Newspaper Page Text
JD LI OJJ JCJo SALEM. OHIO, FRIDAlr, MAY 11, 1819. VOL. 4. NO. 38. WHOLE NO. ID I. SLAVERY "-'.! 1 THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE Is published every Friday, Bt Sttlcm, Colum biana Co., CMio, by the Executive Committee of Hie Wkstkrn Anti-Slavery Society! and is llie only paper in the Great West which advocates secession from pro-slavery governments and pro-slavery church organi zations. It is Edited by Hknjamin S. and J. Elizabeth Jones; and while urging u;on the people the duty of holding " No union with Slaveholders," either in Church or Stale, as the only consistent position an Abolitionist can occupy, and as the bmt means for the de struction of slavery i it will, so far as its lim its permit, give a history of the daily progress of the anti-slavery cause exhibit the policy and practice of slaveholders, and by facts and arguments endeavor to increase the zeal and activity of every true lover of Freedom. In addition to its anti-slavery malter.it will nnntain (Tpnpml neWS. choice extracts, moral tales, &c. It is to be hoped install the friends of the Western Anli-Slavpry Society all the advocates of the Disunion movement, w ill do what they can to aid in the support ol the paper, by extending iis circulation. You who live in the West should sustain the pa per that is published in your midst. The Bugle is printed on an imperial sheet, and subscribers may lake their choice of the following TKKMS. $1,50 per annum, if paid within the first C months of the subscriber's year. If paid before Ihree months of the year ha9 expired, a deduction of 5 cenis will be made, reducing the price lo $1,25. If payment be made in advance, or on the receipt of the first number, 00 cents wijl be deducted, making the subscription but To any person wishing to examine the cha racter of the paper, it will be furnished G months, for 50 rents in advance to ull olh ers 75 cents will be charged. ftT- No deviation from these terms. QT" We occasionally send numbers to those who are not subscribers, but who are believed to be interested in the dissemination of anti-slavery truth, with the hope thai they wi'l either subscribe themselves, or use tiieir influence to extend its circulation among their friends. OT Communications intended for inser tion to be addressr-d to the Hditnrs. All oth ers lo the Publishing Agent, James Uarnauy From the A. S. Standard. Anti- Criticism upon Mr. Clay's Letter. Il has not surprised us that Abolitionists .AliouM ba.Juuoil fuult Willi for not buing tirely satisfied with Mr. Clay's plan for e nianoipaiion in Kentucky. It is generally expected of them that they should be " Contented wi' little, An' canty wi' mair." Nay.lbey are looked upon as peculiarly un grateful and impracticable (thai is the favor ite I rin) if they do not devule their entire energies lo soliciting nothing, and express u thankfulness amounting almost to rapture when they gel it. For eighteen years they have received llieir regular allowance of it, have thriven and grown upon it, ami their demand for an extra spoonful or two is re ceived wilh as much amazement as Oliver Twist's petition for more. That the Ami Slavery criticism of Mr. Clay's letter should be blamed lor seventy was to be expected, but we confess that the quarter from which some of the reproof lias emanated lias exemu uui niMKiunii, liiionisls cried out against the scheme of the Kentucky statesman as cold-blooded, and as leaving out of sight altogether the rights and wants of the chief party to the act ol eman cipation. U"l the Tribune defends Mr. Clay on the ground that moderation is the best po licy, and that he is belter able to judge how large a dose of freedom the Kentucky stom ach is at present able lo bear. The patiert is on ihe verge of delirium tremens, and the lihn, would not recoinmeid total abstin- ence.but would think il w iser for him to mix enough spirits wilh his water just to kill the insects. We take no one to task for inconsistency simply as such. It depends entirely on Ihe direction which the inconsistency takes, whether il be glorious or shamelul. Il is certainly no disgrace lo a soldier lo be able to run swiftly. It ia vcn a dtsimbln ac complishment. Swift-fooled is Homer s fa vorite ephiihet for Achilles, et in a bat tle (such are the prejudices of education) our opinion of the soldier's merit is entirely de termined by the consideration whether he ex ercised his pedal gift towaid ihe enemy s lines or away from them. So, when an in consistency takes a backward direction, we are inclined lo look upon il wilh suspicion. M v Hrevlev's enemies have been in t ie hab it nf fliaruinfT him w ith being under ihe ex clusive domination ol the sign Capricorn, being thereby impelled io Dim viuium.y a eainst whatever is constituted and establish Ij N.'vKriheless. in the mailer of Slavery we' think we find indications of ihe influence pf Cancer, the inspirer ol retrogression, v.. k- attnut to butt also against the 1 eculi in.iitution. he runs backward so far to get .. i u well niuh lose smht of bun al toget'hsr. We .peak of Mr. Greely by name because he is identified (and honorably so) with the Tribune and has given to that pa character. We intend no Violation of editorial decorums, nor shall we forget the efficient service Mr. Greeley has rendered to the cause of Progress, because we find his judgment in some respects so en .reriea. The Whig seems, now and then, to slip down over his eyes. Before alluding to matters of wider bear ... .,i.h in a few words upon point of more exclusively individual inler f. n ...ral fanner occasions, as well in connection wilh Mr. Clay's letter, Mr. Greeley has taken ihe opportunity to indulge expressions toward Garrison a I and those who sre nicknamed Oarrisonions. That truly illustrious name needs no defence and noeulogium of ours. It may lie saieiy transmitted to ihe guardianship of the Fu ture. Hut that Mr. Greely should charge Garrison with fanaticism as a fault, has, we confess, been a mailer of wonder lo lis. Why, God sent him into Ihe world wilh lhat special mission Rnd none other. It is his peculiar glory lhat he lias fulfilled it so en tirely. It is that which will make his name a part of our American history. We would not have all men fanatics, but let us he de voutly thankful fur as many of that kind as we can gel. They are by no means loo com mon as yet. I. el us remember Dr. Johnson's excellent advice, above all things to endeav or lo clear our minds of rant. And there is no cant more foolish, or more common than theirs, uhu under the mask of discretion, moderation, statesmanship, nnd what not, would fain convict of fanaticism oil that tianscends ihtir own limits, and then abolish it as dangerous lo Ihe boily politic. From ihe zoophyte upward, everything is ultra lo something else. And oddly enough Mr. Greely owes his success lo the fact that this element of ullraisin slightly preponderates in his composition. I'ndouhiedly the zoophyto taxes the barnacle with a rash activity, and considers the framework of society endan gered by the unsettled notions of the peri winkle. The friends ot every class of Re form in America owe a debt to Garrison, and in such matters there should be no repudia lirn. Especially let not the butt-end of the wrdge sneer at ihe ullraisin of liie entering part. How does il happen lhat only Abolition ists Bre charged wilh wanting moderation, and that Slaveholding is the one sin that is lo be treated with tenderness 1 Is there, then a scale of me'iitorimisness in crimes i Mr. Greely subscribed five hundred dollars to as sist insurrection in Ireland. We freely ad mit lhat, if ever rebellion were justifiable, il was so in til l case. Ann wny itecause no I Ian of relief was sufficiently radical, and because all of them looked to the great landholders rather than of the greit body of the people who were chiefly concerned. Hut let us apply here Mr. Greeley's reason ing in regard lo Kentucky. Surely Lord Cl.trendonand the great landholders, who were on the spot, could judge better than anybody else what measures were most ju dicious and most likely to have a salutary ef fect. If what Ihe law makes property be properly in Kentucky, why is it not so in New York, and bow w ill Mr. Greely defend his anti-rent doctrines 1 Hut perhaps a man's rroneriv in the bodies and souls of his fel low-citizens is more sacred and indefeasible than his title to the soil. We did not think that rebellion was the best medicine fT Ireland, nor should we re commend a servile war as a cure for Kentuc ky. The cold-blood cure is not to our fan cy. Hut it seems lo us that Mr. Greeley was more nearly right in his Irish limn in liis Kentucky prescription. In that case, at least, he followed Ihe diagnosis of his heart. We humbly nonet ivo thai, when juslico is lo be done, some portion of consideration and evrn of retires is due to tho injured parly. The very same arguments are brought a gainst I lie Irishman and the African. Ho is improvident, he is lazy, he cannot lake care of himself, ho is creation's natural loafer. In sborlj there is a wonderful sameness in the arguments of oppression all the world over. Ii is said that the Abolitionists, w hile they are dissatisfied with Ihe plans of everybody else, offer no plan of their own. Tliis is not to be complained of ill them, f r it is the ueeessilv o f llieir position. Thev are cri tics and not tron.truelivcs, it is true, bill ihey are fulfilling llieir appointed destiny. Cri lisiin must precede construction. Hut, if ever there was a case w here criticism is the one thing needful, il is in regard to American Slavery." Here is a ease win re Ihe primary laws ol Nature are violated. All that is ne cessary is that this violation should cease, und that Nature, always organizing, always constructive, should bo lell Iree to worn cure. A limb of tho body politic has fallen asleep. Kcmovo tho unnatural pressure and the blood w ill circulate freely again. The Abolitioi.ist unquestionably is a bore, fco was Ihe old Kfinan will) his delimit est lar thago, his old-fashioned protective larill". Hul he carried his point, anil so win Abolitionist. Il is true that the Anoliunnist plan docs not pit asi the slaveholder. N eith er does ihe Asscciativo plan carry insuiiu conviction lo the minds of Ihe rivilizees. Hut thai is no argument against either them. We ask again what claim the slaveholder has lo peculiar tenderness of treatment! the holding ol slaves more innocent man i holding of Loco-foco opinioi.s 1 Mr. Gree 1. y can find it in his heart to denounce offence. Will denunciation convince the and only exasperate the olhSr! We agree with Mr. Greeley that society needs a radical re realization. Perhaps he thii ks Slavery is one of tinea natural conditions the progress of society which natural will remove without intervention ours. If society nmil go through all lhe.e natural stages before it readies tliat poin'. disorganization where reorganizaiion be for ihe first lime possible, why oppose introduction of Slavery into ihe new territo- rv! It cannot there survive its dissolution! in the older States. The plan of the Abo litionist, if it do not look to natural laws the extinction of the evil, is willing to to them for the safely of society w henevei its extinction can be brought about. A'l asks is thai these natural laws shall be from the snarl of an odious fatal discord. But, while Mr. Greeley seems to deny, least by implication, that Ihe occasion Anil-slavery imnliedlv admits nnnorlumtv is numbered somewhere Ihe dial of time. In noticing some Virginian comments upon Ihe letter of the J'nbune Mention, iiidi lite iH-t-nsiuii action has yet arrived, he )its thai the golden moment - L .-.j . i Fairfax cirrondi; Mr. Greeley say. " he (iba correspondent) is not disposed to act agiinst Slavery till the proper time comes." We quote from memory, but wilh ensugh exactness, we believe, to be guilty of no misrepresentation. Now, who is to ret the alarm of the clock at Ihe filling hour! Mr. Greeley was willing lo take the word of Paddy as lo Ireland, will he consult Pomp as to Virginia! Or must we leave it to Pomp's master! Those who profit hy any abuse are not apt to be in any particular bin ry about reform. Let us remember lhat stanzas of good Dr. Walls which we learned when we were children : " 'Tis the voice of the sluggard, I bear him complain. You have called me too ei;i, Let me slumber again." We rather think that this would ho the an swer Mr. Greeley would receive from the slaveholder when, satisfied that the " proper time had come," he comes forward to shake him by the shoulder and arouse him to the exigencies of the occasion. The sauce to which Ihe Garrison has been treated would be liberiliy dispensed to the Greeley also, or there is iot so much human nature in man as is generally suspected. Hut then Mr. Greeley would doubtless have a plan. This unquestionably would be a philosophical made of proceeding, but how are we lo be sure lhat it will suit the sUydholder ! We are tolerably confident lhat it would not. The slaveholder, when Mr. Greeley would politely request him to state what method would bo most consonant to his feelings would answer, as did the " impracticable " boy w hose mother asked him what he would like for breakfast, " Jett lent ye ain't gut!" Mr. Greeley does stop to enquire whether "the proper tune has come" to lament pros titution or to rebuke bitterly the causes of it. lie can denounce land-monopoly and wages-Slavery. et all these, as well as African Slavery, would naturally cease to exist, w ere society reorganized upon a scien tific basis. I lie tune to cry out ngairst any popular sin has come w henever God has sent a message to that i tlect lo any ardent, tear less soul. Il is only Jonah who turns back, and it is he also w ho gets throw noverhoard for his pains. If Mr. Greeley cannot unite the Whig and the Reformer in his own person, it does not necessarily follow that Abo'i'.ion-is-m is Ihe imprae'ica'ole element which pre vents fusion. Tho Reformer must expect comparative isolation, and he must be strong enough lo hear il. He cannot look for the sympathy and co oporation of popular majo rities. Yet these are the tools of the politi cian. A man can lie a politician, and at me same lime a Reformer to a certain extent. He cannot be wholly both, but he has his choice w hich he will cleave lo, and which he will cast from him. It is for him lojudge" which of Ihe two be Ihe most valuable. All true Reformers are incendiaries. But il is the hearts, brains, and souls of their lei--v men which they set on fire, and in so doing they perform the function appropriated in ise order of Providence. J. R. L. New Orleans Paper. A Conscientious Man. a ol Is lie that one that in of of will the j , fur trust it dis entangled and al for upon s " Il is refreshing now and then lo hear of the reforming elleds of conscience on men's conduct. We never bear of a case of money anonymously returned, or property restored, but lhat we'luel better for it, and entertain a higher opinion of mankind. It is nol often, however, that we. can record a cuse of con science so natural, and we suspect, frequent, as the following, the huinblo subjects of such scruples modestly preferring to keep their good deeds from Ihe public gaze. Hy the Constitution of Mississippi, in days past, it was forbidden lo bring slaves into the Stale for sale ; but like most other constitu tional provisions this was construed, as our Supremo Court, has declared lhat all Con stitutions should be, according to the wants, interests, and convenience of the people for whom they are lortned,' lhat ts, it was gene rally disiegarded. A slave trader named Jones, from Virginia, brought into Mississip pi, for sale, mine forty likely slaves, and cot'on being filleen cents a pound, he found for ihem a ready inaiket; in fact, they were all purchased by one gentleman, w ho de lighted in the name ol Hrown. Hy ihe terms ol the sale, Brown paid ore-fourth cash, and was to pay the b ilauco in instalments of one fourth yearly. Shortly after the purchase, Mr. Brown was elected n justice of the peace, and discharged the duties of the Ma liun with commendable intelligence and up rightness. The year passed oil', and Jones dr'ew a draft on his vendee for the instal ment due, which was returned protested. He immediately paid a visit lo his debtor, whenu'ion the following dialogue took place : Well, Mr. Brown, you meet my dralt. No. Joins. Bui I suppose you can pay mc tho money due on Ihe slaves now I llmwn. Indeed, I cannot. .In,. Whv ! Have vou met wilh any losses or misfortunes, that you are unable nav ! Jiruwn. No. My affairs were never more flourishing. 1 made an excellent crop last year, and have every prospect of a good ono Lie anil llio nril'B ll'f COllOH is Still gojllg ,m. lint I don'l think I ought to nay you Joins. For what reason! Are not the annA 1 have vou an v fault to find e' " ft- ' u tih llii'in 1 Brown. Oh, no! They arc as likely loi as ever were sold, and worlh much more i.;an I nirrted lo pive for ihem, Hul the fact i! ihinis are diite,enl now from w hat tiny ! iiien. When 1 bought them I was iui - . . . also felly much the same as my n'S.hbon, , of didn't care much for the Constitution and I lw hoi since I have been elected a Justine I nf ihn Peace, and have taken a solemn oaih io sunuort Ihe Constitution which forbids that 1 slaves being brought and sold into the State did not Ihe" transaction between you and me was con trary to this plain article, and I can't, w ith out violating my oalh, carry ihe matter any further. can'l conscientiously be a parly lo In unlawful acl, which I would be by pay. ingyon for the negroes you had no right to sell. Hegard for my oath and duty to my country alike forbid it. Jones. Well, damn mi-! if you are not ihe gretatett fool or ihedamnMestscoundrel inex- istence. If your cursed conscience won't let yog pay me, give me back my negroes. Hrown. Mr. Jones, there is no use of harsh words, and though grieved at the vio lence of your expressions, I forgive you ! As ti reluming the negroes, I can't think of it. : You would go and sell them to some one else, in violation of the Constitution which I am sworn to support, and I would, ny putting in your power to do so, be equally gumv with yourself. I cannot he an accnui. pliee in such a transaction, Mr. Jones! Nat honest man could ! No, never ! This was too much for Jones, his fury overcame him ; nnd we are sorry to say that he knocked Squire Brown down; but the squire was an athletic man, and in the fight that followed, Jones was conquered wilh much damage to his right eye, and the loss of H pari of his nose. Finding no satisfac tion from taking the law into bis own hands, he applied to the courts for the recovery ol his debt, but tlielearned judges decided thai ihe.' original contract being illegal, against the; policy of the State, and in violation ol positive law, 1 lie claim of tiie plaintiff could not even be considered. Jones paid lawyer's fees and costs, and Brown and conscience triumphed," n From the New Concord Free Press. Kidnapping. lo A trial on the charge of kidnapping has recently terminated in Cincinnati Court. As ihe caso is a very peculiar one, we give us details, as welind them in the Cincinnati Globe: "On the 23th of December last, Charles Cover, a colored man, was found In posses sion of a horse belonging lo Mr. Ashley, of Cheviot, and said to have bent stolen. The owaer applied In Henry J. Ryder, of some notoriety as a taker ol horse thieves, to reco ver'it. llydcr, falsely assuming to be an of ficc, arrested Covey and took him lo the mayor's oilier, where he was locked up, to wait until the testimony against him could be iirucured. liyder had prtviously said to A si ley ami another, thai it would be better not to prosecute Covey lor horse stealing, as more money could be made by taking him to the .South as a runaway slave. While In lite mayor's office, in presence of an officer nam edJwis. and a man bv the name of Palmer, l i..iaxtliilioi turned upon this- siilijer.l. Covey was asked by Kyder II he was not a slave. He said he was not that he was free. He was then told thai he would have lo go lo Ihe Penitentiary lor seven years! hul that ll he was a slave, he would have Me ul tentative of returning to his master in the South. Covey then said lhat he was a slave lhat he hud escaped fiom his uu-.ster in Milledgeville, Ga., eight ytars ago, and would raiher return than go to the Penitentia ry lhat he hud been in trouble, hi any rale, ever since he left. Kyder thou offered to see him sate back lo his master. " Without further delay, Ryder and Pal mer accompanied Covey across t'ae river lo Ihe office of the mayor of Covington, and re quested permission lo lodge him lor ihe night : . : I : i . f . 1 .1 .. . in jan, as a tiiymve siavi . inn i uonstuei u lile persuasion, this was granted. in the meantime, Ashley, w ho had been wailing lor Ryder, became suspicious, and traced Ii i in lo Covington, and called upon Ihe mayor, who gave directions Ihal Covey should nol be released unlit oulered by him. In Ihe alienee of the jaib r, however, the next morning, liyder and Palmer cblained Cuvry from the jail und brought him back lo Cinciiiiiaii, and kepi him in a house in tho western part of the city. Uelween 3 and -1 o'clock, nn the morning of the 'J9th, liyder and Covey started on loot down the river, and stopped about six miles below, al a ferry, where ihey crossed (he ri ver in a skill to Kentucky, ami reiiiaineu nu ll the Louisvilie racket pissed. When ihe boat arrived lltere, a signal was made Ir.un it by a man on deck, the boat rang its bell, rounded to, sent oft' its skill", in w hich Kyder d Covev came on board, where Ihey met P.iltner and I roceeded lo Louisville. They remained ihere together lor a day or two, when Covey and Palmer crossed, apparently w ithout object, into Jell'ersonville. There Go vt y was siiresled by persons from Louisville as a runaway, carriid bai k and taken beforo niacfistia'e, when he i roil need his Iree pa pers and was set al liberty . Ho was subse quently arrested on llie charge ol Horsesteal ing, and hrougtit hack to nils cuy, wiiuncr liyder also returned, raiim r nas not since been found." The first trial of Kyder on the charge of kidnapping was tedious, and ihe jury could not agree. Covey, llie colored man, was in troduced as a witness on behalf of llie prose cution. No evil resulted therefrom ; for Ihe testimony of Covey w as in favor of the ciiin inal. This showed what a power Kyder had gained over his intended victim. On ihe second trial the jury relumed a ver dict of acquittal. What has become of Co vey, we are not informed. "Black Tom." a he A correspondent of tho Cini-invali Chronicle writing from Washington, tells llio following bloiy uboul Ohio's dark bkiuncd Senator : " The proverbially conceded fuel thai iho dark und swtmhy hue which over shadows the features of Senator Corwin, Ohio's proud Representative in the ee. ptilive branch of Congress, which entitles him to llio soubriquet of " Black Turn" was strikingly illustrated a few days since in this city. Ho hud, it appears, occn- sion lo call ut tho .Navy Dcpaitinent lo transact soni'! luisiiics-i with which he was entrusted. While iherc, waiting llio return of liui .Secretary's iiij.senge.r, by whom ho hail soul in ins name, a fp'inlo inun, whose inoilesl nrnl excited iiijcnr niico bcMuUoned nn oHioc-hunlcr, stopped up lo Mr. Corwin, wlioin ho supposed from his dark complexion w;is tho veri lablo messenger, nnd handed him his 'pa pers, Willi tho request thai ho would lake them to the Secretary. Mr. (J. playfully remarked ' that ho was otherwise engag ed, just al that time ; but,' continued he, directing the mientioii of iho gentleman lo n negro boy in a coi ner ot the room, f you will give vour papers lo him cou sin there, ho will litko them lo the Soero- laryoflhe Navy.' Just at this moment gentleman ncqunmicu with nenutur Corwin entered the room nnd nddresscd him by name. Tho confusion of tho office-seeker enn hotter bo imagined than described. He looked us if ho had com mitted an unpardonable sin, w hich utter ly destroyed till hope of his obtaining un ce. Ho npproaclieJ llie senator largo drops of perspiration having col- ettteii on his brow look linn lo one side. and. in n tremulous voice, begged his pardon. Mr. C who enjoyed llio joke, told him to give himsell no uneasiness thai such mistakes wero of frequent oc currence, nnd his only astonishment w as that he had not been upprehendod before this as a fugitive slave." to in io Extract from a Speech of R. Johnson. The present U. S. Attorney General, made in ihe t'enaie, llie very Inst week of tho Session, and only three or four days before his appointment, as the legal and constitutional adviser of the l'losi dein. The whuVe f peech xhihits n ra bid shivery fanaticism not ixeeedi d by Mr. loote himsell. Here is llie ex ii act : "Tho spirit of Abolition is like the fa bled hydta; you miiy cut elf ono of his heads, but llio loathsome sli ny serpent still exists and is eternally hissing nnd throwing out his- thousand forked tongues to insult uinl annoy us. Sir, tho ue couut between the north and south is long and heavy. We have just reached lhav point when the harmony of ihe I'n ion und tho safety of tho snuih requires a sctilcmDrrt in ftrtl.-"- AM rhrj head? of tho hydra must bj cut off nnd the wound seared with red hot iron, else ho w ill live, and infuse his deadly poison into every vein nmi nrtcry ot iho Doily politic No more legislative expedient will settle tho rpies ion of shivery. Il can only be done by all parties, in the stiirii of ptiirulisin, Hiking their stan I firmly on ihe cons.imtion. Let the nor h do nothing w Inch il forbi Is in word or spirit; und let iho South, ns oiii man, re solve lo submit lo nothing thai violates its sacred guaianiK s. This will give quid lo llio country, an i tiinu t tie union in bonds of adamant. Tito south is sought to bj placed in the attitude of factious opposition lo the or ganization of these new ly acquired terri tories; on the ground that their climate, soil uuil productions are iin-iiiied to llio employment of slavo labor. I shall not mushier at length the geographical posi tion niul features ol our Pacific posses sions. It is certainly true thai much the larger portion of ihem arc unlit for ilu cultivation of rice, cotton, sugar, und to bacco. Its surface; is marred by immense ranges of mountain!, and Iracklcss des erts, it ii I il for the habitation of man. I!ui who will deny that slave labor can be profitably employed in working the gold mines of California. It is cheaper, be cause il costs tho owner n tihin ' b it the food and clothing of his operatives, and tho negro far excels the while tnun in the capacity to endure the exposure lo the scorching sun, ilreiiclnng rams, nmi the hardships peculiarly incident lo ihe business of mining, llcsides, there is considerable portion of those territories enough for the formation of three states of average dimensions w hich lies south of the parallel of 'M dog .'JO minutes, the line of llio Missouri Compromise. The other Stales of this I'niin which lie fO .ith ol ihal line are slave stales. 1 hey uro Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, which lie immediately udjao ent to that line. Do ihey not profitably em ploy slavo labor f Furihcr siuth are Texas, .South Carolina, 1, luisiauia, Mis sissippi, Alabama and tiot rgin. In the-io stales cotton constitutes til staple pr. ducl of ngriculliiic, and in several lliem lie..- and .si.g ir aro mosi advanta geously cultivated. Tho southern parts of New Mexico nnd California, 1 io in the same eastern and western bell of latitude. Why ihen will they not yield iho same agricultural products, and consequently nll'ord profi table employment to slavo labor f large portion of Pacific territories is dapied to slavery, and 1 will add that kind of labor will developo so rapidly immense resources nnd prepare it for abode ol enterprise unci elevated civiliza LiCl her not be decoyed Iron) u0n. . jlance over her rtghis, or charmed ins jiisibility to legislative aggressions, by the syren song lhat these territories art) not adapted lo slavery. Ihey are atlap. 1 lo it; ami if the south will be lliniol demanding jus ice ni the hands of Con gross; if she will bo immovable in insls ling that the door of unrestricted oniira lion from all (tuarlers of iho Union shall io thrown wide open; if she will iiiaii). lam, in all hazards, the doctrine ul not mierlereiiee siy Congress, there can bts no ue.stion that slavery will lind its way .ew .Mexico and Calilornm: ami thai ho will yet reap her share of iho coin moil lilood ami ireasttro which wero ex. ponded in llieir acquisition." Slave-Catching. " Cunsrirnrc" risks whether, by copy iug at) article nboiii llio escape of u Slavo by boxing himself up nnd coming on by Railroad directed to a Northern Aboli lionisl, wo "intend lo sanction and np prove tho course of llie person who ns sisted tho 'Sluvo lo escape." We cm swer lhat no such approval is to ho irr fom d from our piihlicniinn. We publish ull sorts of doings, and must not by any means bo held lo approve an ncl because) we record il, even when wc do not cotl tlemn it. Hut ns to the general rjucsiion invol ved, we say, once for all, thai wo hold every innocent man's right to himself paramount io any right lo liis body whicU can be vested in unuilier; and il a box should come directed lo us with a livo man in it, wc should at the very least presume him ihe owner of himself until somebody else proved liile to him. Th.i done, wi; should lei that somebody tnko. his property running, recognizing no ob ligation resting on us to help him calcll it. We are sure the laws of tho laivi dc not require us lo turn slttve-catclior, at least until the particular person sought ist proved to us to be the slave of the person in quest of him mi l wo aro rather slow of faith in such cases. Tribune. llr.ii.MAN K.uiuhant.s. Ii is often r marked, says tho Rochester Uumocratw that tho emigrant; from Germany tiro inure generally provided with llio meuiia of ptoeurinu a home, nnd have runvtv money, than uny other class ot people who come from Kuropo, This differ eucq is doubtless lo bo attributed, in 1 gri al measure, to their industrious ami economical habits; but there is another reason, of which we wero ignorant uu lil inloimed by an intelligent und prom inent German t-iiinn of ibis city. r the principality of liaden, from which ho emigrated, when a person wishes lo emi grate, he must give four week's notice of bis intention, in a certain number of pit ers, and ull p rsot.s having claims; againsi him aro required to present ihem, ai a certain lime and place, and ho call obtain no passport until his debts ore ull cancelled. Ho inn si then show ihal hi has S'tiOu in cash for himsell', 15-100 foi wife, and tflOO for each ol" his children This regulation prevents tho emigration of those who are ttnablo lo bear iho ex pome; and, though very singular, it ii certainly an honorable and humane poll cy towards the poor, and w as adopted lo stive ihotii from i lie privations und sullor ing they would bo liable lo encounter without ihe means of supporting thorn solves among strangers, Niagara Cour, Temperance Statistics. a all of A a- no its iho vig- into Mr. Delavan, llio Temperance teelurer, lives iho following siatistics relativo la llio progress of the cause in this country and in J-'.tiropo. " In the United Plates, there are 3710 temperance societies, with 2,615,0Ul members, which includes the Sons of Temperance, lit Kngland, Ireland, andl Scotland, Uo'J temperance societies witlt 7, (MO, out) members. In tho Cunadas, Nova Scotia, and New liruiiswick, there) are in no hundred nnd fifty tempuranouj societies, with 370,000 members. In Sotiih America, there ore 17,000 person! who have signed the temperance pledge. In Germany there ure iifieeu hiutdjrcdi temperance societies, wilh l,:)00,00f members, In Norway nnd Swedeu llicra are live hundred and ten temperance so cietics, will) 'Jt),000 members. In ilia Sandwich Islands, there uro C000 person who have signed tho pledge of vml uh s'jnence. Al iho Capo ol Good Jtoprt, ihi ro arc i'UO pledged members. I p. wards of 7000 persons tinnuiilly pcribhj in l iron! iMilain through accidents, whiltt drunk, and the loss to ihe working dust cs alone, Uirotigli drinking, appears to Ih tiiuiuu'.ly oo0,O00,000. The enorinoua sum of 100,000,000 were expended ill Ltreat briiatn, lust year, for mioxicuiiiifc beverages, und 620,000,000 gallon ul' mall liquors were brewed lust ycur ill Great Uriiaiti. In Russia all lumperanca societies tiro sirit'tly forbidden by that Kmperor. In Prussia, Austria and Italy, there are no tcniperuiice societies. In l-'runce, iho temperance cause, although, yet in its infancy, is greaily on iho in crease. The first temperance society in the world, as fur us discovery is known, was formed in Germuny, on Clm3tmtU day, in ihe year 1600,"