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"iYo rn'on wtA Vavcliohkrs." VOI.. I. NEW-LISBON, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 18-eV NO. 1. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE OniO AMERICAN' ANTISLAVERY SOCIETY, At one dollar and fifty cents a ycnr in advance, cr two dollar if not paid within six months. THE SUPERIORTY OF MORAL OVER POLITICAL POWER. BY ADIN BALLOU. Wh'at ,t moral poieerf Th power which ope Talcg on (ho affections, passions, reason,. and moral sentiment of mankind, and thereby control t them without physical Jorcc. It comprehends every de scription oi influence, which, without applying or threatening to epply physical coercion, tends to de termine the will, conduct and character of human beings. What is political power? The power of the State, body politic, er civil government, operating under the forms of law, and compelling or threatening to com pel subjection to its requirements by physical force. It comprehends every description of influenco found ed on the authority of the State, which either applies or threatens to apply physical coercion. Taking these firo poxrera, as they exist in this -country, and as they are available to philanthropists end moral reformers, 1st us contract them. We af firm that moral power is superior. 1. In respects to their general objects. It is the object of moral power to reifnornto pub lic sentiment to superinduce a right public opinion nnd will in the great mass of the people. It is the object nf political power to overawe and coerce hy penal laws, delinquent and refractory individeals. Morel power converts the majority to righteousness in : spite of ten thousand difficulties. Political power ex presses (he new public will in the forms of law, and ; by physical force, applied or threatened, overawes the minority and coerce the unwilling few into ap parent subjection. Moral pawer does ninety nine one hundredths of the work, end political power, in lis ouicml robrs, with a halt unsheathed sword at its side, follows after, claiming all the credit. Which is the superior? ., 2. In respect to the number s who exercise them, moral pou cr is superior. Moral power is exercised by everv human Icing in a greater or less decree, and is reflected from eve ry created thing. It is vested in the pa'riarch and the new born babe; in the prince nnd the beggar; in the philosopher ..nd (he idlrt. - conoe -forth-from beast, bird, fish, insect, trees, plants, flowers, fruits, winds, fires, (bods, earth, sea and skies, with all their infinitude of it'artling, grand, pleasant and charming objects. All these address themselves to tha aflec lions, pnssinns, reason and moral sentiment of man kind. They all tend to determino his will, conduct nnd character. D.'eds, words, signs, gestures, lookp, tones, tears, sifils, animate and inanimate lnrm, yes, silence itself more expreysivo sometimes than ppeecb, all concur in the result. The guilty fly ai the movement of a loaf, and hear heart-searching oiim.nuinns in tho moans nf tho pissing wind. A falling npplo suggested to gieat Newton the la of universal gravitation, and revolutionized astronomical philosophy throughout the world. Poets hnve galh rred inspiration amid the vast wonders and inimitable beauties of nature; and God's chosen saints havobeen wrapt in deeper adoration by contemplating tho eran dour, order, and loveliness of creation. Moial power is every where, in all things. It is exercised by, or nt least reilscted from, (ho innumerable hosts of uni versal nature. But political power is exercised by only a handful of human beings. It is vested, nominally, in tho voting citizens, and exercised by their chosen represents tives in the several departments of government. And who are voting citizens? Exclude all females, all minors under twenty one years oi ago, all paupers and persons under guardianship, all slaves, all an naturalized foreigners, and many others for want of tha requisitu property qualification. The residuo will be voting citizens, amounting lo less than nxu f..I'ktii of the whole nation. Deduct from thess tho Fick,'helplcss, indiflurent, nnd scrunulaitsiy conscien tious against voting, and the average proportion of actual voters to the mass, will bo as one to six, or more likely, as one to ten. Or these, (hero miiBt bo n mnj irily, to determine any important issue. Tho parly constituting tho majority furnishes nearly all the offices nf government, and is itself managed in its principal doings by a Subtle few behind Jhe cur tain. ThS whole political power in this country is virtually in the hands of less then one fiftieth part of tho people. A lushel of whoat in a mountain of . i i .1- Biraw unu ciihi. 3. In respect to the prominent details of their op eration, moral power is superior. Moral power unites male and female in mnrriegn, multiplies human beings, subdues the earth, increase wealth, forms neighborhoods, nnd builds cities. Po litical powor takes tho census, levies taxes, trains V soldiers to do its fiiihtinrr. and assumes tho office of protecting the people. Moral power educates the people, intellectually, religiously, morally, socially and industrially. Political power tickles their ambi tion, uses up their faculties, consumes their substance, and punishes a lew of their grosser crimes. Moral power is busy in the nursery, in the old schojl house, academy and college, in the laboratory, the library, the study, the hall of science, tho meeting house, the conference room, and the sick chamber. Political power ia busy managing causes, regulating town meetings, attending the legislature, holding courie, guarding prisoners, hanging murderers, croping and branding counterfeiters, whipping thieves, setting knnvea in (ho pillory, and executing nil manner of ! pal processes. Moral power is insinnt in eeason and out of pon? :ii, cnilcmvoring to reform and' bless socie ty. Political power i3 watching jealously -every movement anso::g Ida pernio lint threatens to lessens conti-qticncer, reform its abuses, or cutoff its rev enue. It clings with a death grasp to ail its prerog atives, iitirn'jniiicc, lormalitice, honors, and emolu ments. Moral power traverses the highways and by ways in search of tho fallen end lost to restore thorn. Political power cores for none of these things. It knowa how lo punirh, but not how to restore. . Mor! power rejwrms thousands of drunkards, and thereby prevents leu thousand crimes. Political power hon ors respectable drunkards, and protects tin manufac ture and aalo of drunkard s ruin. Yet if ono ol them, in his madness, slays a man, or burns a house, it ostentatiously arrets, tries nnd hangs him. Mor al power is putting forth mighty energies to abolish slavery, and elevate three millions ol degraded be ings to the rank of manhood. It is exerlintr its mul tiform influence to regenerate a corrupt public senti ment, and to supenndnco a will in tha peupto CI trie United Slates to let the oppressed go free. Political power hinders nnd obstructs the progress of this rn form by every possible means. It is wedded to sla very, and will uphold it till a new public opinion com pels it to aiand off. Moral power is earnestly engag ed in abolishing the horrid custom of war. Political powor is doing at! it can, by precept and practice, to nrefcrve this custom. Moral power is trying to bring about universal reformation, holiness and hap pines on enrth. Political power is chiefly concerned to keep things as they are. whether right or wrong 4. In. rcspctt to their instrumentalities, moral poirer is superior. Utok at the numnor nnd cllicioncy ot those in' flmnces which moral power is everv where employ ing to enlighten and improve mankind. Though many of ihem are sadly perverted, and noed to bs rightly directed, yet Iro n their peculiar nature, end lee variety, and universal activity, thoy aro capable of producing stupendous results. There is Religion acting directly on tho noblcut, and, for good or eVil, tho mightiest faculty bf human nature, with altf;its elevating hopes end awful fears, with its thrice ton thousand ministers, altars, congregations and Sunday schools; its prayers, sermons, magazines, newspa pars and tracts innumerable; its Bibluo, comments rios, hymn books and liturgies; its Bible Societies Missioonry Sociolios, Tract Societies, Education !q-i ieiics'and -Thsn'oglonl - Seminaries flftf sanctity, pW ty, learning zeal-nnd devotion. Is it not alono nn overmatch for all tho forces of political powor. Po litical power could not stand a month against thfundi vided infl'ienco of IVsliaion. If Iho Religion of this land could be perfectly Christianized in its doctrfncS and duties, every evil now connected with political power would presently vanish away before it Next comes education ; in the nursery, the infant school, the common school, the high school, tho academy, tho lyceum, the lecture room, the college, the univer sity. Count up tl Ihesc, with Iheir school books, manuals, apparatus and libraries, their teaches, pre ceptors, tutors nnd eminent professors. What have we in Iho province of political power corresponding tn all this? Literature follows and perfects "educa tion. Think of the a VTnoits, editors and publish-! ers: of their works, trom the alphabetical primer to the hugo folio; text books, histories, biographies, scientific repositories, encyclopedias, fiction, ro mance and sentiment m every variety of prose end veree: all that man knows, thinks, imagines or sus pects, written nnd printed in countless volumes, annu als, quarterlies, monihlies, weeklies and dailies! If one nf former timoa could say with truth fcLet me write the ballads ot Iho nation, and I carewnol who wrftes its laws' -CO what shall we think of the concurrent influence of education and literature, c ing upon iho public of this country through alt these appliances? What has political power to compare with it? The higher arts nnd sciences aro not to be forgotten. The painter and sculptor nre mocking nature on ennvass nnd in marble. All this is awful, sublime, sacred, purs, torching, exquisite, strange, ficelicus, laughable, fascinating all that can move he soul, or ravish the imagination, is found among the productions of genius. Tho engraver follows after, and enables tho proes to scatter hroad cast an endless variety of pictorial representations. And, as if all this were not enough, tho Duguerreotypo com pletes Ynn work. Mnsic, with magic powers and re sistless charms, as she chaunts the sweetest strains nf the poet, asserts her importance among tho instru mentalities of moral power. The miracles of Or pheus are almost equalled by modoin masters. Who has nver listened lo the simple, pathetic, soul-subduing, heart purifying strains of our Anti Slavery llutchtnsons without confessing tho majesty of music the potency of its sway over all the feelings of our nature? Could wo bring every band, every choir, all tho masters of this cultivating art into the service of Temperanco, Freedom ond Pence, what "would they not accomplish for our world? Still more im portant, moral power claims ns peculiarly its own, po litical power disdains, the influence of woman. And who can estimate this influence? It is one that com- menees mysteriously with the first pulsations of life, and constantly operates till the unconsciousness ol death. What doos not the mother, sister, lovor, wife and friend do for man? Alas, that the influence should ever be abused as it sometimes is! But it need not be abused. It may all bo consecrated to the reJomption and perfection of tho race. Much, very much of it is also consecrated lo that end. Whero is the great or good man, of ancient, or modern times; or where is the great or noble enterprise, that ever wrl;ij.ht ont blessings for humanity, unsanctioned and un -HcJ by woman? Whilo heroes are riding their wt. hicsoi victoriously over the slain, or swimming in h and ton llirone, the good mother is nursing and nn t .i'ini)tin, in o'oseurity, benefactors for a degra-dc-Uind syrT.-ring world. Unnoticed, unknown, un ask) nnd uuthanked woman nourishes, refreshes. ch -i era, clava:es and sustains human society All thiyromise to reform1 and rcstnro , pour fallen hu ni': 'V, true hearted woman ts among the ,first io fai'f , hop, charity and good works, lo promote, liar C1c2.fr-otlenefw, loveliness, tt, eympafhy, del icatf ftitt'lect, Zal, patience, dsvoti.vi, perseverance no ,ict, nor counsels, nravers. tears, ami re. alio. geth :r exert an influence over mankind, to nhieh po litico t power with its mighly armies nnd navies must evee euccumb. When woman nre what thar ought to be. nnd do what they may do. Intemperance, War, vinI;;ivs nunishmnnt, covelotisoem, crtialty and crire j will pass avay forever. Then will tho king dom'. r:f this world, become ths kingdoms of our Lord Jesu i uhrist. Lvn, we brinir into this catesorr the - numsroos family nf voluntary Associations: cbsrila blc'Kimane, philanthropic and moral reform socie ties ot every description. All these are ihgtrumen taliiios developed and employed by moral poiner. oo nn can estimate ins good they havo dune, or tne rvn mey nave prevented! Witness their bencvo lone-:, eelf-sacrifioe, truthfulness and zeal. Sda mv yiads of wretchod drunkards lifted from the gutter to noor.ety, reepecinoiuty anr) comfort. See millions of men nd women prevented from becoming the victims of intemperance. Hear with what faithfulness and mow coursge the poor imbruted, helpless slaves are piesnea lor py aevotea men and women, in the urn;. enco of frowning political power, wealth and f.lse renr:ou. Voices are every where crvinz in Ihe wil- dorm;:, end fo the city, against tha wickedness of the opprvsor, and Ihe heartlcssaea of the people. Eve ry corner ot the land it searched as with candles. and the nation is beginning to f.rmont from centre lo cir cumference aa with leaven. Ths foolishnss of preaching and pubhshing the truth is gradually work ing t.e overthrow of tyranny and cruelty. Mean time, vVTir. With its corv machinery i mur.fullv aa sailed, ond opposed in all its hatofuloasa, by the sons and daughters of Peace. Their weapons are cot earns!, but vol mighty in ihis holy conflict Degra ded ko'3, forsaken females are sounhi after, and taken by band, with tears of entreaty ..by the Sisters o -Mn"i .nfftfm. ui.awwrii -t.rt--l rte-.iil mi 1 6Toi!&WVrff5?-- Jho gtiifly ano!eadun?eojiou:rimi- nai, once considered tinht for sympathy or compas sion, feels tho blessingsof. Prisoner's Friend Socie ties; is vieited in his dreary call by brothers and sis ters of charily, who dare tell hioi be has a Father in heavon, an interceding RoJeemer, and angels of morcy 'that seek his salvation. Aod when political powor has done with him, if he escnpo with his life, these brothers and sisters take him by tho hand, find a home for him, and do all they can to rosters him to so ciety as n good and useful membar. Others again nre busy in improving the condition nf seamen, so long neglected; -in rescuing Ihe drowning, relieving psnr.ylcFi sick, afTirding refiigl to tho abandoned, an asylum to ths nrphan, nnd to tho unfortunate insane: befriending Iho destitute, feeding the hungry, clothing Ihe nakod, giving eyes to Ihe blind and soundness lo Iho lame; enlightoing tha ignorant, reforming the vicious, preventing pauperism nnd crime, in fine, blessings Ihe bodies and souls of mankind. Such aro Ihe instrumentalities of moral power. Such are its unostentatious but mighty and manifold works. In the fice of til this, let political power look up and present its vaunted resources. Ch! its swords, its muskets, its cannon, its pnwder and hall, its forts, ar senals, dock yards and ships of war: i's regulars, its militia, its bannors, caps, fcathcrs, tinsel epaulettes, particolored uniform; its jail, prisons, gibbets, pillo ries, whipping posts and stocks; its courts, processes and technicalities its congresses, goneral assemblies, town meotings, cnticuesea and vigilance committees; its wire pullers.jpipn layers, shameless newspapers, and brazen faced demagogues! all crying like ihe daughters of the horse leech, 'Give! give,1 office and salary! Mighty ns political power is, in physical force and monoy j torriblo ns jt sometimes is in ven geance, what is it compared with mornl power? And what is all the good it dors compared with tho good dono by moral powor? Why then is it so drcadsd, courted, lauded, and sought after, even by professed philanthropists nnd mornl reformers? .But we have not done with the contrast. 5 . In respect to priority, and independence of ac tion moral power is superior. Moral power is natural, spontaneous nnd indepen dent in its action. It originates ideas, feelings, sonti monts end changes of human conduct. It operates not only without but against political power; and obliges political fower lo confirm to its diolatc3. ' As an illustration, look at the hbo nnd triumph of ihe Chris'inn reygion. It hnd pr political power. It was a babe in n manger. Political power slew fourieon thousand innocents to mnho sure of its destruction. But it survived and grow up to maturity. Herod nnd Pilot, Jewish power snd Roman power crucifnd, slew, burnt, tortured and persecuted. Yet it prevail- - ! ed in spite of the whole. It was never mightier; never more ropid in its progress. co it has been on a small scale with Ihe Temperance Reform. It com menced in Iho face of all tho untoward laws of politi cal power, as well as of all tho habits, popular cus toms and prejudices of iho ngo. Yet it grow in strength and numbers to ihe astonishment of the world. It never advanced more rapidly and Irium phantly (ban when it relied wholly on ths resources of moral power. What important change was ever brought about for llie public good by political power alono? It originates no such chances. It never thinks of miking nny such changes, till moral powef bas suggested (hem, nnd prepared the public mind to acquiesce in tticm! Political power is artificial, me chanical, and incapable of doing anything cood. wiihotit ihe cremire, preparative and sustaining in- - fluonrs of moral f.wer. 0. In resrteei to their freedom and elastkilu "wor1- al potter is superior. Mornl pwcr is not restricted M times,, places and set forms. It is not confJJuJ to certain classaa of, peroos, Within certain lines of latitude nd.longitude, nor 10 particular cases nf conduct nnd r.hnrnrlitr. Ii a chained lo no arbitrarv processes. It is free and elastic as tho mountain air. It is al home everv where, emong alt human beings, at all times and places. Not so wiih publics! power. It ia restricted r.n every ride by Consiituiiuns. laws, regulations. nrvcedents. formalities nnd ntaona. It mum not mail. die with persons or property, excepting at a particular time, within particular geographical limits, wilh cer tain preliminaries, and according lo certain technical , forms of proceeding. Its every process, this side of war, is liable to be hindered and quashed, by reason of soma constitutional, legal or technical dufect. A Govornor is elected by a single vole, or Ioegs his elec tion by the accidental omission of a letter in tiis name on half a dozen ballots. A whole estate is lost or gained by the inadvertent omission, or inser tion of a word in tome document or record. Political power operates through a complex and cumbrous ma china, with immense internal friction, and very awk wardly accomplishes a small amount of good at an enormous expense. 7. In vvnovt other resnests moral ower xs su- penor. Moral power operates through all He multiform processes, end accomplishes its magnificent results ith little show, and at i's otrn expense. Pjlmcal power puts on its robes, sounds a trumpet, and pa rades its machinery before iho public eye, at lbs ex pense ol the public. It taxee them bs heavily as they will bear, compels (hem to pay the assessment, and takeacare to secure to itself an ample remunor- . ft f - . ! n. "1 r . . t 1 anon. niiT persoua coniinu&iiy uiagnuv Hie uena- fits conferred on the people by governments, and the execution of the lots. , But whatever governmeut may do for the governed lit any way, its always takeacare to soo itself and its principal functionaries veil paid. Tjie Chlo of Juatice. Monkey eating u tho cuscso "for i wo litigant cats, U not malapropos. i net wno are fortunate enough to keep cleir of political power are fortunate indeed. Again. Moral power, hoing unostentatious and disinterested, exerts a purifying and onnobling influ ence on the character nf its votaries. We are a II made wiser snd better by huuiMo snd unsolflsh ef forts to render others so. And every moral philan thropist feels that his own soul has grown in grace just in proportion lo Ihe fidelity and soli sacrifice with which ho has labored to promote any great and good cuuso. I his is not the least important part of his leward. Bji political power has the contrary tenden cy. It generally renders its devotees more solfish, corrupt, hollow-hearted and lyranoicai. Many a docen'lv good man has gone into the labvrinth of politics, and held office to his own moral ruin. And where is lliere ono that ever csmo out mori fit for iho kingdom of heaven ; unless drivon by lingosl from its sorceries? It requires no ordinary virtue to rnain tain one's moral integrity against tho seductions uf political power. Finally. Mornl powor his devised and accom plished nearly all the good that has been dono among mankind since the foundation of tho worid. It has discovered, invented, and perfected, all manner of im provemen'.e mechanical, chemical, intellectual, so cial, moral and religious, which distinguish snd adorn tho most civilized, anlightencd, nnd christian portions of mankind. It has done most of these mighty works in poverty and solitude, with little or no eountennnce from political power or ils worship pers, and not unfrequcntly in spite of their most deadly opposition. On tho other hand, political pow. or eeldoms patronizes the henefactors of their race tlil they are quite ablo lo tnko care of themselves. It generally starves, crucifies, or stones Ihem, and af terwards erects momimonte lo their memories; or gar nishes Iheir sepulchres. It is bnsy With its own lusts, la xuries, pleasures, and self-preservation. It has do- luged the earth with blood, and ' persecuted many of tho most righteous causes (hit were ever proposed lo the consideration ot man. Moral power has always been struggling to reform political pnwer, and has with great diftirjlty succeeded in clothing it with its present respectability. All Iho good there is in it or about it has bees wrought cut with toil, (ears and suf ferings by moral power. And it never will become what it onght to be, till moral power shall have com pletely saturated it with Christian principle. Then will it censo Irnm oil call, Iraud, intrigue, and vio lence, naj wisely coerce the few. that rnav need co ercion at all, only bv an injudicious, beneficent physi cal force, which shall cqudly secure the individual and public welfare. Moral power is therefore incombirably superior to political poiccr; in rpspect to their objects; to the n mbers that exercise them; to the prominent details of their operation; to ic.r instrumentalities; lo pri ority and independence of action; to their freedom and elasticity; to their disitUcrestedness,their expense, their influence on their devotees, the service they have rendered mankind, and (heir very nature and tenden. cy throughout, lias not this superiority been sulli- eicn ly demonstrated? If, not, lot tho panegyrists and dependents of political power show the contrary.