OCR Interpretation


Carroll free press. [volume] (Carrollton [Ohio]) 1834-1861, February 25, 1858, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035366/1858-02-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

k Carroll
TEEMS 07 AX)VttTliaPB.
IS M'lLlMMD WaULT, In
J.Wctm' M. C. Baxter,
Editori and Proprietors,
At On DoOv ui Fifty Osnis psr um, ia
iDtud, r To Dollars il uot pud witaia
tbs
PlulH an rawer J Priming.
WE Ui VK a largar asaortnanl of jub type,
tad cao do irrna wark tbao any of
Baa In tal viaiuUy. Wt ool j ask a (rial. Mar
chnu and othar ho vast
'H J a,.t,so im.,Ln. lama,.
'' ISO. a. J
, U.OO. MM
THE rjlflOH OP THE STATES AND THE COHSTTTUTlOH OF THE UHIOH."
TBBFREB PRIM
Csds, Ciacilaas, Pamphlets,
Blakai, Haspbills, BiLL-Uispa,
Ticists, I'sosftiMMis. Csvalooum,
Will ba accommodated in lbs abortsat poiai
ble tlma noderals terma.
BKLEC T MIS Ui! L LAN T.
i a wm si tannins sa s ass af tw.
or , j . jg ' '"
MA A j 'Ad,-eUBsaM b, baa
Ml if. ',slssarssssassriMl
VOL 26.
( AKR0IIT0Y OHIO. Till RSIMV. FEBRI ARY 85, 1858.
MR. Si'ANTONS ADDRESS.
TO Till PEOPLE OF THE
UIVITEO STATES.
Hsviag Wo racentlv removed from
ibe office of Secretory of Kansas Territory,
under cireumstanees which Imply severe
.censure ou lbs part ml the President, snJ
lining hsd no official information of my
raruoval, nor sny opportunity for eiplsns
tion or defence, I have deemed it Decena
ry to present to ths Psopls of the United
States a brief statement of fscla in vindics
4ion of my motives snd in explanation of
tbe results of tbe set for which I have been
sonderaned .
Tbe office hi question was not given
t my solicitation, My acceptance of il
undei all ibe circumstances, was a proof
of ttrong friendship for the President, and
of unbounded confidence in the firmness
sad fitblulue with which he would sd
bere to the line of policy dehberstely agreed
upou between hiui, bis whole Csbinet.and
Gov. Walker.
On my arrival in tbe Territory in April
last, in advsnee of Gov. Walker, I confess
thai I bud an iinpeifect knowledge of lbs
reel condition of affiirs. I supposed the
question of Slaver la be tbe only cause
of dissendon and difficulty among i be peo
ple; and, in my brief inaugural address of
tbe 17ih April I treated ibis as ibe chief
subjest of difference upon which a submis
sion to tbe people would be likely to be
demsuded. I iooo found, however, that
this visw was altogether too limited, and
not rench the true ground of contro
versy. The great mass of ths inhabitants
of the Territory were dissutufied with the j
local Gevcrnment.and earnestly denied the j
validity of the existing lass. Asserting
that the previous Legislatures bad been ,
forced upon them by tbe fraud and vio- j
lence of a neighboring people, they pro
claimed their determination never to sub-1
in it to the enactment of legislative bodies
lltM believed to be illegitiiuHle,aud not en
titled to obedience.
Thia was the condition of tinners when
Gov. Walker came to the Terrilojy in the j
latter pail of May. It was evident that j
tbe just policy of permitting tbe people to '
regulate their own sffaiis could uot be :
successfully carried out, unless they could
be inspired with confidence in the agents '
of Government through whom this result!
wis to be effected. If a mere minority of j
tbe people bad been thus dissatisfied and
sontiimacious, tney migui po.ssiuiy ue
been pronounced "factious, and Ueatod aa
disturbers of the peace; but wnea me dis
satisfaction was general.comprising almost
tbe whole people, a more respectful con-!
sideration was indispensable to peaceful
adjustment. It was evident that the poli
cy of repression a rigid attempt to eu
force submission, without an effort at con
ciliation would inevitably reault in a re
newal of tbe civil wsr. With commenda
ble amiety to avoid this contiugeucy.Gov.
Walker resolved to go among the people,
to listen to their complaints, to give them
assurance of a fair eud just administration
of tbe Terrriorial Government, and to in-1
duce them, if possible, to abandon their!
hostility, and to enter upon the peaceful
but decisive struggle of the ballot-box. j
I wu oftan with the Governor when he 1
addressed the people, aud gave my beat!
etiort in aid ot tlie great purpose oi cou- j
ciliation.
It was too late to iuduce tho people to
go into the Juue election for delegates to ,
the Convention. The registration requi- j
red by law had been imperfect in all the ,
counties, nnd had been wholly omitted in j
one-half of them; nor could the people of)
these disfrauabised counties vo:e in any .
adiacent county, as had been falsely sug
gested, In such of them as subsequently
took a census or registry of their own, tho
delegates chosen were not admitted to
teats in the Convention. Nevertheless, it
is not to be denied that the great central
fact, which controlled the whole case, was
tie utter want of confidence by the poo
nla in tbe whole machinery of tbe Terri
torial Government. Thev aliened that:
the local officers, in all instances, were un
scrupulous partisans, who bad previously
defrauded them in tbe elections, and who
were ready to repeat tbe same outrages
again; than, even if intruders from abroad
should not be permitted to overpower
them, they would be cheated by false re
turns, which it would not be possible for
rthe Governor and Secretary to d feat.
Although at that time these apprehensions
.seemed to me to be preposterous nnd un
founded, it was impossible to deny tbe
earnestness and tinoereity with which they
were urged, or to doabt that they were
iln result of deep convictions, having their
.origin in some previous experience of that
nature.
Tbe worst portion of the smsll minori
ty in Kansas, who had possession of the
Territorial organisation, loudly and bitter
ly complained of Gov. Walker's policy of
conciliation, au l demanded the opposite
policy of repression. And when, under
the solemn assurances given, that the elec
tions should be fairly conducted, and no
frauds which we could reach be counte
nanced or tolerated, it had become sppsr
eut that tbe mass of the people were pre
pared and determined to participate in the
October elections, the minority endeavored
to defeat tbe result by reviving the tax
qualification fqr electors, which had been
repealed by tbe previous Legislature.
Opinions were obtained from high legal
sources, the effect of which, had they pre
vailed, would have been to exclude the
mass of the people from voting, to retain
the control in tbe hands of the minoiity,
and, as a consequence, to keep up agita
tion, and to render civil war inevitable.
But the intrepid resolution of Gov. Wal
ker, iu spite of fierce opposition and, do-
nnnciatien, far and near, carried bim
through this dangerous crisis, sad bs bad
the proud satisfaction of having achieved
s peaceful triumph, by inducing tbe peo
ple to submit to lbs arbitrament of the
ballot-box.
But the minority were determined not
to submit to defeat. The populouseoun
ty of Douglas had bean attached to tbe
liordor countv of Johnson, with a large
and controlling representation in the Leg
islature. The celebrated Uxtr.rd usua was
perpetrated with a view to obtain majori
ties in both Houses oi ine Aessiuuty.
W hen these returns were received at my
nffi. in Oov. Wa ker s absenc. 1 bad
C.llu ditormined not to eive certificates
i I saaaaU iknm If thtV llAll MM SO
v H
UfOBTJU UpVU aws - "
formal and correct a to bsve made it my
.liiiv fn rertifv them. I woulil nave resign -
.j ..... ..a: .', nnlar to tflstifv 111 v sense
,w il oimnniiv oft he wronff. Uov. Wai-
cu III winw iu j -'4 l
ker, at Leaveuworth, bad formed the same
resolution, as he stated to me sr d to sev
eral others, and we were both grstihed
thst we found tbe pspers so imperfect ss
to make it our duty to reject mem. ureal
excitement followed in the Territory. The
minority, thus righteously deresteU in me
effort to prolong their power.becamo fierce
in opposition, suJ resortca to every ineaua
of intimidstion. But I am led to believe
thev found their most effectual means o!
operation by underminin r us with the Ad
ministration at Washington.
The Constitutions! Convention, which
hail a.lioumed over until after the Octo
ber election, met again in Lecompton, to
resume its .labors. Many of the members
of thst body were bitterly hostile to the
Governor and Secretary, on account ot
their rejection of the Oxford and ilcliee
frauds, in which some of tbe members and
officers of the CvnveDtion bad s direct participation-
Iu fact, this body, with some
honorable exceptions, well representated
the minority party in tbe Territory, snd
were fully imbued with the same spirit and
designs ' It was obviously not their do
sire to secure to the real people of Kansas
the control of their own affairs. In the
Constitution soon afterwards adopted they
endeavored to supersede tli9 Legislature
wbich had been elected by the people, by
providing, in the second section of the
schedule, that, "all laws now of force, in
the Territory ahalJ continue to be of force
until a'tered, amended, or repealed, by a
Legislature under the provisions of this
Constitution." They provided still more
effectually, as they supposed, for the per
oetnation of their minority Government.
by sdopting the Oxford fraud ss the basis
of their spportiontment.giving a great pre
nonilarance of reDresenlatiou to the coun
ties on the Missouri border, snd affording
at the same time, every possible facility
for the introduction of spurious votes. The
President ot the Uouvention wss ciotneci
with unlimited power in conducting tho
elections snd receiving the returns, while
the officers were not required to take
the usual oath to secure fair snd honest
dealing. Tbe elections were hurried on
in midwinter the 21st of December snd
the 4th of January when emigrants could
come only from the immediate borders,un-
der the qualification wbich invited to the
ballot-box every vnite male inhabitant uin
the Territory on that dny. " The same
men who did this had previously denoun
ced Governor Walker for the suggestion in
his inaugural address, and in bis Jopena
speech, tnat tuo uonsinuiion snouu oe
submitted to all the bona fide inhabitants,
although he invariably stated when asked
for explanation, that some reasonable
length of residence ought to be required, as
evidence of tbe bona fide character of in
habitancy. It was apparant that all the machinery
had been artfully prepared for a repetition
of gross frauds, similar to those which bad
been attemten in Uctober; and it was in
view of all these facts, after the adjoun
ment of the Convention, that the people
of the Territory, by an almost unanimous
demand, called upon me, as the acting
Governor, to convene an extra session of
the Legislature, in order to enable them
peaceably te protect themselves against
the wrougs evidently contemplated by the
adoption of this Constitution . Thero was
no law to punish frauds in election returns
The people were intensely excited; and it
was the opinion of the coolest man in tbe
Territory, that, without a call of the Leg
islature, the elections under the Constitu
tion could not have taken place without
collision and bloodshed. The meeting of
the Legislature diverted the attention of
the people from the schemes of violence
upon which they were brooding, midsiuu
ted tbe excitement of debate and investi
gation for that of fierce and warlike hatred,
and enabled their representatives to devise
meaDS for counteracting tbe wrongs wnicu
they juttly apprehended.
Rne.flnt events have shown that their
apprehensions were well (ouuded. Enor
mous frauds have been perpetrated ar. me
Dracincta of Oxford. Shawnee, and Kicka-
poo; and it may well be believed that this
result was actually designed by tbe arttui
leaders who devised the plsn and frame
work of tha Lecomnton Constitution. I
have lately been at Shawnee, and I have
seen and conversed with persons wbo
were at Oxford on the day of election.
The frauds committed are notorious; and
though dishonest persons may deny them,
and may till the cnanneis ot public inior
matior, with shameless representations to
the coutrary, they can be easily established
beyond all controversy.
It was to enable the people to shield
themselves from these frauds, and to give
legal expression to their hatred and rejec
tion of the instrument which permitted
thero, and was to be carried by them, that
Tcnllivt l lie Legislature together.
In my judgment, the people had a fair
claim to be heard on tbis subiect mrouzn
(their Legislature, Tbe organic act oon
tided to me tbe discretion of convening
that bo ' v in extra eeiaion. The President
of tbe United Slates bad no rightful au
thority to exercise that discretion for me .
He had the power of removal, snd such
control as that power gives him. But I
would cheefully bsre submitted to remo
val, si.d consequent loss of fsvor with tbe
Presideut, rather than occupy the positioo
of Governor, and refuse to the people sn
opportunity to assert their most essential
rights, and to protect ibcmaelvea sgsinst
the basest frauds and wrongs ever attempt
ed upon an outraged community.
Not having been informed of tbe grounds
of uiy removal, I know them only through
" F T I ' 7 " . 7
tbe newspaper reports, to tDe eneci mat,
111 CA .1017 tiiO LL' IS UlM re. 1 dtOtVed Ul
1 O M
instructions of tbe President. I hsd no
, instructions oeanng on me sumeci, snu
there wsi no time to obtain them, even if
1 bad telt uoumi to suustuuie me rresi
dent's will for thst discretion which tbe
organic act confidsd to ilo, The conven
ing of the Legislature undoubtedly pre
vented difficulty and secured peace.
Were it imjiorlant, I sm confident I could
establish tbis position by tbe most indu
bksble facts; but it is sufficient now to
say that ihe peace of the Ttriitory wss not
in fact disturbed, snd whatever approaches
were made towards such a result were
wholly attributable to the policy of the
Administration in censuring iny acts and
removing me from office.
Tim measure for which I have been un
justly condemned has enabled the people
of h-ansBS to uihKo known meir real win
in regard to the Lecompton Constitution.
This affords tbe Democratic party an op
portunity to defend ihe true principles of
coustitutional liberty, and to save itself
from dissstrous division snd utter over
throw. If Congress will beed the voice of
tho people, snd not force upon them a
Government which they have rejected by
a vote of four to one, tbe whole country
will be satisfied, and Kansas will quietly
settle ber own affairs, witlrout any dangor
to the Confedeiacy. ibetsuuibern atates,
which are supposed to have sdesp interest
in the matter, will be saved from the su
preme folly of 8tsnding up in defence of so
wicked and dishonest s contrivance as the
Lscomotou Constitution . The moral pow
er of their position will not be weskeued
by a vain and useless detence of wron,
when it is perfectly certain they will gain
nothing even by success in me present at
tempt.
The extra session of the Kansas Legis
lature has done -rood, "l'0- "1 giving
means to expose and punish the mon
strous frauds which hav-i been peipjtrated,
and doubtless, also, by preventing others
which would have been attempted. Jt
has driven tbe guilty miscreants engaged
in them to become tugiuves irom justice,
snd has rendered it impossible for the
neace of the Territory hereafter to ba en-
(
dangered by similar occurrences.
In view oi these tacts snd results, I
willingly accept the rebuke conveyed in
my peremptory dismissal from office, but
I appeal to tbe deliberate judgment of the
people to determine whether I have not
chosen the only honorable course which
the circumstances allowed me to pursue.
f RED. P. OTANTON
Washington, Jan. 29, 1858.
SomeUiing About Schools.
We know a man who Isst summer hir
ed four colts pastured on a farm, some
five miles distant. At least once in two
weeks he got into s wagon and drove over
to see how his juvenile horses fared. He
made minute inquiries of the keeper as to
their health, their watering, c, he him
self examined tbe condition of tbe pasture,
and when a dry season come on, made
special arrangements to have a daily al
lowance of meal, and he was careful to
know that tbis was regularly supplied.
This man had four children attending
school kept in a small building erected at
a cross roHds. Around this building on
three sides is a space of land six feet wide:
the fourth side is on a line with the street.
There is not a shade in sight of the build
ing. Of tbe interior oi tbe school house,
we need not speak. We wish to stale one
fact only. This owner of those colts, and
the father of those children, hss never been
in that school house to enquire after the
comfort, health, or mental food dealt out
to his offspring. In tbe latto- part of tbe
summer we chanced to ask, 'Who teaches
your school !' his reply was, 'he did not
know, he believed her name was Parker,
hut he had no time to look after school
matters. American Agricultumt,
OvsrIssije of thb Canal Bank of
Cr.KVKLARD. The Treasurer of the State
of Ohio having discovered an over issue in
the circulating notes ot tbe Lanai cans or
Cleveland, he gave notice on Saturday
that the work of redemption would be sus
pended. It will be necessary, we suppose,
for parties who hold the notes, to present
them before tbe first of March, in accord
ance with notice heretofore given. We
hv no narticulars. with reference to this
newlv discovered fraud, but tbe effect of
it will be to biiug the notes of all the State
Stock Banks into discredit, for tbe time
being. This ovar-issuo is, we suppi se,
another feature of the great Breslin-Gib
son frauds, so that the bottom of these vil
lainous transactions has not yet been reach
ed. Cm. Uaz.
Aubged Cure for Drunkenness.
An exchange recorameuds the following as
an infallible cure for beastly intoxication:
"Whenever a nerson is in a stupid and
insensible state, from the abuse of intoxica
ting drinks, lay him on his right side, ele
vate his left arm, and pour cotd water
down it s'owlv. Before a common pitch
er full can be emptied, the man will walk
perfectly cober."
THE PRESIDENT AM DI8
I7SISJI.
The position of Mr Seward (asys Ihe
Pittsburgh (taxette,) in supporting ihe bill
for the increase of lbs srtny, is attributed
by his friends to a desire on bis part to
streruitben ths military force of tbe gov
ernment in tbe event of tbe Southern
Slates, or a portion of ibem, attempting
to secede from the Union. It is slao si
leged tbst Mr Toombs opposed tbe bill
for the reason that it might prove an im
pediment to bis favorite scheme of ertsb
lishing a separate and Southern Confede
racy. Ibe position or Mr aewsrd, tbus
explained, is ss pslriotic as that of Mr.
Toombs is revolting; but it should be re
membered tbst it it predicsted on tbe sup
position tbst the present sdministratlon
would stand by ths Union as it is, against
every effort to destroy or dismember it-
Now this is conceding too much to Mr Bu
chanan, under the circumstances. His
present course not only shows thst he is
completely under Southern influence
that he is bound hand aud foot in the ser
vice of the slavery propogsndists but thst
through his fiiend-, he hss been commit
ted to tbe peculiar notions of the secession
ists. We have beard it repeated lime and
again, that in tbe eveut of a dissolution of
tbe Union, Pennsylvania would go with
her Southern sisters. That idea was broa
ched by Pennsylvanians in the Cincinnstti
Convention, and it hsd the effect to creste
a very cordial feeling on the part of tbe
South toward Mr Buchanan I
The St Louis Democrat, in comment
ing on the course of Mr Seward, and the j
supposed position of the preseut adminis
tiation reinsrks:
'Mr 8eward opposes disunion, snd re
lies upon the standing army snd tbe fede
ral sdmiuiatrstion to put down any such
attempt. But what assurance has he that
the President, who has already surrender
ed hi mself to the secessionist., would de
sire to prevent a disruption of the confed
eracy. Does be forget the significant lan
guage, "Ruth to Naomi," spoken in be
half of Mr Buchanan by Mr Black, of
Pennsylvania, at the Cincinnatti Conven
tion ? Does he not hear tbe whispers that
are industriously repeated around Wash
ington that in the event of a separation,
Pennsylvania will go with the South I Is
he satisfied that the attempt to force sla
very upon Kansas now, docs not originate
partly from the wish of the President to
establish a tier of Western slave states on I
a parallel with his own State. Can it'
have escaped his attention that the texts of
all the President's late messages are taken
from the Dred Scott decision, which deci-
sion, as interpreted, by his own organ,,
would re introduce slaveholding ss a con-1
stitutionsl right into every northern free1
state? These things are certainly not cal
dilated to inspire patriots with much con-;
fidence that Iho executive head ot the na
tion is at heart favorable to the permansn
cvofthe existing union. The use too,
which he has made of the army in Kansas
to enslave a free territory, to uphold a
fraudulent usurpation, tocsrry out the doc
trine of passive obedience, is amply suffi
cient to show that, as an instrument in the
hands of power, it is no friend of equal
liberty. The wisest statesmen of this re
public have ever looked with spprehension
to the appearance of a standing army up
on the stage of our civil contests, and we
still believe with them that, in s demo
cratic country; a resort to this use is far
more perilous to freedom" than beneficial
to order. Our country instead of demand
ing sn increase of troops is, from its ex
panding civilization, rapidly dispensing
with their necessity. The present system
of army organization is calculated to give
all the influence of its officering and edu
cation into the hands of those very men
who make no secret of their hostility to
the existing union. It is to be spprehend
ed therefore, that it would never prove
serviceable to mantain tbe confederacy, but
might contribute greatly to dissolve it.
In this case we not desire to reflect upon
soldiers who may fulfil their duties to
their country fsitbfully snd well, but to
point out the tendency of the system ss
administered at Washington under succes
sive Southern Secretaries of War."
The Late Affray in Congress.
A glorious affair occurred in Congress
on Saturday, in which a sneaking, rafcally,
abolition, black Repubiican scoundrel, na
med Or w,who hails from a wretched local
ity in tbe interior of Pennsylvania, gothia
deserts at the hands of the gallant snd
chivslrous Hon Lawrence M Keill, of S.
Carolina. It seems that the man Grow
hal the audacious impudence to cress over
to tbe Democratic side of the House, snd
while there take part in the proceedings.
For this he wss rebuked by Mr Keitt. and
the man Grow replied with Black Repub-
ican slang about this being a free land,
Mr Keitt immediately resented this inso
lence by making an effort to seize tbe ras
cal by the throat, at the same lime calling
him s Black Republican puppy. Orrow
put out his fist for the purpose of keeping
Mr Keitt from hurting him, when the lat
ter struck the fist of Grow such a tremen
dous blow with his eye that Mr Keitt fell
down from the rebound.
Several Southern gentlemen interfered
to prevent Mr Keilt from continuing lo
punish the insolent Black Republican, and
Mr Barksdale, of Mississippi, struck Wash
burne of Illinois, such a blow in tbo fit
with his head that the wig worn by Mr
Barksdale was knocked off. It is hoped
that this decide! course, on the part of our
gallant Southern Representatives in Con
cress, will pu t an effectual stop lo such in
solence as talking in Congsess about this
being a free land. Southern Fire eater.
y Virtue and happiness; they go
hand in hand the highest attributes of
mankind.
THE qiESTIOM STATED.
Mr Haws, lbs Democratic rotmbar
of Congress from Illinois, wbo lad off ie
tho late defeat of lbs Buchanan adminis.
tration, in a letter written to the recent
Nstionsl Hall meeting, very truly remarks:
"The struggle in which we are engaged
hss s mors extnsivs application than to
the Territory of Kansas- lbs principles
for which we contend are to ba applied in
all puces, snd throut-b sll tuna It m
not in sny sense s strife between the North
snd South between African slavery snd
its enemies, sltbough lbs srrsy of parties
ia Congress would, at first view, seem to
indicate it It is a question which in
volves Ibe whole doctrine of populsr lib
erty tbe liberty of wbila men. In thst
sense slone am I eogsged in it"
Tbis is a fair statement of the question
sod we srs glad itemenates from an indi
vidual who rendered himself conspicuous
in the support of Buchanan ami Breck en-
ridge at tbe lsst Presidential election. I'.
corroborates what tbe Republicans, io their
efforts in behalf of Kansas, bsve repested
ly declared that their success involved tbe
happiness snd independence of the white
men of America. Dreading an issue of
this kind, tbe democrats sppealed to tbe
people's prejudices sgainst tbe colored
race, and charged tbe Republicans with
seeking the sxial and political elevation of
the negro at the txj,ense of the white work
ing menr The fraud was successful, for
the time. The Republicsns were ttigms
tised as "nigger worshippers," "wooly
libads," by tbe very class of men wbo
should hare been their supporters and
their warmest frirnds. Bui a brighter day-
is dawning s day when the question of
popular liberty will be fully recognizedi
even by those who, in their ignorance, now
oppose the great principle. l'itti. Gaz.
1IOV G. A. OBOVT.
We do not remember to bsve ever seen
tbe following sketch of Ibe political career
of the Hon. G A Grow, until meeting
in the Boston Bee, It will be read with
interest:
Mr Grow was bcrn in Windham coun
ty, Connecticut. His parents emigrated
to Northern Pennsylvania, while he was
yet a child. His lather died whan tint
son was but three years of age, leaving bis
family in reduced circums ances. An el
der brother aided the subject of thist-ketch
in obtaining sn educstion, snd he was
graduated at Amherst College, Mass. at
the age of twenty-one, in the year 1844.
In the fall of 1850 he was first elected to
Congress by s singulsr accident in politics.
Tbe Democrats of ihe district were divided
and hsd two candidates iu the field, each
claiming to be the regular nominee.
Eight days before the election, both agreed
to resign if Mr Grow would be the eandi
date. He bad left his law office the fall
before by reason of ill beilth, and was
spending the summer, woiking on a farm,
plowing, peeling bark, and surveying. He
was upon in bis retirement by a friend of
each candidate, as s committee, to ascer
tain his feelings. They found bim with a
set of hands on the public highway, re
building a biidgo that bsd been carried
away by a freshet. He a ceded to their
proposition to be a candidate for Congress,
and both the other candidates resigned,and
a convention wss called, which placed Mr
Grow in nomination just one week before
his election. He was elected by 1,250
majority, snd in 1851 took bis seat in tbe
House of Representatives, the youngest
inemberof the Thirty-second Congress,nud
with one or two exceptions, of the Thirty
Ibird Congress also. He is now serving
bis fourth term in Congress. The second
time he was elected by 7,500 majority;
ths third time, by a unanimous vote of tbe
district, he having received the unanimous
nomination of all parties, for bis able and
msnly resistance to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska
bill; the fourth time he wss
elected by a lsrger vote than be received
when he hsd no opposition. His district,
previous to the repesl of tin Missouri
Compromise, gave uniformly sbout 2,500
Demo:ratic majority, but iu consequence
of the noble stand taken by Mr Grow on
the floor of Congress, and upon the stump
before tbe people, his district gave Co) .
Fremont almost 10,000 majority. When
Gov Banks was running for spesker of tbe
House, be was urged to allow his name to
be used ss a candidate, but he declined the
honor for himself, and urged his friends to
"stick lo Banks," which advice they fol.
owed, snd by which tbe first decisive bat
tle against the slave power was achieved.
Greblkt's RtCIIPTS FOR A Will.
A ststement in the New York Tribune
ssys that its receipts for ibe week ending
January 2d, from subscription and adverti
sing, amounted to 822.555,32! This is
more than ours wouid be for 20 years,stiil
there are people foolish enough to think
that country editors can afford their paper
si low as the New York Tribune. Zanes
ville Aurora.
A Sign at Home. Tbe City of Lan
caster, Pa. the home of Buchanan, has giv
en a Democratic majority for the last twen
ty years. It gave him, in 1856 over 1000
msjojity. But at the municipal election
held there last Wednesuay his friends were
defeated for Mayor. His Kansas policy
was the issue distinctly made, and he suf
fered a rebuke in that strong hold.
Carlvlssays, "Make yourself an bon
est man, and then you may be sure there
is ooe rascal loss in tho world. '
Bl'BB'f At III 1 1 Of His UI -Eli
WITH HtWILTO.
W qiiote the following from Psrton'a
Lifs of Harr:
There was ooe remsrksble occasion on
which he spoks of ihe duel seriously snd
eloquently. It was when, for the only time
in his life, bo revisited lbs ground where it
wasfougtit. Hs went there to oblige a
young friend, who wished lo sea a spot ao
famous. Leaving their boat at ths heights
of Weshswken, just wbers Burr bsd left
bis boat on that fatal mornings quarter of
s century before, they climbed over the
same rocka and soon reached tbe round
Except thst the rocks wars covered with
Dames, and tbst tbe ground wss mors over
grown with trees, tbe place bad not chang
ed in all these years, nor has it yet. It
has cbsnged owners, however, and belongs
to a son of Kutus King Burr s colleague
in the Senate, and Hamilton's friend iu Ibe
lobby. Is the boat Burr bad bean some
what thoughtful and silent, but aeemed lo
enjoy tbe bright dsy snd plessant shores,
ss he alwsys enjoyed bright snd pleasant
things. On reaching tbe seaoe, bs placed
bis companion on the spot w Iters Hamil
ton bad stood, and went to tbs spot where
he stood himself, snd proceeded to narrate
ths incident of the occasion.
Tbe conversation turned to the ciuse of
ihe duel,. As he talked.lbe old fire seem
ed to be rekindled within him: bis eve
blared ; bis voice rose. He recounted the
long catalogue of wrongs he bsd received
irotn Hamilton, any toiu now na csn tor -
borne snd forborne, snd forgiven and for -
giveB, and even slopped to remonstrate,
until be bsd no choice except to idink out
of sight, a wretch aegraded snd despised,
m
or meet tbe calumniator on tbe field
s,n.
silence him. He dwelt much on the mean-
nAa ll.tni nn Mi. rli.po. him will,
o
being malevolent snd cowardly a man
wbo would slander a rival, and not to stand
toil unless he ws cornered. "When he
stood up to fire,' said Burr,fche caught my
eye, snd qusiled under it; bs looked like s
convicteJ felon." It was true, be con-
tinued, that Hamilton did not fire at bim j
Hamilton urai nrsi: ue neara ms uau
whistle amoug tits branches, snd ssw the
severed twig above hi head. Hespoke of
what Hamilton wrote on the evening be-
fore tbe duel, with infinite contempt i
It resda," said be, ;like the confessions of ,
a penitent monk. " These isolsied express-
ions, my iniormsni says convey no iuea
whatever of ths fiery impreMitenes with
which be sjoke. He justified sli be hsd
lone; nay, applauded it.
He was moved to the depth of his soul;
the pent up feelings of twenty -five years
burst into spsech. His cooipsnion, wbo
had known h m intimately many yearr,and
had never seen him roused before, wss si-!
most swe struck st this strange outburst of
emotion, snd tbe startling force of msny of,
ins expressions.
A'GreinriGrFen' Affair ASfar-
n.ig Hy nooniifBs-
An amusing and rather romantic matri
monial affair look place near Deming,
l-Itc..;;t,-n ivmntv nn Tlitiradav evening.
A gentleman residing in the nurtbern part I
of Wsvne, county bad been engaged lobe
. . a m
married or some time to a lady tormerly
a resident of Wsyne, but wbo bsd been
taken agsinst ber consort to a fsrm house
Derting. The lady livod with an
who violently opposed her proposed
near
" " - - j I I I I
tint
ammonia! alliance and took up an obscure
residence to prevent the visits of ths W syne
county gentlemsn to ber niece For five
mouths tbe gentleman did not Know wtiat
bad become of tbe lsdy or bis besrt or
where she was residing. She bsd been
taken from her old borne stealthily and se
creted where it was thought sbs could net
be found. But 'true love' although it msy
not 'run smooth,' laughs st all obstacles.
Tbe Wayne county man bad friends and
when be got resdy to use them be put
them into service. Calling on Sberifl
Lamb of Howsrd county at Kokoms, a
strong personal friend he proceeded to
oblesviiie wnere auuing anerin mcrum-
sey. of Hsmilton county snd ons or two
other gentleman to his 'poste and procur
iog the necessry 'doctimenU' for s wed
ding.the whole psrty proceeded to Deming
in s csrriage snd on arriving al the resi
dence of the lady, just after dark, she was
informed of tbe intentions of her lover and
snd told tbst if she desired to marry tbe
man of her choice tbst then wss ibe time
that all necessary arrangerounta had beer
made.
Tbe lady immediately assented to the
srrsngement snd forth with made ready to
join bands with tier intended nusoana.
I'he aunt of the lady raved snd pitched
olmtit conaiderblv. snd threatened nrosecu
. - . .
tbe house by the "moonbeams s paie and i
glimmering light,' the sunt of the bride ;
made violent efforts st going into 'tonnip-
tions;' and made t'jreats sgainst all who
were participating in the proceedings. Mr. !
McKmsey informed the old ladv, that he
was sheriff of Hamilton countv, and that it
would be better for her not to make any !
opposition to what wss going on, where-
upon she desisted from 'taking on.' The
ceremony wss finishod in tbs presence of t
s number of witnesses other thsn those
who came in the carnage. Alter ine man
from Wayne and the woman of Hamilton
had been duly declared husband and wife
they gathered up what 'duds' could be
i onvenientlv found belonging to the lady
and made off for Noblesville lesving the
sunt to take comfort with severs! persons
who lived in the opposite end of lhe house
where she resided
The hsnDV osir srrived st Noblesville'
tion, &c. While the ceremony wss pro-; "eeas oi me ii century, ne was con
gressing, wbich took plsce in the yard of ! cected with the United States service in
late at night and the next mording proceed- j in 1797. At sbout the year 1887 he wss
ed on their way to their future home each j appointed Indian sgenl.and went to Green
satisfied with what hsd been done the even- Bay, wheio Le remained some years con
intr 1 efore and lauffhing and rejoicing at , sidering Detroit ss his home, however,
lhe success of the project for trying tbe by- J He bore bis age well and was a stroug
menial knot m the open air by moonlight, hearty old msn of eighty three when ha
iMdieuwpaiii Journal. did -.Detroit Jes i'rsav
BssAJdY IX THE .ALABAMA
Elf ATK.
We find the following smu.ing story of
Alsbams Legisistivs lifs is . Vurfc
umuf. i (s uaro of it Mr, J. J,
Hooper, is lbs well known author of ' Si
an Suggs."
The correspondent of lbs Mobile T,.
-ruing jm of Monro,,
Jan. f4tli. relates ll.. f..lr ... . J'
- I - T I , . .
of ibe
w ".. n i ii -r il.... ,a1
0
fmm o that 8,.,e MMJI ,,, J
brand I but n ti.i. .. .."
.... . .n rioon-
er s bratdy turoej p ..tot). ., (J I
1 jou. good jo, Jill lllMMjJS
b.rs ofito, bodfswaIB tb. b.bn of S
no their whislis Lila in J?n
ban. no sopply of the srdeni kept on 2
b.l .tb.r.obigMofor!t to
vsJeybelo- On this oceanon tbe m
able Jones Hoop, sJilsr of .he Mail wss
a. up to .auff,'.. M w 1
arrested bieatuouon ,.;.,
mm iu d-ir, of hi, t h;;"ih"
b.(lioorr)wc.,dW7L
J? 'eadilr Mb2
desp.iebedbr.serv.nt, wb0 Z -for
copy, on tbe important errand. Inu3
of going to theuW -..
j lbs blacksy wsnt to the printing office snd
, to ,n foreman 'Mass. Hoo'ir d.jne
. . Pa, v -i r, aa riipufaH
: iocii mm s bottle of brandy dst
' ',e got in de office.' The foremen went to
lu" wuoriai sanctum, where be fonsd a
bottle robed up io s paper, wbich he
' posed to bs lbs ons indicated Thi. i .
vxt.' ' i il..-. . .... " 'wane
i it to Mr Hnn r mMm9f
, - air. nooper. U tt clrcuUt ,
amnnn.
among
. UlC OCIJIUirft r m . ...
- aiu-r aa iprr a
' ,nde a horrible prima l,;.k .Aj
Inking a
, 'nto mischievous smirk aa be bended it
10 Mother. In tUm ., it k..i .
I nilentlw sround til! it csais back to Jonce
w'10 to0" one mouthful snd then spirted it
K0'tn eclwing. What th J ,,...
J Wut 'he devil m it?' querist! the vci
oenaiors, 'tijat s what w almi.i.i
"ke to know. Suddenlv tbe remml.rn,
. f bottle of feyer snd sens moHiino
prepsred for a nagro servant flhtvl
lbs mind of Jouce, sud he cava vsnt T
regular hsw, hsw. H aurvrH tk. t...
lie with s sort of comical, quizzical look
" iue luenucai one, nnd off he went
. Again wub an explosive laugh. Tbe ioka
iuipsited to the Senntora snd iliev
i auguet too. 1 he members of the Hons
besrd of it, snd thev rosred TinM.
spread and before the expiration of twertv
.our hours the whole town laughed "
A MODt.Lt POsTH astcd
We find the following in the Janesn'lie
Stanlarl
To tbs Postrnssters of Witconsin :
Hsving hsd my attention called to the
uufortunsle difference which hasansen be
tween the Preaidenl of tbe United states
snu me non aiepden A. Douglas, touch-
ln5 lhe Emission of Ksnsss into the Union
"i'b the Lecompton Conttitution.and wish.
inn f , aal in U L a
unrmotiy wun my brother
ncers m mis very important crisis, 1 have
ssumed, as rostraaater of Sbopier, to call
Jou together on the 3lst day of February
! De,t' l tne h0" of 'Tom1 Willisms.Em-
j er,lu groe
i i
I have, on reflection, come to the eon.
elusion that all Postmasters whose salaries
are less than one hundred dollars need not
atteud, ss Mr. Morgan, of Milton. Sbarp
stien, of Milwaukee, and Dan Brown, of
Jsnesville, will not conseut to associate with
ibem.
F or my cwn psrt, my brethern, sltbough
I bars full faith in Judge Douglas aud
fully believe in the doctrine of Popular
Sovereignty, yet a due regard to mv posi
tion, as an officer undsr Federal Govern
ment, ss wsll as a profound respect for the
American Eagle, and the income of my
office, as s matter of expediency, I shall
upport the President. Ever yoirs, ia
the bends of office.
William Hpdso.
Postmaster Sbopier.
N. B. In the event that Douglas suc
ceeds, we can change our viewa about tho
time old 'Bucks' term ends. W. H.
An Old soldier Gone.
Major Henry B Bresvort, died st his
residence in this city, on Saturday last.
He was ono of the old settlers, snd wss
well known among our citizens ss ons of
tbe venerable landmarks of which few yet
remain with us lo mark the times snd
,.j .i..i.i... . ,
" jlu uB wu a iieuiensni or
Marines on tbe Ohio nver st sbout tbe
ijearnau, in coiumanu o: a gun bost.
A" ' be was ordered to L.shs fine, snd
woi ensrgs or tne new wsr ung Adams.
He commanded her wilh honor to himself
"d profit to his country, until ber old hulk
was worn out and thrown sside, Serving
sc ively during tbe wbole of tbs wsr of
1812. he wss in tbe bstt'e of Lake Erie,
which resulted in thegrest Perry's victory,
nd fought hsrd snd bravely, coming out
j ot me awwaauaan covereo. wun oioou ana
begrimed with powder. High official
: encomiums were passed upon his gallant
conduct on this occasion. When bia
; vessel became unsea worthy, be left ba
i serves sud seined cn his larm at tbe Krver
Rogue, nine miles below tbe city, where
he lived peaceably and in comfort for sev
eral years. This farm came into his po-
session soon sfter became to tbis country-

xml | txt