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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, October 03, 1845, Image 2

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War raw Pnsiw can few
jsar ajjo litlla tmct containing a thoaght
on liberty Wat tent to a slaveholder down in
North Carol htt. Ha red it. htook such t
toU aDn hla mind that ha eould nor sloop,
so ho (jot up and roaJ it to bis wife. She
aid, "We moat set our slaves free before we
eWop again." 80 they vent to tlia magis
trate and had fhem all emancipated before
hcy dared to aleep. They tlira talked to
(heir neighbors, and gavo thoin that little tract
By-aid-bye nineteen poor slave came trudg
ing n to Cincinnati, holding up their free
paper and tinging oo2 of jubilee. From
&e9 thoy went on (0 Mercer county, where
Augustus Wattles is, and where tho colored
people are miking a great ecttlomant, and
building a large house for a manual luber
That little tract cost throe cents, and freed
nineteen human being from slavery. Who'll
boy candy?
How many slaves did the political action
o the Liberty party ever free! How many
ia it ever likely to free? Not one. . Yet they
have abandoned t a great extent, that moral
action Which would do the work, for the po
litical action which only retards lUypy.
Cassiut 3f. Clap. Mr. Hartshorn, the a
rent for New England, of Mr. Clay's True
American, has received a letter from him, da-
fed Lexington Kentucky, September 6th, in
which ho writest "The mob will not Mop
my paper. Home-where, I will go on toon.
In the mean time, you mav proceed to get tub-
icribcrs in all confhUnce. My defence against
lb manifesto and wrongs 01 the mob, when
out, will bo sent to you, in advance of the
. papers.0 It conclusion, Mr. Clay says:
"My health is yet bad, but improving slow.
Caotmm to kkh. UiinuunTrn'VtolofiwU
alhrin that of twenty dentin of man botivecti
iglilnon ond twniy-hf, ton originate in tlie
lt ofllie eoiulilulion tyimofcin;.'
"I had dream, which was not all a dream."
I do not protend to be so Well versed in
the science of mental Philosophy, as to be
able I account for all the incidents of the
dream I am about to relate, nor shall i inform
you whether it came to me in the visions of
the night or in my waking moments; suffice
it to say, that by some inexplicable change I
nad entirely lost my real character, and had
ecome another person-
Molhought that my heart was overflowing
with patriotism, and my love of our "glorious
union came bubbling up like a spring from
a rocky place. I h id been much excited be
cause of the attempts of some of the fanatical
abolitionists to destroy it; anil I turned for
consolation to President Folk's inaugural
address, and the patriotic and crlorifyingman
Her in which he spake of it was like balm to
my lacerated spirit. In another paper I read
tho proceedings of a Liberty party meeting,
where resolutions of censure were adopted
against those who wero endeavoring to sun
der tho political bonds which bind us to the
South, and peaceably withdraw from tho
great national compact. Ah, thought 1, pro
slavery as they call me, 1 can give to these
men the right hand of fellowship, and espe
cially to this one who will co for the Union.
Slavery in or slavery ou', Texas in or Tex
as out," aye, and who "will fisht for it in
the forests of Maine, or in the swamps of
wroltivi. ulorious, said 1, this fellow is
a man after mvown heart, and nno of you
1 ait tojs Dis n'onis's. Why Calhoun and
jwcuuniecanask no more. Hurrah lor tcv
art: we must give him a nomination as
oon as his party is joined to ours.
While indulging in reflections upon the
Jioer.uity ot these men, and comparing thei
entimenls and conduct with that of the un
reasonable and fanatical Dissolulionists who
were seeking to abolish slavery even at the
expense of the Union, I was startled by the
Clattering 01a horse's hoots noon our Btnny
trccts as it dashed npidly by, and the riders
cry of "To arms! To arms!" rang like the
notes of a battle trumpet through tlie city.
1 immediately hastened to the military
neaa quarters, and there learned that an ex
press had arrived from the South brinsrins iiv
telligence of an insurrection among the slaves
which threatened to endanger the existence
of the Union, accompanied by a demand for
northern troops, A force of two thousand
was immediately drafted, of which number
were Alvan .Stewart and myselt. We were
ordered to be in readiness to leave at an ear
ly hour the next day; and I must hero con
less, that much as I had talked about the U
nion, declaring that it must be preserved at
all hazards, and at any amount 01 blood and
treasure, 1 said these things when I had no
idea that I should be called upon to fight for
it; and an order to "start to-morrow lor inn
buctoo," would have boon as agreeable as
the one I was obliged to obey, I had
lust become fairly established in a small
but profitable business which I knew would
be ruined by even a short absence; I had fur
the r more been bnt three weeks a husband,
and under auch circumstances who can won
der that it was with reluctance I exchanged
the tender embraces of my new-made bride
for the death grasp of the insurgent slave.
Oh, it was a terrible thought! that instead of
the words of tenderness I had but to-day
heard spoken, there would be the despairing
C'iesand agonizing groans of the poor wretch
s I had sworn to murder; that instead of the
blessings of my wifo, I should have the cur
ses of the dying negro. Bitterly did I re
pent of the compact; hut having made it, hav
ing induced tho Southerner to retain his hold
on his slaves, having promised to stand by
him and thus led him on step by step until
he met the terrible catastrophe which now
threatened to overwhelm him, I resolved,
rome wh it would, lo redeem my pledge.
But what would I not have given, if I could,
with a clear conscience, have tike my stand
with the Dissolutionists, and felt that I had
honorably withdrawn my pledgo from tho
keojdng of the South withdrawn it Wore
the hoar oT her extremity had arrived, so that
no reproach would) have tested upon mc.
But regret was unavailing.
1 embark od and found mvsolf enroflod in
tho samo company with Alvan Stewart; 1
was only a private, ho a Corporal. On, on
we spcu, uay ana nigni as last as steam coma
carry us. We Journeyed with the north star
looking down coldly upon us, for wo had
turned our faces from it, as though wo heed
ed not the fixed principlo of eternal Justice
of which that star hr the emblem.
Un the alter noon of tho second day we
roached our place of destination where we
found encamped a large number of men, most
of whom wore from tho North. Among the
Michigan troops, and hearing the rank of
Sergeant, was jamca U. Hirncy. mn in
terview between him and Corporal Stewart
was exceedingly ailecting. liy tho tmia wo
had pitched our tents and set our guards, it
wanted but nn hour of sundown. 1 strolled
through the encampment and was Tory much
struck by the difference in appearance be
tween the northern and southern troops, tor a
more ungodly and rufti inly set of men than
the latter, I never beheld. 1 heir countenan
ces were as dark as the complexion 01 a mu
latto, and a constant scowl rested upon them,
They were continually quarrelling, gambling
and drinking, and every sentence they utter-1
ed contained a horrid oath. The northern !
troops, the irgiment to which I was attiched
in particular, were on the contrary very reli
gious. Our Chaplain was a man of remark
able pietv, a distinguished member of the
.WArrn Methodist t.piscopal ( ontercneo.
Our first ercnintr in Carolina was closed by
a regiinnntil prayer meeting, at the conclu
sion of which a portion of us sang that beau
tiful hymn commencing
" Alas, and did iny Saviour bleed.
And did my sovereign diet
Did ho devote his sacred head
, For such a wretch as II "
Tho evening was perfectly calm; and we
were encamped directly on the borders ot a
swamp where a body of the insurgents were
siid to bo concealed. 1 have no doubt they
heard and were benefitted by hearing a por
tion nf our Christian worship, for although I
fait as if shooting negroes was not the right
kind of business in which to bo engaged, it
would have been still worse 11 while engag
ed in it we had neglected the performance of
anv of our leligious duties.
l'he following morning the troops were or
dered to penetrate the swamp, and kill or
capture all the negroes they met with. Gov
ernment was particularly anxious this should
be done, for it was rumored that the wile and
children of the Commander in Chief of tho
negro forces, Hunry Clay Jackson who, by
tho way, is a lineal descendant of the wor
thies whose name he bears were there con
cealed, and it was thought that if our troops
could obtiin possession of them we might
compel favorable terms from the rebels.
Unpleasant as was the duty, it Had to be per
formed. As the swamp was of considerable
extent, and in many places the mud from
two to four feet deep we made but slow prog
ress. About 1 o clock I'. JY1. we reached the
centre of the swamp withoutseeingany sijrns
of a negro, when our commander called a
halt, for wo were all completely exhausted.
fho depth of the mud, and its remarkably
slimy and adhesive character had made our
journey a very toilsome one; then there was
a continual exhalation arising irotn the great
abundance of decayed vegetable matter, which
enveloped us liko a cloud, so that I could
tiste infection in every breath 1 inhaled, and
no very pleasant visions of a broken consli-
tion, ol lingering disease, and a painlul death
passed before me. 1 looked upon iny com
panions, and found their appearance had very
much changed since the hour of morning pa
rade. Alvan Stewart stood near me; not far
from him was a Georgia slave-trader noted
for his cruelty, and aTexian who had robbed
a bank in Kentucky and murdered a man in
Tennessee. They seemed disposed to make
fun of the Corporal, for I heard the Georgian
say "Hah, my old buck! I guess you find this
a 'Ultle bit worse than the Seminole war you
used to tilk about." As Alvan Stewart turn
ed away from the insulting fellow, the Texl
an impudently called out " Are ye mado
Governor of tint island yet? wont you sell
vour chance for a good dinner? But Mr.
Birney was thero to sympathise with his
friend, and I saw hH look of condolenco as
the Corporal thus addressed hint: "Sorgeant
Birney, 1 never expected this; it is far worse
than being in the forests of Maine. Suppose
we construe our orders as wo choose to un
derstand them, and go homo and have our
tickets printed, and circulate our handbills
for the fall election!" Had I not been my
self in so deplorable a condition, 1 should
have pitied him. There he was, three feet
deep in mud, and his beautiful uniform be
smeared with swamp slime; the day was sul
try, and the perspiration was streaming in
torrents down his face; it was the dinner
hour, but no dinner was 10 DC nau; me mus
qui toes were many and fierce, and there was
no escape from them, but then there was a
glorious consolation which belonged to us
all we were in a Carolina swamp fighting,
or ready to fiht for tho Union, and perhaps
some of us would have the satisfaction of
leaving our bodies to sink and rot beneath
its mad.
Just then a volley was fired by the insurg
ent slaves, who had come upon us unawares.
Corporal Stewart and Sergeant Birney both
full, the former was shot through the stom
ach, the latter through the head. I saw thein
but a moment, and then the green slimy mud
closed over them. Alas! thought I, not a
stone cn be erected here to tc'.l that they
perished tn defence ot the Union, and were
slain by the insurgent slaves of America. A
second volley was tired which restored me
to consciousness. My vision had departed
and I stood onoe rnoro upon Uiuo sou.
was so re. oiced that l could say with nun
van's christian pilgrim "I awoke, and behold
it was a dream" that 1 involuntarily sprang
to my foot exclaiming,
" No union with slaveholders!
Down with the blood-streaked flag!
Trample the goro-writ compact
With SUvcry'j wrinkled hag."
N. T.
Loiter ireut Harriet N. Tor re jr.
That slavery U an evil of no common mag.
nitude. there are but few, possessing the or
dinary aggregate' of intelligence, who pre
tend to deny, aim witotucr we look upon
it with thff view ot JHatesmen Or Philan
thropists, whether wo ponder its bearings
upon tlie political aspect of our country, or
upon our moral and social condition, we are
startled at the cnorrmty ot the evil, ami ask,
with feelings of mingled shame ants appre
hension is there no proper and attainable
remedy) If there is no- remedy, our condi
tion is indeed deplorable. If the fetters of
the slave are the bonds which secure unto
us life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
we hold our tenure of the same at a fear
ful price. Kor that life, that liberty, and
that pursuit of happiness is secured unlous
by tlie sacrifice of all tlie attributes of hu
manity which God has given to more than
two millions and a half of humarr beings,
varying in color, but possessing tho same
physical organization, tlie same social feel
ings, 'though compelled to flow in an annat
ural channel, and the samo claims to munor
tility which wo possess. Wo talk of our
republican institutions, and boast of our
country as the home of tho free, and the
.;iuge of tiio oppressed; and 11 sticn was
actually the case, tliere would be more pro-
. ... 1 , e I I
pnety in our talk ana Doasung, lor n wuum
bear the impress of truth, and, therefore af
ford us a pretext for honest exultation. But
truth, liko murder, will out; and whatever
means may bo employed to conceal tlie de
formity, and prolong the existence of slave
ry, they all tend to give us a fairer view of
its loathsome body of corruption, and to
sharpen the axe which is to sever the multi
plied cords 01 lis existence.- i wpiiis
strange to us that the trainers of the Con
stitution, possessing that far-seeing sagacity
which enabled them to lay the foundation
of a government deriving its powers from
the consent of the governed, instead of a
Monarch' will, stiould have parleyed with
an institution which was then 111 its swad-
lings bands, and by granting it peculiar im
munities secured its existence and fostered
its growth, until it has attained t 0 stat.:rj of
a giant, and now stands wiui 0110 loot tirmiy
planted upon tno snoris- ot ine uuu 01 Mex
ico, and the other upon the northern lakes,
rutin" its friends with despotic sway bid
ding defiance to its enemies and deriding
their delicate cuoris lor us cxieruiinuiion.
How often has tho assertion been made
repeated and reiterated, that the North has
nothing to do with slavery that it is a
southern institution entirely subservient to
southern interests, aud essential to the pros
perity of that portion of tho Union; when
at the same time its subtle influence was
coiling, like a vencmous reptile, around tlie
very vitals of tho North, whispering peace.
peace in order to quiet its struggling victim
until it could losien u who us ucauiy laags.
It is s aid that personal rights are the toun-
dation of all others. As a nation, we claim
all other rights; therefore, we cannot but feel
some anxiety as to tho nature and stability of
our toundaimk as well as 01 tlie superstate
ture that has been reared upon it. That its
primary elements were tight; that the Dec
laration of independence embodied these no
ble and comprehensive princ'wies which em
anate from man s higher nature, and which
are calculated to bear him onward and up
ward t , a more periect system ot moral and
political equity all seem to admit. But
the Constitution reveals tlie presence of the
spirit of evil, and gives tlie lie direct to our
exulting boast of eu,ual rights, and univer
sal liberty. Like a deformed statue upon a
chaste aud beautiful pedestal, it elicits our
wonder by its incongruity, it is a curious
anamoly but no more curious than true
that while our forefathers were pouring out
their blood liko water in order to secure
those rights which they could never obtain
while they acknowledged the divine right
of kings, they were preparing the way for
the establishment of a more cruel and re
morseless despotism upon the soil ostensibly
consecrated to freedom. With one hand
they were valiantly battling for truth and
right; while with the other they were forg
ing fetters for tho wronged and benighted
Alrio.ui. At the first glance, wo arc led to
conclude that the American slaveholder pos
sesses more than the ordinary share of hu
man rights; because the rights of so many
human beings are merged within his own;
he repudiates the divine rights of kings; yet
he arrogates to himself tlie divine right to
control the souls as well as the bodies of his
fellow beings, thus divesting them of every
attribute of humanity, as well us of immor
tality. But, is the slaveholder, in reality,
the all-stilhcieut trecman that he imagines
himself to be? Life is not, under any cir
cumstances, exempt from jeopardy by cash
allies, or by visitations of Providence. And
in the case of the slaveholder we look Ufon
those casualties as increased in a ten-fold
degree; fur he is surrounded by those who,
from motives of vengeance, or from a deter
mination to possess their inalienable rights,
and stand forth unlettered tn tlie image of
their Maker, would, opportunity and circum
stances being favorable, look upon the taking
of his life, not only as justifiable, but as a
praUovort:iy deed. Therefore, instead of
enjoying life like a freoman in the true sense
of the word, he has to guard the same with
tlie utmost vigilanco, and nevei possess that
common feeling of security which pervades
tho iioH-slavchuldiiig Mates. Tho term lib
erty, in its genuine signification, means a
great dual; aud can never be demonstrated to
a slaveholder, only by theory; because his
experience has not qualified him fur a cor
rect understanding 01 the same. In the first
place, his dependence curtails his liberty;
for he is entirely dependent upon his slavest
his food and raiuieut are procured by their
toil, or purchased with their flebh and blood.
If justice is tho foundation of liberty does
not that which the slaveholder possesses,
rest upon a raiserahlo foundation or rather
upon no foundation at all! In all ages of
the world, the pursuit of happiness has been
the moving principle of human actions.
And so far as it has led men to be virtuous and
good, it bas bee subservient to the well-be.
inj of horicty; hut whon it is based upon.
Mlfiahnoea, and pnrsnc.l fur thn gratification
of her desires, it become dugraded in our
estimation, and calls forth our unmeasured
condemnation. ' The rlavehclder has Slsa
hia pursuit of happiness; and in what does
it consist? The answer comes murmuring
forth amid sighs, tears and groans out-itish-ing
from millions of strickna human hearts'
and from the harsh cl.11 kin of fetters up
on millions of human limbs M pursuit of
happineif it our continual misery ! Is this
rightT Is it in accordance with tho princi
plee ot humanity? Is it " rendering uno
Owsar the things" that are Cesar's, and unto
God the things that are God's"! - No for
it is ot variance with tho laws 01 nniuro, ana
with the teachings or revelation. It relirds
the prosress of civilization; for it degrades
the moral and intellectual man. It opposes
the spread of the pure broad' principles of
Christianity; for tliese principles, universally
understood and practised, would eTcctually
eradicate every vestige of the system of un
told abotninitions. If "liberty i justice
guarded," where is the boasted liberty of
tlio slaveholder? If he possesses certain in.
alienable right, among which arc life, liber
ty, and the pursuit of happiness, docs be un
derstand those rights, and secure unto him
self the immunities which they comprehend?
lie knows that there is a dangerous mine
beneath his feet, and that the hour of its
RprinFinr is not of his own appointing; bis
own injustico and oppression has placed a
burning brand within the hands ot Ms en
emies, and he trembles fof the consequences
white he "eks to perpetuate the ciuse.
Liberty is but a bye-word when it depends
upon tyranny for support; and the pursuit of
happiness becomes unjustifiable when it sub
verts the course of nature, and" involves the
misery of our fellow beings. Tlie slave
holder may sing the songs of liberty; but
their echo will bo as discordant ns the vul
ture's notes while exulting over his mangled
and bleeding prey.
And now, admitting the evil, is there no
proper and attainable remedyr The pres
ent age, is an age of invcntimis. The spirit
of investigation is aroused. The tide of pro
gression sweeps steadily onward, bearing
upon its bosom the hnmntablc principles of
truth and right. A purer light irradiates
the intellectual world. Theories of moral,
social and political economy, of liberal and
comprehensive composition, emanating from
the combined wisdom of tho pant and pres
ent, are gradually assuming the form and
stability of systems. Tho friends of hu
manity have toiled with the devotion ot mar
tyrs to raise her from the dust, and the story
of her wrongs, like trumpt-toues, has awak
ened many a guilty dreamer to life and ac
tion. The traditions of men have over con
travened the commandments of God; and
the eternal principles of truth have been set
aside by tho subtleties of error. But tho
spirit of the present age seems tn be onward
aud upward, bearing down all obstacles
which hinder its progrrss towards a system
of moral equity, which will lend to reconcile
the conflicting elements of human govern
ments, and to save our own beloved country
from a despicable and iniquitous thraldom.
The blood of tho Revolution was insufficient
to consccrato the institution of slavery; it
has become n terror to its friends, and loans
upon it enemies for support. Will they
succutitb to the task and meekly bend their
backs to sustiin the burden ns tlie South de
mands? Hark! from the PilgTim's rock
from the granite hills and the moss-grown
vallies of New England there comes
voice re-echoing through the lemjth and
breadth of this fair land which makes tlie
nation tremble; for it proclaims aloud "No
union with slaveholders no crourlnns to
sustain a burden of iniquity and no con-
cessions to a power that robs humanity of
its attributes', and degrades the linage of our
Maker to a level with the beasts that per
ish!" Clor'.ous response! glad harbinger of
bcUcr days to come, when tin fnul.Nt blot
that stiins our national esculirhoon shall be
wipei away, and millions of human beings
who are now writhing beneath oppression's
iron heel shall arise from their degradation.
andTike that rank in the scale of beings
which God and nature has assigned them,
Too long has the withering curse of slavery
rested upon tho "land of the free (?) and the
home ot the brave." 1 00 long have the
friends of humanity been persecuted and
reviled, branded 4sutli abusive epithets, and
stigmatised as the originators and abettors
or treason; tor the weapons which have been
hurled against them are beginning to recoil
with ten-fold force upon their enemies. Too
1 ng has public opinion resisted the iunova
tionsof the spiritof theatre, and lent it influ
ence towards the extension and perpetration
of American slavery. Now the die is cast
the deed of shame isconsummtitd. Tex.
as has become an integral part of these Uni
ted .Mates, and her soil must bo re-baptized
with me tears and blood 01 human beings.
toiling in bitter bondage for their fellow
men. The domestio slave trade, protected
by a prohibitory t trill, has received an im
petus commensurate with the importance at-
laihed to it by tts warmest tneuds. What
more can they ask what more can be given?
1 ho common sense and tho moral feelings
of Americans has been wofully outraged
and the dignity of the nation has been sacrili
ccd to the dread Moloch of slavery. Ilu
miltating as ia the position which the Uni
tod States now occupy among the nations of
the earth, there ts not only a strong proba
bility but an absolute certainty of its being
phanged; for tho institution of slavery thrown
wholly upon itself for support, cannot e xist:
because it does not possess within itself tlie
I elements of perpetuity. ithdraw tho sup
I and its downf.ill is inevitable. Its final stru.
gtcs will be fierce and desperate awful to
contemplate. Like Sampsun of old, its
strength will be fearfully revealed in the
hour of dissolution; The timid will quail
and retire from the', contest; but the courage
ous and the true-hearted will stand firm as a
rock, undaunted by the din and strife of the
mighty combat. The murderous sword rests
quietly within its sheath. Tho vuioo cf tho
thundering cannon is as silent as the grave
tor nooe but moral weapons cm avail lor tho
extermination f moral evil. ' GH v
!m dsy when their triumph shall be eoin-
when th discordant nd conflicting
elcnotits of society will bo msda to hannon-
irnnd the "Declaration 01 WO universal,
brotherhood of inan," will" bocoma the foiu-
dation of all huJvin t'ejs '
" I lov agitation When there i cause for It
the alarm bell which starves the iubabi
t ints of a city, saves tticm from bcrn burn
ed in their beds." Jldmund. JJurie.
Wc iv: come to the consideration bt th
rem lining objection which ' the ' Disunion
Pledge nrges as a reason for the awsMAiiiporu.
of the Constitution, and which is express? I,
as follows: " that slave insurrect'onse' 0 M"
be suppressed by the ccsnbiiied military an I
naval power of the country,' if needed ii
any emergency." This refers to two nr-
visions in this Constitution, one for protoo
tion against domestio violence, the other for
tho suppression of insurrections. The Her
ald by s.une strange oversight wholly neg
lects t) notice the second clause, which Ilia
plodgc would soern more directly to refer to"'
but attempts to build aa argument upou that,
which would appear at first sigh to be nrro
favorable to its position. The part which'
the editor quotes is thin
Hie United State shall minrantv toe.
fry Stito in this Union a republican 'form of
government, and shall protect each of fheiu
against invasion, rind on application of the
Legislature, or of the, Executive (when the
Lngislature cannot bo convened) against k
mcstic violence." .- .
He admits that this clause, althourrh rren-
eral in its charaetr-r, is applicable to scrviln1
insurrcetion, and that it is binding upon thu-'
1 resident, the members of Con ires. ant ,
such U. S. officers as mty be c tiled into
service. -. He considers it "highly benificent,"
and one of the best parts of tho U. S. Con-,
stitution. It makes the United Stitcs
1'ew.Vucer." Yes! Dr. Bailev cilia th
United Stites government a PiAce-MAkta,"
though it is rather strange for a pi.ieo-ni.iker'
to wear a warlike iruise. to eomo to mik
peace "armed and equipped as the law di--rrctx,"
with legions of blool thirsty follow
ers to enforce its peace-makiog comma ada, -"Blessed
aro the peace-makers, for they shall
be called tho children-of tin!." Canem,
Stockton of the Princeton man-of-war,chris-'
tetied his big gun "Peace Maker," and its,
terrible explosion blew to atoms thosa who'
designed to uso it to destroy others. Dr.
Baily, with as total a disregard to tho just
application of terms as Captain Stockton
ever manifested, has christened the father of
that big gun, tho U. S. government ,1'cact-
But to return to the Dr's argument, which
instead of being wrought in the school of
strict construction in which ho was educa
ted, is a h)e an interprctati'jii of tho Con-'
stitution, us any rogue could desire of the
criminal code. It is briefly this. The gener
al government is bound to protect the States-
against domestic violence. A servilo insur-,
rection is domestic violence. The uimnU
luty of the government, is to command and
onforco the Peace.- if the ulnvelml I
attempt to reduce again tj slavery tho slavo
who has risen to the stato of a freeman, his
violence be upon his-own head. It is not
bound to replace and rivet anew tlie broken,
fetters; therefore the Constitution is not in)
this particular pro-slavery. We shall reply
very briefly to his argument. The Consti
tution requires that every Slale shall be pro
tected against domestic violence. What
constitutes a State? Not a certain number
of people, for if so, then is Iowa a State, al
though she has refused to adopt a Constitu
tion. We would define a State to be, that'
portion of the inhabitants of a territory wh
support the Constitution which the people
constitutionally adopted, and act in accord
ance with the laws and regulations of such
government. Such is tho sense in which
the word State is used in tlie Constitution.
If the slaves of South Carolina rise in re
bellion against the authorities of the State,
they are not while in that attitude a portiou
of tho State although they may be in a ma
jority. Suppose they adopted a Constitu
tion and called themselves the State of
South Carolina, which of t'10 parties would
Congress be bound to recognize as a. State,
and protect sgnii.st domestio violence?
Most certainly the minoiity; for the Constu
tution of the majority grew out of a rebel,
ious movement, is the fruit of disobedient
to the constituted authorities. The slaves of
Carolina aro held in conformity with the.
Stito laws; an attempt to jjaiu thuir freedom
would be in opposition to those .law, and
Congress is bound to protect every- State
against domestic violence, not by wetting at
nought its laws, anj ertcourageing others to
trample thorn under foot, but by inaintuinin
th tuprciMvy of lav( which i tlia life and
soul of every human gienimciit that has
ye! r?'e-a.' '' 1 few'- ji-.ra 'Jlf& 4,

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