Newspaper Page Text
ANTI-SLAVERY HUGLE, SALEM, O.
From the Chronolype. Annexation of Cuba. The Chntlct.ton Courier of lhe, EOd has rather rich development of i lie hitherto abortive machinati'im cf our lt vt-hoUt I n(j matters to get possession of Culm. They went tibout ilie maiit-r with gnat secrecy end stern resolution, but it teem they have, managed it with lili'e tact and less success. Last fall the New Yoik Herald announced that negotiations had been opeiipd hy Mr. S Hinders, our Minister iit M ulrid, lor Hip purchase of Cuba. Our own government kept officially silent, hut us soon .in a denial came frtn the Spanish government, outs officially paraded Mi.it ns a eufTicienl refuta tion cf lite story in idu JJerald. Out a Mr. Thomas Oatilo Reynolds, "ho was Secretary of Legation at Madrid, anil is moreover a Virginian, anil as like to the great Don Nicholas P. Trist s one pea ia like an other, comes out with a long letter in the Charleston Courier, revealing almost nil he knows of the mailer, and he knows all annul it, so far as go infi lled, indirect, and Tristful a document ean reveal Anything. If we eo pie of the Noiih should generally read this document, it would give them a very exalt rd opinion of American diplomacy nnd Vir ginian diplomatists. Reynolds very nearly calls Saunders an imheciln foul, and he clear ly establishes his own title to the same cha racter, so far as his knavery allows room for it. It seems that in May, 1S47, Mr. Saunders left Madrid, givinjj charge of the legation to the Secretary, Mr. Reynolds. The latter, supposing that the British had a design to pel Cuba, either hy exchanging Gibraltar for it, or taking a mortgage on it to secure, their debt of Rome $350,000 000, (as he estimates it,) watched the operations of the British bondholders, and says he " took means sim ple but efficacious to protect ihe interests of the United States in tint event." lie im mediately apprized Mr. Saunders of what he h id done, and pot the following very dt? i sive and slaveholder-like letter in reply, dated Havre, July 19ih, 1817: " I have just received your note of the i li . I am glad you ma le thn ii.quiry as to the English debt. Should lhere he ahy d.u:aer, Bonner than the English should get hiiv tien on Cuba, 1 would Kitpulite lor the United Slates to guarantee in sour w.iy the payment of the debt, on having a mono a fro on CiiIm. "If you should ascertain Ihut there is any foundation for your suggestion in regird In Cuba, you will at once rail on the Minister of Stale, nnd request a suspension of iIih ar rangement, until I can return, as I u -u!d at once come hack if any plan of the kind was in agitation." If Mr. Polk had instructed his minister to go as deep ns to pay the whole Spanish debt lo the Uriiish bondholders, he would proba bly impart such a secret to as few breasts as possible, and it seems that he must luve been rather chary nf it, at least in lhe noiui-in of his minister Saunders, fir on the 2 lib, ol" Ju ly, the minister wroe another letter from Havre to Ihe S crt lary of Legation, w hich the latter now publishes, showing; that even Mr. Secretary Huchatian was not in fail con fidence of the slaveholders in regird to this delicate negotiation. Ttu letter is as fol lows: 'What will Salarmrea think of this threat contained in the letter of the committee of the bondholders to Isturiz 1 Is it possible he had so little spirit as to receive such a document I As this matter is likely to bo pressed on the Spanish gr.vr rnnient. I would write Mr. 1). on ihe subject, bad I lull con fidence in him; but as 1 have not, I shall re serve to myself the liberty of r.ctiog on the general instruction assuming Ihe responsi bility of doing what the occasion may call for. I may therefore submit a proposition to tho Minister." In explanation of the mystery developed in this letter, Mr. Reynolds roes into a reci tal of tho cases in which Mr. Polk hail said one thing to bis ministeis and another to his Secretary of State, and m.ikes a pretty con summate old fox of him. However, as Mr. Saunders bad said he would not write to Buchanan, Reynolds thought t !; t he would. So he wrote a volunteering despatch in which he ventured to express thn opinion that Spain feared our attempts on Cuba mote than she did Uritish, &c, &.c. And this was not enough; be magnifies himself very drolly by saying "To put an end to a question from which I apprehended much embarrassment In my self as well as danger to the interests nf the United States, in case Mr. Saunders should prosecute his wild scheme of pledging our national faith lor the payment of three hun dred and fifty millions of dollars in order to obtain a mere mortgage on Cuba, I commu nicated, unofficially, to an elevated employee of the Spanish government, the detailed in formation my despatch contained, in reler ence to the parlies then urging their claims ss bondholdt re. He expressed his acknow ledgements for that unmasking of a shame less stock-jobbing Scheme, and concuried with me in the conviction that lhe course suggested, and which has since been partial ly followed, would placnlhe Spanish govern ment in a position to check any unwarranta ble importunities on the subject." After all, however, Saunders did write to Buchanan, asking what was best to he done. And Reynolds made a parade, for w hat pur pose we can not understand, of havintr writ ten other important despatches whichlie al terwards destroyed. This very important Secretary of Legation also magnifies himself lor the pari he was going lo take not officially to defeat Ihe divorce of Ihe Queen of Spain, a measure which Sir Henry Uulwer was si pposed lo he urging. What under heaven an Ameri can Legation has to do with the divorce or marriage of Queens, we do nol know, but this fellow, Reynolds, seems lo have con sidered it his duty, by hook or by crock, of ficially or unofficially, to defeat lhe schemes of the British minister, nnd was only pre enled from doirg something important that direction by ihe firmness of ihe Span ish prime minister, w hich, with admirable pomposity, he says " Defeated the powerful combination form ed lo gratify the supposed wishes of the Ca tholic Queen, nnd I was relieved from the necessity of taking lhe active and decided, but unofficial steps which in the conferences between the French Minister (M. de Cluck berg) and myself, It had been ngreed upon that I ohould take, in case the efforts of Sir Henry Uulwer rendered it absolutely neces 1 in sary lo Approach Influeprt'S wielding great noiirr over ih iniml of ihn cnvnrniirn bpr-' SjII." Well, when a Cre,t nation employs a fool'""-'""" ' l i. .c r. t I . e : .... .... lur nil nitinaesauor, oi cuur'0 li iliuji inn up i with such reve at on. In a I this lolly, iii. i i however, he says be did not exceed bis pow- er. no, " disreg.rd the stringent and even ; jealous instructions sent by Saunders." One ,..ce of rascality, in winch he participated.! .i i i .1 1 among theso prnciedings, he s going to keep secret ' Hear him ' , " In respect to one of those proceedings ; relative to a supposed treasonable correcpnn-1 dence concerning thn establishment of a Iree negro republic in Cuba I am disposed to be;l(j silent, because the Spanish government has del. rmined (I think w isely.) to preserve ' i-rhns most profound secrecy in regard to it. O, Mr. Thomas Caute Reynolds, what pity: Do to, I us shout Hi u "nejjro repub- lie," do. Mr. Reynolds lets out that in regard to Mr. Forsyth's instructions in relation lo Cu ba, ho fell bound lo keep them concealed, till Mr. Cass unfortunately revealed them, in his speech on the Yucilan question. It ftppmR that thn slnrullnl.lra Itavi, mn.nl trt keen lhe w hole matter cnnr-o:,lo,l frr ni ihe ! first, but Ihe Norihern allies have been leaky. U gather from the verbosity of mighty Mr. Reynolds that he was inuclidis-i1 pleased, not only w lib the conduct of Mr. Saunders, hut of Mr. Polk and Mr. Cass, that he plotted lo mystify Mr. Buchanan, and intended to manre the delicate mailer llilli.h l.altur fit llin al.vnlindlura I It '. n n n If i if '. them cm',1.1 hav dnnp.and more, lo the satis-1 faction of the whole country. He even tells us thai il Mr. Cass had been elected he in- lenueu io nave nnpeaciieu mr. roue mr transeending his constitutional po.ver in the matter. This is rich. Hear him again : " Had Mr. Cass been elected, I should. though I am and always have been a decided member of lhe political party which chit fly 1 siippor.ru mm, nave .e cons.rainerj .0 the advice of some eminent counsel, learned in the law, concerning the proper legal mode (if any there be for a simple citizen of the United States,) of bringing to the cogniztnee of ihe llousii of Represeifaiives tin Execu tive proceeding, which I humbly conceive lo I be not only beyond the constitutional power of lhe President or his agent, but violative ol thn constitutional rights of every citizen of the t'ninn, contrary logomi faith, derogatory lo the dignity and eminently detrimental to the inti rests of our common country." lint as Old Zu'k, and not the car-Cass v. -.a elected, all this was rendered unnrces- sary, anil .Mr. Reynolds, through Mr. Bolts, threw himtelf into the arms of General Tay lor; abut.'! ns rich a boon to his administra tion as s,y Hfv. C. V. Denison. Reynolds, aflcr his dismissal from the le- g.nioii, which look place in July, 1618, at the r quest of Saunders, and beforo the latter had entered upon his unsuccessful negoli i tion for the purchase of Cuba, it seems hung about the legation to get knowledge for use at home. And according to his own account he was preiiy successful, though be came oil" long before the data of lhat rcmaikable leiter in the IhralJ, 'tho correctness of w hich he fully vouches for, nnd which ure have no uouht originated in him. Thrt suMimn Secretary of Legation, after show ing up ihe entire ignorance and stupidi ty of tho ambassador Saunders, glorifies him self for lhe important aid which he rendered to the legation nnd this particular negocia lion, even after his dismissal. But the pas sage is too rich lo withhold from our readers, and wn give it at some length : " Mr. Saunders wrote to mo frnm La Granj i for information of a most exiciuled nature on several matters, which the know ledge 1 had already bad of lhe nature of his instructions enabled me clearly to see waste ho used in a negociaiion for the purchase of Cuba. My official connection with ihe Le gation had ceased entirely ; the Secretary of State had carried his caution 6o far as to name lhe precise moment when that connec tion should be dissolve, I ; I had been recall ed al the request of Mr. Saunders himself, so strenuously, though secretly urged, ns to place the late President, in what his Sucre tary of Stato was pleased lo term tho " pain ful necessity" of gsaiiling il; yet I prompt ly furnished him (Mr. Saunders) wilh all thn information within my reach, (except a por tion, which I should have been bound to give, if annfficprof the United Statcsgovern inent, but which, ns I was not, I was, so cially, hound lo withhold.) and received, in reply, his ihanks for the data sent him. " 11 at while I had too much resnect for lhe authority of the government and for our laws, lo aliempt any inleiference wilh the arts of its olficeis abroad, I had the fixed de termination, as far as in me lay, lo prevent any nuempi to carry out such a scheme with out a due and proper consultation, not mere ly of party cliques or political managers at Washington, but of the American ponple, in the widest sense of the term. "I was also apprehensive that the ques tion would he sprung upon the Democratic party, to which 1 helonged, and an attempt made to run Mr. Cass in upon lhat issue. Coneeivin.; lhat lhe question was ono that should bo kept npan from parly issues, I viewed such a contingency wilh some alarm. I alo felt bound as a Southern man. and in deed as an American, to look lo the proposed annexation or i;tna ; lor, in that event. 1 11 ihe decision af the I'nttni V.,r,-jn, "'.,..!. in Ihe rate if the .Omin'iid, ahnut one half the tlacet if Cuta uuiuld ie freed, and an the l'iw if lhat it and mnkenii dittinclinn belwrenli ft... ...a;,. -.. 1 ...i. t. .. . .. ... Jr,K """ft, me rm:n ana tne L'niun might ftwl in their botumt a free negro tiimmanwcalli, claiming the riht to tend freed tlurct as Senatort to our Cnnresa unless proper provisions were made in, or previous to the conclusion of the treaty, to secure the present dc facto position of the while popula tion of Cuba." ' 1 In such a predicament il is no wonder lhe .,.,,, ., ui negation snouid lear -. assisin, and prefer lo transfer himself over lo the rising Taylor dynasty, as he did by unbosoming himself lo Hulls. The result of the w hole negocialion Mr. Reynolds thus richly sums up: "The question of annexation lias f , . " UV-CM.) lor the present al least, set at rest, as far a. U!e and the V. S. Legation at Madrid Ti. course lhe public may possibly suspect lobe a succession nt adroit manceuvres; it may skilful nianairpment. nf nl... .,. nes. of consultations with important repre sentatives of Cuban wealth, or Cuban in terests, disclosures o'er s genial glass of accompaniment. ImatlC contest. Lit It h ii. ..,: . iMr Saunders, is as short as Instructive. A -""";,., , . ., formal ennfe rer.ee was '". o ound the disposmon of General Naiw. " f Lnvoy . Lnglish was nlo Trench for the edification of lhat fiery soldier : . . ', in return, his energetu thoughts, torn out of ,,eir Caslilian idiom, to be cramped tip in a ,..rrnrh dr,,85i erB B)fain done into Knolisb for ,hB convpnirnco t,f Mr. Saunders. This j,)ljBtjc entertainment soon grew irksome ilnp;iHnt Spaniard, nnd the conference ,.edil but courteously terminal. pn.lecl this celebrated negoti ation. whether it could have been made lo result difTerenllVs had lhe usual weapons of diplo- wine, earnest conversations lo bring over, or li rrtit iesls to sound some grave diploma- 'list or minister of State, and all thn other ot n racy ilipln- mat IC ie undeceived ; ihe . - . . . . t . t.-.tu t i,a form r atiln instructions spni in !ni;)ey been employed, is a question into w hich I do not prelend lo enter.' COMMUNICATED. Is it Christianity? 'lfiou' our 'leart8. we must have the greatest possible unconcern for his creatures ! This ici il, -IT.... f ....1. . been,ou""'' ,0 far lro, . if they wished to see Dear Bl'GLT : - There is little else that occasions me moro pj,in than t0 be oblisrod to take exceptions to, " . 1 ' or can in iuciuoii, niu i-i-.jMic.jf ui coneci- ness of the religious course of others; yet, as we value consistency, as we would de fend Christianity as taught by tho Divine Author, wo often find ourselves necessiated to take exceptions to much that seeks lo be endorsed by community as tho religion of Jesus. Our Methodist friends have been putting forth a "special rlT;rl" in this place for the l ist few days, with reference to the end of prmntincT a "revival," and I must he ex ,.usoli if , ,ie lir)Pr,y , 8,TItest few J . considerations which make it a question in my mind, whether tha moro of good or of ' , . evil is the resu't of efforts of this character. n-i. .i.. -.,r..i i r .i. r , , ii o, i ii ci i i s ii , ,i i co ii i uusr i ci ui i ne lorm , .ii, of ptoceeding with the older sects on occa- ' " .., sinus of tho kind we refer to, can fail to see lhat lhe sum of the effort, tho legitimate ten dency of the whole course of proceeding is lo beget in the minds of the people, and cs- prcially those coming more immediately tin- der the influence of the effort, the idea that the claims of Christianity will have 3 ueei. me! -y uicn, .. uiey j,t,U nearly as- sent lo certain dogmas, connect themselves with some religious sect, and ohservo the usages of thai sect. Not a single human duty is ever presrnted so far from it indeed, if any happen to have an idea of Christiani ty beyond simplo faith and exercises, and tana tne i.ner.y ,o suggest tt, wny, it is out of place, that's all. To be a liule moro particular. There are a ,ew arouna nere wno .aae me uoet.y to ne-: lieve that God is no respecter, of per.onusniy that consistent action grow. inn; nut of thai faith would be to regard no place or occasion . , ,u savicu tu nmui iiii.i nil v nil u ill.-o i , ti ui , . our fellow-citizens, w ho are hy law found- den to know anything tiuly of God, or "thn Lord that bought them." That in seeking lo induce people to repent of their sins, ami lead new lives, this, their most heinous tin, should be presented, with tho absolute ne cessity, as they would have God's pleasure, of taking a position where they would be 1 j v.. w clear in this matter. Well, as we had op portunity, we made theso suggcslions, 10 our friends, but nol one could he induced to think it would be in place to say any thing in regard lo Ihe slave. One good sinti-sLve-ry sister, howe ver, was a hit of a thorn in the flesh to them. She look tho liberty in con ference meeting one day to call thn attention of the meeting lo their duty to the slave. The elTecl was a silence ns of death for a short time, when the minister requested that they speak on, but " speak to the point." Yes, to refer lo the ehamed is always for eign from the point with a Methodist piiest! I have been told thai occasionally during the meeting he fell into lite hands of those who would call bis attention to Ihe case of the slave, hut the sum of his response was, I A1nnni l ..IT il.-Mn4l ,.r .I:..:..:.- . 1 ..., ,u. ,ny uu ,un 111.11111U- Ol tlivniliy lOIireaCIl abolition!!" Yet, strange lo say, he claims lo be anti-slavery ! Well now w ho does not see that lhe result of religious sentiments imbibed under circumstances like these, i9, to beget the impression that, if wo owe a du ty lo the slave, which is doubtful, it is of such a character as lo l.ave no connection with our religion, but must he attended lo when we have the least religious feeling; and so, as in the case of a special outpouring, when we would have most of the love of " j" 11:11 n course, and no Am man will do:; if. The ministers will not open their mouth for the dumb, and just in proportion as ibey have influence in coin, munity, do Ibey shut up the ears of lhe peo pie to those who would speak out on litis al.sorbing subject. Is 11, ihen, Christianity 1 ' ET TIIE 8LAV answer, uut 1 am not through wilh this meeting. As usual, lhe bug bear of "Infidel" was sounded lo Ihe people. At an early slage of tne meeting 1 sent a respectful invitation lo lie ministers lo call on me. But no! nnor j " J "lir.SU 1U BCr the friend who wnrl. in .... .1... ...:.k at hi. houseand lend a child ! lor "lm u"e ol them gave, as reason hv j'18 sll0ul1 " eall on me, lhat he "had no infinity for my atmosphere." I addressed him Ihe following nute Rev. Joint . McLain Sir: I believe Ihe Methodist Kpiscopal Church ami-Christian. and essentially sinful. 1st, Uecause it is slaveholding and slavery-snst.tlning Church. ' an, necnuse iiis a war-approving and war- ..elo I t int. 11, .....I. 1 I...I; I .l. !.:- I run, I,, wmukii. a ueiievo in tun viiris- lian religion, and " have a desire to flea lhe wraib to come." Will you receive my name ' as a probationer in said church, civinir me tho right, ns in duly bound, to show the chuich their sin in these particulars 1 Willi due respect, E. F. CURTIS. March 19th, 1849. P. S. If you am so far wanting in "affin ity for my atmosphere " as to render a per tonal interview in any manner dangerous lo E. F. C. To this proposition I received no response. Tho insignificance of Ihe source from whenco it emanated cannot be pleaded, as the con tinued use of the stale old word " ivfulel" with sundry like slanderous epithets, bear faithful evidence. Why, then, did my pro- noailion not iappivd n C:ivnr;ililn Answer? I L . , ,. ..,1 ,i . r i firmly believe it is because Ibey are satisfied of ihe truth of my charges, and they do not care lhat the members should know the evi dence of their truth ! If they believe them to exist only in imagination, would they hesi tate 1 How easy to remove the imaginary evidence; satisfying the people of (he purity of the Church, and, saving a soul from "in fidelity," would cover a multitude of "op posing influences." Till the end, E. F. CURTIS. Orangeville. March 25, 1849. ! ' i ' , i j ; 1 , , lnber. of Ihe fchnrch, could not escape ! i i I. i lo a Friends Editors : I hold it strictly true, that " eternal vigi lance is Ihe price of liberty." And holding this true, I believe it to be the duly of all philanthropists to expose whatever is preju dicial to lihertv. nn matter hv whom lhe j ., e i r wrong is done. If the cause of human free- i ir . . , . , r . - - , , . dom sulTera by the hand of an individual in J i i i Btnlmn. or In n Kiton ion where l.p lias a .1 .i .t vtrnsivA iullii(,npp over others, then is 1 ii-r much greater need ol n liuho, tor the reasoo, that in proportion lo the influence he posses ses will be the injury produced. Acting upon this principle, 1 wish to no tice two or three specimens of our opponents in this vicinity. And first, I would remark, r c ,i . . . , by way of preface, that perhaps it 13 nol gen- ,, fc . , f ,, j that there has been a glorious revival of unli slavery sentiment in a portion of Riolslown, in this County. This revival commenced about fifteen months since, and was what sectarians would call a "prvtraclid tffur!.' During its progress, several members of the ,.,,,.:,. Kt.Uconal Church were t.ricked lo (he ,UMrli anJ iupefuy converted lo the wllolt)9ome d(,etrine of Xo union wilh ,,,..,,,,,,.. of course such a movement. the watchful eye of tho "preacher in charge,' . ., , , . ,, , ",. 'and consequently tho thunder of Methodist i, , ... Lpiscopal artillery , , was soon heard on till sides nghinst llic movement. In short, the i lit mo it effort was put forth to crush this ami , slavery feeling, individuals were visited pri I vately, and every method resorted to, which ; priestly ingenuity and cunning could devise, to win tlit m from lhe truth but all lo no . ntlrrnsn. At last inns! of lbe:ll left the church. , .1 .- . .1 1 Atlcnty iliocft who ritd not withdraw, wjis Mr. C . A few weeks since, this Mr. C. was called upon by the JUv. Carlos Chapman, a Methodist minister on the Ed inburgh Circuit, of which Circuit, Roots town forms a part. Mr. Chapman demanded of Mr. C, the reason why he did not attend the meetings of tho Church. Mr, C. allu ded to Iho pro-slavery position ol lhe Church as one reason, and among other thingp, be s.iid that the government of the M. II Church was tyrannical, anti-republican, &c. Thereupon Mr. Chapman cautioned hitn against using such language, or he would be " dealt with !" In other wirds, that the recusant would be summoned to appear before the august inquisition of the Methodist Epis copal Church, for opinion's sake ! The re- t qj ' 1 M man's vUit was not as fa vorable as ho could have w ished, nnd ended w ith a declaration, on the pari of ihe enligh tened member, that ho was yet n free moral agent, and needed no leading string. For daring thus lo speak out, and express bis 0 pinions, ho w ill probably he ' dealt wilh." What a pity it is that he could not relish the husks cf Methodis'n instead of more escu lent food ! Thus we see Ihnt the members of the Me thodist Episcopal Church, in Rootstown are not allowed lo think fir themselves 1 or if, for Ihe sake of being a little indulgent, Mr. Chapman allows them to think, they must not give expression to their thoughts. I pre sume this ex.tlled Rev. wishes to do all the thinking himself, the dear soul ! Tho truth is, the members of the M. K. Church, ore re duced lo a state cf vassalage, and Ibis why they are so completely under Ihe dicta tion of the priesthood. They are slaves themselves, and their ministers are the driv ers. Lnlil they Itirow 01 liieir snackies, we can hope for no aid from them in Ihe great work of rescuing our countrymen from bon-1 dage. Uut I have digressed, and forgotten my text. -I am credibly informed that Carlos Chapman voted for that renowned man-thief, Zichary Taylor. This is in harmony wilh his course for a man that supports an op pressor, is induced to oppress those beneath him. The Rev. John Dain, the "wolf" who has charge of the Methodist "flock" this place, also voted for Old Zick." This same John Uain, at a meeting of the Portage I Couniy Biblo Society, held in W indham Township, on the Tth of February last, ad. ' J " dressed that body from tho words, " Love one onufAcr ;" a very good text, and one which it becomes all Taylor men to ponder upon The Township of Edinburgh, in Ibis Coun ty, is well supplied with pro-slavery filth, in the shape of tuperanualrJ Methodist preach erswhich is interpreted lo mean those worn out in the service of the Church. Alas, for the cause of humanity, they are as active as ever in ,,, t.i)1),p of Salan) ,eir UA J master. They lose no opportunity lo do vio lence to tho cause of freedom, and if an anti-slavery meeting is purposed to be held in Ihe township, the highest ambition of these worthies is to render il a failure. I presume lhat Methodism in this vicinity is a fair index to Methodism everywhere in the United States. And thus we behold a Eret wotk before us, in ridding these seela- . , , . . " rians of the letters which prevent their CO' operation with us. Friends, let us address ourselves lo the task with more zeal and en ergy lhan ever, and we shall ultimately reap a glotious harvest. Yours, always, SPECTATOR. RAVENNA, April 6th, 1849. ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE. SAL KM, APRIL 13, 1819. " 1 LOVE AGITATION WHEN THE HE IS CAISS TUn IT THE At.AIIM nELL WHICH STAHTI.ES THE INHABITANTS Of A CITY, SAVES THEM FKOM BE1NO BL'ltNED IS THEIR BEDS, .'( mund Uurke. Qj- Persons having business connected with the paper, w ill please call on Janu s Uuriiaby, corner of Main and Chesnut sis. FIFTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE American Anti-Slavery Society. The Fifteenth Annivebsauv of the A. me 11 ICAM A.NTl-Si.AVKUV SoriETV will be held in Ihe Tarhernicle, Broadway, New-York, on Ttiesdiy. the 81 Ii day of May next. The Annual Meeting of the American So ciety is the most important anti slavery meet ing held any where during the year. The Anniversary al the Tabernacle repre sents to Ihe country at larje the progress, the efficiency, and t ven the existence, of the Anti Slavery cause. It is lo vast numbers of neniile. the only sign of lhe continued zfal and spirit of the Abolitionists, whose local meeting they never hear of. The ""Dusiiitss Meetings of the Society have always brought together in counsel a large number of Abolitionism from various pans of lhe Northern States than is ever con vened on any other occasion. The general interests of the cause command, at thailime a consideration which at no other can be given them. Il has never, sinep the formation of lhe Society, been more apparent than at this momptit, ihut thn Anti-Slavery cause is left where I' ' nas been, in Ihe hands of Ihe ineiiiiiers of the American Society. There is as yel no reason to 6uppr.se that Slavery will ever be abolished, except through its el furts. The general importance of Ihe annua! meeting, and Ihe aspect of the cause at this moment, which gives us every thing to hope for if we persevere every thing lo fear if we filter appeal alike loudly lo Abolition ists, all over Ihe land, to maku the ensuing Annual Meeting ol tho American Anti-Mavi rv Society one that shall do more even than any previous one has dune lo drive Ihe South lo despair in deleuee of its felonious system ol society, and the Notth lo a more deter mined altitude, than any pottion nf it has ever yet ventured to assume in defence ol its own rights, and the asseilion of the rights of lhe slave, WM. LLOYD GARRISON, President. Wendell Phillips, ) S. II. Gav, S Secretaries. WM. LLOYD GARRISON, President. The Society of Friends---Its early Anti-Slavery Action. is in In a former article we confined our notice lo the action of Friends in England from their organization down lo lhe abolition of Ihe Af rican slavctrade. The course pursued by Friends in America was similar to that adop ted hy their trans-allanlio brethern. There was, however a difference in their situation tho former lived in a country where slavery existed, and where the horrors and enormities of the system were continually before them; and although this would enable them to act with greater elTeciency, they had greater dif ficulties ti contend with. The public senti ment in favor of slavery was stronger lhan that which prevailed in England. The laws were unfavorable lo emancipation, and in the southern parts of the country almost amoun ted lo a total prohibition. Many of ihe mem bers of the society were directly engaged in slavebolding, and strongly opposcJ to any action agaiusl the system. Yet so early as 1G88, some German Friends who had selilcd in Pennsylvania, introduced lhe subject into the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, urging upon its members Ihe inconsistency of slave ry with the principles of Christianity. These were they to whom the Quaker poet, Whit- tier, referred, when he wrote of " That brother-band, The sorrowing exiles from their "Father land." Leaving their bones in Krieshiem's bowers 01 vine, And ihe blue beauly of their glorious Rhine, I 0 seen smiil our solemn depths of wood Freedom from man, and holy peace with God; wno lirst ol all their testimonial gave Against the oppressor, for the outcast slave. It was nol, however, until 173-1 so slow I was the growth of anti-slavery principles ; 'hat the meeting was prepared lo act official ly, and to issue, even a qualified protest, against slavery and the slavetrade. In lhat year ihey published an address, exhorting their members lo refrain from the purchase or importation of slaves; and when they did possess them, they were desired to " Mako it your constant care to watch over them for good, instructing them in the fear of God, and Ihe know ledge of the gospel of Christ, that Ihey may anew er lhe end of their creation, and that God may be glorified and honored by them as well as by us ; and so train them up, thai if you should come to behold their unhappy situation, in lhe same light that many worthy men, who are at rest, have done, and many of your brethern now do, and should think il your duty lo set them free, that ihey may be more capable of ma king use of Iheir liberty. How can we be said lo In e our brethern, who bring, or for selfish ends, keep them in bondage t Do we act consistently with this noble principle who lay such heavy burdens on our fellow crea tures. Do we consider that they are called, and do we sincerely desire they may become heiis with us in glory, and that ihey may re joice in Ihe liberty of the sons of God, whilst we are w ithholding from them lhe common liberties of mankind I Or can the spirit of God, by which we have always professed to be led, be the author of these oppressivo and unrighteous measureB 1 Or do we not there by 111 1 n i Ie si that temporal interest hath more influence on our conduct herein, lhan the dic tates of that merciful, holy, and unerring Guide V In 1 775, twenty one years after lhe issu ing of their first address upon the subject, they adopted a rule of Discipline, forbidding 1 lit i r members to engage in lhe buying or importation of slaves; and in 1770, required ti.it all who were slaveholders should man umit their slaves or he disowned from mem bership. The Yearly Meeting of New-Kng- land, Ntw-Ycrk, Maryland, Carolina and Georgia in tho course of time followed the example thus. set them, and the society be came purged of slaveholding members. Tho , position thus assumed by Friends was great ly in advance of the age; and their testimo ny r.g ,inst the buying and selling of their fel- ' low uien,shone all ihe brighter because of lhe more tiian midnight daikness which prevail ed it w as a testimony, which, as much as any other, marked the Friends of former days, as "a peculiar people, zeulous of good works." In America, as in England, members ef the society were lobe lound, whoso sphere of labor was not confined within the hounds ol the religious organization w ith w hich they were connected, who were not content with its official action, but felt liieir individual re sponsibilities, and the need of individual la bor w henever and wherevel they deemoj it -would be useful. Among the first t en gage in tho work was William Burling of Long Island, and Ralph Sandiford of Phila delphia. The latter w rote a w ork against t-lavery in 1720, and though thrtatened by the Chief Judge of Pennsylvania if he should publish ii, he was nol to be dclered from the performance ol his duty, but printed and cir culated it free of expense. Soon after litis, the eccentric Benjamin Lay removed from Darhadocs to Pennsylva nia, and greatly aided lo keep alive the anti- slavery agitation which was then beginning lo prevail among Friends. His plainness of speech, his energy of character and his con slant le.siiiuoi.y against the sinfulness of slavebolding awakened many, who, under a less energetic and peculiar preacher, would h ive rem lined in a stale of indifference. His manner and his speech was truly pecu liar, as will he inferred from the following facts. Lay used to be a constant attendant at Monthly Meeting, and whenever any slavebolding member attempted to speak, he would cry out "7'here's another negro master!" This wits a "plainness of speech" which many regarded as uncalled for by the Disci- . plinc, and was extremely distasteful to the members generally. One of bis neighbors held a negro girl as a slave, and Lay, who had labored with them tincessfully for her redemption, at length adopted an effectual means lo m.-.ke lliem feel lhe wrongs Ihey were inflicting. Ho met their son, a lad of six years, and coaxed him lo go home with him. The parents vainly sought their child, and toward night came lo Lay, exclaiming; in agony " Oh, Benjamin ! Our child has been missing all day." He replied, " Youp ehiid in mife in my house, and you may nova conceive of the sorrow you ivjlict upon the pa rents if the negro girl you hold in tlaveru ; for the unit lorn from them hy avarice." John Woolman, of New York, was anoth er unwearied advocate of the slave's cause ; and ;he principles he espoused in youth, he . faithfully maintained till death. Though mild and gentle in language and in spirit, no one could stand firmer for the truth than did . he. His ministrations were unlike those of ' Benjamin Lay ; but as Luther and Melanc thon were both needed in the protestanl re- ' formation, so was lhe ardent soul of Lay,' and Ihe gentle spirit of Woolman both ne cessary agents in accomplishing the work lo , which ihey gave themselves. Woolman was , a preacher in lhe society, and traveled exten sively, not only in America, but io England; . and wherever he went, in the South as in the . North, on this as on the oilier tide of the ' Atlantic, he ceased not lo remember, and to plead for the deliverance of the bondman.