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"THE UNIOH OF THE STATES AND THE CONSTITUTIOH OP THE UHIOH."
I
VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7.
Mother -Wife - Sister -Daughter
BT ANSON O. CniSTER.
Kothcr! where the nod ii brown,
with the leave thai fluttered down
When the lateet Autumn ca-ne,
o'ttuid a (tone that bears thy name!
ft". II me if thy spirit cotnei
Ever to its earthly hornet?
Tell me il thou e er lust amilrd
Since thy flight, upim thy child?
Tcllineif, when Sleop'a sweet stremi.
Waft him to the Land of ream.,
Thou dost ever meet him there,
With a blessing and a prayer ?
Tell me, docs an angel yesra
For the rapture of return
To the sct'ne. the friends it knew
Are its pilgrimage was thiough?
Will the crown the Mother won,
'Be the heir loom ol the son?
Shall bis wayward fa a ing feet
Eu r pres the Uolden Street?
Shall we wander, hand in hand,
Through thobroud Uclettial fond,
Plucking fruit from Ternal bough ;
While we breathe immortal von. 4;
tanking from the Living river
Blest together, ble-t forever!
Mod is merciful and ji1.1t,
He will guard thy hallowed dust
Till the Awful Throne is set, '
Till the tribes of earth are met;
And the lioil who care for thee,
He will walvh and succor me.
II.
Wifk! three years have rollel away
Sure our welcome wedding day;
Tell me, if, a then, thy heart
Finds in mine its counterpart?
If the bwU of Hop.-, taut grew
On thy way when Lnve was new,
Bought the rose tiat they pledged
If thy he t-t ai i home are hedged
(Kith thej iys that seemed to be
Linked with our lntn.it ?
Tell mo, have I ever erred
In a look, a deed, a word?
If I erred, then love MM err
Am I not its worshipped
In thy happy prni'e I see
All that tiirru would'st nv to me;
ifeep thy secret it is best
(laraerod ii thy loyal liraael;
While I count my treou tres o'er
Shall it he with open doo.f
'Tie enough for me to know
That my darling loves me so.
in.
5tTlR! and my only one
When the b at d IJ II done,
Do thv 'ove thiu;'lits fly to me
O'er ti e meadow, o'er the sea?
Does the fain of childhood gleam
S'oftly on thy twilight dream,
An 1 thy heart renponsivc move
To the call of childhood's love?
Though the walls of absence hitlo,
Though the murk' waves divide,
Though to Heaven abends its h ll,
Dost thou cherish, bless me still?
For the love of other da' a
For thy warnings ami t'ty rai?o,
Tor thy guidance and thy -are,
F r thy kiss, thy smile, thy prayer,
For the faith, which struggles on,
Take a brothei'beniaou,
IV.
Distant but a few sho rt miles
F om the city's din and wiles,
Underneath a mournful tree,
Is an altar dear to me ;
It is holy as thep'are
Where the L ml unveils his fuce
For beneath that 'acred shrine,
Mjeps the daughter that was mine!
DjinoHTSRl on thy lowly bed
Sunbeams, dews and showers are shed;
But the sunbeams wake not thee
Thine are eyes which cannot seel
And the dews can never ehill
Her whose bands and heart are still ;
Nor the music of the rain
Please her quiet ear again 1
Take, Oh Zeath ! the ripened fheaves ;
Take the stalks and binder leaves ;
Ttke the clusters, rich with wine,
Prom the overladen vine ;
Take the fruit, in Autumn's hours,
Jake them all, but spare the flowers !
V.
(glinted Mother ! che.-ub Daughter I
Ye have crossed the Silent Water ;
Ys are clothed in new attire,
Ye have won a en wn and lyre ;
Ye are bathed in light supernal,
Yo are b'et with joys eternal
Darling Sister ! darling Wife !
8till we wear the bloom of life I
gnll we suflVr, still we smile
JVe must wait and watch a while.
Be it ours to watch and wait,
At the threshold, at the gate;
Struggling on, by fcith and prayer,
Till we fly to meet them there t
jfocellamoug fteoMng,
Slaves Arrested at Cincinnati.
The following taken from the Cincinnati Ga
zette of the 29h. ult., shows the practical
workings of the Fugitive Slave law. Such
Bcenes enacted in a Free State, are too diaboli
cal in their tendencies, to be long tolerated in a
civilized community.
Arrbst of Fcgitivb Slaves A Slave Moth
er Murdirs hkb Child rather than see it
Returned to Slavery.
Great excitement existed throughout the city
t ie whole of yesterday, in consequence of the
..-r . r..rtw of slaves, and the murder of,
her child by a slave mother, while the officers
were in the act of making the arrest. A patty
of seventeen slaves escaped from Boone and
Kenton counties, in Kentucky, (abont sixteen
mile from the Ohio. ) 0 1 Sunday night last, an J
taking with them two horses and sled, drove
mat nignt to toe unto river, opposite Western!
Row. in this city, Leaving the horeei and aleffl
standing there, they crossed the river on fool
on the ice.
Five of them were (he slaves of Archibald
K Oaines, three of John Marshall, both liv
ing in Boone county, a short distance beyond
Florence, and six of Levi F. Daugherty of
Kenton county. B'e have not learned who
claims the other three.
About 7 o'clock this morning the masters
and their agents arrived in pursuit of their
property. They swore oul'a warrant before J
L. Pendery, Esq. United Rtates Commissioner,
which was put into the hands of deputy U. S.
Marshal. Geo. S. Bennet, who obtained infor
mation that they were in a house belonging to
a son of Jo Kite, the third house beyond Mil!
creek. The son was formerly owned in the
neighborhood from which they had escaped
and was bought from slavery by his father.
About ten o'clock the deputy U. S. Marshal
proceeded there with his posse, including the
slave owners and theii agent and Major Mur
phy, a Kentuckian, 'and a large slaveholder.
Kite was called out and agreed to open the
door, but afterwards refused; when two Ken
tucky officers, assisted by some of the Deputy
Marshals, forced it, whereupon the young man
Simon, the father of the children, fired a re
volver three times before he was overpowered.
B) one of these shots special Jiirshall John
P on, who reached his arm to catch the
pistol, had two of the fingers of his right hand
shot off, the bal! afterwards strikin ; his lip.
In the house went found four allies, viz:
old Simon and his wife, and young Si in on and
his wife and four children of the latter, the ol
dest near six years and the youngest a babe of
about nine months. One of these, however,
was lying on the floor dying, its head cut al
most entirely off. There was also a gash about
four inches long in the throat of the eldest, and
a wound on the head of the other boy.
The officers state ihtrt when they questioned
the boys about their wounds they said the
folks threw them down and tried to kill them.
T)s young worai.n, Peggy, and her four
children belonged to Marshall, and her bus
band and the old man Simon and the old wo
man Mary to Gaines. Old Simon ad M irv
are the parents of young S'raon.
The other nine of the parly, we were in
formed, where put upon the cars yesterday, by
a director of the underground railway, and fur
nisbed with through tickets.
Those arrested in Kite's house, were taken
to the United States Court Rooms about
twelve o'clock, when Commissioner Pendcry
opened his Court.
Gaines appeared to claim his negroes. Mar
shall was represented by his son, but as he
had no power of attorney from his father, the
case was posponed until 9 o'clock this morn
ing, in order to give him lime to supply this
omission.
The fugitives were taken to the Hammond
street station house to be kept over night. The
Marshal attempted to gel a hack lo carry them
there, but the crowd frightened all the hack
men that were called so that they declined.
They were afraid their carriages would be
broken by the mob.
About an hour after they were taken there,
Mr. Gaines cume along with the dead body of
the murdered child. He was taking it to Cov
ington for interment that it might rest in
ground consecrated to slavery.
About three o'clock's habeas corpus was it
sued by Judge Burgoyne, and put into the
hands of Deputy Sheriff Jeff. Buckingham.
He went down to the Hammond Street Station
House, accompanied by a posse, and took pos
session of the fugitives. Deputy Marshall
Bennet refused at first to give them up, but at
length, after consulting with Mayor Farran,
came and agreed to compromise by permitting
them to be lodged for safe keeping in the coun
ty jail. During this debate, Lieut Hazen.who
has charge of the Hammond street Station
House, refused to admit the gentleman who
swore out ihe habeas corpus. When Gaines,
the master, came along he was freely admitted,
and this gentleman walked in behind him, but
was seized by Lieut. Hazen and put out.
Deputy Sheriff Buckingham having put the
fugitives in a 'bus, got in himself, and direct
ed it to be driven to the jail, but Mr. Bennet
jumped on the box and ordered the driver to
drive to the U. S. Court Rooms. Here an
other fussed ensued, aud Bennet. by the assis
tance of special Marshals, run Ihe fugitives
up into his office. But Buckingham sent for
Sheriff Brathears and a large force, and by
these they were re-taken and finally loged in
the county jail about 8 o'clock last evening.
They are now in the custody of the Sheriff,
and it is said will not be forthcoming to at-
tend Commission Pendery's Court this morn
ing.
Judge Burgoyne. after issuing the writ, sta
ted to Columbus. It is presumed he will be
at 11 oclocl lnls morning, me nour at
which Ihe writ is returnable.
the inquest on the dead child
Coroner Menzies held an inquest yesterday
afternoon on the body of iho murdered slave
CARROMTON, CARROLL COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1858.
aMftj It" throat appeared to have been eat
by a single stroke of a knife, and it died a few
minute 1 after Ihe arrest. Mr. Sutton, who
lives next door lo Kile's. testified that after the
other slaves were arrested by the officers, Mr.
Gaines, the master, took his child and was in
the act of carrying it off. when objections were
made to remove it before an inquest was held.
He at length surrendered it to Mr. Sutton, in
whore arms it died.
The inquest was not concluded, but will be
resumed at 9 o'clock this morning, at the Cor
oner's office.
TBI OBJECT or THE HABEAS CORPUS.
It is st id that it can be proven that these
slaves have frequently been in Ohio In compa
ny with their masteis and the question will be
rised before Judge Burgoyne on the trial of
the habeas corpus, whether such bringing them
into a free Stale has not rendered them
free.
Mr. Campbell and the Plurality Rale.
Hovse or Representatives, )
Washington. Jan. 25, 1856 j
To ihe Editors of the Intelligencer :
Gentlemen; The struggle to elect a Fpeak
er has been surrounded with much embarrass
ment, and Ihe peculiar relation which it has
been ray misfortune, pursuing the advice of
friends, to occupy with regard 10 it, renders i'
indelicate for me now to give any opinion as
ihe cause of the existing difficulties. I prefer,
therefore, to submit quietly to the virulent as
saults which many of the Anti-Administration
papers are making, until a plain statement of
facts may be given without the danger of pro
ducing further delay in the transaction of the
public business. I am called upon, however,
by numerous private letters, as well as by a
portion of the press entitled to a respectful re
ply, for my remouj for voting ag tinst an elec
tion of Speaker by a plurality vote.
I came into Congress inexperienced in Leg
tslative duties in 1849, when there was a simi
lar contest, the candida'ea being Messrs. Win
throp and Cobb. The Free Soil parly was re
presented by Messrs. Giddings, Wilmot, Root,
and some six others, who held the balance of
power. After a protracted struggle, many ef
forts were made to adopt a plurality rule. Al
though a supporter of Mr. Winlhrop, I united
with the F.-ee Soil men on thi question, and
uniformly voted against it, agreeing with Ibem
in the arguments which they presented that il
was of doubtful constitutionality, and a depar
ture from the uniform usage since the organi
zation of the Government, ot hazardous ten
dency. It was finally adopted, and the result
was that a House, a majority of which was
elected as advocates ol the H'tlinot Proviso,
refused to apply the restriction to the Territo
ries acquired from Mexico, which by the laws
of that Government, had been previously ded
icated to free institutions, and closed its legisla
tion on the slavery question by the enactment
of the Fugitive Slave Law, without securing
trial by jury, as recommended by Mr. Clay
and the Compromise Committee of the Sen
ate. On one occasion during the contest referred
to, when the plurality resolution was before
the House, Mr. Giddings proposed the follow
ing substitute, in the propriety of which I ful
ly concutred :
Whereas, the election of a Speaker of this
body is one the highest and most important
duties incumbent upon its members ; and
Whereas, also, by common consent of every
House of Representatives since the adoption of
the constitution, a majority of all the votes
has been regarded as necessary to a choice of
that officer ; and Whereas, the freedom of de
bate has ever been regarded as one of the
safeguards of American liberty : Therefore.
'Resolved, That a change in such election
so as to elect a Speaker by a plurality of votes,
while the minority are not admitted to discuss
the propriety or constitutionality of such
change, will be oppressive in operation, of dan
gerous tendency, and ought not to be adopt
ed.'
During the first week of this session, when
it was suggested to me by the friends who
kindly supported me for the Speaker's chair
that a plurality resolution would ensure suc
cess, I again avowed my opposition to it.
Without elaborating on the subject, my
reasons for voting against it now I will state;
1. That I am not fully satisfied that it is
not an infraction of the spirit of the Consti
tution. 2. That it is an abandonment of an uni
form usage, which did not in 1849, and I fear
would not now, promote ihe success of the
principles which I advocate.
3. Because I have reason to apprehend that
its adoption at this time will result in giving
the organization of the house to the friends of
the Nebraska Act.
4. Because, aside from principle, I am not
disposed to stultify my past record until I am
satisfied it is entirely wrong ; certainly not un
til the public interest demands such a sacrifice,
and a change of my position would settle the
'vexed question.'
I srive these reasons briefly now from a re
gard to those who have requested them in res
pectful term3. To the outsiders who have 'jobs'
in view, and to the editors elsewhere who have
denounced me as a 'traitor' to the principle I
have always advocated aid sti'l adhere to, I
mo oiruan ! I am neither to be lis as the
puppet of the former nor to be diivei under
the lash of the latter.
Very truly yours. 4
LKWI8 D. CAMPBELL.
Prom the (levettad Herald.
The Fugitive Infatloide
All that could be said in one hundred vol
uvea agrinat slavery would be of no effect aa
compare with the deed of blood witeaaed last
week in Cincinnati,- and it would seem, too.
if the blood dyed argument was not lo ad
mit of a word of refutation, for over the gas
ping victim of the curae of hum-.n bondage
didihe master assert that his slaves w r all well
provided for, and had no cause for complaint.
Thus it stands confessed, that slavery at best
is worse than death, and that Ihe cold grave
is a more welcome shelter than the most hu
mane roof of the master. We know that sla
very exists in Kentucky in its mildest form,
and particularly along the margin of the state
of Ohio, and yet, rather then see her chil
dren go back to Kentucky bondage, the moth
er kills her babe, and attempts the lives of all
her chfldrenl Actions speak louder than words
and there is no mistaking the despair which
drives a mother to such measures.
Kentucky must, through necessity, become
a free Slate, intelligence will won its way
among the slave populat on, and friends ni l be
found even within ner borders ready and will
ing to aid the blacks towards the Queen's do
minions. Beside, the slave population are be
coming more and more desperate. The cour
age which could draw a Knife across the throal
of a child, would aim a dagger at the heart
of tbe master, and the lives of the slave owners
are bscoming daily more and more in peril.
Bidden deaths among the whites are alarming
ly frpqueut in slave Slates, and added lo this
the insecurity of slave property near the bor
ders of the Free States, will force the gradual
extinction of slavery in such a state as Ken
tucky. The moral influence of woman, too
than to whom no one is more shamefully wrong
ed through the demoralization of society inci
dent to slavery will be more and acknowl
edged, and through fear, through pecuniary in
terest, and though purer motives of the heart,
the curse of slavery must be dnven from Ken
tucky soil.
This tragedy tings across the Ohio, and since
its enactment thousands' of dollars in slaves
have been taken fiom the border counties of
Kentucky the Lexington slave market, to be
sold South, and other thousands have taken to
themselves wings and flown away.
In commenting upon this fear, da deed of
blood, the Columhus Journal says:
Is not this most horrible I What a fearful
record it makes against the institution of Slave
ry! A . mother, rather than see her c! ii
dren slaves for life, with a more than Roman
heroism, destroys her offspring before the face
of her master I It was not cruelty, for her
mother's love had braved the elements, and
ventured every thing for them. What an aw
ful scene, and what a terrible condemnation
does it pronounce upon the system of human
bondage ! When, in the annals of the world,
has so thrilling so startling a tragedy been reg
istered ?
But we forbear. People of Ohio, of the free
States, look at these fact I They are the legit
imate fruits of slavery. They flow from ihe
system. Disguise it as you may, it is a most
foul and wicked and abominable system, This
terrible drama speaks trumpet-tongued to the
world, and' to prosperity. It cannot be silenc
ed it cannot be evaded. Here stands the na
ked, startling and damning fact that a slave
mother, well treated, well ted, with nothing
but the fearful life of a slave before her, has
slain her own daughter rather than permit her
to live tbe life ol a slave 1
Ahd yet we have men, even in the free
States, who are not only not opposed to Slave
ry, but who are desirous of it3 extension into
the heretofore free territories of our Union
We confess our Constitutional obligations.
We have no right to interfere with this institu
tion as :t exists in toe States, we nave no
right to pass laws to prevent the master from
retaking an escaping slave if he can find him
We prefer our Constitution and our Union lo
the anarchy and the ten thousand evils that
would ensue from its disruption. But we may,
and God giving us strength we will, continue
lo fight against the extension of Ibis giant evil,
this nation's curse, into territoiics now free.
Opinion of the Attorney General,
on the Constitutionality of the Tenth
Section Of the Tax Law.
To the Speaker of the House ofRepresen'.a
tives of the State of Ohio.
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of a copy of a resolution of the House
requiring 'me to communicate to it. my opin
ion as to the constitutionality of the tenth sec
tion of the tax law, passed April l3tb, 1852.
I can but feel great reluctance in complying
with this resolution, for the reason that this
question ha been passed upon by the Supreme
t'ourt of the State, and 1 am luUy aware oi
the, at least seeming, presumption of attempt
ing lo elucidate a question that has been adju
dicated by that tribunal. But I have no choice
in view of the provisions of the law prescrib
ing my duties, but to comply with the require
ment of the House.
I, however, feel less embarrassment upon
the subject, from the fact that in the case re
ported, in which it was passed upon by the Su
preme Court, it was not directly before the
Court for adjudication, and therefore, accord
ing to the universally received rule, in such
oases, the opinion expressed does not have that
absolute and binding force which it would
possess in a case directly involving the question.
I have given to tbe subject a careful and
patient examination, and without pretending to
go into all the details of a subject which has
been so fully and ably treated of by eminent
judges in the case above referred to, I submit
the following reasons why, in my opinion, the
section of the law referred to, is not inconsis-
1
tent with the provisions of the Constitution of
the Stat j. The only objections takea to this
section of the tax law, is that it allows deduc
tions for debts to be made Trom credit ia list
ing property for taxation.
The provision of the ('.institution applicable
to the suhj-ct. see. 2. of art. 12, provide :
that 'Laws shall he passed. Uxing by a uni
form rule, all montyi. credits, invrsimeaU in
bonds, slock, joint etock companies, or other
wise; and also all real and peraonal property
according to it true value in mon-y,' Ac
What it meant by the term 'credit,' aa here
used? Doe it mean note, account. bill.
Ac , the evidence of credit tpecifically. and
that which they only reprenl and evidence?
Doe it mean all nominal credit or actual bal
ance and dues, strictly so, and independent
of Ihe instrument which represent him? A
credit is properly defined to be a sum of mon
ey due to any peron.' Herce I inftr that the
term credit, aa used in Ihis clause of the Con
stitution, may, and hould be, construed to
mean, the sum due an individual after deduct-
inn sl.nl Vi a n n a T I ' 1 . ,
'"6 nu ma word all
is to be taken in it broadest, most literal ene,
lean see no reason why in every case of mu
tual account, where a lividvals have ktanding
upon their boooks debit and credit items which
are unadjusted they should r,ot be required to
list the debit nJe. or what is nominally and
not really due ibem for taxation, withou; strik
ing the balance and deducting what stands up
on the other side, Such a construction would
be alike unreasonable and absurd, and would
violate the well known rule, that such construc
tion shall be given to laws and constitutions,
as shall render them both just and reasonable
in their operation, On the other hand, if any
class of debts may be deducted, why not al ?
If a person can deduct what he owes to one,
who in turn owes him, Why may he not, up
on the same principle, the debla he owes those
nuu uu uov uojijjcu uu owe mm: it seems to
me it will be evident, from these considers
tions, that to hold that the term 'all credits,'
asniedin the Constitclion means every thing
evincing a debt, apparently and nominal y due
an individual without deduction, is a perversion
of the well known and generally received com
mercial meaning of the term, which is, that
the credit one owes, in the general sense, are
the balances due ! iaa after deducting vl.at he
owes.
In a case of this kind, where ttere i doub
as to the true construction, the rule is undoubt
edly thai that construction ought to prevail
which will work the least injustice and public
inconvenience.
Chief Justice Murshall, in one case says :
It is true that when great inconvenience will
result from a particular construction, that con
struction ought to be avoided, unless the mean
ing of the Legislature plain, in which case
it is to be obeyed.' 2 Cranch 386.
In the case of the People v. Canal Commis
sioners, 3 Scammon T60, it was held, 'That,
it were apparent that by a particular construe
tion of a law, in a doubtful case, such con
struction would be likely to endanger or to ac
tually sacrifice greatpublicinterests.it would
not and ought not to be intended, that such
a construction was contemplated by the Leg
islature in disregard of such interests.' Of
course this rule only opplies in cases where
there is doubt as to the intention of the law
making power, but in all such cases it applies,
and should govern and control the construc
tion. That there is doubt in this case, is a
bundantly evidenced, by the diverse opinions
of the able judges who have passed upon it,"
and that such a construction works great in
justice, is equally evident, and it seems to me
that the contrary one is both just, reasonable,
and fairly deducibie from the lanfuaee used
...... . . nrameaiateiy bdu uisuncuj. jur. ntitiKis sei-
An additional reason why this conclusion isdom makes 6 biunder and ne has tact and
correct, is found in the teims used in section talent to conceal or correct many of the as
3, of the same article, in legard to "the taxi-'.takes made by those whose bad manuscripts
tion of banks, which provides, 'That the Gcn-;Bn(J orse gmmar would be a caution to the
i wi i n -Jul r ' ghost of Lindley Murry if read verbatim, et
oral Assembly shall provide, by law, for tax- puDelU8tinlj frora lhe Speaker's
mg the notes and bills, discounted or purchas- J cnsir- ij usually wears a brown fiock coat,
ed, moneys loaned, and other property, effects buff vest, and black stock. Mr. Banks bus
or dues of every description (without deduc-'dark blue eyes, uncommonly expressive; a thin,
, . r .it t,u. , , f, ipale, intellectual face; a plentiful supply of
t-.on 1. ot a banks now ertsltncr. or Iifrr-if'pi' , r . . . . . K . . . . r.r 1 .
created, and of all bankers, so that all proper
ty employed in banking shall always beer a
burden of taxation equal to that imposed rn
the property of individuals.' Here instead of
uing the term credits, the evidences of debt
are enumerated specifically, and the term
'dues" Ac, a synonymous one, is employed,
and then, as if fully aware without restriction
deductions could be made from some or all of
them, it was deemed necessary to add an ex
press prohibition of such deductions, and it is
pertinent to inquire why, if the same result
was intended in forming section 2, the same
prohibition was not inserted? If it is objected
that this destroys the equality of tnxation
seemingly required by the last clause of sec
tion S, il may be replied that the history of the
Constitution, (to which we may properly re
fer in case of doubt or ambiguity), showe that
it was there held and contended, that taiing
banks without deductions, was placing them
upon'an exact equality with individuals, when
they made deductions of their debts, and if
any defects sha'l be found in the mode of tax
ation present 'd by the 3d seeUon lo attain
WHOLE NUMBER, 1258
this equality, no unjust rule of interpretation
can justify the construction of the td section in
any way foreign to iu primary intention, to
attain (bat object, for that it tbe standard to
which the othe i required lo conform. 0e
other reason derived from the obvious reading
of section 2, i worthy of consideration in de
termining tbia question.
The peculiar contraction of the section,
will, if examined, lead, I apprehend, to tbe
same conclusion a above indicated.
IU language is: That iawa ahall be patted
taxing, by a uniform rale, all money, credit,
t-r , and also all real and peraonal property,
according to it true value in money.'
The word it, cannot be made to relate to
the terms 'moneys, credit,' Ac,, without do.
ing violence to the construction of langurge,
which so able and learned a body a the Con'
ventfon that formed the Conatitution, could
hardly have been guilty of committing Be-
', to provide that moneys ahall be taxed at
their 'true value in money,' ia imply absurd on
its face, 7e trae reading, then is, that laW
shall be passed taxing 'money, credita, Ac,
by a uniform rale, and real and personal (tan
gible) property at its true value in money. In
the one caae, the discretion being left to the
law making power to fix the 'uniform rule'
I in the other requiring that no variation ahall
be made from absolute values. While I am
well iware that mere grammatical construction
cannot control or vary tbe otherwise obvious
meaning, yet in this case, it seems to me tbe
f '-.in meaning is, as I have indicated, and if
so, the rule adopted, may allow deduction of
debts; and taking into consideration the
aw as it then existed, the evident intention
of the framers of the Constitution to allow
such deductions as gathered from their
published proceedings, the conclusion is irre
sistible that the section was thus peculiarly
worded in order to allow tbe Legislature this
very discretionary power; and I submit to any
one if any such violence is done to tbe mean
ng of language, b? holding that the phr-
i'all credits,' means the amount actually, and
not merely nominally, due tbe person aesesssed,
as is done by holding the clause referred to.
requiring real and personal property to be as
sessed at its true value, applies atso to moneys,
credits, investments in bonds, dc, making it
read that 'all moneys, creoits, Ac, aha'l Le
taxed at its trae value in money.'
Respectfully submitted,
F. D. KIMBALL, Attorney General.
Columbus, January 29, 1857.
Nathaniel P. Banks.
The election of this distinguished gentleman
to the responsible post of Speaker of the House
of Representatives at Washington, ha created
a strong desire to know something of his ante
cedents and his personal appearance. We an
happy to be able to supply this want. In 1852,
Geo. W. Bungay, Esq., published a small vol
ume of 'Crayon Sketches and off hand takings
at' nistincnislied American Statpsmpn Ora-
"Itms,' tf-c. This work was published in Boston.
- "T . f . c i .i
mong uie ubi. oi ciuiutni men we nnu ine
following short article on Mr, Janks. It is
proper to state that since this work was pub
lished, this gentlemen has aerved with distin
guished ability as President of the Constitu
tional Convention of Massachusetts, and baa
fully sustained his reputation as one of the
most accomplished presiding officers in the U
nion. At lie lime this sketch was written,
he was Speaker of tbe Massachusetts House of
Representatives, probably the largest Kepre
resentative body in the Union, O.S. Jour
nal. Natiiaktbl P. Banks, Jr., Speaker of the
House, is the man for the position he occupies
Sharp, shrewd, impartial, polite, and thor
oughly familiar with parliamentary usages
He knows every member at a moment's
glance, and while he looks at the man (ris-
j ing to speak) with one eye, be looks thro'
llira wiln tlle other, and announces his name
dark hair, (somewhat tinged with froal, though
he is not yet forty years of age.) wl icb is
brushtd so as to leave one temple bare, while
it hangs down to the eye brow on the other
3:de.
He is a native of Waltham, born in 1810 ;
first entered the Legislature in 1849; was elec
ted Speaker of tbe House in 1861 and re-elected
in 1852 probably one of the youngest
presiding oiBcers that ever graced Ihe wool
sack. He was brougbt up as a machinist, and
toiled with bis bands, and exercised his brain
by way of pastime. He is self educated. Ilia
said that at one lime he was an active fireman,
and 'ran with the machine,' and on holiday oc
cajiens donned the red shirt, buff pant and
father cap of late so distinguishing a mark of
the brave and preeminently cold water man.
He subsequently left the work bench for Ihe
office and green bag, and was admitted to the
Middlesex bar, where he has d atinguished
himself more by the faithfulness of his servi
ces to his clinents than the receipt of an im
mensity of business. He has always been vei jr
popular in bis native town, and conld always
be elected to represent it when every other man
failed. He is of Democratic sympathies, and
always has been, but inelined lo liberal viewa.
He is f ntitkd lo great credit for working his
way so h'gh in life unt!, r adverse ereswsta1
ces.

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