which it was passed upon by the Su preme Court, it was not directly before the Court for adjudication, and therefore, accord ing to the universally received rule, in such oases, the opinion expressed does not have that absolute and binding force which it would possess in a case directly involving the question. I have given to tbe subject a careful and patient examination, and without pretending to go into all the details of a subject which has been so fully and ably treated of by eminent judges in the case above referred to, I submit the following reasons why, in my opinion, the section of the law referred to, is not inconsis- 1 tent with the provisions of the Constitution of the Stat j. The only objections takea to this section of the tax law, is that it allows deduc tions for debts to be made Trom credit ia list ing property for taxation. The provision of the ('.institution applicable to the suhj-ct. see. 2. of art. 12, provide : that 'Laws shall he passed. Uxing by a uni form rule, all montyi. credits, invrsimeaU in bonds, slock, joint etock companies, or other wise; and also all real and peraonal property according to it true value in mon-y,' Ac What it meant by the term 'credit,' aa here used? Doe it mean note, account. bill. Ac , the evidence of credit tpecifically. and that which they only reprenl and evidence? Doe it mean all nominal credit or actual bal ance and dues, strictly so, and independent of Ihe instrument which represent him? A credit is properly defined to be a sum of mon ey due to any peron.' Herce I inftr that the term credit, aa used in Ihis clause of the Con stitution, may, and hould be, construed to mean, the sum due an individual after deduct- inn sl.nl Vi a n n a T I ' 1 . , '"6 nu ma word all is to be taken in it broadest, most literal ene, lean see no reason why in every case of mu tual account, where a lividvals have ktanding upon their boooks debit and credit items which are unadjusted they should r,ot be required to list the debit nJe. or what is nominally and not really due ibem for taxation, withou; strik ing the balance and deducting what stands up on the other side, Such a construction would be alike unreasonable and absurd, and would violate the well known rule, that such construc tion shall be given to laws and constitutions, as shall render them both just and reasonable in their operation, On the other hand, if any class of debts may be deducted, why not al ? If a person can deduct what he owes to one, who in turn owes him, Why may he not, up on the same principle, the debla he owes those nuu uu uov uojijjcu uu owe mm: it seems to me it will be evident, from these considers tions, that to hold that the term 'all credits,' asniedin the Constitclion means every thing evincing a debt, apparently and nominal y due an individual without deduction, is a perversion of the well known and generally received com mercial meaning of the term, which is, that the credit one owes, in the general sense, are the balances due ! iaa after deducting vl.at he owes. In a case of this kind, where ttere i doub as to the true construction, the rule is undoubt edly thai that construction ought to prevail which will work the least injustice and public inconvenience. Chief Justice Murshall, in one case says : It is true that when great inconvenience will result from a particular construction, that con struction ought to be avoided, unless the mean ing of the Legislature plain, in which case it is to be obeyed.' 2 Cranch 386. In the case of the People v. Canal Commis sioners, 3 Scammon T60, it was held, 'That, it were apparent that by a particular construe tion of a law, in a doubtful case, such con struction would be likely to endanger or to ac tually sacrifice greatpublicinterests.it would not and ought not to be intended, that such a construction was contemplated by the Leg islature in disregard of such interests.' Of course this rule only opplies in cases where there is doubt as to the intention of the law making power, but in all such cases it applies, and should govern and control the construc tion. That there is doubt in this case, is a bundantly evidenced, by the diverse opinions of the able judges who have passed upon it," and that such a construction works great in justice, is equally evident, and it seems to me that the contrary one is both just, reasonable, and fairly deducibie from the lanfuaee used ...... . . nrameaiateiy bdu uisuncuj. jur. ntitiKis sei- An additional reason why this conclusion isdom makes 6 biunder and ne has tact and correct, is found in the teims used in section talent to conceal or correct many of the as 3, of the same article, in legard to "the taxi-'.takes made by those whose bad manuscripts tion of banks, which provides, 'That the Gcn-;Bn(J orse gmmar would be a caution to the i wi i n -Jul r ' ghost of Lindley Murry if read verbatim, et oral Assembly shall provide, by law, for tax- puDelU8tinlj frora lhe Speaker's mg the notes and bills, discounted or purchas- J cnsir- ij usually wears a brown fiock coat, ed, moneys loaned, and other property, effects buff vest, and black stock. Mr. Banks bus or dues of every description (without deduc-'dark blue eyes, uncommonly expressive; a thin, , . r .it t,u. , , f, ipale, intellectual face; a plentiful supply of t-.on 1. ot a banks now ertsltncr. or Iifrr-if'pi' , r . . . . . K . . . . r.r 1 . created, and of all bankers, so that all proper ty employed in banking shall always beer a burden of taxation equal to that imposed rn the property of individuals.' Here instead of uing the term credits, the evidences of debt are enumerated specifically, and the term 'dues" Ac, a synonymous one, is employed, and then, as if fully aware without restriction deductions could be made from some or all of them, it was deemed necessary to add an ex press prohibition of such deductions, and it is pertinent to inquire why, if the same result was intended in forming section 2, the same prohibition was not inserted? If it is objected that this destroys the equality of tnxation seemingly required by the last clause of sec tion S, il may be replied that the history of the Constitution, (to which we may properly re fer in case of doubt or ambiguity), showe that it was there held and contended, that taiing banks without deductions, was placing them upon'an exact equality with individuals, when they made deductions of their debts, and if any defects sha'l be found in the mode of tax ation present 'd by the 3d seeUon lo attain WHOLE NUMBER, 1258 this equality, no unjust rule of interpretation can justify the construction of the td section in any way foreign to iu primary intention, to attain (bat object, for that it tbe standard to which the othe i required lo conform. 0e other reason derived from the obvious reading of section 2, i worthy of consideration in de termining tbia question. The peculiar contraction of the section, will, if examined, lead, I apprehend, to tbe same conclusion a above indicated. IU language is: That iawa ahall be patted taxing, by a uniform rale, all money, credit, t-r , and also all real and peraonal property, according to it true value in money.' The word it, cannot be made to relate to the terms 'moneys, credit,' Ac,, without do. ing violence to the construction of langurge, which so able and learned a body a the Con' ventfon that formed the Conatitution, could hardly have been guilty of committing Be- ', to provide that moneys ahall be taxed at their 'true value in money,' ia imply absurd on its face, 7e trae reading, then is, that laW shall be passed taxing 'money, credita, Ac, by a uniform rale, and real and personal (tan gible) property at its true value in money. In the one caae, the discretion being left to the law making power to fix the 'uniform rule' I in the other requiring that no variation ahall be made from absolute values. While I am well iware that mere grammatical construction cannot control or vary tbe otherwise obvious meaning, yet in this case, it seems to me tbe f '-.in meaning is, as I have indicated, and if so, the rule adopted, may allow deduction of debts; and taking into consideration the aw as it then existed, the evident intention of the framers of the Constitution to allow such deductions as gathered from their published proceedings, the conclusion is irre sistible that the section was thus peculiarly worded in order to allow tbe Legislature this very discretionary power; and I submit to any one if any such violence is done to tbe mean ng of language, b? holding that the phr- i'all credits,' means the amount actually, and not merely nominally, due tbe person aesesssed, as is done by holding the clause referred to. requiring real and personal property to be as sessed at its true value, applies atso to moneys, credits, investments in bonds, dc, making it read that 'all moneys, creoits, Ac, aha'l Le taxed at its trae value in money.' Respectfully submitted, F. D. KIMBALL, Attorney General. Columbus, January 29, 1857. Nathaniel P. Banks. The election of this distinguished gentleman to the responsible post of Speaker of the House of Representatives at Washington, ha created a strong desire to know something of his ante cedents and his personal appearance. We an happy to be able to supply this want. In 1852, Geo. W. Bungay, Esq., published a small vol ume of 'Crayon Sketches and off hand takings at' nistincnislied American Statpsmpn Ora- "Itms,' tf-c. This work was published in Boston. - "T . f . c i .i mong uie ubi. oi ciuiutni men we nnu ine following short article on Mr, Janks. It is proper to state that since this work was pub lished, this gentlemen has aerved with distin guished ability as President of the Constitu tional Convention of Massachusetts, and baa fully sustained his reputation as one of the most accomplished presiding officers in the U nion. At lie lime this sketch was written, he was Speaker of tbe Massachusetts House of Representatives, probably the largest Kepre resentative body in the Union, O.S. Jour nal. Natiiaktbl P. Banks, Jr., Speaker of the House, is the man for the position he occupies Sharp, shrewd, impartial, polite, and thor oughly familiar with parliamentary usages He knows every member at a moment's glance, and while he looks at the man (ris- j ing to speak) with one eye, be looks thro' llira wiln tlle other, and announces his name dark hair, (somewhat tinged with froal, though he is not yet forty years of age.) wl icb is brushtd so as to leave one temple bare, while it hangs down to the eye brow on the other 3:de. He is a native of Waltham, born in 1810 ; first entered the Legislature in 1849; was elec ted Speaker of tbe House in 1861 and re-elected in 1852 probably one of the youngest presiding oiBcers that ever graced Ihe wool sack. He was brougbt up as a machinist, and toiled with bis bands, and exercised his brain by way of pastime. He is self educated. Ilia said that at one lime he was an active fireman, and 'ran with the machine,' and on holiday oc cajiens donned the red shirt, buff pant and father cap of late so distinguishing a mark of the brave and preeminently cold water man. He subsequently left the work bench for Ihe office and green bag, and was admitted to the Middlesex bar, where he has d atinguished himself more by the faithfulness of his servi ces to his clinents than the receipt of an im mensity of business. He has always been vei jr popular in bis native town, and conld always be elected to represent it when every other man failed. He is of Democratic sympathies, and always has been, but inelined lo liberal viewa. He is f ntitkd lo great credit for working his way so h'gh in life unt!, r adverse ereswsta1 ces.