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From the Liverpool Chronicle. Old Time. BY G. LINNÆUS. BANKS. Theme's a mighty old Spirit abroad in the air, And his footsteps ere risible every whore : lie hath been on the mountain ill hoary with years, And left it bedewed in an ocean of tears ; Ho hath clambered over turret and battlement gray, And wrapt them in mantles of silent decay ; He Jiaih swept through the forest, and laid , at a blow, Tbe stalwart oak, chiefof the leafy tribe, low ; In Art, as in Nature, the vast and sublime. All apeak of the visits of greybearded Time. He's a skeleton thing with a countenance grim, AH toothless his gums, and his eyeballs are dim ; A two-edged scythe in his lank, bony band, His 'scutcheon's hatchment of glass-ebbing sand ; A liar of juwels, worm-eaten and black, And arrows omnipotent bung at his back. He mounts on the lightning, he leaps with the wind, Destroying nnd scattering, before and behind. The sun dial's shadow, and old abbey's chime, Denote with a warning the mission of Time. He roameth unwearied by night and by day, A daring old footpad, still tracking our way ; He fuarelh no dungeon, no judicial fate, 13ut plundereth alike from the beggared and great. He nestlclh with youth in its valley of flow ers, And sportelb with love through the eade winged hours; uui ine oaiu-pated laird, and the tremulous mire, vv'if imf hB ,e,iFhlh w'" ever to, be ; : in neari, and the deepest in orimo 1 Beg a call from the mighty physician, Old He mindeth the traffic, both early nnd late, That lineth the road to Eternity's gate, And passeth none by, shod with earth's elay. ey mire. But he taketh the body as toll for his hire. The grandee may sit in his richly carved chair. And the life's blood of insects indignantly wear ; The monarch may rule as a god, on his throne, O'er the leasehold of ashes he calleth his own ; But the spoiler at last round their strongholds shall climb, And 'six feet of earth' be the conquest of Time. From the N. Y. True Sun. The Appeal. O thrust her not forth, 'tis thy daughter that kneels At thy feet for forgiveness ; stern father relent ; In the grasp of despair, lo! her young spirit reels Like a flower by the wing of the hurricane bent. . If thou eliouldsl rejectwho in mercy will lead The wanderer back from the pathway of sin ? Nay hear her in pity avert not thy head. Commune with thy heart, is all holy with in J Look back through the dim lengthened vista of years, Thick strewn with the ruins that Time in his flight Hath made of thy hopes, and bathed with thy tears, Is the tale they reveal to thee spotless and origin ; On that record of passion, of folly, and strife, Can memory trace out no blemish or spot, No thread running through the mix'd web work of life. Thou wouldst wish in thy soul-searching moments lorgot f She hath sinn'd, she hath suffered, but infa my's chain. Hath been rent by the stroke of adversity's "n .. Shall a father's hand close up the rivets again. And thrust her away from the footstool of Cod! Shall her spirit, baptized by repentance, be cast, Like a weed, by the ocean flung up on the shore, Again on the waters to perish at last, Where tha voice of affection can reach her no more t If spotless thyself, in action and thought, Unsullied take counsel of Him who of yore, When the trembling transgressor for judge ment was brought, . In mercy exclaimed, 'go in peace, sin no more." But oh if thy stronger heart ever hath trod. Led captive by passion, the pathway of pain, Remember her weakness leave Heaven the rod And clasp her in love to thy bosom again. The Life Clock. There is a little mystic clock No human eye hath seen, That bsateth on and beateth on From morning until e'en. And when the soul is wrapt in sleep, And beareth not a sound, It ticks and licks the livelong night, And never runneth down. Oh ! wondrous is that work of art Which knels tha passing hour; But art ne'er formed nor mind conceived This life clock's magio power. Nor set in gold nor decked wilh gems, By wealth and pride possessed, But rich or poor, or high or low, Each bears it in bis breast. When life's deep stream mid buds of flow ers All slill auil softly glide v Like tbe wavelet's step, with a gentle heat, It warns of passing tides. When Ihreatning darkness gallnrs o'er. And hope's bright visions flee, Like (he sullen stroke of the muffled oar It beatulh heavily. When passion nerves the warrior's arm For deeds of hate and wrong. Though heeded not the fearful sound, Its knell is deep and strong. When eyes to eyes are gazing soft And tender words are spoken, Then fast and wild it rallies on, As if wilh love 'twere broken. Such is the clock that measures life, Of flesh and spirit blended, And thus 'twill run with the in heart Till (hat strange lifo is ended. MISCELLANEOUS. From the Prisoner's Friend. Moral Hospitals. If there be nothing visionary or absurd in the idea of Goals and Penitentiaries being made places ol moral cure and culture, it is an idea w hich can bo reduced to practice. r.very improvement, moral, physiological, political, ecclesiastical, charitable or mechan ical, was, al the time, an idea only. It exist ed in some one's mind, from which it became at length projected into the world of realities. And in almost, if not quite, every case, it was scouted, when first proposed, as an impracti cable folly. And had there not been found persons willing to encounter the imputation of folly, who would not rest until great ex periments had been tried, the world would iiave been in a much less advanced stale oven than it is now. It is within the memory ! of this generation, when Steamboats were the vagaries of a dreaming projector ; when Railways were visionary iniHginings of half crazed speculators; ajfid when the Electric Telegraph was but the ci.ilchet of an artist who had better have stucj to his palette and liia brush. And yet years have passed away since all these things became part and par cel of the daily machinery of life. We defy the Atlantic storms lo delny our course upon the ocean; we outstrip the birds in our flight over tho land ; and we convey our thoughts from one end of the continent to the oher upon the wings of lightninir. The Snin- uing-jenny, the Power-loom, and the Cotton. gin were all prnjecs once, and their inventors visionaries t for Ihey had reached an idea, they had obtained a vision of snitiethinir which did not exist, but which in its way, than any thing then in existence. Anu so it nas been with every successful attempt to improve human condition, to re- uuce me sum ot Human misery, and to in crease the amount of human happiness. We are not to suppose that the name of Howard, any more than that of Clarkson, was always surrounded by the halo of glory that now en circles it. He was once only an odd soit of a John Bull, who had the carious hobby of thrusting himself into gaols and lazaretloes, and other places where he was not wanted, and could do no good. And yet we have seen but the beginning of the blessed effects of Ihe impulse he gave to thought and feeling in the direction toward which he looked. He hardly dreamed himself, probably, whith er the path which he was opening, would lead. But he gave himself entirely to the guidance of the great Idea which he disco vered beckoning him on, and it led him into a way that will find its termination only in the realized application of Christianity, Hu manity and Science to the treatment of the most unhappy class of mankind. We find an analogy, again, between the subject we are considering and that of the institution of Hospitals for Ihe Insane. Not much more than half a century ago. the in sane person was looked upon almost as a de moniac. Insanity was considered as a stain upon the fair fame of a family, only inferior to infamy. The whole treatment of this un fortunate class was grounded on a selfish and coward Pear. Straw, and stripes, and chains, and darkness were their portion. Madness was thought something beyond the range of the ordinary laws of Nature. Cure was rather supernatural and providential, when it happened, than the result of -curative treat ment. To put the maniac out of sight and out of the way of doing mischief, seemed to be the only object to be considered in regard to him. The horrible cruelties Ihey suffered would hardly be credited in these better days. 1 his system sprung from the same imperfect notions oi puouc good, and the same ground less fears of safety which have triven rise to the existing mode of treating criminals. 1 he analogy between the two classes of cures is as complete as their different nature per mits. And when the first plans were proposed for a oiuereni treatment oi the Insane, with a view to their recovery, or, at least, to their comfort, Ihey were as much visionary and imaginary, as any now proposed to be applied to the criminal. And doubt and distrust were cast upon them, in the same spirit, if not in the same degree. The old way had worked very well, and why go to Ihe trouble and ex pense of changing ill A country doctor, in some remote town, for the wealthier maniac, and a grated cellar in the almshouse, for tho poorer one, had done well enough for their fathers, and why not for them 1 But there were other spirits abroad, and they rested not until a more intelligent spirit was aroused; and their wise and humane ideas became em bodied in an appropriate and practical shape. And what have not been the beneficent fruits of this change 1 Insanity no longer excites fear, but pity. It is looked upon, like any other disease, as a morbid affection of one of tho bodily organs. The means of cure are sought for, as for any other bodily disorder. And it is discovered, too, to be the most ea sily cured of distempers, if it be but taken in hand soon enough. Have we not tried the old way long enough? Have its results been so beneficent'as to pre clude the possibility of improvement I Are ? ! ! "ose subjected to our present Prison "" f ""''it'" i ouc.eiy miy the better for their punishment, excepting from their separaiiou Irom it for a season 1 We spoak riot, of course, of the miserable f Penitentiary which is the last . element that should enter into a plan of discipline, ror these, even in the i best .managed prisons as to pecuniary returns, i repay but a small part of tha oullay ofSocie- ly in Its dealings wilh criminals. Uoes the iiis yiciu usvo any appreciable ellect crime, without thu w alls of the Peuiten- ' tiary 1 If all these interrogatories must be answered in the negative, as wo believe Ihey must, Is il not ihe part of wisdom to begin to feel about after a more excellent way, if hap ly we may find ill And may we tot be en couraged by the example of other visionaries and schemers of 'old men that have seen visions, and of young men that have dreamed dreams' who have seen their visions ac cotnplished and their dieatns fulfilled, lo sen what the Interpretation of our own may bel Al the conclusion of this article we can do no more than indicate the principle from wnicu tins cnange in me treatment of prison ers should begin, and wilh which it should end which should encompass it like the emblematic Berpent of the Egyptians, ma king one perfect re-entering circle. And this principle is, that the huihest noon or this PRISONER SHOULD RE THE RINOLE PURPOSE or THE DISCIPLINE ADMINISTERED. This should be the beginning and the end, the Alpha and the Umega, of Prison Discipline. Just as in tha treatment of the Insane, the sole object contemplated is the benefit of Ih patienls, and all the processes are directed to the end ot cure or mitigation. To be sure, in the one case, as in the other, a public ben eftt is gained by the amount of misery that il relieved, the number of persons who are re turned to Society useful members of it. the amount ot money that is saved, and the mo ral advantage to a community proceeding from the consciousness of a wise and humane policy on its part. But the incidental advan taga will be earned In the exact proptrtton that it is overlooked in the preliminary ar rangements. In both cases the public eood is the result of the good done to the individ uals subjected lo the curative process. And this good will bo accomplished according to the singleness of heart and eye wilh what it is sought for. Of course, we do not put the Insane and the Criminal in the same catego ry. The cases are analogous, but not of the same nature. Una we shall explain more fully, hereafter. For this is not a subject to be exhausted by two or three newspaper urti cles. q. Microscopic Wonders. Upon examining the edge of a very sharp lancet wilh a microscope.it will appear as broad as the back of a knife ; roiivh, uneven. iuii oi nmcnes anu lurrows. An exceeding ly small needle resembles a routrh iron bar. but the sting of a bee, seen through the same nisiiuiiieiii, emulous every wnere a mosi beau tiful polish, without the least flaw, blemish or inequality, and it ends in a point loo fine to be discerned. The threads of fine lawn seem coarser than Ihe yarn wilh which ropes are made for anchors. But a silk worm's web appears perfectly smooth and shinintr. and everywhere equal. The smallest dot that can be made with a pen appears irregu lar and uneven. But little specks on the wings and bodies of insects are found to be most accurately circular. The finest minia ture paintings appear before the microscope rugged and uneven, entirely void of beauty either in the drawing or coloring. Tho most even and beautiful varnishes will bo found to be mere rourjhness. But thn examine the works of God, even in the least of his productions, the more sensible shall we be of his wisdom and power. In the numberless species of insects, what propor tion, exactness, uniformity and symmetry do we perceive in all organs ! what profusion of coloring ! azure, green, and Vermillion, gold, snver, pearis, ruoies, and diamonds; Innse and embroidery on their bodies, wings, head's, and every part! how high the finishing, how inunuauie ine polish we every where be hold ! Influence of the Gallows. While at New Haven I visited the iail. and found a much better reception than when I was ihere on Ihe night preceding the exe cution of Potter. Amonir thu prisoners was one who had actually worked on tho gallows on which he was executed. Since that time he has committed murder himself! The scene of the murder was near where Potter had committed his crime! Both he and his victim were supposed to be intemperate. So much for the influence of hanging ! I have a world of facts bearing on the same point. The more executions, the more murders. During the reign of Henry VIII, 72,000 were executed, and yet the historians of that day all agree that society was in a horrible con dition. The same crime has often been com mitted at the foot of the gallows for which tbe criminal has been executed. One case happened in England where a man actually hired a seat to witness every execution, nnd he was himself afterwards executed for crime. One instance happened where a man had a strange infatuation to buy every rope that was used on these awful occasions. He after wards hung himself wilh one of these ropes. A clergyman of Ltrialol, England, once ex amined 107 convicts under sentence of death, and all but three had witnessed public execu tions ! yet men talk about the moral effects of Capital Punishment c. s. Prisoner's Friend. Mexican offer. eigm siaies as large as Ohio. What more could he asked? Mexico, notwithstanding her grievous wrongs, has exhibited a spirit worthy of any Christian nation. She has done on her part all that could he asked Sihfi has manifested a desire lo stop the eflu pnson sion of blood, by offering what in justice she was not bound to give, and now if the horrid work is to continue, we tremble for those rt alone with the corrupt and guilty admin upon istratiou. True km. The Washington correspondent of the Bal timore Patriot, thus states the amount of Mex ican territory we should have received by a treaty concluded on the basis proposed by the Mexicans: "She offered to give 32,000 squire miles of New Mexico east of the Rio Grande, and 291,000 square miles of California, west of the same river in all 323,000 square miles, embracing more than cne-fifth of the whole Mexican territory. It would give us the bay of San Francisco nnd the town of Monterey on the Pacific. Most of the territory offered thus lo be ceded to the United States is good for nothing. Still it is about equal to that between the Nueces and the Rio Grande, for which the war is to go on, and the stream of blood and carnage and death and expense is to flow on." This amount of territory will make 41 states larger than lbs state of Massachusetts, and who take the responsibility. Thfl gujt will PHONOGRAPHY. The rnphl spread find almost universal sanction of the Writing nnd Printing Re formation, renders its success no longer a mntter of doubt. Every friend of educa tion who litis heurd anything of iho system Is anxious to lenrn It. Ills nlrendy introduced into ninny of the best Institutions of learning, nnd tnnght nsu regulur branch of instruction. Tho ablest reporters in iho United States nnd England are making use of it. Tho many advantages it possesses over our pres ent system; its simplicity and philosophical beauty, nnd the cuse with which il may bo learned nro stiflieiont lo rccom mend it lo ull. Below wo give the Alphabet anil n lesson illustrating tho elementary principles, together with suflicienl explanation to enable one lo read it. CONSONANT SIGNS. VOWEL SIGNS. 1ST .GROUP. 2d GROUP. Full. Stop'd. Full. Stop'd. 1st' tilaco e . i an 2d place a uh m 3d place ah oo 1 a oo DIPHTHONGS. V OIA OUA y A . 1 ; r o - - 'I i- X. LESSON. VI C )' x 1 v ) ' J V c U ) 1 C ) v- C It will bo seen that tho consonants nro represented by straight lines and curves drawn in difl'ercnt positions. The ner- pcndicular and inclined ones are all made by commencing at the top and drawing tho pen downwards, except tho one for I wincii is mailo upwards the- horizontals (which nro those representing tho sounds of,K, G, M, N, and NG,) arc made by commencing at the left hand end, and uiawing tne pen towards the right, atten tion to these rules is necessary in order to understand the Explanation of the Vowel Signs. The placo where wo commence writing a consonant sign is called the frst place. mo vuuuie oi it tlio second place, and the end of il the third jlacc. The vowwl sounds of the language are represented by dots and dashes occupy ing inese inree places, unit have local values corresponding to thcin. The heavy dot, when in the first place represents the sound of e.e in feci, feel, etc.; when in the second place the sound of a in fate, male, &c; and in the third place, the sound of a in far, mar, palm, balm, Scc. Tho light dot in the first place, represents tho sound of f in , pin, sin, &,c; in tho second place, the sound of e in met, fed, let, &c; and in tho third place, tho sound of a in fat, mat, occ. The heavy dash, in tho first place, re presents the sound of an in caught, aught, or of oh in bought; in the second place, u in eur, fur, &c; and in the third place, the sound of oo in fool, pool, The light dash, in tho frst place, re presents the sound of o in cot, dot, &c.; in the second place,iui sound of u in cut, sun. bud, &.c; and in the third place, the sound of oo in fool, or the sound of u in full, pull, &c. Theso dashes are all made at right angles totlio consonants to which they are attached. Tho heavy dash, when put in tho second place, and drawn parallel to the consonant, repre sents tho sound of o in noto, bono, &-c. The sound of h is represented by u small dot prefixed to another clot or uasn. I lie period is represented by a cross ; the other pnuses urc the same as in our pros- ent system. A vowel sign, when placed at the left hand side of a perpendicular, or inclin ed sign, is read beforo it, and when plac ed at the r hand side is read nfter it ; in soi no of tho inclined curves tho vow els may appear above or below, but the general direction of the curve must be taken, and read accordingly, as in tho second word of the 13ih lino of tho les son, which is hoof. In the horizontals we readrowi above downwards, that is, when the vowels aro placed above they are read first, and when below they aro read after. These rules, it is thought, will enable all to read the above lesson with ease, but lest some should find it difficult, we subjoin a key lo it. First line; pea, cat, me, the, sec. 2d; it, if, is, in. 3d; pay, eight, aim, they, say. 4th; ebb, hem, head, hen. 6lli ; pa, ma, half, halh. Gth; hud, at, am, and. Cih; uught, saw, haul, uwn. Gth; odd, hot, not, hop. Oth; her, fur, urn. lUth; hut, tan, thumb, dumb, nut. Uih; so, though, foe, no, oath, hope, lliih; ooze, sue, hoop, soon, whom. 13th; hood, hoof. Tin; sun is hot. Tho moon is pale. The lovo of money is the root of all evil. THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS. The United Service Journal, for May, in a very interesting and laudatory article on the Emperor of Russia, gives the following, among anecdotes, illustrative of his character and habits : He is frequently met on foot in the streets absolutely alone, and the immediate contact in which he then comes wilh his subjects of every degree, is sometimes the occasion of drawing forth his affability and proving the kindness of his nature. The etiquette on meeting him, is for a man to uncover the head and w omen to eourlesy. He returns all sal utations, not excepting those of the meanest peasants. Il happened once, that as he was thus walk ing alone, he came up with a Frenchman, newly arrived at Si. Pelersburgh, who, ig norant of the reciprocal consideration there deemed due from man lo man, was smoking his cigar. The Emperor, diessed as usual in his officer's cap and eloak, passed him, and bowing, said ' Sir. it is not permitted to smoke in the streets.' ' 4 Why V said the Frenchman. 'It ii not considered polite to those who walk there also; and therefore is forbidden.' I respect authority ; I obey.' He threw away his cigar, nnd continued to walk by the side of the supptsed officer, and wilh French familiarity, entered into con versation, which he turned chiefly upon tho country and the government, ihe Emperor giving him much information. He soon found that many persons saluted his companion. ' You appear, monsieur, lo possess a large acquaintance,' said he. 'That is a fact,' said the emperor. They walked on, the Frenchman talking, and the emperor replying. More salutations, uncapped heads, and low reverences, raised the curiosity of the stran ger. ' You appear, monsieur, to be a person of consequence nere ; i lear l nave been most unceremoniously intruding upon your time and patience. Surely, you must be the go vernor general.' 'I have been happy to afl'urd information to a stranger; but you are mistaken in sup posing me to be the governor general.' hy, then, do ull persons whom we meet, salute you V Kecause I am their Emperor- Tho astonished foreigner, gratified with his adventure, paid his tvUlin;; homage also. Anti-Slavery Books. Kept constantly on hand by J. Elizabeth Jones, among which are The Forlorn Hope. Anti-Slavery Alphabet. Madison Papers. Phillips' Review of Spooncr. Narrative of Douglass. Narrative of brown. Archy Moore. The I.ibeity Cap. brotherhood of Thieves. Slaveholder's Religion. Disununist, ,&c. ALSO, Burleigh's Death Penalty. Christian Non-Resistance. A Kiss for a blow. N. B. Most of the above works can ha procured of bclsey M. Cowles, Austinburg, Coverlet & Carpet Weaver. BEFORE THE PUBLIC AGAIN. Not for office, but lo solicit a continuation of favors heretofore bestowed from his old customers, and as many new ones as will fa vor him with a trial. As a farther induce ment 1 have this spring obtained several new figures for my double coverlet loom, some of which will be put in operation in a few days from this date. Spin the woolen yarn I I cuts to the pound, and bring 32 cuts after it is douMo and twisted, and 31 cuts cotton Nov C, two double; color of the woolen, 21 cuts blue and 8 cuts red. I am about putting in operation a loom to weave the samo figures on the half double coverlets as is on the dou ble ones, which will bring every object art J flower to a complete point. Spin the wool en yarn for those 10 cuts to the pound, 14 cuts when doubled and twisted, and lj pound No. 5 single while cotton will fill one; 19 cuts No. S cotton double and twisted, 9 cuts single cotton No. 6, color the U cutf No. 5 blue will warp one. I pal in opera tion two new figures on my other half" dou ble coverlet loom. Figured table Linen, Ingraine and other Carp :ts wove as formerly at the old stand on Green street, Salem, Columbiana co., O. JAMES McLERAN. May 23, 1847. FONOGRAFI AND FONOTIPI. Wit, C. Ai.exandkr would respectfully announce to the citizens of Northern Ohio and Westein Pennsylvania, that he intends spending some time in teaching the above sciences, and those wishing to obtain a cor rect and practical knowledge of them can obtain hi-j services on the following terms. He will visit any town and give a course of twelve lessons to a class of any number for Sf.'iO dollars and his board during the time of teaching. Or a course of five lessons (which will give a knowledge of the elemen tary principles of the science and enable those attending to complete the course without any further assistance from a teacher) will be given for $15. Teachers of academies and other institu tions of learning will find it to their advan tage to have it introduced into their schools as early as possible. 07" All communications addressed to him at Columbiana, Col., county, Ohio, will re ceive prompt attention. Columbiana, Sept., 4, 1817. 6m OCrTHE SUBSCRIBERS take this op portunity of informing their friends and the public generally that they have commenced the Wholesale Grocery Commission and For warding business, under the firm of Gilmore, Porter & Moore. All consignments made to them will receive prompt attention. Upon the reception of such, they will' give liberal acceptances if desired charges reasonable. Address Gilmore, Porter & Moore, No 2C, west Front street, Cincinnati. HIRAM S. GILMORE, ROBERT PORTER, AUGUSTUS O. MOORE. Cincinnati, May 4, 1817. Agents for the " Bugle." OHIO. New Garden ; David L. Galhreath, and T E. Vickers. Cjltunbiana ; Lot Holmes. Cowl Springs; Mahlon Irvin. Berlin; Jacob H. Barnes. Marlboro; Dr. K. G. Thomas. Canfield ; John Wetmore. Lowetlville; John Bissell. Youngstown;. J- S. Johnson, and Wb. J. Bright. New Lyme; Marsena MiTler. East Fairfield; John Marsh. Selma ; Thomas Swayne. SpiingWo; Ira Tbouaas. Harveysburg; V. Nicholson. OaklanJ ; Elizabeth Brooke. Chagrin Falls; S. Dickenson. Petersburg; Ruth Tomlinson. Columbus; W. W. Pollard. Georgetown; Ruth Cope. Bundyshurg; Alex. Glenn- Farmington; Willard Curtis, Klyrra; I- J. Burrell. Oberlin; Lucy Stone. Ohio City ; R. H. Dennis. Newton Falls; Dr. Homer Earle. Ravenna; Joseph Carroll. Hannah T. Thomas; WilkesvUle.. Southington ; Caleb Greene. Mt. Union; Joseph Barnady. Hillsboro; Win. Lyle Keys. Malta ; Win. Cope. Hinkley; C. D. Brown. Richfield; Jerome Hurlburt, Elijah Pool Lodi ; Dr. Sill. Chester Roads; II. W. Curlis.. Painesville; F. McGrew. Franklin Mills; Isaac Russell. Granger; L. Hill. Bath; G. McCloud. Hartford; G. W. Bushncll. Carrettsville; A. Joiner. Andover; A. G. Garlick and J". F. Wfcfi more. INDIANA. Marion; John T. Morris. Economy; Ira C. Maulsby. Liberty; Edwin Gardner. Winchester; Clarkson Pucket. Knightsown ; Dr. II. L. Terrill,. Richmond; Joseph Addleman. PENNSYLVANIA. Fallston; Milo A. Townsend.. Pittsburgh, il Vashoa.