ANTI-SLAVERY HUGLE, SALEM, O.
From the Chronolype.
Annexation of Cuba.
The Chntlct.ton Courier of lhe, EOd has
rather rich development of i lie hitherto
abortive machinati'im cf our lt vt-hoUt I n(j
matters to get possession of Culm. They
went tibout ilie maiit-r with gnat secrecy
end stern resolution, but it teem they have,
managed it with lili'e tact and less success.
Last fall the New Yoik Herald announced
that negotiations had been opeiipd hy Mr.
S Hinders, our Minister iit M ulrid, lor Hip
purchase of Cuba. Our own government
kept officially silent, hut us soon .in a denial
came frtn the Spanish government, outs
officially paraded Mi.it ns a eufTicienl refuta
tion cf lite story in idu JJerald.
Out a Mr. Thomas Oatilo Reynolds, "ho
was Secretary of Legation at Madrid, anil is
moreover a Virginian, anil as like to the great
Don Nicholas P. Trist s one pea ia like an
other, comes out with a long letter in the
Charleston Courier, revealing almost nil he
knows of the mailer, and he knows all annul
it, so far as go infi lled, indirect, and Tristful
a document ean reveal Anything. If we eo
pie of the Noiih should generally read this
document, it would give them a very exalt
rd opinion of American diplomacy nnd Vir
ginian diplomatists. Reynolds very nearly
calls Saunders an imheciln foul, and he clear
ly establishes his own title to the same cha
racter, so far as his knavery allows room for
It seems that in May, 1S47, Mr. Saunders
left Madrid, givinjj charge of the legation to
the Secretary, Mr. Reynolds. The latter,
supposing that the British had a design to
pel Cuba, either hy exchanging Gibraltar for
it, or taking a mortgage on it to secure, their
debt of Rome $350,000 000, (as he estimates
it,) watched the operations of the British
bondholders, and says he " took means sim
ple but efficacious to protect ihe interests of
the United States in tint event." lie im
mediately apprized Mr. Saunders of what he
h id done, and pot the following very dt? i
sive and slaveholder-like letter in reply, dated
Havre, July 19ih, 1817:
" I have just received your note of the i li .
I am glad you ma le thn ii.quiry as to the
English debt. Should lhere he ahy d.u:aer,
Bonner than the English should get hiiv tien
on Cuba, 1 would Kitpulite lor the United
Slates to guarantee in sour w.iy the payment
of the debt, on having a mono a fro on CiiIm.
"If you should ascertain Ihut there is any
foundation for your suggestion in regird In
Cuba, you will at once rail on the Minister
of Stale, nnd request a suspension of iIih ar
rangement, until I can return, as I u -u!d at
once come hack if any plan of the kind was
If Mr. Polk had instructed his minister to
go as deep ns to pay the whole Spanish debt
lo the Uriiish bondholders, he would proba
bly impart such a secret to as few breasts as
possible, and it seems that he must luve been
rather chary nf it, at least in lhe noiui-in of
his minister Saunders, fir on the 2 lib, ol" Ju
ly, the minister wroe another letter from
Havre to Ihe S crt lary of Legation, w hich
the latter now publishes, showing; that even
Mr. Secretary Huchatian was not in fail con
fidence of the slaveholders in regird to this
delicate negotiation. Ttu letter is as fol
lows: 'What will Salarmrea think of this threat
contained in the letter of the committee of
the bondholders to Isturiz 1 Is it possible
he had so little spirit as to receive such a
document I As this matter is likely to bo
pressed on the Spanish gr.vr rnnient. I would
write Mr. 1). on ihe subject, bad I lull con
fidence in him; but as 1 have not, I shall re
serve to myself the liberty of r.ctiog on the
general instruction assuming Ihe responsi
bility of doing what the occasion may call
for. I may therefore submit a proposition to
In explanation of the mystery developed
in this letter, Mr. Reynolds roes into a reci
tal of tho cases in which Mr. Polk hail said
one thing to bis ministeis and another to his
Secretary of State, and m.ikes a pretty con
summate old fox of him. However, as Mr.
Saunders bad said he would not write to
Buchanan, Reynolds thought t !; t he would.
So he wrote a volunteering despatch in which
he ventured to express thn opinion that Spain
feared our attempts on Cuba mote than she
did Uritish, &c, &.c. And this was not
enough; be magnifies himself very drolly
"To put an end to a question from which
I apprehended much embarrassment In my
self as well as danger to the interests nf the
United States, in case Mr. Saunders should
prosecute his wild scheme of pledging our
national faith lor the payment of three hun
dred and fifty millions of dollars in order to
obtain a mere mortgage on Cuba, I commu
nicated, unofficially, to an elevated employee
of the Spanish government, the detailed in
formation my despatch contained, in reler
ence to the parlies then urging their claims
ss bondholdt re. He expressed his acknow
ledgements for that unmasking of a shame
less stock-jobbing Scheme, and concuried
with me in the conviction that lhe course
suggested, and which has since been partial
ly followed, would placnlhe Spanish govern
ment in a position to check any unwarranta
ble importunities on the subject."
After all, however, Saunders did write to
Buchanan, asking what was best to he done.
And Reynolds made a parade, for w hat pur
pose we can not understand, of havintr writ
ten other important despatches whichlie al
This very important Secretary of Legation
also magnifies himself lor the pari he was
going lo take not officially to defeat Ihe
divorce of Ihe Queen of Spain, a measure
which Sir Henry Uulwer was si pposed lo
he urging. What under heaven an Ameri
can Legation has to do with the divorce or
marriage of Queens, we do nol know, but
this fellow, Reynolds, seems lo have con
sidered it his duty, by hook or by crock, of
ficially or unofficially, to defeat lhe schemes
of the British minister, nnd was only pre
enled from doirg something important
that direction by ihe firmness of ihe Span
ish prime minister, w hich, with admirable
pomposity, he says
" Defeated the powerful combination form
ed lo gratify the supposed wishes of the Ca
tholic Queen, nnd I was relieved from the
necessity of taking lhe active and decided,
but unofficial steps which in the conferences
between the French Minister (M. de Cluck
berg) and myself, It had been ngreed upon
that I ohould take, in case the efforts of Sir
Henry Uulwer rendered it absolutely neces
sary lo Approach Influeprt'S wielding great
noiirr over ih iniml of ihn cnvnrniirn bpr-'
Well, when a Cre,t nation employs a fool'""-'"""
' l i. .c
r. t I . e : .... ....
lur nil nitinaesauor, oi cuur'0 li iliuji inn up i
with such reve at on. In a I this lolly,
iii. i i
however, he says be did not exceed bis pow-
er. no, " disreg.rd the stringent and even ;
jealous instructions sent by Saunders." One
,..ce of rascality, in winch he participated.!
.i i i .1 1
among theso prnciedings, he s going to keep
secret ' Hear him '
" In respect to one of those proceedings ;
relative to a supposed treasonable correcpnn-1
dence concerning thn establishment of a Iree
negro republic in Cuba I am disposed to be;l(j
silent, because the Spanish government has
del. rmined (I think w isely.) to preserve ' i-rhns
most profound secrecy in regard to it.
O, Mr. Thomas Caute Reynolds, what
pity: Do to, I us shout Hi u "nejjro repub-
Mr. Reynolds lets out that in regard to
Mr. Forsyth's instructions in relation lo Cu
ba, ho fell bound lo keep them concealed,
till Mr. Cass unfortunately revealed them, in
his speech on the Yucilan question. It
ftppmR that thn slnrullnl.lra Itavi, mn.nl trt
keen lhe w hole matter cnnr-o:,lo,l frr ni ihe !
first, but Ihe Norihern allies have been leaky.
U gather from the verbosity of
mighty Mr. Reynolds that he was inuclidis-i1
pleased, not only w lib the conduct of Mr.
Saunders, hut of Mr. Polk and Mr. Cass,
that he plotted lo mystify Mr. Buchanan,
and intended to manre the delicate mailer
llilli.h l.altur fit llin al.vnlindlura I It '. n n n If i if '.
them cm',1.1 hav dnnp.and more, lo the satis-1
faction of the whole country. He even tells
us thai il Mr. Cass had been elected he in-
lenueu io nave nnpeaciieu mr. roue mr
transeending his constitutional po.ver in the
matter. This is rich. Hear him again :
" Had Mr. Cass been elected, I should.
though I am and always have been a decided
member of lhe political party which chit fly 1
siippor.ru mm, nave .e cons.rainerj .0
the advice of some eminent counsel, learned
in the law, concerning the proper legal mode
(if any there be for a simple citizen of the
United States,) of bringing to the cogniztnee
of ihe llousii of Represeifaiives tin Execu
tive proceeding, which I humbly conceive lo I
be not only beyond the constitutional power
of lhe President or his agent, but violative
ol thn constitutional rights of every citizen of
the t'ninn, contrary logomi faith, derogatory
lo the dignity and eminently detrimental to
the inti rests of our common country."
lint as Old Zu'k, and not the car-Cass
v. -.a elected, all this was rendered unnrces-
sary, anil .Mr. Reynolds, through Mr. Bolts,
threw himtelf into the arms of General Tay
lor; abut.'! ns rich a boon to his administra
tion as s,y Hfv. C. V. Denison.
Reynolds, aflcr his dismissal from the le-
g.nioii, which look place in July, 1618, at
the r quest of Saunders, and beforo the latter
had entered upon his unsuccessful negoli i
tion for the purchase of Cuba, it seems hung
about the legation to get knowledge for use
at home. And according to his own account
he was preiiy successful, though be came
oil" long before the data of lhat rcmaikable
leiter in the IhralJ, 'tho correctness of w hich
he fully vouches for, nnd which ure have no
uouht originated in him.
Thrt suMimn Secretary of Legation, after
show ing up ihe entire ignorance and stupidi
ty of tho ambassador Saunders, glorifies him
self for lhe important aid which he rendered
to the legation nnd this particular negocia
lion, even after his dismissal. But the pas
sage is too rich lo withhold from our readers,
and wn give it at some length :
" Mr. Saunders wrote to mo frnm La
Granj i for information of a most exiciuled
nature on several matters, which the know
ledge 1 had already bad of lhe nature of his
instructions enabled me clearly to see waste
ho used in a negociaiion for the purchase of
Cuba. My official connection with ihe Le
gation had ceased entirely ; the Secretary of
State had carried his caution 6o far as to
name lhe precise moment when that connec
tion should be dissolve, I ; I had been recall
ed al the request of Mr. Saunders himself,
so strenuously, though secretly urged, ns to
place the late President, in what his Sucre
tary of Stato was pleased lo term tho " pain
ful necessity" of gsaiiling il; yet I prompt
ly furnished him (Mr. Saunders) wilh all thn
information within my reach, (except a por
tion, which I should have been bound to
give, if annfficprof the United Statcsgovern
inent, but which, ns I was not, I was, so
cially, hound lo withhold.) and received, in
reply, his ihanks for the data sent him.
" 11 at while I had too much resnect for
lhe authority of the government and for our
laws, lo aliempt any inleiference wilh the
arts of its olficeis abroad, I had the fixed de
termination, as far as in me lay, lo prevent
any nuempi to carry out such a scheme with
out a due and proper consultation, not mere
ly of party cliques or political managers at
Washington, but of the American ponple, in
the widest sense of the term.
"I was also apprehensive that the ques
tion would he sprung upon the Democratic
party, to which 1 helonged, and an attempt
made to run Mr. Cass in upon lhat issue.
Coneeivin.; lhat lhe question was ono that
should bo kept npan from parly issues, I
viewed such a contingency wilh some alarm.
I alo felt bound as a Southern man. and in
deed as an American, to look lo the proposed
annexation or i;tna ; lor,
in that event. 1 11
ihe decision af the I'nttni V.,r,-jn, "'.,..!.
in Ihe rate if the .Omin'iid, ahnut one half
the tlacet if Cuta uuiuld ie freed, and an the
l'iw if lhat it and mnkenii dittinclinn belwrenli
ft... ...a;,. -.. 1 ...i. t. .. . ..
... Jr,K """ft, me rm:n ana tne
L'niun might ftwl in their botumt a free negro
tiimmanwcalli, claiming the riht to tend
freed tlurct as Senatort to our Cnnresa unless
proper provisions were made in, or previous
to the conclusion of the treaty, to secure the
present dc facto position of the while popula
tion of Cuba." ' 1
In such a predicament il is no wonder lhe
.,.,,, ., ui negation snouid lear
-. assisin, and prefer lo transfer himself over
lo the rising Taylor dynasty, as he did by
unbosoming himself lo Hulls.
The result of the w hole negocialion Mr.
Reynolds thus richly sums up:
"The question of annexation lias
f , . " UV-CM.)
lor the present al least, set at rest, as far a.
and the V. S. Legation at Madrid Ti.
course lhe public may possibly suspect lobe
a succession nt adroit manceuvres; it may
skilful nianairpment. nf nl... .,.
nes. of consultations with important repre
sentatives of Cuban wealth, or Cuban in
terests, disclosures o'er s genial glass of
ImatlC contest. Lit It h
iMr Saunders, is as short as Instructive. A
-""";,., , . .,
formal ennfe rer.ee was '". o ound the
disposmon of General Naiw.
" f Lnvoy . Lnglish was nlo
Trench for the edification of lhat fiery soldier :
. . ',
in return, his energetu thoughts, torn out of
,,eir Caslilian idiom, to be cramped tip in a
,..rrnrh dr,,85i erB B)fain done into Knolisb
for ,hB convpnirnco t,f Mr. Saunders. This
j,)ljBtjc entertainment soon grew irksome
ilnp;iHnt Spaniard, nnd the conference
,.edil but courteously terminal.
pn.lecl this celebrated negoti ation.
whether it could have been made lo result
difTerenllVs had lhe usual weapons of diplo-
wine, earnest conversations lo bring over,
or li rrtit iesls to sound some grave diploma-
'list or minister of State, and all thn other
ot n racy ilipln-
ie undeceived ; ihe
. - . . . . t .
t.-.tu t i,a form r atiln instructions spni in
!ni;)ey been employed, is a question into
w hich I do not prelend lo enter.'
Is it Christianity?
'lfiou' our 'leart8. we must have the greatest
possible unconcern for his creatures ! This
ici il, -IT.... f ....1. .
been,ou""'' ,0 far lro, . if they wished to see
Dear Bl'GLT : -
There is little else that occasions me moro
pj,in than t0 be oblisrod to take exceptions to,
" . 1 '
or can in iuciuoii, niu i-i-.jMic.jf ui coneci-
ness of the religious course of others; yet,
as we value consistency, as we would de
fend Christianity as taught by tho Divine
Author, wo often find ourselves necessiated
to take exceptions to much that seeks lo be
endorsed by community as tho religion of
Our Methodist friends have been putting
forth a "special rlT;rl" in this place for the
l ist few days, with reference to the end of
prmntincT a "revival," and I must he ex
,.usoli if , ,ie lir)Pr,y , 8,TItest few
considerations which make it a question in
my mind, whether tha moro of good or of
' , .
evil is the resu't of efforts of this character.
n-i. .i.. -.,r..i i r .i. r
, , ii o, i ii ci i i s ii , ,i i co ii i uusr i ci ui i ne lorm
of ptoceeding with the older sects on occa-
' " ..,
sinus of tho kind we refer to, can fail to see
lhat lhe sum of the effort, tho legitimate ten
dency of the whole course of proceeding is
lo beget in the minds of the people, and cs-
prcially those coming more immediately tin-
der the influence of the effort, the idea
that the claims of Christianity will have
ueei. me! -y uicn, .. uiey j,t,U nearly as-
sent lo certain dogmas, connect themselves
with some religious sect, and ohservo the
usages of thai sect. Not a single human
duty is ever presrnted so far from it indeed,
if any happen to have an idea of Christiani
ty beyond simplo faith and exercises, and
tana tne i.ner.y ,o suggest tt, wny, it is out
of place, that's all.
To be a liule moro particular. There are
a ,ew arouna nere wno .aae me uoet.y to ne-:
lieve that God is no respecter, of per.onusniy
that consistent action grow. inn; nut of thai
faith would be to regard no place or occasion
,u savicu tu nmui iiii.i nil v nil u ill.-o i , ti ui
our fellow-citizens, w ho are hy law found-
den to know anything tiuly of God, or "thn
Lord that bought them." That in seeking
lo induce people to repent of their sins, ami
lead new lives, this, their most heinous tin,
should be presented, with tho absolute ne
cessity, as they would have God's pleasure,
of taking a position where they would be
1 j v.. w
clear in this matter. Well, as we had op
portunity, we made theso suggcslions, 10
our friends, but nol one could he induced to
think it would be in place to say any thing
in regard lo Ihe slave. One good sinti-sLve-ry
sister, howe ver, was a hit of a thorn in the
flesh to them. She look tho liberty in con
ference meeting one day to call thn attention
of the meeting lo their duty to the slave.
The elTecl was a silence ns of death for a
short time, when the minister requested that
they speak on, but " speak to the point."
Yes, to refer lo the ehamed is always for
eign from the point with a Methodist piiest!
I have been told thai occasionally during the
meeting he fell into lite hands of those who
would call bis attention to Ihe case of the
slave, hut the sum of his response was, I
A1nnni l ..IT il.-Mn4l ,.r .I:..:..:.- . 1
..., ,u. ,ny uu ,un 111.11111U- Ol tlivniliy lOIireaCIl
abolition!!" Yet, strange lo say, he claims
lo be anti-slavery ! Well now w ho does not
see that lhe result of religious sentiments
imbibed under circumstances like these, i9,
to beget the impression that, if wo owe a du
ty lo the slave, which is doubtful, it is of
such a character as lo l.ave no connection
with our religion, but must he attended lo
when we have the least religious feeling;
and so, as in the case of a special outpouring,
when we would have most of the love of
" j" 11:11 n
course, and no
Am man will do:; if. The ministers will
not open their mouth for the dumb, and just
in proportion as ibey have influence in coin,
munity, do Ibey shut up the ears of lhe peo
pie to those who would speak out on litis
al.sorbing subject. Is 11, ihen, Christianity 1
' ET TIIE 8LAV answer,
uut 1 am not through wilh this meeting.
As usual, lhe bug bear of "Infidel" was
sounded lo Ihe people. At an early slage of
tne meeting 1 sent a respectful invitation lo
lie ministers lo call on me. But no! nnor
j " J "lir.SU 1U BCr
the friend who wnrl. in .... .1... ...:.k
at hi. houseand lend a child
! lor "lm u"e ol them gave, as reason hv
j'18 sll0ul1 " eall on me, lhat he "had no
infinity for my atmosphere." I addressed
him Ihe following nute
Rev. Joint . McLain Sir: I believe Ihe
Methodist Kpiscopal Church ami-Christian.
and essentially sinful. 1st, Uecause it is
slaveholding and slavery-snst.tlning Church. '
an, necnuse iiis a war-approving and war-
..elo I t int. 11, .....I. 1 I...I; I .l. !.:- I
run, I,, wmukii. a ueiievo in tun viiris-
lian religion, and " have a desire to flea lhe
wraib to come." Will you receive my name '
as a probationer in said church, civinir me
tho right, ns in duly bound, to show the
chuich their sin in these particulars 1
Willi due respect,
E. F. CURTIS.
March 19th, 1849.
P. S. If you am so far wanting in "affin
ity for my atmosphere " as to render a per
tonal interview in any manner dangerous lo
E. F. C.
To this proposition I received no response.
Tho insignificance of Ihe source from whenco
it emanated cannot be pleaded, as the con
tinued use of the stale old word " ivfulel"
with sundry like slanderous epithets, bear
faithful evidence. Why, then, did my pro-
noailion not iappivd n C:ivnr;ililn Answer? I
L . , ,. ..,1 ,i . r i
firmly believe it is because Ibey are satisfied
of ihe truth of my charges, and they do not
care lhat the members should know the evi
dence of their truth ! If they believe them
to exist only in imagination, would they hesi
tate 1 How easy to remove the imaginary
evidence; satisfying the people of (he purity
of the Church, and, saving a soul from "in
fidelity," would cover a multitude of "op
Till the end,
E. F. CURTIS.
Orangeville. March 25, 1849.
lnber. of Ihe fchnrch, could not escape
Friends Editors :
I hold it strictly true, that " eternal vigi
lance is Ihe price of liberty." And holding
this true, I believe it to be the duly of all
philanthropists to expose whatever is preju
dicial to lihertv. nn matter hv whom lhe
j ., e i r
wrong is done. If the cause of human free-
i ir . . , . , r . - - , , .
dom sulTera by the hand of an individual in
i i i
Btnlmn. or In n Kiton ion where l.p lias
a .1 .i .t
vtrnsivA iullii(,npp over others, then is 1 ii-r
much greater need ol n liuho, tor the reasoo,
that in proportion lo the influence he posses
ses will be the injury produced.
Acting upon this principle, 1 wish to no
tice two or three specimens of our opponents
in this vicinity. And first, I would remark,
r c ,i . . . ,
by way of preface, that perhaps it 13 nol gen-
,, fc . , f ,, j
that there has been a glorious revival of unli
slavery sentiment in a portion of Riolslown,
in this County. This revival commenced
about fifteen months since, and was what
sectarians would call a "prvtraclid tffur!.'
During its progress, several members of the
,.,,,.:,. Kt.Uconal Church were t.ricked lo
(he ,UMrli anJ iupefuy converted lo the
wllolt)9ome d(,etrine of Xo union wilh
,,,..,,,,,,.. of course such a movement.
the watchful eye of tho "preacher in charge,'
. ., , , . ,, , ",.
'and consequently tho thunder of Methodist
i, , ...
was soon heard on till
sides nghinst llic movement. In short, the
i lit mo it effort was put forth to crush this ami
, slavery feeling, individuals were visited pri
I vately, and every method resorted to, which
; priestly ingenuity and cunning could devise,
to win tlit m from lhe truth but all lo no
. ntlrrnsn. At last inns! of lbe:ll left the church.
, .1 .- . .1 1
Atlcnty iliocft who ritd not withdraw, wjis
Mr. C . A few weeks since, this Mr.
C. was called upon by the JUv. Carlos
Chapman, a Methodist minister on the Ed
inburgh Circuit, of which Circuit, Roots
town forms a part. Mr. Chapman demanded
of Mr. C, the reason why he did not attend
the meetings of tho Church. Mr, C. allu
ded to Iho pro-slavery position ol lhe Church
as one reason, and among other thingp, be
s.iid that the government of the M. II
Church was tyrannical, anti-republican, &c.
Thereupon Mr. Chapman cautioned hitn
against using such language, or he would be
" dealt with !" In other wirds, that the recusant
would be summoned to appear before
the august inquisition of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, for opinion's sake ! The re-
t qj '
man's vUit was not as fa
vorable as ho could have w ished, nnd ended
w ith a declaration, on the pari of ihe enligh
tened member, that ho was yet n free moral
agent, and needed no leading string. For
daring thus lo speak out, and express bis 0
pinions, ho w ill probably he ' dealt wilh."
What a pity it is that he could not relish the
husks cf Methodis'n instead of more escu
lent food !
Thus we see Ihnt the members of the Me
thodist Episcopal Church, in Rootstown are
not allowed lo think fir themselves 1 or if, for
Ihe sake of being a little indulgent, Mr.
Chapman allows them to think, they must
not give expression to their thoughts. I pre
sume this ex.tlled Rev. wishes to do all the
thinking himself, the dear soul ! Tho truth
is, the members of the M. K. Church, ore re
duced lo a state cf vassalage, and Ibis
why they are so completely under Ihe dicta
tion of the priesthood. They are slaves
themselves, and their ministers are the driv
ers. Lnlil they Itirow 01 liieir snackies, we
can hope for no aid from them in Ihe great
work of rescuing our countrymen from bon-1
Uut I have digressed, and forgotten my
text. -I am credibly informed that Carlos
Chapman voted for that renowned man-thief,
Zichary Taylor. This is in harmony wilh
his course for a man that supports an op
pressor, is induced to oppress those beneath
him. The Rev. John Dain, the "wolf"
who has charge of the Methodist "flock"
this place, also voted for Old Zick." This
same John Uain, at a meeting of the Portage
Couniy Biblo Society, held in W indham
Township, on the Tth of February last, ad.
' J "
dressed that body from tho words, " Love one
onufAcr ;" a very good text, and one which
it becomes all Taylor men to ponder upon
The Township of Edinburgh, in Ibis Coun
ty, is well supplied with pro-slavery filth, in
the shape of tuperanualrJ Methodist preach
erswhich is interpreted lo mean those worn
out in the service of the Church. Alas, for
the cause of humanity, they are as active as
ever in ,,, t.i)1),p of Salan) ,eir UA J
master. They lose no opportunity lo do vio
lence to tho cause of freedom, and if an anti-slavery
meeting is purposed to be held in
Ihe township, the highest ambition of these
worthies is to render il a failure.
I presume lhat Methodism in this vicinity
is a fair index to Methodism everywhere in
the United States. And thus we behold a
Eret wotk before us, in ridding these seela-
. , , . . "
rians of the letters which prevent their CO'
operation with us. Friends, let us address
ourselves lo the task with more zeal and en
ergy lhan ever, and we shall ultimately reap
a glotious harvest.
RAVENNA, April 6th, 1849.
SAL KM, APRIL 13, 1819.
" 1 LOVE AGITATION WHEN THE HE IS CAISS
TUn IT THE At.AIIM nELL WHICH STAHTI.ES
THE INHABITANTS Of A CITY, SAVES THEM
FKOM BE1NO BL'ltNED IS THEIR BEDS, .'(
Qj- Persons having business connected
with the paper, w ill please call on Janu s
Uuriiaby, corner of Main and Chesnut sis.
FIFTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING
American Anti-Slavery Society.
The Fifteenth Annivebsauv of the A. me 11
ICAM A.NTl-Si.AVKUV SoriETV will be held in
Ihe Tarhernicle, Broadway, New-York, on
Ttiesdiy. the 81 Ii day of May next.
The Annual Meeting of the American So
ciety is the most important anti slavery meet
ing held any where during the year.
The Anniversary al the Tabernacle repre
sents to Ihe country at larje the progress,
the efficiency, and t ven the existence, of the
Anti Slavery cause. It is lo vast numbers of
neniile. the only sign of lhe continued zfal
and spirit of the Abolitionists, whose local
meeting they never hear of.
The ""Dusiiitss Meetings of the Society
have always brought together in counsel a
large number of Abolitionism from various
pans of lhe Northern States than is ever con
vened on any other occasion. The general
interests of the cause command, at thailime
a consideration which at no other can be
Il has never, sinep the formation of lhe
Society, been more apparent than at this
momptit, ihut thn Anti-Slavery cause is left
where I' ' nas been, in Ihe hands of Ihe
ineiiiiiers of the American Society. There
is as yel no reason to 6uppr.se that Slavery
will ever be abolished, except through its el
furts. The general importance of Ihe annua!
meeting, and Ihe aspect of the cause at this
moment, which gives us every thing to hope
for if we persevere every thing lo fear if
we filter appeal alike loudly lo Abolition
ists, all over Ihe land, to maku the ensuing
Annual Meeting ol tho American Anti-Mavi
rv Society one that shall do more even than
any previous one has dune lo drive Ihe South
lo despair in deleuee of its felonious system
ol society, and the Notth lo a more deter
mined altitude, than any pottion nf it has
ever yet ventured to assume in defence ol its
own rights, and the asseilion of the rights of
WM. LLOYD GARRISON, President.
Wendell Phillips, )
S. II. Gav, S
WM. LLOYD GARRISON, President. The Society of Friends---Its early Anti-Slavery
In a former article we confined our notice
lo the action of Friends in England from their
organization down lo lhe abolition of Ihe Af
rican slavctrade. The course pursued by
Friends in America was similar to that adop
ted hy their trans-allanlio brethern. There
was, however a difference in their situation
tho former lived in a country where slavery
existed, and where the horrors and enormities
of the system were continually before them;
and although this would enable them to act
with greater elTeciency, they had greater dif
ficulties ti contend with. The public senti
ment in favor of slavery was stronger lhan
that which prevailed in England. The laws
were unfavorable lo emancipation, and in the
southern parts of the country almost amoun
ted lo a total prohibition. Many of ihe mem
bers of the society were directly engaged in
slavebolding, and strongly opposcJ to any
action agaiusl the system. Yet so early as
1G88, some German Friends who had selilcd
in Pennsylvania, introduced lhe subject into
the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, urging
upon its members Ihe inconsistency of slave
ry with the principles of Christianity. These
were they to whom the Quaker poet, Whit-
tier, referred, when he wrote of
" That brother-band,
The sorrowing exiles from their "Father
Leaving their bones in Krieshiem's bowers
And ihe blue beauly of their glorious Rhine,
I 0 seen smiil our solemn depths of wood
Freedom from man, and holy peace with God;
wno lirst ol all their testimonial gave
Against the oppressor, for the outcast slave.
It was nol, however, until 173-1 so slow
I was the growth of anti-slavery principles
'hat the meeting was prepared lo act official
ly, and to issue, even a qualified protest,
against slavery and the slavetrade. In lhat
year ihey published an address, exhorting
their members lo refrain from the purchase or
importation of slaves; and when they did
possess them, they were desired to
" Mako it your constant care to watch over
them for good, instructing them in the fear
of God, and Ihe know ledge of the gospel of
Christ, that Ihey may anew er lhe end of their
creation, and that God may be glorified and
honored by them as well as by us ; and so
train them up, thai if you should come to
behold their unhappy situation, in lhe same
light that many worthy men, who are at rest,
have done, and many of your brethern now
do, and should think il your duty lo set them
free, that ihey may be more capable of ma
king use of Iheir liberty. How can we be
said lo In e our brethern, who bring, or for
selfish ends, keep them in bondage t Do we
act consistently with this noble principle who
lay such heavy burdens on our fellow crea
tures. Do we consider that they are called,
and do we sincerely desire they may become
heiis with us in glory, and that ihey may re
joice in Ihe liberty of the sons of God, whilst
we are w ithholding from them lhe common
liberties of mankind I Or can the spirit of
God, by which we have always professed to
be led, be the author of these oppressivo and
unrighteous measureB 1 Or do we not there
by 111 1 n i Ie si that temporal interest hath more
influence on our conduct herein, lhan the dic
tates of that merciful, holy, and unerring
In 1 775, twenty one years after lhe issu
ing of their first address upon the subject,
they adopted a rule of Discipline, forbidding
1 lit i r members to engage in lhe buying or
importation of slaves; and in 1770, required
ti.it all who were slaveholders should man
umit their slaves or he disowned from mem
bership. The Yearly Meeting of New-Kng-
land, Ntw-Ycrk, Maryland, Carolina and
Georgia in tho course of time followed the
example thus. set them, and the society be
came purged of slaveholding members. Tho ,
position thus assumed by Friends was great
ly in advance of the age; and their testimo
ny r.g ,inst the buying and selling of their fel- '
low uien,shone all ihe brighter because of lhe
more tiian midnight daikness which prevail
ed it w as a testimony, which, as much as
any other, marked the Friends of former days,
as "a peculiar people, zeulous of good
In America, as in England, members ef
the society were lobe lound, whoso sphere
of labor was not confined within the hounds
ol the religious organization w ith w hich they
were connected, who were not content with
its official action, but felt liieir individual re
sponsibilities, and the need of individual la
bor w henever and wherevel they deemoj it -would
be useful. Among the first t en
gage in tho work was William Burling of
Long Island, and Ralph Sandiford of Phila
delphia. The latter w rote a w ork against
t-lavery in 1720, and though thrtatened by
the Chief Judge of Pennsylvania if he should
publish ii, he was nol to be dclered from the
performance ol his duty, but printed and cir
culated it free of expense.
Soon after litis, the eccentric Benjamin
Lay removed from Darhadocs to Pennsylva
nia, and greatly aided lo keep alive the anti-
slavery agitation which was then beginning
lo prevail among Friends. His plainness of
speech, his energy of character and his con
slant le.siiiuoi.y against the sinfulness of
slavebolding awakened many, who, under a
less energetic and peculiar preacher, would
h ive rem lined in a stale of indifference.
His manner and his speech was truly pecu
liar, as will he inferred from the following
facts. Lay used to be a constant attendant
at Monthly Meeting, and whenever any
slavebolding member attempted to speak, he
would cry out "7'here's another negro master!"
This wits a "plainness of speech" which
many regarded as uncalled for by the Disci- .
plinc, and was extremely distasteful to the
members generally. One of bis neighbors
held a negro girl as a slave, and Lay, who
had labored with them tincessfully for her
redemption, at length adopted an effectual
means lo m.-.ke lliem feel lhe wrongs Ihey
were inflicting. Ho met their son, a lad of
six years, and coaxed him lo go home with
him. The parents vainly sought their child,
and toward night came lo Lay, exclaiming;
in agony " Oh, Benjamin ! Our child has
been missing all day." He replied, " Youp
ehiid in mife in my house, and you may nova
conceive of the sorrow you ivjlict upon the pa
rents if the negro girl you hold in tlaveru ; for
the unit lorn from them hy avarice."
John Woolman, of New York, was anoth
er unwearied advocate of the slave's cause ;
and ;he principles he espoused in youth, he .
faithfully maintained till death. Though
mild and gentle in language and in spirit, no
one could stand firmer for the truth than did .
he. His ministrations were unlike those of '
Benjamin Lay ; but as Luther and Melanc
thon were both needed in the protestanl re- '
formation, so was lhe ardent soul of Lay,'
and Ihe gentle spirit of Woolman both ne
cessary agents in accomplishing the work lo ,
which ihey gave themselves. Woolman was ,
a preacher in lhe society, and traveled exten
sively, not only in America, but io England; .
and wherever he went, in the South as in the .
North, on this as on the oilier tide of the '
Atlantic, he ceased not lo remember, and to
plead for the deliverance of the bondman.
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