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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, July 25, 1845, Image 1

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"iVo &THitm with Stallholders."
VOL,. I.
NO. 2.
At one dollar and fifty cents a year in advance, or two dol
lars if not paid within six months.
Important from Texas-Annexation accepted.
Tho Texan Congress has agreed, bv a unanimous
vnip, to tho annex ition resolutions uf our Congress.
The news was broughi b the U. States Steamship
Princeton, which arrived at Annapolis on Thins Jay,
in nine days from liilveMnn. and wuh advices from
JV.ishinsjtnn, (Texas.) to the 21st nf June.
Dr. Wright, who camo in the Princeton as bearer
of despatches, immediately proceeded to Washington,
n ml the following memoranda furnished by him is
published in tho Union uf Tit irsd iv night :
The Unilsd Slate ship Princalon, Commodore
Stockton, iirriveJ at Annapolis, I run Utlvostnn, Tex
as, after thu Bhort passage of nine days, having con
sumed only ninety-three tons of cud, Slio stoainod
against bend winds, with the exception of only thirty
six hours, when Jib was assisted by her sjiIs. No
Atlantic steamer tin ever mailt) so good an hourly
uveraco, with the same economy of fuel; and, eon
sulering all the circumstances, il nny be regarded as
on unprecedented passigi.
"Tho news brought by tho Princeton is of tho
most interesting character. Ii '.h hou-ies of the Tex
nn Congress havo unanimously c msentpd lo the
lerms nf the i liui resiluiion of lha United State.
Tne Smite had rej""tied the treaty wuh Mixico bv
tin mini is voie. Ci.it. Waggam.in had arrived at
Washington, Te.xis, to s -toot posts to ha occupied by
(lie U lited States troops, and to provide for their sub
bt.il.-ncj. A. resolution was introduced into both
Imnsi-'s of Congresi req tiring the exoou'ive tosurreu
Her nil p'is navy y-ir is, Ixrracks, Ate, to lha pro;)
er authorities uf the United Stales. The j lint res )
lotions were introduced into both houses of OongreSi
nn tho same day, and were almost identical in their
tenor. Tne resolutions passed the Senate nn the lSlh
J.irn-, and wcra sent In the house; iho (I mso the
laid them on the table, and pissed tneir own resolu
ii'ins unanimously, and sent them In the Senate on the
next day. In the moan time, emmderaalj jealousy
tirose as to which branch should claim the honor of
tho paternity of the resolutions: and it was finally
bellied that the liousn should take up the resolutions
nf the Senate, and amend them in thu third clion
The Houeolhcn passed them in their present form, am
sent them buck lo the Senate, which body concurred
in tho amendment. 'I tie President is pledged lo giv
full and immodialo effect to the will of Congress, so
far ns defends upon hio.self."
The Texan Convention, which was to meet 4th
July, there was no dnuH a Constitution for the Gov
rrnmeni uf the S;ate ol" Texas, as a member uf Ibe
United SliteH
President Jones submitted a message to Congress
referring lo the treaty with Mexico, uluug with lb
resolution of annexation.
Executive Depaktme.n f , )
Washington, June 10, 1S43.
Gentlemen of the Senate,
and of the House of Representatives:
I am happy to greet you, on this interesting occa
sion, as thu representatives of the people, again as
eembled in tho discharge of your high auJ important
dalles. Tho call of an extraordinary session of Con
gress nt thtseirly day, by iho Lwcutive, was
made without the most mature deliberation, and
due reference to the great crisis which has arisen
sines your late adjournment, in the affairs of Texas,
as well as the almost unanimous expression of public
will which took place throughout the country to
to the same.
The Executive has now lha pleasure to transmit
the honorable Congress, foi such action as llioy may
deem suitable, lha propositions which havu been made
on the part of tho United States la this government,
for (he annexation of Texas, and its incorporation,
a State, into that great and kindred confederacy,
with the correspondence between the two gov
ernments, whicn has arisen out uf the satin. This
correspondence, entering us it does very fully
the views and sentiments of the governments in ques
tion, renders it unnecessary for the executive to
(for ihe information or consideration of Congress,)
but little thereto in reference to the proposed measure.
The executive has much satisfaction in observing
what, no doubt, will forcibly arrest the attention
Congress that, although the terms embraced in
resolutions of the United States Congress may
first have appeared less favorable than wag desirable
fur Texas, the very liberal and magnanimous views
entertained by Ihe President of United Stales towards
Texas, and tho promises made through the represen
tative of that country, in regard lo the future advan
tages lo be extended lo her if site consent to (he pro
pused union, render these terms much more accepta
ble ihan they would otherwise have been.
The Btate of public opinion, and the great
of the people to act definitely upon Ibe subject of
nexation, by a convention of deputies, as prescribed
la tne resolutions ol Ihe United Stales Congress,
duced the Executive to issue his proclamation on
5th of May, ultimo, reaommending ail election
sixty-one deputies, lo be held in the several counties
throughout the republic, on the 4th of lha present
month, and to assemble in convention, at the city
Austin, on me nn ot July next: The recommonda
lion has met ihe sanction of the citizens of Texas
generally, and Ibe deputies in the several counties,
far as heord from, having been elected upon lha
gard to
gether into
proposed, it is confilcntly expected tho convention
will assemble at the time and place fixed upon. To
this convention, the question of annex ition, and Ihe
adoption of a State constitution, will properly be
long; and Ihey will determine Ihe g-eat question of
ill j nationality of Tc-xis, as to them shall seem most
conducive lo the interest, happiness, and prosperity ol
the people whom they will represent. It is impor
tanl that tho "eonsmt uf lha existing government"
should be given lo iheir exercising the powers which
have been delegated to them, in order to comply with
a requirement lo that effect in the resolutions on the
subject of annexation, passed by ihe American Con
gress. For this purpuu, the present extraordinary
session of llio Congress uf the republic uf Texas has
been convoked; and to its wisdum, as a co ordinate
department, the executive uow submits tho determi
nation of :he matter.
The services to be performed by the convention
ill be arduous, and will probably engage it for a con
siderable period of lime; and the executive would re-
peei fully rccommond to Congress Hie propriety oi
making a suitable appropriation for the payment ol
s inuinbers, as well as the oliisurs it may Boa occa-
ton lo employ.
I'he Executive has tho pleasure, in addition to pre
senting Congress lha propositions concerning annex
(ton, lo inlorm thetn tint certain conditions, preumt
nary lo a troaty of peace, upon the basis ut a recog
nition of independence of Texas by Mexico, were
signed on the p .rt of ihe l.tiler, ul the city of Mi.xiou,
on the l'Jlii of Miy last, and wero Iransmitlod lo this
government on lha J install', by the Birou Alleye
do Cvprey, minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty
tha Ivino of tho French, ut that court, by the hands ol
Captain Ediott. her B: itanu: M nasty's charge u uf
fairs near ihis government, in con9equenco of the
signing of these preliminaries, the exjculivd behoved
t to ba his duty, in Ihe recess of Congress, to inaKe
ihd fact known lo the people of Tex is, and to declaie
and proclaim a cessation uf hostilities bat vein Texas
and Mexico, un'il the same could be communicated
o, anJ acted upon by Congress and tha convention
about to assemble. A proclamation for this purpose
was consequently issued on the 4th instant, a copy o
which is hjra.vi.h transmitted. The preliminaries
being in ihe naiure of a treaty, will, with all the cor
rasp mdjnee in relation thereto, be forthwith, comma
mealed to Ihe honorable senate, lor us coustituiionu
advico. and such action as. mils wisdom, the same
shall seem to require.
I ho alternative of annexation or independence wi
thus be placed oelore Ihe people ut lexis, and thuir
free, sovereign, and unbiased voice will determiue (he
important issue; and so far as it shall depend upon
the executive lo act, lie will give immediate and full
effect to the expression of their will.
1 1 is situution in regard to the important subjects
now communicated to Congress, has, since their late
adjournment, besn one of great delicacy and embar
rassment. Questions uf much difficulty havo been
presented for his determination, upon which the wel
fare of the country depended; and, without precedent
or constiintional gnido fur his governance, he has
bem obliged to assume, in consequence, greut and
sevei e responsibilities. He trusts, however, thai Con
grcES will approve the course he has adopted, and, by
their enlightened councils, relievo and direct him in
the course hereafter lo be pursued in relation to those
t'he Executive is happy (o announce to Congress,
thai Texas is at peace with the world; that with all
loreigu powers with whom we have had intercourse,
friendly rulations are maintained. The different
tribes of Indians on our borders, with whom treaties
exist, have continued to observe (he same with good
faith ; and within tlio last tew days, information has
been received, that the only band of Caroauches
within our limits, who had maintained until then
hostile attitude towards Texas, have sued fur peace,
and expressed a wish to be permitted to come lo Bexar
lo celebrate a treaty of friendship, which, on
part of this government, has been complied with
1 he arrangements made at your regular session,
for additional companies of rangers lo be mustered
into service, have been carried into full tfljot, and
have afforded adequate and very efficient protection
to our Irnn'.iers. 1 he receipts into tha treasury have
been sufficient lo meei the various expenditures of
government. A specie currency has been maiotuined
without difficulty ; and ull the exchequer bills which
were in circulation at the period of your late adjourn
menl, have been redeemed and withdrawn from cir
culation; and tho executive is happy to congratulate
the Congress and the country upon a state of peace,
happiness and prosperity, never before experienced
by Texas, and rarely, if ever, equalled by so youug
a nation.
it onty remains lor ine executive to express an
confidence in your individual wishes to sustain
the best interests of Texas, and the fervent hope
lie, who holds Ihe destinies of men and nations in
hand, may crowa your deliberations with bis richest
basil Congress
Giving the consent of ihe existing government to
annexation of Texas to the United States.
Whereas, the government of the United States
proposed the following terms, guarantees, and condi
tions, on which the people and territory of the Repub
lic of Texas may be erected into a new stale, to
called the State of Texas, and admitted as one of
States of the American Union, to wits
Here follow thi resolutions of the United States
And whereas, by said tarms, the consent of the ex
isting government of Texas is required: Tnerefor-,
Sec. 1. Mi it resolved bv iho Senate and House
of Representatives of ihe Republic nf Texis, in Con
gress assembled, That the government of Texas doth
consent that the people and territory of lha Republic
of Texas may be erected into a new stale, to bo call
ed the Slate of Texas, with a Republican lorm of
government, lo bo adopted by the people of s aid re
public, by deputies in convention assembled, in order
that the same may be admitted as one ol (he stales
f the American Union; and said consent is given on
tho terms, guarantees and conditions set forth in the
preamble to this joint rosulution.
Sec ti. Be ii further res lived, that Ihe procla
mation o, tne rresideut oi ine Kepuonc ol 1 exas,
bearing date May 5th, IS 15. and the election of dep
uties lo sit in conveniion at Austin on the 4th day of
July nex', for the adoption of a constitution for iho
Slate of I exas, had in accordance therewith, hereby
receive the consent of the existing government of
Sec. 3. De it fur:her resolved, Thai the Presi
dent of Texas is hereby requested immediately to fur
nish the government of the United Stales, through
their accredited minister near tins government, with
n copy'of this j int resolution; also to furnish iho con
vention, to assemble at Austin on the 1th of July
next, with a copy of ihe same; nnJ the same shall
lakf effect from and afier its passage.
The above is a copy of ihe resolutions as Ihcy pass
ed the two houses, and which will, we suppose, re
ceive the sanction of the President. They passed
On iho ISth instant, in the Senate, Mr. Greer in
troduced a joint resolution offering a natiun's gratitude
to Major General Andrew Jackson; which resolution
was unanimously adopted.
On the same dav, Major Kaufinan introduced a
bill setting apart a portion of the public land lying
between the Arkansas and Red River for the pay
ment of tha national debt; read the first and second
time, and referred to tho Committee on the stulo of the
Mr. Kaufman's bill, "setting apart land for the
payment of the public debt," &.c, was taken up, read
ibe second and third time, and passed.
The trcatv wi'.h Mexico contained these conditions:
1. Mexico consents lo acknowledge tne indepen
dence ol Texas.
2. Texas engages (hat she wiil stipulate in ihe
treaty not to aonex herself, or become subject to nny
country whatever.
3. Limits and other arrangements to be matters
of agreement in the final treaty.
4. I exas lo bo willing lo refer iho disputed points
with regard to territory, and other matters, lo the or
Duration of umpires.
1 his treaty was considered by the Senate in secret
session, on the "1st of June, and rejected by an unan
imous vule.
The Union.
sured his
The following is an extract from Elihu Burretl's
letter lo the recent Liberty Party Convention at Cin
i alk of diatoMing the Union? that Union to
which (he success of our efforts must give elements
of cohesion stronger than ten thousand chains of ada
tnartl? (hat Union, the concentrating nucleus of the
hopes and interests of tho future ages of humanity?
that Union to which the abolition of slavery would
give a moral power that should lift up Ihe race from
its darkness and depression? Dissolution of the U
niont What! cut in two the Mississippi, that jugular
vein ot Ihe INew World, and sever all the mighty ar
leries of the Union, and leave il to bleed to death in
hostile segments, both writhing in Ihe cauteries of
mutual haired t Naiure itself would repel this pro
fane disruption of a system to whoso integrity every
stream, from the Sabine to Ihe St, Johns, is as ne
cessary as any vein in the humau body. Dissolve
the Union! run the amputating knife through the
child ut all that Ihe progressive ages of humanity
have produced of Ireedum and virtue! and that be
cause one ol its members is afflicted with a cutane
ous disease, which not a drop of blood less than thai
which now circulates in its whole system will re
move! Does God or mankind require Ihe sacrifice of
this union, this Isaac of the race, in which all na
lions should be blessed? And shall Americans lift
ihe knife against it, not as an act of faith, but of pu
sillanmous distrust in God? If nothing in the natu
ral religiou of patriotism could stay their suicidal
arm; let every lover of his kind pray that Ihe Al
mighty who arrested the patriarch's descending blow
which was to sever his son, may open (be cloudy cur
tain of his pavilion, and interpose a cheaper victim of
immolation; or mat might
"Come thick nirht.
And pall it in the dunnest smoke of holt.
That its keen kniie see not tho wound it makes.
Or heaven peep through the blanket of the dark,
To cry Hold! Holdll"
Dissolve the Union! dissolve the whole moral pow
er we have and need to abolisn slavery! May God
grant that your Convention may banish that treacher
ous idea from every American heart! I trust that
its Satanic lineaments will be delected and detested,
should i( surreptitiously enior your councils in the
guise of an uogel of light. No! you will not meet
to dissolve, but to evolve (he Union ; to rennavale it
on the basis of (be fathers of the republic. That
basis is broad and deep enough to unite ihe world.
kA better foundation can not be leiJ by fallen men
Yiuw'll meet as our fathers met, you wiil brgiu
where they begun, and where iheir degenerate clul-
i .i. n- . . ' i . . ... ...
aren leu uu lo nuua. xou win meet, To fihm a
moue I'EUfect Umon, establish justice, ensure do
mestic tranquility, provide fur the common defence,
promote the general uelfare, and secure the blessing 1
of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. This is ihe
work you wilt unite to resume. This is (he founda
tion to which you will descend to lay the first stono
that has been laid thereon siuco our "fathers felt
asleep.1' As the nations round about Judea contribu
ted materials to the erection of to jlomon's Temple, so
the world, with all its moral wealth, will becomu
tributary to the structure of ihe Great American Tern
plo of Liberty, founded on such a rock, and hail its
nmpletion as Ihe asylum and admiration of the race.
The Union! it is worth ihe world to the destiny of
uman nature for the abolition of slavery; and tho
boliiion of slavery will add the wealth and moral
power of the world to the Union. May we speak of
the valueof salvation, and the extent of infinity, then,
fur lack of a more religious term, let me express; tho
ope and belief, lhat your Convention will enhancu
iho value, because it shall increase Ihe strength and
tality of (ho Union. In that hope-inspired imagi
nation with which I am wont to contemplate tho des
tiny of ihe American repub'ic, I havo fancied thai,
in tho lifetime of the present ago, some heaven-kissing
monument, (he ollspnng of (ho llm of June, might
bo erected from ihe bed of the Ohio, opposite your
city, as h kind of contri mundane column, saying lo
11 things that shine and sing in heaven, and all that
can carry the news on the wings of the wind; saying
to all ages, lo all men, to all , bondmen groaning, lu
undiscovered habitations ot cruelly:
"I stand the plan's proud period,
I pronounce iba work accomplished,"
the warfare closed, the victory won, the triumph of
the American Union.
Case of Sally Miller.
C3The New Orleans Tropic of the 30ih ult. has
tho following interesting particulars respecting a casu
wnicn was recently tried in that city. It verifies ihu
adage lhat "truth is oftentimes stranger than fiction:"
Sally Milleb. We have occasionally alluded tn
the singular case of Sally Miller, whose restoration
ic liberty, by a decision of our Supreme Court, hag
produced no little joy among the Germans of tins
State. Apaitphlot has just been printed alibis of
fice, giving all the details of her romantic history.
It appears from the register of births, obtained by a
merchant in this city on a recent visit to Europe, that
Sally Miller, or as she was registered Salome Aluller
wasuuiiini mo vmago ui jangansauitzback, Prov
ince of Alsace, Department of Ihe Lower Rhm.
tho 10,h day of July, 1313, and of course will ba
thirty-two years of age this month. She isthedaugh
ler of Daniel and Dorothea Muller. In Ibe latter
part of the year 1817 she sailed from Holder, in Hol
land, with her parents, one sister and two brothers,
for ihis city, where, after a severe passage of four
months, she arrived in March, 1S13. At that iim.
it was a custom here to sell the service nf ;,;.
grants for a term long enough to pay their naBn.
It is supposed lhat tho faiher wa.' thus disposed of for
the payment of the passages of !.imself and family.
Soon alter their arrival, they disappeared havin"
been taken, as is presumed, from the city to ihe Par"
ish of Attakapas. The father was reported to have
died of a fever a few weeks subsequently. The fate
of Sally and her sister were unknown. Years elaps
ed aud (hey were given up as dead.
About three years since, Madame Carl, a rpn.,..
lable German woman, went into a coborel, kepi by
one Louis Belmonti in (he Third Municipality, and
there recognized, in menial service, the identical Sa
lome wuiier, wun wnom she had crossed the Atlantic
upwards of twenty years ago. She questioned lha
girl, who replied that she did not know who were her
pareniB, but lhat she was a slave belonging to Bul
monti, to whom she was sold bv John F.Miller.
Shortly after, Mrs. Carl took Sally to Lafayette,
where her relatives reside, who instantly recognized
her as the long lost daughter of Daniel and Dorothea
Muller. Her recognition by others, who had emi
grated with her, was also immediate. Certain con
genital marks on the girl's body, well known to soma
ot the relatives, were also found. A demand was
made on Belmonti for her restoration, but he refused.
Several German morchonis, resident hern, interested
themselves in her behalf, and a suit for freodom was
forthwith instituted in the District Court, in which
soil, though against Belmonti, John F. Miller, as
warranter of litlo, became the real defendant.
The plaintiff, in her petition, avered lhat she was
white and free. And her personal appeorance cer
tainly favored the averment. Her form, figure, fea
lures and complexion reveal no (race of African de
scent Though somewhat of a brunette, and hnr
parents were both of a dark complexion, her long,
straight black hair, hazel eye?, Roman nose and ihin
lips, strongly proclaim her origin. And it appears
lhat, from her earliest days, she has been exposed to
Ihe sun's rays in this hot climate, laboring in the cot
ton field, and enduring all the exposures of the Afri
can slave. No one, it seems to us, can bave doubts
lhat she is a white woman.
Miller insisted that sho -vas colored, and set up hia
tale from one Anthooy Williams, of Mobile, as far
back ag 1822. An attempt was made to identify a.
mulatresi slave named Bridget, said to have been at
that lime twelve years of age, whom Miller alledgel
be bad obtained of Williams, with Sally Miller, the
pluntiff. Theevidence, however, on this point, was
by no means satisfactory. Millar exhibited a notorial

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