OCR Interpretation

Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 19, 1845, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1845-12-19/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

and all the physical tWoof the nation are ar
rived In it defence. W h it is the hope of its
overthrow! Il Ues in the everlasting change,
which i ' th only constinl thing in nature.
Tno body politic, like tho body P1;?3,""l'l!
i a continual state of flux and effln. lu
part.de. km continually hiiung. Birth and
death arc orci going on. The human mind
is ever at work; nr constantly modify rngiw
opfniun.. Old tiling are V
HUhin.r. arc becoming new. Eich elo per
(I .ns itt aemdnted work. Theopprc.sorex
;iti Ms horn mamphan.ly to-day, hut to-mor-toW
where is hoi In twenty years when
Nvill be the arr,iy of mighty men. m t-hurcn
ad Stato, in the Senate, and on the IVmch,
who now constitute the bodyguard ol Slave
ry!. Whero will he tho pro-slavery muses
that sustain them by their virions public sen-tiim-nt!
They will have passed away, and
their places will ho Ailed by others. 1 hose
ll.n mV t nil HUM. he worse than tlu.se Ural
. i.r.JL, ;,m. hut it i4 tho business o!
Ahnlitionists to see to it that they, at least,
ahall not have the excuse of ignorance in
their "ai'it. Therefore it is that they cry a
loud, whether men will hear, or whether they
will forbear. And they see already the fruits
of their philosophy. H is but fifteen years
since a singlo voice demanded the immediate
deliverance of the slave. Now how many
thousands, and hundreds of thousand-,, accept
the doctrine which wis then every whore spo
ken against ! And how is this! Many minds,
indeed, have received the truth lovingly and
eandidly, and renounced their former error
Hut hnw rrreat is the national change in the
constitution of society in tho course of that
l.nrt time ! At least, half the active men
now on the stage, have grown up sint-C that
day, and are, in a great degree, free from the
prejudices which their ciders had inherited.
it is true, but in a riillerent sense trom mat 111
which it was uttered, that Slavery will be a
halUh-d hv tho "natural laws of population;'
but it will be by the change effected in the
white, and not in the black population; by
the bleaching of the souls, and not of the bo
dies. Twenty years ago, who believed, in
England, that Slavery would be abolished or
Parliament reformed 'at the present time!
And vet. it is now ten Years since one, and
fifteen since tho other, was peacefully accom
plished. Agitation, the continual urging of
truth in the ears of the people, was the main
instrument ot tnese revolutions. no cm
tell, if the American Abolitionists are but
faithful to their mission, how few years may
euffico to make the wrongs of the slave, and
the servility and thraldom of the free, the
theme of a half doubtful history.' j
The Unconstitutionality of Slavery by
Lysander Spooner, Boston, 1815.
This pamphlet, of 136 pages, we have rend
through yery carefully, and although it is full
of elaborate research, and able and plausible
argument, yet it fails to convince us of its
truth. We are satisfied that slavery exists
'.n all the old thirteen States, where it now
exists constitutionally. We have a phrase in
the West, that is very coarse, but to the point
so far as the Constitution sanctions slave
ry, it is best frankly to "acknowledge the
corn." Every argument which is merely
specious, but really in the honest convictions
of aensible men untrue, weakens tho cause,
however good. Surely, surely the great, the
good, the just, the glorious cause of liberty
and politic il equality of rights needs no mere
tricious aids! Words are intended to convey
meaning we know not how it may effect
others, but for ourelf when we read the Con
stitution of the United States, wa fee! as
urely as we read, that slavery is there allu
ded to, and allowed to the States then in be
ing, and parties to the contract. The North
reluctantly yet certainly became a joint actor
in this crime against man. Let them now,
while it is to-day, rise up in their powerand
wash their hands of this thing! Saying in
manly, open, and constitutional, republican
mode, we will no longer give the lie to the
Declaration of 177ii. True American.
Sir You ask whether, by any hocus po
eus, this State has not, in the enlargement of
the area of liberty, become a slave-holding
State. In answer to your nviuiry, 1 would
ay, that in Illinois, in addition to consider
ing slavery an evil, its concentrated wisdom.
in the shape of the Legislature, considers
criminal to ba a slave. If a man happens
have a dark complexion, it is prima jacta ev.
idence that he is guilty of the crime; and
tho celebrated Judge Broadnax's principle
Construing the law and evidence obtains here,
the man with the t'ark rkin is considered
guilty of the crime of being a slave, until
proves hims.-ll innocent. It, through ignor
ance, want of friends, or other causes, he fails
of producing such proof, he of courts is thrown
into jail at a slave, to await the coming of
master being, in the meantime, minutely
described in a public advertisement. If
kumane owner appears within 60 days to
him by paying expenses, a nominal
ward, and proving property by describing
greenbly to the advertisement, then the pre
supposed criminal la gold, for the expenses
or arrest and jail lees, to tho master who will
pay the required amount for his services
horte.it length of time. If the man with
dark complexion, -ftor paying the price thus
ei upon him hy servitude, happens aftcrwar.
to sojourn in some other County of this State
than the one in which he was first arrested,
and still ra.iiains unable to provo his inno
cence of tho crime of being a slave, ho is
submitted to the same process. In
way, in due course of time, it is vpry strange,
if the said dark-complexioned man does
And an owner, even if he never had one
and thus our Free State is relieved,
time to time, of tho presence of such crimi
nals. This is a great country !
Tho Colonization Herald publishes nn
affirming in the most emphatic terms
the devil is an abolitionist! How our Colo
nization friends attained to a knowledge
this fact, whether from a personal intercourse
with his Satanio majesty, or not, we are
but taking the fact for granted,
afford s us some encouragement, lor if the
devil can be reformed into an abolitionist,
there is some hope for theColonizationUts.
It'tuhingtun I'alriol.
lease re
gain this
fore; ar
ticle that
informed it
We give tho following extracts from the
' Slaveholder's Religion'" work by Sam
uel Brooke, which we have just received and
have for sale at our boarding aousa on High
Listen to what the Rev. W. Mead, Bishop
of Va. taught the slaves.
" Besides, when people die, we know of
but t-.vo places thfy 'lave to go to, and that
is, heaven or hell; so that whoever misses
the one, must go to the other. Now heaven
is a placo of great hippincss,which God hath
prepared for all tl.at ar good, where they
shall enjoy rest from their labors, and a bles
sedness whic't shall never have an end.
And hell is a place of great torment and mis
ery, where all wicked people will be shut up
with the devil and oilier evil spirits, and ue
punished forever, because they will not serve
God. If, therefore, we would have our souls
saved by Christ; if we would escape hell and
obtain heaven, wo must set about doing what
he requires ot us, that is, to serve l,od..
Your own poor circumstances in this life
ought to put you particularly upon this and
taking care of your souls; for you cannot have
the pleasures and enjoyments of this life like
rich free people, who havccsljte and money
to lay out as they think fit. If others will
run the hazard of their souls, they have 5
chanco of getting wealth and power, of heap'
mg up riches and enjoying all the ease,
luxury and pleasure their hearts should long
after, iiutyoucan have none ot these things;
so if you sell your souls for the saku of what
poor matters you can get in this world, you
have made a very foolish bargain indeed.
Almighty God hath been pleased to make
you slaves lure, and to give you nothing but
labor and poverty in this world, which you
are obliged to submit to.is it is his will that
il should bo so. And think within yourselves
what a terribio thing it would be, ntlor all
your labors ami sufferings iu this life, to be
turned into hell in the next life; and after
wearing out your bodic3 in service here,to go
uto a lar worse slavery when this is over,
and your poor souls be delivered over into
the possession ol the devil, to become his
slaves forever in hell, without any hope of
ever getting free from it. If, therefore, you
would be God's freemen in heaven,you must
strive to he good and serve Inin here on earth.
l our bodies, you know, are not your own:
they are at the disposal of those you belong
to; but your precious souls are still your own
which notiiiug can take from you, if it be not
your own fault. Consider well, then, that if
vou lose your souls by leading idle, wicked
lives here, you have got nothing by it in this
worid.and you have lost your all in the next.
For your idleness and wickedness is gener
ally found out, and your bodies suffer for it
here; and what is far worse, if you do not re
pent and amend, your unhappy souls will
suffer for it hereafter."
Hiving lhu shown you the chief duties
you owe to your great Master in heaven, I
now come to lay helore you tho duties vou
owe your masters and mistresses here upon
earth. And for Jjiis you have one general
rule that you ought always to carry in your
minus, ana mat is, to au an service jur Mem as
if you did ilfor God himie'f. Poorcreatures!
you Utile consider, when vou steal, and wast.'.
and hurt any of their substance; when you
are idle and neglectful of your masters' busi
ness; when you are telling them lies and de
ceiving them; or when you prove stubborn
and sullen, and will not do the work you are
set about without strito and. vexation; you do
not consider, I say, that what faults you are
guilty of towards your masters and mistres-
scs,arc faults done against God himself, who
hath set your masters and mistresses over
you in his own stead, and expects that vou
will do for them just as you would do for
him. And pray do not think that 1 want to
deceive you, when I tell you that your twis
ters and mistresses ate Gad'a overseers,- and that
if you are faulty towards them, God himself
wor'd, unless y iu repent of il, and strive to
make amends by your faith fulness and dili-
geive fir the time to tome) for God himself
hath ueclarcd the same."
" Ml things whatsoever ye would that men
should do unto ytu, do ye even so unto them;
that is, do by all mankind just as you would
desire they should do by you, if you were in
their place and they in yours."
"Now to suit this rule to your particular
circumstances; suppose you were mastcrsand
mistresses and haj servants under you, would
you not desiro that your servants should do
their business faithfully and honestly, as well
when your back was turned as while you
were iconing over themj uu.d you not
expect that they should take notice of what
you said to them! That they should behave
themselves with respect towards you
yours, and be as careful of everything bolonn
ing to you aa you would be yourselves!
I on are servant;, do therefore, as you would
wish to be done by, and you will be both
good servants to your masters, and good ser
vants to God, who requires this of vou. and
win reward you well lor it, il you do it
the sake r.f conscience, in obedience to
According to this construction of the irol.
don rule a robber upon tho highway could
puta pistol to a traveller's breast and demand
his purse, ho could say, Sir, if you were
runner aim in my place, and 1 was in yours,
would you not desire that I should hand
purse over to you, "ro therefore as you would
wish to he done Ly.n lfyou were a slave
holder and were daily and hourly robbing
human beings of ail their earnings, of every
thing dear to huiiii.nity, would yon not
that your victims would 3iib.nil to your
outrage! You are (.lavrs, therefore
must do as you would wish to bo dune
and submit to these outrages. Devils would
blush to justify the wrong they do by such
bare-faced perversions as the above.
The following Dialogue is brief, but to the
As the slaves are prevented from learning
to read, they rro fit subjects to be duped
with special preaching and oral instruction.
Rav. Joshua Boucher, formerly a minister of
the Methodist Epiropil"Church, states that
the slaves of the South are told that God
made them black with the design that they
should be slaves; and that, when travelling
and preaching in the South, another preach
er, belonging to the time church, related the
following conversation, which took place be
tween himself and a slave boy:
Minister. " Havrf you any religion."
liny, " No, sir."
Minister, " Don't you want religion!"
J),iy. " No, sir."
Minhler. " Don't you love God"
Bu. "What! me love Go I, who made
me with a black skin and white men to whip
Pursuant to a call eddresscd to the Aboli
tionists of Southern Ohio and Eastern Inch
ana, who were favorable to the formation of
an Anti-Slavery Society, auxiliary to the A
merican, a Convention was held in Cincin
nli on the 18th of November.
The meeting was organized by appointing
Hiram S. Gil more, Chairman, and Thomas
Wickersham, Secretary. The object of tho
meeting was stated by Samuel Brooke, who
was followed in Borne remarks by Stephen
S. Foster and Abby Kcllcy. On motion,
Samuel Crooke, Abraham Allen, and Mary
Donaldson were appointed a committee to
prepare a Constitution for the consideration
of the meeting.
A Constitution was reported, and adopted
and officer chosen.
The following resolutions were offered by
Samuel Brooke, taken up, discussed one by
one, and adopted; the Society adjourning from
day to day until the 20th, when it adjourned
without date.
Retired, That as the Constitution of the
Cnite l Strif es requires thut the fugitive slave
shall be given up ta his pursuing master
that the military and naval power of tho. na
tion shill be employed to supprcsi slave in
surrections that the Federal Government
shill protect the slave States agiinst foreign
invasion, even though tho invader should
bear in his hands the boon of freedom to the
slive that si ivo claimants shall be allowed
a representation for their slaves in the Na
tional Legislature equal to three-fifths of the
same number of free persons; to fulfill these
stipulations is to involve us in tho guilt of
si iveholding, or ta swear in person, or ap
point another to swear as our agent to fulfill
them, at the same time n3t intending to do it,
is to swear falsely, therefore
Jtcnnlred. That we cannot take an office
or appoint another, by voting for him, to take
an oliice under tho Constitution requiring an
oith to support that instrument, without in
volving ourselves either in the crime of slave
holding or cf perjury, or of both combined.
Reeolctd, That the Churches, to a great
extent, fonnand control public sentiment, and
that those which embrace slavo claimants,
and thelegalizers of slavery among their num
ber, form that public sentiment which is em
bodied in the laws of the land; and that we
cannot hope for better laws, or a better gov
ernment, until these Churches become anti
slavery, or the influence exercised upon the
minds of the people by them is broken or de
stroyed, therefore
Rewlved, That those persons claiming to
be Abolitionists, and maintaining connection
with slaveholding Churches aro responsible
for the influence exerted by those bodies, and
that such persons by remaining in slavehold
ing Churches, and recognizing them aschris
tian, stand in a position which gives an in
fluence Tor evil to those bodies which they
could obtain from no other source, and pos
sess.under no other circumstances, hence they
stand more in the way of emancipation than
the slaveholders, or the man who makes no
profession of Abolitionism; therefore
llesotred, I hat the only true and consist
ent position for Abolitionists to occupy, and
the only one in which we can be free Trom
guilt, is to 8eer our connection with the op
pressor both in Church and in State, and oc
cupy the ground, and the ground only,
"No union with Slaveholders."
The forgoing is but a meagre sketch of the
proceedings of the Convention referred to.
Tho official record which we designed furn
nishing you, was ina valise of S. S. Foster's
which was lost or stolen between Wheeling
and Lloydsville, so you and your readers
must be content with what I have here given.
sire you
Friends Editors Inyour paper of the 12th
inst. are two articles from the pen of my friend
James Barnaby, Jr., containing his renuncia
tion of the Society of Friends, which, ad
dressed to me in connection with others,
it is, I deem it my duty to notice.
These communications are accompanied
an eJitorial sanction, by which it is evident
tnat any thing of a contrary character, which
may be admitted into your froe papur.comes
contact, not only with the views of an able
correspondent, but is destined to endure
hot ordeal of a double-pinioned editorial force,
Vere it impossible for honest men to
there woujd be no rmccssily for questioning
the correctness of the view s of James Barna
by. I have full confidence in his purity
motive lu all he has said, and however sharp
a conflict of words may be elicited by
publication of our diverse opinions upon
important topic he has introduced, I shall be
slow to doubt his integrity and honesty of
Friend Barnaby advises the frmndsot truth,
connected with church organizations, to look
about them, for they are, says he, in nearly
every instance, so far as this connection is
concerned, the supporters of slavery the ene
mics of the slave. He makes some exceptions
to the general charge of the corruption of all
churches, but the inference is, that the soci
cties of Friends do not constitute any of thoso
exceptions. It is also to be inferred that he
is not opposed to organizations as such, nor
in favor of coining out, except from corrupt
bodies, and those who retain members who
net immorally. He is a believer in organiza
tions er associations for the promotion of right
eons objects, and doubtless for those of secular
gain also, but believes it the duty of a friend
of truth to abandon them when he conceives
an act which they do, to be wrong. If I un
derstand him, it is on the principle that each
individual member of such an association is
necessarily implicated in the guilt of every
wrong act committed by the body, or by a
ft.llow member, unless expelled for it, that he
bases this doctrine. When friend Bamaby
shall have convinced me of tho tenability of
that position, he will shortly have an acces-
sion of at lea3t one member to his new 'Come
outer' society. I should however, in main
taining that doctrine, be undorthe unpleasant
necessity of abiding but a short time with
him. With n manifesto in my hand against
tho Anti-Slavery and Temperance Societies,
in which he and 1 have been wont to labor
side by side, 1 should be obliged to say to
him that " dearest friends, alas, must part."
Thefirmer fellowship slaveholders as fit em
blems of their cause,
For those are not, who feed or drive,
But those who on the boniy thrive.
The latter are calling into requisition measures
sustained by violence in prosecuting the re
luilers of ardent spirits. I should go further
and discard all ass ie,-7n on the ground that
no two or more individuals differently organ
ized, and surrounded hy different circuin
stances, as men generally are, can be found
to unite on all questions involving moral duty,
and cannot, consequently, unite without n
curring the guilt of each other's errors.
The counterpart lo tho objector in the come
outer school, to keep out of the organizations
for fear of " contamination," is the bigoted
sectarian preaching against the " mixture"
" eating with publicans and sinners," &c
If there be any palliation (save the want of
Ugh!) for either, it appears to me the secta
rian has it; for, bad as our churches aic, the
mass of wickedness is still without their pale
or no history is to be credited
The principal charges brought against the
society of Friends by J. B., are that they re
tain members who are actively supporting a
slaveholding, war making, piratical govern
meut, and who uphold slavery by voting for
slaveholders. The members of the temper
ance and anti-slavery societies, with which
friend Barnaby acts and acknowledges good
fellowship, do all these to a greater extent
than do the society of Friends anywhere.
The former support government l y attending
political meetings, uniting with political par
ties, publishing political papers, voting for
officers and holding office, hy training with
military companies, and in innumerable ways
render efficient support to the war as well
to the civil department. The anti-slavery or
ganization proiesscs to raise a higher slaiv
dard against slavery than that of the society
of Friends. Its motto ia, " no union with
slaveholders," and it profesies to withdraw
all support from the institution, and even to
refuse fellowship with those who do not do
the same. Their profession, I say, on this
subject is higher than that of Friends, yet
without a word of rebuke, the anti-slavery so
ciety tolerates and even juilifus its members
in rendering the most efficient support which
it is possible to conceive can be given to that
system which il is their only purpose, profes
sedly, to endeavor to pull down, which is not
true of the society from which my friend has
secedtd. All the votes which wero ever cast
for slaveholders all the pro-slavery para.
graphs which have ever disgraced the col
umns of political newspapers, and all tho
ecclesiastical acts, bolstering up this gross sys
tem of iniquity, will not, when combined,
compare, as slavery sustaining causes, with
the' hiring of the slaveholder to extort tho la
bor from his bondman by holding before him
the glittering pelf by purchasing his booty
as fast as he can plunder it from the slave
Truly must friend Barnaby say in relation
this subject, "tho friends of humanity huve
been sacrificing principlo long
enough have long enough been engiged
building up with one hand the evils, which,
with the other they have been laboring
Hence according to his own position,
cry society of which he is an active member
is to all intents and purposes " the supporter
of slavery;" and he must have thorn) M read
after him of bettor discernment than I possess.
if he can show, to their satisfaction, why his
comooiiter doctrine will not apply to anti-
slavery societies, between whose profession
and practice there is so glaring a discrepancy.
Friend J. B. is known to entertain a settled
antipathy to a hireling priesthood, which by
the way, may, together with his anti-slavery,
temperance and peace principles, be ascribed
to the influences exerted over him in times
past by tho society he has now disowned,
and which, in the language of Abby Kolleyt
or one of her coadjutors, "is the corner stone"
of all these reforms, lie has therefore "dis
ownej" tho only society perhaps in exist
ence, which occupies his own ground upon
the subject of a hireling ministry; while those
with whom he seems content to act, and wh4
as I have already shown, trample under foot
nearly every oilier principle which lies near
his heart, and hold in " loving fellowship"
the "blackcoated priesthood."
I hope for the sake of giving his friends
some clue to the mode of reasoning by which
he seems to be able to reconcile in his own
mind some apparent incongruities, ho will ba
pleased to answer, through the Bugle, tho
following interrogatories.
1st. Is associated action mors effectual than
single handed olfort for the advancement of
any moral, religious or temporal enterprise!
ud. Is it our duty to use tho most effec
tual means for accomplishing any goodonjectl
3d. Are there not other evils than intern-
. . . . i i.
pcranco and s.avery in society, wnicn u
wonld be right lo use our best endeavors to
4th. Since tho withdrawal of J. Barnaby
from Friend., has he been connected with
anv assoc.ia-.ion in which it would be in order
to agitata ail questions uf moral reform; anJ
did he, while a member of the first, attempt
to efl'ect that, tho omission of which consti
tutes in his estimation their guilt!
5th. If a portion of the members of a so
ciety, formed for a good purpose, forsake tho
object of their organization, are all the other
members of such society necessarily implica
ted in the guilt of such dereliction from duty
on the part r.f the re st!
(th. Would the fact of a practical slavehol
der joining and acting with an Anti-Slavery
Society, under the false pretence of being a
friend to liberty, make it the duty of the truo
members to withdraw therefrom!
th. Would it be wrong to associate with
a horse thief, so far as it might he necessary
to act with him in pulling a sheep out of tho
mire, or doing any other good act!
8th. Would slavery continue to exist were
all persons to refuse purchasing their products!
Oth. Does the Ohio A. A. S. Society hold
in good fellowship those who participate w ith
" the land pirate" in his booty, by purchas
ing "nd trafficking in and consuming such
10th. Would our refusal to purchase of ttm
slaveholder his com, sugar, rice, cotton and
hemp, or our refusal to give him our votes,
most certainly destroy his inducement to hold
11th. Is it the duty of one member of a fa
mily to dissolve lus or her connection with it
on discovering that the rest are supporting
slavery or war!
12th. Does the Society of Friends require
any of its members to violate any principle of
moral right!
"I love agitation when there is cause for it
the alarm bell which startles the inhabi
tant! of a city, saves them from being burn
ed in their beds." Edmund Durke.
fcPersons having business connected
with the piper, will please call on James
Barnaby, corner of Main and Chcsnut sts.
07" A review of the position assumed by
James Barnaby in our last in reference to
Comeouterism appears in our columns to-day,
from the pen of B. B. Davis. Present ap
pearances give promise of an interesting dis
cussion between them on this subject, and as
it is one of deep and vit::l interest, we bo
speak for it the particular attention of our
Before the issue of our next paper, Christ
mas will have como and gone. Would that
the song of the heavenly choir which mora
than eighteen hundred years ago was heard
by tho Judean shepherds as they watched
their flocks by night, was the song of earth's
children now; then indeed would white-ro-
bod peace dwell upon earth, and good will
prevail among men. But it is not so. The
world is filled with discord, brother is array
ed against brotiier, the stronger prey upon the
weaker, and earth is one vast theatre where
man's unholy passions stalk fearlessly abroad.
Yet thanks to the power of Truth, there it
now and tier heard the low, soft gush of

xml | txt