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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, October 17, 1845, Image 1

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VOL. 1.
SAI-KM, O., FR1IUY, OCTOBER 17, 1813.
NO. 13
Published every Friday at
Suim, Columbian a Co., O.
JAM ES BARNABY, Jr., Grueral A gen.
(&.1H remittance) to bt made, and all lettert
relating to the pecuniary ajairt of the paper,
la bt addressed (post paid) to the General
J gent. Communication! intended for truer'
Hon to bt addressed to the Editors.
frr Tirms: $1,50 pet annum, or $2,00 if
not paid within six months of the time of
Advertisement making less than a square
nserted three times for 75 cents: one
square $1.
l'unLisniNO CoMttiTTKu: S un'1 Brooks
UeorjfoiiarrctS'Hi, James Ilirnauy,Jr
David L. Gallirenth, Lot Holmes.
To the Editor of the Ucpublican and Whig.-
Mr. Bruce: In replying to the note of
"Mr. Brown contained in'the 'Whig' of the
19th inst.,' 1 will avail myself of your indul
gence to 'state my views somewhat at length
in regard to the doctrines of the American
Anti-Slavery Society as expressed by its
nrrenu; Miss Kelley, Messrs. Jones, Steb
bins, and Foster, who have lately addressed
the people in this region upon the subject of
... r r ,i j .i.: . .i'
Slavery. I am leo. lo no mis iroiii inn laui
that some nartizan papers in this part of the
State annear to rcsard the co-incideneo of
views between myself and the American
Anti-Slavery Society as a matter of some
imnortanee. That Society embraces some
of the ahlest jurists, the most devoted patri-
ota. and purest philanthropists of our nation,
and I sue no reason to depart from any doc
trine which I have long entertained and la
bored for years to establish merely fur the
reason that such men hold the same pnnci
nles. The Agent of this ociety, while in this
place Bvowee the objeet and ulterior design
if that -Association to be "the total separa'ion
W the -atonic of the free Slatet from the guilt
W di'ltxt of Sustaining and upholding
Slavery.' It is surely unnecessary for mo
inform vour readers that to attain that
am ohiect-I '.have written nnd spoken and
labored for years. And I doubt whether a
; nf intelligence, belonging to any party
.,n he found in this portion of Ohio who
will n far idisresaid his own character as
publicly to declare himself desirous f re-
sharing ia the disgrace of supporting that
Jn order to effect our separation frora the
ntrt .of sustaining slavery, the American
k -ii -KUtm-v Society propose an imineliati
severance of all Church connection with
ahoie who I reed mankind for nr .et. or hold
thir fell wraen in degrading servitude
It is saost unquestionably true, tint th
"!hiirehes of nearly all deaomiiuti ms i
Christians within the free Stites leu 1 a most
,A.Tfu1 A efficient support to the institu
te of slavery by admitting slaveholders
and sometime slavedealers to pr.'ach in our
pulpits; and by receiving to our communion
and Christian fellowship hy member of
Southern Churches, who a':tuilly breed
m...kind for market, and those who are
.iinoH with the fruilt of holding nnd of
' buvinrrand selling slaves. I know of
obligation resting upon churches to continue
ueh connection.
I think the guilt of our church members
in not having acted on tins sunjeci, is mi
less than was imputed to tnmn oy urns
agents of the Society to whim 1 refer. Tin
' gaut of our cnurcn meio'iem i "
portioned to their intelligsma on the sub
-ioot. For if a member be not conscious
that slavery is wrong, or not sensible that
ha is aiding in its support, his guilt must be
far less thaw It would oe were no vi uemuw
v... inflneneti in favor ot it wnua lu.iy mi-
pressed wins the extent of its enormity.
Th institution of Slaotru i productive
more licentiousness and crime in the United
1 . .... i . i id ..
Utate thin all 'Iter causes raowiwu.
" ally sacrifices nearly thirty thousand human
titles within this nation unnually. If any
minister of the gospel who either apologizes
for slavery, or attempts to justify it from
eripture or 'advocates our continuance in
church fellowship with those whose hands
are thus stained with human gore, denies or
doubts these facts I will endeavor to give
Mm satisfactory evidence of their reality
Now, sir, if our church member were fully
conscious, that by admitting slaveholders to
our communion we encourage and sustain
that we iustilV these murders
and actually say to the world that those who
commit mem are gouu uhu wu....j
in our churches; 1 do not think they would
long remain Inehurh fellows'.'.)) witli them.
1 therefore imit-' lh" apathy ot our church
. ,r. tn want of inform ition in regard
to facts, than 1 do to the want ol moral leel
ino, or of christian principle. 1 believe the
prl.'r remedy to eopmst principally in the
' n..r..nlm,tlnn nf f.irtu amonir the membxrv
uur r""nti". r-'hi-r thn bv immeiliately
: arating from them. But if the imjnrity
' nf any or all of the churches persist id con
' sliming their Mlawstoip wita thrwfi who
thus contamin ited with the guilt of sl.ive-.
holding, then 1 have no doubt the time will
come, and tint too at no very distant day
hen those members who wish to promote
pogoel purity will be compelled to leave .
sueli churches.
It was to me a most stirtling assertion
mtde by one of the agfiita of the American
Anti-Slavery Society, th.it tliere "were ten
nfcucd nunntert y the Uoipcl u;h' uphold
Slavery as a divine institution, where ther$
uias one whig politician that dared to advance
such a sentiment. 1 was first disposed to
doubt the correctness of the assertion; but
upon reflection I was compelled to admit its
perfect accuracy. I have uotiiin r to say in
extenuation of the guilt of that class older-
gymen. They have the means of knowing
the truth; and if they wilfully shut their
eyes to the document ry evidence before tiif
nation and ohstinitelv perseverj in rejeetini;
information their guilt becomes so apparent
that I will attempt no excuse for it. It m iy
appear somewhat out of place for me to
speik upon matters relating to the church;
but I think at least I shall be evrutcd by
those clergymen who hive labored so zeal
ously to show our people the sin nf rnHns
for a slaveholder, while tttey themselves still
hold in Christian fellowship and admioistiT
the holy sicrament t i those who buy and
sell the image of our fiod.
The Atntrican Anti-slavery Society as a
further means of separating our people ol
the free States from tli guilt of si.f-t.iininir
slavery, prop se nn immediate dis-i-.lutinn of
nur political connection with the tdavchold
ing States of this Union. On tiis point 1
disagree with tiirm. 1 think t!i it all inti iii
gent men will s iy that to enforce the consti
tutional rights of the free St ites would prove
as fatal to the inr.titulion of slavery, as it
would to dissolve the Union. Our people
are more ready to maintain ti.o Constitution
than they arc ti sepante from our Union
with the siaveholding States. As a inatler
of policy, therefore, I have felt it my dutj
to urge a maintenance of the Constitution'
feeling a perfect assurance that the very ex
istence of slavery depends, nut upon the
Constitution but iipni IN vinhnon. not up
on the support which cur people arc bound
by the Constitution to lend to it, hut upoi.
the support which has been extorted from
them by tin ll lion o tiio Constitution.
hen the .1 ly sh ill nrrive that northern men
will insist upon their rights, mid refuse tr
contribute the suhstince acquired by thei
toillor tin in uiitenaiiee ol southern slavery
that so in r lie ol our I m.l will c-ahe, am.
our will become indeed a free peop'e.
In my political duties, I am bound hy th:
same rum as in my church relations. M
first duty is to promulgate facts to la
truth before the people. If the gr-at mass.
ot our citizens of thu free Stat s wen inl l
conscious tint they are involved in the moral
guilt of thirty thousmd murders every year;
that the conllmiaiu'C ot 1 1 1 . w- murders itiM
other crimes attendant upon slavery cost t:u
people ol the tree Mites annually more than
we pay lor all the internal improvements o!
our St ite: lor our l ike liprhors, lor the sup
port of light Ii,'iisf8, and for the improve-
unit ol our river n ivi.r :tl'n: wero they
further sensible that this mojiey was ex
torted from taeni without the shadow i.f
Constitutional authority: with no more color
of legal right than is possased by the high
wayman who compels hi9 victim to deliver
his purse, I think they would etaiiJ forth
united in resisting further outrages. I hi
lieve they can be induced to do this in less
tune tlta.ii thev cm be induced ta dissolve
the Union with the slave States. I prefer
this murte ot vindicating o ir rigats. On
this point consists the most important dilT.'r-
oneo between the views rnterttined by the
meiubcrs of the Ameri-in Anti-Slavery So
ciety and thosn which lent'Ttun,
As 1 1 the ch ir.icter of tlio Coustit'.ition, I
differ Irani those members of tho American
Vnti-Slavery Society with whom I have eon
versed. 1 think a true construction of th it
instrument gives fir less protection t.i slave
ry than the construction which they put up
on it. 1 cannot sty th it the clause respect
ing fugitive slaves; tint which prohibits
Congress from abolishing the slave trnh
until 1808; and that which gives to the slave
State a representation in Conress propor-
tio ed o the number of slaves t'icy possi-ss
were not concessions madn by t le north
e n Miles in I ivor ol slavery, llus lael u
perfectly evident from the debates in the
convention which framed tho Constitution
in the convention of the severil St ites
their adoption of the Constitution; by all
contemporaneous history; by thn uni on
construction given to it by the Kxerutivj,
the legist. itive. and the judicial dep.irime us
of the Federal (iovernment, and by th
of each of the several Slates; by all jurists,
statesmen, and legislators, from tin day
iu adoption to tho present day. that it ap
pears to me ditlicult for any intelligent mm
to believe our Constitution to be an "anti
slavery document." There c.n bo no doubt
that the trainers of that instrument intended
to grant certain privileges to ihe slweluiljin
intere;. But it was early seen that these
firovisioiis carried into full practice could
end but an uncertain and at best a tempora
ry support to slavery. The siaveholding
iiowei' .therefore, sw tho neces-ity of usurp
ing undelegated authority, which hid
been granted bv the Constitution, but which
was in direct opposition to, and a violation
uf that instrument. In exact proportion
I nn .-laveholdtng Stales h ivo usurped power,
they hu e violated tint Constitution, and en
croached upon the sacred rishts of thn
Suiie. Thts, it is a osarpation of powv
to appropriate money collected in the free
States to support shivery, and it in as much
a violation ut the Federal Constitution, us it
is an t-ncro ichmeiit upon our rights; and in
proportion as these usurpations hecoiuc II.,'
grant, in the same proportion will the Con
stitution be viol. .tt'ii and the interests an 1
the honor of the free States be outraged.
Much is said as to tho character of tho
fr.uners of the Constitution. They unques
tionably mule concessions in favor of tho
siaveholding interest. This would not be
dona ut the present; but had wo lived at that
pemd, surrounded hy the circumstances
with which they were surrounded, it is not
unlikely that we might have voted for its
adoption. But 1 do not see that our opin
ions ol the Constitution oujiu in any way
to be affected by the character of its Ira. tiers.
II it be detective let it ho amended, losay
that it is imperfect, is no impeachment of
tho integrity of its trainers. 1 hey were
doubtless honest ptitriotio men, and did what
they then thought best for the country; but
were they now living, and li.nl witnessed the
outrages committed upon the Constitution
by tho blaveholdiug power, 1 have no idea
they would Irauie another compact, bestow-in"-
upon the slave Stiles t'ae unequal influ
ence given them by our present Constitution.
t he lata! -'rror into which uiey were drawn.
was the adoption of that clause which gives
to the slave Suites a political power propor
tioned to the slaves they hold in bwndagu.
SI iv.tv and Ireedom are antagonisms. 1 m y
are irrcconeilcably opposed to each other.
Southern statesmen arc accustomed to legis-
ate for tlavery and oppression: Northern
talesmen for freedom and the rights of man.
I'lie interests of slave labor controls the
Southern policy, that of free laoor dictates
the ivorth. Hence, the error ol giving un
eianl powers to the siaveholding interest.
J hat clause ol the constitution lo winch
I refer gave an undue and disproportionate
power in thn Federal Cover, uiient to t'ae
slavchol ing interest. From liie fatal houi
its ad union to the present d.iv, that power
has bee i exerted against the rights nf the
free Stages mid against the liberties of man
kind. I'ndor this clause of the Constitu
tion slavery was introduced into the gov
eminent as an element ot political power
i tu-- slave Sta.ei. It las spread
its virus into every department ol the
Mini nisi. iilion. Us poison a . ut en diffused
hroiiiih every vein and arte y of the bod
-olitic; it has corrupted thu fountains ol
il'e; its s' irrous tumors are favt g itherine
ipon tho vitals of the na:ien. K.eeily aiu
Ifieient measures aloin c -n s -.ve the Ivepuh
lie from tli.it dissolution to which it is rapid-
y approaching. With tun inoust and une-
mal influence, tho sl.ive interest Ins usurp
ed to itself powers abjva the Constitiition.and
trampled upon th. rigim -n tin- lree Slatoi-
ivitu perfect impunity, fterzn g upon the
lower of government, at an uirly day, it
liscarded the Constitution which was adopt
ed for "the purpose ol M-curmg the bless
ings of liherty ml wielded our national
influence to peprtiul'i the eiirfe of Ameri-
l. . i i..
can slavery, ueiore me nauyuiy vapour-
iiers of southern .Meniiiers ot Congress,
northern Statesmen, unassuming in then
dinners, and retiring in their habits, were
aarlv accustomed t cower. The history of
our government is an exhibition of continual
arrogance on the part of the south, and of
constant submission on the part of the north;
uf southern encri ichinent mid of northern
surrender. It is i most humiliating fact that
the rodomontade of Southern men silenced
debate- in Congress on all subjects where
slavery was concerned. If the rights of the
free States happ "iieil to ceine in contact with
tho interests of slavery, i H discussion in fa
vor of the fr:ii T and against the latter was
s.lanced; while (outheru members, with Inl
lying swigge;, would declare the glorie
and blessing. f "the peculiar institution,"
and look uuuttTiblo contempt upon those
whom they las ilungly term "northern dough-
face. It a lurtheru meinher, under a sense
ot duty, worn to aii!iii.i a repiy, no was
compelled lo d ) it in sueli language as was
dii'tited by southern slaveholders. If ho
give vent to his feelings of self-respect, oi
spoko tho l.in;uigo ol Ireedom, he was in
stintly silenc l by southern insolence aided
by uor'-liorn poltroonery. While sitting in
the H ill of ttepreseut'lives and compelled
for hours to listen to I inu'ti.igo insulting t i
eviry citizen of our free Stiles, without the
privilege of reply, 1 h ive deeply felt the de-g.-ad
ition to which the pe"plo of the north
wern subject" !.
The peopli) of this Congressional District
are awaro that in l-tiJii w'as regiru. n as
oileuMvo to Southern dignity for a Northern
uesaiber t express Ins views in favor ot the
most obvious rights of the free Slates. In
deed, so servilu hid the feelings of some
northern meiiih.'rs ol Congress become, tint
thev voted to censurp a fellow member for
(I iriiv to assert tho Constitutional rights of
the free States. .Many northern papers con-
doained the act; ot.iers snoto ol it as inru
dent and ill-timalt while but few appeared
willing frankly to declare or maintain the
correctness of a doctrine no northern man
dared deny. So viti Ued had northern amiti-
meiit become in respect to slavery, that
free extiros-uon of opinion in regard to the
criino of that institution was scarcely toler
ated iu our social circles. The dissemina
tion of truth in relation to slavery was ob
structed in every mode which siaveholding
ingenuity could invent. Mobs were collec
ted: the liws of the feib-ral and State gov
ernment were sot at deliance; southern post
olfices were violated: private correspondence
exposod: printing prossti doatroyed: North
ern citizens trivelling in si i he'n Mates
wero sei.ed by mob vij nee, i iprison.'o
an I scourged: and in so ne instance lie
itself was tikun, to prevei.t the prom.ilg ,-
tion nl truth. Indeed, while 1 now writ:
intelligence his reached our village of ..
siaveholding mob convened in an udioiniii:
lor me pnrpc.sn oi prevenun i ii vio
lence the publication of a paper deVoi dto
the cause ot truth and Humanity, an ' i. or
der to silence tho tonjiio and pan thn
pen nf one of the most devoted pitriotsof
thu agc. Languishing upon a bed ol sick
ness Irom which he was unable to rise, ..
conclave of cowards, beaded by a lata mem
her of Congress, seized upon the opportuiii
ty to display their valor. It was a most for
tunate moment, when thn physical debility
of their victim held nut to them a sure guir
nnty of personal s ifety. Never did 1 real
ize more fully the truth tli it "S.'arcry it a..
unmitigated curnc," than while I now write.
It is truly a curse to the nr.ist.tr i curse t..
the slave a curse to the St ites in which i'
exists, and a bitter curse to the tree S'.a'o
this Union, li ltlur than see these outriges
continued, I would gladly see our L'nlon
with the siaveholding Stites dis-tolvfl.
No gre ,ter insult could be offered to the
dignity of our free Stites thii to tix thu a
for t'ae reeipt ir and return of southern slaves
who have lie l from their misters; n. grater
outrage thaa this could have been perpetra
ted upon the Constitution. Y'-t the pe-'p'.e
of Ohio have pe.i I for arrestiag and returning
such fugitives nt the rate of 141' i'Aii-.i u
doVars per hea l. We have boon tixed lor
the purchase of bloodhrv.in Is to act as auxil
iaries to our army in leuh ig then t the hi
ding pi .ees nf women snj ehildrea wlioh r.r
sought liberty ia the deep recesses of t ie l.ir
esU. Ivpnlly insulting to oar e!i ii'M-ti r.
and subversive of the C i.istitutio.i It .s been
the employment of our ar.ny in shoolia? aim
biitcheiiu g defeneiless women and children
for no other c.iuso thin t i -ir att'.ehuient to
.ioerly. This deep disgrace, these d mining
crimes, have beea brou ; : upon us by cm
union with the slavchol lin-r St,t--s. Not in
pursuance of t!ie Constitution, but in subver
sion of that ias'ru ne i!. With my hands
thus clotted and dripping with the Mood of
slaves, I cannot reverence a Union with tli
States that hive th is invelve l us in such o
verwlielming guilt an I disgrace. For tin
union with those slave Stites, who hive thus
defeated the great an 1 p roiiount objects of
our coined -ration; subvened the Constitution
waged warairiitist tlin rights of minViu l, 1
entertain no attachment. Give mi L'oiuti.u
liuni! Union, or give me disnolu'inn.
If wo look to the. position wnicn our own
St-.to holds iu tiij Union, we shall find but
little to cheer our hopes r cherish our pride.
Our soil is oft m polluted with s! ivehoMing
violence. Xcith-r the dignity of our St it ,
nortlioFederal Constitution his been able
to protect nur people from tho sl.iveholjiug
rapacity of adjoining St ;tes. Our colored
citizens hive been seized, dragged from our
territory and sold into southern slavery.
When t'.in perpetrators of thes acts hive
been dein in-led under the provisions of our
Federal Constitution, sueh demand his been
rejected with a contemptuous sneer by slave
holding Governors, nid nur St ite is now hum
bled, and as re.n-'diiess us the sav.ig tribes
of Africa on whom like depred ilions are com
mitted. Colored people have been shot down
like brutes within our own territory, in the
presence of our people. Our soil has druul;
their blood, but their siaveholding murderers
returning to their own States, li ive bidden
deli nice to our I nvs and spurned with con
tempt the obligations of our politic, I com
pact. The people of the slave St. ites h ive
become so h ihituaterl to commit these outra
ges, and our citizens hive become so neeus
turned to endure them, t'aat free white iuh ih
it nits of our St ite have recently been kid
napped from our territory and tilton by I iw
less violence to an adjoining State under pre
tence that thoy hid done acts iu Ohio which
were opposed to he 1 iws of oar si-ter St ite.
The .Tiidici try of that St ite hiving investi
gated the subject, has approved the act, and
rum mile 1 our kidnapped citizens to prison
where they now re.n an. I hive not time, to
hint further at tho usurpations nf tho si ive-
holdiug interest, r at t'ae oulriges and in
sults heaped upon tho people nf tho free
St ites. 1 h ivo sii.l enough to show th it our
union with the si ive Slates li is proven de
structi"e to the interests, the dearest rights
and sacred honor of the free Stites; fit il to
our Constitution, and disastrous to the "rights
of man." Are unbridled licentiousness, de
grading oppression, violence and bloodshed
a curse? tinxi lias our union with t ie slivi
holding times brought ihit'ursu upon
us. Are these millions .f enemies with
in our government, held in subjection only
hy physical force a curse! Then h is our u-
nion with thn slave St t s brought th it curse
upon us. Are war, rapine and human butch
ery a curse! then has th it curse also u en
brought upon us by our union with the slave
Stites. To impress these fact upon the
iniuds of our people has been an important
object of my public efforts for the l ist ten
years, rro.n my first entrance inn con
gress to the present d ly 1 hive einbriced all
proper occasions to exhibit the outriges and
insults heaped upon the free North by the
siaveholding power. Lie slave Miles cer
tainly have no claim on us further to share
tho disgraco, or to bear the burdens, or to
participate in the guilt, or to light ui" o i
lies oi an insiiiiiiion execraiea ny civ.i.z."
man and cursed of God. Iiilh 'r thuid
these, I would dissolve oar poii ie.l connect
ion with those States. I would maintain
the constitution in all its bearings. Although
our .at icrs m ule a hard bargain for the North,
ii j th I is injurious to cur interests a. a our
ninor, yet would I abide by it. Beyond
hit 1 would not go. I would yield not a
.ingle constitution d right of our St ite to
iivu i union th t h s so Ion?, nnd o bitter
ly oppressed and insulted us. I would
a iiu. in our rigats uiijcr the constitution,
loivtng the Union to be continued or dissolv-
I, ns the slave Stites shall prefer. And I
rejoice th it the progress of public sentiment
i such us to enable every man O look for
v rd to a noint of time, not far in the fu
ll re, when the constitution il rights of the
roe Stites will be rinJicited, regardless of
lie effect which such vindication may have
i ion our union with the siaveholding States,
ijd speed thn d oy.
But I regard all discussion concerning tho
ontiniiaiiee of our present union as a work
if supererogation, l'reseiit indications leave
ii iiouiit in. it it win ho dissolved wiinin mo
oining six months; indeed it is announced by
.oine id' our papers that a new union is al
'idy form" 1 with a foreign si ivehobling
rovenmciit. Our army is already in Texas,
iu all probability now engaged in another
war to sastnn siavery. litis last crowning
et ol maveu-Jldiiig j orluly is attended Willi
na exLenii iting eirauinstiuce the principal
c:rsinthe plot h ive frankly avowed that
iei.' object i ti support slavery. The qucs
ion wi!i s"nn be presented to the people of
!.io, whoth-r they wiil unite in such new
iiien. formed for such purposes. To such
o allimce, formed for such unholy purposes,
1 hope Ohio will not yield her asent. The
oterosts in. I tho honor of th free Stites
'jrhi.l it; justice and huminity forbid it; re-;;i'i-
for the opinions nf the civilized world,
r.'g-r.l t) the principles of our pilgrim fath
i s, vener .lion for tae memory of our revo
., lion iry ancestors, forbid it. The history
it' past ages, our own experience, proclaim
iii thunder tones the infamy and ruin that
.wait the d laming deed.
Jefferson, Aug. 23, IS 15.
P. S. In answer to Mr. Crown's note, I
an only siy. tint 1 recollect a conversation
i it'n Miss Kelley concerning the outrags
omoiitted upon the free States in order to
sustiin slavery. In that conversation I ex
pressed my views of the Union, and my
wishes in regard to its continuance, wita
the sime qu iliiicatinns ns 1 have stated them
ihovc, and nut otherwise. J. U. U.
From the True Wesleyan.
In tho Stite of Connecticut I found a refu
geo from justice who bad fled from the blood
hounds ami hell-hounds nf Georgia. On tha
upper joint of each fore-finger, her master's
mine was printed in letters of fire from her
wrist to her neck, her arm was full of hi nk
scars nf tho bloody whip, and she siid hor
heck ws in the sime condition. She win
1 irg", stout and active, and wa compelled to
imrryat It years of age, that her master
might in:ko ir.iin by selling her offspring.-
After she had borne four children, her master
sold the t.vo oldest away from her, hut si
clung to thum as with a death grasp, and beg
ged him not to let them go, but while sha
asked an egg, he gave her a scorpion, by
shooting her in the arm, which struck her
numb and unclenched her hands and the pre
cious jewels of her bosom were snatched
away she knows not where. The next day
she was in as great agony as she could well
endure. Some of the shot still remain in her
arm, and are plainly perceived just under th
skin. S ii.l she, they used to strip us naked,
tie our feet together, cross our hands and
swing us up by the wrists, then draw thee; t
o'nine tiils through tho left hind to straight
en the 1 ish, end bring it down upon us so as
to dr.iw blood nt every stroke. Many a tin s)
when wo were digging as hard as we could
with a heavy hoe, they would lay on the lash
till the blood would run down our backs to
the ground, and I would look up to my God
ml pny for them and teel happy We of-
t m sat up till midnight or break of day to go
to meeting, and gotdreadluliy whipped wma
we came home, but we would go.
Y hen her two oldest children were sold.
she resolved tJ fly to the North for refuge.
Shn soon loiind an opportunity to escape
with her two rem lining children, and by
lishing the oldest of them to her b ick, and
pi icing the youngest in a s ick at her bosom
she mounted some stilt clutches to prevent
the dogs from scenting her track, and thus
this child of Gud took up her line of march
for freedom, and though, as she s.iid, it was
dreadful b ird work, yet through the good
h ind of (Jod, by greit effort she reached
Pennsylvania half dead with hunger and fa
tigue, h iving slept by diy and travelled by
night, and snatehing her food ns she could
catch it. After a short tarry with a Quaker
family, she looked out of thn window, and
lo! her old master was coining. She cried
out. 1 1! miss.-, there is my massn as true at
you live, mil there is the old white horse I
used to drive, and her limbs became like a
rag and she dropped to the floor. The Qua
ker hastened to her help, and raising a trap
door, lifted her up and put her children and
her down into a cell ir bole. Her master
and his posse came in i nJ searched tha
house hut found her not. A tcr this, they
sent her and one child to New Haven, and
thence to the placo where I saw her, where
she wept an I Ulkcd, and 1 wept and prayed
.villi her. Gjd save tho people save the
1 ivcs.
Slavery in this country, between the year
IS 35 and 1315, committed the wholesale mar.
der of 400,000 human being.

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