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Anti-slavery bugle. [volume] (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, March 05, 1847, Image 3

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Post-Office Difficulty.
We have good reason to believe tliat tome
of the Post Masters who have the handling
of the Bugle, do U in their power to vex
and perplex our subscribers, hoping thereby
to induce them to discontinue their paper.
They have probably succeeded in some ca
ses perhaps in many, for when such choose
to play the petty tyrant, they can do much
to crush the freedom of the press. We re
ceived by the same in nil this week the fol
lowing letters that from the Post Master is
so gratuitously insulting that no one who
read 3 it will ever suspect him i'f being a gen
tleman. The 1 !tters will explain themselves, and
perchance give our readers some idea of the
petty difficulties which a reform paper is like
ly to meet h ith at the hands of ignorant oi
prejudiced officials.
SOUTHINGTON, 22d Feb., 1847.
To the Editort nf the Vugte .-
As I meet with some considerable difficul
ty in obtaining my paper from the office in
this place, I wish yon to send il in future to
Faruiington, Trumbull Co. Should any of
my papers be returned with the assertion that
they aro nut taken from tho office, you will
disregard it, and send us above.
PETER FALES.
SOUTHINGTON, O., Feb. 25, 1847.
1ili-Sinrery liable
The Bugle sent here to P, tcr Falus is n t
taken out am not informed of the reason,
presume ha djes not think il worth the post
age. Also, that sent to Chester Allen remains
in the office, I doubt not for the same reason,
as he hts never paid the first cent of postage
on it.
Hope you will attend to thrm.and not ex
pect me to pay for them, as Allen's postage
enough for ma to invest in the 1) l's con
tingent fund.
J. HATCH, Postmaster.
We have drawn largely-upon Cor
win's speech on the "Three Million Dill,"
for we thought our readers would be interest
ed in it. It is certainly an important docu
ment important, not so much becausa of the
truths it declares, for most of them are not
new to the people, but because of the effect
it will have upon the polities and parties of
the country. The position taken by the ex
Governor and Senator from Ohio is very fir
in advance of that occupied by his parly. It
will, however, be no difficult task for most
of the Northern Whigs to move forward to
the point where he stands. The events of
the last year have been preparing the way for
such movement the public mind instead of
being shocked at what a twelvemonth since
it would have denounced as unpatriotic and
even traitorous, receives it calmly, and seems
lialf disposed to believe. Wo hail with joy
every effort, the tendency of which is to ob
literate party lines and weaken party fetters
which goes to destroy the unity of cither
political organization; and this, we think,
Corwiu's speech is calculated to do.
Gradual Abolition in Delaware. -The
Delaware House of Representatives has pas
sed a bill for tho gradual abolition of slavery
in that State, and expectations are confident
ly expressed that the Senato w ill concur in it.
This is far better than no Fetion, though a
gradual return to justice is not exactly the
best thing that can be done. If a man will
not immediately cease robbing his neighbor's
granery of wheat, the stealing of a pint loss
every night will by and bye very much re
duce the losses of the plundered man, and
eventually destroy tho business of the thief.
Congress adjourned on Wednesday.
Washington has been called the national bear
garden, but if the following description of it
be true, as givon in a recent debate by West
cott, a Democratic Senator from Florida, the
American government, the same which exists
by virtue ol the American Union, is certain
ly one of the vilest combinations earth was
ever cursed with, and from which every man
who regards his character should flee as Lot
fled from Sodom.
" Sir, the people of these United States
have no idea of the gross, feculent, festering
corruption that exists here ; they have no
conception of it. Great sensation and close
attention. Sir, if the people of the United
Stales supposed there was a twentieth part
of the rottenness and corruption that 13 to be
found hero in this cily of Washington, they
would in twenty-four hours assemble here
and pitch the whole government, the Presi
dent, Heads of Departments, both Houses of
Congress, all, into the Potomac, and set up
u better, and they would do right. Much
merriment and sensation."
The Wilmot Proviso.
We have not received any intelligence of
the definite action of the Senate in regard to
this mutter. Calhoun opposed its adoption
in a brief and strong speech strong, not so
much in argument, as in the avowal of a de
termination not to submit to such aci ion as
that contemplated by tho Proviso. We will
perhaps give tome of li is remarks next week.
He concluded by offering the following reso
lutions for the consideration of tho Senate.
flcsolvcd. That the Territories of the Uni
ted States belong to the several States com
prising this Union, and are held by theiu as
their joint and common property.
Jiesuhed, That Congress, as the joint agent
and representative of the United States of
this Union, has no right to make any law or
do any act whatever tout shall directly, or by
its effects, make any discrimination between
the States of this Union, by which any of
them shall be deprived of its full and equal
right in any territory of the United States ac
quired, or to be acquired.
Jtctulied, That the enactment of any law
that should dire-tly or by its effects, deprive
the citizens of anv of the Slates of this Un
ion from emigrating with their property into
any of tho Territories of the United States,
would make such discrimination, and would,
therefore, be n violation of the Constitution
and rights ol the States Irom which such cit
izens emigrated, and in derogation of that
perfect rqnnlily which belongs to them ns
members of this Union, and would tend di
rectly to subvert the Union itself.
Jlonlvcd, That it is a fundamental princi
ple in our political creed, that a people in
forming a Constitution have the mieondition-
al right to form and adopt the Government
which they may think best calculated to se-
cure their liberty, prosperity and happiness,
end that in conformity thereto no other con-
dition is imposed by the Federal Constitu-,
lion on n Statu in order to be admitted into
this Union, except that its constitution si all
be republican, and that the imposition of any
other by Congress would not only he in vio-
latioti of the Constitution, but directly con-
flicl ith the principle on which our political
system rests.
Resolutions of the Hudson Liberty Party
Convention.
" TtesnUn d. That in (he Declaration of
American Independence, we recognize mi
enlightened, practical and tafu basts of civil
Liberty.
2. That when the principles of that in
strument are adapted throughout the United
States, not as abstract political dogmas, to
bo professed merely, hut as practical law, to
be administered to the entire people, thegrcnt
object of the Liberty party organization will
hive been f.ihy accumpliilicd, and not until
then.
3. Tint although truth constrains us to
admit that oer fathers in their uction on the
subject of Slavery, did not come up to the
line of their principles or prnlessinns, yet we
cherish their memory with filial and affec
tionate reverence for the political truth they
proclaimed, and for the progress they made
in the cause of civil liberty! and that we are
sternly resolved to take up that causo where
they left it, and as far as in us lies, to do
what they le ft undone, and to complete the
great woik which they began, by striking
the last fetter from the jast slave w ho treads
the soil of our beloved country."
This is singing another sons- The mem
bers of that party have of late felt it to be
their ever present duty to vindicate tho cha
racter of the U. S. Constitution, and declare
that the principles it embodies would, if
practically adopted, destroy slavery. We
are glad to see by the resolutions above quoted
that they have adopted an important amend
ment in their usual form of expression, sub
stituting for "Constitution of the United
States," "Declaration of American Inde
pendence." This makes tho first resolution
reasonable and truthful ; this also is the cha
racter of their declaration that the fathers, in
their action on slavery, did not come up to
the line of their principles or professions.
We really have some hope that after a while
they will admit tho Constitution to be pro
slavery, and that being such no abolitionist
can support it.
The State of Florida has repudiated its late
motto, ' Let us alone,' and substituted, 4 In
God is our trust.'
Its present motto is a palpable lie, unlcsB
the people of that State are such incorrigible
fools ns to trust in God while serving the
Devil to the best of their abilities.
West Winfield Fair.
Under this caption an interesting letter
will be found in the last A. S. Standard from
J. C. Hathaway, of New York, under date
of February 10th. Here is an extract that
we think will bo interesting to our readers.
The anti-slavery women held a Fair here
last year, at which they raised in one eve
ning, by their own unaided efforts, the snug
little sum of sixty dollars. Thi3 year they
somewhat enlarged their operations, but two
of their number being confined by severe sick
ness lor many weeks, put them back consi
derably ; they, however, struggled on deter
mined to do their best, and tnrce days ago
their hearts were cheered and their hands
strengthened by the reception of a box of
beautiful things from the pioneer women of
Huston. Never was anything moro oppor
tune. How much their value was enhanced
by coming jus in Iha right time. The Fair
is in the large upper hull of our friend L. G.
Thomas, who is the keeper of a Temperance
House in this place, which does honor both
to the keeper and the teiuperanoe cause. I
have not been able to visit the hall, bnt have
been informed by Charles Rcmond (who is
certainly a good judge,) and several others,
that it is trimmed in the most exquisite man
ner the tables beautifully arranged, and the
variety and beauty of the articles entirely be
yond description. Every thing was in per
fect keeping. The Fair opened at one o'
clock this afternoon, all eyes beaming with
delight and all hearts beating with joy. Thfl
flag is floating gracefully in the air, the day
as fine as the heart could wish, tho sleighinir
superb, and everything promising.
Evening. They did a fair business in the
afternoon, and now the people aro pouring in
from all quarters, from the surrounding neigh
borhoods. Al an early hour the ball is filled
all is joy and rejoicing. The blessed hour
of fruition is at hand j now the good women,
blessings on litem, are repaid for ull their
toil.
7 3-4 o'clock.
TERRIBLE CRASH!! THE HALL HAS
GIVEN WAY! NO LIVES LOST!
A messenger has this moment arrived, in
forming me that two-thirds of the floor of the
hall has just given way, and that me,,, wo
men and children, tables, and all their beau
tiful contents, all went down in one confused
mass. It was all tho work of a moment the
terrible crash of the timbers the bursting of
the campbeno lamps the smoke and "tho
screams of many voices, all conspired to ren
der the Rcene fearful and terrific. That part
of tho floor which gave way was over the
shed, which was filled with sleighs and
horses, and the side which gave way was to
ward the street, so that all went down on an
inclined plane into the sleighs and snow, all
piled up together. The only wonder is that
many lives were not lost. Laura Turner
was lite most injured no bones broken or
dislocated, but severely bruised and in a help
Its condition. One woman was bereft of
j
j
!
j
;
;
,
tipr senses by a sevcro blow upon the head
added to her fright. Somo had arms some
limbs some faces some beads some other
parts nf ibe body more or less bruised, but
only three or four seriously.
All tho tables Containing the dry foods
and fancy articles were in that part of tho
hall which gave way and delicately w rought
card-baskets, and beautiful needle-work, and
rich embroidery and the thousand number
less articles of exquisite workmanship wero
indiscriminately trampled under foot. Those
in the hall above found themselves uncon
sciously clinging to each other without re
gard to age, condition, se., or color, while
topmost of those below were relieving, as
fast as they could, the prostrate mass of Im
munity beneath them. One good old man, in
his fricrhtaiid haste, fill backwards headfore
most into a large watering tub of water, but
was extricated without any Injury savo ine
ducking. The universal question was, "are
you hart? are you hurt? are you hu rt!"
To this question one young lady responded,
"I have lost my shoe," "aro you hurt?"
"I can't find my shoe " " are you hen ? "
" Don't talk to me now, for I tell J on I have
lost my shoe, and can't find it." Thus will
the ludicrous and laughable oftimcs intrude
itself upon tlip serious and solemn. One lit
tle bright-eyed, fair-haired boy, ns soon as bo
was released, jumped up scratching bis head,
which bad rcc. ived a very severe bump, say
ing, " I don't care, it didn't hurt mo any, but
I want my cap." On man caught by the
window-nil as the fi lor receded, and hung
there in s.ifety until relievid.
The most melancholy part of tho whole af
fair is tin tact, that the out-dour gentry im
mediately rushed t:i the scene of action, and
nmid the goner, il confusion bore off nearly all
the money which had been taken, which lay
upon the tables in purses and hag-', and came
down nmid the common wreck i.nd also car
ried oil' more than half the goods. It ought
not perhaps to be wondered at. that in a com
munity where the teachers of t'.is people make
A merit of fobbing those who stand up in be
half of the perishing bondman, of their good
mine and character, and at the same timu
fellowship those w ho enslave our own father's
children, that some of the citizens should not
scriifle to rob, even under the most aggra
vating circumstances, the slave's friends
circumstances that would have secured the
sympathy of the common pirate, and the aid
of the common highwayman.
At a safe calculation, if nothing bad oc
curred to interrupt the progress of the Fair,
from $300 to $300 would have been realized.
lllh. The wounded are all doing well.
It is a sublime sh;ht to see boa- heroically
these women stand up under their misfor
tunes. The fragments of the wreck have
been overhauled same washed some iron
ed some cleaned, and others straightened
and " put to rights," and they are going on
as bravely as though nothing had happened ;
and have also expressed their determination
to Lave a Fair next year, even better than this
promised to be. A subscription was com
menced yesterday for a bed-quilt, worth $8,00
to be presented to Abby Kelley Foster and
more than $5.00 subscribed and paid in, but
the paper and money fell into the hands of
the freebooters, and already a new subscrip
tion is opened for the same purpose. The
only fear is, that as the news of tho disaster
has spread far and wido with groat raniditv.
that the people will nut come in to-day, un
der the impression that tho l air is closed.
Truly and faithfully,
J. C. HATHAWAY.
Corrected Report of Mr. Cilley's Remarks
in the Senate.
Mr. Cii.i.ev's resolution, requesting the
President to withdraw the army from Mexico,
neingunuer consider ilton, Mr. C. addressed
the Senate as follows :
Mr. President : I have many reasons for
introducing the resolution; and I will, as
tirieily as possible, st ile some of them. Sir,
we are at war with Mexico. As to tl e man
ner in which we got into that war, I shall not
now undertake to inquire; but I will stale
that I think the war unnecessary and unjust,
and all wrong. If Mexico had wronged us,
wo should have forborne. There wasno ne
cessity for hurrying into a fight for very small
causes. The President proposes a vigorous
prosecution of the war, for procuring an ho
norable peaco; yet it seems that peace is no
nearer than it was at the commencement of
hostilities Sir, how nre we to get peace
Tho President says wo mnst "conquer a
peace." How shall we do it t The tiking
possession of her territory will not give us
peace. We may keep a military force in the
Mexican territory for a long time without ob
taining peace. We cannot get a peace with
out negotiation. Well, sir, why not bring
our army out of her unhealthy climate, into
our own country, w here we can reinforce, or
ganize, and discipline the army, and have
some plan of operation that will be efficient,
instead of scattering our forces ull along tho
frontier from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pa
cific ocean. Sir, it costs too much lo prose
cute the war in this way ; and what is the
eliccl? We are expending a large sum of
money in the purchase of Mexican produce,
paying them high prices for all that is want
ed for our army, enriching hoi citizens in a
large extent of country. Is this the way to
obtain peace 1 1 think not, sir. The com
manding general lias said that be considers
it impracticable to proceed to Mexico by the
way of San Luis Potosi. Sir, if ibis is the
case, why not withdraw the army, and make
ample preparation to carry out our plans, il"
we have any 1 The Senator from Ohio, in
the proposition which he submitted lo the
Senate, I believe, intimates a desire that large
reinforcements should bo raised and forward
ed immediately, for the prosecution of the
war; hut the great objection which rests up
on my mind in regard to this tudden increase
of the army was, that lh troops thus hastily
raised must necessarily be undisciplined and
inexperienced ; and if ihey were enlisted with
the utmost despatch, they could not be con
centrated upon the field of military operations
before the commencement of Ilia sickly sea
son. Will you send them into Mexico lo
contend with their deadly climate, and sac
rifice our soldiers to no purpose! I think
my plan better, tu withu raw our forces to
some healthy pb.ee within the boundaries ol
the United States, where the subsistence of
the army could be more readily obtained, and
then if it is necessary, to increase the army lo
any desirable extent, to have the soldiers
w;ell drilled, let them become inured to ser
vice, so that when a blow is to be struck, il
may be such a blow as would have tho de
sired effect. What object is intended to be
effected by this war, I have yet lo learn; but
ll it is only io obtain a peace honorable to
j
!
both countries, 1 think that can bo obtained
ns well with our army in our own country,
lintil we can have lime to have them proper
ly organized and drilled, and hav .omo
plan er operation. Sir.it appears that this
war is not to be a short one it will be a pro
tracted war; ami why peril the lives of our
men. why sacrifice our gallant little army, by
obliging them to light against superior force
as to numbers in strongly fortified towns 1
1 am not for any such hair-breadth escapes as
at tie battle of Monterey, where General
lay or tells you that it was wonderful that
he should have succeeded ; and 1 omnider it
almost a miracle that he did succeed a-aii.-t
such odds. And what would have bee", the
consequence bad he not succeeded! Who
would r ought to have borne il,B blame,
General I.iylur. r .i,., ,d., !,-.;., i i
believe he tfilsyou it Was nol his plan, but
that be did it lu sustain the Administration.
11 era Cruz is to be occupied in urder lo
march lo the ehy of Mexico, you must have
at least 50,0MU men. No prudent general
would undertake to cc
uuuiuer t!i ritv nl' M..v.
ITIl U I li.c. .1. ... .-i, r-
I OS III, III Oll.llllll
.8,r y'U collect lhat number of
newly levied forces, and send iheiu into Tain
pico, or any other place in the Mexican tcr-
... .. " .liH lit llll.ll
rilory, to he drilled and disciplined ! F
they must be disciplined before lin y w ill L
or
Le-
come euicient lo contend with i, black vom
it, or the ye low fever. Or do you think thai
men are soldiers as soon as they enlist ? A
dluVrt'l;l l" u once prevailed. Sir, il will
be a new business to the men, an I also new
to the officer, ll requires some little lime U
becoaio accustomed to the camp, as well as
lo learn the duty uf a soldier. Sir, the Sen
ator Irom Michigan yesterday avowed the
opinion tli.it ,t was unconstitutional for Con
gress to direct the President as to tho course
w hich he should pursue in the prosecution of
tho war; that the only duty of Concress was
to provide li mi the means be te-ked lor, in the
way he should desire it; and ho ahum had a
right to direct ihe oneralions of th- in
the way he thought proper. 1 differ Irom the
oeiiii or in mis opinion. 1 think that it is
clearly our duty to deliberate unon the mil..
ject, ac.d to propose such measures as we m iv
ueein arlvtsnhle. H we believe those who
have cha ge of the war aro going wrong, it is
our duty to propose a better plan. Sir, have
we not a rwl-t lo think unon this awful kiiIi.
ject of w.r 1 Have we iiothin.r to do but to
vote r!! ine men and money that the Presi
dent tells us he wants, wiihoul inin.ir':r..r ...
to the matter, because that war exists, or, as
Ibe Senator from Michigan said, that it was
all summed up in one short word, und that
word was war; and thai we had no constitu
tional right to do anything, but to do all that
the President may requiie, and make him re
sponsible, thereby clearing ourselves of all
iho responsibility! Is that all that is ex
pected of us by those who sent us here! 1
differ from the honorable Senator in this opin
ion. I for one, am willing to be held re
sponsible Tcr a
i.11 subjects.
my votes in this body, on
The honorable Senator from New York
the other day had staled that we were in
possession of two-thirds of the Mexican ter
ritory, and one-tenth of her population.
What are we to do with this territory ! Aro
we to annex il to ibis Union, and obliiro that
population to send delegates to this Senate,
and to be subject lo our laws by compulsion
On republic compcUino anottier to adopt her
form of government : is that agreeable to our
free principles ! Or shall we drive them
of the territory that we have conquered or an
nihilate them ! What can be done with Ibe
territory under our form of government !
admit, sir, for the sake of argument, that the
people residing in that territory were w illing
to come into our Union, and we should make
a treaty with Mexico; to that effect it comes
in as Texas was brought into the Union,
by treaty. Sir, could a treaty of that kind
be ratified by this Senate, or could it now be
brought into this Union by resolution!
Would a dispule arise, whether it should
free or slave territory! No, sir; the lime
lias gone by for admitting any more slave
territory into this Union. It caunol be done.
If admitted, il would bo a bone of conten
tion that would divide the Union.
Sir, 1 think we are in a bad condition.
We are in a war with Mexico; we are in
possession of a large portion of her territory.
How are we to extricate ourselves from this
war, which lias already cost us so much blood
and treasure, and bids fair to cost us a great
deal more! How long this war is to con
tinue, God only knows. Sir, 1 think, hy
w ithdraw ing the army, and, if necessary, by
reinforcing il ; and then, when Mexico sees
hat we have a force that would look down
all opposition, she would be willing to treat
fur peace. I think we can obtain a treaty
much sooner in this way, and with less cost
cf blood and treasure, than attempting lo put
forward an iuexperieuced army into llieir un
healthy country. Sir, if we are lo hold on to
this territory that our army now has posses
sion of, it will lake a large army to garrison
so long a line of frontier, and keep the com
munication open with our own country.
say, sir, it will take a large army to do this,
w hich w ill be in addition to the army that is
,, ... ....... ,..
pc.ee, as the President le Is us w e must do.
And, sir, li we must fight before Mexico will
treat, 1 am disposed to strike at the head, and
ot the limbs go. I hope anything lhat I
have said will not be considered as render-
my uiu iu mti eiieiuv. 'or uiai is not iiijt ww-
sire, i iook to our own coinioru
From the National Era.
Alexander Pushkin.
un the ."Dili ol the 1st mcntn, 1NJ7, in one
of the stately mansions of the Northern Cap-
ilal, on the banks of the Neva, a great man
lay dying. The rooms which led to the
chamber of suffering were thronged with the
wealthy, the titled, llie. gifted of St. Peters
hurg, anxiously inquiring after the condition
of the sufferer. A'exander Pushkin the poet
and historian, t ie favorite alike of Empe
ror and people stricken in a fatal duel two
days before, lay waiting for bis summons
the world of spirits, And w ben, at last, tho
weeping Jukovski, himself only second
Pushkin as a pool, announced to the anxious
c owd in attendance, that his friend was
more, prince and pf.isant bowed their heads
in Sorrow. The cold heart of tho North was
lunched with iho pang of a great bereave-
nifJiit. The poet of Russia, the only man
the age who could wear with honor the man-
lies of Derzhavin and K iramsin, bad passed
beneath that shadow, " the light whereof is
darkness."
Now, who was Alexander Pushkin! Can
it be possible that this man, so wonderfully
gifted, so honored, so lamented, was a color
ed man a negro! Such, it sjciuss is Iho
,
I
!
I
or
fact, incredible as it nmy appear to the Ame-
rican reader. His maternal grandfather was
a ppgro, named Anuibal, who w as patronized
by the Czar, and became an oflieer in tho
marine service. Of bis African origin
Pushkin bore in his personal appearand!
and mental characlerisiics, the most unequivo
cal marks. An article in lllaekwoed, lor the
Gtli month, 1815, describes him as follows:
I "The closely curled wiry hair, the mobile
and irregular features, ihu darkness of the
coinpltxion, ull betrayed bis African descent,
and served as an appropriate luttidu to bis
character."
i At an early bjp, Pushkin became a pupil
in the Imperial Lyceum, then recently -slab-
lisbed nnd richly endowed by Alexander.
i While here, the young man. alter leciiimr
"(' '' nis ph-'ci. " " public occasion, was
l""nounced a pott by the aged Derzhavin, the
Mul'"'r "' l!at sublime de to the Supreme,
w l,ipn 1,38 n0 "I""' "f the Hook of Hooks,
" '"aving the Lyceum, in 117, be was nt-
laeiicn io ine .Ministry ol foreign Allairs.
W bile in this honorable position, be publish-
ed his f.rst poem, which innnedialc ly allain-
eu a liigli degree ol popularity, lie now be
came a traveler, visiling ull ibe rominlic rc
linns of the vast empire. His principal o
etir work, "E'genii O.ieigin," is said to be
tho fullest and inosl roinplule embodiment
that exists in liussian literature of ibe nation
ality nf the country. His small poems ami
brief stories or novelettes w ere published in
several volumes in rapid succession. His
tragedy of Hri (imlunoif is spoken of by
tho writer in Hlaekwoid, whom we have
quoted, us belonging to toe hiohct order (
draiio'lic linrature. He had just finished hit
hi.-tory of Peter the Great, w hen be became
involved in the quarrel which rendlcd io bis
death, at the age of lhiriy-i i:;lit.
Ho was not ashamed ol bis negro ancestor.
On the contrary, be saeins to hate been proud
ot nis descent. It" lias consecrated moro
than one of bis smaller poous to the memo
ry of the black sea captain, and his works
contain frequent allusions to his African
blood.
We have alluded to this remarkable man
for the purpose of exposing the utter lolly and
injustice of the common prejudice asrainit the
colored race in this country. It is a preju
dice wholly incompatible with enlightened
republicanism and true Christianity. It dc
gradfs the possessor as well ns its victim.
With our feet on the neck of the black man.
we iuvii taunted liiui with bis inferiority;
shutting him out from school and college, we
have nenied Ins capacity for Intellectual pro
gress ; spurning him from the meeting bouse
and church communion, we have reproached
mm as vicious, and ineapalile ol moral eleva
tion. What is this, in fact, but the common
subterfuge of tyranny, seeking an excuse for
its oppression by lual i erniner its unhappy ob
jects, and making the consequences of its
ow n cruelty upon litem an apology for its
continuance! With such examnles of the
intellectual capacity of the colored man ss
are afforded by L'Overture. and Potion, of
Hayti; Dumas, ot t ranee ; Pushkin, of I!us-
sia ; and Placido, the slave poet and martyr
oi Liioa, to say noniing ol such men as James
Mel; line Smith, rredcrick Douglass, Henry
11. Garnelt, and Henry Bibb, in our own
country, it is scarcely in good taste for while
mediocrity to taunt the colored man with na
tural inferiority. Do not Toussaint's deeds
for freedom, and Pushkin's songs of a great
nation, waken within all hearts the sympa
thies of a common nature!
"There spoke our brother!
father's grave
There
Did utter forth a voice ! "
In the colored man's follies and crimes,
his loves and hatred s his virtues and weak
nesses, we but recognize our common hu
manity, and realize the truth of tho inspired
Apostle's language " Gun hath made ok
ONE BLOOD ALL THE 111 NEHATIONS OK SIKX."
Kidnapper.
1
(
:
f
,
One George Hockley lias been arrested for
kidnapping in Ibis city. He took a colored
boy from the city and carried him over into
Kentucky to sell bim. The boy was brought
back, however. White authority will be
brought sufficient lo convict him, and care
will be taken lhat be does nol escape by a
quibble as he did once before.
He was examined before the Mayor, yes
terday afternoon, and held lo bail in the sum
of 500. Wo w ill give some of lite partic
ulars of the case soon. (in. Herald.
fj7"The kidnapping case which we men
tioned yesterday was in this wise.
David Read, iho boy at auction was an or
phan who had been placed by the Matron of
the Colored Orphan Asylum at Mrs. Holmes.'
Some two weeks ago the boy was at the
river fishing at the foot of Elm street. Hack
lev came up to him in a boat, and gellingout
of it, askod David to get into it and hand bim
an umbrella. David did so, and Oucktey got
in after bim, pushed off and w ent some forty
miles down the river, where he larded and
gave the boy in charge of a female accom
plice while be w ent oul lo try to sell him
muanline the hoy got loose and was taken up
)V a gentlemen to whom ho told Ins story.
T,m Ut.man CJ1e , ma(Je
ri(.s 6wpnt gpnt fUe , am,
KvrUvy arresleij. T,u.rsday, as we have
.tated. tho examination being had, he was
,lclJ ,Q baj, ,0 au a( u f fc
(.q(J. 6
Slavery and Columbian College.
The communication which we publish be
low, is from an authentic source, and speaks
lor nseu. e nave Here another addition to
! that sentence of condemnation which, in the
view of the civilized and Christian world,
, American slavery is writing against itself,
, and which must one day consign it forever to
the deep pit which its own hands are fast
digging-
Washington, Jan. 24, 1837.
to
to
of
Messrs. Editors. It probably has reach
ed you through the press, that in Columbian
College there h is been great excileinoul for
the last few days. It arose from slavery,
and truly may wh say, this is the mother of
evils and calamities wherever it exists. As
this aff.ir will bo spoken of, written upon, in
a p.ins of the country, It may be well to
state the facts, and allo w t'ae community to
judge a- they think proper. Capt. Ilaynes,
the slewart of Columbian College, brought
servants w ith him from Virginia some two or
3 years since. In the District ot Columbia,
(here is a law which binds every master to
register his servants. A violation of this
law subjects the master lo tevure penally.
Besides this, after a year and a day, thu ser
vants become legally free.
Thii fact became Known to two of Capl.
IL's servants,' (prtb,ibly through lb black
of the ciiy,) and they, ltd and directed b
the native elernrnls of their own minds.
sought aid in the city. One succeeded, and
had even obtained his free papers. The oth
er failed, and consequently llireiv himself up
on the sympathies of northern students. To
one and another lie went, and at last, to Hen
ry J. Arnold, of Cbarlestown, Mass. and
member of the Junior Class. He, feeling
assured lhat this cervant was legally free,
gave him about $1 1, enclosed in n n.'tp, say
ing, that this was done from pure and honest
motives, nnd hopcj no unnecessary disclo
sure would be made.
The fact that these servants were strfviny
for what belonged to lliem, became known
to Cap). H., who immediately look them
away mcrct.'y tho night of Ibe I lllh. Within
two miles ol the city, one of the servants be
coming alarmed at bis cutdition, unfolded
the whole matter, and told who gave him the
mouey. This was enough. The matter was
communicated to the faculty on Monday.
The Southern Mudenls (hereupon declared
they would leave, unless Arnold left the Col
lege. Mr. A. was immediately examined
by the Faculty, who compelled him to leave
al an tally l.our. -CUritlian Itrjltelur, Hap
...) .....I...... I.I....1 B
Receipts.
E. Eld ridge, Salem, fO,C2-lCO
J. Miller. Mahoning, 2nd co. 75 84
11. N. Ely, Parkman, 1.0087 .
Jona. Chew, Urooklicld, 1,50 80
S. C.ir.r.. Noill. field, 1,00-110
D. Schofield, Salem, lis 73
.1. Stacy, Lowellvilie, 1.50-110
Dr. J. lL.tl.-r, " 2,00 C9
J. Miller, Mortville, 1,(0-124
W. Kaddirr, Ilnmbdcn, !,50-13t
N. Card. Dei rfield, 3,00-104
IL G. Porter, Hundvsburgh, 1,50-101
J. F. Kynetl, SO 70
J. H. I'lell.i lll, 1,00 7C
J. A. Lepper, " 1.50-1 l'J
E. A. Li kens. New Garden, 6.00-173
J. dales, Liieaville, 2,5086
J. II. Day, 1,50-104
Wm. Grey, 75 26
J. II. Ware, 1,50 03
W". Urownell, liichfielif, 75-108
G. Adams, " 75 U5
L. Esiy, 3775
Paul C. Parker, 75-108
T. C. Ellsworth, " 1,50-111
11. L. Hangs, " 5073
11. It. Pomeroy, 60-138
E. Clark, Twinsburg, 1.85-152
V. II irman, Uandoli h, 1st. co. 1.50-101
S. H. Case, " 1,0097
C. D. Carlton, 74 91
The agent at Lowellvilie sent us 91,50
for Win. Heady there is no Wm. Ready
whom we send to at that office. To whose
credit shall il be placed !
f3 Please take notice, that in the ac
knowledgement of subscription money for the
Huglc, not only is ibe amount received pla
ced opposite tiie subscribers name, but also
the number cf the paper to which he has
paid, and w hich will be found in the vuitidt
column of figures.
g'JL'J Ji.g."! ' L'.i1.'.1 ... .. ... 1
CHEAP COOPS!
THE subscriber has on hand the following
Goods, viz : Plain dark Calicoes of different
qualities and prices, small fig. Mous.de lain,
all wool, Mous. do lain, 'J hi bit and drab
Shawls, white silk dress Shawls of different
sizes, Merinos, Coburgs, Flannels, Ginsies,
Plain striped nnd cross barred Can.bricks,
Hook Muslin and Hook Muslin h'dk'fs, Fur
niture and Apron checks, Ginghams, Tick
ings, Satlinetts, Caesimercs, Cloths, &c.
ALSO, Free Goods, such as Ginghams,
Calicoes, Muslins, Table diaper and Aprou
checks. All of which are offered for sal
very low for (.VuA or Produce.
c. r;. BASSETT.
A few doors West of the Bank.
Salem, 3d mo. 5th, 18-17.
Anti-Slavery Hooks
Kept constantly on hand by J. Elizabeth
Jones, among which are
Narrative of Douglass.
Arcliy Moore.
The Libei ly Cap.
Frothe rhnod of Thieves.
Slave holder's Religion.
Disui.ionisl, &c
WAVi'ED,
1000 bushel dried Apples,
10(1,000 lbs. Pork,
50,000 lbs. Lard,
10 or 1 good Horses.
II EATON & IRISH.
Dec. 29tb, 181C.
THE SALEM UO0K-ST0UE
Has changed hands, nnd the New Firm
having made considerable additions to tho
old stock, respectfully solicit the patronage
of tire old customers and llie public. They
aro constantly receiving
SUPPLIES FROM THE EAST,
of Books and Stationary, and Articles ia
their line not en band will be ordered ou
short notice.
They will try lo keep such an assortment
and sell on such terms, as that no one need
have an exevsc for not reading.
Schools and Mere-hauls supplied on liberal
terms.
GALHHEATH HOLMES.
D. L. Galdkcatii, )
Jl-ssk Holmes, )
Salem, 1st mo. 28th, 1S1G.
WATER (THE.
DR. J. D. COPE
Has just completed an addition to bis Watpr
Cure Establishment in Salein. He is now
prepared lo secure to an increased number
of patients the full advantages of the Hydro-
piiu.e practice.
Salem, Dec. IS 10.
C. DONALDSON & CO.
WHOLESALE & RKTAIL HARQWARC MERCHANTS
Keep constantly on hand a general assortment
of HARDWARE and CUTLERY.
No. 16 main sr. Cincinnati.
July 17, '40-

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