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To the Rainbow. BY B. S. JONES. 'I do set my bow in the cloud, nnl it si, al be a token of covenant betwecu mo and the earth." Gen. ix. 1.1. Bow of Ood's promise ! Pledge of Internal ! lore I , How radiant with beauty is thy form ! j Our Fullier's blessing smiling from Above. ' The harbinger of peace, though cradled in : the storm. j We bid thee welcome ! llion, whose j anna 1 birth Was token of God's covenant with earth ; j The seal of trtith nntn His people given. Pure as His love and beautiful us Heaven, i And yet, what art llinu but a vapory cloud, Resting upon the lio'om of the sky, Where tlio dread tempest speaks in nngtr laud, And bis fierce coursers dash, ivitli sounds of thunder by What art thou, ere tho storm-birds cease their wail, ! And the ruilo blast, yields lo the gpnllt: g.ile 1 Thy being hath no beauty till tho sun His rays of fplendor upon line has thrown. Thus is the life of man which is, nt best, A shapeless cloud, wl.crein no heaulyli.es: Till in reft. .el,., I ,.l,-.ru .t .... ... ..... tf "J -- ! And radianco troni the Sun of Righteous ness receives. Then for its darkness there is beauty piven, And man can see upon his spirit's heaven A bow of light that passeth nut away, llut in the brightness of eternal day. i I ' j j APRIL. BV ST. I'. WILMS. j i "A violet by a mossy stone, lialf hidden from the eye, I'air as a siar, when only one Is shining in the sky." ' ! j I WORDSWORTH. I have found violets. April Iniih eome on, And the cwl winds f. r I softer, and the rain Falls in the beaded drops of summer lime. You may hear birds at inrrning, and at eve 'The tamo dove lingers till the twilight falls, Cooing upon the eaves, and drawing in His beautiful bright neck, and, from the hills, A murmur liko (tie hoarseness of the sea Tells tho release of waters, and ihe earth Sends up a pleasant smell, and the dry leaves Are lifted by the gra!s and so I know That Nature, with her delicate ear, hath heard Tho dropping of lhn velvet fnt of Spriinr. Take of my violets! I found tliem where The liquid South Mule, o'er them, on a bank That leaiied to running water. There's lo Tue A daintiness about these early flowers That touches me liko poetry. Thev blow With such a simple loveliness nnionrr '. The common herbs of pasture, and breathe out I Their lives so unobtrusively, like hearts Whose beatings are loo gentle for the world. I love to go in Ihe capricious days Of April and hunt violets ; when the rain Is in the blue cups trembling, and they nod So gracefully lo the Kisses of ihe wind. : It may bo deem'd too idle, but the young i ucait nature like ll:o manuscript of heaven, i And call the flowers its poelrv. Go out ! Ye spirits of habitual unrest, , And read it when tho "fever of the world" Hath made your hearts impatient, and, if lifa " Hath yet one spring unpoisoncd, it will be , 1.1KO a beguiliinr music to lis II w, And you will no inure wonder that 1 love To hunt for violets in the April time. . ; ! ' ' ! ; i , j j The. Song of Seventy. BV MAIITIS r' A HQ I II AH TfPFKK. ! I am not old I cannnt be old, Though threo score year and len Have wasted away, like a tale lhat is told, The lives of other men, I am notold (hough friends and foes Alike hnvu gone to their graves, And left mo alone lo my joys or my woes, As a rock in the niidst of the waves. I am not old I cannot be old, Though, tottering, wrinkled and irrav: Though my eyes are dim, and my marrow ; J is cold. Call me not old to day. For early memories around inn throng; Old times, ami manners, and men. As I look behind on my journey so long, Of threescore miles and tun. I look behind, and am once more young Buoyant and bVave. and lml,'. And my heart can sing.as of yore it sun", 1 Beforo they called me old. they I do not see her the old wife there Shriveled, and hai'ard. and "rav. But I loek. on her blooming, and soft, and air As she was on tho wedding day. I do not see you, daughters und sons, In the likeness of women and men, But I kiss you now, as I kissed you once, - My fond little children then. And as my own grandson rides on my knee, Or plays with his hoop or kite, I can well recollect I was merry as he, The bright-eyed litllo wight ! 'Tin not long since it cannot ba long My years so soon were spent. Since I was a boy, hold straight and strong, Vet now I am feeble and bent. A dream, a dream it is all a dream! A alrange, sad dream, good sooth; For old as I am, and old as 1 seam, My hurt is fuli of youth. Kya hath not seen, tongue hath not told, And ear hath not heard it sung. Tlnut l.....u on. I KM.I lli.,rtit it ennm It crow old, 1 the heart, forever young. j j i ' , Forever young, though life' oM ago Il.illi every nerve unstrung; The hrait, Die heart is a heritage, That keeps the old man young. CCr We pvblish the following address by requrst of n friend, and we think our readers will be interested in the facts and aigumi-nts it contain. We hope, however, nobxdy will nsk us whether the men who issued the drc uiiicnt have helped rrrale a Congrtss which they iii vested w ith the power to 'declare war,' and voted themselves lor the Commander-in-Chief of the military nnd naval power of the country, for we shi.nld have to say, tiny did! CONSIDERATIONS RESPECTING THE LAWFULNESS OF WAR UNDER THE GOSPEL DISPENSATION: .Uilrreit tn the 'laccr anil 'rffcusors rf C!h ri.linni'y in the L'nitid S.'titit if .line, n'cu. " Shall the sword devour fcrevrr ?" 3 Sam. ii. So. ' Solemnly irnpr'ssi d, as we nre. with the belief that war is irreconcilable with I lie pre pepts and the spirit of the (iospel.and p roll i biird by it, wfc cannot ln.t feci that n fearful weight of responsibility is assumed by Chris- T1." Iv'"'.''n;! In 1,8 P'"'"1" mid under this eonviction wo are con.-tralncil to invite the professors of the Christian religion, and especially those who are looked lo as its ex I p lunders, to a very serious and unbiassed consideration f this subject. If we advert to the consequence irsullf nrr fr nn w .r its tendency lo low er the standard cf public morals the slaughter and misery it produces the domestic bereavements, nn- guish, mid mourning inseparable from it a subject is presented to our view, possessing thp strongest claim to the serious reflection of the professors of the benign religion cf Je- sus Christ. It Ins been highly gralifyinrr to observe of latter years, that tlm most enlightened nations have manifested an increasing reluctance o appeal lathe swonl that cruel and uncertain arbiter in the vettlemrnt of national enntro- vprsies; n;id that tho efforts to adjust those controversies by peaceful nrgolialion, have, in niitn-Tous instances, been crowned with I lie innit saiisfactory resulis. ...ii ..... I ne nope, inueco, nau Dcen clienslied, that in the present enlightened age of the world, and particularly in this enlightened country, the influence of pure, elevated moral princi ples and feeling?, had obtained such an as cendancy in the minds of the people, as to prevent an appeal to arms; but this pleasing anticipation has not been realized. Our coun try, for considi ruble lime, has been engag , ed in war exerting its powerful enercies in tho woik of human slaughter. The fields of a neighboring nation have been strewn with the bodies of the slain, and its soil drenched with their blood. Can it be that this is in accordance with the precepts and the spirit of our holy religion 1 1 he rrophets, in foretelling tho Roming of the Messiah, and describing the nature of his mission, presents him in the character of the 1 Vi lire J I face rj the increate nf whose goe- trnmr.nl nnd pence, there shall be nu end. It is declared that " He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people; and bcy shall heat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into prunitig-hooks ; nation shall tint lift up sword against nation, ncitbir W they leant war any more." This strong unequivocal language clearly indicates, that it was the will and purpose of the Most High lhat war should eventually be abolish ed. And in the fulness of limo, when an angel was commission, d to announce the advent of the promised Savior, the communication was accompanied with a rapturous song from "a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying, glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, and good-will towards men." In harmonious agreement with the language of prophecy, and the ecstatic song of the au Helic host, was the life und ministry of our Lord and Savior. The law of the preceding dispensation, admitted the principle of retail j aliun 'An eye for an eye, a tou'.h for a tooth.' lie adverts lo this for the express purpose of placing a prohibition upon ii. "But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil i but who j soever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to li i in the other also." While those under tho Law were allowed lo hate an ene my, His command is "I say unto you, love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them lhat hale you, and pray for iliem lhat despitefully use you, and persecute you that ye may be the ctildrin if your Father U'AicA it in Jieuven" v ....:'. i.. rn Mow if the followers cf Christ are forbid den to resist evil, and to hale an enemy ; it is evident that the spirit which engenders war cannot be entertained by them ; and this conclusion is rendered, if possible, still stron ger, by the high standard, and holy induce ment to which he immediately directs their attention " That ye may be the children of your Father which is in Heaven." .Many oilier similar precepts Iroiu the same '''i?1' authority could be adduced, but they ara '''miliar to the class ot readers whom we address. 1 hey are plain and positive; nnd they receive additional force from the accom ' panying reference lo tho law of the preceding dispensation. They are the precepts and in- junctions ul Him w hom we call our Lord and I Master and whom we profess lo love and : serve. We ask for no new, or strained meaning to these precepts; we accept the words in their plain, literal import; and so they weru evidently accepted by the Apostles, and Ihe primiiivo believers. Of this there can be no doubt. If we recur to Apostolic language as it is presented in the Kpistles lo tlio'ciiurcli es, we shall there inert with injunctions, and exhortations, and entreaties in strict accord ance with tho precepts of their Divine Mas ter. " Uo not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good." "See lhat none render evil i for evil, to any man; but ever follow lhat which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men." " Love as brethren, be pitiful, ( be courteous, not rendering railing for railing, but conlrariwise, 4.'cj3;iv knowing lhat ye i aro thereunto railed, that ye thould inherit a ' bUim)c" " Dearly beloved, avenge noty.mr' jeec-a, but r..thor give place unto wrath; for it is written, Vtngeuiict ij mini ; I tc'. repay ' iui' i the I.ui d." Sow let us ask, if langiingt. could be fra- , mod, more strongly prnhihitinii the indulireiioe of the ap'.it which produces war, thau that in ihe preceding passives. If it ha laid that war is not directly, and specifically interdicted; wa reply, neither was suicide nor many other universally ic- know ledged crimes. It was seen fit to forbid them by enforcing those virtues that must flectnully exclude llieni. If Christianity forbids those passions which engender war w hich are fed by it, nnii without which. imleit. it Mnn.il iat. en."', It follows inevitably that Christianity forbids 1 war. ; It w ill be admitted, that the views and the j practice of the earliest converts to Christian!- ty living as they did, near the time of its ; Founder, and under the teaching of the Apos- tics, or their iinmedlato successors are ciili- lit tl lo great influence in deciding this mo- nientotis question ; and ecclesiastical history nf the highctl auihnriiy establishes the fact, , that tl.a early Christians, not only insisted thai they '.re forbidden to fight but llut tin y manifested their sincerity, by oflVriug ' up I heir lives, miller Iban violate, what they dremed, an injunction of their Divine .Mas- ler. A few eases may litre be cited j ! Maximilian, a Unman youth, on being j broueht hi fere the Inbui.r,, tu be enrolled as a soldier, reused saying to the Proconsul, "n a Vknttinn, and cannot fi.lil." On being told lhat there was no alternative be- iween bearing arms, and beimr put lo death, ho prnmpily and firmly replied" enimnt flight, if I die:' Ho continued firm lo his principles, and was led to execution. The priiuilivo Christians riot only related to enlist, as soldiers, but those in the army who einbr.-.ced Christianity, immediately a bandoncd Ihe profession, without regard to consequences, Marcellus, a Roman Cenlirrior, on beccm ing a convert to Christianity, promptly re signed his commission, declaring, lhat hav ieg become a Christian,- bo could serve no lonrrpr. ' It is not lawful," said he, for a Christian to bear arms for any earthly eonsi deration." He continued firm in his relus .l, nnd so tiered death on that nccount. Cnssjan, who was a Notary in the sr. mo legion, on embracing Christianity, resigned his commission, and firmly adhering lo the sentiments nvowed by Marcollus liko him was led to execution. .Martin, another Ro man, who was bred lo the profession of arms, on being converted lo Christianity, abandon ed the army, saying, "lama Christian, and therefore I cannot fight. These are not isolated eases many mere might be adduced if it were necessary hut the fact we aim to establish will not be de nied, l'nrtullian. in sneaking of a larn-e nor- lion of the Roman armies, after Christianity had been widely spread over the world, ex- pressly assures us, lhat not a "Christian could be found among them." Ireneus, Justin .Mar- lyr. and others, furnish conclusive evidence that Ihe Christians of their day bore the most ample testimony lo the incompatibility of war the religion of the Gospel and lhat ma-; ny of them sealed their testimony with their blood. Clemens of Alexandria, speaks of as the " followers of peace," and says expressly, lhat they "used none of the implements of war." I.nctar.tius, another early Christian, alleges lhat, " it can never bo lawful for a righteous man to go to war." The evidence upon vh is point is fully sus- lained by the early opponents of Christianity: Oelsus, who lived towards the close ofc the second century, accuses the Christiana of his uay, oi reiusmg lo Dear arms, even in cases of necessity.' Origen, lh UIVm4e. of Christianity, iloes not deny, but admits the fact, and justifies it, on Ihe ground that war was unlawful. If, then, the language of prophecy is clear and positive that the time wilt come, when nation shall not lift up sword against nation, nor the people learn war any more : If in accordance wiih this prophecy, the precepts and commandments of our Savior are pacific in Ihe fullest degree; strictly en- joining the forgiveness of injuries; making it me only condition upon which men can hope to be forgiven and if He as strictly prohibited ihe indulgence of a spirit of resent- ment, sr retaliation: If Ihe early converts, under the teaching the Apostles and their imin'diate succes- sors, were to solemnly impressed with the belief that war was forbidden by their holy Redeemer, that they could not be induced lo arms for any earthly consideration," many of them nobly yielded up their lives in confirmation of the sincerity of their faith : If nil this be indisputable, we ask, if the is not fully and clearly establish- that war is a grievous violation of the principles of our holy religion! - It remains now to account for the change that has taken place in the practice of the! of this benign religion, in relation to war. The importance of the subject, and the magnitude of the evils consequent upon the change, calls for the clearest evidence of its propriety, and of its consistency with the precepts and spirit of the Gospel. The Apostles foreteld that after their de cease, a departure from the purity of the Chris tian faith would take place that " men would arise speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them," and that "many would follow their pernicious ways, by reason of whom the way of truth would be evil spoken of." 4 That this prediction was strictly fulfilled, will he generally admitted. The falling from the meek and unresisting spirit so conspicuously marked the primitive Church, was gradual, keeping pace with Ihe ot the frsneral proflisracv. and was doubtless acrelerated by the ccrrupting in- "ul"" imun uenten me i nurcn ana the State. W hen princes adopted the Christian reli- gion from motives of stale policy, si is not just cause of surprise, lhat courtiers should claim to be converts nor that a modified and adulterated system of religion should ensue, and ultimately prevail amongst subjects that war should rpasn in lis a violation of the spirit and precepts of the UUP" It will not he denied, that Ihe precepts and nf our blessed Lord, are binding upon individual believers. It becomes then an inquiry of the utmost importance, and we commend it to the mature and solemn reflec- tion ol all. liy what human authority hy what human-tribunal, can a community he absolved from the observance of those Divine laws and injunctions which, are acknowl edged to be binding upon ils individual mem bers 1 If it be said, lhat Christianity exonerates o from those duties, which site has im- posed upon tnitivuiuals, we ask for the "round upon which thn assumption is based. If the plea of expediency be made, does it not im- ply a distrust of Divine protection 1 And if expediency be a jtis'.ification of a violation of j ; j ! " V Mil. I IMI1.--III-CI UO OUIIII9- sihle; by it could not the multitude of mar- ! tyrs have escaped, who offered up their lives j rather than deny the Lord thai bought them, , or violate his holy injunctions! ' ; It may be said indeed it ofltn is said, ; ( that war, though a great evil, is an evil lhat ' , rannot be avoided in the present slate of Ihe , ' world ; and this conclusion may serve to qui i el Ihe consciences of many, whose feelings! revolt at the fearful realities of war. Let us ' examine tho correctness of the conclusion, that war is unavoidable has the trial been1 made, and found to ha impracticable I It is indeed lo be regretled,that nu instance ' of a ttriclly national character has yet occur : ! red, to lest the practicability of Ihe principle for hich w e plead an unreasonable reliance j Pon l,,e Ouinipntent Arm for protection and Terence. J h re is, however, a case to which we. mi,.v rere.r' 11 8,ronir character, and suf . fiuii'ntly national lor all the purposes or our I 'gt"""''l- ennsylvaina, it is known, was ',"''1,1 mm who believed lhat Chiisiiani- : 1 disturbed repose. What a lesson, may we , n1' as 10 Ch.islian nations! I I,,,w painfully, how instructively, does Ihe sit'intion of other American colonies contrast wi'b this! We will not attempt to portray nut re' ,0 ,ne blood-stained pages of co with lonial history. ' Will it be said the same confiding spirit, ' nriil peaceable deportment, if practised in sin Christians eerily and truth, Inwards nations professing 'be benign religion of the Gospel, would be more dangerous, or less successful 1 W ; trust not such a conclusion would be a libel , upon mankind a denial of the efficacy of the Christian religion and an inexcusable dis- . j sword arainst nation, or lo learn war any ' more. We have seen that the Divine Author and Founder of the existing dispensation, called the attention of bis followers to those violent and vindictive passions, the indul of rjence of which were allowed under ihe Law, for the express purpose of excluding them from the code of morals which it was His ' purpose to establish; and that His immedi "bear ate followers, and their successors for nearly two centuries, firmly believed lhat war was forbidden by their Divine Master. We have J shown that the conviction was so solemnly sealed upon their consciences, that w hen call proposition ed by the rulers of thai day to serve as sol ed ' diers, no earthly consideration or suffering J could induce them lo swerve from this arlf- , of primitive Christian faith, And the early writers, Ireneus, Justin Mar professors ) lyr, and Tertullian, affirm as their belief, lhat iho nmnhepv which declares lhat men stinolil I ' . I 1 perty and persons:" and again, "They , who defend war, must defend the disposi away lions which lead to war; and these disposi which tionsare absolutely forbidden by the Gospel." j Richard Watson, Bishop of Llandaff, as increase sorts that War has nr .ciieeo ml oilnninl... . Willi Ihe rules ot moral rectitude, and aru quite abhorrent lo the benignity of Christian- ity." Kdward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon and j Lord High Chancellor of Kngland, says that ." War introduces and propogatea opinions 1 and practices as much against; Heaven as against earth ; it lays our nature and our man ner . ....!.,. .ij k..i.ii .;..,. I ihe one, as Ihemtegrity ot the other, under the cursed jurisdiction of drums and truin injunclions ' pets." j William Law, a pious minister of the ' church of Knirland, and well known as the I ona Divine law, it is not perceived why it ' may not, with equal propriety, be urged in j justification of a violation of every oilier I)i- vine law. If human authority may abrogate, ' or suspend one law of (iod, why may not the ! same authority exercise the same powpr in I rerrard to every other law of the Creator ! ' Again, if the plea of expediency in relation ! lo r'hrintitin ftnolrinn aa .. . . : u -.l.n;- t iviortiaue w;nr under nny iiml every pretext They acted in strict accordance vt- at la this he- ! lief. Thty planted themselves in Ihe midst of savages. They were surrounded by men , who knew nothing of written treaties, or ihe 1 obligations of revealed religion ; by men who ! were addicted to war in its most sanguinary I and revolting forms -.scd yet "for more than 1 seventy years," and up to the lime that the ; government of Ihe Colony passed into oilier liaials, they enjoyed uninterrupted peace. "The IYiiiis-ylvaniiins," says Claikson, became armed, though without arms; they became rtrong, Ihougli without strength ; they became safe, without I lie ordinary means ol safely. For the greater part of a century, and never, during the administration of Wil liam IVnn, or that of his proper successors, was there a quarrel or a war." " Whatever the quarrels of the Pennsylvania Indians were with oilier, they uniformly respected, and held sacred, as it were, the territories of Wil liam Fenn." The settlers of Pennsylvania, relying upon Divine protection, placed themselves in the midst of savages, without ihe meant of resist iog aggression and even savage masnanim- ity fell the appeal suppressed the war-cry anU Permitted them to possess Ihe land in un- trust of the Providence and moral government of God. It is not unusual to attempt a justification of war under the Gospel dispensation, by re ferring; to the wars of the Jews, under Jhe dispensation ol the Law. It is conceded that many of these wars were authorized by the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, for nurnoses of bis own inscrutable wisdom ; but this high authority cannot be claimed by Christian na tions; and it has been shown that the two dispensations are ementially different that holy men during Ihe continuance of the legal dispensation, predicted, under the influence nf ihe spirit cf prophecy, that the time would come when nation should cease to lift up turn their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks, was then ful filled. With the hope of enforcing onr views up on this subject, nnd for Ihe purpose of show ing that they are neither wild nor visionary, we here oflVr the seutiiiieius of persons re specting it, who lived at different periods of time, and were eminent for their piety or learning. " War," says Krasmus, does more barm tn tlm morals nf men than evwn in Itioir nr... ptculiar to itself, which but ill quadrate and we can as easily preserve the beauty of author of "A Practical Treatise on Chris- liauity, avers that " J here is not a virtue of Gospel goodness, but has its death-blow from war." The eminent Dr. V. Knox, after remark ing that almost all the professions have some characteristic manner, observes, " It happens, unfortunately, that nrofliffacv. libertinism. and infidelity, are thought by weaker minds, ; almost as necessary a part of the soldier s 1 uniform, as his shoulder-knot. To hesitate ! at an oath, lo decline intoxication, to profess Proud. a regard for religion, would be almost as ig nominious as to refuse a challapge." The British poel, Southey, notwithstand ing he had eulogized the heroes of his native land, was constrained lo speak in temis of high commendation of those who refuse to fight; and be declares lhat " The prohibition of war by our Divine Master, is plain, lite ral, and undeniable." The Bishop of Llandaff, already quoted, says. "I am persuaded lhat when ihe spirit ol Christianity shnll r xerlits proper influence over ihe minds of individuals, and especially over the minds of public men in their public capuciiips, over the minds of men constituting Ihe councils of Princes w hen Ibis happy pe riod shall arrive, war will cease throughout the whole Christian world." Now, if it be true that "The dispositions which lead lo war are absolutely forbidden by tlm Gospel" il'ilVy "are quite abhorrent lo the benignity of V-brislianiiy" if war " introduces and prij;cgatrt opinions and practices as much affair. si Heaven as against earth" if it " lays our natures and our man t rs as waste as our gardensand habitations," and renders it as difficult to preserve "the beauty rf the one, as the integrity of Ihe oth er" if " Ihero is not a virtue of Gof pel good ness, but has its death-blow from war" if it is productive of " profligacy, libertinism, rind infidelity" if all this be true, should lu.t all who nro seeking to promote the resent and eternal warfare of their It I low mpn, uniie in one great and untiring i Horl to abolish to banish from the earth, this cruel, demoralizing, und destructive scourge 1 A stale of universal and enduring peace even if, as some suppose, it is tu be accom plished by a spprial interposition of Divine Providcrc -, at some remote period of lime is a delightful theme lo contemplate. Wp, also, believe, in accordance with pro pbrcy, that it will arrive; but, we believe lhat it will be a result of individual faithful ness. We fully unite in the opinion with the Bishop of LIundafT, lhat peace w ill be come universal " whenever the spirit of Chris tianity shall exert ils proper influence" and we have shown lhat Christianity did produce it, in an earlier and purer stale of the Church so far, nt least, as Christianity prevailed. If, then, peace on earth he looked to as an end and an aim of onr holy religion is not each individual believer called upon to culti vate in himself, and endeavor to promote in others, those feelings and lhat course of con duct which are calculated to produce this blessed effect! We have ventured especially lo request Ihe attention of those who have assumed the re sponsible station nf ministers and teachers of the Christian religion, to this subject; be-; cause, whatever a flee is the character of this religion, or opposes its progress in the world, seems peculiarly to claim their notice. And we would suggesl, that the fact of our coun try being at Ihe present lime engaged in war, furnishes a strong reason for entering into a careful examination of the evidence respect ing the lawfulness of war under the Gospel disnsation. May we venture to ask wliplher those pa cific principles by which the Church in the apostolic age and, indeed, during the first and greater part of the second centuries, was so remarkably distinguished, are inculcated by the Christian teachers of the present day, with lhat clearness and fulness, lo which they are justly entitled 1 Kvpn those w ho do not fully unite with us in Ihe belief, that " war is unreservedly prohi bited by Ihe Christian religion," must admit that, besides the misery and suffering it pro duces it is highly demoralizing und that it eminently tends to retard the progress of vital religion among men and if so, the glo rious theme of " peace on earth" should not fall to find devoted advocates in all who are sincerely seeking lo promote Ihe present and eternal welfare of their fellow-men. We are aware that when the public mind is strongly excited, it may require great mo ral courage, and a deep and abiding sense of duty, to enable the pastor tn stand firmly ut his post, nnd advocate the noble cause ol peace. But these are occasions when, by reason of the position he occupies, bis con stant intercourse with the people, and the in fluence he exerts upon their feelings, he may by restraining, or by giving u right direc tion to the popular impulse hecomu instru mental in hastening the day when righteous ness shall cover Ihe earth, as the waters cov er the sea. In conclusion we would ask attention to one view of the subject of war, which com mends itself with awful solemnity to the con sideration of all, and with peculiar force to those we are now addressing. We refer lo tho ultimate to the unseen consequences of war lo ihe final slate of tho myriads of spir its, dispmhodiud it is greatly lo be feared, while under the influenco of the most fero cious passions, and sent uncalled, into Ihe world of righteous retribution. Tho reflection is awful indeed and must, we would ftiin hope, command tlm most se rious attention; and by producing a firm conviction of the utter incompatibility of war wilh the meek, forgiving and peaceable spir it of the Gospel, lead to increased and ear nest efforts to eradicate from the earth this scourge to the family of man. If, then, the fruits of war be anguish un speakable, and biltemess in the latter end how strong how powerful is the claim up on our efforts to oppose it, and restore the Church to the state of purity in which it stood in Ihe primitive period of its existence! May the Lord in his mercy hasten the day when this shall be effected; when uation shall no longer lift up sword against nation, and the people shall learn war no more; but the kingdom of this world shall become the kjngdoiu of the Lord, and of his Christ. Sinned on behalf and by direction of a Meeting of Representatives of the Religious Society of Friends, of the Yearly Meeting of New York, held in City of New York, the 4th of First month, 1848. RICHARD CARPENTER, CLERK. Tint lTss ok thk Phacock's Tail. An other mode of safety exists in that which the generality of creatures is known to avoid, the attention und gaze of tho foe; and the means of escape are offered by assuming such a terrific aspect as may confound the facul ties of the pursuer, and striko him with an effectual though empty terror. The beauty of the peacock's plumage was a theme of ad miration in the remotest times; and the bird was sought after as cipalle of adding splen dor to the magnificence of Solomon. The chief display of this beauty arises from that arrangeineut of long und gorgeous feathers which 6pring from the space between the re gion, behind the wings and the origin of the tail; but the use of this to the bird itself ha been a subject cf doubt. At first tight it seema lo be no better than a luxuriance of nature, and an encumbrance, rather than a benefit. The action by which their splendor is outspread hat also been bcrnird an absurd manifestation nf pride. But men are imper fect interpreters of the action of nnimals; and a eloper examination of the habits of this bird will afford a different explanation. The tail of Ihe peacock is of a plain and humble des cription; and sppiiis to be of nn oilier use be sides aiding in the erection of Ihe long feath ers of the loins; while the latter are supplied ut their insertion with an arrangement of vol untary muscles, which contribute to their (I pvation, and to the other motions of which thry are capable. If surprised by a foe, the peacock presently erects its gorgeous feath ers; and the enemy beholds starting up before him a creature which his terror cannot fail to magnify int j ihe bulk implied by the cir cumference cf a glittering circle of ihe most dazzling hues, his attention at the same time being distracted by a hundred glaring eyes meeting his gaze in evpry direction. A hist from the beau of Ihe centre, w hich in shape and colors resemble that of a serpent, and rustle from the trembling quills, are attended hy an advance of the most conspicuout por tion of this bulk; which is in itself an action of retreat, being caused by a receding motion of the body of the bird. That must be a bold animal lhat does not pause ut the tight of such an object; and a short interval is suffi cient to ensure the Safety of the bird; but if, after all, the enemy should be bold enough lo risk nn assault, it is most likely that its ea gerness or rage would be spent on Ihe glit tering appendages, in which case the creature is divested only of that w hich a little time will again supply. A like explanation may be offered of the use of '.he long and curious append.ips of ihe brad and neck of various kinds of humming-birds, w hich, however Tec ble, are a pugnacious race. Among Ihe birda of our own country, the bittern, jlrdea ttel larit.) the pheasant and commea cock are, in a less deirrep, examples of the same stra tegy in deferiee; and, bpsides the terror they infuse, are instruments of protection in offer ing an uncertain mark to a combatant. Coueh't Illustration nf Salural History. DAVID WOODRUItT"" MANt'KACTl'RER Or CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, SULKIES, ic. A frpnerat assortmpnt nf Pnrri:ifra .nn.l.nl. ly on hand, made of the best materials and in Ihe neatest style. All work warranted Shop on Main street, Salem, O. JAMES BARN A BY, PLAIN & rASIIIONAni.C TAILOR. Culling done to order, and all u-ork warranted. Corner of Main & Chestnut streets. Salem. Ohio. DRY GOODS & GROCERIES, BOOTS and SHOES. (Eastern and Wes tern,) Drugs and Medicines, Paints, Oil and Dye Stuffs, cheap aa the cheapest, and good as the beat, constantly for sale at TRESCOTTS. Salem, O. 1st m-. 30th. - C. DONALDSON & CO. WHOLESALE & RETAIL KAHOWARE MERCHANTS Keep constantly nn hand a general assorlniiut of HARDWARE and CUTLERY. No. 18, Main atreet, Cincinnati. January, 1818. BENJAMIN BOWN, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GIlOCEIl, T K A-D E A I. E R , FRUITERER, AND DEALER IN Pittsburgh Manufactured .Irlirfct. No. Ml, Liberty Street, PlTTSBVllGII. WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY, Ihviscd F.dition, just received at Ihe Salem Bookstore. Agents for the Bugle." OHIO. New Garden ; David L. Galbreatli, and T K. Vickers. C iltimbiaua ; Lot Holmes. Cool Springs; Mahlon Irvin. Berlin ; Jacob II. Barnes. Marlboro Dr. K. G. Thomas. Canfield ; John, Wetmore. Lowellville; John Bisscll. Youngstown; J. S. Johnson, and Wm J. Bright. New Lyme; Marsena Miller. Sclma; Thomas Swayne. Springboro; Ira Thomas. Harveysburg; V. Nicholson. Oakland; Elizabeth Brooke. Chagrin Falls ; S. Dickenson. Columbus; W. W. Pollard. Georgetown; Ruth Cope. Ilundysburg; Alex. Glenn. Farmington; Willard Curtis. Ohio City ; R. B. Dennis. Newton Falls; Dr. Homer Earle. Ravenna; Joseph Carroll. Hannah T. Thomas; Wilkesville. Southington ; Caleb Greene. Mt. Union; Joseph Barnady. Malta ; Wm. Cope. Richfield; Jerome Hurlburt, Elijah Poof Lodi ; Dr. Sill. Chester Roads; II. Curtis. Painesville; F. McGrew. Franklin Mills; Isaac Russell. Granger; L. Hill. Hartford; G. XV. Busline)). Garrettsville ; A. Joiner. Andover; A. G. Garlick and J. F. Whil more. AchorToivnj A. G. Richardson. INDIANA. Winchester ; Clarkson Pocket. Economy ; Ira C. Muuloby. PENNSYLVANIA. Pittsburgh II Vashon.