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'no una oil snm mates wKKEaa."
s'AI.fm, omo, 1 uipay, jti.y :i, isu-.
A N T I-SL A V E 11 Y H U ti L K ,
Published every Friday at
Sai.em, Columbiana Co., O.
J MP,S BARN AMY. Jr., General Agent.
BENJAMIN S. JONES, )
J. ELIZABETH JON ICS, i
remittances to lie made, and all Idlers
relating to the pecuniary affairs of the loier,
to be addressed (post paid) to the General
.Igcnt. Communications intended for inser'
tion to he addressid to the Editor.
G7"Tkrms: $1,50 per annum, or s?0,()0 if
not paid within six months of the time of
A dvrrtiskmknts tiiakiiifx li-ss tlinn a square
inserted three times for 75 cents: one
l'urtMsTii.No Cojimittkh: Snin'l Brooke,
CSonrtfc (Jnrretson, Jntnes B irnahv, J r.
Dnvid I,, d'alhrfnth, I,cl Holmes.
OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF
THE OHIO AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY
The Committee upon whom, as the. repro
sontalives of the Ohio American Anti-Slave-ry
Society, has devolved the duty of carrying
on the operations of the Society for the past
vear, reioice that wo are able, in this our Ai
nual Report, to speak words of encourage
ment and cheer to those who with us have
been laboring for the redemption of three
millions ot our countrymen from the most cru
el bondage that man has ever endured; and
our country from the heaviest weight of guilt
that ever rested upon any people
The operations of our Society for tho last
year, have been more extensive, and attended
with happier results than in former times;
find we loel a conlidcnce that the great prin
ciples for which we aro contending, arc des
tined ere long to rouse the nation from its ap
athy, and hnd their way to the hearts and
consciences ol the people.
linmediitely after our meeting of last year.
wo appointed Carver lomlinson out Genera
Agent. He, however, acted in that capacity
hut a tew weeks; alter winch Samuel Brooke
was chosen to fill his place.
Believing an Anti-Slavery paper to ho in
dispensable to the ellicient carrying forward
nf our enterprise, your Uommiltep, soon alio
oHr last Annual meeting, commenced the pub
lication of the Anti-Slavery Bugle. After is-
suing three nutiibres of this paper, tho Coin
uiittee, under tho impression that such an ar
rangeinent would best subserve the interests
of the causs, transferred its publication to
responsible Publishing Committee, making
provision that while the paper shall lie un
controlled by the Executive Committee, it
shall still advocate the principles of the Amer
ican Anti-Slavery Society.
After tho transfer, the paper was placed by
the Publishers under the oditorial supervision
of B. S. Jones and J. Elizabeth Hitchcock,
(now J. Elizabeth Jones,) and adopting, as it
docs, tho motto "No Union with Slave
holder" it is, we conceive, a highly im
portant instrumentality for the dissemination
The ability of its Editors, and the high mor
al position which it occupies in opposi
tion to a government and union stained with
crime and oppression, and to a corrupt hypo
critical church ' tho great bulwark of Amer
ican Slavory " have won for it, we believe,
the confidence and esteem of many of the
friends of the slave; while its faithful rebukes
liave aroused many to a sense of their own
and the nation's guilt, and have awakened in
them an interest in behalf of tho wronged and
The paper, since the time of the tnnsfer,
lias been issued regularly by tho Publishing
Committee, and is, we aro happy to state, in
creasing its circulation gaining upon the
confidence of the people, and extending its
sphere of usefulness.
witliin the past year, a great and happy
chango has been wrought upon the public
mind in our State. S. S. and A. K. Foster,
B. S. and J. E. Jones, and other lecturers
from the East, have been laboring with us.
The results of these labors have been truly
cheering. These devoted and eloquent friends
of the slave have ardently and ably defended
the high moral position occtiuio.! by the Amer
:..m A uti.Slnvorv 'Pl...i In... .Imii-r
ican Anti-Slavery Society. They have show n
that tne v-nnrcii and Government ol tins coun
try are stained with the blcod of the elavo
that these are the great instruments in the
hands of the slave power, by which it is ena
bled to crush the bondman, and keep him in
l.ia chains: and that for these reasons, thn
motto of every friend of freedom should be
'No Union with Slaveholders, either relig
iously or aoliticallv." "That we should,"
(i n the language of tho Am. A. S. Society
1815,) "separate from them, not in malice
not in anger not to do them an injury not
to cease warning, exhorting and rebuking
tliem for their crimes not to leavo the per
ishing bondman to his fate Oh, No ! But
to clear our skirt's of innocent blood to givo
the oppressor no countonance to signily our
abhorrence of injustice and cruelty to testify
against an ttngodly compact to ceaso slri
liTnir hands with theivesand consenting with
pdtilujrers tq inako no compromise with ty-
innv to increase our moral power over the
nation to obey (Sod and vindicate tho Gns-
pel ol his Son to hasten tho downhill of Sla
very in America and throughout the world."
Our eastern Iriends have attended niimer-
our largo and interesting conventions in vari
ous sections ot tho Stale. During tho latter
part of their labors, they were attended by
our General Agent Samuel Brooke, whose
acquaintance with the different portions nf
tho State, and his untiring devotion to the
cause of freedom, render him highly ellicient
ind suecessiul in g"tting up convections and
performing the otl. or duties attendant upon '.lis
We have had, during thn year, but. few
lecturing agents employed. Wo regretted
dy that the resources of tho Society were
not sufficient to enable us to carry on nmre
extensive operations in this respect. Milo
A. lownsend and Henry II. Hatch were in
the field as lecturing agent-!, tho former one
month and tho latter about three months;
I'ho pledges and don itions taken at our last
Annual .Meeting, alter tho payment of the
debts resting upon tho Society, wero trans
furred, we believe, at the wish of a large ma
jiirity of the donors, to the Publishing Com
mittee of the " Bugle,", to enablo them to
establish that paper. A considorahloamoiint
ol Hit se pledges yet remains unpaid, as will
appear by the 1 icasurer s Iveport.
We hope tho Society will adopt somo ays
tern nf measures by which more laborers can
be brought into the field. We have those
amongst us who feel deeply for the bondman
who aro amply qualified to go forth and plead
his cause, and who should, hy all means, bo
encouraged to do so.
We have said in view of tho past and pre
sent, that wo leel encouraged. 1 he signs
of the times, though fearful in some aspects
aro ye I propitious. The bold, undisguised
wickedness ot the American Government
has, of late, been such that many w ho had
been blinded bv preiudico and wedded to
corruption, aro becoming aroused. Tho an
nexation of Texas, clearly for tho purpose of
extending ami perpetuating slavery, has
awakened in the minds of thousands a just
sense ol the position occupied by this pro
fessedly republican anil christian nation on
the question of human freedom. But the act
of annexation, treacherous as it was toward
Mexico, revolting as it is to every principle of
justice and honor branding, as it must, the
American people with eternal infamy has
lately been surpassed in iniquity. The eliin.x
of baseness and brutality has at last been
reached. Wo allude to the war which our
nation is now waging ajrainst tho country
it has so ba'cly injured, which has been com
menced at the bidding of slavery "a war,"
(in the language of an appeal lately issued
by the American Anti-Slavery Society) "of
aggression, ol invasion, ol conquest and ra
pine marked by ruffianism, perfidy, and ev
ery other feature of national depravation, and
waged solely for the detestablo and horrid
purpose of extending and perpetuating Ainc-
in ."slavery throughout the vast territory ol
Every friend of justicoand hummitv should
he active in this momentous crisis. The pre
sent is not a time to falter or relax our cll'orls.
We should, in view of these enormities, bn
instigated to renewed and more determined
and energetic action. We should speak out
our testimony in defence of truth and in op
position to outrage, as we havo never yet
"If ye have whispered truth,
Whisper no longei ;
Speak as tho tempest does,
Sterner and stronger."
Now is the time to speak, now is thctimo
to act for freedom. The nation is startled by
its own atrocity. Thousands who have up
held the American Government, who havo
stool by it in its many iniquitous proceed
ings for tho extension and perpetuation of tho
slave system, shrink with horror 1 rum these
last acts of biseness, and are ready to listen
to the truth. Shall they not hear it, boldly,
unequivocally uttered 1
Though much h is been dono for tho ad
vancement of our cause, a far greater work
yet remains to ho accomplished. A people
sunk in depravity so deep as those of
country i cannot bo won over to truth and hu
manilv without labor earnest, areolea labor.
I ho triumph ot Ireedom cannot be achieved
withcut determined Zealand unceasing clTjrt.
Such zeal and ell'ort we hope will bo ours.
We bopo ami trust that the Ohio Amer.
S. Society, will prepare itself at its present
meeting for strong and vigorous ell'ort ;
operations will ho commenced immediately
that shall revolutionize Hie Mate, -and hasten
the Jubilee of Freedom.
In prosecuting our labor of love, opposition
must lie met difficulties must be surmount
ed. Calumny and reproach will bo heaped
upon us by a corrupt church and government.
Persecution, nioro bitter, perhaps, than
bondman's friends havo ever yet been called
upon to endure, may bo dealt out to us,
true Abolitionist is prepared for all this.
acts not from blind impulse, but counts
thn cost of tho warfare into which
hu enters. Trusting to tho power of Truth,
he presses onward, know ing that tho path
duty is ever thu saiusi lor ins lect, and
no opposition, no calumny, no persecution,
which ha can bo subjected, while his integ
rity is pure, his purpose true, can bo fraught
with consequences so fearful to himself or
injurious to humanity, as thoso which
from duty neglected, or truth despised.
of lho efficacy of moral truth, ho
onward -dill onward! feeling that with
right on his siilo be can chaso a thousand
whose shield is error
"That wrong already feels itself o'ercome,
If but one soul have strength to see the
And one free tongue to speak it."
On behalf of the Committee.
KERSEY G. THOMAS
( or. Secretary.
SPEECH OF SAMUEL BROOKE.
Tho Village- Register contains a sketch of
an address delivered by Samuel Brooke at
Youngstown. Our limits will not permit us
to copy it entire. After eome introductory re
marks, ho says :
WiUon Shannon, your Minister extraordi
nary, and a iuot extraordinary minister ho
was, gravely informed the .Mexican govern
ment that it had been the settled policy of
every administration lor me last twenty year
to o'ltain lexas, and well have tho people ol
(his country seconded tho designs of tho ad
I well remember, some ten or eleven years
since, when tho mania lor speculation spread
over this country and levered tho public
mum ; when Utopian dreams ot wealth exci
ted tho imaginations of half your people ;
when fortunes were made in a day and lost
in an hour; when tho public lands in tbe
Mates wero rapidly purchased up, but tailed
to satisfy the cupidity and avarice of the spec
ulator, w ho hurried ort to Texas to monopo
lize the lands of that fruitful region; that
when this rago for speculation was at it3
greatest height, I passed up the Ohio river,
on a boat, with Thomas 11. Benton, James
K. Polk, and some other functionaries of the
Government, and heard, among litem, fur the
first time, that thn American? in Tex is had
rebelled against the Mexican authorities, nml
that Dr. B. T. Archer, of Vu., w ho had gain
ed some celebrity by killing his brother-in-law,
Mr. Crump, in n duel, and who after
wards settled in Texas,,had published an ar
ticlo calling on tho people of Texas to arm
themselves for the fight.
This call upon them was soon follow ed by
appeals to lho people ol' tho States fur assist
ance in the contest, and oilers, the most tempt
ing to avarice, wero held out as inducements
to embark in a war for plunder and fur spoil.
Tho people from tho Sj.ttes had engaged in
these speculations in Texas lands, and some
ot them had obtained largo tracts, 'and many
of these believed it nilcessary to introduce
slaves to cultivate lbexoil, in order to make
their lands valuable alio" productive.
Mexico had abolished Slavery by tho fol
lowing decree :
As our friends nro probably familiar with
tho decree of President Guerrero, by which,
in 1800, slavery was declared abolished in
tho Mexican Republic, we omit it. Enus.
That peoplo from tho Stales smuggled
slaves into Texas previous to the rebellion, 1
can affirm upon the testimony of Mr. Archer
himself. Ho stated to mo that a number ol
them wero engaged ono night in binding
some slaves from a vessel, and as they pass
ed in their boats, to and fro, between tbe
shoro and tho vessel, they sang a tune that
had just been sung within our hearing.
es, sir, they carried slaves Ihero in oppo
sition to the Mexican laws, and, because
Mexico had decreed that sl.nery should not
exi-l within her territories, these men drove
out tho Mexicans, and established Slavery
there under tho pretext of establishing Liber
ty, and the .Mexican, who would nut tnieratu
slavery, was called a tyrant. Thus darkness
was called light, and light darkness.
I said that the people of this country were
called upon to assist these 1 exian marauders
Front the Xt.iv York Sun.
Extract from General Houston's letter to
General Dunlap of Nashville
" I'or a portion nf this force fee must look to
the I'm'lid Slates. It cannot roach us too
soon. There is but ono tooling in Texas, in
my opinion, and that is to establish the inde
pendence of Texas, i to be attached to Hie
t ailed Sillies."
Volunteers llockcd to tho Texian standard
from various parts of tho Union, but princi
pally from lho Southern States, provisioned
and sustained ill nart by these laud specula
tors. In irginia, great exertions were made
to arm and equip troops; contributions were
obtained for this purpose, and theatres gave
Texian benefits, and, draw n along with the
current, ho w ho is now addressing you, at
tended une ol these benefits, and in that way
contributed two dollars to aid in this infamous
crusade; and unless tho tears of repentance
shed, has washed mil lho record of this guilty
act. and an after life devoted to the right, I as
obliterated it from tho archives of Heaven,
remains there still, to meet mo in judgment
on tho final day.
Tho Virginians had engaged largely
these speculations; tho lalo Secretary Gil
mer, who was killed on board the Princeton
hy tho explosion of lho Peacemaker, made
two trips to Texas, as an agent of these land
speculators, and public rumor states that
realized forlv-livo thousands dollars as
prolils of ono of these trips. Tho efforts tirade
in that quarter wero c3inine.isiir.ito with
interests a', slake.
In this way armed bands were collected
Texas, but tho Mexicans advanced upon
tlieui, and with sumo ol the results you must
bo familial' as they havo beeuiuo records
Thu Alamo fell nfier n desperate struggle
nud a great slaughter on both sides Col.
David Crocket being among the slain, l'an
inns command was captured, and ho w ith his
army massacred. Thn Tcm. nrmina ,-.,
nearly annihilated, and being pursued by the
.ucMe.ms, a small remnant retreated towards
the States, but they were again joined by vo.
Iitntcers from tho Stales, and bv soldiers in
the service and pay of your Government, and
with these auxiliaries to assist ihcm, they
ced about and attacked tho Mexicans at San
Jacinto, deteated and destroyed their army.
and tool; the President of the Keoublio of
ico, iien. rsaiii.i Anna, prisoner.
Since that battle, with the exception of
some, marauding expeditions, composed of
icxians an i i,i-m ol tho United Slates,
w hich have occasionally started from Texas
en plundering excursions against tho Mexi
can!, two ot them h iving been captured, (one
at Mier, the o.tier at Santa l'e,) but little has
been done until the United States planted ils
siauiiaru. on tiiu iuo liramie, opposite Mala
But how came the troops in the service and
. C .1. '..,.. 1 .
pay oi mo i niieii ,(ates in Texas! How
eamo they to light the battle nf San Jacinto t
You c tile 1 them deserters w bile there, but did
iio ir pay stop wniie uiey were in lexis
lighting its balt.es ; l put tins last question
to von lho others I shall answer: I put it to
inc. puone, i put it to the government, and it
it is sausiacioriiy proved that their pay was
stoppi-d while they were in Texas, under Tex
ian officers, then you may with some show of
truth, say that they wero in fact deserters
Irotn the ranks ol tho American army, msteai
ot being there by the direction of tho Prcsi
But how came they there ? Or. Branch T.
Archer had been sent by tho Texians as a
Commissioner to tbe United States Govern
ment. They could not send a minister or a
Charge do Affairs, because the existence of
their government hail not been acknowledg
ed. And w hile still filling his official station,
Mr. Archer told me in the bar room of Darby's
hotel in Richmond, Va., in the presence of
a number of others, that after the fill of the
Alamo and lho massacre of Fannin's com
mand, he applied to Gen. Jackson, then Pre
sident, lor aid against the advancing Mexi
cans, and I givo you tho reply of that profli
gate old man to this application, in the lan
guage repeated to me by Archer himself.
His reply to this application was, "f can,l
assist you, but hi (iud you shan't lie whipped."
I ask, was this an empty promiso to get rid
of the importunities of the Texian Commis
sioner 1 Was it a inero bravado, or was it
a promise that was altenvards literally ful
That this promise Was fulfilled tho records
ot history proves. I he followinir Treaty
existed between the L lilted Statesand Mexico:
" There shall bo it firm, inviolable and uni
versal peace, and n truo and sincere friend
ship between tho United States of America
and the I nitcd Mexican States, in all the ex
tent of their possessions and terr'"ries, ho-
tweeii their peoplo and citizens respec.
without distinction of person and places."
Under these circumstances lho President
could render tlieui no ostensible assistance by
inarching an army there to light under I nitcd
States ofltcers, but hu sent an army thero ot
soldiers who fought under Texian officers.
Gen. Gaines was sent with an army 70
miles into the interior of Texas, under the
pretext of protecting those regions from the
depredations of the Indians, lie was author
ized to call upon tho governors of several
south-western States for more troops, if found
necessary. A false claim was preferred to
part of Texas. The Sabine river defined the
boundary between tho United St:.tes and
Mexico; but another stream was claimed to
be tho Sahino. Every ono know this claim
to he a falso one, and no one knew this better
than (Sen. Jackson himself. But ho had
sworn by his Maker that the Texians should
not be whipped, and ho was not the man to
he frustrated in the accomplishment of any
Mr. Archer, tho Texan Commissioner, told
mo that tho common soldier left the ranks
(Sen. Gaine s army, and tought under 1 cxan
officers at San Jacinto.
The Pensieola Gazette called them deser
ters, and said that tw o hundred of them, wear
ing United Slates uniform, were in the rnnks
of the Texian army. But if thero is any re-
lianco to bu placed in the truth ol lho lexian
I 'onmiUsioner's declarations, I affirm that
they were not deserters, in t. ct only in term,
hut on the contrary they wero under the sanc
tion of the Excculivo to accomplish I'm ole
;..! ir lii.-h thev wero marched into Texas
viz. to redeem the promise of thn ProsidAit
l.c iirevcnliiiL' the Texians lio.u ' being
Mr. Archer loltl me nlso that when these
soldiers relumed to their ranks in Gaines1
army, that ho protended to try them before
court martial, but that it was a mere pre
to K.iiisfv the Mexicans, mid that
pen-lilies " ere imposed upon them.
Hero then w as a base, prolligato and Sata
nic, war waged upon a people with w hom
,rvei-i.Mieul orolessed to lie on terms ol peace
- ,r ii.ii unions in its inception, and one that
..:u i. iiiiiio.in.i in its consummation.
w ar now waged openly, whereas it bad here
tol'orobicu waged covertly.
u.iUn urc somo of the causes which
have hrouoht about this open rupture will
'I'l... ,r..v. .riiiiii nt c bancs Mexico
:uexicu. in. - ...
...;n. i.,.in.r tl... a.v rressor a charge as lals
nud hvpocnlieal 'as Was her professions
ri'i.. I,-vieo while she was sending
bohlicrs into Texas to n:;ht it;
Poskii. The editor of the Norfolk County
American, in refereuco to tho Mexican war,'
Why, in Satan's name, do not the coward-
ly wretches who havo brought this war up-'
on the country, and who aro now bawling
about patriotism go and fight ils battles.
11 the whole horde could lie swept at onco
into tho regions of tho ' black vomit," it
would afford some consolation for the evils
which have already resulted from their pro-'
vious existence. '
CRAWFORD Co., O., June 22, 1846.
Esteem FiiiKMis: In laboring for tho
oppressed. 1 find great difficulty in getting the
people to liiiten So strong is their prejudice,
against the negro, that they will not hear tho
advocates of his cause. Sinco I left Salem,'
somo of my audiences havo been very small.
At Knoxville, Jefferson co., I could ob
tain only a small bouso which was filled hy
the women, the men standing in tho street.
Almost lho entire villago was out ; the pro
slavery clan mado much noiso at a distance,
but did not greatly disturb tho meeting. At
Richmond, tho lncoting was considerably dis
turbed. At Jefierson, Harrison co., I could
get no meeting for tho people wero all agog
about the Mexican War. At Mt. Eaton,
Wayne co., tho rabblo made so much noiso
that I could not bo heard by tho audience
I'ho shouts of " Eggs, nigger, hurrah for
Texas," wero incessant. In going to my
lodgings in company with two young men,
some 20 or 25 of tho mohocrals followed us,
crying, "Egg him! egg him!" nud com
menced throwing stones. On Friday eve-'
ningl had a large meeting in tho Methodist
Church. 1 had not spoken more than twen
ty minutes, when a rail was thrust at mo'
through a window behind tho pulpit. It did'
not reach me, but tho occurrence disturbed
tho audience very much. When order was
restored, 1 piocccded with my discourse.
The mobocrat, having entered the house,
seated himself directly in front of the pulpit,
and told mo I was a liar, a blackleg, &c. I
remonstrated mildly with him, but he becatno
moro rude. Several men plead with him not
to disturb the meeting, but ho grew morn fu
rious, and they put him out of tho house. In
a few moments he returned, and with a brick
bat, struck one of the men who had aided in
taking him out. The missilo was thrown
with such force that tho man dropped as if
struck by a grapo shot. So singular was tho
sound produced hy tho blow, that I think his
skull must have been fractured by it. After
the wounded man had been seated in a pew,
and while the blood was streaming from his
head, tho demon finding ho had not killed
him, rushed through the crowd and seized
him by tho hair in order to finish the work of
-ath. Ho was however quickly thrust
away, and tho wounded man removed to a
room near hy, where ho roceived the attention
of a physician. The murderer hero made an
other attempt, and strove to break in the door,
but was defeated. Ho then went ir.to tho
pulpit, (which I had left,) seized a hook and
commencid reading a sermon, but soon called
tho Methodists blacklegs, bccaiiso they
countenanced a blackleg, &c. A person pre
sent seized a chair and struck at tho villian
five or six limes, but was too low to reach
him. He afterwards sought for this man in
order to kill him, until tho timo of bis arrest,
which was about two oVlock at night. It is
said ho had no grudge against cither of theso
men. Ho had prepared himself through lho
day to do mischief at night, and I was lho
ono against whom his attacks wero to ho di
rected ; and I know not why I escaped un
hurt, and David Officer was tho sufl'er-
cr, unless it was because that ill-fated friend
of humanity had aided in putting tho villian
out of lho house. Tho next morning I visited,
the wounded man, and from appearances,
judged ho could not long survive. I havo
sinco learned that ho died a few days after
ward, leaving a wife and five liltlo children tj
mourn his untimely end. Ho was an honest,
inollensivo citizen, and possessed but liltlo
Thus is the name of another martyr added
to those of a Lovejoy and a Torrey. Thus
the anti-slavery enterprise is irrigated by tho
bloud of another friend of human rights. May
his spirit rest in Paradise, and lho blessings
of (Sod ho on his disconsolate widow unit
I'.ilhiiUss liltlo ones. Would it not bo well
for Abolitionists to raise some funds for the
hem lit of this unhappy widow and orphan