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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, October 10, 1845, Image 3

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" 1 love agitation when there is cause fur it
the alarm bell which startles the inhabi
tants of 11 city, naves thorn from being burn
..d in their beds." lidimtnd Burlce.
In a late No. ot the Liborty Advocate we
find an article in regard to the intention of the
jrnmcrs of the United Suites Constitution.
The editor thinks there is no warrant for re
furring to contemporaneous history when thero
is nothing dubious or ambiguous in tho lan
guagc of the instrument.
Of course no one would take the trouble to
do so, if all were agreed in relation to its
meaning, but when a doubt arises, we are
not only warranted, but it is our duty, to de
rive testimony from every authentic source.
H e know that all the Courts in the United
States, rvery officer of government, and the
entire nation have always had one, and the
same understimling of the nature ofthe com
pact, and it only becomes necessary now for
us to prove that this general understanding
is the correct one, because it has been ques
tioned by Liberty Party. A portion of that
party admit the Constitution to be pro-slave-r",
nnd then rcorl to all manner of subterfu
ges to justify themselves in sustaining it
tlip other portion claim that it is anti-slavery,
and although their position is the more con
sistent of the two, yet it cannot be maintain
ed. Itis impossible to exculpate either from
tho charge n inconsistency, and from occu.
pying unwarrantable ground, strangely at va
riance with the principles they profess.
The. Advocate appears to think that tho in
dention of tho framors expressed in the Pre
amble is as strong proof of the Anti-Slavery
character of the document, as are the inten
tions expressed in the Madison Papers, of
dts pro-slavery character. We do not judge
of .tlieir intentions merely by their professions,
One may avow himself in favor of libe.ty, or
slavery, but his subsequent course must de-
iterminc hi real character. In the Preamble,
the expression is evidently in favor of liberty,
in the Madison papers, and in the body ofthe
instrument itself, it is quite as evident that
the framers entered into a solemn covenant in
f.ivur ef Slavery; and their subsequent course
-shows that they were in favor of the laltor,
instead jf the former. It would have been
strange indeed, if the real objects of the Un
ion had keen expressed in tho Preamble;
criminals seldom publish their intention to
cosimit crime. This nation laid down the
"broad principle that all men have aninuliona-
lile Tight to liberty, of course it would not
be so Inconsistent as to declare in its Consti.
tution in explicit language it3 intention to
liold a portion of the people in the most do-
grading bondage. The design was so artful
fly worded, that the world scarcely knew its
meaning, but this nation understood it, and
lias always acted accordingly.
The very first clause in the Preamble is n
palpable falsehood. "We the people" it says,
lo so and an, .when "w'c the people," a great
proportion of them at least, had nothing'-todn
with ft. Had the Preamble been tru to the
facts in the case, and true to the spirit itrep
resented, it would have read thus." We the
white male voters, ia order to form a more
perleet union of oppressors, establish justice
between ourselves, secure domestic tranquil
lity by the more complete suhjiigatian of otir
slaves, provide for the common defence of
chattetism, promote our own generil welfare
and Reetire tho blessings of liberty lo our
selves and our white posterity, do ordain and
esUiUlish this Constitution for the United
Suites of America:" We say had the Pn:
amble been i faithful index, it would hav
referred to the institution of Slavery, that
blighting curse which they intended to guard
nnd protect, and which they knew was man
tiihcd nt the expense of every principle ol
justice, and republicanism, and Christianity
But admitting for the sake of the) argumei
that the framers did express their real intcn-
tions in the Preamble, that is nothing against
the pro-slavery character of the compact.
nation, the Sandwich Islanders, for instance,
might profess to believe in the inviolability
of human life, and form a Constitution, in the
Preamble of which, this principle should bo
the professed design of the document. In
the, articles of ajreeme.it they covenant to
gether to m ike human sacrifices annually.
The provisions of the document would evi
doully ill-feat the desij inf the Preamble, but
would the Preamble al'er the nature of the
p impact! CurUiinly not, and the Sandwich
Islander lire as legally bound to fulfill their
rontmni, as though the Preamble were of an
opposite oharui'ter, So In relation to the
Constitution, If the framers did design
establish justice, and secure the blessings
liberty, they formed a compact, which could
lint fail to defeat their intention, and the ns
tore of the agreement is not at all changed
its professed design; neither are those, who
ugrcn to it, by voting under the Constitution
roleased from their legal obligations to com
ply with Its requisitions.
But shall we be foolish enough to believe
that those men intended to establish justice &
liberty.merely because they said so,wlien their
whole lives wcro a lie to tlieir professions?
I'hey knew full well what justice was; they
could not endure the slightest form of op
pression themselves, "not even the paltry
menace of a chain." Mad they been in ig
norance , there would have been some excuse
some palliation for tlieir crimes. But in the
language of Thomas Jefferson they knew,
that "one hour of tho t laves bondage was
fraught with more misery than ages of that
which they had risen in rebellion to oppose,"
and yet they could rivet the fetters, and pro
vide for tho perpetuity ofthe system with the
most perfect coolness, and then tell us for
sooth, they meant to establish justice and lib
erty. The world has been duped longenoiigh
by such hypocritical pretensions. They nev
er meant to establish justice, unless it be just
to rob a man of all his rights, and reduce him
to a chattel slave; unless it be just to r ib him
of his wife and children, and sell them in the
market with bruU-s; unless it be just to break
his spirit, blunt his sensibilities, trillc with
his affections, blight his intellect, and murder
his soul. They never meant to promote the
general welfare, unless that welfare can ho
promoted by legalizing piracy, and theft, and
wholesale pollution. No one has the audac
ity, not even Liberty party, to deny that they
meant to legalize the African SlincTrade for
twenty years; no one doubts that they meant
to give the slaveholding districts more politi
cal power than the non-slaveholding ones;
and it is admitted by this entire nation with
the exception of a few Third party men, that
it was thu intention to have the fugitive sur
rendered, and the insurgent put down. With
these facts directly before us, it see.ns like
the height of folly to base an argument upon
the intention expressed in the Preamble.
We should not adduce evidence to prove the
pro-slavery character ofthe Constitution, from
the Madison Papers, did not concurrent facts
show, that that is reliable testimony, Had
the subsequent conduct of the framers been in
lirect hostility to the institution of slavery,
the Madison Papers would only convict them
of hypocrisy, and not of any real intention to
guard and protect tho system. It seems iin
possible to excul;iale them from deception
and falsehood, have it which way we will.
If they did not design to guarantee aid in fa
vor of tho system they acted the part of hyp
ocrites in tin. National Conveh ion, that fram
ed the Constituti in, and if they did design
to give such aid, they uttered a falsehood in
their Preamble.
We know that the charge of hypocrisy and
leception us applie 1 to those whom we have
been accustomed to venerate, does not fal'
very ploistutly upon the ear; but it is time
that we were done with man worship, and
l!iat we look upon things as they are, and es
timate men by tlieir real merits, nnd not by
the adulation and pnnpgyric of their friends.
We admit that when the character of the
framers is canvassed, all the circumstances
in relati n to the case should be duly consid
ered. 1 lie strengtn 01 mo tenipation mat
beset them, the numerous obstacles they had
t overcome in the formation of a new gov
ernment, their extreme anxiety to unite the
States, and the anticipated advantages of such
a union, should all have their due weight in
forming an estimate of their character. Wo
must also consider, fJut temptation neverjus
tilies erime, for if so, all crimes would be
justified. We must consider that impedi
inents to virtue, and integrity are no excuse
for transgression. It seems to us that notli
iiiTcan justify tho course pursued by the
framers in framing the Constitution, and that
they were highly culpable for holding their
own servants as chattels no one can deny.
But then we do not believe they were sinners
above all others. Those, who renew the con
tract ov.-ry year, who create the government
anew every November, are more guilty even
t'liin they, for the world has made some pro
gress since their day; the principles of lib
erty and chattelism, are better understood
t ian they were then. If the deeds of the
fdthirs are highly criminal, the deeds of the
Whigs, the Democrats, and the Liberty par
ty of the present time, rest under a condem
nation ten fold greater than theirs.
We had a fire in Salein this week, which
nlthongh it did not result in anything very
scriius, occasioned soino excitement. All
kinds of people were there to help put it out.
Strange to say, Quakers lorgot on that occa
sion tlieir testimony against mixing with the
world; the churchman and the infidel were
closa juxtaposition at the engine, and the man
who used the bucket never dreamed of ask
ing after the religious faith of him who hand
ed it. Men of all creeds, and no creed foi
got for a time their dilToreneos of opinion,
and a!l united in doing good. '
Would that the sdino principle might
adopted in all other thing which relate to
the welfare of mankind. The fires of slave
ry are raging in this country with unequall
ed intensity; their lurid blaze is seen even
from our own thresholdsand not only is the
home of our brother consumed, and his little
ones baffling with the curling flames that sur
round them, but all tho pure and holy sensi
bilities of his own nature are withered and
eared, the intellect which distinguishes
him from the brute, and which was designed
to make him a companion for angels, is be
ing destroyed, tho heart which was made
to beat with hope, and joy, and love and
pleasure, is scathed, and even now is writh
ing on the living coals of tho altar of slavery.
Kvery green thing of our nation's prosperity
is being burned up, this insidious fire lias
penetrated every institution and organization
in the land, it has cast its blighting influ
ence over everything which is pure and
beantiful, and lovely. The whole country
is being converted into one great moral des
ert, one wido black waste, by its destructive
The abolitionist goes forth to extinguish
the flames. He sounds the alarm nnd calls up
on all to arouse from their slumbers, and assist
in the work. 1 he church hears the cry
she sees the general conflagration the pier
cing shriek ofthe dying victim comes up in
to her car, and she beholds the home uf our
brother wrapped in living fire. She sees the
laborers battling with the foe, nnd almost o
verpowered with its resistless energy. She
hears the cry help! help! save, or they per-
isn: nor response is ueep anu suuen, "iou
are Jnfideh, and wc will mil help you." Oh
shame! shame on such a church! Slmmc!
shame on fie protessors ot religion m our
own midst who, while they unite with infi
dels in saving a man's property, refuse to u-
nito with infidels anil christians in cxt n-
guisliing th it fire which is consuming t ie
priceless temple in which is en hrmcd the
living image of Cod.
The papers arc filled with accounts of t!i
contest between the Mormons and the Anti
.Mormons, oi ouicnoringH ami iirnin:. ami
all the atrocities of a civil feud on a sin :ll
scale. 'Tis no more than we might expect.
A nation that boasts ol its freedom while it
enslaves the colored man, prates of its jus
tice while it plunders t ie li dian of his hunt
ing ground, tilks of honor while il cheats
Mexico out of u province, will, in lhc pride
of its religious toleratioi , i trive to extermin
ate the Mormons.
At a meeting ofthe Portage Co. Anti-Sla
very Society held on the !)th of Sept., the
following resolution was adopted:
" Rewind, That we honor the moral hero
ism ol Cassiih M. ( lay, hi emancipating
his own slaves, and in establishing a news
paper for the purpose ol discussing the na
ture and of urging upon his fellow Keutuck-
lans the duty iinfl expediency ol immediate
Emancipation wo trust th it he is neither
overawed nor shaken in his purpose, nnd that
he will re-establish Ins press in Kentucky, it
possible; but that if driven from his native
State; lie will pitch his tent as near to it us
possible, nnd proclaim the truth so ns to be
heard, not in Kentucky only, but throughout
the whole land."
Now we ore the, last who would object to
the expression of sympathy for Cassius M.
Clay on the part of any m in or body of men,
but we da object to lnis-repres -ntition; and
when Cassius M. Clay is represented ns an
advocate for Immediate Emancipation, injus
tice is done both to him, and to the anti-slavery
cause. To him, because lie lias never
avowed his belief in that doctrine, but on the
contrary has most explicitly declared that his
plan of abolition was "gradual and constitu
tional" to the anti-slavery cause, because it is
identifying with Anti-Slavery proper, one,
who refuses to acknowledge the correctness
of its main position Immediatgism.
We hope that those members of the socie
ty who voted for the above resolution, will
in future keep themselves better informed in
relation to Anti-Slavery matters.
The Liberator informs us that hv the last
accounts, the black Jlmerieam of that colony
were doing a largo business in the way of
"annexation;" that they had lately annexed
territory larger in extent thanTcxasand Ore
gon together.
And why notl "Like master, like man."
Prejudice against native black Africans pre
vails there in as great a degree, as does pre
judice against native black Americans here;
and the one is about us reasonable as the oth
er. The Liherians, liko the first settlers of
this country, wage war upon the aborigines,
and for ought we can see their wars are about
as blood-thirsty and as pious as were those
of our ancestors; nnd their Christian mission-
aries are about ns great adepts at shouting the
heathen of that country, as were our forefath
ers in exterminating the Indians of this.
The burning of Witches, and the hanging
Quakcrs, is a point of civilization the Lihcri
ins have not yet attained. Perchance we
may in this give them less credit than is their
due, for it may be that Witches and Quakers
are not to be classed among the proJucts of
the colony. We have somo recollection of
having heard of a certain sawmill which they
expected some day to have erected, and 'tis
not improbable but the trio will make their
appearance together witches, quakcrs, and
saw-mills. We find however that although
they liavo not a saw-mill, they have a New-
Maryland, and a New Georgia, and why not
a New Texas 1
The Warren Liberty Herald.
This paper contains more low slang than
any other on our exchange list. In a dia
logue between an old Coon and a Mr. Kings
ley, published in a late number of that pa
per the narrator makes Mr. Hoffman break
in with a speech addressed to the former
w hich is a specimen of Liberty party digni
ty and decency. We should think that Mr.
Hoffman would feel ashamed to have such
language attributed to him. Here is an ex
tract. Is It not a beautiful specimenl
" IIuttles may track you up and crash
your buries, and if he gets his teeth hroken,
or his eyes scratched out by a blind Coon,
we have no sympathy for him, nor any of
ins yelping pack, and Henry CJlay may
bum your tallow, Abby Koll'ey may lick
your blood, and Giddings wear your skin to
This work which is in high repute, and
fir which there is a general demand in every
part of the country; has just been received
and is now for sale with the books which are
advertised on our last page. This little vol
umn seeais destined to exert a great influ
en;e. I uousands read it with the deepest
interest, who would not read any other anli
s avery work. By its perusal, sympathy is
enlisted in behalf of the oppressed, a just in-
di 'nation is excited against the oppressor'
and a horror of the whole system of slavery
tikes possession of the mind. A pro-slave
ry iVieud writing us a few days since savsi
S.Never have my feelings been so touch
with the wrong., mid grievances of the poor
slave a in reading thai simple narrative."
.1. Kl, 7.ABKTH Ill-rCHI-ofK, nnd Hkxjamin
S. Junk, will hold meetings at Mahoning on
Kr'. lav evening t'ao loth iust, and at New
Castle. P.i. on Saturday nnd Sunday tho 13th
and 1 I'll. Th meeting at New Castle will
eo u.iieiice at tl) o'clock, A. M.
We h ivp at tail received n copy of J. II.
iddiiigs' b urr in relation to his views on
fisscdiition. Wc should like to give it en
re this week but have pot room. He de
sires a eointllutimuil union or none. He bo-
eves that a union in conformity with the
iriuciples of the Constitution would be a
blessing to this nation. Tho present one,
which is a curse, he alfirms is in contraven
tion of the principles of that document, anj
by acting under the Constitution can bo do-st.-oved,
mid the Union our father's designed
stahlished. His concluding par.igr.ijih is
as follows:
But I regard all discussion concerning
the continuance of our present union hs u
work of supererogation. Present indications
h'-.ivH no doubt that it will be dissolved with
in the coining six months: indeed it is an
nounced by somo of our papers that n tuw
union is already formed with a foreign slave
lioliling government. Our army is already
in lexas, in all probability now engaged in
another war to sustain slavery. This last
crowning act of slaveholding perlidity is at
tended with one extenuating ctrcumstiiice
the principal actors in tho plot have frankly
avowed that tlieir object is to support slave
ry and the slaveholder. Tho question will
soon be presented to the people of Ohio,
whether they will unite in such nrio union
lormcd for such purposes. 1 o such an alli
ance, formed for such unholy purposes,
hope Ohio will not yield her assent. 1 he
interests and tho honor of tho frco Suites
forbid it: justice and humanity forbid il: re
spect for the opinions of the civilized world,
regard to the principles ot our pilgrim lath
ers, veneration for the memory of our revo
lutionary ancestors, torbld it. The history
of past ages, our own experience proclaim
in thunder tones tho inlamy and ruin that
await the damning deed."
The publication of this paper will soon
resumed. It will be edited and published
in Lexington where Cassius M. Clay designs
still to reside, but will be printed in Cincinnati.
It is said that ho will bring a suit against
the mob committee for damages. We learn
from he Lexington Inquirer that ten of
inobociats were on trial before the city Court,
for riot we presume. The Inquirer does
state whether Marshall was one of the tun.
Anti-Si,avery Fair. Wesee that the Abo
litionists ot the east are making great prep
arations for their Annual Anti-Slavery Sales,
which promise to be more attractive
year than any of their predecessors.
one in Boston we presume will surpass
other Fair in the country.
A New Skct. The first conTrerTatifn r-f
Reformed German Catholics, th.-t is, such .
Catholics as do not wish to be under the con
trol of Home, or the Pope, and whose creed ,
is identical wi'h that lately promulgated in
Germany by John Itonge, was n short timo .
nice liumed in Baltimore, and comprises1
some 250 members.
John ItANnor.PH's Slaves. The slaves.
nearly AO'J in number manumitted by tho ,
will of John Randolph, being now free, by
the final establishment ofthe will, the exec
utor, Judge Leigh, of Virginia, is endeavor
ing to procure a suitable location for them.
The request ofthe wilt was that they should,
not lie sont to Liberia, nnd the law of Virgin
ia forbids their remaining there. The only
alternative ofthe executor, therefore, is to hull
a locution lor them in a free State. A leeacy
of 9-J5.000 was left by Mr. Randolph for tha
settlement and support of tho slaves.
fC7-Wool is now admitted
duty free. Since the duty has been "taken
off, the price of wool there, has advanced,
and shipments of wool are now being mado
from New York to supply the KngTisli de
mand. (KrA little bov lost his life in Ilollirlnvs-
burgh last week, from Inrk-inw. nri-nsinnnH
by a slight wound on the knee, which he re
ceived from a stone thrown by another little '
boy of about his own age four years.
This sad accident should be a warning toall .
littlo boys not to throw stones, and should
prompt parents to caution them particularly
against so dangerous a practice.
Body Kopnd Supposed Muuokr! On
Friday evening a small box was taken from
the Monontrnhcla river, opposito this city,
and near Lorenz, Sterling & Co.'s iron
works, which was found to contain the body
of an infant, apparently dead but a short
time. Pitts. Age.
We rind by tho Courier of Saturday evening,
that s system of fcrcfed parses lor negroes is
training ((round lieie, by menus ol which lvo
ii ro in t lie habit of going up Iho river to Cincin
n i li and other places. A pan waa found pur
porting to he ijinad by Henjatnin Eaton, and on
inquiry, no audi person could be found. Let
the police, be on the look out, and keep a strict
eve ultor I lie up country boils at they arrive
hero ond leave, and this will toon be put a atop
to. A'. Ofltans Dec, Sipt.
Sulci.le of Ex-Govcriwr li'hile. Hon. John
Willi,,, of Kentucky, late Speaker ofthe Mouse '
of Iteori-seiitulives in Congress, commuted sui-
ciae ry lim.tin iu,ioll at Richmond, Ky , on
the i;3d uf Sept. l'ecuniary embarrassment, in
ducing partial insanity, is suggested aa the cause.
Ox Dim Reports from Washington slate
that Mr. JJuchanan will soon he transferred from
the Siole department to a suit on the Supreme
bunch, in the place of the late Judge lialdwin,
and that Mr. Bancroft, Secretary ot the Navy, is
lo have the mission to llcrlin, in place of Mr.
Whcaton iiiift. J'olriol.
Three thousand five hundred operatives are
employed in the gigantic locomotive establish
ment recently put m operation in itussia for the
construe' ion of the large number of locomotives
required for the great cliato of rail roads which
the Emperor of ltussia haa directed to be con
structed, (Maj. Whistler, a iloatonian, being
Chief Engineer. J
Minister to China. Alexander H. Everett,
of M.iss. is ollic ttlly annouucod as Minister to
American Tea A successful attempt ha
been made in Virginia to cultivate the Chinese
Ira plant. Mr. X. l'uckclt is to liavo specimens
of Ins tea in tho Jlcnrico Agricultural Fair in
MonE AN'i:xtTiON proposkd. . public meet
ing in St. Clair county, Illinois, passed resolu
tions in favor of the purchase ofthe Island of
Cuba, and its annexation lo this country, Th
money was not raised.
IlAPin. A citizen of Illinois recently travel
led from Boston to Springfield, Illinois, by way
of flurlulo and Chicago in s x days and seven
hours a distance of about 1800 miles.
Wool,. The principal buying in this'inar
ket is at present for England, where the pri
ces uf all grades are distinctly higher than
they are here, not withstanding that the artic
le is admitted free. The prices paid during
the last week have ranged from 27 to 33c.
for all the grades merino. South Down wool
is worth 2tfe. in England and 25 here. A".
1', Jour, of Com'
Wheat Chops of- Illinois. Tho Sanga
mo (Illinois) Journal, says that tho wheat
crop in that Slite, taken in tho aggregate,
liit, I, nun Iimian:i1lv I inra rl'hn tt.m prnn.
it is thought, will bo unprecedented.
Mr. CJouuii. We regret to state that Mr
Cough was so seriously indisposed on Sa
turday last, that great fears were entertained
lost he would sink under his sufferings. To
wards evening, however, ho partially recov
ered, and yesterday was much better, though
he is still in an alarmingly weak state.
lloston Atlas.
Steamboat ArcrnENT. The steamer Great
Western, in coming out of Green Hay, near
Death s Door, struck a rock and broke a hole
in her bottom, lly vigorous pumping, how
ever, she was able to reach Milwaukie, but
sank within the piers. Detroit Adv.
Indians. Yesterday the representatives of
the Iowa tribe of Indians, who had been for
a longtime in England, left this city for their
home in me vv est. vv o saw a part oi mem,
males and females, proceeding up Chesnut
street in several carriages, accompanied by
a full band of music. Tho men were deco
rated in till the shocking appliances of stage
lndianism, painted, leathered, blauketed,and
daubed beyond all precedence, yet nearly all
fat and oily, as if they had fed well in
Europe. There were several women, all ev
idently full blooded, and all bedizened with
numerous evidences of distinction and tokens
of rank and all, malo and female, looking
ns grave as a parcel of mummies. Phlla.
L'. S. GazetUi.
"It inn act of virtue and of piety
To warn men of their aina in any sort,
In press, in verse, in earnest or in sport."

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