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Junius of ttio Mexican government wore;
whether it was their intention to declare mr, or invade Texas, ot whether they wero dis posed to adjust find nettle, in an amicable manner, the pending differences between the two countries. On the ninth of November an official answer was received, that the Meti can governm :nt consentrd to renew the dinlo matin relations which had heen suspended in March last, and for that pnrposo were wil ling to accredit a minister from the Unitod States. With a, sincere desire to preserve peace, and restore relations of good under standing between the two republics, I waiv ed all coremony as to the manner of renew ing diplomatic intercourse between them; and, sumicr; the inilntivc, on the tenth of Nov. distinguished citizen of Louisiana was ap pointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Mexico, clothed with full powers to adjust, and definitively settle, all pending differences between the two coun tries, including those of boundary betwoen Mexico and the State of Texas, The minis tor appointed hag set out on hit mission, and is probably by this tiino near the Mexican capital. lie has been instructed to bring the negociation with which he is chaiged to a conclusion at the earliest practical period; which, it is expected, will be in time to ena ble me to communicate the result to Congress during the present session. Until that result is known, I forbear to recommend to Congress such ulterior measures of redress for tho wrongs and injuries we have so long borne, ss it would have been proper to make hud do such negociation been instituted. In relation to Oregon, tho Executive talks largely. After giving bin views of the claim of the United States to that Territory, which of course he represents to be better than that of any other nation; he says: It is well known to the American people and to all nations, that this government has never interfered with tho relations subsisting between other governments. Wo have nev er made ourselves parties to their wars or their alliances; we have not sought their ter ritories by conquest: we have not mingled with parties in their domestic struggles; and believing our own form of government to be the best, we have never attempted to promul gate it by intrigues, by diplomacy, or by force. We may claim on this continent a like exemption from European interference. The nations of America are equally sovereign and independent with those of Europe. They possess tho same rights, independent of all foreign opposition, to make war, to con clude peace, and to regulate their internal af fairs. The people of tho United States can mt,t!ierelbre,view with.indiffcreuce, attempts of European powers to interfere with the in dependent action of the nations of this conti nent. The American system of government is entirely dillerent from that of Europe. Jealousy among the dillerent sovereigns of Europe, lest any one of them might become too powerful for the rest, has caused them anxiously to dosire the establishment of what they term tho "balance of power." It can not be permitted to have any application on the North American continent, and especial ly to the United States. We must ever maintain the principle, tnnt t:ie people ot tins continent alone have the right to decide their destiny. Should any portion of them, con stituting an independent State, propose to unite themselves with our confederacy, this will he a question for them and us to deter mine, without any foreign interposition. We can never consent that European Powers shall interfere to prevent such a union, because it might disturb the "balance of power" which they may riestro to maintain upon tnis con tinent. Near a quarter of a century ago the principle was distinctly announced to the world in the annual message of one of my predecessors, that "tho American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are hence forth not to b3 considered as subjects for fu ture colonization by any Europoau Power." This principle will upply with greatly in ereased force, Rhould a European power at tempt to establish any new colony in North America. In the existing circumstinces of the world, tli3 present is deemed a proper oc casion to reiterate and reaffirm the priuciplo avowed by Mr. Monroe, and to state my cor dial concurrence in its wisdom and sound policy. The rcasicrtion of this principle, es pecially in reference to North America, is at this day but tho promulgation of a policy which no European power should cherish a disposition to resist. Existing rights of eve- ly European nation should be respected; but It is QUO aiiKU 11 our saieiy aim our interests, that the efficient protection of our laws should be extended over our whole territorial limits, & that it should be distinctly announced to the world as our settled policy, that no future Eu ropean colony or dominion shall, wilh our eonsent, be planted or established on any part of the North American continent. The Loui'ville Miming Courier talks idly when it asks us to gather information on the subject of slavery by personally visiting Ken tucky. To what end should wo do this! We have never doubted that Kentucky mas ters generally treat their Slaves with such kindness as the relation permits our objec tion applies to tho system of Slavery, and the laws by which that system is upheld. These we can comprehend as well in New York as in Kentucky, and they cannot be less thin infernal any where. Laws which allow ...in tn anil unntlipr lYl:tn a thmm'mH milia away from his wife, and their children five hundred miles apart in other directions, with out right or hope of reunion which allow men to beat, ravish or even murder women of the degraded caste w ith inipuuity in the pres ence of a dozen witnesses of their own color if there are nono of the ruling; caste to testi fy against them luws which give to a white drui"kard and ijamblur all the earnings of an inieni"U and iiidiMtnons black family for life, with privilege to Hog them into tho bar gain these loim are baleful to (and and per nicious t ) mankind, although the abuses they tolerate may ii"l in all cases be perpctnated. The general rule stai.ds, that a poople ara seldom better, but often worse, than the laws under which they live; and where the laws alTord lmDUiiitv to injustice, lechery and I crime, these are sure to bo enacted, though thousands may revolt at and even r.wiain ig norant of such enormities. The simple fact that it ia deemed unsafe in slavo States to al low Blacks to testify against Whites, itself attests the essential character and influences of Slavery. The Slaves must be awfully corrupt and dograded,or the makers and sup porters of such laws aro cowardly and inhu man tyrants. The former, wo presume, is generally the truth. The Editor of The Tribuno has enjoyed opportunities of observing 'the actual condi tion of the Slave' in Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina, and for weeks in the Dis trict of Columbia. What could ho learn in Kentucky) We are nut at all afraid of Lynch-law or mobs, and intend to visit Ken tucky (without regard to Slavery, however,) the first fair opportunity. X. Y. Tribune. SOUTHERN PROSPERITY. A citizen of Virginia, in a letter addressed to the Richmond Whig, says that "Charles ton, S. C. has now a smaller population than it had in 1830, and is daily losing more. The population for twenty miles round the city is one-third less than it was before the revolution!" The United States Journal says that the people there aro too indolent to supply the Uharleston Market with game ana nsli even, but it has to depend on Yankees for such supply. No wonder the population is de creasing. Their laziness is, doubtless to be attributed to the present Whig Tariff. Some years ago Charleston was afflicted with a large fire, and as a measure of relief and a stimulant to restore it, the State allowed the city to borrow money on its credit,to rebuild. A largo amount of money awas thus borrowed, but the buildings are not yet up, and the State has to pay. This, too, is to be attribu ted to that accursed Tariff policy. Now look at free labor and manufactures, in the example of Pittsburgh. Eight months ago ttvo-thirds of the city was burned now, but one-third of the burnt district remains un built. Look at Louisville and Cincinnati. The lattor is digging canal after canal and build ing railroads all bringing the rich products of the interior within tho roach of her indus trious citizens. The former city talked, talk er, and TALKED about forming a steam boat line from Louisville to Pittsburgh sub scriptions for stock were handed round among its men of capital, and about the 10th part of what was required, was subscribed. The matter fell, because slaveholders had not suf ficient enterprise. Slavery is "the accursed policy." Tho humble, ridiculed and despised 'Hoosiordom' is now greater than tho lofty heroic valorous and hospitable Kentucky. The reason free labor vs. slave labor. From Burritt's Citizen. To Mas. Virginia: Dear Old Aunt There is a story circulating about here that you don't take good care of your children; that you have no school houses, and don't give them any education, hut let them grow up like wild asses' colts. . The newspapers are telling round that you have nearly sixty thousand of grown-up white children in your family that can't writo or read their names. Now, good old Aunt, that is rather a hard story. Our mothers here tell us that you had the best setting out of the whole American family of thirteen sisters; that you had the largest and best piece of land in the whole homestead, and that you have always dressed and lived in an aristocratic fashion, Iookiugdisparaging ly at your younger and poorer sisters, who were obliged to wear homespun and live on johnny-cakes and roast potatoes. ) Now what do you think tho world will say of you, if you go on raising up a large family of children in this way! Suppose that your sixty thousand grown up men and women, who can't read their , b. c, should get to gether sjme day, and the little black Children that go to our schools should point at them, and say, "There! look! there :re some of the children of old, proud aristocratic Virginia, who is always boasting of her noble descent, and of what her dead relations did! There they stand, tall men and women, and can't read, can't write, can't spell bat; or inker proud as Lucilar, bragging all tho while of their mother, but can t spell her name, nor their own neither!" Now, dear old Aunt, would'nt it hurt your feelings to stand by and hear little black boys and girls with primers in their hands, say such things of every twelfth son, and daughter of yours! to see them point their dark fingers at them in this way! 1 don't want to say any thing to hurt your feelings, but if you go on in this way much longer, you will not only be ashamed of your children, but they will be ashamed of you, and deny that you was ever their moth' er. With sorrowful rospect, I am your dutiful nephew, Ezekiei. Humphrey, J a. The Old School House, Cornwealth, Nov. 1W45 A DEMOCRAT'S OPINION. We find a brief report of one of tho recent spocches of the Hon. John P. Hale, in one ot our New England exchanges. We clip the following extract to show a democrat 8 opinion of the Democratic party; "lie declared that the only question involv ed in the election of a member of Congress, was the question of slavery that tt was nut to much whether Slavery should continue at the Suuli, as whether freedom should be maintain ed at the Xorth that thousands of Democrats in New Hampshire had similar views with him self on this subject, aud were only prevented from avowing them by a fear of splitting the party that t'ne great argument' used by the political leaders of the. 'falsely named democ racy of New Hampshire, to secure the fealty of their deluded followers, was the danger of splitting the party. He then declared that a p-arty so entirely debased, so deeply steep ed in tho very dregs of corruption, as was the democratic party of New Hampshire, as now organised, ought to be split into fragments and Mattered to the ends of the earth to bo ground into particles 'so minute, and blown so far asundor,thut nothing short of the power of Omniscience could ever again collect and re-unite thorn together." NOVEL SWINDLING. We copy the following from the Hendor son Kentuckian. A man named Bishop from Caldwell, ac companied by a fellow named Curry, from Union county, passed through this place on Tuesday last with a negro man whom they were effering for sale; they represent him to be sound in mind and body, when at the same time they know that he is subject to fits, which renders him almost worthless. There are two of the llishops brothers,one of whom goes on and sells the negro for about $j.)0, (the negro being a likely looking follow he readily commands that price,) when the pur chaser discovers how he is bit he takes tho negro back, but he soon discovers that 13 i sh op is insolvent; the brother then comes for ward and after sympathizing with the unfor tunate purchaser he offers him $.100, all the money he has, for the negro, whieh.of course he readily tikes.as the negro is of no service to him, they then start out and again sell the negro in the same way; thus clearing from $200 to $300on each sale. They have made many sales of this kind. From the N. Y. Tribune. TRYING IT. A travelling correspondent of the Morning Xews, writing from Louisiana, describes a Christinas frolic of Slaves, and thus 'im proves' the circumstance: " How little is known at the North of Southern slavery. I cannot doubt, that any candid man. who would come here and ex amine for himself, would decide that the ne groes are as well off in proportion to their capacities, as the laboring population f any country in the world. I believe that there are some millions ot free-born rmglishmen who would jump as high as they are capable of jumping, for the privilege of changing places with them, and rather ihan starve as now, they might be willing to take their woolcy heads and shining black faces in the bargain." 1 he craven, servile creature! W by won t some slave-trader black his face (if not black enough already) and sell him off to Texas, to help 'extend the area of Freedom' by delv ing in cane-brakes at nothing a day but a flogging for supper! The ' free-born English man' has a wife whom no brutal master can violate before his eyes with legal impunity, and daughters whom no ruthan overseer may lash in cotton or cane-fields or constrain to de bauchery and brutal licentiousness tho law sustaining and shielding him. The free- born Englishman may have too little bread for his family, but the law is their shield a gainst personal injury ordagradation; nobody can sell his wife or children away from his sight for ever, or drive Ihein to a distant mar ket chained in gangs as if they wero danger ous wild beasts. The Englishman's son who wants bread to day may be Prime Mu ister or Chief Justice before he dies; mean time his oath must be taken in all the Courts of his country, against tho greatest dignitary, and may bring to condign punishment the lordliest tyrant in the land. Why docs no body petition to be made a slave! Men seek Death and every other form of calamity ex cept Slavery why do alt shrink from that One would supposo that some of these dough t'acos would take the medicine that they think must he so pleasant for others. 07-Nicholas Worthington of Md., lately deceased, left an estate valued at nearly a quarter of a million of dollars. He was an extensive slave-holder, though how manyhu man beings he claimed at his property we have not yet been able to learn. The following provision is made in his will in reference to his slaves: All tho slaves belonging to the deceased are manumitted, with the exception of five supcranuated negroes, who are to live upon either of two estates mentioned, as they may choose, aud who are to be supported without labor, the remainder of their lives. Tho slaves of sixteen years of age are to be free in six months; tho younger slaves, when they attain that age, and until they are sixteen they are left the property of their mothers. " Big Airy is lrec from the day ot his death the children of "Dorcas" aro free at eleven years of age the children of " Little Airy" are free at eleven years of age. His slave Charles receives hit freedom immediately and 2000 dollars. Henry receives his freedom immedi ately and a legacy of 500 dollars. To six- tern of his negroes he has" left 150 acres -of land in Carroll county, to be equally divided among them. To Little Bill he leaves 20 dollars a year for ten years. To seven of his negroes a legacy of 40 dollars each, t o fourteen of his negroes he leaves a legacy of jo dollars each. The War against the Press. The mob at Lexington Ky. having driven Cassias M Clay and his paper out of that State, has af forded a pretext lor the enemies ot tree dls- cussion to recommend the same kind of pro ceedings against other offending journals. The Louisville Times urges that people of Louisvile to approve, by public meeting of the proceedings at Lexington, and to make the relinquishment of the editorial chair by George D. Prentice a condition of thoir con tinued support to the Louisville Journal. The Editor of the Journal, it appears, is sus pected of entertaining abolition doctrines. Case of Salome Muller. Our readers will remember the case of this girl who was claimed as a slave but was proved to have been born free, and set at liberty by the Superior Court of Louisana. The Plan ter's Banner Bays: "There are yet some sin gular devclopements to be made, in regard to this extraordinary case. Mr. J. F. Miller having been bued in behalf of Salome Muller for damages, he will be enabled to bring for ward evidence which will show that the wo man Bridget, claiming tho name of Muller, and declared free by the Supreme Court, was horn a slave, and that the real Salome Mu Her is still living in this State!" Judje Krum vs. J mine Lynch. K law has existed in Missouri, requiring freo negroes to obtain a license granting them the privilege of living in the Stato. judge Krum, of St. Louis, has recently declared this law to be unconstilutit nal. The Chicago Daily News says "Mr. Cal houn is writing a work on the princplcs of aovernnient. Una volume is mushed, and will soon be put to press. It will bo a queer book, based on his favorite idea that slavery is the corner stone ol Republicanism. A Sad Case. lly a letter from St. Louis, dated October I lth, we learn thatnt that time a colored man, aged about 35, who some years ago ran away Irom slavery, was confined in the jail at that place. Alter his escape he reached Canada but finally located in Mich igan, where by most laborious effort, he ac quired a small property worth about 92000. Itecentiy ho returned to Missouri with a view to rescue his wife who was still in slavery, but ho was unfortunatjly seized and thrown into jail. At the date of tho letter he was in the hands of a neg.-o trader, who was about car rying him in a few days to the fir South. Some rll'ort was made to save him by raising the money demanded for him SHOO, hut tho trader swore that ho would not sell h i in. COMMUNICATIONS. To the EntTons ok the IU'cle: Tho following communication was sent to Salem monthly meeting of Friends (not Orthodox,) in September last. It was read in that meeting and remaiks ini.de upon it by several members; after which it was laiJ over to be taken up the month following. In tho October Monthly Meeting it was again read and gave riso to considerable discussion; but no definite action, so tuc as I am inform ed was taken upon it. Whatever conclusion the Monthly Meet ing may come to in this case, I believo it right lor me to mnke the communication pub lic, as I believe it to bo my duty to disown the Soeioty of Friends, whother Friends shall choose to disown me or not. I believo the Society (though not worse than tho other religious sects of this cou ntry, with perhaps one or two exceptions) is doing nothing to advanco the Anti-Slavery movement, that it is not promoting Chris tianity or morality, but rather opposing them; and henco I wish to hold no fellowship or connection wilh it, which cannot rightfully be hold with any other corrupt organization or with moral corruption in any form. The friends of humanity havo been sacri ficing principle to sect and party, long enough have long enough been engaged in build ing up with one hand the evils which, with the other, they have been laboring to over throw. The progress of reform is at best tar dy enough, and will he so when its advocates shall ceaso to add any part of their influence to increase the mountain mass of corruption which impedes it and which must be over come before the right can triumph. 1 hope, thereforc.that those friends of truth who are connected with the church organiza tions, and political parties of this country, will look about them; for they arc in nearly every instance, whether they are aware of the fact or not, so far as this connection is con cerned,, the supporters of iluvtry the enemies of the slave. J. B. JR. To Salem Monthly Meeting; vf Friends. Friends: After careful and candid con sideration, I have arrived at the conclusion, that justice, both t? you and to myself re quires that 1 should lay my views relative to'thc position of the Society of Friends, beforeyour Monthly Meeting. My name is upon your records as a member of Society. It was nev er placed there in accordance with any re quest or desire of mine, and for the last year at least I have not been a member of your Society in feeling, though I have bcon such in form. The Society of Friends in its present posi tion which is mainly the same it has occu pied for a number of years past is, I be lieve, standing in the way of the Anti-Slavery movement, as well as tho other great re forms of the age. Every individual who is truly moral and intelligent is engaged in the promotion of these reforms; and no one, as I conceive, who is thus engaged, can consist ently or rightfully be an adhering member of a society that, as a body, is exerting iti in fluence aguinst them that closes its meeting houses against the discussion of moral ques tions that disowns its members for engag ing in the anti-slavery reform (as in the case of Isaac T. Hoppcmnd others in New York, and of Green Plain Quarterly Meeting) and, that issues no testimony against 'those of its members, who are actively and bitterly op posing tho cause of the slave. The Society of Friunds professes to bo a Christian body. It professes to do all in its power to keep itself pure, by doaling with those of its mombura who are guilty of un ohristiau or iminoral conduct. Even a slight departure from the rules of the Society in tho solemnization of marriage is a disownablo offence, and the parent or guardian who in any way countenances or consents to such a marriage, in the case of a member under his eare, is dealt with as an offender, and unless ho can be brought to a tru sense of his er ror, and to make a satisfactory acknowledge ment, is disowned. Yet a member may coun tenance the act of making merchandize of his fellow beings may go to tho elections and vote fur, and uso his whole influence, to elect slaveholders men who aro guilty of the most infamous crimes, to fill tho highest offices of tho country ho may actively support a slave bidding, war-makinj, piratical government, (as many members do) and tho Society of L ricn.ls holds full fellowship with him. Tho individual who believes it a greater crimo to accomplish marriage contrary to the order of Friends, than to hold his brother mm in sla very or murder him upon the battle field, can, so fir as this matter is concerned, consistent ly remain in hiving fellowship with tho Soci ety of Friends, for that Society by its ac tion virtually subscribes to this doctrine. For myself I beli ;ve differently, and henco, for the reasons above stitcd as wall as othjrs of perhaps equal weight, I feel culled uion to dis-laim all fellowship w'.'h Friendi as a Christian Society. I feel thus called upoa because I believe that to hold such fellow ship with, or to sanction in any way the do ings of the Society, while in its prosont po sition, would be to hold fellowship with that which Christianity condemns, aud to sautv tion immorality. As before stated, 1 did not becom oven a nominal member of your Society by my own request. I shjill not therefore dictate to Friends what action they shall tako relative to tint matter. 1 trust I have made my po rtion sufficiently understood, and that what 1 have written will not be attributed to aay personal ill-feeling towards the members o Society, among whom are many of my dear est friends, but rather to a desire to do that which I believe to be right. Respectfully, JAMES BARNABY JR. 9th month 23d 1845. FniEDs Editor'i: As it is desirable that the trulk should bo known upon all subjects, I have ta ken the pains to address to Joseph Dutton, of Hanover, in thin county, cortain inlerojatorios relative to the rumor which has been abroad representing that a daughter ot his, (J. Dut ton.) who deceased somo months sine, left to her father her dying testimony agiinst Ab by Kelley, J. O. Wattles, and their measures of reform. To those inquiries, the parent who was Uie bed-side attendant of his sick daughter, and says no one had a better oppor tunity of knowing her sentiments than he, replies that no such advice was ever commit ted to him or others, to his know ledge, by his said daughter. He knows of no founda tion for such a report, as respects Abby Kel ley. In relation to J.O. Wattles, touching his community doctrine, she, like many others of his friends, believed him to bo too much of a theorist. Against the character of ruber, or against tlm anti-slavery movements she had nothing to say, but on the contrary remained a devoted friend of the cause of the oppress ed. Let not the voice of the dead be falsified to serve an unrighteous cause. B. B. D. Fkienps EiMTurts: Please let some of your corres pondents answer the following questions, by which a correspondent will bo obliged. 1st. Does Coiueoutcrism comprehend, com ing out from the support of Slavery by using its productions! 2nd. Is it consistent with justice for 8 Ohio Abolitionist to use or traffic in the pro ducts of slave labor! WM. GRIFFITH. no wish to have my name go before the public, but would be glad if you would adopt the practice of publishing the names of the editors and correspondents to all their productions. VV. G. THE FAMINE IN IRELAND. Curre'pomlence of the Xew York Tribune. Dublin, Oct. 31, 1915. Dear Friend Greeley: Although not ac customed to write for tho Press, yet I fel constrained to send you a letter at this time, on a subject in which I know your heart (as also all your readers,) must be deeply inter ested. I allude to the appalling prospects of a horrible famine in Ireland. You aro ap prised ere this, from English and Irish pa pers, of tho probable failure of tho Potato crop in this country. Every day brings sad confirmation (from various sections) of these fearful apprehensions. My heart is moved in the deepest solicitude, as these deplorable tidings come in aluict every hour, and 1 ask myself whether I can feci guiltless without at least (tttrmpllng to do souielhiiiir to unrest thuso portending evils. Society is so selfish ly and anlogoiiistically organized, that, men generally try to keep their souls at case, while pursuing their legitimate callings, yet the excitement here. is daily growing mora, in tense, and the time is not d stunt w hen a tor riiic outurouk NtW bo the consequence.