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SALCM, CCLlirBIViA CO., CHID. JAMKS HAUXAHV, Jr., General .1g,nt. Jii:J M! S. JONES, ) J. ELIZAUETIl JUNi:.S, ,',"ToR- PrBI.ISIIItQ Co.mmittke : Samuel Hronko, .l.iiiio llirn.iby, Jr., David L. Galbreath, Lot Holmes. Speech of Frederick Douglass, THE FUGITIVE SLAVE, At the Anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society in the Tabernacle, on Tuesday morning, May 11, 1847. [REPORTED FOR THE TRIBUNE.] Mr. Dm'olass was inlrodnccd to tlio audi ence by Wii L l.o yd Gakkison, Esq., Piesi dent of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and, upon taking1 the platform, was greeted with enthusiastic and long-continued applause ly the vast concourse which filled tlio spa cious Talicrnacle to overflowing. As soon as the audience became silent, Mr. I). Willi, ;it first, a slight degree of embarrassment, ad dressed them as follows: I am very glad to he here. I n rri very glad to he present at this Anuivorsaiy, glad again to mingle my voice with those with whom 1 liavo t-tood identified, with those with whom I have labored, for tlio hist seven je-irs, for the purpose of undoing tlie burdens of my brethren anJ hastening the day of their eman cipation. 1 do not doubt but that a large portion cf this audience will be disappoiir.cd, both by the manner and the mn'tcrcf what 1 shall this day set forth. The extraordinary and un merited eulogies which have ltpcn showered Upon me, here and elsewhere, have done much to create expectations which, I am well aware, I can never hope to gratify. I am not here to please you with an eloquent speech, with a refined and logical address, but to spjak to you the sober truths of a heart over borne with gratitude to God that wc liavo in this land, cursed as it is with Slavery, so no blo a band to second my efforts and tlie i (Torts of others in the noble work of undoing the Yoke of Domingo, w ith which the majority of the States of this Union are now so un fortunately cursed . Since the last timo I bad the pleasure of mingling my voice with tho voices of my friends on this platform, many interesting and even trying events have occurred to me. 1 have experienced, within tlie last eighteen or twenty months, many incidents, all of which it would be interesting to communi cate to you ; but many of these I shall be compelled to pass over at this time, and con fine my remarks to giving a general outline of the manner and spirit with which I have been hailed abroad, and welcomed at the dif ferent places which 1 have visited during tny absence of twenty months. You are aware, doubtless, that my object in going from this country was to get beyond the reach of the clutch of the mau wbonfaim ed to own me as bis property. 1 had writ ten a book giving a history of that portion of my life spent in the gall and bitterness and degradation of .Slaver', and in which I also identified my oppressors as the perpetrators of some of the most atrocious crimes. 'I'll is bad deeply incensed them against tne, and stirred up within them the purposo of re venge, and, my whereabouts lining known, 1 believed it necessary for me, if 1 would preserve- my liberty, to leave the shores of Ame rica and take up my abode in some other I ind, iit least until the excitement occasioned by the publicati:n of my Narrative bad sub sided. I went to England, Monarchical England, lo get rid of Demo'Titic .Slavery ; and 1 must confess that, at the veiy threshold I was satisfied that 1 bad gone to the right place, S ly what you will of England of the degradation of the poverty and there is much of it there say what you will of the oppression and suffering going on in England nt this time thero is Liberty there, there is Freedom thero, not only for the w hite man, but for the black man also. The instant that I stepped upon the shore and looked into the faces of the crowd around tne, 1 saw in eve ry man a recognition of my manhood, and an absence, a perfect absence, of everything like that disgusting bate with which we are pur sued in this country. Cheers. I looked around in vain to see in any man's face a token of the slightest aversion to me on ac count of my complexion. Even the c.ibmen demeaned themselves to rue as they did to other men, and the very dags and pigs of old England treated me as a man ! 1 cannot, however, my friends, dwell upon this anti Prejudice or rather the many illustrations of the absence of Prejudice against Color in England, but will proceed at once, to defe nd tie Highland Duly of invoking English aid and English sympathy for tho overthrow of American Slavery, tor the education ot Co lored Americans, and to forwaid, in every way, the interests of humanity ; inasmuch as the right of appealing to England for aid in overthrowing Slavery in this country has been called in question, in public meetings, and by the press, in this City. J cannot agree wilh my friend Mr. Garri son in relation to my love and attachment to this land. 1 have no love for America, as such ; 1 have no patriotism. 1 have no coun try. What country have 1 ? Tlie Institu tions of this Country do not know me do not recognize measamun. 1 am not thought of, spoken of, out of the Anti-Slavery ranks, at a man. 1 am not thought of or spoken of, except as a piece of property belonging to some Christian Slaveholder, and all the Re ligious and Political Institutions of this Country alike pronounce me a Slave and a Chattel. Now, in such a country as this, I pannot have patriotism. The only thing that links mo to this land is my family, and the painful consciousness that hero there tiro 3,0011,000 of my fellow creatures groaning beneath the iron rod of the worst despotism that could be devised even in Pandemonium that here are men and brethren who nro identified wilh me by their complexion, iden tified with me by their hatred of Slavery, identified with me by their love and aspira tions for Liberty, identified w ith me by the stripes upon their hacks, their inhuman wrongs and cruel sufferings. This, and this only, attaches me to this land, and brings me here with you, and with this country at large, for the disenlhrallinent of my oppressed coun trymen, and to overthrow this system of Sla very wliich is crushing them to the tarlli. VOL. 2.X0. 13. "Ay c.xuy with SALDI, OHIO, miDAY, MAY 2, IS J, si..ivi:iiui.ni:i:a:' WHOLE jNO. C. How e.m I love a country that dooms .T,00 ), (100 of tny brethren, some if ihot y own kindred, my own brothers, my mm sisters, who nrn now clanking the chains of Slavery upon tho plains of the South, whose warn blood is now making fat t!,,. soil of Mirvl md -..,i r a i a., i . . - . . uuv. .ji .1..,,, in,!, ever wnnse crushed spirits rolls lire dark shadow of Oppression, shutting nut i.nd extinguishing lorever the cheering r.,ys of Hint blight Sun of Liberty, lighted in the souls ofall Cod's children by the omnipotent hand of Deity itself! How can I, I say, love a country thus cursed, thus bedewed with the blood oftnv brethren? A Country, the Church of which, and the Co- vernment of which, and the Constitution of winch t,re in lavor f supporting ami perpe tuating this monstrous system of injustice and I lood 1 h ive not, I cannot have, any love for this country, as such. or for its Con stitution. I djsiro to s-o it overthrown as spielily as pos-iiblo and its Constitution shivered in a tlmus iii-J frigtnents, rather than liiul llus toul curse should continue to remain us now. Hisses ami rimers. In all this, my fiends, let inn make my self understood. 1 do not hate America as against England, or asrninst any other coun try or land. I love Humanity till over the globe. 1 am anxious to see l!ighteouness prevail in all direction. I am anxious to see Slavery overthrown here; but, 1 never appealed to Englishmen in a manner calcu lated to awaken feelings of hatred or disgust, or to infinite their prejudices toward Ameri ca as a nation, or in a mariner provocative of national jealousy or ill-will; but I always appealed to their conscience to tho higher and nobler feelings of the people of that coun try, to enlist them in this cause. 1 always appealed to their manhood, that which pre ceded their being Englishmen, (to quote an expression f'om my friend Phillips.) I ap pealed to them as men, and 1 bad a right to do so. They are men, and the Slave is a man, and we have a right to call upon till men to assist in bro iking bis bonds, let them be bora when and where they may. Hut it is asked. ' What good will this do ? ' or ' What good has it done?' Have you not irritated, have you not annoyed your Ame rican friends ami the American people rather than done tlx i i t good' 1 admit that we have irritated them. They desere to be irri tated. 1 am anxious to irritate the American people on this question. As it is- in physics, so in morals, there are cases which demand irritation and counter-irritation. The con science of the American public needs this irritation, and I would blin'tr it all over f mm center lu eircumfcrcncr, until it gives signs of a purer and a better life than it is now mani festing to the worlJ. 13 u t why expose the sins of one nation in the ryes of another I. Why atrempt to bring one people under the odium of another peo ple? There is much force in this question. admit that there are bins in almost every coantry which can behest removed by means confined exclusively to their locality. Hut such evils and such sins pre-snppose the ex istence of a moral power in their immediate locality sufficient to accomplish tlie work of renovation. Hut, where, pray, can W'p go to (ind moral power in this nation sufficient to overthrow Slavery ? To what institution, to what party shall we apply for aid? I s'y we admit that there are evils w hich can be best removed by influence confined to their immediate locality. Hut in regard to Ameri can Slavery it is not so. It is such a giant crime, so darkening to the soul, so blinding in its moral influence, o well calculated to blast and corrupt the humane principles of our nature, so well ad ipted to infuse its own accursed spirit into all around it, that the people among whom it exists have not the moral power to i b olish it. Shall we go to tlio Church fur this inlluenee? Wo have beard ils character described. Shall we. go Politicians or Political Parties'! Have they the moral power necessary to accomplish this mighty task? They have l.ot. What are they doing nt this moment 1 Voting sup plies for Slavery voting supplies for the ex tension, the stability, the perpetuation of Sla very in this land. What is the press doing ? The snne. The pulpit? Almost the same. I do not (latter myself that there is moral power in the land sufficient to overthrow Sla very, and 1 welcome the aid of England. And mat til l will eotne. I lie grow ing in tercourse between England and ibis country, by means of steam navigation, the relaxation of the protective system in various eonntiiis in Europe, gixa up an opportunity to bring in the aid, the moral anil Christian aid of those living on the other side of the Atlantic. We entreat our Hrilisb friends to continue to send their remonstrances across the deep against Slavery in this land. And these re moiiafranci s w ill have a powerful rlli et here. Sir, the Americans may tell of their ability and I have no doubt they have it to keep back tho invader's hosts, to repulse the strong est force that its enemies may send against this country. It may boast, and righlly boast of its capacity to build its ramparts so high that no foe can hope to scale them to render them so impregnable as to defy the assaults of the world. Hut, Sir, there is one tiling it cannot resist, come from what quarter it may. It cannot resist Truth. You cannot build your forts so strong, nor your ramparts no high, nor arm yourselves so powerfully, as to withstand thu overwhelming Moral " Senti ment against Slavery now Ur.wing into this land, i'or example: Prejudice against Co lor is continually becoming weaker in this land and wiiyj! Hecanse the whole Euro pean Continent denounced this sentiment ps unA-orthy a lodgment in the breast of an en lightened community. And the American abroad dares not now, even in a public con veyance, to lift bis voice in defense of this disgusting prejudice. I do not mean to say that there are no prac tices abroad which deserve to receive an in fluence, favorable to their extermination, from America. I am most glad to know that Dc. mocratic Freedom not the bastard Democ racy w hich, while loud in its protestations of regard for Liberty and Equality, builds up Slavery, and, in the name of Freedom, fights. I I the battles of Despotism is inal.inr irreat strides in Europo. We see, abroad, in Eng land (.specially, happy indici'tions of the pro gress ,.f American principles. A little while ago England was pursed hv a Corn monopo ly by llial jt i .i nt monopoly which snatched from llie mouths of the famishing Poor the bread which you sent Irotu this land. The community ihe icnpU of England demand ed its destruction, and they have triumphed ! We have aided them, and they aid us, and the mission of t'ie two nations, henceforth, is lu tvrvt mci nlitr. Sir, it is said that, when abroad. I misrep resented my country on this question. 1 am not aware of any misrepresent ition. I stated ficts an I f.c.s only. A gentleman of your own City, K-v. Dr! Cox, has taken particu lar pains to Mignintize me as having intro duced liie subject of Slavery illegitimately into the World's Temperance Convention. Hit', what was tho fact? I went to that Con vention, not as a Delegate 1 w ent into -it by the invitation ofa Committee of the Conven tion. I suppose most of you know the cir cumstances, hut 1 wish to say one word in relation to the spirit and tlio principle which ni.imtifed me at that meeting;. I went intuit at the invitation of the Committee, and rpoke, not c nly at their urgent request, but by pub lic annoutieeim lit. 1 stood on the platform on the evening referred to, and beaid some fight or ten Americans address the 7,000 peo ple, assembled in that vast Hall. I heard them speak on the Temperance movement in Ibis laud. 1 heard them eulogize Ihe Tem perance Societies in the highest terms, call ing on 'ii gland to follow their example (and England may follow them wilh advantage to herself;) but I beard no reference made to the .i!0l!,(e0 of piople in this country who are denied the privilige, not only ol Tempe rance, but of nil other Societies. I beard not a word of the American Slaves, v ho, if seven of them were found together at a Temperance meeting or any other place, would be scourg ed and beaten by their cruel tyrants. Yes, nine-aiid-thirty lashes is tlio penally required to be iollieted by the law il any of th-j Slaves get tog. tin r in a number exceeding seven, for any purpose, however peaceable or lauda ble. And while theso American gentleman were extending their hands to me, and say ing, How do you do, Mr. Douglass 3 I nm most happy to meet you here,' kc, kc, 1 knew that, in America, they would not have touched me with a pair of tongs. 1 felt, then foie, that that was the place and the time to call to remembrance the 3,000,000 of Slaves, whom 1 aspired to represent on that occasion. I did so, not maliciously, but with a desire, only, to subserve the best interests of my race. I besought the American Dele gates w ho had at first responded to my speech wilh shotils of applause, when they should arrive nt home, to extend the borders of their Ti niperar.ee Societies, so as to include the 500.000 Colored People in the Noithern Statis of the Union. I also called to mind ihe fuels in relation to the mob that occurred in the City of Philadelphia in the year 1812, I titled these facts to show lo the Uritisb public how difficult it is for a colored man in this country to do anything to elevate him self or bis race from the degradation in w hich they .".re plunged ; bow difficult it is for him to be virluous or temperate, or anything but a menial, an outcast. You all remember tlie circumstances of the mob to which I have al luded. A number of intelligent, philan thropic, manly colored men, desirous of snatching their colored brethren from tho fangs of intemperance, formed themselves in to n procession and walked through the streets ( f Philadelphia with appropriate banners, and badges, nnd mottoes. I staled Ihe fact that that procession was not allowed to proceed far, in tlio City of Philadelphia the Ameri can City of Hrotherly Love, the city of all others loudest in its bensts of freedom and liberty before these noble-minded men were assaulted by the cili.ens, their banners lorn in shreds tul themselves trampled in Ihe dust, jii d inhumanly beaten, and ail their bright and fond hopes and anticipations in behalf cf llo ir friends and their race blasted by the wanton cruelly of llieir w hite fellow c itizens. And nil this was done for no ether reason than that they had presumed lo wall; through the f treets with Temperance banners and badges, like human beings. The stall inent of this fact caused the whole ( 'oi.vt ulion to break forth in one geiural ix pression of intente disgust at such atrocious and i tih it run n conduct. This disturbed the composure of some of our American rciire- ft nlaiives. w ho, in serious alarm, caught hold .-. L-irto W ..... n..( ....J ..7......I . ' ' .... ... Ill, , ,liu U.,1 lllj.MTU IU unike me desist faun my exposition i f tho situation of the colon d race in tiiis country. There was one Doctor f Divinity there li e ugliest man that I ev, r saw in my life "bo almost tore llie skirts of my coat off, so ve hement was ho in his friendly attempts lo in duce me lo yield the floor. Hut fortunately the audience came lo my rescue, and de manded that I should go on, and I did go en, and, I trust, discharged my duly to my breth ren in bonds and the cause of Human Liber ty, in a manner not altogether unworthy the occasion. I have been accused of tlraztn'iig the ques tion of Slavery into the Convention. 1 had a right lo do so. It was the World's Con vention not the Convention of any sect or number ol sects not the Convention ol any particular Nation not a man's nor a wo man's Convention, not a black man's nor a white man's Convention, but the H'orld's Convention, iho convent ion of all, Hark as well as while, limul as well as Jric. And I Mood there, as I thought, a representative of the 3,000,000 of men whom I bad left in rags and wretchedness to be be devoured by the accursed Institution which stai.ds by llieni, no w ith a drawn sword, ever ready to fall up on their devoted and defenseless beads. I felt, as I said to Dr. (.'ox, that it was de manded of me by Conscience, to speak out boldly in behalf of those whom I had left behind. Cheers. And, bir, (I think I may say this, without subjecting myself to the charge of egotism) I deem it very fortu nate for the friends of the Slave, that Mr. Harrison null myself were there just at that lime. JMr, tlie t hurches in this country have long repined at the position of the Churches in England on the subject of Sla very. They hive sought many oppoituni tics to do away the prejudice of the English Churches against American Slavery. Why, sir, at this time there were not far from Sev enty Ministers of the Gospel from Christian America, in England, pouring their leprous pro-Slavery distilment into liie ears of Ihe people of that country, and by their prayers, their conversation and their public speeches, seeking lo darken the Htilii.li mind on Ihe subject of Slavery, and to create in the Eng lish public tho satiitt rruel and heartless api ihy that' prevails in this country in rl.ilimi tj the Slave, his wrongs and his rights. 1 knew them by their continuous slandering of inv race, and at this lime, and under these cir cumstances. 1 deemed it a happy interposi tion of Cod, in behalf of my oppressed, and misrepresented, tmd slandered people, that one of their number should be tible to break his chains and burst up through ihe dark in crustations of malice and hale and degrada tion which had been thrown over them, and Hand belVre the Hriti-h public to open to them the secrets of the prison-house of bond age in America. Cheers. Sir, the Slave sends no Delegates to the Evangelical lli ance. Cheeis. The Slave semis no Dele gates to the orld's Temperance Conven tion. Why? Hccause chains are upop bis arms, and fetters fast bind his limbs. He must be driven out to bo sold at auction by Rome Christian Slaveholder, and the money for which his soul is bartered must be appro priated to spread the Gospel among the Hea then. Sir, I feel il is good to bo here. There is always work to be done. Slavery is every wheie. Slavery goes out in the Cambria and comes back in the Cambria, slavery was in the Evangelical Alliance, looking saintly in tho person of Rev. Dr. Smythe; it was in the World's Tempeianee Convention, in the person of Rev. Mr. Kirk. Dr. Marsh went about aaying. in so many words, that the un fortunate Slaveholders in America weru so peculiarly situated, so environed by uncon trollable circumstances, that Ihey could not liberate their f.laves; that if they were to emancipate them they would be, in many in stances, cast into prison. Sir. it did me good lo go around on the hetls of this gentleman. I was glad to follow him around for the sake of my r-ountry, for the country is not, nfter all, so bad as Rev. Dr. Marsh represented it lobe. My fellow, ccunlrvinen, what think ve he said of you, on the other side of the At!aiitioVlIe. said you were not only pro- .Mavcry, Out Unit you actually aided the Slave holder in holding his Slaves securely in his grasp; mat, in l.ict. you compelled dun to be a Slaveholder. This I deny. You are not so bad as that. You do not compel tho Slaveholder to bo a Slaveholder. And Rev. Doctor Cox, too, talked a great deal over there ; and umong other things he said that many Slaveholder dear Christian men ! were sincerely anxious to get rid of their Slaves; and to show how difficult it is for them to get rid of their human chattels, be put the follow ing case. A man living in a State, tho laws of which compel all persons emancipating their slaves to remove them be yond ils limits, wishes to liberate his slaves, but he is too poor to transport lliprn beyond llie confines of tho Slate in which he resides ; therefore he cannot emancipate, them lie is necessarily a Slaveholder. Hut, sir, there was one fact, which I happened, fortunately, lo have on band just at that time, which com pletely neutralized this very affecting state ment of the Doctor's. It so happens that Messrs. (.'errit Smith nnd Arthur Tappan have edverlised for the (special benefit of this afflicted class of Slaveholders that they have set apart the sum of $10,000 to be ap propriated in aiding them to remove llieir emancipated SI.ivcr beyond the jurisdiction of Ihe Stale, and that the money would be forthcoming on application being made for il ; but no such apliealiun tvus ever made. This shows that, however truthful llie statcmenis of these gentlemen may he concerning the things of llie world to come, they are I auient ably reckless in thfir statements concerning tilings appertaining to this world. 1 do not mean to s ay Ihat Ihey would designedly tell that which is false, hut ihev did make the statements which I have ascribed to them. And Doctor Cox and others charge mewilb having stirred up warlike feeling while abroad. This charge, njso, 1 deny. Tho whole of my arguments and the w hole of my appeals, while I was abroad, were in favor of ruy thing else than war. 1 embraced every op portunity to propagate Iho principles of Peace while I was in Great Urit.iin. I con fess, honestly, that were I not a Peace man, were 1 a believer in fighting at all, I should havo gone through England, saying to Eng lishmen, as Englishmen, 'There, are 3,000, 000 of men across tho Atlantic who are w hip ped, scourged, robbed of themselves, denied every privilege, denied the right lo read the Word of Iho Cod who made lliem, trampled under foot, denied nil the rights of human be ings; go to tin ir rescue; shoulder your mus kets, buckle on your knapsacks, and in the invincible eau-c of Human Rights and Uni versal Liberty, go forth, and the laurels which you shall win will I c as fadeless and as im perishable, us the eternal aspirations of the human foul after that Freedom which every being made alter God's image instinctively feels is bis birthright. This would have been toy course had I been a war man. That such vs l.ot my course, I appral to my wholo career while abroad to tietei ininc. Weapons of war wo have ruM from the battle: I.ovc; Tnt-Tit is our armor our watchword is Hushed be tho sword, and the musketry's rattle, All our equipments are drawn from above. Praise then ihe God of Truth. Hoary ago and ruddy youth. Long may our rally he Love, Light, and Liberty ; Ever cur banner the hannri of Frar.e," Massachusetts Legislature. REPORT OF MR. KEYES ON THE MEXICAN WAR. I In all age when peace prevails over it larger face ot Ihe globe than has ever before enn- ! its benign prerenee, our country finds itsell involved in war. 'I 'lie e-er.er.,1 hs'rmony is broken by our discord itlra neighbor anil ' sisler Republic. Enormous appropriations of tney are diverted from purposes of usrfjl- ness imd beneficence, Life, which a refined Christian civilization daily regards w ith new ' reverence, is squandered in bloody death on 1 lha field of b.itile. Many, after tVoking ttti- Ihe privations and hardships of the camp, and too pernicious influence of tin unaccus- mined climate, lieve laid their encoiRned bones far away from their homes. Families arc nude desolate. Wives, mothers, dough ters and rasters, are now mourning husbands, soi'3, fathirs and brothers, whose faces they shall never again behold whose dvingngo nies weru relieved by no voice of i, indiums, no soluce ol prayer. The tpiril of war, so noJvi-rso to the interests cf reuiibi:.. ..i.i.m .,l li e spirit of the Gos;. 1. now nredomioat.-a in the councils of our country, suuii.ioiiiii'r ;.ll Its i nergu s lo Ihe Cuiite:-!. It Incomes important, llieo. in innuiM llie nature of the contest, and the duties of citizens in regard lo it. Is this unseasonable discord this sacrifice of treasure and life llns laceration of sacred lies this invocation of the demon of war. necessary nn.l imv..;.l. -I.I..1 I.:.: . . J. auies is ii in a jusi cause ! Js il in a cause which can challenge the benediction of n-r.,,,1 men and patriots, and Ihe couitt.-nancd and succor of Heaven ? If il be not, bow can the mighty evil be redresse d, and its continuance and recurrence be prevented 1 j Origin and cause of the War. To answer these inquiries, it will be pro- I'ci, in in., in si piace, to consider lac ori and cause of the war. History and official uui-uiuriiiH nave already placed these in a clear light. They are lo be found in two impor-! taut acts of our government, both cf which ' were in fiigrant violation of ihe Constitution 1 of the United Slates. The first is the annex- ation of the foreign Stale of Texas, ami its incorporation into our IJ nion, ly i nut resolu- lions of Congress. This may be called the remote cause. The immediate cause was the from the President, bearimr date Janu- ary 13th, 18 IB, to General Tavlor. to brcik up bis camp at Corpus Chrisli, isli, the extreme western point of the territory actuallv nos- sessed by Texas, and march upon Ihe P.io Grande, 'l lus, which was in itself an act of war, took place during the session of Con gress, but without its knowledge or direc tion. Let us endeavor to comprehend the character and consequences of thesu acls. The Annexation of Texas. The history of llie annexation of Texas can not be fully understood, without reverting to the earlv settlement of il i;it llTi It'! Iir It r .iti zona of tho United Nhitna. M..vin. chieving her independence of Ihu Spanish crown, by a general ordinance, worthy of im- by all Christian na-ions, had decreed ' abolition of human slavery within her do- embracing the province of Texas. ' She bad declared expressly, 'that no person thereafter should be born a slave, or introdue- ' as such, into the Mexican Slates; Ihnt all slaves then held should receive stipulated and bo subject to no punishment, but on trial and judgment by the magistrate.' At this period, citizens of the United States bad already begun to remove into Texas, bard- ly separted, as it was, by the river Sabine, ! from the slavcholding .Stale of Louisiana. The idea was early promulgated, that this ex- ; provinco ought to become a part of tho United Stales. lis annexation was dis-,' linclly agitated in the .Southern and Western i Stales in 13'J9; and it was urged on the j ground of the strength and extension it would give to the Slave Power,' and the fresh mar- ket it would open for Ihe sale of slaves. I suggestion of this idea bad an impor- ! lant effect. A current of emigration soon fol- lowed from the United Stales. Slaveholders j the Sabine, vih iheir slavts, in deli- ance of ihe Mexican ordinance of freedom ; Reslkas spirits, discontented at bon e, cr feci- idg the restraint of llie narrow conliut s ol our country, joined them; while tin ir number was swollen by I he rude and lawless of all parts of the lain, who cairied to Texas the love of license v hieh bad rendered a region justice no longer a pleasant home to them. To such spirits, rebellion was natural. It soon broke f..nb. At this period, the whole population, including women and chil-I dren, did not amount lo "twenty thousand ; and, among these, most of llie older and weal- liner inhabitants still favored peace. A De- chiralion of Independence farcical imitation of that of our fathers, was put forth, not by sentalive character. Ih.i I,.. , persons acting in a uongre&R, or in a reprt viduas all, except two, from liie United Slates acting for themselves, and recom- a similar course to their l. llow-citi- In a just cause, the s pectacle of this of adventurers, boldly challenging thc power of Mexico, would excite our sym- pathy, perhaps our admiration. Hut success- rapacity, which seized broad and fertile while it opened new markets for slaves, excites no sentiment but that cf abhor- rent e. Theworkcf i. hellion sprd. Citizens of Ihe United Slates joined its fortunes, not fin- gly, but in numbers, even in armed squad- reus. Our newspaper ex. iled the lu.,i of territorial robbery in ihe public mind. Ev- piditions were openly euuipped within our own borders. Advertisements tor volunteers summoned tho adventurous, r.s lo patriotic labors. Military companies, with officers and standards, directed their su ps 4n the revolted province. Duiing all ibis period, the United Slates were at peace with Mexico. A pro- clamatiort from our Gov. rnrnent, forbidding these hou-ie preparations within our borders, is undeniable evidence ol Iheir existence,. while irutb compels ua to y.-ord us nupo 07" .'! rcmillunctilu be made, and all li tltrr relating to the pecuniary (ijjairs'f the paper, ti) lie addressed (post paid) to the General .1i;enl. , CjmmutiicatititiB intendedor inter'' tionlv bcaddrttsid tu the Etliturt. (V--Tbhjis :--il.f0 per annum, or $1,75 (invariably required) if not paid trithin iX months of the lime of puhseribirg. AnvEHTtsi-srt.NTs making Jess than a squat' inserted three times' for" 7-5 cents:--onrl square 1. Printed for tin l'u'ilirKinr Committee bjf H.VPHOC-D.- who won the bailie of San Jacinto, scattering' Mexicati farces snd capturing their gene stir ra' "0 mfe than fifty were citizens of Tex--fssed a"' having gricvances'of their owntoredrtfoj l!lM f,M- . ''h'3 victory v.-as followed by trie rccogni- ,ion "(',lc independence of Texas by llie'l.' m ,,i,,'J Stales; while the new State took it I'hice anions the tuitions of the earth. Its Mexican rulers were succeeded, not by pco- ' I'1" nurtured on the soil, i'liif tie citizens of" country. As, in the story of Haron Blun der '!iausen, the hear devoured Ihe horse between " very shafts of the cirriagm. Until be found" lenrr) In upholding the sacred duties of net!-- tr.iliiy between Mexico and Ihe ihsorgciits.' The Tottn llajfwfred overan srtny of Amcr- ican cili.ens. Of iho si nr eight' hundred' l.tmscil In its place, drawing the vehicle so did the gteedy adventurers from our country,-' with an itnprt'cedei.ted rapacity, tat them selves into the poses;.; 0f ts, ro. viie e of Mexico. Certainly onr vaster republic might fief -ggrioved by this cot.d-tet. It might justly charge our citizens with disgraceful robbery, while, iri seiking the rxteii.ion of slavery, they repudiated the gnat truths of American freedom. Meanwhile. Texas slept on her arms, consliinllv exoectii, r tlPW t tlbrts from Mexico to regain ln-r f.riinr power. Tho ," combatants regarded i ach other as cue-" Mexico rtill asserted her right to tho territory wrested from her, r. net refused to ac- Knowledge ludepi ndence. Texas turned for favor and succor to England. The iro- . .. , . o . v,.r"" r,u ol "le -u"i states, tearing It might pass under the influence of this power, made overtures for its annexation to our conn-' try. This was finally accomplished by joint resolutions of Congress, in defiance of the Constitution, and in gross insensibility to the sacred obligations of amtiy wilh Mexico, im- posed alike by treaty and by justice, 'both' t-trnng against the deed.' Tlie Mexican min ister regarded it as tin act ((Tensive to his country, and, demanding his passport, return- 1 u oomc. Objects of Annexation. ...' .u.,u , m-ss nm l,,i,ceJ u, ynd question by authentic public !,oc"nie"'- and by the confessions ofa lead order ""-r St:ll"s"ian in open debate. It is net to ,n ll8K'isfiJ 'bat there were some consider- 'oru',ld"lg l,e existence of slavery, and by a l'eol'10 horn, for the most part, among us, rear italion "P 0,lr habits, and speaking our Ian the f-'Uilir('; cannot fail to produce the most unbap minions, D' effects upon both parlies. Eiw calamine c""1'1 '"f"11 """'ry mure, to be deplirrti, 'I'"" .lllH "smblishment ,jf a predominant Dri ed, lisl' '"fluence, and Ihe abolition of domestic ' ,s!a'erU n 'Texas: Hy his letter to Mr. Mnr wages, J1)''' dat, J;,'i"ry 18, 18-1 1, be says : I'f 'l'x;,s should refuse to come into our Union,. """'""'res will be instantly taken to fill her J,;rr',or.V ilh emigrants from Europe. l hei first "'pas"a) of the new t inigrants.-ns so"" "8 ''" ' l,'ia" 'lave suflicieut strength,. u. '" ''e 10 d"1?"! that (-rand Jumtstie rWiVu tensive "I'."n w'''''b so much of ihe prosperiiy our iVor.tier country depend?. 1 will add, ,,!a!' ' Texas should not be attached to the ' "'.!al cannot maintain that instil !''.'''"' 'ca, and probably not half that .. Similar views weru expressed, with his The '-,"s'mi.cd frankness. by Mr. Calhoun, when "' ''re,arv Siale. hhout quoting these "l '' I'S1", as they appear in bis different corn crossed munications lo Mr. Green and Mr. Paken- j'am.' il w'!' 1,8 sufficient to present the- fub- 0W'.nK passage from bis letter to the lalterr '"'aT'n? tla)e Aprl d7ih, 181 1 : 'The treaty . ' ""uexation was made necessary, in order to present domestic iiutitutiuni, placed under' "'U Euaranty of their respective constitutions, allJ. deemed essential to their safely and pros of ' J'erity. And recently, cn the floor of Hie j Sl"1'ate at Washington, he has avowed lh san,B lno''v adding that be thought there w?s ""g" 'hat the institution 0f pluvery I ou abolished in Te.vas,.aiid thatha hail i tp'fed llle k'oldeii moment for the purpose of ... . 1 0 "Pe'eciate fully the character of this' ar' 11 Wl" be I,rolu r ,0 consider briefly the "1'i,'("u '""nlemplated by it, or, in olher words, "l'u"r' '.'" importance, which o operated on ' cct,uln mmds ; hut the grand impelling1 mo- "Ye Wi48 11,0 deslre t0 'Xlend ihe institution i t"?ef ' strengthen the political combination and power which are founded upon it. At the time it took place, England was supposed to be exerting her influence to induce Texas to abolish slavery. This exci- : ted the alarm of the government of the Uni ted Slates. Mr. Secretary Upshur, ny a let ter, dated August 8lh, 1 S 13, addressed to Mr. Murphy, our charge at Texas, savs. The.- tahlislunent, in the very midt of our sluve . , '..... f... ,.c..-:a i Ajiiijf Xtucs of an indriM'ndnl rrnvcrntnunt- ; K',"lt5 11 pcrjieiuny. Consequences of Annexation. """""il l'"eiple is freedom, here appears as "l0 la'"J,'r slavery. Hut the act of annex mending ' r,Uo" "'d. "ot 1 nss "' s''''",p- J' was earnest zens. t""1 "1 '-" opposed, in its different sta bandful tS', "I1 ""T" K'-wA ,l,at " '0U,J cx ''nd "l,' "" t'"l'"J ",,l'n tl'u cory war with Mexico. And these direful conse ful -I'mnces are now upon us. 1 he llag of the A lands, merican I nion waves over a new Slate, whose ""fortunate slaves lo. k to ti n, vain for the I protection which is implied m the Declara- ' !'"" ol '"'''r'nlenee. And war now rages hetween the Lnilcd States and Mexico. Ono "' -ii.'lors of 1 exus, Mr. Houston, who ,outS ' "ia l'UomiI council to this . '''"""! . now declares that Mho l'r.prllw,jr "'"' -'ifieo ibata conlioualioii : 11,8 cxan war, si.d that, w hen We look : u " ""K the war, a by inheritance.' , 'n,c" 1,i,UJ the consequence of that act. W " bt Continued.) i ! , 0'"'C ' irmrc true or more extensive, ; "Y know n, s ud Mr. an Huren, in 1811, ' than n"1 1 '" wrested from Mexico, Such was the character of this act, nnd the I object proposed by it. A remihlie. whose an. ....ru, aiuuiibiterj, through the inMruin. uulily of citizens of the United State..